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aicsiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicsiu or dil.ie/823

 

Forms: aicsin, ascin

n n. f. Usually aicsin. Later with g s. -ena, -ina. By metathesis ascin. Also faicsin q.v. Vn. of ad-cí.

Act of seeing: a n-a.¤ oc collud a n-hírend, LU 10561 . bá brón di suidib m'aicsin in imniud, Ml. 44c6 . connabí asse a aicsin leu, 116a1 . oc aiscin in maic, TBC-I¹ 3378 . i nemfecsiu inda gnuis `without looking on their faces', Mon. Tall. 151.3 (§ 62) . diceannaib gen agu aicsen, Laws v 74.4 = cen agu aicsena, O'Curry 317 ( H 3.18, 174b ) `? chiefs to supervise them', Plummer MS. notes. eiric aicsena . . . ┐ eiric nemaicsena e. for seeing, Laws iii 178.14 Comm. dofanic ferg . . . ica n-aiscin, TBC-LL¹ 2439 . íar n-ascin oíbniussa flatha nime, LU 2134 ( FA 20 ). ni denta ingnad dom aisginsi annso, ZCP x 301.18 . adlaichda a ascin ri fraig `hero-like its aspect' (of a shield), LL 18389 . ret fhaicsin, a fholt fiar / do-chuaidh mo chiall uaim, DDána 8.10 . ba miannach a aiscena (: feda) `he was desirous to see her' Metr. Dinds. iv 326.24 . do reir na faicsiona, John vii 24 .

? 2 asc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 asc or dil.ie/4389

 

n gá tábhacht d'fhear gach flathas faillighe fiar / 's gach árs gan a.¤ dár cheap an gartghaois grian ? `all arts ingenious by inventive wit devised', Ó Bruad. ii 32 ii . aghaidh ionnfhuar giodh im iomdhaigh / a.¤ im chodla ó chuairt an fhir `fear of his visit impedeth my sleep', 40 § vi .

boim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. boim(m) or dil.ie/6311
Last Revised: 2019

 

n n, [n.] Later m. (boingid, cf. Wortk. 204 and boing). GOI § 332. bit, morsel, piece, fragment: dothuarthed boimm leis de quinque panibus, Trip. 242.10 . intí dia tibér-sa in mboimm-sea don bairgin, PH 2373. boim do aran eorna, Lism. L. 2734. bóimm bec do bairgin eornai, Fél.² lxi 44 . (In penitential ration, perh. denoting some specific measure) da laa deac for dhib bommanaib du cach (read deac ? ed.) bargine toimsi cona n-annlund di ass `morsels', Ériu xix 66 § 28 , v 46.25 . an tomhas arain da ngoirthi boim `mouthful', Rule of Tallaght 16 § 28. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain (perh. n.pr.) a cuid uili `in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . log berrtha . . . im in mboim (sic leg.) berrtha .i. sruban, ochtmadh bairgine, ┐ comfat eim na sceine do saill `shaving morsel' (i.e. `wages of shaving'), Laws i 132.20 Comm. b.¤ sceota see 2 sceota. mac boma nua `a fresh-diet- boy', Laws ii 176.20 Comm. In name of a category of poet ​: bard bomma, UR 55.3 . boim don leine srebnaidhi sroill boi imbe `a strip', Grail 2410 . plural in various phases: bom(m)an(n) ega fragments of ice, hailstones (see 1 aig). bud lir bommon egai fua cosaib gregai, RC xii 92 § 119. bit lir bomanna ┐ rl., BDD² 986. combús lir bomanna ega, LL 12207 (TBC). lir bomanna egha matan gaimhridh numerous as fragments of ice, Hugh Roe 216.14 . a tuitim uile i n-a mbomannaib fiar-bristi in fragments broken across (of shields), ML² 1821.

1 cleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cleth or dil.ie/9453
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . See Ériu xviii 99 .

(a) tree-trunk, tree : a bun cleithi na crand, BB 497a13 . cleatha ag fás . . . a cnuas `the tree's growth from acorns', Dán Dé ix 26 . an úir . . . / ag brosdadh ar chlúimh na gcleath the foliage of the trees, DDána 106.22 . do sgeach dhonn / cleath chorr do-chíthe ós do chionn (to a hill), Ir. Syll. Poetry 31 § 1 . dá cleathaibh ceannchroma, 70 § 2 . nach faghar éinchleath aimrid, O'R. Poems 3753 . deargcna cleath go caol gcolptha (i.e. the tree bending with the weight of nuts . . . ), O'Hara 4062 . ubla ag fecadh na gcleth gcorr, IGT Decl. ex. 528 . trí haithriocha fhear nEamhna / glainchleatha feadh bhfíneamhna `bright stalks', O'Hara 272 .

(b) house-post, stake, pole : is bēsad na cleithe, is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēithe, Corm. Y 275 . clí .i. cleath, O'Cl. cleath gl. tignus [tignum], Ir. Gl. 485 . guth domadbat trie clethae (: domincrechae, leg. -a: -a), Liad. and Cuir. 18.15 (`through the wattled wall' ? leg. between the posts). sesrech oc tabairt cecha clethi, LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). ro brisiset cleith di clethaib ind rigthige . . . conid sí conar dollotar a mná chucu isin tech, 8371 ( 25 ). in rightheagh . . . ┐ a chleatha . . . do credumae ┐ a cael d'airgid, IT iii 195 § 34 . la tabairt forgoba inna bruinni co mboí isin cleith fris anall (the man pierced by the spear was between the king and the wall), LU 4369 . in cu araig do nomad cleth on dorus, [┐ ni cuaille crin cuachda], Laws iii 412.20 Comm. ar-sesar clithem cletha `the spearman(?) sat by the houseposts', Ériu xix 82 § 6 . cona farcaib cleith no slait no scolb . . . nadicsed as a inad, LB 216a59 . do thighibh bláithe cleath gcorr with tapering posts, Ériu v 58.103 . roga ro-ch.¤ ┐ slemain slatchaolaig, ML² 1065 . co rug Eochaidh a chend leis a teach Theamrach co rochuir for cleith cháerthaind, Metr. Dinds. iv 272.15 . cor chland cleatha ann (as a sign of taking possession), Ériu xvi 66.82 . trī maic B. . . . ciatarochlan[n]sat cletha hi Temuir, ZCP viii 313.18 . sáid in cleith lium ol Ciarán, SG 73.10 . a gcleath do chor i dtalamh, TSh. 6969 . By extension, of a musical instrument (cf. use of crann): ní reich a diomdha ar a dáimh / gidh iomdha dháibh go gcleith gceoil `with their harps', Magauran 3986 (cf. also clíath cíuil s.v. clíath).

c.¤ chengail tie-beam, cross-beam (?). Fig. mar ch.¤ cengail ar in síthcháin `in order to clench such peace', Caithr. Thoirdh. 9.14 . mar chleathaibh ceangail ar an bhfál bhfírinne `as binding wattles, as clinchers', Gloss., TSh. 6714 . cleith cheangail ar charcair an chrábhaidh (of God's grace), 1470 .

(c) spear : in cath . . . / ba cummasc claideb is ch.¤ , LL 29033 . clansat cletha dogra trít, 952 . scarthain risin slóg saer suthain / nachar chlaen re clethaib, SG 353.6 . ac bualad cleithi ar slinden h. Conchobair, Ann. Conn. 1342.3 . mor c.¤ tre choluinn, Fen. 376.20 . fan gcleith nó fan gcloidheamh, DDána 98.21 . laoich ag géarughadh chleath gcaol, O'Hara 2547 .

(d) goad : casaidh cleith ndírigh ndóibsigh / d'óinsigh eich . . . , IGT Decl. ex. 733 . atáid bríathra an eagnuidh amhuil cleatha ┐ amhuil tairngidh ar na ndaingniughadh (`goads'), Eccles. xii 11 .

(e) Fig. warrior, chief : rochuir cath Carmain in ch.¤ / Fiachu Labrain `the chieftain', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.13 . Conoll in cleath nemdaer, 362.82 . a cathmílid . . . ┐ a cléth bága (of Achilles), TTr.² 1621 . da laech . . . da comlaid catha, da cleith ugra, Cog. 56.y . cuailledha trēna Tuathail . . . ┐ cletha cosanta Cuind (of the colamain Temrach), ML² 1363 . a chleath Eamhna, Aithd. D. 37.33 . bláth na gcleath `the choice princes', Content. xxx 37 . Cf. ar cleith mBóinne `the princess of the Bóinn', Aithd. D. 11.22 .

(f) Of hair: a bharr na gcleath gclaon `of flowing locks', Aithd. D. 54.5 . earla fiar na gcleath gceiníl `wavy hair tressed in native fashion', O'Hara 1911 . Cf. a chúl fionn na bhfaichleath gcas, Magauran 2506 .

(g) In phr. cletha cridi(?): crū a cleithib cridhe crūaid, / fuil a feithib . . . , ZCP vii 299.15 .

(h) Of uncertain meaning: o ro gabsat cóir na c.¤ / nocorb allic dóib teched, TFerbe 621 . cruth glacanach / cleath liac lupanach, IT iii 98 § 158 . cleath ag leith dá toigh mo theagh `my house stands as a supporting buttress to her castle', Aithd. D. 1.15 (leg. cleath i gcleith which may have a technical sense? Ed.'s note). muna mbeath [a] each is a ara / do ba [a] leath cleath dala dhóibh, DDána 110.34 (`half of them (his troops) would have been an encumbrance(?) to them', Ir. Monthly 1920, 264 ).

Compds. With noun. clethail chachta (? leg. -aile c.), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 4 . Con Corb cen nach clethalt (2 alt), ZCP xii 436 § 8 ( LL 4854 ). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . clethblugaid Ērenn, armach Line, airsid Āi, ZCP iii 466.26 (Baile in Scáil) (= 2 blogaid). da churaid, da chlethbriugaid, TBC-LL¹ 5376 (prob. read -blugaid). cleth caillti . . . do slegaib `forest of spears', MR 224.1 . cona tuighi co clet[h]coilltibh aigh, CCath. 4980 . Art cen chleth-cheird fo chaire `A. whose skill of spear was faultless', Metr. Dinds. iii 368.23 ( LL 20890 ). ¤chlann: Mael Sechnaill . . . de chlethchlaind Chuind Chétchathaig, LL 15931.17240 . cabsaid cach cruach fa cleth-ḟál `wattle hedges', Hy Fiach. 194.3 . a ccleathLuidhne `Luighne of the lances(?)', O'Hara 3065 . ¤orddan see below s.v. cleth-ard. clethcumgugad a cliab-asnaid ag a comdrud i cenn a cheile, MR 256.21 .

With adj. a shluagh Caisil cleathaluind, Caithr. CC 6.16 . ¤ard: Senan . . . c. .i. ar clethordan, LB 241a23 . cleathard .i. clothard no clúard, O'Cl. in Cletiuch dno is clethbuidig catha, ZCP iii 242 § 42 . Druim Cetta clethcháin (: noem g s.), RC xx 140.15 (ACC Comm.). ríoghradh chleathchorcra Chonnacht `red-speared', Studies 1920, 566 § 9 . go Domhnall gcleathchorr gCairbreach, DDána 64.31 . do chionn Cheallachain chleathchuirr, Caithr. CC 25.10 . Conla clethgarg, LL 15056 . BB 47a54 . ón Bhúill chuirmthe chleithghil `overhung with white branches', O'Hara 1775 . do ṡíol chleithleabhar Chonuill `long-speared', TD 7.47 . gu Croit Cualachta clethmhoir, Lism. L. 4764 . fri muintir Crimthaind cleth-núi, Metr. Dinds. iii 164.22 . tri deichnemhair fa sgeimh sgol / na bhḟein chleithremair . . . , LL 394.2 . slóigh cleithreamhra `stout of spear', Aithd. D. 19.13 . co Cathair comsech clethrúad red-speared, LL 25312 . clethruad Cualann `the red shafted hero of Cuala', Ériu xvii 40 § 15 . gilla . . . / catlas i Casiul chlethruad, LL 19427 .

With adj. derived from noun. cona borbsluaghaib cletharmacha coisidhedh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 15.9 . barr cleathmhongach na gclodh lag `with a sheltering mane', TD 2.23 . d'úib comraicmera clethuillecha . . . Cinndergáin, Caithr. Caithr. Thoirdh. 130.22 .

1 coll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coll or dil.ie/10500
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: call, coll, call, c.

n Also call. o, m. coll call m., IGT Decl. § 69 . Cf. c.¤ (name of letter c), IGT Introd. § 4 . etc. hazel-tree (on the magical properties of the hazel see V. SS. Hib. cliii f.): c.¤ gl. corylus, Sg. 38a11 . Ir. Gl. 556 . collde quia fit colyrus c.¤ , Sg. 33b14 (gl. colurnus), see Études Celt. xi 118 . a caillib crínmond, glossed: nó a collaib; .i. na .ix. cuill inna Segsa, RC xxvi 18 n. 2 (a calloib crethmond, v.l.). Cf. caill crithmon. Creth-mon .i. mon cles ┐ creth ēxi (= ēcsi) .i. caill asa tāet cless na uadh ind airc[h]etail, Corm. Y 237 . cuill ┐ imbois na heicsi .i. cuill crinmoind aiusa, Dinds. 59 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . mo ch.¤ creth `my hazel of poetry', RC xxvi 50 § 270 . in c.¤ ro ás triana ḟert, LL 13542 . na loisc in call caem, SG 245.27 . ubhall ar abhaill, na cnú ar cúll, Acall. 6282 . cáll (leg. caill, ed.) .i. crannae. kalo graece lignum , O'Mulc. 195 . beanaidh tú call as an gcnaoi you make the hazel to grow from the nut, DDána 57.24 . ocht n-airigh [fedha] . . .: fernn, dur, c.¤, muin . . ., Auraic. 5494 . See finn-choll.

In nn. pr.: C.¤ . . . fá dia do Mhac Cuill, Keat. i 222.25 . Mac an chuill the name of Diarmait's hound, Oss. iii 174.8 . Cf. Stud. Hib. xix 41 . In n. loc.: C.¤ na nIngen, Trip.² 2748 . oc Cull na nIngen, 2751 .

Used as a laudatory term: rop é mo ch.¤ ciúin (a father of his son), LL 18576 . ar n-éanchoillne fa bhláth (of the Blessed Virgin), Aithd. D. 72.5 . cnuas na gc.¤ (i.e. the children of the princes), Ó Bruad. ii 50 § 1 . is tú an call corcra fa chnaibh (to the Cross), DDána 2.9 .

(b) the name of the third letter of the alphabet: c.¤ in ogaim .i. c.¤ isin caill, Auraic. 5519 . c.¤ . . . is o chrand rohainmniged ut dicitur cainfidh .i. c.¤ .i. cach ac ithi a chno, 1182 ,3. is taisechu c.¤ in x inā sail, 1374 . in bfail a mbiad c.¤ ria `.u.' is `q' sgripthar, 2894 (in Ogam). bocad cuill .i. clach ┐ ach lenition of c, 1273 . coll cumuisg, mur so: fleasg ┐ corr, fleasgorr, IGT Introd. 30 . ag so an .c. nach .c. cumuisg: cneas ┐ cáomh, cneascháomh, IGT Introd. 30 . coll comhlán 'complete c', Celtica xxvii 59 § 6 . bethe, sail, hūath, coll ferce, ZCP xii 295 § 2 .

Attrib. g s. bili cuill, Lism. L. 2387 . cnoi cuill, LL 13634 . fo crossaibh cuill [interred] under hazel crosses, AFM i 516.z . cuaille cuill, Lism. L. 2381 . midh cuill (made from catkins?), SG 91.19 . míodh (sic) chuill ceitemhin, Duan. F. i 26 § 4 .

Compds. With noun. a croeb do cloind Iesse / isin chollcaill coimh, Ériu i 122.10 . a mbia ar choillfhiodhbhaidh do chnuas, DDána 106.21 . Ath Cuille .i. on cuilleisc tarlaic Conall for L., LL 21657 (cf. cliab bec do fhleascaib cuill, Lism. L. 2402 ). amail bīd cuillesga tria c[h]urc[h]ais, ML² 1248 . cuilleasga .i. fleasga cuill no slaitine cuill, O'Cl. do Chlár choillMhidhe, DDána 109.8 . callros fa chnuas, 114.28 .

With adj. na bhfeadh collbán cnóbuidi, Ériu iv 228 § 56 . rí Locha Ché chollbhuig, DDána 120.35 . um Chruachain gcollbhuidhe, 109.9 . a bharr collchas feactha fiar , Aithd. D. 97.12 . slat chaill-gheal, Dán Dé xxvi 30 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . a slios chollmhór Chruachna, Magauran 63 . an ghéag go gcnuas choillríoghdha, Aithd. D. 60.4 .

With adj. derived from noun: co Céis collchailltig Coruinn, SG 65.14 . ar Chruachain challdartaigh, DDána 109.12 (`of the hazel-darts(?)', Ir. Monthly 1920, 483 ). Clár . . . collmhaighreach Cuinn `abounding in nut-fed salmon' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 511 .

? dochasail

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n d.¤ cach finda fiar foltnide iarna chōir dot fholt ` comb ', MacCongl. 95 .

féire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féire or dil.ie/21495

 

n , f. ( fíar ) crookedness: feirius .i. fiar-ses .i. do fēri in chraind, Corm. Y 578 = di feri, Thr. Ir. Gl. 19 . Of hair waviness Aithd. D. 11.17 . (Fig.) obliquity, bias: léirtheist gan ḟéire, Ó Bruad. ii 156 .

feorus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feorus or dil.ie/21660

 

Forms: fersen, feorus, feorus

n (< ferus, a by-form of erus ?) g s. fersen ? Cf. O'Dav. 931 cited below. Name of a tree or plant, probably the spindle-tree: gl. acirus (= acerus < acer "maple" or acorus `galingale' ?) Ir. Gl. 582 . feorus ` spindle-tree, sweet flag, galingale ' Hog. Luibhl. feorus (one of the `fodla feda' or `shrubs') Laws iv 146.26 . Auraic. 1155 ; also called `oir' 1196 . sruithium aicde .i. feirius (a kenning for the Ogham diphthong oi), Anecd. iii 44 ; cf. sruitem aicdi .i. o[i]r, Auraic. 5602 . feirius .i. fiar-ses .i. do fēri in chraind from the twisted form of the tree Corm. Y 578 . Cf. co fríth herus [ferus; ierus, v.l.] chuca ... asin muine mesta, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.57 ( Dinds. 117 ). fersen .i. feorus .i. set in dire fersen .i. samaisc a dire, O'Dav. 931 ; cf. samaisc ┐ dairt ... ┐ dartaid ... tri diri na fodla feda, Laws iv 150.23 Comm.

fíar

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Forms: fíar, fíargha, fiarlann, [ḟ]iairthesgaid

adj o-ā crooked, bent, curving: luirgni fiara fochama, BB 265a63 ( SG 328 ). do thulaib a lurgan bfiar foc[h]amm, FB 37 Eg. fannchosa fiara, TSh. 2559 . treabh ... na ccorn ffiar of curved drinking-horns ACL iii 305 § 2 . a Phádruig na mbachal fiar , Oss. vi 130.21 . sreabh f.¤ winding TD 10.33 . na bfedh bfiar `the bending (i.e. produce-laden) woods' O'Gr. Cat. 408.15 ( TD 9.42 ). cf. mas f.¤ as ḟerr an ḟidhbadh, IGT, Decl. ex. 546 . Toirdhealbhach dá bhf.¤ fiodh (vb. ?) TD 7.46 . clár f.¤ `winding' (of a plain ; undulating ?) ITS v 40.14 . Of hair, curling, wavy: folt ... fáinneach f.¤ , Ériu v 64.3 . ar bharr na bhfáinneadh bhfíar, IGT, Decl. ex. 126 . dod' bharr chruinnfhiar, Studies 1924, 243 . Compar. an ór-fhuilt is féire fíghe of most curly web Keat. Poems 96 . As subst. : dírghe i ndiaidh, fíar [sic leg.] i bhfedhuibh, L. Cl. A. B. 89.71 . i n-agid a f.¤ ┐ a fadb their bends and knots (of branches) TBC-LL¹ 1409 . Adv. f.¤ is tarnsna (= tarsna) théid ma long from side to side O'Gr. Cat. 336.8 . mera na lam imon sroin. co f.¤ athwart Auraic. 5788 . Fig. fír in foras is ni f.¤ false Ériu x 79 § 34 . : Of a treacherous steed (metaph. of the body): each as ḟainne is as ḟéire, Aithd. D. 91.3 . ? iarna guin co f.¤ i fat `after he was foully slain' Metr. Dinds. iii 228.47 . gan f.¤ gan fuasnadh, Keat. Poems 1409 . Compds. With subst. : ¤ga a curved spear: fíargha, IGT, Introd. § 83 . ¤lann a curved blade: rofoibred na fiarlanna, Ériu viii 44.17 . g p. fiarlann, 48.10 . Fianaig. 90.15 . ¤lúbgail, na bratacha for f. flags undulating (in the breeze) CCath. 5435 . ¤slat : drem nachat fiarshlata `crooked saplings' i.e. degenerate scions SG 353.14 . ¤slicht cross-track: d'fíairshliocht gacha hiomuire, RC xi 25.35 . ¤tharraing : féithsined a bhḟéith aga bhfiartharraig contorting MR 256.20 . ¤tharsna thwartwise, diagonal: treated as subst. in phr. dar f. (with gen.) athwart, across: dar fíartharsna in dúnaid TBC-I¹ 1788 . TBC-LL¹ 2449 . 1927 . RC xiv 424.12 . As advb. : telgis uada é ... fiartarsna in longphuirt, TBC-LL¹ 2251 . tig assaidhe f. na ccríoch, AFM v 1734.17 . gabhais seacha f. Maighe hA., Hugh Roe 84.21 (f. 22b) . Absol. ro impo f. ` obliquely ' Cog. 194.25 . co ngabtais co forscailti fiartarstna ... for cach leth (of bars on the outside of a shield), CCath. 5322 . As attrib. : fá fíartharrsna na ferchrēchta tucatar ar corpaib a chéle ` intersecting ' Fianaig. 94.5 . crechta ... fiartarsna mora tairis ` transverse ' CCath. 4191 . ¤tharstnan cross-piece, thwart (?) : fiartarstnana ōrda ┐ airg[d]idhe (of bars fixed vertically along a belt), CCath. 5232 . With adj. : ¤chamm bent and crooked: dā coiss ... fiarcamma, CCath. 4033 . ¤chas bent and twisted: (of a person) atāim ... feosach fíarchas bent, contorted Keat. Poems 514 . ¤chlannach curling and abundant (?) : folt f., ZCP i 127.24 . With vb. : ¤thescaid cuts across, transversely: pret. pass. pl. ro [ḟ]iairthesgaid na fulta, Ériu viii 48.9 . With part. : ¤gerrtha : foirbhfir fiairghearrtha mangled TSh. 6612 . ¤letarthe mangled: na firu ... fiarletarthi, TTebe 1907 . Cf. fíarletartadh na fíarlann ar formnaib na feróglach ` transverse smiting ' Fianaig. 90.15 .

fíartharsna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíartharsna or dil.ie/21965

 

x see fíar (compds.).

fíarut

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(< fíar , cf. forut), in advbl. phr. ar (dar) f.¤ across, athwart ; throughout: dar fiarut na faigthi across MacCongl. 13.25 . for f.¤ na hAssia throughout PH 199 . gabais E. cuing in chatha [fair] ar fiarud na Midi tar Sinaind, Ériu ii 180.16 . Without prep. : co tartsat fair a chroicend do iumochar f.¤ na cathrach, PH 2149 . da druidsed na hethaidi ... | taeb re taeb 'na rithremend f.¤ Erend, ZCP v 22.21 .

folt, falt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folt, falt or dil.ie/23166
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: folt, falt, folt, fult, fultu, fulta, f., fuilt, foltscailte, foltgala

n o, m. n a s. folt, LU 5635 . falt, 9275 , 9277 . d s. folt, Wb. 11c12 . fult, LU 7693 . a p. fultu, LU 7389 . fulta PH 993 .

(a) the hair of the head (collect.) : f.¤ (gl. coma) Ir. Gl. 77 . deirgech in ḟuilt (gl. glabella) 78. na foilt (gl. pilos), Gild. Lor. 237 . f.¤ quasi fa alt. faldas cadens germanice interpretatur f.¤ didiu cland totim hair is a plant of falling (?) (i.e. which grows downwards ?) O'Mulc. 567 (cf. Corm. Y 616 ). tairbirthar [v.l. tairbertair] foilt c[h]inn imm gnúisiu ZCP ix 450 § 4 . folt tiug sír [leg. siar ?] fair. Thes. ii 237.1 . f.¤ fair amal flesca óir, LU 3639 ( SCC 31 ). buidi f.¤ for findghualaind, IT iii 47 § 76 . falt co ndath óir, Ériu iv 108 . teora trillsi da fult imma cend, TBC-LL¹ 213 . for oenfoiltne dia ḟult LB 127b33 . bée ḟuiltt ... buidichaiss a woman with yellow wavy hair IT i 69.3 ( LMU 4 ). pl. tri fuilt forsin mac sin .i. folt úani ┐ f.¤ corcorda ┐ f.¤ fororda three kinds of hair BDD 105 . tri fuilt bátar fair : dond ... cróderg ... mind órbuide TBC-LL¹ 2713 = faircsi tri folt fair, etc. LU 6541 (cf. folt tri ndath fair, LU 8598 ). Generally of hair of different persons : triar marcach ... tri fuilt derga foraib, BDD 30 ( LU 6781 ). astoidet a foilt ┐ a cuirp, Ériu ii 130.7 . fuilt dubha leo. Marco P. 187 . maithrecha na mac ... ┐ a ḟuilt scailte ba cendaib (in grief) LB 5b30 ( PH 393 ). is bec... na ruc a fultu dia forcléthib, LL 237b3 ( TTr. 1520 ). as é budh ferr ... d'fighe f.¤ , RC xxiv 46.2 . for foltaib na ḟer so, LB 127b42 . d'ḟoltaibh is d'ulchadhaibh na laoch, Keat. iii 4468 . masa urrandus do lethḟ.¤ no do lánḟ.¤ ro benad de [sic leg.], Laws iii 352.15 . Rarely locks, tresses: fuilt sgaoilte ... 'gun Róimh ag éagcaoine a huilc, TD 24.24 In poetry often transf. of a person : a fhalt na ngéag ! O wavy-haired one PBocht 13 § 41 . a ḟolt ... fáinneach !, TD 21.3 . f.¤ na bhfinnghéag (of a chief) 7.48 . see ib. Introd. p. lv .

Rarely of animals : cean each díbh ar drochḟ.¤ (`a bad mane') Leb. Cert. 210.7 . mar ḟ.¤ eich, TD 37.4 . corruighidh sé a ḟ.¤ amhuil cédar (of Behemoth), Job xl 17 (where Engl. A. V. has `tail').

(b) fig. and poetic uses ; of foliage (cf. Lat. coma) : os ḟult ḟidbaide, LL 108a22 ( RC 14.402 ). liriu feoir no f.¤ fídbuide, LB 241ax ( ZCP iii 225 ). for f.¤ feda, RC xxvi 30 (a kenning ? Cf. the gloss : ... dagalt fedai ┐ deich ┐ remi ┐rl. no cranna gae, Rawl. 109b45 = LL 187c19 ). i bhfoltaibh na bhfeadh, TD 4.22 . ? dāltir fledōl for Luignib dia mba f.¤ crīn samraid [leg. crín f.¤ ?], Anecd. i 14.10 . tomaidm Ethne os ḟ.¤ bheatha [sic leg.] the eruption of [the river] Ethne over the sward (?) of the world BB 44a16 = 37a14 . Of thatch of a house : alainn berrthán fil fort, ba slán cot folt, a Dún Náis, AFM i 308 . Of foam of the sea : fairggae findfolt, Thes. ii 290 ( Sg. 112 ). tar fairrge f.¤ , Leb. Gab.(i) i 238 .

Compds.

(1 ) common with adjs. having ... hair ; ... haired ; also fig. of foliage: ¤álainn : da fhiodhbaidh ¤alainn, Anecd. iii 6.13 . ¤bláith : Fionn ... ¤bhlaith, Duan. F. ii 84 . ¤buide yellow-haired: inghean ¤bhuide, Ériu xi 199 . a Edain ... fholtbhuidhe, ML² 463 . ¤chaín (as a sobriquet) : Amadair Flidais ¤chain, ZCP viii 303.8 (cf. Adamair F. f., BB 47b3 = Amathair f. f., LL 128bz . Adammair F. f., Cóir Anm. 25 ). feocus ¤chain (kenning for the birch-tree), Auraic. 5532 . ¤chas curly-locked: Tadg f., ZCP viii 221 § 41 . fiche ced feindeadh f., Duan. F. ii 54 . fon ḟid ḟoltchass, Metr. Dinds. iii 206 . ¤chóem : d'Éber ḟoltchaem LL 127b11 . [mac] Feidelma ¤chaime, Rawl. 156a2 . a Patraic ¤chaoimh, Duan. F. ii 54 . ? ¤chíab : see foltchíp. ¤ fiar with wavy hair: aicme ḟoiltḟiar, Duan. F. i 60.13 . ¤finn fair-haired: Fiacha foiltḟionn, DDána 84 § 26 . a Gharaidh ... ḟoiltḟinn !, Ériu i 20 . sēig f.¤ Ferna, Bruchst. § 50 ( IT iii 74 ). ¤garb rough-haired: Feargus f.¤ , Duan. F. ii 150 . tri arrachta ... foltgharbha, ML² 1586 = ( ML 118 ). i mbarr ... na fidhbuidhe foltgairbhi, CCath. 669 . ¤glas of green herbage: fonncheltra foltglasa ... in talman, MR 240.6 . ¤lebor long-haired: fer ... f., LU 8597 . bé ḟind ḟ.¤ , LL 259b37 ( LMU 4 ) ; Ferccus Foltlebur, Rawl. 155b50 . ¤ruad red-haired Acall. 4064 . ¤scailte with dishevelled hair: na fantaisi foltscailte , CCath. 4357 (g p.). fanntaise folt-sgaoilte, TSh. 6680 . ¤snáithech with thread-like hair ZCP xliv 162 , Cóir Anm. ii § 149 : Fiacha Foltṡnáithech .i. samaltá fri snáth ōrdhai in folt ... boí fair, Cóir Anm. 145 . Fiachra Foltsnat[h]ech, ZCP viii 292.32 . ¤tromm dod dhreich foltruim, 23 L 17, 130b ( Studies 1928, 450 ). ¤úaine : Cend Febrat foltúane green-foliaged Metr. Dinds. iii 226 . fa chlár bhfaltuaine bhFréamhann, TD 30.7 .

(2 ) with subst. : ¤gabál seizing by the hair: f. ban (a punishable offence), Cáin Ad. 44 . ¤gal pulling (an opponent's) hair in fight: frisin ṅgleicc ┐ in ḟ. ... dognitis, LB 156a42 . pl. foltgala, Laws v 146.9 Comm. ¤grenn : foltgrend feinned ar foluamain (in battle) `hair of heroes' ( whiskers ?) MR 238.27 . See also foltmaise.

foltnide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foltnide or dil.ie/23175

 

adj io-iā pertaining to hair, hair-like (?): cach finda fiar foltnige ... dot fhult, MacCongl. 95.22 .

fris-gair, -frecair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-gair, -frecair or dil.ie/24363

 

Forms: fritamgair, frecrad, frisgair, frisngaired, frisgara, frecara, freagra, friscera, friscéra, fregéra, friscerut, frisgerat, frisgart, friscart, nisfrecart, barecart, friscartatar, frisrograt, regart, recratár, frecraid, frecrais, frecair, fhrecēr-sa, fregēraid, friscart, cartsat, frisccar, friscart

v Older forms : ipv. 2 s. (with pron. inf.) fritamgair, ACL iii 294 § 11 . 3 s. frecrad, Ériu iii 96 § 3 . ind. pres. 3 s. frisgair, Sg. 193b6 . Ml. 77a15 . impf. 3 s. (with unexplained inf.) frisngaired, O'Mulc. 213 . pres. subj. 3 s. frisgara, YBL 237b35 ( Auraic. 4605 ). dian do frecara (leg. dia nda frecra), Laws ii 140.18 . dia nda freagra , iv 8.25 . fut. 3 s. friscera (.i. freceraid), Hy vi 18 . Cf. friscéra .i. freigéra, O'Cl. ni fregéra , ZCP ix 174 § 30 . 3 pl. friscerut IT i 20.31 (LB = Trip.² 343 ) = frisgerat ib. IT i 20.22 . pret. 3 s. frisgart, Thes. ii 241.10 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). LU 3364 ( SCC 15 ). friscart, Ériu ii 124 § 66 . nisfrecart, LU 3395 ( SCC 18 ). Cf. barecart, LL 265a44 . 3 pl. friscartatar, Ériu ii 102.1 . perf. frisrograt (= -rogart) Trip. 28.18 (266) . ro regart , LU 3409 ( SCC 18 ). pl. co ro recratár , LU 6284 .

Vn. frecra(e), q.v.

In later lang. treated as simple vb. pres. 3 s. frecraid (fregraid), pret. frecrais (friscart .i. freagrais, O'Cl.). perf. ro frecair . fut. ni fhrecēr-sa , PH 1496 1803 . fregēraid LB 274b14 . In pret. archaisms (often deliberate) occur beside late forms : friscart, AFM ii 636.3 , v 1588.6 . fris cartsat , v 1626.17 . Marco P. 31 . frisccar, AFM i 344.1 ( = dixit Lib. Hymn. i 32 ) is prob. a mispr. for friscart.

(a) answers, replies , absol. or with acc. of thing or noun-clause, where the reply is quoted in direct speech it is often preceded by another vb. of saying. frisgart D. : ni fetor sa, etc., Thes. ii 241.10 ( Ardm. 18a ). cinnas sin ... ar C. ro frecair L. ┐ ro rādi is mithig, etc. LU 3663 ( SCC 33 ). fris-rograt ind oclach ┐ issed ro rādi, Trip. 28.18 (266) . fiar-faidhis C. scela di ; frecra[i]s an ingin [ = ingen] ┐ adbert, Ériu iii 152 § 6 .

Often of amoebaean verse in romantic lit. : ro canustar in laīdh mbicc ┐ rusfreccair A. she sang a little lay and A. replied IT i 123.2 . dorigni in laid ┐ ro recair M., TBC-LL¹ 503 . ra bert na briathra ... ┐ ra frecair in gilla, 3257 . ro freacairset na teora classai ... et is ed ro cansad, Lism. L. 238 .

With DO of pers. : ros frecair B. dó ┐ atbert fris, LB 63a49 . frisgart dissi in fer, LU 3364 ( SCC 15 ). dorogart nomen meum ... Ro recrus[s]a dó, PH 1499 . frecair dam in ní iarfaigfet dít, 1802 . rop ecnaid ro recair dona gentib, Fél. 78 (on : Lauring, lán frecrae, Feb. 22 ). in tan ro fregairset ... do briathraibh ... naimhdemhla dó, Fl. Earls 136.13 .

With acc.: ro recrutar na hespuic he, PH 599 . a mac alla is mirbuile | recras lem gair na Gairbe its echo, wondrously meseems it answereth the cry of the Garb Anecd. ii 24 . ga [ = dá] bhfiosruighedh ... dhiot ... cionnas do ḟreagórthá é ?, Luc. Fid. 290.3 .

Of answering a greeting, etc.: ro fregair sisi an bennughadh, Ériu v 86.19 . inti recēras in fálti ... mad e D. reccras ... mad é S. recras, LL 268a42 ( MU² 826 ).

With extension of meaning: atracht ... frisin mbéist; ro frecratar srotha tened ... a belu na biasta, PH 7235 ( LB 202a5 ). dosléici chuce ... co n-ecmaing inna etan, co ro recart in coirthe fris aníar the pillar-stone behind him answered (i.e. reacted to the blow from the missile which had pierced through his brain) LL 292a17 ( RC xiii 464 ). co tardus forgum don gai ... i n-ucht in rig gura freagair in coirthi cloiche bui fria druim allathiar, FDG 270 = MR 36.10 .

(b) answers (to), corresponds (to), is analogous (with), with DO: frisgair in testemin se dondib dligedib remeperthib, Sg. 193b6 . is dúnn imchumurc fil isin chanoin frisgair ... a n-imchomarc n-isiu, Ml. 77a15 . nach tan do furgaib ... brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain frisgair do suidev, Hib. Min. 12.411 . amhancoll dno .x. frisgair dōsēn x corresponds to (the Ogham) emancoll BB 301b13 . muna bhfreagraidh ár n-ofráil ... don pháis, Eochairsg. 30x . Counterbalances: airligud fri[s]ngair araile nad escomrad which another (loan) balances which was not paid (i.e. an outstanding debt) Laws v 372.2 .

(c) answers, responds to, meets (a challenge, combat, etc. or an enemy). With acc. of thing: ro focair comracc ar Tuir nGl. ┐ ro reagair [T. G.] ... in comrag sin, RC vi 184 . frecerthar duit-si in cath sin (answer to a challenge), Fianaig. 72z . do ḟreagair a chomhlann do Gholl, ML 136.26 ( ML² 1834 ). serrfiach Ibair Cluana ... fregeraid co garb in gleo LB 274b14 . an té ... iarras no ḟregras comhrag, Ó Héodhusa 168.3 .

With acc. of pers.: ni fuair ... nech do freigeorad Froech ZCP xiii 174.31 . rogab ... a errad catha ... uime ┐ ro fregair ... iat, Ériu iii 166 § 21 . freiccermaoid-ne ... an lucht úd, Cog. 214.1 . ro fregradh in fendid ... sin ag Finn (= F. met his attack), Fianaig. 96.24 .

(d) answers, responds to (a summons, call, duty, etc.), obeys ( freccair aifrinn, ZCP x 48.5 belongs perhaps to fris-cuirethar, q.v.): timarnai Dia doitsi du[l] ... Dia cloisinn dam, ol P. ... dó no freiceruind (.i. no raguinn), Lism. L. 226 . freagair na cabhartha maithe ` co-operate with ' JRSAI 1859, 360 (16th cent. letter). muna bhfreagra an dál do dhligh ... gan eagla éinfir, Content. xx 3 . o nar freagradh ordughadh an ri uatha since the king's orders were not obeyed by them Rel. Celt. ii 176.38 . ní fregera talam tuar the earth will not respond to cultivation ZCP ix 174 § 30 . With acc. of pers. answers (the call of), comes (at the summons of): fert Failbe frecrad in féin, Fianaig. 54.15 . ro tinolit chuci ... noch do recair [in neoch ro freccair v.l.] e do feraib Erend `all that obeyed him' Cog. 154.2 . ro nert A. drem ... do choimliṅg chomretha ... Ro frecrad e sium im an ngniṁ sin his appeal was responded to TTebe 2423 . nir frecrad in la-sin iat (i.e. they caught nothing in the chase that day) Fianaig. 52.24 .

Intrans.: do freagradais ōig ... na cathrach cum an droichid le garthaibh na clog, ZCP vi 284.25 . ná freagraidh do ghairm dhíomhaoin do not respond to a useless call Content. xvi 82 . The follg. are prob. extensions of this meaning: a chliar Éireann theas is thuaidh, freagraidh so `come' (? respond ) Content. xvi 72 n . iomháigh cloiche i [gcruth] Mhuire ... freagrais is níor dhiombuaidh do san eaglais `he approaches it' A. Ó Dálaigh I 25 , but perh. íomháigh is the subj. and níor d. parenthetical: the image answered him (anticipating the subsequent story)? freagram an teagh thall `may we enter (?) our home yonder' vi 3 .

(e) answers for, on behalf of; comes to the aid of: frecrad fuli cech anmae `let him answer the sins of every soul' Ériu iii 96 § 3 = f.¤ fuile cech anam, O'Dav. 1003 (ex. of fuil .i. pecad). araon romfregera ... romtoigēba [ron- ron- v.l.] do t[h]oigh Dē deis, ZCP viii 214.14 . freagair mise, a Mhíchíl aingil!, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 23 .

grátur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grátur or dil.ie/26546
Last Revised: 2013

 

n a grater, rasp (?): (as a cure for a horse that will not travel in a straight line) da mbia si fiar, fuaid lethar ar bacanuib an tsrein don taoib astigh, ┐ cuir gratur sa lethur, Celtica ii 46 § 7 .

1 lóichet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lóichet or dil.ie/30515

 

ind is iarna longis Lōchet Longsech fīar flaith Gōidel gabsus, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 3 (`nach seine Vertreibung nach Loche'). lochet .i. ferand, LL 311a17 . loichit, 377a30 .

sreb, srib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sreb, srib or dil.ie/38760

 

Forms: sreabh, sriobh, sribh, sreabha, srib, sreb, shreibh, sreabha, sríubh, sriubh

n ā, f. [and u, m.? Orig. gender and inflexion doubtful] sreabh, IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . In bardic verse also sriobh. sribh m., g s. sreabha, IGT Decl. § 71 . Note also d s srib, LL 297b49 ( SG 366.3 ). a s. sreb, MU² 473 (see notes). ? g s. go Cill Fhinnshreibh , L. Cl. A. B. 127.15 . g pl. na sreabha , CF Eg. 14 . n s. sríubh, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 v.l. sriubh, Ó Bruad. ii 136.1 .

(a) stream, river : sribh lūath nō trēn, Corm. Y 786 . ri [cria]thras usce . . . | iar srebaib, SR 43 . is leo gach sreab thana thiar, BB 8b20 . no maidhís secht srebae trīana corr . . . muilenn . . . for cech sreibh dībh, MacCongl. 124.36 - 7 . fodord Féne ra fúaim sreb, LL 298a33 ( SG 366.28 ). co srothaib ┐ srebaib, Laws i 26.27 Comm . for srebhaibh ┐ for minsrothaibh, CCath. 2384 . sreabh fhúar ga hibhe dho b[h]osaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 48 . ar ibh do shreabhaibh learga L., TD 29.32 . sreabh fiar , 10.33 . sribh tre tholchaibh . . . | na orthain (horthuin, v.l.) d'fhir fhíabhrasa, IGT Decl. ex. 1023 . gotha an mhinshreabha, Aithd. D. 76.16 . ar sriobh, IGT Decl. ex. 1549 . ro meabaidh a sreph glan-fhúar, Misc. Hag. Hib. 106 § 19 . ní ibhedh acht fuair-srebha, AFM v 1750.6 . gussin sreibh sruthglain, MR 104.9 .

(b) Of specific streams: ó chaoilshriobh Chaisil, TD 17.35 . sreabh Feirsde, L. Cl. A. B. 89.60 . go sreibh Lóime, 127.14 . sreabh ghormmhall na gealMhainge, IGT Decl. ex. 1218 . Of the Jordan (metaph.): dírigh sinn go sreibh do bhaisde, Dán Dé x 21 . sreab Īsu is Eōin | a huisce co tī tarum-sa, ACL iii 235.1 .

(c) Extended meanings: sreb gl. fistula, BCr. 39c5 . Of the sea: dorúacht . . . co sreib sáil, SR 5475 . a fhir im-théit sále s.¤ , MU² 473 (see note). sreabh chalaidh ní thiomchuil tú, L. Cl. A. B. 240.96 . Of milk in the cow's teat: masa sreb ro milledh an[n] isin tsine, Laws iii 366.5 Comm . cóil sreibe hi folldeirb, Triads 75 v.l. = srithide, text, with gloss: an sreab bainne dá chrú. Of blood: robatar a shreba fola assa innaib, LL 283b46 . combatar a sreba fola eistib, YBL 131b42 . sreaba cro, CCath. 6132 . sreabh chiuin don fhuil-se an ochta, DDána 40.9 . Of tears: sreabh re labhra léghthórach | do fher th'abhra úrchráobhach, IGT Decl. ex. 1302 . Of fire: srib tine gl. srabtine, O'Dav. 1491 (etymol. gloss). Cf. srebh .i. lasair, O'Curry 1470 ( H 3.18, 652 ). o sreibh teinedh bhreine, ITS xxix 136.28 . ? Of wine at a feast: sreb na suan ag reic roghan, Irish Texts ii 66 § 25 . sreab dar gar a fer faire | is fled nar an gan ibe | duais . . . | fat' ól sreibe fuair file, § 26 . ? Of ink: 's a sreabha na sínéireacht `with their rivers of signatures', Ó Bruad. iii 16.7 . Of hair: a chúl na sreabh, Dánta Gr. 11.18 . Of birds: ri dorigni sreba sluag | dona hénaib formed the birds into flights (?), SR 305 . a clann d'fheartaibh óghMhuire | thall 'n-a n-ealtain éinshreibhe `are pouring into heaven, a close-gathered flock', Aithd. D. 60.46 . In phrase tar (in) sreib chatha in contexts ref. to rout, flight, etc.: doradad ár for clannaibh Ēimir uile ┐ rosráined tar sreib chatha budhess `sie wurden über das Gewässer der Schlacht geworfen', ZCP xiii 196.10 . do srainetar uili . . . tar an sreib catha íatt, Celt. Rev. iii 308.10 . rosrainid Fir Bolg dar in s.¤ catha, Ériu viii 38.4 . Of knowledge, learning: tobar lomnán d'fhírshreibh eóil, TD 25.28 . fírshreabh d'fhoilgheas ealadhan `a pure stream of recondite poetry', 32.2 . Of persons: sreba sencha, SR 987 . sreba siabra, 8305 . sriobh nach dtragh re gal greine (a chieftain), ZCP ii 354.30 . ? a srib indaimthe an Airdríg, IGT Verbs ex. 599 . sreabh tobair na trócoire (of Christ), PBocht 15.13 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤drem: s. i rechtaibh ruadmuc, BB 388a7 = serb-dremm, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.10 . ¤gním: dafuc sáile dar srib-gním (seirbgnim, v.l.) `streaming currents', Metr. Dinds. iii 190.2 . ¤long: on Commar s. segda, glossed: gus a soighit loinges srubfada, Leb. Gab.(i) 128.13 . ¤shíd: a charrag na gcuan sreibhshídh of peaceful streams, DDána 68.36 . ¤thonn: a chenn hic srebthuind na fairrge (of a horse), RC xxxvi 263 § 23 .

(b) With adjj. ¤derg: dona srábaib srebdergaib, SR 6780 . ¤dían: Eass . . . sreb-dian . . . Ruaidh, MR 104.14 . ¤gel: ar in Sinainn srib-gil `white-flowing', Metr. Dinds. iii 294.46 . ¤glan: bunad Sinna srib-glaine, Metr. Dinds. iii 292.6 . ¤glas: for ur Samhaoire sriobhglaisi, AFM vi 2026.1 . ¤grinn: rodlín snim sribgrinn, SR 6479 . ¤lúath: sribluath, O'Curry 106 ( H 3.18, 70 ) (cf. Corm. Y 786 ). searbh-shrotha sriobh-luatha, TSh. 6628 . ¤mall: tar an moir sribmall, IGT Verbs ex. 232 . ¤oll: on ccosarnaigh sreabuill `from the great streaming slaughter', Leb. Gab.(i) 110.11 . ¤rúad: tar sál sreabhruadh, SGS iv 140 § 15 . ¤úaine: dar na srothaib srib-úaine, Metr. Dinds. iii 294.28 .

tarsna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tarsna or dil.ie/40161
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: —ae, tarsno, tarsno, forstarsnu, tarsnu, tarsnu, tarsnu, tarsna

n [? —ae io, n.] n s. a tarsno , Thes. ii 255.7 . d s. ond tarsno , 8 . forstarsnu, LU 5810 . tarsnu, 10138 .

I

(a) the cross-beam of a cross: a tarsno for laim cli do sacardaib ... ani ond tarsno sís do anchortib, Thes. ii 255.7 , 8 . ocht cubaitt ar fatt annsa croich ┐ tri cubaitt co leith ina tarrsna, Maund. 13 (perh. to (b)).

(b) width, breadth (as opp. to fot length): tarrsna boisi ina lethet (a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 126.9 . trī lēigi amāin t.¤ ┐ leithet an locha `the lake is only three leagues in width,' Fl. Earls 92.5 . téad ... ré tomhas chathrach Jerusalem ar fad ┐ ar t.¤ , TSh. 723 . a t.¤ ó Shliabh Eichtghe go Sliabh Eibhlinne (of Tuadhmhumha), Keat. i 126.80 .

II In adverbial expressions.

(a) d s. tarsnu (later tarsna) across, from side to side, diametrically: ni triit tarsnu toimsideir it is not measured in diameter (of the earth), SR 172 . Cf. Laws i 28.26 . tarsnu on dorus di arailiu, LU 10138 . act nib tarrsna do fuarcartur enech i neinech `provided he does not cross-strike the person threshing face to face opposite him,' Laws iii 220.y Comm. fiar is tarnsna théid mo long `tack and tack my vessel beats,' O'Gr. Cat. 336.8. siobhal an fhearainn t.¤ (of evasive arguing), Luc. Fid. 286.1 .

(b) Hence as quasi-adj. crosswise, oblique, crooked: an crann t.¤ a-tá ar an gcrois, DDána 23.17 . má rugas chéim th.¤ thoruibh if I avoided Thee by deviating from it (the true path), 25a.24 . guais bheith dod threabhadh t.¤ , Content. xiv 2 . slighe tarrsna, Dán Dé xxii 13.

(c) In phrase for tarsnu (later fo tharsnu, —a)=(a): colluid triana chend forstarsnu, LU 5810 (= fortharrsu, TBC-I¹ 1338 ). co mboí faén for tarsnu isind áth ina ligu, LU 6199 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot, alaile fortarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 . roarsetar an innsi fo tharsnu arantia hanc insulam , Lat. Lives 79.z . ro badh faóinbhél foth.¤ ro hiomcradh ara eoch é, AFM v 1778.11 .

(d) With foll. prep. and noun (cf. III (b)): cor bo chross tall t.¤ triana chlíab (of a spear), IT iii 480.243 . con tigeth gai D. t.¤ ind, YBL 172a32 . nobid ... crand t.¤ tarsin tech, ZCP vii 300.9 . tarrsna os cinn urlair in tseomra, vi 297.5 .

III In prepositional expressions.

(a) d s. tarsnu (later tarsna) across, over (with foll. gen.): a dá malaig ... tarrsnu a gnúisi, BDD² 853 . lan bel in demes t.¤ ind aisle itir tiget ┐ lethet, Laws i 132.24 Comm. tarrsna in tiri uile, CCath. 3426 . fiarth.¤ na lurgan ar aicmi muini ... ceartth.¤ ar aicme ailme `athwart the shinbone ... straight across,' Auraic. 5783 . t.¤ an achaidh, TD 4.7 . ? Here also: lenfetar in da tailcend techt Taige tarrsnae crainn, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 51.1 . lotar īar tain dar fid tarrsnæ 'they then cut across a wood', BDC 108.64 ​.

(b) With following prep. governing dat. (cf. II (d)): muir ┐ mor-ghaoth tarrsna re taobuibh trenlong, ML² 699 . bréid ciartha t.¤ ar a shúilibh `over his eyes,' Keat. iii 1356 . Cf. tucad dóib ... in mucc ┐ cethorcha dam dia tarsnu `across her,' Sc.M² 7.1 .

Mod. Ir. treasna. Cf. ceithre croinn trasna ar a thóin, TD 279 (poem 44 v.9) . trasna tar a ttáinig, 23 M 25, 89.10 .

tarstnán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tarstnán or dil.ie/40162

 

n o, m. (? trost ? tarsna) small beam, rafter: fiar-tarstnana orda ... ┐ cach treas tarstnan de iarann, CCath. 5232 - 3 . a mullach an bhása do bhádar a thrasnáin ` ledges ,' 1 Kings vii 35.