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clúaschae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clúaschae or dil.ie/9630

 

n [, f.] (clúasach) sense of hearing : cluaischea do bodhraib . . . fege do roscaibh, Blathm. 37 (cluaschae, ed.).

féice, féic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féice, féic or dil.ie/21457

 

Forms: féice, fhéige

n (a) a ridge-pole, roof-tree, also the top or roof of a house (whether viewed from within or without) :

(1 ) féige .i. mullach tighe no dúnaidh, O'Cl. feice tige quasi fege quia praestat lucem domui , O'Mulc. 504 . feici ... iarsindi imfuilnges soillsi dond tegh, Corm. Y 664 . But some of the follg. exx. seem to indicate that the gloss was suggested rather by the opening or roof-window common in ancient Irish houses. isi ochtach (.i. fegi) in tigi atai tuitfeas it cend, YBL 172a20 . rogab teine a féice in tighi (`the roof-tree took fire' SG ii 217 ), Acall. 4797 . dá tairnad snáthat a féci for airlár from roof to floor MU² 232 ( LL 263b16 ). dring risin tech ┐ ling dar féice in tige (i.e. through the roof-opening) RC xiii 60.15 . torchair féige an tighe ... for lár, Mart. Don. Sept. 12 . rothuit fécce an tighe hi ccenn Magnusa, AFM iii 312.5 (= airrgi, Ann. Conn. 1244 § 5 . airrghe ALC). ro díubraic ró n-urchair de [chloich] co ruc ... in féice tar sonnaigib in baile amach, Acall. 4803 . g s. Ard féice , 4804 = A. féigi, 4808 .

(2 ) stiall arcapar ... cach teach bai isinn indsi ... o ḟeic co feic imonn indsi uili, Anecd. i 1.6 . lingis ... i féic in rigthige suas ... ┐ saidis forsin taig ba nessa dó (i.e. leaped from the floor through the roof-opening and thence to the next house) MacCongl. 195.5 .

(b) a top, summit in general : (a) co tarla feci in dorais i mullach a chind lintel LB 128a8 (of Samson, paraphr. of Judges xvi 30 ). feicce an croinn, BNnÉ 324.18 (uachtar v.l.). a bféigibh fiodh in tree-tops Rel. Celt. ii 228.25 . féige orchradhach gach áir (of a hill, scene of a battle) TD 4.34 . feigi na firmaimindti, TTebe 1283 .

(c) fig. highest point, acme :

(1 ) féige nó fíormhullach flaithis an tsaoghail, TSh. 5948 . an díomas [sic leg.] ... is é féin féige na locht, Dán Dé xxxi 35 . Of persons : rob é ... féicce heinicch na hErenn, Ériu ix 178 § 13 . fecce enigh ┐ ghaisccidh Gaoidheal, AFM iii 438.5 . feigi ḟeile ┐ ḟairsinge na Midhe, AU ii 532.9 . v s. a fhéige naomh nimhe (to St. Patrick) Dán Dé xii 9 .

(2 ) a féic ┐ a huachtur in domain .i. asin Roim, CCath. 372 .

féige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féige or dil.ie/21475

 

Forms: féige, fége

n , f. (féig) keenness, acumen: féige ` penetration ' (quality necessary for judging) Triads 78 . fri fegi fiss `keenness of science' Thes. ii 293.23 . Furudrán co fégi, Fél. June 18 . g s. túir la fége frithgnam `with diligence of keenness' Prolegomena 331 . is acu rofoglaim P. feghe ┐ feallsamhnacht, BB 488b19 . forus fégi (one of the tokens of good pleading) Tec. Corm. p. 55 § 22 .

6 féth, feth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 féth, feth or dil.ie/21824

 

Forms: féith

n gender and quantity doubtful. Art, knowledge, technical skill? fithithair .i. feth-athair ... no athair na feide na helathan, Laws ii 348.16 Comm. do fithidir .i. ... d'aithir na fetha na healadan, 288.27 Comm . fithir .i. fethathair .i. athair in fetha, in foircedail no athair na fege, na heladna, O'D. 597 (< H 3.17, c. 451 ). féth .i. aoi no ealadha, O'Cl. féith (feth, feidh v.l.) ar eladhain, Metr. Gl. D 50 . Cf. tene feth (.i. loscud inna aī .i. focol- co n-imdergad in sin), RC xxvi 20 § 42 ( Rawl. 108b ). go ro marb menn ... rodṁberb fo ḟeth do lubaib, SR 2846 (dressed it skilfully with herbs? A rime with moeth seems intended). See 4 féth (perhaps same word). In: cacha faithchi feith SR 403 (: anfortaich). co fathaib feith, O'Mulc. 537 , we may have a part of fethid.

frithgnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithgnam or dil.ie/24488

 

Forms: frithgnom, frithgnam, frithgnama, frithgnamai, frithgnamu, frichn-, fricn-, frichnamh, fricnamh, f.

n u, m. (vn. of fris-gní; `dem lat officium nachgebildet,' Thurn. ZCP xiv 336 ). n s. frithgnom, Sg. 106b12 . a s. in frithgnam , Acr. 5c2 . g s. frithgnama, Ml. 42c2 . n p. frithgnamai, 39d15 . a p. inna frithgnamu , 56b4 . In later manuscripts generally frichn-; also, esp. in classical verse, fricn-: frichnamh fricnamh, m. IGT, Decl. § 28 (fricnamh ∴ aitreabh, ex. 365 ).

In general sense exertion, pains, labour directed to a specified object, and in objective sense (esp. in pl.) service rendered, function: frecor ceill nó frithgnom (gl. exercitus = Gk. γυμνασια) Sg. 106b12 . (gl. operam [dare]) Acr. 5c2 . pl. (gl. officia) Ml. 39d15 . (officia [membrorum]) 56b4 . la fége f.¤ with keen diligence Fél. Prol. 331 . domelom fleda búana cen rithgnom without toil LU 9997 . na chured in talam a torad ... di cen rithgnam trebaire, LL 217a12 ( TTr. 7 ).

Of applied labour, handiwork, fashioning (metal, etc.), with DO or FRI of pers., FOR or IMM of thing; also DO-GNÍ F.¤ FRI: screpall rob fiu in bunad ... ┐ da screpall dorormacht ealadu ┐ frichnum air the material was worth one scruple and art skill and labour increased it to two (of an iron pot) Laws v. 18.1 Comm. Cf. (of training a colt) a leth ... don fear dorigne in eladain ... a leth ... don fir dorigne in frichgnum ... ┐ frichgnum in tsearraig ina agaid sim, 214.8 Comm . Cóic Con. 48 , q.v. curach gan frichnum imruma fair (= that needed no rowing), Ériu iii 152.16 . biadha brechtnaighthi tre frichnuma meats diversified by skilled cookery (?) BB 499b10 (= Alex. 1007 , where tre f.¤ is om.). Of rotation at the mill: trian do eladhain sair ┐ trian do biud ┐ do borbrichnum, Laws iv 216.22 . tir ... nach eicin do fricnam tuair na slige `application of manure or shell' Laws iv 276. 9 . etham frichnamha (.i. tir inbela i mbi maith cach clann) `labour-requiring (?) arable land (axe-land in which every plant grows freely)' 276.6 . Of elaborate work, ornamentation: daronad tra f.¤ mor aicce si imon crand ... na croiche do legaib lógmaraib, LB 231a38 . Cf. do loghmhaire ┐ do ḟriothghnamh ... a n-éudach `of richenes and curiosity in ... cloathings' RSClára 135a .

Earnest effort, striving: dorigne (Cairnech) frichnam mor for anmain Muirchertaig exerted himself to save M's soul RC xxiii 428y . o'tchuala ... Dia a frichnum (i.e. their supplications) PH 1008 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa anoir na colla, 7409 .

Attendance, service on a person (esp. with regard to physical wants): galur gin frichnam leighis `without medical attendance' (or application of remedy ?) Laws ii 166.1 Comm. Cf. slan frichnuma o fuachar fuil (.i. is slan ... dont i feras an ḟuil acht co nderna frichnumh fria), BCrólige p. 80 . déntar in uli frichnama ocainde fria, LB 134b49 . ag denam friochnama ┐ fritheolma fair (of wild animals doing service) BNnÉ 104.9 . friochnamh maith ┐ fritheolmha do dhenamh dona hóinmidibh, RC xxix 219 . friochnamh re Dia fa ndligheann to render to God the service due to Him Dán Dé xxv 5 . cīs frichnama issed cīs frithcnama doberad dō: leth mbairgene mbrechtain fo salann ┐ cua essa guirt, nige dō cind cach xxet aidhci, folccu cacha sathairn tribute of service, this is the tribute of service they give to him, viz. half a loaf, etc., H 3.18, 373b19 ( O'Curry 807 ). Cf. satharnd do richnamh, Laws iv 216.8 ( Ériu xvii 72 ) which seems to refer to tributary service at the mill .

Managing, directing (?), with gen.: iar mbeith fiche bliadhan ag friochnamh ┐ ag follamhnacchadh scol Eirenn AFM iii 14.2 .

Application (to learning, etc.), study: ni comairleiced dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foglaim ┐ cin f.¤ , Trip.² 244 (= nisi prius in praecipua eiusdem disciplinae schola egisset discipulum). a fricnum i feghadh na firmaiminti, CCath. 998 . Esp. of the cultivation of the art and science of the `fili': báoi filidh amra isin Tuadhmumain ... fer frithgnamai máir. eicsine laiside oc f.¤ , ZCP vii 305.9 . ... na n-ēigsine bātar oc f.¤ occa ib. 19 . ro boí in t-éices occ acallaim ind eicsine ┐ oc cur sula tar a f.¤ ro rathaigestar in t-éices mórmenmain ind eicsine ┐ lagat a frithgnama the poet was addressing the learner and noting his attentiveness; he perceived his great self-confidence and his laxity in attention Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech (= Corm. Y 825 ; Stokes renders f. here ` diligence [in preparing the meat].'). failte fri dliged n-ecse iarna dagfrichnam (.i. ... iarna daghfoghlaim), Anecd. v 25.5 . Cf. searnar iar ndliged drengar iar frichnum (.i. ... iar frichgnam dō re foghluim), 27.1 . trachtaire raith ┐ frichnama imale (.i. frichgnam foghloma imalle frisin rath), 25.12 . ni direnar cutrumaib loge enech fri hoes ind frithgnuma, IT iii 23.28 . is a lethloighibh na seacht primhaisti doreanaiter a lloighi na nhí so ... uair cen cob tria frichnum atat ... is o Dhia a tídhnucul, 23.2 . ni direnar hi cutruma fri haes ind rutgnama, 28 ( BB 308a21 ). Cf. ib. IT iii 6.6 , cited above s.v. fris-gní. post congbhala ┐ cathaighthe d'aos foghlama ┐ friochnamha scholars and students [ = students and professors ?] AFM v 1684.8 .

léir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léir or dil.ie/29810

 

Forms: léra, lérscribnid

adj i (but see Murphy Lyrics 1 and 2 léir ) ? Pl. also léra: gidh mor a lochta léra, Duan. F. ii xlix 45 .

I

(a) In O. Ir. freq. used attributively: assiduous, earnest, careful, zealous : indithem leir ┐ menma adblam assiduous attention, Ml. 53c18 . léri gl. (inuentione malorum) diligentes, 88c6 . sóer .i. leir són gl. dilegens, 145c12 . industrius .i. l.¤ , Sg. 41a1 . caraimse fos . . . / oc mo lebran leir ingnu `with diligent science', Thes. ii 293.16 . áes atrige lere earnest(?), LU 2158 ( FA 23 ). eirgg dam ri toisc l.¤ co lúath urgent(?), LL 208b24 . irfhuacra l.¤ . . . fon uile doman, PH 456 . ernaigthe leri ┐ molta mora, 155 . ba leir .i. ba trebar, Lec. Gl. 79. Hence: l.¤ .i. treabhar (sic leg.). no éolach, O'Cl.

Freq. by transf. of books, chants, etc.: in lebrán l.¤ laindrech, Fél. Ep. 90 (`pious'). it lebránaib lérib, Prol. 310. tindscan lechsa léri `begin pious chants', Nov. 14. cona lóidib lérib, Prol. 334 . da cét slechtain . . . / la lebrán l.¤ don Choimdid, Ériu i 197 § 13b . litirdheacht leir ┐ rim, Auraic. 55.

(b) In verse used freq. for metrical reasons, meaning vague: Lucifur leir (:drochcēil), SR 849 . is mo cen in loingius leir, / do connarc a hetercéin, MR 46.9 . lasfaidh an lānḟairrgi / lānainfech lēir, ZCP viii 211 § 59 . do legadh linn 'san leirg lēir / trīcha cairp[th]ech, ML² 231 . Lorcán l.¤ tar firFodla, 23 E 26, 48.28 . mac Dé 'na bhreitheamh l.¤ lom, 23 G 24, 249.16 .

(c) Later much more commonly predic. with meaning visible, perceptible except in first ex. below: ba lēir Patraicc co mbebae `diligent', Thes. ii 314.6 ( Hy. ii 23 ) (gl. i crabud .i. ba feb ar crábud). connárbo l.¤ do neoch isin dúnud ┐ corbo léir dóibseom cách, LU 6405 . is l.¤ balath in conluain, Laws iv 122. 12 Comm . combat léiri lesbaire aeóir triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . in lā ō nab lēir feadha as findlinti, ACL iii 235 § 21 . ro tinoiled fuil in chatha isin ballan ┐ nir bo leir sin isin ballan beous `noticeable', Ériu v 118.60 . easbaidh carad is coigéile / ní l.¤ d'aon ar dheaghaidh Eoin felt by, Arch. Hib. i 98.z . nar l.¤ faighthe amoigh ó mnáibh so that the green was not visible on account of all the women on it, DDána 103.3 . uirre gan bhréig ní l.¤ locht, 51.1 . cairt nach l.¤ do léghadh, L. Cl. A. B. 237.11 . ceol na n-éan ní l.¤ 'san Mhárta, Keat. Poems 505 . an tan bhus léir dhamh do ghlóir-se (cum apparuerit), TSh. 10306.

Compar. leriu gl. industriior (sic), Sg. 41a2 . nách . . . líomhtha, ghéire, léire teangtha na bhfear ná ar tteangtha féin, Párl. na mB. 377 . Used for superl. in: slóg is léri rucad la rig riam .i. Goith ┐ Dalmáit . . . outstanding(?), striking(?), Alex. 100. With de: tuctha leo-sum a n-aes cíuil ┐ airfiti ┐ admolta combad leriti na hairgni, CRR 3.

II In adv. uses: is l.¤ dorigni indala lestar ` carefully ', Wb. 4c32 . is l.¤ do-rrími `it is industriously that thou recountest', Fél. Apr. 30 . secht mbeosgartha . . . / ler nos-luaigit liubuir libh, Laws ii 314.16 Comm . lē[i]r ra lēg . . . / suithe sechta, ACL iii 303 § 8 . feib leir dorigned . . . / atchuas do aírrig Egept, SR 3727 . coir ord ura dlige dia lentar leir, Laws i 266.4 .i. . . . ordu an uasil-dligidh do rer coir, mada lentar de co leir no co lór, 292.28 Comm . dlighidh leir lethchumal he is clearly entitled to(?), iv 348.17 (cf. teora leire lethcumala, 346.z ). piantar leir lām asidroille, i 12.1 Comm .

Equative used adverbially: is lerithir inso nonguidim-se dia . . . amal rotgád-sa `I beseech God for thee as urgently as . . ,' Wb. 27d19 (gl. precor multifarie). is lerigtir sin ron-gabsid occai, RC iii 346.21 `you are so determined about (finding) her', Aisl. Óeng. 12 .

In adv. phrase co ll.¤ , di l.¤ do l.¤

(a) carefully, diligently, assiduously : cid ecen áisndís do neuch as doruid co leir, Ml. 14d3 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir gl. adcommodata aure, 21a8 . co raib indithem and co lleir, 67c12 . gudid dia di leir ┐ na carid hi far cridib, 68a15 . lilisiu iar línib / co ll.¤ donaib félib, Fél. Prol. 312 . túir la fége frithgnam / co ll.¤ ord na caiptel, 332 . maith lem . . . cé no slaiss co l.¤ give him a good drubbing, LU 6070 . ferthae a oígidecht co l.¤ amal na haidchi aili punctiliously, 11022 . iarfaigther co ll.¤ , 5993 . na téig a Brénaind . . . / conid arlasar do l.¤ , 3032 . saer lerlong .i. in saer doni cu ler no cu lor na longa, Laws v 104.3 Comm . dosroisechtsa co ll.¤ im bossán (of a ring), TBFr. 331 . oco cuinc[h]id duit do llēir, Fianaig. 14 § 31. dia mbo epscop . . . / geib do māmb do lēir, ACL iii 313 § 9 (colleir, v.l.).

(b) clearly : in tíí . . . nach dáll . . . .i. fhégas co ll.¤ . . . slige na sualach, PH 4672 . fria hetarchert co leir . . . do aicned cech retai `for penetrating clearly into the nature of . . .', 3975 .

(c) completely, entirely; used adjectivally all: ní mholaim dheit . . . / bheith éigcríonna id leanbh go l.¤ , DDána 97.40 . Imlech Iubhair do losccadh co l.¤ eittir daimhliacc ┐ cloictheach, AFM ii 874.12 . co rus dileghait uile do leir `entirely', AU i 532.6 (an. 1014). immáfoacht C. scéla di. Adfét dó ind ingen du l.¤ all, LU 10442 (H). Laighin uile do leir, AU i 532.2 (an. 1014). do thinōiledar Laigin co lēir, ML² 873. a scēla do lēir, ACL iii 5.8 . a maithi go lēir, ML² 101 . co ro bris na hídlu ┐ na altóri co l.¤ , PH 743 . a uile choibsen do lēir `his full confession', Fl. Earls 158.8 . oruibh go l.¤ , Párl. na mB. 354 .

III As subst. teacht l.¤ a dtionóil iar bhfagháil rabhaidh dhóibh, L. Cl. A. B. 42.30 (lér, v.l.). Cf. compds. below.

Compds. (freq. in alliteration). With substt. and vnn. ¤aisnéis: Lucás . . . fer na ler-aisneisen-si, PH 5636 . ¤choimét carefully preserving : na laīde da leirchomet (of a tale), LL 376a x . ¤chrech: gan déanamh léirchreach, gan maidhm, gan cháin, Keat. Poems 567 . ¤fhrital: léirfhriotal laoitheadh, Hackett xxxix 235 . ¤gním: adfed dia muindtir lergnima na bliadne beus amail cach faith, Dinds. 27. As vn. in Fáthliaig . . . ic lērgním in taige `setting in order the house', MacCongl. 91.15 . Attrib. g s. in tech lērgníma `well-appointed', 67.16 . ¤laíd: saigid lulgaigh lan-mesaig ar leir-laidh leirigter `for a clearly manifested laid' (apparently a legal maxim), Laws v 62.18 . ¤lí: amal badh rós léirlí a chinn, Comp. CC 101.10 (leirlighi a cenn, v.l.). ¤mes `act of closely considering, estimating', TSh. Gloss.; criticizing, calculating : léir-mheas do dhéanamh ar gach anfhochain, TSh. 7662 . lucht a léirmheasta, 5165 . ¤reic (2 reic): ag léir-reic locht a chomharsan, 9026 (`act of clearly stating, enumerating'). ¤scríbnid: Lucas lérscribnid , LB 185a39 . ¤scris annihilating : pláig . . . chum léirsgris do thabhairt ar an ccine daona, Párl. na mB. 1284 . ¤thacra: lertacra .i. tacra eisidhe do-gnither ara leithe ┐ ara léire ┐ ara chirt, Cóic Con. 60 § 144 . ¤thecosc: ár léirtheagasc féin duit, Keat. Poems 373 . ¤thinól complete muster: lin na tuaithi uili . . . a ler-tinol, Laws v 50. 4 Comm . rigraidh Laigen ┐ Osraigi cona lertinol, RC xviii 272.29 (Tig.). san bfaithchi lá an lérthinól, IGT Decl. ex. 931. ¤thúarascbáil: lerthuarascbail na cined-sin do faisnes, LB 150a55 .

With adjj. ¤chert: adv. an léigheann go léircheart do chárnuigh, Hackett xl 75 . ¤meinic (dvandva-compd.?) zealous and frequent : co coibsinuibh leirmincuip / do rēir carud naeimh, ACL iii 320 § 98.

With adjj. formed from nouns. ¤brígach of outstanding force(?): cach luíghe leirbríghach .i. cach aen brigus luighe co leir, O'Curry 2009 ( H 4.22, 33 ). ¤chíallach: dar le daoinibh léirchiallacha, Párl. na mB. 27 (`very sensible,' Gloss.).

With part. ¤thinóilte : go mbatar i n-aenmaighin . . . co lionmar leirthionoilte, Leb. Gab.(i) 246.10 . do ionntuígheadar Ulltaigh uile ┐ Laighnigh go léir-thionóilte forro, ML 62.25 . a dteacht léirthionóilte, L. Cl. A. B. 42.22 .

With verbs ¤chenglaid: fa a thuathaibh do iadh 'na fhéithleannaigh / gur léircheangail aniar go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . ¤chrechaid lays waste: tond do leircreach tír thoraidh, ZCP ii 346.26 . ro leircreachadh Baile an Mhótaigh . . . seach gach mbaile, AFM vi 1936.10 . ¤goid (gataid): séideadh séitreach do ghaoith . . . / do léir-ghoid do théagar, Keat. Poems 554 . ¤indrid: ro creachadh ┐ ro lérindreadh an tír, AFM vi 1974. 22 . ¤loiscid: do dhóich sí na caóirigh . . . ┐ do lérloisg iad, Job i 16 . ¤lommaircid: gur milleadh ┐ gur lerlomairccedh leo, AFM iii 390.14 . ¤scrisaid: léir-sgriosfuidh sé a peacacha-san aiste amach, Isaiah xiii 9 . ¤theclammaid: ro leirtheglamadh lais an conranagair do sochraide, AFM v 1356.6 . ¤therbaid: ro leir-therbá Colum cille a soos . . . o cach duinne co Dia, RC xx 252 § 54.

1 mac, macc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mac, macc or dil.ie/31166
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: macc, mac, maicc, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, meic, meic, mic, macc, maic, maic, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, maccu, macu, macca, macc, maccu, macu, mhaca, mac, maccu, mic, Macniadh, Mág, Méig

n o, m., Generally written in MSS. with contraction m̅c̅ in all forms; when written out, the double consonant is usual in O.Ir., but it is sometimes written single when final, rarely when medial. n s. macc, Wb. 1d9 , 6d6 , 13b29 , 13d10 , Ml. 25b5 . mac, Wb. 13d11 , 32c15 . g s. maicc, Wb. 13b30 , Ml. 17c3 , 7 ; meicc, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 863 , 913 (usual O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. form). meic, Laws ii 162.13 , TBC-LL¹ 847. mec, IT i 107.2 (H.). mic (later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir.); in IGT Dec. ex. 702 `mic' is said to be incorrect, the correct form being `meic'. v s. a meic! Acall. 2933. a mic!, SCC 26 , 29 . n du. da macc , Wb. 4c12 , Ml. 26b14 . n p. (O. and early Mid.Ir.) maicc, Wb. 4c6 , 9a13 . maic, 21b2 , 30b14 . in maic , BDD 9. meicc, Hy. ii 37 ; TBC-LL¹ 6198. meic, 1372 . mec, PH 3770 , 5595 , etc. tri mic , IT i 121.1 (= maic LU); Laws ii 66.15 . Mod. mic. a p. maccu, Wb. 11a30 , 19c15 , 33a15 , Ml. 33c16 ; Hy. i 29. macu, Laws iii 398.7 . macca, Hib. Min. 4.118 . g p. macc, Wb. 23a9 ; Ml. 34c7 . v p. a maccu ! TBC-LL¹ 906. a macu ! ZCP xi 44 § 60. a mhaca ! ib. § 54 . mac, IGT Dec. § 15.

I A son: in Glosses = Lat. filius. gl. filius, Ir. Gl. 407 , natus 408 .

(a) in strict sense: amal ṅguidess athir a macc, Wb. 24d19 . adim-maicc mihi et am athir-se uobis ye are sons, 9a13 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 238.8 . batar oc Saul mac Ciss . . . cethri meic . . . tri ingena, SR 6517. macc int ṡaír son of the wright, Fél. Aug. 14. ro tuisim Noi tri maccu, MacCarthy 286b . teora meic ag Noi, ib. ná caoin inghean, ná caoin mac, Keat. Poems 599. mac athar do Mag Uidhir M.'s half-brother on the father's side, AFM iv 966.13 . mac mathar som do Chiaran uterine brother, ZCP viii 315.4 . mac sethar a sister's son, TBC-I¹ 530. nochon ḟidir mac duine no son of man (i.e. no mortal), ZCP vii 303 § 9. ni muirbithir m.¤ mna lium, PH 400. trí fichid míle mac máthar mother's sons (i.e. men), Hackett xl 112 . Preced. by adj.: ardmac rig, ro-mac Nesa, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.13 = Laws iv 346. degmac Domnaill, SR 2376. drochmac Iesse, 6138 . Abel mormac Adaim, Mart. Don. 22. ríg-mac, ACC § 111. Esp. used in apposition to npr.m., folld. by gen. of father's name: co Duid m.¤ nIesse, SR 2318. rigdal itir Donnchad m.¤ nDomnaill ┐ Fiachnae m.¤ nAedho, AU 783. Rarely with mother's name: Conchobar m.¤ Nessa, Fergus m.¤ Róich, Ailill m.¤ Mata, Muirchertach m.¤ Erca. Folld. by DO instead of gen.: Ailill mac mic d'Ollomain, MacCarthy 168.8 . Othalinus . . . ba m.¤ don Otha hermor, SR 2366.

In relig. lit. of Christ, the Son (as distinct from the Father), oftenabsol. and without art.: m.¤ ¤ na deachte, Wb. 32c15 . is macc míastar in die iudici it is the Son who will judge, 1d9 . asberat . . . as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 , cf. 24d23 . i n-oentaid na trinoti, athar ┐ meic ┐ spiruta noim, PH 1445. Also called mac Maire, Hy. i 1. SR 8145. m.¤ na hOge ebraide, 8277 . m.¤ in duine the Son of man, PH 2272 , 3070 , 3157 . m.¤ duine, 5041 .

Folld. by a gen. or adj. in various semi-technical and legal expressions: atait tri mic beoathar la Fene .i. mac huar ┐ m.¤ De ┐ m.¤ ailte, ZCP xiii 23.10 . mac De, mac som bis i tesgaire a athar ina timaircnib techtaib; co na comidethar cos nā lam, ib. 16 . m.¤ cétmuintire son of a spouse, legitimate son : atáit .ii. ara-randat orba fri mac cētmuinntire, CIH v 1547.6 . mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . is dīles do mac na cētmuinntiri in cinniu[d]-sin, CIH v 1547.26 . mac cope .i. donither re mac caille (leg. maccaillig?) son of a nun (?), O'Dav. 415. m.¤ doirche (.i. in m.¤ donither i ndorcaidetu) a son begotten in secrecy (?), Laws v 452.16 . m.¤ foesma `son of protection' (an adoptive son), see fóesam. m.¤ gor a son who supports his father, Laws iii 56.20 , opp. to m.¤ ingor, ib. 30 . See also 2 gor. m.¤ muini a bastard , see 1 muine. mic mhuinntire (= filii familias), TSh. 5120. m.¤ óg a celibate : Mel Bre(n)ind Ua Ronain, ardepscop iarthar Herend, in mc. og 'eminent bishop of the west of Ireland, the celibate', AI 296 (s.a. 1161.4) . mc. og ┐ uasalshacart 'a celibate and noble priest', AI 324 (s.a. 1197.5) . See also m.¤ óige s.v. III (b). m.¤ óige = m.¤ cétmuintire: mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . mac óigh trā is ē-side fo-coisle orba .i. foxlas seilb .... mac óighe .i. cētmuindter, CIH v 1547.3 . m.¤ sanaise a son not acknowledged by his father, opp. to m.¤ súla an acknowledged son, see Laws iii 542.7 , O'Dav. 1044 , 1245 . m.¤ scrīne .i. m.¤ so rinne re coibdelaig ina richt fein a son begotten in incest (?), H 3.18, 227a ( O'Curry 413 ). m.¤ soirche a legitimate or acknowledged son (?), O'Dav. 95.

Rarely of the young of animals: macc bó a bullock , CRR 4. damh . . . .i. m.¤ bó, BNnÉ 122 § 61.

In compos. with ban-, a daughter: feadair ferinnsce for baninnsce intan asberar: is e in banmhac sa, Auraic. 531.

(b) in looser sense a male descendant; esp. in pl. folld. by gen. of ancestor to denote a tribe or people (not a native usage, the words maicne, maccu and being used by Irish tribes): ar maccaib Israhel, Wb. 11a28 . soirad mac nIsrahel, Ml. 53d1 . meic Israhel, SR 5475. fri claind mac nIsrahél, 3710 . ic maccaib Israel, PH 5071. meicc Emir meicc Erimon, Hy. ii 37. Cf. also: Iohain már macc ṅErenn of Erin's sons, Fél. Sept. 26. eter gelmaccaib Gaedel, Ériu iv 96 § 7 ( LL 33b45 ). m.¤ Goill (i.e. one of English descent), AU iii 506.

II A boy and sometimes loosely a young person in general: sainreth do maccaib a pélogud particular to boys (gl. puerorum), Sg. 45b6 . i tabairt mic for muin i tech carrying a boy, Laws i 174.32 . urcor flescaig is eside macc bundsaighe (.i. mac diubraices in mbunsaig), iv 134.16 , 140.1 . biit tri choecaid macc and oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 368. maic becca doairchellat cethra, Ériu ii 206 § 26. do fhuil mac mbec, PH 382. cen mna cen maccu not counting women or children, SR 4031. ra batar mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindoene ac coíniud, TBC-LL¹ 6198. cu ra ainitis uli feraib maccaib mnaib, PH 6309. idir mhaca mnaoi is fir, Keat. Poems 614. eter maccaib beccaib (alluding to girls), IT i 131.26 . Occasionally of youths or grown persons: ruri anacht tri maccu a surnn tened (i.e. the three Holy Children). Hy. i. 29 , cf. Fél. Ap. 28 , Ep. 507. rí roshicc . . . forsin tsét na dá mac dall, SR 7682. atchondairc-si . . . cruth ┐ comdelb . . . cech meic ┐ cach miled, LL 221a7 . cethrur ingen Dubthaig dil, | cethri maic dóibsium demnig (i.e. lovers), Metr. Dinds. iii 72.

III Folld. by gen. in various fig. and technical expressions:

(a) denoting calling or function: m.¤ eclaise ` son of (the) church', a churchman, cleric: oen m.¤ [ec]ulsa forarsaidh . . . ic cantain a urnuighthe, RC xiv 58 § 72. tri maic ecalsa do muintir na cleirech, Acall. 2888. co tri cetaib sacart ┐ co tri milibh mac n-ecalsa, AU ii 86.2 . clier ┐ meic eguilsi in baile, Fl. Earls 34.24 . AFM vi 1924.22 . m.¤ foglama a student: felmac . . . .i. m.¤ foghlamæ, O'Mulc. 512. oráit annso dona macaib fogluma, Ériu ii 224.11 . m.¤ léginn a (clerical) student , O'Mulc. 688. m.¤ legind, Lat. Lives 82 (= scolaige ib.). i(c) macc leginn i nArdmacha, RC xx 176. Possibly also the expression m.¤ airbe (name for a `macfuirmid'?), see Laws iv 360.6 and muc(c)airbe below.

(b) fig. and alleg.: ce notad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . maicc tairngiri sons of (the) promise , 4c6 . guide cech maicc lére `of every son of piety', Fél. Ep. 428. macc umalóti ┐ erlatad buide do Dia, PH 4204. mac aptha = mac báis: bát úaiti meic aptha (mic bháis, v.l.) na cille so 'the lost souls of your cemetery shall be few', Beatha Bharra 64.128 . m.¤ báis `a son of death', a wicked man , opp. to m.¤ bethad `a son of life', a righteous man (often of a professed religious) : tairbirid illatu pían n-ecsamail dona maccaib bais, FA 1. eccraibdech ┐ macc báis, Trip. 220.15 . a meic in báis!, PH 2426. m.¤ bethad, Trip. 84.20 ( .i. cin pecath, ACL iii 37 ). sochuidhi do macuibh bethad, etir apstala ┐ desciplu, Lism. L. 3938. tigherna . . . mhórtha mhac mbethadh ┐ riagtha mhac mbáis, AFM vi 2296. mainistir . . . i mbáttar meic bhethadh d'ord S. Fronséis, 2218.7 . m.¤ ceanta .i. m.¤ échta, O'Cl. (`a son of achievement' P. O'C. ). m.¤ mallachtan `son of a curse' = m.¤ báis: comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA 1. comaittreb . . . ina mac mallachtan (of Hell), PH 4332. dosbera na maccu mallachtu . . . isin tenid suthain, 7285 . do macaibh mallacht ┐ do lucht dénma uilc, AFM iii 286.25 . m.¤ meda `son of mead', a heavy drinker , Anecd. ii 35 § 8. m.¤ míraith a graceless person (?), Acall. 1884 (`son of mishap' O'Gr.). m.¤ ochta `bosom-son', a favourite, darling: sacart ┐ m.¤ ochta rig nime, Acall. 2462. rob m.¤ ochta aireachta cach mac buan dod bhroind-ḟine, Leb. Cert. 194. See also (c) below.

m.¤ óige a celibate : uasal-easpoc Erenn ┐ an m.¤ oighe, RC xviii 52.4 (Tig.). comharba Colaim Cille, ┐ Adhamhnáin, saoi, ┐ epscop, ┐ mac oicce, AFM ii 762.6 . Oengus mc. Cathain, in t-epscop ┐ in mc. óge 'the bishop and the celibate', AI 202 (s.a. 1036.6). See also m.¤ óg.

m.¤ uilc an evildoer: meic uilc ní thiset n-ar ndáil, LL 308b1 = SG 389.18 . m.¤ na tráth `son of the canonical hours' (of a cleric), Acall. 4614 , 6769 .

(c) of things or animals: m.¤ alla `son of a cliff', echo: co cuala sum . . . guth in meic alla aca ḟrecra asin charraic, LL 165b30 . ro bai a m.¤ alla isna trachtaibh re med a muirni, Aen. 992. ro lin m.¤ alla na gairi sin mothra ┐ caillti, CCath. 5624. ro baoi m.¤ alla gheimi an drúith sin aieor, RC xxiv n. 2 . AFM vi 2130.11 . As name of a drinking-horn , Acall. 133.

m.¤ bronn a species of metrical composition: aircetal aire dna ataait .x. fodla fair-side .i. m.¤ bronn, etc., BB 299a25 .

m.¤ formuin (? for 1 muin) apparently name of some joint or portion of meat allotted to certain ranks in the Tech Midchuarta at Tara: LL 29b19 , 35 and diagram = YBL 419b3 (where the reading of facs. appears to be m̅c̅ armuin), 13 and diagram (in all cases with contraction); mac formuin, H 3.18, p. 362b ( O'Curry 771 ). Petrie's Tara 175 fg. expands as `muc formuin' and translates pig's shoulder , comparing 1 formna.

m.¤ greche .i. eitne cnó a kernel , Ériu ii 5.10 (Amra Conroí).

m.¤ imblissen pupil (of the eye): amal in macc n-imblissen (gl. ut pupillam), Ml. 39c3 . dona maccu imlesaib (gl. pupillis), Gild. Lor. 118. m.¤ imresan (gl. pupilla), Ir. Gl. 80. is he tene na súla in m.¤ imlesen, SCC 17. tri maic imlissen cechtar a dá súla, TBC-I¹ 35. oensúil . . . ┐ tri maic imlessen inte, BDD 44. méit mac imlesan duine, Ériu ii 134 § 115. teit radarc . . . on incind cu mic imrisan na sul, ITS xiv 54.

m.¤ ochta name of a joint or portion of meat?, heart (?) (or read mucca ochta 'suckling pigs', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 65 ). ba si airigid ban Ulad . . . .i. secht ndaim ┐ secht tuirc ┐ secht ndabcha . . . ┐ secht nglaininí ┐ secht m̅c̅ ochta, IT ii1 173 (perhaps a vessel or measure).

m.¤ óe liver: in macc hoe tredluighthe (gl. trifidium iecur), Gild. Lor. 213.

m.¤ snáma `son of swimming' (kenning for some large fish or sea-monster?), Corm. Y 948.

m.¤ tíre `son of (the) country', wolf: Eg. Gl. 313. BDD 66. im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. sod maic tire female wolf, TBC-I¹ 1720. pl. mic thíri, BS 76.3 . (mod.) na meictíreadha ag inghréim an tréuda, Hard. ii 310. (fig.) gach uile Eagluis do chaomhna ó chundtabhartaibh na macdtire, Carswell 77.

With adj.: m.¤ salach `dirty lad', a toad , gl. bufo, Thes. ii 235.8 (reading doubtful).

m.¤ ar muin name of a defect in prosody , IGT Introd. § 2.

IV Folld. by a gen. or adj. mac is often used to form masc. proper names, or sobriquets. Exx. from lit.: Mac Brocc, Cóir Anm. 45. Mac Caille, Hy. v 15. m.¤ Cécht (son of power? of the plough?), one of the Tuathan Kings; cf. Macc Cecht (name of a smith), Trip. 250.24 . m.¤ Cuill (s. of hazel?), a Tuathan king, cf. Trip. 220.15 . Lugaid Mac Con, Cóir Anm. 61.71 . Lugaid Mac tri con, IT i 108.2 . Mac Dā Recht, ZCP xiii 356.7 . Mac Dá Thó (s. of the two mutes), IT i 96 (= Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. vi 1 , and see Preface, p. i ). Mac in Daimh, Imr. Brain i 61. Bec mac Dé in fáid, LL 371b17 . LB 260b12 . Mac Gréine, a Tuathan king. Mac ind Óc (`s. of the two Young Ones', Stokes, RC xxvi 60 ), sobriquet of Óengus mac in Dagda, also called Mac Óc, IT i 132.13 : in mac Óc, ib. 7 . Macc Tāil (`son of adze'), Trip. 250.25 .

With adj. m.¤ Riabhach, m.¤ Solas (names of drinking-horns), AFM iii 110.2 ; 34.7 . AU ii 188.

From history: m.¤ na haidhche, AU ii 72.2 ; 134.19 ; cf. mac(h) na hoidhche (gl. Thitheus), Ir. Gl. 546. Macbeathadh, AU 1014 , 1041 . Macētigh (< étig ugly?), 936 ; Macēitigh, 950 ; mac Mic Etigh, 896 . Maclēighinn, 988 . Mac Líag ardollamh Erend (s. of a leech), 1016 . Mac Lochlainn (s. of a Dane), 1051 . Maccnia, 701 ; Macnio, 708 ; g s. Macniadh , 751 . Cf. Mac Niad (.i. Mac Con), Cóir Anm. 220. Macoac (= m.¤ óc?), AU 787. Macoigi, 801 ; Maccoigi, 874 ; dormitatio Maccoiged, 752 (cf. mac óige III b above). Macoirbb, 809 . Mac Oncon, 729 (see onchú). Macriaghoil, 821 . Mac ind shaer (s. of the wright), 766 . m.¤ na cerda (sobriquet), 874 .

After the introduction of surnames (10th-11th cent.), mac folld. by gen. n.pr. m. becomes a common form of surname and often changes to Mág (gen. Méig); the usage is extended to foreign names. Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, AU ii 442.2 (an. 1327 ). Cormac Mag Coscraidh, AU iii 430.24 . Cormac óg m.¤ C. m.¤ T. Meg Ca, AU iii 428.3 . mac Airt Meg Uidhir, iii 10.9 (1383) . Raghnall mac Mic Raghnaill, ii 196.8 (1179) . do clainn Raghnaill Meg Raghnaill, iii 12.20 (1384) .

COMPDS. Forms less or more stable compds. with a follg. subst., generally with sense youthful, pertaining to a boy or child . ¤bachall f. a boy's staff: macb. a ainm . . . ar bith na [leg. a = i?] laim na macæim, BColm. 46.10 . a s. macbachaill, ib. 3 . ¤brat m., in pl. child's clothes, swaddling-clothes: ba fóglainntid . . . he asa macbrataib ┐ asa naidendacht, Alex. 810. an tan robuí ina mhacbhrataibh, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . asa aóididh ┐ asa mhacbrataibh (sic leg.), fo. 73 a . ¤brethaid son-bearer: v s. a macbrethaig glórdai (of the Virgin Mary), Ir. Lit. 48 = LB 74a53 (see Ériu 9.85 , footnote 2). ¤cerd f. youthful art: pl. maccerdda Conculaind, TBC-I¹ 732. ¤cless m. juvenile feat: do mebhraighis do mhacchleasa, MR 302.5 . ¤comlond m.: ba handsa . . . frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570. ¤dalta m. a young fosterling: caeca macdalta, IT ii2 192 . ¤daltus m.: co m. do chill i forcanar `son-fosterage to the church in which he is taught', O'Dav. 956. ¤dán m.: caraid . . . a maccdán, Thes. ii 293 ( SP ii 4 ); 'youthful art' CMCS lvii 3 § 2 . ¤díre `boy-fine', fine or honour-price payable in case of a boy? cia luigium hi maicdirib? (.i. cia mac is lugu eneclann), H 2.15A p. 17b ( O'D. 1017 ). ¤dond m. a youthful chief? Níall menmnach m., Ériu iv 110 § 72 a . ¤drettel m. a young favourite: Fráech . . . macdreittel ríg Síde ṅHerend, LL 250b36 = TBFr. 262 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v ). a macdrettil Emna!, FB 11. ¤drúth m. an idiot boy: m. .i. a cinn a .vii. mbliadan, H 3.17 c. 265 ( O'D. 344 ). ¤fine sons of a family: mār maccḟine aīn-rīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 ( Rawl. 124a = marfine, LL 387a17 ). ¤firt f. a miracle performed in boyhood: do macfertuibh inni noem-Patraic, Lism. L. 132. i soscéla na mac[ḟ]erta the Gospel of the Infancy, LB 139b8 . See V. SS. Hib. vol. i p. xxxiv . ¤flaith a youthful chief: Mál in mac[ḟ]laith, Acall. 2503. do mhacḟlaith Mumhan, Leb. Cert. 36.1 . ¤gním a boy's deed, exploit: da mbetis na gníma óclachais aice feib atát na macgníma, TBC-LL¹ 984. 1388 . indister a macgnimaib Samsoin . . . iat, LB 128a18 . ¤gnímrad: pl. macgnimrada Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 864. macgnímartha Find, RC v 195. ¤laeg m. a young calf: mac (.i. bec) laog, LL 393a45 (term of endearment?). ¤lebar m. a book copied from another: a maicleabhar Lecan Mhec Fhirbisigh sin this is from a copy of the Book of L., Todd Nenn. p. ciii . leis gach leabhar a mhaicleabhar, Keat. iii 1395. pl. micleabhair, 484 . ¤lenb a boy-child: fad'mhaicleanb, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 12. ¤lendán a sweetheart: is é ba maclendan don ingin, RC vi 175.50 . maicleannan (of a woman), CF 244. ¤léine a boy's tunic: coeca maclene, IT ii2 191 . ¤naidm n. a bond entered into by children: rucus imdilsi eter macnadmann, ZCP xv 332 § 24. ¤noídiu a male infant, a young son: noídiu [maccnaídiu, Eg.] Conaire maic Etersceoli, BDD 106. ¤ogam .i. ogam ban torrach (a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5774. ¤slicht: in pl. macslechta sections in the laws dealing with the various classes of sons: bretha for maicslechta .i. . . . for sloinntib no for aisneithe mac, Eg. 88, fo. 16d ( O'Curry 2231 ). bretha for macslechtaib, H 4.22, p. 26 ( O'Curry 1993 ). ¤thairngertaid m. a boy who was promised: mactharṅgertaid Dé, SR 3077. ¤thairngertach a `promised son': an macthairngertach mórghlondach Aódh Rúadh, Hugh Roe, fo. 10 a . ¤thoísech m. a young chief: bó gach mactoisig, Fen. 92.25 . aenraghu mactaisech Erenn, AU ii 482. With adj. ¤amrae wondrous son: samlai, | a Maire, do macamrai Mary, the like of your wondrous son Blathm. 26 . ¤dall blind person: fége do roscaib macdall 'keenness to the eyes of the blind' 146 . ¤ḟind fair son: ar do macind irgabáil 'for the captivity of your beautiful son' 6 .

With npr.: menmna macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra of young Niall, Ériu iv 98 § 28.

Other compds. treated separately.

túirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. túirid or dil.ie/42389
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -u-, taurus, túr

v (? 1 túr, Ériu xlvi 42 ) Perh. orig. with short -u-, see Pokorny, ZCP xi 4 . Cf. also ros-taurus (: Paulus), Fél. June 26 .

(a) seeks, searches, investigates, examines: túiridh .i. íar-raidh, O'Cl. feg .i. tuir, O'Dav. 831. rutuirset gl. scrutati sunt, Ml. 44d23 . is comiúir in Coimmdiu | cé thúirtir a thréta `the Lord is equally just if his flocks are scrutinized,' Fél. Prol. 230 . ar lebráin nos-túirfem, 289 . túir la fége frithgnam | ... ord na caiptel, 331 . ro thúirsem libru, Ep. 75 . ro túrsem a ṅdírman, 143 . tuirid lib tria bescna bríg | cia haes esca forsind lúan, SR 7963 . ? dia brethir féin, feib ro-thúir | ro-íccad mac in chetuir, 7611 . mad ro tuir uim bernuidh ┐ ní fuair, O'D. 335 ( H 3.17, col. 259 ). tuire co léir, ar narab iarum aithrighech ... .i. in airget ┐ in iarunn ┐ in umha, O'D. 792 ( H 3.17, col. 568 ). túirid craide uamnig anbla, PH 5162 . tair ... isin rigshudi coro thúri ┐ cor eterglee cestai, RC ii 382.28 . ed rothúir fria serc-bla sláin | d'úir ligi leptha Cíaráin, Metr. Dinds. iv 84.63 . tú do thúir san tír so amháin | ar n-aos anbhfann do thógbháil, Maguires of F. 61.24 . is i ... comairli ro túir (sic leg.) ina menmain `the plan he formed,' CCath. 3051 . ? Lunnand hí in Albain cen ail | rosturam iarna tucsain, ZCP viii 517.2 (nosturunn, v.l.). In B. na f.: gach pairt da dtūr .i. gach rand dá n-íarr, ZCP v 488 § 8.

(b) In syll. verse also deserves, merits, earns (cf. 1 túaraid), but many exx. are ambiguous: an fear len mian mo mhúnadh | triall i n-a theagh go dtúirear, DDána 10.35 . muna thúirear teachta ar neamh, Dán Dé xxiii 23 . libh an teagh nar thúireabhar, PBocht 19.4 . neamh ... | nar thúir fear achd fíréanach `which none but the innocent merit.' Aithd. D. 94.26 . ní bás 'n-a fholtaibh féin fuair | an ochtghuin ní hé do thúir `deserved,' 86.3 . Cf. ic caitem na fledhi rothuiretar do shobesa ┐ do chaingnima fein duit `obtain (?) for thee,' ZCP iv 389.14 .

Vn. túr.