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caillech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caillech or dil.ie/7751
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. (1 caille)

(a 1) Lit. veiled woman (see Éigse xxviii 74-85 ); in sense married woman : ba bec ind immirgi rucad ann .i. .vii. mbai ┐ tarb ocus se-sseom ┐ a chaillech ┐ ind ingen, Fing. R. 507 (Esnada Tige Buchet) . Brigid bratbrú a chaillech-som, SCano 224 . oen aile dib (oen dna dona caillechaib so, v.l.) Cumman … ┐ si thorrach, CGSH § 722.6 . In phr. caillech aithrige, penitent wife, a married woman who becomes celibate: inar find … cecha caildigi aithrighi, Cáin Ad. 14 § 24 . (a) nun, woman in religion : in ch.¤ rēided Currech (Brigit), Thes. ii 349.3 (Hy. v). sēnais in caillig comail, 337.4 (ib.). fail dí chaillig i rrichid / . . . / Maire ┐ SanctBrigit, 349.11 (ib.). a ch.¤ , Vita Br. 25 . Brigit . . . / cenn cáid c.¤ n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . senoir caildidi `senior nun' (oppd. to mac-c.¤ ), Mon. Tall. 151.7 (§ 62) . clerig ┐ caillecha, Laws iii 14.12 . do cleirchib ┐ caillechaib, Ériu xix 60 § 8 . cell ch.¤ , LU 1651 ( RC ix 452 ). tri hairgarta ecalse: c.¤ fri clocc, etc., Triads 66 . cenn c.¤ abbess , Trip.² 1000 . Cf. teach nabadh Cille dara do ghabháil . . . ┐ an c.¤ féin do breith a mbroid, ALC i 130.22 . c.¤ leighinn lectrix, Trip. xli 15 (cf. fer léiginn). In later lang. c.¤ dub: pian na manach . . . ┐ na gc.¤ ndubh, Aisl. Tond. 130 § 4 . ag saothrughadh beannaighthe bhanabadh ┐ choisregadh ch.¤ ndubh, RSClára 118 § 16 . D. . . . do écc ina cailligh duibh, AFM iii 252.6 . ord onōrach chaillech ndup the Order of S. Clare, Fl. Earls 164.19 .

(b) elderly woman : ni cundil mesce c.¤ gl. anus . . . non uino multo seruientes, Wb. 31c3 . c.¤ quasi cail-nech nō caol a lūach .i. screpul; nō c.¤ cail comēt ┐ de c[h]aillig cométa tige as nomen , Corm. Y 389 . tuillem bathais . . . do fiur graidh acht ni ruca dia chaillig, ZCP xiii 20.22 (`seiner Alten' i.e. the woman who manages his house, Bürgschaft 7 § 8 ). callech do Lagnib . . . i mbiataigecht ro bái sí . . . do ríg Lagen, Ériu i 132.25 . Boí a ainm na calligi, LU 4409 . d'óganachaibh nó . . . do chailliochaibh, Párl. na mB. 3931 . a c.¤ trūag (sarcastically of a hero), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 38 § 7 . ’sa chailleach eich ga héideadh, Celtica xviii 144 § 31 . mar fiacla cailligi, Rosa Angl. 180 § 25 .

(c) In sagas pejoratively of supernatural beings hag, witch, crone (see Éigse xxviii 94 ): in Mórrígan i ndelb na sentainne caillige, LU 6248 (TBC). c.¤ lom luath (the Morrígain), MR 198.2 . sentrichem senchaillige, Triads 114 . a lāim na caillighi (badb), ML² 418 . demon callige, KMMisc. 212.z . ra chonaig in ruadchallig, LL 6283 . imthighis an ruadhchailleach, DDána 120.33 . Name given to a group of letters in Ogam script: caillige ar aicme huatha, Auraic. 5720 .

(d) In phr. caillech chrainn woodlouse : pudar do denam do caillechaib crainn, Irish Texts v 9 § 18 . cailleach chrainn , FGB s.v. cailleach .

In n. pr. C.¤ Bērre, Lament 83 . (cf. Éigse xxiii 38 ). C.¤ Domnaill, AFM ii 1150.9 . R. ┐ C.¤ Dé dí inghin R., AFM iii 172.9 . C.¤ Finnen a ingen, RC xvii 381.18 (Tig.).

In n.loc. Liss na Calligi, Ériu i 132.26 , Dinnseanchas i no. 4 p. 94 . Lebaid chailligh, Hog. Onom.

Ir. and Lat. obscure in: c.¤ ligheóc gl. pupína, Ir. Gl. 283 .

2 feles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 feles or dil.ie/21545

 

n m. vanity, futility, uselessness: feilios .i. diomhaoineas ... cib fors mbean a bheim ... | dósamh as feilios finnén a shield is of no use to him O'Cl. is espa (.i. is f.¤), LU 4630 = TBC-I¹ 169 . f.¤ .i. fellas for les, O'Dav. 897 . ní taebh fri fann nā f.¤ , Lism. L. 3467 . cen goí n-úabair cen f.¤ , Ériu iii 96.3 . caithi in feiles fognithea ria sunn ? (vanitas) Aisl. Tond. 95.15 .

fennán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fennán or dil.ie/21614
Last Revised: 2013

 

n a wren (?): an feannan beacc lag tláith, Éigse xviii 53 . Cf. ? finnén .

finnell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finnell or dil.ie/22154

 

Forms: finneall

n (variant of finnén ?) a shield: f.¤ .i. sgiath, O'Cl. finneall, Metr. Gl. Ff. 37 (one of the terms for shield).

? finnén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? finnén or dil.ie/22156

 

n (dim. of 1 finn `little white one,' from practice of whitening shields ?) a shield (poetic word): finnen find-din (sic leg.) ar is dín do loech, O'Mulc. 539 . finnén .i. sgiath, O'Cl.; ib. s.v. feilios. finden co mbil óir, LL 261b8 ( IT i 81 ). pl. findne gela, LL 276a5 . faébra fri fáebra ┐ finne fri finne LU 9618 = findne, LL 276b51 ( ZCP iii 208.15 ). ? mo thri findne, Corm. Y 397 = finnde (finndni v.l.) 1052 (`my three cows' O'Don., Corm. Tr. 37 ).

gaibid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaibid or dil.ie/25119
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gaibim, gabimm, gaibiu, gaibid, gaibthi, gaib, gaibit, gabit, gaibde, gaba, rogba, gebaid, gebat, gabsu-sa, rongabus, gabais, gabis, rogab, gaibthir, rogaibther, gaibtir, gabthar, gabthe, rogabad, rogabath, rogabtha, gabthi, gabaid, gebsa

v see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 527 . O.I. Pres. ind. 1 s. gaibim, Thes. ii 2.35 . gabimm, Wb. 16d4 . gaibiu, Trip. 54.14 . 3 s. gaibid, Wb. 9a3 . Ml. 64c12 . (with pronom. suf.) gaibthi, Sg. 26b7 . ni gaib , Wb. 3d8 . 3 p. gaibit, Sg. 200b10 . gabit, Ml. 38a8 . rel. gaibde, 76a16 . Pres. Subj. 3 s. gaba, Wb. 28a20 . rogba, 15d40 . Fut. 3 s. gebaid, Wb. 8a7 . 3 p. ni gebat , 4c8 . Pret. and Perf. 1 s. gabsu-sa, Thes. ii 291.7 . (ceín) rongabus , Wb. 23b18 . 3 gabais, Thes. ii 238.16 . gabis, i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). rogab, Wb. 2c21 . Pass. Pres. ind. s. gaibthir, Wb. 16d7 . (hó) rogaibther , 13b13 . p. gaibtir, Thes. ii 295.16 . Subj. s. gabthar, Wb. 29b5 . Pret. and Perf. s. gabthe, Ml. 55c1 . rogabad, 14a14 . rogabath, 24d13 . p. rogabtha, 133b2 . verb. necess. gabthi, 76d4 . Vn. gabál, q.v. For later forms see IGT Verbs § 23.

I Trans. lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes hold of, possession of ; passing into sense receives, accepts . With co and reflexive pron. takes to oneself : admits of, allows . Ní gaib cen (acht) insists on. Supports, upholds (= congaib) ; sometimes almost = fogaib.

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits . g.¤ nech in receives as : g.¤ ar considers as.

(c) takes by force, captures ; takes away ; g.¤ lám, g.¤ búaid.

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy).

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition, etc. ; affects injuriously (illness, etc.) paralyses, bewitches .

(f) puts, applies .

(g) puts on, assumes : g.¤ arm assumes warrior status ; g.¤ caille, colann, étach, etc. With imm and reflexive pron. puts on (clothes), cf. inf. V (g).

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., reaches (a destination).

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport pitches a camp .

(j) chooses, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.).

(k) sets about, begins (an employment, etc.).

(l) conceives (a passion, etc.).

(m) thinks, infers . (m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?).

(n) conceives (offspring).

(o) With for and reflexive pron. takes on oneself (responsibility, etc.).

(p) With co and refl. pron. assumes .

(q) takes a path, traverses, reaches .

(r) ? celebrates (a festival).

(s) suits (late).

(t) A legal idiom (?)

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds .

(b) lands, settles, takes up one's abode (esp. of starting a community).

(c) holds out, remains .

(d) Gram. is declined ; also is subdivided.

(e) holds sway, reigns .

(f) takes hold or effect .

III Perfect forms= subst. vb.

IV sings, chants, recites , etc.

V Further uses with preps. :

(a) g.¤ ar (1) holds back, restrains (2) distrains (rare).

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back : also g.¤ ní de neuch.

(c) g.¤ do (1) sets about . (2) attacks . (3) covers, fits .

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at.

(e) g.¤ for (1) assails . (2) begins, sets about . (3) overtakes . (4) outshines .(5) includes .

(f) g.¤ fri (1) holds out against . (2) warns (doubtful). (3) receives, welcomes (late). (4) commences, begins .

(g) g.¤ imm (1) refuses, refrains from, conceals, withholds . (2) distrains . (3) makes good, compensates . (4) adheres to. (5) dresses, arrays oneself.

(h) g.¤ in assails .

(i) g.¤ la accepts, sides with.

(j) g.¤ oc. (1) sets about, begins . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over .

VI Used in phrases with nouns to which references are given.

I Trans. In widest sense lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes (hold of, possession of) ; passing into sense of receives, accepts (with mat. obj.) : amal náṅgabimmse didiu ni gaib Lucas, as I do not take it (of a payment), Wb. 16d4 . rogabad gabáal dóib leu, 7a7 . gebid A. in n-id inna láim, TBC-LL¹ 581 . focherd a bunsaich ... condagebed re toitim ... so that he would catch it before falling, TBC-I¹ 518 . gab a Eba in t-uball-sa, Ériu iv 114.2 . rogab ... in mac ina ucht, RC xxiv 192.1 . adubradar nach gēbdais coma ina sārugud, ZCP viii 274.18 . Giabud-sa coma uaib, xiii 240.14 . dogab Buinne na comhadha sin, IT ii2 140.445 . `in ngēbthái cís no cáin uatha ? ' ... `ní giabthar,' ZCP xiii 226.9 - 11 . do-ghéabhainn ... eineaclonn, TD 3.52 . Analogous : roghabhsat a ndíorma `they sent out their squadron' (i.e. took and got together), AFM v 1812.15 . geibid Brigit e fri baithis `B. holds him at the baptism,' Fél. 110.27 . g.¤ ech gets (and makes ready) a horse : gabhthar a ghabhar do Ghuaire, RC xxvi 374.22 . gebid ar n-eich co escaid, vii 296.114 . is gabtha indiu in gabar bán, SG 243.32 .

With non-mat. obj. : gēbaid a ainm dim anmaim[-se] he will take his name from mine, ACL iii 231.16 . ro gab ratha grene ┐ esca `took guarantees of the sun and moon,' MR 2.5 . caibdhi (caibghi v.l.) ler geab sí suirgi a bride-price for which she accepted wooing, IGT Decl. ex. 176 . geb as do thoil fen bás accept death, PH 6631 . gab maithim n-anacail accept protection, TTebe 1030 . níor ghabh umhlocht `did not receive homage,' TD 17.43 . ro ghabh a n-airi cur fir a ndobratar a ndraidhe fein riu it was borne in upon them, RC xliii 76 § 76 . g.¤ sossad (suide, etc.) : rogab á sossad he hath taken his station, Wb. 4b18 . gabsat ... a suide, BDD 59 . gaib do chuil isin charcair take thy corner in the prison, Thes. ii 290.8 . g.¤ ríge, tír, etc. takes possession of, takes over (an office, dignity, property, etc.) : ataat da n-orpe rogab A., Wb. 2c21 . cia dib gebus t'forba, RC xxiv 194.1 . resiu rogabtis tír tairṅgeri, Ml. 123a1 , or under (c) ? tria chumachta na hingine nogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.2 . doguidhetar ... fá mhac ... dogébhed a nionad dia neisi, BNnÉ 190 § 1 . iar ndul adíu nogabad Tír an Dísirt `that he set up in T.' (of a bishop), BColm. 56.30 . i mbechbrethaib bech ... gaibte crann `bees that have taken up their lodging in the tree,' Laws iv 180.16 . gabaid M. rīge nEírenn, ZCP viii 318.11 . ... nar gaba rath na righi, Fen. 120.11 . Ri do gabustar righi, BCC § 141 . Cf. in lin rig rogab hErind, Fen. 58.14 . ar ghabh dá gcineadh Bóinn Bhreagh, TD 8.17 . géba apdaine ┐ cumachta fors-in domun, PH 2272 . Domnall o Conaill do gabh uadha e a nGaidhilg `took it down in Gaelic from him' (i.e. from his dictation), Plummer Colophons 16, n.4 . Often with co and refl. pron. takes to oneself, undertakes : ma ro gabsat daine aile cuca ar comairce, Laws iv 228.25 . gab chucat sind, a Christ, PH 183 . gabh chugat mo chomairche undertake my defence, Dán Dé 1.3 . blāith rogabais cucut corp, ACL iii 242 § 16 . dogab Serlus sin cuige co mor, C. took that greatly to heart, RC xix 278 § 204 (Fier.). níor gábh Eóghan chuige go maith an t-urfhuighioll sin, ML 44.9 . takes to witness : rogab neam, ┐ talam, Todd Nenn. 126.9 ; lxx 11 . admits of, allows : ni gabait etir na lestair lána a tórmach, PH 5480 . Ni gaband sí a cumdach le h-or no le h-airget, BCC § 52 (of a stone). beac ma gabann leighes quasi non recipit curationem, O'Gr. Cat. 205.21. Cf. dá ngébha an focal chuigi if the word will allow of it, IGT Introd. § 3 . ní ghéabhainn dol go clannaibh séaghainn Saxon I would not consent (?) to go, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 5 . ná gabh toirmeasg `admit no hindrance,' TD 2.3 . Ní gaib cen (acht) will take only, insists on : ní ragaib cen chuit cána, LL 376a35 . nī gēb cen sē curu, TBC-I¹ 2274 ; 2260 . na geb-si cen cath insist on a battle, MR 42.19 . adubhairt nach gebhadh gan meisi dḟaghail mar mhnaoi, Ériu v 182.360 ; 209.21 (v.l.). adubairt nac hgébadh gan éraic d'fagáil, BNnÉ 89.9 . Nír gap uaidip gan bangcēd, Fl. Earls 68.25 . ní ghéabhaidh ód ghruaidh gan bheith feithmheach ..., TD 19.6 . ni ragab acht a anmnigud o anmaim (of Lifea and Mag Life), LL 159a31 . ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu, PH 908 . nir gabhsat uadha gan a athchur, BNnÉ 236.31 . ni rogab acht oentech do denam imme, Anecd. i 9.11 . Also ní gaib co : nī rogaib A. co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris `A. did not rest satisfied till securities and bonds were given to him,' Cáin Ad. § 22 ; § 26 . supports, upholds (?) glossed congbann : in tí na gaibh rechtge, ni tuilledh rechtge dó .i. in tí na congbhann in díretad, O'D. 712 ( H 3.17, c. 520 ). concerns, affects : comaithces ... is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech, Laws iv 68.4 . In some cases nearly = fo-gaib : ni gaib airechas it does not get leadership, Wb. 3d8 . canas a ngabar índ aile dec `whence is the twelfth derived ?' Laws iv 198.1 Comm. 16.11 Comm. rogab lige n-úar i n-úir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.4 .

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits : manumgaibi ar charit (= Si ergo habes me socium), Wb. 32a16 . na gaph tescariut mar caruid, Ériu v 126.8 . rogabad som hirige, Ml. 14a4 . conadragaib ina munteras, IT i 74.5 . arroeta[t]ar (.i. ro gabadar) he co fáilti, ACL iii 30 § 81 . ro gabadh go honórach hé ón rígh, RC xxv 388.6 . sí ar feadh na gorta níor gheabh `throughout the famine he disowned her' (i.e. would not have her), TD 15.31 . g.¤ nech i n- takes, receives as (in the quality of) : gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as lord,' Wb. 26a8 . Cf. gabsi cadessin abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . co ro-n-gabthar i n-ar mbraithrib do Christ, PH 7883 . do gab se 'na la ciunaiss dó fén é `he took it for a day of rest,' BCC 408.12 . A somewhat different idea with ar : gebidh in aimsir frecnairc arna huilib aimseraib he takes the present time for all times, Auraic. 84.

(c) takes by force, captures . duairci bas dun chach ṅgaibde whom they seize, Ml. 76a16 . condagaibtis intais amprom trianintleda that the wicked used to seize them through their snares, 31c6 . damsa bed gabthi (gl. nihil defuit ad capiendum me), 76d4 . fer gaibes fer beogabail, Laws iv 336.8 . Na mna ... rogabad la Creon rofhosclad dibh la Teis, TTebe 4907 . romgab in críne m'imlúad old-age has deprived me of my power of motion, Ériu iv 154.15 . co[r] gabatar tech fuirre they stormed the house in which she was, RC xv 323 ( Dinds. 23 ). Ro gabhadh an droichet forra, AFM vi 1992.5 . gébtáit ar tír frind, TBC-I¹ 172 . gabsit tír and ar chlaideb, ZCP viii 313.21 . gabsat tír im Themair Breg, Hail Brigit § 18 ( LL 50a10 ). For g.¤ láim expels, g.¤ láim for enjoins, see lám and s.v. gabál. Fig. dede huangaibter in descipuil oc eitsecht inna preceptorae `... whereby disciples are taken,' Ml. 122c2 . A Eua, cid arnotgeib ? (= ar-ṅdot-geib ?) what is the matter with thee ?, SR. 1693 . g.¤ buaid wins a victory: ní ba unus gebas a m-buáid, Wb. 11a6 . isóinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . gabsat búaid, Fél. Jan 28 ; July 6 .

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy, etc.): ro gabsat co setrech ... in tech commatain, TFerbe 339 . Cf. ré fer ná ré mnái ... ní gabtar in t-aracul the little house is never closed against man or woman, SG 245.8 .

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition or the like; more commonly affects injuriously (of disease, danger or other evil influence); esp. bewitches, paralyses: nachinrogba derchoíniud, Wb. 15d40 . nachas-ragbad torsi díachessadsom, RC iv 246 § 3 . gabaidh toirrsi mor M.E., Ériu v 72.13 . rom gab trist, TBC(C) 1058 . conidrogbad huall, Ml. 39d22 . nísgaibed tart nā līae, Hy. ii 29 . conidgaib codlad de, TBC-I¹ 371 . do gob ita iarsin iad 'thirst seized them', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . ro gobustair ferg mor he 'great wrath seized him', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . romgab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . gabsai format, ZCP xi 108.2 . ní-dom-geibend ecal, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.18 . ma rangba crith, Ériu vii 168.30 . rongab failte, BB 493b30 . do gab gengairi ... é, BCC § 98 . in corrmíl bá in sengán nom-gaib isin crecht `that nips me in the wound,' BDD 162 . ni-mragba nathir, Misc. Hib. 20.1 . nin geib rind, TBC-LL¹ 3209 . nachumgabat gái, KMMisc. 256 § 28 . ní geibhtis renna ... he, RC xliii 46 § 45 . Ni báid usce he ... ┐ ni geba iarn, PH 7278 . ni gabad arm é, Ériu iii 166.36 . ros gabsat idain Moncha, CMMucr. 50 § 42 . re siu ro gobad galar `before disease took hold on him,' Ir. Review 1912.250 . RC iii 177.7 . gabais buidre a cluasa 'deafness seized their ears', Blathm. 96 § 21 . nis ragaibh lugha dighe thirst did not oppress them, AFM i 382.7 . Ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, co ro gabait a chossa ocus a láma so that his legs and arms were stricken, SCC 48 ( LU 4028 ). Cf. do gabhadh a chosae ┐ a lamha fair, ZCP x 14.4 . Lism. L. 3043 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild, Mon. Tall. § 34 . gabtar cassa na n-each (i.e. by the power of St. Molasius), SG 26.19 .

(f) puts, applies: gabais iarom a mér ina bēolu, RC xxv 344.z . geibh ind uisqui put it in water, Lism. L. 2676 . gabhais minn ... fa a cheann, CF 903 . in t-aire rogabsabair foraib, ZCP viii 318.25 . ro-gabsat étach corcorda imme, PH 3295 . rogobad ola ... da churp oil was applied to his body, TTebe 2560 . geibid na claidhmi dar a n-aigthib doip `slash the swords over their faces,' CCath. 5163 . conid hé gebes claideb dó, RC xxi 386.14 . gabais tabaill dōib, TBC-I¹ 1100 . gaibthi dō he plies it on him, 1735 . `gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó,' PH 2330 . RC xliii 28 § 25 . ord don Chrumm rogab he plied a sledge hammer on C., Metr. Dinds. iv 22.9 . geibidh otrach ... ┐ clocha dó, BNnÉ 34.14 . Idiom: Ní raghatt ... ar nach gabat in sluagh imchumhang an toighi form `lest the army pen me in the house,' BS § 55 ( BS² 1660 ).

(g) puts on, assumes: gaibid mod ṅargumint it takes the form of an argument, Ml. 64c12 . Ca delb rogabais ?, Ériu iv 104 § 53a . rogabsi delb fhir do Grecaib fuirri she assumed the form of a Greek, TTebe 3449 . Ar ghabhabhair do ghné an chróigh the ruddy hue you had assumed, IGT Decl. ex. 318 . g.¤ caille puts on the veil (i.e. becomes a nun): gabais caille la Patricc Lassar, Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). g.¤ arm (gasced) assumes warrior status: romoch lind ra gabais armu, TBC-LL¹ 1163 . `in gaisced gebis (gebes LU) in gilla ?', TBC-I¹ 562 . g.¤ colaind takes flesh: ro-gabais colaind ndoenda, PH 164 . g.¤ étach, etc. (usu. with imm and refl. pron.) puts on clothes: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . dond fíanerred ... rogabastár-som immi, TBC-I¹ 1870 . 2038 . gab etach ... pendaite umat, PH 452 . gabhuis a éideadh aithfrinn, Irish Texts i 38.18 . do ghabh fa na ghealghlacuibh á lamhanna, Rel. Celt. ii 262.25 . Fig. na daoine ghabhas orra grádh do bhriathar-sa do bheith aca `such as appear to reverence ... thy word,' Carswell 61.

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., gains, reaches (a destination): gur ghabhsad cuan they put into port, Keat. i 142.51 . ro gabhsat caladh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 224 § 150 . gabuis port curuch C.C., Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan ro gabsat na curaig tír, LU 6922.

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport fixes, pitches (a camp): gabthe dunad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . co ro gab longphort oc Muaid, RC xxiv 178 § 6.

(j) chooses, assigns, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.): Do ghabh sé tráth rer teibi he has assigned a time for our destruction, IGT Decl. ex. 160 . gabsat la catha, BNnÉ 10.7 . do gabhsad ... lā cuinne, Duan. F. i 13.23 . do gabatar lá a cend mís do fhregra chatha da cheile, L. Chl. S. § 12 . rogabadh coinne, Expugn. Hib. § 76.

(k) takes up, sets about, begins (an employment or occupation), usu. with vn.: gabais eigsi corbo sui, ZCP xiv 154.11 . Nás rogaibi gním cen gáis, Metr. Dinds. iii 48.13 . Ó rogabsat ... tochmarc Túaige, iv 58.17 . is é cles do ro ghabh an ingen ... dona hógaibh, RC xxix 110 § 4 . gabais cluche arísi, LU 1715 . gabaid ... imbirt a dornn foraib, TBC-I¹ 431 . gaibig (gabaid , LU) immān līathrōide riam darin nārmaig, 455 . rogab formalad na sin (sic leg.) began to extol the weather (Four Old Irish Songs), Rawl. 107a3 ; ni ragab si labrath cid acht, Irish Texts i 2 § 3 ; 14 § 42 . dianragabsa dībrugud isin tailm, 1054 . gebid cách díb ... leod ┐ letrad, TFerbe 728 . ro gab ... scaindred ... int ṡluáig, 732 . geibid glanad na hadba, Metr. Dinds. iii 246.61 . Cid imma ngabthar trebad ?, ZCP viii 112.17 . rogab torad tercugad, rogab talam olcugadh, ZCP vii 309.9 . do ghabadar na díbfergaig teichedh, SG 10.11 . o ro gabhus fogail, Moling § 16 . gabur aile do denam the fence is begun, Laws iv 70.24 gl. With infixed pron. anticipating the object of the vn.: romgab mo thēdi toghaois my wantonness has commenced to beguile me, Ériu ii 16 § 5 . Is labar tonn mara mair. rusgab in gaim comgabáil winter has begun to arouse it, Otia i 125 . Rosngap an mpachlach griseth the churl began to upbraid them, ITS ii 124 § 98 . (Cf. atároí astód he fails to stop them, LU 6793. ) Also gaibid for gaibid oc and gaibid fri, qq.v.

(l) conceives (a passion or emotion) the mental state being the obj. of the vb., a later construction than (e): gabaid feirg Cathal, MacCongl. 51.27 . geibhis aitricche ndiochra inn, BNnÉ 323 § 35 . rogab ét ingen R., Metr. Dinds. iii 94.13 . dogob nairi an ingen, iv 12.13 . gor gabh risin Fhein format, ZCP xi 43 § 44 . na gabh ... crith re gríoghail, ML 100.20 . an ní fá ngabhaim gúasacht, Studies 1921, 419 § 10 . co ngebtais ... ecla reimi, TTebe 2390 . ro gabustar-som uaill ... de-sin, RC xliii 14 § 7.

(m) thinks, infers . Sometimes with oc and refl. pron.: rogab a menma-sum robad budi la Grécu, LL 231b18 ( TTr. 1057 ). rogab a menma conad e Ænias in fer, Aen. 1591 . ni gebad delb eli dib acht `... would form no other conception of them but,' CCath. 782 . conid assin rogabad a tichtain a nelaip ciach, RC xii 58.9 . nī asa ṅ-gabtha, anything from which might be inferred, Rawl. 75a49 . ar mírbuil dino as gabtha do churp in Choimded dul isin tegdais foriatta, LB. 195a42 . Very frequent in Laws Comm. in this sense, e.g. Is ass gabar sin it is from this that that is deduced, Laws passim . na gebed ... nech aicce co mbad ... (= nemo putet ...), PH 6144 . na ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa do-ratait dúin (= ea non debemus retinere privata ...), 6123 .

(m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?): Nicol hua hIceadha do gabh a nGaeidilg, NLI G2 248 . Ua Dubthaig do gab ┐ do scríb, NLI G5 f. 5v . See Angus Matheson Essays 88-89 .

(n) conceives (offspring). Common in later Church language. sul ar ghab sí C. ina broinn, SG 1.9 . Géabhair mac ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 7 . do bhrigh nach gabhthar ón Spiorad Naomh acht Mac Dé, Eochairsg. 120.5 . do gabhadh ón Sbiorad naomh, Ó Héodhusa 7. With object unexpressed: Gabhais an ógh ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 1 .

(o) g.¤ for, with refl. pron., takes (a burden, responsibility on one's self), undertakes . geibid foraib faisam in meic, TBC-LL¹ 934 . geib-siu ḟort na ticfa d'ḟortacht ... fer n-hErend, 4668 . gabaim-si immorro form ōn Coimdhe co nā ba lugaite di (= do) rath, ACL iii 309.14 . gabhuid sin ortha fein they undertake to do that, BNnÉ 159 § 16 . gabait forro ferta ... nach fétat do dénam dóib, FA § 28 . gabh ort mo choimhéad, Dán Dé iii 19.

(p) g.¤ co, with refl. pron., takes to oneself, receives, cf. TSh. Glossary. Leg. assumes (?): gabaimse cugam a breitheamnaibh nach tarrus aos láime, O'D. 1700 ( H 2.12, No. 8, p. 1 ).

(q) takes a path, etc., traverses, reaches: Is mair[g] mairg ... gabus in athgairit-si dochumm n-iffirn, PH 7608 . conar inna aithrige dia mbeth nech nodagabad, Ériu i 200 § 24 . rogabhsat an clochán astech, v 94.2 . an t-eolass comcoitchenn gabus cach docum an oilen, BCC 234.23 . gabhait in fhairrgi, Fl. Earls 8.19 . With neut. aff. pron. as cognate obj.: gaibte (.i. teit) Moling, Fél. 152.13 . gaibt[h]i sīar she goes west, ACL iii 1.15 . gaibthi inund, Ériu ii 24.7 . gaibhthe ... docum na meithle, Lism. L. xii 2.

(r) provides for, holds, celebrates (a festival): is de sin no geibed Flidais cach sechtmad láa di feraib Herend do bóthorud dia thoscid ocon Táin, LU 1631 . Conchobar ... fessin no gaibed in samuin dóib, Ériu iv 26 § 14 ( LL 106b30 ). a menain si con-gabaind an Chaisc dōib, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 .

(s) becomes, suits (late): is olc ghabhus tú h'atán `badly doth thy hat become thee,' TD 38.48 .

(t) ? legal phrase: is mor nodcuri ┐ nodgabai fein id dhalaib `greatly dost thou put thyself and take thyself (?) in thy causes,' IT iii 201.1 .

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds, extends: gaibid in rí condeissid forsin cholcaid, SG 414.7 ( LL 279b10 ). gebid ... sair, RC vii 300.1 . car ghabh an crodh ?, xxiii 10.6 . rogab remi ar ammus mara, TTr.² 146 . ar fágcbail tslebi San C. ... gebair ... co mainister manach, Maund. § 49 . cualli iairn isin brutt ... co n-geib on gualaind go araile dó so that it extends, TBC-LL¹ 5387 . gaibid ind ōcben chucu draws near, RC xiii 375.18 . cor' gabh in clais sin ó imell an longphuirt co caladh in mara sís, CCath. 1740 . gabhaidh iar sin anfadh for an ath a tempest passes over the ford, RC xliii 86 § 87 . gabh go dún Í Dhonnchadha, Gofraidh Fionn i i 15 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). An ruibēr gabus go Louāine, Fl. Earls 64.15 . doirsi tré ngabhann an Críostaidhe, Ó Héodhusa 14. With imm surrounds: coro gabsat immut uli `es hatten dich umgeben alle,' TFerbe 47 6. Fig. dogabsat ara coradaib `they turned to their sureties,' Ériu v 116.47 .

(b) settles, lands, takes up one's abode (esp. of the founder of a religious community): co ragbaiset hi trácht Fuirbthi they landed on F. strand, LU 6921 ( BDD 53 ). co ro gabsat i mBrēntrācht, ITS xliv 12 § 379 = gabsat Brentracht, LL 1466 . gur' gab isin bruach eli, CCath. 2616 . anadh ait a ngabadh fom mo c[h]urach, Anecd. i 72.203 . ara ṅgabtais i purt Semeonta, LL 219b46 ( TTr. 200 ). gabsat ... hic Temuir, ZCP viii 305.25 . mad beich rogabat and `if it be bees that have taken up their abode there,' Laws iv 168.27 . sruth. ... ro gab for brú amnis (of an anchorite), Fél. 42.36 . is é gebhus i rRind Ruis B. `it is he who will found a community at R.,' RC xxvii 274.4 . Asi sin aimsir roghabhasdair F. ... a Sliabh Ealpa, Hy Fiach. 18.7 . a ndíochur as in maighin i raghbhaiset (of troops encamped), AFM iv 902.26 . gabsat ann-sin co mucha lai ara barach, RC xliii 62 § 63.

(c) holds out, remains: ro gab ina chind co maeth-tráth éirgi arnabarach (`behauptete [das Haus],' Wind.), TFerbe 393 . gabus C. ina righi ... cu tainic in bodhith, RC xliii 12 § 5.

(d) Grammat. t. is declined: ionann ghabhuid (i.e. fine, aicme, etc.) d'úathadh ┐ d'iollradh, IGT 37 n. 6 . A fig. use of (a) ? Cf. Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid `each of its species,' TD 32.15 .

(e) holds sway, reigns: dia éis ro gab C., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 48 . ro gab ós Mide, 82 § 6 . na ríg rogabsat ō Chimbaeth co C., ZCP viii 326.17 . espoc S. .i. cetna comharba roghabh iar Finnén , Lism. L. 2633 . gebaid mac in duinn nadeig, Fen. 150.16 . BNnÉ 254.10 .

(f) takes hold, takes effect: as tene gabus gu grod `a spark that kindles quickly,' Ériu iv 212.11 dinin disail for gair gabhaidh takes effect on a short [syllable], Auraic. 1547.

III Perfect forms with neut. inf. pron. (ron[d] gabus, ron[d] gab, ron[d] gabsat) are used in O.I. and survive in Mid. I. as periphrases of the pres. ind. of subst. vb. in nasalising relative sentences, esp. after `amal' or its equivalent. In origin an idiomatic use of I (a), i.e. `I have taken it,' GOI § 781. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 436 . Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, p. 12 . nobiad chách amal rongabusa as I am, Wb. 9d25 . ceín rongabus i carcair as long as I am in prison, 23b18 . ni fitetar amal rongab they know Him not as He is, 27a11 . [ita] rongab scientia lib as there is s. with you, 6d12 . rongab remcaissiu Daé dinaib dulib, Ml. 20c3 . fobíth rongab torsum ┐ tortum, Sg. 172b1 . amal rongabsat in túisil olchenæ hi tuiter, 71a11 . co ceoluib ┐ ligbothaib amal rongab fo[r]na seacht ndealba ind richid, Ériu ii 106.14 . anruth ... ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig Erenn, Laws iv 358.19 ; 334.6 . atat araile pectha ... sicut rongabsat fingala, RC xv 488.5 . is maith rongabus fritt I am good to thee, LL 249b1 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gab bruinne in duine, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, c.436 ). mar ro gab mét a sochraiti because of the number of their host, Cog. 66.23 . Cf. amail ro gaba (pres. subj.) as it may be, as for instance , O'Curry 2298 ( Eg. 88, f. 22 [23c] ).

IV sings, chants, recites; declares (cf. similar use of canaid). Oc cormaim gaibtir dúana, Thes. ii 295.16 . nosgaibtis for clais they used to sing them in choir, Ml. 2b7 . tre ailli gaibther re proinn, Wb. 28c20 . gabis ailli (gl. benedixit), Thes. i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). gabais doib inna rundu sa sis, LU 3307 ( SCC § 11 ). gébdait mecc beca na runda sin, MacCongl. 17.16 . ro gab ceol, Fél. Nov. 27 ; Ep. 114 ; 173 . dogabsat gloria glan aingil, ZCP viii 114.7 . Aedh ... do ghabadh moran dana, AU iii 196.21 . is de gaibthi igitur it is of this that he says `igitur,' Sg. 26b7 . dorumenatar combad fou nogabthe isint faithsini (sic leg.) they thought it was uttered in prophecy, Ml. 35b18 . gaibthir tra déde isin testiminse two things then are treated of in this text, Wb. 16d7 . gabar in pater i sanais, PH 7995 . in tan gaibther ecnaircc neich, Rule of Tallaght § 21 . In leigenn gabur co hard, Ériu v 22.9 . geib t'aiccept, a mic `repeat thy lesson,' Fél. 12.19 . cidbe gabus sin for nim no liun ní bia irchoit de (of an incantation), Laws i 2.22 Comm. `Rogaub an rand sa dam dia gabāil doid-se.' `Gab!' ol sé, ACL iii 1.16 .

V Further uses with preps.

(a) g.¤ ar

(1) holds back, restrains . connā gebethar ar lúamairecht lám dó, TBC-I¹ 1872 = TBC-LL¹ 2528 . na maidid in t-echt, noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil until he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . neach nach gabhann ar a ghuth, Ir. Monthly 1927, 308.3 . ar mh'osnaidh an uair ghabhuim, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.41 . gabail ar a fual, Mon. Tall. 147.21 . gabam ar ferge (ḟergaib MS) fīrbruth, ACL iii 321.5 . aithchim ... gabháil díbh ar bhar ngáiribh ... restrain your laughter, Content. xvi § 88 . distrains: gaibter ar a fine comfocus do, co nimcuimet aire, O'D. 2180 (cf. Laws iv 128.5 ). g.¤ for = g.¤ ar: ni raigebthar fort you will not be stopped (i.e. from giving largess), LL 277b6 . dia ṅgabad forsin rúin if he tried to hold in the secret, Ériu iv 32.2 . dia roghabhduis inniu fora n-ítaidh ..., Lism. L. 4404 . Cid forsna geib glas na slabrad ?, ZCP xiii 274.3 . nach gebhtha forra tocht an conair, Hugh Roe 36.20 (10a) .

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back: nī gēbasa (gebsa LU) dīt ēm I shall not stand in your way, TBC-I¹ 1588 . ní gebam dít trí ḟornert, TFerbe 83 2. mani gabtáis na mórchoicthi díib, TTr.² 1092 . ma dethbir gabus de if necessity prevent him, Laws ii 58.16 Comm. mine gabad naire dim, Aen. 680 . Also with direct obj.: ní boi ní nogabad díbsom tabart fochaide foir, Ml. 33a5 . Nicongebsa ón dítsu ón cid cossin n-echaire théisi I shall not hold you back, TBFr. 314 ( LL 251a40 ). nī gabt[h]ar dím dul cech conair, ZCP iii 33.18 .

(c) g.¤ do:

(1) sets about, undertakes: do gab dá admolad, SG 309.5 . rogabh A. ... do comrag la F., ZCP xiii 174.33 .

(2) attacks, `goes for': dobeir cesti do chách et ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . rogabsat dó ar gach taeb, ZCP vi 79.26 . gabar doib co taethsat ann let them be pressed, MR 128.1 . ra gabhadh dhóib ... do chlochaibh, TFrag. 146.15 . ib. 186.7 . mad gabtha gāi dūaine dō, Bruchst. no. 28 .

(3) covers, fits: con-gebethar dóib o thaul co aurdorn (of mail-clad horses), TBC-LL¹ 2544 . con-gabad do o thana thaib co tiug a oxaille, 2561 . clíabinar ... co ngebethar dó co barrúachtar a dondfúathroci, LU 6557 . go ngabhadh dhó ó fhosadh-mhullach a chinn go a cholpa, ML 112.

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at: ro ghabh fotha amhail faol fo chaorchabh, TFrag. 166.8 . ra ghabhsat ... fo na Loclannaibh, 174.13 . ? gébthir fo mac n-imraichni, Imr. Brain 27 § 57 (see EIL 217 ).​

(e) g.¤ for

(1) assails; attacks: ar gebaid in scol for aréli `one school will attack another,' Wb. 8a7 . gabsait do lorcuibh ... forro, Marco P. § 148 . gebtait forn, Rawl. 132a53 ( Cymmr. xiv 114.13 ). ra gabastar de chlochaib ... bar feraib hE., TBC-LL¹ 4618 . (ar = for) roglac bata ... ┐ rogab orra, ZCP vi 57.26 . Keat. iii 1430 . gabhaidh dá earball air, TSh. 2608.

(2) begins, sets about: gabsat for ól ┐ for aibnius, TBC-LL¹ 999 . ro-gab for toirsi moir, PH 3025 . doghabh for tairchetul, Lism. L. 929 . Marco P. § 114 . (ar= for) rogab ... ar buain in ghuirt, Ériu v 116.2 .

(3) overtakes: gabaid adaig forra, BColm. 78.1 .

(4) outshines, beats, defeats: rogab do chlú for a chlú, LL 50a31 ( Hail Brigit § 25 ). gebthar oirb a dtir nEireand you will be defeated, MR 62.20 .

(5) includes, comprehends: cia hænfocul gebes forna ceit[h]ri ernaili ind Auraicepta, Auraic. 1260.

(6) rules over: gebaid do ṡil ar Erinn, YBL 329a12 ( TMoméra 152.9 ). gēbaid for Liphemaigh, B. in Scáil § 31 . gabhaiss foraibh finnuibh coruibh, ZCP viii 197.6 . gabais for dōine domnaib, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . mór ríg ro gab for Mide, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 2.

(f) g.¤ fri:

(1) holds out against, prevails over: ni gebat frib ... i cathaib, SR 4835 . ni gébat frit' gnuis ṅgargdai (sic leg.) buidni borba barbardai, 5015 . ni gébad fri feta in serriti óc amulchach sain, TBC-LL¹ 1961 . ni ragbad riss no resistance was made to him, TFerbe 322 ( LL 255b27 ). nícon gébtar cath no comlonn frit, RC vi 183.10 . xviii 181.z (Tig.). gebaidh side fri dam (of a fence) `it will be a defence against oxen,' Laws iv 112.6 . claideb ... frisna gabtís lúirecha, TTr.² 1000 . ni gabtha friu ar a n-aicenta (of women) they should not be impugned (?) for their natures, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20 § 11 . gabhaid sealad fri ḟeoil ... ar crabhudh they abstain from meat, TFrag. 124.10 . an tan no-gabdais caingni fer nErenn fris when the affairs of the men of Ireland were too much for (i.e. harrassed) him, ZCP xiii 262.15 . nocho ragaib Find ra ech `F. did not rein in his horse,' RC vii 294.87 . do chogainn crann a chraois[i]dhe (sic leg.) ... go a hionnsma, ionnas gur ab é a cró cruaid ... do ghabhastair re a gheal-dhéadaibh that offered resistance to his teeth, ML 62.19 . nochor béo-sa īarum oc gabāil fris nī bas sīriu, RC xiii 383.8 .

(2) warns, threatens (?): rogebad frind dia caithmis co fuidbemis bas ( LB 110b51 ), MacCarthy 52.15 .

(3) receives, welcomes (?): ro ghabh O Ferghail fris, ┐ do rad ferann dia cethraibh, AFM iv 1018.17 .

(4) commences: gabais fri grisad Cuind, LU 3169.

(g) g.¤ imm

(1) withholds, hides, conceals, refuses, refrains from: is annssa do dāinib gabāil im rūnaib rodochtaibh, Otia iii 49 § 9 . ba galar ... don gillu gabāil im a rūn, 48 § 5 . mian mna torrcha ... ocus ar daigin secdachta ro gabadh im in mbiadh, Laws i 180.6 Comm. ma ro chuindigh sí in biadh, ocus ... is e a fer ro gob im in mbiad, iii 550.14 ; 552.4 . doni eisinnroic don airchindech, mas e gabus uime, v 120.15 . duine do fédfadh maith do dénum ocus gabus uime gan a dénum, SG 40.33 . táinic in fer ros-buail (sc. in liathróit) ina diaidh. Rogab in cerd uimpi, the craftsman refused [to surrender] it, ZCP iv 240.10 . mad ro gabustar gataide im in fiadnaise if the thief withheld evidence, O'Curry 536 ( H 3.18, 265b ).

(2) Leg. distrains (in the matter of) : gaibead imme co n-ímcua `let him be distrained until he fences,' iv 128.4 = gaibet aire, O'D. 2180 ( Rawl. B 487, 66a2 ).

(3) Leg. makes good, compensates, condones (?) : o gebus iman fogail sin, Laws iv 16.13 Comm. foghal no fuaibread duine do denam, o bus cara no coibdeileach do no gebad uimpe, conad ínann do ocus no gabad budein ímpe, 16.18 Comm.

(4) adheres to (?) : mas tria comraiti rucustar ... in gu-breth (sic leg.) ocus ata ac gabail impi if he deliberately gave the false judgment and persists in it (?), Laws iii 304.8 .

(5) refl. dresses, arrays (oneself): lasse gabas immbi (gl. cum ... induerit), Wb. 13d22 . gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 351 ( LL 251b27 ). geib imut is imthigeom, SG 363.28 . Ériu v 156 , 178 . corragbat impu that they may dress, iii 100 § 24 .

(h) g.¤ in assails, belabours : ni gebthar inniut ... rotbia falti, RC viii 52.16 . tallsat in slaitt as a láim cor gabsat ina chend di, PH 3299 . gabhuid do ṡnáthaduibh i súilibh Lionóideach, Hy Fiach. 336.11 . gur ghabhadar da ngaothaibh ann, Keat. iii 3255.

(i) g.¤ la

(1) accepts, sides with, stands by : co ragbatar fir Alban leō ar connalbus, Otia ii 88.1 . gabhaim-si ... let (in answer to an offer of marriage), ZCP vi 283.3 . gab lind mar bar bfilidh féin, ii 348.19 . gin go gabhthasa leam, x 286.9 . gabhaidh Dia leis tar a locht `God forgives him spite of his sins,' A. Ó Dálaigh l.3 . feadh mo ghalair níor ghabh leam Pádraig ... P. did not help me, Dán Dé xiii 5 . ro ghabh an tír ... la Tepoitt, AFM vi 2012.28 . mo rí Gabhra an ngéabhadh lam, TD 12.11 . do ghabh ré n-a dhearbhráthair mar mhac `adopted ... as a son,' Keat. ii 5008 . gabhuimsi lé Pádraig (i.e. instead of the Reformers), Mac Aingil 4333 . prouensi ... gabhus le rīg na Fraingce, Fl. Earls 12.13 . Cf. 190.24 (fri).

(j) g.¤ oc (1) sets about, begins : ro gab ic fostud ... in t-ṡlúaig, TBC-LL¹ 470 ; ib. 1494 . gabaid oc neméle moir, ┐ oc aithrige, PH 814 . gabaidh ... ac snechta, SG 35.8 . gabhmaoid ... ag iompódh a intinne `we attempt ... diverting his mind,' TD 8.27 . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off : gab got c[h]omarsain mad fann, ZCP vi 272.3 . dlegar ... co ro-gaba ... ic na fannaib, PH 4157 . a Césair ... ro gabhsum acut, CCath. 541 . sellach slan ... gaibes oca cach nirt ocus cach folud an onlooker (at a deed of violence) is exempt if he comes to their support (i.e. of the injured parties) with all his strength and substance, Laws i 242.7 . gabuid ac lucht mo cille, BCC § 277 . a thigerna, gab agum forgive me, ZCP vi 94.30 . TSh. 3593 . nach gabhann an bás ag druing ar bioth dona daoinibh (i.e. does not pass over), TSh. 50 . gur geb (v.l. gab) gá gáeithib | fúair gach fer a dháeithin díbh till he spared (?) his darts, IGT Decl. ex. 644.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over : mórrí ... ro gab os Herind, LU 4041 . ro gab ós Mide mongréid, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 6.

VI Is used in combination with a number of nouns. See achmusán, áilges, aiss, athgabáil, cairdes (alliance), 1 cath, 1 cet, cíall, coinne, comairle, commairge, desimrecht, fáilte, flaithius, forbais, geis, gnáth, goim, 1 grád, 1 gráin, greimm, inad, lám, leithscél, maidm, merg (rust), nert (also trén, 1 treise), ríge, tech, 1 tír, tuinide.

imthecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imthecht or dil.ie/28137
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imdheacht

n ā, f. vn. of imm-tét. (imtheacht imdheacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 ).

(a) in intrans. sense the act of going about, journeying, proceeding, going: do i.¤ foirib, a doirsea `to pass over you, ye doors,' Ml. 46a14 . snimach saethrach, bec a nert | a oenur ic sírimthecht, SR 3748. fecht do Patraic oc i.¤ i mmaigib Maicc Ercae, Trip.² 1404 . ri gaibis cu oc i.¤ aenar `setting off alone,' Laws v 172.18 . ro-batar oc imdecht i n-Ierusalem `going about in J.', PH 3675. oc imdecht imalle re chommilethaib `marching with his comrades,' RC ii 388.7 . ag i.¤ LE going away with, making off with: ag imdhecht leis na crechuibh making off with the spoils, Rel. Celt. ii 196.23 . ag i.¤ FOR (AR) happening to: cred ba ciall dona hairghenaibh sin do condcatar fen oc imtecht air `happening to him,' BCC 404.8 .

(b) In trans. sense, traversing: fofúair ann fer ... | ic i.¤ a chonaire, SR 3092. atconnarc gillu glána | oc i.¤ ind ḟiddromma, LU 3768. fecht do Moling ic i.¤ Luachra Degad, Fél. 150 § 17. do condaic dreimire o talmain co nemh ┐ é ga imtecht `and he departing thereby,' BCC 418.27 . da luing bhíos ag imtheacht an mhara, TSh. 103. fer do grís an t-áth gá i.¤ `a man who has heated the ford by his passage,' Studies 1920, 418.71 .

(c) evading, transgressing: oc mīdēnam .i. ic i.¤ cāna domnaig `bei der Umgehung des Sonntagsgesetzes,' ZCP xv 327 § 19. ōenfiadu indraic at-chí diis no triar ic imtecht cāna domnaig, ib.

(d) a wandering, a course, journey, departure: bad sochrud ar n-i.¤ `let our going be decent,' Wb. 6a30 . fri imthect `for marching,' 12c46 . i.¤ slebe `wandering on the mountain,' Thes. ii 293.7 ( SP i ). is i.¤ doib ┐ a coibche leo `they go away (i.e. leave their husbands),' Laws v 202.z Comm. ra iarfacht ... cid dobretha i.¤ fair ┐ cid ma tanic `what had caused his journey,' TBC-LL¹ 101. imtheacht samuisci tre cheo `the wandering of a heifer ...,' 4478 . aes n-imthechta no tastil sliged travellers , 148 . gebid ... a ḟiallgud ...n-imthechta immi he puts on his travelling clothes, 967 . t'i.¤ seochainni co se | ní acend acht sídaige, LU 3991. imdecht do neoch tar crích a tíre sechtar `journeying by anyone,' Ériu ii 202.2 . sé hernaile saorus fer n-imtechta ar tighradus na n-innile passer-by , O'D. 888 (< H 3.17, col. 637 ). na tairmiscid ... mo shet ┐ m'imtecht, PH 1897. do gabh Eōgan lāmh ar imt[h]echt assin innsi, ML² 454. teccaim gaeth rothren anaghaidh a himtechta against its course (of a ship), CCath. 4614. an úair thug Día ormsa imtheacht romham ó thigh m'athar, Gen. xx 13. is é modh ar a bhféadfaim-ne ... imtheacht san slighidh chóir, TSh. 10555. comharrtha ... ag nach bhfuil imeacht ona naduir fein departure (i.e. deviation) from its own nature, Luc. Fid. 239.5 . luidh reimhe ina uidhedhaibh imtheachta `he proceeded by regular marches,' AFM v 1740.12 . Imteact diall isin ceapaigh (name of a metre), IT iii 100 § 178. Imtheacht na Tromdhaimhe (name of a tale), Tromd. Guaire vii 23.

Used as obj. of certain vbs. gaibid i.¤ departs: rogab hi.¤ she departed, SR 1898. do-gní i.¤ : dena immdecht ` be off ,' PH 423. dénaidhsi i.¤ ... do dhénamh bhar bhfoghluma ar fedh an domhain, Comp. CC 72.25 . léicid i.¤ do frees, dismisses: do leicc imthecht do Gallaib Laigen `he dismissed the Leinster Galls,' Ann. Conn. 1225 § 16. léig imtheacht don fhuaráinsin ` set free ,' Studies 1919, 611 § 1 . téit i.¤: tiagait ass iaram imdechtai imciana coriachtutar in dithreb, LB 119b51 . tríallaid i.¤ : triallais imdiucht isin gaimred he attempted to set out, Ériu vii 197.19 .

(e) (esp. in pl.) adventures, exploits, doings, experience; news, tidings: ni fetar-sa mo imthechta `I know not my goings,' Wb. 28c10 . nintha do i.¤ liumm, RC xiii 222.20 . ro innis a imthechta do Béoan, LU 2968. adfíadat iarom a n-imtechta ┐ a scéla do Choncobur, LU 8937. acht co marat m'airscéla ┐ m'imthechta dimm esi, TBC-LL¹ 1113. indistir dūn nī do imtheachtaib ┐ do airscēlaib in c[h]eneúil, TBC-I¹ 329. ni fulngat ... tódernuma na piana na imtechta fo bith ar ni bit cinaid foraib (of the transmigration of souls), Alex. 842. adfet dóib imthechta in rig, Laws i 72.24 Comm. ara n-indissed di diúiti a imthechta `that he should tell her the simple truth of his adventures,' Imr. Brain 56.8 . ro-íarfaig Finnén de imthechta Hérenn .i. aní forcoemnacair inti ó amsir Partholóin, ii 286.6 . an sgéal léaghthar i n-imtheachtaibh Shéarlais Mhóir, TSh. 5205. ro gab a herrad imtechtæ ┐ ammaitechta impi (of magic feats), CCath. 4116.

(f) departure by death, decease: intan rocloither imtecht daini `when thou hearest of a man's decease,' Mon. Tall. 136.15 . tug an imtheacht tinnteach is tóirneach, Keat. Poems 144.

(g) pace, walk, going on foot, power of walking: bá miniu ┐ bá lúathiu a n-imtecht, LU 8255. roluath laissin caillig a i.¤ sum, Fél. 150 § 17. nir ḟet marcachus na himdecht do dénam she could neither ride nor walk, Todd Lect. vi 40.11 . do-rat Isu ... imtecht do na baccachaib, PH 4533. cos cín ímteacht iar fuined, ZCP xiii 278.12 .

(h) extent, scope: do réir imtheachta nó réime aitheantadh Dé, Donlevy 320.18 .

(i) Folld. by prep. AR imitation ?: do ní Eoin imtheacht mar sain | ar inntleacht an Eoin iodhain `Eoin doth strive to imitate the character,' Arch. Hib. i 91 § xix .

(j) of sexual intercourse: rē mnaoi ar a raibhe imthecht aige 'a woman with whom he had intercourse' Celtica i 216.246 . imtheacht ar mhnaoi, Plunkett s.v. coitus , Celtica i 235 . go raibhe deamhan do ghnáth ag imtheachd ar mháthair Lúitéir, Desid. 3805 .

3 Mael

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 Mael or dil.ie/31244
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Mael, M(ael), Mæl, Mail, Mail, Mæil, Mael, Maíle, Máel, Maíl, Maíle, Maíl-, Maíle, Máel-, Maele, Maelchroin, Maelduibh, Maeletich, Moile, Maeli, Mailmithidh, Moile, Mailmorda, Maelmbuadh, Mailmuaidh, Maili, Maelruanaidh, Mael, Maele, Maile, Maele, Maele, Mailughra, Máolbethad, Maelecobho, Maile, Maelchræbe, Maelchrichi, Mael-chrói, Maoilidíthraib, Maildoburchon, Maele, Maelfabaill, Maile, Maílfoghamair, Maelghualai, Maele, Maelmochorghi, Maile, Mail, Maele, Maele, Maile, Maeli, Mae[l]snechtai, Maelhumai, Maele, Mael, Maelcoluim, Maele, Mael, Mael, Maelodrain, Maelpatraic, Mailsechnaill, Maelsechnaill, Maele

npr. m. Both 1 mael and 2 mael are largely used in the formation of masc. proper names (rarely fem.).

I Mael (adj.):

(a) seldom alone, treated as o- stem. M(ael), Ardm. 12b1 = Thes. ii 265 , Trip. 317.5 (equated with Lat. calvus, ib. 13 ). Mæl, Rawl. 130a55 . g s. Mail, 119a28 , 127a39 . meic Mail , Fél. 204.30 = m.¤ Mæil , Lism. L. 3976.

(b) in composition with a follg. noun which it qualifies. Maolbennachtaidh, BNnÉ 192.7 (-bhennacht v.l.). Cf. g s. Maelbennachtain, BB 88a22 . Maelcú, Lism. L. p. 315 (father of Brude king of the Picts). g s. Maelcon (of same), AU 583. Moelchú, Fél. 78.22 . Fergussan mac Maelcon, AU 702. Máellecán, Sg. 203 a ( Thes. ii p. xxii ), possibly represents a formation with g.s.

II Mael subst. is largely used folld. by (a) an adj., (b) gen. of a common noun, and (c) gen. of a proper name. a mbōi fo māil, ZCP xi 149 § 9 . ba leanb óc (gl. maol) Ailill in tan sin, Ériu ii 182.8n , ZCP xliv 177 . The orig. meaning in class (a) was that of ` cropped head' or `head', in classes (b) and (c) of `slave' or `servant', hence `devoted to'; class (c) received its chief development after the introduction of Christianity, generally in combination with names of saints (in this connexion the meaning ` tonsured ' may have been implied; it is occasionally glossed calvus). A humorous extension of the usage occurs in the fictitious names Ocmæl-Blongi, MacCongl. 77.23 ; Mælsaille mac Maílimme, 89.5 . Later gilla came to be used in the same way (see ZCP xii 301 , 313 for discussion of the subject). That these names are not true compds. is shown by (1) freq. declension of Mael as fem. subst., g s. Maíle (a follg. adj. being occasionally in agreement); (2) tmesis in poetry: Mael fial Finnia, AU 902 ; feil Mail chōir Canaigh, Mart. Don. Sept. 18 ; Mael caemfertach Cetair, Gorm. May 14 Later they came to be regarded as compds. and in gen. Máel > Maíl or remains unchanged. Both gen. forms Maíle and Maíl- (Máel-) often occur side by side. Maíle is common in AU up to the year 850, then gradually gives way to Máel- folld. by lenition, and goes out of use by 950. (See Ó Máille, Lang. of Ann. Ulster, p. 52 n. ). The follg. lists are illustrative:

(a) Maelcaích: Thes. ii 251.15 (Stowe Miss.). AU 665. Fél. 132.28 . ¤ciar, Rawl. 123b9 . Mælchiar (fem.), MacCongl. 109. 27 . ¤corcrae: g s. Maele Corcrai, AU 878. ¤crōn: AU 837 , 900 . g s. Maelchroin , Rawl. 145a31 . ¤dub: AU 626. Fél. Oct. 20. Moeldub, Fél. 73.22 . g s. Maelduibh , AU 626 , 673 . Rawl. 146e39 . ¤étig: g s. Maeletich , Rawl. 126a31 . ¤find: g s. Moile Finde, MacCongl. 43.11 . Moilfinde, ib. 18 . Maelḟind, AU 912. ¤garbh, AU 932. g s. Maeli Garba, Rawl. 129b53 . ¤gorm, Rawl. 153a10 . ¤inmain (g.s.), Rawl. 153a10 . ¤maith, Rawl. 130a52 . ¤mithig: Maelmhithig, AU 902. g s. Mailmithidh , 943 . ¤mór, AU 548. Trip. 88.13 . g s. Moile Móire, Trip. 88.15 . Maeilmhoir, AU 548. ¤mōrda, AU 873. g s. Mailmorda , 911 . Maelmordhai, 943 . ¤muad: Maelmuadh, AU 977. Maelmbuadh (acc.), ib. Maelmuaidh, 1020 . g s. Mailmuaidh , 1014 . ¤óc, Rawl. 141b8 (a dim.?). ¤odar: Maelodhor, AU 861 , 869 . ¤odur, Rawl. 130a11 . g s. Maili Odræ, Trip. 340.23 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). Maele Odrae, AU 692 , 693 . Maeluidhir, 640 , 737 , 851 . ¤ruanaidh, AU 838. g s. Maelruanaidh , ib. ¤salach, Rawl. 159b 12 . ¤suthain, AU 1009. RC xi 492. ¤temen: g s. Maeltemin, Rawl. 145e6 . Maelteimin, AU 908.

(b) Mael-aba, Rawl. 141b38 . ¤achaid: ¤achidh, AU 895. ¤aithgein: ¤aithgin, Fél. June 6 ( ¤aithgen v.l.). ¤aithgen, Rawl. 130a6 . ¤aithgeain, ib. 5 . ¤aithchen, ib. 11 . g s. Maele aithgen, 129b45 . Maeli aithchen, 155a53 = Maelathgeáin, LL 325 b . ¤anfaid (anfad `storm'?), Fél. Jan. 31. g s. Maile anfaid, 186.1 . Maele anfaid, AU 709. Maele anfaith, 724 , 745 . ¤anfis, Rawl. 122a17 (g.s.). ¤augra, Rawl. 123a52 . g s. Mailughra , BNnÉ 329.12 . ¤bethad: g s. Máolbethad , BColm. 44.23 . ¤chluichi, Rawl. 130a22 . ¤cluchi, Thes. ii 288.1 (inscription). ¤cluiche, AU 913 , 922 . ¤cobho (cf. cob `victory'), AU 646. g s. Maelecobho , 657 , 669 . Maeile cobha, 663 . Moelocobha, Maelcobho, 653 . Maile Coba, RC xvii 195 (Tig.), Mail Coba, 193 . Mailchoba, Fél. 136.25 . ¤craíbe: ¤craibi, AU 918. g s. Maelchræbe , Rawl. 146g28 . ¤críche: g s. Maelchrichi , Rawl. 150b22 . ¤crói: g s. Mael-chrói , Rawl. 128b37 . ¤dithreib: Maoldithruib, Mon. Tall. § 4. g s. Maoilidíthraib , § 24. Maele ditraibh, AU 691. ¤doborchon, AU 328. ¤doburchon, Fél. 152.7 . g s. Maildoburchon , ib. 8 . Moeldobhorcon, Gorm. Feb. 19. ¤dōid (1 doé `forearm'?), AU 957. Gorm. May 13. ¤domnaig, AU 911. ¤domnaich, Rawl. 145d20 . ¤dúin: Mailduin (Clonmacnois inscr.), Thes. ii 286.16 . g s. Maele duin, AU 668. Moeleduin, 669 . Moile Dúin, MacCongl. 3 , 22 . Maeilduin, AU 689. ¤fabaill: ¤fabhuill, AU 890. g s. Maelfabaill , Rawl. 145a6 . ¤fithrich, AU 628. g s. Maile fithrich, 721 . Cf. fithrech `edible sea-weed'. ¤fogai: mac Mæle Foga, TBC-LL¹ 4362 = Maile Ogath, TBC-I¹ 2842. ¤fogamair: g s. Maílfoghamair , BNnÉ 312 § 2. Maelḟoghamair, AU 1086. ¤gaimrid, AU 838. Mailgaimrid, Ml. 56b33 , 68c15 . Maelgeimridh, Fél. 130. 28 . ¤gualai (2 góla `drinking-vat'?), AU 858. g s. Maelghualai , 894 . ¤imorchair: g s. Maele imorchair, AU 750. ¤meda (1 mid `mead'), Rawl. 161a35 . ¤mocherghi (mochérge `early rising'), AU 895. g s. Maelmochorghi , 912 . ¤mracha (O.Ir. mraich `malt'): g s. Maile mbracho, AU 621. ¤na mbō, AU 1005. g s. Mail na mbo, 1041 . Mæl na mbō, Trip. 524.27 . ¤ochtraig (1 ochtrach `manure, mizen'), Rawl. 141b50 , cf. Maelochtaraich, AU 799. g s. Maele octraich, AU 670. Mael-ochtraig, Rawl. 122b17 . ¤oena (O.Ir. oín < Lat. ieiunium?), Thes. ii 286.14 (Clonmacnois inscr.). ¤oenaich, Rawl. 159b10 (g.s.). ¤rois: g s. Maele rois, Rawl. 126a25 . Maeli rois, 122b36 . ¤ruain, AU 626. Fél. Prol. 225. g s. Maile ruen, Thes. ii 284. 26 (Stowe Miss.). Maoili ruoin, Mon. Tall. § 10. Maolrúoin, § 6 . Mailruain, Fél. 8.29 . Maela Ruain, 220.11 . The meaning of the second component is obscure; possibly adj. or npr. ¤rubai (1 ruba(e) `smiting, slaughter'), Fél. Apr. 21. Mailrubai, AU 670 , 672 . g s. Maeli rubae, Rawl. 145b23 . Maelrubae, ib. 27 . ¤samna (samain `end of summer'), AU 970. Rawl. 159b 19 . ¤snechtai, AU 1085. g s. Mae[l]snechtai , Rawl. 143b24 . Maele sneachta, Gorm. May 1 n.5 . ¤teglaig (fem.), ZCP xiii 356.14 . g s. Maili Teaglaig, ib. 15 . ¤tolai: g s. Maele toli, AU 822. Maeli tolæ, Rawl. 126a16 . ¤topair: g s. Maele topair, Rawl. 122b34 . Maeltopair, ib. 41 . ¤tuili, Thes. ii 286.15 (Clonmacnois inscr.). ¤tuile, AU 816. g s. Maele tuile, 671 . Maele toili, 737 . Maile tuile, Rawl. 129b10 . Maeltuile, 160a55 . ¤umai: Maelhuma, Rawl. 122b41 . g s. Maelhumai , 129b52 . Maele umai, AU 681.

(c) Mael Barrḟind, AU 915. ¤Brenainn, AU 1074 (g.s.) ¤Bresail, AU 626. g s. Maele Bresail, 844 , 851 . ¤Brigte, Thes. ii 287.41 (Clonmacnois inscr.). Máel Bri[g]tae, Sg. 202 a ( Thes. ii p. xxi ). ¤Brighti, AU 830. g s. Maele Brighti, 853 . Maelbrighti, 855 . Name of Marianus Scotus author of the Tripartite Chron., MacCarthy p. 4. ¤Chiarāin, Thes. ii 287. 42 . AU 866. g s. Mael Chiarain, 893 . ¤Coemghin, AU 1086 , cf. Rawl. 125a43 . ¤Coluim, AU 956. Trip. 526.10 . g s. Maelcoluim , AU 966. ¤Eoin, AU 930. Gorm. Oct. 20. ¤Ioin, AU 917. ¤Fiachrach, AU 951 (g.s.). ¤Finnia, Thes. ii 288.2 . AU 902. ¤Findia, 901 . ¤ Finnen , AU 968. ¤Finnian, 992 . ¤Finneain, Rawl. 143b23 . ¤Fothartaig: ¤Fathardaich, Rawl. 150b9 . g s. Maele Fothartaigh, AU 668 , 669 , 672 . ¤Īsu, AU 966. Gorm. Jan. 16. Maoiliosa, Mart. Don. Jan. 16. ¤Moedhoc (Maedóc), AU 916. Maol mAodhócc (baptismal name of St. Malachy), Gorm. Nov. 2 , Mart. Don. Nov. 3. ¤Maire, Thes. ii 288.3 (d.s.). Mail Maire, ib. 4 (d.s.). Malmori (gl. calvus Mariae), Goid. 108.9 . g s. Maelmuire, AU 902. Mael Maire Ua Gormáin (author of the Martyrology, commonly called Marianus), Gorm. Pref. p. 4 . Mart. Don. p. 186 n . Mael Maire (identified with Marianus Scotus the chronicler), ib. Mart. Don. Dec. 24 . As npr. f., AU 912 , 965 ( ¤muire). ¤Michil, Rawl. 130a23 . g s. Mael Micheil, ib. 25 . ¤Odrān, Thes. ii 287.30 . AU 650. g s. Maelodrain , ib. Rawl. 122a53 . ¤Pátraic, Thes. ii 288.5 . ¤Patraicc, AU 877. g s. Maelpatraic , 846 . ¤Petair, AU 894.991 . ¤Póil, AU 921. ¤Sechnaill, later by metathesis ¤Sechlainn: m.¤ Sechnaill mac Maelruanaidh, AU 838 , 844 , 857 = m.¤ Sechlainn, 842 , 857 . m.¤ Sechnaill m. Domnaill, 947 , 979 , 982 = m.¤ Sechlainn, 984 and follg. Maolechlainn (equated with Malachias), Ir. Gl. 346. g s. Mailsechnaill , Thes. ii 289.12 (inscr.). Maelsechnaill , ¤sechlainn, AU pass. Máeil Echlainn, IGT Dec. ex. 621. Ua Mailechlaind, BNnÉ 315 § 9. ¤Sempuil (= Sen-Phuil `devotee of St. Paul the first hermit'), AU 921 (g s.). ¤Sinchill, Rawl. 123a33 . AU 880.

Under this head may be added Maelmanach (g s. Maele manach, AU 775 ).

6 ré, ría

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 ré, ría or dil.ie/34869

 

Forms: re, r, ri, ria, re, ré, ría, re, résin(d), riasin(d), résna, riasna, reum, róm, remum, remut, remut, riut, rōt, riam, ríam, reme, roime, remi, remi, romi, rempe, roimpe, reunn, remond, remaind, remhainn, riun, remunn, remainn, round, romainn, remib, romaib, remib, remaib, roaib, rempu, rompu, rompoibh, rom(h)am, rom(h)at, rém, rom, rét, rót, réna, riana, rem, reim, roim, roimh, roimhe, rem-, remi-, reim-, réimh-, rem-

prep. gov. dat., eclipses follg. initial. In Glosses generally re; r, Sg. 169a1 , Wb. 9b16 . ri, Wb. 28c4 . ria, Thes. ii 240.19 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). Mid.Ir. re, ré, ría. In later Mid.Ir. somet. confounded with re (ri) < fri. Folld. by art. résin(d), riasin(d); pl. résna, riasna.

With pers. pron. suffix.: 1 s. O.Ir. reum, Thes. ii 357.14 (Hy. vii); Mid.Ir. rium; róm, SR 1270 ; remum. 2 s. O.Ir. remut; Mid.Ir. remut, riut; rōt, SR 1273 . 3 s. m. n. O.Ir. riam (disyll.); Mid.Ir. ríam; a form which comes to be used as an adv. and is supplanted by reme (remi, roime). 3 s. f. O.Ir. remi; Mid.Ir. remi, romi, later rempe, roimpe. 1 pl. reunn, Thes. ii 325.18 ( Hy. iv 4 , reading of T; remond, remaind, remhainn v.l.); Mid.Ir. riun, remunn, remainn; round, TBC-LL¹ 992 , 1132 ; romainn. 2 pl. Mid.Ir. [remib?], romaib. 3 pl. O.Ir. remib; Mid.Ir. remaib; roaib, LL 198a19 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 80.46 ). Early in Mid.Ir. the 3 pl. form is replaced by rempu (-o, -a), rompu; rompoibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 2 (metri gratiâ). In later Mid.Ir. and in mod. lang. the pronominal forms are added to the stem rom-; rom(h)am, rom(h)at, etc.

With poss. pron.: rém, rom; rét, rót: 3 s. and pl. réna, riana.

In late Mid.Ir. the simple prep. is freq. displaced by rem, reim, ( ZCP xii 292.21 ; Ériu ii 174.10 ), roim ( PH 7774 ), mod. roimh, roimhe, leniting follg. consonant. ría .i. roimhe, O'Cl.

In compos. with vb. rem-, proclitic remi- (O.Ir.), later rem-, reim-, mod. also réimh-.

In compos. with verbal nouns and other nouns, rem- (reim-).

I In general sense before :

(a) of time: ut fuit Adam ré n-immarmus, Wb. 9b16 ; cf. ria n-immarbos, SR 1040 ; roim peccad, PH 7774 . ma théis . . . rium-sa before me , Wb. 14a14 . re ngrád et iar mbathis before ordination , 31b4 . rem chuimrig before my captivity , 30a5 . rena galar-som before his sickness , 23d5 . di bliadin re mbas, Thes. ii 238.18 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fubíthin creitme ria cách because of believing before all others , 240.19 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). ni longe co longe céle Dé remut till a Culdee eats before thee , 258.31 . is me ra chunnig in coibchi na ra chunnig ben riam remom which no woman ever asked for before me , TBC-LL¹ 30 . ní buí róm, ní bia tar m'éis | nech bus eólchu, Metr. Dinds. iii 304.7 . co na boi remut nach hi [leg. hit] diaid rig bus ecnaide, PH 3968 . corub ed connesum . . . in ní ro chuinnig in fáith romaind that we should ask what the prophet asked before us , 7966 . nárbh eól dá rabha romhat unknown to all before thee , Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . cerd do shen rót the profession of thy ancestors before thee , O'Gr. Cat. 392.10 (early 17th cent.). ni dernad aer dia n-aithrib . . . reimibh | nach dia senaithrib re suidhibh to their fathers before them nor to their grandfathers before those , ACL iii 297 § 59 . ata ann o aimsir na dílend ┐ do bí roimpi, Maund. 42 . ríasind trath cóir, Mon. Tall. 9 . résan dílinn, Keat. i 146 y . is cian ria gCormac do céadtógbhadh Teach Miodhchuarta, ii 4745 . ri techt gráid foir before taking orders , Wb. 28b32 . ria n-airnechtain duib before the invention of ink , Hib. Min. 8.242 . in adaig [sic leg.] reim chath D. do thobairt, Ériu ii 174.10 (re v.l.).

The Mid.Ir. 3 s. m. (orig. f.) pron. form remi (sin) is used freq. as adv. before that, previously : ind úaburdelb tárfás dóib in adaig sin reme the night before , LU 6539 = riam reme, TBC-I¹ 2022 , TBC-LL¹ 2710 . ro chrithnaigsetar tri tonna Herend remi sin in n-aidchi sin previously that night , CRR 16 . co n-acatar he remi sin co menic, PH 3418 . gar reimi sin a short time before , ACL iii 225.20 . See ríam.

(b) Implying preference: lánbendacht . . . for Máelruain ria ṅdaínib before all (other) men , Fél. Ep. 64 . sluind dó ri cāch bréthir announce the word to him before all others , ZCP xi 80 § 4 . buaidh ria mbannaibh a victory above all achievements , vi 264 § 5 . neamh ré ngach ní iarram ort, Timth. vi 17 § 2 .

(c) Used with reflex. pers. pron. in adverbial sense referring to a previous statement or passage, previously, above : amal ra scribsam remaind, TBC-LL¹ 1470 . amal ro ráidsium remaind, PH 1082 , cf. 6424 (romaind). tugsad Gaoidhil, mar tá róm as I have said , Content. vi 96 . as na mallachtaibh do luaidheamar romhainn, TSh. 9726 . See remainn.

(d) occas. with reflex. pron. of that which awaits a person in the future: do chaith na hocht mbliadhna déag do bhí roimhe do fhlaitheas Néill the remaining eight years of Niall's reign , Keat. iii 206 . in meide bui rompa don lo the remainder of the day , Fl. Earls 14.32 . fech leathanach ród a page further on , Hy Fiach. 46 .

II In local sense,

(a) before, in front of : ní airecar .b. remi ( the letter) b is not found before it (the letter m), Sg. 20a9 . a thitol re cach libur, 2a8 . ni feil titlu remib (of the psalms), Ml. 2b4 . (with acc.) atat cethri tituil resna psalmo, Hib. Min. 8.272 . Christ reum, Crist im degaid, Thes. ii 357.14 ( Hy. vii ). bid reid riam cach n-amreid, Thes. 235.16 (Bern. 117a ), cf. rop reid rémunn cech n-amreid, Thes. 304.2 ( Hy. i 34 ), ZCP vii 268 § 2 (riëm). imreditis a t[h]raigthi iarma ┐ a escata remi, TBC-I¹ 1451 . ro díbairg in ṅgai dó 'sa urlond reme butt foremost , RC iii 178.9 . feib théit echrad láir rena serrgraig, TBC-LL¹ 6103 . in redlu resna draide preceding the Magi , PH 7067 = resna draidib, 7094 . luid in t-aingel roim Finnén , Lism. L. 2636 . Labion . . . rompo L. leading them , CCath. 177 . Diarmait Gall ré nglasláith nAirtigh, IGT Dec. ex. 641 .

In Mid. Ir. the pron. form is often preceded by a prepositional form ríam, so that the preposition is doubled: ciataim ane ar loṅgais riam reme, though we are in exile before him , TBC-LL¹ 874 . ni thechiub-sa riam remut I shall not flee before thee , 1861 . co mbatar riam remi, 2596 . For further exx. see remáin, ríam.

In fig. sense: cid dam-sa na curfind mo chomlund a chetóir romum why should I not resolve on (undertake) my combat at once? CRR 25 , cf. 26 . aní se do chuireamair romhainn do chríochnughadh to finish what I propose to do , TSh. 31 .

(b) with reflex. pron. after vb. of motion on, forwards (very common in Mid. and Mod.Ir.): luid in mac remi, TBC-LL¹ 886 . lotar rempu connice in dún, 1227 . raghat-sa róm gonige an baile, BS § 30 . imthigh-si romhad go Sord, Ériu i 88 § 34 . tibra ita i Loch Con . . . teit 'na diaid in tan traiges, inn uair linas in loch lan teit romi subsides when (the lake) ebbs, rises when the lake fills , ZCP v 24 § 11 (cf. Todd Nenn. 195 n. d ). luidsed fo thuaid rompo, viii 274.12 . In the follg. exx. the pron. is virtually reflex.: tair round timchull na Emna come on , TBC-LL¹ 1132 ; cf. TBC-I¹ 461 (tair ruind = reond, LU). dó run co tech Conaill let us get on to C.'s house , RC xiv 418 § 36 . Ellipt.: rout, a gillai, dar druim sair `forward, boy', Metr. Dinds. iv 348.23 . By extension, of progress or continuance: tuigium romaind gu ria aris let me go on thatching , ACL iii 236 § 9 . Cf. innis rod, TD 28.1 .

(c) after vbs. of fleeing (= Eng. before, from, Germ. vor): dochuaid rim-sa for teithed, TBC-I¹ 1262 (= reomsa, LU 5736 ). in tan teithes ria n-oenḟer, 1268 . TBC-LL¹ 1861 , 6060 . for teched re guth in duileman, MacCarthy 58.1 ( LB 111b14 ). beit ina rith romaind, CRR 22 . With ellipse of vb.: Slige Dalo, fosfuair Setna . . . ria ndrui[d]ib hIrmuman, Dinds. 58 ( RC xv 454 x .), cf. is rempu-sin . . . fúair rót Dala `fleeing before them', Metr. Dinds. iii 282.81 . Cf. cia bemni for loinges riam, TBC-I¹ 372 .

(d) after maidid the victor is expressed by RÉ, the vanquished by FOR or FRI: in tan rommemaid re nAbracham forsna cóic riga, Ml. 127d 6 . ho rumaith fora naimtea remib 51c9 . go tiasur-sa da ḟiss cia riasa maidend in cath fa thrí ruind (leg. frind), TBC-LL¹ 5972 = cia resa maid in cath frind, TBC-I¹ 3575 . reime no maidsed ┐ ni fair ro rainfide he would win , TBC-LL¹ 830 . is rem Eogan ro moigsed na catha sin, ZCP xii 292.21 . ro meabhaidh riamh forro he defeated them , AFM v 1524 z . See maidid. Similarly: ro roína reunn cathu cach thedme may she break before us the battles of every plague , Hy. iv 4 ( Thes. ii 325.18 ). After a noun: mad romum bus róen if I rout (the enemy ), TBC-LL¹ 3753 . cath Formāili rīam for Conall he won the battle of F. over C. , Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 54 ( LL 183a49 ). Cath Chind A. . . . risna [= riasna] tri Chairpri . . . for Lugaidh, RC xvii 10.25 . coscradh Atha Cliath ria Ciannacht for hU Teig, AU 769 .

(e) after vbs. of opening: hoslaic róm dorus Parduis, SR 1270 . conérget . . . cach fer díib do oslogud ríana mnaí to let his wife in , LU 8271 ( FB 21 ). cor oscail roaib in rígthech, Metr. Dinds. iii 80.46 . ro oslaic in dorus re Cesair, CCath. 3334 .

(f) in fig. sense after words expressing welcome, etc.: rom chrideōn is mochenōn welcome to my heart , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, xxv 439 § 9 . don mhór-fhuil ré mbiodh fáilte . . . gach fóirne, Keat. Poems 174 . rob suilbhir aghaidh gach fhir | róibh-si, Studies 1921, 74 § 6 . forffailidh e rompa ag toigeacht, Fl. Earls 100.31 . ní foláir don uile dhuine bheith ollamh roimhe to be prepared for it (i.e. death), TSh. 131 .

(g) after words expressing fear, abhorrence, etc., of cause of feeling: na gabad oman sib reme, PH 2100 . ata do meit in omhain ann for na hanmunnaibh riasna pianuibh, Ériu ii 134 y . corab mór mh'[im]egla resan mac mallachtan, ZCP viii 203.11 . fer is mó gráin . . . re n-urcharaib the most terrified at shots , Ériu iv 214.24 , cf. is móidi a gráin re a ngothaib, 216.4 . cia an duine . . . nach géabhadh gráin rompa?, TSh. 6753 . déistin roimh dhrúcht nimhe, loathing of manna , Hackett xlii 53 .

(h) after words expressing protection, warning etc., against : rabadh . . . roim mailis na mban, RC xix 152.16 . ar comairci Colmain dūnn riasin ngabad-sa we put ourselves in the safeguard of C. against this danger , BColm. 86.28 . atu-ssa ar comairge Concobair romut, Ériu v 72.13 . comhla gen gobi rem' baeis though there be no guard against my folly , ACL iii 236 § 9 .

súaithniugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súaithniugad or dil.ie/39088

 

Forms: suaithnechadh

u m. vn. formation from súaichnid (cf. suaithnigheam, P. O'C. ). suaithnechadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (244.13) . act of distinguishing, characterizing : ni fhaghaim Finnen epscop eile gan suaithniughadh acht é, Mart. Don. Sept. 27 . ní fhaghaim suaithniughadh ar bith ar an cCainneach ar a ttugadh an tuarasgabail sin, Oct. 11 = SG ii 459.35 .

See súaichentaigid.