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4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

1 ab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ab or dil.ie/16

Forms: aub, oub, ob, abh, abinn, abuind, abainn, abae, haba, abhai, aibne, aibne, aibni, aibnib, aba, abann, abhann, haband, habhana, abuindaib, aband

n n, f. (see GOI § 333 ). n s. aub, LL 1638 . ind oub , Thes. ii 340.5 (Hy. v). ind ob . Trip.² 3016 . abh, CS 6.24 . a d s. fri abinn , Thes. ii 242.3 . isin n-abuind , Trip.² 1635 . dind abainn , 1723 . g s. abae, Ml. 78b4 , Thes. ii 275.28 . na haba (:Banna), Metr. Dinds. iii 34.19 . abhai, K. and H. 29 . n p. aibne, LL 2033 . a p. aibne, LU 2214 . g p. aibni, LL 575 . d p. in aibnib , Ml. 81c3 . Later forms: n s. aba, Otia ii 87 § 8 . ind abann , Trip.² 1721 . a d s. abhann, Content. vi 69 . g s. na haband , TBFr. 211 . na habhana , Cín Lae Ó Meall. 29.12 . d p. abuindaib, RC xii 344 § 39 . aband f., IGT Decl. § 183 .

River: is ob cach etrice ān/ ┐ is loch lān cach āth, Four Songs 18.1 . sruthair na habae the current of the river, H 3.18, 710.3 . ar fut na haband, LL 13488 . uisce aba no locha, Laws iv 144.1 Comm. isin mBree .i. aband mor fail i Conachtaib, TBFr. p. 16 § 5 . tect ar cend usci oóil . . . dochum na haba, TBC-LL¹ 1555 . dabertis . . . slansen for glassib ┐ aibnib, 4211 . ro báided . . . isind abaind, LU 8927 ( FB 69 ). tar abhainn Life .i. obh fil i coiccrich . . ., Hugh Roe 24.17 (fo. 7a) . abh Liffe, CS 6.24 . samalta re sruithlinntip abann ṡleibe (sic leg. with v.l.), CCath. 5901 . is tú thug na haibhne ann, Dán Dé vi 38 . nocha chluinim fhuaim na habhann, DDána 41.38 . fonn . . . na seanaibhneadh dte, TD 32.54 . re huisgeadhaibh abhanna Jordan, Donlevy 438.12 .

Compd. -te: magh Uisnigh abhainnte, Aithd. D. 16.45 .

accmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accmaing or dil.ie/157

Forms: accmac, acfaing, acfuinn

n Earlier accmac o, later a., acfaing, acfuinn f., g s. and n p. -e. Vn. of 2 ad-cumaing. See also under tacmang.

(a) act of encompassing, encircling: doreccacha Mac Roth huad do accmac Slebe Fuaid, TBC-I¹ 3107 . acmac .i. timcealladh, O'Cl. acmac `a circuit or compass', Eg. Gl. 655 .

(b) power, ability, capacity: acmhaing .i. árach no cumhachda, O'Cl. ní roibhi acmhaing etir aigi Laeg do imtheacht uadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 329 note 8 . is sgath uaisleachta Chláir Chuinn / fa nguaisbhearta áigh d'acmhuing in that he is able to emulate their . . . deeds, DDána 102.10 . do-ní mé . . . réir gach aoinfhir fam acmhuinn according to my ability, 101.33 . ní mó ná acfuinn gach fhir / do shirfeadh Dia ar na daoinibh `God asks of men no more than man can give', Dán Dé xxii 33 . déin na deagh-oibre . . . do réir th'acfainne spioradalta ┐ corpordha, Mac Aingil 3772 . amal badh accmaing duit to the best of thy power, ZCP iv 388.15 . an acfuinn do bhí san duine re déanamh deigh-ghníomh, TSh. 2911 . ar ní as fhóille ná ar n-acmhuinn `for less than my best effort', PBocht 17.18 . a mheic Alprainn ní budh fhoráil / deit ar n-acmhaing d'anóir `all the honour we could pay you' Dán Dé xii 12 . eire ós acfuinn dimshníomh a load of trouble too great for her, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 4 . gé nach fuil acfainn . . . san Ngaoidheilg aguinn, Desid. 26 . do-ní iad féin broinn-líonta ré biadhaibh . . . tar a n-acfuinn, TSh. 7242 . With gen.: eacmuing na neche sin ability to perform those things, Laws ii 284.14 Comm. acfaing a denma, BB 446a28 . acmaing a ritholma, Cog. 50.7 . acmuing a bfreasta[i]l, Hugh Roe 142.14 . ni fuair a.¤ falmaisi orro, Acall. 7695 . acfuinn uraghaill, TSh. 4195 .

(c) means, instrument, apparatus (somet. in concrete sense): créd í an acmhaind is cóir do bheith ag denamh an bhaistigh? `what should be the outward observance in Baptism?', Carswell 231 . dobeir . . . trelamh ┐ acfaing fair, Moling 47 . loscfitir bar loṅga . . . nachbar-bé accmaing ellam rí imgabáil, LL 238b30 `so that ye will not have ready means of avoiding', TTr. 1620 . ca ha.¤ fil acat do cur friss?, Mer. Uil. 57 . uile acmoinge marbtha daoine, TFrag. 234.18 . níor chaomhain . . . a neart Samson . . . ná aon oile aon-acfuinn dá mbí ann ar ghuaisibh an bháis, TSh. 612 . cheanglas céadfadha an chuirp ┐ acfuinne na hanma resources(?), 7906 .

(d) abundance, wealth: as lár haoibhnis ┐ hacfainne from the midst of pleasure and abundance, RC xxiii 20.2 . mar shaltraim ar úr Innse / acmhaing (sic leg.) mo shúl shilim-se copious tears, DDána 77.4 . do reir acmuinne in othuir = secundum divitias patientis, Rosa Angl. 84.16 . bíodh iomad acfuinne airgid ag neach multas pecuniarum facultates, TSh. 9990 . acfaind ┐ craes ┐ anóir, de Contemptu, 1121 . mar a fuil an medi so do acfuinn superabundantia, Smaointe B. Chr. 6013 . bit acmuinn mor fertana ┐ fuachta is in tsamradh, Ir. Astr. Tr. 124.13 . ca hacfaing loin nó gébhadh what supply of provisions he would get, CCath. 1478 . cen acfuing tṡloigh innti dó do frestal catha sufficiency, 1225 . Cf. nach ḟuil acfainn catha aca am agaid si (sic leg.) CF 597 . do b[f]agbad acmaing comad cath do berad, Cog. 130.17 .

Note also: do fhagaibh do ┐ da cloind / Maisi fa maith in acmoing / gan peist. . ./ a tír da ngebdais Gaídeil, BB 18a22 . (see Keat. ii 416 n. 309 ).

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

1 adas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adas or dil.ie/318

predicative adj. folld. by accus., see GOI § 249 (5) . according to, proportionate to; in keeping with, fit, suitable: bid a.¤ far mbáich it will proportionate to your struggle (Thurn.), Wb. 5d35 . nibu ádas far mbraisse it wasn't in accordance with your boasting, LU 5300 = TBC-I¹ 824 . ni bu adass māthair bōid / cath hi Cenindass consōid, ZCP xii 237 § 60. in troscud tráth bas n-a.¤ , Ériu ii 65 § 9 . With prep.: bid a.¤ dait . . . in chocélisi fil dait la hUltu, LU 5537 (TBC). ar ní ba hadhas disidhe, Anecd. ii 51.5 . a.¤ quasi ad-as quod ad uisum pertinet , O'Mulc. 72 .

Cf. comadas.

adbal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbal or dil.ie/336

Forms: aidbli, adbol, adbul, adhbhuil

adj o, ā, pl. aidbli, see GOI § 353 . Also spelt adbol, adbul. great, mighty, vast: ind fíróg . . . co norddan adbil (adbail, adhbhuil v. ll.) `with vast dignity', Thes. ii 326.1 (Hy. iv). it aidbli fíad scoraib / rígrad Christ . . . `they are grand', Fél. Prol. 81 . is adbul a cobair `vast is their aid', July 28 . is adbul a pian, LU 2172 ( FA § 25 ). is adbul . . . ┐ is dírim failte muintire nime, 2124 ( ib § 19 ). is adbul . . . ┐ is ingnad fria innisin sudigud inna catrach, 2074 (ib. § 15 ). adbul físi armothá .i. mor int aslingi atchondarc, LL 280a10 ( IT i 162.5 ). adhbal rea n-innisi, ZCP viii 204.26 . rí nime . . . ┐ rí adbul ifirn `mighty', Ériu iii 143 § 3 . brōen fīona fīradbail (epithet of a saint), ACL iii 219 § 1 . talam-chumscugud abdul ingnath, PH 36 . gotha aidhble enlait[h]e, Anecd. ii 24 § 9 . ro-nuall . . . o shésselbi ádbuil, PH 471 . buidhni sil Adhaim adbail `the hosts of Adam's vast seed', Ériu iii 29 § 3 . na piana ai[d]bli ili `the many vast pains', § 2. na domenman áidhbli fil for P., TTr.² 240 . tri locha aidhbli ammais, Leb. Gab.(i) 64.1 . cosin mBóind m-bánadbail, LL 1025 . bretha.¤ wondrous in judgement, IT iii 57.1 . a Murias, maoin adhbhal oll, / coire an Daghdha . . ., Keat. i 210. y .

Equative: aidblithir leó bid torandchleas, BDD² 511 . fo nimib ni rabe bed mac nAine aidblithir one as powerful as the son of A., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 23 § 1 ( LL 311b17 ).

Compar.: nibo aidbliu leó bith óenadaig they thought it no longer than one night, LU 11049 . cid adbal in taitnem . . . is aidbliu . . . ind etrochta, 2002 ( FA § 7 ). tanic buiden aile . . . is aidblium (leg. aidbliu) tricha cet, TBC-I¹ 3168 . rucsat forra . . . lín budh aidhbhle ináit féin i.e. in greater force ALC i. 236.17 . nochar tinolad . . . riam sluag bad adbli . . . innas, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . bá haidhblit(h)i in ítu the thirst was the greater CCath. 2518 . cúis dóláis . . . fá haidhbhle inás ar imthigh air gó sin, Desid. 3420 .

Adv. ind adbol gl. ecastor, Sg. 217b5 . domol se co hadbul in t-athair nemdha, ZCP vi 288.13 .

Compds.: Frequ. in Laws Comm. to form etymological glosses on words compounded with the prefix do-(di-), this, presumably, being mistaken for the intensive prefix 2 dí-, e.g. do-ciallathar .i. adbul-dicheltir, Laws v 452.26 . For further exx. see Laws Gloss. With adjj. ¤-bocht: ba hadbulbocht, SR 7412 . ¤-línmar. Compar. sluagh . . . bad adballinmure, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . ¤-maith: mathi nach adbolmaith glossing boni non ualde, RC iv 250 § 17 . ¤-mór: an t-áonduine adhbhalmhór, RC xxix 114 § 10 . tnúth adhbhal-mhór, ML 70.30 . ar bhuidhnibh ádhbhalmhóra, Desid. 3968 . ¤-trén: fer . . . adhbultren, CCath. 327 . With subst. ¤-chúis: do badur adbal-chuisi eli ic C., MR 110.6 . With vbs. ¤-baíthigid is very foolish: adbolbaithigim gl. effutio, Sg. 56b6 . ¤-básaigid: gur adhbal basaigh Dia íatt, Leb. Gab.(i) 160. n. 11 . ¤-báthaid: gur hadbalbathadh nó basaigheadh (gl. gor diobadh), Leb. Gab.(i) 96 n.7 . ¤-scriosaid: uair . . . ro hádhbhailsccriosadh a haitt-, reabha, AFM v 1720.13 . Vn. ag adhbalsccrios Gearaltach, 1734.10 .

See aidbéil.

ad-cuimtig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cuimtig or dil.ie/406

v (artificial cpd. based on con-utaing) builds to, `adstructs': ní adchumtig na aill do línad indḟoilsigthe fil and gl. id quod demonstratur per pronomen solum . . ., Sg. 211a8 . adconrotaig gl. adstrueret, Ml. 35b13 (see GOI p. 30 ).

aer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aer or dil.ie/632

Forms: aier, aeor, aiér, aiéór, -ir, -ra, aáir, aoir, aeire, aera, aear, . aiéar, aieór, aedhear, aeidher, áer, aíar, aiéir, aier, aéoir, aiéir, aieóir, aieór, aóire, adhóir, aigher, aier, áeur, aiur, aer, áeor, aoir, aedhéor, aiëar, aeier, aidhéar, hæru, n-aier, aeraib

n (disyll.) o, m. (Lat. aër) Later also f. n s. ind aier , Ml. 73c2 . ind aeor , SR 40 . aiér, aiéór m. (g s. id. and -ir, n p. -ir, -ra), IGT Decl. § 35 . aáir, aoir f. (g s. and n p. aeire, aera), § 42 . On the variation in spelling see RC xxxviii 51 . Forms: n s. aear (áer v.l.), ACC § 132 . aiéar, DDána 17.10 . aieór, TSh. 1659 . aedhear, ZCP iv 446.25 . aeidher, Ériu iii 144 § 9 . a s. áer, Wb. 12d3 . aíar, 25b24 , g s. aiéir, Wb. 12d3 . ind aier , Ml. 120d10 , 121b9 . aéoir, MU² 219 . an aiéir (: gcéill), DDána 75.23 . aieóir (: gleóidh), TD 4.23 . in aieór (: raíeól), IGT Decl. ex. 917 . aóire, ex. 1219 . adhóir (: smóil), O'Gr. Cat. 452.9 . an aigher , ZCP vi 83.15 . d s. aier, Ml. 40d3 . áeur, Trip.² 2347 . aiur, Ériu ii 134 § 113 . aer, LU 5885 . áeor, MU² 512 . aoir, ZCP viii 104.12 . aedhéor, RC xxix 112 § 4 . aiëar, TD 13.4 . aeier, Fl. Earls 246.28 . aidhéar, Hackett xxxix 56 . ?a p. na hæru , TBC-I¹ 3553 (rhet.) g p. inna n-aier gl. ærum, Ml. 120d12 . d p. aeraib, Ériu ii 136 § 118 .

(a) air; atmosphere, sky: aoir gl. ethera (for aether), Ir. Gl. 104 . it anman aier niuil ┐ gaitha `clouds and winds are names of airs', Ml. 120d11 . trí huaisletu ind uisci fuasnaidi fil isind aier, 40d3 . a haéor anúas down out of the sky, MU² 512 . condrecat isind a.¤ , LU 5885 (TBC). i nnélaib ┐ i n-aeraib, LL 10589 (TBC). noco ndech comla fri haieór (an impossible event), ZCP viii 111.15 . a fuigbed di ēnuib ind aeor `all the birds in the air', Ériu ii 134 § 115 . for nellaib aeoir, MR 76.21 . ar luamhain san aieor, Keat. iii 2370 . an t-aedhear ag cur shneacht ┐ ag sioc air, ZCP iv 446.25 . gan braon d'uiscce no d'fertain an aieoir, BNnÉ 209.2 . na hainbthine aeoir amhnais huair, ACL iii 315 § 37 . doirse uiscidhe in aedheoir, O'Gr. Cat. 451.6 . breath: arsénub . . . in n-aér dotháet as du ginsu, LU 9236 . ro séitestair in áer trúaillnidi inmedónach huaithe amach, RC xxii 394.13 .

(b) amusement, sport: d'imidh do chommóradh oirechtus aoibhnis ┐ aiéir `assemblies for enjoyment and amusement' RC xxiii 12.2 . ar cuairt aiéir ┐ áibhnesa an aois oig `on a trip of youth's pleasure and amusement', L. Chl. S. § 9 . ?ní ḟéd mé maitheamh in aieór / na caitheadh sé raiéol rium, IGT Decl. ex. 917 .

Compd. ¤-ṡníthid air-spinner, spider: itersnidith no aiersnidith aranea , ZCP vii 483.492 (Enchir. Aug.).

1 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áes or dil.ie/644

Forms: āis, áesa, aíse, áeis

n o, n. g s. āis, Corm. Y 322 , Ériu iv 158 § 35 . Later also áesa, aíse. Later f. áeis f., IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) age, years (of persons, etc.): ce méit as [s]inu aís quam Abracham , Wb. 34a5 . is a cétnae nais gl. Cuius primam aetatem, Ml. 87b10 . is ed a n-áess cétna atáat, Trip.² 1381 . cia hais a roibi M. . . . a n-ais a da bliadan dec, YBL 155a32 . gach mac . . . da raibi a n-aeis in Airdrīgh who was the same age as the high king (i.e. Christ), ACL iii 245 § 22 . secht mbliadnai fil inna aes, BDD² 1140 . it mathi ind óicc ina n-aes, 897 . is e laech a aesa is dech ro bai a nErinn the best warrior for his age, TBFr. p. 15 § 1 . Murchad . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 ( IT iii 74 § 35 ). cinnas a aesa-sum in meic bic sin innossa, TBC-LL¹ 845 . is áis cēt bliadan dam `I am a hundred years of age, ZCP vi 58.15 . aois áiridhe ┐ foghluim iomchubhaidh (qualifications of candidate for orders), Parrth. Anma 3107 . ar a.¤ in the matter of age, in years: cia ba nóidenán ar áes (: ingaes) `though he was a babe in years', Thes. ii 291.16 (Hy. i). ingen bad chomadais dó ar aís ┐ cruth, LU 10187 . mású ar aís m'athar, as sinem and Éndae Cromm if it be a question of my father's age, Trip.² 1485 . íar n-áesaib according to age: a fari dúib iar n-aesaib, LU 9052 ( FB § 80 . ) mithig anad do báesaib / nocha n-iar n-áesaib tíagair it is high time to desist from folly, it is not according to age that one goes (to death), ACL iii 215.6 . Fig. cia áis in lái anosa? what time is it?, Acall. 505 v.l. cetain ar ai laithi sechtmaine ┐ ochtmadh uathad ar aí aessa esci as regards the age of the moon, AU ii 152.2 . ?cia on cotagair aesa éscai, LL 1564 . With qualifying words: iar n-ais toga the age of choice (i.e. of marriage or otherwise), Ir. Recht 37.28 . a n-ais ica leth dire, Laws v 150.25 Comm. riasiu thi aes cadhnuigh doibh, ii 46.15 Comm. go bhfuilim i n-aois óg-laoich (i.e. thirty years), Dán Dé xxv 39 . a n-áis tserruig when it is a colt, Ériu iv 214.26 .

(b) stage, period (of life): ho oclachas ón, cenid ed as chetnae náis in homine, Ml. 44c26 . colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i. naoidendacht etc., (of the seven ages of man), Corm. Y 322 . teit i n-oesaib co fo tri / gach oen fhothraigios eiste `life's stage is traversed thrice', SG 248.32 . Specifically of youth, prime: is dered dot' āeis (of a woman past her beauty), ZCP vi 266 § 6 . i tuile a ratha ┐ a áissi dó, CCath. 353 . Of old age: co háis ┐ chríne, LL 283b9 . uile attrebthaide na cathrach etir áes ┐ áetid old and young, LL 220b42 . ( TTr. 270 ). i sliab n-óited i fiadach (fidach v.l.) n-aise (ais v.l.), RC xxvi 26 § 92 . beimmi cen aes, cen érchra, sunn co brath, Trip.² 274 . cen ais cen forcend, PH 7125 . i n-a ligi áisi . . . ár ṅdichur a ṅgascid, CRR § 14 . fleadh aíse the Feast of Age, one of the festivals of the Túatha Dé Danann: do bhídís T.D.D. . . . ag caithiomh Fleidhe Aoise ann gach síoth fá seach, Atlantis iv 118.26 . ag caithiomh na Fleighe Aoise go súbhach, 138.28 . Fig. feadh an laoi-si ma fhleadhaibh / bu fleadh aoisi d'fhileadhaibh, Ériu v 54.z .

(c) lifetime: dochaith se dā trian a aisi ┐ a aimsiri re gaisced, RC x 190.26 . is and robaí in domun immedon a aísi ┐ a brotha ┐ a borrfaid, LL 235a30 . Colum co crábud co ngrís / dom snádud iar n-aís for nem, LL 4815 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . feadh m'aoise throughout my days, xv 2 . In phrase ó (a) aís all (his) life: a ndor-airngred duit ót áis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.7 . amal bid occaib nobeith o ais as if he had been at them all his life, RC x 78.16 . ar tí Temra duit ot áis, `since thou art intent upon Temair for thyself' Cog. 124.3 `all thy life', Ériu ii 87 . ben Chaim Oliuan o haís all her life, LL 16478 ( RC xlvii 290.6 ).

(d) age of the world, era: is d'aes tānaissi, nī tār / ō dīlinn co Abrahám, ZCP iii 17.9 . fodhailter in aimsear . . . a bliadhain i saegul, a saegul i n-aeis, MR 108.6 . an tan fá haois don Tighearna, 447 , Keat. ii 6142 .

(e) In phrases with úair: as í sin aes ┐ uair ro ghabh íttu Diarmait that was the very time when, Acall. 2321 . as i sin . . . aes ┐ uair dobi imshnim mor ar menmain Ioib, TTebe 2595 . ó do riacht chuice co haes na huairi sin till that very moment, Acall. 1625 . on luan re samain go hais na huaire seo, ZCP x 301.20 .

2 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áes or dil.ie/645
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áes, aeis, aesa

n u, m. áes m. (g s. and n p. aeis, aesa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

People, folk, those who, etc. Almost invariably with qual. clause, adj., or noun in gen.: áis fil oc turcbail grene gl. qui primi hominum solem uident, Ml. 94b18 . ?dommuinetar indóini is (indoiss, MS.) ferc do insin, 49b7 . dond aos bís illobrae `to those that are lying sick', Mon. Tall. 148.9 (§ 56) . genaiti áesa a Tenmag Trogaigi, LU 3521 . a Athair na n-uile aos `Father of all folk', A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 4 .

With follg. adj.: int ais amprom `the wicked ', Ml. 31c6 . int óis anfoirbthe `the imperfect folk', Wb. 13c13 . ind aiso boicht `of the poor ', Ml. 31c1 . in n-áis déed `the lazy folk', Wb. 25c19 . aithbeoadh aois éidtreoraig `a resurrection of all feeble folk', O'Gr. Cat. 485.1 . int ais firian `the righteous ', Ml. 55d11 . tairisem ind aiso firien, 54a13 . ni forcital óisa foirbthi `of perfect folk', Wb. 8c3 . ind aosae galrich `of sickly persons', Mon. Tall. 146.27. (§ 52) . dar cenn ind óesa lobuir `for sake of the feeble folk', Wb. 10c11 . int ais lósc `the blind ', Ml. 45c9 . in n-aés moith ┐ anfoirbthe `the tender and imperfect', 45b17 . ind áisso noib `of the saints ', Ml. 27c2 . inna fochaide dobertar forsin naís noib, Ml. 27b15 . in t-aes ócc óetedhach the young , TTr.² 1218 . aes sruith superiors , Trip.² 2115 . cen imcomet aesa sruith, Laws iii 510.2 . With follg. noun in gen. (for similar phrases see fer, lucht): áes . . . airechta members of an assembly , O'D. 544 ( H 3.17 c. 435 ). bhur náos énúaire sojourners , Levit. xxv 23 . áos aithrigi ` penitents ', Mon. Tall. 131.z (§ 11) . in t-aes cairdiusa ┐ caradraidh friends , CCath. 233 . óis carcre ` prisoners ', Wb. 28d30 . áes comchotaig allies, partners , LU 4637 (TBC). aes comgnima co-operators, fellow-workmen , Laws v 156.18 Comm. aes cotalta sleepers , Laws iii 220.23 Comm. don aes na deiccsin (leg. -sen) the watchers , BDD² 589 . aithgabail aesa ecolsa ` ecclesiastics ', Laws ii 120.5 Comm. fíad áes enig, LU 3903 ( SCC § 41 ). áes gráda retainers, counsellors : ar marbad a muintiri, ocus aessa grada, ocus a comalta, Cog. 62.2 . tugudur a aes gradha mur comurle dó, ZCP vi 273.4 . is and sin do gluaisetar a glanaos gradha gu hO mBriain, ITS xxvi 63.25 . do gluais uathad da aes grada, Ann. Conn. 236(s.a. 1315.11) . ro airc Feidlimid iar sin aes grada Ruaidri h. Conchobair, 1316.4 . for aes n-imthechta messengers , TBC-LL¹ 148 . mian ngalair aesa inhuitir `sick craving of invalids', Ériu xii 20.1. (BCrólige). á.¤ láime actual perpetrators: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti, Laws iii 252.13 Comm. ( lucht laime, 8 ). æs mancuine `personal retainers ', Ériu xii 40 § 50 (BCrólige). oís muntire gl. domistici Dei, Wb. 21c4 ; 21b12 . do óes oifrinn congregation at mass, Trip.² 1386 . ar n-óis rechto `we folk of the Law', Wb. 31d1 . int ais sechmaill `the passers-by ', Ml. 102a15 . romtar óis teglig `folk of (His) family', Wb. 7b13 . ond áes tuaithe from the laity , Wb. 28b32 . Esp. to denote an occupation or calling: óes cherdd craftsmen or poets , Críth G. 281 . int aos creth poets , ACL iii 310 viii 3 . a.¤ dána artists, poets , see dán. a.¤ gráid men in orders, see 1 grád. a.¤ gráda favourites, confidants, etc. see 2 grád.

Folld by gen. of a place-name: áes an Arda (= Firu Arddae § 1), ACL iii 296 § 35 . for aes mbabelone `the Babylonians ', Ml. 107a5 . áis inna ethiobae `those of Ethiopia', 94b22 . á áis siriae `O Syrians', 66c12 . aes na Temrach, BDD² 159 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

1 aicned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicned or dil.ie/808

Forms: aigneadh, aignidh, aigeanta, a., a., aicnid, aicniud, aigenta

n o, n. Later m. aigneadh m. (g s. and n p. aignidh, aigeanta), IGT Decl. § 49 . (referred by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 544 to a compd. *ad-gní. See Vendr. Lex.). n s. a.¤ , Ml. 146a2 . a s. a.¤ , 67c12 , ZCP vii 299.15 . g s. aicnid, Wb. 32b6 . d s. aicniud, Ml. 17b26 .

(a) inherent quality, essence, nature: combad a.¤ nindib a nolc gl. naturalis `that the evil is natural in them', Ml. 76a11 . a.¤ ind reto, 20a19 . is trom . . . ho aicniud, 20a20 . foillsigthir as nísel in doinacht iar naicniud, 25c5 . atgleinn assa aicniud fessin air is inunn folud techtas frisin bocht, 61a8 . fri a.¤ inna deachtae, 67c12 . ni ó aicniud na cétne tuisten act is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam ó adam gl. eramus natura filii irae, Wb. 21b4 . fírmac aicnid ní a uccu gl. filius meus es tú, 32b6 . cesu locdatu as a.¤ and, Sg. 217b12 . ba tressio tol aicniud will was stronger than nature, LU 10730 . sechtar aicniud duine preternaturally, RC ii 402 § 43 . i nd-oendacht aicnid ┐ i trédacht persainde, PH 7086 . ro túaslaicthe for a.¤ na ndul dia ndernta they have been dissolved into the nature of the elements from which they were made (of the dead), LU 2518 . muna raibhe i nacchaid aiccnidh contrary to nature, ZCP x 16.23 . tīagat sium asa n-aignedaib cōirib they leave their proper natures(?), viii 104.7 . aigneadh an ois éigcríona the instinct of the young stag, Content. xxv 7 . aigned suighte fil indti sen they have magnetic properties (of stones), BB 7a13 . a oifficech dia dīrgadh i n-a aignedh cōir `a driver directing it in its proper function' (of a mill), Fl. Earls 72.16 . Opposed to poetical invention: is fuirmed filed romīdair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib do ṡluind na n-ilaltae . . ., nī ha.¤ romīdir leo, Corm. Y 41 . Attrib. g s.: is firindi aignidh dia lentais `they followed Natural Truth', IT iii 202 § 80 . ferinnsci aicnid, is e in fer, ferinnsci saerda, is e an neam i.e. natural as oppd. to conventional masculine, Auraic. 595 = f. aigenta, 3126 (cf. aicnetae).

Nature as a basis of law: cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.2 . fir n-aignaid, 430.23 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse in judgements oḟ nature and conscience, 452.20 . a fir breith iar cubus ┐ aigne, ii 18.20 Comm. a hurd Feine ┐ aicnidh, v 466.21 . in tan na fuidbiter a cosmailius hi is a breth a lom-aignid `when no parallel case is found it is to be taken from bare nature', 8.z Comm.

In phr. fo a.¤ according to the nature of: fo aigned a graid, BCrólige § 21 . is fiach fo a.¤ ar inti dorinne, § 61. fo a.¤ na ré, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, p. 21a). fo a.¤ na fogla `according to the nature of the trespass', Laws iv 76.1 Comm. fo a.¤ cetmuindtire urnadma no adaltraige, 44.y Comm. fo aignedh craind, 170.15 Comm.

(b) mind, spirit, feeling: do ṡaine ergna ┐ aigenta ┐ inntlechta, CCath. 1617 . dearóile th'intinne ┐ th' aigeanta `how miserable thy mind and spirit', Keat. iii 3150 . cessis a menma ┐ a a.¤ ┐ a innithim forthu, CRR § 26 . tuc toil a menman ┐ a haigenta dhí, RC xxix 132 § 46 . as gairdiugud menman ┐ aicenta dúin, Acall. 287 . ar dorat Dia a seirc ┐ a grad fom a.¤ , BB 239b2 . ra érig . . . fích immarcraid i nacentaib ánruth, LL 240a13 ( TTr. 1724 ). go ndearna . . . taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh, TD 17.59 . do chuaid a aigned as a inadh he was beside himself, Celt. Rev. iii 10.31 . aigneadh dúnta 'gun rígh ruind since the king's mind is closed against us, Ériu iv 220.19 . ba brisedh aiccnid mor la Cesair sin `that was a great heartbreak to Caesar,' CCath. 3321 . In phrase do-ice a.¤ x for x is moved (towards, by) (cf. do-icc cride for, s.v. do-icc II a): tainig aignedh C. andsin ar briathraib na hingine C. was greatly moved at the girl's words, TTebe 4606 . tanic a n-a.¤ co mor forro the Greeks were greatly moved for them, 3125 . In sense of high spirit, courage: mosgail th'aigneadh, eirg ad lúireach, SGS iv 138 § 5 . anger, wrath: eirghidh a.¤ in cleirig friu, Lism. L. 2972 . ni lamdhais . . . ní dó . . . ar mhét a aicnidh, 2999 . rocendsaiged . . . a.¤ O., TTebe 2959 . do ḟiuch a ḟearg ┐ do ardaigh a aigneadh, ML 138.30 . amal rochúala Cairpre / téit a a.¤ i n-airdde `his anger is roused', Metr. Dinds. iii 444.66 . benaidh aignedh Molaga fris et téitt bás Molaga's anger struck him, Irish Texts iii 21 § 18 .

(c) disposition, character, behaviour: a.¤ ailgen cen ainble, ZCP vi 264 § 10 . ronbé ō christ aigned n-arge, ACL iii 297 § 55 . ba hanrata a.¤ ind fir sin, TTebe 1544 . fear dob aithreamhail n-aignidh `like his father in disposition', TD 17.37 . a Eoin go n-aigneadh coluim (to John the Baptist), Dán Dé xi 19 .

(d) mind, attention, thought: ni roibe a aigned isin ernaighthi, RC xii 330 § 18 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . caide th'a.¤ uimmi siút? opinion, Acall. 7537 . intention, idea: an t-aignedh do g[h]abhabhair do láimh `the said resolution you have taken', Ériu xv 50.29 . fillem go ár ccéudaignedh uime so, Geneal. Tracts 20.16 . ar demni ind aicnid, lúthige ind láthair ┐ méit na gaile the certainty of the intention (of performing a feat), LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). a chor i gcrích do réir aigeanta an tí dar thiomna é, TSh. 6145 . In phrase is a.¤ la: ní bad aigned la haon co fetfaide a ngeinemain nobody would ever imagine, Aisl. Tond. 109.2 . más aiccnedh libh a lenmain `if ye mean to abide by it', BNnÉ 288 § 276 . atá i n-a.¤: ni fuil i n-aigniudh co bfuighbhe an breth connaighe o Ultaibh it is not to be expected that you will get the reward you expect from the U., ZCP xiv 226.6 . dia mbeith in aigneadh dhó a shláinte dfaghbail if he were likely to recover his health, AFM v 1772.9 .

(e) knowledge, science (cf. 1 ecna(e)): dá n-iccad a.¤ oendrúad if the skill of any druid were of avail, LU 3549 ( SCC § 29 ). ard shaoi . . . in gach aicniudh atces do dhuine, AFM ii 1166.16 . gebé haigneadh ar a dtiubhra mé aire `to what study soever I apply myself', Carswell 195.9 (O'Rahilly compares aigniodh nuaidhe, Desid. 6449 , see p. 362).

2 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áige or dil.ie/917

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e) io, m. Perh. same word as 1 á. post, prop, pillar: braga .i. bir-āga. āige ainm bir, Corm. Y 161 . aighe .i. sail no gabhal, O'Cl. dún . . . dorus umaide fair ┐ ágai umaidi and, LU 1793 . bertais . . . inna hágu umaidi, 1799 . cach aga cach airenach (of the Tech Midchuarda), LL 3704 . Extended uses. Of a person: cach óen nad beir genelach cosna cethrib agaib arddaib seo .i. co Niall la Hu Nēill, co hEochaid Mugmedoin etc., Rawl. 140b28 . imme, maith in taighe, / suides flaith cech tiri (of the king of Tara), Ériu v 232.16 . ba háge immairic cach fer dib seo pillar of battle, LU 1602 ( IT ii2 214.52 ). ?dal armairc gan all n-āighi / as tairgsin āirmhe ar nionaibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 33 . inmain áighe sútt `beloved chief', BColm. 36.16 . Frequ. in Fél. of saints: Pól apstol, ard áge, Fél. Prol. 119 (.i. calma, Fél.2, where Stokes suggests reading colma. Hence aighe .i. calma, O'Dav. 69 , O'Cl. citing Fél.). Benedict balc áge (: Árne), March 21 (.i. tuir, ib.). Pátraic prímdae áge, Nov. 2. comdíre do rig ┐ epscop ┐ agu rechta litre ┐ suid filed an authority in literary matters, ZCP xvi 175 § 4 . age rechta dilgetha .i. int og-ae aca mbi dirgidetu dilgeda, in fer leiginn .i. sai chanoine, Ériu xii 12.2 . a.¤ fine head of the family: cor focerdcar (leg. -tar) seach aga fine ada cora do beith oga, Laws iv 60.12 . co tuca cach a cond .i. a aige fine, i 80.29 Comm. leth coibche cach ingine dia haighe fine, iii 314.9 Comm. a.¤ réire judge: aighe rere .i. brethem, O'Dav. 19 . aighe réire ag breith fírbhreath (glossed aighe .i. sail no gabhal; réire .i. aosda .i. sail sheanoirde re breitheamhnas), Hard. ii 294.8 . Of a high place: fil dam aichne áige . . . benn B., Metr. Dinds. iv 70.1 . rodharcbla . . . isi cric domídigear rosc ┐ adsuighaidter criche frisin, ma rofeisear in da aighe derba bidé iman raind sin `this is the district estimated by the eye, boundaries are defined by these if the two certain heads which are to this division be known' (i.e. the eye fixes the boundary if two points of it remain i.e. by running a straight line between these points), Laws iv 144.5 Comm. is ed tainic a n-aige ┐ a n-ardde ant srotha co rochuired uadha na cairci commora, TTebe 3623 (Ed. takes as 1 aige). aighe .i. cnoc, O'Cl.

3 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 áige or dil.ie/918

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e). io, m. Perh. same word as 1, 2 áige time, fixed period: mithisse .vii. mbliadna . . . tanic de in t-áge hísin LU 11034 . ní laimthea a sarugud co tísed áigi na bliadna sin (i.e. the Feis Temra or Óenach Tailten), 4214 . rochuinigh . . . an ben a tochra i n-āge a gellta `at the time for which it had been promised', BColm. 92.3 . ó ocht calne Apréile . . . co hOctimbir á.¤ (: ráde) `until the period of O.', Ériu iii 104 § 39 . in treas cath i n-aga aimsire int sannruth, BB 491a19 . i cinn an á.¤ , Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 . ní fil m'á.¤ ní bas sía `my span of life lasts no longer', Metr. Dinds. iv 28.47 . cach ági at every season, Imr. Brain 13.3 . . dcccc. age selbai, ZCP xii 363.28 . oin co aige .i. casc no nollac a loan until a definite day, Laws iii 492.11, 12 Comm. attat secht n-airligthe do-sliat loig n-einech mani thoirsait (leg. thairsit) a n-agai dia tecmai gabud i n-agui a n-eurca `if they are not returned at the speci- fied time', v 372.12 . airligud do fiur adbaill re n-agu a erce, 370.y . on (= ōn) fri hanairchenn, ni nasccar, ni cinnter a agae, 368.16 . in tan cindter aigi dithma forro when the time of their forfeiture is fixed, 246.8 Comm. ni forsna fuirmither aige a thing for which no period is fixed, i 146.6 Comm. co mbere [in bó] laeg isin aige ro gellad, O'Curry 653 ( H 3.18, 316 ). cidbe aige gnath no ingnath berius, 654 (ib. 318).

Cf. aga.

1 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ail or dil.ie/954
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oil, oili

n i and k, f. (See GOI § 320 and ZCP xvi p. 183 ). oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) boulder, rock: cid armbad spiritalis ind a.¤ . . . isi ede ind a.¤ rúnde, Wb. 11a19 . asind a.¤ `out of the rock', Ml. 93b9 . in lind . . ./ do ḟuc doib asind ailig (: maig), SR 4068 . dind a.¤ tuargabad asin tiprait, Trip.² 1067 . co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, 1507 . cobsaide ailech `firmness of rock', Thes. ii 356.4 . a.¤ (.i. cloch) trom, LU 9949 . petra lasin Laitneoir, a.¤ lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1087 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib, RC xii 434 § 37 . mo shuidiugad amal cech nailig ele isin múr clochisea, LB 157b8 . bás Mongāin . . . don a.¤ doteilcc Artūir air, ZCP vi 269 § 7 . enghuba esa ra ha.¤ , SG 366.25 . do bhí an oil ar muin Mhuire / far loigh tuir na trócaire (of the stone at the mouth of Christ's tomb), DDána 20.42 . atā foillicht a choss issin ailigh, Fl. Earls 208.22 . a.¤ .i. cloch, O'Cl. a.¤ áobhta .i. ail aithbhe .i. cloch frith ar tráigh, ib. With defining gen.: a.¤ chloiche large stone: ro bai a.¤ chloche ar a cind, IT i 82.2 . trascraid . . . oilche cloch forru, Aen. 2209 . darsin oilig cloiche, LB 126b23 . a.¤ adartha see 1 adrad. Fig. a a.¤ na sonairte (in a litany to the Trinity), Hib. Min. 43.12 . uathmar a.¤ (of God), SR 4773 . Of persons: ind a.¤ bratha . . . in t-occlaech ard allata, CCath. 2917 . in a.¤ mbratha nach fuilget nerta trenmiled, BB 419b16 . a.¤ cothaighthe gacha comlainn, AFM v 1340.17 . a.¤ ollaman a firmly established teacher, ZCP iv 237.27 . a.¤ firindi, Anecd. ii 8.24 ( Airne F. 272 ). ? Moisi mo cech n-a.¤ / i toisigecht in popail, SR 4451 . Aron ba amru cech n-a.¤ , 4513 .

In n.loc.: Colmán Alo, Thes. ii 269.41 (Ardm.) aduersum Coirthech regem Aloo C. king of Ail (Clúade), 271.33 . See also Hog. Onom.

Compd. ¤-bla stone boundary-mark, Laws iv 142.16 .

(b) grave-stone (cf. 3 oil): cu fil a ailcha imbi, Fianaig. 38.12 . cid glic fri ailchi uara `though he be cunning at carving cold stones', Fél. 188.9 . oil adhmaid a stone of remembrance, Ériu x 80 § 42 . beim fri ailchi aicetail .i. co mbi aicetul anma in fir nod cren accomul noguim .i. ogum na creca do beth illic firt, O'Curry 484 ( H 3.18, 251 ). iomdha oil úir san eing-se, DDána 92.2 . ail leachta grave-stone , Laws iv 142.17 Comm.

(c) monument, memorial(?) (cf. ailad?): forácaib ailgi ┐ airisni da márgnímaib, LL 221a33 ( TTr. 299 ). rolín in domun uili d'algib a nirt ┐ a níachais, 222a46 (ib. 380). d'ailgib ┐ d'air[is]nib a nirt, 225b45 (635). ailche ┐ airise a gnim, BB 414b45 . dia ailgib ┐ día gaiscedhaib, TTr.² 1501 .

(d) foundation, basis (of law, etc.): ar it é trénailig (trenailche, trenailce, MSS) in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betho, QML xiii 4 § 1 . is and do-n-icfad na duba digeanna cen a.¤ cen fasach `without foundation without precedent', Laws v 480.20 . co nailchib roscud ┐ fasach ┐ testemuin, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). breth cen ailig, Triads 244 .i. gan hailche 'na timchioll, .i. rosg ┐ fasach, p. 43 . Sencha . . . ni conberedh breth ngua gin teora ailche astudha cacha bretha, Laws i 24.23 . sruth do aill . . . do foxla ailche . . . imtha samlaidh in fer samailter fris; baidhidh droch leighniudha fortabhraidsi co nailchib testemna ┐ cedfaidhi, iv 356.12 . ni íadat iubaili for étechti a.¤ , LU 3473 `prescriptive periods should not close upon a foundation of illegality', SCC p. 34 . is ae fo a.¤ .i. iubaile tsaorratha inso, Laws ii 198.2 Comm. ?laighidh a.¤ for naesaib, iii 220.21, 24 , 226.21 . a.¤ .i. dliged no briathra, O'Dav. 631 . a.¤ .i. dliged (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6 . a.¤ (also ailech) anscui(ch) the lit. immoveable rock i.e. unshakeable testimony: for-toing a.¤ anscuichthe lais (.i. for-toing airdi no aimseir . . . no laid no litteir . . . it hē mairb in sin fortongat for biu, nī fortongar cenaib) an immoveable rock testifies along with him (i.e. a sign or time . . . or a lay or letter . . ., those are the dead that testify against the living, without them there is no over-ruling testimony) ZCP xv 361 § 46 (xvi 228) . feitheam for-toing fir fri hailche andscuithe, O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). it he a secht in sin con-osnat cach n-imt[h]aithbech: fiadnaisi inraici, ailig anscui[ch]thi . . ., Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . tri filidecht techtai, tri ailge anscuichthi, tri airmitin sen, ZCP xii 363.35 . ni ruc C. breth riam cen teora ailig ancsui[ch]thi breth occa .i. ailig aicnid gaisi etc., CF 73.4 ( SG 89.30 ). ?do fuair . . . a liomhdha (= líomhadh?) an algaibh `in the noble arts', Oss. v 146.5 . See also under 1 all

Cf. 1 ailech.

2 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ail or dil.ie/955

Forms: oil, oil, oili

n f. g s. -e Also oil. oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 . Prob. same word as 1 ail, see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 207 .

(a) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching: a.¤ .i. imdergad, O'Dav. 64 . a.¤ .i. aindsearg (-serc?), Stowe Gl. 201 . a.¤ .i. athais. a.¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl. mó alib (mou álib, LB) imdergad Emnae, Corm. Tr. 110.7 . forsin mnai dodechaid dott aíl who came to insult you, LL 273b47 . m'a.¤ ┐ m' airbire, Acall. 4502 v.l. teccait āigid, fācboit a.¤ , ZCP xii 292.9 . eochair aile opad a refusal is the cause of reproach, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . co mbad a.¤ ┐ co mbad athis for Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1586 . bec lat-su a.¤ (sic leg.) form-sa ┐ forsind eclais, MacCongl. 35.9 . `gail chon ar othrach' a a.¤ ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.3 . tucastar a.¤ ┐ aithis ar an óclach ele, Acall. 1348 . cáinthear mé nó do gheibhim oil nó athais, Desid. 2205 . nach ffuair tathaoír na toibheim a.¤ no athais, AFM v 1822.19 . ní fhúigfead-sa an oil sin ar mo fhine, ML 106.4 . fir . . . nach [uar] a.¤ , DDána 87.9 . gé do bhí d'Fhearghus 'n-a oil / meabhal mic Fhachtna Fháthaigh, Aithd. D. 8.11 . ní breis aoire ná oile `profit springing not from base abuse', Ó Bruad. ii 238.5 . oil oll .i. aithis mhór, Keat. ii 4378 . ?Attrib. g s. corp oile `an evil body' Aithd. D. 62.14 . In cheville: Jacōb mac Ailphi cen a.¤ , Ériu iii 196 § 17 . clu cen a.¤ , MR 46.11 . In phrase a.¤ bréithre verbal insult: acht a.¤ brethri do ḟacbáil forro co bráth conna turgebtais a n-aigthe la Gaedelu, RC viii 50.10 . is teidmech ind a.¤ breithre facbaisiu for in tírse, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 79 ). a.¤ brethri do tabairt air fein, Cog. 146.13 . in oil bréithre tuc M. air `the verbal affront', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.15 . digliunn a n-ail ailib cainib . . . a.¤ briathra do reir sin, O'Dav. 631 . In physical sense blemish, defect: is oll in a.¤ fil forsin fer (expl. of name Ailill), Cóir Anm. § 41 .

(b) Name of a type of satire (`insult', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 ): cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ a.¤ ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a.¤ . . . .i. a.¤ leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbretri, 12 (ib.). atait secht cinela aire . . . a.¤ suthuin, Laws v 228.y . an a.¤ suthain ┐ an les-ainm lenas, 234.7 Comm. a.¤ suthain, Ériu xiii 37.11 . conderntáis . . . téora glamma dícend go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, a.¤ ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 .

(c) misfortune (esp. of death or wounding in battle): mor marb, mór atbai, mór a.¤ atcūinfet Gaoideil, ZCP xiii 381.8 (Baile in Scáil). mór a.¤ atbath ind ríí, 14 (id.). dighail cath A. i n-ebbela cach amra firfid a.¤ uchbad, ZCP xii 232 § 43 (id.). cach a ngontais, cían ind a.¤ (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 164.11 . Perh. also: ag díon a oighreachda ar oil / meinic do dhearg a ndebhthoibh / lann . . ., O'Hara 3055 . díogha gaisgidh goin ar ghoin / oil i n-aisgidh ní fhaghthoir, Aithd. D. 74.2 .

Cf. ailbéimm and 2 ailech.

ailbéimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailbéimm or dil.ie/964

Forms: oilbéim

n Also oilbéim (cf. 1, 2 ail and béim)

(a) stumbling, knocking against a stone: ?is béss didu ind liacc benir il-béim friss gl. offenderunt in lapidem offensionis, Wb. 4d15 (`many blows', See, however, Strachan, OIPG 4th ed. p. 124 ). ni tegemad oilbeim do re cloich (non offendet pedes suos ad lapidem), Rosa Angl. 62.19 . ni faghann oilbheim ┐ ni fuilighter air, ib. n.4. co na ro-bera do chos ail-béim (ne forte offendas ad lapidem pedem tuum), PH 4716 .

(b) offence, scandal: a.¤ Hérenn Cell Rúaid, Triads 30 . .i. cill as measa do cheallaibh nó béim aithesach no ceall dáir, p. 36 . rob oilbheim adhbal d'eineach . . . tuaisceirt Ereann tuitim an trír ísin, AFM v 1636.4 . gídh gurab oilbhéim é dona Iúduighibh, Donlevy 400.23 . oilbhéim do thabhairt d'aoinneach, 340.27 . fuáradar oilbhéim fá chloich noilbhéime, Romans ix 32 . an choir . . . do chur i leith na n-Éireannach mar oilbhéim dóibh, Keat. i 60 z . a bhean nar iarr oilbhéim d'aon `who never sought the harm of any', A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 6 . imdhigmet cen ail-bém, PH 6810 . tusa uainn ag anamain / i ndáil in tslóig cen ailbéim, SG 265.5 . ní thug oilbhéim don anam, DDána 52.13 .

(c) impediment, obstruction: ni fil nach locht . . . isind [ḟ]ir sin do neoch is ailbéim aiccenta do churp duiniu there is no fault in that man that could be called a natural defect in the human body, RC xxii 209 n.l . an talamh ní fhuair oilbhéim the earth was not damaged, PBocht 25 § 10 . da fadadh slighe gan oilbeim on talmain `if it got space without obstruction from the earth', Ir. Astr. Tr. 16.16 . fríoth oilbhéim re samhluigh soin / ar coirrṠhléibh . . . Chláraigh a like disaster happened on . . ., DDána 64.26 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

aille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aille or dil.ie/1044

n , f. (Lat. alleluia? See also Vendr. Lex.) act of praising, giving thanks; hymn of praise: a buith oc ailli a almsine, Wb. 16d2 . do Chríst cachain ailli, Fél. Apr. 26 . cachain a.¤ , Leb. Gab.(i) 266.6 . oc cētul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ornalib `in lauds', MacCongl. 3.10 . ni bi raith friut tailcenn . . . ar do fuaslaice alle arach .i. uair uatuaslaice in t-a.¤ luighi uil acusan, an t-arach trebairi `for the hymn of praise would invalidate the bond', Ériu xi 74 § 8 . Perh. also: oráit ┐ aill ar ainim Dhonnchaid, O'Curry 68 ( H 3.18, 24b ) (or áil request?). aill .i. molad, O'Dav. 72 . Of grace before meals: tre ailli gaibther re proinn, Wb. 28c20 . gabis ailli gl. benedixit illis, Thes. i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ) (of Christ before feeding the multitude). a.¤ (ab alleluia) do bheir se dh'ainm ar an altughadh sin. Adeirdis paidear d'eis na ha.¤ sin, Rule of Tallaght § 92 . bennachaid in fít, canair alle, gluaister cloc, LB 262a3 . fogní . . ailli mési `table grace', Mon. Tall. 131.9 (§ 8) . greeting(?): ailgini .i. aile do dénum riss ó gin .i. fáilti do dénam ris, O'D. 912 ( H 3.17, 651 ). As attrib. gen. tarmbreth Tomáis a.¤ `of praiseful T.', Fél. July 3 . Colmán epscop a.¤ , Aug. 8. fil and mór ṅard ṅa.¤ , Ep. 83. Cf. 373 .

See aillóir.

ailmne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailmne or dil.ie/1063

Forms: almnae

n also almnae knee-cap(?): almne glunae gl. genu geniculum, Sg. 47a3 . gein forcometa . . . ut est a.¤ for glun, Auraic. 1819 . almnae ┐ ecsait (= escait) lanamnai in gluini, 1854 . ? fil and almu Donnáin noéb / for'boi for in glún (in a list of relics), Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 13 .

3 ailt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ailt or dil.ie/1075

n f. height: From Lat. altitudo, Wortk. 172 a.¤ .i. ab altitudine , Corm. Y 30 = alt, Thr. Ir. Gl. 2 . a.¤ .i. úasal, O'Cl. síasair suide eōin i n-a.¤ , Thes. ii 327.13 ( Hy. v 1 ) .i. in altitudine, 31 . arddi ┐ aithi na freiscisen fil o duini co Dia toirnes a ha.¤ .i. a hairddi, Rawl. 70a20 . .lxx. cubat i na.¤ in múir, .xx. a lait (sic), Rawl. 71b17 . romarb in leomhan . . . isind a.¤ móir `in the great glen', TTr.² 50 . tre ailltibh arda, ZCP vi 290.23 . a n-ailltibh ┐a n-uamaibh na talman, Stair Erc. 1699

See 2 alt.

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