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bláith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláith or dil.ie/6057

Forms: mláith, bláth, mblāith, bh., blaithi, bróg bhláithghreanta

adj i earlier mláith q.v. Also bláth [o, ā]. n s. f. mblāith, ZCP viii 202.13 . bean bh. g s. f. blaithi, forms given as `cáol uile,' IGT Decl. § 136. bean bhláth, § 137 .

(a) smooth (in orig. sense from subjection to grinding, friction, etc.): bláth (leg. bláith, ed.), mín, réidh `smooth', Eg. Gl. 68. (Of objects of metal, wood, stone, horn) filet ann brugi bláthi, SR 477. deich mbeanna bōnadarc būabaill mblāith, Ériu ii 28.20 . bogada blathi ` polished ', Cog. 158.23 . do bleidedhaibh blaithe, 114.20 . fidchell . . . cona foirind blāith bricc bendaig, MacCongl. 69.26 . do thighibh bláithe, Ériu v 58.27 . ar slios bh.¤ an bhrogha te `on the smooth wall', 62.5 . a measc na ccloch mb.¤ , Isaiah lvii 6. dia mbiailibh bláithibh, AFM v 1556.4 . garbh ṡáithe ┐ mín mheile / sgín eibhe bláithe buidhe with a smooth yellow haft, IGT Decl. ex. 1119. (Of skin, leather; cloth) a inar b.¤ bíannaide `soft tunic of skin' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1871. fa mbratachaib blaithi, MR 224.3 . geabhuidh lamhuinn mbreacchuirr mb.¤ , KMMisc. 170 § 12.

(Of food and drink) fít bec b.¤ a small light ration, Ériu ii 65 § 8. bid b.¤ do deog, iv 106.8 . blongi bláthi `smooth lard', MacCongl. 81.24 . In comic n.pr. meic borrchrothi blāthi, MacCongl. 33.16 .

? fosair blaith boairech . . . cred é b.¤ annsin. Inand é ┐ dag boaire co mbail foranaeí ┐ isé sin b.¤ atber ann, H 3.18, 646b32 ( O'Curry 1449 ).

(b) (In fig. sense) smooth, gentle, soft; comely: is amlaid sain bis ríge / garb a thús . . . / b.¤ a mmedón, Ériu iv 106.6 . i márḟlaith . . . / indat bláithe beccáin, Fél. Sept. 4. muinter b. romín (the inhabitants of Heaven), LU 2041. ind ḟírflaith blaith builid búan (of Conn Cétchathach), Airne F. 267. blaith .i. suthain, Stowe Gl. 245 (an inference ?). in énlaith búan b.¤ , LU 3696 ( SCC 33 ). fer blaith cennais ` mild ', PH 1974. Bēbinn blāith, ZCP vi 269 § 6. mor . . . do bhann- trachtaibh blaithe bíthe, Cog. 42.15 . [fi]r bláthi bithi borba, Ériu viii 70.7 . blāith ro-gabais cucut corp (to Christ), ACL iii 242 § 16. a abhlainn bh.¤ bheannaighthe `O bright . . . Host', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 6. in troigh ṡlisseang, boindgeal b.¤ `smooth . . . foot', Ériu iv 218.15 . brēthir b.¤ `with gentle word(s)' (Gloss.), Sc.M² 21f . gut[h] blāith, ACL iii 306 § 9. na tuill buide mblāith / fria duine nach dlúith, KMMisc. 274.15 . oentu . . . blaith, Cog. 122.17 .

Equative: bláithidir scotha, Eg. 1782, 18a1 (cited Contribb. 225 ).

Compar. bláithe ná blaosg na huighi smoother (of a mansion), O'Gr. Cat. 354.1.

Superl. is é rígh as bláthem ┐ as mínem . . . dod-ánic, BDD² 1072.

Adv. atá slíghe . . . déanta go b.¤ = the way is made plain, Proverbs xv 19. gi-bé thairgfeadh a riar go b.¤ ` satisfactorily ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 29.4 .

As subst. tairm na bláithe buige of the smooth, gentle (harp), SG 108.25 .

Compds. With nouns: ag binnghabháil a bíáidae ┐ a blathurnaighthe gentle prayers, Ériu v 86.17 . blāthc[h]aomna bocht, ZCP viii 215.16 . im bláitheing mbric ngreanta `neat border' (of embroidery), Magauran 2086 . ar beinn a bruit ┐ a bláithédaigh, Ériu v 76.38 . blaithliag `a pumice-stone ', Eg. Gl. 735. an cethramhad mionn dibhsin, / an mblaithminestir mbuadhach `smooth . . . reliquary', BNnÉ 270 § 241 . bláthoige gach ball id mhiocht smooth perfection, Magauran 2077 . Aedh mac C. . . . /. ui. bliadna fa blaithríadail, BB 59a31 .

With adjj.: i n-iomdaidh bhuiligh blaith-bind full of soothing sounds, BNnÉ 273 § 245 . is mic Cairbre bhuig bhláithcháoin fair and gentle, Ériu v 86.8 . mias . . . bhláthchaoin (of fine earthenware), TSh. 889. do breacsrol blathetrocht `smooth -bright', CCath. 4665. la C. mbúan mblaithfial soft and modest C., Gorm. Jan. 12. righti . . . blaithghelai smooth, white arms, TE 4 Eg. cona dib caelspeltib blathmaetha biannaide (of a sword-case of skin), CCath. 4692. blaithmín fri boctaib, Gorm. Sept. 25. re táobh na learg mbláithslim mbán, IGT Decl. ex. 417. beith ind-ēccmais Brīain bláith-rēidh, ZCP viii 218.31 . a bodhadhaibh blaithrighne smooth, tough bows, AFM v 1646.5 . With part. bróg bhláithghreanta, Magauran 4133 .

brandub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brandub or dil.ie/6550

Forms: brandubh, brannamh

n o (appar. 1 bran + dub) brandubh (brandamh, brannamh, v.ll.) m., IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) . Name of a board-game , (associated with fidchell and búanbach) see Zimmer, KZ xxx 79 , TD ii 198 - 199 , MacWhite, Éigse v 29f . (`clearly modern chess' in TSh. 852 ff ., ibid.), see branán. b.¤ .i. bro ḟind ann ┐ bro dub nó b.¤ .i. a dub fora broin (ed. broin[n]), Lec. Gl. 204. luis .i. lam, ut est luis fir fora mbrandubh decraiter, O'Dav. 1158. búaid fidchilli ┐ branduib `the gift of playing b.' (among Cú Ch. 's gifts), TBC-LL² 550 . ic imbirt b.¤ḟidchell , 745 . imbert b.¤ ┐ búanbaig ┐ fithchille `back-gammon and draughts and chess', RC xiii 442 § 17. ór corcra ar chlár a mbrannaimh, DDána 100.17 . Fig. bearta brannaimh na beatha agá n-imirt leó, TSh. 859. Of the board, the pieces: b.¤ ┐ fi[d]chell `chessmen and chessboards' ( Corm. Tr. 129 ), Thr. Ir. Gl. 34 s.v. orc tréith. etir . . . fidhcill ┐ brandam `draughtboards, and draughtmen' (a king's treasures), RC xviii 182.8 (Tig.). ata mo b.¤ . . . / cuiciur airgit gil can glór / ┐ ochtur do dergór, Acall. 3949. coic ḟidchella ┐ u. branduib, LL 7277. la fichit b.¤ brecboirdnech, 7284 . go n-a brannuibh déad, Ériu i 95.4 . bhar mbrannaimh / . . . do chéadarraibh, DDána 74.48 ` draughtsmen ', Ir. Monthly 1919, 342 § 48 . See foirenn (c). Fig. imirt ar ghuin ghallbhrannuibh `playing for a check at foreign chessmen', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150.14 .

cetharchair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cetharchair or dil.ie/8911

Forms: cethrochair

adj Also cethrochair, etc. (cethair + 7 eochair) four-sided, square, rectangular : cetharcoir . . . in ḟidchell , Corm. 21 . cuairt cethrochair, SR 4225 . crand cuilind ceathrochair, Anecd. ii 5.x . a chathbarr . . . cethrochair, LU 6392 (TBC). noí tinne cetharchóire, 7162 (BDD). eclus cetarcoir, BB 241b29 . soscēla do thīrm-chaisi cetharochair, MacCongl. 81.31 . clogadceinnbeirt cethairfheochair, Stair Erc. 1244 . Coir cetharchuir (Dagda's harp), RC xii 108 § 163 .

cluiche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cluiche or dil.ie/9644
Last Revised: 2013

n io n. ? (cluiche ara-fuīretar fo mórslúagu dūlecha 'games which have been prepared for eager hosts' ZCP xlvii 55 ) (see Bergin, Ériu xii 205 n.1 ) game, play, sport (used both of athletic contests and of board-games); aigid, feraid, do-gní, imm-beir, -cuirethar c.¤ plays; very freq. of the celebration of commemorative games at an `ōenach': cluche n-óimin n-inmeldag / aigdit, Imr. Brain 41 (cluithe, v.l.). ferais cluichi la maca, Blathm. 102 § 40 . ni curtar ilach na gair cocluiche .i. golium cona c.¤ in tres bundsach `prattle(?) and playing', BCrólige 61 . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig `no games are played in the house', ibid. fuil mic a cain cluithe `in lawful sport', Laws v 142.10 . monuar, a dhaoine maithe, / ba fearr a laithe cluithe, / mór liach Cionaedh mac Conaing, / hi lomaind do cum cuithe, AFM i 480.12 . c.¤ nō aonach, is dō is ainm nāsad, Corm. Y 796 . aenach . . . cia tiasa dia cluithi ind .i. do denam graithfne and, Laws v 484.y Comm. ferr c.¤ gairbe, / ferr grūad grīsadh a game is better than rough play(?), Anecd. iii 18.12 . cluchi ┐ céti ┐ ánius ┐ aibinnius (at an óenach), LU 3225 ( SCC 1 ). niro tairmesc a cluchi immi, 5008 (TBC). nín tairmesc día chluchiu, 1707 . conid cles ┐ cluchi lim comrac fri óenfer, 8469 ( FB 32 ). nimda sátech dom cluchi béos, 4996 . bīit trī chōecaid macc and . . . oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 369 (oc cluchiu, LU). bāi C. . . . oc a cluichiu oc dul adochum in gillai, Ériu i 118 § 8 . baei Conairi a ceithri cairpthig i lLifiu occa cluichiu, BDD² 128 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 ( SG 416.3 ). radis in mac bec . . . ar co ndigsed dá chluchi do chluchemaig na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 878 . maccáem do thichtain in far cluchi can chur a faisma foraib, 908 . cluche ban Lagen (at Óenach Carmain), Metr. Dinds. iii 14.173 . i Muig Ḟind, ┐ ba sead on tir cluichi Aengusa ┐ Midir, Dinds. 79 . cluithe gl. iocus, Ir. Gl. 518 . dena c.¤ re do comais `play with', TTebe 3781 . ic imbirt cles ┐ cluithe ┐ iomána, TBC St. 770 . cluithchi fithli aga imirt acu, ZCP vi 44.17 . cluiche .i. imteacht, Lec. Gl. 288 (perh. a mistake for imirt, Stokes). an tan is caeine an cluiti is and dlegur a discur (prov.), Grail 226 . éanlámh don ch.¤ `the only player in the game', Content. xvi 125 . breith an ch.¤ `winning card' (Gloss.), xiv 55 . c.¤ .i. comhrac. cluithe .i. imirt no súgradh, O'Cl. óna huile chluichthibh díomháoine domhanda `playes', RSClára f. 116b . ag cur ch.¤ `whilst playing a game', ALC i 98.20 = AFM ii 988.16 . an cleasradh nó na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4160 . bert chluichi a move in a game: tecascidsi beirt chluthi for a hathair and, LB 275b21 . beart cluiche ní dheachaidh dhe `never was any point in the game lost by him', O'Hara 1381 . Cf. batar ic imirt fichilli . . . beirt diarbo cluchi for M. a move owing to which the game went against M., Cog. 144.4 .

c.¤ caínte(ch) funeral games : ara nderntais . . . / c.¤ caíntech dia caíniod, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.44 ( LL 27812 ). fo ch.¤ Charmain cháintech, iii 24.304 . dorónta c.¤ chointe dó, TTr.² 1229 . ro haghadh a cepoc ┐ a cluichi caintech, RC xxiv 282 § 24 . na Greic do commorad cluichi chaintig i n-onoir . . . mic L., TTebe 2191 . Cf. láiset gair chaíne . . . / . . . / ro acht leo a cluchi cned, LL 26277 .

mag (in) c(h)luichi playing field : oc āine līathrōidi i maig in cluithi, TBC-I¹ 428 . i maig cluithi, 477 .

With various defining genitives: cluichi puill fognithi for faichthi na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 972 ( LL 8393 ). Téite . . . do dul ann (i.e. to Tráig Théite) . . . do ch.¤ thuinde co ro báidhed ann iat, Acall. 3824 (`a wave-game i.e. surf-riding', SG ii 200 - 201 ). cluichi disci . . . .i. cluichi méisi `the game of the discus', TTebe 2468 - 69 . c.¤ lúibe the name of some ball-game, taken to be hurling s.v. lúb q.v. and in CF² Gloss . but lúb may refer to a hoop through which the ball was driven, not to the club. Cf. Celtica viii 150 .

beirid (-cuirethar) c.¤ (AR, DO = DI ?) wins the game against: noco berad orm . . . / cluchi erail ar fidchill, LU 3974 ( SCC 45 ). nobered C. cluithi na nona for Illand (of fidchell), Anecd. i 11.26 ( SCano 358 ). bean mé ar ar cuireadh c.¤ , DDána 120.24 . do beredh [Laog] gac[h] re ccloic[h]e do (for, v.l.) Coin Culainn, TBC St. 1622 .

Legal. col cluichi (colchluiche?) foul play, breach of rules of play : ataitt ceithre col cluithi la feinee (sic), uatha fri hilar, ┐ cros diubrucad ┐ taithe tuilche, ┐ bundsach in airecht, O'Curry 2376 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). fiach fiancluiche . . . fiach cola cluichi `fine for fair-play . . . fine for foul-play', Laws iii 258.19 , 21 Comm. fiach col cluithe, O'Curry 2377 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). Cf. bad c[h]ert do chluichiu frim, TBC-I¹ 750 . muindtir rig . . . ac fromad a nirt is éric cola cluithi uaithib, O'D. 1568 ( H 5.15, p. 4 ) (in the case of an injured animal). See fían-, medón-, col-.

(b) jest, sport : a denam ar daigin c.¤ for sport, Laws iii 250.14 Comm. `tabraidh dantmír dó' or fer dubh docluiche (leg. do ch.¤ in sport, by way of a jest), ZCP i 464.z (`evil-jesting', Meyer). ? c.¤ gu bás Bríain Banda / loisgthi as marbtha is madmanda, IGT Decl. ex. 1145 .

(c) feats of strength, feats of arms : immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. Tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB 39 ). tiagam far cluchi inn átha, TBC-LL¹ 3763 . ro thuairc cach a chéile combó derg ind aband dib. Fortressiu iarum a chluchi in Chonaill, LL 13511 .

c.¤ ind ríg the name of some epidemic : cluichi an Rig a nErinn uli . . . ┐ Risderd Sabais d'ec de, Ann. Conn. 1361.6 . c.¤ in righ do beith co tiugh isin bliadhain sin i n-Erinn, AU ii 512.9 . Cormac . . . do dhul d'eg do c.¤ in righ, Aedh . . . don plaidh cetna, 540.5 . See Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 178 .

As quasi-vn. catt bec boí forsind lár oc cluchiu, LU 1705 . luid-seom . . . do chluchi frisna gillu isin léna, Fing. R. 427 . fecht . . . do P. ic cluithiu itir a comaistiu ludebat, Lat. Lives 46.3 . ? gabaidh C. for eiliugud Mic Coisi, ┐ a chluiche (cluithe, MS.) ime, ZCP viii 559.16 (? leg. ┐ ic c.¤ ). acc c.¤ ┐ acc fanamhatt impaibh, AFM vi 2324.10 .

? cluichi ar chaill, LL 27427 (= Clochar nGuill, Metr. Dinds. iii 306.32 ). sin an chéad lá do sgaoileadh / fuireann d'ar saoithibh con a gcluithche `in the chase', Oss. iv 22.6 .

Compd. ¤-mag playing-field : adell C. laiss iarom a cluchemag, LU 4981 . laa dó . . . isin chluichimaig oc immáin, Fing. R. 334 . bui-sium ara clesaib cluithemuige co dered laei, TMoméra 156.4 .

crenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crenaid or dil.ie/12859

Forms: -crenaim, cren(a)i, c., -chren, crenas, creanus, crenar, -crenar, -chrenat, crenad, cren, criad, crenar, crie, -criae, -criä, -cria, -crither, nocretha, nu-da-criad, criäd, criad, -ciur, ceachrad, -ciūir, -giúir, ciúir, críth, creicc, crenamain

v Indic. pres. 1 s. -crenaim, Ériu xiii 28.26 . 2 s. cren(a)i, GOI 378 . 3 s. c.¤ , Laws v 40.24 Comm. -chren, Metr. Dinds. iii 312.115 . Rel. crenas, Wb. 29d23 . Críth G. 2 . creanus, Laws v 20.13 . Pass. crenar (rel.), Laws ii 360.1 . -crenar, Ériu xiii 25.32 . 3 p. -chrenat, Wb. 10b7 . Impf. 3 s. crenad, Metr. Dinds. i 26.181 . Ipv. 2 s. cren, Vita Br. 13 . 3 s. criad (with subj. stem), Tec. Corm. 1.41 . Pass. crenar, Laws iii 152.25 . Subj. pres. 2 s. crie, ZCP xiii 21.33 . -criae, Ériu i 199.2 . -criä, ZCP vii 498.8 . 3 s. -cria, Metr. Gl. D. 25 . Lec. Gl. 172 . O'Curry 2161 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)c ). Pass. -crither (-chreder, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 140.1 . Impf. 2 s. ? nocretha, Eg. 1782, 16b cited Contribb. 512 . 3 s. nu-da-criad, Laws v 392.2 . 394.2 . no criäd , Fing. R. 208 . ro criad , O'Curry 2161 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)c ). fut. 1 s. -ciur, Ériu xii 150 § 12 (TE). 3 s. cf. cíura, O'Cl. Condit. 3 s. ceachrad, Lec. Gl. 171 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. -ciūir, Thes. ii 332.3 . ? -giúir, Ériu xvi 65.26 . ? rod ciúir , LL 23742 . Later with general stem cren-.

Vn. críth, creicc, crenamain.

Buys, obtains (di from) later also sells, dispenses (see O'Brien, Celtica iv 101 ): fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir diachlainnd, Wb. 29d23 . fer creanus tir, Laws v 20.13 . cren dímsa m' ingin, Vita Br. 13 . ? ro chren a berla cach ṁbrúit, LL 4424 . ní criae ní doib `buy not aught for them', Ériu i 199.2 . cach creanus a suiri dia dan, Laws v 14.28 = crechnais, O'Curry 162 ( H 3.18, 92 ). coruicce . . . boin nu-dacriad i.e. of equal value, Laws v 392.2 . Similarly: aen fer dia foirinn nama do crenfadh secht cumala (of a ` fidchell '), Lism. L. p. 317. x . cid luaig no criäd, Fing. R. 208 `though he had to buy it at a price', n. Colum Cille crenad brait `who used to redeem captives', Metr. Dinds. i 26.181 . in ti no crenfadh fora comthrom do der[g]or cech ubull dib who should buy, Stair Erc. 251 . crean .i. ceannach, O'Cl. crenar, odhar, airlicther, Laws iii 152.27 Comm. ? rocrean gach sidh-cuiri samna / Cichmuine fear calma in cuain, Ériu x 78 § 22 . ram crensitar `(my sins) have sold me', Ir. Lit. 6.9 . ro chren fial-garta dispensed , LU 4277 . nocha crenob ríg n-Erinn fort-sa I shall not give up the king of I. for thee, IT i 127.13 ( TE 13 ) = -ririab, 30 (LU). a maith re cliaraib ro chrean he disposed of, LL 4368 . go gcreanfadh ré déirc . . . dissipate (of wealth), TSh. 10049 . do chreanfadh é féin ré tathfann eachtrann who should devote himself to, Keat. iii 3894 . Hence in Ó Bruad. c.¤expends (effort?) on, attempts: is mairg nár chrean re maitheas saoghalta / do cheangail `who hath failed to bind', Ó Bruad. ii 24.1 . creanaid cách re a chur i ndíon `which everybody laboured to defend', 278.6 . creanfad féin re cantain réada `I myself shall attempt to play something or other', iii 142.7 . is céim cruaidh re gcreanfainn [triall] `which I should undertake', iii 210.12 . Note also: ar ngrádh-ne . . . ná creanadh bhur gcruadhtan linn, Hackett² 1.6 .

dulsaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dulsaine or dil.ie/19216
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dullsaine, Dullsaine, Dualsaine, Dulsine, Dualsine

n , f. (? 4 dul + fem. suffix Cín Chille Cúile 177 ). mockery, satire (?): trí maic beres drús do lonnus: tuilféth, fídchell, d.¤ , Triads 142 (with gl. .i. cáinedh no cainseoiracht, p. 39 ) = dullsaine, YBL 416b3 . ro cedla duba dullsaine, O'D. 2214 (Nero A vii, 147b). A female satirist , O'R. Poems Scene d.¤ (.i. ba ben cāinti í) ben Aimirgin Gluinghil, Leb. Gab.(i) 262 . As n.pr. f. Dullsaine, LL 162 marg. sup. ingen hui D.¤ in bannlicerd, Corm. s.v. prull (gen. also Dualsaine, Dulsine, Dualsine, ib. LB). See follg.

fáithchíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáithchíall or dil.ie/21216

n f. (prob. a compd. of fáth skill rather than fáith prophet. Cf. fithcill [ = fidchell] .i. fathciall .i. fath ┐ ciall occ a imbirt, Corm. Y 607 ). Mystic lore (?), gift of divination (?). a bhfháithciall sin innis ... dúinn their meaning (of visions) 76 . a fháithchiall oighre Chumhaill `second sight' (i.e. thou with s.s.) Ériu ix 10.102 .

ferbolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferbolg or dil.ie/21698

n o, m. lit. `man-bag' a bag; satchel, or pouch (for chess-men?): fidchell ... clár n-argit ┐ fir óir ... ┐ ferbolg di figi rond crédumae, LU 10808 . f.¤ fichilli, D IV 2, 63rb47 . Of a physician's bag: f.¤ fo coim gach fir, TBC-LL¹ 5498 St. a coimeta leghis, as iat na ferbolga, 5509 St. (hence, apparently: fearbholga .i. máilíneadha little bags O'Cl.) A sheath? claidbi órduirn ... bar a cressaib, go ferbolgaib argit, TBC-LL¹ 4397 = claideb ōrduirn foa choim cech ḟir, ferbolc impu cotici a ndī aithircc, TBC-I¹ 2852 (fearbholga .i. brísde, O'Cl., may be due to a misunderstanding of the latter ex.). cloidhmhe ... co bferbolccaibh leó, TBC-LL¹ 5517 St. (hence, apparently: fearbholga .i. trúaille; cloidhmhe go bfear bholgaibh .i. go dtruaillibh, O'Cl.).

fid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fid or dil.ie/21999
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fid, fid, fiuth, fedo, feda, feda, feadha, feda, fidu, feda, fedae, fiodh, feadh, fedae, feadha, Feda, Feadhaibh, fidbretha, fidbreth, fidbhrethaibh, buale, fiddromandaib, fidḟaebraib, ḟidliss, fidlestra, fidletrenda, fidlosa, fidnemeda, fidṡlatta

n u, m. (occasionally nasalizing in n.l. : Fid nGabli, LL 159a50 = Dinds. 11 . See Todd Lect. iv 203 ). n s. in fid Wb. 5b42 . d s. fid, Ml. 146a5 . fiuth, Trip. 194.19 . g s. fedo, Thes. ii 46.22 . Sg. 35b12 . feda, 12a5 . 70a12 . 121a1 . ind feda , LU 4768 . feadha, TD 13.2 . n p. feda, Auraic. 952 . a p. fidu, TBC-LL¹ 3791 , 6054 . feda, LL 108b46 . Corm. Bodl. s.v. serb . g p. fedae, O'Mulc. 511 (?). fidh, Auraic. 1199 . fiodh, feadh, TD 21.40 ; 28.35 . Orig. perhaps `a boundary-tree ' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 41 .

(a) a tree (sense in Glosses). arnaib fedaib (gl. pro arbustis) Ml. 146a6 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu et fid aile do esnid and it is their wont to cut a tree and to insert another tree therein 5b42 . clandaid fedha isna muighib corbad caillte `plant trees in the plains that they may be forests' RC ix 16 § 4 . nenaid quasi non fid hi acht lus, Corm. Y 987 . amail timc[h]illes féth fidh, Fianaig. 94.21 . mar nasces féith fidu, TBC-LL¹ 3791 . ná loisc ríg na fed (of `féithlenn') SG 245.15 . risna fedaib fína (fig. of chiefs) RC xiii 74.18 . doire ... do ḟeadhaibh crainnreamhra (i.e. spears) ML 128.29 . direnar fo tairdbe cach feda ... acht ni saeres nemed de (.i. a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e), Laws iv 168.22 ( 170.14 ; cf. fidnemed). defining gen. : caill fedha `a wood of trees ' Laws i 32.14 . crich incoisce bile feada `a district ... marked by an ancient tree' iv 142.19 Comm . fāl fedae (g pl. ?) a tree-hedge O'Mulc. 511 . Passing into sense of tree-trunk, tree regarded as timber : ceithre fedha ... i croich mic Dé ... cedir, cupris, etc. ZCP viii 107.16 . is cuileand in tres fidh roith in carpait holly is one of the three woods used in a chariot-wheel Auraic. 1182 . Of small plants : fidh aigenta, ut est int aitend no in fraoch ┐ rl., Auraic. 2833 . Hence

(b) wood, timber: aicdi dognethi di fiuth [ḟid v.l.] na cailli sin, Trip. 194.19 . co ngaisciuth do ith wooden armour TBC-I¹ 1180 = doíd, LU 5657 (= do ḟid). Of a shaft or pole : feadha spear-shafts ML 132.17 . fonnad fri fonnad, f.¤ fri f.¤ , LU 8705 ( FB 53 ). canna, f.¤ bis il-laim (= walking-stick ?), O'Mulc. 204 . Of a wooden shield : fid fō coitled comḟūaim ṅglaíd, Ériu xx 192 § 2 .

(c) trees (coll.), a wood or grove: distinguished fr. 1 caill : fulacht cacha chaille, cnuas cacha feada, Laws v 482.26 . In Auraic. 1150 ff ., Laws iv 146.18 ff ., trees and shrubs are classified as airig fedha, athaig (aithig) f., fodla f. and lossa f. iter fid ┐ mag, Thes. ii 239.15 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). roselgatar ... in fith resna cairpthib TBC-I¹ 275 (= fid, LU 4769 ). fri tamnad feda for felling trees BB 365b13 ( Dinds. 27 ). imthéigmís ... cach f.¤ ┐ cach fásach, TBC-LL¹ 3531 . i fedaib ┐ fásaigib, 554 . ralotar fón f.¤ ba comnessam dóib, CRR 37 ( LL 176a35 ). ni ḟarcaibset figh na fēr ... gan loscad, RC xliii 110 § 116 . tairthe fiodh TD 21.40 . sleibhte ... ameasg a feadh, 28.35 . As n.l. in pl., Feda the Fews: isna Feadhaibh , AU 1452 . See Hog., Onom.

(d) a letter of the alphabet (each letter being called after a tree) fid ... a airbert .i. a thapairt for v fedhaib fichit inn ogaim, Auraic. 3551 . In this sense sometimes called f.¤ saerda artificial tree: fid saerda .i. f.¤ inn oghaim ┐ f.¤ aicenta f.¤ na caille, Auraic. 397 . Cóic Con. 25.3 . f.¤ .i. fo ead a inde iter saerda ┐ daerda ┐ aiceanta, Lec. Gl. 215 . imord feda .i. Colman quasi comlān transposition of letters BColm. 6.5 . fidh ┐ deach letter and metrical foot Anecd. v 27 n. 21 . fri fidíu [leg. fidu] ┐ deuchu, IT iii 24 § 3 . reim do fidh for fidh (= alliteration ) Auraic. 805 . dūil feda, the name of a treatise (see 3 dúil) : amal duiruirmi [Fenius] isin Duil Feadha Māir, Auraic. 200 . anmand fidh ... amal fogabar isna Duilibh Fedha inn ogaim, 1199 (= isin Duili F., 4311 ). de dúlib feda na for[f]ed, LL 38b7 ( Auraic. 5417 ), title of tract on the Ogham symbols for diphthongs. See 3 dúil. duili sluinnti ┐ duile feda, Laws i 44.20 .

(e) esp. a vowel, distinguished fr. taebomna `consonant' : fedha ┐ taobomna id est uocales et consonantes , Auraic. 2787 . 393 . f.¤ na filidechta ... ┐ an taophomna docuirither reisin bfiodsin, 3565 . f.¤ in anma prosta, 3567 . feda airegda vowels (dist. fr. forfeda `diphthongs') 1341 . 2870 . 199 . IGT, Introd. 4.16 . (Used inaccurately to include diphthongs) na .x. feadha airegdha, Auraic. 427 . Cf. uillind .i. uilli na fil and .i. dā cnāim nō dā fid, Corm. Y 1282 (see uilen and 2 uillenn).

Compds. ¤ár destruction of trees: uentus maximus co ra la fidhar, AU 856 . AFM iii 38.9 . ventus magnus ... condarsgar fidhár mar isnaib caillibh, AU 891 . co nderna f. 1121 . ¤bla boundary marked by a tree or wood: fidhbla, crich son incoisce bile feada, Laws iv 142.19 Comm. ¤breth judgment concerning timber: n p. fidbretha, Laws i 182.1 . O'D. 931 (< H 3.17, 658b ). g p. fidbreth, Laws iv 168.20 . d p. fidbhrethaibh, Irish Texts iv 26 . ¤buale a wooden enclosure or pen: as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib, LL 265a9 ( MU² 391 ). ¤chat `wooden cat' mouse-trap (< ON tréköttr, Marstrander, Bidrag 46 ) : fidhcat, (gl. muscipula) Ir. Gl. 260 . amal charas in luch biad in ḟidchait, PH 7738 . ¤chóem (adj.) : slega ... fidcaimi with beautiful shafts Cog. 160.26 . ¤chrann wooden shaft; pair of large wooden dividers or reaping tool ( Peritia xv 314, EIF 501 ): ní bhoí rinn ... for gaib ... acht a mbeith mar ḟidhchrannaibh `wooden bars' Cóir Anm. 268 . dias f. Laws iv 310.12 ( Críth G. 178 `a pair of wooden shears', see note), cf. MacNeill, Law of status 291 .

¤chúach

drinking-vessel (the first element may originally have been mid mead) Celtica x 144-45 : mo[i]r beolu fidchōich, TBC-I¹ 395 ; 'as big as the mouth of a wooden drinking-vessel' Celtica x 144 = midchúaich, LU 4882 . samla beolo fidchuaich indara súil do, RC xiv 404.5 .

f. ┐ cú lomna leu, LL 251b44 ( TBFr. 26 ). ZCP iv 44. 32 ; 'a wooden vessel (for water or mead ?)' Celtica x 145-46 . Cf. dias oicfended, otē findliatha ┐ fidcuach cechtar de is mo, TBC-I¹ 2815 ; 'two grey-haired warriors, each carrying a wooden vessel on his back' (reading for muin cech ai) Celtica x 145 .

¤druimm a wooded hill or ridge: oc imt[h]echt ind ḟiddromma, LU 3768 ( SCC 34 ). d p. fiddromandaib, TTebe 696 . ¤fáebar : d p. fidḟaebraib, TBC-LL¹ 2328 (context obscure). Hence adj. ¤fáebrach : fraech ... f. deg-arm, MR 224.14 (epithet prob. refers to the spears of a phalanx.) ¤fogal plunder of woods or timber: Fea fri fidḟogail Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 198.3 . ¤gerrtha shaft-slashed: gur bho blogha ... fíodhghearrtha na feadha (of spear-shafts) ML 132.16 . ¤glennach belonging to a wooded valley: epithet of a bull , Metr. Dinds. iii 372.72 . ¤less: g s. Eochaid fírén ḟidliss `of the woodbuilt keep' Metr. Dinds. iv 44.14 ( v 141 ). re mac rígh fega fidhlis, Acall. 1195 (fedha findlis v.l., sic leg.? Stokes). dar Fé cusna fidlessaib (= Mag fea? Cf. ¤fogal) LL 48a22 ( SG 373.13 ). a bhferunn Fhiachach fidhlis, RC xliii 32 § 31 . ¤lestar a wooden vessel: pl. fidlestra, Laws v 406.18 . ¤lethrenn a wooden clog attached to foot of an animal to prevent it from straying: pl. ro scuirit a n-eich ... ┐ ro cuirit a fidletrenda fosta fuithib, Acall. 2803 n . ¤luss tree-herb, shrub: pl. fidlosa BB 309a19 ( Auraic. 5493 - 6 ) = losa feda, see (c) above. ¤nemed a tree which grows on the land of the nemed-person, a sacred tree ( Bechbretha 108-9 ); a sacred wood or grove , but also a tree or grove on church land ( CMCS viii 50 ): acht inni ṡoeras de sin a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e, uair nocon fo aignedh craind ita in [dire] aind side acht fo aigned graid inti iga m[b]ind 'but its being the tree of a sacred person is what increases it, for the penalty there does not depend on the nature of the tree, but on the nature of the rank of the person who owns it' Bechbretha 58 § 15 n. c . racossecrad ... fidneimed do Ióib ┐ a delb in dea isind ḟidnemiud, LL 227a20 ( TTr. 732 ). fidhnemhedh coisrectha dona déibh, CCath. 1768 . fidnemead (.i. fid cilli), Laws v 474.7 ( 476.3 ). dire in fidnemid i 162z Comm . Ard Macha do loscadh eter tigib ┐ dam líag ┐ cloictheach ┐ fidhnemidh, RC xviii 350.12 (Tig.). tene ... do ghabail Aird Macha cona farcaibh dertach ... na fidnemedh ann cen loscadh, AU 995 . pl. fidnemeda na Greci, TTebe 288 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . Fig. fidhnemed do tṡlegaib urardu re ṅguaillib (of a band of warriors), Acall. 4418 . See neimed. ¤rath, lit. `wood-stock' (legal term): se rath file la Feine ... luathrath. f., etc., O'Curry 878 (< H 3.18, 393b ). fiadrath [leg. fidrath ?]. .i. rath erner hi fid do loingsech, O'Curry 879 (< H 3.18, 394a ) (cf. rath caille .i. rath do loingsech bis a caill, O'Curry 875 < H 3.18, 392b ). ¤slat a wooden rod, wand: pl. fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1433 . ¤úall? fid-úal (: gúal) `pride of timber' Metr. Dinds. iv 148.36 . ( ¤uall, fiodhghual v.l.).

Freq. used to form proper names, see Hail Brigit p. 23 n. 20 ; for stable compds. see below (fidbocc, fidchell , etc.).

fidchelda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidchelda or dil.ie/22013

Forms: fidhcelda

adj io-iā belonging to the game of ` fidchell ': imat fian fidhcelda (fidchilli, fidhcelluch v.l.), Anecd. ii 58.13 .

fidchell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidchell or dil.ie/22014

Forms: fithchell, fichell, fidchille, fichille, fithchille, fichli, fichle, fitchle, fithli, fidchella, fidcilla, fidchell, fidcella, f.

n ā, f. (fid + ciall `wood-intelligence' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 3 [cf. Corm. Y 607 ], W. gwyddbwyll) spelt fithchell, LU 10806 , IGT, Decl. § 12 . fichell, Acall. 7795 , 7816 ; g s. fidchille LU 4859 , 8804 . fichille, FB 37 Eg. na fithchille , IGT, Decl. ex. 522 . na fichli (incorrect) 523 . fichle, Acall. 7799 . fitchle, ZCP vi 47.13 . fithli, 44.17 . n p. fidchella; fidcilla ZCP x 307.15 .

A game played for a stake with two sets of figures on a square board divided into black and white squares (usually rendered ` chess ,' but the rules are unknown): is cethrachair ... ind fitchill, ┐ it dīrge a tīthe ┐ find ┐ dub fuirre ┐ i[s] sainmuinter cachla fechtus beres a tochell, Corm. Y 607 ; both board and figures were often of costly material and elaborate workmanship. fidchell (son of `drús' by `lonnus'), Triads 142 . masa i n-uamas an catha Troianna rohairged in fidceall if chess was invented RC xii 78.18 . in n-imberam fidchill?, LU 10834 . imberat in fidchill, LL 249a15 ( TBFr. § 8 ). imrem fitcell, ZCP vi 54.19 . fer fidchilli a chessman LU 9073 ( FB 82 ). cluithchi fithli aga imirt, ZCP vi 44.17 . pl. imberthar fidcella dún ( games ) LU 3241 ( SCC 3 ). ic imbirt brandub ┐ fidchell , TBC-LL¹ 871 . ag imbert fidhcheall, TD 19.15 . am maith se ... for fithchill I am good at f.¤ , LU 10804 . Transf. the board and appurtenances of the game: atá sund ... f.¤, ... clār n-argit ┐ fir óir, 10806 (where the f.¤ includes `clár' and `fir'). ecraid M. in fidchill M. arranges the board 10809 . f.¤ ┐. brandub ... huas cach imdai, IT ii 179.3 . tucad na fir ar in fi[d]chill the men were placed on the board Acall. 7815 . ní thiber in fi[d]chill duit ... ┐ ní thibar ní bus mó da foirind 7819 . a bhranáin óir ós ḟidhchill, TD 2.7 (see Notes, ii p. 199 . do frith esp[aid] tri fer don fi[d]chill, Acall. 7796 . fóirni cona fichthillaib sets of men and boards (item of tribute) Leb. Cert. 242.2 . fiche ficheall, Keat. iii 2639 . imon ffithchill n-óir go ttríbh ccédoibh geam innte, AFM i 92.13 . Of a legendary game played in Rome IT ii 215.19 ( LB 187b24 ). nech fritod-gara ┐ im-bera ficeall medar frit a conversation-game, contest of wits (?) ZCP xiii 268.22 .

fidchellach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidchellach or dil.ie/22015

Forms: fidchell aig, Fithchiollach

n o, m. a ` fidchell '-player: Metr. Dinds. i 26 . fi[d]chellach ... as ferr do boi a nEirinn, Acall. 7984 . n p. fidchell aig , LL 29b45 . Cf. go ro curit fidhcelda [leg. fidhcheldaig ?] na Temrach dia saigidh-siumh ... ┐ gou rug-som a toichell, RC xii 78 § 69 . As npr. m. Fithchiollach, TFrag. 92 . Dlúthach mac Fithchellaig, Cáin Ad. § 28 . LL 338g52 . m. Fithchellaich, Rawl. 160a24 ; z 0 .

fidchellacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidchellacht or dil.ie/22016

n ā, f.

(a) the act or art of playing ` fidchell ': ficheallacht (part of education of a chieftain's son), Laws ii 154.11 Comm. ac fidcellacht, RC v 200.20 . dobered leth brandaigechta ┐ fi[d]chillachta fora thigerna, TBC-I¹ 2328 . fichthellacht, Ériu iv 148.14 (v.l.). iarras [an rí] fichiollacht ar Ch. asked C. to play ` fidchell ' 57.10 . Fig. fithceallacht na faithi, CCath. 3398 (= alea Fati Luc. Phars. vi 7 ). CCath. 4593 . f.¤ conrodbai (name of a metre) IT iii 99 § 169 .

(b) (coll.) chessmen (?): dorad a fichthill co n-a fithchillacht do Ailill Leb. Cert. 200.17 = fichellacht, BB 278a28 (possibly in sense a here also).

fidchellaige

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n io, m. a ` fidchell '-player (?): tretell .i. in branaighi nó in marcach no in fichellaighi no in mac righ, O'Dav. 926 (where tretell seems to have the sense of `favorite,' `pet' at court).

fidchleóracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidchleóracht or dil.ie/50286
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. the act or art of playing fidchell : an madh toil leat fithleóracht do dhéanomh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 116.11 . See also fidchellacht.

findruine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. findruine or dil.ie/22111
Last Revised: 2013

n (findbruine, Ériu xi 170 ) electrum or electron; a by-product from the smelting of gold and silver (?) See ZCP xxix 100-1 and cf. Ériu xxxii 156 . In value it is ranked below gold (1 ór, dergór) and above bronze (crédumae): na fil eter créduma ┐ fíndruini atá eter Loegaire ┐ Conall Cernach. a fil dano ... eter findruini ┐ dergór ata eter Conall Cernach ┐ Coin Culaind, LU 8779 ( FB 58 ). is findruine fri fīrōr, ZCP vi 267 § 12 . Cf. miach óir ┐ miach finddruine ┐ miach credumai, Fianaig. 6.18 , corresp. to m. óir ┐ m. airgid ┐ m. crédumai ib. 6z . ataig C. lais ina fúair d'or ┐ d'argut ┐ d'indruini, TFerbe 746 . immdernad iarom [in tiag] di ór ┐ findruine, `[the wallet] was then adorned with gold and white bronze', Trip. 74.24 . uinge óir nó airgid no fhiondruine isin chios riogh gach bliadhna, Fomor. and Norse. 3.23 , Cf. ungi d'argut findruni, Cog. 50.11 (no d'fionndruine v.l.). cúach findruini, LU 8800 ( FB 60 ). sciath ... co mbil findruini, LU 3829 ( SCC 37 ). gipne findruine for a étan, LU 9275 . scíath ... ro breccad do semmannaib findruini, 7331 ( BDD 97 ). dubscíath co calathbúali findruni fair, LU 6297 . tech foa ochtaig findruine, B. in Scáil, 6 . tolc finnruine `a bed of white bronze' Cóir Anm. 70 (p. 318) = toilc findruine, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 76 (where f.¤ is rendered `German silver'). da maelasa findruine, RC xxiv 200.3 . crot ... ┐ iris findruine eisti `a harp with a strap of bronze' Cáin Ad. 6 . fidchell ..., leth a foirne d'ór buide | a lleith aile d'[ḟ]indruine, LU 1106 ( ACC 115 ). claideb corthaire do fíndruine, LU 4520 . delg nduillech d'findruine, TBC-I¹ 3171 . delgi duillecha do ḟindruiniu, TBC-LL¹ 4359 . findruine díre in cheneuilsin ina n-eneclann , LL 312b32 (in the corresp. passage LL 383b28 , Rawl. 119b36 have bān-(h)uma). a chois-ēidedh do chaol-fhinnruine, ML² 1474 .

As npr. f. Acall. 5551 .

Cf. finn-uma, s.v. 1 finn, Compds.

foirenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foirenn or dil.ie/22968

Forms: fairenn, fuirenn, foireann, foirinn, -enn, foirin, foirneadh, foirne, fairne

n ā, f. also fairenn, fuirenn (on etym. see Pokorny, KZ xlv 360 ). foireann, IGT, Decl. § 54 . n s. ind foirinn (rectius -enn) Ml. 33a8 . a s. frisin foirin sin, Wb. 24a24 . late g p. foirneadh, Content. XXIX 20 . cf. gredun na ndaine ┐ forned na long, Aen. 180 .

(a) an indefinite number of persons loosely grouped together by some common characteristic or merely for convenience, a set, group, category ; often takes the place of the indef. pron. pl. (Engl. some, W. rhai), folld. by a defining rel. clause, gen. or partitive DE ; generally with vb. in pl. Gl. factio Ml. 33a8 . is í .. fairend diar bo chumuc these are those to whom [the path] was narrow LU 2159 ( FA 23 ). fairend ... dogníat trócaire, LU 2194 ( FA 27 ). in foirend trá ropo chundla (= multi quibus erat mens sanior) Lat. Lives 88 . ro indarb ... in fairend na cennaigitis na maine PH 4521 . amail is áil leind dilgad dúin on fhoirind rothoccráidsem ... doberam-ne dilgud don fhoirind ron-toccráid 5823 . ar daig na foirne cretfit bi Crist, 1279 . fairenn cach ildana, Ériu iv 163.14 . cor marbad f.¤ mór dib a large number RC xviii 161.26 (Tig.). issed armit fairend conid, etc. some relate that LU 9829 . issed armit fairend aile others relate 7043 ( BDD 69 ). asberat tra fairind do sesib na trachture, Hib. Min. 11.379 . is lór la fairind some think it sufficient Mon. Tall. § 23 . iar foirinn according to some (authorities) RC vi 175.49 . LU 54 (common formula). f.¤... f.¤... some ... others: foirind dib a[c] cor a fotha, foirind ic ordugud cloch, Aen. 304 . rogabsadur ... ac cosaint .i. drem dibh le gainnibh ... ┐ foirind ele le clochuibh ... ┐ furinn ele re slegaibh, ZCP vi 46.28 . dá chend for indala forind díb, a trí lásin forind ele (of snakes) Alex. 718 . Rarely in pl.: is lor la foirne there are many who deem it sufficient LB 10b8 ( Rule of Tallaght p. 70 ).

(b) in more restricted sense a band, troop, company: mórais Fiadat fairinn `magnified the Lord's company' Fél. Aug. 18 . srethad fairne `arranging a troop' RC xxvi 24 § 73 (glossed .i. ... srethugud a dáme, LL 187a43 ). Eo Rosa ... fó foirne chief of a band (?) LL 200a3 (= Dinds. 160 `the good of a crew'). marbais cet fer dia fairind, Ériu ii 24 § 7 . ni bai forand no sochraidi acht gillandrad, Cog. 66.15 . go bhfuirinn laoch, Keat. ii 4342 . pl. fairne fían fortrén, SR 7198 . forne forúallcha na fene, Fianaig. 64.5 . gur bhrúcht sí [viz. an Ḟraingc] foirne uaithe d'áitiughadh críoch oile, Keat. ii 927 . oc flaithib Fáil na fairenn, Ériu iv 98 § 28 . mar bheith cruit le fuireann téad harpers (cf. aes tét, clíar tét ; d'aos dána,d'aos téad ..., Éigse ii 9 ) Oss. vi 82 . Crew (of a ship) : foirend aen-ethair, Acall. 4742 . foirionn na mbád, Fl. Earls 8.11 . adubairt risin furinn in long do deisiugudh, ZCP vi 51.11 . donti atchí in luing ... cona foirinn, O'Dav. 959 . Of inhabitants of a place, country, etc. ; má atá ... go moltar an fonn leis gach stáraidhe dá scríobhann ar Éirinn, díommoltar an ḟoireann leis gach nuaGhallstáraidhe ..., Keat. i p. 76 . ré fuirinn chathrach Ninive, TSh. 8375 . iar ndíbirt na seanḟoirne aiste (= ejectis veteribus colonis) Keat. ii 6206 . foireann chalaidh shore troop i.e. inhabitants (?) TD 9.3 . contr. with f.¤ allmhurdha, L. Cl. A. B. 130 .

(c) a set of chessmen, etc. : ind fhuirend boí for sin chlár TBFr. § 8 ( LL 249a11 ). leth a foirne d'ór buide, LU 1105 ( ACC 115 ) = a fairni, RC xx 282 . foirni finna a ḟidchell aib BB 280b10 = fóirni cona f.¤ , Leb. Cert. 242.2 . d'fhuirinn an bhrannaimh, TSh. 853 . ar fhearaibh foirne an bhrannaimh, 854 . rí na foirne, 855 .Cf. foirnech. Here probably : sleacht Bloid ... gá branáin foirneadh as ḟearr ?, Content. xxix 20 .

(e) rarely of other things : anuas do sóigh ... cnuas mar ḟoirinn óir d'abhaill, Gofraidh Fionn, DDána 99 § 20 .

gonaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gonaid or dil.ie/26387
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gono, gonaid, no-do-guin, immon-goin, goin, gon, goin, gontai, gonas, gonus, gonat, geodnad, gona, náramgonat, gegna, gena, génsa, genaid, géna, géna, geguin, gegna, geguin, geoguin, geogna, gegna, gegnatar, nosgegnatar, gonair, gonar, gonair, gontar, gonaitir, notgignether, geogainter, géntair, gentar, génaiter, gentair, goíte, goéta, góeta, gōita, goét, goet, gáet, gaet, gæt, rongaot, rogoetad, roggōeta, beógaíti, guíti, ngoite, geguin, geognad, gonab-sa, gonfa-so, gonfid, genaid, gonais, romgon, romgonsat, ronghonsadar, gætas, gaet, rogáetsat

Irreg. vb.

A Early forms.

Ind. pres. 1 sg. gono, ZCP xiii 106.5 . 3 s. gonaid, LU 3389 ( SCC 17 ). no-do-guin, Laws ii 284.21 . immon-goin, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 57.12 . cichi goin , TBC-I¹ 1082 . nī gon , 2390 . ni goin , Laws iv 350.18 . (With pron. aff.) gontai, TBC-I¹ 792 . rel. gonas, Corm. Y 700 . gonus, Laws v 176.4 . 3 pl. nos gonat , LU 4474.

Impf. 3 s. ro geodnad , RC v 203.27 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. ni gona , Laws iii 484.4 . 3 pl. náramgonat fir, Zeuss 954 (fr. Cod. Claustr.).

Fut.:

(a) redupl. 1 s. gegna (gena v.l.), IT ii2 246.2 .

(b) ē-fut. 1 s. gena, IT ii2 246.59 . nít génsa , LU 5659 ( TBC-I¹ 1181 ). 3 s. genaid (gl. gonfid), LU 9749 ( RC vi 164.10 ); 4765 ( TBC-I¹ 271 ). nodo géna , LU 7320 ( BDD 96 ). rat géna , TBC-LL¹ 3426.

Pret. and perf. 3 s. geguin (v.l. gegna), Fél. Oct. 23 . ro geguin , TBC-LL¹ 2367 . rus geoguin , Alex. 789 . geogna, RC xvi 83.4 ( Dinds. 130 ). With suff. pron., gegna, TBC-I¹ 1335 . gegnaitsom, LU 1742 , Celtica xii 79 . 3 pl. gegnatar, LL 161b35 ( Metr. Dinds. i 50.79 ). nosgegnatar, Ériu iii 141.210 .

Pass. pres. ind. s. cid na gonair , LU 1520 ( MU 52.16 ). rel. gonar, Laws v 236.13 . gonair, iv 178.18 . gontar, Ériu iii 140.182 . pl. gonaitir, LU 5563 ( TBC-I¹ 1081 ).

fut. s.

(a) notgignether, LL 288b51 ( RC xiii 440 § 12 ). subj. pres. s. geogainter, MR 122.11 ( YBL 301b20 ).

(b) géntair, ZCP xi 86 § 40 . gentar, BB 304a21 . pl. ni génaiter , LU 7790 ( BDD 134 ). gentair, LL 147a39 . pret. goíte, LU 10945 ( Imr. Brain i 46.6 ). goéta, Lib. Hymn. 122.132 . góeta, LU 11062 . ZCP viii 305.33 . gōita, xi 108 § 3 . LL 150b44 . goét ( goet MS), SR 7756 . gáet, RC xxiii 306 § 12 . ro gaet , IT i 158.2 . ra gæt , TBC-LL¹ 4734 . rongaot, Anecd. ii 66.3 . rogoetad, KMMisc. 144 § 3 ( LB 247a21 ). pl. roggōeta, TBC-I¹ 1522 (= rogæta, LU).

Part. cach fir beógaíti , LU 8003 . guíti, LU 7445 ( BDD 101b ). g p. inna ngoite , Ml. 77a19 . Vn. guin, q.v. Also geguin, geognad.

B Already in Mid. Ir. treated as a weak vb.: fut. 1 s. ni gonab-sa , Ériu v 32.19 . 2 s. ni gonfa-so , ib. 23 : 3 s. gonfid (gl. genaid), LU 9749 . pret. 3 s. gonais, LU 3177 . RC xxiv 184 § 16 . romgon, Lat. Lives 33.1 . pl. romgonsat, Metr. Dinds. iii 312.124 . ronghonsadar, AU i 82.1 (an. 603 ) (late hand). The pass. pret. stem góet (gáet) is sometimes treated as a radical: 3 s. pres. rel. gætas, Corm. Y 700 . pret. ro gaet , LU 3181 . rogáetsat, Metr. Dinds. iii 400.18 .

Pierces, wounds passing into sense kills (the precise meaning is not always easily ascertained): gono mil orgo mil marbu mil, ZCP xiii 106.5 . inna ngoite (gl. fossorum `pierced'), Ml. 77a19 . cach fir béogaíti, LU 8003 . rí goét 'na thoeb co lagein who was pierced, SR 7756 . Fél. Oct. 23 . an tan rogon an dall Longinus an Tigerna, Fl. Earls 198.17 . nī gonat cnes, ACL iii 297 § 53 . TBC-LL¹ 2367 . gonais Luchet Goll ina rosc, LU 3177 ( RC ii 88.y ). tan naṅgonta i cath comthrom when he used to be wounded in fair fight, ZCP viii 217 § 8 . gonmaid in suil sin ┐ brismid, Aen. 162 . dá ngointi tar a scéith é, Keat. ii 5203 . atāim-si teinn tromgaeta severely wounded, ZCP vi 46.16 . ridiri gonta, 64.19 . lucht gonta ┐ othrais, Cog. 214.26 . aighthe giall ngonta, TD 11.32 . Of animals: caithche a nadhairce do nech guinte (of cattle trespasses), Laws iv 146.8 Comm. ín beach ro gonastar e, Laws iv 178.7 Comm. naithir ... do ghoineas ansa dorchudas, Donlevy 110.14 . In sense kills: gonas .i. marbas, Corm. Y 700 . flesc gonus (= virga iugulans), Hib. Min. 340 . ní gonaim ... æs cen armu, TBC-LL¹ 1259 . na hothair foracaibset ... nosgegnatar na Déisi, Ériu iii 141.209 . cro fir gonar oc fogail who is killed trespassing, Laws v 236.13 . ni gona cimid manub lat, iii 484.4 . in ced-cath ... dar gáot Mothla ... in which M. was slain, Duan. F. i 35.24 . do shoighdibh na bhFilistíneach do gonadh Saul, TSh. 2460 . Of killing animals: na gonat ind ḟir in boin !, Ériu iii 141.195 . bo in chlaim rogáet i ndegaid in daim, RC xxiv 48.12 . Of taking pieces in the game of fidchell : `Imrem fithchell.' `Cindas gontar (gontair v.l.) ind fir ?,', Ériu v 32.19 . `acht ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-so mo moindter-sa,', 23 . Of the waning moon: ruithnedh an éusga an úair ghontar only the light of the waning moon, KMMisc. 172 § 22 . Cf. in méd ... dorcaidter don cuid soir de (i.e. den ré) ar a guin, ITS xiv 90.14 . See Ó Cúiv, Cnósach Focal ó Bhaile Bhúirne s.v. guin ré.

With cogn. acc.: gēnaid-side guin duine (sic leg.), TBC-I¹ 271 . rogeghin secht ngoine dēac for sedlach a lēniod, Ériu ii 15.19 . Cf. rogenetar (= rogegnatar ?) cath for Gāirich, TBC-I¹ 3078 (rhet.) = gongáinethar cath `die Schlacht wird geschlagen werden,' TBC-LL¹ 4968.

Fig. nis-gegnetar tola their passions did not wound (quell ?) them, Fél. May 19 . ní rogon garcctrīst nā gó, ACL iii 306 § 5 . is de rongaot ... gruadh Breisi, Anecd. ii 66.3 . brisid ┐ gonaid in anmain, PH 8144 . co mbad moti no-gonfad a chocubus, 5133 . robruitis ┐ rogonais cride, LB 233a57 . bríogh meadha gonfaidh a ghnúis 'the power of mead will inflame his face', Giolla Brighde 58 § 20 . im ghrinne rom ghonann grádh with a company love for whom pierces (consumes) me, Dán Dé xxv 67.

imbert(h)ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbert(h)ach or dil.ie/27301
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: himertach

adj o, ā (imbert) As adv.: ? do gabhadh buaidh is bratach | fola hír go himertach , Rel. Celt. ii 295.36 .

As subst.:

(a) a bearer, a carrier: imberthach gl. gerularum, Ml. 112b21 . ? To this: fa hulchain an imbertaigh | go hurdail an echmarcaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 295.

(b) a player (of fidchell ): dob ferr d'im[ertach] Finn Bán | iná Guaire, Acall. 1389. ba hé an Fionn Bán sin an treas imeartach is feárr boí a nÉirinn, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 113.9 .

imm-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-beir or dil.ie/27777

Forms: imrid, imbir, imbeir, 'mobeir, immamberat, imberr, imberar, immaberr, immabera, immdiroibre, imberthar, immer, conidnimbert, imdarubart, imbert

v Mid.Ir. imrid. lit. carries around.

Indic. pres. s. 2 imbir, Thes. ii 249.11 . s. 3 imbeir, LU 9109 (FB). rel. 'mobeir, SR 527. pl. 3 rel. immamberat, Ml. 111b17 . pass. s. imberr (sic leg.), 131a2 . imberar, Mon. Tall. 142.15 . rel. immaberr, Thes. ii 252 § 1 (Stowe M.). subj. pres. s. 3 immabera, Wb. 13a3 . With ro: immdiroibre, Laws v 442 y . pass. imberthar, LU 3241. fut. s. 1 ni immer , LU 10809. pret. s. 3 conidnimbert, Lib. Hymn. i 122.128 . perf. s. 3 imdarubart, LU 3245. Vn. imbert.

moves, sets in action: applied to various activities.

(a) carries around: dá gáe bolga immosbeir, LU 4568.

(b) puts, places; applies: imbir fo dí so sís `put this below twice,' Thes. ii 40.26 . imbir in da mér ... it bélaib, 249.11 . is mor cet mili mobeir | hi timchuaird a ḟosscemeil ... he places around his footstool, SR 527. nos-imbir ongain slanaide fair he applies healing ointment to him, Lat. Lives 96.11 . sénais in n-én lūamnech | conidnimbert inna lāim `and brought it into her hand,' Thes. ii 343.1 . ? Impers. const. batar imtholtanaig na mná imna heónu imdarubart fair `the birds that chanced to come there' (lit. ? `it had put them'), LU 3244 ( SCC 4 ).

(c) trans. and intrans. plays (a game), gambles, stakes: imbrid Medb ┐ Ailill fidchell , TBFr. 88. ni immer acht di giull, LU 10809. tucadh an fi[th]cill chucu ┐ do imridar hi, Ériu iii 162 § 17. imrobhrad nad escomhrad, Tec. Corm. p. 34 n. 8 . mairid in fit[h]cheall egair | d'imert[h]á 'san aird-lepaid, ML² 739. is gadaige in t-í immres, PH 7597. tabhair an taiplis don tigh | go faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607. Fig. toil Dé gin go ndearna mé | imreadh ar gcuid don chluiche, Aithd. D. 68 § 34. gach beart doirbh dhar hinnleadh air | soirbh do imreadh na haghaidh `he would meet it with serenity,' Arch. Hib. i 91 § xii . na dronga sin ... d'imir a bprionnsa ar chúntus airmdheoraidh, Ó Bruad. iii 114.2 . ní bhfuil aon ní agam a d'imeórainn acht mo chuid éadaigh, GJ iii 69.9 (Stair É. Uí Chléirigh). na dísleadha leur imredar na saighdeoireadha a eudach, Parrth. Anma 435.5 .

(d) uses, employs: bad fri cumtach necolso immabera `let it be for the edification of the church that he employs it' (of a gift or possession), Wb. 13a3 . huare as nolc imme-folngi do neuch forsanimberr `on whom it is used,' Ml. 142d1 . imberr fo dí amal sodain (of a word) `it is applied twice in that case,' Ml. 131a2 . ma doairli sale ind laim oc praind imberar usci leosom `if a spittle falls on a man's hand at meals their use is to pour water thereupon,' Mon. Tall. 142.15 . imbérat a mblichtach do feólaib hi [n]gaimred they will use their milch-cows for meat, LU 5614. a ndliges in flaith ... de biadh is ruidles do cia inaroibre (leg. ima-roibre, Bürgschaft p. 6 ) fadeisin in tan sin, ZCP xiii 20.4 . conaimeas na ro-dilse seo do cach recht imdabera `who may use them,' Laws v 490.12 . .i. ro beres iat, 492.z Comm. a seóid is a h-ilmaine | do iméradh gan fhuirech he would make use of her treasure and wealth without hesitation, Celt. Rev. iv 104.z . cid cīall ┐ erlabra imabera `if it is reason and eloquence he practises' (of an abstract quality), Ériu i 114 § 3. rí imreas ceart mar a neart, Content. vi 242.

(e) plies, handles, wields, uses; works in (of a metal) : is dian immamberat a cossa oc ind figi `they ply their feet swiftly in the weaving,' Ml. 111b17 . ro-immir a chorp co ndernai tri chét slechtain conid rala hi tasse, LL 282a15 . nech immaber biail i ndomnach `whosoever plies axe,' Ériu ii 206 § 27. slán don tí imres in tsuist, Laws iii 220.26 Comm. cerda .i. imrid in t-or, v 90.25 Comm.

(f) practises, exercises, inflicts, performs (folld. by noun obj. and usually by FOR (AR) of person affected, generally in an unfavourable way, by the action): imrubairt a chumachta foir, Corm. Y 446. ind altoir fiugor ind ingrimme immaberr `of the persecution which is inflicted,' Thes. ii 252.2 . imbirseo féin do gním gascid ... forsna sluagu, LU 6378. nobīad a chend de ... acht imrobrethsom a chumaing forsin slōg, TBC-I¹ 2942. nocon imberasam for Ultu a clessin doriisi, 652 . is dóig immērthai ceilg fon cruth sin, 1402 . cip é imress (v.l. imeoras) mela ... fort, TBC-LL¹ 46. ra immir in Findbennach Ái meirbflech a astair ... bar in Dond Cualngi, 6151 . mas é in fechem toicheda ro imer taitus forru `who practised theft on them,' Laws ii 6.10 . mad cen [fis] ina brathri immabera dichmairc `if he commit the theft without the brethren's [knowledge],' Ériu vii 148.7 . ro imbir fair dano cach ada aili ba dir do imbirt for tarb idparta, CCath. 959. ro himred fír n-indligid form, MacCongl. 25.1 . is for F. tra ro imriset na trí Colla in fingail, LL 332c13 . co n-imérat gairdi thsāegail fort `I shall shorten thy life,' Fianaig. 82.20 . in fer ro imir in cned, Laws i 228.14 Comm. fornaib coic cathrachuib fora n-immerar a mmuir teneth co brath `on which the sea of fire is inflicted for ever,' Ériu ii 140 § 142. ot concatar ... in n-anflathius do himred for Mumain, Cog. 58.13 . a mheas gurab mar smachtughadh imreas Dia na dochair sin air, TSh. 8204. na míorbhaile do imir Dia ar Pharao `had wrought against,' Keat. ii 261. óig ar ar himreadh mídhíach `warriors on whom misfortune has been inflicted,' Studies 1919, 256 § 5 . don tí ar a n-iméar m'aoir, DDána 95 § 20.

i.¤ láim for practises violence on: ni himmer mo laim ... | form' ḟuil nach form' ḟeoil fodein, SR 1541. Lugaid ... ┐ Ligerne ... ro imbriset láma for Art, LL 24a17 .

i.¤ feirg (etc.) for vents anger on: nad bad fornn nimbrae do borann, TBC-I¹ 3560. na himbeir luinni co lén | for muimmi mac n-Israhél, SR 6971. ro imir a ḟerg ar Lúaighni Temrach, Fianaig. 90.31 . imir do bharainn fair, BNnÉ 300 § 4.

i.¤ bás, (or aided) for puts to death: ba dóigh leis noimbertais bas ... fair, D IV 2, 73va15 . imbir bás form im' chintaib, Todd Lect. iii 62.11 . da cluined in t-iarla in t-uirigill-sin ... roimeorudh bás ort, ZCP vi 27.12 . an bás roimris-si for mo dhalta-sa, BS § 9 . go n-imeoraidís na hIodhail bás air, Keat. ii 3176. día ndernadh in gním rofhuapair ... no himbertha oighedh easanorach fair, ZCP iv 383.14 .

Used absol. in impers. const. without noun obj., uses violence on, inflicts punishment: ind lám des ... imo-robrad (? leg. imm-robrad, Ed.) for suidiu `as to the right hand a weapon had been used on it,' BDD² 1530. imrubairt ar mo shéitchi, PRIA xix 542 § 12 ( LL 146b25 ). mar iméorthar anocht oram `compared with what will be inflicted on me this night,' BNnÉ 66 § 101.

(g) Used intrans. with FOR, works on, affects prejudicially: ro imir a n-ítu forro sum `their thirst wrought on them,' CCath. 2504. cor imir in a[n]bthine for longaibh Cesair `the storm wrought damage to C.'s ships,' 179 . r[os]n-imbir cid iter in n-uathgrain cetna for graigibh `the same horror worked on,' 3126 .

(h) brings into play; causes: it é fodlai flatha doru[i]rmisem im[m]aberat fuillechtai flaithemnasa a somoínib set `these are the divisions of lordship we have enumerated which bring into play (lit. move) the divisions of nobility according to (the varying) revenues from their property,' Críth G. 490 (see p. 36 n. ). uch a ionnmais bhréccaigh baín | uch is plaígh ro-imres féin `ach, Plage hast du bewirkt,' ZCP x 416.2 . imbeiredh buaidh cen baegla `he used to effect victory without ambushes,' Leb. Gab.(i) 98.9 .

(i) Used reflexively, moves oneself about, throws oneself on (for): co n-da n-imbir do chride it chliab immar ubull i fabull `so dass sich dein Herz in deiner Brust herumbewegt,' TBC-LL¹ 4385. non imrend im rennaib na n-arm, 1284 . is andsin imidrubart forsin sluag `then he hurled himself upon the host,' Ériu v 240.148 . immusrubartatar forsna sluagaib coro thrascratar ilcheta díb, RC xiii 458.1 . notimber frisin maith-sin `excercise yourself on that good,' ZCP vi 265 § 17. do imir ... co míleata hé ... ar a mór-naimdib `he disported himself manfully on his great enemies,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 116.4 .

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