Search Results

Your search returned 116 result(s).

adama(i)r

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adama(i)r or dil.ie/285

 

adv. surely, certainly (= edamar, late form of ro-fetammar, see ro-finnadar, and TD ii 200 , Desid. p. 304 ): adamar, a ingen, is mór an metacht . . . domothaigis orainn, IT ii2 135.333 . adamair, a Dhábi, ní iarrfaidh tú so, O'Gr. Cat. 112.29 . adamar is fiacha i láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 162.13 . uim ifearn adamair . . . / do briseadh an balla . . ., Ó Bruad. iii 172.11 .

ad-ella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ella or dil.ie/433
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ataella, -aidle, adnellat, aidlidh, ad-ellad, -aidled, ad-rella, atella, āirle, roadelta, atdubelliub, adnelliub, adeilliub, -adliub, -aidlibe, -aidliba, -aidlébthai, ad-ella, ad-ell, edla, ad-rell, -adallsat, adalsad, ad-ralsat, aidled, aidlid, adall

v (* ad-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ataella, Wb. 19b15 . -aidle, LL 204a32 . 3 pl. adnellat, Ml. 102a15 . Ipv. 2 p. aidlidh, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 53 ). Impf. 3 s. ad-ellad, Mon. Tall. 132.1 (§ 11) . -aidled, ACC 94 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. (with -ro-) ad-rella, Fianaig. 14.29 . 3 s. atella, Trip.² 2158 . nīs āirle , CB 180 § 59 gl. 9 . Impf. 2 s. roadelta, RC iii 176.34 .

Fut. 1 s. atdubelliub, Wb. 7a4 . adnelliub, 14a6 . adeilliub, a7 . -adliub, RC ii 176.33 . 3 s. -aidlibe, Trip.² 864 . -aidliba, BDD² 1251 (= -aidléba, LU 7718 ). Condit. pass. sg. -aidlébthai, BDD² 709 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ? ad-ella, Thes. ii 320.7 (or historic pres., Ped. loc. cit.). ad-ell, LU 4981 . ? edla, Ériu viii 28.24 . ad-rell, SR 7631 . 3 pl. -adallsat, Blathm. 72 . adalsad, TBC-I¹ 2908 . ad-ralsat, Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . pass. sg. cen cor aidled , O'Dav. 1373 . Later as simple vb. aidlid.

Vn. adall.

Visits, approaches: is cuit adaill adnellat sidi in fini, Ml. 102a15 . adella in Patraicc naile, Thes. ii 320.7 ( Hy. ii 65 ). ataella-som he draws nigh to her, RC iii 177.5 . nī adalsad a mendot for Bōaind they had not gone near his dwelling-place, TBC-I¹ 2908 . aidlis Eochaid in lúachair `E. approached the rush bed', Metr. Dinds. iii 344.73 . aidliss do chelebrad de Fhiachraig, LL 7301 . is annsin edla Ruad mac Mogairn anair . . . i cenn Maige Nia `sped', Ériu viii 28.24 . niconaidlefa a anim pé[i]n n-iffirn, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . intí nād adli in crois, nico n-arfaem cēsad Crist aire, ZCP v 498.25 . With prep. co: adella cuccu, LL 14133 . ad-ella in ben . . . a dochomb, BDD² 1503 ( chuice, LU 7968 ). With prep. LA referring to subject: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . is dual deit-si, sét nāch lag, / m'fithchell, adarella lat approach it(?), Fianaig. 14.29 . adell Conchobar lais a cluichimag, TBC-I¹ 492 ( LU 4981 ). adellat leo cu teach F., TE² 56 § 20 . In extended meanings: ataella indbennacht doratad for abracham `passes to them', Wb. 19b15 . fó lemm ci atella méithe though fatness visits them, Trip.² 2158 . nomaidlet ilcēola, BColm. 30.20 . suil adralsat a ngliaid nglé / rogabsat a commairge `entered on' Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . ní aidleth toinn ná féoil (of a carver) touched, TBFr. 127 . aidlid a lám scoith `his hand touches a flower', Fél. 40.12 . ní aidlébthai innd orguin the slaughter would not be undertaken, BDD² 709 ( LU 7110 ). co tagaib nech ní adella `how does one recover his security?' Ériu xi 51.1 . Perh. also: eneclann cáich iar nairille atren atidella .i. ícuidh in eneclann sin in cach aidlis in cinuid, O'D. 629 ( H 3.17, 468 ) = adaella, O'D. 2220 (Nero A 7, 150a) (Cf. O'Dav. 44 ). ? ataella .i. tadall, ut est is iar suide ataella fiacha elguin in cluichi so .i. is iarsan mbasugud ata tadhall do fiachaib comhraiti isan cluichi so, O'Dav. 157 . Of sexual intercourse: indí . . . adellad ilsétchi ┐ duamberar cland `those that frequent various mates and have children born to them', Mon. Tall. 132.1. (§ 11) . maccleirech adella banscail, Ériu vii 142.18 . cin cor aidled nechtar de in dá imat sin, O'Dav. 1373 .

adluinde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adluinde or dil.ie/50007
Last Revised: 2019

 

n [, f.] (? adlond) great fierceness (?): ort īar n-adluindi (adlainne, v.l.) āenaig | Fiacha Labraindi luadaig 'slain after great fierceness of an assembly', ITS xli 276 § 63 .

ad-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-suidi or dil.ie/579
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atsuidhim, adsudi, a-t-suidi, a-ta-suidi, -asstai, ad-suidet, ad-suiter, ad-dom-suiter, -astaider, ad-suidetar, adsuighidter, -astaiter, asta, -astad, adsode, a-ta-sode, -astae, -asta, -astat, roastar, -astatais, adsuife, -astaibther, adrosoid, atrosoid, adsaidh, adrodad, -asta, roasta, astide, astaithi, astad, fastód, astaid, fastaid, fostaid, astaigid, fostaigid, fastóid, -astád

v (* ad-suid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atsuidhim, O'Curry 1066 ( H 3.18, 440b ). 2 s. adsudi, Ml. 114c6 . 3 s. a-t-suidi, Sg. 66a20 . a-ta-suidi, 64b3 . -asstai, Ml. 114a19 . 3 pl. ad-suidet, Sg. 4b15 . Pass. sg. ad-suiter. Ml. 68d5 . ad-dom-suiter, Thes. ii 3.33 . -astaider, Sg. 3a4 . Pl. ad-suidetar, ZCP xiii 22.11 . adsuighidter, Laws iv 142.z Comm. 144.2 Comm. -astaiter, i 30.27 . Ipv. 2 s. asta, LU 2983 . 3 s. -astad, Wb. 10d7 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adsode, Wb. 10a9 . a-ta-sode, 10 . -astae, Ml. 55a19 . 3 s. -asta, Ml. 126a6 . 3 pl. -astat, Wb. 29a16 . Pass. sg. with ro: mad roastar , Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -astatais, Laws iii 2.2 . Fut. 3 s. adsuife, CMT² 30 § 29 n. Pass. s. -astaibther, Laws i 192.4 Comm. Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrosoid, Ml. 97d16 . atrosoid, 39a16 . adsaidh, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18, 246 ). Pass. sg. adrodad, Laws i 52.3 . = atroadh, O'D. 19 ( H 3.17, col. 397 = CIH v 1897.11 , Contract Law 222 ). Pl. -asta, Lism. L. 2514 . roasta, LL 22122 . Part. astide gl. adpensum, Ml. 20a22 . Vbl. of necess. astaithi, Laws v 286.11 Comm. Vn. astad, fastód.

Later as simple vb. astaid, fastaid, fostaid. Also astaigid (fastaigid, fostaigid). Cf. fostaid, fostaigid. Occas. with long vowel in second syll.: fastóid, LU 2109 . -astád, TTr.² 1141 (see under fostaid). IGT Verbs § 64 , § 80, 106 . See also assoith.

(a) stops, holds back, detains, hinders: nach nastad in cretmech `let the believer not detain him', Wb. 10a7 . ci atasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', 10a10 . atrosoid gl. (se mali uicisitudine) suspenderit, Ml. 39a16 . ni astaider ┐ ni timmorcar fri slond nintliuchta gl. quae a nullo affectu mentis proficiscitur, Sg. 3a4 . atomsuide serc Dé, IT iii 51 § 95 . adrodad fri less na túad / isin port co bráth it has been detained for the good of the people, Trip.² 786 . asta dinetan fort cind stop a little while, LU 2983 . timchellaid . . . múr . . . ┐ fastóid (astaid, v.l.) anmand inna pectach, LU 2109 ( FA 17 ). coro asta na heonu cen togairad C. so that the birds were prevented from calling to C., LL 22122 . im amus ceneoil do denam de dus i n-astaibther no tuilithe do radh ris to know whether he will be kept or be regarded as an interloper, Laws i 192.4 Comm. dia mbed da clad íme . . . adsuitear leo `he is restrained by them', iv 158.3 Comm. . . . eoin ┐ énluithe Leithi Mogha do thiachtain cuigi isin crainnsin co n-asta uile acasom, Lism. L. 2514 . o samain co medón erraig ro hast ind imguin ultu, RC vi 188.15 . astaid da n-ag dibh he seizes two deer, v 200 § 12 . mad roastar cach mil díb i mbethu lasin merlech if each of these animals be detained alive, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Intrans: asdofe (gl. no adsuife) ant ór ina broinn 'the gold will stick in his belly', CMT² 30 § 29 .

(b) Legal fixes, makes permanent or legal, binds, establishes: ni astat nadmann in diupairt bonds do not bind such a fraudulent arrangement, ZCP xiii 22.29 ( Bürgschaft 10 ). cenisnasta naidm na raith adasuidhe dliged law establishes them, 24.1 (§ 39). astud cáich hi coruib bel, ar ro buí in biuth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir bél if verbal contracts were not binding, ZCP xvi 176 § 6 ( Laws i 40.24 ). man[i] astat cuir bel . . . cia beth dono cuir bel and adsuidet adi, Laws ii 130.2 Comm. atsuiter cuir bél la Feine amuil ad-rodad Adam ina derbdubairt: at-bath in biuth uile ar aenuball `as Adam was bound by his deception' (i.e. the Fall was considered as a contract whereby Adam exchanged the immortality of man for an apple), ZCP xvi 177 § 13 . fosuid cach aititiu adsuidet folaid, Laws iii 10.8 . cona ndilsi feibh as dech atsaitar (no atsuitar) dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . atait .x. nailche annscuichthecha atsuidet cach ndilsi, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). ?adsuighe crích cadesin . . . ar id comarda criche insin that defines a `crích', Laws iv 142.24 . With FRI and FOR: it e trénailche in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betha for those are the strong rocks to which the judgements of the world are bound fast (i.e. which support the law), ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.27 ). nī nī nach breth berar . . . nad fri hapstal n-uasal n-astaigther (nascaider v.l.) i.e. no judgement is effective unless a holy apostle guarantees it(?), Corm. Y 1224 ( Anecd. iv 106.19 ). adsuidetar tra frisna [na]dmann so ┐ ni diuprat, is de ata adsuidet naidmann ┐ ni diuprat they are held binding (as valid) by these `naidms' but the latter do not guarantee fraud; therefore it is said `naidms' bind but do not cheat, ZCP xiii 22.11 ( Bürgschaft 9 § 25 ). is misech maine astaithur fri som(m)uine n-aircendcha he is entitled to do this when he is not bound by dues already given, ZCP xv 248 § 6 ( Laws ii 210.15 ). Cf. also: at-chíu a chlaideb . . . ina intiuch . . . conid fri crúaid n-aurrdric n-aister, BDD² 1037 . ni asta rudrad rugnassa . . . manab for ailchib udhpart astaiter, O'Curry 2471 (Eg. 88, 38a2). nach breath nad astaiter fors nach aei (i.e. on `fír' and `dliged'), Laws v 10.4 . Note also: atasuidi for sobus íar córus fine `he holds them (viz. the aforesaid dependents) fast to good conduct (i.e. he must see that they fulfil their legal duties)', Críth G. 341 and note. adsuide fis .i. dia festar for nech olc do denamh adsuidhe fiacha(ib) fair it makes him liable to fines, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18, p. 251 ). cia met i n-astaither cach dib `to what extent each of them is confirmed in his rights', Laws iv 344.8 . Note also: mani astat in da recht peccad foir unless the two laws convict him of sin, Wb. 29a16 . With IN-: atsuidi neutur isnaib anmannaib in es a n-accomol fri neutur i n-immognom `their connexion with a neuter in construction establishes the neuter in the nouns in -es', Sg. 66a20 .

aiccid, accaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccid, accaid or dil.ie/760

 

n tenant, farmer(?): atrocratar acaide in tire leis, CCath. 2901 . accaidi do gabhail, 1227 . muintir Rabhartaigh . . . Coloman an Sgríne ┐ acaid[e] rígh ó bhFhiachrach, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . acaidheadha .i. aittreabthaigh nó tionóntaige, O'Cl. Freq. found in association with the name Fiachu, youngest son of Cathaír Mór: attreib Cathāir / cōecait mbliadne būanḟlaith / a.¤ Fiacha fīrmaith / flaith ḟechair ḟūamdaith F. was a peasant, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 16 . sil Fiachach ba ha.¤ , Rawl. 124a22 . Fiachu ba ha.¤ can as roainmniged, 36 . Cathaer Mar mandrad Brega / Fiachu fer ba haicceda, 83a48 . Fiaca Baiccida .i. ba ha.¤ .i. in aicce a brathar, BB 253b4 . Fiachu baccid, LL 315b54 . ro bai [Fiacha] . . . a [bh]fail a bhráithreach . . . conidh de sin ro lil F. Fa hAicidh de ar a bheith a n-aicci a bhráithreach, Leb. Cert. 202.y . Cf. 1 aicde?

1 aicde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicde or dil.ie/769
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aice

n also aice , f. perh. vn. of ad-guid see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 551 . bond, surety, security: a.¤ .i. trebaire ┐ desmirecht air, a.¤ mac .i. mac nascaire, O'Curry 2077 (H. 4.22, f. 67). cu na dleiste do dune gumud cuma a epert ┐ a a.¤ acht do grádh sechta i.e. certain grades made themselves liable by simply giving verbal undertakings(?), O'D. 943 ( H 3.17, 660 ). duine bud cuma epirt ┐ a.¤ i.e. a man whose word is as good as his bond, Laws iii 326.26 Comm. ; 4.15 Comm. Cf. O'Dav. 795 . isit esinnricc manib cuma a n-epert ┐ a n-aice, Laws v 358.20 Comm. (cf. innann a nepert ┐ a narach, O'Curry 535 ( H 3.18, p. 265b = CIH iii 795.33 )). cred é cuma epert ┐ aige? . . . .i. commór a apart do féin ┐ ba huca thoghaidhe leis trebaire aire, O'Curry 1383 ( H 3.18, p. 629a ). aicc macu hi fiacha . . . do neoch imme fuigle in aicdiu from someone who gives decisions in matters affecting security, Laws ii 130.10 . dairt for a roach (.i. for a fiadnaise), colbdach for a aiciu (leg. aicdiu Thurn. ZCP xv p. 366 ) (.i. for a naidm) bo for a aitire, ZCP xiii 24.6 . ni direnaiter ni herenaiter aigde, O'Curry 824 ( H 3.18, p. 379a ). ni saigh ni a aicdiu .i. . . . ni astait ní na aitire, O'Curry 1990 (H. 4.22, p. 25). nach fer aici ┐ comit[h]echta, Anecd. iii 24.23 . mar do beith araind urradh / fan cunnradh do chenglamair / as i aice as annsa ann / damsa is caite re chomhall, 23 E 29, 81.4 . aicdhe .i. comhall, O'Cl. Note also aice .i. treabh (for trebaire?), ib. ?fochraic aicidi .i. log na haici ma diubart iar fis ┐ trebaire, O'Curry 1989 (H. 4.22 , 25 ). ? haice .i. ecaidhe nó deroil no eraise, ut est haice cach rath co rath tire .i. . . . is deroil cach ni doberar isin rath co tir, O'Dav. 1069 .

áin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áin or dil.ie/1161

 

Forms: áine

ā, f. and i, f. see GOI § 736 . Also áine. Vn. of aigid.

(a) act of driving (animals etc.): cuic seoit a n-ain (.i. inund .i. ind) ┐ a tain (.i. imach .i. as), Laws iv 156.20 ; 158.7 Comm. ni haclaide ain bo do tarb, 156.21 . [ d]ilmuine ana aiges, ii 72.8 . i ndeguidh na hana, 13 Comm. atait secht n-imana . . . na tuillit fiacha . . . ain bo a fer, etc., v 136.6 . fothla ┐ tothla ┐ an ┐ airgsiu (species of `duinecaithe' or man-trespass ), iv 98.18 Comm. andilsi do flaithib fothla tothla an tan aircsiu, ZCP xii 366.16 ( H 3.18, 7b ) = án tán `driving in, driving out', PRIA xxxvi (1921-4) 310.71 . á .i. táin. O'Cl.

(b) Of games: in tan ba há.¤ phuill dognitis when they were driving (balls) into a hole, LU 4985 . oc āin līathrōidi, TBC-I¹ 495 . oc aine (áni LU) līathrōidi, TBC-I¹ 428 . a lorg āne, 381 = l. ána, 390 . bai seom . . . oc aine feacht ann, YBL 181a24 . iar n-áine faebur `play of blades', Metr. Dinds. iv 330.14 . ? ba hathlamh áine im úaga, i 6.8 . Of racing horses: ōenach .i. āine ech, Corm. Y 1002 . ōen nde blaī āne ech n-oenaig, ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Of holding a fair: ní cumhaing aenach do á.¤ , AFM ii 594.y (cf. 1 aige).

Note also: an mac [bāid] robói / nói mīsaib im āin (: bāin) `in my womb', BColm. 16.22 .

ainmm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmm or dil.ie/1471
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a., ainm, ainm, ainim, a., ainm, anmae, anme, anmma, anmme, anmaim, anmin, anmmaimm, anman, anmmann, anman, anmann, anmanaib, nainm, nainmm

n n, n. Later m. int a.¤ , Trip.² 305 . ainm m. IGT Decl. § 41 . n s. ainm, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 30a11 . ainim, 30a9 . a.¤ , Sg. 56b10 . a s. ainm, Ml. 30a10 . g s. anmae, Ml. 30a10 . anme, 36b1 . anmma, Sg. 26b11 . anmme, 211b6 . d s. anmaim, Ml. 30c17 . anmin, 17b9 . anmmaimm, Sg. 54b3 . n p. anman, Ml. 104a4 . a p. anmmann, Sg. 61b3 . g p. anman, Ml. 87a12 . anmann, Sg. 27a9 . d p. anmanaib, Ml. 30a8 . n du. da nainm , Ml. 34d6 . a du. da nainmm , Sg. 28a7 . For Ogam ANM see Vendryes Études Celt. vii 139-46 (= inscription? mortal remains?).

(a) name: anman na coic cathrach, Ml. 104a4 . hond anmim asberr iesus, 17b9 . is ed dogair som ho anmaim chailich which he calls by the name of, 30c17 . do dechor etir anmmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid inna crann sin, Sg. 61b3 . ind anmma dilis `of the proper name', 26b11 . Calpurnd ainm a athar, Trip.² 82 . Gnimcinnsiolaigh la ainim by name, TFrag. 168.10 . oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, Sc.M² § 12 . cechlabat fir hErend . . . inn ainm sin, TBC-LL¹ 1056 . ainm n-ogaim, 582 (See Études Celt. vii 139-46). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh (required in certain kinds of satire), IT iii 105 § 210 , see p. 122 and Éigse v 231 . Dismus ┐ Geomus anmand Grécda na latrand, Ériu iii 198 § 25 . sgríobhaid . . . anmonna ar slógh i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . anmanda na seacht fear ndeg, Auraic. 125 . da n-ainm fuirre she has two names, ZCP viii 106.5 . Inis Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn / do shlonn sí trí hanma ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1152 . suairc an daingean anma d'Aodh this fort called Aodh's, DDána 119.10 . a.¤ baiste Christian name: Tadhg no Domnall, atá sunnradh anma baisde ionnta, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.21) . an Colum Cille . . . is é fá hainm baiste dhó Criomhthann, Keat. iii 1575 . i n-anmain in the name of: combad a n-anmaim cruichi Crist noragadh a n-agaidh Tholamir, RC x 184.7 . i nn-anmaim Athar ┐ Maicc ┐ Spirtu Noíb, Trip.² 668 . nach óen dobéra ní it anmaimm, 1343 . dia nglacadh . . . a n-ainm diūc de parma `to . . . receive them in the name of the D.', Fl. Earls 102.26 . baí ssidhe . . . leith bliadhain in ainm ┐ in ionad an prionnsa inErinn, AFM vi 225 § 11 . Meaning uncertain in phrase a.¤ rainde ('share, proportion (lit. a division in name only)' Ériu xl 104 n. 9 ; `proportion', Laws Gloss.; 'specified or fixed amount; designated fraction' EIS 102 ): in tainmrainne gabus in crann ina cloich gurab é in tainmrainne sin do leth logh bes fair ┐ is é rainn rachus ar na anmannaibh rainne sin, O'D. 916 ( H 3.17, c. 653 ). in tainmrainne gabus éric nochtaithi tige . . . bes a mbuain a tuige dib, 1696 (H. 5.15, p. 31b). in t-ainmrainde gabus aen trian secht cumal indtib uile, Laws iii 116.9 Comm. in tainmrainne geabus in sine isin uth, 366.5 Comm. in t-ainmroindi dun cethraimthi eneclainni . . . gurub a leth bias do, Laws v 34.17 Comm. in t-ainmrainde gaibis an sechtmad isin mis curob e an t-ainmrainde sin don dechmaid bes tis, 308.2 Comm. in tainmraindi d'a eniclainn fen do biad dosum, 72.10 Comm. Title, heading: an t-ainm iasachta uarais the foreign title thou hast got, TD 22a.8 . gan ainm ríodhamhna gan rígh, 32.44 . do chailleas onóir mh'anma, DDána 90.3 . ní dhé sin tré cheart n-anma / goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra `such a man cannot strictly be called opposed', Content. vi 138 . is anmmaim ona attat `under the name of loan', Laws v 368.x Comm. toirmisgther ann so a nainm gada . . . gan fiacha nó cíos do dhíol under the heading of theft, O'Gr. Cat. 113.32 .

(b) reputation, repute, renown: dia lotar fo-dess for fecht | fo ainm Iosēph i n-Ēgept 'they went southwards on a journey under the protection (lit. name) of Joseph into Egypt', SR (Greene) 3647​ . forbīad a ainm ar gnīmaib gaiscid firu Érend, TBC-I¹ 551 . is í T. cathuir is mó ainm indti `the city most of name', Maund. 228 . ? bidh ainm cintaig in gairm ndodhad / bid ainm cinadh, ACL iii 295 § 29 ; cf. 296 § 35 . ainm uasal san Eoruip ort, DDána, 90.6 . bhar n-ainm féile re fada / méadóchaidh Mac Diarmada, 68.35 . ar mhéad anma is einigh, TD 10.2 .

(c) Gramm. noun: ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud gl. nominis, Sg. 211b6 . intan nád ṁbí conson etir peneuilt ┐ uilt isind anmmaimm chétnidiu gl. in nomine, 54b3 . nibí dechor etir diall nanmann ┐ pronominum `there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns', 27a9 . a.¤ (= nomen) ┐ pronomen ┐ briathar, Auraic. 300 . a.¤ scoilte noun composed of different words: ainm sgoilte nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil: Fégh fa lighe, no Giolla na naomh, no Mac Raith, IGT Introd. § 124 (28.23) . So also: ainm sgoilti, ainm ceirde, § 97 (24.27) . a.¤ substaintech concrete (as oppd. to abstract) noun(?): ar an méd as pearsuin di (i.e. don ghaoidheilg) seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha, § 2 (2.10) . gan aithearrach oghuim do dhénamh ar chonnsuine láir anma subsdainntigh fhocuil nach comhfhocal, § 102 (25.33) . a.¤ trén substantive, see trén. a.¤ adiecht(a) adjective see adiec(h)t(a). a.¤ úathaid simple (i.e. uncompounded) noun , see 1 úathad. Cf. doaidbit ainm hi suidiu gl. nominatiui casus uim habent (of verbs), Sg. 159a2 (noun). Nominative case: ag sin, ag súd, is ag so comchóir réim is ainm orra, IGT Introd. § 128 (29.8) . co ír [réim] ┐ ainm na mbéluibh sin, ag sin mhnaoi ngil, ag sin bean gheal, ibid.

ainteist

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainteist or dil.ie/1543

 

n (teist) lit. `non-witness', legal term used of a person not qualified to act as witness. See Cóic Con. 67 . caite a lucht fira, da-sentar iat? . . . tri fira testa ┐ tri fira cunntabartach ┐ tri arra antesta airmither ann, Cóic Con. 39 § 57a (die drei (Klassen von Eides-)Gutmachungen der nicht Zeugniskräftigen). ni feas in test no in antest he ┐ is adetche leisin ugdar duine do beith isin crich gan adrud re testaib no re antestaib, 40 § 58 . nocha triar bias ann acht fir fo aicne testa no antesta, 41 § 60 . testaigid in boaire test ┐ antest, O'D. 1659 (H. 5.15, 23a). nach andtest do na fiastar test, O'Curry 241 ( H 3.18, 135 ). ní bi fiadha na bi urconn innruic . . . fora ní deine ainntest fiadnaise isin cáin so, O'D. 531 (H. 3.17, c. 431). fastait fiacha for robaib testa . . . ┐ for robaib antesta, O'Curry 540 (H. 3.18 p. 266b). ar ba teist ar-ānic antestai oc mīdēnam, ZCP xv 327 § 19 (cf. xvi 221). berid anteist test do luga, berid test antesd (false witness?) de fiachaib, Anecd. iii 24.7 . ? coicce fri hantesda, Lism. L. 4537 = coicne fri hantestai, ZCP iii 449.21 .

aintestas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aintestas or dil.ie/1550

 

(a)n quality of an ainteist: ma deithbirius a liud fair im andtestus, Laws v 460.33 Comm. dainí (sic) esinnraic de ┐ is ecen do cumal andtestais ┐ arra andtesta, O'D. 2341 ( Rawl. B 506, 38a ). cred ar son a fuil cumal an anntesta[i]s? . . . cia beres an cumal anntestais? . . . ata an cumal sin on ainnteist, O'Curry 1964-5 (H. 4.22, 12). cia thsaoras in teist in nannteist . . . ar fiacha, ni thsaorann ar cumal an anntestais . . . ┐ an cumal sin is ar cethraime vii. cumala ata, 2576 -7 ( Eg. 88 fo. 48(49)d ).

n (b) bad reputation: atáit a secht déc doberaid anntestus du duine .i. . . . doberait drochtestus do duine a mbeith air, O'Gr. Cat. 97.11 .

airis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airis or dil.ie/2127
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aires, aires, irisse, irse, oires, -is, -esa

n Also aires. Form and inflection uncertain. Most forms indicate compd. of air- and 1 fis, whence u and o, m. But n s. aires, LU 6146 and g s. irisse, ZCP iii 243 § 46 , irse, Mon. Tall. 153.23 (§ 66) suggest a fem. ā-stem (which does not occur in meaning (a) below). No doubt two different words have fallen together in meaning (b). Identical with ires(s), Marstrander, Lochlann ii 210 . See LEIA oires (ó dhá chéill) m. (g s. and n p. -is, -esa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) (fore-)knowledge: ro léicsem slóg forru cen airḟius unawares, LU 4784 (TBC). ná tístáis námhait fair cen airius inna chatraig, TTr.² 201 . co mbadar issind arucol . . . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.7 ( SCano 50 ). a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi mad cenairis snaite, Laws i 92.3 .i. mad cin fis faesma, 98.14 Comm. athgabail fir tairirid cen a.¤ fecheman toich, 194.21 .i. na fitir athgabail do gabail, 196.16 Comm. Perh. vn. of ar-finnathar.

(b) tryst, assignation, arrangement to meet: doboi iriss (.i. comdal) laiss do Galluib. Luid docum a irisse do Gallaib, ZCP iii 243 § 46 = iress, iresse, Comp. CC 39-40 . foceirtt lamae fair . . . commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by tryst', Mon. Tall. 156.23 (§ 66) . asbert frie airm iressa `to arrange a place of meeting', Imr. Brain 42.10 . do rinne oiris . . . fa loing do tabairt i n-a aircis co Cend Traga, Celt. Rev. iv 16.16 . ? do N. na ḟir énoiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 . i n-a.¤ (with vb. of motion) to meet: tancatar . . . i n-herus C. (i noires v.l.) . . . is aire con deochatar sin i comdail C., TBC-LL¹ 1426 . tocht i n-herus inalta Feidilmthi, 556 . tánaic ind aires aodha uí D. gus an maighin sin came to meet O' D., AFM iv 1928.6 . In phr. a.¤ dála: i n-airius dála, SCano 309 . dogén airius dála frib, PH 3008 . in tan ticfad i n-a.¤ dála di[a] acallaim si. ar baí aires (.i. comdal) dála dissi ara barach fri C., LU 6146 (TBC). ar ní fuarsa co sse ingin follongad i n-airius dala imacallaim fón samail se frim who could hold her own with me in conversation at a tryst in this way, 10317 . tic in t-oclach a cind blíadne i n-a.¤ [a] dala, IT iii 194 § 29 . a.¤ catha meeting in battle, time of joining battle: airisin (for a.¤ in) catha .i. coinne chatha, O'Cl. o tanaic tra a.¤ an cathai moir, RC xii 96 § 127 . lotar do oiris an catha, § 129. co raibe tri la . . . and a noires chath[a] `awaiting battle', xviii 279.2 (Tig.). do thinoilsed Conmaicne ┐ Húi Briuin . . . a n-oiris catha do Thairrdelbach `to give battle to T.', 45.21 (Tig.). ised ro cinnset, anadh i n-a.¤ catha dóibh `to wait and meet them in battle', CCath. 132 . imat na slog dodec[h]atar i n-aires catha dó, 3042 . inn airius in morcatha, 4659

Of the person trysted with: dorala tria gabhra ar iris sainrethach d'fiachoibh ogo . . . ua foilid a iris ┐ a feichemh riamh a special friend owed him three horses . . . his friend and debtor welcomed him, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 = tarrla fiacha aige ar cumpanach airide dhó, 120 . In laudatory sense: flaith go roimheas 'gar ghnáth geall / oirios do chách go coitchenn, L. Cl. A. B. 140.32 . Cf. eiris.

Compd. do-rinnedar imram . . . an-athlam oiris-beg expeditious, ML² 658 .

airisiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airisiu or dil.ie/2136

 

Forms: airis(e), occas, aires

n n, f. (* ar-fíad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 519 See ar-fét ). Later airis(e) without nasal inflexion. Also occas. aires (see oires).

(a) act of recording; record, narration, story: lebor airissen gl. annali, Sg. 106b15 , cf. 31a6 . inbhur lebhraibh airis[sen] ┐ annálta, CCath. 1654 . a lebraibh airisi (irisi, MS.) na nEbraide `in Annalibus Ebreorum', RC xxviii 310 § 1 . i seanleabhraibh irsi ┐ annálach Éireann, Keat. iii 317 . leabhair irse Innse hAirt, Content. xv 9 . robad a.¤ co brāth a ndogēnainn, TBC-I¹ 2874 . bid cath roth a a.¤ `renowned battle will be his story', Ériu v 242.182 . illaidib ┐ i n-airisnib, BB 429b15 . i scélaib ┐ i n-airisib, 413b38 . forácaib ailgi ┐ airisni da márgnímaib in cach magin díb, LL 221a33 ( TTr. 299 ). ailche ┐ airise a gnim, BB 414b45 . ar a urriseib `on account of the tales about him', RC xiii 221.7 . fer cuimne ro moire . . . ar aesaib ┐ ar airísaib na n-daine, AU iii 196.22 . ni fhedar a airess na a aes, Alex. 779 . bréag an ireis, Content. xi 8 . Úa M. . . . / ag cách 'na oiris orrdhruic a notable tale, IGT Decl. ex. 669 .

Hence (b) event, happening: Fiacha Labhrainne ar robí cétna a.¤ a ḟlatha tómaidhm Labhrainne fó thír, Cóir Anm. 80 . mor do gnimradaibh eile ┐ do airisibh ┐ do ardbuaghaibh, BB 488a20 . ?a hurisna rígi the events of his reign, Fianaig. 30.15 . airisne na bliadna sa, AFM ii 582.15 . Legal: toimmur deruth (leg. de raith, ZCP xviii 396 ) cach techta i n-huidib ┐ airisnib i.e. according to protocol, Bürgschaft 18 § 55 (`in richtigen Zeiten und Handlungen'). ascomrar huile huidib (sic leg.) ┐ airisnib, § 56.

Various: trí airisena (hærsenna, hairisin v.ll.) boccachta: sírchéilide, sírdécsain, síriarfaige signs, Triads 102 . corrígaib ┐ rigdamnaib, airisnib ┐ airechaib, LL 237a27 (`nobles', TTr. 1500 ).

? airthreb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airthreb or dil.ie/2446
Last Revised: 2013

 

n portal, vestibule (?): d. sg. artreib toc[h]saig fiacha dermara di, Bretha 40 § 31 .

1 aithrigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithrigid or dil.ie/2785
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: athraigid

v Also athraigid. Late form of ad-eirrig and no doubt influenced by aithrige, q.v., see (b) below.

(a) changes, alters, moves (intrans. and trans.) Intrans. rí . . . / asathoil nir' athrucha who did not turn from his purpose, SR 7754 . re lia gcorr do chuir a shlios / . . . / níor aithnidh do chách an cleas / an treas tráth gur aithrigh as until he moved from it i.e. until he arose (of Christ), Dán Dé ix 29 . do athraigh sén catha cloinne Cais an lá sin, AFM v 1572.4 . co natrocadh an seantrom `so that the earth would change', Ir. Astr. Tr. 74.x . do shúil re hanáir nach athraigh / d'fhagháil dúinn i ndaghthaigh Dé, DDána 17.33 . athraigis in teagh . . . go rānic gusin log so, Fl. Earls 116 z . bídh cuid díbh doní etilladh ┐ aithrighius ón tír co céli (= qui vont de region en region), O'Gr. Cat. 213.9 . gur athruigh sé ó bhás gu beathaidh, John v 24 . anaidh ag bhar n-oidibh féin . . . ná hathraighidh, Content. xvi 83 . ? ó ro lessaig Fiacha in Féind / co ro athrígis-si, a Oisséin until you changed(?), Acall. 2492 .

Trans. niaithrégsa he hi céin bam beo, Fél.² li 20 = ni aithreghsa, Fél. Feb. 11 Comm. ro ath[ar]raigh longphort (atharraigh, v.l.), CCath. 1331 . tucc D. an baile sin do Déclan ┐ do athraigh fein a bhaile ass go hionad ele, ITS xvi 12.11 . gabhaid daoine is is díobh mé / an ród aimhréidh as fhaide / athraighid is claon céille / raon athghairid eichréidhe exchange(?), Dán Dé vi 3 . ní hathraighthe asa céim `was not changed from his rank', CCath. 80 . dá mbeith . . . go n-aithreōchainn na sléibhthe, Desid. 4244 . arthaigter co minic iad (of plasters), O'Gr. Cat. 193.4 . go nathruighid a mbeusa, Donlevy xv 5 . ní athróch-sa in téidedhsa, Caithr. Thoirdh. 107.37 . ní aithrigh síon séis mbuinne `the tempest does not alter the note of the stream', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . ní háithreochthar fréamh a nfíréin, Proverbs xii 3 . áthruigh do chos ó nolc, iv 27 . athruigh uáimse do bhuille, Psalms xxxix 10 . do áthruigh tú mo thúarasdal, Gen. xxxi 41 .

With nouns indicating form, shape, appearance etc.: connách bia aingil . . . nách aithrébadh delbh lé mét in gábaid sin `qui ne change de forme', RC xxiv 382.20 . athrigedh (leg. -idh) an topur sin balad . . . cach aenúair has a different perfume, Maund. 147 . tobur J. athriges dath cacha bliadne cethri húaire, 103 . taom asar athraigh aigneadh, TD 15.3 . Cf. dá haighidh do aithrigh gné, DDána 103.4 . datharruigh a dhealbh `his countenance fell', Gen. iv 5 .

(b) repents: mani (manini MS.) aithriged (leg. aithriget, edd.), Mon. Tall. 128.6 (§ 2) . ro faillsige Dia i fiadnaisi na n-uili pobul corom aithriger-sa, YBL 156b49 . Vn. athrugad

1 anaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anaid or dil.ie/3302
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ainfa, -anéb, -anaeb, -anub, -aineba, ainfaindse, anad, anta

v Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 . GOI § 523 . See also Celt. Verb p. 85 ff. IGT Verbs § 73 , § 80 . In early lang. with palatal -n- in fut. and condit., and later also with fut. in -éb-: Fut. 1 s. ainfa, Wb. 14a8 , etc. -anéb, LU 6375 ( TBC-I¹ 1861 ). -anaeb, TBC-LL¹ 2515 . -anub, 2518 . 3 s. -aineba (: ailechu, Celtica xi 95 ), MacCongl. 5.8 . Condit. 1 s. no ainfaindse , Laws i 250.20 etc.

Later also with initial f, see infra.

Vn. anad, vbl. of necess. anta.

(a) stays, remains, abides: intain ronanissiu dom héisse `when thou hast remained after me', Wb. 29d9 . is do inso noainfeda `it is for this thou wouldst have remained', 27d20 . nirransam we have not remained (in that state), 19d6 . luid . . . Fiacha . . . ┐ anaid Fergus, IT i 75.16 . tíagam ar ndís . . . ┐ anat ar n-óic sund, TBFr. 380 . ansait tri lá, 146 . dursan nach anadh anmait, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . do-anusdair Edarcomhal . . . ar eis Fergusa, ZCP viii 551.1 . dá n-ana ar an iul dhíreach if he were to keep to the true knowledge, DDána 58.30 . do anustair an tseisrech ina sesamh, BNnÉ 222.4 . dogebh bas . . . da n-anar mur so co fada, ZCP vi 27.1 . an-sa is L. go réidh `remain quiet you and L.,' Content. xiv 31 . fanaig go mín, Párl. na mB. 424 . Note also: go n-anann fiadhánta remains wild, TSh. 7461 . smuain orra . . . ┐ an ós a cceann go fadsduidérach consider them, Mac Aingil 3929 . Waits for, till (co): ansu . . . co nimparrá in carpat wait . . . till I turn . . ., TBC-I¹ 24 . an biuc . . . corot-aicciller, Sc.M² 9 . ni aned-som co n-indechad, LU 4342 . ainfe co mba sen `thou shalt live to be old', Ériu iii 108 § 54 . nir anatar no co rangatar co . . ., L. Chl. S. 2 . go Beinn Éadair níor hanadh `there was no halt till (they reached) B.,' Content. xxviii 16 . With CEN: roansad-sum gan dul tairis, TTebe 2723 . in tan anmait-ne cen imluad a corp-sum, PH 2059 . an feadh do anfadh gan pheacadh, TSh. 3406 . a.¤ DI or DO adheres to: máthair do fhan dá hiris who stuck to her faith, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 4 . [anaid] dod chorp . . . / poill na gcló . . ., PBocht 24.18 . anar dá thairngire d'Aodh Oirnidhe, DDána 109.13 . a.¤ FOR (AR) ansait ... forsind fhledugud, TBFr. 146 . decides on, fixes on, agrees to: intan na hantai for cocertad Medba when you do not abide by the decision of M., LU 9003 . anfat-sa fair I shall abide by it, MU² 188 . ni ro-an ┐ nir tairis menma Coluim cilli ar Uib Neill isin cath sin did not remain fixed on the O'Neills(?), RC xxiv 52 § 11 . do ḟanadar ar leith Eireann do léighean uatha do Eóghan, ML 66.9 . is é ní ar ar fanadh againn this is what we have decided on, Maguires of F. 17 . conadh fair ro hanadh leó fó dheóidh `they finally agreed upon', AFM vi 2334.17 . mar bhanaighne is ort anaim I am content with thee, PBocht 14.36 . is dearbh liom nach anfá ar mh'inghin mar mhnaoi phósta `thou wouldst not be content with', Keat. iii 2793 . geallais go n-anfadh ar a thoil feadh a ré `promised that he would do his will', 835 . na han ar inmhe as lugha / ná ar thabhaigh `be not satisfied with any less fortune than . . .', Aithd. D. 8.34 . a.¤ FRI (RE, LA) waits for : níruanus fris, Wb. 14d29 . an frim céin córda sille wait for me till I look at them, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). cid frisin n-anaid and? anmai . . . frisin n-id n-ucut we wait because of yonder withe, 4738 (TBC). dia nana fria . . . muna[b] an do beir fiacha inn, Laws ii 52. x Comm. an rim a rí richid, LL 374c19 . niro ansom . . . ri cungid clochi he didn't wait to look for a stone, LL 14430 . anais Eōgan fria, ML² 416 . re freagra d'fhagháil do an, DDána 5.21 . do anamar le comairle n-Dé, BNnÉ 49 § 32 . a.¤ I N-: ni roan indi cuse / sín na snigi . . ., Thes. ii 292.16 (Hy. ii). ni anand sai i son, Laws v 2.8 Comm. dá n-antá rinn i modh cheart `had you acquiesced as we do in the truth', Content. v 84 . an feth anfuidhi a n[b]ar pec[th]aib féin, ni fuil ecla acainne romaib, Maund. 123 . do an féin san bhfearann gcéadna, Keat. ii 354 . fan am fochair si, Judges xvii 10 . corruanat inna arrad, Ml. 42a4 . a.¤ LA stays with: acht ni ainfed liumsa, Wb. 32a11 . Cf. 7a17 . anis iii aithgi la suide `it remained three nights with him', Thes. ii 242.14 (Ardm.). anaid iarsin ind athgabail la fer do dobeir a forus the distress remains with the man who puts it in a pound, Laws ii 128.24 Comm. a.¤ ó remains away from, avoids: cionnus úaidh dofhanfainn-si?, Ériu ix 4.z . ni anand o creicc m'indmais, Three Hom. 64.8 . ná han uaithi (of repentance), Mac Aingil 554 . do fhan dé Domhnaigh ó Aifreann, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 6 . a.¤ OC stays with: anais sechtmain occai, Trip.² 1246 . ind ainfedea oca `wouldst thou abide there', Mon. Tall. 134.8 (§ 19) . is tall anas oca, Laws i 212.8 Comm. an accamsa i n-oighreacht t'athar, BNnÉ 292 § 10 . tearc iadhadh aga n-anann few bonds hold it (of the body), PBocht 12.15 . ionnus nar an aige acht seacht mba until he had only seven cows left, Keat. ii 4692 . ní anann aithne ná úrlabhra . . . aige, Párl. na mB. 3661 . tuigim nách anfadh aguinn / aoradh an óig . . . / . . . / ó ḟolaibh airdríogh Éirionn `I know that the satirizing of the warrior . . . would not be left unpunished by the kindreds of the high kings . . .', TD 23.22 . continues: issindí nad ran oc precept did not continue preaching(?), Wb. 14d30 . aoibhneas ag nach anfaidhe / a dhaoirmheas ní dlighfidhe pleasure which is not persisted in(?), PBocht 19.20 . abides by, holds by: do anudair ag foirm cheathruir ┐ is iad so an ceathrar ar ar anadar `they agreed to abide and submit to the decision of four persons', ML 180.y . ní bhacfadh tuar a thighe / dá n-antar ag uan Muire, PBocht 12.24 .

(b) resists, withstands (FRI): is é imsním fa mó ag na míledhaib nach anta (= antaí) re [a] n-imresnaib that the enemy would not wait their attack at close quarters, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.28 . fris a n-irgail ní hantoir nobody withstands him in battle, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ní h-anthar ris á rind gliad, Hy Fiach. 294.1 . nir hanad annsin ac Mumnechaib re huruad mec inn Ardrig `the M. did not stand their ground, through fear of the Highking's son', Ann. Conn. 1225.17 .

(c) ceases, stops, desists: ánanas `when it ceases', Ml. 71b5 . intan . . . nunanad when it came to rest (the cloud over the Ark), 83a4 . trisnacemmen inandais, 133b4 . an ná toirche dom thadhall stop, PBocht 3.41 . anadh an uaill let pride cease, 6.36 . ro ansat na drochdoene / o ro marbhtha a ceile evil people have desisted, Misc. Hib. 17 § 5 ( LL 19075 ). Of sound, etc.: anat for mbriathra bági cease your boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 ). ansat na hegme, 1907 . anait begg tra . . . na cruitiri, TBFr. p. 17 § 11 . co cend se ṁbliadna déc ni ro an gol na crith leo i n-Ultaib did not cease, IT i 77 § 16 (LMU). a.¤ DI desists from, gives up: na anam di dénum maith, Wb. 20c14 . nícon ainiubsa (conainib MS) dut moladsu, Ml. 53b8 . iarsindi ronan hua céin di aisndis dun popul after he had ceased for a while from speaking of the people, 126b1 . de molad Dé ni anad, Thes. ii 315.1 (Hy. ii). anait dint shenmaim, TBFr. 122 . nicon aniubsa dib i.e. I won't refrain from killing you, TBC-I¹ 2886 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae díib co bráth, Trip.² 2217 . níro ansat do silid, 792 . conrana (leg. cor-rana, ed.) don dualaich sin until he can give up that vice, Ériu vii 162.6 . o ra ansad don merugud `when they ceased from straying', RC xxiv 196.9 . noco roscar na scela / ni ro an dia abéla, LL 375a41 . a.¤ oc desists from: nocho n-antais cei[n] no antais occa treghdagh, Anecd. i 67 § 145 . lucht an indluig ni anat / ag éccnach a n-eascarat, Ériu iv 212 § 2 . nir anais . . . ic a dénum, PH 8119 . ní anat an énlaith sin ac canainn cíuil, RC xxiv 379.23 . dá n-anta ga n-iongabháil, Aithd. D. 36.31 . níor an 'gá chuinghidh . . . gur . . ., Dán Dé ii 7 . nā han ag atach Rīgh nimi, ZCP vi 272 § 14 . ni anann an fhairgi co brac ac linadh ┐ ac tragad, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.5 . ní anann acht oc does not cease to: nach anann acht agar sgras-ne, Fier. 87 . ní anann sé acht ag senmóir, Dán Dé xxii 1 . ni antais acht ag aslach na nGaoidheal, Hugh Roe 308.25 (fo. 80b) . a.¤ AR desists from: nír an dá éise ar a fhuath . . . go bhfríoth aisde lé mar luach she did not cease to hate him, PBocht 27.26 .

arm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arm or dil.ie/4184
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, n. Later m. (Lat. arma). IGT Decl. § 96 , § 204 .

(a) armour, battle-equipment, panoply, etc. Usually collect. in this sense: iter a.¤ ┐ erriud ┐ écosc, BDD² 1077 . do-thoetsat sé chét . . . riasíu ro-soa a a.¤ (perh. a p. here, ed.) . . . iar saigid a airm, 1083 . etach fri lith a.¤ fri nith, Laws i 122.9 . geib sciath is geib slega / on a.¤ niad rot-rubha, Acall. 1036 ( SG 117.9 ) = is airm niadh rod-rubha, Duan. F. ii 176 § 3 . a.¤ timcell cat[h]a `panoply of battle', CCath. 5203 (folld. by descr. of C.'s armour, not weapons). tuicther assin gorop a.¤ is fiu sechtmad loig einech dlighis gach gradh do beith aice, O'D. 877 (H 3.17, c. 629). doire airm, IGT Decl. ex. 405 . ro ḟacsam da trían ar n-airm, LL 204b54 . ní maith bhādar na hĒir[ionnaigh] i n-a.¤ , Cín Lae Ó Meall. 36.17 . a cleas n-airm, Ériu iv 148.2 . ? a shield: Dubgilla dub-airm n-aisse, Metr. Dinds. iv 330.1 .

(b) weapon: bad armatura dei bess lib nábat nacha a.¤ aili, Wb. 22d14 . gaibid armma dǽ foirib gl. armaturam, 11 . combetis arma cholno leu, 13 . act robed arma dæ foirib, 15 . loc i mbiat arma gl. armamentarium, Sg. 35a13 . So also 33a7 . ainmm ṅairm gl. spicum, 104b3 . inna arma dorataissiu doibsom gl. arma, Ml. 44a14 . conarrceoratar a n-arma doib, 26d6 . ar no labraitis demna friu dia n-armaib, conid de batir comarchi forro a n-airm, LU 3236 ( SCC 2 ). atconnarc láechu . . . co n-armmaib, 3762 (ib. 34 ). ba bes lasna geinti a n-adnacal fo n-armaib, Trip.² 804 . a.¤ fir i raei, Laws v 238.20 . fear airm deirg i.e. the murderer taken red-handed, 318.14 . cenmothá fer cech airm dóib ┐ fer cech fir díb, LU 7103 . rúada a n-airm, MU² 441 . cen armu cen fáebru, 644 . lautar forsna harmu they armed themselves, ZCP viii 105.8 . luidhim fom armuibh I swear by my weapons, RC x 342.1 . gabaid bar n-armu cathaigthe, PH 8141 . gabhainn ag déanumh a.¤ n-ard, Magauran 367 . sé go hoidhchi idir armaib / coibchi in Calbaigh hé d'ingin, IGT Decl. ex. 177 . beag mo bhrígh a n-a.¤ an ḟir / garbh asttigh 's as mín amuigh, ex. 690 . mairg do sháith a.¤ ina fheoil (of the piercing of Christ's Body by the lance), Dán Dé xxvi 39 . beith suas i n-a n-armaibh ag forchoimēt dōib `in arms', Fl. Earls 30.29 . a.¤ láma see lám.

Transfd. senses: is iad airm bís acu (of agricultural implements), Laws iv 76.2 Comm. luaidheam cúilteagh . . . / . . . / teach fionn is fraoch ar a a.¤ / is balbh gaoth ós chionn a chearn of keen implements(?), DDána 119.27 . cosgradh cruaidh na n-a.¤ n-amh (of a harper's fingers), Measgra D. 6.20 . ní rī a.¤ acht a.¤ becc beich bee's sting, ACL iii 307 § 18 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 149 ). a.¤ suine .i. gob cuirri (B. na f.), ACL iii 310 § 9 = a.¤ suibne, ZCP xii 361.11 . Of the membrum virile, Laws v 134.1 Comm.

(c) army: tugadh in t-a.¤ don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.19 .

Compds. (a) With nouns: ¤-airlech: a fhoirtched ┐ a a. hew him down with his weapon, MR 270.15 . ? ¤-bert: indearaidh d'airmbeartaibh a héigean feats of war, DDána 83.1 . See airmert. ¤-chath: o ri Oilig na n-a. armed battalions, BB 274a39 . ¤-chlaideb: d'armgae d'armclaideb d'armscíath, LL 203a60 . ¤-chletin, TBC-LL¹ p. 273 n.3 . ¤-chosnam: budh argain gan arm-chosnum `it will be destruction beyond the defence of arms', MR 296.3 . ¤-chrech armed foray, RC xiii 96.8 . ¤-chrith (= grith): talumcumscúgud ┐ a., Trip.² 495 . tainic airmchrith (airmgrith v.l.) mor . . . conna roibi sleg for alcuing, CCath. 877 . Cf. 1 grith. ¤-chumtach: ba solas doib dia n-erredaib ┐ dia n-armcumdaigib di ór weaponholders, LB 209b44 ( arc-, Alex. 627 ). ¤-dos: is he ar n-a. (of the Creator), SR 1030 . ¤-dígal: fri hengnom fri hairmdígail `armed vengeance', Metr. Dinds. iii 112.28 . ¤-ḟogrugud clanging of arms, TTebe 1175 . ¤-gae: fuair armgai amrai imdaí, BB 37b2 . ¤-gaisced accoutrements: ro hadnacht co n-armgasciud, LU 9817 . iar facbail a ech ┐ . . . a armgascid, 8529 ( FB 38 ). cethri catha . . . fon armgaiscid, RC xxiii 410 § 21 . Cf. comtis fir fo sciatharmgaisciud, LL 220b31 ( TTr. 261 ). ¤-gal, see separate article. ¤-gein: Ériu ágmar ba h-a. `born among arms', Metr. Dinds. iv 184.10 . ¤-gleó: do iomchradh airmghliaidh `weapon fight', O'Gr. Cat. 501.1 . ¤-gnéithid see separate article. ¤-gonad: a shaoir armghonta `skilled in weapon-wounding', O'Gr. Cat. 456.11 . ¤-gráin: re harmgrain a n-airech the terror of the arms of the chieftains, MR 190.21 . ¤-gres: ro chualadar in a. `the martial strain', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.60 . ¤-grith see 1 grith and -chrith supra. ¤-imbert see airimbert. ¤-lasad: gaedil uime ar a. `glittering in arms', MR 182.14 . ¤-lúirech: umum-sa bid armlúireach `armour', MR 296.22 . ¤-nert: no gu ḟuair eochair airmneirt, BB 31a9 . ¤-nertmaire military strength, TBC St. 4631 . ¤-rand: Fiacha Labraind . . . ós cech armraind `every armed squadron', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.6 . ? ¤-raithe: gasradh armraithe (: anḟlaithe) óg ḟionn fortunate in battle(?), Content. xxi 11 . Cf. armrad. ¤-ṡlaide conflict of arms: da tora Find Almaine / a. ársain dena, LL 296b19 ( SG 363.8 ). ¤-thor armoury, arsenal , GJ iii 50b16 . Fig. a armthuir `o armed lord', O'Gr. Cat. 457.12 . ¤-thríall warlike attempt, expedition: gleo na n-each ar airmthriall creach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.3 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤-chorr: do siol Aonghusa armcuirr, LL 394.21 . ¤-derg: A. a., LL 233a13 ( TTr. 1181 ). Iomchaidh airm-dhearg, ML 12.20 . ¤-détla brave in arms: Ailill airmdhedla, BB 232b45 . U. airmdetla, Duan. F. i 51.33 . ¤-glan: a bhuiden armghlan, O'Gr. Cat. 504.11 . ¤-gér. As n.pr. Airmgēr mac Acarnāmhat, ZCP xiii 174.33 . ¤-gonta wounded by weapons: an fhlaith armgonta ō fhinnGrēig, ZCP ii 350.23 . sluagh armghonta i nothar `weapon-wounded', O'Gr. Cat. 508.14 . ¤-innillte: earr . . . arminnillti `well-armed hero', MR 224.17 . ¤-láitir: fon ocrig . . . n-armlatir, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ¤-neimnech: d'óccbhaidh airmneimhnigh, AFM vi 2230.9 . ¤-nocht with unsheathed weapon: láeich armnochta, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.23 . tig in Éirinn armórtha 'came ... to Ireland of the golden weapons', Giolla Brighde 194 § 16 . ¤-rúad: ar síol Néill Oilig armruaid, O'Gr. Cat. 410.5 . slúaigh Ailigh armrúaidh (ádhrúaidh, v.l.), PBerchán § 90 . ¤-ṡlán: Eochaid a. airech `arm-proof', Metr. Dinds. iv 100.6 . ¤-thana: Mac Colmán féil a.. `of the slender weapons', BNnÉ 229 § 133 .

arrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arrae or dil.ie/4256
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: arra

io, n. Later also with dental infl. arra m. IGT Decl. § 2 . Vn. of ar-ren. For form and meaning see Binchy, Ériu xix p. 51 - 53 .

(a) act of paying something on behalf of another or in place of something else; payment: trī dīrna do argat a.¤ ar teorae ferbai fīrae, Corm. Y 585 `three stone(?) of silver [as] compensation for three white cows', Binchy loc. cit. (cf. Corm. Y 811 and Ériu xiii 48.28 ). ? in trin don arra uil isin coirpdire, Laws i 250.4 Comm. arra .i. er a luagh .i. luach bess mó, O'Dav. 29 . a.¤ .i. eric, 80 . arra .i. luach . . . ┐ adeir a Trecin (leg. Trecheng) Breth: . . . dul do chennach cen airrchi, Ériu xiii 62 § 7 ( Triads 74 ). a.¤ .i. íc, ut est i Cath Mhaighi Tuiredh, ni rabadar fir Erenn ac a.¤ in chísa géin ro mhair Lugh, § 8. tancus o righ R. . . . do cuingidh arrad co S. Doraidh S. . . . nach biath fo chis do righ talmanda, Lism. L. 2088 . a.¤ .i. fiacha, ut est; gabtar a.¤ do lámhaibh feicheman, Ériu xiii 62 § 9 . ? a naradhaibh a ghaisgidhe, RC x 338.17 ( airigidh, TBC-LL¹ 3155 ) = ina airigid gaiseid, 337.x (see 1 airigid).

(b) object or class of objects which has been stipulated for in `consideration' of a contract or in settlement of a debt: a meic ara feiser fiachu masria, aen arra i leth cumail, Laws iii 150.12 . ruidles eneclainni do rigaib in taen arra airgid, 150.y Comm. in set ro recfadh duine ┐ ni fagabar in tarra ro gellastair da cinn, a seoit d'aisic do, O'Curry 279 ( H 3.18, 151 ). da trian d'arraib and ┐ aen trian d'anarraib, O'Curry 904 ( H 3.18, 401 ). In phrase fo-reith arra anarra `a non-`a.¤' represents (i.e. may be substituted for) an `a.¤'' (Binchy loc. cit.), see anarra. arra .i. geall, ut dicitur: isé arra ro ghabhus frim fíachaibh .i. lógh secht cumal do mairbhdílib, Ériu xiii 62 § 6 . mo c[h]orn ōir . . . / timnaim, ga hūaisle arra / do shaoradh m'anma ar olcaibh, RC xxxvii 352 § 5 . Hence of valuable objects in general chattels, ware, merchandise (see 2 errad): trí mairg déag do dháilis damh / re taobh t'éadaigh is t'arradh `small wares' (recompense to a poet), Magauran 2389 . brēc a māini 'sa medha / brēc a ōr 'sa arrada, ACL iii 239 § 17 . gidh bé arra iarroid soin / do-bearar leis do láthoir `whatever article the buyers ask', Aithd. D. 46.17 . tusa fear iarrtha ar n-arra `thou art the seeker of our wares', 19 . bhar gcuirn bláithe is bhar mbrannaimh / cuimhnighthior do chéadarraibh, DDána 74.48 . foireann brannaimh bile bhadhba / d'arraibh tighe in Daghdha dōibh from the valuables, O'R. Poems 3597 . dob é in droch-arra 'ar ndéchoin `how paltry when one had inspected him his value was', O'Gr. Cat. 440.6 . ní reacfa tú í ar énchor ar airgiod, ní dhéna tú arradh dhi (of the captive concubine who is sent away) `merchandise', Deuteronomy xxi 14 . Cf. mar nach fúaras arruid ar fhís 'as I found no substitute for [the] vision' Ériu xxi 116 § 4 .

(c) In legal contexts of the number of oath-helpers required by a person who was debarred from leading proof himself (also a.¤ cuir): caide cor? tricha fear; caide a.¤ cuir? coic fir dec, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 192a ). is e méd an arra cuir .i. is e dligar lanarra na heisinnraice do reir coir: tri fichit fer do martra .i. diablad lanarra na heisinnraice this is the amount of the `a.¤ cuir' i.e. this is what is required, a full `a.¤' of `unworthiness' according to legality, sixty men to swear at the grave of a martyr i.e. the doubling of the full `a.¤' of `unworthiness', Cóic Con. 67.27 . airi forgill medonach no aire forgill is taire air[e] forgill in lethḟira in letharra, in lanfira ┐ in lanarra i.e. the middle a.¤ f. compensates by oath in the full a.¤ and half a.¤ , 38 § 52. is iat na tri arra antesta i.e. these are the three whose oath compensates for one disqualified from testifying, 40.2 . arra cuir o mnai eisinnric, Laws v 454.15 Comm. ma étged no anfes lethfiach ind ┐ arra cuir as n-étged ┐ as n-anfes, Cáin Ad. 35 . ma isli boaire is arra cuir aire; ma boaire do fine nach aile a luighi nama. O'Curry 2591 ( Eg. 88, 50 (51)b ). in lethfir testa ┐ in letharra antesta, 333 (H 3.18, 183). is arra cuir o antest ┐ fir testa o teist, 2003 (H 4.22, 30). is e lan arra na cairdi dias, Laws iii 134.10 Comm. a sena . . . é féin co lucht a leitharra, 108.23 Comm. a sena . . . go lucht a lanfira no a leithfira, ma inraic, no cu lucht a lanarra no a letharra mas eisinnraic, O'D. 2330 ( Rawl. B 506, 35c ). ? Hence: arra .i. tuarusdal ut est sena in arra .i. an tuarusdail, O'Curry 570 ( H 3.18, 284 ). testaigidh in esindraic a ruib co lucht a lanarrad no letharrad . . . masa tuarustal doniat, denat co lucht a fira for robaib na indraici ┐ co lucht a tuarastail, O'Curry 346 ( H 3.18, 191 c).

(d) In ecclesiastical contexts penitential commutation (substitution of a shorter and usually more intensive discipline for the normal penance prescribed by canonical or monastic rules): dona harraib ind so, title of a tract, Ériu xix 58 . a.¤ n-aill tri coicat cach læa, 58 § 2. arre ndubthroischthe, 60 § 11. iss ed . . . a n-arre tri coicait salm, 64 § 25. iss edh cethardae . . . ara ndentar na a.¤ , 58 § 6. ata dechor . . . etar na arre, 60 § 7. is a.¤ secht ṅoiffernn i.e. to recite the whole poem is equivalent in merit to hearing Mass seven times, Fél. Ep. 177 . is a.¤ trí tredan, 186 . arre troisccthe la diarmait da fítt chert chutrume . . . ┐ inddala hí do tabirt do día. Araile do tomailt fadein `as an equivalent for fasting D. used to allow two exactly equal rations to be made, and one of these to be given to God; the other he was to eat himself', Mon. Tall. 161.8 (§ 80) . dí biait déc arra na tri coicat, LB 10a40 `twelve recitations (of psalm cxix = cxviii) are a substitute for one recitation of the whole Psalter', Plummer MS notes. dub-throscuth inna medon nó arra troiscthe. Maith o duthracht etraid is bliadain pendite nó arre, Ériu vii 144 § 27 . nī fil do pecdaib nā hīcat na harra-sa (of prescribed penitential psalms), ZCP iii 30.28 . Of vicarious atonement (see Binchy loc. cit. p. 56 ): arra tessairgne anma a ifurn, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . doessairc anmandæ a iffurnd cach arra dona airraib-se, § 4.

athgabáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athgabáil or dil.ie/4770

 

Earlier -ál ā, f., vn. of ad-gaib.

(a) In legal sense of the process of recovery of debts, etc. by distraint. See the tracts in Laws i 64, ii 122 and the account in Laws i xlvi . Also in concr. sense of the goods so taken. For meanings with qualifying words see these. do cetir slict athgabala, heading of tract dealing with seizure, Laws i 64 . atait secht n-athgabala gabar la feine nacon toibget lesa cia ro nasaiter cia ro gaibtar . . . athgabul airach laisi mbi aithach fortha, etc., v 254.1 . atait secht sealba . . . na gaibter athgabail . . . ina teallach .i. noco dlegar athgabail . . . da techtugad, iv 6.6 , 14 Comm. gaibead imme .i. gabair a.¤ aire conderna ime `let a distress be made upon him', 128.19 Comm. apad ┐ troscadh do thabairt air, ┐ a.¤ da gabáil de iarsin (in the case of a person who cannot or will not perform the services of `fubu' and `rubu' for his land), 134.1 Comm. atait secht foruis . . . arachuille coir n-athgabala . . . otha suidiu dligi cach forus n-athgabala dia faithce fodesin i.e. there are seven illegal pounds for cattle . . . these apart anyone may detain them in their own green, v 266.19 . a.¤ ar fut distress after delay, i 208.19 Comm. contrasted with a.¤ tulla immediate distress, 24 Comm. athgabail toxail itir crichaib imdergaib, 74.x Comm. toxal .i. athgabāil ind fir fine do gabáil ō c[h]inaid in c[h]intaig, Corm. Y 788 . mad áil donti geibes in na.¤ daeine do gabail i nathgabail, O'D. 2271 ( Rawl. B 506, 23c ). más comdliged gabthar an athgabháil cid cindti na fiacha is aisic na athgabhála ┐ dilsi na fiacha the article taken in distraint, O'D. 915 (H 3.17, c. 652). apadh ┐ troscadh for in flaith ┐ aithgabail do gabhail don aithiuch fortha i.e. distress is accepted by the `aithech fortha' on behalf of the king, 908 (H 3.17, c. 648). daine di-neime[d] . . . no gabait som forru in athgabail do gabail um cinuig in rig, Laws v 254.x Comm. rucus slān fuaslaicthi di a.¤ . . . ba deithbir ar ba athgabāil gabtha fri indliged .i. nī acclaid fuatach na hathgabāla dina-daimth[er] dligid na cirtt i.e. the taking back of the article by the person distrained against, Thurn., ZCP xv 364 § 48 . rucus forus n-athgabāla i n-alachrīch I decided that it was lawful to impound beyond the territory, § 49.

(b) With similar meaning in less specialized texts: do-bádi [fingal] a greit ┐ a a.¤ pledge (`Pfand'), ZCP xi 85 § 38 . crō ō inn dano, is hēisidh[e] saighes fine ar urradhas ar ath-athgabāil (sic), Ériu i 214.27 . athgabhail .i. cró aighe, O'Cl. cía fuaitges in n-a.¤ `who seizes the pledge', Metr. Dinds. iii 212.30 and Corr. ní lamar la graifne in gáid / élud, aithne, a.¤ , 18.224 . di marc hi n-athgabāil in satisfaction, ZCP vii 305.14 .

(c) In phr. fo-ácaib a.¤ leaves, gives pledge, security (in compensation), leaves possessions: ni ḟaicfed dano a.¤ túath nó chenél lasa mairfide som the people by whom he should be slain would die destitute, RC viii 50.5 (`no folk by whom he would be slain would get reprisal', Stokes). ní ba mór itir faicebtha athgabāil `thou shalt not leave any great inheritance(?)', Ériu viii 157.y . nocon(on)faicebsa a.¤ latt intan immosceram, RC xiii 436 § 4 . So also: na ricfa a anim nem ┐ na biad a a.¤ i talmain he will leave no goods on earth, LL 354d8 . cen athgabail nime na talman ūadhibh should leave neither spiritual nor worldly inheritance (?), Cáin Ad. 31 . nambad iarfasti a chiniud la cách / ┐ nad mbíad a athgabail día chiniud co bráth that none should ask after his people and that he should leave no inheritance to his people, Trip.² 2515 .

(d) In phr. co n-a.¤ including , cen a.¤ excluding: na huile cneda . . . otha bas go banbeim go nathgabail an bais ┐ gin athgabail an banbeim, Laws iv 232.11 Comm. coruicce ard-airig .i. co nathgabail in airig aird, v 402.27 Comm. o ind in méoir co n-a.¤ maethan a n-imdha, Thr. Ir. Gl. 17.20 . in lin . . . airimther o dialt co bricht cona n-athghabhail diblinaib inclusive, Auraic. 904 . can athgabail Ṡlainge not including S., Fen. 46.1 .

(e) In general sense of plunder, booty: cloc ┐ salm do eclais geill do rígaib . . . aithgabáil do fennethaíb, LU 9787 . do thabairt braite ┐ athgabala esti, TTr.² 386 . coblach do thecht . . . ┐ a.¤ do thabairt uadib coro[b] buide leo assec E. dar éis na hathgabala to take spoil from them, LL 229a47 ( TTr. 898 ). athgabhail .i. creach, O'Cl.

(I) act of receiving again: nách éidir an baistteadh . . . d'athghabháil one cannot receive baptism a second time, Desid. 4960 .

aurrae, aurrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurrae, aurrad or dil.ie/5034
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aurrai, urra, orra, earra, urradh, orradh, earradh, urrada, urrad, urradha, urraidhe, uraidhe

n t, m., also o.

Not freq. in the earliest texts. Oldest ex. prob. aurrai (sic MS), Críth G. 457 , where used in the apparently secondary sense of leader, chief . If the form aurrad is old it could be < *ar-fo-rath, cf. deorad < *di-fo-rath, with which it is frequently contrasted in legal texts (thus Wortk. viii § 175 ). But derived by Binchy from 1 ráth ZCP xxxiii 88 . The inflexion and meaning are against treatment of aurrae as vn. of a compd. of renaid. urra, orra, earra f., IGT Decl. § 7 . urradh, orradh, earradh m., § 11 . Also with n s. -aid, Ir. Gl. 304 , Tec. Corm. § 31.17 (?), Ériu i 126.12 , Cog. 118.16 . g s. urrada, O'Curry 630 ( H 3.18, 364 ). urrad, ACL iii 228.74 . n p. urradha, AFM v 1654.5 , Cog. 206.21 . urraidhe, TSh. 71 . g p. uraidhe, BNnÉ 318 n.18 . Note also d. sg. uirridh, Celtica xxi 8 .

(a) person who is native within the bounds of a `fine', `túath' etc. , person whose protection and rights have been vouchsafed Wortk. viii § 175 , ZCP xxxiii 88 , as oppd. to `deorad'; native freeman, landowner, person of standing: indigena .i. urraidh, Ir. Gl. 304 . isiat na hurraidh atbeir and:—fir aen eirce, no aencriche, no cid lucht aen choicid ar meadhon dia cheile . . . ┐ dia mbedis fo smacht aen rig . . . asiad na deoraid, na cuigeadhaidh dia cheile, O'Curry 2011-2 (H 4.22, p. 34). mad mac imurro berus cetmuindtir do urradh is dilus da trian na n-orba sa do, uair berait mic na nurrad cinaid `because the sons of native freemen bear (i.e. pay for) liabilities', Laws iv 44.17 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili amuil cach nurraid, 42.z Comm. muinter Cennansa erraid deoraid, Misc. Arch. Soc. 128.3 (`both natives and pilgrims?' Plummer MS notes). ro edpairset . . . disiurt Choluim Chille . . . do deoradaib craidbechaib . . . cen seilb ṅdilis do nach erraid ann trea biuthu, 130.7 . urraid cách co fócra, Tec. Corm. § 31.17 . do maccaib deórad . . . do maccaib aurrad (urradh v.l. St.), TBC-LL¹ 19 . bud aurchur deoraid sin ┐ ni ba hicht urraid, 1289 . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.26 . maccaib sceo ingenaib deoraid aurraid láichaib, LL 215a25 . ag dícendadh urradh ┐ easurradh na ccendtar . . ., AFM v 1698.2 . a thermainn toghaide d'fagbáil 'ga nurradhaibh ┐ 'ga noighredhaibh iomcuibhde dia éis, BNnÉ 264 § 225 . teagh ríogh Chruachan cuma a luadh / is (um, as, MSS) nach uathadh urra um Aodh, DDána 119.23 . idir urra is anurraidh `both freemen and wanderers', TD 16.53 . na huaisle ┐ na hurraidhe gentry, TSh. 71 . Attrib. g s. fer iar n-iocc recht (? secht) cumal urraid .i. in deora frecair, Laws v 185 n. c . aire urraid, O Cl. 959 (H 3.18, 413b) `a native noble', Plummer MS. notes. gataide urrada . . . g. deorada, 630 (ib. 364 ).

(b) leader, chief: ríi buiden, cid ara n-eperr side? airindí as n-a.¤ dá buiden nó theora mbuiden, secht cét cacha buidne, Críth G. 457 . bassa hurræ alma, Imr. Brain ii 288.32 (Laud 610 f. 102a) = bá-sa thóisech-sa do almaib, 21 ( LU 1274 ). torcrattar . . . ceithre hurradha gall, Cog. 206.21 . catluan catha ┐ urraidh ┐ airsid ímbualta, BB 490b47 . mac ógh-Mhuire is urra dhún, A. Ó Dálaigh v 4 . má tá tusa . . . / it urradh gliadh, Content. xxvii 11 . go reich urra a n-eadrána `until their defender come', TD 17.16 . ceann urraid soighdiúiridhe . . . Séamus, Párl. na mB. 173 . a bheith na chenn don Presptri ┐ na urruigh mhóir dona chovinentears, Rel. Celt. ii 178.33 .

(c) surety, guarantor (`?because only a native landowner could act as such. Cf. trebaire', Plummer MS. notes): ro gap F. ratha et urradha ar M. im na comhadaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 461 n.2 . dona hurradhaibh fuair Adamnan na mná do shaoradh . . . Moshacra i.e. that M. was one of the guarantors A. got to secure the freedom of women, Mart. Don. Jan. 8 . iarrois a fiacha ar a urrad (translating debitor), Aisl. Tond. 120 § 2 . ro luaidhedh siothchain . . . gan urradha gan árach, AFM vi 1988.16 . bíaidh agamsa ina earruidh / mac Donnchaidh Í degCealluigh, IGT Decl. ex. 291 . sgéal gan urra unsupported, Aithd. D. 32.27 . urra an sgeóil `the hero of the story', TD 24.19 . bhíos durraigh ar son fhíach, Proverbs xxii 26 (`that are sureties for debts'). ós urra gan bhaoi gan ionamhus inn, Ó Bruad. ii 170.12 . urra an chonnartha is fearr, Hebrews vii 22 . ni abair an biobla amhluidh, no aonurradh, no aonughdaras nach breugach any authority, Luc. Fid. 5864 . uisge is teine mhór / 's urradh badh lór leat (of brewing ale) `materials' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 8.40 .

With FRI (RE): cia as earradh re hionnramh gcáigh? O'R. Poems 1551 . tapoir urra damhsa risna comhadha re geallois a Mheadhbh, ZCP x 277.33 . dá mbeith Dia ag cuma fa cheart / cia bhus urra re h-imtheacht?, DDána 23.1 . mairg as urra re héacht ríogh `it is a grave thing to be responsible for (ordering) a king's exploit,' Aithd. D. 59.1 .

With gen. of vn., used of a person who can effect the action of the vn.: fá tú urra m'anacuil you were the one who could protect me, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 334.3 . urra a ndīona ar Danaruibh, ZCP ii 339.25 . urra ar sásaidh-ne is sé sin, DDána 20.29 . tú urra cobhartha cáigh the certain help of all, 19.15 . níbu hurra deabhtha ad dhál he will be no match for you in contest, O'R. Poems 1818 .

bág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bág or dil.ie/5152
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -aib

n ā, f. Perh. not orig. distinct from báid, q.v. for reff. to IGT Decl.; ascription of certain exx. doubtful.

(a) boast, threat, promise, undertaking, declaration: bagh .i. geall—ut est do bert . . . bagha . . . for sluaigeadh, Thr. Ir. Gl. 58 s.v. barr. baghi (sic). .i. gnim [ut est] baghas ar mbagha finda, O'Dav. 324. bagh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bag ┐ maidhem a threat (to inflict an injury) and a boasting (of injury inflicted), O'Curry 2422 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). bagh .i. ria ndenam chinaidh .i. an bagh re séd sundradach a specific threat (?), ibid. Cf. 2571 . Cf. maidhem iar ndenam cina, 2424 (33c). faisneis fir iar mbagha esamna .i. iar mbagha dó do dén olc frit ┐ adeir go lasamail, do den olc. Ocus is de ata, `ni bera fiacha fear bagha lasaman,' 2595 (50e). rom-ṡóerae, á Íssu,/ ar écnairc do báge, Fél. Ep. 490 (: pláge). ar na ructha do bag it cend that your boasting might not be turned against you, LU 8990. ar ngníma ropsat mára/ar mbága rapsat beca, Ériu i 72 § 4 ( LL 29430 ). ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir i cend demuin, LL 364 marg. sup. na briss brethir [na briss] baíg, TBC-LL¹ 3509. eipstil co mbágaib ┐ tómthaib ┐ ironaib innti, Alex. 782. Cf. PH 1131. borrfad is báig, SG 65.13 . cidat mora bar mbága frimsa . . . ni chumaic nech uaib ni dam, LB 115a32 . nó maided for hUltaib. . . . Nī collad bāg hi suidiu (i.e. the undertaking was fulfilled), ZCP viii 319.8 (Laud Gen.). ní ba bréc in bágh it will be no idle boast, SG 88.2 . do regra na bagi sin to answer that challenge, Cog. 74.23 . cend mic Conaing ina láimh, / do bháigh for ionchaibh mic Taidhg, AFM i 504.z (`to exhibit it before the face of'). anat for mbriatra bági boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 , rhet.). ? sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual, Aithd. D. 63.23 (`the shield of His love'). ? ba b.¤ ám dait-siu ga (= cía) dobertha do greimm catha gan díchill lind i[n]diu (Medb to Fergus), TBC-LL¹ 5942 = ba coir duit-si, TBC St. 4812. ba bāg dōibsom an toitim oc tesorcain a n-eiti, TBC-I¹ 3435. Cf. ba slúagad baga (buadha, v.l.) dó in sluagad a hosting in fulfilment of an undertaking, TBC-LL¹ 463.

As vn. E. oc báig mo marbtha frim threatening to kill me, RC xiii 377.10 . inn ingen asatái oc báig boasting , TBC-LL¹ 3497. do chualaigh . . . na fineadha ag báidh dá bhuandhíochur threatening to expel him, ML 80.22 . bátar occ báigh ┐ acc baccar dul do indradh Tíre Conaill, AFM v 1812.4 .

(b) fight, contest, striving; act of contending, etc.: comrama et baga Poil `P.'s conflicts and battles' gl. bonum certamen certaui, cursum consummaui, Wb. 30d12 . bid adas far mbáich, 5d35 (`proportionate to your struggle', GOI § 249.5 ). a sgel nglan / di bagaib Dhe `contests', Blathm. 93. rugais mac friom baigh to contend on my behalf (?), 156 (`of whom I vaunt'). robūi oc bāid fri Conchobar, Ériu ii 26 § 7. fri báig is búnad prímda `for battle he is a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii 295.14 . ciṅg báge, Fél. July 24 . bagh .i. cath, O'Cl. ni comtig beó da mbágaib, TBC-LL¹ 4390. nonbur 'sa mb.¤ ri Bregmag, Metr. Dinds. iv 340.6 . oen tarb . . . rempu / . . . / oca mbáig ar búaraib defending (?), 70.27 . fri (= frim, TBC-I¹ 1212 ) baga berai fri náimtiu ascada cen claideb fa allud, LU 5686 (rhet.). a cléth bága fría naimtiu, TTr.² 1621. fer bagha ┐ buancosanta Lethi Cuind, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). ar bid tresi ar mbagi anāit baga Foraind, BB 240a18 . buadugad cacha bágha, MR 258.23 . déd ban ┐ bel corcra / dán trén bágh an banntrochta, Prolegomena 45 § 25 . báigh 'na n-aighidh to fight them, Aithd. D. 33.16 . gabhaidh báigh gach aoinfhear undertakes battle (?), 38.23 . i nDruim Ríg . . ./ luid b.¤ for macc nDomnaill the fight went against, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13. is maith chosnaidh a Briain do báidh, Cog. 78.5 . Cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 111.3 . Aithd. D. 39.6 . báidh d'eas nó d'aol do d'fhaoilinn / red chnes chaoilshlim competes (in whiteness) with (the foam of) the waterfall, L. Cl. A. B. 216.35 . iarna luathletradh . . . do bagaid (leg. -aib) bidbad, ZCP xxx 69.1368 ( LL 408az ).

lá bága day of battle; a day's fighting: sind ló baga sa, TBC-LL¹ 444. as usa limsa aisg d'fulang na gan cungnam le mo cairdib is in lo bágha sa aniu, MR 284.23 . naoimh . . . an bheatha / . . . / go dteagaid linn i lá bágha, DDána 25A. 31 . do thabairt a lai bágha lea bunadh ceineoil, MR 284.17 . thugais linn do lá bágha you fought on our side for a day, DDána 30.16 . Cf. fri huair ṁbáge the threatened hour (?), the day of conflict (?), SR 5115.

With various verbs: slúag romaith ind rígsa / lasa tá mo bágsa `along with whom is my fight', Fél. Ep. 162. lámh oirbheartach ré mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4. bágim báig for Laignechaib, LL 6343. na fer báig a Fergus ar buaib sceó mnáib Ulad, LU 6623 (rhet.). na fer baig . . . dit díth claidib, 5429 (rhet.). ni math d'ferus baíg / darochar a Chú (Fer Diad speaks), TBC-LL¹ 3962. a Ḟlaind . . . / nocho lind beri do báig, LL 7531. in oen-ḟecht dobertis a mbaig, CRR 57. cet cia théis fri báig, Fél. 4.14 . fuair a dochar dol re mbaigh (leg. baigh), Anecd. ii 39 Poem 23 § 3 . doconnarc-sa F. ag slaidhe slúagh ar ar bris báigh, Fianaig. 80.22 . do-ní in fer ´s a síd so | báig im a rígaib rompa `boasts (or `contends´) about its kings´ Celtica xix 40 § 2 .

(c) warlike qualities (?), boldness: at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im blad im báig im cridechairi, LU 4267. bar mbaid ┐ [b]ar mbeodacht fen, TTebe 2710 . eter . . . gráin ┐ báig ┐ chostud, TBC-LL¹ 5172.

? nach b.¤ forsa torchair / mo menmae múad medrach `battle,' Fél. Ep. 361 (promise ?). nir ba h-aitherrach báigi na bisig, MR 314.23 . do bhrígh a báigh / le mnáibh síl gCuinn contending (in generosity) (?), L. Cl. A. B. 236. 143 . deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23 (`warlike'). Petrus co mbaig mbunaid, Acr. 27 (`blessing').

Freq. in chevilles: brígach b.¤ , LU 4135. oen-ri bethad bag cach noib, Rawl. 84b37 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114 § 15. ní baid briathrach, BB 273b30 (= bágh, LL). Cf. MR 264.6 . báigh briathar, Aithd. D. 8.22 .

In n.pr. Cú Bage, LL 322f1 .

Compds. With noun: M. bagfer, Gorm. March 31. teichis . . a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM). With adj.: co lathe brātha bāgmōir, ZCP iii 18.20 .

Load More Results