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2 bolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bolg or dil.ie/6348
Last Revised: 2013

ā f.

balg (an tsrotha) f. (bolg balg an tṡréin ┐ an tṡrotha ┐ an easa ┐ an iomhuis do baininnsgne, v.l.), , IGT Decl. § 39 (91.17) . b.¤ ā, f., § 158 . Occas. m. in Class. verse, Ériu xl 181 .

(a) bubble : b.¤ uisce, Corm. 6. na (= ina) builg nó na dluim uisque, O'Dav. 259. ina mbolcaib corcardaib like crimson bubbles, Dinds. 59. da builg uaine inte i n-inber (sic leg.) Sabrainde (one of the wonders of the Island of Britain), Todd Nenn. 114.5 . LBretnach 77.1 . ó bholgaibh tonn `from the heaving billows' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 48.39 . Fig. a bh.¤ fichigh fionnṡroth dtréan (to a prince), DDána 92.45 .

(b) blister : `fearb' as ainm . . . do bhoilg can imshnim, Metr. Gl. 4.15 . arnaib bolcaib . . . .i. bolca finda són astoitis for corpaib innan doine gl. pro uesicis candentibus, Ml. 99a4 . co ro imfuilngiter na bolga for a gruaidib iar mbreith na claenbreth, Laws iv 16.6 Comm. leos .i. imdergad no leos (.i. lesa, v.l.) .i. bolga . . ., O'Dav. 1154. Cf. compds. infra. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 3019. no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun . . . co n-aprad-som fri Conchobar: Mebais din boilgg innocht a Ch. (Bricriu), TBC-LL¹ p. 892 n.4 . b.¤ na dhíaigh ar míonb[h]un meóir (a colt), Bard. Synt. Tr. 21.y . Note also: bradán as gach bailg don iuchraidh ` roe-corn ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.13 .

(c) berry; bud : bolco . . . meit chend daini, Anecd. i 69 § 168 (ICM). araill dina bolgaib pods, ZCP xxx 137.39 (Alex.). tibit fidraid .i. bolga in blatha `buds (?),' RC xxvi 32 § 152 and 33 n. 10 . cainnle na mbalg mbuan `the stalks that bear the constant pods', SG 245.41 . Various: b.¤ belc(h)e see belc(h)e. co curtar a mbolga for na srothaibh `husks' (of hazel nuts), IT iii 195 § 35. seólaidh bhar mbolcca corra / go borraibh loma Lochlann `hulls', Duan. F. i xxix 3 .

(d) boss, ball : bopulsciath . . . cona deich findbolggaib fichet findruine, LL 24892. sréin delinecha friu .i. bolga dergóir isindara liniu ┐ bolga airgit . . . isin líne aile, TFerbe 12 , 13 . go gcloich buabhaill, go mbuilg sréin, DDána 119.29 .

Compds. (belonging both to 1 bolg and 2 bolg)

(a) With nouns: tar bolgonfad . . . blāithche `swelling . . . waves', MacCongl. 85.18 = tar bocanfad, 119.37 . iar mbolc-bráen `after heavy showers', Stud. Hib. iv 74 § 77. bolgdéra móra fola, LL 13823. boilgléasa ` blisters ', Keat. iii 516 . bolg-medón `paunchy belly', Metr. Dinds. iv 140.1 . do forlionadh a bulgphocoide `pouch' (for gunpowder), Hugh Roe 172.14 . etir . . . bogha ┐ bolgṡaighid, RC xviii 182.9 (Tig.). brec[h]tar-breacad do bolg-semannaib . . . fuirri `of bulging rivets', CCath. 4723. fri gáith . . . n-errchaide im bolg-s[h]liss Márta swelling side, MacCongl. 63.9 . Nás na mboilgṡreabh mbinn, DDána 68.12 . it é . . . bolcsróin with distended nostrils (horses), BDD² 464.

(b) With adjj.: conid tarla bolgḟáen `so that he was cast prostrate', TBC-LL² 1648 . bliadain do Lorcan na long / diamair is bolclan a bharr, BB 56b33 (= bocban a band, LL 4332 ). bocnár (bolcnár, v.l.), LL 4292. cenéle dáileman: . . . bolcsrónach brocóiti, Triads 231 . belremur bolcsuilech with protruding eyes, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). bolccṡuilech, CCath. 4736. See ferbolg, menbolg.

cuilmen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuilmen or dil.ie/13530

Forms: cúilmeana

n o (Lat. culmen, Ó Máille, Ériu ix 74 ) name given to the Origines or Etymologiae of Isidorus: Essodir .i. in chulmin, Fél.² xxxi , cf. isidorus etymologiarum, ibid. trí hamrai la Táin Bó Cúailnge .i. in c.¤ dara héisi i nÉrinn that the c. was brought into Ireland in exchange for it, Triads 62 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . genelaighi Gréc amal adbert Essuidhir ┐ c.¤ , BB 4a20 (leg. in C.¤ , Ó Máille, loc. cit.). ón leabhar as mó dá ngoirthear cuilmean gus in leabhar as lúgha da ngoirthear deich bréithir, MS. Mat. 495.4 . c.¤ .i. leabur, ut est, berta in sui sair dar eis in chuilmein , H 3.18, 603a13 .

Of other books: promha pind o Ferghal . . . for in cuilmend oll, LB 60 marg. inf. Cf. colamna fearb .i. cuilmenna fearb .i. croicne bó. Cuilmenn .i. lebar, MS. Mat. 504.27 . Hence appar. cúilmeana ` hides, skins ', O'R.

In literal meaning (if used as Irish word): c.¤ (.i. cnoc), O'Mulc. 585 .

2 ferb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ferb or dil.ie/21692
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fearba

n [ā, f.] (see RC viii 498 , xxv 282 and Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 114 ) a blister (raised on the face by satire or moral blemish): f.¤ .i. bolg do cuirethar in duine fora gruadaibh iar n-aír no iar ngúbreith, Corm. Y 584 . fearb .i. bolg fhásas ar aghaidh, O'Cl. fearb .i. bolg, Lec. Gl. 157 . co tuidhich fuil cridhe crōdhai | f.¤ for gruaidhe, ACL iii 295.20 . ferb bolc ut dicitur turcbait ferba fora gruadaib iar cílbrethaib, LU 790 ( ACC 52 ). comdar ferba fulachta for a gruaide iar cil-brethaib, Laws iv 14.30 (glossed: na bolga, 16.6 ). fearba ib. 16.2 (see on these passages, Bergin, Ériu xii 199 ). Cf. fearb (fearbh v.l.) gaoithe (gh. v.l.) `blast of wind' Ir. Monthly 1923, 642 § 22 (poem of 13th or 14th cent.), perh. a fig. use of this word.

3 ferb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ferb or dil.ie/21693
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fearb, feirb, ferbbai, ferbaib

n o n., later a, f. Ériu I 167 n. 14 , ZCP liii 189 n. 29 (<Lat. verbum; the Ir. gender may be due to influence of 1 ferb(b), 2 ferb, Ériu I 167 , see also Celtica vi 233 n. 1 ) a word (poet.): `ferbb' briathar, ut est: ro fess is fas fenechas i condeilg ferbb ṅDe, ACC 52 (Rawl). Corm. Y 584 . ferb ... a verbo .i. uerbum, ut dicitur: ... a fir ... gnath ferb is olcc dart belaib, ACC 52 . fearb .i. briathar, O'Cl. Lec. Gl. 157 . briathar ferbh a hainm (sic leg.) Metr. Gl., Ff. 14 . fearb .i. briathor, KZ xxxiii 83.2 . a s. faig feirb fithir `the teacher said the word' ACC § 52 ( LU. 785 ). g s. bat comaltach ferbbai fri n-oithib `fulfil the word given on oath' Ériu viii 173.15 . pl. ni saigh rí ní frisna haigither act cia thochmustar fri ferbaib file ..., Ériu xiii 13.27 (= fri ferba filed .i. ... asa briathraibh, O'Dav. 1550 ). cf. a A. ara ḟessear marfodhla fearba fileadh feid thou shouldst know the great divisions of the words of poets IT iii 50 = Ériu xiii 25.17 . tola fearba filed (.i. imat briathar filit ogam) ZCP xvii 269.1 . na ferba filed-sa, inand són ┐ na breathfocla briathar, MR 126.18 . amail rochuala D. na ferba follscaidhe-si do rādh, Anecd. ii 72.1 . dar fearba fis, 68.5 . credis ... ferpo Finn, RC xi 129.9 . mad iar ferbaib firamraib berlai ... nó is fas fénechas ic ferbaib Dé, LU 788 ( ACC 52 ). fria ferbaib Athairni, RC xxiv 280.16 . Cf. secht ṁbenna buana, búaid f.¤, | forsin chaindelbrau cruanderg, SR 4341 (glory of words? but possibly = 1 ferb(b), the `benna' of the candlestick suggesting horns of cattle). Ferp Cluche 'lit. word of (the) contest' (name of the stone also called Fál on Tara Hill), Ériu vi 134 (De Shíl Chonairi Móir) , l 167 .

Compd.: fer ferbglan pure of word Dinds. 160 .

1 ferb(b)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ferb(b) or dil.ie/21691
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ferba, ferba, feirbe

n ā, f. (cf. Lat. vervex, Vendryes MSL xii ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 63 , RC xxiv 227 , cf. Pokorny, ZCP xvii 305 ) IGT, Decl. § 39 .

(a) a cow (poetic word): f.¤ .i. bó, Corm. Y 584 . RC xx 250.4 . fearb .i. bó, O'Cl. Lec. Gl. 157 . dha ṡenainm ar bhúaibh, ferbh is laithri, Metr. Gl., Ff. 16 . g s. cen gert ferbba (.i. bó) without a cow's milk LU 562 ( ACC 8 ). RC xii 70.11 . Menn ferba (.i. laegh bo do chur fa eilit), ZCP xii 360.21 = m. erbo (.i. laog bó), ACL iii 310 § 2 . baothān ferb (.i. laogh bó), ZCP v 484 § 9 (B. na f.). pl. ferba .i. bai, LU 10369 . teora ferba , Laws i 64.1 (.i. teora bai, ib. 15 ). teorae ferbai, Corm. Y 585 . ferba brachtchi fatted kine LU 8886 ( FB 68 ; glossed: bó LU, bui Eg.). ruccatar tricha ferbu (.i. bo) tricha láegh, BNnÉ 45.12 . cona chathchris do cholomnaib ferb, TBC-LL¹ 2569 . colamna fearbh ... .i. croicne bó, O'Cl. (cf. finnu ferb `cows' hair' BDD 130 ). inar do croicnib ferb, CCath. 4675 . fri hirad fearbbai [s]ceo gabrai `bestowing of kine and horses' Ériu viii 173.12 . céad fearb , ML 146.20 .

(b) a female deer, a hind (a different word = erp ?): g s. luas ainnli nó feirbe , CF 562 . ITS v 156.19 (ferbe). ZCP x 298.14 (eirbi). sé mhíle fiadh ... a n-éagmais aigh ┐ fearb , Oss. vi 130.11 . In: romarb in ferb dia bois buirb (: lerg), ZCP iii 23.18 ( Rawl. 80b ), prob. we should read fer; the allusion is to the legend of S. Thomas, see Leg. Aurea, Dec. 21 . Cf. erp, ferbóc.

(c) Of a woman : fri smachtad ferpu 'in accordance with a cow's command', BDC 142.614 .