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áittigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áittigid or dil.ie/2835

 

Forms: áttaigid, áittiugad

v (áitt) also áttaigid. IGT Verbs § 106 .

(a) inhabits, dwells (in), settles (in). With direct obj.: níor áitigh a athardha, TD 32.19 . ro áitigh C. priomh-cathair isin nglend, BNnÉ 127 § 19 . go dtógbhaidh tú teagh ┐ nár áitighe tú é, TSh. 9707 . With prepp.: nochan ar m'ferunn áitigter ann, SG 320.36 . áit i n-ar háitigheadh riu, Keat. i 202.6 . go n-áitigheann an eagna a bhfochair na Humhla, Desid. 2463 .

(b) founds, establishes, builds: is ar an gcarraig so áiteochad mo eagluis féin (aedificabo), Eochairsg. 4.19 . gibé aiteóchas ar fhundaimint an chreidimh ór nó airgead, etc. (si quis superaedificat), 108.8 . ? si i ngach éineing átaighthir `it is imposed in every spot' (of a tax), TD 27.28 .

Note also: muna áitighe gurab bréag `unless you prove that it is a lie', Content. xvi 178 . Vn. áittiugad.

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

bóaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bóaire or dil.ie/6204

 

n (bó + 3 aire) lit. cow-noble, stock-master, stock-owner: Bairche boare Rossa R., . . . habitabat frequenter cum pecoribus suis, Trip. 422.13 . a tigh Blaithmaic boaire, Acall. 7432. B. . . . boaire Cormaic, Dinds. 113.

In Laws lowest of the three ancient divisions of rank in Irish law, rí, aire febe, b.¤ `corresponding roughly to . . . `king, lord and commoner', Críth G. p. 98. See Mac Neill, Law of Status, PRIA xxxvi (1923) C 267 . The b.¤ belongs to the grád Ḟéne as opposed to the aire febe who belongs to the grád ḟlatha , Laws v 290.14 - 16 Comm. Here grád Ḟéne denotes plebeian as opposed to noble rank of the grád ḟlatha (cf. Críth Gabl. loc. cit.). In a later seven-fold division the b.¤ is second lowest in rank of seven grades of the grád túaithe or `laymen grades,' Críth G. 10 , p. 98 , 99 . The b.¤ was originally the sole grade of the `commoners,' or freeholders recognized by Law, p. 77 , 98 , 99 . The mruigḟer ` farmer ' must be regarded as the ordinary b.¤ , p. 78 . The fodlai bóaireach `divisions' of the b., 16 - 18 , consisting of eight grades, in reality seven acc. to Binchy, who comprise the grád Ḟéne are a later development, p. 99 . The name b.¤ is translated ` noble of kine ' by MacNeill, loc. cit.; the compiler of Críth Gabl. understands that his status comes from his property in cattle: is dia búaib direnar, 329 ; Binchy prefers Thurneysen's suggstion that the name comes from the `bés' or annual food-rent of a cow paid by the b.¤ for a fief of stock, Laws ii 260.10 , see Críth G. p. 77 and Laws v 392.1 . The b.¤ is described as a man of hereditary property, with land to the extent of (the grazing of) ten cows: bo aire .i. fer selba bunaid, cona inud . . . do tir .x. mba lais, Laws iv 350.17 Comm. ingen in bo-airech, v 286.2 .i. in airi ac-a mbitt ba deach, 290.1 Comm. techta fuillema gill bo cach bo-airech ┐ cach occ-aireach: .iii. bae i cet-dithim a mbo side . . . bo i muin cacha bo otha suidiu, v 402.31 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, cenmotha seotu turcluide. Is e bes foloing boaire in sein, ii 260.10 . Of marriage contracts between children of the Féne grade (sc. the b.¤ ) and those of the Flaith grade (sc. the aire feibe), see v 290. 14-16 Comm. : is mo dlegar cethra do bo-airib oldas do airechuib ḟeibi, 286.6 . fo-suididter in ben lethda[i]m in fir . . .: Mad ben boairech, fo-suidithter ocairig; mad ben airech desa, fo-suidithear boairig, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 51 § 24. techta fuillema gill aicde airgit cach bo-airech for cuic dairtib direnar, Laws v 396.8 . fo-suidither (leg. fo-suidethar, ed.) boairi(g) an aile one `b.¤' entertains another, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 42 § 20. fosaigidh in boaire in mboairigh aile, Laws ii 380.16 Comm. fer fothlai . . . is é remibí bóairechaib insin, arindí fotlen a bóairechas di thaurchreic céile, Críth G. 249. na seagar im tellach mbo-aireach ach tri haidche bede cora la thuaith (glossed . . . bo-aire ar briugaid sin, 440.7 Comm. ), Laws v 438.23 . cateat fodlai bóaireach? Dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ aithech arathreba a deich ┐ b.¤ febsa ┐ m(b)ruigḟer ┐ fer fothlai ┐ aire coisring, Críth G. 16 - 18 . fodla febe tra: . . . mbruigḟear ┐ boairi tanaisi ┐ ogairi tuisi (glossed . . . taisech na n-ogaireach in boaire is taire, 80.11 Comm. ), Laws v 78.25 . rāidem fēne fírfodlaib / . . . / midbothaig, trí ōcairig, trí bōairig būain, ZCP v 499 § 6. ro saig set clithair enech bo-airech co ruicce cumal n-uinge, no boin nu-da-criad, Laws v 392.1 . dar ferunn in boaire .i. teora foirge ┐ urchar flescaidh, iv 126.10 Comm. acht certorba mboairech (glossed: acht mad ferann in boairech . . . .i. tir .iiii.ri .uii. cumal ro bui oc an boairig is ferr and), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 155.3 . cele tesbaidh do cach gradh . . . bo do bo-eirigh, Laws i 58.7 Comm. b.¤ febsa . . . ar is di búaib atá a airechas ┐ a eneclann, Críth G. 152. ? b.¤ gensa (see genas): mrugḟer . . . is é b.¤ réire breithe, b.¤ gensa, co cach inchruth a thige inna áttaib córaib, Críth G. 172. b.¤ medónach used of a person who represents the túath or the kin in dealings with a person outside them, or who carries out a seizure of property legally due to the túath or the kin from a person outside. In these external dealings he has the rank of a bóaire though he may have the rank of aire túise in internal dealings: dobeir cenel a slan na n-aidbhean .i. in tan nach biadh tobach. Boaire medonach sin ┐ is edh gabus do laimh, dul tar ceann na tuaithe re cach nduine amach ┐ dul re laimh im cach ní dlighfit amuigh do tobach doibh, ZCP xviii 380. 18 - 21 . (nasgaire) duine teit a nasgairecht . . . etir a fine (sic leg.) budein tall ┐ dara cend amach. Ma gabait a fine é budein a trebaire re laim, a[s] greim airech taisi gabus re a lucht fira itira fine budein tall ┐ greim boairech is ferr gabus tara cend immach, i-lleth re anfine sin, Cóic Con. 32 § 29.

1 brága

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brága or dil.ie/6482

 

Forms: brág(a)e, bráige, brághat, brágha, bráighi, brághaid, braiget

n earlier brág(a)e t. Also bráige. Later f. g s. na brághat , IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) , see also forms brágha bráighi f. in IGT s.v. 2 brága. Later n s. brághaid, ZCP v 211.5 (Midn. Court).

I

(a) neck, throat, gullet: bráge gl. ceruix, Sg. 50a10 . braga .i. bir-āga. Āige ainm bir. Nō bara āig í ar menci airlig na bragad, Corm. Y 161. braighe no muinél, SG ii 473.43 . to choise hi nglas, to braghat hi slabraith, Bürgschaft 23.4 (cf. Ériu xix 71 § 35 ). Morund nícon ruc breth cin sin ima braghuit `without . . . a chain around his neck', Laws i 24.25 Comm. gaī trīat brāgit . . . ro-loitt . . . féthi do brāgat, Sc.M² 14. in chráeb . . . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid, Fraech 202 . ba gilithir snechta oenaidchi a brági ┐ a chnes, TFerbe 44 . ór fo brāigtib, ZCP viii 302.28 . láma cáich dib dar brágait a céli, PH 1697. íar nglenamain cnáma bratan in a bragit when a salmon bone stuck in his throat, LU 4058. tachtad ar brágtib, 2426 . ron tart a b.¤ (: cána) his throat dried up, LL 21168. bat itadaigh na braichti (braigde, v.l.), CCath. 2579. geal a bhrāighdhe bán a b[h]onn, KMMisc. 362.3 . do-ratsat a lama tar braigit araile ┐ ro pocsat a cele, Grail 1094 . dod bhrághaid bháin, DDána 19.11 . an bhrágha dar bhean a glas the neck she (sc. Mary) freed from chains, 7.10 . atá do bhráighe mar thor ibhori, Cant. vii 4. dá nathair nimhe . . . timchioll a brághad, Mac Aingil 2732 .

Of animals, etc. fo brágit cech eich, Fraech 28 . im braigit na cethra, Laws i 142.13 Comm. i mbrágtib na n-ocht mbiast (of infernal monsters), LU 2156 ( FA 22 ). gabhus sí an mhuc ar bhrághaid `by the neck', Oss. vi 142.21 . ar fairsinge a bragat of its (a raven's) craw, O'Mulc. 122.

Fig. of persons: brágha chatha Choirrshléibhe `the vanguard of the troop of C.', O'Hara 1472. (of a warrior) brágha míonmhaicne Míleadh, DDána 73.36 .

Attrib. g s. huball braiget ` Adam's apple, thyroid cartilage ', Bretha 2A . Cf. ar mheall do bhrághad, Keat. Poems 1195. fri huball brāgad in chon, TBC-I¹ 524. cnocc bráget see cnocc. anagaidh . . . tuitim an tsine Ṡeaain ┐ na cat mbraghat quinsy (?), C IV 2, 30vb 17 (see Études Celt. iii 368 § 8 ). esbada brágat, see 1 esbaid.

Of other parts of the body: a cur a mbragaid an lésa neck of the bladder, O'Gr. Cat. 272.9. do chuir an cenn ele don cengal ima bhraighid `across his chest', Stair Erc. 1961. le himurcrachaib na sróna ┐ na bráighedh `of . . . the lungs— the chest' (Gloss.), Reg. San. 21 § ix . ra tescfaitis lim-sa bráigte fer for bráigte fer `trunks of men', TBC-LL² 4708 . (in rhet.) crennait brain braigte fer, 4603 . Hence by metonymy body, person; life (?). In legal contexts: a feronn ria na braighid, a braigh fa deoigh `his land (is forfeited) before his neck, his neck last', Laws iv 264.14 . Cf. a ferunn re na braighe `before his person' (of the order in which distraint is levied upon a debtor), ii 40.25 Comm. co tuctar [a lan] log a mbraigit doib dar a cenn (of selling misbegotten children), iii 540.21 Comm. tri .xx. unga do or . . . ┐ lan logh braghad in treas oeitire `full compensation for the life of', AU i 560.13 .

(b) Extended applications: gabul fo brāigit neck (of a spear), Fing. R. 1011. a dhā c[h]raīsigh . . . co m[b]unc[h]oraib óir deirg im a bhráighdib, ML² 1485. darsin mbragait `over the neck' (of a harp), Lism. L. xiv 32 . braigit na linne millrace , Todd Nenn. 200.5 . (of a sea strait) isin mbráighit cumaing bui eiter in cuan ┐ in fairrgi, CCath. 1379. as don fhocal ēns[h]iolla sin goirthear `bráighe' i.e. the monosyll. at the end of even lines in metre sédna, Graim. 3638. In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s. braig- , bragad , bragaid .

II In prepositional phrases. fo braigit na Samhna `at the approach of', ALC ii 134.6 . fa bhrághaid Mhathghamhna in the presence of M., PCT 642. suidhe i dTeamhraigh 'na rígh fa bhrághaid Néill supplanting N. as king, Keat. ii 6263. do thogair D. an mac do b'óige don dís teacht fá bhrághaid a dhearbhráthar, 2841 . foesamh graid flatha tar braigit fini to the prejudice of (?), Laws iv 208. 25 Comm. manab tar braghait fine `against the will of', 288.21 Comm. gerruis clann R. an tslighe tar bhrághuid clann I. `made their way in front of . . .', Rel. Celt. ii 200.28 . tucastar . . . ceithri coisceimenda dochum araile tar braigit na sleg past, Acall. 4734.

In phr. gaibid for (ar) brágait takes prisoner or captive (? lit. by the neck, cf. 2 brága): gabaid [Ísu Críst] for bragaid Sattan, PH 3925. gabais ar braigtib eat uile `took them all prisoners', RC ix 16 § 6.

Compds. With adjj. Eochaid gunnat .i. Eochaid bragfhada, SG ii 473.42 . an gruaidhghil bind brágaitghil, Ériu iv 214.8 . As subst. an bhraighidgheal `the fair-breasted lady', O'Rah. 224.23.

cetaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cetaigid or dil.ie/8878
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cetugad, cetaigthe

v g (cet)

(a) permits, allows; grants : ba holc opair / uair nach fer cotaig ro chetaig, LL 23362 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 102.2 ). cedaichmaidne ar n-oidid d'faghbail we are prepared to die, YBL 142b19 = PH 2685 . crochadh Peadair . . . / nach fíor gur cheadaigh sé sin?, Dán Dé xxvi 48 . 's sé nar cheaduigh / gan Gh. 's é i n-éinleabaidh he insisted that, DDána 77.18 . do chedaich Dia ar flaith bhFabhair / ainm apsdail, Magauran 2259 . mé id chaithir gur cheadaighe / do chaithimh ar gcodaine, PBocht 19.16 .

(b) With follg. DO: nī duit-siu tra ro cetaigid na manaig ūt, BColm. 26 § 27 . cetaid si sin dam allow that to me, Fier. 72 . ní cetuighter dhamh ferunn , Lism. L. 2891 . ro cetaig Dia do-sam in rige-sin, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 .

With Vn. constr.: ro chetaig Dia dóib malle / tusmiud co cóir a clainde, LL 17404 . ro cetaig do cach a n-arma do gabáil `permitted', CCath. 4612 . in cetaigi damsa ni don usci do bhreith lim?, RC xxiv 198.1 . ro cetaigh do M. comaitreib fris, CCath. 1161 . an mhéad do cheideóchadh dlige[dh] dóibh do chongbáil, Ériu i 79 § 4 .

Somet. appar. with force of orders, commands , but exx. not conclusive: cetaighes don ech usci dul isin linn, RC xii 348 § 42 . mar dhacheaduigh Dia dun, xiv 56 § 69 . in úair chetaighus Día dó, xxiv 377.4 . ní damh ro cedaigh Día beith sunn, BNnÉ 293 § 13 . do cetaig don righain ┐ dia hinailt beith 'na da cuirr 'he willed the queen and her maid to become two cranes', BCC² 245 § 6 (cf. 1 cet (b)).

(c) seeks permission, asks leave : nóco cetaigi do lucht in tṡída, Acall. 6840 . cid nár chedaigebar damsa? why did you not ask my permission? SG 60.26 . doceadaigh L. da hoide . . . dol ar cúairt dochum a hathar, Ériu v 78.5 . ceadaighios an compánach don athair an sparán do thōgbhāil asked the father's permission to pick up the purse, Beatha S. F. 2177 .

Note: rochetaig-sium `he bade farewell', TTebe 3179 .

Vn. cetugad. Part. cetaigthe.

? coimlecce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? coimlecce or dil.ie/10232

 

n coimhlecce itir fomuilt in ferunn ┐ in fiach eloithi, Laws v 500.27 Comm. ? For -loighi, Plummer MS. notes.

dead

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dead or dil.ie/14812
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: deud, dead, deoid, diaid, diud, deoaid, diud, dead, diaid, diaid, diaid, dead, dead, deád, deod, deogh, diad, deid, dead, i ndead, dé, déid, deoidh, -deóidh, -deóigh, diad, díad, ndiad, ndiag, diat, diaid, díaid, diáid, diaig, diaigh, diud, díud, diúdh, diuid, diuidh, diúidh, deud, déud, diaid, deugh, deod, deód, deódh, deodh, déod, deog, deut, déu, deo, dé, deid, déidh, -déidh, -déigh, deoid, déoid, deóid, deóid, deoaid, deoig, diud, díud, diú, diae, dead-, deod-, déod-, deog-, ded-, Dead, diad., Dead, dofeid

n o, n. and ā, f. Neuter gender proved by Sg. 162 a 7 : ní cumscichther dead nindib, and Ériu iii 100 § 22 : diad naidche (Rule of Ailbe). In the 9th century still disyllabic, in the latter half of the 10th century monosyllabic. In early Mid.-Ir. poetry occasionally disyllabic to meet the requirements of the metre.—The ā-inflexion dates back to the Wb. glosses (13 d 9 ; cf. Sg. 212 a 13 ). fo hírdiuid (: triuin), SR 3984 .

DISYLLABIC: deud, Fél. Prol. 220 . dead, LL 135 a 24 (poem ascribed to Mael Muire Othna †887). deoid, Reicne Fothaid Chanainne (late 9th century), Fianaig. 16. 18 . diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 (Broccán's Hymn). dead, SR 2829 . diud, ib. 3087 . Rawl. 46 a . deoaid, Gorm. Feb. 24 (Mid.-Ir.). diaid, FB § 71 (ambiguous).

MONOSYLLABIC: diud, SR 1568 . dead, LU 51 b 41 (poem ascribed to Cinaed Ua Hartacáin †975). diad (v.l. ded), Rule of Ailbe (10th century), Ériu iii 100 § 22 . diaid ZCP iii 22. 31 (poem from A.D. 982, ascribed to MacCosse). diaid, LL 143 a 41 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Chomded, 12th century). diaid, LL 144 a 48 (poem ascribed to Gilla in Choimded Ua Cormaic, 12th century). Cf. further diaid, Acall. 2508. 3369 . ZCP v 24 § 11 , viii 114. 11 . déidh ZCP iv 237. 16 . dead, ib. iii 19. 36 , all poems in Mid.-Ir. language.

RHYMES: deäd: gleäd, SR 2829 . deäd: gleëd, LL 135 a 24 . diüd: triür, Rawl. 46 a . diüd: biüd, SR 3087 ; but monosyllabic diud: biud, SR 1568 . deöig: gleöad (gleoaid, leg.), Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). Monosyll. diaid: gliaid, LL 144 a 48 . ZCP vi 269 . st 11 . diaid: riad SR 595 . : criaid, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = 3 C 13, 558. 7 . deoid: ceol, LL 146 a 26 . deóid: eóil, Cog. 54. 18 ; 3 C 13, 558. 1 . deóigh: aieóir, ib. 591. 6 . deoidh: móir, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . déidh: éill, ib. 112 .

INFLEXION (for mod. forms cf. also II a, d, e below): n s. (a) dead, Sg. 162 a 7 . LL 135 a 24 . ZCP iii 19. 36 . deád LU 51 b 41 . deod, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . (b) diad, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . —g s. deid, BB 330 a 41 . —a s. (a) dead, SR 2829 . LL 245 b 24 . TBC-LL¹ 1225 Y. i ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . AU A.D. 772 . Sg. 1 a 5 . 11 b 4 . 18 b 2 . 77 a 9 . dé, O'Curry Trs. déid: deig, FDG 376 . déid, ZCP iv 237. 16 and common in mod. poetry. deod: deog, Ériu ii 174. 12 ; co deo[d] = mod. go deo. deoid, Fianaig. 16. 18 . deoidh, Ech. Am. Móir 578 . Mod. -deóidh, -deóigh. (b) diad, Ml. 23 c 16 . 119 a 4 . Laws iv 366. 1 . díad, Mon. Tall. 139 . 20 . i ndiad , Ml. 17 c 6 . 20 b 4 . 22 a 8 . 35 b 23 . 35 d 11 . 40 c 2 . 42 b 5 . 45 b 3 - 4 , 9 . 48 b 9 . 50 c 5 . 53 c 14 . 63 a 7 . 65 a 12 . 65 b 5 . 75 c 8 . 89 a 8 . 103 b 11 . 91 d 7 . 100 c 2 . 111 c 9 . 127 a 12a . Tur. 131 . Mon. Tall. 131. 15 . i ndiag , Laws i 22. 26 . diat (before s): inna d. sen, Anecd. iii 50. 1 v.l.— diaid, Thes. ii 340. 3 . LL 143 a 41 . 144 a 48 . LB 231 a 3 . FB §§ 65 , 70 , 71 . TBC-LL¹ 695 . 893 . 1000 . 1030 . Laws i 152. 1 f.b. ; v 480. 23 . RC xxiv 180. 20 ; xxix 220 . ZCP iii 22. 31 . Acall. 2175 . 2508 . 2567 . 3369 . 3407 . 3866 . 4069 . 4533 . 4610 . 5397 . 6044 . Cog. 154. 10 . MacCarthy 126. 0 . CCath. 69. 3401 . Fianaig. 54. 5 . PH pass. díaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 . BB 415 b 21 . diáid, FB § 70 . SCC § 20 , § 46 . FA § 31 . TBC-LL¹ 923 . LL 242 a 40 . diaig, Laws i 22. 13 sq. ZCP i 372. 24 ; v 24 § 11 ; viii 114. 11 . RC v 200 § 14 . diaigh, RC xviii 292. 15 . TBC-LL¹ 686 v.l. &c. diud: díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diúdh, AFM v 2036. 12 . diuid: diuidh, ib. 1926. 5 f.b. diúidh, i 290. 5 f.b.d s. (a) deud, Wb. 3 b 28 . 13 b 3 . Thes. ii 44. 10 . Sg. 9 b 21 . 93 b 8 . Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . LL 249 b 27 . déud, Fél. Prol. 220 (v.l. diaid). deugh, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. deod: deód, FB § 83 , § 90 , 91 . IT i 257. 2 . LU 112 b 4 . LL 126 a 1 . deódh, AFM v 1748. 9 . deodh, ib. vi 1428. 2 . déod, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. deog, RC xii 64. 22 ; xiii 28. 19 . deut, Thes. ii 44. 10 . déu, Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . deo, LL 220 b 31 . Laws v 196. 13 . TTr. 26 . dé, TBC-LL¹ 1488 Y. deid, Wb. 13 d 9 . Sg. 212 a 13 . déidh, Ech. Am. Móir 112 . -déidh, -déigh, mod. poetry. deoid: CCC § 5 Eg. Mon. Tall. 140. 29 . Laws i 26. 10 ; ii 134. 15 ; iii 130. 22 . LL 146 a 26 . IT i 100. 19 . ZCP iii 36. 1 . RC xxiv 174. 10 ; 200. 18 . MacCarthy 68 . 12 . PH pass. déoid, TBC-LL¹ 1897 . deóid (sic), Cog. 54. 18 . deóid, ScM. § 12 . FA § 3 , § 22 . Ériu iii 137. 48 . PH pass. deoaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 (disyllabic). deoig Mon. Tall. 135. 18 , 153. 22 . Laws v 172. 2 f.b. Anecd. i 47 st 1 (YBL). deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . Laws ii 40. 7 f.b. Cog. 40. 16 &c. (b) diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . 40 a 15 . BCr. 18 d 1 . Thes. ii 44. 15 . SR 3087 (: biüd), 1568 (monosyll.). Rawl. 46 a (: triür). Trip. 72. 3 . RC xxiv 147. 12 . díud, Trip. 124. 18 . diú, Mon. Tall. 138. 29 . diae, Laws v 368. 11 .—COMPS. dead- RC xxv 28. 3 . deod-, déod-, MacCarthy 280. 5 . AFM iv 778. 4 . deog-, MacCarthy 302. 19 . ded-, v. dedól.

Dead as an independent word was becoming obsolete at the beginning of the Mid.-Ir. period, and words like deired, cenn, and forcenn took its place. It was preserved, however, in prepositional phrases; but the o-inflexion gave way to the ā-inflexion, which latter seems as old as the Wb glosses (see above). The acc. sg. remained intact in the phrase co deod = mod. go deo. The change from the o- to the a- inflexion was facilitated by the parallel phrase i ndigaid (i ndegaid) which in Mid.-Ir., apart from the slender -d, was bound to fall together with diad. Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid, then, seems a contamination of Oir. i ndiad and i ndígaid; both render Lat. proinde ( .i. i ndígaid sin, Ml. 71 b 11 ; .i. i ndiad sin, Ml. 65 a 12 , 75 c 8 ; .i. inna diad, ib. 63 a 7 ); corresponding to Sg. 77 a 9 : mac i ndead a athar, Wb. 30 b 14 has: maic i ndegaid a nathre. Mid.-Ir. has i ndegaid (i ndegaid a athar, MacCarthy 282 , 11 f.b. ) and i ndiaid; but there is no trace of a Mid.-Ir. i ndígaid. In a phrase like the following: táinic in rechtaire i ndíaid in áil the steward came to get the fork RC xxix 220. 7 , díaid should be traced to Oir. dígaid rather than to diad.

ORIGIN: Dead, i.e. †de-vedo-, is a cpd. of prep. de, as the interchange dead: diad (cf. degaid: dígaid) shows, and an old vn. of †de-ved leads off or out, the opposite of †to-ved leads on, Oir. dofeid. For †de-fed cf. do-díat (i.e. †dí-ved-s-t) translating Lat. inducat Ml. 35 c 30 (dum-dísed diducet ib. 78 b 18 , dan-diat deducit eum Sg. 77 a 4 ), and interchanging with de-, as in dead: dusn-deraid (†de-ro-fáid) transl. eduxit, Ml. 99 b 13 . Cf. dered `end,' orig. vn. of †de-reth-. Thus tuus and dead spring from one and the same root. To fedid as the root of dead also point the adjectives didenach, dedenach, probably derivatives from a vn. †diden (cf. air-diden, tu-diden), cf. fedan, deidine.—Stokes' derivation, Sprachschatz 144 , is wrong.

I End, conclusion, utmost limit , as the opposite to tuus or tossach, usually referring to time or serial order. deod .i. deired, Lec. Gl. 432 . deogh .i. deradh, C I 2, fo. 30 b . ó thossach co déidh, ZCP iv 237. 16 . ó thossuch co dead, LL 245 b 24 . ó thús co deig, FDG 376 . diud at the end of: diud noichtich, BCr. 18 d 1 .

(a) dead aidche the end of the night: dofil deoidh na haidchi, Fianaig. 16. 18 . iarméirge cert la sruithi diad naidchi tossach laithi, Ériu iii 100 § 22 . d s. deud aidche at the end of the night: laithe nand atraig deud aidche (v.l. diud a., RC xxiv 147. 12 ) LL 249 b 27 .

(b) dead lái the end of the day, the evening : ria ndeód lái, FB § 90 . ré ndeo lái, LL 220 b 31 . TTr. 261. 321 (ndéo). a mbátar and co deód lái co tráth na faire, FB § 83 . rorádi a ara friss imm díud lái, Trip. 124. 18 . d s. deud lái at the end of the day, at eventide : tic Find don ḟuarboith déod lái, Corm. 34. 6 f.b. tapair na trí scitle si deog læi do Chridenbél, RC xii 64. 22 . amal robátar and tráth nóna deód lái, FB § 91 . LU 112 b 4 . trath nóna deog lái, RC xiii 28. 19 . taisbenad inna flede deód lái, FB § 91 . LL 126 a 1 . deugh lói, RC xiv 453. 2 f.b. arcesi scís a láma diud lái, Trip. 72. 3 . ind sailm aurnaigi déu lái the evening psalms of prayer Mon. Tall. 129. 5 . ic crosfigil diú laoi, ib. 138. 29 . Also in the FM in archaizing language: lodar ó Áth Seanaigh deodhlaoí, v 1428. 2 . doluidh deódhlaoí láiṁ re Sionainn, ib. 1748. 9 .—For diae, Laws v 368. 11 : diae inn laei aircendai at the end of the appointed day, read diud.

(c) dead bliadnae the end of a year, d.¤ fogmair the end of the autumn. Arch. in FM: co diúidh teora mbliadhan, AFM i 290. 5 f.b. go diuidh mbliadhna, vi 1926. 5 f.b. ní roionnsaigh cechtar nae díobh aroile go diúdh foghṁair, ib. 2036. 12 .

(d) dead in domain the end of the world: co tici dead in domuin, ZCP iii 19. 36 . rosuigidead na cána so ó thosach domain co diaig to the end (`go deo'), Laws v 480. 23 . indiu déud domain (v.l. diaid), Fél. Prol. 220 .

(e) the end of life: Issac fri dead náissi: glead gníma glangáisse, SR 2829 .

(f) the end of a numeral series: ocht ṁbliadna déc... acht fil co diaid in míle, ZCP iii 22 st 36 .

(g) the conclusion of a book, a psalm, a chapter , &c.: hua sunt conrici diad in tsailm from here to the end of the psalm Ml. 119 a 4 . hi tosuch in tsailm...┐ ised dano tadbat inna diud, ib. 40 a 15 . ó `dixi custodiam' co díad (sc. of the psalm) Mon. Tall. 139. 20 . corrici diat[h], ib. 139. 25 . crónic ...inti medon ┐ tossach ┐ dead, LL 135 a 24 .

(h) grammatically: Auslaut, the end of a word, as opposed to tossach `Anlaut'; transl. Lat. finis: in principio mouentur .i. ní cumscichther dead nindib, Sg. 162 a 7 .

(i) FIG. ní thoracht Cormac déad na fírinni rodfír, LU 51 b 41 .

(k) IDIOM. ó thús diaid from the beginning to the end: adfiadat a scéla ó tús díaíd dó, BB 415 b 21 . ó thúis deireadh is still usual (W.K.).

II PREP. PHRASES.

A Prep. governing the accusative.

(a) co dead frequent in the phrase ó thús co d.¤ , v. above I, c, d, f, g; esp. co deod (originally the d s.), mod. go deo (in all districts), like choidhche, go héag, go bráth of future time, to the end, always : beidh sé gan ṁaith go deo he will be no good any more. sin é an buachaill gan eagla go deo (W.K.). faire go deó rú!, Midnight court 418 . Most frequently with a negative = never: ní thiocfaidh sé taobh liom go deo airíst; ní ḟéadfainn é go deo; ní bheidh sé agut go deo (W.K.). For Aran cf. Finck ii 86 .—co dé .i. co bráth, O'Curry Trs.

(b) fri dead, v. I e.

(c) fo diad last, after verba movendi: in ordine secunda ponuntur .i. inna hí batar buthi ar thuus dusrale fo diad, Ml. 23 c 16 .

(d) i ndead, i ndiad; Mid.-Ir. i ndiaid (rarely i ndeod, Ériu ii 174. 12 ). Eclipsis abandoned in Mid.-Ir. Cf. Acall. 2567 . YBL 179 b 3 . FB § 71 . In Mod.-Ir. a great variety of forms: i ndiaidh in all districts except the north (where as in Scotland déidh is used). In Kerry the following forms are heard: i ndiaig (-g from -idh), i ndeoig; i ndia, i ndeo' (i ndeodhadh), esp. before the particle san: na dhia san, but na dhiaig sin; i ndéig (na dhéig sin), na dhé' san. Very frequent is na dheabhaig sin (na dheabha san) thereafter, perhaps a contamination of i ndeoig and i ndeaghaig (still in use). Don. déidh is by Quiggin Dial. Don. § 162 traced to Oir. dead, degaid.

(α) of serial order, after, following after. Often synonymous or interchanging with i ndegaid. Corresponding to Lat. sequens, consequens: sequenti uocali .i. i ndead in deoguir bís sin chétna sillaib, Sg. 18 b 2 . de spiritali consequenti eos petra .i. a nail inna ndead, Wb. 11 a 17 . turbae quae sequebantur: na buidne robátar ina dhiaid, PH 4625 . 4575 ( ib. 4383 i ndegaid in the same phrase). Opposed to Lat. praecedens and pronominal cpds. with ré n-: praecedenti, gl. buithe inna diad, Ml. 35 b 23 . dá charpat rempe díb ┐ dá charpat na diaid following her (sc. Medb) TBC-LL¹ 695 ; same phrase Acall. 3866 . —is i ndiadet dixisti' dutiagat `come after Ml. 111 c 9 . bó i ndiaid (v.l. i ndíad) ind lóig, Thes. ii 340. 3 . beith i ndiaid to follow Laws i 152. 1 f.b. —MOD. ní hé sin tá uaim ach an ceann na dhiaig sin airíst the one immediately following (of a chapter in a book).

(β) after, in succession to; often translating Lat. successio, post. Type: macc i ndead a athar, Sg. 77 a 9 . Synon. i ndegaid. cen macc i ndeog a athar for Érinn co bráth, Ériu ii 174. 12 (v.l. a ndiaid, Rawl.); but: maic i ndegaid a nathre, Wb. 30 b 14 . in baile seo do fognum dó ┐ dá muintir ina diaid, Acall. 5397 . Iugaine a ndiaid Eirimoin, ib. 2567 . 2508 . Acall. 4969 . Cf. Laws i 22. 13 sq. , 26 . successionem generis .i. inna diad, Ml. 127 a 12a .— is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna nísel, Ml. 40 c 20 . léic foraindi ┐ forár maccu inár ṅdiaid a fuil ┐ a dígal PH 2947 . atruacht Gamut a ndiaig I., ZCP viii 114. 11 .— Often opposed to remi: coná bói remut nách hi[d] diaid ríg bas eolchu indái, PH 3968 . 3970 . roiṁe ┐ i ndiaidh bídh, Donlevy 392. 6 ; 120. 3 ; iv 21 ; i nd. a bháis, ib. 27. 19 — ardor solis...deirmess mór inna dead following on it AU A.D. 772 . post illos, gl. i ndead inna ní sin, Sg. 1 a 5 .

cách i nd. alaili one after the other (= diaid i ndiaid, μ): continua successione .i. cách díb i ndiad alaili, Ml. 42 b 5 . 72 b 27 . nosdíbairg na trí coecta snáthat cách i ndiaid araili díb, FB 65 . d. araili id.: berid secht cluichi diaig aroili RC v 200 § 14 . —Cf. mod. cách i ndiaidh a chéile.

(γ) with 3 sg. poss. pron. and the demonstr. particle sin = thereafter, thereupon ; often synonymous with iarum, iarsin, annsin. i ndiad sin, transl. proinde, Ml. 65 a 12 . 75 c 8 (synon. i ndigaid sin, gl. proinde, Ml. 71 b 11 ); transl. etiam, Ml. 20 b 7 (wrongly corrected by the editors to inna d. s.).—Cf. the mod. Sc. an déigh sin, an déigh so afterwards. inna diad, transl. proinde, Ml. 63 a 7 . Mid.-Ir. na diaid, na d.¤ sin. inda diaid, Mon. Tall. 131. 12 . inda diad sin, ib. 131. 15 . atchúala ina diáid guth ind aingil, FA § 31 . doberthea a chlann co Brian ina diaid afterwards RC xxiv 180. 20 . roeirgedar maccáim re hescradaib...┐ rodíanscáilit lind do chách ina diaid sin, Acall. 4610 . ina diaid thereupon PH 857 . 1144 . 2890 . Donlevy vii 26 ; xviii 10 ; 270. 7 . go haithghearr na dhiaidh shortly after ib. 456. 21 . trí míosa na dhiáigh sin three months after Bedel Gen. xxxviii 24 . mór chian na dhiaigh sin, OCL 20. 1 .—Very frequent in mod. lang.: tamall na dhiaigh sin shortly after.

(δ) i ndead, inna dead, idiomatically as a term of reference = below, further on, referring to something more explicitly defined in what follows. i ndead: duo possuit necessaria, gl. asbeir i ndiad which he mentions further on Ml. 50 c 5 . ib. 45 b 9 . duplicis salutis auctor Ezechiae fuit Deus .i. a nasbeir i ndiad as he says below ib. 48 b 9 . Here also Ml. 35 d 11 : iste inquam &c. .i. i ndiad, and 103 b 11 : nihil inquam &c. , gl. i ndiad, where indiad by Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 , and Stokes, Thes. i 717 a , is wrongly explained as a verbal form translating Lat. inquam; in both instances the glossator omitted the usual `asbeir,' as it might be understood from the Lat. inquam to which he added his gloss. inna dead; as the parallel phrases im d.¤ , inár nd.¤ show, inna contains the 3 sg. m. (f.): issed són desimrechtaigedar som namma inna dead it is this which he exemplifies below Sg. 11 b 4 . imchomarc insin huile ┐ ishǽ a thuassulcud in comthod talmaidech asber inna diad .i. prohibe &c. , Ml. 53 c 14 . ib. 22 a 8 . 65 b 5 . 89 a 8 . 100 c 2 . inna ndiad immediately after Ml. 91 d 7 , where the plural refers to `dispensationes.' With following sís: issí in míimbert asbeir inna diad sís, Ml. 17 c 6 . ib. 45 b 3 .—neut. do réir mar cuirthear síos é na dhiaidh so (i.e. in the following chapter), Donlevy 392. 7 . it dead, orig. after you (viz. the reader), i.e. below: conad impi sein tarla etarru ar marbad Hectair itiáid, LL 272 a 40 . TTr. 1900 . More usually the 1 sg. or pl. is employed: im dead, inár ndead: amal atá inár ndiaidh, MacCarthy 126 o . IT iii 69 § 17 . mar indeósus in scél inár ndiaidh as the story will tell afterwards CCath. 69 . —Cf. also Donlevy xxi 1 f.b. : an teagasc Crísduighe si nár ndiaidh. —The phrase is still in use.—Synon. inár ndegaid, diár néis ( Sg. 195 a 2 ).

(ε) after verba movendi, after , denoting the aim or object of many verbs, syn. i ndegaid, i nindsaigid. dol (techt, &c.) i nd. to follow: luid in mac bec na ndíaid dia nimdibe, TBC-LL¹ 923 . dolotar i nd. Atharni, YBL 179 b 3 . tibra itá i Loch Con...téit na diaig intan tráiges, ZCP v 24 § 11 . ragaid Líban it diáid, SCC § 20 . tángadur cách ina diaid, Acall. 2175 . marcsluaigh...ag dul nár ndiaigh OCL 25. 12 . an tí rénar toil teacht im dhiaidh se diúltadh é féin, TSh. 222. 25 . to approach : ag dol i nd. deiridh decaying , a common phrase = ag d. chum deiridh, W.K. follow with intent to overtake, pursue : go dtigidh tóir id dhéidh, Ech. Am. 112 . ac teacht le fíochniṁ ina ndeoidh, ib. 578 . rith i nd. to run after: nobered rith báise na ndiaid, TBC-LL¹ 893 . ceangailte do neithib saoghalta ┐ ag rioth na ndiaidh, Donlevy x 2 . gabáil i nd. to pursue : gabmáidne uile a ndiaid ind óclaig, Acall. 6044 . dorónsat airbirt tenn a ndiaid a comalta, ib. 3407 . rolebling léim ina diaid sum, FB 70 . cur i nd. to send against (or to): rocuired D. ndiaid (= i nd.) na muinter día narcain, Cog. 154. 10 . docuiredh teachta uatha ina dhiaidh, OCT 54.21 . ag drud na ndéoigh approaching them 3 C 13, 591. 6 . to throw after: docer a samthig inna diad, Tur. 131 . focerd ceirtle ana ndiaidh, RC x 68. 7 . to call, shout after: doriugart Georgi a ndiaid na míled, PH 1335 . Cf. Sc. chuir misi nan déidh mo ghlaodh, Macd. 325 b .

(ζ) buith i nd.¤ (a) with a personal subject: to be after, i.e. to seek, to look for, try to get, pursue. bái sium a ndiaidh a athardha he persevered in his endeavours to recover his patrimony AFM vi 2094. 5 . in lucht marbta ro bai ina n-diaidh-siumh, CCath. 5763 . 5768 . dḟosgail sé é is thóig sé leis an rud a raibh sé na dhiaidh which he was looking for Súil Uí Dhubhda 4. 19 . is mian leis bheith a ndiagh a thoile, Ériu v 128 § 27 . Cf. táinic...a ndiaidh an áil to get the fork RC xxix 220 . —(b) with neuter subj. to be left, spared: sgriosag an tír is níl na ndiaig acht flíoch is fiadhaile Midnight court 79 .

(η) with verbs like slaodaim, tarraigim, stracaim I drag or trail after me: siubhail nó stracfad san lathaig am dhiag, Midnight court 134 . —Synon. i ndegaid, TBC-LL¹ 1924 .

(θ) after in the foll. phrases: as marb uile Fianna...olc atú a ndiaid na ríg rán, Acall. 3369 . co cend trí lá nícon reilgthe láig dia mbúaib ina diaid, Ériu i 120 § 13 (`to commemorate him,' Meyer). nach dleaghair do neach cuṁa do dhéanaṁ i ndiaidh an tí théidh uaidh, TSh. 238. 16 . tá sé anuaigneach i ndiaidh a ṁic (W.K.).—Synon. i ndegaid.

(ι) behind : féach id dhiaigh, transl. respice post te, TSh. 15. 2 ; very common after fácbaid to leave something behind one: dfág sé an raṁan na dhiaidh he left the spade behind him (W.K.). Numerous exx. Finck ii 81 .

(κ) since : leo so dorinneadh na cinidheacha annsa doṁan a ndiaigh na díleann, Bedel Gen. x 32 .

(λ) with vb. ` bind': to bind or fix sth. to a thing in motion , as a ship or a chariot. noscengland Cuchulainn Ercoil i ndiáid a charpait leis, FB § 70 . cenglathar err trén tnúthach i nd. erri óencharpait, ib. 71 . ceanglaidhidh an toiléan sin (sc. Éire)...a ndiaigh bhur long, OCT 9.4 .

(μ) idioms: diaid i ndiaid one after another = cách i ndiaid alaili (d, β). Of persons and actions: ré nói ríg déc diaid i ndiaid in continuous succession LL 144 a 48 . amal rachansam cech cert diaid i ndiaid, ib. 143 a 41 . a rígha ┐ a thóisigh diaigh a ndiaigh forin leith sin doréir a ndualgus, ZCP i 372. 24 . tángatur in fían...muin ar ṁuin ┐ druim ar dhruim ┐ d. i nd. da innsaige, Fianaig. 54. 5 . re tri lá d. a nd. for three successive days CCath. 3401 . dá chreich diaigh a ndiaigh la gallaib for muintir Sercacháin RC xviii 292. 15 . rochuir in dá chroich diaid i ndiaid forin marb, LB 231 a 3 . a bhara fa gach aon aca bás dḟulang diaidh i ndhiaidh, TSh. 4.21 . san aois féin lé ngadtar bríogha an chuirp d. i nd. go gcuireann an bás fa ghréim fa dheóigh é, ib. 67. 7 . na ndeighḟer ndiongmála lás ro hernaidhmeadh í diaidh i ndiadh, AFM vi 2048. 15 . baí an tíarla ac dol i ndaoinib d. i nd. gaining more and more people to his side ib. vi 2082. 14 . ib. 2234. 15 . naoi ccéd bliadhain deóigh a ndeóigh, 3 C 13, 558. 1 . ib. 368. 15 .—In sp. l. superseded by diaid ar ndiaid or i nd. ar nd.: do cailleadh iad go léir i ndiaidh ar ndiaidh (or d. i. nd.), W.K. do thuiteadar go léir i nd. ar nd. na gcodladh, Éinín órdha 2. 7 . Syn. cenn i cenn, druim ar druim.

i ndiaidh a chinn, i nd. mo chinn, &c. A modern idiom = headlong : do thuit sé a ndiaidh a chinn, Tor. Dh. Oss. 87 n. 3 . an taos óg aibriosc do theilgean a ndiaidh a gcinn a mbealach a mbasgaidhthe, Donlevy xviii 25 . ag imtheacht i ndiaidh a chinn without thinking, without reflecting, W.K.—dochunnaic ar tús ar dorus ifirn croinntighi ┐ na pecthaid aga píanadh inntu ┐ drem díbh aga crochadh a ndiaidh a coss (hung by their feet) ┐ dream eile a ndiaidh a láṁ ┐ drem ele a ndiaidh a folt ┐ dream a ndiaidh a teangthadh ┐ drem ele [a n]diaidh a raigthidh, Lib. Flav. ii 38 vo b 15 . an tráth dochaithfinn an tsleagh...a ndiaidh a buna (sic leg.) is a hurloinn, Brooke and R. 268. 15 - 16 .

dul i nd. a láime, mod. idiom, to go to the bad Dinneen.

na dhiaidh sin is uile, mod. idiom (also Sc.), all the same: d'imthig sé ródhianach ach na dh. s. i. u. do bhuail an tiasc leis. Also na dheabha san is uile ; cf. Manx na ili, ny yeih nevertheless. Syn. marsin féin.—Cf. e ζ.

B Prep. governing the dative.

(e) fo deud, fo diud ; Mid.-Ir. fo deoid. Mod. : fé dheoig, fé dheoig sin, fé dheo'san (fé dheabha san, see d above), W.K. synon. fé deireadh.—Translates `in fine' Sg. 9 b 21 . quasi sterquilinium in fine perdetur : trascérthar fa deóid amal salchar, PH 6063 .

(α) at last, in the end, ultimately , subsequent to all else in occurrence (but ina diad subsequent to what immediately precedes). Often, as the final link in a series of events, introduced by ar thuus, and continued by iarum, iarsin, iartain, ina diaid, &c. Opp. ar thuus, hi tuus : roét som sochaidi hi tús róslá úad uli fo deoig, Mon. Tall. 135. 18 . ar tús...iartain...fa deo, Laws v 196. 13 . cael dóib ar thús in drochet lethan imurro fo deóid, FA §§ 22 , 23 . co gránna ar tús ┐ álaind fa deoid, RC xxiv 200. 18 . dot ṡroigled for tús...┐ dot chrochad fa deoid, PH 2851 . ar tús...fa deóid, ib. 2142 . MOD. ar dtúis (a dtúis)...fé dheoigh.— ní fuair ní do biud...fo diud acht lubai in talman, SR 1568 . fo diud, ib. 3087 . ructha fo diud...a triur i mBabilóin, Rawl. 46 a . crosfigild iarum fa deud, Mon. Tall. 138. 14 . a cétul uli fa deoid, ib. 140. 29 . is and dothuit fo deoid, Laws ii 124. 15 . is éicean dó in ferann dḟácbáil fo deoid, iii 130. 22 . a ferunn rena braighe a braighe fo deoigh last of all, ii 40. 7 f.b. v 172. 2 f.b. fo deoaid in degbuaid, Gorm. Febr. 24 . a natberi sin fo déoid what you said last TBC-LL¹ 1897 . loinges O. ┐ loinges L. ┐ loinges na hingine Ruaide fa dheoigh, Cog. 40. 16 . ScM. § 12 . silled ┐ comrád iarum tadall na tam iarsin in gním fén (adultery) fa deoid, PH 7809 . nonbéra fa deoid do aittreb na flatha nemda, ib. 5358 . ib. 4297 . 4201 . 1679 . 1916 . 2656 . 6651 . 7221 . toibéchar fair co díchondirclech fa deoid ó Dia, ib. 4113 . an cholann do chur i nuaim úrghránna...do dheanaṁ talṁan dí fa dheóigh, TSh. 32. 28 ; ib. 67. 8 ; 222. 13 . fa dheóigh damnughud síorruidhe, Donlevy 148. 24 . dofuair bás fá dheoidh a gc&rdot;ann na croiche, ib. 32. 24 ; 364. 5 . neaṁaithrighe fá dheoidh final impenitence, one of the sins against the Holy Ghost, ib. 176. 15 ; 180. 3 , 17 .

(β) at last, at length , in a weakened sense, sometimes interchanging with iarsin thereupon . Often hardly distinguishable from (α). rofaillsiged dano fó deóid do Adamnán &c. (v.l. iarsin LB) FA § 3 . fortamlaigid in leoman fo deoid (v.l. andsein) forsin triur aili, RC xxiv 174. 10 . rolen in cullach ┐ dorug air fo deoigh, ZCP vi 78. 24 . iarsin dodechudsa fa deoid cor ṡuides i fiadnaise in dúileman, MacCarthy 68. 12 . Mon. Tall. 153. 22 . CCC § 5 Eg. IT i 100. 19 . nocon ḟuaratar cinaid oc Ísu...fa deoid dodechatar ann dá ghuforglige, PH 3144 .

(γ) for the last time, of order: conid hé sin marb rotaithbeógad fo deoid i nÉirind the last dead man restored to life ZCP iii 36. 1 .

(δ) last, i.e. at the end, in the rear . praeposterans .i. aní ba buthi ar thuus do thochur fo diud, Ml. 29 a 8 . anas suthin immurgu ished rolaad fo deid, Wb. 13 d 9 ... ar thús...isin luc tánaisi...isin tres luc...fáth airic imorro fa deoid is placed last Laws i 26. 10 . mo chland do dul hi cath ┐ hi crích ría cách ┐ do bith fo deóid oc tuidecht essi, Expuls. 48 .

(ε) finally , indicating the last point or conclusion of a discourse, &c. ced ed tra fo deud. amal foruigensid do peccad fognid do fírinni, Wb. 3 b 28 . fá dheóig mo dhear -bhráithreacha bíghídhe láidir sa dTighearna, Ephesians vi 10 .

(ζ) mod. idiom fé dheoidh sin is uile, a strengthened fé dheoidh : bhí sé a bfaid na ṡeasaṁ suas ach thuit sé f. d. s. i. u. but at last he fell, W.K. Synon. fé dheireadh thiar thall. Cf. d μ.

(η) mod. air ndiaidh in what follows, below : na coinghill air a labhramuid air ndiaidh the conditions we are going to speak of Donlevy 332. 14 . isan miontṡaothar so ar nd., ib. x 1 f.b .—diaid ar nd., v. d μ.

(θ) mod. as diaidh : do snaidhmeadh sí le cúigear as diaidh a chéile she was married to five men in succession (W.K.).

III Cpds. dead-blegon o, n. Last milking , opp. cét-b. : a cétblegon i llestar for leith a ṅdeadblegon i llestar naile, RC xxv 28. 3 . LL 271 a 10 . dead-ḟlaith i, m. f. Last prince or ruler (cf. déden-rí): Cleopatra... deogflaith Greg, MacCarthy 302. 19 . deodhḟlaith cheneóil Duacháin, AFM iv 778. 4 . — Cf. ded-ḟlaithus BB 11 b 32 . MacCarthy 292 g . dedól, q.v. air-dead, air-diden, q.v. ? dāl de dālaib dedarbe 'one of the encounters at the final breach' Celtica xxi 201.22 .

MOD. see I k, II a, d, e, ζ, η, θ. Sc. déidh, deóidh, deodh (air dheodh otherwise, else ).

dlomaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dlomaid or dil.ie/17058

 

Forms: dlomas, dlomad, dlomtair, ndlomtha

v IGT Verbs § 67 .

(a) announces, proclaims, declares: aio .i. dlomaim, O'Mulc. 30 . dlom .i. indis nó erfuagair no aisneidh, O'Dav. 663 . .i. foillsiugud .i. rád, 697 . dlomh .i. innis; dlomhaim .i. foillsighim, O'Cl. dlom díis ar fichit martir, Fél. Sept. 13 (cf. O'Dav. 663 above ); cf. Acr. Aug. 7 , Fél. Oct. 12 . dlom dligi forus (.i. apuir), Laws i 268 . nód-dlomaim fiad dálaib I declare it before assemblies, Fél. Prol. 315 . dlomthus cách everyone proclaims it, Fél. Feb. 17 . ised inso dlomas gl. ait, Ml. 30b19 . is ed in lín marb dlomus, Ériu viii 123 . in t-aeil thenn dlomadh gail | roreng canar (caiar, v.l.; leg. roṡreng Caier?) a Cruachnaib the prong (i.e. satire) which used to announce conflict (?), Anecd. ii 66 . co n-éicius-[s]a duit . . . indus rosndlumus dona ceithri móirfeisir as I have made it known, Ériu iv 144 . dlomais in cleireach la heolus . . . ad bí tri maic, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 . dlomtar turbuid exemptions are declared, Laws i 266 .i. ráiter nó aisnéidhther, 298.12 Comm. dlomthair inraic it should be declared to be just, ZCP xiv 386 § 51 ( Laws ii 320 ). co rodlomtar a dearusc (.i. gu n-aisneidither), iv 96 (see Cóic Con. 22 § 18 cited under dlomad).

(b) gives notice (to quit), warns off, turns out, expels, rejects. With DO: dlomais doib ar nā beidis for a fergurt he gave them notice not to stay in his paddock, BB 390a38 . dlomais dóib co nā beidís isin brug, SG ii 484.14 . dlomaid dóib as ind ferunn ┐ ní densat fair, SG 34.13 ( LU 2943 ). nech nád ataim cairi, | dlomaid dó in t-anmcharae | dochum nach loccáin aili the confessor warns him off to another place (leg. dlomad, ipv.?), Ériu iii 104 . is dōib side dlomas in rig nemda il-lō brātha rejects , PH 4306 . dlomis Fíacc dóib iarsin `warned them off' (of angels who bear a gift to F. which he will not accept), Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). dlomais D. . . . dia daltaib drove out, Metr. Dinds. iii 90 . dlomais doib da thír diles, LL 152b45 . rodlomai dō as tīr, TTr.² 257 . ní ba maith ríge Meiccon, dlomsad fir Eirenn do ┐ doberaid ríge do C., SG 255 . transferuntur .i. dlomthair do suidib they receive notice to quit, Ml. 59d7 . dlomfaigter dó asind nErind, YBL 172a21 . arbertai co ngabad dú itá Cell Glas: dlomtha dó ass, Trip.² 1902 . rodlomad doib co mbadar ic Ard in Aenfhir, Anecd. i 17 = rodlomtha co mbatar, Ériu iii 136 . With FRI: dlomaid riu co brath in laech, Ériu vii 227 ( LL 209a52 ). lodar . . . co Brug meic in Og; is and bae Aengus for a cind ┐ dlomais friu, RC xvi 151 . rodlomsat aingil fri Eua ┐ Adam a Partus amach, MacCarthy 58 . With direct obj.: fomenainn as mo cholainn | rodlomainn a nrodlomsat would that I could expel . . . what (the ancients) expelled, Ériu ii 63 . iarsin dlomais Dagda dúr as a dún . . . co mbai i nOchain turned him out, Metr. Dinds. ii 20 . rondlomsat fir hErend assa rígu ar ropo anflaith, RC xiii 462 . dlomthar lat drong demnachda | i píanaib úaraib iffirn, SR 8329 . dlomtair they are rejected, ZCP iii 4 . dlomhfaider a hEirinn, SG 71 . Eocho ó rodlomad when E. was expelled, ZCP xii 436 .

(c) refuses, declines: (with accus.) Iob trēn [nā] dlomad cath who never refused battle, SR 7035 . ro dlomus . . . mor do noemuib . . . im an cloccsa, Fen. 232.8 . ní rodlom dorair do saint did not refuse to war on avarice, ZCP iii 452 . dlom mac Airt iath meic moch; guid fōd fair i Ros na Ríg (i.e. refuses burial in Brug na Bóinne and asks to be buried at Ros na R.), SG 256 ( BB 260b41 ). gilla . . . nachar dhlomh ól ná imeirt `that ne'er shirked either drink or play', O'Gr. Cat. 439 = nachar lom, TD 44.6 .

? Part. ilar ndlúm ndlomtha tuarcat, SR 903 .

do-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gní or dil.ie/17752
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dogníu, dogni, dogní, dugn, dogniam, dogníith, du-nd-gniid, dogniat, dugníat, denim, nis-denaim, ara-ndeni, déni, n-nad-denam, ndenid, dénat, dogníu, dogním, domgníis, dogní, dogníd, dogníthit, dénaim, ndéin, dogn-, don-, doni, doniam, dénus, dernim, dergenaim, derni, dernat, dernat, dene, da-n-g[n]íid, dénad, do-sn-gniith, dénid, déne, déni, déna, dén, dénad, dénam, dénaid, dénat, dugníth, dugnítis, dognitis, dognínn, dénainn, dognéo, dugneu, dogn, madesgne, dogn, du-n-gné, do-s-gnem, dogneid, dogneith, dogned, dugnet, déne, dena, denae, nad-ndenam, nis-ṅ-denaith, dogner, dogneor, do-neor, donear, dogné, dogéne, dóene, don, dénar, ndiaghnair, ndiaghnum, do-nd-rón, dorón, dorronai, doróna, dorónam, dorónaid, dern, dern, ndern, nderne, derna, ndernam, ndernaid, dernat, d-a-gnenn, dugnén, dognein, dugnitha, dognetha, dogned, dogneth, dugnemmis, dognethe, dugnetis, ndenmis, frisan-dénte, conna-dentis, dendis, tentis, duróininn, duronad, doróntæ, derninn, ndernain, dernad, derṅmis, dernainn, dén-, dern-, dugén, dugene, do-n-genae, dogéna, du-n-genam-ni, do-n-génid, dogénat, digén, digen, digenam, dignem, ndignet, dogén, dian, dogénus, dingén, dingn-, dingnea, dingniam, ndingnair, dergían, dergenat, drónfat, dogenainn, dogenad, dogenmis, digned, digénte, dorigenmais, da-rigente, digéni, degēni, dogéni, dogénsat, dogensatar, dogniset, dognisetar, ndigni, digni, ndénsat, densat, dorigenu(a)s, dorignius, do-m-rignis, do-nd-rigéni, dorigni, dorigénsam, do-d-rigénsid, dorigéensat, dorigénsat, deirgenus, deirgéni, dergéni, ndergini, ndergensat, dernus, dorignius, dorindius, dorinnus, dorigni, dorigne, derigne, dorinne, dorin, dogrinn, dorigénsat, dorigensatar, dorigniset, dorinnsid, dorigéntar, dorinnetar, doringnis, doringne, doringset, do-rig-, dorigsem-ne, dorigset, dergenus, dergene, dergena, deirgeini, ndergensat, rodergenset, dernus, derna, nderna, ndernsat, ndernatar, ndearnadar, ndernaisit, dorónus, do-d-róni, do-s-róna, doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, dorónsat, dorónsatar, dogníther, dogníter, in-déntar, ndéntar, ndénatar, déntar, derntar, dogníthe, ndentae, dogníthe, -a, dognether, dugnetar, ndentar, dénatar, dorontar, dorróntar, derntar, dognethe, dognetis, dente, ṅdenta, dorónta, doróntais, derntá, ndernta, dogentar, dogénatar, dogenaiter, dingentar, dignestar, dogénta, dignesta, dogníth, dugnitha, durónath, dorónad, dorónta, dernad, dorónad, dorónait, dorigned, dorigenadh, dorinded, dorinnead, ndernad, ndernta, dénti, dénta, dénum, do-gní, dogní, dogní, dogní

v (* di-gnī-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 541 ). See ZCP i 350 ff . Indic. pres.— O.Ir. 1 s. dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . 2 s. dogni, 6c16 . 3 s. dogní, 6a8 ; dugn, Ml. 39b2 . 1 pl. dogniam, Wb. 15d9 . 2 pl. dogníith, 9c15 , cf. 25c14 ; amal du-nd-gniid , Ml. 103b13 . 3 pl. dogniat, Wb. 30c14 ; dugníat, 14b17 . 1 s. ní denim , Wb. 12c9 ; nis-denaim, Ml. 75a9 . 2 s. ara-ndeni, 55d21 . 3 s. nad déni , Thes. ii 294.28 , Wb. 31d12 . 1 pl. a n-nad-denam , 16a24 . 2 pl. dia ndenid , 8c11 . 3 pl. ni dénat , 12b20 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dogníu, dogním. ? 2 s. domgníis, BB 350a23 (cf. Dinds. 1 § 14 ). 3 s. dogní; dogníd, Mon. Tall. 128 , 129 . 3 pl. dogníthit, LB 260a59 . 1 s. ní dénaim , etc. 3 s. co ndéin , Maund. 137 . In this, as in other tenses, the stem dogn- is freq. written don-, doni, doniam, etc. 3 s. rel. dénus (for dogní), Fl. Earls 220.2 . With -ro- of possibility. 1 s. ní dernim , RC xxv 24 § 4 , cf. IT iii 47.12 ; ni dergenaim , TBC-LL¹ 4387 . 3 s. nach derni , Ml. 128c3 . 3 pl. ni dernat , Wb. 22d3 ; nad dernat , Tec. Corm. p. 34 .

Ipv. O.Ir.—2 s. na dene , Ml. 55a1 . 3 s. da-n-g[n]íid, Wb. 8d9 . dénad, 28d19 . 2 pl. do-sn-gniith, 24b12 . dénid, 25c17 . Mid.Ir.—2 s. déne; déni, SR 1183 , 5680 , TBC-LL¹ 1495 ; déna; dén. 3 s. dénad. 1 pl. dénam. 2 pl. dénaid. 3 pl. dénat.

Impf. O.Ir.—3 s. dugníth, Ml. 30a3 . 3 pl. dugnítis, 62c13 . dognitis, 22a4 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dognínn ( donin, TBC-LL¹ 3403 ). ní dénainn .

Subj. pres. O.Ir.—1 s. dognéo, Wb. 17c20 , cf. 3d2 ; dugneu, Ml. 23c24 . 2 s. dogn, Wb. 5d39 . 3 s. madesgne, Thes. ii 246.29 (sic leg., ZCP xiv 8 ). dogn, 12c46 . du-n-gné, Ml. 129b1 . 1 pl. do-s-gnem, Wb. 21b9 . 2 pl. dogneid, 5d30 ; dogneith, 12d7 ; dogned, 25d22 . 3 pl. dugnet, Ml. 120c1 , cf. 83b14 . 2 s. mani déne , Wb. 10a17 . 3 s. mani dena , Ml. 35d14 . ceni denae , Mon. Tall. 138.30 . 1 pl. nad-ndenam, 23c6 . 2 pl. nis-ṅ-denaith, Wb. 6b29 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. cia dogner , K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. xlii 83 . dogneor, Lec. 531a . sul do-neor , TBC-LL¹ 3078 = siu donear , TBC-I¹ 2276 . 3 s. dogné; dogéne, PH 770 . dóene (= dogéne?), Thes. ii 346.35 , 351.41 . don, 300.30 . 1 s. cia dénar , Ériu i 227 . 2 s. cu ndiaghnair , Lib. Flav. i 36ra23 . 1 pl. cu ndiaghnum , 36ra34 . With -ro- 1 s. do-nd-rón, Wb. 5b18 . dorón, ACL iii 298.16 , Fél. Prol. 269 . 2 s. dorronai, Wb. 32a24 . 3 s. doróna, Thes. ii 1.27 , Mon. Tall. 132.28 . 1 pl. dorónam, Metr. Dinds. iii 448 . 2 pl. dorónaid, Fél. Prol. 186 . 1 s. na dern , SR 1583 . ní dern (dernd, MS.), Ériu vi 116 . co ndern , LU 10644 . 2 s. dia nderne , Mon. Tall. 142 . 3 s. arna derna , Wb. 4a5 . 1 pl. co ndernam , Wb. 22a12 . 2 pl. co ndernaid , 13d30 . 3 pl. ar na dernat , BDD § 94 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. d-a-gnenn, Wb. 10d31 ; dugnén, 10c16 ; dognein, 10a27 . 2 s. dugnitha (leg. dognetha), Ml. 103d16 . 3 s. dogned, Wb. 17a13 ; dogneth, Sg. 21b6 . 1 pl. dugnemmis, Wb. 10c21 . 2 pl. dognethe, 9d25 . 3 pl. dugnetis, Ml. 74a1 , cf. 73d1 . 1 pl. dia ndenmis , Sg. 203a6 . 2 pl. frisan-dénte, Wb. 9c24 . 3 pl. conna-dentis, Ml. 124c20 . mani dendis , 75d2 . mani tentis , 35c18 . Forms with -ro-: 1 s. duróininn, Ml. 46b13 (reading doubtful). 3 s. duronad, Wb. 8a4 . 2 pl. doróntæ, 16a23 . 1 s. nach derninn , Wb. 8a5 . co ndernain , PCr. 2a2 . 3 s. na dernad , LU 8155 . 1 pl. arna derṅmis , Sg. 203a6 . Mid.Ir. ní dernainn , etc.

In later lang. the prot. stem dén- is almost entirely replaced by dern- throughout the subjunctive ( IGT Verbs § 1 ).

Fut. 1 s. dugén, Ml. 30b9 . 2 s. dugene, 41b4 . do-n-genae, Wb. 32a25 . 3 s. dogéna, 26a20 . 1 pl. du-n-genam-ni, Ml. 111d3 . 2 pl. do-n-génid, Wb. 17a6 . 3 pl. dogénat, 13a13 . 1 s. in digén , Wb. 9d4 ; ni digen , Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. ni digenam , Ml. 30c9 . ni dignem , Wb. 17b9 . 3 pl. nad ndignet , Ml. 56b15 . Mid.Ir. dogén (dodén) etc.; ní dian , Lib. Flav. i 17rb24 . 3 s. rel. dogénus, SG 290.13 . ni digén (ní digeón, TBC-I¹ 1647 ). ni dingén , FB § 31 . Most usually with stem dingn-: 3 s. ní dingnea . 1 pl. nocho dingniam , FB § 6 . 2 s. dep. co ndingnair (fut. for subj.), ZCP vi 64.26 . Forms with -ro- are rare:? 3 s. ni dergían , TBC-LL¹ 2808 ; 3 pl. ni dergenat , Ml. 80a9 . Cf. 3 pl. drónfat (= dorónfat), BColm. 50 . Condit. 1 s. dogenainn, TBC-I¹ 2874 . 3 s. dogenad, Wb. 26a12 . 1 pl. dogenmis, Sg. 203a6 . 3 s. ni digned , Ml. 14b4 . 2 pl. nicon digénte , Wb. 9d9 . With -ro-: 1 pl. dorigenmais, TBC-I¹ 177 (LU). 2 pl. da-rigente, Wb. 13b3 ; 11d5 .

Pret. 3 s. digéni, Thes. ii 239 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). degēni, RC xxv 344 (see ZCP xiv 8 ). dogéni, Sg. 185b4 , TBC-I¹ 1732 LU (= dogena, YBL). 3 pl. dogénsat, Trip.² 1380 . dogensatar, Rawl. 142a55 . dogniset, Hugh Roe 102 . dognisetar, ZCP viii 544 . 3 s. nad ndigni , Ml. 23b10 . na digni , SR 6146 . 3 pl. co ndénsat , FB § 77 . ni densat , SG 234.14 . Pret. forms (i.e. without -ro-) seem confined chiefly to 3 s. and pl. and become rare in Mid.Ir.

Perf. 1 s. dorigenu(a)s, Ml. 2a6 . dorignius, Wb. 24b12 , cf. Ml. 23c27 , Fél. Ep. 111 , TBC-I¹ 937 (LU). 2 s. do-m-rignis, Wb. 4c27 ; Fél. Ep. 506 . 3 s. do-nd-rigéni, Wb. 6d2 , cf. 11a30 , Ml. 54a4 ; dorigni, Wb. 4c32 . 1 pl. dorigénsam, 14b26 . 2 pl. do-d-rigénsid, 20d3 , cf. 33d5 . 3 pl. dorigéensat, 5a24 ; dorigénsat, 7d10 . 1 s. nad deirgenus , Wb. 24a14 . 3 s. nad deirgéni , 13b17 . ni dergéni , Ml. 114b12 . nad ndergini , 23c15 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , Sg. 187b6 . 1 s. ni dernus , Ml. 39a11 . In Mid.Ir. and later lang. 1 s. dorignius, etc., cf. Auraic. 651 ; dorindius, Imr. Brain i 65.25 ; dorinnus, CF 98 . 3 s. dorigni, dorigne ( derigne, Hib. Min. 276 ), dorinne, dorin (late). dogrinn, ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.) (see Celtica xiii 25 ). 3 pl. dorigénsat, dorigensatar, SR 5929 ; dorigniset, TBC-LL¹ 2249 ; dorinnsid, SR 3616 , dorigéntar, 6052 ; dorinnetar, -edar (late). Stem do-ring-: 2 s. doringnis, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . 3 s. doringne; cf. 3 pl. doringset, LL 354e5 , Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . Stem do-rig-: dorigsem-ne, Rawl. 142b5 ; dorigset, SR 3533 , 3660 , 3957 , etc. 1 s. ni dergenus , Leb. Gab.(i) 30.2 . 3 s. nochon dergene , TBC-I¹ 2067 . nocho dergena , TBC-LL¹ 2982 . ní deirgeini , AFM vi 2120 , 2142 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , AFM 960 . rodergenset, RC xvi 156 . More usually 1 s. ní dernus , 3 s. ni derna , co nderna , 3 pl. co ndernsat , co ndernatar (go ndearnadar ). co ndernaisit , AU 1101 . Further 1 s. dorónus, etc. 3 s. do-d-róni, BDD § 26 ; do-s-róna, SR 295 ; doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, Trip.² 1038 . 3 pl. dorónsat, BDD 134 , 168 . dorónsatar, MR 142.1 .

Passive. Pres. s. dogníther, Wb. 10c11 . pl. dogníter, Sg. 35b13 . in-déntar, PCr. 66a1 ( Thes. ii 230 ); ara ndéntar , Wb. 2a10 ; pl. lassa ndénatar , Ml. 84a11 .

Ipv. déntar; (with -ro-) derntar, Ériu ii 200 .

Impf. s. dogníthe, Wb. 15a18 . i ndentae , Ml. 24d9 . Mid.Ir. dogníthe, -a.

Subj. pres. s. dognether, Wb. 29a21 ; pl. dugnetar, Ml. 112d8 . ara ndentar , Ml. 30d13 ; pl. mani dénatar , Wb. 8a11 . (With -ro-) dorontar, Mon. Tall. 146.31 . dorróntar, Wb. 13d21 . arna derntar , Ml. 93a1 . Impf. s. dognethe, Wb. 9c20 ; pl. síu dognetis , SR 7853 . s. mani dente , Ml. 29a6 ; co ṅdenta , Sg. 9b2 . dorónta, 65a1 ; pl. doróntais (?), Corm. Y 324 . na derntá , TBC-LL¹ 5758 ; co ndernta (usual prot. form in Mid. Ir.).

Fut. s. dogentar, Wb. 4d1 ; pl. dogénatar, Fél. Ep. 176 ; dogenaiter, LU 4256 . Mid.Ir. ní dingentar ; ní dignestar , MacCongl. 35.11 . Condit. s. dogénta, TE 9 (Eg.). na dignesta , MacCongl. 45.15 .

Pret. dogníth (Mid.Ir.); pl. dugnitha, Ml. 73a19 . Perf. ced durónath , Wb. 33a15 ; dorónad, 15a33 , BDD § 133 . pl. dorónta, Sg. 216a1 , Fél. Prol. 239 . lasan dernad , Thes. ii 289.5 . In later lang. dorónad (Keat.), dorónait; dorigned, BDD § 133 ; dorigenadh, Corm. Y 685 ; dorinded, dorinnead. co ndernad ; co ndernta .

Vbl. of necess. dénti, Wb. 12d41 . Part. dénta. Vn. dénum. IGT Verbs § 1 .

The meanings of do-gní fall under two main heads, does (I) , and makes (II) . As both these senses are often implicit in the Irish, the classification given below is to some extent artificial. Examples in which the notion of activity seems predominant are referred to I, those in which that of formation is uppermost to II; but often only the context can decide to which head an instance belongs, e.g. dogní comairle takes counsel (I) , or forms a plan (II) ; dogní dliged administers justice (I) or makes (promulgates) a law (II) .

I

(a) does , implying action in the widest sense: a ndugniat ar magistir, is ferr dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . a nāt denat ar magistir, ni dignem-ni, 15d6 . cach óin dodgéna samlaid whosoever shall do thus, Thes. ii 235 . níb ar adbchlos do dóinib, ba ar Dia gacha ndene let all thou doest be (done) for God, Ériu ii 172 . 'n-a forcongrai do cach aen, co ndosróna fodhein what thou ordainest for others, do thyself, ACL iii 316 , cf. LB 261a30 . cid dogní-siu sund, a gillai?, TBC-LL¹ 1401 . cid dogén mana fagar . . . iat?, ZCP viii 113 . ronertat nád dernat they strive after what they cannot do, Tec. Corm. p. 34 . ní fil ní bad toil ria cóemchéle na dingned, LU 3912 ( SCC § 42 ). cid ed ón dorigenmais-ni we could have done even that, TBC-I¹ 177 LU (glossed .i. rofetfaimmais a denom). damad messe Finnachta . . . nocho dingenaind 'na nderna, LL 307b19 . a n-atchondcamár dorigénsam, LU 1780 = RC ix 486 . ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 146 . ni derntar isin cath ni nad fesur uaid let nothing be done . . . without my learning it from you, TBC-I¹ 3527 . Often in response to a command: guidh in Coimdhi[dh] lem . . . Dagēntar, ZCP iii 33 . With DE, FRI, DO of pers. or thing, does with (to): ised dognith de was done with him, IT i 142 . ní fhetar . . . cid dernad de, TBFr. 295 . an ro chara, dagné dímsa, 303 . cid má ndénai-siu damsa sain? TBC-LL¹ 218 . cid dogenam friu-so[m]?, Hy. ii 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 311 ). cid dogéin (leg. dogén) frit chorp coemdil? what shall I do with thy body? SR 2050 . cid dogéntar friu?, TBC-I¹ 173 (LU). In neg. phrases with acht and cen: asbert ni digned acht sid, BB 193b24 . drong nach déin acht droichdhíol fiach, TSh. 4650 . aderaid . . . na denaid na leagha acht biadh do bacail don othar that physicians do nothing but prevent the sick from eating, 23 P 10, 152vb36 . is demin nach dingin-sea gan in comrac-sa do denam that I shall not refrain from fighting, Aen. 2931 . ní dingnuind-si ar ilimud maithesa gan dul ann, ZCP vi 72 . In passive often happens, takes place: in talamscugud dognither and, CCath. 1015 . amhail dorónta cidh iarttain, Hugh Roe 256 . doridned . . . co n-edbrad Cain māine (= factum est ut offerret C., Gen. iv 3 ), Lec. 530b38 . doridned laitheada Adaim iar tusmed Seth do .i. ocht cét bliadan (= facti sunt dies Adam . . . octingenti anni, Gen. v 4 ), 531b49 . cf. 532a1 , 27 , 32 , 43 , in all of which the pass. of dogní is an artificial translation of Lat. fieri.

(b) Used to avoid repetition of another vb., like Eng. do (see Celtica i 318 ): — báidhter ón, ar Mac an D. — Ni dingnum itir, ol M., Imr. Brain i 64 . — imrem fithchill. — Ni dernus riam, ar C., Ériu v 30 . do slechtadar . . . damsa ┐ doghenaid duitsi mar sin, CF 215 . dia hingreim doridhisi amail dorighni fecht n-aill, BS 122 . rocomroic Ioib riasi . . . amal danid re hIunaind, TTebe 782 . sechain toil na drúisi amail dodhenta tiagarna fuar as you would (shun) an unfeeling master, Ériu v 138 . smachtaigh do ben amail dodhenta do mac, 114 . damad maith lat a losccadh, dogéntae, Moling 42 .

(c) fulfils, executes, carries out (a wish, command, etc.): dénaid mo réir-se, FB § 16 . dén reir do mathar is t'athar, ZCP vi 272 . in airet donet mu reir, Lism. L. 3522 . ní dingna réir do lethéid he will not obey the like of thee, Fianaig. 74 . co ndernur do reir, Ériu iii 14 . is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294 (SP iv). is lestar fás . . . nad déni thoil ind ríg, ib. doní toil a menman ria, Imr. Brain i 65 . ní dingnum do comairle we will not take your advice, IT ii2 134 . da ndernair-se mo comhairle-si, Ériu v 98 . dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do-gneithi ann if my advice were followed, Leb. Gab.(i) 252 . nephetarcna inna timnae ndiade ata deinti that are to be carried out, Ml. 58a20 . Cf. further: dorinde C.C. an t-abur docum ar cruthaigh Dia é accomplished the purpose for which God created him, BCC § 376 .

(d) Freq. with object either directly expressing or implying activity of some kind.

(i) With an accus. of kindred meaning: is gnim anecni dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616 . truag lim-sa in gnim dognither isin maidin-sea, TBC-I¹ 2314 . co ndernsat gníma móra, IT i 76 . dorigéni gnímrada gaile forro, TBC-LL¹ 1967 (dorinde, St.). ní dern (dernd, derd, MSS.) sáithar cen ḟochraic may I do no work without reward, Ériu vi 116 . ar nā dendáis gním no mugsaine isin domnaig, Ériu ii 200 . in muid dungní cach oen láu of the work he does every day, Thes. ii 294 (SP ii). síu donear mo mudu | i fiadhnaisi int sluaig, TBC-I¹ 2276 = TBC-LL¹ 3078 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt, Ériu iv 110 . ní dénat firtu they do not work miracles, Wb. 12b20 . dogníth mór fertae he wrought many miracles, Hy. ii 33 . a ndorigne do ḟertaib, v 67 . cumbad for Martain dogneth Dia in mirbuil-sin, RC ii 388 = Lat. Lives 89 . ni dernad ┐ ní dingentar mirbuil bud mō, Todd Lect. vi 71 . in torand-chless dogní-siu, TBC-LL¹ 1756 . a cleas dorigniusa fiada the feat I have performed before him, TBC-I¹ 1270 . it e dorigensat ind abairt sin, 1425 (LU). cid mór do chomramaib gaili ┐ gaiscid dogné nech, 1862 . ni fo cian . . . co nderna-som béit n-aile, 486 . ni dernnsat ban-echta ban, MR 212 .

(ii) With an abstract subst. as obj., to express a moral action or a feeling: ainmne do dénam to exercise patience, Ériu i 196 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime, ACL iii 295 . na dene ainmnit show not patience, Ml. 55a1 . amarus dogní forom-sa he suspects me, SG 80 . dia mbad athirge dognéth Adam if A. repented, SR 1409 . ac Rígh corpgil doron athirge dim phecthaib may I be penitent, ACL iii 298 . co ndernur aithrigi is fedbdacht, 243 . digal ind ancridi dogní nech frit, Sg. 181a6 . dentar anlecht let-sa fri hA., TE 8 (Eg.). adubairt . . . co nderrna si brég ara gelladh, ZCP vi 277 . conadh becc mbuada nó mbuadhnaisi badh denta do Poimp de P. had little reason to exalt, CCath. 5096 . dognidh buidechus mor, 6000 . dénaid chalma be valiant, LL 225a23 ( TTr. 581 ). cein dogeni calma, TBC-I¹ 1267 . is í tra celg dosgní Guaire, SG 64 . in ceasacht do[g]niad na mná the niggardliness which women practise, Ériu v 24 . ní dhénadh cert nā dligedh uime would not do right or justice, TTebe 832 . dēni (déne, LU) cōir ngaiscid frim give me fair play, TBC-I¹ 1288 . masa chonnalbai dogni, 234 . do-nídís crábhadh, TSh. 8928 . dogni mo chumtabairt thou art doubtful of me, SR 2888 . is coir dáibh-si . . . deghmenma do denamh to be of good courage, CCath. 1692 . co ndenad deirc móir dend airliud used to perform great charity, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332 ). maircc doní díomas as ór who is proud of gold, KMMisc. 364 . gan a dhiomdha do dénomh without grudging, ZCP viii 221 . co n[d]ingen-sa díth ┐ dochar duit, vi 49 . dogní dormuine, SG 373 . adrubairt A. riu gen drochciall do denam not to act foolishly, TTebe 416 . cid ben dognē drūis, KMMisc. 272 . rium-sa na déna duilghe be not harsh to me, BS 88 . mór d'eniuch dorigne much hospitality did he exercise, ZCP viii 272 . fer . . . na derna espa riam, YBL 164a5 . a fhir doghni an t'éad who art jealous, O'Gr. Cat. 604 . cid fáilte . . . dungneu `though it be joy I . . . make' (feel?), Ml. 92a17 . déni fatchius be on thy guard, TBC-LL¹ 1495 , cf. 1419 . ferg fri suide ní dernaim I cannot get angry with it, IT iii 47 . ni denad fearg fri nech, YBL 155b47 . nar cóir dó ferg do denamh re F., BCC § 160 . ni dū d'fir an fiabrais fearg do denam a fever patient should not get angry, 23 P 10, 153vb23 . a ben, ní dēn fingail fort, SR 1539 . go ndiongnadh fírinne might speak truth, Keat. ii 3667 . nach iad na mairtirigh amháin dorinde an foidhidi-so who displayed this patience, BCC § 7 . an tí doni foighinne 'n-a bochtaine who is patient in his poverty, Ériu v 130 . ná dern féin forcraid lest I be guilty of excess, SR 1583 . an gairdechus dorinne, Fier. 179 . denaidh gliccus deal cunningly, 189 . doní da gaib gus achieves valour with his spears, Imr. Brain ii 288 . dénatt idna let them practise purity, BColm. 98 . ni denta iongnadh dom faicsin-si andso let no one wonder, ZCP x 285 . doním iongantas I am surprised, Keat. iii 5485 . má día bfaghainn-se bás de, | dá fhios ní dingninn leisce, SG 64 . dogním less na n-anm[ann]a, SR 1196 . an té doní les a cheli, assé a les fene doni, BCC § 202 . cia . . . ná digni m'amles, SR 6146 . ni dhernus-sa th'aimhlessa I have done you no hurt, BS 146 . truid . . . .i. on luas doni from its speed, Corm. Y 1236 . doriṅgnis maith reme sut ┐ dogéna 'n-a diaid, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . níchon dergeni nach maith, TBC-I¹ 2067 . nā hindis fein maith da ndingne do not tell any of the good you do, ZCP vi 272 . co ná dernad orm mebal, SG 57 . doghníd méirdreachus, craos ┐ droichbhearta eile, Eochairsg. 10 . meisge do dhenamh, Luc. Fid. 118 . denaidh míne ris deal gently with him, RC xxix 122 . nert ni dernim strength I cannot exercise, xxv 24 . aindre áille uchtgheala, | ettorra doniodh a óighe he kept his virginity, ZCP i 64 . do neoch na dene olcc nach annrecht friu, Laws iv 176 . co brath nocha dingned olcc, Ériu v 26 . cach olc donithea fri hUltu, ZCP v 504 . ni fuil olc nar dernsamar riu, TBC-LL¹ 5697 . dogniat cach pecad, Wb. 30c14 . da mionca doghnídh duine peacadh marbhthach, Eochairsg. 12 . an tí nach denand peccadh, BCC § 182 . denam pennait buan, SR 1573 . atibset in linn . . . ┐ ni dernai pudar doib did them no harm, Hy. iv Pref. ( Thes. ii 323 ). mór an pudhar do ronsaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 . dogné sáiri na sruithe, Ériu i 198 . dogniat subachas ┐ somenma, SG 346 . ma dogné tarba if you make use (of it), Ériu v 116 . na dena tnuth re duine envy not, 126 . doróine trocaire riu, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . cad é an fáth as a ndéanfá-sa trom ar mhnaoi that you should be so hard on (another) woman, O'Gr. Cat. 620 . trom oirne níor déanta dhuibh, Ó Bruad. ii 134 . tuirsi oca cia donéo though I grieve thereat, Ériu vii 240 . cach úabar dogensat all the pride they have been guilty of, Ériu i 201 . int aenmacc ríg is mó dorinne d'uaisli ┐ d'agh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111 . uamun brátha . . . cia dogneimmis ba cooir 'twere right for us to be in fear of Doom, SR 8052 .

(iii) Esp. with a vn. or equivalent, as periphrasis for finite tense of vb. (see Celtica i 318 ): denaid anmain stay , KMMisc. 313 . doroine Rónan altugadh buidhe do Dia, BS 176 . intan ba hāin phuill dognitis, TBC-I¹ 496 . tugas fom bréithir . . . nach diongnainn ár that I would do no slaughter, ML 114 . is leis dorignead cet-ar ┐ cet-buain ar tus he was the first to plough and reap, Lec. 66b5 . an beannachadh dorigne Bóas ar a mheithil, Eochairsg. 41 (cf. do-beir bennachtain for . . .). an duine doni moran cainnti who talks much, Ériu v 130 . denam cennach let us make a bargain, BS 88 . co ndénsat cennach fris, FB § 77 . in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2069 . d'éis an chodalta-sa dorinnus, CF 98 . go ndéana mé suan beag codhlata till I take a nap, 144 Eg. in comerge dorigni in phéist, FB § 85 . dorinne coimerghi romuinn he rose up, Fianaig. 58 . ni deinim comnaidhe i n-áon áit I do not abide, BS 177 . go ndingnadh oirissemh ┐ comhnaighe issin gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 142 . doberim dom bréthir . . . nach dingnum comól that we shall never drink together, Fianaig. 78 . déna creidemh gan mhirún believe , Duan. F. i 74 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus I have had no secret amour, Ériu i 20 . gé dognéi-si dioghal dhe, BS 150 . doní faisnéis, Triads 141 gl. (p. 39) . dogen fireolas duit I will guide thee, CF 26 . ná dén escar do not fall, O'Gr. Cat. 662 . dorinde doib faistine, BB 21a17 . in fégadh doróine Diarmaid darsan bhféice on D.'s looking across the ridge-pole, SG. 72 . do dheanamh foghlamtha to get training, RC xxix 110 . co nderna an ríghan a fáisidin till the queen make her confession, Imr. Brain i 65 . forcetol ba menciu dogníd Petar, FA 32 (LU). doronsat frithaire, Todd Nenn. 82 . doní Lassair araile gaitt irisech commits a certain pious theft, BColm. 84 . dognither guin galann d'Ailill a wound is inflicted on A., RC xxiv 186 . ní dergenaimse icc andso I cannot effect a cure, TBC-LL¹ 4387 . an tí nach deanann idhbuirt dona deibh, RC xxxiv 322 . dorinneadar imram they rowed, CF 32 . doronsad iomrámh, ML 44 . déna imthecht depart , SG 60 . déna ingeilt ois practise pasturage, KMMisc. 262 . an lucht doní ingreim don phobul who attack, RC xxxiv 308 . maoladh do dhenam to become bald, 3 C 19, 53 rb 1 . dodéna an mesrugud he will do judgement, ZCP viii 211 . cia dognéo móidim, Wb. 17c20 . isund dognither int ongath here the anointing is done, Thes. ii 251 . precept doroine S. abb Roma, FA 32 (Eg.). ronnaire .i. ronnad doni don biud, Corm. Y 1124 . slond gnimo dogni indidit the indicative conveys the signification of the action, Sg. 153a3 . dorinneadar sealbh dár mbuinne sriobhmall took possession of, 3 C 13, 897.13 . is me dorigni in seilgc séig who hunted the deer, SR 2869 . dorónsat selgad, SG 328 . doronsad sealga, RC xxiv 196 . ni derna riamh thochus he never scratched himself, Mart. Don. Oct. 21 . dénum ar sibal let us pursue our course, Hy Fiach. 218 . is écoir an smuaineagh (leg. -eadh) dorindius I was mistaken in my thought, Imr. Brain i 65 . doni se snam ar in olaid it floats on oil, 24 B 3, 94.24 . rón i. animal, on roṡnam doni, Corm. Y 1115 . tecmáil rim ge dorinde though he encountered me, Ériu iv 216 . dentar teichedh linn let us flee, BS 104 .

With obj. gen.: huare nach derni a adamrugad he cannot (express) admiration of him, Ml. 128c3 . dobretha M. filid ara chend, co nderntais a aerad ┐ a aithised that they might satirize and revile him, TBC-I¹ 2213 . ascnam ind ecna . . . dognitis, Alex. 807 , cf. Anecd. v i . is Patraic dorigne a mbaitsed P. baptized them, Hy. ii 16 Comm. ( Thes. ii 313 ). doníat a berbhudh ┐ a thomailt they cook and eat it, Marco P. 152 . doni bisec a dhorchadais increases , Ir. Astr. Tr. 90 . caemc[h]ód bachall dorónsatt they exchanged croziers, BColm. 84 . déni mo chobair, RC viii 152 . asbertatar fri Coinculaind dognithi (dognithe, LU) a chuitbed isin dunad that he was being mocked, TBC-I¹ 1639 . dermad na luirighi-sin dorondad, oir ni thuc leis o Ailich that corslet was forgotten, YBL 209a28 . dorag-sa co nderna-su mo dichendad, TBC-I¹ 1299 . dorigni in diliu a ndilgenn, SR 2724 . ní dénad écnach neich, Hy. v 5 Comm. ( Thes. ii 327 ). darónais a n-etargaire, LL 120b43 . dogéan-sa a ḟaillsiugad don rig I will reveal it, Todd Nenn. 96 . dena fothrucud, SR 1598 . ni dernai glanadh a gnúsi nó tonach a lāmh, CCath. 1170 . a gerrad dorindead a broind a mathar he was excised, Ériu ii 176 . trénfir dodigenat m'íarmoracht who will follow on my track, LU 10261 . dūs in foigebtais . . . nech doneth (sic leg.) a n-imditin anyone to protect them, SR 5564 . dena a impodh turn it, Moling 47 . doni mo ghnuis incosg mo chineoil my face proclaims my race, RC xxxiv 312 . mad indscuchud donead lucht na saith if . . . have gone away, Laws iv 174 Comm. dentar irgnam bid ┐ lenna, CRR 23 . dogentar liumm do leigheas, TE 10 (Eg.). dorinne a marcaighecht he rode it, Ériu v 190 . dognít a n-oegidecht la fer n-amra they stay with, LL 281a40 . atbertsat . . . na dingnetís a n-oirfited would not entertain them, PH 895 . doronad a n-orddugud, SR 82 . na léic uait in dana bocht | nó co nderna anocht a riar till thou have attended to his wants, SG 20 . dorinne M. ár seachna has abandoned us, ML 118 . rí dorigni scail int sluaig who scattered the host, SR 2769 . dén-sa do slondadh dhamh-sa tell your name, BS 102 . ronsnādat .i. donet ar sóerad, Hy. v 92 Comm. ( Thes. ii 348 ). dēca in ba teclaim na fertus dogena fá [a] n-imscothad whether you are to select the shafts or strip them, TBC-I¹ 782 . dena mo theagosc instruct me, ACL iii 241 . dena mo thinchosc, SR 1581 . dorigni tochmarc inna ecailse do Chríst he had wooed the Church, Tur. 48 . cibe uair dogentai tochmharc a hingine, Ériu iii 168 , cf. TE 9 (Eg.). dentar trial mo berthasa let an essay be made to tonsure me, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). ní fail doruirme .i. doné a thurim, v 67 Comm. ( Thes. ii 344 ). Note also: do[g]ním-se . . . bheth ag denamh mo chloise (leg. chless?) ngoile, RC xxix 114 .

(iv) With nouns indicating sounds: crandord dogníd cacha nóna he used to bellow (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1538 . da nderna fogur . . . le n-a fiacla (of a sick person), 23 P 10, 3b42 . a dhoimh do[g]ni an fogharán that lowest, BS 80 . dorinneadar na cineadhacha fuaim, Psalms xlvi 6 . cad fá ndernais in gáire sin? why did you laugh? SG 239 . dorinne int aitheach geanus grainemhail gāire, Ériu v 180 . doronsat guba mor, Metr. Dinds. iii 483 . an úall-so doghniad na sluaig, Ériu i 103 .

(v) With bás or similar subst.: ni diṅgnea bás doibsiut acht intí dogéna bás dam-sa no man shall kill them unless he kills me first, TBC-LL¹ 432 . taiscter lib in cloidem so, | arm dá ndingantar ernmas, SG 252 . co rodergensat a aided killed him, RC xvi 156 ( Dinds. 144 ). co ndergenai a haided 'sin loch út she perished in that lake, SG ii 468 . déanam éag (= moriamur), TSh. 2371 .

(vi) With ceist discusses (an argument), pleads (a cause): ná derntar isin domnach ceist ná caingen, Ériu ii 200 . isi cet-ceist ┐ cet-imcomarc dorigm diabul isin domum, BB 16b45 . is ann doníatt gach ceistt cruaidh ┐ cach documal comairle, Maund. 21 .

With comairle takes counsel, holds a council: co ndernadh comairle ag maithib Dhál A. cia dorachadh, etc., BS 50 . g u ndernadh Aengus in ri | rena chairdib comhairli, BB 30b28 . ni mhaidh for Laigniu da ndearnat a comairle ann (sc. in a certain spot), RC xxiv 50 . Cf. (c) supra and II (d).

(vii) With cath or similar subst.: doronsad cath fearrdha they fought, ML 18 . ni digéon-sa comrac fris, TBC-I¹ 1647 ; 1304 , 2439 . coná dernum deibech, 2671 . dognítis forbais . . . ar oirrighaibh Erenn, SG 36 . nocho dentais gleic, LL 142b24 . dorinnetar gleó fíchda, Fianaig. 90 . dorinneadar an irghail co hingantach, CF 883 . dorín Brian . . . sluagh Mumhan made a hosting of Munster, O'Gr. Cat. 521 .

(viii) With subst. denoting agreement, compact, etc. (rather to be referred to this head than to II, such a subst. being regarded in Irish as a quasi-vn.): doronsat aentaig re Cruithnib, Todd Nenn. 42 . dogénsat bráthirse frisna túatha made an alliance with, ZCP viii 315 . dorondad brathairse iter firu Erind ┐ Alban, YBL 126b13 . dogeni cairdes fri suidiu, TBC-I¹ 2967 . rofrecart-sidhe . . . in dingne[d?] cairdes dosidhe would she grant him a truce, Anecd. ii 51 . dia ndernam caratrad, Imr. Brain i 43 . dogniat cōrai make peace, TBC-I¹ 1426 . denamm cotach is cardes, SR 1150 . na dénaid friu . . . cuibdi, cardes no clemnas, 4843 . doróine a chatach fria naomu Arann, SG 40 . digensat essomon, Anecd. iii 60 . dorigensatar síd, SR 5929 . mina dēnair sidh ris . . . dodhēn cogudh rit-sa, ZCP vi 49 . ní denta lá sída céin ba beo never a day's peace was made (with them), SG 49 . daróine ar síth . . . gan díth óige donn' inghin he wrought peace between us, ZCP viii 562 .

(ix) With nouns indicating respect, favour, etc.: dorinnidar gloire do Críst gave glory to, Lib. Flav. i 2ra2 . Ri dorigne . . . humalloit dia apstalaib, SR 7697 . fiadhaighis riasna clerchib ┐ dorona umhaloid doib, Hy Fiach. 38 . dorinne umhla dhó, Ériu i 93 . i n-ainm an aird mhic doghní grása, O'Gr. Cat. 545 . dorigne grása ar an duine uasal showed favour to, Eochairsg. 113 .

(x) With cáin, etc. = dobeir c. (for) levies: bid fáid . . . dingenai (dogenai, v.l.) soerc[h]ain for slabri, ZCP ix 453 . co nderna rí Locha L. cáin for cach tūeth, viii 316 . dorinneamarne seacht gcéad loiligheach ar mhuinntir F. we assessed . . . at seven hundred milch-cows, Maguires of F. § 78 .

(xi) Of a calling, art, etc., practises, plies, performs: ba hesnad ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae, Corm. Y 562 . do[g]nídh Neiptis . . . cúiseach bind, Ériu iv 174 . is álaind, a macáin, in cluichi dogní, Ériu i 118 . oés dogní dán artists, Triads p. ix . dénaidh bhar nd(h)ána perform vour arts, Ériu iv 178 . dogénadsa elada, SG 274 . doronsat na hingena éladna inganta, PH 897 . etar fileda ┐ áis ndénma sairse artists, SG 212a11 .

(xii) holds, celebrates (a festival, etc.), observes, performs (a rite): feis Temrach gach tres bliadain . . . dognithi in tan sin go tenn | ag rígaib amra Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 578 . is leis dorónad feis Temrach ar tús, ZCP viii 325 . is amlaid dognithe in tarbfes, LU 3450 ( SCC § 23 ). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cacha bliadna, 3222 (§ 1). aenach Taillten do denom la rí[g] Erenn, RC xviii 275 . co ndernad mor-thinol clerech nEorpa co Torinis, Todd Nenn. 188 . dogníed mórdál Dromae Ceta la rígaib Éirenn, BColm. 54 . co ndéntais a n-airechta saidbre sédacha, Ériu iv 163 . mairg fearu Eirenn na denann feil Patraic, Lib. Flav. i 25rb38 . na hIudhail, as é lá doníd an féil, O'Gr. Cat. 309 . doní secht n-aifrinn ann, BColm. 82 . dogníat ord in domnaig etir salmu ┐ precept, Imr. Brain ii 285 . is cóir degurd do denam ann indiu to perform the proper service, Ériu i 44 . is lais dogníad urddu téchtai (of monks), 219 . acht co nderna se a trātha provided he observe the canonical hours, ACL iii 222 . is ann dogen mo trátha-sa, RC xiii 98 . antan dogni-som figild performs a vigil, Mon. Tall. 128 . ceni denae crosfigill, 138 . dogníd-som immon Michil lasin crosfigill he performs (recites) a hymn to Michael, 137 . l(o)nd sailm aurnaigi déulái . . . .i curp lai dusgnid-som the evening psalms of prayer he performs in the middle of the day, 129 . déna soiscél dúind read a gospel lesson to us, Imr. Brain 164 . as innte dorónsat an Chaissc celebrated Easter, AFM 1201 (iii 130) .

(xiii) Miscellaneous exx. in which there is either transference of obj. or extension of the meaning of the vb.: int shūil dogen-sa fris the look I will give him, TBC-I¹ 705 . dolotar na daimh fon dithreb . . . ┐ doronsat a[l]-lá ria n-aidhche did their day's ploughing, BNnÉ 39.13 . dorigset sét . . . do Ramissa journeyed , SR 3957 ; 4073 . donim slighi . . . ga n-iaraidh sin, Lib. Flav. i 21rb17 . fios na slighe[dh] dorinne Cúchullainn the road C. took, RC xxix 116 . do chaora dhuit . . . do[g]nim do bhreith breitheman I award thee thy sheep, ZCP xii 382 . doníd-sium a daithin gach n-oidci eats his fill, ZCP i 103 . cid indhí nad caodet (= chaithet) feoil dogres, dogniad pars isind Chaisc de feoil take a piece of meat, Mon. Tall. 132 . dochum na chuchdin dóib co ndenad cách díob and pars de feoil, ib. ní derna sé a shuipér farusan did not eat his supper with them, BNnÉ 114 . go ndernsat a medhon laoi took their midday meal, Fl. Earls 28 . doni na briathra-sa utters , Lec. 611a27 . doronsad . . . cainbriathra do righ Érenn, KMMisc. 313 . ised dorígne Alaxandir i n-a eipistil comdar casa . . . iat A. said in his letter that . . ., Alex. 719 . cid fogním cid fochésad dorróntar in hoc uerbo one can express oneself both in the active and the passive, Wb. 13d21 . an branar gan déanamh that the fallow-land was not upturned, PCT 1826 . mairg doghní branradh go bráth | is ann a dtráth gan chur shíl (`leaves land fallow'; upturns the fallow without sowing seed?), O'Gr. Cat. 614 . go bplannduighidh tú fíneamhain, ┐ nár dhearnaidh tú foghmhar uirre (= non vindemies eam, Deuteronomy xxviii 30 ), TSh. 9707 . in tan is ar logh dognithar dān doibh `when it is for a fee they are taught the art', Laws iv 236 . doróni Collanach légenn do Thaircell C. put T. to study, Moling 12 . dodhénuinn leighionn ┐ lánḟoghluim duit I would give thee learning and instruction, Ériu v 98 . an uair tainec am legind do denamh do Mhunda when the time came for M. to receive instruction. BCC § 161 . doníd áit leabhar dona tuat[h]adhaibh (images) take the place of books for the laity, Ó Héodhusa 143 . lochdach `maith' no `olc' a ttús chomhfhocuil; `deagh' ┐ `dagh' ┐ `droch' doní a n-ionadh, IGT Introd. § 97 . go ndearnadar bhur n-ionadhsa dhamh, 1 Corinth. xvi 17 . Note also: grian i n-Aquair . . . doróined im-mís Enair the sun has been placed (?) in Aquarius, SR 234 . ni den ciall uaim péin isin canóin `I will put no sense of my own into the canons', MS. Matthew 530 ( Lib. Flav. i 11va ).

(e) With vn. phrase, e.g. do-gní a láma do nige = do-gní n. a lám (the older construction, see (d) (iii) above): do chin huair nach atamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, SR 1407 . déntar leo . . . uan d'idpairt, 3899 . dorigni Iob . . . in slóg do rím J. numbered the host, 6817 . donidis a righ fein do marbad, KMMisc. 312 . go ndiongnadh críoch Laighean uile d'argain, Keat. ii 6341 . an altóir ar a ndeárnadh sé corp Chríost d'ofrálughadh, Eochairsg. 19 . in mac doróine d'idhpairt whom he offered up, RC xxxvii 348 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. § 61 . dorinne Flann aonach Tailltean do chommóradh, Keat. iii 3014 . an ndénta eich do reidhiughadh? would you break in horses? Ériu v 190 . dorine Carn Amhalgaidh do thochailt, Hy Fiach. 100 . nach ndéanair sinne bhéoghudh arís? wilt thou not revive us again? Psalms lxxxv 6 . a ferand lais in fer donither and do orgain the man who is trespassed upon, Laws iv 92 Comm. intan donither nōs nó dliged do nuaidiged, Marco P. 96 . dorónadh in lúithech catha sin do cumdach ac Brutus B. caused . . . to be constructed, CCath. 1809 . dorighneadh leo raona leathna do reidhiughadh they cleared broad passages, ML 130 . in ferann ima ndernad mac rig do marbad, RC xxvi 134 .

(f) With substantival clauses as obj.: dorigne Dia corbo mag mínscothach in móin, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 329 ). dorigni Moisi. . . dia fleisc co mba glé-nathir turned his rod into a bright snake, SR 3853 (cf. II (g) below).

II Makes .

(a) creates, forms, constructs: doriṅgne Dia nem ┐ talmain, LL 1 . do thalmain do-t-riṅgned (said to Adam), 22 . in saer-denmaid domrigni, SR 2060 . si[u] dognetis aingil uais before the angels were created, 7853 . toingim don Righ domroighne, ZCP viii 221 . is and doronta in[n]a dúili, Ériu iii 116 . fria muindtir dorrigena the household He has made (i.e. the angels), Ériu ii 140 . oroit ar Thurcain lasa ndernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289 . digéni Cummen cétaig `made a mantle', 239.20 (Ardm.). is leis ar thus doronait failge óir, Rawl. 147a27 . dogní claideb craind, TBC-I¹ 940 . dogníat druidi ind rig . . . nathracha, SR 3849 . doroindi side armu doib, RC xxiv 196 . co ndernsat na héoin a n-nitu, Hy. v 19 Comm. ( Thes. ii 331 ). is e mod frisa mbitis cumala riasiu dorontais muilind before mills were made, Corm. Y 324 . fer dénma bairgine a baker, Sg. 184b3 . gu ndérna longphort ic druim nG., O'Gr. Cat. 5 . Breoghain . . . leis dorondadh Brigandsia Brigantia was founded (built), BB 21a40 . dogensad botha and, TBC-I¹ 903 . dena tegdais don Chomdid, SR 6880 . co nderndtais dóib eclais nglain, 4187 . dognithit eclais don clerech, LB 260a59 . oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289 . caislen Cenanduis do denom la Gallaib, RC xviii 301 . drochet .i. drochsét .i. ara olcas int seta darsin-dentur across which it is built, Hy. vi 4 Comm. ( Thes. ii 350 ). doringset leasa (liassu, LU) fora loegaib, TBC-I¹ 908 . dognisedar liasa fa n-innilibh, ZCP viii 544 . is leis doronad clad Saxan, Todd Nenn. 62 . doronta a n-airlisi ┐ a rrigdúine ann, Corm. Y 883 . The name of the material, etc., of which something is made is introduced by DE: dorigne smirchomairt di chnamaib, TBC-I¹ 2869 . dia nderna don chriaid cheir when he made a plaster of the clay, SR 7683 . is di lus bīs forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. ii 492 ). cid delg ni der[n]tar de not even a skewer can be made of it (wood), Trip.² 2284 . co ndernait limsa de secht ndabcha I made seven vats with it, Ériu iv 134 .

Under this head may be classed further: ní dene tenid ratha do not make a fire of fern, Ériu i 194 . co ndernai tenid dam, TBC-I¹ 461 . fobith doṅgníat cercol ocond ocbáil they make (i.e. describe) a circle, BCr. 18d2 ( Thes. ii 13 ).

(b) forms (by aggregation of units), constitutes, makes up: dorigne T. cath dia mhuintir formed his men into a battalion, SG 321 . doronsatar aen-cath dib, MR 142 . Mod. often with súas: déanamh nuimhre suas, Content. v 124 . a mesg . . . na leabhar . . . da ndearnadair suas a mbiobla of which they made up their Bible, Luc. Fid. 282 .

(c) prepares, gets ready: dorondad imda Domnaill for lár in righthaigi, Ériu v 232 . iomdha Ghiolla Íosa do dhéanam in-aon seomra ris féin, Maguires of F. 28 . gidh maith gach leaba . . . dorighnes seachnóin Eirenn each spot I have slept in, BS 154 . co ndernsat (argniat, v.l.) a muinter biadh doib, RC vi 174 . dentar praind ┐ tomaltus (a command), CRR 23 . tomaltas bídh ┐ leanna do dhénum do na cléirchib, SG 68 . denam seillne ind domnuch ni cóir laisim acht a ndenam riam he does not think it right to prepare an extra course on Sunday, Mon. Tall. 145 . fer dogní fleid, fer dia ndéntar he who gives a feast and he to whom it is given, Triads 94 . co ndernad fled do Brenaind, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). doroindeadh coibflead mor do la ri dia thuathaib, YBL 138a8 .

(d) Of mental or abstract construction, makes, devises, frames: a ndliged dogniat gréic the law which the Greeks make, Sg. 40a7 . is i comairli dorigni Ioib, a mac . . . do chur a n-ifren the plan (resolution) Jove formed, TTebe 580 . conid hí comairli doroindi, tiachtain, etc., ZCP viii 276 . is olc . . . in comairli doníthi .i. ar marbad-ni, Ériu v 152 . dorinde an manuch drochcomairli an uair sin, BCC § 248 . Cf. exx. under I (c), (d) (vi) above.

(e) Of literary composition: Fland fer légind . . . issé dos-róna (author names himself in final stanza of poem), LL 184b19 ( Arch. Hib. ii 74 ). isind áer dorighne Nede mac A. do rig Connacht, Corm. Y 698 . dorónus doibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne, ACL iii 296 . dena dam doibh focra lethamnas, 295 . Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in n-imun-sa do Patraic, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). dorigniset lāid, TBC-I¹ 2249 , cf. 2615 , etc. Níníne écess doríne in n-orthainn-see, Hy. iii Pref . ( Thes. ii 322 ). psaltar na rann . . . dorigni Oengus, SR title . is and doringni Conchobar in rethoric-se, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 . dodhendais draidi tinchealda druad na n-agaid, BB 40a45 .

(f) Of linguistic or grammatical formation: ní Antoniolus dogní gl. Antonius, quod Antoniaster facit diminutivum, Sg. 49a5 . ní contulitus dogni gl. contulatus, 74a3 ; cf. 46a7 . 93b7 , 104b6 , 105b3 , etc. a nomine Aiax . . . co ndeni Aiacides, PCr. 15a1 ( Thes. ii 225 ). ní in -um dogní a neutur it does not form its neuter in -um, Sg. 206a3 , cf. 46b10 . is cumtubairt ced dogní a ngenitiu what their genitive makes (i.e. how . . . is formed), 99a2 .

(g) dogní x de y makes x of y = turns y into x: do gach bíud maith doni neim | a c[h]ur isin cli caithmig, ACL iii 238 . cindus fer dia ndenid-si deu? of what kind of men do you make gods? Wb. 8c11 . airchinnig . . . dogniat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha who convert treasures into personal property, FA 25 (LU). trí sóir dogníat dóeru díb féin, Triads 167 . bid demon dogénai bec do mór, dogéna mór do biuc, ZCP ix 451 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 ( Thes. ii 338 ) (perh. the stone became salt, see (h) below). amal dorigne Dia dil | do fleiscc Moysi derbhnat[h]raigh, RC xxxvii 346 . doroighne dairmes do dhoire `caused mast to grow in the oakwood', KMMisc. 168 . dochotar triat chridi . . . co ndernsat crois de indut, TBC-I¹ 2811 . dogníter anmann dilsi díib amal doṅgnither dindhí as Romanus they become (are used as) proper names (`proper names are formed from them'), Sg. 35b13 . cach fear . . . da ndentair fochlac who is made a fochlac , Lec. 126b40 . dorighnedh uisce searbh da lionn, SG 28 . dorinneadh Pápa do Anastasius, Keat. iii 739 . dorigned duini dit thou becamest a mortal, ACL iii 242 . braighde Eirenn . . . secht rígh acht co ndernta de that they might become seven kings, ZCP viii 108 . Seldom with adj. (in subst. use?): mairg doni lán don lestar who fills the vessel, ACL iii 240 . dogéna sin fáilid díot-sa, SG 403 . With AS: as in Magnus dogníthær a ndede-sin .i. diles ┐ doacaldmach `Magnus' is used both as a proper name and appellative, Sg. 29a11 . With extension of meaning: gadaigi dogni dimsa you make me out a thief, Ériu v 234 .

(h) In Mid.Ir. the vb. in the preceding construction comes to be used impersonally: dogní x de y = y is turned into, becomes x . Possible exx. from the O.Ir. glosses are: amal nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis cia doberthar flumen fris as t. does not become a neuter even though f. be put beside it (?), Sg. 63a17 (`it does not make a neuter of T. that f. is put with it', Thes.). is bésad na mmuimme dogní deidbleán di oc munud á dalti, Wb. 24d11 (`it is the custom of the nurse to make a weakling of herself', Thes. For the construction in general cf. Wb. 4d15 ). brister na rama ┐ doni gadrach dia longaib, Aen. 243 . do oluind cillches dia ndene pell of which a blanket is made, Corm. Y 239 (= dia ndénat, LB). atá do mét a seca . . . co ndéin cristal da huisci its water turns to crystal, Maund. 137 . da curthaidi sliabh teinedh ann, doghénad oigre ┐ snechta de (= in glaciem verteretur), RC xxviii 320 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe, SR 6397 . doreprendset cóic bainne a méraib Pátraic ┐ dorónai cóic oíbli dib, Trip.² 121 . is dona deoraib romuidsedar uaithi dorindi in loch, RC xvi 146 . dorigne tir tairngire d'Erinn a n-a ré Ireland became the Land of Promise, CF p. 73 , cf. SG 90 . cor rothuit in ballán . . . co nderna brioscbhruar de, SG 403 . dochim . . . go nderna balbhan dibh that you have become mute, Luc. Fid. 284 . Éireannaigh díbh go ndearna so that they became Irishmen, Ériu v 62 . Muire don deilbh ar ndéanamh when the statue had turned into Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 . With adj. (in subst. use?): co nderna uathbásach n-ilrechtach n-ingantach de, TBC-I¹ 1928 (LU). doní degbhlasda deghbhalaidh dhibh, 23 K 42, 416.4 .

(i) dogní x i n- y = makes (changes) x into y (less common than the two preceding constructions): ní .o. in .i. dogní son it (`caro') does not change o into i (in obl. cases), Sg. 93b3 . dorignedh in duine i n-anmain na beoaigheadh (= factus est homo in animam viventem, a lit. transl. of Gen. ii 7 ), BB 16a15 . roloisc Roimh . . . is dorigne i lechtu converted it into a graveyard, Lec. 47a1 . an t-uisge do bhí déunta 'n-a fhíon, John ii 9 . an lá sin dorinneadh Ioruaith ┐ Píoláid 'n-a gcáirdibh dha chéile Herod and Pilate became friends, Luke xxiii 12 . an lucht doní | leithrígh orra 'n-a thréinrí[gh] who make out a half-king to be a perfect king, Content. xiv 46 .

(j) do-gní mór (bec, etc.) de makes much (etc.) of, accounts as: . . . ni denaim-sea baa desin I set little weight on that, TBC-I¹ 361 . ní dénaim deccair do ní | acht rodeónaig int airdri I count nothing too hard, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul uile neimní who holds the world as naught, ACL iii 221 . ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859 = TBC-I¹ 361 . mór do-ghníd daoine dhíob féin, O'Gr. Cat. 555 . co tucat Laigin d'éislis sinn ┐ co ná dernat ní dinn, SG 410 . With AS: 'gan druing as a ndéine a lán the race of which you make such a lot, Content. v 67 .

(k) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred., makes, renders (= Lat. reddit): do-m-ní driamail makes me melancholy, LL 146b49 ( PRIA xix 544 ). cid do-t-gni torsech?, TE 12 (LU). as é ni doni an t-aer cruinn, Ir. Astr. Tr. 18 . do-m-rigne losc lén sorrow has made me blind, LL 147a30 ( PRIA xix 548 ). gé go ndearnais geal é andé, | atá ina ghual féin aniugh though yesterday you made it white, O'Gr. Cat. 607 . dorinne sé ullamh é, Psalms vii 12 . ní dhernsam . . . dorcha lé dealradh briathar . . . briathra dealraighthe an Duilimh I have never obscured, Ó Héodhusa 4 . dorinneadar nocht mé, TSh. 9217 . nír chian go ndernadh an rig balb became dumb, SG 12 . With extension of meaning: méid na maslughadh dobheirid do Dhia an mhéid go ndéanuid breugach é make him out a liar, Eochairsg. 11 . With adverbial complement: nirbu cognomen acht darigni amin he made it one, Sg. 31b22 . co n-acca in tromchiaich . . . co nderna na tulcha amail insi il-lochaib, TBC-I¹ 3111 . is i so doni na plained co soimpaidtec makes the planets inclined to revolve, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120 . doní sé na dáine go conáigh makes prosperous, O'Gr. Cat. 259 .

(l) appoints, ordains, arranges: dorindi [Erimón] coicedaich ar Erind made provincial kings, Todd Nenn. lxv . a mbadar Laigin . . . oc denam rig a Temraig, Lec. 217a28 . doronsat inad coinne re chéile fixed a meeting-place, SG 11 . ar ndéunamh láe ris dóibh, tangadar mórán chuige when they had appointed him a day, Acts xxviii 23 .

(m) do-gní (claind) begets (FRI on): dona tri ballaib [f]uil acut da ndene cloind, Lec. 612a36 . Fachtna a athair ┐ is e dorigne Conchobur dar cenn Cathbaid, RC vi 178 . is iad dorigni Lugaid-tri-riab-nderg rena ṡiair, Ériu ii 174 . doroigne Mairt inn ingin Ermione re Uenir, TTebe 762 . is é dorinne an toirrches úd ría, Ériu v 164 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria, RC vi 175 . co ndernae da mac friu (of Lot), Rawl. 72a24 . fo clith doronad la Mac N. iat fri Fuinche, Fianaig. 4 . corob tre meirdreochas dorigned thusu, YBL 142a29 . hinn aidchi sin . . . dorigned rí na n-ech n-ard, ZCP viii 270 ( Rawl. 87b41 ). do nuimir clainni Dauida ┐ do hurd a ndenma the order of their begetting, Rawl. 73b7 . Rarely in meaning conceives: ingen dodngéna (sic leg.) fria hathair, ZCP viii 196 . ni hi cland na coluime, | cland fa deōid do dénam di | ar fēgad inn eoin eli, ACL iii 238 . Hence more widely breeds, increases (trans.): do greghoip . . . dogni eachraidh mór dona Rōmānchaibh, Fl. Earls 182 . fēr dogēna sil ┐ crann . . . dodēna torad (= herbam facientem semen et lignum faciens fructum, Gen. i 11 ). Lec. 528a27 . fuaratar cráin ┐ dā bhanbh dēcc . . . ionnus go ndernatar go lór do mhucaibh dīb bred, raised (?), BNnÉ 119 .

(n) produces, brings forth: déra dogníaad-san go dímór they shed abundant tears, ZCP viii 216 . cíamtis déra fola dognetís, FA 34 . roimhe nocha dherna neach | leth a nderna do dhéraibh, ZCP i 64 , cf. Mart. Don. May 14 . gibe doní fuil re n-a fual (= quicumque sanguinem mingunt). 23 K 42, 62.8 . doni an mac tire guth cíochanach, 3 C 22, 24a1 . guth fiaich leo ┐ as a n-adarcaib dognidis, Corm. Y 731 . Of natural phenomena: ceatha troma | doníd tonna thulcha Lēis the showers which the waves of the hill of L. make (?), CF 1024 (cf. 1004 ). nuchu dearna Dia fearthain for talmain (= pluerat, Gen. ii 5 ), BB 16a10 . ní dhearnadh fearthuin . . . feadh thrí mbliadhan it rained not, James v 17 . (fuinneóc) dusgni soillsi d'uile altoirip gives light to, Fl. Earls 250 .

(o) causes, gives rise to: mor doni domenma dhamh | an dogra roghabh an gheis causes me great sorrow, CF 1029 . idu ab idor (= ὕδωρ) .i. on fliuchaidecht doni a ngalar sin (of dropsy), Corm. Y 770 . doní mo deora duba | cruma ar tí m'feola (the thought) that worms shall eat my flesh begets my tears, ACL iii 216 . doní anāl maith ag neach (of a medicament), 23 K 42, 444.9 . asé in fín . . . is luaithi doni mesce causes intoxication, O'Gr. Cat. 216 . ní denann tart does not provoke thirst, 194 . acht go ndenuid tromdhacht isin cheann, 23 K 42, 72.13 . gach duine atchíodh iad, doníodh galar dhóibh it would make them ill, Keat. iii 3403 . dia ndeine galar gabail ara fual, Mon. Tall. 147 . dogénad galar duit sirligi lying abed would make thee ill, LU 3590 ( SCC § 30 ). dodhéan-sa míodhuaill ar sin I shall cause horror thereat, Ériu i 18 . gach easlainte donithear o lionadh caused by repletion, 23 K 42, 17.14 . neasgóit doníter o adhbur neimneach, 23 P 10, 4a31 . isé ní o ndentur an crith sin ┐ in spasmus , 4a15 . adeir G. co ndenter stranguiria o moran do modhaibh, 30b36 . Cf. do-gní domenma is dejected , do-gní mesce becomes intoxicated , II (d) above.

(p) wins, gains, obtains: doronsat Gaedil . . . bruid ┐ creith took captives and spoils, Todd Nenn. 172 . a ccreacha ┐ a n-edála arna ndénamh ┐ arna ccruinniughadh, Ériu v 76 . doni sin ríghe da réim secures the sovereignty for his line, Rel. Celt. ii 230 . gurbh' usa dhóibh cíos do dhíol ┐ do dhéanamh to `raise' the rent, PCT 1757 . mithigh duid dénamh carad time for thee to make a friend, IGT Decl. ex. 414 . Cf. further: dénasa in dara leth don Mide co mbad tairise . . . duit i (`so handle the one half of Meath'?), SG 403 .

(q) In sense of imm-déni proves, demonstrates: cid dogní latsu . . . conid breg he?, IT iii 201.9 . dogniat fiadhuin co follus cunud . . ., Laws ii 62.8 Comm. imdenat . . . .i. doniat, 326.23 Comm. ge daniter ar naill though they are proved by oath, iv 288.9 Comm. co nderntá enech na Troianda, TTr.² 1236 . do ní nonmar la heisinnraic a fuil for innraic, O'Curry 307 ( H 3.18 169 ).

III As intrans. vb.

(a) Used as extension of I (a) does, acts: déna amal as adlaic let, FB § 62 . amail rocinnsemh . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29 . ronertais dam-sa co ndernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu thou hast encouraged me to do like my fellows, PCr. 2a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). meni dérntais dar fócra lest they should act against (beyond) the decree, Ériu iv 94 . dodhéanmaoid-ne uime sin amhail doghníomaoid re gach docamhail oile, MR 62 . doronsat fon n-indus[s]in, Todd Nenn. 96 . dogniset amhail conaitecht Ó Domhnaill, Hugh Roe 102 .

(b) With AR (later also FOR) obeys, acts according to the wish or advice of. Orig. trans. as in first two exx.: as dénti ní airriu they are to be obeyed, Wb. 15a23 (see Thes. p. 51 ). dogéntar airiut, BDD² 215 . dia n[d]ernta-su form-sa if thou wouldst take my advice, TBC-LL¹ 1802 . da ndeirnta orm-sa, Cog. 200 . da ndearndais orm allmaraig, do fuicfidís do in conair, MR 174 . ní derna an rechtaire fair, BColm. 58 . dlomaid dóib asind ferunn ┐ ni densat fair, SG 234 . ma dogneithi eram-sa, Anecd. ii 53 . ni dingentar fort-sa, 50 . creud ma ndubhairt linn deunamh uirre to obey her (the Church), Luc. Fid. 365 .

(c) With LE (RÉ) deals with, acts towards (mod.): déan réd' shearbhfóghantuigh do réir thrócaire, Psalms cxix 124 . dorinne tú go maith léd' shearbhfóghantuigh, 65 . deun go mín leis an mbocht, GJ v 85 .

(c 1) With TAR does without, neglects : do-ghéanadh cách tar an gcois 'men would overlook the foot' Éigse xxxvii 98 § 5 . móide as deacair déanamh thort, DDána 99 § 17 . deacroide dhúinn déanamh thairis, O'Hara 2863 . mithidh dhúinn gan déanamh thort, Aithd. D. 153 § 7 . ní héidir dhúinn déanamh thort, 292 § 18 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh do shíor, IGT Introd. § 3 . déanamh thort ní tualaing sinn, Dán Dé 32 § 8 .

(d) Folld. by prep. or adv. denoting motion, makes for, goes (orig. with ellipse of vn. expressing motion, see O'Rahilly, Celtica 1 318 ff . ): dogeni L. for a āth came on to his ford, TBC-I¹ 836 (dagéini .i. tic, LU). Common in later Mid.Ir. and mod. lang.: tréig do thalamh duthchais, déin ar choiste Lundain, O'Rah. xxiv 26 . dénam dár ttoich, Ériu iv 54 . denum d'innsaighi Serluis let us go to meet, Fier. 117 . denum isteach da fēgain, Lib. Flav. ii 6ra35 . déanam thairis don taobh budh thuaidh let us cross, ML 72 . déanam súas go slíabh an Tighearna, Isaiah ii 3 . déunuigh romhaibh ar an ndubhaigéun, Luke v 4 . dogene atúaid came from the north, RC xiii 221 (B. na f.). go ndearnadar go réimdhíreach gus an bhfásach, Keat. iii 1013 . dorónsad na cathmhílidh a gcoinne ┐ a gcomhdháil a chéile, PCT 551 . léicit amach sa ffairrge iat do denomh ar in Spainn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10 .

(e) Various uses with prepp.: congaib-side a chrícha cen choscru, cen chernu; ní déni di neoch, ní déni nech de he takes from none, ZCP xi 86 . secnadh gach uili fin . . . ┐ denadh re huisci meala let him be satisfied with, 3 C 19, 94 ra 4 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. § 3 . gan bheithe bogtha do rádha innti tar nach éidir dénamh san ogham, § 1 .

fairsinge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fairsinge or dil.ie/21168

 

Forms: fairsinge, foirsingi

n , f. (see fairrge)

(a) amplitude, width, extent : n s. ind fairsinge (gl. vastitas) Ml. 102a21 . a d s. ara foirsingi 122a9 . hi farsinge (gl. on : hil-lethu, Hy i 43 ), Thes. ii 305.28 . boí ... día farsingi in tige so spacious was the house LU 8739 . is diasneti ... farsinge ┐ lethet na flatha nemda, LU 2477 . mét ┐ fairsingi ┐ lethe na cathrach, RC xxviii 322.18 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuide lē dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . o tā sdét fírluath fúd, gabh f.¤ ┐ fireitech na ferunn `make for the broad and open country' ZCP vi 36.2 . ar f.¤ na feronn in the open field, at large 285.23 . ní husa ... a coiméd in bur cathrachaibh díb na for fairsingi in muighi, Stair Erc. 1948 . Cf. mar fh.¤ bhealaigh do mhacaibh na mímhéinne to give scope to Ó Bruad. iii 16 . anmanna ghairmid fili mar ḟ.¤ dá slighe, Content. xviii 155 . nach fuláir dhóibh fairrsinge na Fódla dá mbuidhnibh, Ir. Monthly 1929, 331 ( DDána 380 ). d'f.¤ a indtlechta, MR 318.29 . Cf. d'fairrseanga, DDána 54 § 21 .

(b) lavishness, munificence: tossach féli forsinge, LL 345b25 . Anecd. iii 16.8 (= abundance ?). geall feile ┐ fairsinge, BNnÉ 282.16 . a féle ┐ a ḟairsinge do cliaroibh Erionn `his generosity and bounty' AFM iv 664 . Abundance: f.¤ aráin, Proverbs xxviii 19 .

fíreitech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíreitech or dil.ie/22182

 

Forms: fír-réitech

adj gabh fairsinge ┐ f.¤ na ferunn `make for the broad and open (?) country' ZCP vi 36.2 . robúi fairsingi ┐ f.¤ fútha 45.30 . Perh. = fír-réitech as suggested ib. p. 117 n .

forlethan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forlethan or dil.ie/23730

 

adj o-ā

I Broad above: agad ḟochoel ḟ.¤ (i.e. oval) LU 4514 (cf. aghaidh ... forleathan .i. ... ard uaisti, O'Dav. 186 ). LU 7078 ( BDD 75 ). co n-aghaid fochael forlethain, LL 250a43 ( TBFr. § 17 ). Of horses : da ech ... fosenga forlethna LU 8593 ( FB 45 ).

II Wide, extensive: robo ... f.¤ a flait[h]ius ┐ a forlamhas, CCath. 4832 . flaitheas foirleathan, TSh. 5473 . tedm ... ar fut Erenn uli co f.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1327 § 5 . do shil Adaim co f.¤ far and wide, at large PH 3079 . ba f.¤ forro in uair sin they were in loose array (of soldiers) Marco P. 59 . trácht foirleathan an extensive treatise TSh. 3942 . riaghail fórlethon `regula generalis' Reg. San. col. xxv . Wide in scope ; undefined: rádh foirleathan deimhnightheach a general affirmative statement TSh. 3193 . Cf. atait .i. sunt ... a bunad forleathan ; totus a bunad ruidleasa, Auraic. 314 . tré fhaisnéis fhoirleithin, 3213 . gurab mian linn go foirleathan labhairt orra to speak at length Keat. ii 6370 . go bhfuil an reacht go foirleathan arna chraobhsgaoileadh, TSh. 3488 . Compar. as foirleithiu [in Gaedelg] quam gach Berla more comprehensive Auraic. 6 . ata nías forleithne isin leabhar Gabhála more at length MS. Mat. 573.3 (D. Mac Fir bisigh). Superl. tir is forleithi ferunn , BB 487b8 . is e bescna as uaisli ┐ is forlethi ... most general 336a17 ( Laws v 12 Comm. ).

neimed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimed or dil.ie/33032
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: nemthe, nemid, nemhid, -nemiud, nemid, nemthiu, neimthiu, neimed, senneimedh, Nemed, nemed, nemedh, nemed, Nemed, Nimeth

n o, m. orig. s, n.? occas. treated as neut. in law texts; the gender is m. when denoting a person or animal (male or female) and n. when denoting an abstract notion (e.g. 'sacredness' or 'privelege') or a place, Bechbretha 107-8 , ZCP xlv 100 , but see CMCS viii 48 . cf. coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 (g s.? `to the protection of the shrine', ZCP xv 188 § 15 ). g s. ind nemid , Trip. 240.19 = in nemhid , ib. 4 . d s. -nemiud, LL 227a20 . n p. nemid, Laws v 14.12 . a p. nemthiu, LU 9786. neimthiu, Laws i 260.17 . neimed (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 11. 20 .

I The orig. sense is prob. that of a consecrated place, = Gaulish νεμητον (cf. Αὐγουστο-νέμετον Ptolemy's name for mod. Clermont Ferrand; see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 37 , RC xxiii 138 ), which prob. represents an indigenous word used of sacred groves; cf. de sacris silvarum quas nimidas vocant , Du Cange s.v. nimida (< Conc. Liptini A.D. 743 ), which seems to represent an orig. fem. It is sometimes not possible to distinguish the sense 'sacred place, sanctuary' from 'privilege', Bechbretha 107 . In Irish lit. a sanctuary : nemed gl. sacellum '(small) sacred place' Sg. 13 b 1 . atnaig tar fót crúach i n-ardnemed dia díte, di-eim ar díantólae slúaig 'he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary for his protection, which protects [him] from the swift tide of a [hostile] throng' Críth G. 53 . nemed gl. asilum 'a place of refuge' Ériu lv 9 ; in early Christian lit. prob. a small chapel or oratory (or else the spot on which such stood), freq. in connexion with `cell'. conid Dún a sen-nemed, LU 754 (of Downpatrick, the burial-place of Colum Cille) = RC xx 178 § 44 (`senior church') = senneimedh, BCC § 374 ; perh. for sén-n.¤ auspicious holy spot, i.e. the place of his resurrection. ní ra cráid chill nā nemed, RC xiii 84 § 98 ( LL 303b39 ). nemed cille no duin, Laws iv 214.4 (glossed .i. in releg cemetery, ib. 24 ; cf. LU 754 above ). neimhedh naemainglech (of Cluain Cesáin), Acall. 500. neimedh Sináin, ZCP x 12 § 7 (seems = tempall S., ib.). can comarci . . . do cill no do nemead, Cog. 152.3 . ro cumdaigedh leis ceallaca dhais Erenn ┐ a neimhedha, 138.21 . nior fhagbhadar Lochlannaigh naomh nó neimheadh no ceall uasal . . . gan argain, Ériu i 80.12 . Content. vi 196. cin chadus do chill nā do nemedaib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 16. ? nipsa cell cin chlocc . . . nipsa haí cin imditin, nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 ; cf. nemeadh cin imfochaid (sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 .

pn Prob. in this sense in place-names: Nemed, Trip. 240.19 (place where there was a `neimed'). a Nemud slebe Fúait, TBC-LL¹ 5355 = o nemiud, TBC-I¹ 3298. i nNemiud, Metr. Dinds. iv 166.55 (also in Sliab Fuait). Cf. termond na fían . . . im rēid airthir Nemid nāir, LU 4148.

II Secondary meanings, arising prob. from the immunities or honour attached to a consecrated spot.

(a) sacredness ; privileges or insignia (belonging to a profession, rank, etc.), status, dignity: nemeth .i. nem iath .i. i n-as dír d'eclais, Corm. Y 962. nemaith .i. a n-as dir d'ogaib, 963 ( = nemáith, Corm. p. 31 ). nemuath .i. a n-as dir d'filedaib, 964 : all three exx. are etym. glosses on `neimed' acc. to its various applications; similarly O'Mulc. 830 fg. (There may have been a techn. term nemiath; cf. Anecd. ii 74 y : crodh neich nat ba neoit nim [nem v.l.] iath, from a judgement pronounced by `filid' and `brethemain' = the property of a person who is not niggardly towards the Church?.) ro ordaigset fir Herend a nemthiu and sin .i. cloc ┐ salm do eclais. Gēill do rigaib. Trefoclae techtae do filedaib. Aithgabáil do fennethaib, LU 9786 = RC vi 165.9 , Trip. 564.33 (`privileges' in both places). cia nemed as uaisle fil i talmain? Nemed n-ecalsa. Cia nemed is uaisliu fil a n-ecluis? Nemed n-espuic: is e espuc as uaisliu dibside easbuc ecalsa [sic leg.] Petair, H 3.18, p. 17a ( O'Curry 46 ). Colum ar chennsa . . . fri neimhedh eccalsa ┐ ealadhan, 2296.26 .

Possibly in this sense in chevilles: for nem noebda niab nemed , SR 7135 (g p.? or n s. in sense I?). naemda nemedh , Anecd. i 61 § 93. mét nemed , Ériu iv 106.6 . acht ní sóeras nemed de 'except that which sacredness increases of it' Bechbretha 58 .

(b) closely connected with preceding sense, and not always to be distinguished from it, is that of a person (or class of persons) possessing legal status or privileges ; acc. to MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 273 n. 1 , a generic term for every person having the franchise of the Féini (but the word seems to be sometimes employed collectively of an entire class); used with much latitude of application, somet. (chiefly in the compd. uasaln.¤ ) of the highest dignitaries, king, bishop, head of the `filid', somet. (esp. in the Uraicecht Becc in Laws v , a late text) of handicraftsmen or master-workers; see ZCP xv 262 - 3 and cf. Corm. Y 962 - 964 quoted above. atat do [ = dá] neimhid do-cuisin for talmuin, saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saer-nemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead imorro, aes gacha dāna olchena. Is aire ada daernemead aes cacha dāna, fobith is do shaernemthib fognait. Acht i[s] saer cid cach creanus a suiri dia dán, Laws v 14.1 fg. ; i.e. the free `neimid' comprised churchmen, rulers, `filid' and `féini', the subject `neimid' handicraftsmen, but the latter could purchase franchise by their art. ni tuath gin tri saorneimthibh samaigter, eclais, flaith, file, Eg. 88 f. 20b ( O'Curry 2272 ). admestar díre cōir cach graid do ṡoernemthib ┐ doernemthib, ZCP xi 95 § 52 ; cf. dire .i. di-errethe do nimt[h]ib ara n-uaisligitaid, Corm. Y 417 = nemthib, Corm. p. 15 (i.e. `díre' is not paid by `neimid' on account of their rank). gúala nemid filed `the coffer of a privileged poet', Triads 255 . mórad nemed `exalting privileged persons', Tec. Corm. § 1.16 . nā ben ra cellaib nemid !, LL 141 m. sup. nib dulta duit da thig | ar enech noím no nemid, LB 277a12 . a chombrāithre naom ┐ neimhedh his brother saints and churchmen (?), Anecd. iii 2.4 . cach dán a nemed, ACL iii 226 ( Aib. Cuigni 14 ; expld. `to every art its practiser', ZCP xvii 49 , but perh. = a). neimheadh gach dán da ndernta, Metr. Gl. 28 § 43 (where n. seems equated with the handicraft, etc. itself), cf. neimheadh .i. gach dán no gach ealadha, O'Cl. There is a distinction between nemed Dé 'a person privileged from God' (i.e. a cleric) and nemed duini 'a person privileged from man' (i.e. a king, poet etc.), Bechbretha § 39 (notes) .

A law-tract freq. alluded to was the Bretha Neimed, which contained among other things rulings of the `filid' on technical points and was included in the curriculum of the `cana' or poet of the fourth year; see IT iii 36 § 18 (Bretha Nemídh) and Auraic. 1298. isna Brethaib Nemed, Corm. Y 142 , 143 = Nemid, Corm. p. 7.

(c) a halidom; any valued article (property, etc.)? consuitter fir ┐ dliged imaille for neimiudh truth (proof) and right are founded on `neimed', Laws v 8.14 ; by Thurneysen, Cóic Con. p. 12 , transld. Heiligtum and expld. as someth. sacred; from the sequel it appears that the `neimed' for judgements of the church was the Scripture, for those of the `fili' rules of law (roscada) and for those of the `flaith' rules, maxims or precedents and testimonies. Cf. O'Dav. 1175 : lam fo nemiath .i. . . . lam fora mindib. nach nemedh do gait `the stealing of an article of little value' (? of great value), Laws iii 394.13 . in cintach in neim-neime do gabail de riana nimhe, a neimhe riana ferunn , H 3.17 c. 132 ( O'D. 160 ), i.e. non-`neimed' property was to be confiscated before `neimed' property, the latter before land. Of cattle : ro suidiged son la Feine hi comdire fria huasalneimthiu cethra, Laws iv 198 z , cf. 200.3 , 19 . ni gaibhtiur nimhe cethra i n-athgabail, H 3.17 c. 131 ( O'D. 159 ). nemeth bó, O'Mulc. 830 e .

(d) in special sense of landed property, any land owned by a nemed-person, esp. glebe-land: neimheadh .i. neamhiath .i. talamh as dlightheach d'eaglais, O'Cl. teampall . . . do forbhadh lasan epscop . . . ┐ neimheadh .i. talamh ecclusda do órdughadh dhó `glebe-land', AFM ii 1082.21 . ? nir dhíon ar an ccaptin . . . neimhedh naoimh nā filed, fiodh nā foithirghlend, v 1788.12 (transld. `sanctuary'). fer médaigthe neimhedh eccailsi ┐ ealadhan who augmented the property of church and science, vi 1908.8 (tr. `an exalter of sanctuaries'). ro croithset neimheadh an naoimh ┐ an innsi uile `glebe-land', Hugh Roe 92.2 (f. 24b) , of Tory Isl. blessed by Colum C. gan indradh no orgain neimheadh eccailsi ná eladhan, 190 z (f. 51a) . ? screpul gach teineadh cin tart | do neimeadh coicidh Connacht, Lism. L. 4780 (tr. `the chapel').

pn Nemed occurs as name of the leader of the Fir Bolg in the Book of Invasions = Nimeth, Gildas Hist. Brit. § 13 ( ZCP x 155 ); also N.¤ mac Sraibchind, see LL 129b14 . Possibly the same word as the above, see Van Hamel, ZCP x 183.

tón

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tón or dil.ie/41378
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tóin

n ā, f. Also tóin i, f.

(a) hindquarters, podex: tōn a tonitro .i. ōn torainn bīs inti, Corm. Y 1256 . natium, anulorum, id est inna ton 'of the rumps, bottoms', GDH 186 . na h-elta nīcos to dīn | snechta find fīr doroich tōin, Four Songs iv 3 . oc imdegail tóne, ZCP xviii 92.14 . ic a toin, 16 . ba menic rota Lūachra Dedad lim-sa foa tóin `under their posteriors,' Sc.M² § 7 . in gilla ... curthar fircenn a srōna | i fírcend tóna na mnā, ZCP iii 34.23 . co foph a thona, LU 8520 (FB). bara mor in brig sin ... for tuaith ┐ cenel ar thoin mna druithi, TBC-I¹ 3600 cf. (c) infra. ? ni ar thoin mna ... gaubus-sa inso, 1616 . as a mbelaib ... as a tonaib, Laws v 108.33 . ní raibh cor a gcois ná a dtóin leis, O'Gr. Cat. 632.35. meadh meanaidh thiar ar a thóin, Ir. Review 1912 , 471 § 7 . debide baise fri tóin, IT iii 150 § 28 . Metaphorical: tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair ` egress ,' Laws iv 158.14 Comm.

(b) bottom: ba usce for tóin créthir, MacCongl. 73.3 . nir bo leir ar tóin in ballain, Ériu v 116.42 . do rat fer don toraig orchar aithesach do cloich cur ben ar toin an aigin, Ann. Conn. 1406.4 . a thaeb fri toin na gabla, O'Dav. 1204. faoí thóin méise, Hard. ii 330.12 . gabas B. righi ... a ton Sceithia thuascertaig gu tracht mara Caisp ` depths ,' BB 18b32 .

(c) In various phrases: inetet toin a mna tar crich follows his wife, Laws v 516.6 .i. fer teid i lenmain tona a mna tar in crich, 19 Comm. hi toin mna mis-rairleastair, TBC-LL¹ p. 888 n. 5 = a n-diaigh mna, p. 889 n. 2 . do chim ... gur ab ·ian leat dul ar do thōin retreat from your position, Luc. Fid. 227.12 .

(d) g s. as adj. rear: glas fota bís iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna, Thr. Ir. Gl. 26.y . in caelan tona rear gut, O'Dav. 1210. don ces tona, Laws ii 232.10 Comm. itir a da cois tona, 240.4 Comm.

Compds. ¤airem rear ploughman (opposed to cennairem): Rimadh in ton-airem tend | Tairle in cendairem coitchend, ITS xxxix 60 § 16 . ¤lesc lazy, sluggish: Aodh buidhi ... ris a raitti an macaomh toinleasc, AFM iii 432.x .