Search Results

Your search returned 556 result(s).

4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

1 abann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 abann or dil.ie/44

Forms: abhuinn

n [ā, f.] (Lat. habena. See Études Celt. iv 329 ). No certain ex. of n s. but note abhuinn .i. tabella palmaris , Rule of Tallaght 1 n. 21 . scourge, whip: imbirt aibne `plying the scourge', Mon. Tall. 143.28 (§ 43) . cet moailli fort laim dé abaind `a hundred blows on thy hand with a scourge', 142.11 (37) . tri béimenna forru co mbais, no cris no abaind, O'D. 989 (H 3.17, c. 853). a cúrsad ina chét-chinaid co n-abaind, Ériu i 218 § 4 . Fig. domfaraill — nī dūairc in t-ort — / bēim nād borb dot' abainn aird (from a hymn by one in illness), ZCP vi 263.19 . fíach aibne the penalty of flagellation: ní tabar fíach aibne and, Mon. Tall. 138.23 (§ 30) . arra troiscthe do fiachaib aibne .i. secht cet m-beimeann n-indracc co fo sechd flagellation equivalent to fasting, RC xv 490 § 22 . doberair dia sathairn im noin fiach aibne na h-oidche luain, LB 11b6 ( Rule of Tallaght 82 ). fíach aibne, Ériu iii 102 § 30 .

2 ablach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ablach or dil.ie/70

n (with unlen. -b-) (cf. apach? See, however, Lochlann ii 201 ) corpse, carcass, carrion: is fearr le fiach dubh a.¤ , Measgra D. 12.13 . an corp . . . 'na a.¤ mhorgaithe, Párl. na mB. 3272 . tumba bhíos lán do mhórgaitheacht ó ablachaibh na marbh, 3855 . a h-ablach tá dá stracadh as a chéile / ag madraidhibh Sacsan, O'Rah. ii 35 . Cf. conablach.

acclaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acclaid or dil.ie/152

Forms: ad-claid, aclaide, accaill

vn. of ad-claid. Also aclaide, accaill.

(a) act of hunting, fishing: dochúaid . . . do a.¤ a etrache fora fer flechud o'tchúas . . . gabail brattán dó to angle in the furrows whereon rain had poured, Trip.² 984 . a.¤ eisc do dil na gortai, O'Curry 779 ( H 3.18, 365b ). amail dubanaigh aclaidi quasi hami , Aisl. Tond. 104 § 3 . taibled iall, aclaid iach (pleasures of life in forest), ZCP xiii 278.4 . oc accaill arna bledmīla isin muir (of a bird), Ériu ii 120 § 58 . ? aiscid . . . duit . . . .i. duban ┐ Aicill (aichchill, v.l.) meic Moga, Acall. 7271 . seal ar aclaidh, Measgra D. 42.38 (= do dubhanacht, BCC 436.19 ). slóigh mhillse ón míonaclaidh muir `delightful hosts from whom the sea is easy to fish (i.e. calm)', TD 4.42 . acladh no aclaidh .i. iasgaireachd, O'Cl.

(b) In Laws Comm. act of inculpating, rendering liable (see ZCP xv 352 ): ? fri a.¤ coibche, Laws v 510.23 . Usually in glosses on forms of ad-claid: ni haclaide .i. ata annad aclaidh[e] dligeas gach comaitheach dia raile stay of suit, iv 156.28 . fo-d-aclaid .i. icin a.¤ , v 462.13 . In phrase ní tabair aclaid(e) for: ni aclaidh selb tuinide liuin .i. nocho tabair aclaidh arin liuntach, O'Curry 428 (H 3.18. 233a). ní haclaid tuinide do berar bealltaine .i. ní tabuir aclaidh fair um inní fora roibhe . . ., O'D. 625 (H 3. 17, 465). ata orba nad aclaidead .i. ata firebeda do berar ar in ferand ┐ noco tabair aclaide fiach ar in ti do ní iat, Laws iv 154.15. ma claid . . . .i. is dilius don ceile co na tabar aclaide fiach air, ii 242.23 Comm. ni haclaid indlighidh fri indligthech .i. nocha tabair aclaide fiach ar feichem toichida, O'Curry 338 (H 3. 18, 186b). aclad (leg. aclaid?) .i. ioc fiach, ut est ar n-aclad im chin a slán .i. arna hiocad eneclann ┐ diablad, O'Dav. 113 . ?Also in this sense: tabair tria haccail dia mbrath / i saccaib na Cannanach (of Joseph's instructions to put the king's cup in the baggage of the Canaanites) i.e. to entrap them, SR 3547 .

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

adbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbar or dil.ie/340

Forms: isa n-a., adbara, adhbhar

n o, n. a s. isa n-a.¤ , Ml. 138c3 . n p. adbara, LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). adhbhar m. IGT Decl. § 11 . See Celtica i 337 .

I

(a) matter, material: isa na.¤ nephdelbaigthe gl. informemque materiam, Ml. 138c3 . ri rothepi . . . / asin cheta.¤ admas / talam . . ., SR 30 . ba terc cach n-a.¤he had little of any substance, LU 11008 . aprisce in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoimnacair `the fragility of the matter whereof we have been made', Ériu ii 122 § 62 . co cruthaigfea in comdiu . . . curpa dind adbur toltanaigfes do cip é méit . . . in t-a.¤ , LU 2595 . a.¤ tened, BColm. 54.20 . d'iarraidh adhbhair cruite, Keat. ii 2692 . a.¤ in ard-naim the ingredients of the saint i.e. his discent or genealogy SG 18.3 . Med. iomad adhbhair (adhbhar v.l.), festering matter, Trompa na bhF. 7436 .

(b) materials etc., serving a special purpose, gear, equipment: roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, LU 8046 ( FB 1 ). mad fige a loscad etir garmain ┐ cech n-a.¤ olchena `the loom-beam and all other materials', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . a h-adbara ┐ a aídimmi (of a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). nirthá do lín na h adbor cathugud trisna barbárdu sa `he has neither number nor gear to fight', 220a25 (ib. 220). is athais mor daib muna derntai calma amlaid sin ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib, Aen. 2465 .

(c) Of persons with follg. gen. in sense of makings (of), one fit to be (hardly to be distinguished from damna in similar use, in spite of O'Don. Gram. p. 445 ): a.¤ ríg, Sc.M² § 14 . int a.¤ rig is ferr do bi da coiced fein, Ann. Conn. 1272.4 . airchideóchain Tuama . . . ┐ a.¤ aird-espuic, Hy Fiach. 114.12 (`? archdeacon with right of succession', Plummer MS notes). a.¤ suad, AU ii 508.4 . a.¤ gaiscedaig the makings of a warrior, LL 8581 . is breath adhbhair Ioldánaigh / do bhí ar Eoin E. was estimated as a young `Ildánach ', Arch. Hib. i 90 § vi . Hence of a grade of poet: itir éceas ┐ adhbar i.e. both poets and students (of poetry), Oss. v 40.5 . adhbhar oideadh young poets (makings of teachers), DDána 46.3 . do chuir geall . . . / fa dhán re hadhbhar eile challenged another student about a poem, 90.16 . Note also: ni raibi do shluagh adbhur cathaigthe friu there was not any army fit to fight with them, TTr.² 1438 .

Hence of successors (actual or potential) to particular offices (kingship, abbacy, etc.) usually with eulogistic implications: D. rí Midhi ┐ a.¤ ríg Erenn, RC xviii 277.13 (Tig.). a.¤ tigerna Breagh, AFM ii 880.14 . ádbar comarba Phattraicc, 762.7 . C. a.¤ ollaman na Brefne, Ann. Conn. 1411 § 22 . gurvo hadhbhar nuachair d'Eirinn antí Conall, ZCP xiv 223.12 . an t-adhbur imperi bis inadíaidh ` heir-apparent ', Maund. 192 . adhbhur a chlemhna his intended son-in-law, Ériu v 188.451 .

(d) subject-matter (of discussion, literary work, etc.): do chum do sgeóil do bhuain ré hádhbhar i.e. so that your fable should have a bearing on the matter under discussion, Desid. 3563 . in tan adchid in filid . . . in tadbur a subject for his poem, Laws i 44.3 Comm. adhbhar ceoil ar gcomhlabhra `the sweet subject of our language', Content. xxv 1 . neithe nach beanann ré hadhbhar which are not to the point, TSh. 9063 . a bhaoghlaigh / do chor-sa is adhbhar aonaigh thy business is idle market talk, DDána 4.9 . dob é m'oide ar adhbhoraibh, TD 23.9 .

II

(a) cause, ground, reason: ciadcobrinn moidim do dénum ni bói a.¤ híc, Wb. 17d17 . a.¤ fáilte, 20a9 . adbur na cnete, IT i 123.7 . a.¤ móide cause of anger, Dán Dé xxv. 15 . ionnbhúr n-adhbhar uathbháis ┐ miosguis ag Dia, Trompa na bhF. 457 . adhbhar cumhadh, TD 14.4 . a adhbhar d'iomchar na croiche / i gcoinne an bháis do bhí ag drud the reason for carrying his cross, DDána 30.12 . adhbair asa ndleghait soin, ZCP viii 116 § 16 . is é is a.¤ dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . is é adhbhur ma tánac chucaib-si, do innisin scéal an domain díb, RC xxiv 371.3 . mór n-adhbhar fárbh aontuighthe, TD 20.53 . cuma leis ternó nó gan terno a cath acht co cuired a clú adhbar dá adhbaraibh provide he should be famous for some reason(?), Expugn. Hib. § 15 . corop i n-adbur na haighi sin rogaba bás that he may die because of that fawn, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . tuig . . . fa adhbar áiridhe . . . gurab edh as áil linn `that for a certain reason we desire', CS 2.1 . ar an adhbhar go ttoirmeasccann an fercc . . . carthanacht etorra féin, Ériu xv 28 § 2 . ar an adhbhar in aimsir S. Clára . . . ní raibhe áonchlabhsdra aca, 96 § 3 . ar adhbharaibh aile `for other reasons', AFM ii 918 note c. méid m'orchra ar an adhbhar-sa for this reason, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

(b) Of the cause of a quarrel, battle, etc.: cath . . . fa a.¤ coir, RC xxiii 404.15 . sila ┐ adbair in catha, CCath. 3852 . is d'adbaraibh catha Chula Dremne sin, RC xvii 143.4 . is a.¤ ṅdegdebtha, LL 12109 . Hence absolutely in sense of casus belli: adbur no bidbanus, O'D. 1376 (E 3.5, 26a). can adbur can bidbanus, Laws v 142.18 Comm. olc in ta.¤ dia mbói sin LL 20624 . fobith . . . a nadbair ┐ a nesaenta re aroile, AFM iv 1010.22 . tosach an adhbhair eiséin `he is the cause of the dispute' TD 3.26 .

(c) Of the ground, pretext for a claim, charge : bít oc dénum adbair do argain na n-óglach, PH 7528 . dall-adbur no ferai form `you bring an unfounded charge against me, RC xiv 243.44 . caide in t-abur assa fuighmis hé?, Acall. 5215 . fágbhaim an t-adhbhar faoi féin / ní beag nod dfhior mar eiséin affair(?), Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 20 . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige, TD 8.32 . nár lim gan a.¤ éigin without some pretext (of someone returning uninvited), O'Gr. Cat. 352.19 . sé 'na ṡeanadhbhar ó ṡin an ancient cause ever since, TD 7.33 . anaic sinn ar ár n-damnadh / glanaidh sinn ó ar sean-adhbhar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 382.4 .

In phrase lucht adbair people who bring charges, complaints(?); people with a grievance(?): mhaithmhechas na naindligheadh do thabhairt do lucht adhbhair, Ó Héodhusa 230 z . lucht adhbhair tar éis a ndiomdha, TD 29.19 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean / a lucht adhbhair go n-airgthear, 19.15 .

ad-fíri

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fíri or dil.ie/441
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aidbrid, aidbred

v Also as simple vb. aidbrid. sues, claims to be true (fír), originally verifies, identifies, draws public attention to. Often used in the Laws to describe a preliminary to litigation, as, for example, when the owner of stolen property identifies it in the possession of another person and formally accuses him of theft: is cumai fiach neich doci ┐ nad aidbri ┐ nad thobaing . . . fri neuch cullius soiri an domnaig i.e. he who sees and does not sue or levy has to pay the same fine as he who breaks the law of Sunday, Anecd. iii 22.18 . leth di neuch adhiri ┐ dotboing, 23.1 . ni dlegor iardach foraib / do chin adírther `for a crime that is alleged', Ériu xvi 183 § 37 ; 'may be substantiated' The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 137 § 37 . aidbris . . . in rechtaire in claideb ┐ dorigni tecta n-adbriuda occa `the steward sued for the sword', IT iii 200 § 65 . cach aidhbriudh docuisin, cach laisi (.i. oca) naidbrither is lais a tuinide, O'Curry 336 ( H 3.18, p. 185 ). itir in fer aidhbris ┐ in fer ro crec fris, O'D. 852 ( H 3.17, c. 606 ). ait i n-aidbrither, O'Dav. 1140 . aidbrither . . . an ceile `the tenant is sued', Laws v 360.6 Comm. ad-fíre (adfiriu, v.l.) guth 'ich erhebe Anspruch auf die Stimme', Akten Linz 137 § 3 . With oc claims from: is ac gataigi . . . ro haidbriud na seoit the seds were claimed from a thief, O'D. 1653 ( H 5.15, p. 21b ). cach indraic aidbres ac indraic . . is lais intí `ga naidbrither a imdenam, O'D. 1631 (H 5.15, p. 17a) = gach innraic aidhbris a set ag eisinnraic . . ., O'Curry 2288 ( Eg. 88, 21b ). ac urradh ro aidbred in set `the sed was claimed from a native freeman', Laws iii 242.6 Comm. in fine oca n-aidbrither, i 206.24 . ní fétuidh in tí dá tabuir cu n-aidbridthur occa, 248.19 Comm. cídh í an inraic aidhbres cidh aice aidhbrethar, O'Curry 2151 ( Eg. 88, 3ba .) cid iat aidbres cid aca aidbrither, O'D. 1641 - 2 ( H 5.15, 19a .) With FOR claims against: cach ni uile aidbrius an flaith forsin cele, Laws ii 274.23 Comm. gémadh hí Ere d'aidbredh ar na hallmarchaib even though he claimed all Ireland, Caithr. Thoirdh. 93.35 .

Vn. aidbred.

ad-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or dil.ie/453
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agarthar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth G. 61 . -agarthar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute AFM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Galatians iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, MacCongl. 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choingheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. CC 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada-gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Romans vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .

ad-guid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-guid or dil.ie/467
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aicde, adguidhi, -aic[d]im, -aicde, ad-guid, ad-guidet, ad-guidter, -aic[d]ither, ad-guiter, -aicditer, aicc, ciatgeis, adrogestar, -argesatar, -aiciste, adrogesta, atgaith, adrogatsa, adrogaid, adroegaid, adraeghaid, -urguid, -árgaid, atraegatar, atrogessa, aicde

v (* ad-(ath-?)-guid, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 551 ). Palatal quality in pres. forms prob. due to the influence of the vn. aicde, see GOI p. 355 . Indic. pres. 1 s. adguidhi, RC xvii 230.15 (Tig.). aicdiu (prot. for deut.), Bürgschaft 15 § 51 . -aic[d]im, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506, 35c). 2 s. -aicde, Bürgschaft 28 § 75 . 3 s. ad-guid, Laws v 272.8 . 3 pl. ad-guidet, Laws iv 346.17 Comm. Pass. sg. ad-guidter, O'Curry 853 (H 3.18, 386b). -aic[d]ither, ZCP xiii 22.8 . Pl. ad-guiter, -aicditer, ZCP xiii 22.16, 17 . Ipv. 2 s. aicc (see GOI § 588 ), Laws ii 130.9 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ? ciatgeis, ZCP iii 37.33 . Pass. pl. (with ro) adrogestar, O'Curry 2396 (Eg. 88, 31a). -argesatar, Laws v 366.1 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . With ro: adrogesta, Laws iv 210.8 . Pret. 3 s. atgaith, Ériu ii 4.6 ? Perf. 1 s. adrogatsa, O'Curry 876 (H 3.18, 393a). 3 s. adrogaid, AU i 368.18 . adroegaid (cf. ad-goa), LU 9810 . adraeghaid, Anecd. i 42.15 . -urguid (leg. -árgaid), Laws v 476.24 . 3 pl. atraegatar, Anecd. i 42.16 . Pass. pl. atrogessa, Anecd. i 42.18 .

Vn. aicde.

Used with 2 macc, naidm(m), 1 ráth as obj. in sense of invoking sureties or guarantees for the fulfilment of legal obligations: dlega[i]r do cach déorad dé saigid a nadma[e] amal ad-rogesta[e] ind `for every exile of God is obliged to invoke their suretyship as though he himself had been invoked for it', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.8) . ní i n-aiccditer fir nime ┐ soscéla[e] Crist, ib. adrogatsa macu id gialli, O'Curry 876 (H 3.18, p. 393a) `i.e. I bound pledges [binding myself] to thy service', Plummer MS. notes. fiach dleghar dim . . . ad-guidiu macu inna híc, Bürgschaft 17 § 53 . `aicdiu' ol in feichem dia ndligther I give a guarantee, 15 § 51 . cadet tri gnima nadma? . . . imc[h]oimet neic[h] a n-aicdither, 13 § 43 . at-guidh in feichem ara-téit nadmen hi slan i.e. the debtor (on whose behalf the surety acts) invokes suretyship as a guarantee of compensation, 26 § 74 . aicc macu i n-ogslan co n-oghicc in[n]a raithe so furnish guarantees for complete compensation . . . of this surety, ib. atait tri nadmanda la feine nad roithead ní a n-aicaidter, Laws iv 56.26 . nit nadmanna na ratha adguidter ina dilsi, O'Curry 1767 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 36b). atait secht nadmand segta ce ni argesatar . . ., Laws v 366.1 . lethnadmann . . . nadmann són ad-guiter dond ala leth ┐ ni aicditer dind leith eli i.e. suretyships which are invoked by one side but not by the other, ZCP xiii 22.16 , Bürgschaft 10 § 27 , ZCP xv 366.11 . lethslan fir (leg. fair?, ed.) .i. lethslan forsan mbidba[i]d, a lleth n-aill forsan flaith ad-guid in giall, Bürgschaft 77.26 . flaith atnuguid (leg. at-nguid, Bürgschaft 77 ), Laws ii 136.22 Comm. saigid feich a naicditar o mnai i.e. claiming a debt for which he has been invoked as surety, Laws v 308.18 . im coimet neich a naicdicher ar na tormastar ni fair, O'Curry 58 (H 3.18, p. 21a). is tar folta adguidet armaic friu, 803 (H 3.18 p. 372a). aic maccu dó samlaid 'appoint sureties for it thus', Cáin Ónae 38 § 2 . ? ben adguid aitire De no duine i fomatu a cuirp (of a woman for whose violation a man is not fined), Laws v 272.8 ( O'Dav. 913 ) (`eine Frau, die die `aitire' Gottes (eines Geistlichen) oder eines Menschen erbittet unter Darbietung ihres Leibes', Bürgschaft 73 ). ? nocu naicim imm[f]oichid air imma scuicthib acht maine tistar fo dochor chunnartha, O'D. 2330 (Rawl. B 506 fo. 35c). adguiter fír hOengasa (leg. nO.) . . . fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi `the pledge of O. and of the princes of the Déisi is requested as a guarantee for it', Ériu iii 140.170 . adraeghaid . . . Bran . . . ratha i n-ogh na saire seo, atraegatar na flaithi olchena airriu fadeisne . . . it é na ratha atrogesa sunn, Anecd. i 42.15 . conidh and do dechaidh Osraighi i n-dilsi fri leth Cuinn ┐ adrogaidh Maelgualai ri Muman a dilsi, AU i 368.18 `it was there that O. was alienated to Leth Cuinn, (i.e. came into direct dependence on the king of Tara), and Mael Gualai king of Munster warranted this alienation (i.e. pledged himself to renounce all claims to overlordship)', Binchy PICCS I p. 130 (1962). imroraid ni bad shairiu ara n-aiciste a chumachta that his power should be invoked, Ériu ii 106 § 16 . Note also: duli Dé adroegaid raith / tucsat dal bais forsin rig which he invoked as sureties(?), LU 9810 .

adma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adma or dil.ie/491

adj io, iā knowledgeable, skilful, dexterous: duni conái dligid De / . . . / co ngnim a.¤ nad chlithe, SR 451 . Adiar a.¤ irdaig múr, 4191 . F. . . . ri Ulad a.¤ , LL 17123 . fer ard a.¤ ro-bíd co amra / in cech berlu, Todd Nenn. 228.3 . la grain . . . a ngallarm ar narbhó hadhma eolaig Erendaigh ríamh gósin `for the Irish had no knowledge of them before this', Hugh Roe² 34.3 (fo. 9b) . ba ha.¤ eolach Ercail isin ceird sin, CCath. 2938 . o rop adhma som isin ealadhain, Hy Fiach. 78.9 . sil nAeda a.¤ i ndebaid, Rawl. 84a49 . guidhim an slógh mór manach / im Bheinidheacht . . . / gach manach bhus adhma (adhbha v.l.) orm / do thabhach mh'anma a hIofarnn, `every monk who is known to me' (who knows about me?), Dán Dé xxv 64 . Of an instrument: cen garmna cruind co ndruine / cen chlaidbe a.¤ fige, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.30 ( LL 193b50 ). adhma .i. eolach, O'Cl. See also under aidme.

ad-roilli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-roilli or dil.ie/558

Forms: ad-roilliu, as-roilli, -airilli, ad-roilli, as-roilli, atroilli, attroilli, asidroilli, isatroilli, -áirilli, as-roillet, assidroillet, ad-rollat, -airillet, adidroillither, -airiller, -airle, as-roillea, as-roillem, roairlem, rosairillem, -airillid, atroillet, -arillet, -airillet, as-rollfe, ataroillife, araillfa, adidroillifet, as-roilli, asndaroilli, asroairli, asroilli, asindroillissem, -arilsem, -arilsid, adroilliset, atroillisset, assidroillisset, adidroillisset, asidroilliset, assidroilliset, -arillset, -arilset, -áirillset, -airilset, as-roilled, airillte, airílte, airilti, airilte, airílti, airiltib, airillti, áirilliud, áiriltiu, atroillid

v (* ad-ro-slí-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 630 ). On substitution of as- for ad- in pretonic position, see GOI p. 496 . Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-roilliu, Ml. 75a11 . 2 s. as-roilli, 130b8 . -airilli, 55d13 . 3 s. ad-roilli, 61a20 . as-roilli, atroilli, 51d12 . attroilli, Wb. 2d13 . In rel. position with inf. pron. asidroilli, O'Dav. 225 ; isatroilli, O'Curry 2255 (Eg. 88, 18(19)d). -áirilli, Ml. 84c13 . 3 pl. as-roillet, 40a4 . assidroillet, 54d6 . ? ad-rollat, LU 8954 . -airillet, Ml. 40c12 . Pass. sg. adidroillither, Rawl. 125b32 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -airiller, LB 191b13 . 2 s. ? -airle, Fél. 154.17 . 3 s. as-roillea, Ml. 107b6 . 1 pl. as-roillem, Thes. ii 349.6 (Hy. v). ad-roillem, SR 8385 . roairlem, Ériu ii 144 § 162 . rosairillem, Three Hom. 46 . 2 pl. -airillid, Ml. 115b9 . 3 pl. atroillet, -arillet, Wb. 31c23 . -airillet, Ml. 90c2 . Fut. 2 s. as-rollfe, Sg. 66b19 . 3 s. ataroillife, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . ? araillfa, Laws ii 98. 28 Comm. 3 pl. adidroillifet, Ml. 61a20 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. as-roilli, Ml. 111b28 . asndaroilli, 124d7 . asroairli (.i. asroilli ), RC xxi 382.8 . 1 pl. asindroillissem, Ml. 119d8 . -arilsem, Wb. 20d14 . 2 pl. -arilsid, 21a17 . 3 pl. adroilliset, 4c35 . atroillisset, c15 ; Ml. 46d9 . assidroillisset, adidroillisset, 61b17 . asidroilliset, 77a15 . assidroilliset, Wb. 17a9 . -arillset, 4c39 . -arilset, 4d10 . -áirillset, Ml. 114c9 . -airilset, 54d9 . Pass. sg. as-roilled, Ml. 122b13 . Part. airillte, Ml. 61a20 . airílte, 122b13 . airilti (gl. debitam), 56c6 ; airilte, 113b3 . ind airílti (gl. meriti), 61b17 . airiltib (gl. meritis), a19 . Part. of necess. airillti, Ml. 22d22 . Vn. áirilliud, áiriltiu. Later as simple vb. atroillid and áiriltnigid, q.v.

Deserves, is entitled to: ní arilset geinti a fírianugud `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified', Wb. 4d10 . don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud i.e. it gets its name from the silver given as tax to the Fomorians, Corm. Y 304 . cren dímsa m'ingin dochum fognuma duit, ar atrolleset a (m)besa, Irish Texts i 5 § 13 `for her manners have deserved it', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 124 . do neoch atroille iffernd díb, LU 1404 . duilgine cac aesa danu adroille duilgine who deserves remuneration, Laws v 264.15 . la biathad ninnraic adroille in gradh, Ériu xii 18 § 21 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14 .y ( .i. ro hairelltnigedh do dlestin do cintuch, 16.3 Comm. ). diablad fiach nech atroille[d], 98.15 ( adruillter, O'Curry 2721 (Eg. 88, 61 (62)b). cunic in cintuch cin a tabuirt a bfiachuibh . . . acht araillfa dono, Laws ii 98.28 `if only he be entitled to do so', Plummer MS. notes. ?nis nellne a baes .i. nís airle ni dia baís that he does not incur anything by his folly, iii 56.14 Comm. mairg immorro asroairli (as-roilli v.l.) assa churp fessin in falti sin diabuil, RC xxi 382.8 . gach aon . . . atruilles . . . bāss d'f[h]aghāil, Fl. Earls 70.26 . co ro airiller rochtain parrthais, LB 191b13 . fodail na pían cosind lín ataroillife, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . ni farcbad nech cen dire . . . act inti adroille olc asa besaibh, Ériu xii 44 § 56 . adroillem adaittrebam / oentaid aingel cech tratha, SR 8385 . amhail asad-roillfea gach buasach bíaidh, Ériu xiii 22.30 (= asidroilli, O'Dav. 225 ).

1 áel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áel or dil.ie/618

n o lime, chalk (See ZCP xxiv 93 ): di á.¤ ┐ chrieid gl. onera, Ml. 102d9 . doronad in mur do ael berbthi, Rawl. 74b1 . múr gel . . . amal bad du á.¤ chombruithiu dognethe, LU 1701 . ael Erend all the lime in Ireland, 3147 . á.¤ ná eimer (sic leg.), Cóir Anm. 146 . tuc a inchind latt et cummaisc ǽl air (of preserving the brain of an enemy in lime as a trophy), RC viii 62.18 ( LL 13545 ). findnél na cailce ┐ ind ǽil . . . asnaib sciatha, RC xiii 456.19 . clocha ┐ ael tigi spitel na Trinnoite, Ann. Conn. 1245.3 . foirind ic suathad aeil, `mixing lime', Aen. 305 . clocha chum aoil do denam, ZCP x 22.1 . lucht aoil do losgadh lime-burners, Eochairsg. 114.26 . a dath amar dath an aeil, SG 111.26 . In comparison: aol (aoil MSS.), is rós . . . . . . bhíos ar nós lóchrainn n-a gruaidh do ghnáth, Hackett xxi 34 . g s. as attrib. cloch aeil limestone: cendach na ccloch náoil, ZCP x 22 n.l . cnes amal clochael gen chrūais, ACL iii 308 § 33 . Of a limestone castle: am chloich áoil. Anecd. ii 72.10 . clach aoil, DDána 119.12 . a mhúir ḟinda áoil, IGT Decl. ex. 688 . tene aoil `lime-kiln' AFM ii 1076.9 .

Compds. ¤chinn n.pr. A. Cruachna, CF 857 . ¤-chloch limestone: go ro gabsat acc athnuadhucchadh a n-aitreabh aolcloch built of limestone(?), AFM vi 2186.12 . a n-adhnaice an Ard Mhacha / Ulltaibh as a n-aelchlacha, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 148.6 . ¤-chnes having skin as white as lime: árrachta áluinn aoilchnis, Hackett xxxix 150 . ¤-dorus: ráith na n-ael-dorus n-alaind, ` lime doors (white-washed with lime, or perhaps built of lime-stone)', Hy Fiach. 254.12 . ¤-ecor: gach ceall i bhfuair áladhdoirse / uaidh as fhearr a haoilegair-se every church in which he found gaping doors he was best at repairing it with limestone(?), DDána 89.27 . ¤-gorad lime-burning . Fig. deatach díomusa ag éirghe ón aolghoradh uabhair, TSh. 7938 . ¤-grennad: ní mhar aoilghreannadh th'aighthe (of a ráth), DDána 68.3 . ¤-lis: a hamharc an aoilleasa, DDána 70.11 . ¤-losgad. Fig. teannáil na toile, bhíos ag aol-losgadh na hanma, TSh. 1857 . ¤-mag: n.loc. Aolmhagh, AFM i 50.2 . ¤-ráth: conacadar in aelrāith mōir [ar] a cind, Ériu viii. 157.3 . ¤-tech: aíl-tech emir `lime-white house of granite', Metr. Dinds. iv 108.2 . ¤-tor: gan áoltor ngeal no gan gharrdha / nar legh aentadh t'faghla iad, IGT Decl. ex. 544 . With adj.: ¤-chethach: do chíd adhbha aoilcheathach . . . ar ochtaibh áilne an aieóir a building made of gleaming showers, L. Cl. A. B. 180.2 .

1 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aí or dil.ie/714

Forms: áe, aiib

also áe. Poss. pron. 3 s. and 3 pl. all genders (see GOI § 444 ). his, hers, its, theirs: proprium .i. ái, Sg. 27a5 . ae .i. malorum gl. sui, Ml. 73b15 . huile bith ba hae hé (ba hai he, ba he aai, ba haoi ae, v.ll.) `the whole world it was his', ACC 19 . is ai talam ┐ muir `whose are earth and sea', Imr. Brain 15 § 27 . i ngait nádbi aí for the theft (of property) which is not his, Críth G. 218 . marob ar aile ín fir bed a ai do digsid `of the man whose property they are', Laws iv 126.2 Comm. eclas Dé bíi / léic díi anas n-ái `leave to her what is hers', Fél. 4.9 . With art.: a n-ái .i. a sainreth `its own i.e. what is proper to it', Sg. 29b3 . a ṅái gl. suum, 28a17 . genitiu aitrebthaig .i. sui .i. ind ái fo ṡodin, 209b5 . inna n-ae no ai gl. sui, Ml. 16d7 . inna n-ai gl. illorum, Sg. 198a16 . Preceded by unstressed form of the poss. in relative clause: intí bessa haí Cassel he to whom Cashel will belong, Anecd. iii 63.14 . aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (i.e. the mill), Críth G. 240 . bes a h-ai in fiach sin whose debt it is, Ériu xi 69.4 . Cf. neach le naigfedh me as a ae, ZCP iii 378.22 = neach len laighfed (.i. re cuirfedh) mé assa āe (.i. assi seilb), v 485.1 (B. na f.).

In Ml. the follg. artificial usages are Latinisms (see Thurn. Gramm. loc. cit.). The use of inflected pl. forms e.g. d p. aiib gl. de suis, 121b11 . The use of an unstressed poss. pron. before such pl. forms in order to distinguish his (pred.) from theirs e.g. á aii gl. (voluerit eos) suos (vocari), 92c10 . a n-aii gl. (né cupiditas dominorum sé) suosque (detereret), 121d15 . á aii .i. filios israhel gl. suos, 75c1 .

As partitive gen. (later replaced by de): aen n-ai one of them, Laws v 314.9 . cach áe, aí each of them: cach ae for alaill, Ml. 96b4 . nímmalle act is cach æ fo leith, Wb. 17d2 . ni sain cach hæ hi crist ni mó bríg cach he alailiu, 19c19 . cach hæ, 27b8 . cach næ (neut.), 12c46 . fri cach n-ae, Sg. 28b8 . do cach ae, 50a5 . cechae co cléir chredail / robet ocomm chobuir, Fél. Ep. 43 . la haithgein cach n-áe, Críth G. 225 . bés tige cach áe, 21 . i lláim cach hae, BDD² 1280 . cethrur cech æ, Fianaig. 12 § 13 . ar cech n-áe, TBFr. 24 . ar cech n-aí, 78 . magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 129.9 . do erslocad cach ai to open each of them, Hib. Min. 7.227 . ar cach ái, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.12 . Folld. by prep. DI: cech ae díb `each of these', Ml. 146a2 . cach hae díib son `i.e. each of them', Sg. 74b4 . cach ái díb, Mon. Tall. 161.7 . la cach n-oe díb, BDD² 897 . Note also: dus cia dhiobh no beith la gach ae uaidhibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 282.14 . cechtar n-aí each of (the two of) them: cechtar ái, Thes. ii 249.11 . dí laim cechtar n-ai im olaile, Trip.² 1768 . a charr ar bélaib cechtar n-a(e)i, Críth G. 592 . fo grúad cechtar n-oí, BDD² 995 . cechtar n-ái, TBC-LL¹ 5412 . la ceachtar n-ae díb with each of the two, BDD² 234 . tincsetar glinni cechtar n-aí díb, MU² 115 . indala n-aí (undeclined) one of the two,: togu indala n-ai `to choose one of the twain', Wb. 4c13 . indala n-aí . . . alaile, Trip.² 765 . elcuig indala næ, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . lasindara n-ōi, xiii 177.18 . indala haí is dub alaile (sic leg.) is find, BDD² 1302 . Without the art.: ar lēicse ala aī di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ar nī frīth ala ai do thacru for one of the two could not be found to plead, 354 § 42. dá [n]dorus [n-]and — comla[e] ar ala n-aí, Críth G. 101 . na, nach áe any (with neg. vb. (none) of them: ni torban na áe mani bǽ desercc `none of them profiteth unless there be charity', Wb. 12b33 . na he gl. nullum, BCr. 43c1 (neg. vb. implied). co nā rogainn nach æ (na hé v.l.) ann, ZCP iii 452.7 . ni nach æ it is not any of them, Hib. Min. 198 . ní thairmescad nach ai alaile, LU 8566 ( FB 42 ). nechtar n-aí either of the two: o nechtar nái `from either of the two', Sg. 37b18 . ni ain nechtar náii `He will not protect either of them', Wb. 25d14 .

aiccid, accaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccid, accaid or dil.ie/760

n tenant, farmer(?): atrocratar acaide in tire leis, CCath. 2901 . accaidi do gabhail, 1227 . muintir Rabhartaigh . . . Coloman an Sgríne ┐ acaid[e] rígh ó bhFhiachrach, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . acaidheadha .i. aittreabthaigh nó tionóntaige, O'Cl. Freq. found in association with the name Fiachu, youngest son of Cathaír Mór: attreib Cathāir / cōecait mbliadne būanḟlaith / a.¤ Fiacha fīrmaith / flaith ḟechair ḟūamdaith F. was a peasant, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 16 . sil Fiachach ba ha.¤ , Rawl. 124a22 . Fiachu ba ha.¤ can as roainmniged, 36 . Cathaer Mar mandrad Brega / Fiachu fer ba haicceda, 83a48 . Fiaca Baiccida .i. ba ha.¤ .i. in aicce a brathar, BB 253b4 . Fiachu baccid, LL 315b54 . ro bai [Fiacha] . . . a [bh]fail a bhráithreach . . . conidh de sin ro lil F. Fa hAicidh de ar a bheith a n-aicci a bhráithreach, Leb. Cert. 202.y . Cf. 1 aicde?

1 aicned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicned or dil.ie/808

Forms: aigneadh, aignidh, aigeanta, a., a., aicnid, aicniud, aigenta

n o, n. Later m. aigneadh m. (g s. and n p. aignidh, aigeanta), IGT Decl. § 49 . (referred by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 544 to a compd. *ad-gní. See Vendr. Lex.). n s. a.¤ , Ml. 146a2 . a s. a.¤ , 67c12 , ZCP vii 299.15 . g s. aicnid, Wb. 32b6 . d s. aicniud, Ml. 17b26 .

(a) inherent quality, essence, nature: combad a.¤ nindib a nolc gl. naturalis `that the evil is natural in them', Ml. 76a11 . a.¤ ind reto, 20a19 . is trom . . . ho aicniud, 20a20 . foillsigthir as nísel in doinacht iar naicniud, 25c5 . atgleinn assa aicniud fessin air is inunn folud techtas frisin bocht, 61a8 . fri a.¤ inna deachtae, 67c12 . ni ó aicniud na cétne tuisten act is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam ó adam gl. eramus natura filii irae, Wb. 21b4 . fírmac aicnid ní a uccu gl. filius meus es tú, 32b6 . cesu locdatu as a.¤ and, Sg. 217b12 . ba tressio tol aicniud will was stronger than nature, LU 10730 . sechtar aicniud duine preternaturally, RC ii 402 § 43 . i nd-oendacht aicnid ┐ i trédacht persainde, PH 7086 . ro túaslaicthe for a.¤ na ndul dia ndernta they have been dissolved into the nature of the elements from which they were made (of the dead), LU 2518 . muna raibhe i nacchaid aiccnidh contrary to nature, ZCP x 16.23 . tīagat sium asa n-aignedaib cōirib they leave their proper natures(?), viii 104.7 . aigneadh an ois éigcríona the instinct of the young stag, Content. xxv 7 . aigned suighte fil indti sen they have magnetic properties (of stones), BB 7a13 . a oifficech dia dīrgadh i n-a aignedh cōir `a driver directing it in its proper function' (of a mill), Fl. Earls 72.16 . Opposed to poetical invention: is fuirmed filed romīdair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib do ṡluind na n-ilaltae . . ., nī ha.¤ romīdir leo, Corm. Y 41 . Attrib. g s.: is firindi aignidh dia lentais `they followed Natural Truth', IT iii 202 § 80 . ferinnsci aicnid, is e in fer, ferinnsci saerda, is e an neam i.e. natural as oppd. to conventional masculine, Auraic. 595 = f. aigenta, 3126 (cf. aicnetae).

Nature as a basis of law: cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.2 . fir n-aignaid, 430.23 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse in judgements oḟ nature and conscience, 452.20 . a fir breith iar cubus ┐ aigne, ii 18.20 Comm. a hurd Feine ┐ aicnidh, v 466.21 . in tan na fuidbiter a cosmailius hi is a breth a lom-aignid `when no parallel case is found it is to be taken from bare nature', 8.z Comm.

In phr. fo a.¤ according to the nature of: fo aigned a graid, BCrólige § 21 . is fiach fo a.¤ ar inti dorinne, § 61. fo a.¤ na ré, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, p. 21a). fo a.¤ na fogla `according to the nature of the trespass', Laws iv 76.1 Comm. fo a.¤ cetmuindtire urnadma no adaltraige, 44.y Comm. fo aignedh craind, 170.15 Comm.

(b) mind, spirit, feeling: do ṡaine ergna ┐ aigenta ┐ inntlechta, CCath. 1617 . dearóile th'intinne ┐ th' aigeanta `how miserable thy mind and spirit', Keat. iii 3150 . cessis a menma ┐ a a.¤ ┐ a innithim forthu, CRR § 26 . tuc toil a menman ┐ a haigenta dhí, RC xxix 132 § 46 . as gairdiugud menman ┐ aicenta dúin, Acall. 287 . ar dorat Dia a seirc ┐ a grad fom a.¤ , BB 239b2 . ra érig . . . fích immarcraid i nacentaib ánruth, LL 240a13 ( TTr. 1724 ). go ndearna . . . taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh, TD 17.59 . do chuaid a aigned as a inadh he was beside himself, Celt. Rev. iii 10.31 . aigneadh dúnta 'gun rígh ruind since the king's mind is closed against us, Ériu iv 220.19 . ba brisedh aiccnid mor la Cesair sin `that was a great heartbreak to Caesar,' CCath. 3321 . In phrase do-ice a.¤ x for x is moved (towards, by) (cf. do-icc cride for, s.v. do-icc II a): tainig aignedh C. andsin ar briathraib na hingine C. was greatly moved at the girl's words, TTebe 4606 . tanic a n-a.¤ co mor forro the Greeks were greatly moved for them, 3125 . In sense of high spirit, courage: mosgail th'aigneadh, eirg ad lúireach, SGS iv 138 § 5 . anger, wrath: eirghidh a.¤ in cleirig friu, Lism. L. 2972 . ni lamdhais . . . ní dó . . . ar mhét a aicnidh, 2999 . rocendsaiged . . . a.¤ O., TTebe 2959 . do ḟiuch a ḟearg ┐ do ardaigh a aigneadh, ML 138.30 . amal rochúala Cairpre / téit a a.¤ i n-airdde `his anger is roused', Metr. Dinds. iii 444.66 . benaidh aignedh Molaga fris et téitt bás Molaga's anger struck him, Irish Texts iii 21 § 18 .

(c) disposition, character, behaviour: a.¤ ailgen cen ainble, ZCP vi 264 § 10 . ronbé ō christ aigned n-arge, ACL iii 297 § 55 . ba hanrata a.¤ ind fir sin, TTebe 1544 . fear dob aithreamhail n-aignidh `like his father in disposition', TD 17.37 . a Eoin go n-aigneadh coluim (to John the Baptist), Dán Dé xi 19 .

(d) mind, attention, thought: ni roibe a aigned isin ernaighthi, RC xii 330 § 18 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . caide th'a.¤ uimmi siút? opinion, Acall. 7537 . intention, idea: an t-aignedh do g[h]abhabhair do láimh `the said resolution you have taken', Ériu xv 50.29 . fillem go ár ccéudaignedh uime so, Geneal. Tracts 20.16 . ar demni ind aicnid, lúthige ind láthair ┐ méit na gaile the certainty of the intention (of performing a feat), LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). a chor i gcrích do réir aigeanta an tí dar thiomna é, TSh. 6145 . In phrase is a.¤ la: ní bad aigned la haon co fetfaide a ngeinemain nobody would ever imagine, Aisl. Tond. 109.2 . más aiccnedh libh a lenmain `if ye mean to abide by it', BNnÉ 288 § 276 . atá i n-a.¤: ni fuil i n-aigniudh co bfuighbhe an breth connaighe o Ultaibh it is not to be expected that you will get the reward you expect from the U., ZCP xiv 226.6 . dia mbeith in aigneadh dhó a shláinte dfaghbail if he were likely to recover his health, AFM v 1772.9 .

(e) knowledge, science (cf. 1 ecna(e)): dá n-iccad a.¤ oendrúad if the skill of any druid were of avail, LU 3549 ( SCC § 29 ). ard shaoi . . . in gach aicniudh atces do dhuine, AFM ii 1166.16 . gebé haigneadh ar a dtiubhra mé aire `to what study soever I apply myself', Carswell 195.9 (O'Rahilly compares aigniodh nuaidhe, Desid. 6449 , see p. 362).

aidbred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbred or dil.ie/841
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aidbreda, aidhbriudha, aidhbridh

n u and o, [m.] Vn. of ad-fíri, g s. aidbreda, O'D. 1631 (H. 5.15, 17a). aidhbriudha, 2423 ( Rawl. B. 506, 55a ). aidhbridh, O'Dav. 111 . For the meaning act of publicizing, drawing attention to see Ériu xx 62 . act of suing, claiming: nech nád cumangar do aidbriud nó do díriuch `who cannot be sued', Ériu ii 208 § 27 . aidbriudh .i. agra, ut est eitiri rig, ar ní cach is tualaing a aidhbridh .i. a agra, O'Dav. 111 . ar ni tualaing nech acrai na aidbriudai domnaig, Anecd. iii 23.9 . es coitchend di cech oen a aidbriud ┐ a tobach, 3 . is fo līn n-aidbriudui tēid an fiach-so do neuch dib dodboing, 22.20 . ni bi aidbriud carud no coibdelchae mani acrai . . . cen dīc[h]ill, 21 . diamat do fir in aidbreda no léicfithea a imdénma, O'D. 1631 (H. 5.15, 17a). ac a.¤ a sét ac duine is isli inás, 1632 (ib.). uar aidhbriudha, 2423 ( Rawl. B 502 , 55 a). in sét aidhbriudha the `sét' which is the subject of a claim, 2418 (ib.). in bó aidbriudha, Laws ii 42.17 Comm. mana ti aidhbred, iv 236.11 Comm. bera aidbriudh taidhbi cor `a suit will set aside an unfair contract', 268.15 Comm. in neimidh uil acon aidbredh, v 216.10 Comm. aidhbriugh .i. indilsiugud ut est ar ni haidbriugh for foth(?) forlengar for dilsi, Ériu xiii 54 § 1 = O'Dav. 941 . Cf. aidbriudh .i. inndilsiugud, ut est aidbriudh molta .i. inndilsiugud, O'Dav. 56 . aes aidbredha ainme for incaibh ind rig, Laws i 72.29 ; 'people who would publicize the blemish on the king's face,' Bretha 62 = arna beth druth na hoinmid ann arna toirbeitis a ainme ina inchaib, Ériu xvi 38 § 7 ; 'lest they should taunt him with the blemish in his face' Bretha 62 . ar aithbriuth a anmae, O'Curry 64 ( H 3.18, 23a ). is lethiu enech ríg aidbriud `for a king's honour is wider than any claim', Triads 235 . aidbris . . . in claideb ┐ dorigni tecta n-adbriuda occa he made their claim according to law, IT iii 200 § 65 . cen guin gan aibriud gan atgabail, BB 370b36 . óenach . . . / cen chron cen aidbriud cen dáil, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.59 . ? for ar dianarlib / Dia dom aidbresa (adhbred-sa, aithbresa v.ll. , ZCP x 345.z ) / Crist dom ditisea, LU 1165 . aidhbriudh .i. cronughadh, O'Cl. Drawing attention to a blemish and thus shaming the victim in public Bretha 62 : coirpdiri cacha cneidi cacha aidbrida co rici ocht naidbridha dec cen etirimdibe baill ┐ ma ta eitirimdibe baill is a.¤ ar fichit, Laws iii 346.5 Comm. in rann othrusa no aithgina uil and is ar oenach reithes no ar tri haidbredaib ┐ nucon ar daigin tuba na hainme do rine fer aidbrida a iarfaigid and, 19 Comm. mas ar aidbriudaib is ar da aidbriud dec ┐ ma ta imdibe baill is ar .u. dec rethis, O'Curry 232 ( H 3.18, 126 ). la set cach aidbriuda ima ruide rus 'a sét for every advertisement for which [his] cheek blushes ' Bretha 40 § 31 .

1 aidech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aidech or dil.ie/864

n [ā, f.] (see Vendr. Lex.) milch cow: inand . . . sé aidecha na crithi gablaighi ┐ se buar na cána fuithirbi, O'D. 969 ( H 3.17, c. 679b ). nach tecar ón aidig gan a beith ina lolgich, ib. buachaillí aoidech cowherds, O'Gr. Cat. 121.36 . aidech .i. cumal nó fiach slān do lāimh rathe .i. aidech sies teora aidecha ina baos ban-apad, O'Mulc. 102 . aideach .i. loilgeach, Lec. Gl. 354 . aideach no aoideach .i. lolgach no bó bhainne, O'Cl.

aignes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aignes or dil.ie/941

n u and o, m. (aigne) arguing, pleading; argument: lathar n-aigniusa, Laws v 100.z Comm. fiach aignesa fee for pleading, 412 note . mórán slecht aighnesa air sin, iv 258 note . gin ro airdi cin ro isli im aighnes, i 296.37 Comm. ordug[ad] . . . aignesa ┐ toicheda, O'D. 924 ( H 3.17, c. 656 ). graid aignesa, O'Curry 344 ( H 3.18, p. 19b ) = graid aignechta, O'Curry 1011 (ib. 429a). 'na hacchaid nir iarr aighnes, BNnÉ 196 § 22 . tuigid cách an t-aighneas úd (of an action for possession of chattels), Dán Dé ix 21 . déanadh Muire . . . aighneas liom an lá bhus díor plead on behalf of me, x 9 . cion uirre ní haighneas doirbh `it is easy to prove sin against it', xix 1 . léigfead beagán aighnis uaim / do dhearbhadh a ndubhairt mé `arguing', Content. v 2 . is feárr ciuine ná lúmparnach aidhneasa `lubberly contention', Ó Bruad. i 74 x . aighneas ceinn-treun, Donlevy 178 n.l . do cuimhnigh aidhnis in Tigherna di advice, counsel , Smaointe B. Chr. 2516 . Perh. also: o rochuala . . . I. in aines-[s]a doroine I. ris `when Jove heard the prayer', Aen. 758 . As quasi-vn.: báttar ag ceassnucchadh a ccaingen ┐ ag aighnes ima n-accarthaibh for aroile arguing their claims, AFM vi 2166 z . do ghabh Conghal ag aines fair disputing with, ITS v 156.27 . bí ag aighneas let fhear cumainn (to Mary), Dán Dé xv 14 . d'aighnios ris to reason with him, Job ix 14 .

ailad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailad or dil.ie/961

Forms: aulad, ilad, elad, ulad, ilaidh, elaith, ulaidh, ulaid, hullta, ailaidh, elaid, ulaid, aulaid, iolaidh, ilaidh, uladha, uladh, ulltaib, ula, ila, eala, ulaidh, uladh, ultha, a.

n m. and f. Also aulad, ilad, elad, ulad. (aul, see GOI p. 52 ). a s. ilaidh, Dinds. 49 ( RC xv 443.17 ). elaith, MacCongl. 121.36 . ulaidh, Uí Maine 211raz . g s. in ulaid , Laws v 488.26 Comm. na hullta , 29 Comm. d s. ailaidh, AU i 534 . elaid, LL 19325 . ulaid, BColm. 98.4 . aulaid, Mon. Tall. 151.5 (§ 62) . iolaidh, AFM ii 1014.5 . n p. ilaidh, Anecd. ii 23.1 . a p. uladha, ZCP x 228.z . g p. uladh, Acall. 1499 . d p. ulltaib, SG 252.30 . ula, ila, eala (ón ulaidh, ola l. ón chéill sin) f. ( d s. ulaidh. g s. uladh. n p. ultha), IGT Decl. § 4 .

(a) tomb, sepulchre, burial-cairn: ilad in dechenboir `the tomb of the ten persons', Thes. ii 288.32 . m'ilad ┐ m'úag, LU 9886 . co ro adhnacht i n-Ard Macha i n-ailaidh nuí, AU i 534.12 . sra (leg. fri, ed.) aulad Culduib chanmae, RC xxv 346.3 . im nemthairecc fertad do flatha .i. im nemtiachtain do denam ulaid cumdacht imin flaith, Laws i 186.16 Comm. fogebthar a ulad Fothaid A. fris anair bic. . . ┐ atá coirthe oca ulaid, LU 10990 . ni fuille rath for ullaid, Laws v 448.23 . focerd ilaidh ind im cenn Cuir[r]igh, Dinds. 49 ( RC xv 443. 17 ). in macc fora téit in grad immusaiccichet días for aelaid (? fora elaid), Trip.² 1842 . ro h-adnaiceadh is in ulaidh mhóir fó chosaibh Ui Suanaigh, Hy Fiach. 44.y . ro hadhnaiced co honorach i niolaidh na nepscop, AFM ii 1034.4 . go háit 'na bhfuair ulaidh lán do chnámhaibh marbh, TSh. 7707 . ar chúl iladh ḟáisegailsi, IGT Decl. ex. 232 . ulad .i. uilli nō in t-adnacal aile, Corm. Y 1285 . fert .i. ulad cumdachta, O'Dav. 961 . elath f. `a calvary or charnel-house, a carn, a heap or pile of bones in a church-yard', P. O'C. Of oaths taken at an a.¤ (cf. reilic): nonbar co ulaid . . . co toing fo soscela aice, O'Curry 1972 (H. 4.22, p. 16). dligid doith dithach .i. for ulaid . . . luigi na heisinnraice . . . og ulaid, 2580 ( Eg. 88 fo. 49 (50)a ).

(b) penitential station: a nacaldaim . . . for aulaid oc cros ind dorus lis, Mon. Tall. 151.5 (§ 62) . táinic P. do tocbáil cros ┐ uladh ┐ altóiredh, Acall. 1499 . in t-ionad ro togasa / itát ilaidh is crosa, Anecd. ii 23.1 . ní dechaid D. . . . ó ulaidh gan impodh, MR 298.11 . seal amhlaidh agan ulaidh / ar shalmaibh, ar slechtanaibh (of devotional exercises of Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 282 § 268 . co hIlaidh na ttri ccros (at Clonmacnoise), AFM ii 812.10 .

Compd. ¤-lán: locan ālaind iladlān `a delightful little spot full of tombs' (of a hermit's retreat), Ériu ii 56 § 13 .

ailemain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailemain or dil.ie/992

Forms: oilemain

n f. oilemain f., IGT Decl. § 10 . Verbs § 73 . Late vn. of 1 ailid. act of rearing, fostering; fosterage, education: tria ingin ríg d'a.¤ doib, LU 4435 . tainic A . . . dia oilemain oc Meidb to be reared by M., Ériu ii 182.9 . tria ailemain Sencha form through S.'s rearing of me, LU 10288 . do gabhail oilemhna ┐ tuarastail uadh (of the inferior taking the superior's child in fosterage), AFM v 1534.16 . díoth oileamhna `lack of training', Dán Dé xvi 1 . buadh n-aileamhna, Hy Fiach. 6.15 . saer . . . gan aileamain noble but without educat- ion, Hy Maine 142.5 . á h-aithle mh'ailemhna re h-uchtbhruindi h-ui A., MR 304.23 . gur chuireadar ar oileamhain é `put him to nurse', Keat. ii 2769 . ar n-a bheith da oileamhain nó da altrom i gCromghlaise, iii 1162 . tugadh súas í . . . ar oileamhuin na mbean úasal in the care of noble ladies, Párl. na mB. 3774 . 'na lucht oileamhna aoigheadh `as entertainers of guests', TD 5.16 . mo dhoimheanma 'n-a ndeaghaidh / ní hurusa a hoileamhain to control it(?), Aithd. D. 14.9 . nourishment: a mbiadh ┐ a n-aileamain, BB 15b33 . gan d'oileamhuin do thabhairt do . . . acht arán ┐ uisge, Párl. na mB. 1492 , do ghabh déistin . . . ris an uile oileamhain, TSh. 1565 . an t-arán thug an Tighearna daoibh mar oileamhain, Eochairsg. 56.4 . én . . . . . . dan frém oilemhna a oighid who feeds (her nurselings) by dying (of the pelican), O'Gr. Cat. 461.5 . In medical sense regimen, diet: oilemhain bidh ┐ dighi d'ordughadh dóibh, O'Don. Gram. 450.8 .

Cf. altram(m).

Load More Results