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1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle (i.e. husband, Thurn.), ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

colainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colainn or dil.ie/10477

Forms: colann, colann, calann, colinn, colno, chollno, cholin, colinn, -ain

n i, f. Later colann. colann calann f., IGT Decl. § 37 . Cf. indiu is do cendaib colla tall, Laws i 44.1 . n s. colinn, Wb. 26a23 . g s. (inna) colno , 4a9 (gl. carnem), 9c10 , 31d2 . chollno, Wb. 3d1 . d s. cholin, 10b20 . colinn, 15d14 . -ain, Ml. 38c9 .

(a) body; flesh : is Iesse as bunad do-ssom . . . iár colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 6d10 . ar n-athir iar colinn, 2b23 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som, 3d24 . ar colno císu `the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv). tol cholno (attrib. g s.), Wb. 20c20 . ar Chríst crochais c.¤ , Fél. Mar. 12 . itir lacht ┐ gnimraidh ┐ c.¤ (of cattle), Laws ii 66.18 . ri thanic i colla crí, SR 7517 . sírchóemna m'anmasa / scéo colla, LU 1194 . dergnat colla, 3470 ( SCC 25 ). i llaxai ┐ i téti a collai, 2195 ( FA 27 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . ar nís gaodae fír chairde na caraid colna, 44.25 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar cc.¤ , RC xxv 390 § 3 . colund gl. caro, Ir. Gl. 919 . o chaithes in choland in mbiad, PH 4800 . an chalann chuil, Dán Dé xxviii 33 . chalann (: anam), TSh. 3314 (cit.). (attá) i colainn (is) alive; (is) in human form : ro bói Crist i colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 15d14 . céin bai hi colaind, LU 1967 ( FA 3 ). tearc do choimbeodha i gcoluinn, DDána 74.64 .

(b) corpse, carcass; trunk : troigh mná troghain / for a ccollaib, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 19 . cend na mnā for indara burt ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu, Cáin Ad. 7 . urba ria collaib (it is lawful) to make a gap for the conveyance of corpses, Laws iv 154.22 . cach mairt mainighther coland i sleib, v 330.15 Comm. co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.y). uallfaidh coin ōs collaib crē, Ériu xviii 70 § 59 . bā coland cen chend / bā cend cen cholaind (of a useless proceeding), MacCongl. 73.12 , 13 .

(d) In Laws, material subject of a bargain etc.; principal, capital, object pledged or lent; corpus delicti; basis, ground, cause (of a claim, charge); substance (of which an article is made); is ruidhlis do neoch an dosli a coland fadeisin (i.e. a man is fully entitled to what his own capital earns), O'Curry 396 ( H 3.18, 221a ). duine dorigne cunnra . . . ┐ nocho rucadh colann uadha (i.e. the subject of the bargain was not actually handed over), O'D. 575 ( H 3.17, 443 ). fer meodhon gaide . . . ┐ nocha tarrustar colund aice (i.e. the stolen article was not found with him), O'Curry 2159 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). techta fuillema gill capuill . . . ailid tri ech ina muin la aithgin a collnna compensation equivalent to the original pledge, Laws v 406.3 . techta fuillema gill escra . . . do-s-li .u. seotu trenib . . . trian di setaib faithche, trian di setaib tige, trian di colaind fadeisin, la aithgin a chollnna i comdire a escra, 410.3 , 4 ( di colaind fadesin .i. di comchinoil .i. di umha, 10 Comm. ). ni lais dire a seoit, acht c.¤ aithgena nama `nur das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 (coland v.l.) (i.e. because the lord to whom he is bound pays his fines, he also gets the `díre' due to the `fuidir' whose goods have been stolen or damaged) = Laws v 512.5 . fertair c.¤ aithgena cachae dia trise co [m]boin inna muin `the body of compensation of each is paid after three days, with a cow in addition,' Laws v 400.z . it dilsi collnaib ┐ aithginaib `sind sie verfallen, die Gegenstände (selber) und (= oder ihr) Ersatz', ZCP xiv 379 § 42 . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren acht coland fri rathugad techta nama (of levying compensation for stolen goods introduced into a (king's) residence), Laws iii 242.1 (? he is liable for the restoration only of the object stolen if his good faith is adequately vouched for). ní híctur acht colunn náma the original pledge only (not the increase, in the case of an animal which has had young while in pledge), i 280.16 Comm. fuilgenn .i. inas na colla nó aithgin `increase of the . . . object pledged(?) or the equivalent', O'Dav. 862 . fer i taib no [in] airceand íte coland a feich `(the destruction of) the grass at the side or at the end (of the field) is the substance of the liability', Laws iv 120.z . eacur colla fiach adgairtur dicolla athgabail `let the original debts claimed be balanced against the original distress', ii 98.5 , 6 . do tuitet a colann feich olchena `they are all forfeited for the original debt', i 224.3 Comm. Also with follg. sét (g p.), colainn sét being translated Wertgegenstand by Thurneysen: ferdair collna set i naithcu(i)r `es werden (nur) die Wertgegenstände (selber) als Rückgabe gegeben', ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322.5 ). con-fodlait(h)er colla set saire i n-erenaiter fri somaine `es werden die Wertgegenstände mit der "Freiheit", in der sie gegeben worden sind, gegen die Leistungen abgewogen', ibid. (2). la diabul n-aithgina do collnaib set ┐ do somaine `neben dem Doppel-Ersatz der Wertgegenstände und der Leistungen', 390 § 57 (330.5). is eccen a n-athgin fo coibne fria collna set, no set adgo fechem dar a n-esse `compensation proportionate to the original articles' (of fine goblets etc. given in pledge), Laws v 408.2 . mad ar diumand in ceile in-asa in flaith a seotu, is dilis don cele log n-einech dib do collaib set aithgena, na toglen somaine collna set `ist dem Genossen sein Ehrenpreis aus ihnen, aus den Wertgegenständen des Ersatzes verfallen, ohne dass den Wertgegenständen Leistungen anhaften', ZCP xiv 391 § 59 ( Laws ii 336.5 , 6). ? ro fes as n-erraithi de collna denta .i. ro fes conad e ícus intí doroine denta indlightecha frisin colainn, O'Curry 2160 ( Eg. 88, 4 ).

Compds. With noun. -ér(a)ic wergild : colainn-ēr(a)ic `Leichen-Bezahlung', Ir. Recht 14.13 . colannéric deoraidh do thabhairt inntu `die Tötungsbusse eines Ausländers', 68.3 . co colainderce cert `to the exact amount of the body-price', Bretha 23 . With Vn. claidem cruaidhgher colundledartha, Aen. 2499 . With adj. i mogal cháidh cholannghlan, Aithd. D. 76.7 .

do-airicc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airicc or dil.ie/17140
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tair, to-m-air, to-n-fairne, nā tar-sa, tar, tairr, tairre, tarr, tarra, tairced, tairceth, toircidh, do-nd-airic, thairic, tharic, tairic, thairc, taircet, taircther, do-m-aircedh, tairced, tairccedh, tairgidh, taircitis, tairgidis, do-air, do-mmair, condomthair, nachumthair, nīcontair, donnair, toir, tair, -tairi, do-airset, tairset, tairiset, -tairesad, tairsead, -tairsed, tairsiudh, tairisedh, do-t-aircibe, do-t-aircceba, do-far-faircebha, tarceba, targebu, tairceba, taircebe, tairgeba, toirceba, tairgfi, do fair, tair, do thairgebad, taircebat, ni tairset, tairchebad, do-arnacair, tharnacair, tarnacar, do-dn-arnic, do-da-farnaic, farnaic, ndo-f-arnic, tarnaic, tarrnaic, tarrnaig, rotharrnig, dtairnig, tairnic, tarnecamar, do-n-arnactar, to-sn-airnechtár, tárnactar, thairnechtar, thairnectair, tairnegtair, doarnactatar, con-tornachtatár, to-sn-airnechtatar, ó thárnecatar, conatornacadur, tarncatar, tuarnect

v (* to-air-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 553 ). IGT Verbs § 9 . Ipv. 2 s. (the forms occurring are originally subjunctive) tair, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 241 ). TBC-I¹ 295 . Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . to-m-air, TBC-I¹ 1070 . to-n-fairne, Ériu iii 140 . nā tar-sa, ZCP x 306 . tar, TD 2.3 . tairr, Ériu iv 144 ; v 28 . tairre, CF 582 , 686 . tarr, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.5 , sic leg. Ir. Review 1913, 625 . tarra, Imr. Brain i 68 . Acall. 2089 . RC xxviii 314 . 3 s. tairced, LU 1569 ( IT ii2 213 ). MacCongl. 117.33 . tairceth, IT ii2 209a . 2 pl.? toircidh, Cog. 86 . Indic. pres. 3 s. do-nd-airic, O'Mulc. 291 . thairic, tharic, SR 4699 , 6741 . tairic, RC xxi 378.4 ( LU 1361 ). CCath. 2483 . thairc, TBC-LL¹ 1784 (tair, v.l., cf. PH 899 ). 3 pl. taircet, Metr. Dinds. ii 10 . Imr. Brain § 14 (tairget, v.l.). ? Pass. taircther, Corm. Y 1262 . Impf. 3 s. do-m-aircedh, Anecd. i 73 ( ZCP xi 161 ). tairced, SR 4605 . tairccedh, AFM 806 (cf. tairgidh, IT iii 195 § 33 ). 3 pl. taircitis, Dinds. 117 . tairgidis (as past subj.), RC xxvi 134 .

Subj. (forms often indistinguishable from those of do-roich and do-airret) pres. 3 s. do-air, Laws v 508.2 . do-mmair, Hy. vi 11 , 16 . RC xv 489 . condomthair, Hy. vii 59 . Ériu iii 198 . nachumthair, LL 307a2 . ( dūs in tair, TBC-I¹ 1141 , nīcontair, 2757 seem to be fut.; cf. also donnair, Trip.² 1344 = Lat. Lives 35 , ZCP x 225 , if this is from the same verb.) toir, CCath. 462 . ? do-d-áir (MSS. dodar, do dar, dod dor), Éigse xx 143 § 5 . tair as fut. perf. hypothetical, Laws i 62.23 ; ii 232.5 , etc. cipead dommaire, Ériu ii 90 § 16 . -tairi, BDD 128 , 129 , cf. Ériu i 203 . nim thaire, ZCP vi 260.4 . 1 pl. ? co tairsem, Ériu iii 143 § 5 . 3 pl. do-airset, Fél. Sept. 20 . tairset, Fél. Dec. 13 . Hy. i 45 ; cf. tairiset, Laws ii 58.20 . -tairesad (leg. tairsead?), Cog. 50.17 . Impf. 3 s. -tairsed, Trip. 382 . Laws ii 58 . co tairsidh, Aen. 2676 . tairsiudh, BNnÉ 321 . Laws ii 58 . tairisedh, ZCP x 276 ( noco tairsidh í, IT ii2 129 , if not subj. pres. 2 pl., may belong here. í may be the subject, cf. the var. adubhairt B. go raibh fledh aige . . . ┐ gur gheis do a fagbail no go ccathadh í until he should have consumed it). 3 pl. ¤tairsittís, BNnÉ 13 . AFM vi 2016 .

Fut. 3 s.

(a) (-b-) do faricba (= dobaricba), RC x 66 . do-t-aircibe, IT ii2 190 (Eg.).

(b) (infl. of gaibid, see Ériu iii 191 - 3 ) do-t-aircceba, ZCP xiii 276.2 . do-far-faircebha, RC x 66 n. 2 . do fairgeb, 66 n. 1 . tarceba, RC xii 88 § 97 . targebu, 82 § 79 . tairceba, ZCP viii 195.5 . taircebe, x 52.25 . tairgeba, IT ii2 194 . ni toirceba , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36 .

(c) tairgfi (-b-, late), ZCP viii 547.25 = TBC-LL¹ 1784 v.l.

(d) (-s-) do-n-air (sic leg.? do fair, v.l.), ZCP x 225 (cf. Lat. Lives 35 ). ? tair, TBC-I¹ 1141 , 2757 .

3 pl.

(b) do thairgebad (= do-t-airgebat?), IT ii2 190 . taircebat, 193 (Eg.) tairgebhaid, BB 418a19 .

(d) ni tairset, TBC-I¹ 3131 ?

Condit. 3 s.

(b) na tairchebad , Ériu iv 26.18 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s.

(a) (depon.) do-arnacair, SG 406.3 . ni tharnacair , RC xiii 30.29 . co tarnacar , LL 262b31 ; 49 . BNnÉ 98 § 6 . ZCP x 411.17 .

(b) do-dn-arnic, ZCP viii 195.4 . do-da-farnaic, Fél. June 10 . do farnaic , RC xiv 416 , x 66 . a ndo-f-arnic (= ndo-b-arnic), 64 . tarnaic, TBC-LL¹ 420 , etc. co tarrnaic , TBC-I¹ 2616 . ní tarrnaig , TFrag. 26 . rotharrnig, CF 1021 . go dtairnig , TD 11.26 (-ic(c), v.l.). tairnic, 25.77 (MSS.).

1 pl. tarnecamar, ZCP iv 242.24 . 3 pl. do-n-arnactar, Wb. 7b13 . to-sn-airnechtár, FB § 55 . tárnactar, SR 6939 . ni thairnechtar , IT ii1 178 . co thairnectair , PH 5292 . tairnegtair, RC xiii 30.31 . doarnactatar, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.7 . con-tornachtatár, LU 10098 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). to-sn-airnechtatar, FB § 55 Eg. ó thárnecatar, TTr.² 1601 . conatornacadur, Imr. Brain 64 v.l. tarncatar, LL 308a1 ( RC xiii 112 ). Pass. pret. s. tuarnect (?), Fianaig. 10 § 3 .

(a) comes: tair dum berrad-sa, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 214 ). tair dom chobair, Ériu iii 31 . LB 262b75 . tair lemm 'come with me', Echtrae Chonnlai 121 § 5 . tairced fer ar mo chend-sa, IT ii2 213 . TBC-I¹ 748 . a Phátric, tairche ┐ tair, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . ni tharnacair Conall, RC xiii 30 . tarra co luath a comfochraib dūin, RC xxviii 314 . tárnactar 'na dáil, SR 6939 . tairced int angel do nim i comdāil Aroin, 4605 . tair don chath, BS 6 . nā tairgidis arīs docum nErenn, RC xxvi 134 . Ériu iv 26 . dofarnaic reme co faidchi na hEmna came onward, RC xiv 416 . tairgebhaid na Troiana for ar ndail, BB 418a19 . āilit . . . R. . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu `that he would come into conformity with them', BNnÉ 321 . co tairsedh riaghail dromann na sciath (sic leg.) . . . isin cōir cētna doridhisi so that the row of shields might return to the same order (?), CCath. 5847 .

(b) With infixed pron. obj. or accus.: to-m-air, a Lugaid, TBC-I¹ 1070 . a ndo-farnic (= ndobarnic) arráer do-f-aricba cach naidchi ye shall every night get what ye got last night, RC x 64.2 . do-t-aircceba mid cuill a cuachaib airgit thou shalt get hazel-mead, ZCP xiii 276.2 . Anecd. i 73 = ZCP xi 161 . domairnic sund tipra, Anecd. 63 = ZCP xi 156 . tosnairnechtár fleda mōra feasts came to them (i.e. they found, got), FB § 55 . hōre don-arnactar Crist `because they had approached Christ', Wb. 7b13 . targebu deogh firu hErenn, RC xii 82 . do thaircgebat (= do-t-a.) uaindi tri doim, Anecd. i 11.9 ; cf. IT ii2 190 § 3 . do airset ar ndala `may they visit our assemblies', Fél. Sept. 20 , cf. in dál . . . tuarnect im robánad `the tryst . . . has been kept by me in pale death', Fianaig. 10 , and the doubtful reading condatornachtatar in dáil (i nd.¤?), Imr. Brain § 64 .

(c) Hence finds, gets (in some of the exx. which this meaning suits there is probably confusion with fo-airicc finds, e.g. condofairnic in Mac Óg for duma shidha in Bhrogha, ZCP v 524 , cf. dofornic lánamni ar a chiund hi síth C. . . . foránic alaili hi nDumu G., Imr. Brain i 53 ). for cach oen tarnecamar on all whom we have met, ZCP iv 242 . ni thairnechtar fodail they had not arrived for the distribution, IT ii2 178 . asbert . . . ara n-aurthaitis do Emain co tairsitis ōl and, TBC-I¹ 613 (do-airret?). co tairsem a sen-anmann that we may find their original names, Ériu iii 143 . Perh. also: tairr .i. arinnī taircther ind cach biad, Corm. Y 1262 (do-áirci?). dūs in tairsimmis a baegul whether we can get a chance at him, TBC-I¹ 1650 . TBC-LL¹ 667 . Hugh Roe 48 . dūs an ttairsittis iad to see if they could take them, AFM vi 2016 . is mairg taircebe in cuire unhappy who survives till that band, ZCP x 52 . mairg thair iadsan d'aithle cháich, O'Gr. Cat. 556 ( fúair, A V 2, 76b ).

(d) comes to an end, is completed, finished, exhausted (probably arising from perf. tairnic has come = is over; cf. is inbechtain ma tairnic leis deredh a imacollma he had hardly made an end of speaking, CCath. 5186 ; go ttairnic crich ┐ comhchaithemh a n-uile chostuis, Fl. Earls 188 ). tarnac ┐ tairnic .i. do críochnaigheadh, O'Cl. innuraid . . . .i. in bliadain tairnic and the year which has just ended, Corm. Y 783 . doarnactatar cumhacta (sic MS.) gach iodhoil ind aimsir na geine coimdetta, Leb. Gab.(i) 144 . tarncatar a rīg-leptha `his royal beds have ended', RC xiii 112 = SG 388 . Esp. common in subj. with co n-: co tairsed a gabáil till its recital should have ended, Trip. 382 . leicid cairdi dūn co tair in t-aifrinn till the mass is over, Fél. p. 116 . ní rag co táir in cluichi-seo, RC xiii 108 = SG 386 . co tarnaic in cluchi sin d'immirt, ib. nī ḟētaim-si fācbhāil na crīche nogu tair a coisercadh uile until its consecration is finished, Lism. L. 1819 . tarnaic an dairtech the (building of) the oratory is finished, RC xxvii 288 . ó tharnic in recles do chumtach, Lat. Lives 61 = Trip. 470 . tarnic in bith the world is over, ZCP v 23 . tairnic do ré thy span is completed, Ériu i 124 . trén tairnic a worn-out champion, ACL iii 239 . tarnic ar lón our provision is exhausted, RC xxxiv 312 (= thairnic linn ar lón, LB 279a21 ). co tairrnig sdair Sērluis thus endeth, Fier. 258 .

With DO of pers.: o tharnic dond ingin a haithesc, LU 10054 . co tair dúind ar toisc do dénamh, Imr. Brain i 64 . co tairnic do raind na muici, Anecd. v 15 (= cor ránic dó, IT i 105 ). go dtairnig dhúin dáil na gcorn, TD 11.26 . ro imbir a chluiche co tarnacair dō ar in fidchill, SG 405 . ni thairnic dhó acht sin do rādh anuair, etc. he had barely finished these words when, BS 48 . With FRI: o thairnic fri h Ísu osaicc dia apstalu when Jesus had done washing His apostles' feet, PH 5265 . With LA: ic ól na coibledi sin co tarnacar leo, MU² 128 . cu tairnic leo athnuaidiud . . . gach neich romillset, RC xiv 36 . go ttairnig léo a raibhe d'uisge aca do chaithemh, Ériu v 186 . in tan tairgeba lemsa, dena cennsa frim anmain when all shall be over with me, Ériu iii 30 . With ó: ní tharnaic uad acht a rád he only managed to say, TBC-LL¹ 2071 . ni tharnic úan do rád, 645 .

fo-ricc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ricc or dil.ie/23696

Forms: for-icc, fuircim, forricc, foricc, forecat, forrecad, foirsed, fórsed, -fuirsitis, fo-ricfa, fo-m-ricfa, fuircéba, fuaircife, -faircbitís, -faircibdis, fosfairnec, fo-n-airnicc, -farnic, forránic, fosrainic, -fornic, -farnaic, fóndráncamár, foráncatár, -furecar, -fuiresta, forricht, -furecht, -fuirecht

v ( Ascoli xcvi , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 ; fo-ro-icc, Thurn. Reader, s.v. icc ; GOI 374 ; some instances show signs of confusion with ar-icc. for-icc, Hessen ZCP ix 5 ). Ipv. 1 s. fuircim, Bürgschaft p. 13 § 44 . pres. 3 s. forricc, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.8 ) = foricc, Harl. (ib. p. xii ). 3 pl. forecat TBC-I¹ 591 (= forreccat, LU 5078 ). forrecad, TBC-I¹ 679 (= forrecat LU 5161 ). past subj. ( for co foirsed , TBC-I¹ 227 = fórsed LU 4700 , which could be by-form belong to this, see fo-reith). 3 pl. -fuirsitis, Thes. ii 242.4 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). fut. 3 s. fo-ricfa ZCP xi 85 § 39 . fo-m-ricfa, LU 5747 (= TBC-I¹ 1274 ). fut. 2 s. -fuircéba su, LU 4843 = -fuaircife sa, TBC-I¹ 354 . sec. fut. 3 pl. -faircbitís, LU 5010 = -faircibdis, TBC-I¹ 521 . pret. and perf. 1 s. fosfairnec, LU 5409 . 3 s. fo-n-airnicc, Wb. 16b2 . -farnic , 2a21 . forránic, LU 7985 ( BDD 165 ), LU 10180 . fosrainic, ZCP iii 243 w . -fornic, LU 10692 = Ériu xii 158 . -farnaic, Corm. Bodl. s.v. orcc trēith . 1 pl. fóndráncamár LU 5795 . 3 pl. foráncatár, 10580 . Pass. pres. -furecar LL 346b27 ( ZCP xi 89 § 21 ). past subj. -fuiresta, RC xii 66 § 30 . pret. and perf. forricht, LU 7712 ( BDD 129 ). -furecht, -fuirecht, Ériu xiii 15.12 (? fo-rig). Hy v 80 ; 88 .

(a) comes across, finds: forricfe faelte and thou wilt find welcome LU 11012 ( Imr. Brain i 53 ). forricc failte, Corm. Y 883 (foricc, Harl.). cach oen fodriced, Dinds. 19 . tic F. don uarboith ... co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (co farnaic, Bodl.). is amlaid fosfairnec sa hi comlepaid I found them sleeping together LU 5409 . fosrainic ... issuide noi mbaindelbae, ZCP iii 243w . uair fomairnecsa oc coe since thou hast found me weeping LL 275a11 ( Mór M. § 6 ). tiscaither a tarr ... dūs in fuirestar ind or ann, RC xii 66 § 29 . ind Lúin Cheltchair ... forricht hi cath Maigi Tured, LU 7712 ( BDD 129 = frith, Eg.). f.¤ ara chiund finds before one, finds on arrival: ni farnic sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun found none good Wb. 2a21 . hore fonairnicc ara chiunn desiderium ..., 16b2 . fuircim si cobach lat sa armo chind, Bürgschaft p. 13 § 44 . co fargbaid mo thech sa amal fondrancaibar for bar cind until you leave my house as you found it LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). co farnactár Coin Culaind for áth ara cind, LU 1534 ( MU² 1039 ). ros-fairnic in t-airdespog ar a chinn gan neimh gan galar, Fl. Earls 148.10 .

(b) ni forrainicc lais soadh for ccúlaibh, Hugh Roe 60.7 (f. 16a) = ní ránicc, etc.

Cf. rosfuric a less in coimdiu has need of them PH 4373 (see ro-icc).

Some of the exx. cited under for-rig may belong to this.

gríanán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gríanán or dil.ie/26633

Forms: grénán

n (grían) o, m.; older grénán, see below: a sunny chamber, a bower, a soller, an open balcony exposed to the sun, an upper room: a gríanan co senistrib solsib fri techt ass, LU 10636 ( IT i 130.22 ). imchuirthe in gríanán sin lasin Mac Óc cach leth no théged, ib. 10637 . dorónad dano gríanán la Bricrind ... fó chomardus imdaí Conchobair LU 8062 ( FB 3 ). co mboí isin ngríanan for fordorus in dúne, ib. 8585 ( FB 44 ). co farnic a gríanán nglainidi, ib. 10697 ( IT i 132.13 ). grianán cen ... nam imsceng, Thes. ii 292.13 . tonnach crédumi forsin taig. grénán hóimind for a senestrechaib, Imr. Brain i 56.19 . temair in tige .i. grianan, Thr. Ir. Gl. 42. 11 . ro bátar gríanána álli ... essarda ... do úrlúachair, MU² 201 . palas rigda ... co ngriananuibh solusta lais `radiant sollers,' Marco P. § 12 . ar cáeimhe a cumdach ... do grianánaibh solusaibh, CCath. 243 . ro-foillsig in spirut noeb ... a glanrúine do na hapstalaib in ngrianan ro-ard slebe Sióin .i. is in cendacul, PH 5431 . an treas teach da ngairthí Grianán na nInghean, mar a mbídís bainríoghna na gcúigeadhach, Keat. iii 558 . Fig. ar ghrianán mhaordha mhéine an mhíleadh on the sunny chamber of his mind, Hackett xxxix 28 . Of heaven: for nemh isin grianán gle | luidh i féil Chiaráin Saighre, AFM ii 930.15 . nach léigeann Dia aoin-neach ré mbeith a ghrúg dá ghrianán, TSh. 2300 ; 2714 . a sunny place, bleaching green: gleri na Gamunraidi uili ar grianan cinn Connlocha `on the level ground at the head of Conloch,' Celt. Rev. iv 204.26 and n. 6 .

irráir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. irráir or dil.ie/29082

n `orig. meaning `the time before the dawn ,' ' Ó Briain, ZCP xiv 317 f. , q.v.: cona retglannaib aréir, Thes. ii 294.12 ( SP iii ).

Later always last night: nírbo sám dóib irraír lasin snechta, LU 4820. cūich in senadh tāna[i]c sund irōir, BColm. 14.19 . ní ma lodmar dar mbandáil arráir, TBC-LL¹ 643. an do[b]-farnic arráer, RC x 66.1 (ICM). aislinge itchonnarc arāir, MacCongl. 67.10 . ní dernais cóir in eclais do écnach aréir, 19.20 .

maith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maith or dil.ie/31438
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: maid, ferr, ferrsoun, ferra, olc, maithe, maithghníomhartha

i, adj. and subst. The form maid is freq. in Wb., cf. SR 1247.

I As adj. good in various senses of the word: gl. bonus, Ir. Gl. 661.

(a) in moral sense: rect maid a good law, Wb. 3d10 . gním olc no m.¤ , Ml. 15a6 . féil Mairc maith, Fél. May 18. dá noí míled mathe, July 23 . tri meicc mathi, SR 2490. ben m.¤ nad fitir fer romat a virtuous woman, ZCP viii 113.6 . mná córi ciall-mathi, SCC 40. cridiscelae maithi good desires, Mon. Tall. § 25. dena ní m.¤ isind lo m.¤ , PH 7347. co forcetlaibh maithibh, AU 886. As pred.: m.¤ días, Fél. Mar. 13. ZCP viii 108.23 . m.¤ do Dia-su ┐ olc ar ndee-ne, PH 716. ata mmaithi which are good, Ml. 89a2 . Used as subst. in masc., a good man: ni farnic sede nach maid . . . isin domun he found none good, Wb. 2a21 . do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu, Ml. 19d2 .

(b) of quality, state, etc. good (of its kind), profitable, excellent: robad m.¤ a lúag, LU 4451. is m.¤ nach cualammar ┐ nach fetammar (i.e. omne ignotum pro mirabili), TBC-LL¹ 7. maithi na hairm-se these weapons are good, 1098 . isin Temraig m.¤ , MacCarthy 194 § 3. is m.¤ eturru they are on good terms, BB 266a21 . nir bho m.¤ etir Brian ┐ Tadg, ALC i 6.13 . Cf. as m.¤ an airde badhbhdhúin ata 'n-a mur its wall has fully the height of a bawn, MS. Mat. 579.17 (D. Mac Firbhisigh).

(c) denoting ability, fitness, proficiency: it mathi side oc aslug skilled in seducing, Wb. 30c13 . ammi mm.¤ oc loṅgud we are good eaters, LL 252b48 . it mait[h]-siu oc breth for aislingi, MacCongl. 67.1 . am m.¤-se for fithchill I am good at chess, LU 10804. nimtha m.¤ do chath indiu I am not in form for fighting, SCC 13. batar maithi do imfulung na fían (of hostellers), Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.11) . doine . . . ad maithi d'uaim laide who are skilled in rhyming lays, ACL iii 306 § 10.

(d) folld. by prep.: m.¤ do good for, to the advantage of: issed is m.¤ deit, ercc co Comgald, Mon. Tall. § 66. corop m.¤ dō siu ocus thall that it may be well for him here and hereafter, Ériu ix 47 § 17. is m.¤ don lucht tidnaicther do bás ar in coimdid, PH 6593. m.¤ fri good to, kind to: ba m.¤ Curui frit?, Ériu ii 28.2 . asbert C. fria maccaib combtis mathi fri Fiachu, LL 315b52 . is m.¤ re corp, is fada a olc don anmain pleasant to (of a vice), Ériu v 26.11 . Similarly as adv.: adubart-sa risin seighler beth co m.¤ fris to treat him well, ZCP vi 76.7 , cf. 40.12 . With DO in same sense: intí is olc dó fadéin, cia aile dia mbad m.¤ he?, PH 5972. is m.¤ limm it seems good to me, I like, approve: mad maid la Dia (= si Dominus permiserit), Wb. 14a11 , cf. 6b18 . issed as m.¤ laisim, Mon. Tall. § 21. cibe la bes m.¤ leo whatever day they like, Laws v 292.18 . ingen uallach . . . m.¤ lēi teglachas, LU 4447 = ba mian lē, Anecd. i 22.3 . With FRI: olsodain nad m.¤ fri Cirine ciasperthar Jerome does not approve of their being said, Hib. Min. 7.235 .

(e) of rank, station, wealth: is m.¤ fer in taige itaam wealthy(?), TBC-LL¹ 117. a n-indliss araile fir m.¤ (= patris familias cuiusdam), Lat. Lives 95. o dhoriachtatar uli m.¤ saich `gentle and simple', PH 191. berthair . . . a fir mathi co hEogan his nobles, ZCP viii 313.8 . Oft. absol. in m. pl. persons of rank, nobles (= Lat. optimates): mathi Ulad, FB 5. mathe fer nhErend, TBC-LL¹ 4249. mathi Lochlainne, CRR 13. righdhal mathe Erenn, AU 858. na maithe .i. na sacairt, PH 6502. maithi clerech Cene[oi]l C., AU ii 328.26 . maithi bharūn Erenn, 396.14 . AFM iv 752.1 . Of women: mna ┐ maithi ┐ ingenraid na Laitinda `noble ladies', Aen. 1664.

(f) often used, like Eng. well, as interj. at beginning of a reply or statement: m.¤, a thriath!, CRR 11. m.¤ a t[h]róig! MacCongl. 19.19 . m.¤ and, a Ibair!, TBC-LL¹ 1209.

(g) adv.: m.¤ rucais do breth well hast thou judged, TBC-LL¹ 1050. is m.¤ cotlai thou sleepest well, MacCongl. 116.1 . m.¤ fuairsead filidh Banbha arbh fhéidir leo do labhra B.'s poets did well to invent all they could, Content. v 153. With co: hore pridchas co mm.¤ , Wb. 7b15 . nir bo lá go m.¤ it was not fully day, TFrag. 118.14 . gan ní do rádh acht ní bes agad co ró m.¤ what you know very well, O'Gr. Cat. 211.10. As adv. of degree: is airdi sin co m.¤ nā slíab Sioin a good deal higher, Maund. 48.

Compar. ferr (indecl.). maith ┐ f. ┐ ferrsom good, better and best, Auraic. 655 = fearr ┐ fearrson, 645 , ferrsoun, 3268 (this superl. form is not found in lit.). nídad f.-si ye are not better, Wb. 8c7 . bes nocon [ḟ]err in ben, SCC 43. ba f. Conchobar cach rig, ZCP viii 217 § 5. f. cach clú, Thes. ii 293.16 ( SP ii § 2 ). is f. precept oldaas labrad ilbéelre, Wb. 12d7 . is f. in ernaigthe oldat indmusa, PH 5616. is f. do laech andai-siu he is a better warrior than thou, IT i 101.11 ; cf. combadad f. do loech anna C. that thou wast a better warrior than C., TBC-LL¹ p. 587 n. cid f. cid messu dom nirt be my strength better or worse, SCC 38. ? pl. léicsius rígi dóib . . . ┐ nip ferra im rath . . . andúsa they were no better (?), TBC-LL¹ 52. dus in mbatar seoit ba ferra isin uaim andas a tucadh este, Anecd. ii 57.19 . roptis ferra ... inata na seoit, Anecd. ii 53.14 .

is f. dom it is better for me: is f. dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . is f. duit dian-fésser, Fél. Oct. 24. do bad fh. dō can techt nā techt mar sin it would be better for him not to come, PH 7793. fearr damsa a n-edargairi I had better separate them, RC xxiv 194 § 8.

is f. limm I think it better, I prefer: is f. limm rafesid (gl. nolo vos ignorare), Wb. 12a1 . f. lium indás anad | scarad frisin ṅdomun, Fél. Ep. 367. ba f. lais bas do thecht dó oltas beith i mbethaid, PH 6544. (superl.) is é [is] férr límm fogéb . . . bás crochi the death of the cross is my choice, 2430 .

f. de the better of, for (s. KZ liii 82 f .): manibat fer[r] som de tri aesnadud inna diglae if they be none the better, Ml. 24c1 . conid ferrde lem-sa cech pian fogéb ar ainm nDé I welcome every pain that I shall suffer in God's name, PH 2427. bid fearr-di frib menma bar mathar dia nom-ruca[id]-sa lib your mother's love for you will be the greater, RC xxiv 56 § 17 . feirrde mé méad a áladh I am the better for the number of his wounds, Dán Dé xxii 10. cá feirrde an tocht doní an béal | sgéal doní an rosg ar a rún? what is gained by the mouth's silence (if) the eye betrays its secret? Dánta Gr. 38.11 (ed. 1926).

As adv.: condib f. donberaid-si oldaas cách that ye may give it better, Wb. 16c9 . corop f. assa f. donimdigi[d] desseirc Dé that ye may abound better and better in love of God, 23b1 .

Superl. dech q.v. Later ferr: bam-sa f. im chath ┐ comrac díb I was the best of them, TBC-LL¹ 17. croinn . . . as f. do baí i nErinn, RC xviii 172.21 . aenfer rob ḟ. troccaire tanic d'ḟuil na Adham-clainne, 182.1 . gach fód is fearr d'ár n-áitibh, Keat. Poems 44.

II As subst. i, neut. in O.Ir. (see Wb. 5d30 , 33d10 quoted below), later masc. and in Mod.Ir. often fem. That which is good; good: gl. bonum, Ir. Gl. 798.

(a) in moral sense: ná m.¤ robé, bad hed dogneid whatever good there is, Wb. 5d30 . is asse duíb maid do denum, 4a4 . nad rancatar les denma m.¤ that they had no need to do good, Ml. 35b25 . inne m.¤ nó uilcc the quality of good or evil, Sg. 39a32 . tan is d'oen-craunn maid is uilc since from one tree is good and evil, SR 1247 ( uilc = olc, Stokes Academy No. 584, 1883 ). a maith his virtue , Mon. Tall. § 36. in lucht dianid comthrom a m.¤ ┐ a n-olc whose good and bad (actions) are equal, FA 24. m.¤ cáich d'ionnlach `to attack others' good deeds', Content. xiv 33 . mór in m.¤ dó . . . Dond Cualnge do thabairt dúnni it is great goodness for him to give us the D.C., TBC-LL¹ 121. Cf. mōr in m.¤ corba cendais do Martain, Lat. Lives 100 (= mor in m.¤ do M. corba cendais). pl. na maithe dogniam . . . ┐ na hulca imgabamít the good deeds we do, PH 6865. (fem.) gach m.¤ do ḟoráileadh ar chách, go ngníomhuigheadh féin rompa í every good deed he enjoined on others he used to do himself first, Keat. iii 3038.

(b) of state, condition, etc., a good thing, a benefit; good, prosperity . in tan durairngert Dia du Abracham a m.¤ sin, Wb. 33d10 , cf. 14b6 . atu i m'ulc, nim-fuil i m'm.¤ it is not well with me, TBC-LL¹ 2335. co mbaí m.¤ de .i. Lugaid so that good came of it, namely (the birth of) L., LL 124b52 . ro línais mo meis o cach m.¤ thou hast filled my platter with every good thing, PH 1359. cia m.¤ nā tibre int athair dia maccu? 7889 . nā raibhe m.¤ ag Certán (an imprecation), Ériu viii 139.32 . co roibh m.¤ h'anora fein agud! `much honour be thine', ZCP vi 81.19 , cf. 282.15 . in mh.¤ do bhí, ná bí dhi `the good that hath been, meddle not with it', O'Gr. Cat. 392.22 (early 17th cent.). an mh.¤ do dhéanfa mé air mo phobal, Jerem. xxix 32.

ar m.¤ fri for good unto, for the sake of: ní ar m.¤ frib, Wb. 19d28 . ar m.¤ fri Duaid, Ml. 109d7 . ar m.¤ friu diblinaib for their mutual advantage, Laws v 464.27 . Similarly with DO: per caritatem .i. do m.¤ friss, Wb. 6d4 . In pl. ar maithi (maithib) fri, Celtica i 335-37 : ar maithe re hinbleoguin do nithur sin, Laws ii 100.11 . ar maithi re fine, iii 542.16 . ar mathib red' mac, ZCP xii 386.15 . ar maithib rimsa, Aen. 128.2041 . ní ar mhaithe liom do tharraing tar sáile, Hackett xviii 17 .

(c) concrete, goods, property, wealth: is lia mo m.¤-sea indá do m.¤-siu, TBC-LL¹ 58. m.¤ in talman (sic leg.), ACL iii 237 § 31. imgabsat m.¤ Maireda `quitted Mairid's domain', Metr. Dinds. iv 64. thug Brian ┐ Muimhnigh an mh.¤ sin leó ar chúlaibh (of booty), Ériu i 80.14 . beag a shuim i m.¤ nó maoin, Dánta Gr. xi 10 .

COMPDS. (rarely used, generally replaced by dag-, deg-).

? mathchorach, Rawl. 116c49 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 21 (= that makes good compacts Meyer). ¤fer: pl. maithfir, Gorm. Dec. 24. ¤gein: m. mairre (leg. Maire), SR 2733. Marian mait[h]gein, Gorm. 30. ? ¤glond: luchraib mathglond `with the lustres of good deeds', RC xxvi 166.14 . ¤gním: ag maoidheamh . . . na maithghníomh, TSh. 8730. ¤gnímrad: pl. maithghníomhartha , TSh. 4339. ¤greim: lith co m. `good hold' (? profit), Lism. L. 2111. ¤ingen, Ériu i 122.5 . ? ¤a good thing: m. Muimnech Muircertach the treasure (glory) of the Munstermen, MacCarthy 430 § 1 = BB 51a18 (: flaithrī).