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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

ad-amraigedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-amraigedar or dil.ie/291

 

Forms: adamrigethar, adamrigedar, adamraigetar, adnamraigther, adamraigetar, roadamrigther, adruamraigset

denom. of adamrae, but in O. Ir. glosses treated as compd. vb. (except in Wb. 16c3 cited below) wonders (at), marvels (at). Indic. pres. 3 s. is hed adamrigethar , Wb. 5c16 . inna hí adamrigedar , Ml. 64c19 . 3 pl. adamraigetar gl. mirantur, 124a6 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adnamraigther gl. mirari, 56b39 . 3 pl. co adamraigetar gl. ut mirentur omnes, 39b8 . Pass. sg. con roadamrigther dia triit, Wb. 12d29 . Perf. 3 pl. adruamraigset gl. mirati, 88a18 .

As simple vb. is hed noadamrugur, Wb. 16c3 . a m-moltais ┐ an-n-adamraigtis in Comdid, RC ix 478.17 . adamhraigther ┐ oirrdercaigt[h]er an scel, Fl. Earls 128 z . ro adhamhraig in draí an firt , Lat. Lives 70.6 .

Verbal of necess.: innahi ata adamraigthi, Ml. 64c3 . as nadamraigthi, 69c1 .

Vn. adamrugud.

ad-anaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-anaig or dil.ie/294

 

Forms: atnagar, -adhnas, nommadnaiss, adnastar, adanastais, atomanaste, adnasta, adnocht, adnacht, adranact, adranacht, adnacht, adnacht, roadnachta, adnaicid, adlaicid, annlaicid, adnachte, adnacul

v ( ad-anag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 ). Forms: Indic. pres. pass. sg. atnagar (influenced by vn., Ped. loc. cit.), LU 10472 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -adhnas, RC x 82.22 . 2 s. nommadnaiss, Trip.² 922 . Pass. sg. adnastar, 2991 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. co adanastais , Ml. 100c23 . Pass. s. atomanaste, Wb. 14c20 . no adnasta , Trip.² 2987 . Perf. 3 s. ro adnocht , RC xxiv 182.12 . Pret. pass. sg. adnacht, MacCarthy 150.11 . Perf. adranact, Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). adranacht .i. ro adnacht , ACC § 113 ( RC xx 280 ). ro adnacht , Trip.² 2994 . Pass. pl. roadnachta, Rawl. 79a3 .

Later as simple vb. adnaicid, adlaicid, annlaicid.

Part. adnachte, Sg. 20a4 .

Vn. adnacul.

(a) escorts, conveys, brings: atomanaste gl. uolui . . . deduci, Wb. 14c20 . atnagar Emer hisin Craebrúaid co Concobur E. is escorted into the C., LU 10472 .

(b) buries, entombs: co adanastais gl. ut mandarentur terrae, Ml. 100c23 . atbath som ┐ adranacht hi firt , O'Curry 779 (H 3.18 p. 365b). ar ecnairc a adnacail atranacht i cloich, Ériu i 122.31 . adradnacht cend Conchobuir / for a cholaind i Machi, LU 11060 . acht corom adnaicthi i mmullach T. provided I be buried on top of T., Trip.² 802 . corus adnaic hi talmain Uisneich, Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 297 ). roadnaicset a marbv, TTr.² 1258 . ro-cuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea where she should be buried, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). ro-m-uc lais cus-in ádnocul in ro-ádnaicius hé, PH 3735 . fuair bás obann . . . ┐ do hadhnaiceadh i n-ifreann, TSh. 563 . dohadlaiced co honorach hi (i.e. in choland) ┐ dohadnaiced imorro . . . in cend, ZCP xiv 150.14 . adhlaicthear thú . . ./ i n-uaigh chumhaing, Dán Dé iii 26 . gach nech adhlaicfithir am reigleis, BNnÉ 111 § 52 . airi sin nach andlaiccear a nD. . . . caillech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . adēr rib dā n-andlaicther / in cāech a nDruim na n-aingel / iffernd don lucht aindleōchas, § 9. an eclus inar handluicedh Martain, BCC § 255 .

aiccetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccetal or dil.ie/759

 

n o, [n.]. Later m. vn. of ad-cain act of chanting, reciting; recital: atait secht cinela aire . . . aer-aicetal, ecnach n-egnairce etc. satirical recital of insults, Laws v 228.26 . aicetal .i. cuidhbius, ut est áer aicetail .i. aor co cuidhbius, O'Dav. 33 . do aiccetul in eighme, Laws v 308.10 Comm. (gloss on focetal n-eigme, 306.5 ). aicetal .i. roscad, ut est lecem ae n-aicetail, O'Dav. 18 . beim fri hailchi aicetail .i. co mbi aicetul anma in fir nod cren accomul noguim .i. ogum na creca do beth i llic firt , O'Curry 484 ( H 3.18, 251 ). dorchad .i. cin aicetal cin laidh cin ogum, 485 (ib.). bri aicetal .i. isbeir talmacht uait, manap duit dobera in taicetal, 2024 (H. 4.22, 49).

1 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ail or dil.ie/954
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oil, oili

n i and k, f. (See GOI § 320 and ZCP xvi p. 183 ). oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) boulder, rock: cid armbad spiritalis ind a.¤ . . . isi ede ind a.¤ rúnde, Wb. 11a19 . asind a.¤ `out of the rock', Ml. 93b9 . in lind . . ./ do ḟuc doib asind ailig (: maig), SR 4068 . dind a.¤ tuargabad asin tiprait, Trip.² 1067 . co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, 1507 . cobsaide ailech `firmness of rock', Thes. ii 356.4 . a.¤ (.i. cloch) trom, LU 9949 . petra lasin Laitneoir, a.¤ lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1087 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib, RC xii 434 § 37 . mo shuidiugad amal cech nailig ele isin múr clochisea, LB 157b8 . bás Mongāin . . . don a.¤ doteilcc Artūir air, ZCP vi 269 § 7 . enghuba esa ra ha.¤ , SG 366.25 . do bhí an oil ar muin Mhuire / far loigh tuir na trócaire (of the stone at the mouth of Christ's tomb), DDána 20.42 . atā foillicht a choss issin ailigh, Fl. Earls 208.22 . a.¤ .i. cloch, O'Cl. a.¤ áobhta .i. ail aithbhe .i. cloch frith ar tráigh, ib. With defining gen.: a.¤ chloiche large stone: ro bai a.¤ chloche ar a cind, IT i 82.2 . trascraid . . . oilche cloch forru, Aen. 2209 . darsin oilig cloiche, LB 126b23 . a.¤ adartha see 1 adrad. Fig. a a.¤ na sonairte (in a litany to the Trinity), Hib. Min. 43.12 . uathmar a.¤ (of God), SR 4773 . Of persons: ind a.¤ bratha . . . in t-occlaech ard allata, CCath. 2917 . in a.¤ mbratha nach fuilget nerta trenmiled, BB 419b16 . a.¤ cothaighthe gacha comlainn, AFM v 1340.17 . a.¤ ollaman a firmly established teacher, ZCP iv 237.27 . a.¤ firindi, Anecd. ii 8.24 ( Airne F. 272 ). ? Moisi mo cech n-a.¤ / i toisigecht in popail, SR 4451 . Aron ba amru cech n-a.¤ , 4513 .

In n.loc.: Colmán Alo, Thes. ii 269.41 (Ardm.) aduersum Coirthech regem Aloo C. king of Ail (Clúade), 271.33 . See also Hog. Onom.

Compd. ¤-bla stone boundary-mark, Laws iv 142.16 .

(b) grave-stone (cf. 3 oil): cu fil a ailcha imbi, Fianaig. 38.12 . cid glic fri ailchi uara `though he be cunning at carving cold stones', Fél. 188.9 . oil adhmaid a stone of remembrance, Ériu x 80 § 42 . beim fri ailchi aicetail .i. co mbi aicetul anma in fir nod cren accomul noguim .i. ogum na creca do beth illic firt , O'Curry 484 ( H 3.18, 251 ). iomdha oil úir san eing-se, DDána 92.2 . ail leachta grave-stone , Laws iv 142.17 Comm.

(c) monument, memorial(?) (cf. ailad?): forácaib ailgi ┐ airisni da márgnímaib, LL 221a33 ( TTr. 299 ). rolín in domun uili d'algib a nirt ┐ a níachais, 222a46 (ib. 380). d'ailgib ┐ d'air[is]nib a nirt, 225b45 (635). ailche ┐ airise a gnim, BB 414b45 . dia ailgib ┐ día gaiscedhaib, TTr.² 1501 .

(d) foundation, basis (of law, etc.): ar it é trénailig (trenailche, trenailce, MSS) in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betho, QML xiii 4 § 1 . is and do-n-icfad na duba digeanna cen a.¤ cen fasach `without foundation without precedent', Laws v 480.20 . co nailchib roscud ┐ fasach ┐ testemuin, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). breth cen ailig, Triads 244 .i. gan hailche 'na timchioll, .i. rosg ┐ fasach, p. 43 . Sencha . . . ni conberedh breth ngua gin teora ailche astudha cacha bretha, Laws i 24.23 . sruth do aill . . . do foxla ailche . . . imtha samlaidh in fer samailter fris; baidhidh droch leighniudha fortabhraidsi co nailchib testemna ┐ cedfaidhi, iv 356.12 . ni íadat iubaili for étechti a.¤ , LU 3473 `prescriptive periods should not close upon a foundation of illegality', SCC p. 34 . is ae fo a.¤ .i. iubaile tsaorratha inso, Laws ii 198.2 Comm. ?laighidh a.¤ for naesaib, iii 220.21, 24 , 226.21 . a.¤ .i. dliged no briathra, O'Dav. 631 . a.¤ .i. dliged (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6 . a.¤ (also ailech) anscui(ch) the lit. immoveable rock i.e. unshakeable testimony: for-toing a.¤ anscuichthe lais (.i. for-toing airdi no aimseir . . . no laid no litteir . . . it hē mairb in sin fortongat for biu, nī fortongar cenaib) an immoveable rock testifies along with him (i.e. a sign or time . . . or a lay or letter . . ., those are the dead that testify against the living, without them there is no over-ruling testimony) ZCP xv 361 § 46 (xvi 228) . feitheam for-toing fir fri hailche andscuithe, O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). it he a secht in sin con-osnat cach n-imt[h]aithbech: fiadnaisi inraici, ailig anscui[ch]thi . . ., Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . tri filidecht techtai, tri ailge anscuichthi, tri airmitin sen, ZCP xii 363.35 . ni ruc C. breth riam cen teora ailig ancsui[ch]thi breth occa .i. ailig aicnid gaisi etc., CF 73.4 ( SG 89.30 ). ?do fuair . . . a liomhdha (= líomhadh?) an algaibh `in the noble arts', Oss. v 146.5 . See also under 1 all

Cf. 1 ailech.

amrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amrae or dil.ie/3201

 

Forms: ambra, amhra, ánradh, aimhre

adj I io, iā. ambra: cadla, LL 4891 . amhra: ánradh, O'R. Poems 3152 (see notes); : anma, DDána 13.5 . aimhre: hAilbhe, AFM i 174.5 . See Ó Máille, Ériu x 158 . wonderful, marvellous, extraordinary: a.¤ ō uerbo ammiror .i. adamraigim, O'Mulc. 40 . Freq. glossed by maith: amra .i. maith nó mirbail nó imat nó iṅgnad, Lec. Gl. 88 . ateoch ríg n-amra n-aiṅgel (.i. maith no mirabilis), Thes. ii 350.14 . amra .i. bona, 328.31 . Also Ériu xiii 63 § 25 ( .i. fír, 64 § 41 ), O'Cl. Hence of advice: comarli amra, MU² 183 . Dánfhocail 230 . Of a person: in mac a.¤ airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . bid amre in mac, LU 10919 . fri clainn n-amrai n-Israhél, SR 4186 . abb Irarda a.¤ , Fél. Feb. 8 . á rí úasail amri, Ep. 462. la cét martir ṅa.¤ , July 4 . maccáem . . . amra alaind tu, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . ba fhaidh amra `wondrous prophet', RC xxiv 194.4 . Of a place: airecol a.¤ , LU 11023 . suid[igud] ard a.¤ / tige túathaic[h] Temra, ZCP viii 108.10 . Of things: fertae amrai ili many wonderful miracles, Fél. Ep. 175 . mind amra, Cog. 30.16 . is amre lim rad ṅdé lib I am pleased, Wb. 7d3 . amre liumsa, 14a34 . Equative: coich boi . . . badid [n]amradair (amridir, amrathir, adamruigter, v.l.) .i. bad comhuasal fri C., ACC 65 ( RC xx 260 ). badad namhradhar, Blathm. 740 . nī tharla celtair talmain / dar dúil badit n-amraither (sic leg., GOI § 368 ; -rathor MS) `anything so marvellous', Fianaig. 14 § 31 . Compar. ní fil i n-Ére óclaig bas amru, LU 4861 (TBC). amru feraib, 3641 ( SCC 31 ). ní bu amru ro-cloth dó something (even) more extraordinary was heard of him, MU² 940 `not more to his glory was it heard of him', Gloss. mad amru imres slega, Ériu iv 98 § 26 . Superl. ri side as amram tic Erind, YBL 136a18 . can assa iarthur . . . ass amram forcan a gial[l]aigecht ? Ériu iv 162 § 24 .

As subst. wonderful person: is int a.¤ Ithidún, SR 4192 . i cath Charmain cetaib cend / i mbatar amrai Herend, LL 2283 . dia n-amraib `of their famous men', Metr. Dinds. iv 98.93 .

II Subst. io, [n.]

(a) a wonderful thing, wonder, marvel: imforlinged mór namri de gl. a great wonder has resulted therefrom, Wb. 15d21 . mór namri, 13a33 . dind amru durigeni dia erib, Ml. 67b17 . már ní son .i. di amru, 17a10 . boí már de amru inna flaith many wonders, LU 10115 . tri ha.¤ Glinne Dalláin . . . tri ha.¤ Connacht, Triads 236 - 237 . samlai / . . . do maic amhrai (= macamrai), Blathm. 26 (see note). Common with follg. gen. indicating what is wonderful e.g. amra tíre a wonderful country, IT i 133.2 . ba a.¤ retha `a wondrous course', Thes. ii 311.1 ( Hy. ii ). a.¤ maitne wonderful morning (of a battle), TBC-LL¹ 4973 . a.¤ (n-)a.¤ used as an exclamation: a.¤ n-a.¤ ol in slúag wonder of wonders, BDD² 165 . tucaid mo shéotu damsa . . . a.¤! a.¤! ol cách, TBFr. 290 . a.¤ bríg (bríge) used ironically: amra brīgi soin . . . acht ropom airdricse that is of little account provided I become famous, TBC-I¹ 571 . amra bríg can co rabur acht oen lá ┐ oen adaig ar bith, TBC-LL¹ 1111 . Perhaps in literal sense: amra brígaib, bág n-uide / sám fri sídaib sám-chuire a great wonder, a traveller's tale, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.15 .

(b) miracle: Brigtæ ba hóen a amra, Thes. ii 338.5 (Hy. v) .i. do ḟertaib Brigte, z. ba mó amru arailiu / din chloich dorigne saland, 338.1 (ib.). amhra .i. firt , Ériu xiii 79 § 252 .

(c) vision: amhra .i. aisling, O'Cl. ni chreiti[r]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi, TTebe 622 . lá dár chodailsion . . . dochí amhra, Arch. Hib. i 83 § ii . spirut a ffidhair amra ┐ aislinge, Fl. Earls 192.24 . amhra do chailg mo chridhe, / mairg re dtarla ar dtaidhbhse-ne, Dánta Gr. 44.3 . an tusa an bhean do bhí sunn / aréir tre amhra agum?, TD 40.1 .

(d) eulogy. In titles of poems etc.: A.¤ Choluimb Chille, RC xx 30 . A.¤ Chonrói, Ériu ii 1 . A.¤ Senáin, ZCP iii 222 , etc. Note also: in t-ámrad Senāin, ZCP iii 225.3 . sreath . . . rann d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh `of eulogistic quatrains fit for an assembly', Ériu ix 163 § 5 . `As these poems were used as `path protections' ( V. SS. Hib. i clxxix ) a.¤ comes to have the meaning charm, cf. Hyde, Abhráin diadha i 353 ', Plummer MS notes. See 2 amrath.

bríg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríg or dil.ie/6813
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brígh, -íghe, brígh, brígh, -ígh, ígha, briocchaibh, bríge

n ā, f. brígh f. g s. -íghe, IGT Decl. § 39. brígh (cháel) f., § 14.5 . brígh m. g s. and n p. -ígh, ígha, § 38 .

(a) power, strength, force, authority; vigour, virtue: de fortitudine .i. dinb.¤ gl. de ui, ZCP vii 479.34 (Enchir. Aug.). ciob.¤ gl. qua vi, 480.21 . brigh .i. neart, feart, no míorbhal, O'Cl. brig .i. firt, ut est / a muir brigach buan-sam ( Fél. Ep. 30 ), O'Dav. 257. brigh .i. uallach ut est Maudorn mor uisceda brig forbhailidh, Ériu xiii 55 § 26 = Modharn mor-uisage brioghach, etc., 13.1 . doadbadar híc b.¤ inna persine dodiccfa gl. Dominus dominantium, Wb. 29c4 . nírbo sain mo b.¤ leu `I was of no account in their eyes', Ml. 88b4 . is bréc b.¤ in domain / . . . / is sí in b.¤ uile / serc mór do Macc Maire ` might ', Fél. Prol. 145 - 147 . fororcennta a ṁbríga `their powers have been ended', Prol. 87. oté cona mbrígaib `virtues', 34 . a bruth ┐ a b.¤ (of God). LU 2022 ( FA 9 ). cen brīgh without might, ACL iii 320 § 90. bec cech brīg is cech bunad every power and substance is as naught (in comparison with Munster), Bruchst. 62 § 143 , ZCP viii 561.19 . bríogh do chonganta `the power of thy help', Studies 1918, 99 § 16 . mor m-borrfad (sic) ┐ bríge rolinsat muintir A. great . . . haughtiness (Meyer), Alex. 392. brīg fīna 'na uisge (a lake), ZCP vii 303 § 3 . in brig etarglethi the power of decision, Cóic Con. 24 § 24.

Med. virtue, force: gu comfhurtachtaidinn an t-uisgi na brīga uile ana n-oibrigthib = confortat omnes virtutes in suis operationibus, RSláinte 2929. maille ré gníomhughadh na bríogha díleaghtha, TSh. 1581. Also in pl. (us. of persons): o vilibh briocchaibh with all his strength, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 4. ro-fuasnaigthea mo uli thimthirechta ┐ bríga `my . . . energies were confounded', PH 3860.

Gramm.: is follus nach mór b.¤ articuil linni, Sg. 26b3 (see (b) and (d) infra). do-ní brígh connsuine bhuig don chonnsuine chrúaidh a voiced consonant gets the (metrical) value of a voiceless consonant, IGT Introd. § 105 , cf. 106-7 . ar son go ttiaguid a mbrígh chonnsuineadh become semi-vowels (of i, u), § 9 .

In chevilles: b.¤ ron-fethis, Fél. Aug. 7. hūasal brīg, ACL iii 312 § 1.

Attrib. g s. L. lócharn bríge `a vigorous lamp', Fél. Feb. 7. breasa briogha ┐ ella idhna (of childbirth), Ériu v 80.28 . la borrfadh bríghe `with boisterous vigour', AFM v 1766.z . ? for brosna brigi .i. for feirtsi carpait no airm on mighty twigs (?) (kenning), Rawl. 109b44 ( RC xxvi 30 n.1 ). Cf. techt for brosnai brige .i. fertsi carpat, H 3.18, 722.15 . lind brīge strong ale, Corp. Gen. 87.30 .

In more abstr. meanings.

(b) value, worth; advantage; validity, virtue, efficacy: is becc in b.¤ frissandéntar a saithar sin gl. ut corruptibilem coronam accipiant, Wb. 11a9 . aní tairci in b.¤ móir sin duibsi `that which produces that great privilege to you', 12c31 . is follus . . . nan máar b.¤ labrad ilbélre is not of much avail, 12d28 . ni mó b.¤ cach he alailiu gl. non est seruus neque liber, 19c19 . nand mmáa sin a b.¤ `that it is of no more account than that', Sg. 150b1 . issí a b.¤ liumsa a techtae som huaim `that is all I care for', Ml. 117d4 . Cf. . . . nī mōr brīg sin `that is no great matter' (Stories fr. Táin), TBC-I¹ 537. is mór b.¤ / do mac aithig guin maic ríg, Fing. R. 259. is cert in b.¤ doberid dún great store you set on me, forsooth! (ironically), LU 5959 (TBC). In phr. amra b.¤ (bríge) in lit. and ironical senses, see amrae . Note also: rabad amra b.¤ duit fadessin mad dia tóetsad latt C. it would be a wonderful achievement on your part (?), LL 9362 (TBC) = ba hamra dūindi dia ndingabtha fēin, TBC-I¹ 1495. amra bríge[lium] . . . Máel dúin, RC ix 488.17 . na ríg aile / fūaratar b. o cech dune `won respect from every man', Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 28 . ni fetar citne briga / mo dul i teach co r-riga I do not know what good it is, Ériu v 30.2 . sét co mbríg (`substance' LMU² 18 ), LL 34560. fis a mbrígha dobeir dḟilidh informs poets of their value, IGT Decl. ex. 75. gá brígh dhóibh gan dol a n-éigean ? what good would it have done them not to have fought? O'Hara 4311. cá bríogh dhó ar gcionta do chlódh `easy for Him', A. Ó Dálaigh v 4. cisi brigh / an dal oc Insi na righ what's the point of . . . ?, AFM i 386.1 . ? cutal .i. a cutilia .i. ō leidb .i. nī mā a b.¤ quam ledb de cute, O'Mulc. 257.

(c) meaning (of words, sayings, etc.): brígh na cédlitre = tenour , RSClára 53b . bríogh na guidhei-se, DDána 67.51 . fios a bhríghe (of a prov. saying), Measgra D. 25.16 .

(d) In phrases with prepp. and verbs: issed tra as brig la dia `what God deems worthy', Thes. ii 255.13 (Stowe M.). ní laugi a bríig less quam tú gl. ita illum uocauit (sic leg.) ut té, Wb. 6b12 . nibo mór a mb.¤ linn gl. quibus neque ad horam cessimus subiectioni, 18d10 . cinip mór do b.¤ lat bráithre indíu, Trip.² 1888. lasa becc brigh a anma fein `who cares little for his own life', CCath. 2804. See also (b) supra. ní bía brig desium `this thing will not matter', Mon. Tall. 154.10 . nícon bia b.¤ hisinnísin, Ériu ii 222.6 . ní b.¤ daoib / loighed t'innmhe `no disadvantage to thee is thy possession's scanti- ness', O'Gr. Cat. 459.1. las an mbrígh mbicc doronsat do chenel E. `regarding the K.E. as of little account', AFM v 1766.z . ni fuil brig acainn innut `we have no reliance (?) in thee', Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.17 . beg a brígh a mbrat órdha `little he cares for', Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 8 . brígh 'na ccéimiondaibh ní chuir `he sets no store by their doings', Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . 'na dtaisibh ná tabhraidh bríogh `care not for', Dán Dé xxxi 25 . díoth carad ná cuir i mbrígh, DDána 26.7 . ni denam brig de we pay no attention to it, LL 31760 ( TTr. 949 ).

In prep. phr. di bríg, see 1 de, di. Note also: tré bhrígh na Urnuighe-se `in Virtue of', Donlevy 436.21 .

Compds. With nouns. brigbunad `powerful stock', Ériu viii 68.10 . fogne búada buan brígrun, SR 7244. With adjj. idir dhá thuinn . . . bhríogh-aidhbhle, ML 82.1 . A. brigaesta, ZCP xxx 122.21 = annis gravis, 201 . meirge righ Breatan bríghmhir vigorously active, MR 228.13 .

brogaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brogaid or dil.ie/6925

 

Forms: mrogaid, mbrog(aid), brogfaiter, brogad

v mid. Ir. form of mrogaid. ipv. 2 p. mbrog(aid) (glossed ceimnighidh sibhsi, note 2), Leb. Gab.(i) 254.5 . IGT Verbs § 115. Trans. cultivates (?) ; extends, increases ; magnifies : brogfaiter ( brogfaitir, LL 24838 ) cricha i rroilbi `districts will be extended into uplands', RC xxvi 44 § 227. firt fuil ferna in gach moigh, / broghais criocha hi ccén `the exterior territories were enriched' (it (blood) made fertile . . .), AFM i 174.18 . ? firfid cath mór Midi. Brogfaid Cnámcailli, ZCP xii 238 § 64. sall boc[c] brainech / brogas scuir `that increases studs', MacCongl. 79.25 . scarass Murchadh ra midlaigh, / brogais a triuna i ttalmuin, TFrag. 42.2 = mrogais trénu, RC xxiv 54 § 14. robrog a gairm in glan-chaill `his name has exalted . . .', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.14 . atbath ben, / broguss bladh, Leb. Gab.(i) 260.20 . presses forward, expels; with refl. pron. proceeds: robrog . . . F. in nE. o thír dar muir i nAlbain `expelled E.', ZCP ii 134 § 1. Fig. gāifi for gnūis cáich gusmbrogad of all toward whom it (a satire) was made move (?), ACL iii 297 § 50 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 99 § 50 ). nos brogat dó iarum i nUachtur F., LL 13527 `they go forward . . . into U.', RC viii 60. 21 .

Intrans. increases, extends, proceeds, advances, goes or presses forward (lit. and fig.): proghfuith crich a roilbe, RC xxvi 44 note 16 . b.¤ co boin `(the penalty) advances to a cow', Bretha 23 . broig-siu, Anecd. i 73.6 (ICM). ? nī nessa broghais dot bais indass dia bais na cēile, ZCP viii 103.23 . arindī rombrogsat roime-sium isindara leth in lestair, Corm. Y 1059 (92.5) = rombrochsat, Corm. Bodl. 34.4 . robroccsat, Corm. 37.1 `they pressed (?) before him', Corm. Tr. 136. robrog E. . . . / co riacht B. `E. . . . pressed on', Metr. Dinds. iii 450.15 . brogsat sech Affraic (glossed: do cheimnighset tar an A.), Leb. Gab.(i) 280. 12 . brogsad (lodsat, v.l.) iarsin for sáile `they put out to sea', Ériu iv 136.29 . brogais hisin flaith iarsain / B. proceeded to the sovereignty, Rawl. 84b43 . ro broghsat na bruige borrfadha ainbisigh `became productive', MR 100.14 .

Legal establishes, proves, confirms, justifies : tocombachtaib sealb saerteallaigh; modaigh mairc mbrugsaite ( .i. is tre gnimrad a nech firenaigthir doibsium he, 7 Comm. ) `it (possession of land) is secured to them by the work of their horses', Laws iv 2.2 , O'Dav. 303 (= mrogsaite, `who extended', Celtica vi 221 ). muniu broga nechtar n-aei ( .i. muna firenaigter nechtarde dibh imdenam for a cheile, 328.34 Comm. ) `if neither of them establish his right', Laws v 320.z.

Vn. brogad.

caisel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caisel or dil.ie/7966

 

Forms: caissle, caiseal, caiseall

n o, m. (Lat. castellum). Perh. orig. n., cf. n p. caissle, LU 10568 , c.¤ n-Oengussa, Metr. Dinds. ii 24.89 . caiseal, caiseall m., IGT Decl. § 53 . stone wall, rampart; stone fort : Caisil .i. cīs-ail, Corm. Y 391 . caisiol .i. ciosail .i. ail an chíosa, O'Cl. oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289.1 . ní bíd clad ná airbi na c.¤ im thír, Comp. CC 3.13 ( LU 10568 ). 'ca chaslib . . . / torchair Cannán `ramparts', Metr. Dinds. iii 278.21 . caisil ard aelta uime (of stronghold of Priam), BB 442b22 . ní fil múr ná c.¤ eturru, Trip.² 1819 . a caisiul na hatha tar eis in tirtha, Laws v 488.13 Comm. = a caisil na hatha `out of the wall of the kiln', O'Dav. 976 . da ba ar caislibh, ┐ da ba ar clocanaib ` stone-enclosures ', Laws v 94.12 Comm. tar firt a muir no a caisil, 210.27 Comm. fobairt in caisil doronadh da imsuidhi, CCath. 3513 . fían Dor ar chaislibh corra / tor na aislibh eatorra, IGT Decl. ex. 1348 . ro cuiredh misi i tech fo leith, ┐ caisil etraind, RC xlvi 230.8 . in dúnad . . . / . . . a ch.¤ bā gelchruithnecht, MacCongl. 37.10 . do rinneadar Leath Cuinn caisiol cloch tar Áth Luain, Ériu i 81 § 12 . co nderna casiul caem cloch, Fen. 124.7 . i clusailibh ┐ i caislibh na hinnsi, Lism. L. 3789 .

Of wall of or about church or ecclesiastical site: eclais chruind é-side co tri caslib immpe, ZCP xvii 228.5 . na caslisin, 6. ic dēnum caisil a chilli, ZCP vii 306.20 . gurab caemh re fēgadh / iar ndenam a c.¤ (of an altar), BNnÉ 308.28 . Transf. do bháindéad eagair n-a chaiseal tiugh (of set of teeth), Hackett² xviii 41 .

In n.loc.: ón Chasiul, LU 4453 . See Hog. Onom. s.v. caisel , caisle.

See casal.

5 de

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 de or dil.ie/14791
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: de, dé, dæ, de, -de

prep -te, -ti added to comparatives, corresponding in sense to Lat. eo, Eng. the. Identical with 1 de, di from it, because of it. In Oir. still treated as an independent word and always written de ( dé, Wb. 22 d 2 ; dæ, Ml. 90 a 11 = de); in Mid.-Ir. wholly enclitic and written together with the comparative, the unaspirated, now intervocalic, -d- according to the rules of spelling being written -t-: córaite (Oir. córu de). -d slender at all phases of the language and never discarded (Quiggin's explanation of `a chách,' Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 34 , is wrong). Its place is immediately after the comparative, only exceptionally separated from it by an enclitic word as Ml. 23 d 23 : [im]mi ardu ni de; ib. 83 b 11 : bid étrummu doib de.

In certain points the Mid.-Ir. usage diverges from Oir. In the Glosses -de is used proleptically, referring in a general way to a cause which follows introduced by the prep. di or trí, e.g.:

A robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forru they were the more famous for the evil that was inflicted on them Ml. 47 a 18 . airmi ardu ni de tri dul isna lucu arda for we are the higher for going into high places ib. 23 d 23 . is huilliu de mo ḟreiscsiu do (= di) neuch rorádis su, Thes. ii 2. 34 .

.

B (di, tri + vn. + gen.) conid étrummu dæ in bochtae...tri frescissin messa fíriéin ind ríg doib iarum so that the poverty is the lighter through their expectation of the just judgment of the king afterwards Ml. 90 a 11 . is moltaidiu de tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachidáirilli it is the more praiseworthy through giving help even to one who does not deserve it ib. 84 c 13 . ( LU 60 a 38 fri seems used in a similar way: rafetammár ém in gilla sin ┐ ní messaite fria fis is dalta dún.)

— In Mid.-Ir. the prepositional expression was completely abandoned. The usage is illustrated by the following examples.

A corresp. to A above: is moti a pian som cach olc dorónsat their suffering is the greater for the evil they have committed LU 33 b 3 . ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla adfiadar dó in gilla, SCC § 20 . is córaiti hí a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been tested Laws ii 252. 12 . ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrlum the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. ii 414. 23 . Cf. i 152. 23 ; ii 88. 5 ; iii 418. 5 . finnaid dún in líon atám. ni meisde nech uaib a rád, Acall. 1101. 6528 . comad móti in pian dó beth beo co fotai isin croich, PH 2439 . rocumbrig Ísu in ernaigthe sea...co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair that it should be the easier to remember to every one for being short ib. 7862 .

B corresp. to B above: ni mescaiti hé in lind dól he is none the more intoxicated for having drunk the ale Laws iii 202. 6 (Oir. † ní mescu de dóul (or di óul) ind lenno dó, RC xxxvii 218 ). is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan lé the bellowing of the cow is the more melodious for her calf being left with her ib. v 62. 19 . ib. 20 , 27 ; 40. 10 . i 138. 4 f.b. ropo móde in firt sa do dénam it was the greater for the working of this miracle (note on Broccán's Hymn), Thes. i 346. 21 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do dénum that the more attention would be paid them for their much speaking PH 7840 . ni feirrde neach bás súaiṁneach dḟaghbháil ara leabaidh dhó, TSh. 236. 10 .— Sg. 2 a 7 : bith má de do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco it will be the greater for thy being associated in it, does not represent the Mid.-Ir. type, as do is not the possessive but the prep. di.

Often corresponding to preceding cach + subst.: cach mét donóir ṡægalta i mbía nech is móiti a guasacht the more a person possesses of worldly honour the greater his danger YBL 167 b 32 . cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim the higher the fruit...the heavier ib. 167 b 35 ; but Mod.-Ir: dá aoirde an toradh iseadh is truime , &c. Already Laws iii 420. 3 f.b. : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú. cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú the more sensible...the more unlawful, &c.

With multiplicatives: áibinniti fo deich ten times as beautiful LL 151 b 1 f.b. áigthidiu de, áigthidite the more dreaded : arimp áigthidiude, Wb. 23 d 23 . ansu de, ansaite the heavier , eo gravius: air is ansu de a dothaim mani airissedar ind lám fri talmain occo, Ml. 131 b 4 . curap andsati (v.l. ánsude), Trip. 218. 20 . ardu de, ardaite the higher : cia thés hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23 d 23 . airtem .i. airdiu de indem a eiṁ fair, Laws ii 240. 1 . armad ardiu crand is móide co mór benaid na gætha fris the higher a tree is the more do the winds beat against it YBL 167 b 32 . roimpá form Finnachta ní ba airdite a ḟine, LL 308 a 22 . assu de, usaite the easier : is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig, Ml. 107 c 16 . usaite le in torad dogní ó láim inn [f]uath ledb ina fiadnaisi, Laws i 152. 23 . comad usaidi do bidbaid a fagail (sc. the debts), ib. iii 152. 13 . ussaite, Fél.² xxxii 34 . bindiu de, bindite the sweeter : is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan le, Laws v 62. 19 . buidechu de, budigiu de, budechaiti the more satisfied: tabar in deired fledi do mathib Lochlainne corop budechaiti iat, CRR 20. 8 . calmu de, calmaite the braver : is nertmairite┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . córu de, córaite the more proper : is córaiti hi a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been proved by its tests Laws ii 252. 12 . dánu de, dánaite the more audacious : co mbad dánaite tísad diabul dia aimsiugud, PH 4781 . deccru de the harder : deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . BS 54. 10 . deissiu de: deiside the nicer, &c. P. O'C. 1531 . dligthigiu de, dligthigite , dligthechaiti the more lawful : cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú, Laws iii 420. 1 f.b. dligthidiu de, dligthite the more lawful : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú, ib. 420. 2 f.b. Cf. dligite, indligite in the corresp. passage, ib. 198. 17 sq.; but dlighthighi, ii 202. 6 , dlithidhe, iii 524. 2 do not, as Atkinson thinks, contain -de. dóchu de, dóchaite the more likely : dochaite in gním do dénum dó uair adeir it is more likely that he has committed the deed for he says so Laws iii 110. 3 f.b. Lism. L. 390 b . Anecd. ii 36 § 21 . Bor. 105 . dochaidi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332. 15 . dothíde, Seanchaint 205 . doilgiu de, doilgite the more difficult: anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad...ó bias fola lánlóige and, Laws iii 12. 19 . duibiu de the blacker : duibhide, P. O'C. 1531 . dúthrachtachu de, -taigite the more zealous, earnest : cumad dúthrachtaigite dobérmaisne ár menmain inár nernnaigthi, PH 7849 . erdarcu de, erdarcaite the more famous Ml. 47 a 18 , quoted above. erusu de, erusaite the easier: co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair, PH 7862 . essamnu de, essamnaite the more fearless: it essamnu de ar rofitetar is, &c., Wb. 23 b 12 . étrummu de, étrumaite the lighter Ml. 90 a 11 , quoted above. dia tartaid si fortachtain doib som bid étrummu doib de, ib. 83 b 11 . ferr de the better : ciarud-chualatar ilbélre ┐ cenuslabratar nípat ferr de, Wb. 12 d 28 . bieid [ní ?] bes ferr de, ib. 32 a 13 . cumad ḟearrde áith that its strength might be the better Laws ii 240. 6 . acht ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrluṁ the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. 414. 23 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do chindemain aigi, v 20. 27 . nír bo measaiti seom ┐ níbot ferdi sio, YBL 112 a 48 . ferrdi a Íssa haithnisi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338. 3 . conid ferrde lemsa cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé, PH 2427 . dá mad hé in bith uli dogébtha maille re díth tanma cá bud ḟerrde dosin, ib. 7582 . ní ferrde le Find féin scél do dénam fair, Acall. 5358 . fíriánu de the more righteous : condid f.d., Wb. 2 a 7 . fotu de the longer : faidite, Acall. 6811 . gairddiu de, gardditi the shorter : gardditi lind éistecht riss mad colléic, LL 96 b 54 . Acall. 6815 . Laws ii 216. 7 . gairdi is used in the same sense as gardditi, cf. siaiti, ib. l. 10 . giliu de the brighter : gilide, P. O'C. 1531 . imdu de, imdaite the more abundant : ut gratia habundet .i. corop imdu de duún, Wb. 3 a 12 . condib imdu de torand inna forgnúso, Sg. 198 a 4 . inducbaidiu de the more glorious : robtar i. de apud deum , Ml. 47 a 18 . irlamu de, urlamaite the readier: omnis autem qui in agone contendit ab omnibus sé abstinet .i. armbad irlamu de don buaith, Wb. 11 a 7 . is bés dósom cosc inna mban i tossug...armbat irlamude ind ḟir fo chumachte Dæi, ib. 22 c 10 . irlithiu de, irlithite the more obedient: armbat irlithiu dé mandatís dei , Wb. 22 d 2 . ísliu de the lower : íslide, Lec. 534 a 11 . lainniu de, laindite the more eager : co mbad laindite leo in forcetul do gabáil do láim, PH 6759 . lemnethu de or slemnethu de the more willing : ardislemnethu de do hícc inna fiach, Wb. 4 a 10 . lethnu de the broader : leithneide, Rel. Celt. i 159. 101 . lia de, liaiteeo plus, eo plures : hóre am essamin se precepte...is lia de creitfess, Wb. 23 b 7 . imurcruidh dáine do thiachtain do chaithiuṁ in bídh célsine uair nocha liauite in biad...cia beth, &c., for the food is not the more plentiful though, &c., Laws ii 28. 17 . luathu de, luathaite the quicker: is airi doníthar in tréiniugadh so orra comad luathaide dosoisdís a féich dḟeichemain toichida, Laws iii 152. 12 . lugu de, lugaiteeo minus : ní lughaiti dlighes in gairi do dénuṁ they are not the less bound to undertake the maintenance Laws ii 192. 5 . noco lugaite smacht ná díre in coma bith indligedh, ib. iii 418. 5 . cé beith nech...noco lugaiti dligus a fochraic díc ris, iv 48. 24 . nuchu lugaidi is grád hé céli do beth aigi, v 40. 10 . dothéged Étáin cach dia dia athreos ┐ ba lugaide a galar som ón do suidiu, TE § 9 LU. rodígaib a thuara ┐ nírbo lugaide a nert Lugdach, Thes. ii 344. 29 . is aire roartraig in taingel hi ṅgné solais in tṡnechta comad lugaiti nobídgtis na banscala riana ḟacsin, PH 3384 . co mbad lugaide, ib. 5207 . (rotescad a tengaid) arái ní lugati dogníd sum forcetul in popuil inní sin, ib. 2549 . scarad cuirp ┐ anma ┐ ni lugaite marus in tanumm, ib. 7480 . mailliu de, maillite the slower : is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine i nadnocul conid maillite thinaid, PH 7023 . mescu de, mescaite the more intoxicated: noco mescaiti hé in lind dól, Laws iii 202. 6 . messa de, mesaite, meiste, miste the worse. messude, Trip. 218. 9 Eg. mesaidie: cia...nir uó m., IT i 109. 6 . messaite: rafetammar in gillu sin ┐ ní m. fria fis is dalta dún, LU 60 a 38 . mesaite LU 54 a 17 . messaiti, SR 1244 . LL 106 b d . measaiti YBL 112 a 48 . SG 70. 24 . mesaidi FDG. MR 14. 22 . meisti: is m. lóg a roind, Laws iii 462. 17 , 19 .; ib. 478. 24 . mana derntai...bud meisti dáibh, RC xiv 56 . CRR 20 § 14 . cá bud ḟerrdi ┐ cá bud mesti, PH 7582 . ní meisde nech uaib (a rád), SG 118. 25 . miste, ib. 97. 35 . misde: is m. nár bhuan a leithéit, Atlantis iv 226. 4 .—Cf. messa s.v. olc. moltaidiu de the more praiseworthy: is m. d. tri tabairt fortachtan, Ml. 84 c 13 . móo de, móite eo maior, eo maius. móo de, Wb. 2 a 8a . SCC § 10 . mou de, Ml. 53 c 13 . moaide Laws ii 404. 11 . mouite, ii 22. 1 . moaite, ii 202. 1 . mó de, Wb. 29 c 4 . mode, Thes. ii 346. 27 . bith má de eo maius erit Sg. 2 a 7 . maiti, Trip. 114. 22 . cumud móite, Laws ii 22. 17 . noco moite, iii 406. 7 f.b. ba mote, LU 121 b 33 . móti, LL 206 a 21 . PH p. 806 b . bid moti bas trén mo scél, LU 119 b 3 . nucu moiti, Laws ii 414. 2 . móide, ML 40. 9 . moide, Laws ii 88. 5 . moidi, ib. 350. 18 . YBL 158 a 46 ; 167 b 32 .—Cf. mór. nertaidiu de the stronger : nertiti, SCC § 20 . nertmairite the stronger : is nertmairite ┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . óibindiu de, áibinnite the more beautiful : is áibinniti fo deich, LL 151 b 1 f.b. prapaiti the quicker : comad prapaidi noḟoirbred, Lec. 441 b 35 . sia de, siaite the longer: condib sia de, Sg. 201 b 16 . siaiti, Laws ii 216. 10 . is siaidi a anad, ib. i 282. 43 . siaide, MR 318. 17 . siauite, Laws ii 28. 18 ; 114. 5 . socomlu de, socomlaite the easier : co mbad tṡoccomlaite do Ísu marcachus do dénum, PH 4455 . soimbertu de the more easily plied: bennachais Patraic na iarnu comdar s.d. (v.l. soimberta de), Trip. 218. 21 . soirthiu de, soirthite the easier: s.d. in labrad di, &c., the easier is the pronunciation from, &c., Sg. 15 a 4 . suthnu de, suthnaiti lasting the longer Lec. 441 b 37 . tanu de, tanaite the thinner : á sémigud co mbí tanu de, Ml. 34 a 27 . tressa de, tressaite the stronger : co mbad t.d. hiress apstal do fulung tribulationum, Wb. 25 a 14 . Mid.-Ir. treisidi, TBC-LL¹ 2484 Y. trummu de, trumaite the heavier : trummute, Lism. L. ix 13 LL (trumaidi, Lism.). cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom oc toitim, YBL 167 b 34 . tromaide, AFM 1768. 19 . truimite, Acall. 5152 . uilliu de, uillite the greater : Thes. ii 2. 34 . uilliti hé in dá sreith do beth air, Laws i 138. 4 f.b. iv 34. 29 .

MOD. Suffixed to any adjective: ní folláinede madra marbh é bheith san uisge glan. Ní milsede an domblas é bheith i nárthach airgid. Níor ṁeasa do dhuine rud do ghearrfadh a sgórnach ná sgian óir. Aran gcuma gcéadna ní folláinede ┐ ní milsede ┐ ní macántaide sgéal neaṁcháidh é bheith dá innsint i ngaedhilg uasail, P. O'Leary GJ vi 110 . Other comparatives from the mod. literary period are deiside, gilide, giorraide, liaide, siaide, teoide, usaide. —But in the spoken language usually confined to a small number of adjectives. Very common are fearrde, miste, móide (q.v.), idiomatically used with the copula and the prepositions la and do. The original sense has been obscured and as a living comparative particle -de seems obsolete.

2 dérach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dérach or dil.ie/15538

 

n o, n. (or m.?) a vn. of 1a do-érig Celtica ix 208 . emptying, stripping: fri derach .i. fri horcain mBruidnae, RC xxi 320 § 47 . re nderach a laimhe, Laws iii 110.21 (Comm.; cf. ro deirged a lam, ib. 18 ). iar nderach tellaig na geilfine as a firt after the removal of the family . . . out of their land, iv 42.21 Comm. derach do termainn, O'Dav. 592 . cúic seoit i nd.¤ tige dia nectair, O'D. 1695 ( H 5.15 31b ). Leaving, abandoning: dord Gaill iar nderach a bárc after abandoning his boats (after the spoiling of his boats?), AFM i 272.8 . cona tairgedh la húa C. deroch an dúnaidh that O'C. might not evacuate the castle, Hugh Roe 202.5 (fo. 53b) . Absol. carthair ben ar somáine, | ce doghné druis no d.¤ (: férach), ZCP iv 468 § 15 . Cf. 2 dírech.

dísertach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dísertach or dil.ie/16807

 

n o, m. (dísert) hermit, anchorite: atá disert bec sund. atá disertach truag and, LL 281b3 . saigim in disertach, MacCongl. 122 . Mochumma disertach, Rawl. 93f14 . in disertach (title of a special office in community of Iona, Reeves Ad. 366 ), AU 1164 . biathad disertaig (.i. inti is ada ina firt .i. int ailithir) feeding an anchorite, Laws iii 18 . na tri disertaig hermits (but perh. n.pr. here), BColm. 42 . Diseartach Mocroime (n.pr.?), BB 157a11 (cf. Rawl. 93f14 cited above).

? ecairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ecairc or dil.ie/19369

 

adj baí cend airech for airbirt | for ar sithbe ba hecairc, ZCP viii 333.14 = bae cenn airech ar arfeirt | for ar sithbi bae egaircc, Rawl. 158.2 = bái cend airech for airbirt | acht ar sithbe ba begairc, LL 331c21 = bai ceand airech for ar firt | for ar sithbib ar hegcirt (.i. egem ┐ ag), BB 153b36 = bai cend airem for ar feirt | for ar sithbi ba heiceirt, ZCP xiv 58 . Cf. also CRR § 56 . Possibly éc-airc death-strait .

éccraite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccraite or dil.ie/19465

 

Forms: éccra

n , f. (quantity of initial uncertain; cf. éccra) hostility, enmity: ecrite .i. ni cairte, O'Mulc. 362 . eccraide .i. easccairde, O'Cl. búi a hecraite foraib sech cách, ZCP viii 308.33 . tollem écraite provoking enmity LU 62a36 = TBC-I¹ 644 . nirb áil don rig...tullem ecraiti frib to offend you FB 73 . eccraidi rig hErenn friu, YBL 126b39 . écnach, écraite, anriad, ní lamar, Metr. Dinds. iii 18 . ind ecraite robi dissi fri cath the animosity that it (the monster) had in battle Fél. p. 90 (Mar. 8) . cid Firt Mesca atbermais de | ní hespa ní hécraite it were not raillery nor malice Metr. Dinds. iii 22 . slandilgud na cinud cin choimet n-écraite without cherishing enmity PH 8039 . co rochuimnighset a n-eccraide ┐ a n-aincride doibh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 84 . In pl. hostile manifestations: dia ecnuch ┐ aithisib ┐ ecraitib dolleici tenga caich ina gnuis `blasphemy and insults and hostilities' Ériu ii 118 § 56 . Macc Dé rom-anacht...ar immad na n-ecraite, RC xxiii 316 . ar écraitib ┐ ar sluagedaib hostile expeditions MU 26.30 = LL 265b39 . cidh... nobetis caingne ┐ écraiti dúibhsi, ní bád lesc lemsa a digail TTr.² 124 . nach d'ic t'ḟalad ina t'ainḟiacha ina t'ecraite tangasa riotsa, MR 262 z . 308.16 . Cf. bruth mathgaman for mincethraib for ecraiti, FB 52 Eg. and TBC-I¹ 3297 cited s. éccra. Attrib. gen. hostile, inimical: am fer ecraite do Ḟoraind an enemy to Pharaoh SR 3800 . guin ecraite a wound inflicted in malice (?) Laws v 362.16 . intamail ainmech aithisech ecraidi `spiteful comparison' MR 124.13 . rob ecraiti don gobainn in pest, Fél. p. 90 . co n-imthecht for ilchrīcha ecraidi, TBC-I¹ 3265 .

éirgid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éirgid or dil.ie/19823

 

Forms: éirgis, -é(i)rig, -é(i)rgesta(i)r, -é(i)rgiset, -éirgset, é(i)rgetar, -érigedar, -éricheadar, é(i)reóch-, eirgēb-, éireb-, éirég-, éirigf-, -éir, -éirgenn, éirig, eirg, airg, ni hergithar

v (from prototonic stem of at-reig (as-reig)). The conjugation is irreg.; pret. 3 s. éirgis ( PH . MacCongl. 47.13 . TD 20.34 ). -é(i)rig ( LL 265b24 , 296b42 , etc. TBC-LL¹ . PH . CCath. TSh. ) -é(i)rgesta(i)r ( TTebe 928 . 1950 . Ir. Monthly 1921, 27 § 16 ). pl. -é(i)rgiset, -éirgset, LL 299a48 . 301b44 . Metr. Dinds. iv 44.17 ). é(i)rgetar ( PH . TTebe ). -érigedar, -éricheadar ( TTebe ). fut. é(i)reóch- ( PH . CCath. Aen. TSh. ). eirgēb- ( YBL 173a28 = LL 149b37 ). éireb- ( Maund. 82 = éirég- ?). érech- ( LB 257b ). éirigf- ( PH ). As pres. ind. 3 s. conj. -éir is found ( Ir. Monthly 1919, 4 . TD 22a5 ), as well as -éirgenn. For the impv. éirig, freq. in sense go (e.g. TSh. 5048 ), cf. 1 téit (O. Ir. imp. eirg, M.Ir. airg). Impers. pres. ind. ni hergithar, LL 150a12 .

(a) rises, stands up: ergis suas, MacCongl. 59.6 . éirghid romham they rise before me (in respect) TD 25.17 . tusa atá at chodladh, éirigh = surge qui dormis TSh. 1697 . éireóchad ┐ rachad i ndáil mh' athar = surgam et ibo 8836 . Of rising from table: ó ól do éirigh, TD 29.38 ; 9.33 . Of recovery from illness: ésium ga leiges i Cruachain risin ré sin. acus in lá thancatar...is é sin lá ra érig sium, TBC-LL¹ 6141 . mur gabus eslainti duine... ┐ aithnid a caraid nách ereocha, Maund. 167.82 . da n-ergersa if I recover Fier. 63 . Springs up, appears: ro ergestar bolga for a gruaidib, Laws iv 16.16 Comm. bail a n-ereocha in muc sin romhut, Aen. 1807 . eirgebaid uilc woes shall arise YBL 173a28 = LL 149 b37 . co n-eirged a guairi... amal fhidbaid osa cind `his bristles rose' (of a boar) TTebe 869 . ra gabustar aduath...an gilla co ra ergestair a fholt, 928 . Of the sun rising: ro erig grian seach imellbord talman, TTebe 2195 . Of wind, storm: ro eiridh ainmḟine...a sruth Ismen, 3620 . ní éir gaoth nach gluais mh'intinn, Studies 1921, 75 .

(b) of resurrection: is ann ro erig a bás, LB 158a47 . erigfet-sa o marbu, PH 2278 . trias a n-érechat a talmain i lló bratha, LB 257b41 . Parrth. Anma 115.8 . Luc. Fid. 67.18 .

(c) arises, mounts upwards, ascends, soars: 's an Éirne dá n-éir ealta and the Erne from which bird-flocks arise GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 4 . cáit ar éirigh uaim d'eitill TD 39.13 . ar eitil ni éir (of a bird), Rel. Celt. ii 228.31 . Of liquids, etc.: sreabh nach éair tar fiodhruigh bhfeaoir TD ii 263.35 . go n-éirghe fuil ós na formnaibh, TD 16.67 . éireóchaidh bréantas as a gconablaighibh = ascendet fetor TSh. 1286 . TTebe 4852 . é.¤ tar rises over, crosses over: eirgid tairis aniar climb out over him (of a sleeping giant) Mer. Uil. 64 = BB 445b33 .

(d) grows up, matures: cech mét no erged ┐ no oirbredh (of an infant) BB 239b4 . gach duine eirghius gurub cum saethair tigid... ┐ gach lenamh teid d'éc co tét a Parthus, Maund. 263 .

(e) of noise, manifestations of passion, anger, grief, joy, etc.: ro ergestar...sestan ┐ seiseilbi, TTebe 1950 . go n-éireócha mh' ḟoltonus re maithibh ch. gC. that my resentment shall arise against TD 3.51 . cás fár éirigh eólchoire 20.37 . briocht díbhḟeirge 'na ghnúis... | gá cúis ór éirigh? 8.30 . ro erig menma in miled o'tchualaich na stuccu 'ca senm, TTebe 1425 . do eirigh meanma mhór a gclainn D. their spirits rose ML 8.28 . combáidh as a n-éir anbhuain, TD i p. lxxxiii n. 1 . Cf. olc báigh do éirigh orthaibh, TD 26.19 .

(f) rises in hostility, takes up arms, rebels; attacks: ergid co hoband dochum bar namad, TTebe 1120 . ro erich cach dib dochum a cheli, 2535 . ereochdaid let a n-aigid Tuirrn, Aen. 1899 . YBL 337 b25 = Celt. Rev. iv 12 - 15 . éireóchaid leis líon a dtionóil, TD 16.17 . suil fuair adhbhar far éirigh a reason for rebellion 18.2 ; 20.47 .

(g) starts up; arises and sets forth, proceeds: a hEmain éirgset na slúaig | dar Loch F., Metr. Dinds. iv 44.17 . ro erig F. ┐ a ḟiann...et rogabsat rompo, LL 296 b42 (RC xiii 44.14). 301b44 ( RC xiii 15.17 ). a Ḟ., inn érgi ri báig 296b30 ( RC xiii 44.12 ). eiridh do Teib `arise and go to T.' TTebe 3558 . ra ergedar uili...co hArgas `set out for Argos' 1281 . ro ericheadar...do digail Menelipuis, TTebe 3346 . eirig romat co Teib, 4792 . éirghis roimhe ar raon madhma, A. Ó Dálaigh l 11 . eirig d'adlucud na nabach `arise and come to bury' TTebe 4785 . na herig in turus teigi `do not begin the journey on which thou goest' 4173 . lá éigin dar éirghiosdar ar tulaigh, Ir. Monthly 1921, 27 . lá n-aon dar éirigh C. amach ar each do thaisteal an ḟuinn, Keat. ii 4700 . lá dar éirigh sé amach...do shiubhal, TSh. 5034 . do eiridh A. as an teint amach, Rel. Celt. ii 196.12 . eirgit d' faixin Chaisléin A., Fl. Earls 66.27 . eirghit go tegh oile, 70.14 ; 22.15 ; 36.6 . na heirgeadh uait E. `let not E. escape from thee' ML 94.3 . Imper. éirigh don mhainistir, TSh. 5048 . éirigh, umhluigh thú féin, Proverbs vi 3 . eirgit...a ttir a mbaili bheag `landed' Fl. Earls 92 y . Cf. do cuir...slegh tri...luirigh Sir G., ┐ ro eirigh an slegh as ┐ ni derna si dith dia curp rebounded (?) ZCP vi 29 y .

(h) with various prepp.

é.¤ a(s) abandons: intí eirges as a firt , O'Dav. 967 . Laws iv 126. Comm.

é.¤ de renounces, gives up, forsakes: éirigh do Mhuire renounce Mary A. Ó Dálaigh l 19 . éireóchad dí, Hackett xxvi 75 .

é.¤ do

(1) springs up at, attacks; meets ; dála na nGall...ro eirigh Ua F. ┐ Mac M. doibh, AFM iii 234.8 . do chuaidh tarsa...no gur heirgedh dhó ar tóchar an longpuirt `was not attacked until he had reached' 576.4 . go n-eireóighdís dhó `would rise against him' ML 66.10 .

(2) befalls, happens to: mar do éirigh don lóchrann how the torch had been affected Fl. Earls 34.25 . mar do éirigh doip a ttaep a riastala `how it happened they were arrested' 22.7 . gur eirigh buaidhirt ┐ aineolus fairrgi doibh, 24.24 .

é.¤ le (re) nech increases or thrives with, benefits one; one succeeds (in), prospers: an t-ionadh i n-éir le neach | a mhaoin do bheith ar biseach where one succeeds in increasing his wealth TD 22a5 . ní thainic aonmhac...as mó lér éirigh do ṡén serbhisi ina an Sir U. sin, AFM v 1736.2 . an dream ré n-éirgheann acfuinn ionnmhusa `to whom a quantity of wealth accrues' TSh. 9980 . do éirigh iomad áithis leis he had great success Keat. ii 2530.653 .

é.¤ eter (a quarrel) arises between: do eirigh aturra they came to blows Ériu iii 166 § 23 .

é.¤ fo overcomes (?): ná heirgheadh fúd muirn Mhuiris, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 512 .

(i) transitive (?); cf. crēt ērgius Pichan? why does P. rise? MacCongl. 59.8 . But cf. cia ar rét, Ml. 48b2 .

esert, esirt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esert, esirt or dil.ie/20498

 

n m. one who neglects his holding; who fails to perform the duties connected with it (see Bürgschaft, p. 84 ); a vagrant, tramp (contrasted with coairt): esert .i. ni huisi do fert ar is do clanta fert donti bid cæm. coairt imorro coir do fert. esfert .i. can fert, O'Mulc. 438 . esert .i. ess- fo diultadh and ┐ fert; es-fert didiu ni coir fert lais, Corm. Y 506 (essirt LB). esirt .i. ni coir fert do. no eas-ard .i. ni ard, 545 . trí hoénaig eserte: célide hi tig gobann, célide hi tig ṡáir, dul do chennuch cen áirche, Triads 74 (with gl.: haonaighe n-esairte .i. eisert .i. bochtain lag, p. 37 ). tairsci tar fagh n-eserta .i. tar fich no tar tir intí eirges as a firt , O'Dav. 967 . Laws iv 126.7 . in t-eisert, 126.15 Comm. airm i mbiad da comarba treabar im easeart, cid dognitear fri heiseart ? gaibead imme co n-imcua (with gl.: airm...i mbiat da coimetaid orba trebar i ferand inti eirges as a firt, imon esert .i. ite da esert [esert ?] deirge a methus ┐ eisert tascnam methais) 128.3 (also expl. by: .i....dha treabar im edtreabar 130.12 ). in t-eisert is he a aithne; duine fand bis itir in da comorba tre na trebuiri, 130.23 . ma tainic in t-esert amuigh iarsin, tabruit a fine fearand do, 130.28 . don eisfert ib. 30 . dán ecnai dogni rig do pauper dogni coairt di eissirt, Fél. p. x 26 . doni ansruth do eisirt, Anecd. iii 20.10 . togbail eisert receiving the homeless (?) ZCP v 486 § 9 (b. na filed). ní bhi ar eaisiort co ruanaidh does not oppress the landless (?) with gl.: eisreacht [.i.] dilleachta outcast i.e. orphaned Hard. ii 304.1 .

feirt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feirt or dil.ie/21502

 

x see 2 firt .

feirtche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feirtche or dil.ie/21503

 

n a tug, wrench (?) : dobretha Fergus f.¤ forsin ṅgabail TBC-LL¹ 758 = dorat feidm fiorlaittir St. Cf. 2 firt .

féle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féle or dil.ie/21543
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Forms: féle, féle

n , f. (1 fíal).

(a) modesty, sense of decorum or propriety ; in Corm. Y 983 distinguished as an inherent quality from `náire' = transitory emotion : nāre ... .i. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid ... fēile immorro ainm don einech bunaid; derived fr. Lat. velare, ib. 626 . fēle .i. a velo [sic leg.] .i. amal doeim in fial sic ind fēile, O'Mulc. 508 : n s. féle (gl. honestas) Sg. 26a13 . (gl. pudicitia) 50b21 . féile et genas Wb. 28b11 . g s. féle (gl. verecundiae) Ml. 15a14 . a tlás, a fos, a féile (characteristics of a good woman) ZCP viii 112.27 . adbath in ingen do feli ┐ do nairi (when she had been lampooned) RC xxiv 278 § 15 . rohéige in ben ... roscar fri féle firthind, SR 3216 (of the wife of Potiphar). ferad cach a neimele ... fri ar Coimdid co ṅgelḟéle, 8075 . fēili is bochta co mbāine (: léire), ZCP vi 264 § 9 . cedmuintera fialadh (= fiala) na tiagat co cele atarruch. ite mna annsin conoat a fele, O'Curry 848 (< H 3.18, 385b ). cethri srotha déc éicsi ... .i. fele ┐ innruccus, etc. LL 30d31 ; cf. feile dano indracus nosditne an file, Auraic. 3309 . romaid cnómaidm da cride ... ar ḟéile ┐ náre, TBC-LL¹ 4583 = atbail ar [a] ḟeili sin from the shame of it TBC-I¹ 2928 . follogod féile ` forgetfulness of honour ' CRR 38 .

(b) that which causes shame, nakedness, pudenda: ar scath a féile ... tucsat duilli na fiche, SR 1359 . in ben dia claite derc ... co ticeth dar a feili (i.e. up to her waist) Cáin Ad. § 2 . ar n[á] aictís féli a n-athar (of sons of Noah) LU 118 . conḟacca a feli uli, LB 242b53 . ní chuingem édaige...do dín ar ḟéli, Alex. 889 . Cf. Ériu vii 142.33 ; 144.31 .

(c) generosity, liberality: dechenbor dó for féile fledaib 'ten at feasts of hospitality', UR 104 § 5 . fiannus, feile, forsinge, Ériu viii 68.33 . tech Meic ind Óc... | rígda fót fri féle find, LU 4126 = Metr. Dinds. ii 10 . fuilted féle `increase of hospitality' Thes. ii 295.2 ( SP v 1 ). tossach féli forsinge, LL 345b25 . Anecd. iii 16 . tealach feile, Ériu ii 186.18 . ZCP viii 102 (teallach). nochar taisced peinginn ... | do chisti ag C. | acht a bronnud da gach neoch | ar ḟēile ┐ ar enech, ZCP vii 304 § 15 . fecht féle, see fecht I (a). firt féli `a miracle of generosity' RC viii 48.20 . do riachtatar a da rosc don ríg ar firt feile, Dinds. 64 . tria firta na feile, Ériu ii 186.19 = tria firt fele, ZCP viii 102x . Eochaid na fert féile, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.85 . Coirpre ... cenn féli Laighen, AFM ii 686.3 . féile (opp. to sainnt `covetousness' and defined as: fonn deaghordaighthe neith do thabhairt uaid generosity tempered by judgment) Parrth. Anma 240.11 = Luc. Fid. 154.9 . Personified : fuair an ḟéile léan 'na dheoidh sin, Dánta P. Feiritéir 235 .

In concrete sense, a generous bestowal: lasin féli daroni in rí .i. a oenṡúil do thabairt do chind a enig, RC viii 48.20 .

1 fert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fert or dil.ie/21749
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: feurt, fert, feirt, firt, Fiurt, Firt, feart, firt, feart, fearta, feart, ferta

n o, n. (later m.): n s. feurt, Trip. 317.19 . fert mbecc, 138.20 . See also Fert n-Aífe, Fert n-Ailbi, Hog. Onom. g s. feirt, AU 862 . firt , Laws iv 214.4 . i Fiurt Sciach, TBC-LL¹ 5714 = i Firt S., 5720 . feart (m.) IGT, Decl. § 90 (mixed decl.; d s. firt , feart; g s. n a p. fearta (for gs. see BNnÉ 271.7 cited below); g p. feart).

A mound or tumulus: gl. tumulum ( Eclog. v 42 ) Thes. ii 46.361 . Esp. a mound over a burial-place , often of great size, hence common in place-names (freq. folld. by gen. of npr.); the tumulus of Dowth in Co. Meath is called uam ḟeirt Boadan AU 862 . Cf. sepelierunt eas ... et fecerunt fossam rotundam [in] similitudinem fertae, quia sic faciebant [Scotici] homines et gentiles. Nobiscum hautem reli[c] uocatu[r], id est reliquiae, et feurt, Ardm. 12b1 ( Trip. 317 ), and (description of burial-customs:) fert óen-doruis d'ḟir ... f.¤ co ndib dorsib for mnai, | ferta cen dorsi drena | for maccu for ingena, Metr. Dinds. iv 152 (quoted by Keat., TSh. 5766 , who explains `fert' as `mion-ráth'; the reading of LL 200b58 substitutes `ráth' for `fert'), from which it appears that the `fert' was often a chambered tumulus. Hence by glossators expld. as a burial-place: f.¤ .i. adnacul, Corm. Y 638 . ferta .i. adnacal, O'Mulc. 523 . f.¤ .i. ulad cumdachta O'Dav. 961 . feart .i. uagh, O'Cl. In older texts distinguished from `lecht' q.v., but later used in general sense of grave (esp. in poetic usage) and of Christian burial . rolād ... a gāir guba ┐ a ḟ.¤ ┐ a lia, Ériu i 121 . adbath F.¤ andsin. Ro claidead a leacht ┐ ro laigeadh a feart, RC xxiv 184.15 . a lecht ┐ a ḟeart a n-aenecht, BB 62a2 . ní fil ... cnoc ... nach f.¤ ríg, LU 2889 . cor clasta a fert, 10738 . clada[i]r a f.¤ sátir a lia scribthair a ainm n-ogaim, 5704 = TBC-I¹ 1230 . adhlaicthear mise san bfeart | ┐ clochtar ann mo leacht, IT 112 145.584 . dentar m'ḟ.¤ ┐ m'adhnacul, Acall. 6076 . os cenn m'ferta 'san cill, BNnÉ 271.7 . uaigh nó feart talmhan do dhéanamh go bhfad ┐ go leithead an chuirp, ... ┐ carn cloch do chor ós a chionn, dá ngairthí leacht, mar atá feart Mhaothagáin i nUíbh F., TSh. 5756 . pl. (?) ferta fenned, LB 140b55 ( Hom. Leg. 81 = fertadh feineadh, B. Fermoy 103b , see under fertad). A mound (for spectators to sit or stand on?) at an `oenach' or assembly: clad firt (.i. in oenaig) `the ditch of a fair-green' Laws iv 220.9 ; 22 . denam oenaig (.i. a claide ┐ a ferta), i 156.28 ; 160.1 urba in berna (.i. suidech na Taillten .i. inad da cuailli dec) i f.¤ aireach, v 474.12 ; 476.14 . ro cechladar fert fōtmaig fo suigiu a taīsich, TBC-I¹ 3144 . Conchobar ... is hē desid forsin fert fotmaig, 3177 . ro clas fert fodbuigh dia pubaill ar in ard a mound of sods was dug for [the king's] tent Anecd. ii 77.10 . A mound or dyke used as a boundary-mark: tellach cille tar a f.¤ (.i. tar firt a mūir no a caisil), Laws v 210.6 . rath no feart no secib duae (as boundary-marks) iv 144.16 Comm . do luid tar feart a ced-teallaig (.i. tar clad in fearaind), 8.18 ; 10.6 . O'Dav. 968 (a céttechta). tar ferann in ti eirges as a firt , Laws iv 126.15 Comm. as a firt .i. as a ferann, 42.21 Comm . Cf. feart .i. fearann, O'Cl. Freq. in place-names, see Hog. Onom. s.v. Fert . Ath da Ḟert, TBC-LL¹ 2817 = A. Da Ḟertai (ferta LU) TBC-I¹ 2135 . Damhliac na Ferta, AU 1090 . COMPDS. feartmagh .i. fearannmagh, O'Cl. Cf. also feartlaoidh grave-lay, epitaph in mod. poetry, e.g. Aodhagán Ó Rathaille ITS iii2 158 .

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