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2 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aí or dil.ie/715
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aui, uith, uath, úad, uaidh, n-uath, ái, ai, , aibh

n t, m. (? Orig. neut. Celtica x 83 ). Earliest form aui (monosyll.), GOI 206 and ZCP x 446 . Later f. a s. uith, IT iii 5 § 1 . g s. uath, ib. in úad , O'Dav. 6 . d s. uaidh, O'Curry 370 . (H 3.18, 207a). g p. na n-uath , LL 5088 . With non-dental inflection a s. ái, Corm. Y 74 . g s. inna ai , RC xxvi 21 note 5 . n p. , Auraic. 742 . d p. aibh, IT iii 87 § 96 .

Poetic inspiration, learning; metrical composition: Dlighedh sesa, a treatise on the genesis of aí, Ériu xiii 35ff. (See notes and Corthals, Akten Linz 127-47 ). itat coic æ and .i. æ ailes ┐ æ chanas ┐ æ aiges æ mides ┐ æ suides, Auraic. 408 (see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 65 ). caill crithmon . . . .i. caill asa tāet cless na uadh (clesa n-uad LB) ind airc [h]etail, Corm. Y 237 . felmac .i. mac ūad; fel .i. ái, 599 . ái .i. airc[h]etul, 74 . felmac .i. fel ai ┐ seis . . . .i. mac sesa ┐ mac uadh .i. airceta[i]l, O'Dav. 880 (see Ériu xiii 35 ). ái no áoi .i. éigsi no éolcha, O'Cl. féth .i. áoi no ealadha, ib. ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b34 = LL 187a11 . aithne damh homa re hæi .i. re heladain, ZCP v 483 § 1 (B. na f.). dochanaid aoí do cretaibh féth, Ériu xiii 17.11 . tiasg aoidh no uadh anmain Dé, 38.2 (= tiasc (sic leg.) ai i n-anmain Dé, O'Dav. 1564 ). tuarustal n-úadh ann so, 18 . ara theintemhlacht na mbríathar úadh ar is nemhnech bríathra in dána iter, Cóir Anm. 240 . cetharda condegar co hæs nuath do airic 'ma nuith, IT iii 5 § 1 . is fis o menmuin amh in ae, O'Dav. 991 . alt .i. aircetal, ar is alt in úad for it is a division of poetry, 6 . comiditer alta uad fri haltaib ín duine the divisions of prosody are compared to the joints of a person, IT iii 122.24 . cia halt huad . . . alta nan huad, Auraic. 1577 . tlachtga na n-uath dub a n-aerthar etc. , 5234 . acht mad æ roscichestar inna menmain .i. dliged gotha . . ., 488 = in aei, 2985 . fri comuaim n-uad, 3538 . dia coibdealachas a (=ó) huaidh on account of his artistic kinship with him, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207a ). sai uadh a sage of poetry, Laws iv 358.4 Comm. cain teasbann teim essgal sceo ni ain ni hain ai is mo hae is moam mo ain (.i. mo rosc ar focus no hai is lim indi as moo dom ainius) (the poet Dallán finds compensation for loss of sight in inner hearing and his art?), ZCP iii 224 § 13 (Amra Senáin). almsana is aoi / dá ndáil don lobhar is don lag, Measgra D. 59.14 . d'fhior go n-aoi, TSh. 5766 . Of Muses: da comfoirti na naoi nae, Celtica ii 71.45 . tomus a.¤ measure, quantity in verse(?): caide tomus cach hae a illabaibh? IT iii 24 § 6 . tomus nae [anal] ┐ innsci do cach iar na miad, Laws i 18.y Comm. tommus n-ai, IT iii 187 § 6 . trefocal . . . cen áe for anae (apparently some kind of metrical fault), ACL iii 293.10 ( Auraic. 1935 ). See Celtica vi 215-6 .

In names of metres: dona haibh freslige, IT iii 87 § 96 . aí idhan, 101 § 183. As n.pr. Aoí mac Ollamain, Ériu xiii 38.y . cia ainm regas ar in macsa . . . tabair Aí fair . . . conid assain . . . ro ainmniged aí airchetail .i. ó Aí mac Ollaman, LL 14611 ( ZCP xx 194.6 ).

4 féth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 féth or dil.ie/21822

 

n gender doubtful. Possibly same word as 5 féth. Of craftsman's work, smoothness, finish, polish? Cf. faithche .i. fēth-chaí .i. conair iarna fēthughad .i. iarna rēidhiughadh, Corm. Y 628 . condenad a f.¤ ┐ a snass ┐ a slemnugud (of stakes of holly = to make them even ?) TBC-LL¹ 1410 ( fethugud St). ní hécen f.¤ dar fudbu de, 158 (i.e. difficulties need not be glossed over; a proverb ?). G. [h]astas faciebat fri teora gressa ┐ ba feth in gres dédenach; dogníth ... L. soer [na crunda] fri teora snassa ┐ ba feth [feith, Sec. Battle of Moytura RC xii 94.1 ] in tsnas dédenach the last chip put the finish on them (?) Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit = Corm. Y 975 . ni rocindsead a feth nach a lighdhath [gús anocht], Anecd. ii 7 (of a bronze palisade = they could not give it the finishing polish and colour ?). (etym. of nemed :) nem-aodh la cerda ┐ goibniu, ar issed dobeir nemhtenchus doib in feith doberat tre aed [.i.] tre tine, O'Mulc. 830g . nem-mod la saoruib ... niamfeith, ar ised dobeir nemtenchas doib, ind feth doniat tre nēim, 830h (both exx. apparently mean that a craftsman's status is determined by the finish of his work. Cf. dlegar do cach feth i nemhedh, Irish Texts iv 21 § 22 ). fethgeir .i. dobheir feith ger ar in fige no fid gér dobeir feth ar in fighe, Laws i 152.13 Comm. (= it makes the wool even ?). Cf. feith .i. faebar, Lec. Gl. M 97 . See also 1 féth (f.¤ fithnaisi). Used as adj. = smooth, finished (?) ; superl.: fethim saire no fedem .i. onn `smoothest of work' (kenning on the ash-tree or letter o) Auraic. 5651 = foillem, Anecd. iii 44 ; text doubtful. Compds. ¤chrann: cona fet[h]crannaibh snasta slemnaigti `even ... shafts' (of arrows) CCath. 5462 .

¤snas: féthán féths[h]nais, MacCongl. 93.10 (see féthán and fithnais). Cf. also: go bfiodhbhacaibh féthshnoightibh smoothed or polished bows Hugh Roe 72.8 (f. 19a) .

fethach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fethach or dil.ie/21825

 

adj o-ā (-é- ? Cf. 6 féth ?) possessing art or learning ? caur f.¤ .i. am coir ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b33 ( RC xxvi 20 § 49 ; cur feithech .i. im coir ag feithugud ..., YBL 244b32 ).

féthugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féthugud or dil.ie/21856

 

Forms: fethugud

n u, m. (vn. of féthaigid). making (becoming ?) calm: in fethugud , gl. sedatio (fluctuum) Ml. 121a10 . Cf. la síne fuata fethugud , O'Dav. 902 . Making smooth or even: co nderna a fethugud ... ┐ a slemhnugud (of stakes) TBC-LL¹ p. 175 n. 4 . faithche .i. feth-chaí, conair iarna fethughad .i. iarna reidhiughudh, Corm. Y 628 . (Fig.) ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b34 = LL 187a11 (cited under fethach). hic fethugud adb .i. hic erned cest, LB 240a1 . LU 1143 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 158 cited under 4 féth).

Fúata

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Fúata or dil.ie/24704
Last Revised: 2013

 

:

n Ireland : Fúata .i. Erinn, Peritia v 49 (Cáin Fhuithirbe) . fuada .i. éire no fodla, 50 n. 28 (TCD H.5.30 fo. 59) . cia asberar didiu Fūada, rectius Fōdla dicitur , Corm. Y § 1265 . f.¤ .i. ére [eire v.l.] ut est la síne f.¤ fethugud , O'Dav. 902 Cf. ri ala [leg. Alo ?] Fuada, Corm. Y 1265 [a corrupt reading from : Alo Cluade ?) apparently connected with : cend ríg alathúathe, LU 7123 ( BDD 80 ). it file f.¤ fāth, Rawl. 161a49 . Cf. do lasaruip lasait cin urdibdud tar fuata fond, Anecd. ii 74 , almost certainly = ... tar fond Fúata. See Metr. Dinds. v , npr. Index, s.v. Fuat and Fuata.

odb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. odb or dil.ie/33490

 

Forms: udbu, adbb, fudhb, fadhb, fadhbh, fuidhb, fadhbh

n o, m. a p. udbu, LU 5261. g p. adbb, 1143 . In Mid.Ir. oft. with prosthetic f, which later becomes fixed. fudhb, IGT Dec. § 96.9 . fadhb ( fadhbh v.l.), ib. 13 . g s. fuidhb, ex. 1727 . Mod. fadhbh f.

(a) a knot in a tree, branch , etc. odb, gl. obex, Thes. ii 42.19 . odbib (gl. nodis, Ecl. v 90 ) 46.26 (obid, obib MSS.). crand . . . cen fadb cen amredi, LB 221a42 . slat gan fhadhb gan chnapán, Keat. iii 159. i n-aimsir Oidhbhgein . . . tangadar faidb tría chrannaibh, Cóir Anm. 267. imscothis na fertse . . . conda cermnastar itir rúsc ┐ udbu, LU 5261 = fudbu, TBC-LL¹ 785 (f added later). féth dar fudbu planing knots, TBC-LL¹ 159 (prov. phrase = overcoming opposition by diplomacy?). ic imthes- cad ḟadb, LL 218b41 ( TTr. 130 ). fadhb .i. cnapán no ní aimhréidh, O'Cl. fuidhb .i. cnapáin, ib.

(b) a lump, swelling or protuberance : ádba mora tecait tre chorp `ulcers', PH 374. fuil tri fudbu ar a ṡethnaig three humps on his body (of a horse), LL 45b24 = MS. Mat. 489 (fig. for three hills on a territory). ? clan[n]sat cletha dogra trít | co ndartsat fo odba bróic, LL 8a50 = fo odhba fóid under a mound of earth (?), BB 31a28 .

(c) a knotty point, difficulty, problem (common later meaning; for transition cf. ic fethugud adbb ic éirniud chest, LU 1143 and TBC-LL¹ 159 quoted above). fadhb .i. ceist, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 635 . in cóiced find-ḟadb fromtha `the fifth bright "knot of testing",' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.19 (where the meaning `hill' is also implied). trí fuidb dotcadaig: ráthaiges, etargaire, fiadnaise three ticklish affairs (in which one is likely to come to grief), Triads 135. lamh laifeas odba an arm that will over-throw obstacles (of a king), IT iii 85 § 95.

Still used in Mod.Ir.: b'shin í an fhadhb there was the rub, GJ vi 116a16 .

snasaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. snasaid or dil.ie/38142

 

v (1 snas) cuts, planes : rosnas Ossín dó a chrand, Metr. Dinds. iii 248.85 . Vn. conderna a fethugud ┐ a snasadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 175 n. 4 (snass, text).