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ad-tluichethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-tluichethar or dil.ie/585
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: atluchur, atlochur, atlochor, atluchedar, atluachathar, adluigethar, -atlaigethar, atlochomar, atlóch[a]tar, atlaigthe, atlaiged, atligid, atluchfam, atluchestar, atlugestar, atlaigestar, altoighte, attlugud, atlaigid, altaigid

v (* ad-tluch-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 650 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atluchur, Wb. 3b19 . atlochur, LU 9939 . atlochor, 2998 . 3 s. atluchedar, Ml. 128c3 . atluachathar, ZCP iv 242.11 (= atluchatar, Ériu iii 2. y ). adluigethar (MS. atluidethar ), 13 (= atluchetar, ibid. 4.1 ). -atlaigethar, 18 (= atlaighedar, ibid. 6 ). 1 pl. atlochomar, Ériu iii 2.1 . 3 pl. atlóch[a]tar, ZCP iv 241.5 . Ipv. 2 s. atlaigthe, Thes. ii 318.5 (Hy. ii). 3 s. atlaiged, ZCP vii 311 § 8 . 2 pl. atligid, Wb. 27b24 . Fut. 1 pl. atluchfam, Wb. 17a2 . Pret. 3 s. atluchestar, Mon. Tall. 150.17 . atlugestar, LU 10930 . atlaigestar, 10787 . Vbl. of necess. altoighte, O'Gr. Cat. 469.5 . Vn. attlugud.

Later as simple vb. atlaigid, altaigid.

(a) gives thanks (generally with buidi) to (DO): atluchfam buidi do Dia, Wb. 17a2 . atluchedar buidi do Día, Ml. 128c3 . altaigis a buidi do Dia, Ériu ii 186.26 . altaigis buide dia Art, ZCP viii 103.8 . an duine adluigethar buidhi a deghmaine do Dhía, ZCP iv 242.13 . With ellipsis of buidi and accus. of thing for which thanks are returned: atluchur do dia ce rubaid fo pheccad nachibfel, Wb. 3b19 . atlochur do Dia i n-etad / innocht dom ḟeis óenfeccad, LU 9648 . atlochur dom ríg / . . . / bith dom churp co sáim, LU 9939 . atlochur dom chumachtaib ar Conchobar rothascair etc., LL 12983 . ro altuighsium fo Dhia inad a reclésa dh 'foillsiugud dó, Lism. L. 4744 . dlegar duit a flaíth / altaig cech maith dó, KMMisc. 276.4 . ad-lochar don fhlaith rom chum / a ndearnadh d'éigceart orum, Aithd. D. 74.7 . innmhe as altoighte d'fior an estate to be thankful for, O'Gr. Cat. 469.5 . ro chuala nicon ro atlaigestar m'athairse a chuit riam I have heard that my father never gave thanks for his share, LL 279a2 . altaigid a proind, ZCP vii 311 § 8 . caithit tuara ┐ dig, atluiget iar sin, xiii 30.2 . beiridh a bhuidhe ré Dia a theacht / ┐ altaighidh a éisteacht `and be grateful for having heard him', Atlantis iv 148.19 . Folld. by FRI (LA): atlaigim fri Dia ar forclid aile imalle frind ic foillsiugud na noem corp sin, PH 1579 . altaigim mo grassa re Dia I give thanks to God, Fier. 123 . níor altuigheas rem Airdrígh, DDána 46.5 . altuigh an troimthiodhlacadh sa léd thigherna, Mac Aingil 4983 . altaigit ina huile poipleacha la Dia . . . na mōrmīrbaili forcaomnagair `gave thanks to God . . . for the great miracles which had been wrought', Fl. Earls 140.28 .

(b) rejoices at (with accus.): atlaigestár bethaid a brathar he rejoiced that his brother was alive, LU 10787 (TE). atlugestar a céli a ndogéni friss her husband rejoiced at what she had done for him, 10930 . ro attlaigestar E. in scél sin, TTr.² 80 . cech met ro atlaigset ┐ forbailigset crochad Críst, LB 154b8 . roatlaigh a scaradh re hiffern, ZCP iii 33.24 . roatlaigset a naigenta ┐ a nimraiti ar torachtain a forba . . . fen, Ériu viii, 20.3 .

(c) For do-tluichethar: atluidestar comruc friu she gave thanks for having met them , ACL iii 326.8 . Cf. tothluigim .i. altaighim, ut est, tothluigim techt i tegh co righ, O'Dav. 1565 (= tothluighther techt, Ériu xiii 40 ) ( athlochar techt, IT iii 51.6 ).

áerachas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áerachas or dil.ie/636

 

n = áer: mad admaid [in file] co ndernad aorachus, O'Curry 1749 (RIA 23 Q 6. p. 33a). um in aerachus, Laws v 142.20 Comm. rionnaid .i. ainm d'fior aorachais, O'Cl.

aiccecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccecht or dil.ie/754

 

Forms: aiccept, aiceacht

n m. (Lat. accepta, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 236 , acceptum, Vendr. Lex.). Also aiccept. aiceacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 . Later also f.: gurab í an aiceacht, Eochairsg. 4.y . ba hisin aicept, Hugh Roe 124.7 (fo. 33a ). With lenited -c- aicheapt, Desid. 4839 (cf. aithchecht). Later cecht q.v. Lesson, instruction, precept: lectio .i. aicecht, Ir. Gl. 868 . aiccicht .i. icht a n-aice ar is i n-ace bīs an deiscipal acind aiti, Corm. Y 88 . Cf. O'Mulc. 12 . brathchai .i. bretho Cai ainm aicepta bēlri, 125 . dí raínd déc ínti ┐ acept bliadna i ncech raind (of studying verse), IT iii 31.10 . foric in n-écsíne oc múnud a aiciuchta, LU 11002 . tech n-aiccepta, Mer. Uil. 143 . co ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. 12.14 . staruidhe .i. fear ag a mbí triocha d'aiceachtaibh naomhtha ina fhoghloim, MS. Mat. 494.30 . an t-aiceachtsa do fhégh soin / do légh aitteachtsa an ughdoir, L. Cl. A. B. 176 § 109 . an aiceacht d'fhág Sé aice precept, Eochairsg. 4.y . In phrases: do-gní a.¤ do gives instruction to: dorinne-sium aiccept dóib-sim, Mer. Uil. 127 . do dēnum accechta dī, BColm. 18.16 . do-gní a.¤ learns lessons: dognidh tri haicechta gach láe la Barrai, BNnÉ 16.11 . occ denamh in aicipta, Lism. L. 4152 . do bhínn dá n-aiteacht don ḟior / gach aiceacht díbh dá ndéiniodh, TD 23.7 . do-beir a.¤ do gives a prescription, precept to: truagh nach tabhair . . . aiceacht an Daghdha dhamh / d' aithteacht a anma i nEoghan a pity you do not give me the Dagda's prescription to revive Eoghan's life, DDána 65.35 . do theagasg an phobail ┐ dá thabhairt mar aiceacht dóibh . . ., TSh. 151 . ro gab ferg an senoir . . . ┐ tucc aicept mór dó he gave him a serious reprimand, BCC 170.17 . do bi C. ag tabhairt aicepta do C.C. trias an cath sin do cuiredh trid, 186.y.

Cf. airaiccecht.

aimles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimles or dil.ie/1122

 

Forms: aimhles

n (les) aimhles m., IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) disadvantage, harm, mischief: ni fes cuich les cúich amles to whose disadvantage it is, LU 10822 . in fer fris rodálusa ní ar chul no amles ticht ar a cend, 10769 . ní ar amlessaib in tslúaig / tíagu cech fordul a húair, 4720 (TBC). muna thaithnet a gubreatha ar [a]imleas neich aile to the disadvantage of somebody else, Laws ii 328.18 Comm. fiach aimhlesa, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). cur rem aimhleas do b'ail lé `it desires to attempt my ruin', Dán Dé xix 2 . ceim fri ha.¤ negalsa, Ériu ii 228.15 . ní bu báes, nī bu amless / umlae dond áes bad chomdas `humility . . . would be no disadvantage', 63 § 3. d'aslach a aimhlesa ar a eascarait, MR 306.18 . In phrase do-gní a.¤ x harms x: ropo mór do thech . . . cia doriṅgned and t'amles, TFerbe 286 . uchān a Dé mo dī lāim . . . dorōnsat mōr domn (sic) a.¤ , ACL iii 233.6 . nach dingne[d] a.¤ a mathar, Ériu v 148.32 . As quasi-vn.: ro bá oc amless m'anma, Trip.² 1435 . do amlius fer mBruidne to injure, BDD² 1186 . ni biadh acht oc a.¤ Édaine, Ériu xii 154.12 (TE2). doriacht Forann caladh thes / dia faghal is dia n-aimhles, RC xxxvii 347 § 47 . ag innell ┐ ag a.¤ ┐ ag órdugad sírchogaid do dénam orro, Caithr. Thoirdh. 139.38 .

(b) evil report, false charge: ni creidem-sa a.¤ air, ZCP vi 54.31 . an seanshuileach . . . do dalladh laiss a loss aimhlesa, AFM iii 350.18 . a.¤ an sdibaird ar Sir Gyi calumny, ZCP vi 55.24 . litreacha aimleassa letters containing false charges, Expugn. Hib. 73 . dorinnedh aimhles damh uirre fa ḟior eile I made a false charge against her, Ériu v 196.611 . d'ḟiadhnaisi ḟir an aimhlis of the mischief-maker, TD 17.61 . amlus .i. brath, Laws i 234.4 Comm.

airḟuigell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airḟuigell or dil.ie/1993

 

Forms: uraghall, oraghall, uruigheall, oruigheall, oirigheall, -(a)ill, -(a)ill, -le, oraghlaib

n [orig. o, n.] later m. (fuigell). uraghall, oraghall, uruigheall, oruigheall `cóir' (uirigheall, oirigheall `lochdach') m. (g s. -(a)ill. n p. -(a)ill, -le. d p. oraghlaib, ex. 1352 `lochdach'), IGT Decl. § 53 . Verbs § 83 .

(a) preliminary decision (oppd. to lánḟ. final d.), initiation of the legal process: trian in leithe i n-urfuigell co breth ┐ sechtmad in leithe co hurfuigell, ZCP xvi 194.4 . mad accra gach nech olchena . . . is geall da screpull déc fris do scur troisce co aurfuighell ┐ sechtmad i n-urfuigill ┐ triangille iar mbreth for cessation of fasting till preliminary hearing takes place, 6 . geall urfuighill, Laws ii 96.3 Comm. tacra im a reir .i. . . . o tiucfait a reir a urfuigill gu tisat a reir a lan-fuigill, v 252.16 Comm. is ed i[s] fuigell and, breth in bretheman etirdeiligeas doib .i. da geall don breithemhan, in tan tecar ina urḟuigheall um tiachtain a lanḟuigheall, Cóic Con. 60 § 143 . airuigeall .i. geall aire, sechtmad mad becc, O'Curry 1979 (H. 4.22, 18). mása dligedh nurfuigill ro cuirset cusin mbreithemain, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, 21a). a forba anta i nurfuigell ┐ in lan fuigill re re dithma, Laws iii 324.22 Comm. co techt nurfuighill . . . iar mbreithemnus, i 276.11 Comm. gidh fáth eagla an t-urfhuigheall, Dán Dé xv 3 .

(b) proposal, suggestion of terms for agreement, decision: racham . . . lesin uirighell sin ┐ indeósam dó é, BCC 116.22 . sul doronsat a n-uraghall, Acall. 2798 v.l. 's níorbh' í an chomhairle chumhang / do rónsad mun uradhall, Content. ii 47 . is síad sin comhairle Caid / na horuighle (horḟuighle v.l.) adir Diarmaid, IGT Decl. ex. 1353 . do-chúaidh a ccomhuirle dhíbh / oruighle sídh ḟúair gá ḟéin, 1367 . da cluined in t-iarla in t-uirigill-sin, ZCP vi 27.11 . do s[h]loind a aithesg ┐ a uirighell, ML² 789 . iar ttairccsin a aithiscc ┐ a orfhuighill, Hugh Roe 122.z (fo. 33a ). tús aithiscc ┐ uradhaill d'fior a ionaid dia eis (a perquisite of Maedóc of Ferns), BNnÉ 248 § 200 (urighill, urghill, v.l.). dobeir grasa a n-gnim ┐ a n-urḟuighill dó anagaid a namat, Maund. 139 . tāinic Cairell do Cianōig d'innisin a uirigill ō Bictar aingel tar ēis a treidenais to tell of the angel Victor's proposal, ZCP vii 308.5 . ag aithfriotal uirghill an Diabhail re Críost (of the temptation), Eochairsg. 58.37 . Attrib. g s. óm fhior uraghaill `from my advocate', Aithd. D. 59.24 .

(c) In more general sense address, speech, utterance: ?sōermacāmh na nDomhnannach . . . a fīreinech re filedaibh a n-uirghillaibh re hairdrīghaib, ZCP xiii 166.4 . is and dobered Ota ben Turges a huricli (frecartha v.l.) ar altoir Cluana mic Nois `used to give her audience', Cog. 12.14 . ?rún a n-orḟuighle, TD 9.23 . gi bé rabh . . . i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech', Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . dorinde N. auragull fri hE. `N. addressed H.', Stair Erc. 1841 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . tús is earr an uraghuill i.e. the content of the poem, DDána 121.31 . acfuinn uraghaill the power of speech, TSh. 4195 . Extended meaning: gaoth as ghairbhe urughall, PBocht 25.8 .

As quasi-vn.: táinicc . . . d'urḟuigeall Ch. re hI. to discuss C. with I., Acall. 1623 . ro budh córa fileadha da n-uradhall it were more proper for poets to address them, ML 104.19 .

1 aithenta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithenta or dil.ie/2623

 

adj known, familiar: d'ḟior . . . dárbh aitheanta a n-imtheachta, TD 15.21 . damh is aithionta th'inntinn, Content. x 5 . Cf. 3 aithnid.

aittecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aittecht or dil.ie/2829

 

n (aith + 1 techt)

(a) act of returning: d'aithteacht a anma i nEoghain that E. might live again, DDána 65.35 .

(b) act of expounding, lesson, instruction (see TD ii 264 ): do bhínn dá n-aiteacht don ḟior / gach aiceacht díbh dá ndéiniodh, TD 23.7 . sgar riu ná ríomh a naitecht (sic leg.) / ná cuimnig a cronaicecht, O'Gr. Cat. 392.18 . an t-aiceachtsa do fhégh soin / do légh aitteachtsa an ughdoir, L. Cl. A. B. 176.112 .

? almuir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? almuir or dil.ie/3006

 

n más fíor an almhuir do cheap an chlíar, Oss. iii 246.6 .

anobair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anobair or dil.ie/3735

 

x (opar): buain dí dob a.¤ d'ḟior `a formidable task for any man' (of the siege of Troy), TD 26.35 . t'agallaimh a n-aislingthi / na h-a.¤ oruin-ne `is a severe trial to us', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 334.24 .

ar-fócair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-fócair or dil.ie/4114

 

Forms: airḟócrae

v (*air-fo-uss-gair, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 535 ). Also as simple vb. airḟócraid.

(a) proclaims, announces (to FOR, later DO): isind almsan arafocair anúas act is for óis tuaithe arfocarar `suggests . . . it is announced', Wb. 16d7 . aurfogair dōib gīallu grūaidhe, ACL iii 295 § 31 `inform them that face is at stake', Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 105 (cf. fōcraim-si dōib g. g., ACL iii 297 § 47 ). roerḟúacair . . . Priaim do Alaxander co mbád fri techtairecht nódechsad do denvm síth `announced to A.', TTr.² 442 . erfhúagradh ┐ innisedh antí atchluinfe é ar tús don fior oile, BS 104.3 (§ 49) . ro herfhuagradh leo bheós dia marbhtha mac nó brathair . . . gan anmhuin occa, AFM v 1644.18 . In sense of denounces: cet ben chuil roherfhocrad for doman (of Herodias) `cried down', PH 867 .

(b) commands, orders; warns: arfócarar o Echaid for firu Herend feiss Temra do dénam, LU 10715 = ro hirfuagrad . . . feiss T. . . ., IT i 118 § 2 . ro herḟúacradh . . . ó Príaim for a phopul . . . tiachtain, TTr.² 400 . ma ro urocair int uasal da lucht manchuine dula amach `ordered', Laws iii 510.3 Comm. uair ro herfhuaccradh uaidhside . . . fo erinn dá gach aen . . . toidheacht ina dhochom, AFM vi 1984.6 . blai coire combruth acht arfocra fer foichlid ael a coire provided the attendant gives warning by saying, etc., Laws iii 266.8 . dia n-urfocra in liag is [s]lan do. Muna urfocra is fiachach, i 130.24 Comm. urḟograidh seomh dia fine, iv 256.8 Comm. (gl. fofocair). dlom .i. indis nó erfuagair, O'Dav. 663 = Fél.² cxl gl. 13(1) . adbo .i. urfocraim. O'Dav. 89 . urfogruim mo dingbail (glossing: asboinn a d.), BCrólige 18 gl. 2 .

Vn. airḟócrae.

as-boind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-boind or dil.ie/4386

 

Forms: -opaind, opad

v prot. -opaind (*oss-bo-n-d). See GOI §§ 627 , 849 ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 476 ; Wortk. 211 . Cf. also Ériu x 127 , xii 60 § 18 . Refuses. Indic. pres. 3 s. ni innarban nad apunn, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 . 3 pl. ní obuid in cath crūaidh `they do not refuse', Fianaig. 76.18 . Pass. sg. nac fer ales folach . . . asbonnar na dingabar `there is refusal [by the injurer] to remove him', BCrólige 18 . co n-opanar a lepaith, ZCP xiii 23.13 (`so dass untersagt wird ihm Lager . . . zu gewähren', Bürgschaft 11 § 36 ). Subj. pres. 2 s. nī obbais, ZCP iii 454.10 . ní obais (obuis v.l.), Ériu i 199 § 20 n. 19 = nī opae, text. 3 s. ma's-bo flaith foreigi(u)m for fiadnu, ZCP xiv 381 § 44 . conimop gl. non detractet, Ml. 20b6 . arnaoip gl. detractet, 42a2 . dogrés ní op idparta `never should he refuse offerings', Ériu iii 98 § 14 . With ro: is tualaing cechtar na[i] as-rob curu araili, Ériu xi 73 § 3 . 1 pl. ma atabosum iarnar toichid bid bare leo, Anecd. i 40.z `if we refuse them', Ériu iv 42 . 2 pl. tiomnaim dhaoibh fortseisidh fíor, ad-bosaidh gaoi, Ériu xiii 19.4 . Fut. 1 s. ni obus-sa ingin rí Erenn, ZCP xiii 280.6 . 3 s. ad-buib nemh nertfaidh ifern he will refuse heaven, Ériu xiii 19.6 . Pret. 3 s. atbobuid in fili uile acht mad cussin mnaí, LU 10954 . atoop C. `C. refused her', RC xi 444.31 .

On confusion with ad-boind see BCrólige 18 note.

Vn. opad.

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .

brécnugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brécnugad or dil.ie/6660

 

u, m. vn. of brécnaigid. Also brécnugad. act of falsifying; proving false, giving the lie to, refuting: do bhréagnaghadh ní huair d'ḟior , DDána 74.8 . ag bréag-nughadh an mheasea bhíos ag an saidhbhir sanntach air féin, TSh. 10063. briathra De do bhreugnughadh, Luc. Fid. 5584. an breugnughadh tugamar ar an nídh seo cheana ` confutation ', Keat. i 48.z . slán a bhréagnuighthe orm d'ḟear `I defy anyone to deny that', Content. xxi 8. In cheville: gan breccnacadh `deception', BNnÉ 198 § 30 .

ceppaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceppaid or dil.ie/8722

 

v (cepp)

(a) shapes, forms, fashions : dán ar conair ní cheapdaois, Studies 1920, 262 § 3 . más fíor an almhuir do cheap an chliar `the strange doctrine which the clergy have made', Oss. iii 246.6 . inghean Anna . . . / do ceapadh i gcló crábhaidh, Aithd. D. 87.2 . geirr-theagasga beaga do cumadh ┐ do ceapadh, Donlevy iv 6 .

(b) confines, restricts : do ceapadh na fearchoin seo i n-iarthar Cláir / Sasanaigh fá mhacnas ar dtiacht n-a n-áit (of the dispossessed Irish), Hackett xvii 7 .

cetaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cetaigid or dil.ie/8878
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cetugad, cetaigthe

v g (cet)

(a) permits, allows; grants : ba holc opair / uair nach fer cotaig ro chetaig, LL 23362 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 102.2 ). cedaichmaidne ar n-oidid d'faghbail we are prepared to die, YBL 142b19 = PH 2685 . crochadh Peadair . . . / nach fíor gur cheadaigh sé sin?, Dán Dé xxvi 48 . 's sé nar cheaduigh / gan Gh. 's é i n-éinleabaidh he insisted that, DDána 77.18 . do chedaich Dia ar flaith bhFabhair / ainm apsdail, Magauran 2259 . mé id chaithir gur cheadaighe / do chaithimh ar gcodaine, PBocht 19.16 .

(b) With follg. DO: nī duit-siu tra ro cetaigid na manaig ūt, BColm. 26 § 27 . cetaid si sin dam allow that to me, Fier. 72 . ní cetuighter dhamh ferunn, Lism. L. 2891 . ro cetaig Dia do-sam in rige-sin, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 .

With Vn. constr.: ro chetaig Dia dóib malle / tusmiud co cóir a clainde, LL 17404 . ro cetaig do cach a n-arma do gabáil `permitted', CCath. 4612 . in cetaigi damsa ni don usci do bhreith lim?, RC xxiv 198.1 . ro cetaigh do M. comaitreib fris, CCath. 1161 . an mhéad do cheideóchadh dlige[dh] dóibh do chongbáil, Ériu i 79 § 4 .

Somet. appar. with force of orders, commands , but exx. not conclusive: cetaighes don ech usci dul isin linn, RC xii 348 § 42 . mar dhacheaduigh Dia dun, xiv 56 § 69 . in úair chetaighus Día dó, xxiv 377.4 . ní damh ro cedaigh Día beith sunn, BNnÉ 293 § 13 . do cetaig don righain ┐ dia hinailt beith 'na da cuirr 'he willed the queen and her maid to become two cranes', BCC² 245 § 6 (cf. 1 cet (b)).

(c) seeks permission, asks leave : nóco cetaigi do lucht in tṡída, Acall. 6840 . cid nár chedaigebar damsa? why did you not ask my permission? SG 60.26 . doceadaigh L. da hoide . . . dol ar cúairt dochum a hathar, Ériu v 78.5 . ceadaighios an compánach don athair an sparán do thōgbhāil asked the father's permission to pick up the purse, Beatha S. F. 2177 .

Note: rochetaig-sium `he bade farewell', TTebe 3179 .

Vn. cetugad. Part. cetaigthe.

claideb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. claideb or dil.ie/9324
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -ib, -bi, claidib, cloidib, claidbi, claidhmhe, cloidmi, -me, cloidhemh, cloideb, claidem, cloideam

n o, m. but n pl. -ib and -bi. See Ériu xxii 192 . Exx. claidib, Ml. 77a1 . LU 8185 . MU² 592 . cloidib, BDD² 748 . claidbi, MU² 610 . claidhmhe, Ériu xiii 35.6 . cloidmi, -me, BB 271a47 . TTebe 1473 , PH 8111 . cloidhemh m., IGT Decl. § 53 . Also cloideb, claidem. (slashing) sword : cloideam gl. gladius, Ir. Gl. 461 . in c.¤ sin (ref. to gladium spiritus), Wb. 22d20 . faibur .i. c.¤ gl. machera, Ml. 75b11 . a nnunda-comart a ch.¤ `when Hiss word slew them', 36d9 . donfair co claidiub thened, Thes. ii 348.6 ( Hy. v 91 ). fuil fir tarcai a c.¤ for nech `who draws his sword', Laws v 362.y . las tarda fo glas claidhebh, Blathm. 80 (fo glaschlaidiub, ed.). de gail claidib Góli, Fél. Ep. 484 . coro [ṡ]ecsat a lláma imma claidbiu, Trip.² 1239 . a arm laích . . . .i. a c.¤ , LU 8875 ( FB 67 ). dogní claidiub craind isind fid, 5417 (TBC). c.¤ russi roindes crú, 3826 ( SCC 37 ). cobur fola fora claediub, 8338 ( FB 24 , rhet.). feib ra-chualatar cocetul claidib C[h]onaill, CRR 46.2 . domraiched craum c.¤ choilles toind, LL 12210 (TBC). fer find . . . ic fáebarchless ch.¤ úastu, MU² 541 . roberr māil fair cosin chloduib `cropped his hair with his sword', Ériu ii 22 § 3 . gurbo fuighell gae ┐ claidim d'Eōgan hé (of Conn who had been grievously wounded by Éogan), ML² 1921 . Michael . . . ┐ a cloidem derg tenntige i n-a láim, PH 7281 . is o chloidem atbéla ┐ is cloidem cúis a n-oideda, 3119 . co mbenad déiss (sic leg.) a chloidib fria muinél na déisi, Mer. Uil. 244 . do thréig camána ar chloidhmhibh, DDána 105.3 . ro gabh orlaimh cloidhim an Rígh chuga (of a new Lord Deputy entering upon his office), Hugh Roe² 146.23 . Cf. AFM vi 2020.2 . a chloidheamh nochtuighthe aige ag iarraidh síothchána ar Dhia (i.e. in threatening fashion), Párl. na mB. 821 . In epithet: Labraid Lúath / lam ar c.¤ , LU 3383 ( SCC 17 ). Referred to by n.pr.: mo chen Caladbolg c.¤ Leite, LL 12217 (TBC). nochtais [Cu Chulaind] in Cruadín Catutchend .i. a ch.¤ , 12720 . Used in swearing or binding to a contract: dothoṅgusa tar mo scíath ┐ tar mo ch.¤ , TBFr. 184 . nenaisg mac ḟior Fíothla im chloidheamh go mbriocht baoí ina laimh, Ériu xiii 34.17 . dosrat fo chlaidiub diglá, SR 4148 .

do-beir fo gin claidib puts to the sword, slays : téit fo gin claidib dies by the sword : dosbér fo gin claidib, Trip.² 1922 . rar-berthar uile fa gin gae ┐ chlaidib, TBC-LL¹ 2973 . Cf. also: doratsat fo gein cloidem ┐ gae a daine, Anecd. iii 68.1 . Cf. Éire do chur fa ghion gai ┐ claidhimh, Keat. i 128.7 . dochotar fo gin claideib, SR 5068 . conna térna ass acht a ndechuid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib i.e. all died by the sword, IT i 76.10 ( LMU 15 ). co na dechadar acht a ndeachaid to rind gai ┐ do gin claidibh, Anecd. i 2.4 . See SCano 20 n.

Other figurative applications: in da míol . . . ┐ imus-tuairgdis co ticdis a claidib teniud asa mbeluib connici neolu nimi, IT iii 237.77 (perh. in sense of beam or ray of flame). claidebh na laimi in slindean shoulder-blade, Auraic. 1426 . lé cloidheamh an chraois, TSh. 2465 . gur chuir Dia cloidheamh an inneachaidh 'na thruaill taisgeadha, 5408 . go sgarthar a fhuil ┐ a fheoil-sin ó chéile re cloidheamh na mbriathar, Donlevy 422.9 . is claideb for sinistar (lux) a kenning or prov.(?), O'Mulc. 761 .

(b) tusk : re glondbeimnig a claideam no a clomair (of a boar), TTebe 872 .

For meaning beam see s.vv. cor(r)thar, garman, 1 táth.

Compds. droṅg claidebbemnech, LL 343a28 . fri cath croda claidebderg, SR 4982 . tūs cach catha cloideamgairg, ZCP viii 231 § 25 . curaid chroda claidebglais, Ériu viii 70.86 . ríoghradh chalma cloidheamhghlas, Aithd. D. 16.40 . co nniurt curad claidebruad, SR 5734 . iar ṅgless le claidemscin 'after arranging [the book] with a swordlike knife' Ériu xxvi 116-17 . rind Orioin claideabhthaircetaigh `swordgirt Orion', CCath. 1037 .

clíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíath or dil.ie/9484

 

Forms: cliatha

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . g s. also cliatha, Cog. 156.6 .

(a) hurdle : cliath gl. creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 . denam cleib, denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 . gach uair is loscadh comhraite is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.). cia sáer ro fích in cleith, LL 26382 . dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 . doratsat . . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh anechtair (as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 . laem . . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 . cor eptha i cléith `putting a charm in a hurdle', MacCongl. 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib. g s. i leabaidh chléithe, TSh. 2304 .

(b) Of a house or `les' (see 2 les) wattle panels of walls, doors or gates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas, Críth G. 215 - 16 . dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala n-aí, c.¤ ar alailiu, 101 . dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). ro híadad in tech . . . ┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleith v.l.) airi immach, Trip.² 604 . elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, MacCongl. 123.18 (cf. cliathcomla). c.¤ ná comhla ré lis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 . ní bīat clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 . an ḟuinneog iomagallmha . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta, RSClára 93b .

(c) woven fence, palisade, outwork : doratad immorro M. . . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL 13404 . do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul darsin n-ath, IT ii2 230.74 . imthus re marcach eich leith / a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, Leb. Cert. 20.8 . nī tucc a acchaidh re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech `to sustain the front', MR 148.9 . airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh tor `swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran 1705 . Of the Cross: ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine / do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 . Fig. Máol Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh docra, O'R. Poems 2799 . gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 . c.¤ fri opposition to: cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 . a cliath fri nem (to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various defining genitives: is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?), BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly'). cliath fhosgaidh ar āth, O'R. Poems 664 . Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén `a sheltering fence', AFM vi 2106.18 . dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid tanaite ar c.¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig defence, LL 283a4 . cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 . sgiath didin ┐ cliath ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh `wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection, shelter), ALC ii 310.22 . in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog. 188.7 . cf. 56.y . cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 . cliath mhínighthe na ccóig ccrīoch, 661 . ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .

In phr. i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x: mairg . . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . N. do thocht i ccléth cloinne Domhnaill, AFM iv 896.14 . a chaoraigheacht do breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 . M., mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go fíor , Celtica iv 163 § 236 . `i gcléith le `to be united to, allied to, associated with' s.vv. adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas, Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .

(d) Extended applications: dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith oc leith na Sinna ` bridge ', SG 397.6 . tucadh amus fair im cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.). co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna, CCath. 1391 . stretcher, litter, bed : cen chlíatha cen tulggu, Críth G. 101 . nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R . dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib imon imdai, BDD² 1107 . búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream). fo cholbaib ┐ fo immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, MacCongl. 11.17 (`screens'). cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . . 'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 . láindíre do oí ina lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 . clíatha fis (apparently always made of rowan branches) beds on which druids slept in order to acquire occult knowledge: luidhset na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco P. 32 . dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn ┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V. SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 . codail ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content. x 2 . is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh ┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐ dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal . . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow : cliath fuirsidh[e] (gl. eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 . braca, cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 . go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh, AFM vi 2186.20 . le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 . clíath scéith framework of shield : o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 . cúic árnaile saorus fer nimthechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair) do iadadh friu (some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H 3.17, 637 ). Of the oars of a boat: ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh, CF² 39 . Of an animal, the loin, rib-cage : mas ar son carna ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile (of the amount of condiment allowed with different joints), O'Curry 183 ( H 3.18, 99 ). curro bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC-LL¹ 565 n. 4 . cliat[h]a bō, Ériu x 85 § 88 . do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . . na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings: glésaiss . . . a ghulbain a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 . Of the strings of a musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . . ciuil, MR 110.y . ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . Of the web of cloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad (leined, v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop- hurdle'). conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh, ITS v 64.11 . ? cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuachnaidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt iumad briathar in filed `a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397 (but `? metaph. use of clíath in sense of phalanx', Plummer MS. notes).

Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle, especially in phr. i ccléith, i cclíathaib in close fighting(?): ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith ┐ chath (? leg. i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC-LL¹ 1905 . nach hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith, Cog. 88.22 . buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha, 156.6 . i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 . M. ┐ C. do marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish'). gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing) ranks, ML² 1189 . d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne Eogain `the phalanx', MR 176.3 . ro coraigheadh ider na curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh `rows', Caithr. CC 72 . díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh `in fighting', Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 . deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht 3.38 . baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ? amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich / fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth, ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. and s. Áth Clíath .

Compds. With nouns. ¤bern in phr. c. chét one who makes a gap of a hundred in the enemy's ranks : in cathmilid ┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC-LL¹ 775 ). an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i. Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤bernaid id.: na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC-LL¹ 3245 . atat daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn, RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself: atconnairc na clíathbernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh `the great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased', CCath. 3724 . ¤bernadach id.: tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathbernadach cét, TBC-LL¹ 5147 . os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?), BB 37b26 . cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield (fig. of a warrior), TTr.² 1582 . cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath Luain wattle bridge, AFM ii 1132.18 . fa chliathfhroighibh do chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 . tiar tre chliathghaoith cláir na bhFionn ` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 . mairg tarla i gcliathghoil 'na cheann `ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 . fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .

With adj. mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh `fierce in battle' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 . Éire chliathbhras, Hackett xliv 3 .

1 clú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clú or dil.ie/9616
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -úa, clu, cluaa, clua, cl, Gelchlu

n ? Orig. n. but segde ch.¤ , Thes. ii 292.20 seems to indicate early fem. gender. c.¤ n-ingnad, SR 3326 . Cf. c.¤ gle, 3327 . m. and f., IGT Decl. §§ 108.98 (n pl. -úa). g s. clu, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25(b) (clóe, v.l.). cluaa, ZCP viii 198 § 19 . clua, TTr.² 760 . CCath. 4373 . cl, 1753 . See Études Celt. ix 139 - 40 . good repute, reputation, fame, good name; rumour; sound(?): clū a nomine Clío .i. fama , Corm. Y 351 . hóre is irdircc far clúu, Wb. 7c3 . c.¤ gl. rumor, Sg. 46b1 . ho roson clu ina Brigte setno Tetba, Vita Br. 33 . as bert ba hendac ar clu / a fuil ind fhireoin iosu `innocent in repute', Blathm. 285 . Rí nime . . . / asa ch.¤ nád célam, Fél. Ep. 86 . fo clu ┐ airrdercus na luingsi ut, Laws i 20.34 Comm. ferr clū gnīmrad, Anecd. iii 18.14 . gaid Adam doib `ar for clu / anaid frim, a noebaingliu' for your fame's sake, SR 1421 . c.¤ clothach, Ériu xiii 40.20 . c.¤ mo thengadh torbha do da clúais sound(?), 35.29 . is tu ro delig do ḟeraib / c.¤ enig do Gaedelaib, LL 20807 . fo c.¤ araili fir craibdhigh bai ann .i. Iarlaithe (audiens famam sanctitatis S. Iarlaithe), Lat. Lives 105.y . for c.¤ ┐ for errdarcus Poimp, CCath. 374 . in clu digair dianscelach ac scailiud scel na nGrec `rumour', TTebe 1605 . oc buain a ch.¤ do nech aile good name, PH 7692 . c.¤ .i. urdairc, ut est clu conmider ar(?) a cil, O'Dav. 466 . ritire ba mo nos ┐ clu, Ann. Conn. 1306.8 . da mbeth si torrach gan fher do-ghebadh si mi-clu (infamia), Smaointe B. Chr. 474 . fearr d'ḟior a ch.¤ 'na ch.¤ mhaith / iná a chrú ós chrú gach neich, DDána 91.3 . a craobh ghlan gan ch.¤ ceilge, Magauran 2566 . for gach naon ara ccluinedh ainm nó alladh no c.¤ láimhe `repute for skill', Hugh Roe² 104.5 . an ch.¤ shaoghalta, TSh. 4042 . Attrib. g s. dorn clūë `ein Ruhmesfaust', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25(b) . ? inbhear c.¤ ar nar fhás oighreadh, Aithd. D. 85.3 .

Freq. in chevilles: caraimse fos ferr cach c.¤ / oc mo lebran leir ingnu, Thes. ii 293.16 . an a clu, Laws i 68.13 Comm. ni daer clu, Ériu xvii 74 § 5 . c.¤ cass, SR 7663 . clu gan goid `no stolen fame', Hugh Roe² 210.7 .

In phr. cuirid c.¤ spreads the fame : co cuirfedh a ch.¤ fon domhun, Stair Erc. 110 . cur a c.¤ rug do roghain / pailm chubhra chlann gConchobhair chose to spread her fame (by generosity to poets), DDána 102.48 . naoi nuimhir ag car do ch.¤ `praising thee', A. Ó Dálaigh xii 9 . Cf. le a car i gc.¤ to make it famous, DDána 103.9 .

In n. pr. Gelchlu, Gorm. Nov. 16 .

comairléciud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comairléciud or dil.ie/10660

 

Forms: -lécud, -lécad

(also perh. with -ě-) Also -lécud, -lécad. u,[m.] vn. of con-airléici. act of allowing, permitting; permission; act of seeking permission : do chomairleciud in popuil asin doiri gl. in remisionem captiuitatis, Ml. 123a11 . ar comarleciud inna lama-sum `letting us fall into their hands', 87a7 . don chomairleciud gl. permisioni, 44d20 . 87a9 . 125a10 . comarlecud dó lom di midc do chumusc ar usci, Mon. Tall. 136.10 . im ar comarlecad do saigid ar corp doridisi, ACL iii 225.7 . ní tucusa comad chomarlécud do E., LU 10905 `until I had E.'s leave', Ériu xii 185 § 14 . iar comarlecudh do P. in mithisiu when P. had granted this respite, TTr. 2098 ( LL 406b41 ). ro faoidhsiut techta co Niall . . . dia comhairlécciudh dhōiph dul i n-aghid Uludh to ask his permission to march against, ZCP xiv 224.9 . robad ┐ comarlécud dé, Alex. 1031 . goro goireadh Ó Domhnaill de gan comhairleccadh d'fior ionaitt an rígh, AFM vi 2344.3 (`without consulting'). a comairlécud by permission (?), Alex. 1026 .

In Laws of allowing a wrong-doer to escape: an comarlégad, a legad fon coill, O'Curry 359 ( H 3.18, 198 ). lanfiach . . . isin comarlécud, O'Curry 357 (197). leth in cinaid i comarlécud in furfocraig cid ria ndenam cinaid, 356 (197). fiach comairleicthe no leasaigthe, 1893 ( 23 P 3, 22 c ). Cf. lesugud ff.

compert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. compert or dil.ie/11611

 

Forms: coimpert

ā, f. vn. of con-beir.

(a) Appar. some kind of legal judgment or decision, but precise meaning unclear: comperta mbroga`criteria of land', Ériu xxii 83.5 c.¤ .i. combreith [ut est] itir diablad creich [creth F.] comperta, O'Dav. 351 . fear na coimperta aca rad nad indath cinaid, O'Curry 1389 ( H 3.18, 630b ) `the man who pleads', O'Don. Suppl. cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88 f. 20 (21)b ) = cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas etc., 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5 a ). c.¤ .i. fairsing, ut est: tuca dochridhe c.¤ , Ériu xiii 77 § 217 . cain bearar fiachu cairdi i coimpeartaib catha glossed comairbeartnughadh, O'Curry 1906 ( 23 P 3, 21 c ) = caoin beradh fiach cairdi coimperta catha na tobaing egen na forbflathus, na anfis, 2257 ( Eg. 88, 19(20a ). fearr ni cearchaill comraici comaide, co feisir coimperta comlaithre co nach tairce difolta dait, 1889 ( 23 P 3, 22 b ). fir . . . comperta naime `the test . . . of the holy draught', Laws v 470.35 = combruithe noebe .i. is o Dia in combruith hisin .i. cairi fír; vel sic in aliis libris, compertae noebu, etc., 456 note 1 = fir combruithe noebe, H 3.18, 391b10 (Plummer MS notes compares the `water of bitterness', Numbers v 11 - 31 ). do coimpertuibh-breat[h] Fíthil ann so, Ériu xiii 30.21 . coimperta Fiothla breth bunadh fíor fasach, 22 .

(b) conception, act of begetting, procreation (cf. Lat. conceptio, conceptus): combart do sarre `that Sara would conceive', Wb. 2c23 . adbar inna combartae cloine gl. conceptús, Ml. 71c6 . toglúaset chombairt `they abort offspring', Thes. ii 235.5 . do glan coimpirt agealuain, Blathm. 97 . ilar comperta `sexual unions', BCrólige 57 . cis lir lanamna . . . comperta do-cuisin la Feniu ? `Paare . . . der Zeugung (von Kindern)', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 16 § 4 . airiadad coimperta, BCrólige 38 . C. Iohain . . ., Fél. Sept. 24 . combart cen peccad, IT i 133.4 . cethir do ch.¤ (sic) dam, LU 4248 . acht go léightear a gcoimpeart `if you read the story of their conceptions', Content. v 84 . a bhféil a coimpeirte, Parrth. Anma 3579 . Attrib. g s. amser chomperta, LU 1656 . inbaid comperta, LL 14406 . uair choimperta, MR 172.9 . As genre of stories (in saga-list): na cuimperto .i. Coimpert Conchobair, etc. birth-tales , Anecd. ii 44.12 .

(c) In more concr. application offspring, produce, child(ren): aurail coimperta i soaici `Zeugung (Kindern)', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 26 § 7 . ni berat comperta for fine `they put not their progeny upon the tribe', Laws v 272.12 . ite andso comperta mbroga fo a luibid `such then, are the productions of land', iv 278.31 Comm. a chlain[n]e is a chomperta, BColm. 12.26 . na ren in coimpert (viz. the infant Brigit), Lism. L. 1185 . ? daig ní fhulṅgitis c.¤ Duind Cualnge accu, TBC-LL¹ 1532 `begetting', TBC-LL² p. 174 . coimpeirt geoid goose's egg, MR 110.5 . guth na circe / ag commaoidhamh a coimpeirte, Éigse i 118.13 .

(d) semen virile : hoc sperma. coimpert , Ir. Gl. 847 . in ch.¤ . . . rolásaide . . . it maclocsu, LL 35686 . rothoit a coimpert uadh, Fél. 134.37 . ambra sperma ceti .i. coimpert an mhil mhóir, 23 K 42, 349.3 .

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