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Your search returned 66 result(s).

ad-boind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-boind or dil.ie/368

 

Forms: a-t-bois, ad-bo, -arfastar, apad, aptha

v ( ad-bond-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 476 ). Subj. Pres. 2 s. a-t-bois, O'Dav. 89 . 3 s. ad-bo, ib. ? Pass. (with ro) -arfastar (= árbastar?), Laws ii 48.4 . Cf. as-boind with which this vb. is sometimes confused and to which some of the exx. below may belong.

Proclaims, gives notice or warning (DO to): do gaib na heocho . . . ┐ ata-boind do fir bede heich and gives notice of them to the man whose they are, Laws iv 104.z. Comm. atabaind . . . fo na cricha he gives notice of them throughout the country, 106.3 Comm. adbonnar do flaith do eclais `let it be proclaimed to the chief, to the church', iii 298.6 . ni gaibther athgabail neimhe[d] graid flatha . . . co n-arfastur (= árbastar?) doib cu dechmuid `till notice be given to them of ten days', ii 48.4 . co n-arfastar doib fo lin fiadan, v 442.21 . lecidh in fear a cetmuindtir ┐ atboind na tucadh neach, 200.14 Comm. atbonnar do cach fia fiadnaib tuidhecht di, O'Curry 476 (H 3.18 p. 248). atboind ratha rechta, 2486 ( Eg. 88 fo. 39 (40)c ). ar apndachaib fine .i. adbonn fine a curu, 837 (H 3.18, p. 382a). o adponnar if notice be given, 797 (H 3. 18, p. 370b). for fuigell . . . atabonar, O'D. 2212 ( Nero A vii p. 146b ). in la segar ise la adbonar, 620 ( H 3.17 col. 461 ). adbo .i. urfocraim .i. obaim nó atboinn nó atbois ut est atbois a réir britheman, O'Dav. 89 . ? atbois .i. tobach ceni torbois .i. cenipe tualaing, O'Curry 1975 ( H 4.22, 17 ).

Vn. apad.

Part. aptha.

ad-fen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fen or dil.ie/438

 

Forms: ad-fenar, -aithenar, -aithidis, adfether, athfethar, adfither, aithid, aiti, aithe

v (* aith-fen-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 517 ). Indic. pres. pass. sg. ad-fenar, Laws i 256.6 . -aithenar, Sc.M² § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -aithidis, Wb. 21d11 . Fut. pass. sg. adfether, Wb. 20b7 . athfethar, Gael. 50, 140 ( Blathm. 977 ). adfither, Ériu i 68.17 . Later as simple vb. aithid. See also 2 aithnigid. Verbal of necess. aiti, IT iii 199.4 . Vn. aithe.

Repays, requites: digail .i. adfether do gl. portabit iudicium, Wb. 20b7 . asber . . . arandaithidisom di maith `he says . . . that they should requite it with good' 21d11 . aithgabail insin ad fenar fo fio ad fenar olcc anmuinib ad fenar maith muinib, Laws i 256.6 . mani atma flaith na fine nad innarbann, is aithgin ind. Ad-fenar, feib ro-n-erthar, ZCP xiv 382 § 46 (= Laws ii 308.20 ). ar asrenar fo-fia, ar is ó ulcc fo-fenar (adfenar, fofechar, MSS) olcc for evil is repaid by evil(?), ZCP xi 85 § 39 . nach urgais nad aitir co cend mbliadhna, O'D. 2233 (Nero A vii, 155-6). aither feich inbleogain air, O'Curry 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). ? gin co haitaither, 506 ( H 3.18, 257 ). dianotecma slait / do bachla sdo chluic / fo déin cen ro aithe / na ro caithe a ccuit, KMMisc. 270.10 . nó go n-aithear m'adhbhar-sa till my grudge is settled, DDána 95.4 . ní aitheann i gcéadóir cion, 60.36 . ní hé gu maithfe tú an troighech / aithfe an crú sa soidech súd, IGT Decl. ex. 811 . m'olc féin is é do aithfeadh, Dán Dé vii 28 . Freq. in constr. ad-fen (aithid) x for y avenges x on y: ni haiti for neach . . . dia mbadh a n-inadh aco sin no digladh a fholaid, IT iii 199.4 . aithis in file fechair / a díbe ar a droich-ṡethair, Metr. Dinds. iii 56.37 . aithfimídne fort sa 'na ndeine d'éccoir forainn, BNnÉ 6.30 . cech ní dorigne-sim . . . fris in slaníccid do haithed fair, LB 142b41 . aithid air bar n-esanóir `revenge on him your insults,' MR 218.8 . co ro aithedh ┐ co ro dioghladh a ainninne for aroile, AFM v 1360.24 . do aith orainn ar n-ábhocht, Magauran 4200 . Cf. da n-aithea ferg Dé foraib, PH 2948 .

airchonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchonn or dil.ie/1751

 

n o (conn) person of rank or standing(?), responsible person(?), sensible person(?) (in some contexts of persons capable of giving evidence): it cetheora eirca do cuisin di seota cach urcuind, Laws i 258.26 .i. gach uasal codhnaidh, 272.27 Comm. leth cumal ar cach nurconn, iv 346.21 Comm. corus fiadnaise cid ara nepar fiada? ar indi is fiada ar ni derntar fiada acht di aurchond cuibhsech, O'Curry 61 ( H 3.18, p. 22b ). ni bi fiada na bi urconn innruic, O'D. 531 ( H 3.17, p. 431 ). cocrathar urchonn urthach .i. ciallrunathar uasal testugh ona codhnacha lithar ann, O'Curry 1770 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 37a). foras nach cor . . . donither fia fiadnaib innracaib acht rop urconn in forais inti doní, O'Curry 375 ( H 3.18, p. 208 ). ?Adj. mad la arrad nurrchonn fo fich, Laws ii 190.1 .

aircsiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aircsiu or dil.ie/1786
Last Revised: 2013

 

n vn. of ar-aicci. act of looking on. In Laws technical term for the negligence or indifference of a spectator who suffers an illegal act to be performed in his presence, and thereby incurs a certain liability, Ériu xii 81 n. dingaibh cen faill cen airgsiu, 80.22 ; 'without indifference' Ériu xii 81 . atach no aircsi no taircsi dligid . . . ised is aircsi and .i. faicsin na comairce re cois in uair sin no reime, O'Curry 2034 (H. 4.22, fo. 57a). mas ar comairce atat na daine resa ndernadh in foghail . . . is aircsi ┐ atach ┐ taircsiu dligidh du riagail i lleith risin comairghe ann, O'D. 2352 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 40a ). atach ┐ aircsi ┐ taircsin dligid ag dilsech, atach ┐ aircsin ag indilsech ┐ nocho nfuil taircsin, O'Curry 1485 ( H 3.18, p. 662b ). cetharda dhaoras gach flaith . . . baos ┐ uaiti ┐ anglonnas ┐ aircsi ar is . . . aititnech gach aircsinach, 2292 ( Eg. 88 fo. 22(23)a ). fiach sula suidhe gu trian tresairgsi .i. is é in tres ni asa fuil fiach dunacathi air, beith aga fechain ┐ faill naididin legu go lighi, 1002-3 ( H 3.18, p. 427b ). di aircsiu di aititiu, Laws i 64.7 . ni dilsigar airgse na haitidiu iudail (= iubail) na tren-lide neirt, v 496.4 . ni fuil airgsiu na aididiu itir fine imaneitir manib uile .i. braithirsi, O'D. 1960 ( Eg. 90, fo. 7(8)b ). ni fil a[i]rcsiu na aititiu eter brathraib na finibh fri faenel flaithemhnais, ZCP xii 365.3 . fir oircsin (leg. aircsen, ed.), 361.24 . ? nech aircsiu nó nech airgiu neo[ch] in fia[ch] aithgeine .i. nocha n-airgither o neoch sin ní is mó inas fiu na haithgina, O'Dav. 934 . duine caithce . . . fothla ┐ an ┐ a.¤ , Laws iv 146.17 Comm. airgsiu, 98.18 Comm. lethsét a tairrecht no aircsin gan a rér (in a list of fines etc. due to a lord), O'D. 511 ( H 3.17, c. 415 ). See also under airgsin.

1 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aire or dil.ie/1883

 

n [] f. See Lochlann ii 221-2 .

(a) As vn. act of guarding, watching over, tending, caring for: a.¤ inna aithche huile gl. uigelando, Ml. 95d10 . ara mbethe ico n-airi co llocharnnaib (of guarding relics), Trip.² 2828 . mo arise duib innocht olse fri triar caém dia muntir . . . is amluid . . . robatar ocond a.¤ you guard me tonight, LL 282a36 . ba marb-sa da iṅgnais de / cen co ti-sium dam a.¤ , to tend me, TFerbe 485 . roḟitir Cormac ord n-a.¤ (na ha.¤, v.l.) the order of the watch, Ériu iii 137.55 . are in puirt na tora tascur don lir, Laws i 128.12 Comm. tú liaigh na hanma d'a.¤ , Dán Dé vii 20 . Of `waking' the dead: clérich H. dollotar d'airi P., Thes. ii 320.3 (Hy. ii). batar ic airi in chuirp isna aidchib, Trip.² 3008 . baí . . . acc a.¤ na ccorp co nonóir, AFM ii 780.2 . airet robatur sruithi E. ica a.¤ , Lism. L. 636 . Note also: a.¤ (.i. grādh nó troscud) na sanct ina fēil (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 9 . In hostile sense looking out for (in order to attack): do bhiodhbha is é t'fhear faire / . . . / an t-olc reimhe is é ar th'a.¤ on the look-out for you, DDána 10.8 . na cóig námhaid do ní ar gclodh / . . . / a n-a.¤ nó go ndeach dhíom / bíodh faire ar an dteach i dtám until I cease to look out for them (i.e. the five senses), Dán Dé ix 7 .

(b) notice, heed, attention: dobéer desemmrecht dúib . . . frissacomricfea far n-a.¤ `I will now give you an example which your attention will attain to', Wb. 12c35 . connach cuiread as a airi cathuchud na T., and he could not put the fighting out of his mind, TTebe 1257 . tóghbaidh sé a n-a.¤ dona neithibh saoghalta it takes their mind off earthly things, TSh. 9272 .

Used in a large variety of idioms with verbs and prepositions.

(c) With prec. prep. in sét atá form' a.¤ , `the path on which I am intent', Ériu vi 115.3 . ní suan fír baoith boi ar mh'a.¤ `that I was bent on', Mart. Don. Dec. 4 . bith ar th'a.¤ take heed, Ériu iii 145 § 24 . is aithnid damh-sa créd ata ar h'aire `I know what is in thy thought', ZCP vi 58.24 . ní beag do thír é ar a ha.¤ , TD 29.4 . is edh sin . . . tuccadh ar mh'aire-si gurbho gillae amhulcach ócc tusa, Irish Texts iii 15.9 . With do-cuirethar: doralus ar m'airi / gréschi occa ṅguidi, Fél. Prol. 15 . oebind na tarla ar m'a.¤ , LL 210a19 . is trén tárla ar a airi strongly was his attention engaged, Hy Fiach. 210 . diongna an ní tharla ar th'a.¤ `strange is the task you undertake', Content. xiv 4 . do-beir x do a.¤ pays attention to x, heeds x: is tabartha do airi . . . indus in cheneōil cosa tīagam, TBC-I¹ 327 . ní rabi d'esbaid . . . ar duni . . . ríam a ra tucad da ari acht co facced R. that he would heed, MU² 701 . tabrad cách dia airi co ticfa bráth, LU 2495 . in tan nach tabrai dot airi in senoir Anachis . . . dobeth isin gabad atait, Aen. 570 . tan nā taibret dia n-a.¤ / na pīana . . ., Ériu iii 29 § 2 . tabhair dot a.¤ . . . nách ccuirfe aonchuid don choimhthionól ad leith guarded, Desid. 6483 . tabhair dot airi . . . nách drochumhla atá agat mirad, 1971 . an dtabhair Aodh dá a.¤? does A. pay heed to? TD 4.36 . tug th'a.¤ nach breith le báidh / do thagra féin ar Niall náir, Content. iv 2 . Note also: antar frim a.¤ co n-accar in coimriti in fer isind airide, ZCP viii 120.16 . ? fáilte ni thaet imm a.¤ , LL 261a40 ( IT i 79 ).

(d) With follg. prepp. With DI: do chloinn dochoidh a n-a.¤ they had given up hope of children, DDána 27a. 10 . With DO: masa th'airi téit don brut . . . rot fia if your mind is set on the mantle, LU 3112 . mairg a.¤ do chuaid don gus alas that attention was paid to the fierce advice(?), MR 14.23 . do bhéar-sa a.¤ dhuid-se / tar cheann Torna san troid-se `on behalf of T. I will face you', Content. vi 2 . With FOR (AR): roloisc[s]et a mbar(a)ca . . . conapedh a n-a.¤ for teiched `so that they should not think of retreating', RC xii 58 § 9 . dá mbeith a n-a.¤ oram if they heeded me, Dán Dé xxv 10 . ní bí a.¤ ac lucht an oilein sin ar raed ar bith acht ar chogad `the folk of that island care for nothing . . .', Maund. 168 . od conncatar goill a.¤ cenél C. for an marcsluaigh `when the English saw that the attention of C. was directed towards the cavalry', AFM iii 320.y . bídh a.¤ mhór agom orra I take great care of them, Desid. 6356 . With prec. do-cuirethar: is air dorala a a.¤ on this his mind became set, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . is í sin aimser a tarrla a.¤ ríg na hE. ar fad aontuma a ingine, ML² 492 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air `as long as we can remember', Ériu iv 220 § 34 . With FRI: cóir are re dīgail Dé it is right to beware of God's vengeance, BColm. 100.5 . bíd th'a.¤ frisin lá atbél `keep watch for the day of my death', Metr. Dinds. iii 212.37 . ó nach raib a n-a.¤ re himgabáil a dtáisig for they had no intention of . . . Caithr. Thoirdh. 40.5 . amhail na biadh a a.¤ fri a niarmhóireacht itir `as though he had no intention of pursuing them', AFM v 1852.11 . a fhiarfaige dé an roibe sa baili enní re roibe a a.¤ no suil aige `anything that he liked', L. Chl. S. 44.1 . t'a.¤ rum, a rí na mbreath `list to me', Aithd. D. 51.11 . ar n-aireine re hiath Cuinn / ag triath dhaighfhine Dhomhnuill `my thought of Conn's land belonging in future time to Mac D.'s brave host', 29.15 . With prec. téit: na dechaidh a hairi re commamdacht uad (she said) that her mind was not turned to wedlock with him, CCath. 1150 . dochoidh . . . cidh mh'airi-si m'oenar ria boin I had set my mind on a cow all for myself, Lism. L. 1582 . = imm boin, Three Hom. 78.13 . úair ní th-ari-siu téit ria since it is no concern of yours, Ériu i 134.4 . ní dechaidh a hairi-si fri feall furri do Ænias she did not expect that deception would be practised on her by A., Aen. 788 . ní mó téit m'a.¤-si rem' comfurtacht duid nor have I any hope that you will help me, ZCP vi 64.23 . With I N-: admhaim go dtéid mh'a.¤ inn / gach ní ad-chím 's ad-chluinim, DDána 60.24 . tuc a a.¤ 'sin ningin, ZCP viii 268 § 45 . With IMM: dochuaid . . . cid m'a.¤ si m'oenar imm boin I had set my heart on having a cow all for myself, Three Hom. 78.13 = fria boin, Lism. L. 1582 . ro bo lughaide a n-a.¤ . . . fá fhaillidhe in comuill `they less than ever were inclined to fail in execution', etc., Caithr. Thoirdh. 103.y .

(e) As interj. look, take care: are, in gai-se for Bude, ol C. LU 5798 ( TBC-I¹ 1326 ). th'a.¤ chugat, a Uí L. look out , Maguires of F. 21 .

Later faire q.v.

3 airer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 airer or dil.ie/1932

 

Forms: areir, a.

n Apparently o, but n s. also areir, etc. Some kind of fine apparently equal in value to one-seventh of a person's honour-price (eneclann) except in the case of kings. See Ir. Recht p. 15 . ZCP xv 247 . cia roig dire ┐ areir (leg. arer or airer, ed.) ┐ enecland? Saigid dire co .uii. cumala. Saigid areir co cumail, Ir. Recht 13 § 14 . x mba ┐ samaisce ata dó ina eneclann ┐ bo ┐ samaisce ata do ina a.¤ . . . uair sechtmad eneclainne ata do ina a.¤ , O'Curry 650 ( H 3.18, 314 ). seachtmad eneclainne a.¤ cach graid co gradh seachta ┐ cumal a.¤ seic; cumal a.¤ cach graidh o sin suas co ri cuicigh no Erenn ┐ di cumal cid do seic, 347 (192a). cisne lesa . . . tascnat treise . . . a.¤ .i. ar sechtmadh .i. la eneclann, what cases last for three days? . . . a case of a.¤ i.e. the seventh (of the `eneclann'), Laws i 230.25 , 232.27 Comm . E. . . . ro marbad ar cumuirce F. . . . ┐ righ cuicidh hé ┐ ro dligustur ocht cumala décc itir irar ┐ eneaclann ina sárughadh, 76.12 Comm. athgabail airir ni teit fuirri acht airir cob thri, co bo tri cach nai acht airir rig, dligid side secht cumala inna airir i.e. a king may distrain up to the amount of seven `cumals' for his a.¤ , ii 126.7 , Ir. Recht p. 15 n.l . brigter a.¤ erenar i cnocbeim col, Laws iii 536.16 . cia roich eneclann? Ro saich enech-gríss air i mbánbém, a.¤ i cnocbém, O'D. 903 ( H 3.17 c. 645 ). laneneclann don rig ┐ a.¤ isna híib so, O'Curry 459 ( H 3.18, 243b ). a.¤ enechruice compensation for causing `face-reddening' (insulting), ZCP xv 246 § 5 ( Laws ii 204 ). trian n-airir i tres n-aici `a third of the `a.¤' for the third fosterage', O'Dav. 137 . ni hictar dire na airiur na eneclann . . . oga.¤ i nogaltram, O'D. 1014 (H. 2.15, p. 17a). ní dligh airchindech aireir a manchu na dligh díre a ṡeoit, O'D. 990 ( H 3.17 col. 854 ). tabair da .vii. cumala dib do Conchobar i nairear, O'Curry 2089 (H. 4 22, p. 71b). a.¤ nairdbidh . . . .i. isi eiric ata don flaith ina [biadh] uasal . . . .i. eneclann, 443 ( H 3.18, 238b ). file nába fia thuaith taisilbhe, ni direnar dire na a.¤ na eneclann, Ériu xiii 17.24 .

airmitnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmitnech or dil.ie/2283

 

Forms: oirmindech, oirbindech

adj o, ā (1 airmitiu). a.¤ féid honoured, respected: cach ōen comaldathar in cáin si . . . arop a.¤ fēith la Dīa, Cáin Ad. 30 . Later without féid: in fírén huasal a.¤ , Trip.² 2021 . fer soimm a.¤ , 2699 . fer óc a.¤ , RC xxvi 12 § ix ( LL 186a55 ). fer eirmhitnech, AU ii 176.22 . ingen uasal oirmitnech fia dáinib, Three Hom. 54.3 . a.¤ tuaite .i. dia tabair tua(i)t airmitin, BCrólige 32 . a.¤ Alman `revered one of Almain', RC xxiv 192.8 . i naentaid na naemh-Trinoidi . . . airmhitnighi, Lism. L. 1114 . gnuis airmetnech failid, BB 427a35 . a ógh airmhidneach (litany of the Virgin), Parrth. Anma 3944 . coic laithi airmhidnecha leo . . . cin tomhailt feola leo, `five days specially observed', Marco P. 27 . With metathesis oirmindech, ZCP xiii 8.18 . oirbindech, vi 24.16 . Compar.: mad sofoltachu in fer oldas in ben . . . no mad airmidnechu i.e. has a higher status, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 62 § 31 . Superl. ro hadhnacht . . . ionnus as airmidhnighe ro hadhnacht Gaoidheal riamh, Hugh Roe 326.5 (fo. 84b) .

anfaitches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfaitches or dil.ie/3555

 

n (faitches) carelessness, inadvertence, lack of caution: anfót .i. anfaitchius, Fél.² cxiv § 30 (3) . anfot .i. . . . in tanfoitcius, Laws ii 2.17 Comm. is ed agurthar fuirre [i]nt anfoit lethfiach ┐ indethbir torbai ┐ anfaitces leth[fia]ch, Cóic Con. 18 § 10 (a.¤ may originally have merely been a gloss on anfoit, p. 71). ar imbed na n-anfaithches `for the multitude of the negligences', RC xx 54.14 (ACC). di fuachtain nó do anfaitchius `of injury or incaution', 278.1 (ib.). Ceall-dara do loscadh tria a.¤ drochmna, AU i 564.3 . i nguasachtaib tria anfhaitchius `though carelessness', PH 4859 . In more general sense: nachustarla anfaitchess `may calamity never come upon them', BColm. 50.21 .

In Laws frequ. in contexts referring to persons not responsible for their actions (insane persons, minors, etc.): fal anfaitceis, v 508.19 .i. in ime doni in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille co comlan, 21 Comm. ni abbail iriu anfuidces (.i. mac bec) . . . cia do beth anfaitces ceille fair, O'Curry 430 (H 3.18, 233b); 1745 ( 23 Q 6, 32 ). anfaidces .i. ceille in duine mir, no mac bac (sic), 433 ( ib. 234b ). atait a tri fors na laigh aititiu . . . .i. baes (.i. in mic bic) ┐ anfis (.i. in codnaig) ┐ a.¤ .i. fer echtar fine, 440 (ib. 237a ); cf. trí fors ná tuit aititiu 'na ré: bás, anfis, a.¤ , Triads 162 . ni tuit aititiu for . . . anfis na hanfaitcheas .i. ceille in duine mir no in ti oca mbi anfaitceas ceille, in fear leathcuinn, O'Curry 1902 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)b ). is [s]aor cia ro astaithe cor socuinn cen a.¤ .i. in cunnradh doní in degh codnach cen a.¤ ceille air, 2398 ( Eg. 88, 31(32)b ). is ogh slán don ecmacht ainfis anfaitcis acht luighi nama, 2642 ( Eg. 88, f. 55ab ). anfaitces .i. ni caomnagair gin a marbadh .i. in fer ro marb tathair no do brathair ┐ is borblachus gin uiriasacht, no is anbothachus ceilli fodera dosam sin, 2646 (ib.). egmacht, ainfis, ainfaitces ni forbrad dire tar faoth forais, Laws iv 228.12 .

arafia

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arafia or dil.ie/3944

 

(see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 271 - 272 ). In phr. is a.¤ do one has it in one's power: isara fia dom gl. numquid manducabo carnem, Thes. i 3.9 . isara fie dúnn gl. non possuit nos Deus in iram, Wb. 25c9 . is farafie duib ni dóir far mbethu gl. vos autem in carne non estis sed in spiritu, 4a3 . barafie (= ba a.¤) dúib darígente `ye had it in your power to do it', 11d5 . is arafíad duitsi, Lism. L. 2180 .

Cf. ar-tá.

as-ren

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-ren or dil.ie/4479
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: asrenai, asren, isidren, adrén, -eren, -eiren, ascomren, iscomren, asrenat, asrenar, adrenar, -ereanar, ascomrenur, asrenaiter, -eirenaiter, -éirena(i)tar, adrenaiter, asrenad, asrentais, ernn, érnem, asria, asria, ascomra, as-comrae, -escomra, -escomrad, as-rethar, -escomrait[h]er, -escomriter, asriad, -escomradh, asririu-sa, asrire, asriri, asrirther, asrireth, asrir, asrath, ascomrair, -escomrair, ascomrad, -escomrad, eirnidhther, eirnither, isrenaitiur, asrenaigthar, ernifes, ernebha, ernebter, ēirni, érni, hērne, ernitir, asrin, éraicc

v (* ess-ren-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 597 ). See ZCP xvi 272 . See also under ar-ren, and GOI 508 . Indic. pres. 2 s. asrenai, Ml. 44a6 . 3 s. asren, Ml. 36a30 , 127a18 . isidren, O'Dav. 1526 . adrén, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . -eren, Laws iii 156.4 . -eiren, v 176.3 . With perf. -com-: ascomren, Críth G. 363 . iscomren, Laws v 340.z . 3 pl. asrenat, Sg. 27a2 . Pass. sg. asrenar, Laws i 92.4 . adrenar, ZCP vii 482 (Enchir. Aug.). -eranar, Laws iv 114.30 Comm. -ereanar, v 466.z. With perf. -com-: ascomrenur, Laws v 348.8 . Pass. pl. asrenaiter, O'Curry 566 (H 3.18, 282). Laws v 210.1 . -eirenaiter, BCrólige 1 . -éirena(i)tar, Críth G. 121 . adrenaiter, Corm. 9 . Indic. impf. 3 s. asrenad, Ml. 32b10 . 3 pl. asrentais, O'Curry 257 (H 3.18, 149b). Ipv. 2 s. ernn, Thes. ii 257.11 (? ernaid). 1 pl. érnem, Lib. Hymn. i 19 gl. 15 . Subj. pres. 2 s. asria, Laws iii 150.12 . 3 s. asria, Ml. 127a18 . With perf. -com-: ascomra, ZCP xiii 24.13 . as-comrae, Bürgschaft § 74 c . -escomra, O'Curry 987 (H 3.18, 424a). 3 pl. -escomrad, Tec. Corm. 34 n. 8 . Pass. sg. as-rethar, Laws ii 126.y Comm. With perf. -com-: -escomrait[h]er, O'Dav. 766 . Pl. -escomriter, Mon. Tall. 136.33 . Subj. impf. 3 s. asriad, Ml. 36a29 . With perf. -com-: -escomradh, O'Dav. 766 . Fut. 1 s. asririu-sa, Wb. 18a14 . 2 s. asrire, LB 261a70 . 3 s. asriri, Wb. 25b6 , Ml. 30c13 . Pass. sg. asrirther, Wb. 1c3 . Condit. 3 s. asrireth, O'Curry 2496 ( Eg. 88 40(41)c ). Pret. 3 s. asrir, Thes. ii 342.2 , 348.2 (Hy. v). Pass. sg. asrath, O'Curry 875 (H 3.18, 393a). Perf. 3 s. ascomrair, Laws v 348.6 . -escomrair, 5 . Pass. sg. ascomrad, O'Dav. 634 . -escomrad, Laws v 372.3 .

Prot. stem -éren (above) later replaced by érn-, see érnid, érnigid. Note also the follg. (in some cases stem érni-?): eirnidhther, BCrólige 1 n.6 . eirnither, 4 n.3 , 17 n.4 . isrenaitiur, asrenaigthar, Ériu ii 206 § 27 v.l. Fut. ernifes, LU 2663 . ernebha, O'Curry 1934 ( 23 P 3, 25 c ). ernebter, Ériu xii 80.y . Ipv. 2 s. ēirni, ZCP xii 292.12 . érni, ACL iii 230.z . hērne, 231.5 . 3 s. ērennat (leg. ērenath), ZCP xxx 11 . 3 pl. ernitir, Mon. Tall. 136.32 . Pret. 3 s. asrin, LL 333b32 ( ZCP viii 319.30 ).

Vn. éraicc and prob. also (orig.) éra.

Pays away (freq. as fine or compensation), expends, gives: ní asriad do feichemain rodligestar ní do, Ml. 36a29 . asriri dia dígail dar[an]ési, Wb. 25b6 . asrenat frecrae dond immchomurc `they render an answer to the question', Sg. 27a2 . cia rogonat doíni . . . in cóicer . . . ascomren aire échta tara cenn, Críth G. 363 i.e. the a.¤ é. can pay the legal mulcts for homicide to their kin, p. 71 . at[a]comren cia tacra cen air[r]ech cen airliciud, 398 `he is able to pay them over without (having recourse to) requisition or borrowing', p. 34 . mani thechta ní aschomra meren (leg. ní éren, ed.) do duiniu acht pennind `if he does not possess anything that he can pay (as fine) he pays nothing to man save only penance', Ériu vii 154 § 4 . ar as renar fo-fia for whatever is paid out he will get back, ZCP xi 85 § 39 . is ed as-rirtar (leg. -rirther, ed.) do de, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 63 § 32 . asren diabul neich ara troiscther aire he pays double that for which he was fasted upon, Laws i 116.15 . fer turgaire druith is é asren a cinaid . . . ar is é ag insin asrenar [comraiti] na comraite la fear asidrean, iii 156.5 . atait secht n-erca . . . asren a fine nad con tuillit slan na somaine cidhbe asdocomra, v 182.7 . na direanar do Dia, ni hereanar do duine, 466.z. asrirter, eirniter eiric ann isin torbach, iii 212.13 Comm. ni rig . . . do na eirenedar feich cana he is not a king to whom are not paid the fines of law, iv 50.23 . asreanidar tra na smachta dia treisi iar fogail, 104.23 Comm. a cumat isririth som . . . .i. a coméd . . . ro icfad som, O'Curry 392 ( H 3.18, 219b ). ise israiri as .i. . . . ise eirnis ni as, 230 (H 3.18, 725). imraicne ascomradh .i. . . . comeirnedh eiric, 1425 (H 3.18, 639b). ma asloat cintaig follongud (folongat v.l.) aitiri ┐ geullud ┐ esrenad (gellait ┐ asrenait v.l.) diabul do aitirip, Anecd. iii 24.16 . oenfiach adrenar nde, 22.21 . asrenair héricc már dossom ind, 58.3 . asren díre a grád dond eclais `he pays the fine of his orders to the church', Ériu i 218 § 4 . atrenat boin co n-uingi as cech urthobach, LB 259a24 . ni robrad nad eascobrad, BB 64a39 = imrobhrad nad escomhrad, Tec. Corm. 34 n.8 . ar asrire in mac a chinaid, LL 287b25 .

2 athchuingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 athchuingid or dil.ie/4733

 

Forms: athchuindchid, athchuinghidh, athchoindghidh, athchuinge

i, f. vn. of 1 athchuing(id). Earlier athchuindchid, -gid. athchuinghidh f., IGT Decl. § 42 . athchoindghidh (athchuinghidh, v.l.), Verbs § 83 . Also athchuinge. Orig. act of asking again, asking back: athchuindgid . . . ar cotai, Anecd. i 11.21 ( SCano 353 `seeking again', Gloss.). ni dliginn idhnacal athcuinghi, O'Curry 2402 ( Eg. 88, 31 (32)c ) = ni dlig idnacal athcuindche is not to be reclaimed(?), O'D. 627 ( H 3.17, 467 ). ? ní assu a.¤ inna flatha oldás a imdídnad, ZCP xi 84 § 33 . ro gab algais de im a.¤ fair repeated requests(?), LU 9727 .

Usually simply act of asking, requesting (in some exx. perh. importunately); request, boon: timarnad duit nád dechis / . . . / fri caingin ná a.¤ as do liss `for business or begging' (monastic discipline), Ériu iii 108 § 52 . ní téis féin do athchuingi thou shalt not go thyself to solicit, i 199.3 . cid riasíu dognéthi a athchunchid, PH 7866 . rot-fia screpull óir . . . mad fó let a athcuingidh, Acall. 1432 v.l. dot atcuincidh táncamar, RC xxvii 284.41 . ba hathchungid ugra insaigid fair, LL 225b8 ( TTr. 609 ). ag athcuingi an talman d'oslugud reompu, RC xxviii 312 § 10 . iar na athcuinchid co trén, MacCongl. 49.14 . ar niarraid ┐ ar nathcuinchid ar Forann, LB 118a7 . lotur sidhe do athchuindídh foran ingín d'iarraidh aisced furrí, BB 258b32 . adchuingid fo mebail a shameful request(?), ZCP vi 259.24 . do geib se ó Dia dóib . . . an atcuingi . . . sirit air, SG 42.25 . intī nār ér ōenduine ríam fa athc[h]uingid ētualuing, ZCP viii 111.11 . doest Dia ria n-edarguidhib ┐ re n-athchuinnchib, RC xvii 155.6 (Tig.). naem dogebad in Boroma ar athchungid by asking, RC xiii 102 § 131 . héra n-acuingeda (sic leg. ?), xxi 152 § 4 . siris mar athchuinghe air / braon do bharr mheóir dá mhéaraibh, TSh. 6168 . usa an chrích d'athchuinghidh air / fríth gerb athchuingidh úabhair, IGT Decl. ex. 1197 . dob í a athchuingidh, ex. 1203 . iarraidh a hathchuinghe (: canfaimne), Aithd. D. 19.12 . da naemdacht an athcuindce, ZCP vii 307.23 . iarruiss . . . a n-athchuingidh a treōrugadh go Loreto `requested that she should be brought to L.', Fl. Earls 134.z . athchuingidh fri bás, AFM iv 988.13 `a dying request', Plummer MS. notes. ga mhéud athchuinghidh san bPaidir?—Seacht n-athchuingheda, Parrth. Anma 1945 .

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

braise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. braise or dil.ie/6516

 

n , f. (bras)

(a) daring, boldness (in favourable and unfavourable sense); quickness; nimbleness: co ṁbraissi, Fél.² June 19 .i. co slatra no co solam, xcvii 19 = bras[e] .i. slatratu nó calma . . . fia sluaighedh co mbraisi `with bold- ness', O'Dav. 263. b.¤ gl. lasciuia, Ir. Gl. 36. cen bráth mb.¤ `no sudden destruction', Metr. Dinds. iii 452.15 . déine buirbe is b.¤ violence, cruelty and intemperate haste (?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 55.39 . ann adbeba co mb.¤ then she died suddenly, Metr. Dinds. iii 58.3 . (rhet.) gai bolcai ┐ bai brasi (feats of Cú Chulaind), LU 8443 ( FB 30 ). ? noco mor a ghere / noc dene for b.¤ , IT iii 90 § 120.

(b) vaunting, boasting, boastfulness: níbu ádas far mbraisse (mbresi, TBC-I¹ 824 ) it wasn't in accordance with your boasting, LU 5301. ni di braisse ni di baithe / bec tasse na Tuathe, LL 1305 = Leb. Gab.(i) 176.15 . gan bhréic mbraissi, SG 21.37 . adeirim rib cen brassi, LB 96 marg. inf. As quasi-vn. robui ac braisi ┐ ac bocasaich uasa cind (i.e. over a prostrate opponent), TTebe 2569 . See bél compds.

3 brí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 brí or dil.ie/6779
Last Revised: 2019

 

n Apparently abstracted fr. bríathar. Expld. as word, speech : bri ┐ rethor .i. breuis ┐ orathor (`orator. This gloss seems an etymology of . . . `brīathar',' n.8), O'Mulc. 159. bri .i. briathar ut est tisca bri ban finn .i. tinnscedal uim briathra na mban fia[l] nó taithnemach `i.e. word', O'Dav. 232. `b.' (brigh, brídh, v.ll.) briathar, Metr. Gl. D 17 , Lec. Gl. 261 , Stowe Gl. 235. brí no brígh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bri .i. briathar (in expl. of brimon smetrach), Auraic. 1329. See bri(a)mon. bricht .i. bri ocht .i. ocht mbriathra and, 1427 . bricht .i. brigh a hocht .i. brigh briathar .i. hocht mbriathar and, 4482 . dobértha bretha co mb.¤ (: haenmí), Acall. 7430. ? co mbríg (bri, v.ll.) deóraid, Metr. Dinds. iii 184.15 . bri cen dochta (glossed briathar co ttegoscc no co munadh, note 1), Leb. Gab.(i) 194.11 . ? Cf. LL 37044 cited s. 1 brí.

buinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buinne or dil.ie/7399

 

n io

(a) torrent, flood; stream, current, wave: geinidh buindi asa talmain a gush (of water), BB 266b39 . geisid cuan / ós buindi rúad Rinn dá bharc, Acall. 843. co n-erracht in muir . . . ina mbunnib gelglassa, LL 31803 `waves', TTr. 992. atraachtatar Lagin assa clíabaib amal b.¤ dilend do aillib `like a flood-stream bursting from cliffs', RC xiii 90 § 111. amal tic banni dían dílend a hucht airṡlébi, LL 32777 ( TTr. 1988 ). ? robo bainne do chēill chaimm / badud Nēill Caille hi Calainn, Rawl. 163a25 . dona buinnibh garba `to the . . . rough torrents', CCath. 3928. buinnedha . . . búaidherta na Bóinne `troubled waters', Fianaig. 90.21 . b.¤ síothbhán (River Erne), DDána 66.6 . séis mb.¤ `the note of the stream', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . a bhuinneadha = torrentes eius, TSh. 6723. b.¤ ceart gaoithe tríthi rush of wind, Measgra D. 48.43 .

Further applications: saobhshruth b.¤ an bháis, DDána 30.25 . b.¤ milis a táobh tolcha `sweet stream gushing from, etc.' (to an archbishop) Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . Of feeling, emotion: ro lingeastair b.¤ rod reachtmhar san rígh-mhileadh `wave of fury', ML 134.12 . Of blood: buinni fola, O'Dav. 272. in b.¤ díriuch dondḟala, LU 6474 (TBC). na srotha fola . . . i n-a mbuinnedhaibh borb-ruadha, ML² 1737. b.¤ chorcra na gcneadh robhras `the . . . wounds' red stream', PBocht 3.26 . Of fire, flames: ina bh.¤ teintighe (of warrior), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1828. b.¤ luath lasrach mire, DDána 80.12 . Med. diarrhœa, flux; pus: b.¤ `corruption flowing from an ulcer', P. O'C. cona buindib brócoti asa īarcómlaid `flux of bragget', MacCongl. 89.18 . Of persons, etc., rapo doss díten ┐ rapa b.¤ bratha . . . leo C. scion, CRR 36. b.¤ mér-gheal, MR 230.4 . bunneda borbba barbardai, LL 32427 `boorish barbarous imps', TTr. 1622. mo bh.¤ bras (praising a horse), Measgra D. 15.28 . b.¤ fuar is tana taobh (a sword), 14.20 . 'na b.¤ . . . crúadha, Duan. F. ii 10 § 33. a bhuinge `youthful Chief' (Christ), Ó Bruad. ii 36.9 .

(b) sprig, sprout, stalk; sapling, etc.: b.¤ (glossed gas) losa `a head of leeks', Rule of Tallaght 3. ceitri buindi ḟir-cainde cacha bairgine `four stalks of . . . garlic', Laws v 40.12 . tópacht . . . cétbunni darach d'oenbéim bun barr, LL 8021 `sapling', TBC-LL² 457 . nós gach bh.¤ dhosaigh dhíbh, DDána 41.25 . bith a mblath ar gach mbuinde ` branch ', BCC 355 (384.22). ceithre tricht (= trichait ?) binni clis hi cechtar a dō dhōit (of Cú Ch.) `four thirties of feat-poles (?)' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 3396. caoin gach b.¤ dhuinn darach ` beam ', Ériu v 62.3 . spout, pipe: buindi óir fuirri thos (meinistir), Trip.² 940 `pipe', Trip. 86.4 `fistula through which the sacramental wine was sucked', Contribb. 291 , cf. Du Cange 1 fistula . Of parts of body tibia: buinde a sliasta `his shinbone', Dinds. 93 ; see also tregabail . Of musical instrument , gl. tibia ` pipe ,' Wb. 12c41 . gl. cicuta, Thes. ii 46.24 , 361.24 . a ngaibther isind buinniu no croit, Wb. 12c44 . See guthbuinde trumpet.

(c) circlet, (arm-)ring, bracelet: b.¤ óir immá moing `a circlet of gold round her hair', RC ix 490.3 (ICM). rat fia lúach mór ṁb. (: chaille, chlainne) `of . . . bracelets', TBC-LL² 2638 . a seacht mbuindi oir ima doid no ma meor, Manners and Customs iii 177 n. 255 . See 1 doé. ba de a bh.¤ níadh ┐ a dhí ḟalaigh `his champion's bracelet', Cóir Anm. 220 (378.17) . buindi niad no bidh ina laimh cacha flatha ind Erend d'or dearg, Leb. Cert. 6.16 .

(d) Of building structure, wattle, wickerwork, etc.: ciumhais, oire, imeal, b.¤ , Eg. Gl. 120. tuargabad a bh.¤ dídin for dhamhliag mor Ard Macha iarná lánegar do ṡlinntech `protecting ridge', ALC i 118.9 . ré briseadh an bh.¤ bheannuighthe .i. ghrás nDé, is cleith cheangail ar charcair an chrábhaidh, TSh. 1470. an b.¤ cúil . . . de phréimh na ríogh (of a chief), O'Rah. 58.12. Of vessel, receptacle: clibanus . . . .i. uassa no būnni (MS), Thes. ii 38.13 . See 1 lann (e). b.¤ bróige ` welt' (of shoe), O'Gr. Cat. 603.6. seól a luingi mar do láisd / do ḟáisg a mbeól b.¤ an béisd rigging (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1228.

In n. loc. Hog. Onom. B. in Beithe

3 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 cía or dil.ie/8967
Last Revised: 2019

 

n man , prob. poetic and rhetorical use of 1 cía: cia do láechaib ind ríg sin, TBC-I² 1252 ( LU 5597 ). cia dom chartib síthc[h]aire-sa sein, TBC-I² 2099 ( LU 6300 ). bid c.¤ cen chend intí doraga día chosnam frim, LU 8153 (FB). dar deus is inmuin leam cia in leapairsi owner, O'Gr. Cat. 129.19 . c.¤ .i. fear, mochia .i. mo fhear, O'Cl.

Doubtful exx.: cia nach laithfeadh siansa an duar `a man who would not put sense in a quatrain', ZCP iii 378.2 . ba he a ndia in Crom crin / co n-imad cia (: bia), BB 393a21 . meni raba is mé ro fía / ro hindu duib a ch.¤ , LL 376b18 . As n. pr. roscaíl co comláir mo Ch. / i relic Odráin aird-Hía, Metr. Dinds. iv 86.83 . In: bátar ciai ic [c]comclaidbed, SR 5888 , Meyer, Wortk. 103 , would read cían (: dían).

clithar, clethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clithar, clethar or dil.ie/9513
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cluthar, clothar, cluthair

o, ā (clith). Later also cluthar, clothar, cluthair.

adj I sheltering, protective : ro scucsat iarsin i nglend ┐ i fidbaid clicair, BB 496a39 . cuan cluthar, comdaingen, ZCP vi 294.23 . fidh cluthur caointortach, Grail 3695 . lucht na mbrat gclúmhach gcluthar, Hackett lvi 49 . suadhach shámhghlan shármhaith shearccluthair (epithet of a woman), xii 11 . an treabh chumhthach . . . / cluthair a grádh liom go luan `will by me be warmly loved', Ó Bruad. ii 130 xviii . ? roir dom . . . .x. mbruit cuinsce c.¤ , Ériu ii 4.17 (cheville?). Adv. protectively, closely(?): bīaid relec d'arc[h]anglib / im c[h]lūain co clothur (clothaib, MS.), BColm. 30.22 (: atlochur). dfhagháil cumainn go cluthar ó dhaoinibh, Hackett xxxix 188 . clothar .i. toghaidhe no toghtha, O'Cl.

II As subst. o, m.

(a) shelter, covert, fastness : mor fer ro boí com iarraid / eter chlitar is diamair, LU 3938 ( SCC 44 ) (`both roof and hidden place', SC2 n.). gáir na Gairbe, c.¤ fid, SG 366.3 ( LL 297b50 ). gēsid ōs caille c.¤ above the fastness of the wood, IT iii 67 § 2 . i clithor .i. i mbuaile, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). c.¤ mbaiscaill .i. buaili, Auraic. 5551 . c.¤ boiscell kenning for quert apple-tree in Bríatharogam , Auraic. 5552 (cf. clithc[h]ar boscill .i. eilit nó geilt, Anecd. iii 43.16 ). fidbuid . . . / re haltrom én [n-]ilgothach / ria c.¤ dia cleith `hiding it with its shelter', Ériu i 39 § 3 . ō c[h]luthraib crīc[h] ┐ ō f[h]osgaduib iath, ML² 666 . do-rataid a long ar feisted a cluthur an cuain, Grail 3298 . as cluchar a coillte, BCC 282.17 .

In n. loc. ro láiset a nernail búair ┐ braite seoco fodess i C.¤ Bó Ulad, TBC-I¹ 1774 . hi C.¤ Fidbaidi hi Commur Cetharsliged, LU 8510 ( FB 36 ). pl. Clothrén i maigh Chliach atá. is úadh Cluithri Chlíach, Cóir Anm. 195 . in tan bátar hi Cluichrib, LU 5403 (TBC) = cluithrib, TBC-I¹ 926 .

(b) Fig.

(i) protection, shelter : is ruca don righ olc do dhenumh . . . is ina chlit[h]ur imteit cach, O'Curry 478 (H. 3.18, 249). fer gonur fia sochuide, cia tuilledh for slogh fiadh ndéntur, no as a clithor a ndéntur, O'D. 545 ( H 3.17, 435 ).

(ii) Of a prince, protector, refuge: clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, ar is ainm do rīg isin Dūil Feda Māir c.¤ , Corm. Y 209 . is e in t-ard-ḟlaith hUa Ainmirech c.¤ dana craeb coibneasa ro raidsiumar romaind, MR 98.x . ata triath os cionn Ruarcach / . . . / isse cleathar is cuibhdhe, H 3.18, 766.22 . ? c.¤ .i. urachill, ut Udhacht Morainn: ar clitharsidhe (? sīdhe) sgeó thuatha, Ériu xiii 67 § 69 ; cf. ZCP xi 97 § 60 .

In phr. c.¤ sét appar. the `sét' of highest value, a milch-cow, an in-calf cow or a ploughing ox. `sheltering sét' or `insurance sét' Plummer MS. notes (comparing gell tóirithnech). clithar sēt. Alii dicunt do mbad ainm do boin inlāig .i. arindī doceil a llōeg n-inde [quod non est uerum, sed uerius] Clet[h]ar sēt .i. rī[g]-sēt, Corm. Y 209 . clithear set, slaindte forgu na nuile .i. cleithe ar set .i. loilgech, Laws iv 28.4 , and 16 Comm. c.¤ sed .i. laulgach no daum timchella aratar no buo inlaoge, O'Curry 852 ( H 3.18, 386b ). Also sét clithair (attrib. g s.): ro saig set clithair enech bo-airech coruicce cumal n-uinge no boin nu-da-craid, Laws v 392.1 . set clithair gill ainech boairech inna muin, 390.z . .i. clethe or na sed, gellas tinchaib (= do inchaib) in boairech mailli ris imuig .i. in lulgach, 392.14 Comm.

Compds. With noun. a cliotharchuan D. sheltered harbour, Hugh Roe² 6.11 . do clithardiamaire (sic leg.) an inuid, Acall. 2332 v.l. (do dhiamhair, text).

With adj. cuan cobhsaidh. cluthardaingen, ZCP vi 28.y . in cheirt combrec clithar-diabultae (sic leg.) bui uime, Anecd. iv xiv 27 (`? folded as a covering', Plummer MS. notes). tresna coilltib clithirdiamraib `with their secret shelters', TTebe 312 . tug corn . . . a clithardíamuir a édaig `hidden shelter', Fianaig. 58.17 . rotheichset fo clithárdiamraibh in tíri, CCath. 1249 . fo chailltib clithardlúithe `close-sheltering', Fianaig. 52.11 . mo chroinn . . . cliothardhlúithe, Buile Ṡ. 82.x . imdatuigethar celt clithargarb finna, LU 7732 (BDD). cuan cluthar-mīn Celga, ML² 721 . a da sgiath corcra clithir mora, ZCP x 306.23 .

? comfinnaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comfinnaig or dil.ie/11165

 

Forms: comhfinnaigh

ind madi comind fia fiadna .i. ma dia comfindaig, O'Curry 525 ( H 3.18, 263a ) = comhfinnaigh, O'D. 703 ( H 3.17, 514 ) (see Laws v 420 n. ).

cummae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cummae or dil.ie/13852
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cumbai, chumbu, chummai, cuma

io, n. vn. of con-ben. ? g s. cumbai, Corp. Gen. 203.5 . d s. chumbu, Críth G. 139 . On chummai, Ml. 115b3 see below. cuma f., IGT Decl. § 3 (coma proscribed form). Verbs § 67 .

1 act of cutting, carving, hacking, destroying , butchering : dá mér in[n]a chumbu chóir (of a flitch of bacon), Críth G. 139 . direnaiter crotha cummai `díre is paid for maimed figures', BCrólige 64 . brisiud cnama ┐ cumma tuinne, LL 13868 . cumbae hUae mBriuin `destruction', AU i 326.x . i[c] cummai ┐ oc letrad trénḟer, TTr.² 1529 . athcuma . . . .i. . . . cuma co aith, Laws i 234.26 Comm.

2 act of shaping, fashioning, composing : i doríndi uaím ┐ cuma ar tus, MacCarthy 286.23 . uaim, ┐ cumu, ┐ druinuchus `cutting out', Laws ii 154.7 Comm. in áirc . . . iarna cuma ┐ iarná cumdach shaped, LB 123a45 . dia chuma ┐ dia midhemhain na criche, RC xliii 68.13 . ica cumma ┐ ica certugud (of ship Argo), LL 30959 ( TTr. 140 ). mac in tṡaír . . . / do chumma in chláir ina chirt, Ériu ix 49.1 . cuigeal . . . aca . . . a (= do ?) chuma shægail cach duine (of fates), TTebe 1321 . celcc do chuma, BNnÉ 89.39 . gan an creidemh do chuma ré na chéill acht a chiall do chuma risan ccreidemh, Mac Aingil 116 - 7 . ? im chuma(id) bíd fris `preparing food', RC ii 388.2 . ? gan beith ag cuma re ced do sasadh attempting, undertaking , BCC 68.11 . mithid dam comma Ceilbe `to make verse on C.', Metr. Dinds. iii 54.1 . lucht cummæ in sceoil-si, CCath. 6160 . an bhrég do chor a ccuma / ar son na séd saoghalda, IGT Introd. § 60 . cuma a fheart ní fhéadainnse `I can not describe his wonders', PBocht 11.12 . clū a ceardcha na cuma, O'R. Poems 2068 ` composition ', Gloss. gan lucht cuma ar cráoib N., IGT Decl. ex. 170 . le cuma a aignidh féin `by means of the inventions of his own brain', Content. xvi 183 . gur chuirestair . . . glósnathe filedh fuithe da cuma ┐ da cumhdach, BNnÉ 265.26 . ? Cf. bíodh re gach cuma dar ceangladh / urra urrlamh, DDána 111.26 . ? ní da cuma i tarmforcenn, IT iii 28.5 .

3 shape, form, appearance : in cétach co cumma glan, Metr. Dinds. iv 220.15 . fuath ┐ cumma in choindelbra, LB 121a50 . doradsat cuma na Trae furre, Aen. 1208 . cetharochair a cuma `fouredged was its shape', CCath. 17 . aluinn cuma do da chos, BS 18.23 . cuma crut[h]ach, Marco P. 103 . ? cuicthi i cuic cummi, ar is cuma la .u. cinta dosliat . . . .u. cumbae cinad, O'Curry 811 ( H 3.18, 375a ). ba cruthach . . . eter méit ┐ chórai ┐ chummai, TTr.² 362 . gan locht cuma ar craoibh n-Aise, DDána 99.33 . ní chongbann a chuma anos, O'Gr. Cat. 555.z . ? dá mbeith Dia ag cuma (leg. a gcuma) fa cheart in His true form, DDána 23.1 . cuma, deilbh, Eg. Gl. 151 . imdheanta, faicsiona, cuma, 412 . a chuma ar gach neach a-nos / gomadh truma an bhreath bhéaras it is apparent on each one, Dán Dé xxi 25 .

4 In prep. phrases: ní bátar i nHére óic a cumma dóib like them, LU 1513 (MU). tolcha corra . . . / ar choma chíge cédmhná (proscribed), IGT Verbs ex. 578 . i gcuma báis, PBocht 4.47 . lecc lógmar . . . fó chuma grene ┐ ésca resembling, Todd Lect. vi 67.8 . ar cuma an oirnigh doníther don bradan `in the form of', BCC 108.28 . a ccuma na ccreach archena `like the rest of the prey', Hugh Roe² 208.14 . cumma cáich like (with) everybody else, LU 3110. 3163 . cumma cháich, Ériu iv 98.6 . i cumai caich, Lism. L. xx 16 . hi cuma chaigh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.23 . hi cumaidh cāich, ZCP vi 259.2 .

5 In adv. phrases: foróenchummi gl. identidem, Sg. 14b1 . luid . . . C. fon cumma cetna similarly, LU 8874 ( FB 67 ). fon cumma cetna, CRR 26 . TTr.² 988 . a cumma cetno, IT iii 243.255 . dotháet ass fón cumma sin, TBC-LL² 2304 . fon cuma sein, Cog. 162.29 .

As predicate of copula in a variety of idioms.

6 is c.¤ x fri y x is like, the same as y: nitachummese friusom gl. mihi autem, Wb. 20c25 . ní c.¤ fri cach crieid, Ml. 85c14 . nídat chummai frisnammoltu dográes gl. nihil commone, 115b3 (artificial pl. form rather than attrib. g s.). nir chumma nech ris im chath `there was none to match him in battle', Metr. Dinds. iv 344.73 . gein bad chumma fri C., i 36.111 . nad rabi remaib . . . fiallach bad cumma gaisced frisin dínisin, LL 32166 ( TTr. 1355 ). Adv. is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech `it affects the chief equally with the plebeian', Laws iv 68.4 . Note also: bá cuma dán dib linaib (Cú Ch. and Fer Diad), LU 6003 . ceall bes cuma a cill fein, Laws iii 76.4 Comm. cumma ┐ sed ┐ samail a tri cuaich, BB 35a16 .

7 With ocus: ní cumme et tuss[u] unlike thee, Wb. 6b25 . nicumme et messe, 7b13 . nicumme et sissi, 14a30 . ni cumme ┐ M., 34a6 . mad cumme imned á cheli et a imned fessin, 20c6 . ni cummæ ┐ vocatiuus , Sg. 208a11 . is cumma ┐ timthirecht bech i lló ánli, LU 7558 ( BDD 139 ). cumme . . . ┐ sengobi `like an old smith', Mon. Tall. 134.4 . mad cumma ech ┐ ech, ZCP viii 217.11 . With nó: beag nach cuma cuaille fáil / dhod chréachtnughadh . . . / nó sibh do chrochadh iar gcioth to hang you up after a shower is almost the same thing as rending you with a hedge-stake (to an old cloak), Hackett² xxxi 5 . With follg. clause: is cumma no cinged . . . ┐ no chessed fén he travelled just like a waggon, LU 6844 ( BDD 41 ). With follg. clause with vb. in subj. impf. it is just as if: is cumme et ní imdibthe gl. circumcisio tua praeputium facta est, Wb. 1d17 . Without conj.: is cumme bid pugnator asberad gl. pro: pugnator, Ml. 67a8 . iscumme nibad móidem, Wb. 2b14 . With amail: is cuma dhuille an ḟeadha . . . / amail nobeith grāin chatha, Ériu iii 164 § 20 .

8 As adv. antecedent of rel. vb. equally, in the same way : is cummae mbis menmae cechtar de fri togais alali gl. par ad dicipiendum, Ml. 31a23 . condibcumme donduccam uili gl. ut idem sapiamus, Wb. 24a22 . iscummae ṁ bis ualitudo enartae ┐ ualitudo sonartae gl. tam . . . quam, Ml. 61a33 . conid cumme aramber biuth huacechrét `equally', 69a18 . cumma arangairtís gortai ┐ íttaid díb na hubla repelled both hunger and thirst, RC ix 474.21 ( LU 1695 ). cumma no slaided riam ┐ iarma, LU 5921 (TBC). is cumma tégtis fir ┐ mná i cathaib, IT i 193.25 . is cumma gebes a rer, o rig ┐ o aithech, PH 4011 . Cf. cuma frisidngair `of equal status corresponding to him', Bretha 2 .

9 With forms of as-beir (ráidid) and follg. clause as he was saying it etc.: cuma do-bi aga radha ┐ ad-bert in læidh ann asa haithli, ZCP viii 548.12 . is [c]uma ro bui aca radh[a sin ┐ ro] leic, Grail 4103 . cumma dobátar oc a ráda ┐ doṡáidseat a slega, LB 274a21 ( SG 55.19 ). cuma dó oca ráda ┐ do scáil, SG 56.18 . as cuma do bhái aga radha, ┐ dorinne an duan so, BNnÉ 267.15 . Cf. 1 cuma (ant am, v.l.) rabadar-sum . . . ragreis, TTebe 4417 .

10 is c.¤ la x y x makes no distinction between y (and someth. else): coma .i. ab eo [quod est] communis. Inde . . . cuma lem .i. is coimdes cipē diib, Corm. Y 221 . iscumme lessom tect fosmachtu rechto et fognam doídlaib he makes no distinction between submitting etc., Wb. 19d11 . is c.¤ leissem bid. f it is the same, he holds, as though it were f, Sg. 10a11 . is c.¤ limm etir ph.f. , 4 . is cumma lem bed i taulchuba ḟína no beth mo chend I feel as if my head were in a vat of wine, Fraech 45 . Hence x doesn't care about y: cuma .i. inann no maith ut est cuma lium cid toll mo lenn, O'Dav. 365 . ben las(a)mbi cuma cip cia las fia a woman who will sleep with anybody, BCrólige 44 . couma lē cip srīan cotagaib, ZCP viii 103.z . cuma lē gan Iarla ann she won't miss an Earl, Aithd. D. 38.9 . cuma lim, for F., Airne F. 238 . conid cuma les bas ┐ betha d'fagbail cares not whether he lives or dies, TTebe 4019 . cuma leamh . . . / mo shaeghal, BCC 192.23 . is cuma leis tús nó deireadh, TSh. 865 . nír bhó cuma lá haon . . . cia haca las a mbeith ball dia bhallaibh `contended with each other', AFM vi 2370.17 .

11 is c.¤ do x it is all the same for x: cuma dhuit .i. ni meisde dhuit, O'Cl. is cumme dó bidimdibthe gl. nonne praeputium illius, in circumcisione reputabitur? Wb. 1d20 . nibu chumme dúib ce bad hé frisandénte it would be a different matter for you if you did it to him, 9c24 . is cumme duit legens est ┐ qui legit , Sg. 193b5 . nech dia mbi c.¤ eibirt ┐ aicdi, Laws i 118.22 Comm. is cumma dam ce bát é éc tíasur, LU 7882 ( BDD 147 ). is cumma dúit . . . Nī dīgēltar foraib, ZCP viii 318.24 . i gcruth gurab cuma dhó a bhás nó a bheatha, TSh. 96 .

12 Without follg. prep.: cuma a dteasda uan dom aois it matters not, Dán Dé xvii 5 . teagh ríogh Ch. cuma a luadh, DDána 119.23 `níor mhiste', Gloss. cuma(dh) dhe no matter, Luc. Fid. 4177 .

In n. loc.: Ath Cuma in tSheisir Ford of the Slaughter of the Six, AFM i 244.y .

Compd. cumagnais `equal customs', expl. of comaithces, Laws iv 68.1 .

Cf. caumu.

? daillbrecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? daillbrecht or dil.ie/14202
Last Revised: 2013

 

n : ni dhligh fia fenibh faoindledhogh fria daillbrechta, Ériu xiii 17.6 , Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 110 .

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