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1 féth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 féth or dil.ie/21819

 

n u, m. in the expression: f.¤ fíada (fíad, fía), also fé f.¤ , fía f.¤ fégh fía (m.) IGT, Decl. § 95 p. 127 (where `fé fía' though it occurs, is proscribed as incorrect). A magic mist, veil, which renders those under it invisible (Cf. the Germ. Tarnkappe), the secret of which was possessed by the Tuatha D.D.: do orduigh Manannan doibh [.i. do mhaithibh Tuath Dé D. tar eis chatha Taillten] adhbha dileas gach deghfir, ┐ dorinneadh in feth fiadha ... dona mileadhaibh .i. in feth fiadha tar nach faic[th]í na flaithi, Ériu xi 188 . See Atlantis iii 386 ff . , D'A. De Jubainville, Cycle Myth. 277 , Joyce Soc. Hist. i 246 . The name fáeth fiada ( Hy vii pref ., Thes. ii 354.10 ; fáed f.¤ , Trip. 48.7 ) given to the hymn composed by St. Patrick after his escape from Loeghaire's ambush is prob. the same expression; due to the legend that P. was invisible to L.'s men, cf. dodechaid dícheltair tairsiu co nár árdraig fer dib, Trip. 46.28 . See faíd. dichealtair .i. fé fiadha no duaithniughadh, O'Cl. (from Trip. 46.28 , cited above?). féidh fiadh `a mask, vizard, hood; a disguise that rendered the wearer unknown or invisible , ... defectively written fe fiadh, ... feidh fia,' P. O'C. Tuatha De D. fo diamair (.i. ... ara mbiodh an fee fía), Leb. Gab.(i) i 172 n. 1 . dá ttaisbentar in f.¤ fiadha ... do nech do macaibh Miledh, nocha bia gabail re diamair no re draideacht ic nech do Tuathaibh Dé D. (Cú Chulainn refuses to show his friends among the Sídhe to Fer diad) TBC-LL¹ 3845 St = an fé fía, RC xi 323.29 . an fé fiadh, ZCP x 294.16 . druid .i. doniat in feth fia no in [ḟ]aisdinecht, Laws v 90.27 Comm. co n-accai in dā sid osluicti ... iar scithlim a fe fia dibh (i.e., after their enchantment had been dispersed) RC v 202.23 . ro eirig fia fiad (féth fia, fédh fia, fé fiadh v.l.) umaind, co nar leir sind, Acall. 5235 . ní léir ar úaigh mér na mná | atá ar a húaim in fégh fía what the woman has sewn is not manifest, the f.f. is over her seam IGT, Decl. ex. 1674 . do chuir Mac G. an féith fiadha tar an fidradach sa innus nach fuighbhed ēnduine hé, L. Chl. S. § 9 . bhur bfé fía, ní fearrde dhuit, | aithnim thú d'aimhdheóin th'iomluit, Ériu ix 8.81 . ni buadha cloch, ní fégh fiagh | chaomhnus cuanta a críoch n-imchian, TD 13.13 . Cf. further: ní folaig acht feth (fecht v.l.) fithnais, Acall. 7916 (`magic veil' SG ii 262 ). féth fithnaisi , v.l. of fethana fithnais, Acall. 722 . Cf. rachaid in fiad draídechta atá urri di (i.e. the well will be revealed) 7505 . See 3, 4 féth. donfe for fiada fe, IT iii 53 § 97 (for feda fé v.l.). Also fig. : atá ar a rún an fé fia, IGT, Decl. 1681 . masa ceas eoil an fé fiadh | do-chiam ad dheóigh é ar an dán, TD ii 245 . depression, gloom: ceilt a grádha ar an ngruaidh bḟaoilidh | fada ar inghin 'na ḟégh fia ib.

4 féth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 féth or dil.ie/21822

 

n gender doubtful. Possibly same word as 5 féth. Of craftsman's work, smoothness, finish, polish? Cf. faithche .i. fēth-chaí .i. conair iarna fēthughad .i. iarna rēidhiughadh, Corm. Y 628 . condenad a f.¤ ┐ a snass ┐ a slemnugud (of stakes of holly = to make them even ?) TBC-LL¹ 1410 (fethugud St). ní hécen f.¤ dar fudbu de, 158 (i.e. difficulties need not be glossed over; a proverb ?). G. [h]astas faciebat fri teora gressa ┐ ba feth in gres dédenach; dogníth ... L. soer [na crunda] fri teora snassa ┐ ba feth [feith, Sec. Battle of Moytura RC xii 94.1 ] in tsnas dédenach the last chip put the finish on them (?) Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit = Corm. Y 975 . ni rocindsead a feth nach a lighdhath [gús anocht], Anecd. ii 7 (of a bronze palisade = they could not give it the finishing polish and colour ?). (etym. of nemed :) nem-aodh la cerda ┐ goibniu, ar issed dobeir nemhtenchus doib in feith doberat tre aed [.i.] tre tine, O'Mulc. 830g . nem-mod la saoruib ... niamfeith, ar ised dobeir nemtenchas doib, ind feth doniat tre nēim, 830h (both exx. apparently mean that a craftsman's status is determined by the finish of his work. Cf. dlegar do cach feth i nemhedh, Irish Texts iv 21 § 22 ). fethgeir .i. dobheir feith ger ar in fige no fid gér dobeir feth ar in fighe, Laws i 152.13 Comm. (= it makes the wool even ?). Cf. feith .i. faebar, Lec. Gl. M 97 . See also 1 féth (f.¤ fithnaisi ). Used as adj. = smooth, finished (?) ; superl.: fethim saire no fedem .i. onn `smoothest of work' (kenning on the ash-tree or letter o) Auraic. 5651 = foillem, Anecd. iii 44 ; text doubtful. Compds. ¤chrann: cona fet[h]crannaibh snasta slemnaigti `even ... shafts' (of arrows) CCath. 5462 .

¤snas: féthán féths[h]nais, MacCongl. 93.10 (see féthán and fithnais). Cf. also: go bfiodhbhacaibh féthshnoightibh smoothed or polished bows Hugh Roe 72.8 (f. 19a) .

féthan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féthan or dil.ie/21836

 

n ā, f. (?) some attachment of a spear-shaft, scabbard or chariot-pole, gen. made of metal; in case of a spear, apparently a circular band or ring, which might be loosely fitting: sleg ... co téora féthana firglana, fethan findarggit ar n-ichtur, féthan óir buide ar medon fethan dergóir ar n-uachtur, LL 237b43 ( TTr. 1552 ). sleg ... co fethan óir impi, LU 10665 . sleg ... co fethan ┐ co fonascaib arcaid TBC-I¹ 2343 . caindel rīgthaigi ina lāim, fethan aircit imbe ┐ imrith iar craund co sleig sair, in cēin n-aile dorreith coticci a dorn, 3162 = c.r. na láim go féthanaib argait ┐ co fonascaib óir ... immireithet impe na fethana argit sech na fonascaib óir cachla céin o erlond gó indsma, iceind aill [ = in cēin n-aili] ... it iat na fónasca óir immireithet sech na fethanaib argit ó indsma go hirill, TBC-LL¹ 5190 . tucad fethana fithnais féth fithnaisi v.l.) do chrannuibh ar sleg, Acall. 722 (`charmed withies for our spearshafts' SG ii 118 ; cf. 0 7916 cited under 1 féth, and MacCongl. 93.10 , cited under 4 féth). cloidmi ... co bfearbolccaibh ... ímpa ... co féthanaibh ōir ... friu amuich, TBC-LL¹ 4397 St = go frithathartaib LL. sithfe co féthain findruine, LU 8671 ( FB 50 ). LU 10216 . síthbe co fethan findruine, 9262 = Anecd. iii 50.3 (feithen v.l.). trí .lll. maglorg ... co fethnib iarind ` bands ' BDD 60 (feithnib, fethánaib, cendaib v.l.). ? carpat féthgrind fethaine, LU 8670 ( FB 50 = feithide, Eg. Cf. féthaide). Cf. fetha .i. fleasga no feathain, O'Cl. and: sleg ... co fethanaig argit eter da n-iarnn, BDD, App. 114 .

fíadnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíadnach or dil.ie/21908

 

Forms: fiadnach

adj o-ā (2 fíada) `that which is attested,' hence well-attested, well-known, evident, conspicuous: smacht féig f.¤ , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . amal tugad na .x. plagha ḟoillsi fiadhnacha for lucht na hEighipti, BB 17b46 . na fiorta fiadhnacha ... doní sē anois, ZCP x 6.24 . na fāgbhāla ... fíadhnacha ... fosrágaib naomh Patraic, Hugh Roe 316.7 (f. 82a) . bāss fiadhnach nō follus a ffiadhnuisi cāich, Fl. Earls 70.28 . treghaid fiadhnach i n-airrthiur Erenn o demnaib co ro la ár daíne co mbīdiss for suilib daíne a ssoillsi, RC xvii 345.13 ( Tig. s.a. 986 = treghat fithnaisi ... hi foillsi FM, CS; cf. Lec. 621b cited under fíamach). na cuirp thuitius co f.¤ = labuntur notabiliter Reg. Sl. i 353 . go rinn ḟiadhnach Fotudáin ` conspicuous ' Todd, Todd Nenn. 272 . comad ḟ.¤ do chách int indechad do rachad fair, LB 142b38 . go madh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion evident AFM ii 1072.12 . Adv. co tora mo Tigerna co follas fiadnach cucum, Moling 39 . do rāidh an t-aingeal go fiadhnach, BNnÉ 141.25 . is ī in tres cūis go f.¤ plainly, manifestly ZCP vii 301 § 5 .

2 fidba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fidba or dil.ie/22006
Last Revised: 2013

 

n some kind of malefic spell or sorcery; destruction (?): fí ... .i. neim. unde fidbae .i. fithnaisi , O'Mulc. 534 . fidba .i. neim nech rogab credbad, 598 . Cf. cēne snigess snechta finn | f.¤ for lind latha lais ib. 110 (?). fiacal fidbai a tooth of venom (or destruction Ériu l 185 ) (?) in the head of Ailill Aulomm wherewith he bit Lugaid MacCon in the cheek, a presage of the latter's death, Lugaid being killed shortly after by Ferchess with an enchanted spear: rotbí fiacail fidbui `a poisonous tooth has wounded thee' Fianaig. 36.16 . donaidli fiacail fidbai, ZCP xiii 375.15 . xx 222 ( B. in Scáil § 12 ) = dianaitbi fiacail fidbi, ZCP iii 461.20 . don-airraill ... co fíacail fidba robúi ina chind ina leccoin RC xiii 464.2 . ro[t]geguin fiacail fidbúi ib. 6 . dobhoí in fiacail fidba (.i. neime) a cinn Oilella, Cóir Anm. 41 . Cf. d'fidbadaib neime, CCath. 4981 ?

Possibly identical with 1 fidba.

fithnais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fithnais or dil.ie/22256

 

Forms: fithnaisi

n apparently some kind of sorcery or malefic magic: fidbae .i. fithnaisi , O'Mulc. 534 (see 2 fidba). fiothnaise .i. dráoidheacht, O'Cl. fiothnaisi .i. fí re a innsin .i. olc no neimh ib. (cf. fí ré indisi, O'Dav. 946 ). ag ... nacha traetha teidm fithnaisi na galar `a calf ... not killed by fairy-plague or other disease' Laws ii 238.12 , expld. by O'Dav. 946 as: galar gairet a short sickness; prob. a wasting disease induced by witchcraft is meant, see ZCP xiv 347 , 349 . treghat fithnaisi (.i. draoidhecht) ó dheamhnaibh ... co rolá ár ndaoine, AFM 986 = fiadhnach, RC xvii 345 (Tig.). fithnaise [pl. ?] Fuamnaige ┐ brechtai Bresail, LU 10776 (= fithnaissiu, IT i 127 Eg. fithnaisi , Ériu xii 170 ). feighbriathra fithnaise, Anecd. ii 65 .

Cf. ni ḟolaig acht feth fithnais (: glais), Acall. 7916 (`a magic veil' SG ii 262 ). tucad fethana fithnais do chrannuibh ar sleg (féth fithnaisi v.l.), Acall. 722 (`charmed withies' SG ii 118 ). crann sleigi atá acum, ┐ is ail dam feth fithṡnaissi do thabairt duitsiu fair `a magical smoothening' (Notes) Acall. 4894 (fiach fithnaissi; fiacha a thsnoighe v.l.). Cf. féthsnas, under 4 féth.

The follg. exx. are obscure; perhaps fithisse is the true reading in both: fithnaisi gach nolc iarmobi triar, Laws iv 378.12 (a legal maxim), expld. = fithnisi .i. menip maith in fer, a athair ┐ a tsenathair is fithisi [sic] uilc a mac sum iarum, O'Curry 2027 (< H 4.22, 52 ), ib. O'Curry 451 - 452 (< H 3.18, 241 ).

íarmobí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarmobí or dil.ie/27030

 

Forms: íarmobí

v (compd. of subst. vb., see GOI § 775 Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 321 ). Used as prep. after, beyond, besides: fithnaisi gach nolc iarmobi triur after three generations, Laws iv 378.12 Comm. mac iarmobi cinaidh .i. iar ndenam chinaidh dia athair doronadh in mac so, O'Curry 2004 (< H 4.22, p. 31 ). mac iarmobi ciniuth .i. beridh mac do urraid ar tus ┐ mac do Albanach iarsin a son after the family .i. she bears a son to a native first and then to a Scot, O'Curry 2005 (ib.). In above exx. íarmobí may still be a vb. s. 3 rel. who (which) is after, who comes after. iarmobi beolighi bangabra ┐ treith .i. iar beith dona beoaibh ana lighi fo treith gabailrindedh after a lying-prostrate (caused by) spear and trident, O'Curry 573 (< H 3.18, p. 286 ). ma atherr ind iarmibi sin `if he relapses ... afterwards,' Ériu vii 172.25 .

teidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. teidm or dil.ie/40356
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: thedmae, tedma, tedmaim, teidm, tedmann, tedmann, tedmannaib, teidhm, tedmanna, tedmunnai, teadmanda, teadhma, tedmaib, teidhmibh, —a, teidm

n n, n. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 649 . Présents à nasale infixée 15f. g s. thedmae, Fél. Ep. 200 , 518 . tedma, LU 8898 . d s. tedmaim, Ml. 15b7 . 49a4 . 58a18 . 123c3 . teidm, SR 815 . n a p. tedmann, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . Gorm. Feb. 7 . g p. tedmann, Ériu ii 110 § 30 . d p. tedmannaib, SR 1880 . Later inflection : d s. teidhm, AFM iv 764.15 . n a p. tedmanna, Laws v 450.25 . tedmunnai, PH 946 . teadmanda, Ériu xii 152.x . teadhma, DDána 1.11 . d p. tedmaib, SR 7619 . teidhmibh, TSh. 2404 . m., g s. and n p. —a, IGT Decl. § 41 . Cf. taem.

(a) disease, sickness, pestilence : peist quasi pestis .i. t.¤ , Corm. Tr. 139 . ro-roena reunn | catha cach thedma, Lib. Hymn. 110.8 . oc hícc ... aesa cecha tedma, Trip.² 2021 . cen t.¤ cen galar, LU 2296 (FA). nuadh tedma tathaig cona, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 20 , cf. uair angbaidecht feochrai iss ed t.¤ taitidid (=taithiges) conae ... am cumnid an tedma sin, ZCP iii 245 § 51 . is e sin ro-s-ícc in uli thedmand, PH 2286 . tres tedhma tuir tarbda, IT iii 13.18 . atait tri tedmanna faillsigthe condad comdire fri bas bet, Eg. 88 fo. 2(3)b ( O'Curry 2142 ). liaigh don teidhm nach taisbéntar | do mhér a N. (to a harper), Studies 1919, 613 § 12 . foillsiugad a tedmand =exprimens magnitudinem doloris, De Contemptu 227 v.l. (na heslainti, text). Of diseases of cattle: combertis na cethrai ar thedmannaib cacha bliadna, Corm. 6 Belltaine . tedmand for cethraib, bedcacha, scamacha ..., RC xxvi 46.5 . Rarely with qual. gen. of a specific disease: ag ... nacha traetha t.¤ fithnaisi ` fairy-plague ,' Laws ii 238.12 , `Schwindsucht,' ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . Of animals generally: robai do met tedma in torathair co na cromdais eoin ... ara apach, TTebe 539 .

(b) More explicitly of widespread plague, pestilence: immuntísat ar thedmaim, Thes. ii 300.6 . téidm ┐ plaig, PH 372 . blíadhain tedhma, IGT Decl. ex. 1135 . tedmanna mora i lLaignibh .i. an bolgach ┐ an treagait, CS 284.x . tedm mor don galar brec, Ann. Conn. 1327.5 .

(c) In wider sense of calamity, disaster, affliction, trouble, grief: teora tedmanna ... nuna ... ar ciniuil ... duineba, Laws v 450.25 . bud tairpech in t.¤ (of Cú Chulaind's attack), TBC-LL¹ 3051 . rosaertha on tedmmaim na cessari `from the pest of the hail,' RC ii 398.z . do Dunlang tucais-[s]iu th.¤ `to D. thou broughtest ruin' (of a sword), xx 10 § 6 . barr ar gach teidhm mar tá sinn `the crown of all grief ...,' Studies 1918, 452 § 5 . a thruagha ní tháinig teidhm | acht dul daoibh d'fhéachain Ifeirn ` disaster ,' Dán Dé xxv 25 . gér bha teann an teidhm sin (of a famine), ML 8.2 .

(d) In sense of taem (q.v.), fit, attack (of illness, anger, etc.): amal t.¤ torainn a tass, SR 3375 . timairges ... tédmunda na spirut n-angid .i. na ndémna, PH 6247 . ba t.¤ teined tar trocha, LL 7a3 . do las an teidhm truagh an bhrad `the anger-fit (of Christ) has flamed forth,' Dán Dé xv 4 . bá marbh ... do theidhm galair obaind, AFM v 1688.19 . is eigin na tedhmanna ainmighid do mhesrughadh =ut aegri sui passiones temperet animales, ZCP xviii 270.22 ( ferg, 23 ). taom tamaill ... i dtús a theadhma, TSh. 7912.

Various: death (only in glossaries): `teidm' gach bás bitholc, Metr. Gl. 20 § 64 . teidhm .i. bás, O'Cl. As vn. act of cutting (B. na f.): ringcne do th.¤ gan altain (.i. fesóg do gherra[dh]), ZCP v 488 § 3 . Note also: is t.¤ nech i ndail brethri facbaid-siu for in tir, BB 409a20 .

Compd.: teidmlenamnachu gl. pestilentes, Ml. 15a9 . co tard Apaill teidmghalar (tedm galair, v.l.) fora fearann-som 'Apollo set a bout of plague upon his territory', Ériu lxiv 44.88​​​.

traethaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. traethaid or dil.ie/41555

 

Forms: traochaid, traochta, traethad

v ā Later also traochaid.

(a) subdues, abates, wears out, wearies: troithaith ainbthine di dagbesaib `they remove foul weather by their good customs,' Laws iii 24.15 . nacha traetha teidm fithnaisi na galar `not killed by fairy plague or other disease,' ii 238.12 . troethaidh a logh einech umpu `it deprives them of their honour price,' i 58.9 Comm. tróethsus mór ṅgúr ngalar (troethais, v.l.) `great sore grief overwhelmed them,' Fél. Nov. 16 . traitar in scál, LU 8547 . ri rothraith drong Iffirn, SR 1289 . troethais cū Essa Ruaid, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 26 . dia rotróeta co trúaige `when they were vanquished miserably,' Metr. Dinds. iii 314.11 . troethfaid Ísu iffern, LL 123a4 . in t-ord iarnaide o traetar cumachtu diabuil, PH 8022 . dīamb-sa rí co rindgile | notráethphainn ulca is úatha, ZCP iv 468.7 . nā trōetar do guth `let your voice not be suppressed,' KMMisc. 264.26 . ná traothadh Dia a mhoirn mháthar `not lessen his mother-like love,' PBocht 3.24 . bean do thraoth neart a námhad, DDána 7.34 . an tan traothas an feidhm sin é, TSh. 6211 . gur traochadh crioch Chuailgne leo, IT ii2 149.697 . do thraochadar iad go h-iomshlán, Oss. i 140.1 . Part. tír do cuireadh go tubaisteach, traochta, | fá smacht namhad, O'Rah. ii 15 . is d'fhág mo smaointe is m'inntin traochta, ZCP v 210.208 (Midn. Court). ? Intrans.: do thraoth méad borrfaidh Banbha `has grown faint,' Studies 1944, 402 § 20 .

(b) Med. wastes, consumes: don lucht traothta ima feoil (traochtar, v.l.) `to those who suffer from wasting of their flesh (consumptives),' Rosa Angl. 154.17 .

Vn. traethad.

tregat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tregat or dil.ie/41728

 

Forms: tregait, tregaid

n o, m. Also tregait, tregaid, f. vn. of tregtaid, pain, suffering ; cholic, pang: teidm tregait `a plague of cholic,' AU i 524.x . idhan .i. treghat, ut est ar is ed is mesa do mac cuid dogní idna .i. t.¤ , O'Dav. 1108. dibudh na ndaíne .i. in tamlacht in tredhuit no in buide cunnull, O'D. 18 ( H 3.17, 18 ). dofanic tregatt obund fóchétóir, combú comochraib báss dó a suden cholic came to him, Trip.² 2712 . nī rabae cess ... ná t.¤ ... fuirri, BColm. 10.10 . cen tregait cen idain, 12 . treghaid fiadhnach i n-airrthiur Erenn, RC xvii 345.13 . treghat fithnaisi (.i. draoidhecht) o dheamhnaibh ind airther Ereann `preternatural (i.e. magical) sickness was brought on by demons', AFM ii 720.4 . teidhm treaghaitt i Mumhain, 1074.4 . in' oidhreacht thug treighead air Aiax `which brought pain on Ajax,' O'Rah. xviii 31 . is treighid go héag liom, ii 8 . Cf. ochlán is treighdeán i n-éinfheacht, xxvi 158 .

Compd. ¤daig sharp pain: treghadaigh ac techt tré glún, IGT Decl. ex. 626.