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accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see Thurn. Gramm. § 302 ). Ped. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be ex- plained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ?bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin, 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have com- mitted no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the per- petrator thereof(?), O'Don. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Met. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'C. 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis TC 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

airdbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdbe or dil.ie/1807

Forms: a., airdbi

[io, n.] Vn. of ar-díben ( Ped. ii 462 ). act of cutting, smiting, slaying: a.¤ killing , Ml. 41d5 . airdbi gl. perimendi, 41d2 . iar n-airdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. interfecta, 14a2 . hond airdbiu gl. internecione, 55b17 . bun cacha simne iarna a.¤ , Laws ii 252.1 .i. iarna tescad, 15 Comm. a.¤ naindeilg, i 232.6 .i. fir epi co mbi ┐ a rinn biraith amail delc, 236.5 Comm. a.¤ .i. tesgadh, ut est fuil midhigh techta ocna airdben- adh ailt nó féith , O'Dav. 179 (cf. Laws v 146.22 Comm. ). airdbheadh .i. aird eibe .i. teasgadh nó gearradh, O'Cl. airdbi sáegail, LU 6808 (= a.¤ as saegal, BDD² 330 where read airdbi saegul cutting off of lives, p. 79). iar n-ardbiu a comlund comardae na fer no bítís foraib, LU 9321 . ic slaide ┐ ic áirdbe in tsluaig, TBC 1704 . focuirethar in artbe cumma ┐ in armgrith uile, 692 . bé dia mbiat ilardbe (ilairtbe v.l.) / eter Ulto erredaib, IT i 69.8 .

airfortach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airfortach or dil.ie/1987

n o, m. (cf. port, etc. and Lat. porticus Celtica xviii 90 ) only in SR (descr. of heaven), where the corresponding prose has airportach. Apparently some kind of enclosure (with walls and gates or doors) outside a city, and associated with faithche. `Portico', Mac Carthy . cach a.¤ lan lubaib / cona ngrenchaib credhumaib / mur do chriad . . . / co tren im cach n-a.¤ , SR 393 . ocht n-airfortaig ann . . . / co comraicet 'mon cathraig / . . . / don mét fail cach airfortuig, 389 . airfortoich na mur immaig, 385 . cethracha dorus . . . / . . . a tri cacha faithchi feith / isa tri cach airfortaich, 404 . comlada . . . / fri doirsi na n-irfor- tach, 412 . inna n-huili n-a.¤ , 414 . secht n-airpartaig . . . imon primcathraig . . . ┐ mur . . . im cech n-airportach, MacCarthy 38.15 . im na faichthib ┐ im na herportachaib, 40.11 . dorus an ifirn acus a erportach Otia i 115 § 6 . See airport.

1 airmitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airmitiu or dil.ie/2280

n n, f. In phrase a.¤ féid (see 5 fíad). Vn. of ar-muin- ethar féid. act of honouring, respecting; honour, respect: a.¤ féid in chinn do thabairt donaib ballaib, Wb. 7d14 . 15a19 . amal dombeir in ben airmitin féith don fiur, 11c14 . ermitiu feid, Ml. 22a4 . ind ermitiu feid, 28a21 . inna ermiten feid .i. armbad mou de a.¤ feid ind aithisc, 35c23 . is e . . . ceta tarat airmitan feid do P., Laws iii 28.9 . Note also: airm in na robai fiadh na airmhitiu, Ériu ii 136 § 120 .

Without follg. féid: ní tartisset airmitin Dé `they have not shown the reverence due to God', Wb. 1b17 . 5d16 . tabair uait a.¤ iar sreith / do Adom . . ., SR 837 . ba mór ind a.¤ tra doratsat Ulaid do Chonchobur, LL 12465 . fogebad grad ┐ ermitin, Trip.² 332 . airmitin a aidi, 887 . icá onóir ┐ ica airmhitin, RC xxvii 266 § 9 . co somíad co n-onóir co nair- mitin, LU 2460 . ropo máralt airmiten, 4312 ( SG 84.33 ). do altugud na hairmiden ┐ na honora moiri sin tucad do, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . ba mor a.¤ na hingini si oc Dia, Thr. Hom. 54.10 . fer co n-armitin chelli ┐ crotha hi tuaith ┐ a n-eclais a man admired for his sagacity and beauty, Ann. Conn. 1233.7 . mā beith tra do ūaisle ind ḟir grāid ┐ a airmidin in proportion to the nobility and the dignity of the ordained man, Ériu i 220 § 15 . cion ┐ onóir ┐ airmhidin air, TSh. 2742 . más barr é ar a n-oirmhidin, Content. x 15 . airmidin .i. onóir, O'Cl.

In pl. honours, privileges(?): Pardus . . . / cona huilib airmitnaib, SR 1488 . a hecna, a hairmitniu `her honour' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148 § 27 . a hordan a hairmidniu (of Parad- ise), RC xxviii 322 § 51 = a hairmitiu, LU 2484 . aithbe oll ar th'airmitnib, LL 200a34 .

In sense of taboo (? `lit. consideration, caution, reverence for a supposed supernatural sanction ', Plummer MS notes): biaid a.¤ (airmitniu v.l.) fort ḟlaith . . . ┐ bid si do a.¤ (airmitniu dogrés v.l.) .i. do ghes (folld. by list of taboos), BDD 16 . But latter to be read airmit-siu Celtica xxiii 47-48 . a.¤ .i. geis, H 3.18, 529 . airmide .i. geis, O'Cl. See airmit.

Sense not clear in legal phrase ainrecht (airecht, arracht) airmiten: fortacht co ndeithbire .i. in ni doni d'foirithin neich aile co ndeithbires aice budhein in t-arracht airmiten, Laws v 488.31 Comm. congnum .i. oc a ngabail anrecht airmiten fos, 490.18 Comm. cid fodera sin ┐ co fuil lan fir isin airecht airmidean?, 492.16 Comm. na huili borbgnímraid . . . isa riagal re airrecht airmiten um sláinti, O'Don. 1567 (H. 5.15, 4a).

airmitnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmitnech or dil.ie/2283

Forms: oirmindech, oirbindech

adj o, ā (1 airmitiu). a.¤ féid honoured, respected: cach ōen comaldathar in cáin si . . . arop a.¤ fēith la Dīa, Cáin Ad. 30 . Later without féid: in fírén huasal a.¤ , Trip.² 2021 . fer soimm a.¤ , 2699 . fer óc a.¤ , RC xxvi 12 § ix ( LL 186a55 ). fer eirmhitnech, AU ii 176.22 . ingen uasal oirmitnech fia dáinib, Thr. Hom. 54.3 . a.¤ tuaite .i. dia tabair tua(i)t airmitin, BCrólige 32 . a.¤ Alman `revered one of Almain', RC xxiv 192.8 . i naentaid na naemh-Trinoidi . . . air- mhitnighi, Lism. L. 1114 . gnuis airmetnech failid, BB 427a35 . a ógh airmhidneach (litany of the Virgin), Parrth. Anma 3944 . coic laithi airmhidnecha leo . . . cin tomhailt feola leo, `five days specially observed', Marco P. 27 . With metathesis oirmindech, ZCP xiii 8.18 . oirbindech, vi 24.16 . Compar.: mad sofoltachu in fer oldas in ben . . . no mad airmidnechu i.e. has a higher status, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 62 § 31 . Superl. ro hadhnacht . . . ionnus as airmidhnighe ro hadhnacht Gaoidheal riamh, Hugh Roe 326.5 (fo. 84b) .

áirne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirne or dil.ie/2312

n m.

(a) sloe, fruit of the blackthorn: airnne gl. glandium, Sg. 49b17 . pruni .i. airni, Med. Gl. 65 ( Arch. i 327 ). sīoluch scīach, dercu iuech / airni, cnóa, K. and H. 21 . cráeb droigin fo dubairnib (: tairngib), Met. Dinds. iii 62.96 . na háirni a h-Éblind, RC xiii 46.24 . secht n-airmedae . . . d'airnib cumrai dondcorcra, Aisl. MC 124.20 . mion-ubhall nō mōr-áirne, Feis TC 1044 . subha craobh ┐ āirne, Measgra D. 39.41 . na droighne loma um Leamhuin / coingre orra d'áirneadhuibh. IGT Decl. ex. 1363 . trian d'áirnibh dubh corcra . . ., FM ii 822.9 . sugh airnida ngoirt, Rosa Ang. 312.8 .

(b) kernel (of a nut): foracaib leth ind airne don gillu, RC viii 57 n.10 = ind eitne, text. leth n-airne na cno, RC xxv 346 § 3 . arinnus .i. olcairne .i. cloch, O'Dav. 183 . (c) In phr. áirne toile testicle : airne toile .i. magarrla O'Dav. § 159 . na hairne toile, ocus in toil ḟeith Laws iii 354.16 . Cf. airnne gl. glandium Sg. 49 b 17 .

anmothaig(th)ech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anmothaig(th)ech or dil.ie/3692

adj (mothaigthech): gurub anmothuighach in feith sin ` insensible ', Rosa Ang. 318.16 .

1 ara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ara or dil.ie/3913

Forms: ar

conj., nasalising, folld. by subj. See Thurn. Gramm. § 898 . Reduced to ar before the neg. ná, before forms of the copula (often as air, see Thurn. Gramm. § 803 ), before inf. pron. ( Wb. 12a3 ) and in the later ar co; note also arna- cathar, Ml. 68b9 .

(a) As final conj. that, in order that . Translating Lat. ut, ne with subjunctive: arimp do mórad dǽ uile gl. ut gratia . . . abundet in gloriam Dei, Wb. 15c4 . arinchomal- nathar cach ṅgrád gl. ut . . . ornent in omnibus, 31c14 . arimpfollus gl. ut . . . euidens fiat, 32a2 . arna derlind gl. ne fratrem meum scandalizem, 10c14 . arna foircnea for crabud and gl. ne ab inuicem consummemini, 20b13 . arna ecmailtigetar gl. né insolescant, Ml. 27c6 .

Continuing the sense of a Latin ipv.: arnachitrindarpither frisin fírini per superbiam gl. noli altum sapere sed time, Wb. 5b33 . armbat irlithiu dé domini mandatís dei gl. serui obaedite dominís carnalibus, 22d2 . arnap éicen a ngóire in æclis gl. . . . non grauetur aeclesia, 29a10 .

In order that, so that in general: gigestesi dia linn arafulsam ar fochidi in order that we may bear, Wb. 14c2a . is dobar tinchosc ara-ndernaid a n-do-gniam, 16a24 . arnaroib na eícmailt i n-ellug inna æcaillse, 22c20 . arna farcabtis cen forcitlaid that they might have a teacher, 31d13 . arna roib cummasc foir to avoid confusion, Sg. 2a8 . mo chorp rop sigith sóethrach / arnādrīs iffernn, Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). a mesrugud . . . arnara fochund galir. Mon. Tall. 152.11 (§ 63) . dénaid oenbuidin . . . arnachab-accastar as tír, BDD² 435 . a sith do denam ar comad tresiti iad, Ériu viii 174.35 . ar gomadh tormach neirt don aird-ri, BNnÉ 321.y .

With as-beir (fri) introducing commands, injunctions, etc.: is hed asbeirsom híc aratartar airmitiu féid donaib preceptorib he here commands that honour be given, Wb. 15a19 . asber . . . arandathidisom di maith, 21d11 . asrubart dia friu som aracelebartis a sollumnu God has directed them to celebrate His feasts, Ml. 102d3 . asbeirsom frisnatorus arndacumcabat he commands the gates to be lifted up, 46a12 . abbair fri F. arim remḟissid arad sencharpait tell F. that he should be a foreseeing driver of an old chariot, ZCP xi 83 § 27 . asbert . . . ara scortís a cairptiu ┐ ara cuirtis cor . . ., LU 10577 . ráid friss arco tí coragba mo chor, LL 12690 (TBC).

With other verbs: focairther ō Dil arnā rogonta nech ann dona Déisib, Ériu iii 140.188 . dlegar . . . ar a mbe fer uaidib they must appoint a man, Laws iv 172.13 . aílit na naeimh anti Ruadhan . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu, BNnÉ 321 § 23 . ro fholāir in mhīchinneamain fuirre ar go ffessadh `misfortune drove her to find out', Fl. Earls 34.14 . Cf. tria itche Patraic forsin Coimdid arco tísed a trocaire forru, RC xii 428 § 17 .

After adjj. of suitability, desirability, etc.: is tacair arndip samlaid do chách, Wb. 22c11 . ised as maith la dia airimp etc., Ml. 130b8 . issed as cóir . . . arnachadfercaigthersu `that thou shouldst not be angry', Mon. Tall. 142.7 (§ 37) . as maith laisim . . . ariondgella (sic leg.) ┐ arindbó, 134.18 . Sim- ilarly: signum són araroib saingné fornaib gnímaib, Wb. 5a5 . After clause introduced by amal: amal fongní cach ball dialailiu . . . arafogna . . ., Wb. 12a12 . amal ata cáinchumracig side armba . . ., 30b23 .

Introducing wishes, recommendations, etc.: sechihed ríi a less arintaibrid di, Wb. 7b3 . airndib múcnae ┐ airndib ecmailt á n-étach . . . innaní prithchite . . . ┐ condib trianuile ṁbethaid gl. uestis profetae . . . indicat austeram uitam praedicantium, Tur. 71 . arinfestar cach dune may it be known to all, LU 3509 ( SC 27 ). cach ōen comaldathar in cāin si . . . arim sírsaegul . . . ┐ arop airmitnech fēith , Cáin Ad. 30 . arnā ecmonga ait[h]ber fearga for ar n-aimiris may our lack of faith be not sternly punished, Ériu ii 122 § 62 .

(b) As explicative conj.: connách moidea nech arbed áarilliud nod nícad so that no one may boast that it was his merit that saved him, Wb. 2b4 (see note in Thes.). ní torménmar ni ara mbetis in gnimai sin `we had not expected that those deeds should be', Ml. 115b1 . dorochóinset arndabeth intairisem hirobatar riam they despaired of having, 131c9 . ?airm i fuirsitis in torcc arimbad and furruimtis a praintech, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.). ní fitir ara mbeth and he knew not that it was there, Trip.² 1428 . cia beith ara rogba bóairechas riasíu ropo chúairddulchach though he undertake, Críth Gabl. 67 . ni fetathar ar mad rí nad bi ecnaid no one can be a king who is not wise, Anecd. v 2.4 ( Alex. 822 ).

ar-feith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-feith or dil.ie/4106

v looks after : fó bhith as conn ar ecconn feith 'because it is the normal person (with full legal capacity) who looks after the abnormal' Ériu xiii 33.z , Celtica xi 20 . ar feich cenn a memra .i. airime in ceann na memair 'the head (superior) looks after his members (subordinates)' O'C. 283 (H.3.18 151) , Celtica xi 20 = ar feith cenn a memra .i. airimidh O'C. 2112 (H.4.22 78b) . arfeith .i. airitiu nó lesugud, ut dicitur: arfeith cend a memra, O'Mulc. § 103 . ? arisfith (arisfuich, v.l.) Rechtabra radhaibh … airimidh R. conadh he noraidhe urlabra tara cenn 'Rechtabrae looks after them with utterances … R. defends (lit. 'fences round') them and it is he who speaks on their behalf' Celtica xi 20 .

ar-fet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-fet or dil.ie/4109

v (*ar-fed-)

(a) precedes, takes precedence of: fer midboth . . . im[m]ustoing i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu, Críth Gabl. 42 . airecht fodesin . . . antengtaid ardafeth, ZCP xii 360.11 . fuaidreadh a tig a muireach fadéisin ar do feith co righ .i. atairges é co tech in righ he precedes him, O'D. 641 (H 3.17, 476). ? fer arfeidh solaid fri ais eslind (rhet.), Ériu xii 182 § 12 ( LU 10886 ). ? ar-fedat findeoraid (?fir-, Plummer MS notes) inu fuachtana, O'C. 2139 ( Eg. 88, 1(2)c ). In follg. exx. seems = feidid, q.v.: ? arfeadhur in dicinn dithma on tatma co raile is brought, is led(?), Laws ii 16.20 .i. athtairgithur, 22 Comm. do tuit athgabail . . . a faithce ar fedur in dicinn dithma, 18.1 (cf. ar fenar innd chun dithma, 124.1 ). See aircestar, aircsither, do-aircesthar.

(b) Perh. tends, looks after in: anim Patraice . . . aingil Dé . . . aridfetis cen anad .i. roerfetsetar no ro etsetar cum eo , Thes. ii 320.6 (Hy. ii) (or to be referred to ar-peiti?).

áru

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áru or dil.ie/4349

Forms: áraind, arainn, árann, áirne, Árne, airni, airne, Aru

n n, f., but gender not well attested. n du. di áraind , Ériu iv 152 § 32 . g du. da arainn , Laws ii 238.24 Comm. Pokorny, KZ l 46 ff. postulates an orig. ā-stem árann and connects with áirne. Note g s. Árne, Fél. March 21 . airni, Laws ii 238.y Comm. n p. airne, Laws iii 354.16 Comm.

Kidney: á.¤ gl. rien, Sg. 96b4 . cum renibus .i. cusnahairnib, Lor. Gild. 175 . rén .i. ára, Ir. Gl. 1011 . lapifulta .i. lécc in árain, 246 . leighes bhrisis cloch na náronn (gl. lapis renum), O'Gr. Cat. 209 § 9 . do inntó se a airne ris in croich, Smaointe B. Chr. 4008 . a cressa dar a n-áirnib, PH 5103 . ic sadhadh a slegh . . . ina n-airnip, CCath. 5756 . co n-deach- aidh [an lamh-gai] is in arainn, MR 286.2 . is me teid a nairnib na nadaltrach (spoken by a fiend), Laud 610, 8b (cited from Plummer MS notes). is amlaid atá Temair ┐ hUisnech . . . amail bit a di áraind a mmíl indile, Ériu iv 152 § 32 . doigh ag iomghoin ar mh'árainn, DDána 77.10 . ar chéibh dtigh go hárainn n-úir `in her thick mass of hair reaching to her fair waist', Magauran 994 . ó na hairnibh gonuige na slíasta, Ex. xxviii 42 . laim risna hárannuibh, Lev. iii 4 . Of sexual organs: áirne toile .i. magarrla, O'Dav. 159 . cum genuclis .i. cus na hairnib toli no cusna farclib glun, Gild. Lor. 183 . na hairne toile ┐ in toil-feith, cid be dib bentar ar tus, Laws iii 354.16 Comm. ma ro ben auptha . . . a tolfeith don fir no airne toile don mnai, O'C. 674 ( H 3.18, 329 ). ? airned a gail(i)e, RC xii 84 § 85 . Note also: ní cúl rinn áradh is cóir `love and truth protect me not', Ó Bruad. ii 162 § i (árach?).

In comic n. pr. meic hítha, meic ārand, Aisl. MC 33.21 .

As n. loc. Aran: macc Commain a hÁrainn, Fél. Nov. 21 . a Maig Ene, a hAraind, Ériu iv 146 § 24 . Aru name of a hill, Fél. 244.6 . See Hog. Onom.

1 att

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 att or dil.ie/4925

Forms: ait, atai, aitt, a.

n g s. in atta, LB 142b47 . ait cited Meyer Contribb. p. 155 . n p. atai, Laws iv 16.10 Comm. aitt, H 3.18, 84 b4 . Swelling, protuberance, tumour: a.¤ gl. tuber, Sg. 61b16 (see ÉC xi 128 ). co roráith at a cend furi her head began to swell, Vita Br. 42 . con attaibh swollen, Blathm. 443 . go ros lín a.¤ ┐ infithsi mar anáil i llés. TBC 3803 . ro lín tra a.¤ a tengaid, Thr. Hom. 68.18 . beim facaib feith . . . 'na glas no 'na at no 'na derg swollen, Laws iii 360.23 Comm. cor loigsetar atai na (= no) bolga for a gruaidib, iv 16.10 Comm. rogab iarum a.¤ in n-ingin ┐ ro dún a comlaich con dostacht a hanál, LL 200a36 . atraachtatar Lagin . . . i cúslaigib (sic) a scíath i n-attaib al-lúrech rounded parts(?), RC xiii 90 § 111 . at bronn, O'Cl. s.v. comhaille. at no gearb, Lev. xiii 2 . is inund opostema ri rād ┐ a.¤ boill = dicitur enim apostema . . . tumor, Rosa Ang. 162.5 . haitt glun, name of a disease of horses, H 3.18, 84 b4 . ? ilbheadhgadh is at na bhfear `wounding', Content. xii § 8 . ? in Dond Mide bebais aitt, ZCP xii 234.3 (see Celtica iii 264 n.1 ). ? regaid éc aitti, 238.z. a.¤ dícenn see 2 dícenn. sarcia (= sarcoma) .i. at idhan, Arch. i 337 § 130 . Fig. a.¤ ┐ annini na curadu sin `swelling and fury', TTebe 380 . astān cen at `ohne Vermessenheit', Sits xix (1918) 372 § 11 .

As vn. act of swelling: mili reith ar n-a nat d'olaind, BR 48.11 . iar n-at ┐ ionbholgadh fris an reódh, Hugh Roe 24.5 (fo. 7a) . do-bhéra . . . ar do bholg at, Numb. v 21 . nach bfaicenn tu a cíoch ar nat, O'Gr. Cat. 629.23 . go tarla in muir . . . ag at ┐ ag ēirghe, ML² 693 . an t-anbhfann lag ar n-at amuigh (of Lazarus full of sores at the gate), Hackett xxiv 7 . cum atta a n-aithchi (d'at a n-aichtedh v.l.), De Contemptu 2225 . Fig. atá dream . . . 'ar nat súas, 1 Cor. iv 18.19 .

See atchomall, -mlacht.

bróc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bróc or dil.ie/6885

Forms: bróg, brócc, -braici, bróga

n ā, f. (ON or OE loanword, see Éigse iii 237 ff ., Jn. Celt. Stud. i 47 ff ., KZ xxx 81 ff .). bróg lebhar, f., IGT Decl. § 172. shoe, sandal; greave (?); pl. greaves, leggings, (long) hose, breeches (?): broc a braca .i. cumbair ētag, unde braccille, O'Mulc. 165. asana cen broicc etaig no letha[i]r imme, Laud 610, 25d (cited Plummer MS. notes). eturru ┐ a brog `between his foot and his shoe', Laws i 300.23 Comm. brócc gl. sutolar (cf. subtalares, shoes, Du Cange), Ir. Gl. 1033. ialla- chrann .i. bróga, Eg. Gl. 409. eochra .i. broga leggings (?), O'Dav. 814. ochra .i. bróga, O'Cl. dí bróig sandals (?), BDD² 844. broca credumai impu, LL 33127 (Fraech 32). bróca brecca bernacha leo (worn by the Magi), Todd Lect. vi 60.4 . nighfid a mbróga na tigh i.e. they will take possession, SG 70.24 , cf. gurab iat féin benfus a mbróga díob in bar tighib, 78.21 . lán a bhróicce d'aircett `one of his shoes full of silver' (as a due), BNnÉ 257 § 216 . cos guna broig, RC xii 352.2 . da bróice imbe di croicinn capoill, Harl. 5280, 66b (cited Meyer Contribb. 264 ). lethéill ( a s.) a bróci one shoe- strap , Aisl. MC 47.9 . iall letbroici (-braigi, -braici, v.ll.), IT iii 81 § 59. a bróg no a lamann, O'C. 2427 ( Eg. 88, 33d ). broc choel do chorrgubul gabair `a slender shoe of goatskin', O'Dav. 366. an té ar a bhfuil a bhróg scaóilte = shoe, Deut. xxv 10. le trilsibh bróg mban, DDána 119.21 . go bhfuair Deirdre ag dul 'na brógaibh, Dánta Gr. 7.14 . bróga = shoes , RSClára 6b . ó bhórdaibh a bróg mbreac go féith a dlaoi, Keat. Poems 115. (horse)shoe: sdéad seang ar bharraibh a bróg, DDána 106.10 . bróg eich, IGT Verbs ex. 730. broga im na gabraib `ties of leather for the goats' (` hobbles ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws iv 86.2 Comm. pn In nickname: clann Briain na broige, Hy Fiachr. 90.2 .

Compds. dá dheigheach bhreagh bhróiggeal, O'Hara 4095. an fear bróigthiogh `thick-clogged fellow' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 22 § 214.15 , IGT Verbs ex. 838.

See límad, berrbróc, fúathróc.

1 buinnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 buinnech or dil.ie/7400

adj o, ā (buinne) gushing, flowing: pláigh bhuindech ` flux-plague ', ALC ii 288.28 . ? cech féith . . . tar a mbrec- bolcaib buid baindecha, LB 155a28 ( B. Fermoy 62a19 ).

cechrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cechrach or dil.ie/8427

Forms: cechar

adj (cechar) muddy : esc .i. feith usci cechraig etc., O'Mulc. 433 . Cf. also SR 7878 cited s. cechar.

conn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. conn or dil.ie/12215

Forms: cunn, c.

n o, m. Also cunn.

(a) bulge, protuberance; buttock(s): c.¤ a conta contum acuta rotunditas , O'Mulc. 236 . cuind arad i.e. part of cooked animal which was due to charioteers , IT iii 188.8 . cuinn arad, Laws i 48.13 Comm. araid . . . cund dóib, LL 3716 . for cunt a da less buttocks , LL 3806 . o chond a leisi co holl a ochsaille (of `cathchris'), 24884 . intṡlíasait . . . ochund cofond `from trunk to end', RC iii 177.7 ( LL 13892 ). peall shróil do cuireadh fa ch.¤ posterior, Bard. Synt. Tr. 189.2 . dā c[h]. arccait im c[h]. óir knobs (of ornamentation on a brooch), Fianaig. 14.9 . ri cond crúaiche on the curve of a hill (an `óenach'), Met. Dinds. iv 160.215 . ? tri cuind tairismi dlegair don ríg oca .i. tri puirt, LL 24723 , cf. conntairismhe .i. baile puirt bhios ag rí, O'Cl. ní scarfam a c.¤ fris an Tairr (word-play referring to Cell Cunna and Cell Tairre), FM i 330.8 . cunn .i. corp, O'Cl.

(b) pre-eminent person, leader, chief . In Laws of head of `fine': conid hé a c.¤ a cenn (viz. rí nime), SR 7431 . ar cond slúag (of Colm Cille), LU 1185 . acoímdhiu cumachtach / acond co clothaigi, IT iii 91 § 130 . ? bid cond cach co húa, LL 18490 ( PRIA xix 546 § 2 ). a c.¤ na creitme gloine (of Mary), Blathm. 149 . cond ar ferga / filset trī hūi N., Corp. Gen. 22.9 . ní ba chond ugra `a leader in strife,' Tec. Corm. 38.5 . cond cacha fine `head of every family', Laws v 250.2 = c.¤ .i. cenn, O'Dav. 499 . cond bo buachaill i mbansoillsi protection(?), Laws iv 96.23 . inlolaig S. / selba / techtas a cond a / cenél `her "head"', Celtica vi 234 ( Laws iv 16.21 ; O'Dav. 1130 ). cuicthe fri cond cuindegar, Laws i 78.14 = 264.8 . dar ēisi a cuinn do cech mnái husband (?), Ériu ix 47 § 16 . ó eadh cneadghaile na gc.¤ , Ó Bruad. ii 150.4 . cong einigh ┐ eangnamha (of chieftain), FM iii 112.2 . M. . . . cunn na tūath, ZCP v 486 § 10 (B. na f.) .i. cenn, n. Hence in n. pr. Cond Longas, LU 5961 . la C. Cond-Loṅges lán, ZCP xi 109 § 11 . lechtan Cormaic Conlongas (: class) RC xxiii 304 § 5 `Haupt der Seefahrten', Thurn. ZCP xiv 5 - 6 . Later felt as compd. C. Coinloingis, Cóir Anm. 275 , Cormaic (g s.) Conloingis, Folklore iii 508 ( Bodl. Dinds. 45 ). See also Corp. Gen. , Hog. Onom. s. leth cuinn.

(c) one who is sui compos, adult, responsible person: is dilis . . . nad-cennaib coirib comallat, connaib arda-neithit `Vernünftigen', ZCP xiv 379 § 43 ( Laws ii 306.4 ). as c.¤ ar ecconn feith , Ériu xiii 33. z . athgabail a cond bertai a cinta `adult guardians', Laws ii 46.1 . faill . . . do connaib cen imcomet cach ecuind, iii 500.22 . fogal cuind, v 296.20 . daimthi dáil cuind dam-sa `the respite of a grown-up person', Cymmrodor xiv 104.14 = dál cuind, Ériu iii 136.9 . cur ab dar a cend . . . comairgither cuinn, Laws i 106.31 Comm.

(d) intelligence, good sense; reason : c.¤ ciall, Met. Gl. Ff. 27 . O'Cl. St. Gl. 28 . c.¤ ainm céille, Met. Gl. Ff. 45 . dethbir eter c.¤ ┐ ceill ┐ inntlecht: c.¤ fri forb[th]etaid ┐ ciall fri him- comét ┐ indtlecht fri etargnugud tuicsina, O'Dav. 755 . dáig mo choinn ní / cichi[u]s cel `because of my good sense', Celtica vi 225.9 ( Ériu xiii 20.2 ). cund, céill, curp, Fél. Ep. 52 . in ben .. beres na slúagu asa cund, LU 3776 ( SC 34 ). fear ris' ro scara a cond (in list of those free of sons' liabilities), Laws v 234.22 . anegmais mucuind ┐ moceille ┐ mocomairle, RC xi 30 .x. hi cond cēilli `in sense and reason', Fianaig. 84.14 . ? eter cond sceo colt, ZCP iii 223 § 3 (B. na f.). mad re n-irtar cond sceo colt, v 486 § 6 (B. na f.) .i. édach, n. ina chunn shlan in his right mind, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . cen chond `senseless', Met. Dinds. iii 100.6 . coill Bhanbha i gcuirmmeabhaidh cuinn (leg. ig cuimeabhaidh? See v.l.) hazel-cups . . . confusing the senses, DDána 106.20 . an c.¤ libh . . . `does it seem right . . . ?' Ó Bruad. iii 38.5 .

cúlad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúlad or dil.ie/13752

Forms: cúilḟéith

n ā, f. and o, m. (cúl + féith , O'Brien Celtica iii 169 ). for a díb cúalaid (sic), LU 9276 . Note also g s. a chúlaid, LU 6544 = Táin 2347. 1902 . Later cúilḟéith: cuilfeite na pecach, Smaointe B. Chr. 4776 . a chuilfeite, CCath. 3685 . one of pair of sinews at the back of the neck; frequ. in dual poll, back of neck: clais da chulad. toll arai `hollow of the occiput' (in list of `doors of the soul'), Bretha 2A . triana chúladaib, Táin 1848 . imdu da are ┐ fort chulatha, Thes. ii 249.2 . béraid comthrom inn ubaill dá inchind tria chúladaig (= -b), Táin 1104 . no gonta . . . dia dib culadaib, LL 37333 . is [s]amlaid . . . direnatar dí chúlaid ríg, Críth Gabl. 540 . a dí chulaidseom fríu his poll towards them, LU 5634 (TBC). ? ro siabra a beoil do dib culadaib, Laws i 72.18 Comm.

In phr. clas (áth, fán) a dá ch.¤ hollow at the back of the neck : fotalberrad co clais a dá ch.¤ , LU 6959 ( BDD 60 ). tria chlais a dá ch.¤ , Airne F. 84 . folt tóbach . . . co fán a ch.¤ leis, MU² 532 . co n-érrmadair áth a da chulad, LU 6026 (TBC). Note also: i classaib a dá ch.¤ , Táin 1811 .

In prep. and advb. phrases: co cuala-som . . . fria di chulaid . . . in mac alla `behind him', Dinds. 119 . doluid som do dib culadaib ind ḟir, ZCP viii 311.24 . ? le culáidh Maodh- ócc tar muir / docuattar cethrar crábaidh following (?) M., BNnÉ 283.5 . athchuiris i ar culad co C. back again, MR 264.27 (= for cúlu ?).

See culad.

1 do-lá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-lá or dil.ie/17989

Forms: díl

v (*di-la-) puts away, expels, rejects: co nderlat a ngradh maice `until they have put off their status of childhood', Ériu xii 8 § 7 . ar ba mac dormaine nad arlat con derlad until he was sent away, ZCP xv 320 § 13 . mac na mna druithi diluither a nucht na hanfine, O'Don. 953 ( H. 3.17 667 ). nos . . . is fastaighthi arin lion ro bui ga dhenam e go ro diluit uile dibh é . . . connegaid a dichur dib, O'C. 2279 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)d ). dola fír na fír .i. dilathar as é do réir firinne uair is anfír do beith aga agra, 2410 (32 (33)b) = do la fír nanbfír, 1085 ( H. 3.18 444a). dila bes innraic cid uaiti .i. dilaid a luigi inti bes innraca ann cid he bes uaiti im lucht fira, 1194 (475b) `i.e. the oath of the man of better character repels that of his antagonist, though he may have fewer compurgators', Plummer MS. notes. ar dilat secht ngraid eclasa for secht ngraduibh tuaithe prevail over (?), O'D 1640 ( H. 5. 15 19a ) = ar dolaat, 851 ( H. 3.17 604 ). discharges, remits (debts, etc.): nocho lenann feith (= feich) eile don fer . . . ma dia ndilaither de é fo aethaib, O'C. 2091 ( H. 4. 22 72b ). a tuidme fri cinaid dia nderlaither, Laws i 90.z . dillathar .i. ícar, 94.5 Comm. Cf. is i a forngabail . . . dia no toerlaither, v 256.y .i. dia ndilaither di, 258.x Comm. dona derluidh dil .i. co na caomnacar a diludh de, O'C. 2400 ( Eg. 88, 31 (32)b ). ní díbhann a lanene- clann um nech co nerla dlighedh impa, O'D 896 ( H. 3.17 643) = co ndearla, O'C. 1131 ( H. 3.18 452b ). Cf. derla .i. dilsiugud . . . ut est nade doenachta derla, O'Dav. 618 . derla .i. deghailt no dealugud, ut est issed in seised rath insin na derlaither la Fene, 676 . Vn. díl. Cf. díchuirid, dílaid.

1 esc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 esc or dil.ie/20407

n (eisc?) water: esc .i. usce, Corm. Y 566 . 519 s.v. escconn (escand). O'Dav. 761 (s.v. esmong). easc .i. usce, Lec. Gl. 526 . .i. uisce domain deep water ib. M 327 (cf. Lec. Gl. 528 ). esc .i. feith uisci cechraig, O'Mulc. 433 . Cf. co barr eisc (a gl. on: co boirisc) .i. eisc, uisci, Laws v 450.10 Comm. minn co ndath uinge no eisc, Arch. iii 306.7 . A puddle? cf. esca, and O'Mulc. 434 , cited under escir.

etir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etir or dil.ie/20865

Forms: etir, eidir, itir, idir

adv (eter + pron. 3 s.n.) etir Wb 13c6 . Ml 35c2 . 61b12 , etc. LB 49b26 . Met. Dinds. iv 100.13 (: gletin). eidir: creididh, B iv 2, 92b . itir Sg 90a2 . LL 90b22 . 264a13 . idir: (ní) ḟidir, Tadhg Mór Ó Huiginn, A iv 3, 648 = Ir. Monthly 1920, 163 . In general, at all: gl. omnino Wb 13c5 . Usually directly after the word it qualifies, but may be separated from it.

(a) in neg. clause:

(a) following a verb: arna bǽ etir Wb 25d26 . conách fil etir (gl. tulit de medio) 27a20 . conna ingabthe etir that he should not be reproved at all Ml 32c19 . ní tormenatarsom etir a nditin 106d11 . amal na dernad etir in n-imchossaít LU 8156 . nír rathaigsem etir ém 8571 . amal na beth etir FA 17 LU (ann itir LB). fer nos airimend co dāna...┐ fer nach airi- mend etir PH 5327 . is cían dúni beith acot irnaidi...┐ niconbiam itir TBC 992 . In: ni fritsa rodalusa itir IT i 127.3 . narbo...oilen an crioch itir , Leb. Gab. i 250.16 and: ní ar crich Ulad itám itir LL 264a13 = MU 16.3 , the phr. following ní is qualified. ni romarbsat etir he acht rolaiset as a airechus ┐ ros indarpsat as in cathraig iarna sroigled, ┐ rucsat a indmas uad they did not actually slay him PH 1527 . na héligsiu, or Crom D., etir missi MU 22.15 . ní ro accobair immorro etir C. a héilniud, TTr.² 1855 (in these the advb. is merely separated from the verb by a parenthesis).

(b) following a noun or adj.: ní fitir olc n-etir intí bís isind encae Ml 24a19 . ním rabae soirad etir 73c5 . air na comarleicthe hi fochaid etir 32d5 . nín airmi ar bethaid etir 82a8 . cen nach tairmesc n-etir, Hib. Min. 9.279 . ni biatsom fria togais adi etir Ml 31a17 . cid fodera in muir do imtechtt duit? ní muir itir, acht mag, Fél.¹ xxxii 12 . nidat scéith etir,...acht na colomna cloch... LL 264by = MU 20.20 . náchdat dee itir PH 1132 . cen labrad fri nech etir IT i 208.15 = LU 3297 . ni ḟil diadacht itir andsom PH 1766 . connach fail féith itir icá immulung TBC 4386 . ní rogab nech iter do sil na mac aili RC xxiv 198.18 = YBL 189a48 . cén cob do bocht etir dosberai a almsain PH 6039 . bámar co teirt... cen labra etir 525 . ropud fherr don duine sin cen a genemain etir 5044 . ra gilla n-óc...gan ulcha itir TBC 2860 . táinic...cen ethar idir FM i 418.1 . gan choróin eidir, Fl. Earls 62.21 . gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir idir ZCP v 495.23 . nach do galar sainruthach etir atbath, B. Colm. 106.4 . asbert fris nemacallaim Ailella etir not to converse with A. at all Fianaig. 36.5 . In some of the above exx. etir may qualify the verb of the clause, and cf. ni chaitis biad isin tsapoit etir PH 323 . ni cumme etir són Wb 19b18 . nicon choir etir laisim he does not hold it right at all Mon. Tall. § 15 . nir bo ail etir lais a blaisecht PH 517 .

(c) following pronom. prep. or advb.: onacon beth leu etir Ml 35c2 . nad facaib ní di etir 102a20 . ni otalla obbad fair itir Sg 90a2 . ni hinann meass is coir for C. in tan-sa etir...┐ in tan boi isin Roim fecht eli, CCath. 758 . acc etir nay indeed, not at all: PH 495 . Acall. 6651 . ac idir ML 108.3 .

(b) in questions: ced torbe doib eterscarad etir fria tola Wb 13c6 . cid do maith dúinniu itir tadhall in maighi-siu what good at all does it do us...? IT i 129.2 . cuich ata etir amal tu? who at all is like thee? PH 158 . cia so etir? who in the world is this? 4388 . dús in díriuch m'urchor no cinnas dibairgim etir how I cast at all TBC 1186 . coichi na eich sin etir whose are those horses at all? 1246 . in fail coma gaba-su itir? 1762 . cia hainm-siu itir? IT i 127.8 . cid risan-idnaidem-ni so iter? what on earth are we waiting for? TBC 4933 . cáid a fuarais in gilla eter? Acall. 4630 . caiti aichne na hime dligthigh itir how is the lawful fence known at all? Laws iv 112.19 Comm. in fil mo cobair si ale etir...? is there any help for me at all? ZCP vii 306.17 . cid dia n-apar Ailech airdairc etir? Met. Dinds. iv 100.13 .

(c) in affirm. sentences;

(a) in general, in any case, at all ; after pron. or indef. subst.- soever, any... whatsoever: airmtis ní etir that they could be anything at all Ml 79b11 . manud fil etir á foraithmet leu 107d12 . co immimgabat .i. a ndénum etir ón 114b8 . is bás do neoch etir a scarad o Dia to anyone whatever PH 7949 . mad ingabala a ecnairc etir RC xv 487.29 . cumma lem etir | cen co tias il-Laighnib it does not matter to me at all ZCP viii 110.9 . ar tri fáthaib dochoid Ísu etir i ndíthrub that Jesus went at all PH 4748 . is eicen fadera do a cuingidh eder RC xliii 16.8 (< Bk. Lism. 169b2 ). ar díb fáthaib rógab brón na hapstalu; in cetna fáth, ar brath in choimded etir, in fáth tanaise, uair robo dibsium fén fer in braith in the first place, that the Lord should be betrayed at all PH 5120 . cid ara n-erailend Isu foirn ernnaigti etir do dénum why does...enjoin on us to pray at all? 7848 . ce beth eiric oca itir, Laws iv 250.8 Comm. (contr. with: mana bé éiric oca 250.5 ). fri cach itir, i 56.7 Comm. fri gach aon itir 56.18 Comm. a fhior-cara d'fhoirithin ar eicin itir MR 262.26 . a n-eccla somh for gach ein-tír idir FM vi 2142.13 . bá méla...laissiumh a éimghedh idir 2330.15 .

(b) at any rate, certainly (?): atberdís...gurbhó tairrngertach idir é `that he was really the prophesied one.' FM v 1860.4 . fuairsiumh idir indsin `obtained at once' vi 1932.19 . do tuismeadh uatha idir | ...naoimh is filidh is fíréin, Content. x 15 . Dia dot eadráin... | ar ghoin n-ainchridhigh gach fhir | 's ar mhoir n-ainbhthinigh idir, Studies 1921, 73 (possibly this belongs to a: every stormy sea). The meaning is doubtful also in: an cádhus do chleacht idir | ionnsa a dhul [leg. dul?] i ndimhigin, Studies 1923, 421 . ag fáithléghadh olc idir 1919, 256 . narbo coir na G. do léccadh as...coro marbhtha iad idir no go n-eiblidis a n-aenar do ghorta FM vi 2074.11 . gé dochuaid etar [mo lúth ┐ mo lámach, Acall. 4563 (this may belong to eter: both my vigour and my skill?).

(d) cid etir even...in general, even...at all: indail mo chossa ┐ ní namá, acht foilc cid etir mo chend (= sed et caput) PH 5257 . roairiltnig rath in spiruta nóib... cid riasíu nobaistide etir even before he was baptised at all 6110 . is fodaig na mna cid etir roferfaider-si failti frit that you get (even) a welcome at all ZCP v 501.31 . giodh thusa ider, a F. an cunga[n]chleas agat d'iomarcoig ormso ZCP x 294.18 (= cid tusa ann TBC 3847 ). With neg.: gennti na rochretset cid itir RC xii 426.18 .

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