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árbach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. árbach or dil.ie/3969

Forms: airbach, ármach, armaigh

n o, m. ? Orig. n. Quantity of initial vowel not fixed by rhyme but usually written long. Perh. airbach infl. by ár. Also written ármach (infl. of ármag). Note n s. armaigh (: Garaidh), Ériu i 28.192 (metri gratia).

Slaughter, carnage: rīg Airgīall ule i n-á.¤ / acht macc Rúadrach, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 44 . roimigh beogonta asan arbach `the slaughter', ZCP vi 38.29 . gur chuir trom-ármach (arbhach v.l.) air, CRR 96.7 . an tan it-connairc in t-arbach, Grail 3332 . for-uaratar U. . . . i mmesc ind arbaich, 2752 . tre lár in armuig tucadar a munter, TTebe 4056 . iarsin tancatar amach / forru ar écin, cíarb arbach, Metr. Dinds. iii 392.102 . d'innchomarta ármuig `omen of slaughter', MR 236.5 . ar ionad an ármhaigh, Keat. i 202.y . ag fadhbhadh na ffer ngonta seachnón an ármhaigh, AFM v 1646.y . go tteagoitt na Goill anoir / do dioghail orra a n-ármhoigh `to avenge their slaughter', Duan. F. ii 164 § 36 . budh dreamhoin a n-ármhoighe `their slaughters will be dreadful', 164 § 38 . thug sé don ármhach iad, Isaiah xxxiv 2 . Of hell: mairg recus tir na mbéo ar tir na marb ┐ arin arbach naduathmar, LB 256b51 .

conas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. conas or dil.ie/11991
Last Revised: 2013

n o (cú, SGS xiv part ii 146 ) strife, contention; attack : bec nār chonair chonais ground for a quarrel, TBC-I¹ 2600 . fatha conais, TBC-LL² 2885 . castus . . . sáer ar chaire 's ar chonus (`scorn(?)'), ACC 75 ( RC xx 264 ). con imat cél is conus, O'Curry 1468 ( H 3.18, 651b ). can chonus gan chol, SG 21.x . conus na ffer , Duan. F. i 80.4 ` attack ', Gloss. cuairt chonuis, ii 149 § 24 . As n. pr. m.: m. Conais, LL 320c41 .

cráeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráeb or dil.ie/12707
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f.

(a) branch, bough; sprig; rod, wand; post : ni cech cnú fociṅg dia croíb, LL 19134 . etir moin céir ┐ craib, 34903 ( MU² 463 ). co tuca chroíb dam din chaírthend, Fraech 194 . aithsceinm craibi tar ais, Laws v 156.14 . colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.23 (see gabul). craeb . . . olachraind, TTebe 2007 . crāeb ola, ACL iii 238 § 8 . as craobh ria na bláth écc ind ḟir hisin (prov. of untimely death), AFM ii 1114.13 . Cf. ni coilte cra[eb] r[ian]a bláth, Éigse ii 184 § 5 ( LL 374c28 ). léiccis cráobha . . . lécciss coilcthi (? branches strewn for bedding. Poss. w.r.t. bracken or heather branches or perhaps a wooden (or wickerwork) bed-frame , Ériu xxvi 95 ), ZCP viii 198 §§ 16 , 17 . fo chiamhair chraobh `among the gloom of branches', BS 24.13 . craeb sidha a laim gach aeinfir dibh olive-branch , ZCP vi 48.9 . atait 5 craoba ar in luibh so springs, ACL i 332.60 . an té do-ní craoibh don chnaoi (viz. God), DDána 42.30 . is amlaid documlai in mac ┐ craeb airgdide uaso . . . Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib. Craeb umai úasna filedaib archena a golden wand, LL 24227 . Cf. bun(n)sach. craobh conaire signpost , LBranach 1004 . craobh eóluis ar oinigh Aodh, 361 . mithidh damhsa . . . / . . . do chuir ar chraoibh, a chompáin to put away, to put aside (to an old cloak), Hackett² 31.26 , 29 . c.¤ luirg see 1 lorg . rod on which ogam was written: cairechtaire Gaoidhelge . . . sgríobhtha 'na bhfleasga ar chraobhaibh, Celtica i 97.309 . Hence: an carachtaire ele . . . goirthear ogham-chraobh (leg. ogham craobh ?) dhe, 306 .

(b) tree, bush : in chróeb i Cind Febrat, Metr. Dinds. iii 230.68 (? ref. to in t-ibar (sic leg.) of 49, 53). unnius i (? Í) Tortain . . . / unnius Uisnig . . . / tuitset na craiba, LL 27698 . teg mór ffer, ┐ ech, docum craoibhe Fert Luighdheach, Ériu xiii 44.10 . ealta minén ar fud craíbhe éigin, CF² 883 . táinic . . . amach as lár craóibhe = out of the midst of a bush, Exodus iii 2 . In phr. fo chráeib out of doors, in the open(?): encorach dicitur duine fossad fo craeph, O'Mulc. 398 (`or fochraib ?' ed.). codlaim fa chraoibh 'san ess, BS 136.16 . Of particular trees: C. Da Thi / . . . crand na sluag, LL 27692 . unnius im̄ Craeb Belaig Da Thi, 27683 . Craeb Uisnig, 27647 . For mod. le (ar na) craobhachaibh ` mad, crazy ', see Ó Cuív, Éigse viii 104 - 5 .

(c) In a wide variety of transfd. meanings.

Of persons: in chróib co mbláthib (of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). Áed . . . c.¤ chomlán do thennad túath, LL 17038 . in chrōib chāin chumra (a warrior), Bruchst. 122 . a chraobh bhíthe bhanda, DDána 80.28 (to a lady). craobh na rosg ruadh (of Conn), ML 122.11 .

Of locks of hair: a bháirr . . . na gcraob gcam, O'Gr. Cat. 456.7 . le hearla na gcraobh gcumhraidhe, DDána 109.8 . cíoradh na gcraobh, Magauran 976 .

Of weapons: crōib glec lāich ina lāmaib (description of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2571 . in C.¤ Glasach .i. claidem . . . F., Acall. 2192 .

Of a branched wand or staff from which bells were suspended: craebh sidhamhail . . . co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre, Manners and Customs iii 317 n. 313 f. Cf. i. dxxxvii. eistecht risin ceol dogníd in cræbh, IT iii 193.22 . ro croith in craib Sencha ┐ contoíset Ulaid uli fris, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H). c.¤ chréduma ra haird a gúaland (of Sencha), LL 35114 ( MU² 749 ). craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. p. 329.22 . Note further: ar mbreith bhúaidhe cheóil chraoibhe music of the harp(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1165 . ná déin dearmod don chraoibh chiuil, Bard. P. 46.8 . ó ṡeinm na gcraobh gciúil, TD 14.7 . glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 .

Of branching decorative work, arabesque : cráeba cailce for a cliu (of a shield), Eg. 88, 19a cited Contribb. 503 . feilm óir na gcraobh gcorcra, DDána 75.40 . tre chraobhoibh do chuach n-órtha, O'Hara 4363 . craísech chráebh n-úaine, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 .

Of waves: ar chorp mar chraobha tonn, Magauran 1004 .

In sense of pedigree, genealogy, descent, branch of a family tree; scion : do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craébaib, BB 411a33 . ar bhfréamh chraobhei-ne ime, DDána 70.17 . cráobh do chin óna Collaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330 . Freq. c.¤ choibnesa, c.¤ geinelaig: cade a craeb choibniusa? pedigree , Metr. Dinds. iv 346.7 . a c.¤ choibniusa (sic leg.) fri Grécaib common descent (of the Trojans), LL 30859 ( TTr. 41 ). triúr anuas . . . / d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . craobha geinealaigh Gaoidheal, DDána 72.21 . See coibnius.

Note also: hi trūaill . . . findarcait ūas chrōebaib(?) a chnis, TBC-I¹ 2342 . deisme neómain im chét c.¤ (dees imomain im chet croeb, YBL), TBC-LL¹ 4958 ( LL 11620 ). ? cionnus lat tré chraoibh na cána / mac an tsaoir do rádha ris (of Christ), DDána 26.6 . cuanna arna threaghdadh a thaobh / ag cealgadh craobh uadha d'fhíon, Dán Dé xxvi 21 . gach craobh chorr, O'Hara 2444 (`each rounded limb'). craobh uaine ad shuil mar shamfhrais, Celtic Scotland iii 424 , xlii (`beam'). craobh barr-dheigh-ṡleagh a barr sin `whose glory is pre-eminence in sharp good lances', Content. xxix 17 . ? cach sathe díib rogab crúib, ZCP viii 308.20 .

Freq. in nn. loc.., see Hog. Onom .

Compds. General sense branching, spreading , but freq. merely for alliterative or other metrical purposes. With nouns and vns. 'san gcraobh-bhanna phéacach, Keat. Poems 304 (`flowing riband, branching band', Gloss.). fás a craobhchall, DDána 64.21 . craebcoroin . . . do nat[h]rac[h]aiph neimde, CCath. 4119 . craebdearca Conaill, MR 116.21 . atbath craobhdhos bhile mhóir, Aonghus, Keat. iii 707 (quotation). i torchair cain craebdus / Oengus ┐ Eithne (cheville), LL 23505 (c.¤ + dos ?). ós chionn do cheathra gcraobh-fhabhra branching lashes and eyebrows , DDána 114.14 . in chliat[h]sa ni craebhḟál `fence of branches', Gorm. 9 . tré chroeb[ḟ]odail, ZCP viii 307.1 (rhet.). craebhfhoghla . . . caibniusa tuath `genealogical ramifications', MR 98.14 . techtughudh . . . cu cruibh ime temporary fence(?), O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23cd ). arm áigh craoibhlíne ` engraved ', O'Hara 683 . tre Mhagh gC. na gcraoibhleas, DDána 74.50 . atād trī caoga craobh-ogham aguinn ogham written on staves, Celtica i 97.306 . Conall . . . uaind ro geinedh in craebh-shlat, MR 310.20 . laoch … craobhshūileach bushy-eyed Celtica xiii 42.103 . craebhthonna spreading waves(?), CF 926 .

With adjj. a Caiseal craebchorr, BB 60b40 . tré ghéarlasair chraobh-dheirg, Keat. Poems 351 . clanna . . . craeb-gasta, MR 118.18 . mar bhláth éadtrom chraobhghlas, Keat. Poems 288 . dreach craobhghoirthe `bright-curved', O'Hara 1907 . go Cliaigh gcr[a]oibhiodhain, DDána 109.3 . a ghruaidh chraobhnár mar chrithre, Aithd. D. 34.6 (`o'erspread with fiery blush'). in t-abhra réidh craobhnocht, O'Hara 4457 (`curving'). um chlár gcraobhsholus gCobhthaigh, Aithd. D. 16.25 . fuairshreabha an chalaidh chraobhshona, 4.8 (`tree-rich'). cuingeda . . . craeb-uaisli `free-born', MR 246.3 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: craibdig .i. . . . craeb-bethadaig (etymol. gl.), Fél.² xxxi 16 . go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . clar-sceimelta . . . craeb-dathacha cath-sciath, MR 224.5 . in Craebhghlasach, claidem F., Acall. 2244 . dh'éis luit do chuilg cráoibhlitrigh, O'R. Poems 109 . na cromsróna . . . craebhshilteacha, CF² 288 . D. . . . / na sul ngormall craebhsuirgeach, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . gu Céis cráebthorthuigh Coruinn, Anecd. i 31 § 49 .

See cruibe.

deithbrigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deithbrigid or dil.ie/15298

Forms: deifrigh

v (2 deithbir)

I hastens: do deifrigetar i ndiaid ffer gConnacht, SG 283.31 . ipv. 2 s. deifrigh, TD 2.2 .

II

(a) Intrans. differs: anmand . . . dethbriges lan that differ to the full, Laws v 84 Comm. is mar so difrigheas sé o tersiana this is how it differs from tertian fever, 3 C 19, 5 rb29 .

(b) Trans. differentiates, distinguishes: nasdefrigidar a tri urlundinnsci their three leading words of gender distinguish them, Auraic. 616 . intan deifriche fri neach n-aili when thou distinguishest (him) from some one else, 587 . is a ndanaib defrighit ┐ dearscaighit gach gradh dibh so o' raile, IT iii 6. 2 v.l.

fodbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fodbad or dil.ie/22574

n u, m. (vn. of fodbaid) stripping or despoiling the slain: iar toitim in churad ... nir licsead a ḟ.¤ , Dinds. 132 . badh meabul leo fodbadh [fodbugud v.l.] na corp, CCath. 6149 . ag fadhbhadh na ffer ngonta, AFM v 1646.28 . an uáir thangadar .. d'faghbhadh na marbh, `to strip the slain' 1 Chron. x 8 . Despoiling, harrying: bás do rind da bar ḟ.¤ , LB 274a43 ( SG 55z : `death by point shall work your destruction' O'Gr.). 'ga fortchead ┐ 'ga fodbud, MR 238.17 . na fáinn ┐ na truaigh do ḟodhbhadh ┐ do chrechad, RC xxv 392.21 . ar bhfádhbhadh na nuachdaránachd ... dó having despoiled principalities Coloss. ii 15 . ag fodbadha gacha fini, MR 286.27 (= fodbughadh ?). With ó of thing: arnam fhadhbhadh ┐ arnam shlat o gach sholas shaegalta = omni humana consolatione fere destitutus Instructio 223.30 . do chluasa arna fadhbhadh on eisdeacht = aures auditu privatuntur 121.6 .