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aigfind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigfind or dil.ie/931
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (? 1 aig + 1 finn ) white, fair : coíca gilla nóc n-a.¤ nimlebur, TFerbe 21 . da óclach aigḟinna abratgorma móra, TBC-LL¹ 4346 . mac . . . caega n-urla n-abaidhe n-aighinn . . . on cluais go ceile do, ZCP viii 539.1 . tri chét da chrud cach elgga / síat aigḟinda óidergga, LL 3258 . mil mbeannach . . . .l. ar .ccc. adharc n-egfhind asa cind sair 'horns shining like ice', TBith.² 163 § 56 . cona srīan do saland [d]agfind fris, MacCongl. 122.33 .

áilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilid or dil.ie/1021

 

v (áil)

(a) In forms of address: a Chommdiu non-áiliu `o Lord whom I entreat', Fél. Ep. 559 . Osualt nóeb ṅáilme `holy Oswald whom we implore', Aug.5. epscop Iacob . . . non-áilem, July 14 . not álim a Chorán, LU 10011 . ailiu (.i. cluintí) Dia, dirged mo set, Laws i 10.15 . ailiu (.i. alim) iath ṅHerend, LL 1634 . Eber alius (.i. ro alius), 1653 . See 4 aill.

(b) requests, entreats: sic ailes som fordiuclaim . . . inna námat, Ml. 104b5 . ailme trocoiri [De], Trip.² 3092 . áilsi P. . . . ara tailced maccu C. `P. besought him to let back C.'s sons', Thes. ii 240.22 (Ardm.). āilfithuss F. `F. shall demand it', Ériu xvi 146.17 . ailsius A. A. demanded it, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 17 § 8 . áiltius n-écces go líon bertus, Ériu xiii 41.7 .i. guidhe in t-eces iar [n]imat a briathar, O'Dav. 246 . áile laith go meala maith, Ériu xiii 40.20 = ailiu laith lam co meild maith .i. guidhimsi, O'Dav. 1218. 1199 . costud sída .i. álim síd do chách .i. brithemnas do chach, LL 187a41 (cf. RC xxvi 24 ). alid in fer / concerta do chách, LU 8475 ( FB 33 ). concertfa fír foraib / feidm airg ailfes alid, 8487 (ib.). tiagam . . . co ro aileam ar n-eolus i tig ar n-athar, YBL 181a32 . almini a n-itge / náchan tecma drochrann `we pray a prayer to them that an evil lot may not happen to us', Fél. Jan. 10 . ailim th'itchi a Mhaodhoíg mhais, SG 29.34 . aílit na naeimh anti Ruadhan . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu, BNnÉ 321 § 23 . ailiu uisce co torair muir, O'Dav. 569 . ro ailestar he co ro leced dond arrucht labrad, RC xlvi 236.5 . ail dún co rodilgaithe triut ar tarmthect trogh intercede for us, Ériu i 122.7 . á.¤ x im y asks x for y: áliss P. Dubthach im damnæ nepscuip, Thes. ii 241.7 (Ardm.). ailthus Eogan imm esomon E. prays them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . á.¤ x for y asks y for x: ben Adaim alainn nadchres / furri alim mo lanles, SR 1192 . ális Patraic fair ócláig n-álaind, Trip.² 2221 . ronáil fair cona tormaigfed `bound him not to add', Mon. Tall. 150.3 (§ 61) . ised rusáil Finn fuirri, RC xi 129.27 . ro ailsiot na cloimh almsain fair, BNnÉ 325 § 44 .

(c) is entitled to, deserves, requires: ni alet na daine so acht log a notrusa (.i. ni dlegaid), BCrólige 12 . atat .iiii. airig i tuaith alid annlunn . . . amal no[n]dalett miad a fer . . ., 26 . ailid carnai cach aire `every freeman . . . is entitled to fresh meat', ibid. ata .iii.[ar] i tuaith nad ale (.i. na dlig) otrus na fiachu `there are three men . . . who have no right to either nursing or fines', 43 . atá fóessam . . . nad áili acht tri séotu ara c[h]uru bél, Ériu xvii 64 § 4 . ailid nemed trian tora[i]d, Laws iv 186.1 .i. airiltnigid, x Comm. ailid gach rath a somaine, 376.19 . alidside taurgille nairib (bees), 162.1 . ma dosraid nech do gort ┐ ma alaid aithgin `? if it (the trespass) is entitled to restitution', (Plummer MS. notes), i 182.9 Comm.

aindíles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aindíles or dil.ie/1236

 

adj (díles) (perh. also aindílis, i-stem) not proper to, not one's own: clann aindílis an fuind gloin not native to, Prolegomena 42 § 15 . ingen dílius aindílius do bhí ac Finn i.e. a daughter whose parentage was doubtful, Acall. 539 . sealbh aindíleas `unlawful possessions', Dán Dé xvi 3 . mairg recus a atharthir ndúthaig arin oilithir nandilis, LB 256b49 . gach aen ara mbiadh leithbr[ia]thar . . . dámad dileas é . . . damad aindíleas hé if the reproach were untrue(?), Acall. 7997 ( SG 233.19 ). As adv. na hiarraid édail co handilis, 3 B 22, 32 a16 . aderur craidhi o da modhuibh .i. modh dib co haindilés ` improperly ', Rosa Angl. 126.13 . As n subst. fo gniad (= do-g.) a armu diles don andiles his arms make his what was not his, MR 54.8 . doní mor n-diles d'aindles, 60.10 .

Cf. indles.

airchinnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchinnech or dil.ie/1719
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: oirchinneach

n o, m. (airchinn?). oirchinneach m. IGT Decl. § 22 . head, leader, superior: is hé as a.¤ inna n-uile gl. Deus, Wb. 4c3 . ropsa a.¤ isin dán sin, 18c15 . nípsí bes a.¤ gl. neque dominari, 28b14 . óin di airchinchib assiæ insin `he is one of the leaders of A.', 7b11 . corrup hæ bes oena.¤ gl. primatum tenens, 26d2 . airchinneach .i. archendach, arcos graece, excelsus latine a.¤ er-cend-óg, ūasal-cend-comlān, Corm. Y 65 . Of a pope: is é . . . airchindech ro bae hi Roim . . . Célestinus, Trip.² 288 . do airchindeach an tighe, RC ix 468.8 . inghen airchinnigh in mhuilinn, Lism. L. 4169 . do airchinnchib na sacart gl. principibus sacerdotum, Rawl. B. 512 fo. 72a (Plummer MS. notes). comtís airchindich oc tinól cech ráeta, TTr.² 310 . in mir ata on aircinniuch don caisleoir, Laws ii 232.12 Comm. airchinnig etrócair, LU 2176 . Satan airchindech iffirn ┐ taisech in báis, PH 3818 . mo chorp . . . atá oirchinneach olc ann, Dán Dé xxix 4 .

Name of a monastic office, anglicised erenagh . See Kenney, Sources for the Early Hist. of Ireland i p. 12 n. 17 . Administrator (of ecclesiastical land, monastic estate) Ríocht na Midhe viii 9-10 , Peritia iii 259 . Later a purely lay office, see Reeves Ad. p. 364 . cech airchindech fritái in lessa doboing .i. bís ind-agaid in ordaigthi sea nō ac nach bí ind eclas hé 'each erenach who opposes the dues he levies,(?) that is, who is against this ordinance or to whom the church does not belong' Ériu i 219 § 7 . a.¤ Cille moire Enir do sharugud ┐ D. a seccnap do ghuin, AU i 310.1 . Scothine a.¤ Dairmaighi `erenagh of Durrow', 466.x. Colla a.¤ Innsi Cathaigh, 502.12 . M. fosairchinnech aird Macha `vice-herenagh', 576.3 . a réir in apad . . . .i. in airchinnig, O'Dav. 154 . epscop ardd ná airchendach, Trip.² 2531 . ceall a mbi airchindech laich cen cairiuga[d] do abuid, Laws v 118.4 .i. ceall a mbi a.¤ tuatha . . . cin . . . cursachad don ap bis uasa, 122.10 Comm. ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, 118.10 . nocho dlegar do na gradaib acalsa mna do bheith aco no . . . dligid in t-airchindech uair is grad uird acalsa he, 122.8 Comm. is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach, iv 68.5 . a.¤ (first of seven officers in a monastic settlement), ZCP v 499 § 3 . G. . . . orchindech Oli Finn ┐ G. . . . a setid pusta, Ann. Conn. 1314.6 . Diarmait mac orchindig Ola Finn , 1471.19 . in airchindech . . . má mnái . . . in luchtaire, MacCongl. 39.13 . na epscoip na hairchinnig / ┐ na filid imda, LL 6349 . ceat olca na hairchinnigh / it maithe na hērlamha (a proverbial saying, cf. Ériu iv 40 n. ). cid buidech di int a.¤ / nocha buidech int érlum, v 24.3 . bid sūairc la rígu ┐ airchindchiu he will be on pleasant terms with kings and erenaghs, ZCP x 225 § 1 . tūatha Temrach Truimm airchinnig na cell, KMMisc. 260 § 3 ( LL 18821 ). conna coistifet ind airchinnig fria manchu ┐ a mmuntera, RC xxvi 42 § 222 . for oirchinneachuibh no for aittreabthachaibh na hecclaisi, BNnÉ 248 § 201 . oircin- each cluig duib Patraic `keeper of the black bell', Iar Conn. 370 z . a.¤ tighe aoidhedh Cluana mic Nóis i.e. head of the monastic hospice, AFM ii 822.4 . ban-a.¤ female erenagh , see ben compds.

áirem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirem or dil.ie/1927
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: áram, áireamh, -imh, -mhe, áirimh, -mhe

n ā, f. Later also m. O. Ir. áram. áireamh (g s. and n p. -imh, -mhe) m. IGT Decl. § 101 . áirimh, f. (g s. and n p. -mhe), § 150 . Vn. of ad-rími.

(a) act of counting, reckoning, estimating; number, numeral: tri thogairm nanmae dæ ┐ arim a degmaine, Ml. 102d17 . ārem gl. et in calculo, Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen 18 . bidh i a n-arim [fír]chert / do gaethaib da gaeth deec, SR 51 . baí ica n-áirim tria fisidecht, LU 2852 . Forgall . . . ansu árim a ilcumachta impossible to count, 10265 . teimel imorbuis Adaim / dodonarcheil ar araim `hath prevented us from being counted', Ériu xii 180.z (TE2). ocht míli déc a n-arim míli eighteen thousand reckoning by thousands, LL 219b5 ( TTr. 173 ). sé rígh ḟichead d'áireamh flath `in the reckoning of princes', TD 7.46 . is ed ro harmed ann xx. mili ar arem ainfir `twenty thousand to a man', Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . go ráinicc trí chétt cenn in airemh dibh, AFM iii 588.11 . áireamh a fhearta / lia ná áireamh sneachta sin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 10 . airim craeibhi ar conuibh Finn i.e. Finn's hounds are as numerous as branches, Acall. 192 . snaidhm díamhair ar tháobh na táibhle / sáor ag íarraidh áirmhe as, IGT Decl. ex. 1385 . dofarcat cech nárim `who surpass every number', Fél. July 15 . co ndechaidh tar airem a nesbadha their losses were innumerable, RC xviii 173.2 (Tig.). ni fuil airim ara med do clēirchib . . ., 30.33 . ro femed a airium and ar marbad do gallaib, Cog. 38.1 . number, numeral: huare is haram foirbthe ind aram séde `because the number six is a perfect number', Thes. ii 31.25 . numerus .i. is á n-aram `it is their number', Ml. 18d3 . isí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . na nota áram gl. numerorum figurae, 6b21 . frisin n-araim ṅgrecdi gl. ad Graecum numerum, Thes. ii 34.28 . fotha airim (airmi v.l.) = fundamentum numeri, Auraic. 690 = fotha airme, 3319 . lochdach iomurbháidh a ttús chomhfhocuil . . . no áireamh i.e. a numeral is not to be used as first element in a compound, IGT Introd. 24.23 .

(b) certain collective quantity, amount, sum: in n-arim gl. summam, Ml. 36a27 . amal bid i n-araim gl. in summa, 88c12 . In Laws used in the technical sense of the proper number of stock which a claimant may place on land to which he lays claim, Plummer MS. notes: biri airem lat .i. da ech i llaim, O'Curry 850 ( H 3.18, p. 386a ). dobeir do airim isa tir, O'Curry 851 (ib.). berid forcraid nairme hi tir, ib. dilse nairme i.e. forfeiture of the cattle in an illegal entry, O'D. 746 (H. 3.17, col. 541). dia mbera airaín (sic leg.) for airím teachta do dainib ┐ eachaib if he brings any persons or horses in excess of the legal number (it is all forfeited), Laws iv 26.3 Comm. is leth dilsi nairme i sodhuin, 26 Comm. fiac techtai[g]the . . . ┐ dilsi nairme, iii 148.6 Comm. cenmotha airme ata mo, ii 110.14 .

(c) reckoning, computation (of time): 1602 do réir airmhe na Saccsan ┐ do reir rímhe na Romhan as 1603, AFM vi 2322.y . re n-aiream suas co saerNín, BB 14a5 ( MacCarthy 316.z ). do réir áirimh na nEabhraidheach, Keat. ii 124 . ind áireamh na naes, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.13 .

(d) grammatical number: áram inchosaig dede ar is áram ilair . . . acht asringba óen, Sg. 71a2 . dobriathar áirme `numeral adverb', 71b14 . ar is coitchen ade cacha áirme, 198a14 . dechor nuird in arim fil indib ┐ it anmmann uirdd fo ṡodain, 41b7 . ní aiccidit di aram air cia beit dobriathra persandi robiat sidi cen áraim, 71b8 . ni techtat arim, 161a2 . doḟoirdet áraim, 203b11 . do chenelaib ┐ áirmib ecsamlib `to different genders and numbers', 211a14 . etir di árim, 72a2 . trissin n-airim nilair, Ml. 48c19 .

(e) act of enumerating, recounting: ni tairesad a thuruim, no a asneis, no a arium no a innisi [an] ro odimset Gaedil, Cog. 50.18 . Machabeus . . . / cen árem ni foelab, Gorm. March 31 . áireamh ┐ iomrádh a n-éacht ┐ a n-áitheas do dhéanamh, TSh. 5578 . beag dhe ré n-áireamh na aghaidh little can be said against him, Content. xxv 10 . cóir a n-anmanna dh'airemh, IGT Decl. ex. 1136 . gi bé do dáileadh damhsa / gan é d'áireamh oramsa that you did not count against me, TD 14.9 . ní chlos éin-bhean aca sin . . . ós breacmhoigh Éireann d'áireamh no woman amongst them is heard of as having ruled over Ireland, Content. xxx 21 .

(f) estimation, repute, account: docuala h'airem ┐ h'ardnos, ZCP vi 25.21 . fuair ar eachtra áireamh ríogh `wins kingly glory on foray', Magauran 1683 . aon dhuine ba mó . . . aireamh, AFM iv 680.5 . ant aentaisech dob ferr icht ┐ airem ┐ enech, Ann. Conn. 1281.3 . [ní dearnadh] . . . ó ló [th'éaga] . . . / míorbhail nar chuir áireamh ort, DDána 59.32 .

(g) act of reckoning with, among (LA, I N-): is la brethir a n-áram gl. quare non sunt separanda a uerbo, Sg. 26b17 . nephdenom rainne di foleith acht a aram la ainm, 188a22 . mad t'árim immorro bail i m-biat dagláich, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . 'sgan mindeabhaidh ann d'áireamh, TD 4.18 . In phrases: téit i n-a.¤ : tet i n-airium aitgina do cuic seoit na hoidhche sin the five seds of that night are reckoned as part of his restitution, Laws ii 16.28 Comm. ni teit i nairem cinad do cuilain do breith having brought forth whelps is not taken into account in its trespasses, iii 416.1 . do-beir i n-a.¤ takes into account: nim-mór as tabart[h]a i n-árim na tacair, LL 229b44 ( TTr. 932 ). ni tardat i n-airium cenela n-examla, BB 3a7 . ní thibérsa tusa i n-áirem `I will hold thee of no account', PH 1804 .

(h) regarding, reckoning as (AR): ba háiremh ar easbuidh dUltaibh a iondsoigid fothaibh his attack as good as meant defeat (lit. loss) to the men of U., ZCP xiv 232.1 . meic ríogh san fhochla fhéinneadh / fíon gléigheal ortha d'áireamh they were reckoned as, IGT Decl. ex. 139 . clann M. . . . gé fhuairsed urri áirem though they have been reckoned amongst them (lit. her) (?), Hy Fiach. 214.2 .

airḟind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airḟind or dil.ie/1961

 

adj (1 finn ) very white: a hEua fossad herḟind, SR 1906 . aurfinda .i. ceinnfinda white in front (?) (of horses), Ériu ii 3 n. 29 . dathogam . . . aicme ailme .i. alath odhar . . . irfind, Auraic. 5701 .

áirithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirithe or dil.ie/2143

 

Forms: áiride, áiridhi, áirithi

adj also áiride. See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 211 .

I As adj. io, iā

(a) certain, sure: ar ní fuirgle nech . . . ní nad airithe, Laws i 84.12 . .i. . . . inni nach demin lais, 23 Comm. airithe .i. deimin nó follus, ut est forsnach taid nac hn-eithech n-airithe .i. for nach fes gait na ethach go follus nó co deimin, O'Dav. 58 . is demin is derb is airithe, PH 6036 . airecht dorimmairg cech recht arithe, LL 343b29 = timmoirgid cách fo recht, Tec. Corm. § 2.30 . gurab áirighthe di dul go hifrionn, Eochairsg. 90.15 . is á.¤ la x x is certain: acht rop airithe laisin muindtir aig dilmuine do Eimeine Ban, Anecd. i 44.9 . ba hairithe les in aird-rig, MR 112.2 .

(b) special, particular, a certain: cia hinad árithe asa mbia eisergi, LU 2527 . ré airithe, Laws v 124.4. Comm. ro aithnedh . . . he i laim airithe, iii 208.12 Comm. seoit sin áirithi ro ghellustar in duine in i nam airithi, 152.z Comm. fri hollamuin nairide, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii 148a). ?in fuirend (sic leg.) ón á.¤ ata cotarsna dona cendsaib, FA 1 LB ( IT i 170 ). ni fil numir bliadan arithe, Rawl. 75a46 . acht ma ni fes caite bliadhna áiridhe inro slechtoid what particular year, AFM i 6.z . in fers árithi-sea, PH 6501 . uirrígh Aruidhe . . . i n-airdiomdhaiáiridhe `a special high-seat', Keat. iii 581 . uachtarántacht . . . ar nuimir airidhe do chédaibh saighdiuiridhe a certain number of hundreds, AFM vi 2056.2 . ticit laithi airigthi anuas for in magh `on certain days', Marco P. 116 . aroile banscāl airigthe `a certain woman', Fl. Earls 34.11 . Adv. co há. in particular: beannacht róm . . . / go lucht an cheóil . . . / go háiridhe a gceann Chiothruaidh, Studies 1920. 568 § 18 . do bīthin teirce a mbídh ┐ a ndighe go háirighthe, Fl. Earls 10.18 . go há.¤ = maxime, TSh. 4620 . Hence at least: déanaidh trócaire oram, go há.¤ a lucht is caraid damh = saltem, TSh. 4581 . co hairithe for certain gl. iam, Gild. Lor. 137 gl. 20 .

II As subst. f. áiridhi, áirithi f. IGT Decl. § 3

(a) assurance, certainty, safe course: is í áiridhe as fhearr dhamh (Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cá fearr áirighthe aice what safer step could she take(?), LBranach 572 . clann Briain ruaid na renn nime / d'féghain nochar bh'áiridhe in a trial of strength with C.B. there was no certainty of success, Caithr. Thoirdh. 128.8 . fleadh ríogh as ḟearr áiridhe which is (our) best hope(?), Aithd. D. 65.33 . sé slóigh ós é a n-áiridhe / ní dóigh é dar n-éaruine, 26 . Perh. also in: atá acum airithe / nocho nfil a macsamla / is dlúith fri Críst mo chaingean, SG 55.39 . Note also: gé tá an t-éag 'n-a áiridhe though death is a certainty, Aithd. D. 46.24 . Further: do thréig ortha a áiridhe `patrimony', Celtica vi 174 § 3 . See also lám.

(b) fate, destiny: cóir eagla fan á.¤ (of Doomsday), Dán Dé vi 19 . cinnte daoil ort dot ithe / a thaoibh is olc th'á. `sad thy fate', xxv 43 . rug doimhne an chroinn 'n-a chridhe / chloinn t'oidhre ar a n-áiridhe `it was the depth of that spear-thrust in His heart that brought Thy Son's race to their appointed end', Aithd. D. 67.24 .

III In phrases. d'á.¤ special, particular; a certain, with adjectival force: atá ag Dia do bhreith breithe / an Luan mar lá d'á.¤ , Dán Dé xxi 26 . go haimsir d'áiridhe, Aithd. D. 19.3 . éacht d'áiridhe, 74.12 . can chett dairighthi on tSabhdán `special licence', Maund. 51 . do réir úghdair d'á.¤ `a certain author', Keat. i 98.10 . a n-áonchás d'áiridhe in one special case, IGT Introd. 10 § 30 . With adverbial force in particular, particularly: cia d'airithe dia nad tabartha ind almsa `to whom in particular', PH 6011 . isin Etāill uile ┐ isin Róimh d'āirigthi particularly, Fl. Earls 192.z . tangatar co Finn dáirithi, L. Chl. S. 47 . Hence at all events, at any rate: ré linn a athar d'áiridhe, ML 8.25 . níor aomh aon asbal eile / 's níor aomhasdar d'airidhe he (Peter) at any rate did not confess Him, Dán Dé xx 14 . As adv. for certain, surely: gealltar d'áiridhe an iorghuil / im Gháiridhe . . ., Aithd. D. 16.30 . seach na heasbalaibh eile / do bhí t'onóir d'áiridhe `thy honour was assured beyond . . .' Dán Dé i 10 . Perh. also: ben ag congmáil mo creiche / ar ḟer d'foghbáil d'áirithi, IGT Decl. ex. 205 . In prep. phrase d'á.¤ ag in store for: atá . . . an bás d'á.¤ agam, Dán Dé xvii 9 . rí gun Fódla d'áiridhe `the king destined for F.,' Aithd. D. 20.2 . gach dream 'gá mbi an ghlóir d'á.¤ aca who are destined for glory, TSh. 8145 . nach fuil d'áiridhe agat / acht seacht dtroighe don talamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 4 . i n-á.¤ : go mbí an choróin . . . i n-á.¤ aca in store for them, TSh. 2775 . go mbíd i n-á.¤ a bhfuasgailte so that they are assured of being released, 4465 . bid in t-ibar inairti (ina áirte v.l.) accut, Cog. 144.8 . ni raibhi dano biadh indairithi isin coitcenn, Lism. L. 2352 . do-gní á.¤ de is certain of: dogniam airidi anois do Troiannaib . . . ar ni fuilet longa aco we feel certain of (defeating) the Trojans, Aen. 2047 . dénuid á.¤ dhe so be certain of this, Lism. L. 722 .

Cf. áirmigthe.

? 2 ais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 ais or dil.ie/2467

 

n see Vendr. Lex.: a.¤ .i. abann, ut dixit in file: Mac Conaing cosnamh fris / ni a.¤ tenid na midhnais / cene snigess snechta finn / fidba for lind latha lais, O'Mulc. 110 (= H 3.18, 75a18 ). See ad-ais.

1 aithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithe or dil.ie/2602

 

Forms: aithi, aithi, aithi

vn. of ad-fen. a.¤ n-imrime, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 . a s. always aithi in Wb. (unless the obscure cenathe, Wb. 18a25 , contains this word); n s. aithi, Sg. 111b3 , Thes. ii 227.21 , Trip.² 541 . See GOI § 725 . aithi f., IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) Act of requiting; requital, recompense; payment, quid pro quo: ní ar lóg na aithi pridchimmi soscéle, Wb. 14c8 , 9 ; 15b11 ; 24d1 . precept soscéli cen lóg cen aithi, 14c10 . aithi gl. foenus, Sg. 111b3 . aithi usura, Thes. ii 227.21 . aithi .i. cum[m]ain, ut est cach rath co n-aithi .i. biadh ┐ manchuine, O'Dav. 168 . caite a.¤ .i. log meich, Laws iii 328.8 . caiti in a.¤ cumaine, 9 Comm. ni fuil aithfe gin iubaile do gelluib, O'D. 706 ( H 3.17, 516 ). a.¤ n-imrime .i. in aithe comaine no logh do-berar ar imrim int searraigh .i. ara riarugud i.e. recompense for breaking in a horse, Cóic Con. 47 § 84 ; Laws v 212.3 . gin aithi gin fochraic . . . gin a.¤ .i. focetoir, gin fochraic .i. iardain, O'Curry 2460 ( Eg. 88, f. 37(38)c ). a.¤ fiach .i. ic fiach, 766 ( H 3.18, 360b ). mac duine timghair a.¤ a mhaoeine i.e. he does not confer benefits for nothing, ZCP xii 296.5 . ratha fiala a.¤ ṡlána, LL 343b55 = aithi ṡlána `full compensations', Tec. Corm. 3.27 . ferr athe opad, LL 345c41 = ithe, Anecd. iii 19.14 . fuilled ro-imarcraid ind aithi, MacCongl. 21.5 .

(b) act of retaliating; revenge, retaliation: nech bud ḟerr leis dá athe no da dígail, TBC-LL¹ 4419 . tene . . . oc athi bar col, PH 3637 . nech da tísad aithi na gona sain who should avenge that slaying, LL 244a47 ( TTr. 2051 ). fear a.¤ a an-fhalta `to revenge his animosities', MR 262.12 . nir-bo echt cen aithi, TTebe 3524 . aithi in uilc, IGT Decl. ex. 166 . a.¤ x DO y avenging x (an action) on y: robo adlaic dó a aithi do Pátraic aní dorigni, Trip.² 541 . More usually with FOR: d'a.¤ a n-indligid foruib to punish them for their rapacity, ACL iii 3.16 . d'athi ar n-écora for Troiánu, LL 224a6 ( TTr. 494 ). dia aithiu fair in dimhicin dorad fornd, Marco P. 31 . d'a.¤ a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, AFM vi 2146.15 . Of a person: d'aithi ┐ d'fír-dígail Oilella Finn ar fheraib Erenn, Celt. Rev. iv 204.13 .

áitt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áitt or dil.ie/2826
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: átt, áttaib, átachad, áitt

n f. Perh. orig. átt ā, f., cf. d p. áttaib, Críth G. 173 , átachad, IGT Verbs § 106 . See Mac Airt, Celtica iii 263 . Vendr. Lex. Lochlann ii 213 .

(a) place, situation, position, dwelling: hi cech ait isin chathrig, Ml. 68a13 . co cach inchruth a thige inna áttaib córaib with all the furniture of the house in its proper positions, Críth G. 173 . ni fuair ait forstarrasad (of the Ark), SR 2572 . ro facsat ait na scainnre do S., CCath. 3697 . áit buailte do thabhairt dóibh a place for defeating them, Mac Aingil 1748 . arna shuidhiughadh san áit is onóraighe don chlár, TSh. 855 . na háiti d'folmughadh, IGT Decl. ex. 723 . a buird 'na n-áitibh gá n-uaim planks being joined in their places (of a building), DDána 119.35 . anuidh an connsuine bog na áit féin remains unchanged, IGT Introd. 26.31 .

Abode, dwelling: ra curit ina n-aitib ┐ ina n-imdadaib (of men after feasting), CRR 20.2 . a hait ┐ a hadba, TTebe 186 . do chuaidh gach aon díobh d'a ait (bhaile v.l.) féin, ZCP iv 400.19 . techit na harrachta asa n-attib, PH 743 . aitte (háit v.l.) cumhsanaidh lair (of an animal), BNnÉ 317 § 5 . hi senáitibh slechta Conuill Chernaigh in the hereditary seats of the race of C., AFM vi 2186.12 . anmhain ar ar n-aitibh fein in our own districts, O'R. Poems 3906 .

Passage (in a book): gibé thuigfeas na háite do haithleigheadh linn, Eochairsg. 111.1 . do réir na háite sin (in Bible), TSh. 22 . léaghthar san áit chéadna, 285 . ar lorg na háite-se san Leabhar Ghabhála, Keat. ii 796 .

Perh. crossing-place of a river in: hae aite (in a list of things (on private property) of which there is no exclusive ownership) i.e. salmon seen at a river-crossing can be appropriated (?), Laws v 482.23 (see Mac Airt loc. cit.). Or w.r.t. the location of one's house, EIF 286-87 . Or áe as in the plant-name áe aba, Peritia xvi 390-92 ; see 1 áe.

In phr. á.¤ i n- as conj. where: a tírib beó ait inna bí bás, LU 9996 . ait hi funend grían where the sun sets, 3691 ( SCC 33 ). áit i mbaí a h-adba inmain, Sc.M² 24 (e) . áit i comraicfead díabolnámaid, BDD² 733 . lige Fergusa maic Rōic āitt in rohadnacht ar Mag nĀi, ACL iii 3.3 . áit i farggab C. . . . a chend .i. cenn-áitt F., TBC-LL¹ 2915 . tomaidm Linmuine edón Locha Echach áitt dollégad síl nD., RC xvi 413.16 (Tig.). áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545 . Note also: áit mal connairnechtatar where they met, TBC-LL¹ 1441. 1565 .

Combines with interrog. to give cáit where (in dependent and direct questions) (perh. a modification of O. Ir. cote, see Mac Airt, loc. cit.): ní fes do Galafas cait a ndeachaidh, RC x 185.9 . do c[h]uireadar fesa da fhis cáit a rabatar, ML² 911 . cait hir-raibe?, PH 201 . cāit a fhuil Finn?, ML² 1492 .

(b) place formerly occupied by someone or something: ní fuaradar acht a ait ann they found the place empty, ZCP vi 76.13 . do níd áit leabhar dona tuatadhaib they take the place of books (of images), Ó Héodhusa 143.12 . fear a áite his successor, Mac Aingil 6004 . cead . . . an easbuig . . . nó fhir áiti delegate , 4389 . fear āite Chriosd, Parrth. Anma 2934 . do dhiúltuigh . . . ar gealladh d'oifig is d'fhurthacht is d'áit dó place, office (of an Irish chief who resisted the bribes of the government), Hackett xl 192 . imprint, mark: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann, BColm. 64.8 . lorg cneadh ┐ áit áladh, DDána 54.9 . Hence in phrase i n-á.¤ with gen.: nach faicim acht fís . . . i n-áit an mhóir-eoluis cheirt instead of, Content. xvi 87 . mar íoc i n-áit an tsochair `as requital for those benefits', ix 26 .

(c) In phrase of doubtful meaning do áitt , diait, diad etc. See Mac Airt loc. cit.: Ri ro sáer Iacob do aitt / do láim Isau meicc Isaic, SR 7313 . teine do áitt etc., for exx. see 1 teine.

áradach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áradach or dil.ie/3935

 

adj o, ā (árad) ladder-like, fitted with ladders: Aradach Finn (of ogham), Auraic. 5830 . As subst. f. ind Aradach, name of Conchobor's vat, LU 8967 ( FB 22 ), IT ii 173.11 (see Thurn., ZCP viii 70 - 72 ). ? .l. sichel n-orda forsin airidig .i. in dabach, YBL 140b16 .

Cf. airdech.

ar-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-beir or dil.ie/3976
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airbeirid, arbeir, araber, -airbir, ar-id-beram, arberat, ar-berar, aramberar, arberr, -airberar, arbertar, airberedh, -arbered, -erbirmis, armbertis, arabertis, airbir, arambere, -erbara, -arbera, arambera, -airbera, araroibrea, aramberam, -arbaram, -airbirid, -arbarat, -arberat, armberthar, aramberthar, ar-bertar, arberainn, -airbertha, arberad, -airbertis, -airberthe, -airbéer, -erbæra, -erbera, -erberad, -airbértaís, araruburt, arbert, arrubert, -arbart, -erbart, -arbert, arrubartatar, -arrbartatar, erberdu, airbirthi, erbirthi, aurberta, airbert

v ( air-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 464 - 5 ). Later as simple vb. airbeirid. Indic. pres. 3 s. arbeir, Wb. 10c6 . araber, Ml. 46b7 . -airbir, Laws v 252.11 . 1 pl. ar-id-beram, Sg. 26b2 . 3 pl. arberat, Sg. 198b7 . Pass. sg. ar-berar, Sg. 31a3 . aramberar, 148b13 . arberr, 146a1 . -airberar, 192a1 . Pl. arbertar, Sg. 33a19a . Indic. impf. 3 s. airberedh, RC xvi 60.14 . -arbered, RC x 50 note 2 . 1 pl. -erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . 3 pl. armbertis, Sg. 196b5 . arabertis, Ml. 131d10 . Ipv. 2 s. airbir. Wb. 29a25 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. arambere, Wb. 28c11 . -erbara, LL 14162 . 3 s. -arbera, Ml. 72b26 . arambera, Sg. 192b2 . -airbera, O'Dav. 1092 . With ro: araroibrea, Thes. i 498.2 . 1 pl. aramberam. Sg. 148a1 . -arbaram, Sg. 40a11 . 2 pl. -airbirid, Wb. 11b25 . 3 pl. -arbarat, Wb. 10c1 . -arberat, BColm. 78.28 . Pass. sg. armberthar (leg. aramberthar, edd.), Ml. 53c9 . Pl. co ar-bertar , Ml. 121b3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arberainn, Trip.² 2106 . 2 s. -airbertha, ZCP iii 29.35 . 3 s. arberad, Mon. Tall. 135.9 . 3 pl. -airbertis, Wb. 10b8 . Pass. sg. -airberthe, Ériu i 114 § 2 .

Fut. 1 s. -airbéer, Wb. 32a20 . 3 s. -erbæra, Ml. 110c2 . -erbera, Ml. 48b12 . Condit. 3 s. -erberad, Ml. 48a5 . 3 pl. -airbértaís, LU 1224 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. araruburt, Ml. 108a2 . ro erberius, Ériu lv 15 . 3 s. arbert, LU 765 (ACC). arrubart, Ml. 21a11 . arrubert, BColm. 84.5 . -arbart, Ml. 36a4 . -erbart, LL 13811 . -arbert, Thr. Ir. Gl. 34.z . 3 pl. arrubartatar, Ml. 34c4 , 91b1 . -arrbartatar, Sg. 40b9 .

Part. erberdu ( d s.), Ml. 97d2 . airbirthi (n p.), 94d1 .

Vbl. of necess. erbirthi, Ml. 98c10 . aurberta, LB 11b17 .

Vn. airbert. IGT Verbs § 83 .

I With biuth (d s. of bith world , see GOI 162 ).

(a) lives: araberat biuth gl. degentibus, Ml. 50d13 . coarbera biuth gl. degeret, 72b26 . forcane ┐ arambere biuth gl. ut scias quomodo oporteat té in domo Dei conuersari `that thou shouldst teach and live', Wb. 28c11 . .xu. bliadnai i n-ardrígu . . . día n-airbereth bith co craibdech, Trip.² 2104 . ro airbir bith fon tsruth trom she lived, LU 3069 . Without biuth: is intib airbirit co anbsaid . . . i rrotaigib anaitreba, LU 2062 ( FA 14 ). ? is medhōn aratairberat inacethraso ciasanechtar foferthar .i. is asa meadhōn airbertnaighit, Anecd. v 24.18 (cf. airberat .i. aitrebat nó impoait quoting this ex. O'Dav. 54 ).

(b) eats: arbeir biuth a mbís for altóir ind ídil, Wb. 10c6 . amal aramberat biuth inna cethrai . . . inna sástu frisacomracat, Ml. 69a19 . intí arbir bith oss nallaid, Mon. Tall. 146.8 . ni cainairbiur dergflatha na finn ┐ niconn airbiur biuth `nor shall I taste food', RC x 226.188 . tug . . . araill dina bolgaib . . . ┐ arus arubairt bid . . . ar adbertadar bid uad na tri cet laech where he ate the three hundred warriors also ate from it, IT ii2 102.y . Without biuth: dia nairbera samuisci . . . .i. mane esadar samuisc `if he eat', O'Dav. 1092 .

(c) uses, employs etc.: arrubartatar biuth gl. freti, Ml. 34c4 . arrubart biuth gl. usus, 35b11 . amal ni airbertis bith gl. non utantur, Wb. 10b8 . conid cumme aramber biuth hua cech rét frissacomraic so that he enjoys equally everything he meets with, Ml. 69a18 . ararubartatar biuth gl. ob perfunctoriam, 97d2 . intan arbir bith in scribtur . . . do deisimbrecht asna psalmaib when Scripture uses an example from the psalms, Hib. Min. 4.128 . nī hinill do crāibdech airbera bith nach cruth la ṡōerbrāth fēin for it is not prudent for a religious that he enjoy his own will in any way, ZCP iii 29.3 . Without biuth practises (of an art etc.): cia dána airbere . . . ? écse, ol sé, RC xiii 442 § 19 . wields (of kingship): ar-robert-side in ríge iar n-ēcaib Airt, Fing. R. 558 ( RC xxv 24 § 7 ). co n-erbara mo rígise fordo ríge, LL 14162 .

II

(a) pleads, makes use of or applies a procedure, etc.(?): tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht `who cannot speak for his own good', Laws v 252.11 . fer a diri ummorro ma arberai tuarusndal, Anecd. iii 23.z . ma ro airberedh a faesam fo cetoir, Laws i 100.2 Comm. ? cain bera do dligedh arbera do turbaid, O'D. 944 (H 3.17, c. 661) (heading of a par. which lays down that notice (tasc) must be given of accidental `turbadha', Plummer MS notes). ? arbert Bassil brathu, LU 765 (ACC). Almost = as-beir in: maro airbeired riu urradh do tabairt leo if they have been told to bring a native freeman with them, Laws i 86.26 Comm. , 88.5 Comm. , 90.3 Comm. , 6 Comm.

(b) a.¤ . . . fri opposes: ni airbéer fritt `I will not reproach thee with it', Wb. 32a20 . ni erbart frit cosindiu I did not oppose you, LL 13811 . munar airbered [.i. imrisin] ris if he has not been opposed(?), Laws i 114.3 Comm.

(c) Gramm. expresses (with A): ciaridberam a céill a pronominibus `though we express their sense by pronouns', Sg. 26b2 . a deilb atreibthig arberar a n-aitherrechthe, 31a3 . arbertar as noéntarmoirciunn .i. aitrebthacha ┐ agnomina gl. ex eadem forma agnomina, 33a19a . atá linn . . . ni asanarbaram dærscugud di neuch di hilib a chenéuil feissin .i. a superlait, 40a11 . arberr chial chesto as indí as difficio, 146a1 . intan aramberar ciall brethre gníma ass, 148b13 . arṁbertis a rrangabáil ḟrecndairc, 196b5 .

(d) subdues, quells(?): nicon ruba dōine, nicon arlaig . . . nicu rarbairt (niconarbairt v.l.) a lighe Lomnae, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88 ). ? dorairned díumus na mborb / ro airbered cech fodord all murmuring was subdued(?), SR 4496 .

archideochain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. archideochain or dil.ie/4006

 

Forms: oirchidechain, airchideochain, fairchideochain

n (Lat. loanword) archdeacon: airchideóchain T. . . . ┐ adhbhar áird-Espuic archdeacon with the right of succession(?), Hy Fiach. 114.11 = arcidechain, Ann. Conn. 1243.6 . d'airchidichain Ola Finn , 1231.9 = oirchidechain, ALC i 308.6 . airchideochain, AFM iv 772.z . fairchideochain, ALC ii 30.12 . a aircedechuin (a fhairchideochain, airchi-, v.l.) nime ┐ talman (of Deity), Ir. Lit. 2.28 .

ásaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ásaid or dil.ie/4369
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ásair, assar, rohassair, fásaid

v (1 ás) Pret. 3 s. ásair, Rawl. 164b21 . Perf. ro assar , Anecd. iii 67.20 . rohassair, 22 . IGT Verbs § 123 . Also fásaid.

(a) grows of plants, people, etc.: in fualascach bec ásas asin chrunn, Sg. 65a7 . roásaiset drissi . . . tar sodin, Ml. 2a6 . lase nastae `when they are growing', 87b12 . di neoch asas á terra, Thes. ii 11.36 ( BCr. 18a2 ). nocon ássa froíchne isin maigin sin, Trip.² 1021 . bíam cúsa do imdegail do chethra . . . cor ása in cú hísin, LU 5028 ( TBC-I¹ 539 ). co mbad prapiti no asad, 4436 . a bith roóc ar níro ásatar a renga, 10157 . ind ḟidbad ro ás triana chend, LL 4478 . trian cach neich losas ┐ asas ┐ infoirbres air o thir, Laws iii 126.22 Comm. co ro asa a rind for a feor `until the top grows on the grass', iv 48.17 Comm. fidbudh . . . fora n-āsatar . . . ubla, Anecd. i 56 § 45 . ní ḟás luibh a húir, TD 11.11 . noch d'fas faoi an bféinn `grown of the Fianna's stock', O'Gr. Cat. 583.36 . co roasat a n-ulchada, Rawl. 79a20 . ro den . . . a ó co ná farcaib feoil . . . fair ┐ co ná ro assair fair riam, SG 310.x . Springs from (DI, ó): síl Aeda . . . diar ásair mór ríg, Rawl. 164b21 . ni fhāsann ech dia ngroighibh, Marco P. 175 . da nasa coimpert uathaib, Laws ii 406.31 Comm. in fhrém o fhás in uli olc, PH 7603 . an céad athair ó'r fhásamar, Eochairsg. 27.24 .

Of inanimate things increases: fásaidh slios ré ar n-a raghuin the side of the moon grows after waning, DDána 90.9 . roḟas ceo . . . dun a fog gathered around us, Ériu v 146.24 . roás ind n-imguin foraib cach dia `the slaughter increased on them', Ériu ii 30 § 15 . an mhéide ro fhāss forsan mbairghin `how much the loaf had increased', Fl. Earls 228.1 . Spreads, covers: ésga órrtha ar nár fhás dubhadh `whereon no eclipse has spread', Studies 1919, 75 § 17 . tuile gan tráigh daonnacht Dé / ar gach aon-olc nar fhás sí has it not covered every evil? A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 1 . Becomes: d'fhás feoil an leinimh te, 2 Kings iv 34 .

(b) arises, develops, esp. of dissension, war, etc.: ásaidh comrac úathmar, TTr.² 1462 . fasaidh gredan mor, Aen. 1987 . roḟás ceist adhbhalmhor ag feraibh Érenn 'mon caingin sin, Ériu iii 154 § 8 . rofás ceist mór ag Finn don ghním-sin, Fianaig. 56.14 . rofitir fein ga[ch] ni asfas dochair ind, TTebe 2325 . réidhiughadh roinn / ór ḟás d'éiliughadh eadroinn, TD 15.1 . fásuidh aimhreighe eidir e ┐ athair, Rel. Celt. ii 162.8 . Subj. unexpressed: is iarum ro ás dó ┐ do C. a quarrel arose between him and C., Rawl. 134b22 . Results from, arises from (DI, A): conid ed roḟás de sidhe . . . cormarb cach dib a cheli `it resulted that . . .', RC xviii 273.4 . ro assar iartain oc Bretnaib fledog(ug)ud imda . . . rohassair assaide sarthol ┐ etrad . . ., Anecd. iii 67.20 . is de ro fas bas Cheit, Ériu viii 176.25 . nir fas don tsluaiged sin doib-sim acht in tir . . . do lot, Ann. Conn. 1225.25 . dond errlaime asas donn iarraid, Laws i 36.10 Comm. conad he sin adbar d'ár ḟasastar fuathnell, MR 240.4 . dia tuctha na deich fo cethair is .xl. fhásas dib, Lism. L. 4620 . is as sin ro ás indiu na h-uli datha i n-etuch epscop, LL 2040 . is as fhásas in faisne[s]-sea, PH 1616 . as assin ro fhás co na deni sacart oifrenn i fiadhnaisi epscoip, AFM i 358.7 .

Occas. in impers. (trans.) use (but see Ériu xxxvi 193-94 ): nirás nach ṅduine dalbda / commus huili a aurlabra, SR 4809 = conid de sin is follus nach la duine fen comus a erlabra acht la Dia, LB 123a6 . ro ás gnóe móir in n-ingin, LU 3161 ; 'she grew with great beauty, the girl' Ériu xxxvi 193-94 (= ara n-ingin, YBL 175b50 ). Cf. Ériu ii 30 and Fl. Earls 228 supra. Vn. ás.

baiscne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baiscne or dil.ie/5250

 

Forms: báiscnib

n (? -aí-) expld. as large tree: b.¤ .i. bile, Ériu xiii 75 § 195. O'Cl. suidid didu Colum cille fon mbaiscni fri cill aniar, Fél. 72.21 . Mugna dono moo gnoe e .i. moo báiscnib, Dinds. 34. (a báiscnib , v.l.). ? Baīscne ancestor of Finn , Corp. Gen. Index.

barrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barrann or dil.ie/5432

 

n (1 barr + finn ): is maith in b.¤ cuilcenann gelmongach `the white-topped . . . is good' (of horses), Celtica ii 42.143 . is maith in b.¤ riabach, 152 .

1b bró

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1b bró or dil.ie/6877

 

Of people or objects dense mass; multitude, crowd, company, phalanx: b.¤ .i. iomad, O'Cl. ? bro .i. bisech ` increase ', O'Dav. 331. de betho bróu (bro, v.l.) `from the crowd of the world', Imr. Brain 29. ? hine bron dian degduine, Ériu vii 199.1 . it bróin dírmai, BDD² 284 = hit broí d., LU 6776. in gach mbróin sesmuigh sleg-aigbēil dīb, ML² 1711 . a Ferguis d'an bidba b.¤ `that hast enemies in number', SG 248.13 . b.¤ ṡagh, IGT Decl. ex. 911. b.¤ bhord ┐ b.¤ bheinsi, 34 . bro do bhoghaibh `a dense mass of bows', Magauran 3611 . bro bhadhbha . . . bratac, Caithr. CC 11. o bhroin bhoth `from the clustered bothies', Magauran 402 . idir bhróin reann, DDána 91.51 . co rabatur fó bróin scéith ┐ claidim . . . fa Finn mac C. `they were a mass of shield and sword . . . around F.', Fianaig. 86.28 . docunnuic na nai cét . . . cona mbroín sciath ┐ cloidem acu, ZCP xiii 224.13 . do chonncatar O B. ┐ a chlann ina mbroin sgiath ┐ claidemh chuca astech `in a body with shields', etc. L. Chl. S. 9. b. ¤churraig moss (?): do lín sboingia de (.i. bró curraidh a canoin gaeidhilgi noch súighus ┐ gabus gach uile fliuchaideacht noch curter innti) , Celtica vii 177 .452 . tucadh fínegra ┐ domblas ae a sboingia do .i. a mbroin chuiredh (leg. churraidh) a mbarr shlaite , Smaointe B. Chr. 4141 , Celtica vii 184 . ? Cf. co lluid itir cobrad ┐ brōin in scēith, TBC-I¹ 1512 `between the rim (?) and the body of the shield', Faraday; `between the boss and the centre of the shield´ TBC-I² 173 .

Compds. ? dideirn (.i. dot gráin) bródeirg brufitir, LU 10388 (Tochmarc Emere) = brodercc, ZCP iii 256.26 .

1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

bíathnaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíathnaigid or dil.ie/5839

 

v = bíathaigid: rusbi[a]thnaig Finn fir hÉrenn re bliadain, Fianaig. 86.20 .

brachaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brachaid or dil.ie/50073
Last Revised: 2019

 

v oozes pus : brachaid ┐ doni linn rúad coimrith re linn find, G 11 403a10 . ni brachann no cu ngeineann linn rúad a comaentaidh re linn finn , C IV 2 21r1 . Vn. glanaid gach uili creacht ona mbrachad, G 11 142a18 . in tan innarbthur in tadbar a morgad no a mbrachad, G 11 206b35 . muna dheacha si chum brachaid, 24 P 26 175.1 , Almusór 18 . in seal bes in cnedh ac brachad, Irish Texts v 3.z . in tan bid ac brachad, Irish Texts v 4.5 . brachadh 'suppuration', FGB .

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