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Cite this: eDIL s.v. feb or
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: febai, feba, feb, feib, fib, feba, feba, Feabh, fib, feib, feabgarta

n ā, f., in oblique cases also ī, d s. febai, SR 1663 . feba, 2074 . Other exx. below. Cf. nimraib orddan ná feba, Ériu vi 116 § 2 (ra f. v.l.). A n s. feb is not recorded for O. Ir. ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 75 ), the only form in the Glosses being d s. feib, fib (with force of a rel. adv.) which Thurneysen regards as d s. of fíu (quality, worth) ( Thurn. Hdb. § 298 ). The orig. sense may be way, manner, kind , the meaning implicit in the adverbial use.

I As subst.:

(a) excellence, distinction, used of external condition, prosperity, appearance, and also to denote a high degree of a quality or state: feibh .i. maith, O'Cl. `feib' feabhus, Metr. Gl., D 31 . truag for mbith fo dorchaib trel, | for feb fo thomthaib Dé sad ... that your prosperity (?) should stand under the threats of God (?) SR 7994 (of the learned). dā sē sescat, sluag fo feib (of the heavenly hosts) 559 . 'na faitchib | lánaib do ligaib fo feib, 439 . saegul Adaim ... | tricha dó, derb bai fó feib ..., 2023 . oenmac na fedba fo ḟeib, 7119 . ar feb ┐ innbas, IT i 142.1 . coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbí so that I am able to praise a king in each of his qualities LU 10298 . cid asa ngaibther flaithemnas ... ? a feib chrotha ┐ cheneoil, Tec. Corm. § 5 . an naemh De co feibh ndelbha, AFM ii 752 . ba gilla ... co feib láthair excellent in disposition Anecd. i 51.9 . in máthair ... | co feib láthair, Metr. Dinds. iii 84.10 . Conj., ar f.¤ for, because of (?): Femen ... is ann robatar da rig na damraidhe ... ar feib a ngelta, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 210 (< H 3.18, 81.2 ). pl. consert la feba Féne, LU 8286 ( FB 22 ). rom altsa ... la feba Féne hi costud forchaíni, hi fogart genussa ...; at mathi ém na feba sin, LU 10314 (= romaltsa la febai ..., ZCP iii 236 ). is ed tuargaib a [ḟ]eua suas that hath raised his excellences up Thes. ii 314.7 ( Hy ii 24 , with gl.: .i. a mathe). foendul feb going astray (i.e. loss) of excellences (?) SR 1887 (chev.). Heremiam fri feba fiss, 7451 . conid am eolach hi febaib fiss, LU 10305 . tri treba ... fri feba firles, SR 4438 . fil lim ... di ḟeib eolais co nachat bertais I have such skill TBC-I¹ 2813 . assamīdar fīr iar febaib, Rawl. 108az = RC xxvi 18 § 26 .

As. pred.: ba feb ar crábud `excellent for piety' (gl. on: ba leir) Thes. ii 314.35 .

(b) wealth, fortune, possessions, social status: in Laws the external qualifications of property by which (a man's) rank was determined: in tan diablas feib mboairech when he has double the qualification of a `bo-aire' Laws iv 316.8 ( Críth G. 262 ). is[s]ruithiu feib la Feine oldas aes .i. is uaisliu inti aca mbi feib tochusa ina aes cin feib, O'Curry 732 (< H 3.18, 350 ). tuisech cacha fine ara-nithead feib ┐ bescna, Laws v 438.25 . is iar feaba dogoathair `according to dignity' Laws iii 78.21 . cis lir ro-suidigthi fodlae febe ... fria [m]bandire how many divisions of worth are there for establishing the `dire '-price of women ? (with gl.: inn feib asa ndirentar mna .i. im [a] inchaibh maithre no a c[h]ele ┐ rl. Also: cia lin da ḟodeiligther enecland fo beabtaidh ... i fogail risna mnaib), Ir. Recht 27 . ro mhes miodhbha gach filid a mesaibh febhe, Ériu xiii 19.15 . Cf. secht rann fichit friasa [leg. trisa] toet feab ┐ ordain do duine, ZCP xii 363.30 . fodla febe divisions (i.e. degrees) of dignity Laws v 78.23 . Here, probably, belongs: diabul feibe Finnbennach, IT iii 247 = LL 247a33 (on the two bulls of TBC). anōs [ = anúas] datur feib ┐ ana cāich, O'Mulc. 86 . robo din ... diar feib ┐ diar n-indile, TBC-I¹ 535 . dérchaīned di cech feib fogaib duine ar homun a foxail airi, ZCP iii 27.28 = Ériu vii 172.4 ( feb ). i tuillem do febe, Laws i 156x (.i. inī tuilles a feib tochusa do `the thing which his dignity derived from property gives him' 162.12 ). is mō dlegur ceathra dona hairechuib oga mbītt ba .i. do grāduib fēine, oldās dona hairechuib oga mbī feib thochusa .i. dona grādhuib flatha, v 290.15 Comm . im caire feibe 438.22 (.i. im caire na flatha `rights' 440.4 ). ná roissed righi na airechus na feibh thochusa in te ... ná dingned reir Senáin, Lism. L. 2368 . pl. (in sense of goods, possessions ): ce nodailtis ind huili feba in betha `though the world's whole wealth were poured into it' Ériu vii 152.12 . feba in talman (bona terrae) ZCP iv 242.1 = Ériu iii 2.13 . fo bithin etarscartha fria a maīne ┐ a feba talmandai, ZCP iii 27.23 = Ériu xii 246 . airchinnech ... cen sain-techtad feb `without private possession of goods' Ériu iii 106 § 45 . is ed ... conatechtsi ina slabra, fuither fossuid cona febaib a permanent estate with its benefits Dinds. 60 (cf. feabh .i. tóchas no cumas; gona feabhaibh .i. gona cumas, O'Cl.). in ri find co feraib ocus [ḟ]euaib `treasures' RC xxvi 166.11 . Cf. the npr. Fiacha mac Fir Febe, LU 5035 , etc. F. mac Fir Feba, Cóir Anm. 281 , with the expl. that Feabh was the name of his mother.

(c) way, manner (?): (in B. na f.) fon fiu [ = fib] cetni in like manner RC xiii 223.47 . O'Curry, MS. Mat. 473.41 . Cf. cen feib íca do tigerna d'agbáil lat without finding any means of healing thy lord LU 3535 ( SCC 29 ).

II In dat. used as a rel. adv. or conj. ` in the way that', as: (by Stokes considered a distinct word, Metr. Gl., Gloss.) Cf. feib .i. mar sin nó bindis, Lec. Gl. 46 . For transition cf. follg. exx. in which feib has the full force of a subst. though used adverbially:

(1) with gen.: diabul n-eirce feib aighthe aertar `according to the face which is satirised' Laws v 228x ( .i. fo feabus na haighthe, 232.12 ). co ndena cach uaib umaloit do Dhia feib a chumaing according to his power PH 5271 . dia comaillem na hii-sea feib ar cumaing `according to our ability' 2546 . Here, perhaps: feibh fechemhan, Ériu xiii 29.21 . agá cosnam fríu feibh a chumhaing, AFM vi 1940. 23 . Cf. biait fót, feib do changen ngel | airbri ... archaṅgel, SR 835 . ita do mét dethiten ┐ gráda cáich dibsium feib oc araili `there is as much solicitude and love with one as with another' RC xxv 246 ( LU 2652 ).

(2) with adv. léir just as, exactly as (see also feib as dech below): adfias[s]a duit ... feib leir donralad do nim, SR 1787 . I will tell you exactly how we were cast out of heaven, Celtica xiv 1 n. 5 .Cf. feib leir dorigned ... atchuas, 3727 . atchuadatar feib léir rodgellai 5816 . feib lor doranic, 5339 . With amal: atbiur mo brethir na bia Emain feib amal conairnecus, LL ii 12829 . feib amal connís, ii 12763 .


(a) folld. by indic., as, according as, in like manner as (cf. mod. Ir. fé mar): doinnasatar inna piana inna corpu ... feib dunda[a]lla indib will be given ... as there is room for them in them Ml. 30c17 . feib fondúair som la auctoru is samlid daárbuid as he has found it in authors Sg. 144b3 . feib conrerortatar isindí as quis (gl. eodem errore inducti) 210b4 . ni bia feib rombói ríam as he was before RC xxv 22.12 . tánic galar ... feib tic do cach, for Adam, SR 2026 . feib roclos, 1221 , 1321 , 7675 . feib adféidim, LL 5b2 . co ndigset som uili ar m'o[e]sam-sa feib dochuadus-[s]a ar a faesam sun, TBC-LL¹ 942 . feib charai th'anmain fodhein | car anmain cach aein love the soul of others as thou lovest thine own ACL iii 317.1 . messu damsa feib fomrith, Ann. Inisf. 440 (f. 1) . aes leginn do forcital | feib ata [bias v.l.] a neart according as their strength is 314 § 25 . feb is cóir as is right BColm. 52.2 . rochan riu feb atrubairt D. fris, MR 50.13 . feib ro ordaig aingel Dé do Mac C., MacCongl. 111.22 . With copula and superl. (for syntax see Celtica xiv 1-2 ): fib as deg ropri[d]ched, Wb. 23a3 ; exactly as it has been preached, Celtica xiv 1 . co ro icthar frit feib as dech atberat fir hErend exactly as the men of Ireland declare, TBC-LL¹ 1622 (amail St). lotar ... i cléthib aeóir ... feib is sia thiagait uiss as far as larks ever mount 6040 . ro ling ... feib as deiniu nolingfedh in leoman, CCath. 3609 . fessaiter in rígrad ... feib is aíbne ┐ is anordha batar riam remi `lay ... in as pleasant and honourable a manner as ever before' MacCongl. 107.24 .

(b) as temporal conj., as, when: feib thanic ... tanic Láeg istech, LL 263b9 ( MU² 223 ). feib ra chualatar ... rachuclaigetar a crideda, CRR 39 . et feib rogeisestarside rogeisetar scéith U. uile, 48 . feib tarnic sin, tic-sium istech, MacCongl. 63.28 .

(c) folld. by subj., just as: tallastar i n-óenglaic índ fir ... feib thallad mac bliadna, LU 9072 ( FB 82 ). Usually to denote hypothesis, as if, as though: ni gebad [nech] delb eli dib acht feib nobetis tigi ... ic rotuitim, CCath. 783 . rontrascradh a corp co talmain ... feivh bid marbh, Aisl. Tond. 93 = amoil dobeith, 121 . acht feibh [no]beith sál ar ond (.i. amal do bheith), ZCP v 483 § 2 = iii 378.6 . With perf. subj. in general statement: de-renur leth asa tothchus .i. a lethdiri asan febtu techtas, a leth n-aill a hinchuib flatha, Ir. Recht 65 § 6 Comm. . adfenar feib ronerthar it is paid back as it has been bestowed Laws ii 308 - 20 ( ZCP xiv 382 ). Compd. ¤garta of excellent generosity (?): flaithe febgarta, LL 10b35 = feabgarta (gl. by deigheinigh, saidhbir, tóchasach), Leb. Gab.(i) i 160 .