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cuile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuile or dil.ie/13502

 

Forms: cuilinn

n m. and f. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 111 . For gender see LL 24740 , Lism. L. 321.4 , Laws ii 388.7 Comm. cited below). Freq. with dental infl., a s. cuilinn , Lism. L. 1282 . f. (with dental infl.), IGT Decl. § 7 .

Pantry, storeroom, larder : cucann no cuilae gl. colina, Sg. 51b5 . c.¤ finda `a wine-cellar', 35a12 . līnfaid cessacht for c.¤ `storehouses', Cáin Ad. 27 . co freisce c.¤ caith (= cāich) so that he has hopes from everyone's larder (of a landless man), Laws iv 352.13 . mo cule se / cule Fiadat fine, / cule robennach mo Rí, / cule conni ind, Lism. L. 321.1 - 4 (cf. 1291 ). arfássaigfiter culi cessachtaig .i. cen biad intib, LL 24740 . lan a ch.¤ iar cainbiathad neich eisti, Laws ii 388.7 Comm. bla cat cuili .i. slan don chat in biad . . . ro geba . . . isin cuilid do chaithem, iii 296.1 and 3 Comm. secht traiged déacc isin chúili, Trip.² 2807 . a chir i c.¤ (in a satire, meaning one who is out of place ?), IT iii 91 § 127 ( cuiliu: duniu, Bruchst. 50 ). do bennachad mo ch.¤ , i 40.36 . bennach a Dé . . . / cot laim deis in culid sea, 35 . asin chulud (sic), BColm. 60.15 . oc techt ina culid = ingressa penu, Lat. Lives 70.6 . ma fáss c.¤ , Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 8 . a forimel na cuiled airm a mbi an biadh, Ériu viii 121.y .

Fig. a chuli in chrábuid `storehouse of piety', PH 8329 . a chuli chrum (to the body), 8222 .

In follg. perh. bedroom : asbert in fer . . . boí a ben fri idna inna cuili, LU 10587 . aentech . . . can urscur can imdaigh ann, acht ma c.¤ i n-iarcuil don tigh, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 42.31 . ? nícos-tair socht mo ch.¤ , Lament 30 . ? bīaidh imatt na ngalar, / fūicfid ana c.¤ , ZCP x 50 § 16 (budh fobian na cuilte, v.l.).

escaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escaine or dil.ie/20421
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: escaíne, eascaine, eascaoin

n later also escaíne f. malediction, cursing: escaine Hérenn, Lothra Ireland's curse, Lorrha (ref. to the curse pronounced on Tara by Ruadán of L.) Triads 20 . dom anacul...ar escuni, ar digail, LL 360 left marg. cach oen blaises, linaid fearg ┐ escaine fills with anger and malediction YBL 83a47 . tír na mallachtan ┐ na hescaine, Todd Lect. vi 35.12 . Common with subj. gen.: ullidu escaine Colmain the scar (?) of C.'s curse BColm. 76.6 . da ṡaoradh ar esguine Adamnáin, TFrag. 100.10 ; 102.3 . cocadh do ḟass...tre easgaine cleireach, RC xviii 151 . 12 . Cog. 92.17 . tria esccaine Cholaim C. for Síol mB., AFM vi 2104.2 . With obj. gen.: tre esguine a athar through the curse pronounced on his father TFrag. 102.12 . As vn.: cliar rea n-esccuine cursing them BNnÉ 250.6 . naeim da eascaine, MR 232.19 . senad Adamnáin... | ac escaine Irgalaig, Metr. Dinds. i 20.88 . gan a clann d'easguine not to curse her offspring TFrag. 102.9 . (p)salm escaine maledictory psalm: gabais [Patraic] salmu escaine foraib, Trip. 114.11 . o ragabsad in cuire | salma arda esgaine, YBL 173a41 = LL 149bz ( SG 70 ). See Hib. Min. 44 ff . rosuidigestar A. ordd n-escoine doaib .i. psalm cach laithe, etc., a ritual of malediction Cáin Ad. 32 . renda escaine points (pricks) of malediction Laws v 12 y Comm. mar do ghrádhúigh sé easgaine agus tigeadh si air, Psalms cix 17 . doní a ithiomraidh no a esgaoine, Parrth. Anma 177.4 = Luc. Fid. 111.4 . eascaine `male- diction' sometimes eascaoin, P. O'C. ? escoine co tairchitol, ZCP iii 22.17 . Cf. escon.

1 fás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fás or dil.ie/21327
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o-ā ( faás, Wb. 13b7 , 25a17 ) empty, void, (of places) vacant, deserted, uninhabited, waste:

(a) in lit. sense: tegdis f.¤ (gl. domus vacuans) Tur. 14. lestar f.¤ an empty vessel Thes. ii 294.28 . don ádnocul ḟ.¤ the empty tomb PH 3411 . a n-adnocuil ... ité eroslacthi fása, 3754 . it fássa a ndúine, Fél. 68 . do ḟácaib sáer na háircci inadh tarrnge f.¤ innti left a place for a nail empty Ériu v 49.3 . bid fas tír Temrach, Hy ii 20 . ba f.¤ hEriu iar Partholon uninhabited MacCarthy 144.18 = LL 127a12 . cóic bliadna do Mide maith | f.¤ cen tige, cen degflaith, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 45 < LL 185a47 . is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí empty of its own inheritors BColm. 78.14 . ceall bis fas, Laws v 118.9 (explained: ní fás cin daīne sin, acht f.¤ cin dliged n-ecalsa 120 . o rochualamair-ni scuru na nGrec do beth fass , Aen. 428 . dochuamar-ni d'fegad na scor fas, 429 . grech na cno faisi of the blind nut Laws iv 36.17 Comm. o rotenc C. na longphorta folmha ┐ na tulcha fássa tar éis in tṡlóigh, CCath. 2393 . conselgat cricha ... comtar fassa, Rawl. 155b40 . Subst.: doberur dire cach fais of every unoccupied dwelling Laws v 168.14 . i fasaib a taeb (i.e. the side between ribs and pelvis; the waist) CCath. 5756 . Barren, sterile: meass fass , YBL 174a9 = SG 80.8 . arbanna finna fasa, Ann. Conn. 1328.3 . secht punnanna fasa, LB 115b41 ( Gen. xli 6 ). is gat fás flaith cen giallu, LL 146b36 ( PRIA 1893-6, 544 ). gairm fri fas `a cry to the waste' (i.e. futile lamentation): gair na pecthach oc nemeli frisin Coimdid ro craidset, ┐ bid gairm fri fas doib, Ériu ii 138 § 134 (= gair [?] cen airchisecht, YBL 86a36 ). cf. gairm fri fasguth, MacCongl. 125.20 .

(b) transf. and fig. empty, vain, futile: as f.¤ (gl. quando vanum et inane est) Ml. 78b23 . ni f.¤ a saithar dogniusa Wb. 11a11 . duús in faás far saíthar (gl. inanis fiat labor) 25a17 . is fass dúnni a pridchimme (gl. inanis est praedicatio nostra) 13b14 . in n-atberisiu bid dál fás, LL 278a28 (= rád f.¤ , Ériu i 68 ). clú fás empty fame CCath. 354 . formolta fása ... na filed, MR 190.5 . naidm fas cen foladh invalid O'Curry 1067 < H 3.18 p. 440b .

Here, perhaps: fas faigdhe .i. fer ro creca ... a selb ┐ na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe ... ┐ nitat diles dodcois fri galar no frepaid; ┐ is fas dno, cia foighe, mana gata no mana creca a enech ... Is fas do dno, a faithce fria galar ┐ a repaidh mana tabra nech ní dó ar Dia. Is fas dno, a saire, ┐ a dire ┐ a eneclann, Laws iv 352.11 (see foigde).

Compds.: With subst. either in lit. sense empty, vacant or fig. futile, vain, also feigned, false. ¤bedcarnach: faisbedgarnach na mbronnann dar eis a n-inne `empty starting of the bellies' (of reflex movements in corpses) CCath. 5936 . ¤bolg an empty bag: mar chertli i fásbulg, TBC-LL¹ 4386 . Acall. 3160 n . ¤buden phantom host (?): na fásbuidhne doilbthi draidhechta, Comp. CC 93x . ¤chocnam empty chewing, i.e. pretending to eat: ag fascocnom, MacCongl. 116.26 . occ fáschognamh a mbeol, BNnÉ 89.15 . ¤choí futile or false lamentation: oc fáschúi ┐ oc fásguba as chind Con Culaind, TBC-LL¹ 5723 - 6044 . ¤chretem a vain, false belief: d'fháischreideamh Cailbhín, TSh. 6109 . ¤eclais a deserted church: ar chúl iladh ḟáisegailsi, IGT, Decl. ex 232 . ¤fuabairt a false (i.e. feigned) attack: lucht na fásfuabarta `the decoying party' lit. those of the false attack (of an ambuscade) AFM vi 1980.1 . ¤garrda an uncultivated garden or plot: i ḟásgarrdaib for imlib sráited, LB 155a8 . ¤guba futile or false lamenting: fasghuba .i. fás acáoineadh no fáscháoineadh, O'Cl. (see ¤choí). ¤scethrach see fáiscethrach. ¤tech an empty (ruined, deserted) house: co ndeachaidh a faisteach folamh, BS 36 y . co fuair C. a fastig he, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 36.11 . i fastigh, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 88) = i ḟaistig LB. pl. fáistighe ceall derelict churches TD 1.54 . gurab hi fástigibh bes a trebh co brath, Moling 74 . ¤tempall an empty church: isin fas-tempull sin, D IV 2, 67 [57]rb7 .

1 fír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fír or dil.ie/22171
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fira, fíri, fira, fír, ḟír, firithir, firium, fíream, fír, fir, fíre, brithemnachtae, fírmessa, fircarat, fír

I adj o-ā

(a) true, veracious , used as pred. with cop.; as attrib. usually in composition with noun, seldom following it. f.¤ ... a uero latine , Corm. Y 639 . gl. verus Ml. 24d16 . 60b11 . as f.¤ aní chanas, 24d14 . is fāss dúnni a pridchimme manid f.¤ , Wb. 13b14 . f.¤ inna rādisiu what thou sayest is true LU 8455 ( FB 31 ). dūs in f.¤ mar atbeire, SR 1268 . in fir a n-atfiadat?, CRR 29 . is f.¤, ol se, is e so Crist, PH 679 . ni f.¤ sin (contradicting a statement) 2715 . Absol. confirming a preceding fact or statement: f.¤, ar se, ingen fil and, LL 259b43 ( LMU 5 ). f.¤, ar in drai, RC xxiv 174.15 . f.¤ is munter Dé fogniat [sic leg.], Snedg. u. Mac R 9.21 = is derb, ar siad, is munter Dé, RC xxvi 136.27 . Adv.: co mbia co f.¤ esergi that there will truly be a resurrection PH 1074 . uere .i. co f.¤ , 7983 . atberim co fír fír frib ..., 5036 . go fíor, Duan. F. i 28.3 . pl. it na huili besgna ata fira , Thes. ii 7.26 . at fíra do briathra, PH 794 . IS F.¤he is right: olsodin nad f.¤ ndoib however in that they lie Ml. 16a10 . ba f.¤ ám do Ch. aní sin, TBC-LL¹ 5767 . 4692 . 5719 . fír dam, or A. ni fīr or L., LL 288b27 . ni f.¤ dún ar mbeith amlaid we err (in claiming) to be so PH 7945 . más f.¤ dhamhsa if I am not mistaken O'Dav. 1244 . IS F.¤ LIMM I deem it true, I believe: do retaib ata chosmaili fri f.¤ la doini ┐ bes ni bat fira la Dia, Ml. 51b8 . BID F.¤ it will prove true, come to pass: bid f.¤ a tairngire Wb. 2c19 . hóre bas f.¤ quod dicam , 17d20 . Cf. pret.: ba f.¤ son re cind in tres laí it came true ( happened ) LL 283a9 . Used idiomatically in assenting to a proposal or the reverse: cuir in da chend, a L., issin carpat ... Bid f.¤ for L. it shall be done LL 110b31 ( RC xiv 422 ). ní bá f.¤ sin that shall not be! LU 8199 ( FB 14 ). Mer. Uil. 46 . ni ba f.¤ ... Cet do rainn na mucce it shall not be that C. divide the pig ScM. 9 . ROP F.¤ may it come to pass Hy i 39 . corap f.¤ amal atrubrabar! PH 2774 . amen .i. rop f.¤ so be it 7981 . MAS Ḟ. (in later poetry) if it is true = `according to statement', `it is said': an séad, a Dhé, ina mbia ar mbríogh | más fíor is é bhus dia dhúnn, Dán Dé xxiii 11 . éantoirrcheas, más ḟíor, iaidséin, TD 26.7 . ionann ḟáisdine, más ḟíor, do mhac is d'adhbhar airdríogh, 21.31 . más ḟíor dá lán according to many 28.40 . fír dhe (cheville), Duan. F. 25.4 ; ii 68.10 . As attrib.: breth f.¤ , SR 3321 . dar mo bréthir ḟ.¤ , IT i 122.1 . g s. f. inna Trínóite fíri (fire v.l.), Hy ii 42 . Cf. foxal fainne fíre SR 3594 (but see fíre). pl. bretha fira , Ml. 89b14 . teora coibsen fira, IT iii 197.24 . tri bliadhna fira .xx. `righteous' (?) BB 50a24 ( MacCarthy 414 ). sgéla fíora, Duan. F. ii 2.3 . d s. as adv.: ind fír (gl. amen) Wb. 14c32 . ind ḟír (gl. vero) Sg. 106a5 . Equat. firithir lebor as true as LL 43b23 . Compar. ataa ani as firiu oldas a ndeda sa, Hib. Min. 10.348 . is firu damsa! ní firiu duidsiu! I am right! you are wrong! Ériu viii 157.15 . atberait aroli comboi ... ┐ is fíre són, LB 148a10 . superl. firium, Laws i 106.1 (?). fíremh, Ériu xiii 17.30 . Cf. fíream, Laws iv 34.1 .

(b) genuine: pleurisis fhíre ┐ pleurisis nach fír true pleurisy and spurious O'Gr. Cat. 188 § 45 .

II subst. n. later m. g s. cosmailius fír , Ml. 55d25 . arach fir , Cóic Con. 17.1 (other exx. below); later fíra, fíre.

(a) what is true; truth, right: gáo et f.¤ , Wb. 14c22 . f.¤ n-uile sicut dixi (gl. veritas facta est) 16b22 . f.¤ neich, 30d14 (= iustitia). fer nolabrad f.¤ ┐ no chairiged gó, PH 825 . tan renas ... a ḟir for in gae when he barters truth for falsehood (i.e. right for wrong, of a king) ACL iii 315.6 . f.¤ n-aignaid ┐ screbtra truth natural and revealed Laws v 430.23 . Ailbhe co ffīor `A. the truthful' Duan. F. i 6.3 . With poss. pron.: abbair a ḟ.¤ frind, LU 4544 . ráid a fh.¤ dūn tell us the truth about it PH 1063 . is é a ḟíor this is the truth of it Ir. Monthly 1928, 549 . isé a ḟíor is ní brēcc dhamh, ZCP viii 225.3 . sinagoga ... congregatio ... ed a f.¤ isin laitin `c.' is the right word for it in Latin 113 § 4 . ce raib se ina fh.¤ though it be true PH 7324 . In asseveration or adjuration: dar f.¤ ar cubais, TBC-LL¹ 110 . ar f.¤ do gascid, 4663 . for f.¤ do ḟlatha, LL 251a48 ( TBFr. § 23 ). for f.¤ th'ainich ┐ t'anma, LL 251b1 (ib.). Concrete: co n-indistar fir cacha ceatramhan until a truth (true story) be told for every quarter IT iii 196 § 40 . IAR F.¤ according to truth, really, actually: delb nad bí iar f.¤ (gl. imaginis) Ml. 91d1 . túarascbail ... inna n-airecht sin amal itát iar f.¤ as they are in reality LU 1997 ( FA 6 ). is iat sin na fírUlaid iar f.¤ , ZCP viii 326.9 . na hIúdaide cristaide ... na hIúdaide iar ḟír, LB 158b19 . isat cara iar ndreich ... cen cop ed iar f.¤ , PH 3100 . Cf. iar fíraib truly, really (?) LL 5b49 . tría fhíribh, Duan. F. i 88.13 (: ríghe).

(b) a pledge, guarantee: dobretha f.¤ fris .i. f.¤ ciche ┐ gruaide, nime ┐ talman, grēine ┐ ēsca, etc. Rawl. 132a31 ( Ériu xi 95 ). ro lasett each an ríg ... for f.¤ comairci Colmáin, BColm. 90.6 . adguiter f.¤ hOengasa [leg. nOen.] ... fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi, Ériu iii 140.170 . cf. la fior flatha frisa ngaibther, Ériu xiii 31.3 . da fir dhec flatha, below, end of (c). cach fír dar ná tecar slán `every pledge that is not transgressed with safety' Metr. Dinds. iii 6.65 . Cf. ferr fir fonaidm .i. na trebaire a pledge is better than a bond O'Curry 1756 ( 23 Q 6, 34b ) = O'Curry 511 (t. cen folad) (< H 3.18, 259 ).

(c) an attestation; a proof, test, ordeal: technical term in Law, one of the five `conara fugill' or recognized methods of procedure in pleading, see Cóic Con. p. 8 , 17ff . Here perh. i mmes fíra, Ml. 26c12 (see fíre). is ed so acarar [sic leg.] forin conair fugill is fir: cinta comraitti ┐ anfoit lanḟiachaig ┐ cach cin imna dir logad no trocaire, Cóic Con. 17 § 5 . uide īce in fira .i. in fir lai ┐ in fir Dé ┐ in fir cuir ┐ cunnartha ... in leth-fir testa ... in lan-fir teasta, O'Curry 333 (< H 3.18, 183 ). Cf. Cóic Con. 67 . mac mná dobheir fior i logh a ruice, Ériu xiii 31.28 . f.¤ nDé a religious ordeal or attestation: in inbaidh aititnither ... is fir nDé uadh ...; muna aititnighe ... is arra cuir ..., O'Curry 2003 Comm. (< H 4.22, 30 ). comadh ann robeth in fir dé so lais iar nemfadbail fire daoine, Laws iv 294.7 Comm. co dtisadh a bfir do cach iar bfir De (.i. na eclaise) ┐ duine (.i. na tuaithi), O'Curry 1607 (< 23 Q 6, 5a ). lia do fír fri ... aiṅcessa māra (.i. fris inni is anfis do neoch forna fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe) thou shalt follow (the way of) ordeal in cases of, etc., Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . 37 § 50 . is cranncur fíre De docurethur ru, O'D. 900 . (< H 3.17 c. 644 ). f.¤ testa compurgation: O'Curry 2591 (< Eg. 88, 50b ), see Cóic Con. 67 . lucht fira compurgators: Cóic Con. 32 § 29 . in t-espuc, is greim cuicir gobas a lucht fira a leith re dainib ele, ┐ ni gabann acht greim aengraidh i leith ris fein, O'Curry 1058 (< H 3.18, 438a_b ). f.¤ dochum reilgi an attestation made in a churchyard Cóic Con. 64 § 14 . Ériu ix 114 . f.¤ n-airisme fri haltoir the test of standing at the altar Laws v 470.34 (see IT iii 192 ). f.¤ caire no crannchuir ordeal of the cauldron or of lot Laws iv 294.3 Comm. coiri fír .i. lestur ... fri dealochadh firindi ┐ góa, IT iii 191 § 21 . crand fīr `test-tree,' tree of ordeal Laws iv 146.27 ; a name for the aspen , Auraic. 1195 . tal no slisean seancraind, leasdar Baduirnd, trelia mothar no fir n-airisme fri haltoir, no fir fogearrta no comperta naime: ate ind sin fira ro suidistar Padraic do gleod fer nErend, Laws v 470 (see IT iii 188 , where three of these are included in the da fir dhec flatha `the twelve ordeals').

(d) right, due: ara tisad a f.¤ cach that everyone might `attain to his right' Laws i 152.1 . oc tacra a ḟír `arguing his right' Trip. 128.3 . is im fir ban ciato-imargaet roe `about the true right of women' [ = for a case (i.e. dispute) of women ?] Laws i 150.13 . Cf. fria hiomasdad a ffíor fri breith, Ériu xiii 34.7 (perh. belonging to c).

(e) various phrases: F.¤ CATHA `truth of battle,' a just cause in fight: risnā ragbad ríam ... f.¤c. nā fornirt [leg. fornert ?] comlaind, TBC-LL¹ 5083 (perhaps against whom neither equal nor superior numbers ever prevailed). co nā gabdais f.¤ c. fria n-athair that they might not have right on their side in opposing their father (of the three Finn Emna) Dinds. 140 , corresp. to: cumbad olc a f.¤ c. i n-agaid a n-ardḟlatha, Metr. Dinds. iv 44z . ba fearr a f.¤c. ┐ comlaind sin im a nduthaigh [sic leg.) ... innas im an ferand forgabala, Cog. 70.6 . táinig re síol bhflatha Fáil | gan ḟíor gcatha do chongbháil it turned out ill for ... that they had not right on their side TD 18.28 . éirghidh ar Ulltaibh, óir atá fíor gcatha agaibh chuca, Keat. ii 5643 . feirrde m'fhior chatha sa sin my cause of quarrel is the juster Content. xiv 4 . tré neimhḟíor gcatha in an unjust cause viii 24 . F.¤ FER fair play (in combat), single combat: acht cor damthar fir fer dam, ol se, atbér. is cóir f.¤ f. do chomollod ... ar ní f.¤ f. do slúag mór muinterda brisiud for óenfer, LU 9213 ( FB 94 ). nosgeodainseom huile ... uair rombrisiset fir fer fair, TBC-I¹ 809 (= LU 5284 ). rop áil damsa or L. conumrabad fir fer úaitsiu. cidón? or C. connachamthised úait acht oenlám. ar ni ḟil acht oenlám lim, LL 122b5 ( RC iii 184 ). ni damar f.¤ f. dam na comlond, TBC-LL¹ 4706 . ní rodamhadh f.¤ fer ná comhlann fo coimhlíon dóibh acht ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh, AFM iv 996.14 . is and sin conbocht f.¤ f. fairseom ... día lotar in cóicfer cucaiseom, LU 6240 . dogniat aní sein ┐ dobreth a f.¤ f. fris, Ériu iii 137.50 (but Rawl. B 502, 132a31 has here: dobretha fir fris .i. fir ciche ┐ gruaide, etc., cited above under b). fior fer frisa ngaibhther, Ériu xiii 34.10 . Cf. muirbhfit ... iat i bhfir aeinḟir, RC xliii 24.9 . F.¤ FÉNE the truth (justice) of the F., itbath fir Fene, Laws i 150.17 . adbath fir Feiniu manipad cuicthi, 250y . F.¤ FLATHA the word of a prince; justice of a ruler: ní fíor flathu deit, a rí ..., a n-udbere thy sentence is unworthy of a just ruler RC xii 64.26 . co comet fir flatha .i. mess cacha bliadne, etc. (effects of just rule) xvi 280.7 . is tre ḟ.¤ flathemon cach recht rán ... cach tír toirthech, ZCP xi 81 §§ 12.14 . tré ḟíor ḟlatha ... tig ... iasg i n-inbhear, Content. vi 67 . asbertatar U. a mmarbad. ni thó, ar sisi, ar is coll fír f.¤ damsa the U. said that they should be killed. Nay, said she, for that is a violation of a prince's truth on my part RC xvi 281. 2 . F.¤ NGASCID fair fighting: ní f.¤ ṅg. ... comrac frimsa co n-oenláim, LL 116b39 ( RC viii 58 ). Cf. ní fír laechdachta dó tuidecht ar mo chendsa LU 6014 .

Compds.

A With subst. common as adj. prefix in sense

(a) veracious, true, just: ¤brithem a just judge Ml. 27c1 . dond ¤brithemain, 26c11 (gl. cognitori) Wb. 8d25 . ¤brithemnacht a just judgment: g s. ¤brithemnachtae (opp. to gūbrithemnacht) Ml. 103c2 . ¤breth id.: pl. -a, SR 8325 . ¤dliged just, true rule: fili ... nach oide fīrdhlighidh ZCP viii 208.22 . ¤dul: iar f. (: dīlgud) according to right procedure, as is meet SR 1607 . ¤mess true, righteous judgment: ind fírmessa (gl. aequitatis) Ml. 103d1 . ¤mod: fīrmod sōn, Corm. Y § 149 . firmodh son, YBL 245 a 54 (Immacallam In Dá Thúarad) , ZCP xxi 325 . ¤scél true account: ni innisim acht f., Acall. 1428 . Less freq. in later texts; cf. fírferg: rinn ar bhḟírḟeirge ` just wrath ' TD 3.12 .

(b) veritable, genuine, real (very common; cf. older Engl. use of very < Fr. vrai): ¤dia: conapad f. mac that the Son should not be very God Ml. 21c12 . Wb. 2d8 . fíordia ... fíordhuine very God ... very man ZCP viii 199.22 (but: in fírdía the true God , opp. to dee ` heathen gods ' PH 433 , 2347 ). ¤duine: ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona acht is for corthe cloche, Thes. ii 343y (Comm. on Hy v 66 ). amal fírdhuine like a veritable human being PH 5642 . ¤aingel: messimir inna fíraingliu `the very angels' Wb. 9c10 . ¤mac: f. aicnid ní a uccu `a very son of nature, not from adoption' 32b6 . conid f. Dé Ísu Crist, PH 2179 . ¤chlann: Eua ..., fotha febda fírclainne of genuine offspring (?) SR 1064 . ¤chorp: is a ḟirchurp a doenachta atracht Crist a bás the real body of His humanity PH 6743 . Cf. further: am fírisrahelte a true Israelite Wb. 23d30 . is iat sin na fírUlaid the genuine Ultonians Rawl. 156b46 , ZCP viii 326.9 . frisna ¤adnacla (gl. non in domibus sed in sepulcris) Ml. 83d3 . is ¤briathar Dé (gl. non ut verbum hominum sed ... verbum Dei) Wb. 24d22 . fíor-fhraochdacht genuine fury (= asperitatem veram) TSh. 8130 . in ¤gním the real action Sg. 139a3 . inna ¤neuturáldi the true neuters 140a6 . ¤chara a genuine friend: g p. na fircarat , CCath. 5562 . cf. fiórnámha `a veritable foe ' TD 13.8 . ¤chlérech a true cleric: las na firclerchiu, Mon. Tall. § 13 . ¤dia the real God PH 433 (see above). ¤flaith a true, rightful prince: issin t[ṡ]ossud na fírflatha, LU 10752 ( TE 11 ). cosin f. (i.e. God) SR 1812 . ¤ true King: isé in fír-rig (of God) PH 1808 . Passing into sense of exact: ¤chenn sróna the very tip ZCP iii 34.19 . co firc[h]leit[h]i sleibi Olimp the very summit CCath. 5629 . i ¤dorus Chilli M. right in front of Trip. 136.16 . gáeth ... ina ¤ētan right in their faces LU 2184 ( FA 26 ). hi firmedón na cuardae the very centre BDD 72 . ¤mhullach Sléibi Smóil the very top Acall. 3925 . i ffiorthaobh ratha Oiligh the very side of the fort Leb. Gab.(i) i. 180.18 (cf. a dorus assa firthoeb (of the Ark) SR 2468 , where pref. seems otiose). 'na firiarthur right at the west end SR 4256 . ¤iarthar in betha, TTr.² 40 . frisin n-eclais a ¤thuaid due north of the church SR 4440 . i ¤ichtur inn aigeoin the very bottom CCath. 1386 . (hence adj. ¤íchtarach: superl. don chuid is fíríochtaruidh don bholg the innermost parts Proverbs xxvi 22 ). for a fir-uachtur on its very top SR 4332 . i ffíorthosach na bliadhna, AFM vi 2096.4 . ó fhíorthús na n-aimsear from earliest times TSh. 2917 . Very common with abstracts = true, genuine or merely intens. downright, sheer: ¤aicned: bretha firaicnid `judgements of true nature' Laws i 16.10 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi, Ériu i 214.6 . ¤athrige genuine repentance PH 2241 . ¤chaín true smoothness; gentleness , in phr. f.¤ fáilte a hearty welcome: IT i 120.32 . Acall. 5830 . Ériu iii 164.11 ; xi 195.35 . ZCP vi 31.15 . ¤deacht true Godhead Hy ii 42 . ¤déirc true charity: tobar ¤deirce, ZCP viii 199.21 . ¤féchain scrutinizing: aca firechain cona dligthech, etc. looking to see that it is lawfully ... Laws iv 20.27 Comm. , cf. aca ¤dechsain, 22.29 , ZCP viii 205.33 . ¤grád true love: idir an bhfíor-ghrádh ... ┐ an grádh tacair, TSh. 8953 . ¤ítu intense thirst: follscadh firiotan, Leb. Gab.(i) i 28.2 . ¤less real profit SR 322 . ¤róen a downright defeat SR 5092 . ¤thnúth ` deep envy ' Ériu iv 92 § 5 . Oft. apparently otiose and freq. used for sake of alliteration: togha fírbhech ár bfoghluim `of most genuine bees' O'Gr. Cat. 475.22 . ar a fad nó ar a ¤leithett, AFM vi 2082.1 . agá fforach ┐ acca ffírlenmhain, 2318.1 . cossmhailes foichedh -bheach, 2224.3 . an faircle ¤leac fionnaolta na feineistre [sic leg.], Hugh Roe 288.27 (f. 76a) . ag déanamh fíorluit is foghla, Keat. ii 3262 .

(c) forming real compds. in which the meaning of subst. is modified: f.¤chruithnecht selected (?) wheat LU 8121 . ¤íasc salmon: cora ḟiresc `a salmon-weir ' RC xxvi 136.23 . bratan fireisc, Lism. L. viii 18 . lethar fírésc `salmon skin' MacCongl. 89.9 = cris d'iucraibh fīréisc, 122.35 (see also u. -uisce). ¤lemnacht fresh milk LU 8120 ( FB 9 ). Acall. 829 . ¤thipra a spring LL 30a1 . ¤uisce fresh water (opp. to brine), spring water ZCP v 24.2 . CCath. 1742 . BColm. 52.11 . Fl. Earls 90.20 . Études Celt. i 86.16 . Proverbs xviii 4 . eisg firuisgi fresh-water fish Rosa Angl. 40z .

B With adj. as advbl. pref. in sense truly, genuinely, downright or merely intens. ¤amnas very keen SR 1830 . ¤cruind perfectly round 36 . ¤derb quite certain Wb. 12c12 . ¤doim ` really poor ' Mon. Tall. 46 . ¤éolach ` truly learned ' Ériu iv 144.8 . Oft. merely for alliteration (cf. A, b above); faideran ¤gorm, Acall. 367 . fomor ¤grán[d]a, 1884 . féige finn ¤ṡolus, LL 385c23 . In such adjs. as fírbrethach just in judgment ( Ériu i 122.9 . ZCP xi 96 § 55 . Cáin Ad. 21 ), ¤epertach truth-speaking ( PH 6499 . RC xxv 396.16 ), fír belongs to the noun fr. which the adj. is formed. ¤ferr truly the best: an agh dob fhírfhearr dar n-ealbhaidh, PBocht 4.9 . C With vb. (chiefly in poetry), intens. or merely otiose (met. gr.): rofirchrap, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 69 = IT iii 99 § 164 . ga file nach fiorchuala?, Top. Poems 24.12 ( Top. Poems² 224 ). cía lia fer le fír-gairthir `is rightly called' Metr. Dinds. iii 60 . fíreba[i]r (: fīnemain) will be quaffed (ibid.) ACL iii 238.23 . fírníamhfuid will purify Ezekiel xliii 26 . fírfoscaigfider, Rawl. 111b15 (gl. on: forbuascaigfider). mōr fiad resa fīrtheichet from which they flee in earnest Ériu vii 4.15 . ro fíorthiorchanadh lá fáidhibh was foretold truly AFM vi 2298.8 .

fognam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fognam or dil.ie/22777

 

Forms: fognamo, fognama, fognama, foghnamh, oghnamh, -namha, -naimh, -anta, f., foghnamha, fógnuma

n u, m. (vn. of fo-gní). g s. fognamo, Wb. 3d14 . in fognama , 22b21 . fognama, 3c11 . Ml. 84c12 . foghnamh oghnamh (g s. n p. -namha, -naimh, -anta) IGT. Decl. § 47 . As vn. ib. Verbs § 44 .

(a) serving, rendering service , absol. or with DO of pers. is hae inso in f.¤ don choimdid (gl. orationi instate) Wb. 27c18 . f.¤ do idlaib, 19d11 . lóg ... á fognama hirobatar pay for the (lit. their) servitude in which they had been Ml. 84c12 . ar léciud ... asind f.¤ hi robammar servitude Ml. 105b16 . luid F. ... ┐ beir (leg. birt?) a cumal lais i f.¤ , Laws i 70.24 . bai ... do dhichracht in fhoghnuma i mbai P. co toimniuth cech ae ... cumad do a oenar foighneth, Lism. L. 143 . cach faesom co fognom, ACL iii 227.54 . ni fil acht aeneclas ... ag fognum (nó adhradh) do Dhia, Marco P. 141 . ag foghnamh don Dúileamh, TSh. 460 . ní roibh acht aenberla ag foghnum do chach the one language was used by all BB 17b28 . co nderna logh secht cumhall do foghnumh till he perform service of the value of seven cumals Laws iv 250.6 Comm. With gen.: sē la d'fógnam na collai, in t-én lá don ... animm, PH 7369 . o ḟognam in forbaind rechtaide ... o ḟógnum hídal, 4566 . im na hocht mballa bis ac f.¤ in muilind `which are necessary to the mill' (viz water, millrace, shaft, etc.) Laws i 140.13 Comm. Of feudal service: asbert S. ... nach beth fo chis, na fa ḟoghnam do righ talmhan, Lism. L. 2115 . boí F. oc dīlgend na n-aithech ┐ aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65 § 16 . ma beith fognum diib do ḟlaithib co nómad naó, Críth G. 326 ( Laws iv 320 ). dianom soertha don fhognamh ica tu don righ were I delivered from my bondage to the King Lism. L. 1539 . do-bertar ratha ... im bithḟoghnom dóibh dia réir féin, ZCP xi 64 § 13 (= um beith fodhnamach doib etc. RC xx 339 ). conattig forru Cairpre ... f.¤ Temrach to do service to T. (the S. due to T.?) Metr. Dinds. iii 440y (= oghnamh, BB 30b1 . daerfoghnomh, Dinds. 78 ). in cutruma sin do ḟerond occaib cen tech cen trebad fair ┐ cen f.¤ tellaich Temrach, Ériu iv 124 . With subj. gen.: tri f.¤ inna mball ... doib Wb. 12b3 . la Colmán ó sin alle f.¤ an bale sin ar is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí mina tarttatt a rér do Cholmán, BColm. 78.14 . foghnam fuidhri no daorceile uathaibh re re na foglama `the service of a f. or a d. is due from them during the term of the learning' (of apprentices) Laws iv 236.20 . m'fhoghnamh nach cóir do chomaoidhimh `that I must not boast of my merit' PBocht 6 § 17 . do-gní f.¤ do serves: dogenat f.¤ dam, MacCarthy 44.23 = fomgnífet, SR 852 . lé foghnamh do dhéanamh do Dhia, TSh. 1130 . gen. as attrib.: fer foghnamha , Ériu xiii 16.12 . luag fir fognuma an attendant Laws i 110.9 . mad fer fognama (.i. mad he in fer do ne in foghnum im bith for bantincar), Laws ii 390z (392.6) = Stud. in E. Ir. Law 57 . is uaidib ... roḟas daerchis fodnoma for saerchlandaib hEreand, Lec. Facs. 185vb9 = BB 255a29 (fognuma). capul fognuma ┐ ech immrimme, Laws iv 308.22 ( Críth G. 158 ). (cf. capul itir foghnum ┐ imrim, Laws iv 304.12 , Críth G. 91 ). fine fognama (.i. daorceile ┐ saorcheile), Laws v 318.2 . la himed...lochta ind fognuma labourers TTr.² 600 . etaig fognama ... domelar cach dia `working dress' (dress of use, everyday clothes) Laws v 398.1 . don mainistir ... cona fearonnaibh foghnamha `glebe-lands' AFM vi 2148.15 . pl. at cotarsnai na fógnuma do dís (i.e. no man can serve two masters) PH 711 . ni hiat a fognumha bis forro functions (of Ogham letters) BB 301a27 .

(b) later often use, utility, profit (with AR of thing. Cf. feidm): ni bí fognum er ni da ṅdentar cen fúndamit fái PH 7816 . nach fuil fodnum agud orm that I am of no use to thee ZCP vi 55.20 . ni fhuil foghnamh orm at egmais = sine te nihil sum ... nihil possum Instructio 226.20 . ní bhia fóghnamh ar an absolóid absolution will be of no avail Mac Aingil 376 . an mbī foghnamh ar an bposadh? is the marriage valid? Luc. Fid. 140.14 . do cuiredh a ndergár innus nach roibhe foghnam orra o shin alé, L. Chl. S. § 13 . co mbetha gan foghnamh ort no ar beacan foghanta = pro nihilo aut minimo reputari Instructio 224.14 . (cf. mod. ar foghnamh of use, in health, thriving ).

immarbág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immarbág or dil.ie/27728

 

n ā, f.

I

(a) strife, contention, a contest; act of contending: is ed gen n-imarbága fil la firu Hérind `one put forth as a champion,' BDD² 1136. fir Erend o thraig co traig | roscaig dib a n-imarbaig, Anecd. i 13.8 . re himarbáigh n-imraba `for a contest in rowing,' TBC-LL¹ 5611. cencobeth do gasciud and acht Conall Cernach ... ba lór fri immarbaig, Ériu iv 28.21 . docuridar immarbaga móra ┐ comrama eturro, LL 123b42 . romarbait Aes ┐ Bethi oc immarbáig snáma ... beist rodosmarb, 216b7 . doronsat ... immarbaig imrama ic tiachtain dochum hErend, 12b21 . cend imarbaga hErend ` chief strife-fomenter ,' Ériu v 26.25 . imarbaid retha ┐ dibraici `a competition in running and archery,' Aen. 957. rinn iomarbhagha fear nUladh the champion, AFM v 1636.8 . i.¤ as contending on behalf of: gibé d'éigsibh lena háil | as deighshliocht Ír iomarbháidh, Content. xxviii 58 .

(b) wordy dispute, boastfulness; act of boasting: is mebol damsa ... mani fuil imorbága imar tobairt immuich, MU² 949. dorala in tech ina ráithsechaib briathar ocna mnaib oc imarbaig eter a feraib ┐ siat fesni, LU 8419. ro fass ... ind imarbáid chettnae dona mnaib issin tig, FB § 29 Eg. gabais cách díb immarbaig a mmuin a celi im gabail na n-én, LU 3245. mo ríse rí nime nair | cen huabur cen immarbaig, SR 2. innisid immarbaig eter Meidb ┐ Ailill, TBC-LL¹ 103. a ingen ... | ni dam maith-se oc immarbaig, 1676 . is follus a himarbáig in dā chaillech, MacCongl. 5.2 ná dena imurbāigh i n-airecht, ZCP vi 272 § 2. do líon bruith ┐ borrfadh, uabhar ┐ iomurbhádh iad, PCT 395.

II As grammatical term, the comparative of the adjective: lochdach iomurbháidh a ttús chomhfhocuil, IGT Introd. 24.21 . as fearuighe mé iná thú a phearsa iomurbhádha, 33.14 . pearsa iomurbhádha an iomdhuighthi, 29.4 . ó phearsuin lóir as mó bheantur iomurbhaidh mur tá so: as lór mo ghile, ┐ as gile mé iná thú, 27.5 . an chuid don iomurbháidh nach ó phearsuin lóir tig, a n-éinshiolla bhíos, mur ta ... as sía no as mó, 15 . bráthair na hiomurbhádha (i.e. the comparative with de), 24.26 , 27.7 .

1 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ó or dil.ie/33364
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ó, hó, oa, ua, ualailiu, ón(d), (h)uan(d), ón, ón, on, ón, hond, huand, ond, uandí, huand, onaib, honaib, huanaib, hunaib, óna, (h)uaim(m), óim, (h)uait, (h)uad, ood, ōd, ód, uad, huad, huadh, uada, uadha, uaid(h), uaidh, (h)uadi, úade, huade, uathi, uaithi, hude, (h)uain(n), huann, húan, uanni, huanni, ónni, onni, uann, uainn, úanna, (h)uaib, (h)uadib, uaidib, huaidib, úaidib, uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib, úathu, uathu, uathaibh, uatha, uatha, óm, ót, óa, ó, óa, ua, ó, , óa, ua, ó, hoa, hua, hua, ho, ondid, honid, onid

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing dat.

Forms O.Ir. ó (o); hó (ho), usual form in Ml. oa, Sg. 4b1 . ua, 3b4 ; 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ), cf. huaitherrechtaigthib, 32b2 ; ualailiu, 25b12 .

With art.: sing. ón(d), (h)uan(d): ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . on deacht, 9d10 . ón spirut, 15a12 . hond airdbiu, Ml. 55b17 . huand imbud, 56b23 . uand aitherrech- taigthiu, Sg. 32b7 . (with pron. í) ond, 156a1 , 3 , b3 . uandí, 156b1 . huand, 156b2 .

pl. onaib, Sg. 44a3 . Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). honaib, Tur. 91 , 92 , 93 ( Thes. ii 491 ). Ml. 32b2 . huanaib, Sg. 33b8 . hunaib, 32b6 . hona fuathaib, Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Mid.Ir. óna.

With pron. suff.: 1 s. (h)uaim(m). óim, Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ), archaic. 2 s. (h)uait. 3 s m. (h)uad. ood, Cambr. 37 a ( Thes. ii 244.25 ); ? ōd ( ód v.l.), Trip. 238.21 (archaic forms). Mid.Ir. uad, huad. huadh, Hib. Min. 8.271 . uada, TBC-LL¹ 2251 , PH 841 , 908 , 2118 , 7636 , 7682 , 7782 , 8289 . uadha, 7722 . Later uaid(h), mod. uaidh. 3 s. f. (h)uadi. Mid.Ir. úade ( huade v.l.), Hy. v 36 ; uathi, uaithi. hude, Mon. Tall. 150.23 . 1 pl. (h)uain(n); huann, Wb. 4d9 . húan, BCr. 32b3 . uanni, Wb. 12a12 ; huanni, 5a7 ; ónni, 4b19 ; onni, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.21 ). Mid.Ir. uann, uainn (uaind). úanna, Mon. Tall. 153.28 . 2 pl. (h)uaib. 3 pl. (h)uadib. uaidib, Wb. 24b29, 27d1, 31d18 . huaidib, Wb. 32a29 . úaidib, Bechbretha 62 § 23 . Mid.Ir. uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib; úathu, TBC-LL¹ 3557 , 5092 ; uathu, 3581 , 3630 , 5064 . uathaibh, uatha, Keat.; mod. uatha.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. óm; 2 s. ót (later often ód); 3 s. óa, ó (latter form common); 3 pl. óa; ua mbraithrib, Wb. 34a6 . In late Mid.Ir. -n- is often inserted before the poss. of the 3rd pers.: ó (= óa) , TBC-LL¹ 6159 = óna ó, H., Add.

With rel. pron.: óa n , ua n , ó n : hoa rícc, Wb. 5c16 . hua mbí, Tur. 10. hua n-erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . hua ndirrudigeddar, Sg. 33a23 . ho n-eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . ho torgab, 32a23 . ó n-aidil- cnigthir, Hib. Min. 8. 245 . cia o-rb halachta, Lat. Lives 65.8 ( LB 62a22 ).

With cop. 3 s.: ondid, Wb. 12d23 . honid, Ml. 51c2 . Mid.Ir., onid, BColm. 32.25 .

In late Irish lenition is arbitrary in stereotyped phrases like: ó sin ale, see TD ii 264 n. § 36 . Occas. folld. by acc. pl. in Mid.Ir.: o marbu, PH 1073 , 1854 , etc.

In meaning, corresponds in general to Lat. a, ab or to the ablative case, in Glosses used to represent either. Hence by analogy after arbeir biuth = Lat. utitur: ho n-erberad biuth (gl. qua oratione sit usurus), Ml. 48a5 , cf. 48b12 . hua n-erbirmis biuth which we spent, 135d3 (gl. ex illo tempore quo degebamus [in Aegypto] `in which we lived'; the glossator perhaps mis- understood the Lat. construction). Cf. also Hib. Min. 13.438 : aranni arbar bith inn aesa dilmain on bethaid shuthain = eo quod scilicet vitâ aeternâ fruitur; `because the lawful people enjoy life everlasting', Meyer, but the construction is not clear. Similarly Enchir. Aug. 79b : ut ratione utatur (.i. o cheill).

I Denoting separation from (lit. or fig.), after vbs.

(a) of motion: tóiniud flatho ó róma[nib], Wb. 26a5 . eirg ón muicc ! get away from, IT i 104.13 , cf. do duit uaim be off! 214.19 . imreitís úathu ┐ chuccu to and fro from them, TBC-LL¹ 3557. na daíne claenus o t'aithnib who swerve from, PH 7303. atracht [Christ] . . . o marbu, 1854 . regaid cech n-olc uaib, 2102 . dochuáid úait in curathmír you have lost, FB 43. go rachadh a thir ┐ a dhúthaidh uaidh, ZCP ii 558.27 . Putting, sending, casting (away), etc.: léic uáit inna biada mílsi put away, Wb. 6c7 . ros-lá úad uli sent them all away, Mon. Tall. 23. sín in láimh uait stretch forth thy hand, Ériu iv 118.13 . focheird a adbena . . . úad, TBC-LL¹ 1076. sróna na n-ech . . . ac súgud grene ┐ gaíthe uathu ┐ chuccu exhaling and inhaling, 5064 .

(b) taking from: oc tabairt tana bó uait carrying off thy herd, IT i 101.24 . dia ructhar ar mna doera uand, TBC-LL¹ 1130 (= úan LU). co mbert a mac huaithi, ZCP viii 310.37 . dobered . . . búaid ṁbáire . . . ona tri cóictaib maccaem, TBC-LL¹ 971. cidh bé doberadh buaidh catha ona naimdib, Maund. 10.

(c) desisting, hindering: anad o pecdaib, PH 3455. in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil (= qui prohibet . . . a sanguine), 4213 .

(d) preserving, delivering, etc.: condanfírianichthi úadib (sc. a peccatis nostris), Wb. 2d14 . dlegar do neuch a chongmail uadi to keep away from her, Mon. Tall. 14. dia coimet on índdirge, PH 1009. ros-glan Dia in tempul on uli élned, 2098 . ro saerait . . . o bas, 412 . ro thuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte o fhógnum hídal, 4565 . Similarly after adjs. denoting exemp- tion, etc.: bid slan tú o fholaid Christ `free from the enmity of C.', PH 803. isam nemchintach-sa o fhuil in duine noim, 3282 . Cf. is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí (the steading) is empty of its own inheritors, BColm. 78.14 .

II Origin, source from which someth. comes or is obtained:

(a) after copula or subst. vb., expressed or understood: is húad cach n-ecne all wisdom is from Him, Wb. 7c15 . rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy. i 20. is ond nemud a n-incoimet `they are to be minded by the "nemedh"-person', Laws iv 180.20 . is eiric tairsce uadaib and `it is the fine . . . that is due from them for it', 138.8 Comm. ná bith fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me, Wb. 11c1 . gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul on eglais (= which the Church enjoins), PH 7373. na feich uilet uad asa faithchi which are due from him, Laws iv 28.15 Comm. After a noun: furóil serce ho Pool doib-som abundance of love from P., Wb. 14d30 . in fírinne hó hiris (= ex fide iustitia), 4d23 . gním uad feisin foir feisin action from himself on himself, Sg. 209b12 .

(b) after vbs. of motion: comma rí far ṅdígal huaim-se that vengeance for you may happen from me, Wb. 5d37 . ni fil uaidib som o nach ri (ónach ric LU) there is not one of them who cannot do it (lit. from whom it arrives not), TBC-LL¹ 684. ní tharnic úan do rád (= we failed to announce it), TBC-LL¹ 645. rangus ó Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod sent messengers after him), ZCP viii 115.1 .

(c) sending; bringing, taking : foídis E. techta úad fo Erind, IT i 118.32 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi send me, TTebe 1025 . berar a n-imchumarcc huáib let a salutation be taken from you to them, Wb. 7b4 . ructha eipistil uad fon uli thalam, PH 1171. doberdis audpartai dosom ó Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 10.

(d) receiving, getting: in doínecht araróit som ónni which he hath assumed from us, Wb. 4b19 . ni hetus huaim fess ri fer, IT i 120.22 . fogebtís mor d'ulcc ona naimtiu, PH 4049. ros- cendaig on Iudaide had bought it from, 55 . With ellipse: is ail dona mnáib ind eoin ucut úatsiu the women would like to get those birds from you (= would like you to get them those birds), SCC 5. Analogous: cech bo . . . no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . forodamair guasachtu . . . o latrandaib, PH 1659.

(e) asking, desiring: ro thothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . dom íarraidh úam ar éládh asking me to elope, Ériu ix 4.40 . cid is ailicc dúib húam? what do ye desire of me? iv 140.5 .

(f) hearing, learning, etc.: amal bid o Dia rachlóithe, Wb. 24d21 . cech dírúais ro Columb ó chille cualammar that we have heard from Colum C., RC xx 258 ( ACC 64 ) = o Chollum Ch., LU 866. sochide rodá-scrib húan many have transcribed it from us, BCr. 32b3 . uadh do sgriobhadh i lleabraib it was written down from his teaching, ZCP viii 116 x . is áil a fhis uaib I wish to find out from you, PH 1067. indis do cách creitfes uait, 2395 .

(g) this is prob. the orig. sense after vbs. of giving. In later Mid.Ir. and in Mod.Ir. ó is commonly used with the reflex. pron. after such vbs. damadh leis righe an c[h]uiccidh . . . dobheradh d'eicsibh uado he would give it away to poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . da tucadh duine cach uile festa uáidh, Maund. 181. tabraid dam in n-aiscid sin uaib, TTebe 3314 . an cath dobhéaridís uatha nó an braighde whether they should give battle or give hostages, Ériu i 81 § 14. Similarly after vbs. of saying: innis-[s]iu uait dam tell me, Ériu v 26.14 . inneosad uaim daoibh-se sain, Keat. ii 1645 (poem).

(h) to express derivation, descent: [regno] ondí as rex (gl. a rege), Sg. 156a1 . bid titio atinne ┐ titulus huadh ` titio' is a firebrand and `titulus' (is derived) from it, Hib. Min. 8.271 . is úadib Crist (= ex quibus [est] C. secundum carnem), Wb. 4c2 . madgénair ó Mairi, Fél. Prol. 251. in iat a tustige o ṅgenir? PH 2292. saíthi ór chin Ó Caímh from whom O'Keeffe has sprung, Ériu iv 218 § 26. Gaidel glas . . . o tat Gaidil, MacCarthy 288.1 . bid uad Heriu co brath Érin will be (inherited) by his posterity, RC xxiv 192.9 . is húait bias flaith for hÉirinn co bráth, ZCP viii 318.3 . Dondchad ní fil huad D. has left no posterity, 296.18 . dia mbad o Uib Neill . . . in rige if the king- dom were held by one of the O'Neills, Ériu v 232.11 .

(i) after vbs. of naming, calling, after, from: o máthair ro hainmniged (of Concobar mac Nessa), Ériu iv 22 § 1. do- bretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.110 . an t-én ceileabhrus do chách | uadh sloinnfidher é (i.e. he will be named Lonán from `lon' a blackbird), ZCP viii 109.22 . uait do gairmeadh ainm an taoisigh, Keat. Poems 1530.

(j) in sense hailing from, coming from: fer . . . on Antuaig a man of Antioch, PH 284. on Effis dam I am from Ephesus, 1058 . in sab . . . ó Óendruim, Fél. June 23 . in maccáin ó Bethil, Dec. 28. Occas. after titles: cing o Nuibie king of Nubia, ZCP vi 56.24 . iarla o Barbuicc earl of Warwick, 24.16 . (analogically) iarlacht o Bharbhuicc, ib. 4 .

(k) used with refl. pers. pron. on the part of; of oneself, of one's own accord : ni uaínn fesine ataam for tectiri (gl. non quod sufficientes simus cogitare aliquid a nobis), Wb. 15a13 , perh. rather to be referred to (c). huadib féissna . . . non ab alio , gl. per se [pati demonstrant], Sg. 144b1 . línaid [na dabcha] uatha fein fill of themselves, Maund. 18. osclaigid . . . na doirsi uathaib fein, RC xii 334.3 . Cf. méin mhaith uaibh- se gé do fhuair, | uaidh féin as uaisle flaith Fáil is noblest on his own account, Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.16 .

Analogous are the follg. exx. in which ó is used after an adj.: gebe duine deradh . . . nach fior uaim a raidhim, Rel. Celt. ii 292 y . amhnáirech uan aighed ort it is presumptuous of us to face thee, IGT Dec. ex. 1388. Cf. na daeine onab eolach leabur do legadh who know how to read (?), Maund. 117 (leg. donab?).

III Cause (closely akin to preceding): is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam it is from (our) sinful nature that we have trans- gressed, Wb. 21b4 . is borb . . . cech duine on gentligecht `through paganism every one becomes rude', PH 725. is ó duthracht a menman badéin dochoid (= ductus voluntate animi), 4742 . relta . . . onid sorcha in bith, BColm. 32.25 . bid subach sind ma dubach ind on aithrigi I shall be happy if I am sorrowful through penitence, ACL iii 234 § 8. an duine chuimetus a run ona aithne de who keeps a secret because bidden to do so, Ériu v 128 § 31. dergfait cloidbe . . . beit úada gan maithius they will gain nothing thereby, ZCP iii 32.18 .

Of persons (regarded as cause of a certain state): cia orb halachta in chumal, Lat. Lives 65.8 . fá torrach uad fein í, TTebe 4800 . is imda ledartha ┐ cuirp tholla annso uadha (= he has left many mangled corpses), ZCP xiii 244.11 . an cúiger druadh . . . an cuigead uadh dob ḟuigleach the province was left a remnant by them, Ériu iv 222 § 38. gan fear 'na bheathaidh aguinne ó Chonn is óa thriathaib, ML 38.2 .

IV Material from which someth. is made: dorigéni Dia corp duini ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ainmidhi cumuscdha ó dhuine ┐ ó tharb (of the Minotaur), ZCP iv 239.3 . To this head belongs the idiomatic use of do-airissethar with ó = consists of (in), prob. an imitation of Lat. consistere, constare with abl.: is hi ernaigthe thairises ón airem rúnda (= oratio consistens consecrato numero), PH 8026. in tíí tairises . . . o dib n-aicen- taib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, 6782 ; cf. 7091 . co tarsidar o .x. tetaib (the harp) consists of ten strings, Hib. Min. 1.20 , cf. 2.25 . is on deda-sa immefolangar cach dune findbathach (= de his duobus beatus homo efficitur), 13.432 . Analogous: o thochaiter . . . in bliadain uile o chóic lathib sescait [leg. -at] ar tri cetaib (= per trecentos . . . dies annus ducitur), PH 4934.

V Instrument :

(a) in strict sense: a n-asberthar ho giun what is uttered by mouth, Wb. 5d14 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib all do not speak with many tongues, 12b22 . in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich by which I wish to save every one, 12d23 , cf. 5c16 . arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin which they do with those members, Ml. 56b3 . combad ó lémum [léimim] dochúatár . . . tairse by leaping, FB 88. timchillid in coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1223. in tíí rot-biath sib o maind nemda, 2825 . comba soleir duit o shuilib corpardha he, ZCP iv 384.10 . do chomarthaigh ó comhartha na croiche . . . é féin, BNnÉ 275 § 257. ros-eitseat o eirreadaibh dereoilibh clad themselves in wretched garments, CCath. 1073. ro ghabus oca cendsugud o briathraib áilghinaib, Ériu v 148.36 . la- brastar o bérlu aiṅglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7.

(b) after vbs. of filling, satisfying and kindred adjs.: in tí nach sástar o brethir Dé, PH 8381. ro línais mo meis o cech maith, 1359 . lan o rath in spiruta noim, 2258 . saithech o began satisfied with little, Ériu v 128.1 . coimlinta o dhaoinibh, Fl. Earls 258.2 .

(c) in adverbial expressions denoting way, manner, atten- dant circumstances: o nach mud etir (gl. omni modo), Sg. 25b11 . o tri modaib ordaigther in sollamainsea, PH 3600. o béss saegulla in secular fashion, Trip. 80.24 . munat ón chéill-si adeirthear in this sense, IGT Introd. § 28. gan shunnradh . . . ó shunnradh in an indefinite sense . . . in a definite one, § 73. as leó o cert an tsealb theirs by right, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254 n. 1 . go bhfuil agam ó dhligheadh . . . léim thar uimhir éigcinnte that I have a right to skip, Content. vi 86 . Rendering a Latin ablative: atbēla ō bhās, ITS xxxiv 58 § 29 (morte morieris, Gen. ii 17 ). na ro aiplium o thircur, ITS xxxiv 66 § 31 (ne forte moriamur, Gen. iii 3 ).

VI Agent (an extension of II):

(a) with passive vb.: cf. Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ): quaestio . . . mihi (.i. dativus .i. óim) enodanda. amal non-nertar-ni ho dia, Wb. 14b13 . intí on gontar nech by whom some one is slain, Ériu iii 140.182 . tinólfaider uanni a muster will be made by us, CRR 22 (p. 32.6) . coro gabad o Iúdaidib ┐ coro crochad o míledu, PH 2363. cethri cinid . . . ó ngabtha rigi in domain, Ériu iv 174.5 . forfemdeass o neoch . . . techt 'na adhuicch none was able to oppose him, RC xiii 8.7 . ro forcóngradh ó Ṡenchan for filedaibh Erenn, ACL iii 4.21 .

Similarly with part. and participial adj.: adib scripthi-si ón spirut ye are written by the Spirit, Wb. 15a12 . ba hada- mraigthi . . . he ona hapstalu admired by, PH 685. Cf. also: peacadh Mhuire . . . ro ba ghlan uile ón Fhíréan, A. Ó Dálaigh li 10 (= ro ba ghlanta). mar tá tú uainne `the state I have brought Thee to', Dán Dé xviii 11.

(b) after verbal and kindred nouns (a later use than that of DO, the prep. commonly employed in Mid.Ir.): adrad in Maic óna trí druídib, Ériu ii 198.20 . arna rád ó tri húgdaraib, BColm. 2.11 . bás Anmchadha . . . ó Mhathghamhna, Ériu i 102.4 . trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh three cases in which vowels are reinforced by consonants, IGT Introd. § 18. gním an cét laí on dúilem, RC xxiv 372.10 . ata i cúibrech o ainglib Dé is held in chains by, PH 2038. a dhochar ón drochshaoghal `his sufferings from the cruel world', Dán Dé iv 12 .

VII In partitive sense, generally after an indef. or demonstr. pron. or numeral; in early Ir. only before pronouns, DE being used before subst. la nech huáin any one of us, Wb. 6b20 . cách uáib, 25a34 . rann uáibsi, 14c15 . is aen uaib nom- braithfi-sea, PH 2372. dias uaib two of you, Ériu i 118 § 10. cechtar bhuaind both of us, ZCP xiii 232.15 . antí bus coscrach uaib whichever of you conquers, TTebe 4392 . gibé uaibh lén háil coinntinn, Content. xxviii 59. tuarustal . . . da gach en- brucchaid uathaibh, ZCP viii 116 § 15. cethrar o marcachaib, Anecd. i 10.5 .

VIII Used with a noun to limit or define the application of a preceding adj. or noun:

(a) in respect of, with regard to , gen. after adj.: basa iudide ó écosc . . . nipsa iudide ó béssaib a Jew in appearance . . . a Jew in customs, Wb. 10d34 , 35 . marb hó thoil cholno dead as to the desire of the flesh, 19a17 . it hǽ ata dirgi ho chridiu upright in heart, Ml. 56a20 . cennais o menmain ┐ o fordreich, PH 1974. ba genmnaid o curp he, RC xii 334 z . do bhí . . . láidir ó bhríoghaibh, ITS xvi 2.20 . ro ócc o aeis too young in years, BCC § 63. gerb fada C.C. uatha ó corp . . . do bi sé faríu ó spiraid far from them in body . . . with them in spirit, § 274. cách fria chárus ó [oa, v.l.] thaig | inna árus ard-oenaig `each in due order by rank', Metr. Dinds. iv 150 y (`the house he lived in marked his social standing,' note). Cf. iii 368.41 : Medb ropo thúalnge ó [oa, v.l.] thaig = who was competent by virtue of her rank, descent? Similarly after a vb. or vn.: nech immaruimdethar o banscáil `who transgresses in respect of a woman', Ériu vii 140.1 . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. § 41. serc De o huilib nerttaib, o chridhi, o gnim, ACL iii 312 § 1. In the follg. exx. the primary sense is locative: don leith ó tír on the land side, CCath. 1740. do leth ón muir, from the sea side, 1909 .

(b) about, concerning : don badbscel ro innis o chelib the tragic tale he told of his companions, FB 70. nídat fíra na scéla sin on fhir út, PH 2668. ná rab tathmet o Blathmac that there should be no memory of B., BColm. 20.10 . nirb ail léo labairt o maith to speak of good, Aisl. Tond. 114 § 2. gan (ó bheith aige) . . . gan (ó bheith na égmhais) `gan' [= O.Ir. ocon] of what one has . . . `gan' [= O.Ir. cen] of what one is without, IGT Introd. § 67.

IX Used of distance (in time, space or order), to denote the initial point of measurement.

(a) of time: ó thossuch from the beginning, Wb. 7b11 . huand uair nundabertatar filistindi from the time the Philistines carried it off, Ml. 82d9 . ón challaind co alaili, Fél. Prol. 325. ón chind bliadna ca chéile from one end of the year to the other, CRR 11. ó luan taite ṡamna co taite n-imbuilc, TBC-LL¹ 2900. in cóicatmad laa o dómnach na hesergi, PH 5414. o Adam co tanic Christ, 3665 . niconfacae óa gein gusan aidchi sin, Mon. Tall. § 67. ni ro gab nech aili rigi nErenn o Niall ille from (the time of) N. on, RC xxiv 202.11 . So in a number of stereotyped expressions: ó chéin long ago, ó chianaib, ó sin (ṡin) amach (anall, ille) from that time forth, ón tráth-sa.

Rarely used to express duration of time: ataat alai[li] feid- ligte ho aimsir who endure awhile, Ml. 21d4 (= ad tempus aliquos manere). ex parte .i. o aimsir bicc . . . .i. tempore tantum , Wb. 5c2 . not-cloifither anosa ┐ scērthar frit do cumachtu . . . o chéin `for long', PH 3890 (elsewhere in PH ó chéin = long ago; a mistake for co cian?). Of point of time: olaili laithiu (= in die quadam), Lat. Lives 16.13 . olailiu domnuch, 17.10 (= olaili laithi, Trip. 124.16 ; olaili domnach, ib. 7 ).

(b) space: noí n-imdada ó thenid co fraigid, FB 2 ( LU 8051 ). ó ó go erboll, TBC-LL¹ 6159. is cían uait airm in-das-fil, 884 . téora fuithairbi on tig, FB 20. mile ceimenn seachtair o ballaigip na Romha, Fl. Earls 194.16 . atá flaith adamra fri gnúis do gnúis dóib úathib sáerdes south-east of them (lit. from them south-eastwards), FA 5. is fada daine ┐ cathracha buain [= uain], ZCP vi 293.10 . In later Mid.Ir. ó is replaced to a great extent by óthá, q.v.

(b 2) 3 sg. m./n. as adv. since, hence : teora bliadna ūadh, ZCP v 501.w . truagh mo chur i gcolainn ’s gan dul uadh go hinnill 'sad is my incarnation unless I go hence safely' Ir. Syll. Poetry 35 § 11 , Celtica iii 336 n. 4 .

(c) of series of other kinds: ro hinnisidh a scélu o thus co derith, IT i 128.10 . cech olc dogné nech o bic co mor, PH 6432 . réalt is mo shoillsigheas . . . on ghealaigh amach (i.e. next to the moon), Corp. Astron. 80.27 . idir dhéirc . . . urnuighthe aifreann is gach deighghníomh oile ó shoin amach all other good works besides, Keat. iii 3040.

(d) with reflex. pron. after vbs. of seeing, viewing, at (an indefinite) distance from oneself: adchonnairc uadha an dabach he saw before him, Ériu iii 156 x . docunncadur longa uadha furan muir, ZCP vi 294.15 . tiagam . . . do deiscin uainn for fertais Locha E., TBC-LL¹ 602. o thuc aichne air uada when he had recognized him some way off, TTebe 3299 . ba ler disi tochim na sluag uaithi she could clearly see the hosts advancing, 2649 . dochonnarc uaim . . . maighdean, Keat. Poems 410. Similarly after a noun: tecoscis in gilla dó Ulaid ar cach leth úad pointed out (the places in) Ulster on every side, TBC-LL¹ 1212. na maic sin a hÉrnaib úan from the distant Erainn, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.57 . dochonncadar . . . ar chnocaibh uathaibh iad on hills in the distance, ML 62.10 . a léine as leascc leam húaim `his tunic I am loth to behold', KMMisc. 348.9 .

X After noun or vb. expressing want,

(a) of the person needing (an extension of I): nad rabi ní ba esbaid úad that he lacked nothing, FB 4. comtis failtigide [sic leg.] d'fagbail [sic leg.] stelli a hesbaid uathib that they might rejoice the more to find the star because it had disappeared from them, PH 7013. nach tessta do treigib rigachta uadha that he lacked no royal characteristics, RC x 182.4 . In late lang. common after subst. vb.: atá ní uaim I am without; I want : ná bí uaim acht agam `be mine, keep not aloof', A. Ó Dálaigh l 17. biaidh uainne go bráth ag Íor tús ar gcreach we have forfeited for ever to I. the leadership of our raids, Content. xxviii 31. isin laithe . . . in badh móo ro baoi úaidhibh for chalma do dhenomh when they had most need to show valour, Hugh Roe 316.19 (f. 82b) . an ni a bhios uaidhe d'faghail, Luc. Fid. 200.6 . Cf. cia hé an duine . . . do rachadh gan ádhbhar mor uaidh air gusan áit a mbiadh pláigh? without strong reason for it, Mac Aingil 211.8 .

In follg. exx. the prep. is equivalent to the dat. incommodi: duine . . . óna bhfuair moran da cairdib . . . bās many of whose friends had died, BCC § 109. in airdríghan ro bo marbh uadha féin whom he had lost by death, CCath. 1454. gur leor uireas- bhadh Thuaithe R. .i. O Flannagáin do mharbhadh uatha the loss sustained by the T.R. through the fall of O'F., Maguires of F. § 17.

(b) rarely of the thing needed; this construction seems con- fined to the vb. adilcnigidir and may be an imitation of the Lat. constr. of egere, indigere with abl. ata coicthi ón aidilcnig- thir ecna ┐ latar na psalmb five things which the knowledge . . . of the psalms requires, Hib. Min. 8.245 . ni aidilcniget o nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 , cf. 849 . co ro aidilgniged Ísu o fortacht aingel (= indigebat adiutorio angelorum), PH 4841 , cf. 6256 .

turchairthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. turchairthech or dil.ie/42506

 

Forms: turcharthach

adj o, ā (turchairthe)

(a) Of the sea, seashore, etc. rich in wrack, flotsam and jetsam, produce, fish: fursan muír tadhligh turcarthaigh, KMMisc. 322 § 6. 1 . risin muir duasanaig turcarthaig, TTebe 4470 . go portuib tarcartacha tonn-gorma traicht-geala Toirinnsi `the rich (?) ... harbours,' Celt. Rev. iii 136.20 . fios gach trágha torcharaigh ` fruitful ,' Ériu ix 168 § 45 . da n-ég ni torchartach traigh, Rel. Celt. ii 238.21 . in leth taobuaine ... tráighturcarach, Caithr. Thoirdh. 22.15 . gur bhó toirtheach turchurthach muir ┐ tír ina fhlaith, AFM v 1438.11 . Fass ... ron-turcairtech Ruaidh abounding in seals, MR 104.y . a ccuanta caomhthurcarthacha, AFM vi 2362.19 .

(b) In general rich, prosperous, fortunate: rancamar tír ... torthig turcharthig, LB 122b24 . biseach síne ... | ... ag an ghealchladhaigh thaidhbhsigh thorcharaigh (of a country), DDána 83.14 . Clann Trenmoir ger turcharthach, Duan. F. i 91 § 94 . ro pa toirthech ocus ro pa t.¤ glasláth ... d'édálaib, MR 316.10 . do gabh somh righe Tuadhmuman go toicteach turcoirthe[ch ?], ZCP x 8 n. 2 . sealg ... turcartach, Feis Tighe Chonáin p. 61 . bidh é an torc tren turcrut[h]ach (of Máedóc), BNnÉ 193.17 . isin treibh taithnemaigh turchartaigh sin, Études Celt. i 82.12 .

As subst.: do con[n]airc an turcharthach urbhadhach ... .i. caillioch ard anadhbadh witch (?), RC xxix 136 § 53 . In fictitious n. pr.: Cosgar mac Turchurthaigh, Anecd. ii 64.2 .

úabar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úabar or dil.ie/42574

 

Forms: óbar, úabha, uabar, húabur, úabair, úabair, úabhair

n o, m. earlier óbar, see ex. below. úabha, IGT, Decl. § 17 . pride, arrogance, vanity. In Glosses renders Lat. inanis : .i. saibes in obar (gl. per ... inanem fallaciam), Wb. 27a9 . is uabar et is fass dúnni a pridchimme manidfír (gl. inanis est ergo praedicatio nostra), 13b14 . Cf. uair uabar cach caíned (of keening for the dead), O'D. 1589 (< H 5.15 p. 8b ).

Exx. from Mid. and later Ir.: n s. ni ual na húabur dam a ben, LU 3421 ( SCC 19 ). nirbo uabur, LL 193b41 . uabar , PH 8034 . fer do bhraghsa do bhualadh | úabhar mer damhsa a dhénamh, IGT, Decl. ex. 880 . ná bíodh ... uabhar ort, DDána 43.1 . fuaradh na mball leath ar leath | an t-uabhar ann ba haithreach, 27.6 . do líon ... uabhar iad, PCT 395 . a s. cen húabur , SR 4552 . díchurid uad in uabar n-anforpthi, PH 3493 . g s. cen sil n-úabair , SR 1126 . cen ait n-uabuir, 5455 . a fhir an uabhair, DDána 15.20 . aingle an uabhair, 20.13 , cf. 31.5 . ní hadhbhar uabhair, 1.4 . damhna an úabhair, IGT, Decl. ex. 1239 . ard-fhlaith an u.¤ (sc. Satan), TSh. 624 . Attrib. gen.: in drong úabair , Fél. Prol. 199 . athchuingidh úabhair , IGT, Decl. ex. 1197 . imdha laídhedh ú.¤ ann, ex. 1137 . cen gói n-úabair `proud lying,' Ériu iii. 96 §. 1 . cen úaill n-úabair `proud arrogance,' § 4 . ba tāi ccan brīathra ūabair (rule for the devout), ZCP vii 311 § 9 . gan gnímh n-u.¤ , BB 393b5 . d s. mo thoil ní fhuigheam ón uabhar, DDána 36.7 . ... t'fhíon glan | rom líon ... d'uabhar, 67.48 . nebbuith óenúair i núabui `not to be ... in arrogance,' Ériu ii 64 § 7 (Cormac's Rule).

uabar betha `pride of life': an uile ní dá bhfuil ar an saoghal ní fhuil acht ... uabhar beatha ionnta `superbia vitae,' TSh. 3618 . Cf. úabhar na beatha, 1 John ii 16 .

úabar a, a hucht pride in : mór h'uabhar | as do chorp, Dánta Gr. 106.13 . mh'uabhar a hucht na deise | chuireas inn i n-éidtreise, Ir. Monthly 1921, 160.19 = Aithd. D. 14.19 .

ú.¤ ar pride, arrogance to or towards (a person) : a-tá uabhar m'aicme féin | ar chloinn Chonaill mheic mhóirNéill | fa phosd ríoghshluaigh fola Floinn | dá shíorbhuain uile asuinn, DDána 121.30 . creidmit ... do roúabur ar do mhuindtir féin, Maund. 27 .

dogní ú.¤ acts vainly; shows pride: dia ndernur uabur no esba, LL 279a30 . ma dorinne úaill ná úabar a grúaid `has shown haughtiness or pride,' Metr. Dinds. iv 110.40 . ced mbeimenda fort lama | ... | da cach uabar dogensat, Ériu i 201 § 27a , ii 58 . iomthusa an úabhair | doníthear ag na rioghaibh ?, Ériu v 41 fn. . dogní u.¤ de is proud of: ná déntar uabar oili | do bhualadh in brégoiri `let not the smiting of the deceiver be a second time an idle boast,' Ériu iv 112 § 6 . dogní u.¤ for (ar) behaves, acts arrogantly towards: ... na dernat uaill na uabur fors-na bochtaib, PH 7877 . ná déanadh sé ort uabhar, Dán Dé vii 4 .

téit i n-ú.¤ becomes proud: ní théid éantroigh i n-uabhar `she shuns the way of pride,' Studies 1937, 246.33 .

ú.¤ somet. approaches the sense of courage, confidence : roghabh ... uaill ┐ uabhar ... chuige, ITS xxiv 20.35 . gabh aigneadh is uabhar `take heart and courage,' 26.3 .

Compds.: ¤bríathar a vain word: admhaiss ... gur chan in mēide sin d'uabhar-bhriathraibh, Fl. Earls 50.11 (?) ¤delb: ind úaburdelb druídechta, TBC-LL¹ 2709 . ic athfhescain na [d]uabordelbi doescairi druidechta, 2747 . ¤nert: fa toisg uabhoirneirt, L. Cl. A. B. 101.14 .