Search Results

Your search returned 14 result(s).

1 anair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anair or dil.ie/3313
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. name of a kind of metre proper to the `clí' poet, see IT iii 163 - 164 , 171 . Explained by native glossators as an-áer not satire. See LEIA and BBCS xxiv 47 . a.¤ .i. ainm n-airc[h]eatail, is é dán dogní clí. A.¤ dono forreith in ree so .i. aon a hīar .i. i n-āentarmfortcend a forcend . . . ┐ i tarmfortcenduib . . . deochraiges fria nath dēbrechta. Ailiter: a.¤ .i. an-aor .i. nī haor acht is molad, Corm. Y 41 . a.¤ .i. an 'gá diultadh, co nach aír inge moladh .i. anair annso do righne Colman mac Léinin do Fergus . . . (quatrain follows), O'D. 1210 (H 2.15, 83b). ni do cli col n-ergnae di a.¤ āirme, O'Mulc. 537 . a.¤ inso sís: Belach sond slecta / sét credmaic calma / cath bodbæ b—na / bert torna talma, IT iii 60 § 116 . a.¤ rindaird, 37 § 22 . a.¤ tintudach, a.¤ trebraid, 38 §§ 23, 24 . ind anamain mór . . . nath ┐ a.¤ ┐ laíd ┐ emain, 59 § 114 ; 96 § 152 . firthair a.¤ cona .xxx. ait / issi in choiced rann fri rath, 64 § 131 . biaid bó focain Cethrur / ar emuin (nó ar anair) nurchoir, 50 § 93 . teora uama ollaman . . . emna ┐ anairi . . ., 59 § 112 = eamna ┐ anaíre, O'D. 1192 (H 2.15, 78b). is hi . . . fogluim na cuicede .i. lx. drecht ┐ .xxx. arar (sic, g p. of a.¤ intended, ed.), IT iii 37 § 21 . i[n] nath no ind a.¤ , Auraic. 3672 . in a.¤ , 4654 , 4815 . anaír dorigni Aithirni . . . da ba ┐ samaisc log na hanaire, O'D. 959 (H 3.17, c. 671). Cf. in t-ollam filead . . . anamain cain-ceitiriac a aisde . . . .i. nath ┐ a.¤, laid ┐ eamain . . . coig ba ar nath, da ba ┐ samaisc ar a.¤ , Laws v 58.8 Comm. ar a.¤ n-urcoraig, 68.12 Comm.

1 anamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anamain or dil.ie/3345
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. Name of a class of metre proper to an ollam. Connected with anaid (in sense breathes ) and ainimm and perh. orig. in sense of psychic inspiration , Watkins, Celtica vi 217 but see ZCP xxxi 146 , Ériu xlviii 47 . The a.¤ had two divisions, a.¤ becc and a.¤ mór, also called a.¤ ceithireich, which was sub-divided into four `ré's. See also IT iii pp. 164-68 . Variously explained by native glossators: emon airchitel, ar it cosmaili a dā lethcomarc unde a.¤ dicitur .i. nī emon acht is ceat[h]arreig, O'Mulc. 391 . Corm. Y 574 . a.¤ .i. ainm airc[h]etail .i. án a somaoin ar mét a lóig[e] ┐ a grāid, ar is dán olloman, unde dicitur: `inloing ollam a.¤', Corm. Y 39 (cf. O'Dav. 1072 ) = inellaig ollam anamuin, O'Mulc. 537 . a.¤ (.i. anṡomain .i. somain án .i. airdairc ┐ is ind immund tis atá ind a.¤) eter da nin inso .i. nin i tossuch in moltai ┐ nin ina deriud, LU 400 ( ACC, RC xx 146.3 ). a.¤ an somain `glorious profit', Auraic. 1581 . baird . . . cid i ndeocraigetar? . . . i ndanaib ┐ gradaib ┐ anmandnuib (┐ aistibh no anamnaibh v.l.), IT iii 5.7 . a.¤ bec indso, 60 § 120 . ind a.¤ mór . . . cethrí re inti-sside .i. nath anair, laíd ┐ emain. Itt e sein tra cetrí re na hanamna, 59 § 114 . a.¤ ceatarach annso . . . cethireich .i. ceithri reich ann ┐ it e annso a nanmand .i. nath, anair, laidh ┐ eamain, 96 § 152 . in t-ollam filead . . . a.¤ cainceitiriac a aisde go n-a ceithir reib ogaib eilligter innti [i.] nath ┐ anair, laid ┐ eamain, Laws v 58.6 Comm. is hi foglaim na .xi. bliadna .i. .l. anamain (anaman v.l.) mór ┐ .l. a.¤ becc (of an ollam), IT iii 59 § 113 . is i so . . . in anamhain fodhen, 97 § 157 . .x. mba ┐ samaisc ar corp na hanamnach boden, Laws v 58.8 Comm. incipít dona hanamhnaibh, IT iii 96 . iarcomarc na hanamna inso sís, 60 § 119 . teora uama ollaman xii raind na filidechta ┐ na ceithri srotha déc . . . ┐ anamna ollaman, 59 § 112 . a.¤ irdairc / uasal in slonnod / nisdenand duine / uile acht ollom, 106 § 25 . carpat cumaili cach aeda anumna, 50 § 93 . Laws v 70.3 Comm. co feser cia halt aircetail bera fri sechta .i. i[n] nath, inn anair, inn a.¤ etc., Auraic. 828 , 1578 , 4654 .

Associated with names of magical formulae (but see Ériu xlviii 47 ): ceithri srotha déc [na filidechta] ínso sís .i. . . . immas ┐ dichetal, a.¤ ┐ brethugud ┐ tenmlaida, etc., IT iii 58.1 ., LL 3898 . nath ┐ dicetal ┐ Bretha Nemedh ┐ a.¤ , Laws v 28 n.5 . dicedul do cenduib, cedul nanomuin, O'D. 2207 (Nero A vii, f. 143b). ailghes ┐ a.¤ ┐ glaimh dicend, 2319 ( Rawl. B 506, 33b3 ).

4 dían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 dían or dil.ie/15954

 

Forms: dein, diana, dianaib, dein, dein

n d s. dein, Laws v 58.z . IT iii 106 . n p. diana, IT iii 32 . Laws v 60 . d p. dianaib, IT iii 70 . n du. in da fo-dein , Laws v 60 . g du. cectarde in dana fo dein , ib. Name of a class of metre: Auraic. 1574. 4655 . Laws v 60 . se diana .i. dian airseng ┐ dian midṡeng ┐ dian iarṡeng ┐ dian airthrom ┐ dian midthrom ┐ dian iartrom, IT iii 32 - 33 . in fochlacan filead, samaisc a eneclann ┐ samaisc a logidheacht a aisdi . . . Dian a aisde; uair adeir `saigid samuisc ar dein co ndron-coiri', Laws v 58 .

doír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doír or dil.ie/17924
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: doer, doír, dærcis, daertuath

adj o,ā. As subst. o, m. and ā, f.

(a) unfree, lowborn, of servile condition or nature; as subst., serf (opposed to soír free, a freeman; sometimes also to mug slave. See 1 saer); doer gl. mancipi, Sg. 51b12 . doer . . . .i. satilitess (= satellites), O'Mulc. 318 . dochraid cach daer, ACL iii 229 . saor ┐ daor, Laws i 40 . masa chudrumus corpdire dair dair ┐ dair urraid, O'Curry 999 ( H 3.18 427a ). daor urrad . . . daor deorada . . . daor murchartha . . . daor daoir, 2351 ( Eg. 88, 27 (28)b ). etir sóir ┐ dóir, Wb. 27c15 . berar . . . 'nas dáer na braiti such of the captives as are serfs, TBC-LL¹ 1696 . áne la dóer skill in a serf, Triads 84 . indogbáil doeir (.i. togbáil a hinde na doerclanna fri sáerudh) uplifting of the lowborn, Anecd. v 26 . saer i suidiu ndaeir ┐ daer i suidiu saeir, Laws v 18 . mac cumaili .i. daire of a bondswoman, 456 Comm. tucait na dáe[i]r ┐ na dorsaire do ḟaire na cathrach, RC xiv 416 ( LL 109b44 ). radeligtar a ndáer (= ndaeir) ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer nhErend, TBC-LL¹ 423 . mod frisa mbitis cumala doera, Corm. Y 324 . dia ructhar ar mnā dōera uand, biait for (ar, LU sic leg.) mnā sāera for brōintib, TBC-I¹ 1129 . etir saera ┐ daera freemen or serfs, Cog. 42 . o saeraib co daeraib, Laws v 466 . admestar doeru drungu fognama fognat, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . foirb daér ar dilse tenant-land held in fee, Metr. Dinds. iii 300 . d'fearann tsaér ┐ dhaor, AFM v 1842 . Servile, menial: oibre daora .i. oibre corpordha, mur ata treabhadh, etc., Luc. Fid. 100 ; Ó Héodhusa 160 .

(b) Of physical and moral qualities base, ignoble, slavish: ní dóir for mbethu, Wb. 5a3 . rāter rand do dréim nar daer (of Adam and his family), LL 136b25 . ba daor a dath, Todd Nenn. 282 . duairc, doer, dressachtach a drech, SR 939 . o Diarmaid nar bo daer drech of no servile aspect, BB 189a34 . a rosg daor an Diabuil, RC xxviii 320 . conacca in n-arracht ndoer ndochraid, LL 117b27 . for iffern ndub ndorcha ndaer, SG 52 . fria ndiumas ndaor ndrocht `enslaving pride' (?), SG 160 = fri diumus ndúr, Acall. 2964 (sic leg.). oc na slogaib dubaib doeraib na ndemna, PH 8308 . Compar.: mo choirthe . . . an duirb is daoire d'fiabrasaibh, Ó Bruad. ii 168 .

(c) enslaved, subject: is daor anois a dhuthaidh, GJ iv 10 . cella daera (a prophecy of evil times), ZCP viii 196 . tiuccfo aimser bus doer eglaiss do thuaith when the church shall be subject to the laity, SG 79 . Derbail . . . dar daer Cul Dremne to whom C.D. owned sway, LL 141a2 . doer o demnaib enslaved (i.e. possessed) by devils, PH 2226 . an uair do bhi t'anam deilte, daor uaidh enslaved by it (the body), GJ iv 20 .

(d) condemned, deserving punishment, guilty: slān cach ditiu(d); daer cach dic[h]ell `every neglect is condemned', Laws ii 2 ; 124 . d'eagla . . . go bhfuighthi daor thú lest thou be found guilty, Proverbs xxx 10 . dochuaidh síos go tigh na ndaor the house of the damned (hell), O'Rah. xvii 20 .

(e) laborious, hard, rigorous, painful: trosgadh, urnuighthe . . . aithrighe dhaor, GJ v 85 . is iontuigthe nach daor . . . an bhreath rug Dia ar Ádhamh, TSh. 3418 . With DO: is daer don liaigh inuair nach eol dó beatha an othair dórdugud it is a bad lookout for the physician, 23 P 10, 153ra22 . atáid trí hadhbhair fa' n-a daoire don droing . . . ioná don chineadh Iudaigheach why those . . . shall fare worse than the Jews, Eochairsg. 100 . innte (sc. isan oidhche sin) rogheinsiodar | Bile Tortan, Eo Rosa, | a n-umhla nochar dhaor dhí `their homage to the night was no indignity' (i.e. it was none the worse for that night that the Trees sprang up), ML 96 . Adv. gabhaidh go d.¤ docamhlach iad with rigour and severity (of captives), ML 108 . foighénaidh go d.¤ do Dhia he will render hard service, SG 24 . gur cheannaigh Críost ár siothcháin go d.¤ ar an gcrois purchased our peace dearly, Eochairsg. 73 . clogat do cheannach go d.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 22 . cruindigh do shaidhbhris gu d.¤ ┐ scaoil gu saor he amass your wealth with pains, Ériu v 130 .

(f) Hence dear, valuable, costly (comm. in mod. lang.; cf. Eng. dear): budh daor a bhfuil iona radharc precious shall their blood be in His sight, Psalms lxxii 14 . an criostal ba dhaoire, O'Rah. xxxiv 54 .

Compds. With subst. and adjj. doír forms compds.

(a) in sense of unfree, servile, base, of low condition esp. freq. in technical terms denoting social distinctions in Laws: ¤aicenta: daoraicinta `natural slave', inferior , Laws v 236 Comm. ; O'Dav. 873 . ¤aicme serf-tribe: athigh ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . daoraicme gacha dúithche, Keat. i 58 . ¤am(m)us serf-soldier: ocht doerammuis dia mbiathad fri seilgg, RC xx 140 . ¤athech serf, `villain': ni haltram nach dóerathig, Fél. 44 ( Fél. Jan. 15 ) (but see CMCS i 46 ). ¤bard a bard of the second class, oppd. to the sóerbard, IT iii 107 . na dærbaird, Auraic. 1691 . aisti na ndærbard, 1590 . ¤ bondwoman (poet.): rohir dam . . . deich ndairbé (.i. bancumala), Ériu ii 3 . ¤ben id.: fo dóerban dul `after the fashion of lowborn women', Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . ¤bíatach: a chuaird . . . for a dóerbiatachu ` base-hospitallers ', RC xxvi 39 n. 5 . ¤bothach serf-cottier , opp. to soerb., Laws ii 288 Comm. doerboth[ach]us, iv 388 Comm. See Críth G. p. 78 , Ir. Recht 81 . ¤chéle base tenant or client: a saerceili ┐ a daerceili, Laws i 40 Comm. doercele ag in rí, ii 94 Comm. ¤cherd: lucht daoircheard, mar atá an drong do bhíodh ré gaibhneacht nó ré ceardacht, etc. artisans of lower class, Keat. iii 656 . ¤chimbid prisoner: é féin . . . d'furáilemh ina dhaoirchimidh díairm do mhuinntir na bainrioghna, AFM vi 2258 . ¤chimbidecht imprisonment, bondage: ar dháigh ná dáoirchimidheachta i mbattar a thír ┐ a thalamh, a chairde, etc., AFM vi 1896 . tromnemhele na daoirchimidheachta dorad Ua Néll don Chalbhach, v 1584 . ¤chís tribute (exacted by conqueror): daircis fodhnama for feraib Eirend, RC xx 337 . dærcis, ib. go gcuirfeadh fá dhaorchíos iad, ML 118.18 . Isaiah lx 17 . a láethibh an dáoirchíosa `of the enrolling', Acts v 37 . ¤chlann serf-clan, inferior classes or race: ho d[ó]erchlandib gl. exiguis nationibus, Ml. 80a12 . cach doerchland, cach merlech lowborn person (?), LL 147a47 . at imdha a saerchlanda . . . at [t]earca a daerchlanda, IT iii 92 . co n-ordnitis doerclanna i n-ard-clannaib, CCath. 249 . can cummusc daerc[h]lann no daescurslógh, 6035 . sé cinéala Aitheachthuath nó Daorchlann i nÉirinn, Keat. iv p. 13 . sochaidhe dia saorclandaibh ┐ dia ndaorchlandaibh, Hugh Roe 108 . adj. ¤chlan(n)da: a ceithri doerclanda, CCath. 3564 = servum pecus, Luc. Phars. vi 152 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha daorchlanda, AFM vi 2146 . ¤ḟer bondsman: a dáirḟir (as term of reproach), Metr. Dinds. iii 154 . ¤ḟognam menial service, bondage: rucadh fa dochar ┐ daerḟoghnam, Ériu v 148 . rochuin[n]ig C. chuccasom daerfoghnomh Temrach, RC xvi 478 ( Dinds. 78 ). ¤ḟuidir (tech. term), Laws ; ¤ḟuidres, Críth G. 580 ; see p. 93 ( base `tenant-at-will'), Ir. Recht 64 , 83 ff. ¤gním: fodailsed Aithechthuacha fo Eirind ┐ rodead daergnim flatha Erend uasaib, Lec. 350b38 (? = greim, BB, see below). ¤macne: bertair dóermaicni dóib their children will be serfs, LU 5614 = TBC-I¹ 1134 . ¤mám servile yoke, servitude: fo d., SR 1776 . doermamu fognamaidh, Laws v 222 Comm. Hence denom. doirmámaigedar gl. vilescere, Ml. 93d9 ; 101a8 . ¤mámaigthetu gl. squalor, Sg. 20a5 . hon doir[ma]maigthetaid gl. squalore, Ml. 28b1 . ¤manach base tenant of ecclesiastical lands, O'Dav. 873 . doermanuch ag in espoc, Laws ii 94 Comm. daermanach eagalsa, iv 196 Comm. Abstr. dóirmanche: cen erchóiliud doermancha, Ériu vii 142 . ¤mesda: luchd daoirmheasda taskmasters , Exodus i 11 . daoirmheasadóir taskmaster , v 10 , 13 ; iii 7 . ¤nemed (tech. term): atat dō neimid . . . saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine . . . Daerneimead imorro, aes gach dāna olchena . . . is do ṡaernemthib fognait, Laws v 14 . ¤opair servile work , TBC-LL¹ 1760 . ¤rath (see 2 rath): daerrath cach tothlu sech fine, ZCP xv 252 § 9 (see xvi 212-13 ). ¤rathas, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18 251). ¤thúath: daertuath ` tributary territories ', Laws i 82 Comm. ba do daertuathaib Herind do subject tribes , YBL 139a36 .

(b) As pref. with pejorative or intensive force, forming unstable compds. ¤bás: fodémat uacht ┐ gortai . . . ria ndaerbásaib éitchib before (dying) a miserable death, LB 206b56 . ¤breth sentence of condemnation: rug Dia an daoirbhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4 . ni dhearnais daorbhreitheamhnas flatha tyrannical judgment , ML 102 . ¤chor: ní daerchor `no sorry bargain', Metr. Dinds. iii 410 . ¤chris: daorchrios diúide `austere restrictions', Ó Bruad. ii 70 . ¤dál hard judgement or fate: daor-dháil, TSh. 6099 . ¤dálach rigorous, severe: cúntas daor-dhálach, TSh. 3750 . ar na hanmannaibh damanta daor-dhálacha ill-fated , TSh. 6264 . ¤dangen: i nhiffern ṅdúr ndáirdaṅgen, SR 1764 . ¤galar: gailcind nó daergalar ` haemorrhoids ', Fél. 44 (Jan. 16) . flux bronn no daorgaluir, 24 P 3, 346.2 . ¤gol: ag daorghol i nguais ghalair, Ó Bruad. ii 108 . ¤greim: fodhailset tuatha aithecha fo Erind ┐ roddet daergreim flatha Erend uasaib they were placed under strict subjection (?), BB 255b36 . ¤méit: o Dealbaeth nach dealbad bréic | cinset Dealbna can daormeit, Lec. 439b4 = gaendaermeit, BB 188b35 . ¤múch: cen dáermūich daille `vile smoke of blindness', Fianaig. 50 .

In adjj. ¤bésach: gomsa daerbésacha macneda Uladh i l-leth o maithrechaibh inherit servile ways from their mothers, ZCP viii 545 . ¤buillech: deilm d. `a dishonouring blow', Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . ¤garg: debtha dene dóergairce, LU 3466 ( SCC § 25 ). Ériu viii 173 .

(c) Rarely with vbs.: ¤brissid: cor daerbris a druim ar dó ann, Acall. 4871 ; 6943 ; 6998 .

eclais, eclas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eclais, eclas or dil.ie/19585
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: eclis, eclais, eclas, eglais, eclais, æclis, ęclais, eclais, eagluis, eglas, æclis, eclais, ecailse, æcaillse, ecalsé, ecals, ecailsi, ecals, eagailse, eagails, eguilsi, eclais, eaglaise, eagluis, e(a)gluis, eglais, ecolso, ecolsa, æcolsa, æccalsa, ǽccalsa, ecals, egals, eaccalsa, ecalsæ, æcilso, ecailsi, eccailsi, ecals, eagluiseadhe, eagluiseach, ecalsa, eagalsa, ecails, eclasae, eculs, ecailsib, eagailsib, egluisibh, ecalsai, eclas, eaglas, eagluisead, eagalsadh, æccalsa

n i, ī, ā, f. (eccles-) n s. eclis, Wb. 16d6 . ind eclais , Tur. 60 . (ind) eclas , SR 4421.4923 . LU 116a38 . Fél. p. 4 . BB 341a45 . PH 3423 . 6896 . an eglais , O'Dowley 15.11 . v s. a eclais , Ml. 65d14 . 66c1 . a s. æclis, Wb. 28d26 . ęclais, Ml. 65d5 . eclais, SR 4440 . eagluis, 1 Corinth. xvi 19 . eglas, YBL 154b22 . d s. æclis Wb. 11d16 . 28d24 . eclais, Ml. 64c5 . 66c2 . SR 4484 . g s. (a) (inna) ecailse , Ml. 65d1 . Tur. 48 . LU 30a25 . æcaillse, Wb. 22c20 . ecalsé, SR 4242 . ecals, Cáin Ad. § 39 . § 45 . ecailsi, IT i 186.15 . SR 4924 . Trip. 16.31 ; 28.13 . ecals, Cáin Ad. § 34 . Trip. 2.18 . eagailse, TSh. 3475 . eagails, Studies 1919, 439 . eguilsi, Fl. Earls 20.27 . (b) eclais, Laws iii 10.16 . eaglaise, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 623 § 15 . eagluis, Acts viii 1 . Rev. ii 1 . Luc. Fid. 389 z . e(a)gluis, Romans xvi 5. 2 Cor. i 1 . eglais, O'Dowley 15.15 ; 20.20 . (c) ecolso, Wb. 13a3 . ecolsa, 11d6 . æcolsa, 12b18 . 13a27 . æccalsa, 9c7 . ǽccalsa, 7c8 . ecals, Lism. L. 2459 . 2553 . Acall. 2888 . Ériu ii 204.20 . ACL iii 307 § 17 . egals, Cáin Ad. § 53 . eaccalsa, Studies 1921, 75 . ecalsæ, BColm. 26.2 . æcilso, Wb. 22c11 . n p. (a) ecailsi, RC xxvi 38.9 . eccailsi, Cáin Ad. § 31 . ecals, Laws v 14.10 . Cáin Ad. § 30 . (b) eagluiseadhe [sic] 1 Corinth. xvi 19 . eagluiseach, Romans xvi 4 . Rev. i 20 . (c) ecalsa, Lism. L. 3923 . eagalsa, RC xxvi 38 n. 9 . a p. (a) ecails, Trip. 110.18 . (b) eclasae 122.2 . (c) eculs, Fél. 4.17 . d p. (a) ecailsib, Trip. 8.2 . Maund. 50 . eagailsib, Keat. iii. 310 . (b) egluisibh, Rev. ii 13 . iii 22 . (c) ecalsai, Lism. L. 36 . g p. (a) eclas, PH 5589 . Todd Lect. v 58.11 . ( eclaise, PH 1663 , etc. is not written out in the MS.) eaglas, IGT, Decl. § 130 . (b) eagluisead, Rev. i 20 . IGT, Decl. § 127 . eagalsadh, § 130 .

(1) the Christian church as an institution, whether regarded as a visible organization or a spiritual community of believers: i n-ellug inna æcaillse, Wb. 22c20 . 7c8 . rocar crist innęclais, Ml. 65d5 . Tur. 48 . PH 7502 . in spirut dorinfith ind eclais, Trip. 2.7 . forsinn æclis .vii. gradich profetauit lesus, Ardm. 170b2 = Thes. i 496.29 . in eclais Cristaige, PH 568.587 . don eclais cechtarda phetarlaicthi ocus núfiadnaise, FA 1 (LB). ind eclais nemdai ┐ talmanda PH 5339 . Hib. Min. 10.319 . rúine na hecalsi noīme, Trip. 2.18 . a horduighthibh na hEagailse naomhtha, TSh. 3475 .

Attrib. gen.: aís æccalsa (gl. sanctos) Wb. 9c7 . mac ecalsa a cleric Acall. 6771 . Brénaind cona macaib eccalsa, Moling § 9 . RC xiv 58 § 72 . iar ndol dia hurd ┐ dia macaibh eccailsi, AFM vi 1924.22 . ar esbuidh daoíne egluisi óa bhfuighdís béaloideas spioradalta, O'Dowley 99 y .

persa e. : cleric, clergyman: F., espucc Ratha B., ba hesidhe pearsa ecclaisi ro ba mo ainm...ina aimsir, AFM iii 470.16 . imat do mhiltibh persa eguilsi, Fl. Earls 186.30 . persa ar bioth eagailsi, Biocáire, no Minisdir oile, Statuid, pref. to Bk. of Comm. Prayer 1608 . cia as troma...persa eagluisi...ina tuata ?, Luc. Fid. 104.17 .

(2) in a more restricted sense, a local church or community of believers; a unit of ecclesiastical organization: ɔdidaccadar cach eclis (gl. ostendite in facie aeclesiarum) Wb. 16d6 . nách sain sollamain la hEgeptacdu ┐ la heclais in descirt uli, PH 6922 . orba gaibter o flaith no o eclais from a chief or from a church Laws iv 48.3 Comm. mad muilend tuathi...mad muilend ecalsa a church mill Ériu ii 204.20 . do ḟágaibh leagáide...ag eagailsibh prinnsiopálta Éireann, Keat. iii 3092 . an eaglais ba prinnsiopálta san ríoghacht, 308 . Esp. a monastery: seissir is cóir ind-ecluis, adon airchinnech ┐ seccnabaid, fer léighinn ocus coig, fer tecuisc ocus fer timthirechta, ZCP iv 234 . flaith ocus a ceile, eaclas ocus a manaig, Laws v 480.14 . ii 344.2 . fuidre flatha, daermanaig eclaise, iii 10.16 . manach eclaisi aile, v 432.13 Comm. e.¤ dalta a daughter-church or monastery (?) see Wortk. 212 (1919) . eagluis dalta included amongst communities from which the abbot may be elected, Laws iii 74.17 Comm. cf. 74.2 . e.¤ láin a monastery entitled to full honour-price: eaclas lain gach eclus uili otha eclas in da apsdal dec tiri Gaedel imach [no (add. H 3.18 )] in cathair adig. in eclas lain o bias epscop no fear legind ina hoirchindecht no o focolebus espoc no fer legind cuigi amuig atait .vii. cumala a n-eniclann a hoircindig, BB 341a45 = Laws v 54 .

(3) clergy: ite saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine, Laws v 14.10 (with gl.: ecalsi .i. graid ecalasa). comhdháil uaisle is eagailse Éireann nobles and clergy Keat. iii 1219 . uaisle is eaglais Éireann, 5574 . ar a phríomhchomhairleacha, mar dobhí eaglais a thíre ...a ollamhain seanchais agus leighis, Maguires of F. § 14 .

(4) a cleric : cis lir filidh ro-seghadh coimhdhire fri flaith ┐ eagluis? 'how many poets attain the same honour-price as a lord and a churchman?', UR 46.1 . cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa 'every craftsman who manufactures articles for a lord or a churchman', Críth G. 1486 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cis lir fodlai for soíneimthib? ... a cethair - ecnae, eclais, flaith, fili; it é doírnemid dánae olchenae 'how many divisions are there of noble privileged ones? ... four, ecclesiastical scholar, churchman, lord, poet; the remaining craftsmen are base privileged ones', Ériu xl 8 § 1 .

(5) a church, a building for worship: arimbad and furruimtis a n-eclis, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). dorónad eclais coem cumdachta ic Constantin do popul De, PH 480 . oc toraind ecailsi bicci, Trip. 88.17 . do coisecrad eclaise ┐ tempul, PH 254 . rofotaig cill ┐ eglais, BB 234b45 . Of the Tabernacle: co nderndtais doib eclais nglain | ocus ind arcc testemain, SR 4187 . 4213 . arali sacart...ro chumdaig ecluis o lecuib logmaraib .i. eccluis robui ina chill shrine (?) RC xx 428 . Cf. Keat. iii p. 106 . baile eguilsi a church town Fl. Earls 20.27 .

éicne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicne or dil.ie/19722

 

Forms: écne, écne, éicne, éicni, eigne, éigne, éicni, écne, écne, éicn, eignedha, éicn, écne, éigneadha, ecne, éicned, éignib, eicnedai

n io, m. n s. in t-écne , LL 250a28 (= ind écne , ZCP iv 40.3 ). in t-éicne , 251a43 . in t-éicni , Trip. 146.13 . in t-eigne , YBL 371a31 = Dán Dé xiv 6 . an t-éigne , TD 17.35 . g s. ind éicni , LL 251a9 . a du. in dá écne , LB 203b12 . n p. écne, LU 26b16 . éicn, Acall. 3761 . eignedha, KMMisc. 313.28 . a p. éicn, Trip. 142.5 . écne, LU 26b15 . éigneadha, Dán Dé vi 40 . TD 15.53 . g p. ecne, LL 7a24 . éicned, Acall. 3513 . d p. éignib, Dán Dé xxviii 27 . TD 15.30 . eicnedai, Acall. 3513 n.

A salmon: éigne .i. bradan, O'Cl. eigni no bradan (gl. eo), Leb. Gab.(i) i 264 n.5 . 104 n. 6 . cf. bradán ball-corcra d'aigneadhaibh [sic] Mara Romuir, ML 38.30 . rollásat a llína ocus rogabsat éicne móra, Trip. 142.5 . nach ǽ mór gaibter i nEss Rúaid ised atberat ind iascairi: Drobessach in t-éicni (because the salmon of the Drobaís were the best), 146.13 . rom chuir in Coimdhe...hi richt égne ar gach n-úarán, Anecd. i 26 § 14 . do lleblaing in t-écne ar a chend, LL 250a28 . dia toichle iasc i n-inberaib rot bia éicni, TBC-LL¹ 1833 (= hé, TBC-I¹ 1168 . eú, ZCP ix 148z ). na héicne áille eochurbrecca nobith ré grian ┐ re grinnell co mmbidis ré slisbordaib in churaig acco (in a storm), Acall. 3761 . LL 219b40 = TTr. 196 . lingid bric is eignedha (v.l. breiceigne) | do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne, KMMisc. 313.28 . = lingid eiccne ilbreca | tar drumcladh..., BCC § 355a . ráinic O. co griantracht an tobair ┐ atconnuic na hocht n-éicne áilli eochairbreaca ann, Acall. 2332 (= na hocht mbratáin, 2335 . ocht maigre, 2370 ). na coic eicne filead isin topur, IT iii 195.19 (= na bratán, Metr. Dinds. iii 292.24 ). (of snowy weather :) inum éicned do dul a cuassaib bruach ann (d'eicnedaib...do dul a cusalaib talman...v.l.), Acall. 3513 . cora alainn...ecne breca ballcorcrai | do lingdís os a cindse BCC § 355a = KMMisc. 314.26 . Eas Ruaid...cén beit eicne ga imlúad, Ériu iv 150 . dar Ess Ruaid ecne n-amra LL 7a24 (= Leb. Gab.(i) i 104 , where it is glossed by: na mbradán mór). an t-éigne ó Eas Ruaidh, TD 17.35 . mar ṡeargus sibh na sreabha | nách iomchruid na héigneadha, 15.53 . As an edible: dobert ind inailt in méis...┐ in t-éicne fonaithe fuirre isé fuillechta fo mil, LL 251a43 .

Somet. apparently as a generic term for fish: ro bendach Crist na cóic bairgena ┐ in dá écne, Ériu ii 198.24 . cf. sneachta... ┐ aig anaicenta...co ro la ar di cethraibh ┐ enaibh ┐ eicnibh, AU 916 . táinig gorta... | do bhí sí ar an ealtain éan | do bhí ar éignibh an aigéan, TD 15.30 .

in t-eiccne ercoitech .i. ceneli bratan sin, CCath. 4149 (= echeneis Luc. Phars. vi 675 ). Esp. in mystical or religious significance (the significance of the salmon in Irish pre-Christian cults seems to have blended with the use of the fish as a Christian symbol): ecne dergoir (the form said to have been assumed by the supernatural begetter of a saint) Fél. 112.25 (Ap. 7, Comm.) . éigne órda (a magical salmon) ML 38.34 . See also below (Meton.), and cf. . Fig.: is mise Fintan fili | nirsam écne óenlindi, Metr. Dinds. i 4 . mé an t-éigne is é ar mearaghadh | cuir slán ar an inbhear inn | ón trágh a inghean Iaichim, Dán Dé xv 11 . xiv 6 .

Meton., of a hero, champion: arsid Eorpa. eigni tuindi BB 290a1 = IT iii 72 § 29 . aitreabh gach aoinéigne of every nobleman Ó Bruad. iii 14.5 . The punning line: eicni nach bi err 'na adrad (of Christ), ACL iii 242 § 12 , is probably to be referred to the use of the fish as an emblem of Christ. Transf., of a banner, standard (?): ra arthraigsetar dam dna éicne n-án n-anrud ┐ timthachta na trenḟer LL 236b1 (nan added above; leg. é.¤ na n-ánrud? = étaige ┐ timthaige...na rig ┐ na tóisech, TTr.² 889 . Cf. eccim ?).

eneclann, aineclann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eneclann, aineclann or dil.ie/20074
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: enechlann, enechclann

n. (?) later f. and m. IGT, Decl. § 12 , §10 . Thurneysen ( ZCP xiv 342 , xvi 206 ) brings the word from 1 enech and glan, the original meaning being face-clearing (cf. Laws iv 318x , cited under 1 enech II). According to Hamp 1 enech + clú, Ériu xxv 266-67 , see also Études Celt. xxxii 220-21 . In later MSS. enechlann is sometimes found. enechclann, Rawl. 118b39 , etc.

(a) compensation for insult, loss, or injury, for anything constituting a violation of enech (see 1 enech), pro- portionate to the status of the person to be compensated. In Laws Commentary it frequently renders lóg n-enech (e.g. Laws v 516.10 ). When the injury consisted in the death of a relative the eneclann was proportionate to the status of those to whom it was due, thus, although it occasionally renders díre (e.g. Laws i 42.14 v 50.5 Comm. ), it was in its early technical meaning distinct from corpdíre, which was proportionate to the status of the deceased. Distinguished from smacht: cach uair i[s] smacht ictar ann, is a ic fo aicned inti icas, ┐ cach uair is eneclann, is a ic fo aicnedh inti risi n-ictar, Laws iii 496.10 . From díre: is lomm a díre, is toll a eneclann (of one unworthy of trust), Tec. Corm. § 33.6 . eneclann, arindi clantar i n-inchaib duine do neoch bess dīleas do beodil ┐ marbdile nad cosna ala lām fris, lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad is ed atroillither and, Corm. Y 531 . teora fodla fuil for inchaib duine .i. enicland ┐ enechruice ┐ enechgriss (...enecland .i. i lan ┐ i leath), Laws v 96.5 . cetheora eirca...aithgin ┐ dire, tairgille ┐ enecland...it cetheora primfodlai fil forsuidib .i. lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ cethramthu, i 258.26 . secht cumala do righ tuaithe ina eneclainn, ocht cumala do ri mor-tuaithi, etc. H 3.18, 509 (= O'Curry 1260 ). Laws v 50 . ZCP ix 171 . comdire do rig ┐ epscop (.i. comeneclann do rig tuath ┐ d'epscop), Laws i 42.30 ( O'Gr. Cat. 475.11 ). in t-ollam filead .uii. cumala a eniclann, ┐ .uii. cumala log a aisde v 58.5 Comm. (see also 116 ). e.¤ of craftsmen, minstrels, etc. 98 ff. Comm. Of persons in holy orders: nach fer gráid oc na bí dlighed na eolus timthirechta a gráid...ni dlig saire na eneclainn ḟir gráid i tuaith na i n-eclais, Ériu i 218.13 . See also Laws i 54 ff . ZCP ix 171 . For persons of a certain status their eneclann was determined by that of their lord and patron: aes ciuil ┐ oirfidid oilcena...is a hincaib oga mbiad, is as direnaiter (.i. is as sin erniter eneclann doib), Laws v 108.35 ; 516.13 . cipé imress mela ┐ mertain...fort, ní ḟuil díri no eneclann duitsiu ind, acht na fil dam-sa, dáig fer ar tincur mná atatchomnaic you are not entitled to any compensation-rate or honour-price except what is due to me, for, etc. TBC-LL¹ 48 . Cf. fer cen selb cen thothchus, lasmbi bancomarba, a inchuib a mna direnar side (.i. a dualgus einig a mna eirnither enecland dosaide), Laws v 516.5 - 18 .

is andsin dorimgartseom | a eneclaind for Midir (for carrying off his wife), Metr. Dinds. ii 4.50 . ro dligustur Buide eineclann a marbhadh a ingine .i. aire foirgill meodunuch he ┐ sé cumula do ina eineclann. ro dligustur a derbbráthir eineclann do ina marbadh, aire ard hé, ┐ ceithri cumula do ina einuclunn `B. was entitled to honour-price for the killing of his daughter, he was an a. f. of the middle rank and was entitled to six cumhals as honour-price. Her brother was also entitled to honour-price for her death, he was an a. a. and was entitled to four cumhals as his honour-price' Laws i 76.19 . dlighidh O Néill íoc 'na ḟuil | gibé da mhuintir mharbhthuir | 's ní théid eineaclann uadh d'ḟior, TD 7.6 .

Some kindreds had the privilege of having their eneclann valued in precious metals: Hui Dergmosaig...ór a ndire enechclainne, Rawl. 121a25 . Dal Messiṅ Corb...argat bruinte dire a n-enechclainne, 118b40 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma a n-enechclann, 118b39 . e.¤ for injury to property: smacht a fidh neimhedh no co mbentar uile ┐ eneclann ind o bentar, Laws iv 150.17 .

Claims involving eneclann were urgent: ni dam enecland anad `honour-price does not admit of stay' (of distress) Laws i 120.19 ; but cf. 228.17 ; ii 100.7 , and cases of: eneclann ar treisi stay of eneclann-claim for three days i 162.19 Comm.

In certain cases only fractions of the full value of eneclann were due: ac so sis...na heneclanna fuil isna cneadaib, in aenmad rann fichet d'eneclann isin mbainbeim aicenta, sechtmadh eneclainne isin cnocbeim, etc., O'Curry 694 < H 3.18, 336 .

For eneclann due in regard to literary compositions see Laws v 230 ff .

im log n-enech n-oige .i. in inuclund dlighus in oig [sic] ina sarugha, Laws i 132.17 Comm. ni fuiben enecland arain dar daim techta `when the company is above the lawful number refusal [to entertain] does not lessen one's honour-price' ii 388. 1 . da fichit décc bó tugadh i n-eneclann do Mac M. (as satisfaction for the usurping of his abbacy) AFM ii 910.5 . rucadh da fichit dec bó fo tri, i n-ainechlann Muircertaich Hui Briain, for Desmumain (M. Ó B. had been slain by the king of Desmuma) AU 1168 . In these two exx. it is not clear from the context whether the word is used in the strict legal sense, or in sense (b).

(b) in wider sense compensation, satisfaction: nach bíodh ar chumas carad an tí do marbhthaoi cúitiughadh ná eineaclann do bhuain don ti doghníodh an marbhadh, Keat. i 68.37 . i n-e. in requital for (cf. (a), final citt.): i n-eineaclann an ubhoill in requital for the (sin of the) apple Dán Dé xxi 18 . déra 'na n-einecluinn úaim, IGT, Decl. ex. 536 . bríogh a mball ┐ a gcéadfadh do chaitheamh ré foghnamh do Dhia i n-eineaclann na n-olc do-rinneadar, TSh. 2187 .

fili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fili or dil.ie/22070
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fili, filid, filid, filed, filid, ḟilid, fileda, filed, file, fileadha, filidh, filed, fili, fili

n t, m. n s. fili, Wb. 31b19 . Sg. 29a3 . LU 10942 , etc. a s. filid, 10944 . d s. filid, Sg. 140a1 . g s. filed, 71b16 . n p. filid 63a14 . ind ḟilid , 162a3 . Ml. 26b10 . a p. fileda, Sg. 63b4 . 212a11 . g p. filed, Rawl. 124a46 . n s. file, LU 10941 . Rawl. 156b5 . IGT, Decl. § 21 . n p. fileadha ( Keat. iii 1239 , etc.) is proscribed as incorrect, IGT Decl. § 21. ex. 784 .

Orig. seer, diviner (cognate with Welsh gwelet, see Thurn. Heldensage, 66 ), and in earlier documents generally implies occult powers or knowledge : fili gl. propheta, , Wb. 31 b 19 . imbass forosnae .i. dofuarascaib sechip ret bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . is a Senc[h]as Mar ro airled comdire do rig ┐ epscop ┐ aige rechta litre ┐ sua[i]d filed for-can di cendaib, Laws i 40.16 ( ZCP xvi 175 ), with gl. : .i. in sui file[d] ... da faillsigend imad a sofesa ... co ndenand rand can smuainedh .i. cen imradud, Laws i 42x Comm. firt filed (a miracle wrought by a poet) AU 1024 . See also ZCP xix 163 , IT iii 96 § 155 , Imr. Brain i 46 , Corm. s.v. Mug eme , Coire Brecain ; RC xxvi 8 . For `fili' and `drui' as interchangeable terms see Plummer V. SS. Hib. i clxi , clxii . Poet (historian, panegyrist, satirist), man of learning (the `fili' in early times was not always sharply distinguished from the `breithem' and `senchaid,' and seems originally to have united all three functions : ni dhligh cúairt no cennaighect | ar ni fili fíreólach | hi feidm eoluis ilcrothaigh | manip co fēigh fessara | cīsa tenna is tuarustla | ... ; ni dlig cuairt ... | file nach dron dechraighfes | sochur dochur dílmaine | drēcht cech tīre thic, ZCP iv 237 . Leb. Cert. 236 . on uair dona ronuc Aimirgin Glungel cetbreth i nEre robu la filedhu a n-oenur breithemnus, cusin Imacallaim in da Tuar i nEmain Mache .i. Ferceirtne file ┐ Nede mac Adna ... Ba dorcha didiu in labrad ro labairset na filid [sic leg.] isin fuigell sin ┐ nirbu reill donaib flaithib in brethemnus ronucsat ... Do allad didiu brethemnus [sic leg.] ar filedhaib iar sin, acht a nduthaigh de, ┐ ro gab cach d'feraib Eirenn a drecht don breithemnus, Laws i 18 Comm. Cf. dichetal filed, one of the things by which law is preserved in tradition, ZCP xvi 175 = Laws i 30 . canaid in breithem fassach firaicnid ┐ roscadh filed, da cois ina brethe in sin, Corm. Y 1224 . See also the tract on The Privileges ... of poets, ed. E. J. Gwynn, Ériu xiii p. 2 ff .) : amal as ho molad ┐ adamrugud in choimded intinscana in salm sa [isamlaid] forcentar dano amal dundgniat ind filid linni cid in sin, Ml. 26b10 . filidh (gl. poeta), Ir. Gl. 1 . Of Latin poets Sg. 63a14 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas ┐ brecht a fuacras in file, Corm. Y 600 . f.¤ ... .i. seircid foglamo. nó ... fī fora aeir ┐ lī fora molad, O'Mulc. 537 . duarfine ... ainm d'filethaib .i. fine duar .i. fine foccul, Corm. Y 445 . rosiachtus glún Amargin filed coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbi, LU 10298 . rātha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, secht n-ócthigirn. na secht ṅdruid dia rímsad tría brichtu, na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra (`the seven druids to bewitch (?) them by means of spells; the seven poets to satirise them and denounce them') Dinds. 161 . nemed .i. fili ... ar is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . nem-uath fri filedaib iarsinni aerait nech co n-epil de, 830 f . asbert in fili nodnaírfed ... ┐ no áerfad a athair ┐ a máthair ┐ a senathair ┐ docechnad fora n-usciu conná gébtha iasc ina inberaib, LU 10946 ( Imr. Brain i 46 ). Applied to Virgil , Sg. 29a3 ; Epimenides Wb. 31b19 . ar ba faith, ar ba file (of David), Hib. Min. 5. 157 . ro can in filid ┐ in faith .i. Bec mac Dé, Cog. 10.22 . Find fili, mac Rosa, LL 311b53 . c56 . Rawl. 118b30 . gen. Find filed m. Rossa, 117e28 . Faifne file, LL 160b11 . Ferchertne file, Rawl. 156b4 . ZCP viii 326.1 . The `filid' was commonly attached to the house-hold of a chief. The calling was hereditary and the office of `fili' to the head of the clan was, in later times at any rate, often the prerogative of a particular family : fili Conchobair in tAed, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22 . Fergus Fínbel, file Find, Dinds. 52 . Fergus Fínbél, fili na Féinde, Acall. 3017 . file Chon Raoi, Feircheirtne a ainm, Keat. ii 3524 . clann Fhir bhisigh .i. fileadha Ua nAmhalghaidh ┐ Cloinne Fiachrach, Hy Fiach. 10 . adubhairt ris file do bheith 'na ardollamh aige féin ar aithris na ríogh roimhe, Keat. iii 1465 .

duais ḟiled is ruidles .i. a ndoberr [sic leg.] i logh natha acht rop iar firinde ┐ choir mbeith in nath the poet's fee is absolutely conveyed, that is, what is paid for a poem, provided the poem be truthful and correct ZCP xiii 20.19 ( Bürgschaft 7 ). coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla fene ┐ fasaige na filed ┐ berla etarsgarta ┐ berla forttide [fortcide v.l.] na filed triasa n-agaillit cach dib a chele, Auraic. 1303 . berla na filed, part of the sixth year's course of the student-`fili' IT iii 38 .

From early times the `filid' formed an important and highly organized corporation classed among the `saer-nemed' (privileged classes) : tri nemid uaisli ... .i. espoc ┐ flaith ┐ file, O'D. 1631 (< H 5.15, 16b ). it e saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh (.i. graid filedh), feine, Laws v 14.10 . There were seven grades of fili, of which the highest was the ollam filed : in t-ollam filedh iarna uirdned ag rig tuath the fully qualified poet when appointed by the king of territories Laws i 42z Comm. ollamh fileadh ` master poet ' Studies 1919, 74 . Cf. O'D. 1214 ff ( H 2.15A, p. 84 ). in t-ollam sair ... adeitig lasin ugdar ni bud mo do na cutruma risin ollamain filed, no risin ollamain mberla no risin fear legind, Laws v 92x Comm. secht ngrad filed : ollam, ansrut[h], cli, canae, dos, mac fuirmid, focluc, O'Mulc. 537 . IT iii 96 § 155 . RC xii 119 . See also Laws iv 358 - 60 . v 26 ; 56 ff . is a ndanaibh defrighet ┐ dearscaighit gach grad filedh o raile i sos ┐ i segda ┐ i n-aircedal BB 296b29 ( IT iii 6 n .). sé dá rádh go riacht tusa | ... seacht ngradh na bfilidh ar fad ..., Gofraidh Mac an Bhaird, 23 L 17, 148b . The fili was at all periods distinguished from the bard (q.v.), whose qualifications and status were inferior (in: a bhfilidh, dá ngairid báird, Keat. i 70 , he is rendering Camden : poetas, quos bardos vocant) : cescc cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh ... ? amhail roghabh rithim arradh Mettuir, as amhlaidh ataid na báird cona mbairdne arradh na ffiledh, Ériu xiii 42.4 . dichlannaigfiter filid cona biat filid etir acht baird tantum , Rawl. 111b14 ( RC xxvi 44 - 5 ). is aire tra na dlegait baird acht letheneclann na filedh uair na frithgh[n]at, uair ni [di]reanar a ngradhaibh filedh neach na frit[h]gnat no o nach frit[h]ghainter the reason bards are entitled to only half the honor-price of poets is that they do not serve [ = practise their art], for `dire '-fine is not paid for any in the grades of a poet who do not serve or are not served BB 296b33 . Amal forber cach gradh filed seach araile im mod soís in oircidail toimside, forber ... cach gradh dibsom [viz. the bards] seach aroile IT iii 24 . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad .i. bairdne na mbard ┐ dlegair dond ḟilid a ḟis, ar is he accept na sechtmad bliadna don ḟilid, 39 . ni dír báird acht dír fileadh | fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182 . The fili in his twelve-year course of study ( IT iii 31 ff .) had to master the various metrical tracts and oghams, memorize a mass of verse and prose tales, and learn certain methods of incantation : is hi ... foglaim na hochtmaide bliadna .i. fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem ┐ reicne roscadach ┐ laíde .i. tenm laída ┐ immas forosnai ( ZCP xix 163 ) ┐ dichetal do chennaib na tuaithe ┐ dín[n]ṡenchus ┐ primscéla Hérend olchena fria n-aisneis do ríghaib ┐ flaithib ┐ dagdhoínib. Ar ni comlán in fili chena, sicut dixit poeta : ni ba dúnad cen rígu. niba fili cen scéla, IT iii 49 - 50 . in-feded in fili scél cacha aidche do Mongán, LU 10942 .

Sometimes in sense a learned man, one skilled in literary composition in Irish, dist. from the Latin author on one hand and the unlearned Irishman on the other : a ngrad con-deilg lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin filid `the comparative degree of the Latinist (writer of Latin) is named inflection by the [Irish] poet' Auraic. 640 . possit ┐ comparait ┐ superlait lasin Laitneoir .i. fothugudh ┐ forran ┐ formoladh lasin filid : maith ┐ fearr ┐ fearrson lasin nGaedeal, 645 . maith, etc. (.i. lasin nGaedel coitchend a n-ecmais in filed, fothugad immorro lasidhe) 657 . ocht ndeich tra atrimet filidh na Goídilce the Gaelic poets reckon eight (metrical) feet Corm. Y 447 .

fochlocan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochlocan or dil.ie/22458

 

Forms: fochlocon, -án, -ain

n perhaps originally fochlocon, gen. of fochloc (-lucc), and the form in -án a later development. Cf. the d s. -ain below.

I = fochloc: fochlocon .i. nomen graid filead , Thr. Ir. Gl. 20 = fochloc, Corm. Y 587 . lógh n-enech fochlagan, ┐ boaireach, Ériu xiii 33.4 . aen set gabla diri fochlaccain, Laws v 58.16 . in fochlacan filead, samaisc a eneclann ┐ samaisc a logidheacht a aisdi, ib. 26 Comm . dís dano dāmh fochlacáin for tuaith, Corm. Y 587 . in da [ = ina ?] daim do fochlocain (: sin), Auraic. 2252 . ō ollomain co fochlogain (: focail), ZCP ix 172.10 . samaisc [sic leg.] don [ḟ]ochlogain (: cain) ib. 7 . díana fochlocán (foclacan B) IT iii 31.15 . Cf. fior ḟochlagán, Ériu xiii 22.28 .

II A young boy, a schoolboy: ar na bhreith do bhí an macámh | ag fás mar gach bhfochlacán, GF, DDána 37 § 7 .

1 imbas, imbus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 imbas, imbus or dil.ie/27294
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imb-ḟess

n o, m. , n. (imb-ḟiuss or imb-ḟess `das grosse vielumfassende Wissen,' Thurneysen, ZCP xix 164 ; Ériu xxxii 79 ).

great knowledge ; poetic talent, inspiration ; fore-knowledge ; magic lore: imas .i. saidecht, Stowe Gl. 433 , Lec. Gl. 364. iachta[d] sluaigh suide n-imbais .i. estidh in sluagh re saidhecht, nó dobeir subaidhe ar in sluagh in t-imat sofeasa bis acon said sin, O'Dav. 1071. būas .i. soes n-arc[h]etail arinní dothēt imbas īar mbūais, Corm. Y 148. cethri srotha déc éicsi ... immas ┐ dichetal, LL 30d34 . ad-sloinn airdnemhidh iomhais (of the technical accomplishments required of a poet), Ériu xiii 18.20 . sreth immais (a technical term in poetry for connecting all words of a verse line by alliteration), IT iii 30.14 . trí labra ata ferr túa : ochán ríg do chath, sreth immais, molad iar lúag, Triads 112. srotha ionnalta an iomais, Content. xxii 17 n. 4 .

Referring especially to knowledge or fore-knowledge obtained by magic or occult means: failte fri tascor n-imais dofaircet nae cuill cāinmesa for Segais i sīgaib, Anecd. v 25.5 (cf. Ériu xiii 26.17 , ZCP xvii 268.13 ). imbus greine .i. bolg greine imfuilnges in grian for na luibhibh ┐ cipe caithes iat bidh dan aigi ? i.e. poetic knowledge derived from the river Graney, O'Dav. 1569. is suithe iumais Greine na (= no) Boinne uil aici, Laws iii 50.9 Comm. Tipra Connla...fo' tat cuill ┐ imbois (? leg. cuill imbois) na heicsi, RC xv 456 § 59. immas na Segsa so dait, Metr. Dinds. iii 286.21 . luidh Cuchulainn do ririm imhais ar Boinn, O'Curry 1362 ( H 3.18, p. 624a ). buinne na Buaisi ar a mbi bladh iomais nó eladhna, Leb. Gab.(i) 64 n. 5 . dogebthi bheós cna iomhais for Bhóind ┐ Bhuais fria linn, AFM i 90.4 . a c[h]ur ar amus na filed go nderndais faillsiugudh imais cindas ro baí Aengus iarna égaib, Ériu xi 45.28 (= O'D. 950 ). gabais (Finn) a mér ina bēolu. A donic as afrithisi foopairt dicetal. Fortnosmen an imbas con-debert, RC xxv 346.1 . fortnosnae a n-imus .i. do fuarascaib a soes ar is ainm imbas do soes, O'Curry 768 ( H 3.18, p. 361 b ). Hence : imbas forosna(i) (lit. knowledge which illuminates) a special gift of clairvoyance or prophetic knowledge supposed to be possessed by poets in ancient Ireland. The rites through which this knowledge was supposed to be acquired are described in Corm. Y 756 , Laws i 44.6 , O'Curry 767 ( H 3.18, p. 361a ) (see Thurn. ZCP xix p. 163 . SGS iv 97 ff . Scott, R.D., The Thumb of Knowledge, chap. iii ): "can dothéig" or Medb. "a halbain iar foglaim filidechta" or ind ingen "in fil imbass forosna lat" or Médb. "Fil écin" or ind ingen. "Décai damsa didiu, cobbia mo ḟechtas", TBC-I¹ 40. doairchechain Scathach do anni aridmoiad co n-epert fris tria imbas forossndi dia foirciund, Anecd. v 28.12 . asbert Find triasa n-imbas forosnai, `fer ilurg,' ol sé, Fianaig. 38.6 . tredi dlegar dun ollamain filead .i. teinm laeghdha ocus imus forosnadh ocus dicedal do cennaib, Laws v 56.20 Comm. ni conermaitis teinm laodhu no ímbas forosna (of poets who passed false judgments), Laws i 24.33 .

imus forosnudh name of a metre , IT iii 102 § 187.

neimed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neimed or dil.ie/33032
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: nemthe, nemid, nemhid, -nemiud, nemid, nemthiu, neimthiu, neimed, senneimedh, Nemed, nemed, nemedh, nemed, Nemed, Nimeth

n o, m. orig. s, n.? occas. treated as neut. in law texts; the gender is m. when denoting a person or animal (male or female) and n. when denoting an abstract notion (e.g. 'sacredness' or 'privelege') or a place, Bechbretha 107-8 , ZCP xlv 100 , but see CMCS viii 48 . cf. coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 (g s.? `to the protection of the shrine', ZCP xv 188 § 15 ). g s. ind nemid , Trip. 240.19 = in nemhid , ib. 4 . d s. -nemiud, LL 227a20 . n p. nemid, Laws v 14.12 . a p. nemthiu, LU 9786. neimthiu, Laws i 260.17 . neimed (o, m.), IGT Dec. § 11. 20 .

I The orig. sense is prob. that of a consecrated place, = Gaulish νεμητον (cf. Αὐγουστο-νέμετον Ptolemy's name for mod. Clermont Ferrand; see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 37 , RC xxiii 138 ), which prob. represents an indigenous word used of sacred groves; cf. de sacris silvarum quas nimidas vocant , Du Cange s.v. nimida (< Conc. Liptini A.D. 743 ), which seems to represent an orig. fem. It is sometimes not possible to distinguish the sense 'sacred place, sanctuary' from 'privilege', Bechbretha 107 . In Irish lit. a sanctuary : nemed gl. sacellum '(small) sacred place' Sg. 13 b 1 . atnaig tar fót crúach i n-ardnemed dia díte, di-eim ar díantólae slúaig 'he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary for his protection, which protects [him] from the swift tide of a [hostile] throng' Críth G. 53 . nemed gl. asilum 'a place of refuge' Ériu lv 9 ; in early Christian lit. prob. a small chapel or oratory (or else the spot on which such stood), freq. in connexion with `cell'. conid Dún a sen-nemed, LU 754 (of Downpatrick, the burial-place of Colum Cille) = RC xx 178 § 44 (`senior church') = senneimedh, BCC § 374 ; perh. for sén-n.¤ auspicious holy spot, i.e. the place of his resurrection. ní ra cráid chill nā nemed, RC xiii 84 § 98 ( LL 303b39 ). nemed cille no duin, Laws iv 214.4 (glossed .i. in releg cemetery, ib. 24 ; cf. LU 754 above ). neimhedh naemainglech (of Cluain Cesáin), Acall. 500. neimedh Sináin, ZCP x 12 § 7 (seems = tempall S., ib.). can comarci . . . do cill no do nemead, Cog. 152.3 . ro cumdaigedh leis ceallaca dhais Erenn ┐ a neimhedha, 138.21 . nior fhagbhadar Lochlannaigh naomh nó neimheadh no ceall uasal . . . gan argain, Ériu i 80.12 . Content. vi 196. cin chadus do chill nā do nemedaib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 16. ? nipsa cell cin chlocc . . . nipsa haí cin imditin, nipsa neimeth cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 ; cf. nemeadh cin imfochaid (sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 .

pn Prob. in this sense in place-names: Nemed, Trip. 240.19 (place where there was a `neimed'). a Nemud slebe Fúait, TBC-LL¹ 5355 = o nemiud, TBC-I¹ 3298. i nNemiud, Metr. Dinds. iv 166.55 (also in Sliab Fuait). Cf. termond na fían . . . im rēid airthir Nemid nāir, LU 4148.

II Secondary meanings, arising prob. from the immunities or honour attached to a consecrated spot.

(a) sacredness ; privileges or insignia (belonging to a profession, rank, etc.), status, dignity: nemeth .i. nem iath .i. i n-as dír d'eclais, Corm. Y 962. nemaith .i. a n-as dir d'ogaib, 963 ( = nemáith, Corm. p. 31 ). nemuath .i. a n-as dir d'filedaib, 964 : all three exx. are etym. glosses on `neimed' acc. to its various applications; similarly O'Mulc. 830 fg. (There may have been a techn. term nemiath; cf. Anecd. ii 74 y : crodh neich nat ba neoit nim [nem v.l.] iath, from a judgement pronounced by `filid' and `brethemain' = the property of a person who is not niggardly towards the Church?.) ro ordaigset fir Herend a nemthiu and sin .i. cloc ┐ salm do eclais. Gēill do rigaib. Trefoclae techtae do filedaib. Aithgabáil do fennethaib, LU 9786 = RC vi 165.9 , Trip. 564.33 (`privileges' in both places). cia nemed as uaisle fil i talmain? Nemed n-ecalsa. Cia nemed is uaisliu fil a n-ecluis? Nemed n-espuic: is e espuc as uaisliu dibside easbuc ecalsa [sic leg.] Petair, H 3.18, p. 17a ( O'Curry 46 ). Colum ar chennsa . . . fri neimhedh eccalsa ┐ ealadhan, 2296.26 .

Possibly in this sense in chevilles: for nem noebda niab nemed , SR 7135 (g p.? or n s. in sense I?). naemda nemedh , Anecd. i 61 § 93. mét nemed , Ériu iv 106.6 . acht ní sóeras nemed de 'except that which sacredness increases of it' Bechbretha 58 .

(b) closely connected with preceding sense, and not always to be distinguished from it, is that of a person (or class of persons) possessing legal status or privileges ; acc. to MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 273 n. 1 , a generic term for every person having the franchise of the Féini (but the word seems to be sometimes employed collectively of an entire class); used with much latitude of application, somet. (chiefly in the compd. uasaln.¤ ) of the highest dignitaries, king, bishop, head of the `filid', somet. (esp. in the Uraicecht Becc in Laws v , a late text) of handicraftsmen or master-workers; see ZCP xv 262 - 3 and cf. Corm. Y 962 - 964 quoted above. atat do [ = dá] neimhid do-cuisin for talmuin, saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saer-nemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead imorro, aes gacha dāna olchena. Is aire ada daernemead aes cacha dāna, fobith is do shaernemthib fognait. Acht i[s] saer cid cach creanus a suiri dia dán, Laws v 14.1 fg. ; i.e. the free `neimid' comprised churchmen, rulers, `filid' and `féini', the subject `neimid' handicraftsmen, but the latter could purchase franchise by their art. ni tuath gin tri saorneimthibh samaigter, eclais, flaith, file, Eg. 88 f. 20b ( O'Curry 2272 ). admestar díre cōir cach graid do ṡoernemthib ┐ doernemthib, ZCP xi 95 § 52 ; cf. dire .i. di-errethe do nimt[h]ib ara n-uaisligitaid, Corm. Y 417 = nemthib, Corm. p. 15 (i.e. `díre' is not paid by `neimid' on account of their rank). gúala nemid filed `the coffer of a privileged poet', Triads 255 . mórad nemed `exalting privileged persons', Tec. Corm. § 1.16 . nā ben ra cellaib nemid !, LL 141 m. sup. nib dulta duit da thig | ar enech noím no nemid, LB 277a12 . a chombrāithre naom ┐ neimhedh his brother saints and churchmen (?), Anecd. iii 2.4 . cach dán a nemed, ACL iii 226 ( Aib. Cuigni 14 ; expld. `to every art its practiser', ZCP xvii 49 , but perh. = a). neimheadh gach dán da ndernta, Metr. Gl. 28 § 43 (where n. seems equated with the handicraft, etc. itself), cf. neimheadh .i. gach dán no gach ealadha, O'Cl. There is a distinction between nemed Dé 'a person privileged from God' (i.e. a cleric) and nemed duini 'a person privileged from man' (i.e. a king, poet etc.), Bechbretha § 39 (notes) .

A law-tract freq. alluded to was the Bretha Neimed, which contained among other things rulings of the `filid' on technical points and was included in the curriculum of the `cana' or poet of the fourth year; see IT iii 36 § 18 (Bretha Nemídh) and Auraic. 1298. isna Brethaib Nemed, Corm. Y 142 , 143 = Nemid, Corm. p. 7.

(c) a halidom; any valued article (property, etc.)? consuitter fir ┐ dliged imaille for neimiudh truth (proof) and right are founded on `neimed', Laws v 8.14 ; by Thurneysen, Cóic Con. p. 12 , transld. Heiligtum and expld. as someth. sacred; from the sequel it appears that the `neimed' for judgements of the church was the Scripture, for those of the `fili' rules of law (roscada) and for those of the `flaith' rules, maxims or precedents and testimonies. Cf. O'Dav. 1175 : lam fo nemiath .i. . . . lam fora mindib. nach nemedh do gait `the stealing of an article of little value' (? of great value), Laws iii 394.13 . in cintach in neim-neime do gabail de riana nimhe, a neimhe riana ferunn, H 3.17 c. 132 ( O'D. 160 ), i.e. non-`neimed' property was to be confiscated before `neimed' property, the latter before land. Of cattle : ro suidiged son la Feine hi comdire fria huasalneimthiu cethra, Laws iv 198 z , cf. 200.3 , 19 . ni gaibhtiur nimhe cethra i n-athgabail, H 3.17 c. 131 ( O'D. 159 ). nemeth bó, O'Mulc. 830 e .

(d) in special sense of landed property, any land owned by a nemed-person, esp. glebe-land: neimheadh .i. neamhiath .i. talamh as dlightheach d'eaglais, O'Cl. teampall . . . do forbhadh lasan epscop . . . ┐ neimheadh .i. talamh ecclusda do órdughadh dhó `glebe-land', AFM ii 1082.21 . ? nir dhíon ar an ccaptin . . . neimhedh naoimh nā filed, fiodh nā foithirghlend, v 1788.12 (transld. `sanctuary'). fer médaigthe neimhedh eccailsi ┐ ealadhan who augmented the property of church and science, vi 1908.8 (tr. `an exalter of sanctuaries'). ro croithset neimheadh an naoimh ┐ an innsi uile `glebe-land', Hugh Roe 92.2 (f. 24b) , of Tory Isl. blessed by Colum C. gan indradh no orgain neimheadh eccailsi ná eladhan, 190 z (f. 51a) . ? screpul gach teineadh cin tart | do neimeadh coicidh Connacht, Lism. L. 4780 (tr. `the chapel').

pn Nemed occurs as name of the leader of the Fir Bolg in the Book of Invasions = Nimeth, Gildas Hist. Brit. § 13 ( ZCP x 155 ); also N.¤ mac Sraibchind, see LL 129b14 . Possibly the same word as the above, see Van Hamel, ZCP x 183.

1 saer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 saer or dil.ie/35899
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: soer, soiraib, sóer, soiriu, soer, saer, sóermug, sóirmug

adj o, ā, Freq. as subst. Perh. disyllabic in Blathm. 629, cf. 37 .

(a) free; freeman (opp. to mug, daer). In O.Ir. usually glossing Lat. liber: soer, Ml. 47d3 . soiraib, 24a7b . sóer, Sg. 97b2 . Adv. int soer gl. libere, Ml. 31b18 . int soir, 95c6 . Compar. soiriu gl. liberior, Ml. 132b5 . in soer gl. ingenuum, Sg. 97b3 . neach saer gl. liber, Ir. Gl. 379 . saer, gl. libertus, 409 . ban-shaer (sic MS.), gl. libertabus, 292 . cenutad suír though ye are free, Wb. 4a10 (see Ériu v 112 ). eter sóir et dóir eter mug et coimdid, 27c15 . soer in cimid, ba huasal in mog-sa .i. Ísu, PH 3303 . bé sóir cech inbaid | lam' nóib, Hy. iv 8 (`I shall be safe', Thes. ii 326 ). With follg. prep. s.¤ ar, for independent (of), not bound (by): is s.¤ e ar a cinaid he is free from responsibility for damage done by them (of cows), Laws v 154.15 Comm . i[s] s.¤ iat ar cinaid a mbid `exempt from the liability of (supplying) food', iii 112.18 Comm . Cf. is s.¤ doib gan athgabail dibh im chinaid n-inblegain `free from being distrained for the liability of a kinsman', v 96.15 Comm . nách s.¤ lucht estechta in athimraid for in comarli-si that those who listen to the slander are not exempt from this injunction, PH 7689 . cia an ríogh-phort . . . | do bhí saor ar rígh Éireann independent of, Content. vi 53 . s.¤ ó free from: cúigeadh saor ód ríoghraidh thuaidh, Content. v 68 . ann sin bhías tusa sáor óm' mhionnuibhsi `clear from this my oath', Gen. xxiv 8 . ná bíodh súil . . . ré dhol saor uaidh to escape from it (i.e. death), TSh. 1050 . bid suír Irmumu ō togai[l] cipē rí bes hi Caisiul di chlaind Ōengusa, ZCP viii 315.27 . toil shaor `free-will', Donlevy 210.23 .

(b) free, enfranchised , hence in Laws of an enfranchised person possessing legal status and a corresponding lóg-enech or eneclann; for various classes of whom see the Uraicecht Becc, Laws v 1 ff . See also below under compds. saor ┐ daor, Laws i 40.11 , glossed saor .i. grad flatha, 42.2 Comm . Such `free' classes might be subdivided into those of higher and lower status, e.g. the class `nemeth' (person of free status) included saer- and daer-nemeth: atat do neimid docuisin for talmain .i. saeirnemead ┐ daerneimead. Ite saernemead filead (= filet) and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead imorro aes gacha dana olchena, Laws v 14.1ff. A `daer-' person might become `saer' by virtue of property or calling and vice versa a `saer-' might forfeit his status: i[s] saer cid cach creanus a suiri dia dan, v 14.28 , with comm.: is saer in cach cen[daig]us dan do da saerad no cendaigis saeiri do dun dan bis aige, amail ata gaba, 14.29 , i.e. who attains status by acquiring or practising a craft. saer cach o mainib, daer cach o mbelaib, v 18.12 , i.e. a man was s.¤ in virtue of his possession but might become `daer' by contracting as daercheile under a lord. The distinction may orig. have been racial, certain ruling tribes being s.¤, the inferior ones `daer'. tri cenela saera randsat in indsi so, Laws i 78.12 . itir na saerchlannaib .i. Ulaidh ┐ Feni Temrach ┐ Erna Dedaid; no Ulaidh ┐ Gaileoin ┐ Erna, 80.2 Comm . See also Celtic Ireland p. 58 .

(c) hence of belonging to upper or privileged classes, noble, orig. of birth or status, then in wider sense of the word: saor .i. uasal, O'Cl. is sóir a n-apstalact gl. qui sunt nubiles (= nobiles) in apostolís, Wb. 7b13 . Compar. is sairiu doib fognam dona ballaib ailib `it is nobler for them', Wb. 12b2 . is soiriu indate idail `nobler', Ml. 138c4 . dindí . . . nad soiriu cach, Sg. 161b10 . cid airechdu ┐ cid soiriu á c[h]enél, Ml. 115d8 . ateoch in ríg sóer suthain, Hy. vi 25 . cona chléir shóir shrúamaig, Fél. Dec. 7 . sab sóer suidi Phetair, Apr. 12 . co ṅardrígaib sóeraib, Ep. 286 . móethoclaech sáer sonairt, LU 3455 ( SCC 23 ). co saer-Nin, MacCarthy 316 § 6 . na seisc ind alaid ┐ na s.¤ na braiti what is free-born (noble) of the captive women, TBC-LL¹ 1754 = inas s.¤ na broidi, v.l. (H. 2.17) = (superl.) ambad soírem na mban, LU 5607 = TBC-I¹ 1127 (sāiream). Síol Mu-áin . . . | saoire ná síol cruithneachta, DDána 71.21 . As subst. gonaid sóeru | saigid oirgniu, LU 3389 ( SCC 17 ). fadarc súla sáir, TBC-LL¹ 4075 . mairc do dichenn an s.¤ seng, Irish Texts ii 12 § 18 . mor s.¤ ┐ ndaer, Stair Erc. 442 . do bhí saoir fá a stíoróip gentlemen, persons of position , Keat. Poems 923 . Adv. saor do-roighneadh duine dhíod, Aithd. D. 70.15 .

(d) of things: tír sorcha sáer, LU 3741 ( SCC 34 ). imdenam súla saire, LU 3820 ( SCC 37 ). fíon saor, Aithd. D. 65.5 . biadha saora sochaithmhe, PCT 224 . isna secht n-eladhnaibh . . . saera in the seven liberal arts, Stair Erc. 970 .

(e) free, ready, skilled (in performing someth.): nitat soír huili oc tintuúth a bélru `all are not skilled', Wb. 12b23 . Cf. sóer gl. diligens (interpres), Ml. 145c12 . sáer oc suidigud sillab, Sg. 7b11 (`an artist', Thes.). See 2 saer.

(f) in Class. Mod.Ir. easily obtained, gratis : saor a-bhos bláth na faighthe, DDána 7.6 . íoc a chneadh más é do b'ál | ní dhíol mé ar a meas go saor, Aithd. D. 86.9 . saor an snaidhm fa dheireadh dhó ibh easily loosed, DDána 34.18 .

Compds.

(a) with legal terms (see also under second element): ¤bard: na saer-baird, Laws v 388.13 Comm . ocht soerbaird ┐ ocht ndóerbaird, IT iii 5.6 . ¤bothach, Laws ii 288.24 Comm . Cóic Con. 76 - 7 . ¤chéile: is sóirchele do dia gl. libertus, Wb. 10a23 . a saerceili ┐ a daerceili, Laws i 40.27 Comm . a sóerchéli, Críth G. 323 . See Críth G. p. 107 , Ir. Recht 19 , Stud. Hib. xxxiv 25-26 etc. ¤chenél: itir saercenelaib ┐ daercenel, Laws iii 30.4 . ¤chorach capable of contracting independently: cach sochonn sóer-chorach, Contract Law 158 § 27 . ¤chúairt: saorcuairt Uladh do thabhairt d'Fhergus `the free circuit of Ulster', ITS v 190.2 . ? ¤ḟairgse: mada feallasdar saerfairgse (sic leg.?), Laws v 442.20 . ¤ḟlaith: cor ceile tsaor-fhlatha, Laws v 356.6 . ¤ḟuidir, Laws v 262.16 Comm . saer-fuidir fri re ndeisi, 512.11 Comm . See Cóic Con. 76 - 7 , Ir. Recht 75 f . ¤gíall: daérghialla . . . sáerghialla, Cóir Anm. 144 . ¤gíallna(e): techta saer-giallna, Laws v 358.2 . ¤manach: gidh s. gidh daermanach, Ir. Recht 26.12 . cethraimthe (sic leg.) a chodach (sic leg.) o sh. eagalsa d'eaglais, Laws iv 196.26 Comm . ¤mug: sóermug gl. libertus, Sg. 37a4 . sóirmug gl. libertus, Wb. 10a23 . ¤murchuirthe: saer murchure, Laws v 184.12 Comm . ¤nemed: saeir-nemead ┐ daer-neimeadh, Laws v 14.1 . ¤rath: céili coímthechta[e] lais i sóerrathaib ríg, Críth G. 406 (see p. 107 ). cain saerraith `law relating to free tenants', Laws i 40.22 . gin daorrath . . . gin saorrath do gabhail o flaith budéin, O'D. 571 ( H 3.17 , 442 ). do flaith tsaerraith, 515 ( 418 ). saorraith .i. cin giallna fria laimh . . ., ZCP xvi 211.8 . ¤thellach: tocombachtuib sealb saerteallaigh, Laws iv 2.1 . Note also: an tsaoir-breith `absolution', Donlevy 292.x . saoir-bhreitheamhnas, 15 .

(b) in general sense of free, noble (in poetry often merely for alliteration): ¤blíadain: iar secht saerbliadhnaib, MacCarthy 414 § 2 . ¤búaid: fri saerbuáid sain, SR 7233 . ¤chaindel: sóerchaindlea cech laithi (of persons), Fél. Prol. 288 . ¤chenél: co ndeilb ┐ écosc ┐ sóerchenel noble extraction, LU 3909 ( SCC 42 ). ¤chetul: a sóerchetul ṁbúansa `noble continuous song', Fél. Ep. 158 . ¤chlann noble family : sáorchlann, IGT Decl. § 12 (62.8) . cech sōerchland cinges talmain, Cáin Ad. 26 . menmanna na saerclann `nobles', CCath. 2735 . ? tar na saorchlannadhaibh, DDána 89.16 . Of an individual: oirdeochad duid a ndlighe | riom, a shaorchlann Shúilighe 'I will assign to you what you are entitled to from me, o noble scion of the river Swilly', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12​ . Hua Cerbaill, soerchland Muman, do marbad 'Ua Cerbaill, nobleman of Mumu, was slain', AI 210 (s.a. 1046.4)​ . ¤chlanndacht noble birth : ar a shocenelaige ┐ ar a saerclanndacht tar cach, BCC 56.31 . ¤chnú: trí saorchna a haonchrobhuing (the Trinity), Aithd. D. 58.27 . ¤elada: lucht . . . saerealadhan `philosophers', CCath. 5080 . ¤fher: s. cluiche Fhiann Eirenn, Acall. 6589 . saoirfhear a nobleman, Hackett xliv 35 . ¤macánacht: sóermacanacht Túaithe dé Danann, Acall. 7038 = saer-mhacámdacht `chief command of . . . young men', SG 200.18 . Cf. saormacantacht Éreann `free nobility', ITS v 24.16 . ¤maccaem: trí sáermaccáemi Túathi Dé Danann, MU² 574 . Mac L. . . . sóermaccáem Fhiann Eirenn, Acall. 6585 . ¤rolla noble roll : dá sháimhfhine féin is saerrulla an séimhidhe, L. Cl. A. B. 146.10 . ¤shlóg: fri sretha soerslóg, SR 6986 .

(c) with vnn. (cf. sír-?): ar ghráidh saoirleanta a seanchais `following up impartially (?)', Content. xxix 19 . acht a shaorrádh muin ar mhuin | ní fhuil acht aon-dán agaibh, x 29 . ic á sefnad ┐ ic á saer-shéinm, Acall. 7448 . rodbi slan saertoimilt caich dia railiu (of a married couple separating), Laws ii 388.14 . With part.: mac saerleicthi `emancipated son', Laws i 52.30 Comm . , cf. 90.15 . don mac bis ar fannel(o) o nathair gin a gaire do denam .i. an mac saorleigi, ii 24.6 Comm . See ZCP xv 312 - 13 .

(d) with adjj.: la S. sairdron, SR 802 . la I. saergrinn, 2863 . Freq. with adjj. derived from nouns: ¤brethach of noble judgements : do fhréimh shaoirbhreathaigh Sh., TD 26.18 . ¤chlannda of noble birth : inghen tsaorchlanda (: chaorphlanda), Irish Texts ii 107 § 26 . Nia Corb saorchlannda, TD 32.28 . fan laogh síthe saorchlannda, DDána 80.28 . oighre saer-clannda S., BNnÉ 198.13 . As subst.: saorclanda d'Eoganacht a noble of the E., TFrag. 208.14 . ¤threbraid nobly woven : go slait saoirthreabhraigh sróill nduinn, L. Cl. A. B. 99.171 .

2 teinm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 teinm or dil.ie/40394

 

Forms: t., teinm

n in phrase t.¤ laída a divinatory incantation used by the `filid .' Perh. same wd. as prec. See ZCP xvii 156 . Marstrander, Bidrag 127 , rejects Zimmer's derivation from O. Norse teinar laegdir ( ZDA xxxv 151 ff. ) on the grounds that t.¤ is vn. of teinnid (see 1, 2, 3 teinnid). Cf. perh.: cocnaid in fili mír do charnna, etc., Corm. 25.28 (in descr. of imbas forosnai). Also: tethna iarom Maen ... tria th.¤ laegda, Corm. 30.31 (Atkinson, Laws Gloss. s.v. teinm connects tethna with teinn .i. aisneid, nod-teinn .i. canus, O'Dav. 1526 , 1547 ). `Eröffnung durch das Lied,' Heldensage 71 . By native glossators taken as meaning illuminating (? cf. imbas forosnai, and 3 teinnid), understanding: teinm laeda .i. teinm taithnim ┐ teinm tuicsi, ┐ tuicsi uad tre na laig i neich is ail lais do radha, amail asbeir rellugadh coimgne co laegha co laidib la genelchaib co nduilib ┐ sluinnti, H 4.22, 5 ( O'Curry 1949 )= tenm laegda .i. tenm taitnem, ┐ tenm tuicsin, etc., Laws v 56.24 Comm. tinm .i. tuigsin, O'Cl. Cf. in B. na f. ag t.¤ fuach `understood a word,' ZCP iii 378.4 . neach osgar ní fhéad mo t.¤ `an ignorant person cannot understand me,' 20 (.i. tuicsin, gl. p. 382 ). ag tinm dhūar .i. tuicsin focal nō rann, ZCP v 483 § 2.

For the procedure see Laws i 44 Comm. t.¤ laodhu, i 24.33 Comm. fo t.¤ laodha lanfocail lantoinnseim, Anecd. ii 75.10 . a tri neimthigh filid, t.¤ laedha, imus forosnadh, ┐ dichedul do chennaib, H 3.18, 427b ( O'Curry 1002 ). The t.¤ laída was part of the training of an ollam, and was acquired during the eighth year of study: tredi dlegar don ollamain filead .i. tenm laeghdha ┐ imus forosnadh ┐ dicedal do cennaib, Laws v 56.20 Comm. da cach ollamain ... iomus forasna ┐ dicetal do chollaib cenn ┐ t.¤ laoga, Anecd. ii 76.5 . tenmlaída ┐ immas forosnai ┐ dichetal do chennaib (in course of study for eighth year of fili), IT iii 50.1 . Cf. 111 , 117 . Ascribed also to Find (see 1 eó): dosber tra Find a ordu ina beolu ┐ do chan tria th.¤ laegda, Corm. 34.x = tre thenm-láido, Corm. Bodl. 28 = t.¤ laodae, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88.1 ). tuc-som (.i. Find) a ordain fa ded fis ┐ cura chan tre t.¤ laega, cur foillsiged do crich a bethad, CF 74.5 . Forbidden by Patrick: atrogell no atrarpe tra (Patraicc) inní sin (i.e. imbas forosnai) ┐ an t.¤ laegda, Corm. 25.41 (= Corm. Y 756 ).

As fanciful name of a metre: tedmleoda annso, IT iii 102 § 186 , see p. 138 . Also of poetry in general: nī tucc d'echtres nō d'ōenuch | ... | an sainsherc tucc ... | do th.¤ laodho na ffiledh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 26 .

1 teinnid, tennaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 teinnid, tennaid or dil.ie/40403
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ro-tetaind, ro-tethaind, tethnae, tethnai, tethnadar, teachnadar, rotennsatar, teinm

v cuts, cracks, breaks . According to Pokorny, ZCP x 198 , the following are forms of a redupl. pret. and perf.: deilm ndegae | ro-tetaind (ro-tethaind, v.l.) mo chride-sae, Liad. and Cuir. 24 . tethnae (tetnai, v.l., leg. tethnai) `solved it,' Corm. Bodl. 20.4 (with suff. pron., Thurn., Wind. Festschr. 29 n. 3 ). Note also 3 pl. tethnadar, ZCP xvii 154.4 . ? ro faebra fuamann fo thuinn teachnadar .i. rotennsatar , H 3.18, 639ab ( = CIH iii 1079.33 , see also Cáin Ónae 42 ). Vn. teinm.

tinne ... .i. eo tinnes teinm in chride co mbi marb de a n-anmandae which cuts the cracking of the heart=which cuts the heart to the quick (?), Corm. Y 1203 = eo theinnes .i. sheinmess (see 3 teinnid) .i. teinm ┐ canam (leg. cnám) cach cride atachi, Corm. 41 . tenn .i. letradh, ut est tennait a n-eslesa .i. letrait gach an (aon, v.l.) doberait aillsedh for a leas, O'Dav. 1542 , cf. damba brethem beru buaid breath be nemid conē tigther neimteind tennaid a neslesa oicse nerca arda anathlighe, Nero A vii 153a ( O'D. 2228 ). tiagat isna fínemna co teinnet pupu na fíne `and cut the branches of the vine' (of animals), Ériu ii 192 § 3 . tennait tra a n-etti im ní frisa comraicet ... co tendat na díaso ... do dígal in domnaig `cut' (of locusts), 194 § 4 . focerdaidh ... na cuill ... a cnaí isin topur conus-tennat na coíc eicne filead isin topur, IT iii 195 § 35 . ? conad iad cnai Conaire forda thennead Lebarcaim, YBL 177b6 = BB 257b48 . ticfa tond tennfas tri lis (sic leg.), Metr. Dinds. iii 212.39 . in chnú ... rosteind cona scín, RC viii 56.z . go rotend a tuind (sic leg.) fri feoil a cinn ... go ro teind a feoil corrodic cnaimh, xii 68.4 - 5 . tenter lim-sa duas ni gó | do chnuass na cno cumraide, IT iii 106.22 . ro ringthea co r-rindib | ro tenntea ir-rannaib `they have been racked in pieces,' Fél. Prol. 38 (ratennib, rotendib, ro tinmit, ro teinnib, rotenmhe, v.ll.). lan do mes trumm teinnithir | tuitit cnae cuill ..., Ériu vii 197.16 . teinndis (sic leg. ?) cna, Duan. F. i 15.x .

The follg. may also belong to this wd.: assu éc ernbáis ar trom sluaigthig cottet co teinnet co dered mbetha, BDD² 718 . draic thened ... ir richt bratain conid Fursu ros tend issin loch, LL 169a46 , cf. LB 242b76 . tennis in tuaim tuathramut, BB 380b11 . tegrai teinnset tulporto, 380a51 . é roberrad sund ar tús | noco tennad cen tren-rús, Metr. Dinds. iii 336.26 . tinfidh an bás re beagán | m'ithir ar ar fhás faidfhéar death will soon cut my field, on which the grass has grown long, DDána 24.28 .