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ad-ais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ais or dil.ie/272
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -ais, aghus

v In dep. position usually -ais, see GOI § 543 (a) By Hull, Language xxiii 422 - 3 and ZCP xxviii 258 - 9 taken as meaning fears: ess ann is etoil duiniv an tan is lān dērcae imthēd co ndēirc, adnais (atnas v.l.) cech n-olc, cartha cech maith hates (?), ZCP iii 448.5 . aghus Dia, 7 (contaminated with ad-ágathar; aghais, ais, v.ll. , Language xxiii 422) . a n-adais ïer mbās, 454.19 . cia t'ainmsiu . . . nachit ais nachit chara, LU 5797 (TBC). isbert Lug . . . nachadais nachadcaru, ZCP xii 404.4 . on do ḟiur adnaiset gruaidi, Laws v 370.6 `lit. a loan to a man whom cheeks fear i.e. a man whom honour fears, a dishonourable person', Hull, ZCP xxviii 258 ; specifically a cáinte 'satirist', Cáin Ónae 42 . ni ais tenid na midhnais / cene snigess snechta . . ., O'Mulc. 110 = ni aiss t. na mid nais, H 3.18, 75 a20 . rolā a moing dar a hais / cride maith recht nodaais, Fianaig. 16 § 43 .

ag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ag or dil.ie/671

Forms: n-ag, ndára, t-ag, ag, -ag, n-ag, aigi, aige, haigi, hoighi, agh, oigh, aige, aighi, oighe, aige, aigh, ag, aige, aigi, aighed, aighib, agh

n orig. s, n. Later m. and f. n s. a n-ag , Sc.M² 7 . agh ndára , AFM ii 982.y . in t-ag , Laws ii 240.9 Comm. in ag , iv 24.12 Comm. a s. -ag (aigh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3382 . du. da n-ag , 1324 . g s. ind aigi , Anecd. i 9.4 . aige, Críth G. 550 . na haigi , Aen. 1709 . na hoighi , 1715 . d s. agh, Laws ii 240.7 Comm. oigh, IGT Decl. ex. 893 . n p. aige, Trip.² 518 . aighi, Aen. 276 , oighe, ZCP i 64 § 57 . a p. aige, Anecd. i 1.9 . aigh, Laws iv 120.3 Comm. g p. ag, LL 1769 . aige, LU 9412 . aigi, Laws i 144.15 Comm. aighed, SG 102.1 . d p. aighib, Aen. 274 . Note: a richt dā n-agaid allaid, BColm. 90.2 . agh m. and f. IGT Decl. §§ 31, 45 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) bovine animal, cow, ox: íar n-él(a)úd aige after the escape of an ox (bullock), Críth G. 550 . a.¤ loige meich an ox of the value of a sack, ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . a.¤ i fur ┐ molt a fur ┐ muc a fur, Laws v 78.2 Comm. fuil aidhe . . . fuil dam . . . fuil muc, 152.3 . a.¤ imsoi dia eol, 268.18 . eascaire . . . inn aighi mir, iii 272.12 Comm. a.¤ o cach fiur do, Trip.² 887 . a.¤ fireand cacha indise, BDD² 602 . a.¤ teora ferglacc, MacCongl. 3.14 . .xxx. aige . . . / nirbo luchtlach dó (of a cauldron), LU 9412 . mucc ┐ a.¤ ┐ dabach do cach ḟir, LL 12479 . is de sin ba lán in caire / do cuirthea ár aige ann, SG 362.19 . tricha aigi a lucht in choiri `thirty cows', Ériu ii 20 § 1 . adciadis a n-Aenach Lipthí broga for aghaib bleithi, eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav. 322 . agh ndára gacha trír `an incalf heifer', AFM ii 982.y . Fig. of a warrior: ba méthiu a n-a.¤ fo-rācbais-[s]iu ocainni, Sc.M² 7 .

(b) deer, stag (usually with allaid): na haigh allta amhuil na haigh ceannda, Laws iv 120.3 = na haigi alta, O'D. 1686 (H. 5.15, p. 29b). ocht n-aige altai do techt . . . fon sliab, Trip.² 518 . timmairg . . . ina fuair do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta ┐ d'ernail cacha fíada, LU 10485 . almai d'aigib alta . . . gebis da n-ag . . . díb, TBC-LL¹ 1319 , 1324 . ailbin d'aighib alltaib, Aen. 274 . amal aig n-allaid . . . iter cuanairt, TTebe 1881 . ar cind aigi ┐ cūanart, TBC-I¹ 2508 . in cu bis ar cae aiceda . . . na naighi i n-aimsir fiadaig, Laws i 144.15 Comm. dosennat na secht n-aige, TBFr. 58 . ag fiadhach ar mucaib ┐ aidhib, Ériu v 146.21 . Arann na n-aighed n-imda, SG 102.1 . oighe míolla . . . / 'na loighe, Measgra D. 43.11 . maran agh thaitneamhuigh pleasant roe, Proverbs v 19 . Somet. doe, hind. Fig. of a person: a láogh na hoighi ó íadh Muile, SGS iv 146 § 33 . Mac Moire . . . laogh oighe dar n-ealbha, Dán Dé viii 17 .

Compds. ? agerna .i. laogh bo, O'Curry 970 (H.3. 18, 416). agmuilt (g s.), IT iii 104 § 203 .

3 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 áige or dil.ie/918

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e). io, m. Perh. same word as 1, 2 áige time, fixed period: mithisse .vii. mbliadna . . . tanic de in t-áge hísin LU 11034 . ní laimthea a sarugud co tísed áigi na bliadna sin (i.e. the Feis Temra or Óenach Tailten), 4214 . rochuinigh . . . an ben a tochra i n-āge a gellta `at the time for which it had been promised', BColm. 92.3 . ó ocht calne Apréile . . . co hOctimbir á.¤ (: ráde) `until the period of O.', Ériu iii 104 § 39 . in treas cath i n-aga aimsire int sannruth, BB 491a19 . i cinn an á.¤ , Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 . ní fil m'á.¤ ní bas sía `my span of life lasts no longer', Metr. Dinds. iv 28.47 . cach ági at every season, Imr. Brain 13.3 . . dcccc. age selbai, ZCP xii 363.28 . oin co aige .i. casc no nollac a loan until a definite day, Laws iii 492.11, 12 Comm. attat secht n-airligthe do-sliat loig n-einech mani thoirsait (leg. thairsit) a n-agai dia tecmai gabud i n-agui a n-eurca `if they are not returned at the speci- fied time', v 372.12 . airligud do fiur adbaill re n-agu a erce, 370.y . on (= ōn) fri hanairchenn, ni nasccar, ni cinnter a agae, 368.16 . in tan cindter aigi dithma forro when the time of their forfeiture is fixed, 246.8 Comm. ni forsna fuirmither aige a thing for which no period is fixed, i 146.6 Comm. co mbere [in bó] laeg isin aige ro gellad, O'Curry 653 ( H 3.18, 316 ). cidbe aige gnath no ingnath berius, 654 (ib. 318).

Cf. aga.

1 airmitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airmitiu or dil.ie/2280
Last Revised: 2013

n n, f. In phrase a.¤ féid (see 5 fíad). Vn. of ar-muinethar féid. act of honouring, respecting; honour, respect: a.¤ féid in chinn do thabairt donaib ballaib, Wb. 7d14 . 15a19 . amal dombeir in ben airmitin féith don fiur , 11c14 . ermitiu feid, Ml. 22a4 . ind ermitiu feid, 28a21 . inna ermiten feid .i. armbad mou de a.¤ feid ind aithisc, 35c23 . is e . . . ceta tarat airmitan feid do P., Laws iii 28.9 . Note also: airm in na robai fiadh na airmhitiu, Ériu ii 136 § 120 .

Without follg. féid: ní tartisset airmitin Dé `they have not shown the reverence due to God', Wb. 1b17 . 5d16 . tabair uait a.¤ iar sreith / do Adom . . ., SR 837 . ba mór ind a.¤ tra doratsat Ulaid do Chonchobur, LL 12465 . fogebad grad ┐ ermitin, Trip.² 332 . airmitin a aidi, 887 . icá onóir ┐ ica airmhitin, RC xxvii 266 § 9 . co somíad co n-onóir co nairmitin, LU 2460 . ropo máralt airmiten, 4312 ( SG 84.33 ). do altugud na hairmiden ┐ na honora moiri sin tucad do, RC xxiv 64 § 26 . ba mor a.¤ na hingini si oc Dia, Three Hom. 54.10 . fer co n-armitin chelli ┐ crotha hi tuaith ┐ a n-eclais a man admired for his sagacity and beauty, Ann. Conn. 1233.7 . mā beith tra do ūaisle ind ḟir grāid ┐ a airmidin in proportion to the nobility and the dignity of the ordained man, Ériu i 220 § 15 . cion ┐ onóir ┐ airmhidin air, TSh. 2742 . más barr é ar a n-oirmhidin, Content. x 15 . airmidin .i. onóir, O'Cl.

In pl. honours, privileges(?): Pardus . . . / cona huilib airmitnaib, SR 1488 . a hecna, a hairmitniu `her honour' (of Ireland), Ériu iv 148 § 27 . a hordan a hairmidniu (of Paradise), RC xxviii 322 § 51 = a hairmitiu, LU 2484 . aithbe oll ar th'airmitnib, LL 200a34 .

In sense of taboo (? `lit. consideration, caution, reverence for a supposed supernatural sanction ', Plummer MS notes): biaid a.¤ (airmitniu v.l.) fort ḟlaith . . . ┐ bid si do a.¤ (airmitniu dogrés v.l.) .i. do ghes (folld. by list of taboos), BDD 16 . But latter to be read airmit-siu, Celtica xxiii 47-48 . a.¤ .i. geis, H 3.18, 529 . airmide .i. geis, O'Cl. See airmit.

Sense not clear in legal phrase ainrecht (airecht, arracht) airmiten: fortacht co ndeithbire .i. in ni doni d'foirithin neich aile co ndeithbires aice budhein in t-arracht airmiten, Laws v 488.31 Comm. congnum .i. oc a ngabail anrecht airmiten fos, 490.18 Comm. cid fodera sin ┐ co fuil lan fir isin airecht airmidean?, 492.16 Comm. na huili borbgnímraid . . . isa riagal re airrecht airmiten um sláinti, O'D. 1567 (H. 5.15, 4a).

asgabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. asgabál or dil.ie/50046
Last Revised: 2019

vn (as-gaib) Gramm., of the case governed by the prep. A : a asgabál: a fiur 'its elative', Auraic.² 52.22 ​.

attrab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attrab or dil.ie/4959
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aittreb, atreba, -btha

o, n. vn. of ad-treba. Later aittreb, ā, f. Cf. g s. atreba, Laws iii 388.13 Comm. (leg. -btha?).

(a) In Ml. and Sg. glossing Lat. possessio, possessiuum: ní nuae ṅdo ana.¤ sin gl. non . . . uelut nouellam habet possesionem, Ml. 17b5 . cach la drécht diib is atrab alaill ní atrab . . . is inrecht dano a n-atrab nisin ref. to haec quoque inter possessiuorum species posuimus, Sg. 38b8 . is ciall ind ildatad ind atraib file inddib ref. to possessiua quidem egent adiunctione nominum ad plenam significationem, 198b3 . arrainn indatraib atrebthar and ref. to meus, etc., a19 . dondatrub, gl. possessiua uero transitiua sunt, b10 . is ecrichthe a n-atrab ┐ ní fintar cid attrebthar and conducthar nomen fris gl. infinitae possunt intellegi possessiones, 200b13 .

(b) act of taking possession of, occupying: i n-aittreb do thigi, ina folomrad, Laws i 162.24 (`squatting?' Plummer MS. notes). ? arus arach ┐ atrabh iar sin, iv 104.4 Comm. fir Hérend . . . do aitrib for tíre, MU² 931 (LU). is ann robúi i tarngaire do aitreab a chille to take possession of, Fen. 112.5 .

(c) act of inhabiting, living (in), dwelling (in) (us. with obj. gen.): ni síratrab act is cuit fresligi gl. adiacet mihi, Wb. 3d4 . bad atrab ná bad cuit tadill gl. uerbum christi habitet in uobis abundanter, 27b25 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi in order to dwell for ever . . ., Fél. Oct. 8 . cléchtait méirlig . . . atréb and, Trip.² 1847 . do bithaitreb pene, LU 1405 . síraittreb flatha nimi, 2283 ( FA 34 ). boi oc aitreb innte, PH 938 . in Craeb Ruad gan curaid . . . 'ga ro-aittreib, MR 218.4 . uair nirbo maith a aitreb thoir tar eis Ḟlidaisi, Ériu viii 175.31 = a trebad, 12 . péist aitribh an fhuaruisge, O'R. Poems 205 . cin aitrib hi Sil Muredaig orra they could no longer live in S. M., Ann. Conn. 1237.2 .

Hence gramm. locative case: fer a ainmniugud . . . i fiur a aitreib, Auraic. 1518 = a aitreb, Goid. 73.14 . na bia in tregdad cen [ind] aitreib, Auraic. 1725 .

(d) In concrete sense dwelling, habitation, house: abid a.¤ do dia infectso gl. in habitaculum Dei, Wb. 21c8 . donaib atrabaib saindilsib gl. reuersus ad propria, Ml. 47b14 . fuidir foxail a aithrib (sic) `who has removed his habitation', Laws v 360.14 (taken as d pl. of athair, Ir. Recht 73 ). ó aitrebaib teinntidhi an mhara `les demeures enflammées de la mer', RC xxiv 378.7 . iar ndēnam atruib, Ériu iii 138.87 ( iar nd. a naittreib, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 14 ). imaittreib (leg. imba attrub; immarthrub, v.l.) doib alla aniar hi Commur Tri n-Usce when they settled, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 14 , Ériu iii 138.6 . lucht uaislighthe th'aitreibhe, DDána 81.35 . aitreabha an ḟine Ulltaigh / tighe slaitgheala slinntigh, IGT Decl. ex. 11 . a aitreabh ┐ a áras, Desid. 6201 .

beus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beus or dil.ie/5807

Forms: beos, beós, bós, fós, beos, beós, béus, bhius, bós, bhós

part also beos. Later beós, bós, fós (see fós). Disyll., Lament 13 , as monosyll., SR 5046. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 271 , 457 . b.¤ in Ml. ( beous, Ml. 77b2 ), beos in Wb., Sg. 201b15 . b.¤ , LU 3395 , beós, 3740 . béus, LL 12521. bhius, TBC-LL¹ 6014. bós, Mon. Tall. 158.32 . bhós allit. with bhás, DDána 34.26 ( fós . . . fúthaibh, 26. 2 ).

(a) still, yet: b.¤ gl. usque (adhúc), Ml. 63a5 . do-b-tromma a n-accobor collnide beos gl. adhuc, Wb. 8c8 . beos gl. adhuc, 14c1 . atbiur beos `I say it still', 9b20 . béus = adhuc, Lat. Lives 52 § 44. ind hí lanamnas atái béus? `art thou still in the married state?' Mon. Tall. 134.25 . baí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 ( FB 78 ). bá ógṡlan b.¤ it was still whole, 10022 . cundat marthanaig béos still in existence (pillar-stones), MU² 310 (LL). co se b.¤ as yet, LU 5087 (TBC). With neg. ni thucat beos ruín ind rechto `they do not yet understand the mystery of the Law', Wb. 15a34 . ni rochumscigther són beos `it can never be moved', 30b15 . nimda sátech dom cluchi béos, LU 4996 ( TBC-I¹ 508 ).

(b) further; moreover, again; besides, also, in addition: do irgairiu na sainte beos `also to forbid greed', Wb. 12d32 . epert do Duaid b.¤ dombera Dia fortacht dond fiur firíen gl. etiam, Ml. 57c4 . ar cech lau b.¤ gl. (eorum)que, 75d1 . debe tintuda inso b.¤ `this too is a difference of rendering', 65c8 . forberad mu chland b.¤ `further', 88a10 . du adamrugud flatha solman ón b.¤ `to glorify the rule of Solomon again', 90a5 . cid fó cid for beous beme whether we sink moreover or swim, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.14 . dligid bēus (beos, bheós v.ll) cach dothge miscais, ZCP xi 84 § 34g . sruth tentide beos and andside, LU 2112 ( FA 18 ). dambad étaid in fer ca mbeind, nibad chomdas béus that too would not be fitting, TBC-LL¹ 41 ( LL 7586 ). co tarla anfud mór doib b.¤ isin bale cétna `again', Thes. ii 329.6 . lotar ond indsi sin for culu forsin n-ocian beos, RC x 60.5 ( LU 1922 ). dorad beous ár for choblach `also', xvii 419.23 . co ro móti bus ingnad lib beos `that ye may be yet more astonished', PH 3746. bheós = also, RSClára 42a .

With verbs expresses sense of continues, keeps on with the action of the verb: tecmallid dia domnich beos continue to collect on Sunday, Wb. 14a1 . á tinnacul a llaim hi llaim b.¤ that they should be passed on from hand to hand, Ml. 96d6 . aithrus ind anmcharat dia bliadna b.¤ `to consult his confessor once a year regularly', Mon. Tall. 144.2 tictis drecht díb b.¤ `kept coming' (Faraday), LU 5900 ( TBC-I¹ 1432 ). in comram do thairisem b.¤ (beos, v.l., R11), Sc.M² 11. do-das-athiged C. béos (MS.) C. continued to attend on them, MU² 922 (LU). tairissid beos `wait a while', PH 1415.

(c) yet, nevertheless, in spite of that: is fo chétbuid alanaile beos inso this, however (?), is according to the opinion of others, Sg. 201b15 . ní té(i)t a luige ó ḟi[u]r midbotha (?) beos his oath is still that of a f. m., Críth G. 70. ro-cechlastai a toitim in tan labras beóus it (viz. a needle) would be heard falling even when he is speaking (?), BDD² 793. rotmuirbiu[b]- sa beos I shall kill you all the same, Ériu v 72.12 .

caillech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caillech or dil.ie/7751
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. (1 caille)

(a 1) Lit. veiled woman (see Éigse xxviii 74-85 ); in sense married woman : ba bec ind immirgi rucad ann .i. .vii. mbai ┐ tarb ocus se-sseom ┐ a chaillech ┐ ind ingen, Fing. R. 507 (Esnada Tige Buchet) . Brigid bratbrú a chaillech-som, SCano 224 . oen aile dib (oen dna dona caillechaib so, v.l.) Cumman … ┐ si thorrach, CGSH § 722.6 . In phr. caillech aithrige, penitent wife, a married woman who becomes celibate: inar find … cecha caildigi aithrighi, Cáin Ad. 14 § 24 . (a) nun, woman in religion : in ch.¤ rēided Currech (Brigit), Thes. ii 349.3 (Hy. v). sēnais in caillig comail, 337.4 (ib.). fail dí chaillig i rrichid / . . . / Maire ┐ SanctBrigit, 349.11 (ib.). a ch.¤ , Vita Br. 25 . Brigit . . . / cenn cáid c.¤ n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . senoir caildidi `senior nun' (oppd. to mac-c.¤ ), Mon. Tall. 151.7 (§ 62) . clerig ┐ caillecha, Laws iii 14.12 . do cleirchib ┐ caillechaib, Ériu xix 60 § 8 . cell ch.¤ , LU 1651 ( RC ix 452 ). tri hairgarta ecalse: c.¤ fri clocc, etc., Triads 66 . cenn c.¤ abbess , Trip.² 1000 . Cf. teach nabadh Cille dara do ghabháil . . . ┐ an c.¤ féin do breith a mbroid, ALC i 130.22 . c.¤ leighinn lectrix, Trip. xli 15 (cf. fer léiginn). In later lang. c.¤ dub: pian na manach . . . ┐ na gc.¤ ndubh, Aisl. Tond. 130 § 4 . ag saothrughadh beannaighthe bhanabadh ┐ choisregadh ch.¤ ndubh, RSClára 118 § 16 . D. . . . do écc ina cailligh duibh, AFM iii 252.6 . ord onōrach chaillech ndup the Order of S. Clare, Fl. Earls 164.19 .

(b) elderly woman : ni cundil mesce c.¤ gl. anus . . . non uino multo seruientes, Wb. 31c3 . c.¤ quasi cail-nech nō caol a lūach .i. screpul; nō c.¤ cail comēt ┐ de c[h]aillig cométa tige as nomen , Corm. Y 389 . tuillem bathais . . . do fiur graidh acht ni ruca dia chaillig, ZCP xiii 20.22 (`seiner Alten' i.e. the woman who manages his house, Bürgschaft 7 § 8 ). callech do Lagnib . . . i mbiataigecht ro bái sí . . . do ríg Lagen, Ériu i 132.25 . Boí a ainm na calligi, LU 4409 . d'óganachaibh nó . . . do chailliochaibh, Párl. na mB. 3931 . a c.¤ trūag (sarcastically of a hero), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 38 § 7 . ’sa chailleach eich ga héideadh, Celtica xviii 144 § 31 . mar fiacla cailligi, Rosa Angl. 180 § 25 .

(c) In sagas pejoratively of supernatural beings hag, witch, crone (see Éigse xxviii 94 ): in Mórrígan i ndelb na sentainne caillige, LU 6248 (TBC). c.¤ lom luath (the Morrígain), MR 198.2 . sentrichem senchaillige, Triads 114 . a lāim na caillighi (badb), ML² 418 . demon callige, KMMisc. 212.z . ra chonaig in ruadchallig, LL 6283 . imthighis an ruadhchailleach, DDána 120.33 . Name given to a group of letters in Ogam script: caillige ar aicme huatha, Auraic. 5720 .

(d) In phr. caillech chrainn woodlouse : pudar do denam do caillechaib crainn, Irish Texts v 9 § 18 . cailleach chrainn , FGB s.v. cailleach .

In n. pr. C.¤ Bērre, Lament 83 . (cf. Éigse xxiii 38 ). C.¤ Domnaill, AFM ii 1150.9 . R. ┐ C.¤ Dé dí inghin R., AFM iii 172.9 . C.¤ Finnen a ingen, RC xvii 381.18 (Tig.).

In n.loc. Liss na Calligi, Ériu i 132.26 , Dinnseanchas i no. 4 p. 94 . Lebaid chailligh, Hog. Onom.

Ir. and Lat. obscure in: c.¤ ligheóc gl. pupína, Ir. Gl. 283 .

comalta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comalta or dil.ie/10717

n io, m. (con-ail) foster-brother, occas. also -sister: c.¤ gl. collactaneus, Ir. Gl. 486 (collacaníus, MS.). lepaid daltu, comaltu, fiur, mnaí, Críth G. 341 . intí do bo c.¤ dot athair gurub e bus c.¤ dait budein, O'Curry 449 ( H 3.18, 240a ). i comaltu n-oenbruit ┐ oenchoid ┐ oencleib . . . .i. isan c.¤ ailtir ar enbrut ┐ ar aen cuadh . . ., O'D. 1014 , 1017 ( H 2.15A, 17b ). Cf. dia mbeid aonchruinn cliabh cuadh cóir c.¤ , Ériu xiii 16.18 . ? cuindgetar c.¤ dib intan atgeoin a chuadh itir chuidhib, O'Dav. 914 . itir a chomaistiu (.i. a chomaltu), Trip.² 125 . in n-ingin . . . cona comaltaib impe, LU 10181 . do chara . . . ┐ do chocle ┐ do ch.¤ . . . Fer Diad, TBC-LL¹ 3178 . a c.¤ .i. Findchoem ingen E., LL 33510 (TFerbe). fria dā ch.¤ .i. . . . dā mac a aiti, Fing. R. 31 . comhalta comhaltroma ┐ coimléighinn Cormac . . . ┐ Cerbhall, TFrag. 220.8 . dā derbh-c[h]. c[h]īghi ┐ coim-lept[h]a, ML² 1212 . do léim a chomhalta Con to attack his foster- brother Cú Ch., DDána 104.20 .

With wider connotation: a Michol . . . / taet 'mach . . . / do ché[i]le, do chomalta (of David), SR 5992 . do comhalta-sa . . . in fer ro gēanair a n-ōenaidchi frit (Christ and Conchobar), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 16.8 . ? iss e ro marb mo chomaltsa, LL 14110 (retoiric) (? leg. ch.¤ or ch.¤-sa. Separate word, Meyer, ZCP xiii 186 § 238 ). būaidh cloinni, būaid comulta, ZCP xiii 17.11 .

commaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commaid or dil.ie/11481
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: comtha, chumaidhe, cumaidh, comaid

n (com + buith) also cu-. g s. comtha. ?g s. combuithe, Peritia ix 107 § 2 . chumaidhe, RSClára 43a . cumaidh comaid f., IGT Decl. § 189 . See also s. 1 cumaid.

(a) companionship, partnership; compact : ? comad a uerbo comedo , Corm. Y 358 . dafuc Dauid os droṅgaib / sech cách inna bithc., SR 6708 . comaid dom slīasaidsea to share my couch, TBC-I¹ 2232 . isi dno comaidh Da[i]l Chais eturro fein `alliance', Ériu xi 36.34 . coindelg .i. comaid dā bráthar for aon forba, O'Mulc. 275 . laech fris ralais c.¤ chain (:tonnaid), LL 19333 = co mbúaid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 18.x . ? ni imgaib commuid nad imgaib combuith, H 3.18, c. 9a19 . c.¤ chairddine, LL 343b45 . triar nad scara comu[i]dh co bas: céile fria tigerna . . . etc., O'D. 2232 (Nero A vii, 155). commaidh cresine dwelling together in piety, BNnÉ 305.27 . gá dheirc cuirr nar chomaidh éacht, Magauran 3073 `was not company for', n. d'fhiar . . . a cumaidh a ngléchúinge `swerved from the loyalty due to their leader', Ó Bruad. ii 6.2 . Of wedlock (? derived from Lat. co-habitatio in its Christian sense Peritia ix 113-14 ): geiss dó c.¤ la mnai, LL 12572 . a comaig lanamnais `in the community of marriage', Laws v 292.x . With FRI: cétlud (.i. cumad) dó fri rígh, ACL iii 28.28 . caithfet-sa [i] cúmaidh re rígh Erenn `I will eat along with', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . im chumaid bíd fris = cibum una caperent, Lat. Lives 87.15 . nochar congbatar a combuide (pl. ?) ris na cathaib `did not keep their compact with', Celt. Rev. iv 114.25 .

(b) In phr. i c.¤ (with gen.) in the company (of), in alliance (with); compared (with): in satan robai a comaid C., Ériu v 236.78 . tair, a fhir chumtha, conusebem [i] cumaid `that we may drink it together', Trip. 436.15 = simul . . . bibamus, Lat. Lives 59 . días macclerech robatar i c.¤ oc légund were fellow-students, LL 36241 ( Lism. L. xi 6 ). ni bhiu . . . i commaidh imon mboin-sea I will not go shares in this cow, Lism. L. 1584 . a n-éncomaidh together, Acall. 4767 . ic caitem na fledhi . . . i cumaidh na ridiredh . . . aile `along with', ZCP iv 389.15 . an rí ar cumhaidh 'n-a chumaidh `like to him in calamity', Aithd. D. 23.35 . gan mhnaoi dhíbh 'n-a cumaidh chrábhaidh her peer in holiness (of Our Lady), PBocht 9.9 . tir ni cuala na cumaid, Irish Texts ii 36 § 10 . ní fríoth cumaidh don cheannus `was not to be compared with', Aithd. D. 39.19 . rothuitsed . . . a comaid amal rothuitset tall N. ┐ E. they were killed in just the same way as N. and E., TTebe 4037 .

(c) Attrib. g s. a áes comtha friends, LU 9130 ( FB 88 ). dom áes chomtha ┐ dom chomaltaib, TBC-LL² 1860 . mo lucht cumtha ┐ comhóil, Measgra D. 49.22 . cóemdías chomtha `a goodly pair of comrades', Metr. Dinds. iv 212.20 . digail dom ḟir chumtha, YBL 122b9 . ? Gramm. s[unnradh] cumtha (`of subject or object which is to be treated as a pl. owing to its being a combination of two nouns'), Bard. Synt. Tr. 255 , see 257 § 27 .

(d) Of partnership, participation in an object, etc., hence somet. share, joint portion: in tabrai cumaid libuir damsa? `dost thou share the book with me?' Fél. 202.w . in tibreadh cumaid don churach dho, Acall. 3751 v.l. cuma (= co mba) chumaidh don duilchinne . . . don fiur `equal share', Laws ii 36.w Comm. cumaidh d'fhagháil dá heichréidh `equal power over its level plains', Aithd. D. 30.10 . Cf. F. do chur ó chommaidh `out of it' (i.e. list of kings). Content. v 120 .

1 dánad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dánad or dil.ie/14570
Last Revised: 2019

u, m. vn. of dánaid.

I A giving, distributing, endowment : ba doïb ... do-bert Diä dagdánad (: dámar) 'it was to them ... that God gave a fine endowment', Blathm. 338 . co tart do Ádam iar sreith fria dánad cach síl sáindleith, SR 1922 .

II In grammar dative , a noun governed by the preposition do , one of the 25 `filltigthi': cóic filltigthi .xx. et hi rémim... fo fiur a fothud do fiur a danad ... tre fer a tregdad, BB 328 a 20 .

1 de, di

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 de, di or dil.ie/14787
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: di, di, di, di, di, di, du, di, di, dia, di, dí, di, de, desen, de, de, dhe, di, di, dég, dḟég, dím, dít, de, de, dhe, du, dú, doit, dínni, dunni, desom, dosom, dinach, donach, dind, dind, dind, dind, dind, dindh, dindí, dond, dond, dund, dind, dond, dun, dind, din, dund, dint, dind, dunt, din, din, din, den, don, dun, dun, din, dun, den, don, dind, din, dinaib, denaib, dinab, donaib, dunaib, din, den, don, don, den, dhen, dhent, don, dina, dena, dona, dona, dena, dhena, dosna, DI, di, dim, dimm, dom, dit, ditodérnamaib, dia, dear, diar, dibar, difar, dia, dim, dem, dom, dom, dit, det, dot, dot, dod, difar, dib(h)ar, dib(h)or, d'úr, dá, dár, dia, dá, dia, dá, dhá, dár, dhár, dá, dá, da, dia n, diarbu, diná-, dinadrícthe, dinach, dunach, dia, dá, diná-, doná-, do, dá, dhá, DI, díim, díimsa, dimsa, dím, dimsa, dimso, dít, de, desom, de, dé, dæ, comairle, Dairíne, ráidimne, fáistine, uile, di, dissi, díinn, díin, díinni, diínn, diín, dínn, dín, din, dínni, dinni, dinne, díib, díibsi, diib, diibsi, diibse, diib, díbsi, díib, diib, díb, dib, diib, dím, dínn, díim, díinn, dím, dínn, rúun, ruún, ríi, dím, dímm, dímsa, dít, dítt, dítsu, desin, desen, deside, desium, dissi, dise, dín(n), dínne, d(h)ínne, díb, d(h)íb, díbsi, díb, d(h)íob, díbsin, d(h)íobsan, DI, DE, dĕ, díbdud, derban, derbrad, conda-dercacha, -dercaither, níruderchóin, derchóiniud, niconderérachtar, -derna, -dergénsat, -derlaig, -derlaiged, -derlaichta, dílgai, dílgud, dermar, dermat, ndermanammar, todernam, -deroíma, derscaigi, deruarid, dered, de-reth, -dechuid, -dich, dechor, debuith, -dénai, dénum, dead, dudí, dudiastae, deich, dígal, diu-, diunag, deö-, deolaid, degaid, deïd, desruith, demaig, denall, denuas, dedbol, denmne, dethbir, dethiden, dessid, dellig, décsiu, -décci, -décmaing, decming, -dér, -dérig, dírech, dindba, fordingrat, dingbail, di, diucrae, diuderc, diunach, fordiuclainn, diummus, diupae, diupart, -diurat, diurad, -diuschi, diuscartae, díbad, rodíbairg, díbe, díberg, díbdud, rodibda, díbert, díchenn, díchned, -díchliter, dícheilt, díchor, dídnad, dígal, dígbáil, díguin, dílgud, dímeiccem, dírech, díscir, -díltised, díltud, -díxnigedar, di-anim, dí, díbec, dímór, díthrom, dí, dĕ, De, di, Di, di, DI, DI, dib, dííb, dimm, dínn, do, dinaib, de, diib, di, dia, dind, diib, di, dia, diar, don, dund, donaib, di, dia

prep. = Lat. de. It aspirates the anlaut of an accented syllable immediately following. Aspiration marked: Wb. 5 c 16 . 6 d 8 . 9 a 23 . 9 b 19 . 10 d 14 . 12 a 21 . 12 a 22 . 19 a 6 . 20 d 9 . 26 b 16 . 26 d 8 . 29 c 10 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 23 a 19 . 36 b 3 . 36 d 10 . 48 b 11 . 48 d 27 . 55 d 4 . 58 c 4 . 68 c 4 . 85 a 2 . 93 d 14 . 99 b 7 . 107 a 2 . 112 c 12 . 116 c 2 . 131 c 17 . Sg. 1 a 2 . 3 b 27 . 31 b 2 . 33 a 13 . 181 a 9 . Tur. 131 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . 17 b 1 . 170 b 2 . Thes. i 6. 23 . ii 256. 11 (twice); 295. 11 , 15 ; 298. 11 ; 302. 5 ; 309. 19 ; 315. 2 ; 332. 4 ; 344. 1 ; 346. 8 . Aspiration unmarked: di Críst (in full), Wb. 15 a 34 . di Críst , ib. 22 c 9 . 26 b 7 . 26 d 9 . 27 a 10 . Thes. ii 255. 15 (but di Chríst, Ml. 93 d 14 ). di peccad, Wb. 24 c 18 . di techt, Ml. 44 b 1 . di techdaisib, ib. 105 b 7 . du trócairi, 110 c 5 . di comparit, Sg. 42 b 3 . 43 a 6 . di posit, ib. 42 a 5 (cf. dia posit, 41 b 2 ). di Teretes, ib. 66 a 22 . dí triub, Tur. 6 . di croccund, Thes. ii 347. 33 . Though itself a proclitic word it is liable to eclipsis: (a) after a neuter noun: foraithmet ṅde, Ml. 61 b 12 . a bec ndo síd, ib. 51 a 5 . bec ṅdi dechur, 72 c 9 . (b) after a noun in the a sg.: fri Alpai ṅdesiu, Sg. 217 b 8 . (c) after the relative a n-: a ndu imnedaib fodaimi, Ml. 55 d 11 . (d) in Mil after rel. as: as ndí Assaraib, 35 a 10 . as ṅdu dóiri, 139 a 6 (twice). as ndi thalam, 68 c 4 . After rel. bias: cibed bias nde, ZCP iv 46. 16 TBFr. (Eg.). Cf. acht oenfiach adrenar nde, Anecd. iii 22. 21 .

FORMS: de, very rare in Oir.: de maid, Wb. 21 d 11 . de Iudeib, 18 d 6 . 31 b 15 (but 34 a 3 probably Lat.). de chuingid, 24 b 24 . Mil no instance ( for dech, 56 a 1 , read `di cech'). Sg: de dliguth, Sg. 26 b 7 . de rét, 31 a 5 . de genitin, 77 b 2 . de chaldigud, 181 a 9 . de dobriathraib, 181 a 9 ( de cithara, 103 a 1, probably Lat.). de phurt, Thes. i 6. 23 ; de obli, ii 254. 12 ; de molad, 315. 1 ; de nimib, 353. 4 . Always deṡiu, ( ZCP x 376 ) hence Sg. 71 b 2 . 217 b 8 . 217 b 12 . desen, Thes. ii 343. 32 . Under the influence of the pron. cpd. de, de became quite a common spelling in Mid.-Ir. (LU, LL, &c.). As an etymological writing frequent also in modern books and MSS. Spoken de, dhe = di + suff. pron. 3 sg., cf. mod. aige, ass, air, &c.

di usual Old- and Mid.-Ir. writing.

(a) before vowels (no elision of -i- in Wb Sg Mil); before a-: Wb. 2 a 14 . 7 b 11 . 18 c 11 (twice). 32 c 8 . Ml. 35 a 8 . 40 c 16 . 48 d 12 . 57 d 10 . 61 a 35 . 66 a 3 . 67 d 2 . 126 b 1 . 133 c 11 . Sg. 32 b 14 . 35 b 7 . 211 a 9 . before o-: Thes. ii 254. 7 - 11 , 13 . before u-: Ml. 23 c 20 . 51 b 10 . 93 a 5 . 127 a 2 a . Thes. ii 249. 10 . di humaldóit, Wb. 28 d 29 . di humu, Ml. 2 b 16 . before ái-: Wb. 7 b 11 . Ml. 102 d 9 . ói-: Ml. 43 d 1 . Sg. 40 a 13 . e-, é-: Wb. 4 d 1 . 8 b 4 . Ml. 2 c 1 . 33 c 17 . 55 a 18 . 130 b 1 . i-; Wb. 12 a 30 . 15 d 7 . Ml. 37 b 24 . 40 a 18 . 57 c 13 . 87 c 1 . Sg. 40 a 6 , 7 , 8 . 42 a 1 . di Iudeib, Wb. 4 c 40 . 27 d 4 .

(b) before gutturals: Wb. 6 d 8 . 9 a 23 . 12 a 21 , 22 . 13 d 7 . 15 a 34 . 16 a 4 . 17 b 19 . 18 d 6 . 19 a 6 . 20 d 10 . 22 c 9 . 24 d 10 . 26 b 7 . 26 d 8 . 26 d 9 . 27 a 7 , 10 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 36 d 10 . 40 b 7 . 48 b 11 . 48 d 27 . 51 d 3 . 58 c 4 . 62 b 13 . 66 d 10 . 74 c 13 . 85 a 2 . 92 c 5 . 93 d 14 . 99 b 7 . 107 a 2 . 112 c 12 . Sg. 3 b 27 . 31 b 2 . 33 a 13 . 34 b 2 . 42 b 3 . 43 a 6 . 106 a 7 . 181 a 9 . Tur. 131 . Ardm. 17 b 1 . Thes. ii 10. 6 .

(c) before dentals: Wb. 5 c 16 . 9 b 19 . 10 d 14 . 20 c 14 . 26 b 16 . 27 a 10 . Ml. 17 a 11 . 17 d 11 . 23 a 19 . 25 d 17 . 36 b 3 . 44 b 1 . 46 b 26 . 51 c 11 . 68 c 4 . 72 b 5 . 72 c 9 . 97 d 10 . 105 b 7 . 116 c 2 . 122 b 16 . 131 a 12 . 133 b 1 . 139 a 6 , 8 , 10 . Sg. 61 a 1 . 66 a 22 . 156 b 4 . Thes. ii 256. 11 ; 295. 3 ; 315. 22 .

(d) before labials: Wb. 24 c 18 . 29 c 10 . Ml. 61 a 9 . 115 d 9 . Sg. 42 a 5 . Thes. ii 256. 11 ; 30. 33 .

(e) before nasals; m-: Wb. 4 d 10 . 7 d 9 . 11 a 20 . 24 a 12 . 24 b 31 . 28 d 31 . 30 a 8 . 33 a 15 . Ml. 26 b 5 . 51 b 10 . 58 c 4 . 62 c 2 . 67 b 16 , 17 . 84 c 12 . 85 c 6 . 93 a 20 . 102 d 4 . 124 b 5 . Sg. 7 a 1 . 30 b 11 . Ardm. 17 b 1 . Thes. ii 295. 5 . n-: Wb. 15 c 13 . 16 b 11 (thrice). 17 a 11 . 32 a 20 . Ml. 16 d 5 . 63 c 5 . 65 a 1 . 75 b 20 . 123 c 15 . Sg. 40 a 80 . 43 a 3 . 45 a 11 . 59 b 18 . Thes. ii 11. 36 .

(f) before liquids; l-: Wb. 25 d 20 . Ml. 35 b 24 . 40 a 19 . 55 d 4 , 6 . 57 d 13 . 61 d 2 . 68 a 2 , 15 . 72 d 6 , 7 . 84 c 15 . 90 c 18 . Tur. 115 . Thes. ii 326. 2 ; 16. 40 ; 40. 31 . r-: Wb. 6 a 14 . 12 a 17 . 12 c 6 . 13 a 12 . 18 a 8 . 20 d 11 . Ml. 125 b 7 . Sg. 33 a 10 .

(g) before s and f. s-: Wb. 3 d 28 . 4 b 5 . 8 a 5 . 12 b 32 . 12 d 12 . 17 d 19 . Ml. 2 b 17 . 26 b 20 . 31 d 10 . 34 b 6 . 37 a 14 . 44 b 27 - 28 . 44 c 6 . 48 c 1 . 55 c 1 . 60 b 11 . 90 d 13 . 104 a 3 . 108 d 3 . Sg. 1 a 2 . 41 b 4 . 42 a 2 . 59 b 9 . 183 b 3 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . 18 b 1 ; cf. also didiu. f-: Wb. 1 a 9 . 11 b 13 . 14 a 33 . 18 a 8 . Ml. 20 a 12 . 54 b 30 . 93 a 5 . 134 a 3 . Sg. 3 b 19 . 66 a 6 .

dí: as ndí Assaraib, Ml. 35 a 10 . dí huaisletu, 40 c 16 . dí triub, Tur. 6 . dí Iohain, 40 . dísin, Ml. 63 c 18 .

d with elision of -i- before vowels and ḟ very common in Mid.-Ir. MSS. In Glosses rare, cf. doenscríbend, Sg. 112a2 . dég, Ml. 88 a 4 , from dḟég, cf. dḟech, Ardm. 17b1 . Common in Old-Ir. poetry, e.g. Anecd. iii 55. 18 ; 56. 8 (Siab. Conc.).

DO for DI. The confusion of di and do in proclisis dates back to the Cambr. and the Wb glosses. It is quite possible that on the lips of the people di had as early as the 8th century the same forms as to-day, i.e. unstressed də in proclisis, dí- in pronominal cpds. Under the influence of the latter forms (dím, dít, de), di de lingered on all through Mid.-Ir. The present de, dhe, is partly due to etymological spelling, partly (Cork, Kerry) renders a spoken de, ye = Oir. de (di + pron. 3 sg.), cf. mod. as, air, aige. The fusion of di and do was facilitated by their being unaccented; but it was also partly due to syntactical confusion of these two prepositions which occasionally might both be used synonymously with one and the same verb.—do: prímgeinde do hireschaib, Wb. 4 b 9 . 10 a 15 . 25 c 12 . 31 d 2 . Ml. 14 b 12 . 14 d 3 . 15 d 9 . 24 d 26 , 30 . 26 a 8 . 35 d 17 . 42 b 18 . 45 a 9 . 45 d 7 . 51 a 5 . 51 b 8 . 51 d 25 (twice). 123 d 3 . 124 c 22 . 137 d 2 . Sg. 2 a 7 . Tur. 128 . Thes. ii 298. 10 , 11 ; 299. 9 ; 309. 19 ; 311. 20 ; 313. 14 ; 315. 2 ; 320. 26 ; 321. 2 ; 322. 10 , 24 ; 323. 7 , 8 ; 332. 4 ; 333. 1 ; 335. 29 ; 344. 1 ; 346. 8 .—du: Cambr. 37 d . Ml. 24 d 29 . 26 a 8 . 55 d 4 . 55 d 11 . 55 d 25 (?). 63 b 12 . 63 c 5 . 66 c 3 . 68 d 14 . 69 c 7 . 72 d 9 . 91 d 4 . 94 c 10 . 96 b 5 , 13 . 98 c 6 . 103 d 9 . 110 c 5 . 110 d 16 . 114 b 12 . 114 c 9 . 117 c 6 . 131 c 17 . 133 a 10 . 139 a 6 (twice), 9 . Tur. 80 . 103 . Ardm. 18 b 1 . Thes. ii 294. 14 .—dú: ní dú ulc, Ml. 24 a 19 .— doit, Thes. ii 258 seems = dít.—For dond, donaib, see below.

DI FOR DO: Wb. 17 a 11 . 24 b 24 . Ml. 21 c 3 (?). 44 c 6 . 51 c 11 . 55 c 1 . 56 b 1 . 134 a 3 . dínni = dunni, 87 d 8 . desom = dosom, 33 a 5 . dinach = donach, Acr. 23 d 2 .

DI + ART.—SING.

(a) before vowels. dind, Wb. 5 c 16 . 10 a 5 . 11 d 16 . dind, 29 a 23 . dind hiriss, 11 d 2 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 24 c 17 . 25 a 19 . 48 d 28 . 58 c 6 . 67 b 17 . 67 c 18 . 89 a 6 . dind, 48 d 28 . 95 a 3 . 104 a 6 . Sg. 17 a 6 . 53 a 10 . dind huiliu, 40 a 17 . dindh, 35 b 13 . 125 a 6 . dindí, 9 a 2 . 63 a 17 (twice). 66 a 28 . 100 a 11 . 125 a 6 . 161 b 10 . 197 a 15 - 16 . Thes. ii 252. 14 ; 255. 7 ; 26. 40 . din obli, Thes. ii 255. 14 . dond: Wb. 10 a 14 . dond, Sg. 9 a 2 . 155 a 1 . dund: Ml. 17 b 23 . 34 a 27 .

(b) before ḟ (+ vowel or liquid): dind, Wb. 22 c 9 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 40 b 8 . 99 a 9 . dind fr., 56 b 1 . dond fritobairt, Sg. 183 b 3 . dun, Ml. 125 a 11 .

(c) before liquids: usually dind: Wb. 20 b 1 , 6 . Ml. 37 b 19 . Sg. 35 b 2 . 65 a 1 . 77 a 5 . Thes. ii 35. 32 ; 339. 3 . din rath, Wb. 5 d 6 . dund, Ml. 37 b 19 .

(d) before ṡ- (s + vowel or liquid): dint: Ml. 2 b 3 . 14 d 10 . 37 b 16 . 89 d 12 . Sg. 58 b 7 . dind: Wb. 13 a 21 . 24 a 17 . Ml. 55 c 1 . dunt, Ml. 27 d 2 .

(e) before d and t: din: din t., Ml. 15 b 4 . 16 c 7 . 24 d 14 . 44 b 1 . Thes. ii 13. 27 . din d., Wb. 12 c 13 . Ml. 61 a 36 . 81 a 7 . 94 c 12 . 97 d 10 . Sg. 39 b 11 . den d., Wb. 25 b 7 . don d., Wb. 9 d 5 . 10 d 8 . dun d., Ml. 17 b 23 (twice); dun t., Ml. 123 c 3 .— dind d., Sg. 5 a 5 . dind t., 3 b 14 .

(f) in other positions: din, dun: din ch., Cambr. 37 b . Wb. 22 c 18 . Ml. 2 b 13 . 112 c 11 . Tur. 60 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . Thes. ii 338. 1 ; 33. 19 . dun ch., 67 d 14 ;—din g., Ml. 48 a 21 . 48 b 2 . 48 d 28 . 49 b 4 . 61 a 37 . 113 d 3 . Sg. 9 b 17 . 156 b 6 . Thes. ii 248. 11 (sic leg.). dun g., Ml. 61 a 34 . 85 b 11 .— din ph., Ml. 126 b 1 .— din b., Ml. 39 a 1 . — din m., Ardm. 188 b 1 . Ml. 14 d 10 . 61 d 7 . 97 d 10 . Tur. 140 . den macc, Tur. 21 . den ch., 60 . den g., Thes. ii 230. 19 . don sc., Thes. ii 299. 8 .— dind b., Wb. 5 c 16 .

DUAL. din: din dib láib, Thes. ii 33. 26 .

PLUR. dinaib: Wb. 5 a 4 . 11 b 4 . 12 d 40 . 16 c 22 . Ml. 19 b 2 , 11 . 19 d 18 . 20 c 3 . 24 a 17 . 26 b 20 . 26 d 12 . 27 a 7 - 8 . 27 b 4 . 35 c 20 . 40 c 18 . 46 b 26 . 51 a 16 . 61 d 5 . 62 a 22 . 67 b 17 . 72 c 3 . 73 c 12 . 75 a 12 . 81 c 14 . 102 d 17 . 129 c 3 . Sg. 2 b 1 . 197 b 7 . Thes. ii 232. 10 . denaib: Ml. 29 a 9 . dinab gabálib, Wb. 13 d 33 . donaib: Ml. 19 d 18 . 23 c 27 . 37 b 24 . 46 b 26 . 60 b 6 . 64 c 17 . 89 a 2 . 107 c 8 . 119 d 3 . Sg. 2 a 10 . 50 a 19 . 63 b 10 . Tur. 115 . dunaib: Ml. 35 a 17 . 55 d 25 (?).

MID.-IR. din, den, don (arch. -nd, -nn); before ṡ- dint, &c. MOD. don, den, dhen, dhent (v. col. 128), don t (don tṡaoghal, don tṡruth, don tṡluach). Plur. Mid.-Ir. dina, dena, dona. These forms date back to Oir., cf. 1 do. Mod. dona, dena, dhena, Munster dosna (modelled on isna, leisna, &c.).

DI + POSS. PR. di short. 1 sg. dim: Wb. 26 d 21 . 27 a 34 . 29 d 3 . Ml. 21 c 7 . 23 d 6 , 9 . Ardm. 18 a 1 . m is unaspirated; hence written dimm, Ml. 23 d 9 . dom, Thes. i 337. 2 . 2 sg. dit: Wb. 31 c 8 . Ml. 40 a 6 . 110 d 12 . Thes. ii 249. 3 . ditodérnamaib, Ml. 40 a 7 . 3 sg. m. n. f. dia m. and n.: Wb. 5 b 10 . 33 a 2 . Ml. 23 d 17 . 40 b 8 . 44 b 1 . 53 d 6 . 65 d 8 . 94 c 8 . 133 a 10 . Sg. 50 a 3 . 111 b 2 . Ardm. 18 a 1 (four times). Thes. ii 253. 6 . fem. Ml. 72 b 17 . 102 a 15 . 1 pl. arch. dear n-: Cambr. 37 c . diar n-: Wb. 14 c 15 . 17 c 23 . 31 b 2 . Sg. 195 a 2 . 2 pl. dibar n-: Wb. 25 a 3 , 30 . 27 c 2 . difar n-: 23 d 17 . 3 pl. dia n-: Wb. 7 b 14 . 31 d 15 . Ml. 43 a 14 . 53 d 15 . 67 d 2 . 69 a 8 . 117 b 7 . 126 a 7 . 134 d 3 .

MID. & MOD.-IR. 1 sg. dim, dem, dom, &c.; mod. dom. 2 sg. dit, det, dot; mod. dot, dod. 2 pl. difar n-, dib(h)ar n-, dib(h)or n-; do bar n-, &c.; mod. do bhur n-, d'úr n-. 3 sg. pl. and 1 pl. The frequent early Mid.-Ir. writing dá (n-), dár n- shows that in the spoken language of the 11th century dia had become dá; dia, however, as a literary form lingered on for centuries until the close of the Mid.-Ir. period. Mod. dá (n-), dhá (n-); dár n-, dhár n-. For dá (n-) in the spoken language very commonly dona, modelled on iona. Exx. of dá from the LU: is cumma imthescad dá sciath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, 79 b 14 ; ib. 27 . da, ib. 36 ; 81 a 25 . Numerous instances from LL in Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 35 . TBC Gloss.

DI + REL. dia n-: Wb. 8 c 11 . 13 b 12 . 13 c 12 . 13 d 25 . 16 c 7 . 19 d 11 . 21 d 4 .— Ml. 14 d 13 . 35 b 24 . 37 a 10 . 54 a 20 . 69 c 7 . 69 d 4 . 118 a 7 .— Sg. 3 a 2 . 30 b 3 . 66 b 10 . 71 a 17 . 197 a 6 . 197 b 12 , 18 . 208 a 7 . Tur. 80 . 131 . diarbu, ib. 22 . Thes. ii 326. 6 ; 328. 36 ; 337. 23 .— With negatives: diná-: dinadrícthe, Wb. 28 b 1 . dinaconbi, Ml. 85 b 7 . dinach, Acr. 23 d 2 = dunach.—MID.-IR. dia n- and dá n- ( LL 56 a 20 . 68 b 28 . 104 a 41 ), cf. poss. pron. above; neg. diná- doná- (di and do): innisis Mac Roth inní dona ragaib, LL 70 b 48 = TBC-LL¹ 1744 . Cf. ib. 2962 . ceol mbind diná fríth cosmailius fo niṁ, Ériu ii 116 § 47 . doná fríth sét ná samail, TTr.² 1711 . LB 136 a 51 . 138 a 12 . 138 b 11 . AFM v 1276. 17 . MOD. dá n-, dhá n-.

DI + PERS. PR. 1 sg. díim, Wb. 2 a 10 . 30 a 24 . díimsa, 7 a 2 . dimsa, 18 a 3 . dím, Ml. 54 d 7 . 95 d 3 . 132 a 10 . Thes. ii 248. 4 ; 351. 5 . dimsa, Ml. 17 b 18 . dimso, 59 a 18 . 2 sg. dít, Ml. 101 b 1 . 3 sg. m. and n. de masc.: Wb. 4 c 12 . 12 a 22 . 26 d 17 . 28 b 6 . Ml. 16 a 10 . 22 d 19 . 32 d 10 . 38 c 9 . 48 d 27 . 48 d 28 . 50 d 1 . 61 b 12 . 127 b 19 . desom, 33 a 5 . 91 a 21 . de, Sg. 59 b 7 . Thes. ii 298. 23 ; 337. 27 . neut.: Wb. 1 a 3 , 9 . 10 b 27 . 11 d 2 . 16 c 4 . 15 d 21 . 17 d 2 . 19 b 10 . 22 a 11 . 24 c 11 . 32 a 2 . 32 c 11 . Ml. 23 c 5 . 24 d 26 . 26 c 2 . 40 b 9 . 69 a 17 . 122 a 2 . Sg. 18 a 1 . 26 b 5 . 72 b 6 . 147 b 3 . 181 a 5 . Thes. i 5. 29 . Ardm. 18 a 1 . Thes. ii 248. 7 ; 253. 8 ; 298. 18 ; 334. 2 ; 33. 26 . dé: issí a pennit dé (not = ade), Wb. 26 b 20 . Ml. 69 d 3 . dæ, Ml. 44 b 1 . See further exx. in Ériu liii 135 . Rhymes with the final syllable of uide, Acall. 6811 ; comairle, 6659 ; Dairíne, 3231 ; ráidimne, 5170 ; fáistine, 6660 ; Laige, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 48. 9 ; uile, 68. 23 ; -se, 74. 25 . 3 sg. f. di (in Mid.-Ir. often dí, also occasionally in O.Ir. dī: lí, Fél. 166.27; . dī: lī: mbī, IT iii.1 § 131 ), Wb. 15 d 20 . 24 d 11 . 28 d 22 . Ml. 42 b 7 . 95 b 2 . 95 d 8 . 96 a 8 . 102 a 15 , 20 . 145 c 3 . Sg. 27 a 13 . 187 b 6 . 188 a 22 . 209 b 10 . di féisin, 199 b 10 . di feisne, 199 b 6 . dissi, Wb. 28 d 22 . 1 pl. díinn, Wb. 25 a 18 . 31 c 25 . díin, 10 d 8 . díinni, 26 b 18 . diínn, 15 b 4 . diín, 26 b 13 . dínn, 15 a 3 24 c 16 . 24 d 10 . dín, Ml. 105 d 7 . din, Ml. 53 d 9 . dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . 15 a 6 . 24 c 8 . 24 d 24 . 26 a 25 . 26 d 7 . Ml. 87 d 8 . 135 c 1 . dinni, Wb. 15 d 8a . Ml. 91 b 10 . dinne, Thes. ii 335. 43 . 2 pl. díib, Wb. 27 b 11 . díibsi, 14 d 9 . 25 d 21 . diib, 8 c 9 . 23 a 22 . 24 c 14 . diibsi, 17 b 29 . 24 c 16 . diibse, 26 d 19 . diib féisne, 13 a 26 a . díbsi, 14 d 13 . 25 d 20 . 3 pl. díib, Wb. 5 c 2 . 13 a 16 . Ml. 90 b 17 . 90 c 27 . 121 b 8 . Sg. 9 b 10 . 51 b 13 . 73 b 8 . 74 b 4 . 138 b 4 . 149 a 2 . diib, Wb. 4 d 4 , 5 , 6 . 5 a 20 . 7 d 10 . 8 a 17 . 9 c 31 . 9 d 4 . 10 b 1 . 11 a 4 . 13 b 3 . 14 a 29 . 23 a 23 . 27 a 22 . 28 a 20 . 28 c 4 . Ml. 16 d 2 . 19 d 6 . 20 d 4 . 22 b 1 . 40 c 21 . 72 b 17 , 27 . 90 b 19 . 90 c 9 . 98 b 9 . 104 a 8 . 104 d 3 . 107 b 5 . 114 c 15 . 122 d 7 . 137 c 2 . 145 c 7 , 8 . Sg. 15 b 9 . 29 b 16 . 35 b 13 . 38 b 8 . 63 a 9 . 70 b 4 . 106 b 2 . 203 b 6 . 208 b 8 . 215 a 1 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . Thes. ii 23. 38 . diib féisne, Wb. 13 a 26a . díb, not in Wb; Ml. 30 d 13 . 35 a 8 . 42 b 5 . 47 b 6 . 61 b 17 . 96 c 13 . 129 c 18 . 146 a 3 - 3 . Sg. 9 a 18 . 213 b 8 . Thes. ii 320. 24 ; 335. 25 ; 335. 38 ; 344. 19 . dib, Ml. 33 c 13 . 42 c 7 . 44 a 20 . Thes. ii 34. 34 ; 298. 25 ; 310. 34 ; 316. 24 ; 317. 33 ; 330. 11 ; 335. 28 ; 344. 14 .—3 dual . de in cia de ( Wb. 23 b 33 . Sg. 242 a 1 ). nechtar (cechtar) de, q.v.—In the 2 and 3 pl. diib is disyllabic in Wb, monosyllabic only in connection with an enclitic particle. In the 1 sg. and pl. monosyllabic dím and dínn are original. Wb díim, díinn either disyllabic under the influence of the 2 and 3 pl. or, more likely, Wb-spelling for dím, dínn; cf. Wb rúun, ruún, ríi, &c.

MID.- & MOD.-IR. as Oir.—only monosyllabic all through (arch. occasionally diib. in the 2 and 3 pl.): 1 sg. dím, dímm (Mod. d(h)íom); dímsa (d(h)íomsa). 2 sg. dít, dítt (d(h)íot); dítsu, -so, -sa (d(h)íotsa). 3 sg. m. n. de (d(h)e); desin, desen, deside, desium (d(h)eisean). fem. di (d(h)i), dissi, dise (d(h)ise). 1 pl. dín(n), dínne (d(h)ínn, d(h)ínne). 2 pl. díb (d(h)íbh, d(h)íb), díbsi (d(h)íbhse). 3 pl. díb (d(h)íobh, d(h)íob), díbsin, -sen, -side, -sium, -so (d(h)íobhsan, d(h)íobsan). In Mod.- and late Mid.-Ir. the 3 pl. is kept distinct from the 2 pl. by broad bh ( díob, Mon. Tall. 147. 25 ; 15th cent. MS B IV 2, fo. 60 b . ZCP viii 116 st 15 , rhyming with síor. SG 309. 3 ).

DI, DE IN VERB. & NOM. CPDS. dĕ (cf. pron. cpds. 3 sg. m. n.) most frequent before `ro': co nderbadad (but rodíbda, inf. díbdud), ní derban , nís derbrad ( Thes. ii 347. 2 ), conda-dercacha, LU 87 a 29 , -dercaither (doecci), níruderchóin, derchóiniud, niconderérachtar (doérig), -dergaba (dígbáil), -derna, -dergénsat, -derlaig, -derlaiged, -derlaichta (ni dílgai , dílgud), dermar, dermat, co ndermanammar ni (Mil), dernum, todernam (cf. sním), -deroíma (dítiu), ní derscaigi , ní deruarid (diurad).—Cf. further dered `end, remnant' from *de-reth. Before broad ch, bh: -dechuid (but -dichsed, -dich), dechor, debuith. Occasionally before g-: -dénai, dénum. Before v: dead (besides diad, dudí, dudiastae), imper. deich (but -dích, dígal), aisndéis beside aisndís; but de + fo > dú-, Thurn. Hdb. 458 , or diu-: diunag, or deö-: deolaid `poor.' Before ṡ: degaid (beside digaid), deïd (if from + de-ṡed-), desruith; subj. condessin, ( ZCP x 376 ) (but condieig). di + a- >de in demaig, denall, denuas, v. XXXI. di + ad: dedbol. di + an-: denmne. di + aith: dethbir, dethiden. di + en: dessid, dellig, décsiu, -décci, -décmaing `cut off,' decming `impossible.' di + ess: -dér, -dérig, dérge, ( RC xxxvii 22 ) (do-érig), but dírech; deistiu .i. iartaige clainde, H 3.18, 80 . di + in: dindba, fordingrat, dingbail.

di: frequent with us (and fo): diucrae, diuderc, diunach (do-fonig), fordiuclainn, diummus, diupae, diupart, -diurat, diurad, -diuschi, diuscartae ( domfoscarte, Ml. 127 c 20 ). Cf. also diuchtraim, Wi.—Before most consonants: díbad, rodíbairg, díbe, díberg, díbdud, rodibda, díbert, díchenn, díchned, díchetal, -díchliter (díchlith, dícheilt), díchor (rodíchuired), dídnad, dígal, dígbáil, díguin, dílgud, dímeiccem, dírech, díscir, -díltised, díltud, -díxnigedar. Privative dí- very common: di-anim, -asnéte, -chin, -chmairc, -choem, -chretem, -chumuc, -grád, -gu, -ing, -miad, -rim, -thrub. Emphatic dí: díbec, dímór, díthrom (de- rare in this sense, cf. de-ḟordal, der-).

ORIGIN. Italo-Celt. , Ir. dí. In accented position also dĕ. The latter possibly includes the particle dis-, Lat. dis-. Compare especially the distinction made between dí-chor a putting away and de-chor a disagreement, a difference, diversity, and that between dí-taa stands apart and de-buith difference of opinion, dissent. De- from dis- possibly also in dedail. De- was either developed before broad consonants or possibly like Gk. δία it goes back to dis-a (modelled on μητά, κατά = Ir. ceta-). As dĕ- in the great majority of cases has the same functions as dí-, this explanation presupposes a blending of dē and dis in Irish. The original sense of dis- seems preserved only in nominal cpds. in Irish (de-chor, de-buith, de-dail).

OMISSION OF DI. Di is frequently omitted before the second of two substantives connected by ocus or nó: di ael ┐ chrieid, Ml. 102 d 9 . ib. 133 c 1 . Wb. 4 b 5 . BDD § 1 . MacCarthy, 62. 8 f.b. nech dia chlaind nó huib, RC xxiv 202. 17 .— Repeated: Wb. 13 d 7 , 25 c 12 . Ml. 67 b 17 . RC xxv 240 § 13 , 242 § 15 . Acall. 5355 . 7621 . 7677 .

SENSES. Di corresponds in usage closely to Lat. de, which it constantly translates in the Glosses, and with which it was identified by Irish grammarians: optimi de se meriti, gl. díb, Ml. 61 b 17 . de uita certamen, gl. din bethaid suthin, ib. 39 a 1 . exaltasti me de portis mortis, gl. dinaib dóirsib, 27 b 4 . ib. 19 d 18 . 24 c 17 . 25 a 19 . 40 a 6 , 7 . 73 c 12 . Tur. 21 . 59 . 115 . 132 . 140 . Thes. ii 26. 40 , &c.Ml. 27 d 12 it is introduced to render Lat. dis- in vb. cpds.: non dissimulat, gl. ní deintamladar. Like Lat. de it does not usually apply to time, except in a few petrified phrases, such as di chéin, do ló, d'adaig, d'aidchi, &c., cf. XLIX below. It unites the senses of the original ablative, instrumental and genitive.

De, di in a privative and emphatic sense (Lat. di-magis), see above.

A DI IN THE SENSE OF THE ORIGINAL ABLATIVE.—The difference between di and ass (removal of one object from within another) is shown by the following examples: tanísca Cuillius asa thruaill, LU 65 b 36 . tíscáil gái a hálad, O'Dav. p. 120 ; but : amal tíscar cend di luin, LU 71 a 22 . tairbling asa charput, FB § 36 ; but: doarblaing den chamull, Tur. 60 . tuc a lán...asin dabaig medha, Acall. 7399 . amal soersai lóain assin dabaig out of the vat Fél. Ep. 540 (but de lámaib Assar, Ml. 35 b 24 ).

v I With intransitive verbs of motion, denoting departure, separation or moving away from a place or object indicated by the subst., pron., &c., governed by di. Lat. cedere, decedere, discedere, migrare de. Often with verbs containing di- or ass- (as in Lat.).

atraig arises from, stands up from (Lat. de sella, de toro surgere): forchongair ... coire do línad hó bii ┐ Georgi do thabairt ind. atracht a ḟiuchad de cóic cubat déc, PH 1265 . Cf. éirgid: coro érig a ḟeoil ┐ a lethar de, ib. 2144 . aṁal luaithreadh saṁraidh ag eirghe do lár ré gal ngaoithe, TSh. 3. 5 . Cf. also Ml. 21 c 7 : de strato meo matutinus adsurgam, gl. dim dérgud.

bruinnid darts, springs forth from: bruinnid breo di thein, LL 145 a 40 . bruinnid araile díb bréo don teni forsin mac, Cóir Anm. § 54 . Cf. do-bruinn.

con-oscaigi removes from: cumscugud du díglae dín, Ml. 105 d 7 .

conrualae went away, departed : for nem a conrualae cech laithe dind íre what has gone to heaven from the earth Fél. Ep. 26 .

do-airling springs from, descends from: doarblaing den chamull, Tur. 60 (twice). disin doeirbling unde desilit, ib. 59 . beirid eocha lib ┐ ná túirlingid díob, SG 257. 18 .

do-bruinn springs forth, flows from, sprouts : dubrúinn dinaib slébib forsna talmana...in chré fechtnach sin, Ml. 81 c 14 . Cf. 1 bruinnid.

do-cer falls : docer in biail dia samthig, Tur. 131 . co torchair in cochull dib, Thes. ii 335. 28 .

do-érnai escapes from: ní thérna duine di riam gan éc, Acall. 6792 .

do-ic comes : súth nime ticed don draic sin, PH 2491 . táinic aingel Dé do nim, 3467 . 2473 . 5367 .—For the idiom tic dím `I can,' see below.

do-téit comes from, téit goes from: notésstae (sic leg.) di thír ┐ talam na ní sin, Wb. 9 b 19 . tuidecht in popuil di Ægipt, Ml. 130 b 1 . dichoid de muldach Muire which went out from the head of M. Mon. Tall. 127. 10 . coná térna ass acht a ndechaid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib, LMU § 15 . doraga mac duni de nim i lló brátha, RC xxv 234. 15 . doraga in Comdiu de nim, RC iv 248. 3 f.b. do thuidecht do nim, PH 3044. 3087 . cech húair nothéged dia lurgc, BColm. 56. 14 . má ragad cliar dimdach de, Ériu iv 214 st 10 . rachaid in fiad ata urri di, Acall. 7505 . iar ndol a feirge díbh, Cog. 214. 27 .

do-tuit falls from: coel ┐ cumung in drochet co tuitet dia medón isin glend ngaibthech, FA § 22 . mar tuitios baindi daill, O'Gr. Cat. 198 . gur thuit duille na fíréandachta bunadhasaighe dhínn, TSh. 91. 20 . cloch gan láma uirre ag tuitim do ṡliab, ib. 3. 1 .

dul depart from: ré ndul don doṁan so, TSh. 103. 7 .

lingid leaps from: ní asse léim dind béstatu ┐ dind tinchosc, Wb. 5 c 16 .

scáilid parts with: doscaeil in chaillech díob, SG 309. 3 . dond ch., 308. 4 f.b.

scaraid separates from, parts with: nír scar din fognam SG 326. 28 .

scuchaid departs from: scuchaid dím a mallachtnachu LU 32 a 34 . RC iv 248 § 9 . PH 3635 . Cf. LL 92 b 20 : ragab som dá armaib for feraib Hérenn coro scáigsetar dó.

scuirid ceases from: scuirem i fecht sa do scélaib na ṅGaedel, LL 4 a 47 . coná rosguirsed don treathan, MR 256. 11 . scuir don forcetul sin, PH 708 . níor sguireadar den tseolréim sin gur ghabhadar cuan a nEas Dara, OCT 9.20 .

snigid drips from: inbanda uisci glain oc snige anuas don charraic, PH 506 .

teichid flees from: ní techdis na heoin dia chonair reime, Ériu v 20. 14 . oc teiched din tsligid, SG 403. 3 .

trágid ebbs from: trágid in pian díb, FA § 24 .

II With trans. verbs denoting removal, abstraction, expulsion, robbing from, &c. (Lat. abripere, capere, deicere, emittere, eripere, expellere de); particularly after verbs containing di-.

ar-clich wards off: oipni ri airsclaige na gona díb, TTr. 2056 .

ar-scarta sweeps off, casts out: cethri cóicid Hérenn... do aurscartad di Maig Murthemni, RC iii 179. 3 .

benaid (bainid, béim, buain) takes off, cuts off from; wrenches, strips from, &c. ní bas síriu bithus di chend dít, LU 71 a 22 . bí a dornd do Ḟiachaig, ZCP iii 45. 2 . co mbí a chend de, TBC-LL¹ 1309 Y. robean sum a chathbarr dia chind, MR 70. 23 . in cochall gan a buain de, Acall. 4890 . SG 13. 3 . ic búain duilisc do charraic, ZCP v 497 § 11 . a chroiceann do bhuain de, TSh. 190. 19 .

berid takes away from, dobeir, do-ucc-, &c.: ruuc cách a rainn dí sin amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie, Ml. 63 c 18 . amal runucad buáid diib, 104 a 8 . rouic búaid diib, Wb. 27 a 22 . Cf. buadigidir, XXXII below. Thes. ii 311. 20 . bec nách ruc ár folta diar cennaib, Siab. Conc. Anecd. iii 49. 1 . ní beir dím sním lobrae, Fél. Prol. 223 . étach berar do aos tuati, Mon. Tall. 154. 42 . nach brat berair do aos étraich, 155. 24 . Acall. 7366. 7931 .— berid coscur de, PH 3515 . 4895 . 4909 . 6275 . 8407 . co ruca braff di, ib. 3513 . go tuc Gamut leis da thig na ceola go teach Grigair, ZCP viii 114. 16 . tucsat a lláma chucu don méis, PH 5136 . breth di, 4200 .

brataid steals from: cétna brat Saxan di Ére, AU A.D. 434 .

cnuasaigid gathers from: do barr in ḟeóir docnuasaigthea in mil, CF 73. 10 .

con-gaib keeps from: ní congebed uacht síne do ḟeiss aidche hi linnib, Thes. ii 315. 2 .

con-scara keeps apart from: co comscara Dia dínn a mbruth, Otia ii 96 § 27 .

con-sní gains from: ag cosnum mennato dia bráithrib RC xxiv 176. 4 .

cuirithir puts away from: cuirid díib in nere so, Wb. 27 b 11 . n do chor diib, Sg. 106 b 2 . rochuir a mertnigi de, SCC § 31 . dénum aithrige co cuirmis dind ní diar cintaib, MacCarthy 62. 1 f.b. cor chuir in cathbarr de, Acall. 7931 . SG 13. 3 . PH 451 . iar ccor in tṡaoghail dé having retired from the world AFM 847 .

dlomaid removes, expels from: dlomais dóib da thír díles, LL 152 b 45 .

do-airindi, -tairinni lowers : aṁail do turnadh an chloch don tṡlíabh, TSh. 3. 20 .

do-boing exacts (a tax) from: toibgigthur éric dit, Laws ii 16. 6 ; ib. i 136. 11 , v 422. 20 . fuil Críst do thabach dia clannaib, PH 3287 . a lín in tṡluaigh doboing bretha dín, RC xvii 143. 19 .

do-cuirethar, vn. díchor, puts away, prevents from: bod ríg Érenn acht co ṅdíchuirea Luirig do neart ata forin neclais, BB 208 a 38 . díchor da cach dualaig, Alex. 824 .

do-ecmaing, -ecmaing cuts off : coneccmaing a láimdói di Lugaid, RC iii 182. 3 . décmaing a chend de, LL 291 b 3 . RC xiii 46 § 58

do-esc-, tesc- cuts off : doneiscend a chend den mil TBF, ZCP iv 41 . 5 (YBL). do chlaideb féin tescfas dít do chend, Dinds. § 36 . tescthar de a lám, RC x 68. 15 . gur thesc barr a thengad de, Cóir Anm. 279 . gur thesc a chenn da cholann, Sechrán 66 .

do-feid, do-díat leads from: as nert Dæ dudaruid som du cech imniud, Ml. 63 b 12 . oca tuididen di cech imniud, ib. 92 c 5 .

do-foscart-, -diuscart removes : díuscart dím an delg, Thes. ii 248. 4 . díscart dín in nécin fil fornd, LU 63 b 9 . nodiuscartiss de, BColm. 94. 22 .

do-fúarcaib, tócbál, etc. raises from: ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, LMU § 17 . tuarcabad dímm a náirde tegdais i rraba, PH 3728 . toicébut sa mo thinnscrai dhít, Lism. L. 1159 . dosnócaib do lár, Trip. 552. 8 . cioth rod-tógbhuais dot choilcthaib, ITS v 20. 10 .

do-gaib, vn. dígbáil, takes away from: dirogbad a díib, Sg. 9 b 16 . ná digebad cid a oenḟocul dia briathraib si nó di briathraib ind cáich cossa fuided, Mon. Tall. 150. 5 . ó ndígaibther .vi. lathi díbsin, PH 4931 .

do-ícsa takes off : bithus di chend dít amal tíscar di luin, LU 71 a 22 . ní thíscad a drucht do rind ind ḟeoir FB § 88 .

do-ingaib, vn. díngbáil, keeps off from: Dia dím cech saeth doringba, Thes. ii 351. 5 . FA § 16 . a Dhia cidh ná dingbai dínd in cia why keepest Thou not the mist off from us? RC xvii 143. 17 . BColm. 92. 17 . PH 344. 7233 . dingaib dind na hamaiti, Acall. 6767 . 4416 . 5463 . 6975 . 7143 . 7680 .

do-léci lets go, throws, lets down: condarlicthe tech immunn di nim, Wb. 15 c 13 . tairlaicid forchai tentide dina nemdaib a fiery bolt was hurled from the skies Trip. 60. 19 . ind long...doleced do nim, FA § 2 . rotelged... do neim, BColm. 64. 8 . theilgeas na daoine i dtiaich na talṁan do chlár táiplisi an tsaoghail, TSh. 26. 2 . teilc tart doit, Thes. ii 258. 12 (one expects dít).

do-seinn hunts : rotaiphnedh socraite Poimp don muigh, CCath. 5769 .

fennaid flays : iar ḟendad a chrocind ┐ a ḟindfaid dia chind, PH 6578 .

fo-ceirt throws from: focertam fial diínn, Wb. 15 b 4 . amal foceirt nech a ætach de, 32 c 11 . facheird dia aicniud, Ml. 94 c 8 .

fóidid sends : fóidis Dia Michel do nim, SR 1918 .

foxul, toxul remove from: iar foxul s diib, Sg. 15 b 9 . ferann da togslaidther in athgabáil, Laws i 302. 17 .

gaibid takes (away) from, keeps from: gabáil mo gotha dím, Ml. 95 d 13 . masa gabáil rogabu de in mac sin, Laws v 200. 12 . ní gebed di dul ind, Thes. ii 315. 22 ; ib. 333. 1 .—Frequent in the phrase gaibid desemrecht di takes example from: co ngaba cách d. dit gnímaib, Wb. 31 c 8 . 7 b 14 . 24 c 8 , 14 . 26 a 25 . 26 b 7 , 13 , 18 . 26 d 7 , 17 . 28 a 20 . 30 a 24 . 32 a 2 . Ml. 22 b 1 . 30 d 13 . 118 a 7 . cu ragabthai se desmberecht dimm, PH 5272 . ib. 3573 .

gataid takes away from, lops off; steals from: ní gatda diib imnetha in betho, Wb. 10 b 1 . mar ragatad a chend de Chormac, LL 52 b 7 . gatsat mo uli indmas dím PH 704 .

glanaid clears away from, expels from: glanais a luathred di lár ind lis, LU 23 b 12 . Mac Moga ┐ Eocho glanait sluago Mumnech do chlár Lifi Lagnech, LL 35 b 10 .

gluaisid moves from: gluasacht oenubuild díob de lár Mon. Tall. 145. 18 .

in-árban expels from: indarpe s de genitin ejection of `s,' Sg. 77 b 2 . Usually constructed with ass.

laaid casts from: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅdé diib, Ml. 16 d 2 . rolá in cennide dia chind, ScM. § 3 . rolá a bratt de, PH 1128 . 7084 . Cf. rolái dó a étach, ib. 5242 .

léicid puts away from: fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260. 11 . ná leic meisi don chroich sin, PH 2471 . anté leigeas de gan bheith ag smuaineadh, TSh. 7. 5 ; same phrase 9. 19 .

leoid cuts off from: co roleoad dia bun, Ériu iv 134. 11 .

scáilid loosens from, releases from: BB 364 a 40 . rosgaoil macc an chuill dá héill, Tor. Dh. Oss. 182 . co roscáil de fochetóir, PH 2195 . atá mian orm sgaoileadh dhíom, TSh. 75. 14 . leaves alone: sgaoil don médail!, RC xxix 220 .

scipaid sweeps or snatches away from: cor scib dím in díliu, Ériu iv 128. 15 . an ceann lem ingin do sgiobfainn dod chaolsgrog, Midnight court 652 . ib. 709 .

taithmigid loosens from: taithmidig a chuibrige de PH 2227 . assan i cuibrech ┐ ócech immalle fria. taithmigid díb, ib. 4372 . 2223 ; with do = di, 2112 , 4888 .

-talla takes off: tiagsa contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58 c 6 . nico tald som dér dia gruad, Mon. Tall. 153. 23 . an bic co tall mo léni dím, LL 277 a 19 . antan tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134. 11 . tallsat in étach de PH 3300 .

tremi-beir transfers from: crux ainm do gním in chrochtho acht tremiberar di suidiu conid ainm dun chrunn, Wb. 8 a 5 . Ml. 2 b 17 . 21 c 3 .

III With verbs denoting salvation from, protection from, cure of:

aingid: nonanich Dia di cach imniud, Wb. 16 a 4 . Dia mór mo anacol de mur teintide, ACC 4 .

cobraid helps out of: cabair mé don díchumang sa, BColm. 62. 11 . fuarus sa mo chabair do cach docamail irraba isin tsægal, YBL 164 a 31 .

do-eim rescues from (orig. `demit'): conidnderoimed di lámaib Sauil, Ml. 55 d 4 .

do-essoirc saves : dumesurc sa din (sic leg.) galar fúail se, Thes. ii 248. 11 . donnesmart...do, etc., 322. 10 .

ícaid saves from: ár nícc donaib galaraib i mbiam, Ml. 107 c 8 . isindí rondannícais ni din derchoiniud hísin, 89 a 6 . din galar, 48 b 2 , 48 d 28 . dun g., 61 a 34 . dun tedmaim, 123 c 3 . donaib imnedaib, 35 c 20 .— íccfaid side (i.e. Dia) cách dia cintaib, PH 6475 .

soeraid id.: nobsóirfa si Dia dinab fochidib, Wb. 11 b 4 . di peccad, 24 c 18 . nonsoer ni di dóiri...dinaib pecthaib ┐ donaib adradaib idal dorigensam, Ml. 46 b 26 . din dóiri, 81 a 7 . de d., Fél. Ep. 532 . din galar, Ml. 48 a 21 . 61 a 37 . dinaib fochidib, 19 b 2 , 11 . 24 a 17 . 26 d 12 . di f., 20 a 12 . ( Fél. Ep. 520 ). dinaib imnedaib, 27 a 7 - 8 . 102 d 17 . donaib i., 89 a 2 . di lámaib (Asar, mu námat, &c.), 35 b 24 . 53 d 6 . 55 d 6 . 61 d 2 . 68 a 2 . 84 c 15 . 90 c 18 . Fél. Ep. 528 . du l., Ml. 91 d 4 . pro liberatione .i. di lámaib A., 72 d 6 , 7 . di chumachtu Assar, 112 c 12 . cum saluata sis, gl. di chumachtu A., 107 a 2 . saluum eum fecit Deus .i. di ingraimmim Abisolon, 87 c 1 . di thein, Thes. ii 302. 5 .— Fél. Ep. 512 . 516 . 524 . 536 . 552 . 556 . rosaerad Abraham dona gáibthib, PH 5885 . Three Hom. 92. 29

With omission of the verb: di thólu æchtrann ┐ námat di phlágaib tened ┐ nóine save us from Thes. ii 256. 11 .

IV After verbs denoting cleansing, clearing, purging, washing:

nigid cleanses from. in sruth niges anmand na næm din (v.l. don) chutrumma chinad noslenand, FA § 16 .

V With verbs denoting restraint, prevention or prohibition (di + dat. pers. or dat. rei). quis nos impediuit..., gl. dind riuth forsa robith, Wb. 20 b 1 .

ar-fuirig keeps back from: ma arfuirestae díb in taidchur, Ml. 47 b 6 .

ar-gair forbids : ní argart recht díinn, Wb. 31 c 25 . prohibentes nos, gl. .i. dínni, 24 d 24 . prohibere, gl. .i. diib féisne nó di nach aile, 13 a 26 a . ní bói ní aridgarad de, Ml. 72 b 6 . din, 53 d 9 . dím, 132 a 10 . argérat ítaid díib, 121 b 8 , with which comp. Mon. Tall. 147. 25 : ní argara ítid díob, and RC ix 474. 21 : cumma aranggairtis gortai ┐ íttaid díb na hubla; -argarad dit, BDD § 13 .

ar-troetha restrains from: artróidfea siu inna drochdáini dia nanduch, Ml. 134 d 3 .

baccaid hinders : nír bacadh dibh no one hindered them Lism. L. 3208 . an aithne bhacas dín the commandment that hinders us MacCur. p. 110 .

con-gaib restrains from: níscongbaitis .i. di ersolcud a ngena, Ml. 55 a 18 .

con-secha id. coiscid do bar nimresuin, Fen. 182. 5 . coscther a gin de golgaire, TTr. 1068 . Ériu v 190 l. 472 . coisg dá luadh, Each. Iol. 59. 3 .

do-airmesca, -tairmesca hinders : ní rotoirmescad dibso toidecht, PH 575 . Cf. nadat torbad .i. nachat tairmescad dit gaisciud, LL 262 a 21 . Cf. SG 22. 2 , 16 .

VII After fris-toing abjures : mani cometsam dear tolaib ┐ ma fristossam dear pecthib, Cambr. 37 c .

VIII After anaid ceases from, rests from, orig. `to breathe...from' (cf. ἀναπνέω with gen.): ná anam di dénum maith, Wb. 20 c 14 . iarsindí ronan hua céin di aisndis dun popul, Ml. 126 b 1 . de molad Dé ni anad, Thes. ii 315. 1 ( anad do molad, PH 2418 . ) rogess dó anad de, LL 288 b 16 . an dím, ib. 119 a 25 . ní anfem de, Lec. 150 a 1 = BB 326 b 4 . anad dind imguin, SCC § 36 . roansat dia nimratib FB § 72 . anad de thinsaitin, LL 159 b 2 . do imthecht LU 22 b 3 . 25 a 16 . ó and oc are competing prepositions.

IX In the construction of such verbs as beogidir revives from, sonartnaigidir becomes strong from: a mbeogud dia marbad, Mon. Tall. 147. 17 . a rrosonartnaigestar din galar hi robae, Ml. 49 b 4 .—Cf. Speijer Scr. Synt. § 100 n. 2 .

X After verbs denoting surpassing, excelling:

deligid surpasses : deligfit a ndegláich de deglaechaib fer nÉrenn, LL 57 a 16 .

do-róscai surpasses, excels : ní derscigem nech di alailiu, Wb. 2 a 14 . doroschither dano diib, Ml. 107 b 5 . di hilib, 40 a 18 . Sg. 40 a 6 , 7 , 8 , 17 . 42 a 1 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib cenélaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119 d 3 . di neuch, Sg. 43 a 3 . 45 a 11 ; further 42 a 1 , 5 . 42 b 2 , 3 . 40 a 13 . Thes. ii 335. 43 .— dirósced Cuchulainn diib uile, LU 121 b 21 . roderscaig do mnáib Érend, 48 a 25 . darrósci de rígaib, LL 237 b 5 . FB § 1 . CCath. 279 . SG 345. 2 , &c.

ro-uc prevails over, outstrips : a ned ruc do chéli do ócaib domoin...roucaiseo di mnáib Ulad, FB § 18 . a ned rucc grian do rennaib nime rucaisiu de mnáib domain uile, ib. § 19 . roucsaidse...do sluagaib na tíri sin ule, § 93 . ruc Íth de brithemnaib Hérend, LL 12 a 17 . corruc díb Ír mac Miled...do cach luing, ib. 12 b 22 .

XI In the construction of verbs denoting lack or want of. The preposition which originally depended on the verb often comes to be associated with a neighbouring noun or pronoun in a partitive sense.

ar-tá stands before, confronts, remains: becc arabí do uidi do neuch, Anecd. iii 21. 11 .

do-esta is wanting : andudesta di foirbthetu for nirisse, Wb. 1 a 9 . 23 d 17 . ma dudesta ní dibar niris, 25 a 30 . tesarbae óinloman de, 17 d 2 . aní dodesta di chomalnad, 26 d 8 , cf. ea quae desunt .i. diar niris, 31 b 2 . ut nihil desit, gl. dia forcitul, 31 d 15 . Ml. 94 c 10 . Acr. 3 c . Thes. ii 13. 27 ; 33. 19 ; 33. 26 .—dá bliadain teasda do dá ḟichet = thirty-eight years, Cog. 140. 21 (B). dís testa do ḟichit = eighteen AU ii 230. 15 . oenlá tesbaid di fichit nineteen days SR 6814 . a ndotesta dit nirt, SCC § 13 . ní theseba do slondud su don tír se, Dinds. § 127 . —Competing prepos.: ass, Wb. 28 d 31 . Hy. v 88 .

do-fuarat remains, is left over . Prep. no longer connected with the verb: forsan dered duruarid dib, Ml. 44 a 20 . nícon diurat ní dib dia æs (partitively), 72 b 17 . do neoch rothiruarthestar din churp doenna, RC xxv 242. 8 .

mairid is left over, remains : ó nár mair do thrí cathaib na Féinde acht mad Oisín, Acall. 7906 . issed romairistar d'iarsma na muintire, 7903 .

XII After verbs and substantives denoting disgust, abhorrence of:

lius: amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nísgaib som lius di fordiuclaimmim mu thuaithe se, Ml. 34 b 6 .

XIII With verbs denoting buying from, receiving from. Lat. emere, redimere, mercari, accipere de aliquo.

ar-fóim receives from: anmman araḟóimtar di dánaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . combed de láim anmcharat arfemad sacrafaic, Mon. Tall. 146. 26 . is do láim ind anmcharat is cóir airitiu in tsacrafaic, 146. 23 . de aiti, 160. 18 .

cennaigidir buys from: is díles in mac sin don fer isa ben coro chendaigther de, Laws v 200. 12 . ceinnechutsa fín lógmar díb, LB 139 a 51 .

crenaid id.: ní cria di ṡecht mbaethaib file la Féne .i. di mnái di chimbid di mesc di drúth, &c., Tec. Corm. § 19 .

do-oggell(a), ZCP x 377 , LEIA D-172-73 . buys from: issed doruagell diib AU A.D. 963 . doruachell lógu móra don scolaigi, LB 213 a 56 .

XIV After verbs denoting asking, begging, demanding . Lat. quaerere, percontari de aliquo.

fisraigid inquires : dḟiosruig de, Gadelica ii 91. 6 .

guidid begs : in clam gáde ailgis dí, Thes. ii 339. 5 . nathir...gáid dím a tichtu i Pardos, SR 1322 . gáid side di mithisse .vii. ṁbliadan, LU 134 b 12 . But also with do ( LU 61 b 22 ; LL 288 b 16 ; 124 a 14 ) and co ( SR 2171 ).

iarmi-foig asks : with di and do in Mid.- as in Mod.- Ir.; the oldest sources seem to prefer do: iarfaigis dó, FB § 39 . iarmoracht dosom, Mon. Tall. 137. 2 . roiarfacht scéla dó, Trip. 122 . LU 113 a 22 . dia coic .i. do B., Thes. ii 334. 41 . doib (v.l. dibh) ib. 323. 9 . Mid.-Ir. usually di; de, Acall. 2854 . 3646 . 6445 (do only in proclisis as 6546 ); PH 1802 . 1960 . 2611 . 2621 . 3106 . 6579 . 7294 , &c.

XV In the construction of dligid (ar-dlig) in Mid.-Ir., competing with do.—OLD-IR. do: (a) dlegair domsa precept do chách, Wb. 1 b 8 . dlegair do neuch attlugud buide do Dia, Ml. 55 a 7 . (b) dligim ní duit I have a claim upon thee, Wb. 32 a 20 . rodligestar ní dó, Ml. 36 a 29 . MID.-IR. (a) di: ní dlegar díb dol a cath, BColm. 102. 3 . ardlig dín a cetol, Fél. June 1 . a ndermat ní dlegar dím, LL 137 a 12 . dlegar dínn ár nimcaissin do thimorcain PH 6870 . ib. 4098 . 4157 . 4168 . 4182 . 6514 , &c. ní díom dlegar, SG 320. 35 . do: dlegair do neuch cloechlód inaid do dénum, PH 6464 . (b) duine trúag dia rodlecht rí Laigen lind, Thes. ii 337. 23 . rodlig Lugaid fíacha de SG 253. 7 . orguin rodligestar Ingcél díb to which I. had been entitled from them BDD § 23 . dligid Colmán screpall de, BColm. 94. 27 . dligim dítsu, RC iii 184 . In this sense do is not used in Mid.-Ir.

XVI After verbs denoting eating, drinking from. (orig. abl. or gen.). Competing prep.: ass.

ibid drinks from: assibsem imróol di rath in spirito, Wb. 12 a 17 . de turbulento riuo ... potare .i. dint sruth buadarthu, Ml. 2 b 3 . ité ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna na deachta, PH 6238 . cachaen ibius ní de (.i. din tobur), Acall. 6778 . —ass: ibhis digh móir aisti (sc. assin tsíthal), Acall. 7151 .

óol drink from: deug mór du óul din dígail, Ml. 94 c 12 .

loimm sip from: is loimm de (v.l. do) romuir, Fél. Ep. 41 .

ithid eats : mad a lourtu noestais diib, Ml. 98 b 9 .

XVII After verbs (words) denoting choice or selection out of a number or quantity.

do-roígu has chosen : nípat hé indíi beta thuicsi di Iudeib, Wb. 4 c 40 . toga díb sin choose of them ZCP viii 318. 4 . aitire dogó de manchaib, Ériu i 220. 6 .

XVIII In the construction of do-rorban profits by, from: is mór a thorbe de dúnni, Wb. 1 a 3 . níbtá torbe de, 19 b 10 . connach bi tarbe dúinde de, Acall. 4213 .

XIX Di with ellipse of verb between two substantives, indicating removal of the former from the latter: dá mad gnáth mairb a talmain nó fuilt do chennaib dáine, Acall. 7062 . a cind dona druídib ┐ dona filedaib mani fintar cia doróne ...shall lose their heads ZCP iii 5 § 15 . Cf. usce dia mbassaib do dhig fair, MacCarthy 70. 13 .

XX Expressing position with regard to, (north, south, &c.) of: amal rundgab Slíab Sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig, Ml. 67 d 14 . in tulach lethaniar do Themraig, Acall. 7897 . allathís dia ṡúil below his eye PH p. 630 b . suas de, Thes. ii 314. 7 . Cf. Sliabh Cruadha do thaobh dhé, ML 22. 12 .

XXI Ml. 55 c 1 : hi telaig ba nessam dind slóg, dind seems to stand for older dund (nessa do geintib, Wb. 2 b 17 . cid as nesu dúin, LL 258 b 43 . LB 219 a 70 . dó LU 62 b 40 ); but both constructions might be old. Cf. Lat. proximus with dat., abl. and ab, and Umbr. nesimei asa deveia (abl.), Iguv. 6 a .

XXII-XXXI ABLATIVUS ORIGINIS—denoting derivation, descent, source, starting-point or the like.

XXII After dotéit, do-ic (cf. I supra) ásaid, imfolngai, forcomnacair indicating the source (thing or person) whence anything originates or is acquired. dotéit: ished dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne, Wb. 22 a 11 . cid mall ished dodechuid de, 24 c 11 . anda lim ol sisi dorraga ní don mac sin something will come of that boy Mon. Tall. 150. 26 . is de taett ár tárcud ne, BColm. 98. 9 . do-ic: táinigc maith an tsámaid sa dom thoisgc cucu good has come to this congregation from my journey to them BColm. 98. 11 . de tháinig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420. 4 (BB). táinig don smuaineadh sin gur dhiúlt sé dáinius an tṡaoghail, TSh. 13. 12 . thiocfadh de, dá dtiocfadh, ib. 14. 28 ; 34. 2 f.b. ; 48. 13 ; 65. 1 ; 80. 11 . IDIOM. ní tic dím I cannot (orig. it cometh not from me; for the sense-development cf. Acall. 7680 ): ní tic din (sic leg.) astud we cannot keep RC v 200 § 12 . tic dimsa, ib. ní thic dim a náirim uli, LU 39 a 12 . ní thicfad don domun uli, LB 145 a . ní thic dimm a nindise uli, PH 503 . do neoch, IT i 169. 21 . with do: ní thic dún a rád, LL 29 b 2 . ásaid: síl Aeda diar ásair mór ríg, LL 185 b 1 . iseadh fásas desin, MacCarthy 122. 2 (BB). fásaid in maith se díb co menic, PH 7963 . —im-folngai causes, effects : imforlinged mór namri de, Wb. 15 d 21 . Ml. 69 d 4 . déde immefolngi dundí contuarcar, Ml. 34 a 27 . condib degním immefolngither de, 23 c 5 . imfolngar gním di suidib fochetoir, 31 d 10 . a folad dia nimmolṅgaithær uox the substance from which vox is produced Sg. 3 a 2 . The last ex. shows how close is the connection between this sense and that of XXVII (c). forcomnacair has come from, is formed from, v. foll.

XXIII Expressing the origin or derivation of a name .

(a) name from: denominatiua, gl. de rét ailiu roainmnichthe, Sg. 31 a 5 . ainmnigud dind rét as mám and, 77 a 5 . doberr ainm ṅdóib din gním gníte, 156 b 6 = PCr. 65 b 1 . a fogur dia forcomnacair, Sg. 30 b 3 . mbruigfer cid ara neper? dí lín a mruige, Laws iv 31 . Lugaid...is desin ráiter Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186. 16 .—Often approaching or passing into the sense of `cause.' is ainm sanctus dó dind rubríci sin, Ml. 37 b 19 . amal asrobrad leusom donaib feraib trénaib di inni a nneirt asrobrad donaib ídlaib di inni a nenartae, 37 b 24 . asberam sanctos doib dint sainriud inna nóibe techtae, 37 b 16 .

(b) gram. derived from: Aniendae di anmmaim ind ṡrotho, Sg. 35 b 7 . rosarium .i. bróinde nó rostae .i. de rosa dind luib, 35 b 2 . celae dondí as caelestem , 9 a 2 .

XXIV Connecting two substantives, of which the latter indicates the source whence the former has come or is brought (cf. XIX): pane caeli, gl. in sásad di nim, Ml. 123 c 15 . Iudae Machabeo, gl. di Macha civitate , 67 b 16 . sacaird dí triub Leui, Tur. 6 . Lassar di cheniul C., Ardm. 17 a 2 ; 18 a 1 (dia desciplib di Laignib); 18 b 1 § 15 . lam nóib di Laignib, Thes. ii 326. 2 . Dé de nimib, Hy. vi 19 . Nár thuathech di thuathaib Cruithnech di chlaind Lóith LL 138 b 13 . cométaid di muintir nime, Snedg. u. Mac R 37. 6 . dias dAlbain is do Lochlaind, ib. 13 . Nechtán de Albae, Fél. Jan. 8 . Émene de Brú Berbae, Dec. 22 . Ep. 396 . láir do Chorco Ché rodnalt, ZCP viii 307. 30 . ib. 313. 32 ; 110. 5 . Ériu iv 104. 5 , 15 ; 106. 15 . luisse do ṡléib a flash from a mountain, 102. 15 . daig do sléib, Rawl. 84 b . dig den tiprait, Ériu iv 100. 15 .—do ṡíl Rosa (the npr. follows) LL 314 a 18 .

XXV Indicating racial origin, descent .

cinid springs, descends from: cinsiu di churp ríg sceo rígnai, FB § 22. 3 . conid díb rochinset in dá tharb, LL 246 b 51 . cinfid di ṡíl Chuind, ZCP iii 461. 16 . nír chin a choṁaosa dia chined i naonaimsir, AFM 1788. 5 . Competing prep.: ó ( Wb. 4 c 6 ; LL 46 a 34 , &c.).

gainithir is born from: ó óinsíl rogénartar dá macc de, Wb. 4 c 12 . cuirp genit...dina sílaib dereolaib, LU 37 a 31 . geinfid maccán dia fine, Three Hom. 98. 23 . co ngeinfitis cinedu iumda dia ṡíl, PH 2260 . oen is mesa rogen ┐ genfes do ṡíl Adaim, 3079 .—More usual with ó.

do-fuissim v. XXIX (c). is di v. XXVI. attá di v. XXIX.

XXVI After the copula.

(a) indicating the group, person or thing whence anything originates or of which it is a part.

(α) type † ba di Grecaib Aichil: di chlaind Cham ind Egiptacdai, Ml. 99 b 7 . ba do Ḟraṅccaib máthair inna clainne, Thes. ii 309. 19 . ba díb in tṡaergein Slaṅga, LL 5 b 23 . corub do muinntir Finn iat, Acall. 3142 . cúicir druad...ba díb Badgna, díb Cathbad drái, 2543 . do lucht in tíre seo hé, 7476 . do Thuathaib Dé Danann issí, 3907 . asberat bid di lucht na luinge...in tEugan Táidlech, ZCP viii 313. 23 . ib. 26 . ba de Ultaib a bhunudhus, RC vi 174. 8 . Ériu iv 140. 20 .— is din chorp in ball, Wb. 22 c 18 . ní díbsem in comsuidigud, Sg. 213 b 8 . is do chóicid Chondacht in ferann sin, RC xxiv 186 § 20 . PH 5766 . 2589 .

(β) type †ba di Grecaib do Aichil indicating racial origin: de Iudéib do Barnaip di geintib do Thit, Wb. 18 d 6 . di Iudéib doib, 27 d 4 . as ndi thalam do that he is of the earth Ml. 68 c 4 . di chlaind Thessei dóib .i. di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31 b 2 . ropo do Dáil Choncobair dosom, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is dár sluagaib duitsiu a Ḟerguis, TBC-LL¹ 753 . can do Ḟind? do Laignib ar Cáilte, Acall. 6547 . Finn...do chlannaib Baiscne dó, 7307 . as do Leith Cuinn dó, 2029 . ní dibh dóibh ZCP viii 112. 1 . ib. 112. 4 . Todd Nenn. 224. 30 .—Cf. d'oendreim dóib is d'aencháraid they were of one company and of one yoke (of horses), BColm. 90. 11 .—Rarely of things or abstracts (as type α): is de corpore dissi (of the eye), Wb. 12 a 26 . prouindsi Aroandum didiu, do rigi Magnuis Cam dhi, ZCP i 388 . Hence the change of construction, Ériu iv 140. 19 : de chloind Míled dúindi ┐ do Grécaib ár mbunad.

(b) indicating the origin of a name: is de is named from: corub díb...na trí tulcha, Acall. 6517 .

XXVII After the subst. verb.

(a) of origin, descent, native place : nícon bia rí dit chlaind, ZCP viii 315. 24 . manodfil fer di chlaind Airt i nÉre ishé in fer sin, 311. 34 . Most frequent diatá from whom is (are) ZCP viii 293 pass. dia rabatar Mic Conchubair, 294. 21 .— cathrach dia rabi, PH 1635 . Cf. also Ml. 103 d 9 : cum totius gentis interitu, gl. connaconbeth ní du Israheldaib.

(b) of issue, consequence : ní bia bríg desium, Mon. Tall. 154. 11 . biaid olc de, LMU § 10 . regma amin cibed bias nde ZCP iv 46. 16 . ní bia debaid de, Ériu iv 108 st 69 . ised rombia de, ZCP vi 267 § 8 . TBC-LL¹ 1896 . PH 2647. 4745 . is eol dam a mbias de, Fianaig. 26. 7 . atá so de this results from it ZCP viii 317. 36 . cid bias din gai seo, RC iii 179. 28 ; 180. 4 f.b. inní dia fuil a marbad, Fianaig. 50. 19 ; v. XLV (a).

(c) of the origin or derivation of a name: atá di is named from. is de attáa Féna Forfid, Ardm. 18 a 1 . Colmán mac Duach diatá Cell meic Duach, Ériu i 44. 1 . conid de atá Cnoc in Banchuire, Acall. 2851 . isam mebrach inní dia fuil, 7305 . is díb atá Ferb in Trír, 7349 . inní dia raibe, 6451 . is desin atá, 7880 . Ériu iv 140. 8 .—Cf. conid desin atá in seanḟocul, RC xxiv 194 § 8 .

(d) makes a part of, belongs to, v. XXXIII (k).

(e) of the stuff or material, v. XXIX (b).

XXVIII The idiom attá di such is originally meant it follows, comes, results from (XXVII (b) supra), is because of . A similar usage occurs with do-ic: dothicfad dia nimut nách biath anóir forro = such would be their abundance that they would not be valued ZCP i 386. 10 ; and with rosaig: rossaig do binne a labartha conid, &c., TBith. 101 . —For the sense-development cf. especially: consternatus sum, gl. atá di thrummai na fochaide insin, Ml. 23 a 19 , which might be translated: this results from the heaviness of the tribulations. robói du méit a pecthae som combu uisse a nepeltu i nóinecht so great were their sins that...(orig. it followed from the greatness of their sins, &c.), Ml. 98 c 6 . robói du chensi Duaid conná rogaid do Dia dígail for Saul, ib. 55 d 4 . búi dá cosṁailes ná haithned nech fer seoch a chéile díb, CCath. 2051 . atá do gére theinedh ifrinn dá ndoirtidi fairgi an domain na chenn nách turnfadais aenraed dá thes, RC xxiv 381. 14 . atá do ṁét an ḟuachta atá and, ib. 17 , 20 , 24 , 26 , 28 , 30 . búi dia noemi coná rolámsat a marbad, PH 552 . —si sanctorum pedes lauauit, gl. marusbói di humaldóit, Wb. 28 d 29 . ni tha dia méit, 5 b 10 . ní rabæ di esamni Duaid co naipred, &c., Ml. 33 c 17 . attá di ṡeirc la laitnóri inna nGrec co seichetar cid a comroircniu, Sg. 1 a 2 . rosbúi do bríg they had such grace Snedg. u. Mac R 9. 2 . búi do méd a ratha such was his grace Ériu v 20. 6 . robói d'imarcraidh egla forro conná fededar..., CCath. 776 . robúi do méd do cinedaib roclói Poimp conice sin nárbo miad leis, &c., 275 . atá d'iomat maigeanta as díolarrdhacht maisdeadh such is the abundance of my intelligence ML 124. 5 . dobí d'ḟebas a ṁebra gacha cluinedh tiar is tair dobíodh aige do mebair, SG 108. 7 . bói d'ḟebus in fethme...co, &c. LB 156 b 28 . dobai d'ḟeabhus aimsire...go fuabradais fognamaig na fearann gan feidhm MR 102. 7 . dobí dá thinneasnaighe tháinic, SG 27. 28 . dobhí dá rothes, 22. 13 . búi dia luas som cu cengailtea a marcaig isna dillaitibh, ZCP i 382. 2 . atá dia sruthi ┐ dia huaisli na hesergi co mbátar..., PH 3424 . Acall. 3119 . In late Mid.-Ir. also with a personal subject: ní bíd dá bochta nech isin domun ná bá hécen dó a ícc, LB 132 b 7 , for Oir. †ní bí di bochtai neich, &c. no one is so poor. atá da faide fodhes iatsen (Stokes' emendation unjustified) ná faicet acht blogh bec don tṡechtar rét, CCath. 1583 . — di méit...feib as much...as: itá do mét dethiden ┐ gráda cáich díbsium feib oc araili, RC xxv 246 § 24 . Cf. XLVIII.

XXIX Indicating the material or substance of which anything is made or consists .

(a) between two substantives (for orig. gen.), connecting the material immediately with the thing, type: tob di humu a bronze trumpet Ml. 2 b 16 . críol di croccund róin a basket of sealskin Thes. ii 347. 33 . cros dit sailiu, ib. 249. 3 . mílech de ór, BDD § 1 . tuagmila di ór ┐ airget, ib. léine dei ṡítiu, ib. ecor de ór, ib. cúaich di ór, Anecd. iii 50. 20 . bruidni do dergór, 51. 2 . brat d'olaind Tíre Tarrṅgaire, Acall. 7268 . cimus do bánór, ib. léine do tṡroll ríg, 7415 ; do tṡída buide, 7660 . coróin do spínib PH 3296 . cros de ór, MacCarthy 38. 7 . ib. 38. 3 .—Competing with the gen.: amdabach do sciathaib, Acall. 6940 : amd. sciath, LU 65 a 6 . MR 142. 3 . én dergóir, MacCarthy 38. 8 ; cúaich óir, LL 22 b .

(b) attá di is made of, consists of: dá maelassa imma chosaib ┐ ní feas cia luib dia rabadar, Ériu iv 138. 28 . inar corccra...┐ ní fess cia luib dia robi, PH 2854 .

(c) after verbs signifying `to make, to shape, to produce, create; to be made,' &c. Lat. de aliquo fit aliquid; facere, componere, comparare, fabricari (aliquid de aliquo).

con-utaing builds up: amail cumtaiges inna curpu móra dena sílaib dereolaib ┐ dano amail rochumtaig na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha, RC xxv 242. 10 . is sochma do Dia coro chumtaige cen adbar nó de adbar deróil cech nadmat bes áil dó, 242. 14 .—Cf. XXXVIII.

fo-ceirt: ár do chor dínni, Ml. 135 c 1 . rolauth ár dermar di cechtar in da leithi, LL 408 a 46 . ib. 404 b 24 .

cruthaigidir creates, shapes : rochruthaigfea in Comdiu cuipa na esérgi dind adbur toltanaigfes do, RC xxv 242. 7 . isé rochruthaig Adam do chriaid in talman, PH 2289 .

do-fuissim brings forth, creates : hé donrósat do nephní SR 7518 . má rothuismis na huli do nefni, PH 4796 . clanna cáine tusmiter di ḟorbbaib téchtaib, LL 293 b 40 . na dúli dia rotuismidea na cuirp sin, RC xxv 242. 13 . cuirp na ndáine...tusmiter dina sílaib dereolaib, 252 § 37 . LU 37 a 31 .

do-gní makes. (α) trans., type: mad fleteg dogneid dind œclis if ye make the church a banqueting-house Wb. 11 d 16 . dorigénsat in descipuil deu diib, 7 d 10 . ib. 2 a 10 . 4 d 1 . 8 c 9 , 11 . 9 d 4 . 13 a 21 . 17 b 29 . 24 d 11 . Ml. 26 c 2 . 27 d 2 . 51 b 8 . 69 c 7 . níbu machdath dorónta dia dind liac that a god should have been made of the stone Sg. 65 a 1 . ib. 9 a 18 . 26 b 5 . 27 a 13 . 35 b 13 . 41 b 4 . 63 a 9 . 63 a 17 . 66 a 22 , 28 . 70 b 4 . 100 a 11 . 125 a 6 . 149 a 2 . 187 b 6 . 188 a 22 . 197 b 7 . 209 b 10 . 216 a 1 . is di lus...dogníther in chorcur, Tur. 115 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 . Thes. ii 337. 27 . na dúili co ndernta do nemní, RC xxv 252 § 36 . déna bairgena dona clochaib se, PH 4797 . dogéna ór do indebar, 7276 . dorigne sroigill do ṡúainemaib, 4526 . cruithnecht don eorna, BColm. 102. 32 ; 104. 1 . MacCarthy 48. 7 , 11 . SG 251. 3 f.b. gadaigi dogní dimsa you make me out a thief Ériu v 234 l. 52 ; cf. PH 7600 . dorinni sé rí do Lingcus, RC x 181. 22 . doghéna Diabul cimidhi dona pecthachaibh, xxviii 318 § 36 . LB 212 a 5 . RC xii 428. 2 f.b. Ériu iv 134. 12 . PH 7656 . TSh. 32. 28 .—Here also dogní di = to do with, dispose of (like Lat. facere + abl.): an rochara dogné dímsa do with me as thou wishest RC xxiv 150. 31 . ZCP iv 43. 13 . apair cid dernais dind ornaisc, RC iv 43. 29 . déntur do thoil féin dímsa, ZCP vi 277. 12 . (β) impers., type: do-rinne ḟinnmagh d'iforn hell became a fair plain Ériu iv 114. 28 . ib. 116 st 20 . co nderna min ┐ luaith díb. Acall. 5585 6336 . 6340 . ib. 5619 . 5013 . 420 . 421 . 2395 . 3510 . doringne cuach cera dia gnúis, TBC-LL¹ 2602 . 6083 . SG 250. 18 . co nderna brioscbruar dona huile longaib, ib. 3 f.b. dorignedh uisce searbh da lionn, 28. 23 .—With ellipse of the verb: ní asse nóib di suidib not easy is it (to make) saints of them Wb. 3 d 28 .

suidigidir establishes : rosuidigestar æm óinchorp d'ilballaib, Wb. 12 a 30 .

im-folngai v. XXII supra.

XXX Indicating the place where action is originated and whence it extends while the originator remains fixed there; type: dobert maldachta foir di mulluch in tslébe he cursed him from the top of the mountain Ml. 58 c 4 . ex Sion...inde, gl. is dé ropridach ┐ is de atror int huile talam, 69 d 3 . luid hi telaig ┐ argart doib di suidi, 55 c 1 . fommchain...de dindgnaib doss it sings to me from the tops of bushes Thes. ii 290. 9 . di uertice fulget .i. din mulluch, Tur. 140 . Dia firién cluines mo dó nuaill de (v.l. do) nimiath néll who from the heaven-land of clouds hears my cries ACC § 5 . is dib (viz. from the thrones) beres in comdid a briathra fíriana for cech noen, PH 6239 . asbert Bricriu friu do lár in tigi from off the floor of the house FB § 26 . tarlaic aurchor do muin a mairc, Oss. i 3 . Also: gabtar ár neich dún ┐ indliter ár carpait co ndernam cathugud dar nechaib ┐ dar carptib indiu, TBC-LL¹ 3609 . Cf. debaid dechaib, s.v. debuith.

XXXI In some STANDING PHRASES in connection with a subst., adj. or pronoun.

demaig from without , q.v.

deṡiu: romsnáidhet d. ar demnoibh, Ériu iv 238. 8 .

fri...deṡiu on this side of: fri Alpai ndesiu, Sg. 217 b 8 . fri crích deṡiu on this side of the boundary, 217 b 12 . citra .i. centarach .i. frie deṡiu, ib. 71 b 2 .—Opp. to fri...anall.

dianechtir from without : Ml. 57 d 10 . 66 a 3 . 67 d 2 . 127 a 14 . 211 a 9 .

diandes from the south , Thurn. Hdb. 287 . Ml. 67 d 2 .

fri...denall from yonder side: fri sonnach adíu...fri sonnach denall, LU 23 b 19 .

denuas from above, de-super: d. dotiagar hisa tech, Thes. ii 292. 19 .

di bunud (from the root) from the beginning, originally: ná hadṁuigh si toirrchius na bainimpire óir ní let é do bhunadh, Sechrán 24 . Ériu iv 53. 10 . dar liom is urlabhradh daona sin agat...is duine mé do bhunadh, OCT 13.12-13 , 14 . Cf. iar mbunud, Acall. 7704 .

di cech aird from every side : abís in mara timchellas in talmain sin do cech aird, RC xxv 252 § 36 . FA § 6 , § 28 (LB).

di cech leith id., undique . immib di cach leith, Wb. 17 b 19 . dugairet arbar inna nnámat...impu di cech leith, Ml. 62 b 13 . 66 d 10 . in talmain impu di cach l., 51 d 3 . v. leth.

di cech thóib id. na héigmi doníthi umpu do cach thaib, Acall. 6782 .

di chéin from afar (a) of time. doarrchet d.c. nombiad adrad Dé la genti, Wb. 6 d 8 . is d.c. immunrordad, 20 d 10 . (b) of space: fasisidar di chéin Coinculainn, LU 71 a 34 . do neuch ditoet do chéin aidchi ndomnaig, Anecd. iii 21. 12 .

di chian from afar, of space: gan nech do thiachtain dochum ár longpuirt do chian ná dḟocus, Acall. 5474 .

di chianaib for long : robádar cethri cridiscél liomsæ de ch. I have long had four darling wishes Mon. Tall. 136. 20 .

di chiunn with a verb of motion = away . intan tét a laithe di chiunn cosnaib gnímaib, Ml. 21 c 3 . For other senses of di ch., v. 1 cenn.

din chur so (sin) this time, on this occasion, now , &c. Already Mon. Tall. 148. 14 (den ch. sin). don ch. sa, TTr. 1275 . LL 215 a 45 : dind ara chur.

di éis after ; but do might be older ( dom héis se, Wb. 29 d 9 ). retro .i. di ess, Ml. 2 c 1 ; dia é., 23 d 17 . 72 b 17 . dia né., 69 a 8 . 53 d 15 . diar néis, Sg. 195 a 2 .

di ḟocus, d'ḟocus from near : do chian ná d'ḟogus, Acall. 5474 .

di ḟót at once, suddenly : di fot .i. dinad nó di maighin .i. fochetoir, O'Dav. 754 .

dinad on the spot , v. di ḟót.

di leith: dind leith ailiu, Thes. ii 16. 40 ; 35. 32 .

di maigin on the spot : ó rob erdalta lais a ṁarbhadh do ṁaighin, Hugh Roe 102. 20 . O'Dav. 754 .

disin hence, then Ardm. 18 b 1 (twice); glossing Lat. unde Ml. 44 b 27 - 28 . Tur. 59 . Lat. hinc Ml. 48 c 1 . 104 a 3 . Lat. exinde 90 d 13 . Lat. proinde 108 d 3 .

B In the construction of certain verbs (and subst.) which might partly belong to the categories mentioned above.

XXXII aithnid, Mid.-Ir. aichnid, enjoins, commands : ná derb le maith ná le saith issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 §8 . tre forchongra in Tailgind do aichin dim dul ann, Acall. 7254 . mar daithin díobh gan where he commanded them not, &c., Keat. aithnes dia apstalaib, LU 35 a 31 . dá ḟeadhnachaib, ML 64. 22 . roaithniged díob, SG 54. 21 .— One would expect do (cf. Cog. 146. 16 ); di seems to have arisen in such phrases as do aithin dóib (díb) cen...do dénum.

buadaigidir is victorious, wins : nír bu lour leusom buaduguth dib with victory over them Ml. 33 c 13 . is missi buadaigfes de bar mac nDamáin, LL 82 a 38 . buadugud do Grécaib dona Troiandaib, TTr.² 180 . In Fél.² clxxii 11 , di seems original.—The same constr. occurs after búaid.

celebraid bids farewell : de Ḟiachraig, LL 51 a 17 f.b. díb, 276 b 4 . díib, Trip. 182. 18 . do: celebor dam, LU 73 b 8 . celebrais dó, LL 291 b 7 f.b. dóib, Trip. 198 . TFerbe § 16 Eg.; do seems original.

dethiden care , v. LII (c θ). essamnae fearlessness, confidence , v. ib.

lenaid adheres to, cleaves to, follows : lenit a pecthe dindí dobeir a ngrád, Wb. 29 a 23 . 5 c 16 . 10 a 5 . co lenamain dít, Ml. 101 b 1 . roleldar díb (i.e. axibus) 96 c 13 . rolil dím, 54 d 7 . lenaid din gutai thoisig, Sg. 9 b 17 . Thes. ii 310. 34 .—Thus also glenaid: glete de which stick to him Ml. 127 b 19 .—There is no support for the common supposition that di has here taken the place of do. The vn. díle .i. lenamain, Metr. Gl. 17 , also points to di as the original construction.

remcaissiu providence , remidéci provides for, v. LII (c θ).

C DI IN A PARTITIVE SENSE, often taking the place of the old genitive.—The partitive sense arose when di loosened its connection with the verb and became dependent on some neighbouring word denoting quantity. Compare the following instances where the sense of the original ablative is still apparent: assibsem imróol di rath in spirito we have drunk a great draught of (orig. from) the grace of the Spirit Wb. 12 a 17 . Ml. 94 c 12 . cach æn ibius ní din tobur, Acall. 6778 (cf. ité atoibet do thopur na deachta, PH 6238 ). gatar dam díb one of the oxen is stolen BColm. 56. 13 . ní foichred cnói díb for lár, LU 90 b 6 . cid focerdmais ní dé why should we cast away any of it? Cog. 96. 23 . dís testa do fichit eighteen AU ii 230. 15 . má dudesta ní dibar níris, Wb. 25 a 30 , &c.

XXXIII

(a) Preceded by a cardinal or ordinal number: óin di airchinchib Assiæ one of the leaders of A., Wb. 7 b 11 . óin dinaib aicsenaib inso, Ml. 62 a 22 . unus de cantatoribus, gl. dinaib cétlaidib, 61 d 5 . oen dinaib cestaib, Anecd. ii. 12. 1 . aen díb, ZCP viii 110. 30 . aen do chétt one out of a hundred BColm. 106. 11 . -mebdatar a nnói díib ZCP viii 313. 35 . míle dia náimtiu, PH 4048 - 4051 .

(b) preceded by a numeral subst.: mórḟeser dia muintir, Ardm. 18 a 1 . dias aile díb; dís dia muntir, PH 4427 . triar do chlannaib Baiscne, Acall. 7308 . morfesiur dia aes gráda, PH 980 . ochtur do Cháilti, Fianaig. 50. 1 . trí nonbair d'iarsma na Féinde, Acall. 7896 . trí .l. ban do mnáib T., 7822 . Cf. is óinfer gaibes búaid diib, Wb. 11 a 4 .

(c) preceded by a pronoun or pronominal word: alaile: alaaili diib...alaaili dano some of them Sg. 215 a 1 . for alailib diib, 208 b 9 . rel. a n-: ní áirmi a mbís iarna chúul dind séit, Wb. 24 a 17 . a mbís hóṡen suas dind eo, Thes. ii 255. 7 . a fúair do ṡaethar ┐ do ṡalchar, PH 7390 . ib. 7485 , 7646 . cách, cech: cách di suidib, Ml. 26 b 20 . cách diib, 114 c 15 . 137 c 2 . díb, 42 b 5 . 42 c 7 . díob, Mon. Tall. 132. 14 ; 133. 15 ; 136. 2 . cech diib, Ml. 72 b 27 . cachae, cechae: cach hae díib, Sg. 74 b 4 . cechae diib, Ml. 40 c 21 . 146 a 2 - 3 . cach ai dib, Thes. ii 330. 11 . cach oen, nach oen: fri cach noen din cenélu dóine, Cambr. 37 b . cech óin díib, Ml. 90 c 27 . dia chlaind, 133 a 10 . cach haen do mnáib, BDD § 3 . nach oen...de[m] muindtir, Mon. Tall. 129. 36 . cechtar de: Wb. 15 d 9 . 19 c 21 Ml. 17 d 12 . 39 b 2 . 31 b 3 b and 4 . 31 a 24 . 114 b 1 . Sg. 4 a 8 . 29 b 16 , 18 . 77 a 6 . 147 a 5 . 188 b 5 . nechtar de: Wb. 11 c 17 . 14 c 4 . Ml. 35 d 24 . Sg. 27 b 6 . 62 b 2 . 173 b 6 . 201 a 4 . cía de, Wb. 23 b 33 . Sg. 242 a 1 . c. dhib, ACL iii 5. 29 . RC xxiv 194. 1 . cia don dís, PH 3262 , 3273 . Acall. 7644 . cid: cid as maith di sunt, Wb. 12 d 12 . After é, sí, ed, often emphatically brought forward with the copula: ishe rochreti di muntir Cessair, Wb. 24 b 31 . ishé céetne fer cetaruchreti di áis Assiae, 7 b 11 . ithé ciaturuchreitset diib, 14 a 29 . issí mo sanserc sa di cleirchib, Mon. Tall. 150. 10 . sechi sí dia rígnaib, Ml. 65 d 8 . issed romarb don tṡlúag, RC iii 181. 36 . intí: intí nochreitfed diib, Wb. 5 a 20 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19 d 6 . 102 d 4 . Mon. Tall. 132. 24 . indní díob adgladmis, ib. 136. 29 . nech, neut. ní. nech: accaldam neich diib, Wb. 13 b 3 . nech di æcnib, 8 b 4 . 18 c 11 . 28 b 1 . 32 c 8 . nech dim chlaind, Ml. 23 d 6 . nech dinaib nóibaib, 51 a 16 . cen nech dimm æs dim chlaind, 23 d 9 . nech dia chloind RC xxiv 202. 12 . ní: fil ní de as fir, Wb. 11 d 2 . ib. 1 a 9 . 12 b 32 . ma dudrignius ní donaib remeperthib, Ml. 23 c 27 . ní din main, 97 d 10 . ib. 20 d 4 . 24 a 19 . 60 b 6 . 102 a 20 . du dánaigiud neich dúnni di (sc. a thrócaire), Ml. 96 a 8 . ithe neich di, 102 a 15 . ib. 105 b 7 . Sg. 147 b 3 .

(d) preceded by a substantive (or substantivally used adj.) denoting part or quantity . banne: b. dond lind, LL 208 a 46 . bec and its opposite mór: is bec di mór aní roinnisemar, RC xxvi 148 § 28 . is bec di mór chena aní sin, LU 17 b 32 . ní romill a bec din chasail, Trip. 58. 23 . ní beg dhe, O'Gr. Cat. 115 . a bheag ná a ṁuar de, Midnight court 520 . blog: dind ailig, Corm. s.v. gaire . don blonaicc IT iii 65. 8 . CCath. 1584 . iar mbloid don ló, Ériu v 116. 4 . boimm: b. don bargin, LB 49 b . PH 5141 . cethramthu a quarter: cecha cethramthan di (viz. nox), Ml. 95 d 8 . cuit: cuit cáich din rath diadu, Wb. 5 d 6 . cuid díb, Otia i 115. 6 . drécht: dreecht díib, Wb. 4 d 6 . 5 c 22 . i ndrécht dind hiriss, 11 d 2 . cachla drécht diib, Sg. 38 b 8 . drécht din aidchi, Rawl. 44 a 1 . Otia i 114 . d. mór dona longaib, TTr.² 1701 . dia muintir LU 65 a 37 . d. d'écsib, LL 161 a 5 . drong: drong dia míledu, PH 848 . d. dona Iudaidib, 2623 . d. díorma do ṁaithibh Dháil Chais, AFM iv 1064. 8 . leth: assin leath deiscertach de Ultaib, RC vi 174. 5 . indala leth dind rígthig FB § 15 . lucht: a roacairbe fri lucht aile díb, FA § 9 . mír: mír dind lucht, Thes. ii 339. 3 . rann: rán din deacht, Wb. 12 c 13 . rann diar forcitul, 14 c 15 . r. di sillaib, Sg. 59 b 9 . rann din obli, Thes. ii 255. 14 . pars de feoil, Mon. Tall. 132. 8 . rand de (sc. corp) RC xxv 242 § 14 . sochuide: s. diib, Wb. 8 a 17 . uathad: huathad ṅdóine do chretim diib, Wb. 4 d 4 . bid huathad creitfes diib, 4 d 5 .

(e) after words like ball, membur, tráth, lá, bliadain and the like, to denote the unity of which a part is expressed by the preceding word: is ball di Críst in fer, Wb. 22 c 9 . is ball dind fiur in ben, 22 c 9 . naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5 a 5 . óire nundem membur uili du Dea, Cambr. 37 c . Thes. ii 255. 15 . in naemad caibdel do lebar Matha, PH 7293 . 7304 . lomán dia brut a string of his cloak BColm. 92. 30 . in fichetmad lá do mís Márta, PH 2574 . ba hí in sesed uair do ló innsin, 2894 . isin nomad bliadain déc do ḟlaith Tibir, 2571 . etir dá thráth din ló, RC iii 184. 29 . re deirid don ló, Acall. 7696 .

(f) similarly after any substantive (or adj. used absolutely), denoting the class or category of which the preceding word forms a specimen. (α) type: duine (fer, ben, macc, rí, &c.) diib = one of them: sé maic leis. ní fárcaib mac díb claind, ZCP viii 291. 21 = nech díb, 292. 3 . trí slóig ...slóg díb, FA § 22 . ní fil diib mnái nachit charad, SCC § 6 . tuarustal uirrig diobh, ZCP viii 116. 33 .—Similarly duine (fer, &c.) di chét one of a hundred TSh. 55. 16 (d. do chéad). Cf. oen do chétt, BColm. 106. 11 . cech fer din cethrur so, Ml. 2 b 13 . (β) type: fer dia muintir a man of his household Wb. 33 a 2 . ib. 9 c 31 . cach fer di chlaind Latin, Sg. 33 a 13 . do cach cathrur di Románaib, 33 a 10 . 51 b 13 . 138 b 4 . (γ) type: aingel di ainglib nime one of heaven's angels Wb. 18 c 11 . ib. 12 d 40 . rann di rannaib in domain, Ml. 125 b 7 . ced laá di laib sechtmaine, Thes. ii 40. 31 . robrisiset cleith di clethaib ind rígthige, FB § 25 . fer d'ḟeraib Éirenn, SG 291. 25 . fer dina feraib, ib. §§ 61 , 91 . oenchainle dina cainlib sin, FA § 13 . mac dia maccaib PH 6614 . ball do ballaib, 7631 ; ib. 4825 . secht deich bliadna de bliadnaib, MacCarthy 192. 6 . Often emphatic.

(g) Very frequent with a comparative or superlative or word with the force of a superlative: carissimo filio, gl. dim daltib huilib, Wb. 29 d 3 . iunioris .i. di chlaind Iacob, Ml. 85 a 2 .

(α) di follows immediately after the comp. (sup.): anas ansam diib, Wb. 10 b 1 . in deil as choemem di dindgnaib Roerenn, Thes. ii 295. 3 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib, ZCP viii 113. 11 . in dá én ba háildem dib, SCC § 6 . fer as áldem di feraib Hérend, FB § 51 . in fer ba ṁó dḟeraib Éirenn, Acall. 7990 . in ingen ba sine díb, 7329 . in tóclach ba mó díb, 5064 . is cruthaige dferaib, 6988 ; ib. 7393 . 7819 . oenlaech...caeime do laechaib in domain, FDG 575 . in tænduine is ferr delb don Ádhamchloind, Acall. 7562 . in ba hindilldirghi dibrucud dona feraib ┐ in ba mó eiri dona trénmogaib, 7394 . dún ba dili lais dia dúinib, TE § 1 Eg. in dún fa nessa dóib dona trí dúintib, Acall. 7462 .

(β) type: in gaiscedach is ferr robói d'ḟeraib in domain, Acall. 6557 . in tarm is derscaidti bai dib, RC xxiv 196. 4 . triur is ferr lámach atá d'ḟeraib in domain, Acall. 6092 . in lín is lia robadais d'ḟéind riam, 7621 .

(γ) type: intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19 d 6 = intí bes t. díb. Cf. ní beth duine budh áille anás, Acall. 6020 . ní ḟuil don drong dænnachta nech is annsa limsa, 6434 .— After words equivalent to a sup.: prímgeinde do hireschaib, Wb. 4 b 9 . lennán dia claind, RC xxiv 176. 10 .

(h) di in partitive sense after a negative verb (esp. attá) = Fr. il n'y a pas de: nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip. 1814 . See cléithe. nísfil do pláig for bith nachusbera sin for cúlu RC xii 430 § 21 . go nach raibhe do chongnaṁ aige, ML 30. 15 . ní fail di nach dath ná beth forsin loch sin, LL 170 a 37 . cen co beth do thrénḟeraib and acht Fergus, Ériu iv 28. 15 . cen co beth do gaisciud and acht Conall, ib. 28. 20 . gin co beth d'ḟis ná d'ḟíreolus a nÉirinn acht..., Acall. 7887 . ní fuil d'feraib innti acht mathir sea, Acall. 5958 . ní fuil d'écsib Innsi Fáil fear imtha, Ériu iv 220. 9 . gonár fácbhadh do bhúaibh i nÉirinn so that no cows were left in Ireland, ib. i 89 § 36 .—Similarly in positive clauses after attá: i mbói di óinachdaib leu robeth for díb mílib ech, Ml. 43 d 1 .

(i) partly from the preceding usage and partly from the partitive usage in general arose the idiomatic use of di neoch din neoch, din cách (with or without díb) = cách, cach oen, nech.— fidbretha...muirbretha do neoch doruirmius, Laws i 182. 1 . is triasin forcongra sin atresat na huli dáini a bás .i. do neoch rosluic talam ┐ atuatar biasta, RC xxv 236. 2 = PH 3628 . fer rodíglastar Ultu for firu Hérend .i. do neoch díb romarbad, Ériu iv 28. 27 . bertís lægu riasin tráth arnabárach ┐ do neoch nobered loegu díb noscáiltis imma loegu TBC-LL¹ 1531 . cech dúil do neoch techtas bethaid all creatures who PH 4021 (partit.). morfesiur dia aes gráda do neoch ba díle lais díb, ib. 980 (part.). ragait attrebthaide Salamona etir aes ┐ áitid din neoch as tualaing gabáil gascid, TTr. 490 . ara clannaib...de neach file ┐ bias co dé ṁbrátha, LL 36 b 4 . connách bái dUltaib i mbethaib do neoch donarbo chotlud ná cuala, TBC-LL¹ 2962 ; —Here perhaps also Thes. ii 11. 36 ; Wb. 17 a 11 di neuch is governed by Lat. oboedientia. Neut. di neoch all that: imdéntar leis do neoch romilled dUltaib, TBC-LL¹ 1612 (di depending on imdéntar; but 1622 : imdénta latt an romilled dU.). essbuid cecha maithiusa do neoch fil eter neam ┐ talam, PH 4344 . Cf. also 2219 : coro díglum ár nancride fén fair do neoch forodámar ara dáig, where di depends on díglum.

(j) di partitively with the copula = one of, part of: is d'adbaraib chatha Chula Dremne sin that is one of the causes of RC xvii 142. 4 . bid dia phianaib a niffern na péisti sin fésin ic cocnam a ḟola it will be part (one) of his sufferings PH 7670 . bid diar scélaib, Snedg. u. Mac R 14. 7 . ba da bésaibh cach ní fa tibred lám da forba it was one of his customs to complete everything to which he put his hand CCath. 1178 . is do thimnaib rechta Moysi nemthomailt ḟeóla mucce, PH 6542 . is do bhuadhaibh an chopáin so an tan, &c., Oss. iii 226. 25 .—Here also Ériu vi 160. 2 f.b. : corub d'ingantaib láime Ciaráin an scél sin. Cf. XXVI above.

(k) di partitively with attá = forms part of, belongs to: ní di chorp atóosa hóre nímtha laám, Wb. 12 a 21 . ní nádmbed arse di chorp acht atá de, ib. 12 a 22 .

XXXIV Type ferr do laech a better warrior : isé ba ferr do laech, LL 150 a 37 . Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20 . am ferr do laech andái (sic leg.) RC ix 460. 4 ( ICM 1. 5 ). Modelled on the plural: †ité batar ferr di laechaib.

XXXV di . . . di, di . . . nó di, whether . . . or, be it . . . or, developed from the partitive sense of di: gibé noḟothraiccfedh innte (viz. isin dabaig) do chlannaib Fiachrach d'ḟior nó do mnái whether man or woman Anecd. iii 5. 3 f.b. (depend. on gibé). aonduine d'fir nó do mnái, ZCP viii 211. 20 . ar ná bí nach soer fri tairmthegd in domnaig di triun ná tróg whether strong or wretched Anecd. iii 25. 20 (depend. on nach). ní búi mílid...doná búi cara isin longphort sin da coibhnestu nó do cliaṁain nó da comdalta nó da fir aenchluichi isin Róim, CCath. 2431 sq. ní faicfed delb daena fair do chind ná do chois, RC xxvi 146. 3 . cidh bé conair isin domun do dodhaing nó do ṡodhaing be it hard or easy CCath. 639 . Not here PH 4285 . —Cf. do bicc nó (do) mór little or much PH 4140 . dḟír nó do gó, ZCP v 24 st 15 , v. L infra.

XXXVI GENETIVUS GENERIS: after a collective, quantitative or numeral word, di indicates the constituent units or substance. Competing with the genitive and sometimes not distinguishable from the gen. materiae (XXIX above) and partitivus.

(a) after a numeral word: a nói do móin a nói do min ┐ a nói do chaill, Thes. ii 298. 10 . míli dainglib, Acall. 7735 . trí cét míle do demnaib, 7770 . aon do ló one day ZCP v 495. 5 . viii 562. 10 . SG 23. 16 . Caithr. 150. 5 . aen doidche one night SG 60. 31 . Cf. araile doidche below. dias de fennedaib, LL 90 b 25 . céd do doirrsib, Snedg. u. Mac R 13. 19 .

(b) after pronouns and pronominal words: quaecunque fecerimus, .i. di sóinmechaib ┐ dóinmechaib, Wb. 4 b 5 . nihil, gl. di frithorcuin, Ml. 95 b 2 . Rel. a n-: (α) type: a ndorigeni Dia de maid the good that God had done Wb. 21 d 11 . 30 a 8 . Cf. Ml. 124 b 5 . a césme di cach imniad ┐ di cach guassacht in betho, Wb. 13 d 7 . (Cf. in rocésusa dimned, Anecd. iii 55. 18 = 56. 8 .) Ml. 127 a 2a . a nobid and de feol, Mon. Tall. 129. 25 . a tánic do noeblégund a tír, 136. 21 . a ndernnsat na senóraig do thoirrsi, Acall. 7909 . (β) a ndu imnedaib fodaimi what of afflictions thou sufferest Ml. 55 d 11 . araile: a. doidche, SG 12. 32 . Cf. oen di ló. cid: cid as imgabthi do dénum di ulc ┐ cid as déinti di maith, Ml. 51 b 10 . dim: deim de eot deim de formut, ACC § 105 . ed: ciped do phéin nó do fochraic dliges, RC xxv 240 § 13 . ceped dliges di phéin, 242 § 15 . ní, nanní, nech, inneoch. ní: ní di maith, Wb. 28 d 31 . 33 a 15 . ib. 13 a 12 . Ml. 15 d 9 . 23 c 20 . 36 d 10 . 63 c 5 . 68 d 14 . 93 a 20 (ní di máinib). 114 b 12 . 114 c 9 . 122 b 16 . 124 c 22 . ní di maith, Mon. Tall. 134. 17 ; 147. 30 . ní de min some meal, 157. 31 . ib. 137. 7 . nanní: slogait nanní do uisciu dodaic, Ml. 123 d 3 . 96 b 5 . 96 b 13 . nech di fáithib some prophet Ml. 93 a 5 . co millit in neoch bís do moltaib accaind, Acall. 7677 .

(c) after a collective term or quantitative word (subst. or adj. abs.) or the name of anything having component parts. aicme a tribe : Siracusii .i. aicmae di Graecaib, Sg. 106 a 7 . ib. 34 b 2 . airge a drove; a herd, a troop: airgi do buaib, Acall. 7602 . a. do bochtaib, AFM p. 824 . banne a drop : banna bec de usci, Mon. Tall. 150. 36 , 37 (but banni dond lind LL 208 a 46 partitively). bec a little : a mbecc sin dogníu di maith, Wb. 24 a 12 . a bec ndo síd and, Ml. 51 a 5 . bec ṅdi dechur, 72 c 9 . gan a becc ná a mor do chomraind, Acall. 5474 . boimm a bit : b. do arán, Lism. L. 2734 . breth choice of: do breith fén dór ┐ dairget, Eg. 1782, 30 a 1 . do breth féin do iath ┐ do ferann, Ériu v 150 l. 71 . ib. l. 62 . crithir a spark : c. do chuimne, TSh. 11. 13 . cutrumae an equivalent : a cutrume si do súg this much juice Mon. Tall. 150. 40 . dia enough : d. do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356. 1 . d. do phudhar, ib. 13 . do chin, 21 . drong a flock : drong dechaib, Acall. 6542 . d. da gach uile bethadhach, ZCP ii 270 § 205 . emid: emid di fiur so much of a man Sg. 66 a 6 . ere a burden : ere camaill de ór, PH 2011 . here do úir Rómae, BColm. 84. 9 . foróil super-abundance: f. dinaib anib, Wb. 16 c 22 . frass a shower : frass do nemannaib, BDD § 2 . Anecd. iii 50. 15 . gar: gar daimsir iarum a short while after PH 7199 . lán the full of: lán lainne a scéith di úir, RC iii 182. 6 . —Cf. XLIII. lín number : ara lín du chenélaib, Ml. 131 c 17 . lín do bochtaib, PH 6129 . loimm a sup: lom di midc, Mon. Tall. 136. 10 ; but lom nais, ib. 9 . lór sufficiency : ba lór do neim dó he had enough of venom Ériu iv 32. 2 . lór do chalmataid, ib. 28. 16 .—Cf. XLIII. méit quantity : méit di flescaib, Sg. 3 b 19 . cia méit...do biud, Thes. ii 335. 29 . cá mét do chloind, SG 250. 8 . méd do chinedaib...mét do degthoici, CCath. 275 . mór much : mór di maith, Wb. 11 a 20 . 4 d 10 . mór di genib, Thes. ii 322. 24 . a mmór de, Mon. Tall. 152. 22 . is mór do cheol dochualamar, Acall. 7212 . mór do tṡétaib ┐ dindmusaib, 5355 . ib. 7883 . Cf. mór nóir, mór nargait, Anecd. iii 55. 8 , the older expression. morán id.: m. do ṁíltib SG 9. 24 . ordu a morsel: dorat do Ísu ordu do bratán ḟonaithe, PH 6711 . ré space of time: re ré mor do bliadnaib, Acall. 5541. 7029 . riar as breth above: a réir do ṡétaib LU 133 a 40 . LL 375 b 38 . treimse id.: re treimse do bliadnaib, Acall. 5547 .

(d) after words denoting kind, sort, like, parallel, &c. a samail di ríg, SCC § 37. 8 . a samail di graig, 37. 6 . ní fuar do ṡét di márchlois, Liad. and Cuir. 16. 6 . MOD. ní ḟeaca riaṁ a ṡaṁailt sin do dhuine, W. K. a leithéid sin dechtrannaib, SG 260. 3 .

(e) after other substantives: ascaid de ór, PH 7057 . cró uimpi d'ḟeraibh, Ériu iv 112. 11 . fit mór de tuari anmín, Mon. Tall. 152. 18 . lóg di máinib inna nEgiptacde, Ml. 84 c 12 .

(f) frequent with comparatives denoting quantity: quod minus habuistis .i. di rath nó di forcitul, Wb. 18 a 8 . uilliu ...di fochaid, Ml. 54 b 30 . ní bia di mútaib bes huilliu, Sg. 7 a 1 . lugu di mirbuil, RC xxv 252 § 36 . lugu do chinaid, PH 5166 . móo do peccad, 5259 . ZCP viii 111. 9 . MOD. níos mó do ṁaith, &c.—After lia di occasionally has the sense of Abl. respectus: cipsa lia do randaib nocha lia do naeṁaib, Ériu iv 224. 2 . lia do maccaib na rígna do degamsaib, ib. 94. 1 .

(g) buan dolcc a lasting evil RC x 226 § 179 . cinnte do chendaigib certain merchants LB 115 a .

(h) after words like dabach, soithech and the like, di denotes the contents of the vessel: dá dabaigh décc do lionn maith, ZCP viii 116. 1 . baiglend do midh soóla a can of delicious mead Acall. 7421 .

D DI OF MEDIUM, CAUSE, MANNER, TIME & MEASURE in the senses of the original instrumental; in old texts the latter is occasionally still preserved: isé nobenfad a crand oenbémim di bun, LU 58 b 21 . iarna foebraib fennad, Fél. Prol. 48 .

XXXVII Di introduces the tool or instrument by means of which something is done, after trans. verbs denoting:

(a) to make or to do , dogní, conutaing: is do rinn scine doníther, Corm. Tr. 145 . in loech órda cumdaiged do lámaib, PH 2830 . in gái dia ndernais in gním namra, RC v 203 § 26 . don chaladcholg is dom gó díob dorignes in gleo, SG 252. 11 . dodhein teine de chipíní, Gadelica 88. 41 .

(b) to seize , gabaid: rogab din láim aile in seig, SG 391. 16 .

(c) to beat, strike, ply upon, scourge , and the like, benaid, buailid, dobeir builli, dounsi béim, gabaid, dofuairc, &c.: cote in rinnd dia ruba uitam omnis hominis, Wb. 13 d 25 . béim dind echḟleisc, SCC § 8 . dobennaissiu hé di ḟleisc, Trip. 224. 16 . dobeir M. béim do biail, RC xiii 30. 10 . dounsi Cuculainn béim da biail do, FB § 77 . dounsi C. béim din chlaidiub, ib. § 57 .— tuc buille dó do chrann na sleige, Acall. 6721. 6731 . don chonṡlaitt, PH 856 . gabaid goi...dorat buille de i toeb Ísu, 3358 . buille do laigin, 2874 . cét mboaille fort láim dé abaind, Mon. Tall. 142. 10 . bualad do chloidheaṁ, Ériu i 102 § 63 . búailset dia mbassaib, PH 117 . 2143 . do ṡlaitt, 135 .— doriacht fer co claideb...┐ dorat dara brágait don apstal de, 2151 .— co ngébad do chlaidim air féin, Acall. 7495 . rogab cách díb da claidmib a cend araile, 6261 . PH 3299 . — is díbside sraiglit, FA § 16 . — rotúaircset a nochta da ndornaibh, CCath. 1082 . túaircset do flescaib ┐ do sonnaib, PH 2143. 8313 .

(d) to cut, shear, clip , tescad, berrad, gerrad, selgad: arna dteasgad d'armaib an chatha, Ériu i 91 § 41 . is cumma imthescad dá sciath ┐ dá sleig ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 79 b 14 . deimes dia mberrtha, SG 411. 12 . gerraid sí... dia fiaclaib, PH 7661 . consealgad glasgég darach dia corrán, RC xxiv 196. 18 .

(e) to break, to injure : dobrisfinn thfiacla dom dorn, RC xix 144 § 120 . dobacaighedh mac Con la Coirpre don rindcne .i. do sleigh Ailella, RC xvii 11. 2 .

(f) to wound, to kill : gonaid, créchtnaigidir, ardíben, marbaid: cor ghonsat toeb na himagine de (sc. in gae) PH 142 . gaet do ṡleig Deirg, Acall. 1104. 1745 . in gai dia gcréchtnaigther, CCath. 3669 . ardibiba sluaga dia lúaignib, SG 254. 29 . d'iarann ní marbthar, Fen. 68 . Acall. 3236 . SG 391. 32 (di chloich). a nguin d'armaib límtha SG 42. 15 . Cf. marbhas d'urchar sleige í, ML 32. 13 ; Acall. 6947 . 6950 . 7065 .

(g) to throw, fling : doléici, dobeir urchor, foceirt, dobidc, &c.: dambidc Semei di chlochaib, Ml. 58 c 4 . rodíubraic rónurchair de (viz. lia cloiche), Acall. 4802 . dobered urchair di, Acall. 5797. 5810 . Oss. ii 2 . tolléci aurchor de, FB §§ 82 , 87 . focheird rout nurchair din liathróit, TBC-LL¹ 1024 . — Cf. for frestal a námat do clochaib, CCath. 1873 .

(h) to drive, drive away, expel : bruidni dia taircellad a eochu, Anecd. iii 51. 3 . bocṡlaitt dia nescartad conu PH 851 . dorigne sroigill...┐ rosindarb di na slóig, 4526 .

(i) to destroy : toghail in múir do reithibh toghla, CCath. 1883 .

(j) to bind : rochengail hé do línscoit, PH 2916 .

(k) to write : in chathach roscríb dia láim féin, Fen. 167 . scríbtha do láim, PH 4769 . gur thoit eite cuige conadh de sin roscríbh in leabhar, SG 23. 21 .

(l) to shut : dúnaid comlaid a thaige de baccánaib íarnaide, RC vii 296 l. 116 .

(m) isé doratt tí dia bachaill he made a circle with his staff BColm. 52. 23 .

XXXVIII With a wider application introducing the means or instrumentality; transl. the Lat. inruptione (abl.), gl. di maidm, Ml. 85 c 6 . ceilid conceals : náchar étir le do cheilt do bréthir ná do gním ná do chomartha, RC xix 166. 3 . buadrid disturbs : búaidrim port parrghais do neim an imarbais, Ériu iv 114. 12 . buadertha in táth dia chacc LU 74 a 24 . dogní makes, does : mina déna maith díb... mina déna toil Dé díb (sc. na hindmasa) PH 4110 . lessaigid aids, heals : in lín do bochtaib conicfatís do lessugud do indmusaib, PH 6129 . lassaid illuminates : isiatt so na lóchranna da lasfatt Laighin, ZCP viii 110. 16 . insorchaigid id.: roionsorchaigh iarthur Eórpa do ṡoillsi soalach, ZCP v 496. 6 . loscaid burns : mo loscud do chrithrib, TFerbe 610 . loscud do thenid, PH 7428 . conutaing adorns : conrotacht in grianán sin do imdénmaib sainamraib, FB § 3 . conrottacht in timdorn féssin dór, TTr. 1548 . bethugad support oneself by: a b. dá allus féin with his own sweat SG 41. 28 . broenaid: dia rath ronbróina Brigit may B. let her grace rain on us Thes. ii 326. 6 .—Not uncommon in Figura Etymologica: mad ferr cotobsechfider di chosscc alailiu, Wb. 9 a 23 .—Like Lat. per introducing the intermediate agent: is dítsa tarras sin uile through thee Acall. 5986 . teora mná torrcha di hUltaib do mnáib na nDéisi, Ériu iii 141. 219 . di chumachtu by means of, by the power of: cia tír ass asam lat do thabairt dúinne dit chumachta, ZCP viii 318. 34 . cia clérech dá fil muilenn cerr do ch. a mírbuile, BColm. 102. 23 . di chomairgi through the protection of: terno do chomairci an naeim each ríg Lifi, BColm. 90. 10 . de and desin thereby, by means of that, deside id., desen, Thes. ii 335. 37 , see PH 629 b .

XXXIX After verbs of vanquishing, gaining victory, triumphing, excelling, &c., di introduces the domain within which victory is gained: aonlaoch bérus barr ormsa do rith ná do chomrac ná do chorraigecht, SG 290. 12 .

XL After the intrans. verbs dotuit and docer, di introduces the tool or weapon; the agent is usually introduced by la. craet dofæth don gai seo a maccu. dofaeth rí din gai sin, RC iii 178. 22 . dofaethsat din gai roléici, 180. 39 . ib. 38 . dofaoth Fraoch darmaib Eochaid, ML 124. 12 . dona harmaib sin, Acall. 7029 . 6885 (di ṡleig).—dorochair de (viz. din gai) RC iii 129. 31 . Also followed by béim, lám and the like: gur thuit N. do béimeannuib ṁic Mórna ML 18. 25 . dofaeth in corp den snaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . co torchair do bíc (= bidc) aenuaire, BB 49 a 23 . tuitfid dá láim, ML 58. 1 . di láim M. docer Daire, LL 48 b 25 . MacCarthy 192. 4 .

XLI After verbs of buying di introduces the price: manisdeirclimmis di thorud ár láam, Wb. 26 b 16 . dorúaicled do lóg ḟola Críst, PH 3242 . oenfiach adrenar nde, Anecd. iii 22. 21 . ceinnechut sa fín lógmar díb, LB 139 a 51 . rochennaigset don argut sin ferann, PH 3235 . dochennaig sé ┐ nách dór nó dargat acht dia ḟuil féin ┐ dia ḟeoil, 7513 .

XLII In the construction of arbeir biuth he uses, consumes , competing with the genitive: airbert biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10 d 14 . as di sunt arbeir biuth, Ml. 60 b 11 . intan airbir bith in scriptúir do deismirecht asna salmaib, Ir. Ps. 128 .

XLIII After verbs, substantives, and adjectives of filling, satiating, smearing and the like, where di has taken the place of the original instr. or gen. línaid: ronlín di rath in spirto, Wb. 20 d 11 . líntar lán di fín, 11 b 13 . a llínad di atrub ┐ dóinib, Ml. 133 c 11 . CCath. 1920 (forlínaid). cor lín in grian da soillsi in doman, Acall. 5442 . líntar lestar de, PH 6362 . ib. 2507 . líonta dairc, TSh. 38 . 14 . líon mála de ghainiṁ na trágha, Gadelica 88. 26 . lán: inna mmaige robtar lána di Assaraib, Ml. 40 b 7 . ib. 36 b 3 . 40 b 7 . 104 d 3 . Sg. 59 b 18 . it bois láin di uisciu, Thes. ii 249. 10 . ib. 320. 26 . ScM. § 1 . FB § 67 . ba llán in tír di suigibh, Anecd. iii 49. 9 . at lána dímsa, PH 3405 . ib. 2016 . 2113 . 7177 . Subst. loingṡithel ┐ a lán duisci inti, Acall. 7149 ; cf. XXXVI (c). foslig smears : lase foruillechta béoil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7 d 9 . foselgatar a bráthir a tunig som do fuil, Tur. 128 . focertar i nim ┐ fuslegar de imman delg, Thes. ii 248. 7 . sáithech satiated, satisfied , sásaid satiates : ba sáthech in cú de, Hy. v 28 . beit sáithig de na braineoin, Lec. 440 b 9 . na hindmassa doratait dúinn...do sásad bocht díb, PH 6122 . lour: lór di chath, SCC § 36 . PH p. 787 a ; cf. XXXVI (c). riar supplying wants: a muinntir do riar don ṁin cheadna, TSh. 137. 10 . Cf. also frisailethar serves, attends : rofreslad co maith do cach ní, Acall. 6845 .

XLIV DI OF MANNER—the sense of means passing into that of attendant circumstances. The old instr. is occasionally preserved: dotaet bidc, FDG 37 (YBL). atchuadatar briathraib bíthib, SR 5814 . —doghabhasdair aga ccaoineadh do chneadhaibh ┐ d'éighṁibh ┐ d'osnadhaibh ML 108. 14 . gabuis in rígmílid uirri do brathbuillib móraibsecha co torchair leis, SG 251. 4 f.b. laibheoraidh an cluigín do ghuth ṡolusbhinn, ib. 2. 33 . dolabhair do briathraibh gruama, 12. 23 . adubairt Serlus do briathraib imcainte, RC xix 18 § 6 . adubairt do guth mór, ib. 18 § 4 . adubhairt d'ḟoclaibh dána, Midnight court 61 . rolabhuir an colam fris do glór dhaona, Ériu iv 53. 31 . raluidin se de marcaib I used to ride on steeds Ériu i 72. 20 . dothuit ar talaṁ do tháimnéll báis she fell to the ground in a dead faint RC xix 162 § 151 (ambiguous). di léimim with a leap: dotiag dia léimim inna carptib, LU 63 b 5 . TBC-LL¹ 738 Y. téid san uaṁaigh do léim, Ériu i 30. 239 . di bidc id.: dotaed do bheidhg asin imdaig, FDG 37 B.K. (dotœd bidg YBL). In a similar way arose a great number of standing phrases, cf. di chois, dech, di ḟorcraid, doenguth, doenbreith, doeninntinn.

XLV DI OF CAUSE, REASON OR MOTIVE—This sense was developed partly from the sense of `means' and partly from that of starting-point or origin (XXII above). Cf. such a phrase as: is de tháinic a thiugbás originated from i.e. was caused by Acall. 2584 .

(a) from, by, in consequence of, according to, in various usages: si enim mente excedimus, Deo, gl. .i. caritate .i. di imradud Dæ, Wb. 15 d 7 . Ml. 99 a 9 . Sg. 50 a 3 . di chor cruinn dacer dul issa muir de ligno sortis in mare missus Tur. 131 . cia adbar dia cess in bith, SR 7866 . ropo liath in mag sin dia ninchinnib, RC iii 177. 33 . ba brecc do imdornchoraib na claideb, Ériu iv 26. 26 . corbo chlárḟind...don tṡnechtu, TBC-LL¹ 1706 . ní bia blicht ac buar ...don bás hísin in consequence of ZCP viii 111. 23 . ní bí acht trí duirn in cach duine díb ┐ is bláith inócclach iat da méte féin according to their size (Stokes) ZCP ii 260 § 186 . fordorchae soillsi in lae don tṡaighnén (means and cause at the same time), CCath. 373 . de therefore, for that reason, consequently : Thes. i 5. 29 . ii 253. 8 . is de tra doforgill som, Mon. Tall. 140. 17 ; 144. 25 . is de forácaib Fiacha Connla ina tír, ZCP viii 314. 16 . betis colla de can chend, Ériu i 130. 39 . RC xii 88§97 . ZCP viii 115. 4 . Denoting consequence: torchis Eocho do chinn a chéli co mbreth Colla de, ZCP viii 319. 29 . bia torrach uaimsea ┐ béra mac de, BDD §7 .—Often in poetry in a vague sense, esp. at the end of a line to suit the metre. Frequent after comparatives corresponding to Lat. eo, Goth. þe, Eng. the; v. 5 de. desin id. bái imchosnum ┐ tnúth mór eter B. ┐ F. desin, RC xxiv 180. 10 . dochuaid doigh éada a nAoife dhesin, OCL 6. 7 . is demin desin conid náma Dé intí ná cretend, PH 2264 . coná fétait desin na popuil fognam, 4233 , 568 . &c., v. PH p. 629 b . TSh. 20. 22 . deside id.: conid córa deside marb do rád frisin pecthach, PH 4811 . diṡuidiu, disuidi, didiu, v. didiu. dindí for that, because, since , cf. airindí: dindí nád rochoilset ind Assair tempul, Ml. 48 d 28 . inde est quod...i. dindí as nansae ┐ as línmar a cenél sin condaarthróithad Dia, 104 a 6 . itaque .i. dindí atacomla, Sg. 161 b 10 . ib. 197 a 15 , 16 , syn. with fobíth. cid dia n- why , cf. cid ara n-, cid frissa n-; may contain either di or do according to the verb that follows. cid dia léicid cundubairt for drécht úaib..., Wb. 13 b 12 . cid dia nepir som aní sin, 19 d 11 . is súaichnid cid dia ndechuith, 16 c 7 . cid dia téige uann RC x 66. 10 . cid dia rotdíchlis ḟormsa, LL 289 b 33 , cf. SG 61. 38 ; but Ml. 35 b 24 (ind fochuinn dia ragbhtha .i. dia sóirad) contains di in the sense of ` of, about, concerning .' aní dia fil the cause of: inní da fuil a marbad, Fianaig. 56. 19 , v. XXVII (b).

(b) in the construction of several verbs, subst., and adjectives, denoting:

(α) to die of, to be sick with: atbail, atbath, caillter, téit éc, is marb, galrach and the like. atbail: mani eple de, Sg. 181 a 5 . dafuabair galar...atbail de, SCC § 4 . in dig tonnaid dia nerbalt, LMU 17. 32 . co nerbailt do bidg oenúaire, LL 25 a 39 . atbélam di ḟuacht ┐ gortai, MacCarthy 62. 8 f.b. de galar olc, ib. 158. 8 . atbath: conid de atbathatar, Thes. ii 298. 18 . dend áine sin, Mon. Tall. 156. 5 . dia guin, RC xxiv 184. 15 . do mallchríne, MacCarthy 144. 2 . do thám thrait, ib. 142 st 3 . do galar, BColm. 106. 4 . conbeba dot breith, LL 147 a 6 . caillter: ní caillfear den ocras tu, Gadelica 90. 37 . éc: éc a máthar dia breith ZCP viii 303. 31 . dochóid N. éc de thám, MacCarthy 146. 3 . a éag do chuṁaid a ṁná, Ériu i 24 l. 115 . tatham: rothathaiṁ C. do bheadhg aonúaire, AFM 308. 4 f.b. marb: marb in ben dot breith, LL 147 a . do bidc oenúaire, SR 7170 . de thám, MacCarthy 150. 15 . do galar, ZCP viii 120. 4 . do dásacht, TFrag. 164. 2 . do chumaid a mná, RC xiii 11. 7 . de, PH 3844 . The opposite is beo de, Wb. 10 b 27 . galar: amal as már a galar de, Ml. 40 b 9 .

(β) to reprimand for, take vengeance for: is cúrsagad rondcúrsagusa di chomitecht, Wb. 19 a 6 . oc toibeim for Laegairi don badbscél, FB § 70 . cairigid: cairigius a menma Ailill don gním sin, TE § 6 LU. Competing with imm. díglaid: coro díglum ár nancride fair do neoch forodámar ara dáig, PH 2219 , v. XXXIII (i).

(γ) to beat one for sth.: céd mbémenda fort láma...da cach uabar dogensat, Ériu i 201. 6 .

(δ) to do penance for: issí a pennit de, Wb. 26 b 20 . du aithrigi dia pecthaib, Thes. ii 253. 6 . ní hécen aithrigi disuidiu, Mon. Tall. 142. 2 . co ṅdénsat aithrigi don chul doronsat PH 993 . aithrige don ulc roimraid, 5134 . ib. 1208 .

(ε) to complain of: fodord dóib di dommatu, Ml. 97 d 10 . murmurare de inopia .i. din dommataid, 97 d 11 . de male potentibus querela, gl. denaib míchumachtgib, 29 a 9 .

(ζ) to be or become angry for: rofergaiged Ailill de, LL 27 b 1 . rofergaigestar fri Patraic do marbud in druad, Anecd. iii 36 . iarna dechrad d'íttaid, LL 75 b 25 . gabaid feirg desin, PH 981 . ib. 855 . Competing with imm.

(η) to be proud of, to boast of: rosgab huall dí imbud a soinmiche, Ml. 57 c 13 . connách gabad huall de, Ml. 69 a 17 . is deidbir móidem di suidib, Wb. 17 d 19 (a rare construction). is diumdach Gúaire díot, SG 53. 13 .

(θ) to be envious or jealous of: nongaib format friu dia sóinmichi, Ml. 43 a 14 . nád robae étugud Dæ desom, 32 d 10 .

(ι) to be thankful for: attlugud boide do Dia dibar nícc, Wb. 27 c 2 . di cach maith, 27 a 7 . dia sóirad, Ml. 117 b 7 .gratus...de præstitis, gl. dinaib remfoiridib, Ml. 72 c 3 . gratus...de recentibus præstitis, gl. dinaib remfoiredib nuib .i. dinaib degnímaib, 75 a 12 . budig desen, Thes. ii 343. 32 . dín bat budig brain, LU 119 a 33 . buidech dib, ACL iii 6. 1 . Midnight court 898 . diambtis budig d'oenbairgin, Ériu i 132. 72 . SG 19. 6 ; 54. 32 (bud buide Guaire díot). BB 498 a 15 (di toirtib in talmun).

(κ) sad, mournful, tired, weary and the opposite: arnápat toirsich dim chuimregaib se, Wb. 26 d 21 . 27 a 34 . toirsich de, Trip. 84. 19 . brónach: is de ní beth brónaig, Fél. Prol. 188 . b. de díth a coiceli, ZCP iii 248 § 63 . desin, PH 911 . doguilse: d. di neuch adbaill ┐ di neuch nád etar ┐ di neuch bís la nech, Wb. 16 b 11 . co cáined in doman do bás Mártain amal noḟáiltniged dia bethaid, RC ii 400 § 38 . de quibus oportuerat me gaudere .i. díibsi, Wb. 14 d 9 .

(λ) thirst from: bátar i nítaid...dend ḟulacht they were athirst from the cooked food RC xxiv 196. 11 .

(μ) intoxicated : atbertis conid for mesca do nua fína robátar na hapstail, PH 5394 .

(ν) weak from: súili tláithi do déraib, Ériu i 138. 6 .

(ξ) Here also arcessi commiserates, has compassion on (orig. is sorry for): air arrocheis side di bochtai cháich, Ml. 61 a 9 . airchissis de, LU 78 a 15 . roairchis dind Críst, Snedg. u. Mac R 9. 9 . dib, 11. 17 . dííb, PH 4961 . dimm, 1301 . dínn 2204 . 4412 . airchis co luath díomsa, SG 393. 2 . Occasionally also do: a. daib (3 pl.) PH 1009 . arcessi do neoch, Wb. 4 c 19 .—Cf. airchissech di cech duine, Rawl. 40 a . menma airchisechtach di cach duine, 3 B 23, 27 a 1 .

XLVI DI OF MEASURE WITH COMPARATIVES corresponding to Oir. i n-: dob áirdi do dhá throigh Admirandus A. was taller by two feet RC xix 368 § 235 . as má Mars do bheagán ná oiread go leith na talman paulo maior Gadelica ii 106. 5 . For -de after comparatives v. XLV (a).

XLVII DI IN THE SENSE OF GEN. or ABL. QUALIT.: in corp do rogili ┐ in folt do roáilli ┐ in agaid do chumtachta ┐ in tṡúil do roglaissi, ZCP iv 40. 13 sq. issiat ubla is millsi amuigh do chubra innsi Áduim of the fragrance of Adam's Isle Ériu iv 114. 4 .

XLVIII (Possibly a subdivision of XXVIII) DI is the preposition in idiomatic impersonal phrases of the type: attá d'ḟebas na síne the weather is good: is fossad do chéim glan glé cia beith d'ḟeabus na síne, TE § 9. 6 Eg. má beth tra do húaite ind aessa gráid lasna tuatha cia beit trí hecailsi for cubus cech ḟir gráid, Ériu i 220 § 13 . má beth tra do úaisle ind ḟ.r gráid ┐ a airmidin dofórmagar a dligid, ib. § 15 . Here also Ériu iv 142 § 19 : cia bar lín se...ní fil ém diar núaiti we are not few; and PH 3964 : bói dia óite in inbaid he was a young man at that time.

XLIX DI OF TIME: for, during : do thríb cethorchaib aidchi ammain for usciu ┐ bargin, Mon. Tall. 136. 7 . di lau: luid tria hecosc a ṡenathar do Themuir di lau sobais on a prosperous day ZCP viii 311. 18 . do ló in ḟuigill on the day of judgment FA § 6 LB. di lau is d'adaig by day and night: do ló ná d'áidchi, Acall. 6118 . do ló ┐ d'aiche, Lib. Flav. ii 25 a 2. 22 . pl. do láib is d'aidchib, Ériu iv 106. 14 . d'adaig at night , q.v. disin unde, hinc, exinde, proinde, v. XXXI. di chéin from afar , v. XXXI. di chianaib, ib.

L DI FORMING ADVERBS from adjectives. Cf. Lat. de improviso, de novo, de integro, de cetero, de subito (Plaut., Lucilius), Lat. de repente (Plaut.). di léir diligently : guidid Dia di léir, Ml. 68 a 15 . geib do mámb do léir (v.l. co lléir), ACL iii 313. 2 . robói Fergus féin isin gliaid sin ┐ atát a scéla do léir aige, ib. 5. 7 . di glé clearly, openly : ní éicsem huile do glé cid fri saegul sechtmaine, Rawl. 88 b 26 . di gnáth usually, always : is grema duit nách é Tadhg do choṁarsa garcc do gnáth, ZCP viii 223 st 23 . do ghnáth. Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380. 12 . AFM 2256. 3 . As to do gréss cf. LI. di biuc a little, di mór much : dia nellad do bicc' nó mór ón ḟuigell ḟírén, PH 4140 . do biuc ZCP viii 217. 17 . do lomm, Midnight court 391 . Cf. XXXV above. do ṡír always = co sír, TSh. 5. 5 ; 12. 25 ; 21. 26 . dḟan sé a bhfochair a athar do ṡíor, TSh. tearcól do ṡ. aca, ib.; ised bís mo smacht do ṡír, Hib. Min. 82.12 . v. sír. Here also dano, if it is from di nuu = Lat. de novo, denuo. Cf. also dáirithe.

LI PHRASES, belonging to E in various senses.

di ág, dág, dáig, dágain, dáigin; dég, d'ḟech, d'éigin for the sake of, because of: dígal...dég ár pectha, Ml. 88 a 4 . d'fech, Ardm. 17 b 1 . bid dibar nág si ronbia ni corona, Wb. 25 a 3 . di ág mná .i. di ág Medba, ZCP viii 305. 20 . di ág aige Aingine, RC x 224. 166 . v. dáig, &c.

d'áis with the consent of, of free will : go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'éiccen until they should rescue the Earl by consent or violence AFM vi 2172. 25 . tré chloinn Eogain 'sní dá nais but not with their consent R.I.A. 23 G 24 p. 250 .

di breith, do b. according to the judgment : do b. rechta PH 2810 . do b. a anmcharat, ib. 7615 . See breth.

di bríg because of: de bhrígh nách bhfuil spioraid Chríost aca, De Imit. 1. 16 . do bhrígh ó bheith na pheacthach dhó, TSh. 62. 1 . dá bhrígh sin for that reason, TSh. and mod.

do chet with the permission of, opp. cen chet: adubhairt nách geabhdaois suirghe ón dias sin oile acht do chead a nathar, ML 12. 25 . do chead Dé, SG 16. 35 . do ched a nathar, AFM v 1686. 24 .

di chiunn, do chiunn away , after a verb of motion: intan tét a laithe di chiunn, Ml. 21 c 3 . for the sake of, on behalf of, &c. de chind, LU 82 b 18 .

di choiss on foot : is dia chois a mbúi, Hib. Min. 70. 15 . immathéged cách dia chuis, LU 40 a 12 . dariachtatar na noecharptig...┐ in triar de choiss maroen riu...┐ nira luathiu na noecharptig anda in triar de choiss, LL 101 b 32 = TBC-LL¹ 5876 . do choiss, BB 487 b 5 . ib. 7 a 34 . conadh airi sin nách togluasinn laech do ch. ná dheoch, ZCP i 394. 13 . Cf. di thraig below.

di chumaid from sorrow LL 11 a 29 . 23 a 50 , b 38 . SR 6923 . See XLV (b α).

di dáig because of. See dáig.

di deoin by the will of: atbath rí de deoin Dé, LL 133 a 22 . dia deoin of his own accord LL 16 b 7 . PH 2361 sq. dia nd., LL 193 a 46 . dom d., Fianaig. 62. 12 . ZCP viii 223. 30 . v. 1 deóin, aindeóin.

d'écin by force : d'áis nó d'éiccen, v. dáis supra.

d'eoch on horseback : do chois nó dh'eoch, ZCP i 394. 13 . Synonym for eoch, TFrag. 204. 15 .

dom dóig on my own account : doscríbus sin dom doig Mon. Tall. 154. 26 .

di druimm by means of, in virtue of, on the score of: de dh. dinntleachta, De Imit. 4. 1 . do dh. chennaig, AFM vi 2076. 5 . na ccreach, ib. v 1338. 4 f.b. de dhruim díchill ┐ díoghraise, TSh. 225. 3 (N.E.). Often only a strengthened di, v. druim(m).

di eclai for fear : d'eagla go ndiongnadh biataigh dhíobh ML 118. 17 . ná hinnis aní bu mian leat do dénam d'egla muna, &c., Ériu iv 126 § 4 .

d'ḟebas on account of the goodness or excellence of: tét do saigid Chuipit dia febus a ṡeirce sium ó gentib, Aen. 384 . d'feabas a delba, FDG 458 . tabair di siud iad d'febas. a huirchill, SG 297. 6 .

d'ḟech v. di ág supra.

d'ḟeirc in anger : dodechad...d'ḟeirg riut dot romad TBC-LL¹ 3421 .

dia ḟír in truth LL 192 a 36 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 49. 39 ).

di ḟochonn in consequence of: di ḟ. a ferge a ttothfund for fairge, Todd Nenn. 132. 51 .

di ḟorcraid, di imḟorcraid, d'imarcraid abundantly, extra, in excess : atá leusom di forcrid a ndudesta airibsi, Wb. 14 a 33 . conná ternó ní dona .u. gaiscedaib déc nobítís di imforcraid hi tegluch Chonchobair, LU 61 a 13 f.b. ; cf. PH p. 758 a , and see immarcraid, immḟorcraid, immarcaid.

d'ḟorniurt through the oppression or tyranny of: fearg oirne ┐ air d'ḟoirnirt indluig, Ériu iv 212. 20 .

di gním nó di bréithir in word or deed : má dotuc easanóir do g. na do b. do nech acu, RC xix 28 § 22 .

do gréss continually, semper : origin of do obscure, v. 2 grés.

di inchaib, do i., d'inchaib ( LL 147 b 16 ) for the honour of, under the protection of, &c. tair lind dí giall di i. Connacht, LU 69 b 2 (cf. Laws v 308. 19 : fíach gill di inchaib). de i., FB § 13 . dit i., LU 66 b 38 . roléiccead ass d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM 1072. 14 . See 1 enech, ainech.

do láthair, de l. in presence of, before (both after verbs of motion and of rest) contains original do.

di léimim v. XLIV.

di marcaib v. XLIV.

di memur, do mebair by rote, by heart : gabáil ind tsailm de memur, Mon. Tall. 142. 24 . dobhí dḟebus a ṁebra gach a cluinedh tiar is tair dobíodh aige do mebair, SG 108. 7 . gan aonḟocal do ṁebair, ib. 280. 1 . atá in scriptúir do mebair lais, PH 2185 . ib. 4178 .

di glanmemur, do ghlanṁeabhair id. conách bi ní da gcluineadh gan a bheith do ghlainmeabhrae aige, MR 282. 11 (Stowe, not in YBL). dá mbeidheadh an bíobla go léir de ghlanṁeaṁair agat, De Imit. 2. 4 . ib. 112. 4 .

dia mess féin according to his own opinion Each. Iol. 25. 14 .

di miscais from hatred : dia m. ara máthair, Ériu iv 102. 6 .

di muin, glossed de chommairgi: robí (.i. romarb) Aed di muin Chormaic in ríg , Rawl. 122 a = LL 314 a 27 .

di muir by sea : ac indrudh Muman do muir ┐ do thír RC xviii 49. 24 . in comdortad darónsat a námait do muir ┐ do thír fair, CCath. 2675 . cach olc do muir is do thír tige fri Temrach, BColm. 102. 10 .

do nós ever : do n. mar is cóir dóib, Hy Fiach. 459. 1 ; ib. 458. 35 . ar thagid do n., KMMisc. 264. 13 .

d'oenaicned of one mind : d'aentáib ┐ d'aenláim ┐ d'aenaigned da bar ninnsaigid, MR 194. 14 .

d'oenbreith at one birth : doenbreith ructha Olom ┐ Conrí ZCP viii 332. 2 .

d'oenintinn of one mind, intent : dias dot sluagaib do beith da aeninntinn, RC xix 26 § 19 .

d'oenláim. See d'oenaicned.

d'oenméin with one accord : dorinneadar uile d'aoinṁéin, TSh.

d'oentóib together (after verbs of motion as well as of rest): is d'oentaib bátar ind fir se hi cend Ulad, SCC § 22 . do chuadar cum an catha dh'aentaeibh, Caithr. CC 25 .

d'oentoisc with special aim, deliberately, exclusively LL 90 b 25 . Laws iii 422. 5 ; v 336. 19 , 20 . TSh. 160. 2 ; 215. 16 ; v. toisc.

d'oenuaim of one report, all together , v. Dinneen 36 a .

d'oenurchor, v. XXXVII (f).

di ráith, do r., .i. ar son for the sake of O'C. is di r. dee dobeir dígail fort, Wb. 6 a 14 ; v. ráith.

do réir ( dit réir, ACL iii 313. 2 ) according to contains original do, v. 1 do.

di rogain, di rogu, with beirid = takes as a choice, chooses : ruc in mac ba sine a indmus do rogain, LB 158 b 6 . AFM 1640. 8 . Proverbs 22. 1 . a breith do (v.l. de) roghain TSh. 56. 25 .

di ṡeirc for love : cum benignitas apparuit saluatoris nostri .i. is do seirc móir dodechuid airitiu colno do Chríst, Wb. 31 d 2 . asbert...cid dia mbói fochond a galair. atá dit seirc seo ol Ailill, TE § 10 LU (belongs under XLV a). is dia ṡeirc conairlither a thol it is through love of Him that His will is cared for Ériu i 195. 2 .

diṡuidiu = didiu, q.v.

di thír by land . See di muir.

di thoisc, do thoisc on account of, owing to: ag caoineadh a amaráin féin do thoisg an trír chéadna, TSh. 60. 7 . gach saoth da dtig orra is do th. an ubhaill úd táinig, 92. 15 . bás...da ṡíol do th. a anuṁla sin, 93. 1 f.b. do th. an adhalt rannais, 151. 18 , &c. Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 194 .

di thraig on foot , cf. di choiss: doluid aṅgel Dé dia thraig ar chinn Baláim, SR 4785 .

d'urmór for the greater part: dochuartaighsiod fearann Chonaire ┐ dochreachsat durmór é, ML 22. 19 .

E DI OF THE SUBJECT-MATTER OF THOUGHT, FEELING OR ACTION : of, concerning, with regard to, in reference to, corresp. to Lat. de.—For the sense-development compare: is becc pridchimmeni di rúnaib Dée, Wb. 12 c 6 . atfét dún ní dona mórgaibfi rogaifis, Anecd. iii 53. 26 . co ninnisi tú ní dot madgnímradaib, &c.

LII

(a) In elliptical or incomplete sentences: de collectis autem quae fiunt in sanctos, .i. dinab gabálib, Wb. 13 d 33 . uaniloqui...maxime qui de circumcisione sunt, gl. de Iudeib ón that is of the Jews, 31 b 15 . mire sane uariauit hos uersus .i. cachla fers and di adhuath...in fers aile dí húaisletu, Ml. 40c16 . du gnímaib aní tuas du persannaib anísiu sís, 117 c 6 . ib. 89 d 12 . 102 d 9 . in finem .i. di laithiu brátha, 40 a 19 . Transl. Lat. de: Sg. 2 a 10 (donaib). 2 b 1 (dinaib). With the copula: is do (seldom di) is of, about : ní dond imdibu colnidiu lessom inso he is not here speaking of &c., Wb. 10 a 14 . is do diuchtrad corporum ┐ do chotlud corporum , 25 c 12 . náich do imdibu colnidu aní thuas, 10 a 15 . is do dóinacht maicc cachla focull ┐ dia deacht a naill, Ml. 24 d 30 . is dind oipred, 67 c 18 .—ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe both as to the bread and, &c. Mon. Tall. 151. 25 . issed as chóir laisim...de bithbúr praindea, ib. 146. 28 . isí comairli is cóir dhe, ZCP viii 114. 8 . ni ba edh de thuathaib Dea it was not so with RC xii 92 § 122 .

(b) in subject-headings, titles of tales, chapters , &c. after Latin model: Cato de agna pascenda, gl. din dínit bed ṡástai, Sg. 39 b 11 . Nonio Marcello de doctorum indagine .i. dind eclim, 17 a 6 . De Chophur in da Muccide, LL 246 a 15 . de gabáil in tṡída inso sís, 245 b 12 f.b. do fallsigud Tána Bó Cúalṅge, 245 b 1 . de rígaib Muman inso, 320 a 15 . do Monur (leg. monur) epscop sunna, ACL iii 313. 1 ; 316. 15 , ZCP x 378 . do fedmannaib anmcharat...so, 318. 11 . de chórus cána in domnaich budesta, Anecd. iii 21. 1 . agso síos do ríoghaibh Éireann, Keat. iii 2. 1 .—Often at the end of a tale when the title is repeated.

(c) in the construction of many verbs, such as—

(α) speak, tell, preach, mention and the like. Lat. loqui, dicere, narrare de. Referring to Lat. dicere: cum dicit de osoribus suis .i. di náimtib, Ml. 16 d 5 . de suscepto homine dicta .i. di dóinacht Críst són, 17 a 11 . Sg. 3 b 27 . 66 a 6 . Lat. tractare: de speciebus...supra tractauimus, gl. di delbaib, Sg. 61 a 1 . praefari, Ml. 61 a 35 , 36 . sermo esse, 26 b 5 . inserere de, 75 b 20 , cf. 26 b 20 . After adfét, asindet, aisndís; di: a nadfiadar di Críst, Wb. 27 a 10 . ib. 5 c 16 (di thuiste dúile). innahi adfiadam di Christ, Ml. 93 d 14 . aisndis di duiniu, 131 a 12 . intan adcóidemmar di comparit, Sg. 43 a 6 . Ml. 65 a 1 . 115 d 9 . Cf. Sg. 103 a 1 . Tur. 40 . din (-nd, -nt), Ml. 14 d 10 . 40 b 8 . dinaib, 40 c 18 . de, 122 a 2 . Sg. 18 a 1 . 59 b 7 . diib, Ml. 145 c 7 , 8 . di, 42 b 7 . dia (n-), 40 b 8 . 54 a 20 . Sg. 197 a 6 . taidbsin dia nécid remaind, PH 6689 . do: aisndís du forgairib Dæ, Ml. 66 c 3 . ib. 14 b 12 . 14 d 3 . 24 d 30 . 42 b 18 . 110 c 5 . 125 a 11 . 126 b 1 . 137 d 2 .—do may be original in the sense `ascribe to' ( Ml. 72 d 9 ). asbeir di: amal bid di muir atberad, Ml. 62 c 2 . ib. 37 a 14 . dind, 21 c 3 . dinaib, Wb. 5 a 4 . dínni: ní don daum storidiu acht is dínni preceptórib ar is díin asrobrad a ndede so, 10 d 8 . diib, Sg. 29 b 16 . 73 b 8 . 203 b 6 . di 3 sg. f., Wb. 15 d 20 . Ml. 145 c 3 . dia n-, Wb. 13 c 12 . 21 d 4 . Ml. 14 d 13 . Sg. 66 b 10 . 71 a 17 . 208 a 7 . diar n-, Wb. 17 c 23 . is de atberthe in sírite de, SCC § 17 . cid arnapair in tapstal spirtalda díb, RC xxv 244 §§ 20 - 23 . issed asbered som de suidiu, Mon. Tall. 142. 19 . de bithúr, 136. 31 . PH p. 630 a . do: Ml. 26 a 8 . 45 a 9 . 51 d 25 . 133 a 10 . don, dund: asberar corp don dlúim máir sin, Wb. 9 d 5 . Ml. 17 b 23 . 37 b 19 . donaib, 37 b 24 . issed asbert do bithfúr, Mon. Tall. 134. 21 .—In the sense `ascribes to' do may be original ( Wb. 4 b 3 . 9 d 5 . Ml. 110 d 16 ). atá briathar: ní díib attáa briathar less it is not of them he speaks Wb. 13 a 16 . intí dia robe briathar linn, Sg. 197 b 12 . PH 2725 . 3148 . 4600 . 6189 . 6501 . 6698 . 6791 . cestnaigidir asks, inquires : cestnaigther do forcraid na foltni, RC xxv 240 § 12 . foraithmet mention of: f. ṅde, Ml. 61 b 12 . dia mbi f. riam, Sg. 197 b 18 . coná raibi acht mad f. bec di (viz. the Táin) in Érinn, ACL iii 4. 15 . gairthir di is called : goirther coin in diabuil díb, PH 7703 . Sabecdai do gairm díb, 6969 . Longínus goirther dím, 694 . dogairther di id.: conid de dogarar díndi Féne ó Fénius, Ériu iv 140. 23 . RC xxiv 184. 7 . BColm. 58. 3 . labraithir Lat. `loquitur': ní labrathar di féisne, Sg. 199 b 6 . de se loqui, gl. cétna persan di féisin, 199 b 10 . quando de ratione...loquimur, gl. de chaldigud, 181 a 9 . pridchid: is becc pridchimme ni di rúnaib Dé, Wb. 12 c 6 . rolá di: ní du choscrad in tempail rala som, Tur. 80 . ráidid: Góidil do rád dib, Thes. ii 316. 24 ; 317. 33 .

(β) sing of, write of. Lat. canere, scribere de. canaid: is di laithiu sabbait rocét in salm so, Ml. 57 d 13 . ib. 48 b 11 . 85 b 11 (referring to Lat. cecinit). Thes. ii 252. 14 . conid díbsin rochéad in seanchaid, RC xxiv 182. 15 . PH p. 630 a . gaibid: di: di thuasulgud in popuil...rogabad in salm so, Ml. 116 c 2 . ib. 16 a 10 . 35 a 8 . 35 a 10 . 44 b 1 . 48 d 27 . 133 b 1 . 139 a 8 , 10 , 11 . din, 44 b 1 . 48 d 28 . 112 c 11 . de, 16 a 10 . 24 d 26 . 44 b 1 . 48 d 27 , 28 . dia (n-), 35 b 24 . 44 b 1 . dimsa, 17 b 18 . díb, 35 a 8 . do: is de rogabad in salm so do dechur etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, 24 d 26 . 24 d 29 . 45 d 7 . 133 b 2 . 139 a 6 , 9 . Referring to Lat. scríbere, Wb. 25 b 7 .

(γ) prophesy, prefigure; testify . do-airchain: is díimsa tairrchet, Wb. 7 a 2 . ib. 15 a 34 . 26 d 9 . desom, Ml. 38 c 9 . di thetacht in spirto...profetauit, Tur. 170 b 2 . amal roterchan in fáith de, PH 5115 . fiugraid: an rofiugrad di Críst, Wb. 15 a 34 . fáitsine: dia mbói oc fáitsine dia mac, PH 3436 . dobeir forcell: is de dobiur f. di neurt inna deserce, Wb. 16 c 4 . ib. 25 d 20 , 21 (díibsi), 25 d 20 . Ml. 22 d 19 . 24 d 14 . a forcell forrogelsam ni di laithiu brátho, Wb. 25 d 20 . dobeir teist (testas): do thabirt testassa dínn, Wb. 15 a 3 . ib. 15 a 6 . 15 d 8 a . 18 a 3 . 23 a 23 . 24 c 16 . 25 a 18 . 28 b 6 . 28 c 4 . 34 a 3 .

(δ) instruct, teach . Lat. docere de: do munud a dalti di cach gním, Wb. 24 d 10 .

(ε) discuss, dissertate . Lat. disserere, disputare de: etarcert di dúlib, Wb. 27 a 10 . di phecthib, 29 c 10.

(ζ) blaspheme : du écnduch di Dia, Ml. 72 b 5 (hardly for `do'; usually with gen. `écndach Dé').

(η) hear, think, remember, forget . Lat. audire, cognoscere, sentire de. cluinithir: issed rochualai Maolrúain la sruthi di dérgu ind tíri, Mon. Tall. 133. 19 . Cf. magna a patribus de tuis factis audiuimus .i. di neuch durigni siu du adamru, Ml. 63 c 5 . domoinethar: cáintoimtiu diib, Wb. 23 a 22 . náro taithmen Ísu do forcraid na foltne did not think of RC xxv 242. 16 . Referring to Lat. sentire, Ml. 15 b 4 . accipi de, ib. 17 d 11 . coná raibi acht mad cuimne di (viz. the Táin) i nÉrinn, ACL iii 4. 15 . cuimnigidir is mindful of: ní de fat na foltni .i. dia forcraid acht dia nárim nammá cumniges Ísu isin tṡoscélu, RC xxv 240 § 12 . ár ndermat ni diar sóirad, Ml. 96 a 13 .

(θ) care for, provide for, be confident about, fear for: dethiden: dethiden díbsi, Wb. 14 d 13 . dissi, 28 d 22 . diibsi, 26 d 19 . d. dinaib bochtaib, Ml. 129 c 3 . Cf. cia dethitiu i faili siu don bargin út, Ériu i 134. 3 . Later also with for. A cpd. with di (*di-aith-fedan). remcaisiu, remdéicsiu providence ; remidéci provides for: nád rabae r.-déicsiu Dé dimso, Ml. 59 a 48 . desom, 91 a 21 . díib, 90 b 17 . dia dúlib, 20 b 2 . remcaissiu Dé diib, 90 b 19 . 90 c 9 . diib som, 122 d 7 . dinni, 91 b 10 . dinaib dúlib, 20 c 3 . de, 50 d 1 .— nadmbed dliged remdéicsen Dé du dóinib sech remideci Dia dunaib anmandib amlabrib, 55 d 25 . essamnae: de protectione tua...fiducia, gl. ní núae dúnni ind esamnae so dit dítin siu this confidence concerning thy protection Ml. 110 d 12 . Cf. XXXII above.

(ι) uisio quae de obscuratione solis facta est, .i. din temul, Ml. 16 c 7 .

(κ) de Homine intelligendum est .i. di dóinacht maicc is immaircide, Ml. 25 d 17 . is din gním...is i. .i. du chésad Chríst, Ml. 113 d 3 . do of the person, Wb. 12 b 26 .

1 día n-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 día n- or dil.ie/15846
Last Revised: 2019

(later dá n-) conj.

(a) with pret. when: dia luid Duaid for longais tri glenn I. dambidc Semei di chlochaib, Ml. 68c4 . Ml. 52 . P. dia mbói i llobrai | ad-cobra dul do Machi, Hy. ii 45 . rí romol Semeon . . . | dia mbái icon glanaltóir, SR 7558 . rí rosaer Petur . . . dia lluid co Crist, 7395 . diarluid He. fectas do sruth I. luid in sruth for cúl, 7145 . Sucait a ainm o thustidib, Cothraigi dia mbai ic fognam do cethrur, Trip.² 204 = IT i 17 . is annsin conbocht fīr fer fairsom a llāsin, dia lotar in cōicer cucaisom fon oenme, TBC-I¹ 1739 . da mbamar ic S. . . . is amaraen imriaghmais, 2654 ( TBC-LL¹ 3465 , 3529 ). danamthuc M. robam céle comadas, LU 3971 ( SCC 45 ). romid do chach díb a chert dia | mbatar (= mar badar, BB 42a20 ) 'con tṡelgairecht, LL 14b7 . rofaillsiged do A. . . . día ro escomla a anim asa churp . . . ┐ día rucad dochum richid, FA 3 (LU). nirbo chian do Ch. dia mbaí and co facca . . . na longa, CRR § 11 . na mucca diamtar dóine `the swine, when they were men', Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . dia mbatar i nEmuin . . . daimtis cert, ZCP viii 218 . dorúmenair co mba Dia dia fhacca in spirut noem do thuidecht fair, PH 4790 . is é thug tríocha creach a B. dia raibhe . . . ag imluadh cogaidh, Keat. ii 4294 .

(b) With subj. if. neg. mani, earlier dina, dena, Ériu xx 229 . With pres. subj.: ní lour in bendachad dia mmaldachae, ní lour dano in nebmaldachad mani bendachae, Wb. 5d23 . dia mbemmi hi combás bemmi i comindocbáil, 24a10 . for ṅgnimrada diamat glain . . . do berthar nem . . . do chach, SR 1461 . is col duin dia foirglem, Fél. Ep. 98 . foircis dliged . . . dianad bē feineachas; muna bē feineachas tellais, Laws iv 18 . dia cloadarsom indí sin . . . ní fil ní . . . na dénat, Mon. Tall. § 26 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach, ACL iii 314 . dia ructar ar mna daera uáinn biait ar mna soera for brointib ┐ bemi cin blicht ma ructar ar mbai blechtai uán, ZCP ix 148 ( TBC-I¹ 1129 ). diamsat fissid . . . ro- pad mithig duit eirge, TFerbe 352 . mad iat do charait bes and . . . da mbad iat, bar C., rapad lugaiti bar n-eneclannsi, CRR § 11 . dia ngaba mh' ḟorcetul-sa . . . notuaslaicfind . . . ┐ biat ri, Anecd. iii 74.12 . da fagair na móra finna . . . tabair iat, ZCP viii 113 . dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-aīr if I am cheated of my dues, let poets satirize them, MacCongl. 45.y . da n-icat mo screpulsa . . . guidimsi mo Tigherna nachastí nach plaigh, Anecd. ii 34 . da raib accumsa a fis . . . do gebasu, Acall. 6294 . dá rabh ocumsa . . . sin do ghébthar, 80 . dia n-accara nech cen etach, tabair etach dó, PH 4960 . caithfidh bheith creachach . . . | dá raibh duine dasachtach, TD 20.6 . With neg. dina, dena: on do fiur adbaill, dena ro nastar tasicc fair 'a loan to a man who [subsequently] dies unless [its] return have been bound on him' Laws v 370.6 , Ériu xx 229 . feraid insci dina rochar arra 'he makes a statement if the consideration cannot be declared (?)' O'Dav. § 887 , Ériu xx 230 . ni aighne dinad aenaighe[d]ar for aein ai 'he is no [proper] advocate if he does not unite on one of them' ZCP xii 364 , Ériu xx 230 . dina derlaiter (? leg. derlathar) dil 'if it cannot be removed' Bretha 42 § 32 , Ériu xx 230 . dona bi (? leg. dina bē) iarair 'if there be no [previous] claim' Bretha 46 § 37 , Ériu xx 230 . Neg. with infix. pronoun: dinach | dime deithbiri 'unless justification shelter him' Laws iii 536.31 , Ériu xx 230 . donnach bē (? leg. mbē) asa tormastar sēoit d(h)ō cheana 'unless he have [something] else out of which séoit are increased for him (i.e. by which his property is increased) ' Ir. Recht 73 , Ériu xx 230 . dinach gell guaissi (? leg. -guasa) i n-anma (? leg. ainmne) ail, Bretha 36 § 23 , Ériu xx 231 . diani chel 'that I do not hide it' Celtica xv 33 § 8 . With past subj.: robad bethu dom dianchomalninn, Wb. 3c28 . dia mbad athirge dognéth . . . dodilgfitis do . . . a chinta, SR 1409 . dia mbeindse for mo nirt, ni tóethsitís in macrad, TBC-I¹ 1856 . diamtís Ulaid nobetis immalle frimsa ní fuléṅgtha in cath, TFerbe 396 . día mbeth dóine . . . istaig . . . dogénut écnach, MacCongl. 49.7 . da mad tol duib no-indfaind-sea bar ceist were it agreeable to you, I should . . ., PH 19 . atraigsetar ferg Ḟoraind friu dia torsed for cúlu, Ériu iv 142 . gá luagh dobérad sibh dham . . . dá tucaind bhur bhḟir féin cuguib?, Acall. 976 . dia mairedh . . . ní léigfedh mé, Duan. F. i 82 . dā sirinn a meic . . . ar an laochraid rem lá dofūicfedis tes 'gom thoigh, ZCP viii 219 . do bheinn ós chionn chríche F. . . . dá maradh M., TD 25.42 . dá dteagmhadh long . . . i n-imlibh cuain . . . T. do ní do niort nach oirbhearnach í ag imtheacht, 7.27 . dá bhféadthaoi a rádha ris . . . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige if one might say it to him . . . he hath no reason for it, 8.32 .

Freq. tautologically with ma(d): mad da mbeth i mbrōn . . . pennit in manach . . . for uisciu ┐ bairgin, Ériu vii 172 . imchian etarru . . . moalle | mad dia fégthar fírinne, Metr. Dinds. iii 168 . mad dia marbthar M. . . . atresat curaid, TFerbe 370 . 377 . mad dia ngabad rigi . . . isi bean nobiad aicce, Anecd. i 10.11 . intī taraill gait | nocha n-ālaind duit mad dia fagba a dín if any man has committed theft it is not honorable for you if he get shelter, KMMisc. 274 . LL 148b39 . in tan ba fíren in rí nobid in fót fo chaemchlí mad dia raded gói . . . suas dochured a foescal, LL 204a26 . . . . madh dia ndeni-siu forru . . . am erlumsa (sic leg. or for siu leg. sin?) if you will obey them . . . I am ready, BNnÉ 304 . Note also: is bec cid dia fesstar a chenél his descent will hardly be known at all, RC xxiv 176 .

do-fuissim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fuissim or dil.ie/17709

Forms: dufuismiu, dofuismim, d., dofhuisim, dufuissemar, dofhuisemar, torsamad, dofuisēmha, dofussema, dofuisémthar, notusémtha, doforsat, doḟorsat, dorōsat, doruasat, dorrōsata, -torsata, tuiste, tuistiu, tuismid, doruisim

v (* to-uss-sem-, GOI p. 526 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. dufuismiu, Thes. i 497.6 ( Ardm. 177b1 ). dofuismim, Sg. 182b2 . 3 s. d.¤ , Ml. 111a13 . (rel.) dofhuisim, Sg. 61a2 . Pass. s. dufuissemar, Ml. 121b6 . (rel.) dofhuisemar, Sg. 61a2 . ? Subj. impf. 3 s. nad torsamad gl. non iam creaverat, Enchir. Aug. 79b ( ZCP vii 483 ). Fut. 2 s. dofuisēmha, Cóir Anm. 251 . 3 s. dofussema, LL 367 marg. sup. Pass. dofuisémthar, Wb. 4c7 . Condit. pass. notusémtha, Three Hom. 56.5 . Perf. 3 s. doforsat, Ml. 17b2 , 6 . doḟorsat (rel.), Sg. 31b5 . dorōsat, 31b2 . PCr. 15a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). doruasat, SR 7871 , 7977 , etc. Pass. pl. dorrōsata, ZCP xi 94 § 32 . -torsata, Ml. 120c7 , 99a8 .

Part. tuiste. Vn. tuistiu. Cf. ise cét-tustidi Adaim Cain the first-begotten , Lec. 385a20 .

In Mid.Ir. freq. as simple vb. tuismid (cf. perf. 3 s. doruisim, Rawl. 72b5 ). See also tuismigid, tuisnigid, tuistigid. See IGT Verbs §§ 68 , 106 .

I Used for do-essim pours out, pours forth: intan dofuissemar sechtair a síl sin ┐ gainethar hón máthir. . . . is ainm do fructus , Ml. 44a11 . (Of a flagstone) dofuisim husce exudes water, Trip.² 87 . ma tuisim sil comperta tria imradud, Ériu vii 142 § 12 . neuch douisim sil compertae, § 16 (see also s.v. do-essim).

II

(a) begets, generates: is hó Isaác dofuisémthar a sil nairegde, Wb. 4c7 . d.¤ gl. germinantis, Ml. 111a13 . issed a aicned cenéuil ní doḟuisim ┐ dofhuisemar something that generates and is generated (of gender), Sg. 61a2 . Cf. ni ainm ferinnsci no baninsci acht du neoch dufuisium ┐ o tuisimar, Auraic. 565 . mor easba in talman meni tusmedh clanda, 628 . is tre fhír flathemon clanna cáine tusmiter, ZCP xi 83.4 . corothuismiset | trenfir ┐ trenchoraid, SR 2403 . (Of a cleric) ma dufusme clann, Ériu vii 142.19 . cuirp na ndaine ┐ na n-anmanna archena genit ┐ tusmitir dina sílaib deréolaib, RC xxv 252.x . cia lin do chlainn rothusmistar Adam, Rawl. 69a34 . rothusmistair [Cainen] maccu ┐ ingena, Lec. 532a26 . an tathair ór thúismeasdair, 3 C 13, 901.13 . ní rotuismedh ierdraighi . . . etorra, Fl. Earls 192.18 . With prepp.: in tan rothuisim Isaac o Sarra, BB 5a57 . dorusim maccu aili ó Chethura, Rawl. 72b6 . cor toirrcedh Iachtastain . . . gur tusmistar da mac uaithi, D IV 2, 77rb4 . rothuissim Noi tri maccu re siair fesin, Lec. 67a36 .

(b) conceives: cu rothuisim fócetoir ┐ co ruc mac, Lism. L. 4652 . aimbrit side coro thusim in mac amra .i. Samúel, LB 128a27 .

(c) bears, brings forth (offspring): andofuismet gl. parentia, Sg. 69b9 . na sothe .i. ní dofhuisim terra gl. foetus, 64a14 . dofuisēmha mac, Cóir Anm. 251 . tainicc inbhaidh na hingine . . . rothusimh in mac robhui 'na broinn, Lism. L. 2830 . isin aidchi sin rothuisim a ben ingin do, Anecd. iii 73.22 . rotusimh . . . a toirrchus for chenn na blai, CF x 35 ( LL 379a ). tofuisim a mbanscál mac cind nói mís, RC ix 454.9 . rothuisim sidhi dias cloindi do, xiii 9.6 . láir trogais (.i. tusmis) dí lurchure (.i. dá serrach), IT i 138 (berid, v.l.). arróet Iosep . . . noem Muire . . . co ro-thusim a mac prim-geni till she brought forth her first-born, PH 6917 . in Bethil Iúda . . . cathair . . . in ro-tusmed Isu Crist, 6936 . rotusmit geni torotharda imda, CCath. 891 . asé in mac thusmes [in cétben] is oigri air, Marco P. 67 . ba derbh lais nar tusmedh ┐ nach tusmighfe nech oca mbiadh cēt sūil, 125 . ni thusmidter gein innti nach scribhthar a ainm, 140 . gur thusmighset in da rigain cona cumalaib da mac dec, BB 5b28 . is inunn gradh ata agum duid ┐ don mathair romtuisme, Lib. Flav. ii 5ra39 . ní rotuismedh clann . . . dó, Fl. Earls 222.9 . a chlann ar tús sul tuismid | gnath dho dealbad áruisnid (of the pelican), O'Gr. Cat. 461.8 . Note also: dobhí . . . ben Aonghuis torrach . . . ┐ dogabhadh no gur tuismedh í until she was delivered, Rel. Celt. ii 162.20 .

III

(a) creates, fashions: amal as messe dudaforsat inna duli gl. qui conditor operum meorum sum, Ml. 94b7 . huare asmbeirsom as ṅduil dæ dodaforsat inna ídlu, 130a6 . duforsaisset gl. creavere, 110a8 (but perh. for duforásaisset, see note). cid torbae ara torsata . . . duli, 120c7 . ba bithnuagud inid torsat Dia in which God created him (i.e. Adam), Laws i 129 . he donrosat do nephní, SR 7518 . in rí doruasat cech cri, 7871 . ri . . . dorósat gréne goho, 8098 . do chomdelbaid . . . tú doru[a]ssat, 2174 . na huili anmanna . . . dodosrosat mo nóebrí, 1110 . flaith . . . dorúasat bith, Imr. Brain § 27 . ónd ríg do rea rúasat who has created the spaces, § 48 (see Ériu viii 99 ). ba dia dheilbh ┐ a chosmailius doforsat, Ériu ii 132 § 105 . do atluchud dond Ríg dorúasat túarai who created food, iii 102 § 31 . in Fiada find . . . | domrosat fo baithis, Trip.² 1632 . fri fer dososat (leg. dorosat) hec omnia .i. Dia, Laws i 22.21 . ma rothusmis na huli do nefní tria bréthir, PH 4796 . ro-hícc Dia in ni nar thusmestar ar tús .i. na súile, 2295 . is aendia donrosat dia réir, Alex. 880 . rotusim Dia in duni fo imaigin foden, Lec. 528b14 . rotuisim Dia bleidmili mora muridi, 528ay 0 . is tusca rotusmed tu fen oltas Adam, MacCarthy 50.15 .

(b) founds, establishes: Romuil dorosat ciuitatem , PCr. 15a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). Cicrops dorósat in cathraig, Sg. 31b2 . andoforsat condens , BCr. 40d1 ( Thes. ii 28 ). im chumachtu ór thuismestar aicned na n-dúl (= virtus qua condidit . . .), FA § 1 (LB). on chetna oenuch Olimp co rotusmed Roim, Rawl. 73b23 . ratusmed Róm ar indróe, LL 144a6 . contuilem i n-uamaib amail dorosait Dia dún, Alex. 886 (dosratait, v.l., cf. Anecd. v 4.4 ). lenmait isnaib rechtaib donrosat Dia has established for us, 899 .

(c) produces, engenders (fig.), causes: robu dufuissemar gl. aut æditur (= ēditur), Ml. 121b6 . cid dofuisim guth .i. cred tuismis no coimedus in guth? what generates word? O'Dav. 988 . lesmac .i. lis-mac .i. arindi dofuissim [lis] don fiur nō don mnái because he is a begetter of strife, Corm. Y 798 .

Intrans. arises (fig.): ar cach cenel labhartha dotuisim ar beolu duine, Auraic. 1952 (dohuisimar, v.l.). Cf. rothusim o Cham na cnead | deich primcenela fichet, Lec. 75a14 .

1 dommae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dommae or dil.ie/18117

adj io, iā (cf. doimm) poor, needy: d.¤ .i. di-shommae, Corm. Y 439 . ní conrogab terochraic ho fiur dommu, Ml. 36a32 . frisin d.¤ , ib. in d.¤ (indómae, MS.) gl. inopem, 36c9 . it bithdommai-sidi dǽ gente, 36c14 . dodlomad Eua is Adaim | dograig domma fri gorta, SR 1419 . As subst. inna bochtu ┐ inna dommu the poor and the needy, Ml. 26b19 . itir hsom[o] ┐ domo, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 93 § 18 (or from doimm?). ? Compar. doma (dommu, v.l.) sgélaibh, ZCP viii 196 § 23 .

emid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. emid or dil.ie/20020

Forms: menid, emid

adv (see ACL i 159 ) as it were, nearly, almost as much as, `tanquam,' `quasi': emid huand estoasc (gl. tam nominum impressione) Ml. 144c8 . emid hi cech dú (gl. paene ubique) 144c1 (cf. menid gl. paene 131c16 ). emith in fogur n-ísin (gl. eum prope sonum) Sg. 5b9 . emid...emid not only...but also, both...and (gl. tam...quam): emid dusceula ...emid aranégea (tam experiundi...quam conquerendi) Ml. 95c4 , 7 . emid inna ǽnartae cotarsnae...æmid inna sonartae athnuigthe (tam adversae quam restitutae valetudinis) 61a 31 , 32 . emid (tam...[quam]) 115 d2 . emith...emith (tam...quam) Sg. 5b2 , 2a . emith lasnahí...emith (gl. tam cum habentibus casus quam...) 27b4 , 5 . emid di fiur (gl. quam de mare [quam de femina]) 66a6 . emith i fogur...emith (gl. nec in sono nec...) 6 b2 , 1a . See RC xxxvii 59 .

F

Cite this: eDIL s.v. F or dil.ie/20963

Forms: f, f, -h-, -βf, f/p, β, f-, ḟ, fh, ḟh, s, ff, ḟ, ff, ḟf, bf, bḟ, bhf, fh

the third consonant of the Ogham alphabet, called in Irish after the alder-tree , fern ( Auraic. 1168 , 4264 , IGT, Introd. § 4 ), represents a bilabial voiceless spirant. O. Ir. initial f in most cases comes from IE , e.g. fer, corresponding to Lat. vir, W. gwr; fír: Lat. uērus, W. gwir. Both initially and in the interior of words it may also denote lenited s < sṷ, e.g. (mo) fiur (siur < *sṷesōr, W. chwaer); (mór) fesser (sesser; cf. W. chwech); airfitiud, < *air-sétiud (√ sṷeizd); toffunn, vn. of do-seinn. In the later language this f lenites to -h-. Occasionally f seems written for -βf, e.g. atrefea, fut. of ad-treba, Wb. 30b18 , Ml. 36a19 , 107a15 . In loan words f may replace Lat. u, e.g. fín < uinum, fís < visio; Lat. ph, e.g. felsub. fellsam < philosoph-; Lat. f, e.g. figor < figura. In fromad beside promad (Lat. prob-) there is an alternation of f/p also found in a few other words, native as well as borrowed, e.g. fairche /pairche (< parūchia), fairisínech, pairisínech, frém /prém (O. Ir. frén). In late Romance loanwords f may replace p. eg. falafraigh < palefrei. In Mid. Ir. rotfia = rotbia (e.g. LL 306b13 , ratfia, Lism. L. 350 , 464 , etc.) f may represent the sound of β unvoiced by preceding, t, but cf. ronfia, Lism. L. 775 .

Inorganic f is frequently inserted

(a) in O. Ir. deuterotonic forms of compound verbs before the initial vowel of a stressed syllable, e.g. do-fuarat `remains over' (*di-uss-reth), do-fuissim `generates' (*to-uss-sem).

(b) In Mid. Ir. it also appears in forms such as do-fongad (see tongaid), do-fuit = do-tuit, do-fargaid (targaid `offered') do-fucc = doficc, and cf. dafiṅggebad `who would ward him off' SR 5796 , 5820 . And occasionally in a hiatus form of a simple verb: bífad, sec. fut. of benaid SR 5812 . bífed LL 60.28 . Cf. Fer fī = Fer hí, s.v. 3 eó.

(c) In a number of words which in O. Ir. began with a vowel f is prefixed in the later language. In the classical period both forms are in use in the literature, but it is in most cases the f- form that has survived in Mod. Ir.: fadaig- kindle (O. Ir. ad-doí); faicsin seeing (O. Ir. aicsiu); faidlenn rack (earlier aidlenn); faire watch, heed (O. Ir. aire); faisnéis relating (O. Ir. aisndís); fanaid waits (O. Ir. anaid); farrad in phr. i bhf. ¤ (O. Ir. arrad); fás growing (O. Ir. ás); faslach (aslach); fastad, -ód, -úd (O. Ir. astud); fathach giant (athach, O. Ir. aithech peasant); fatód kindling (O. Ir. atúd); féta- is able (O. Ir. -éta possesses); fiafraig- inquire (O. Ir. -iarfaig); focus near, neighbourhood (O. Ir. ocus); fúacht cold (O. Ir. úacht); fúaigid (cf. úaigid); fúar cold (O. Ir. úar); fúath horror (O. Ir. úath); fuinnsenn gs., ashtree, (see uinnius); fuiseóc lark (see uiseóg); furnaide waiting (O. Ir. irnaide, ernaide; see airnaide).

In the case of certain words, mostly verbal forms, beginning with f followed by a vowel, a form without the initial f is also recognized in the Early Modern period; thus we get, e.g. fácbáil, ácbáil; faghbháil, aghbháil; fúair, úair; furáilemh, uráilemh; falafraigh, alafruigh; feiretrom (Lat. feretrum), eiletrum; fomhóir, omhóir, etc.

The lenition, that is, the expunction of f (see Ériu ii 41 ) is sporadically expressed by ḟ from a comparatively early period; there are instances in Sg., but the practice did not become regular before the Early Modern period. During this period fh is also used occasionally ( ḟh, Matthew vi 38 ). It is regular in Stapleton (see below). In mórḟeser, Ardm. 18b2 , where represents lenited s < *su (see above) the reason of the dot is not apparent. Cf. a ḟiúr , LU 10607 .

The `eclipsis' or voicing of f is not marked in the Glosses or in the earlier Mid. Ir. MSS. In later Mid. Ir. it is expressed usually by ff; in some MSS often by ḟ, e.g. i ḟasach LB 276b18 ; dia ḟaicet, 245b52 . In the Late Middle and Early Modern period we find ff, ḟf, bf, bḟ, bhf. Some scribes use all these indiscriminately in the same text. In Stapleton's Catechismus (1639) both lenition and eclipsis are denoted by fh.

1 fer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fer or dil.ie/21665
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fer, fear, fir, fer, fear, fir, fiur, fior, fir, firu, fira, fiora, fer, feraib, fearaib, firu, fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fer, Fir, Ḟir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, fer, ferchrechta, ferdrai, ferghlonna, ḟermeic, fermaicc, fermogh

n o, m. n s. fer, Sg. 190b3 , Wb. 10b23 , 11c17 , 22c9 . fear, IGT, Introd. § 151 . v s. fir, Wb. 10a10 . a s. fer, 9d16 ; 31 . 10a3 ; 9 . fear, IGT, Introd. § 75 . g s. fir, Wb. 13a12 . LU 3453 . 7085 IGT, Decl. § 65 . d s. fiur , Wb. 3c8 . 10b22 . 22c9 . Ml. 34d6 . Sg. 66a6 . (in MSS of the Mid. Ir. period often spelt fir: LU 8722 . Hib. Min. 14.472 . PH pass. IGT. Decl. § 65 . Early Mod. fior, IGT, Introd. § 73 . §81 . Keat. iii 2535 . TSh. pass. ) n p. fir, Wb. 22c10 . IGT, Decl. § 65 . a p. firu, Sg. 28a6 . LU 7529 . fira, YBL 123ay . IGT, Decl. § 65 . fiora, IGT, Introd. § 78 , § 151 . BNnÉ 104.36 . TSh. 7248 . g p. fer LU 7084 . d p. feraib, Wb. 12d40 . LU 7524 . fearaib, IGT, Decl. § 65 . (feir n s. Wb. 13a6 , a s. 13a20 , g p. 22c10 is merely an odd spelling).

(a) a man (as opp. to a woman): gl. mas Sg. 156b3 ; gl. vir Ir. Gl. 395 . f.¤ a uiro , O'Mulc. 519 . is e in duine cómlan in f.¤ ┐ in ben, PH 5720 . corp na mna no in fhir, 7425 . eter fhir ┐ mnai, 564 . iter mnai ┐ firu 2796 . bása mac la maccu; ba fer la firu, LU 9336 . in n-uair ropo thressiu flaith firu when ale proved stronger than men (acc. for dat.) LL 173a29 ( CRR 13 ). dorochair coíca láech lais ┐ dorochair f.¤ cach ḟir dia muntir a man for each man (i.e. the same number) TFerbe 675 . regaid f.¤ dar f.¤ ScM. § 15 . edhbrais é féin, fioru, macca, mna do Dhia BNnÉ 292.33 . notmuirfider fein feraib macaib mnaibh, Ériu v 154. 133 . cu ro aīnitis uile feraib maccaib mnaib PH 6309 . Used of Deity: F.¤ cotnic brath, MacCarthy 24.16 . don fhir do cum neam ┐ talma[i]n, ZCP vi 87.15 . a Fhir na ndúl, Dán Dé xxix 30 .

Often taking the place of a pronoun: faith cach f.¤ dinaib feraib hí siu each of these men was a prophet Wb. 12d40 . etarcertar oinfer in chrudsin (gl. unus interpretatur) 13a6 . is f.¤ a ddiis one out of two (explaining Lat. uter) Sg. 75b7 . gabaid cach f.¤ díb rind a claidib ..., LU 7089 . da brathair ... f.¤ díb for Temraig ┐ f.¤ for Lagnib one of them ... the other TBC-LL¹ 50 . f.¤ is deichnemor diop eleven of them Fl. Earls 96.24 . ocht rígh 's ceithre fichid fear eighty-eight kings TD 7.49 .

(b) a husband (opp. to ben `wife'): a f.¤ dligid her lawful husband Wb. 3c7 . do fiur indligid, 3c8 . mad co techt di co fer `if it comes to her going to a husband' 9d32 . dorat Hiruath grád di, intan ba beo a f.¤ fen, PH 832 . tuccastair a mac fein cuíce d'fir as husband MacCarthy 288.22 . aoighe mná nach mair a fear, TD 11.32 . Possibly in this sense in poetry folld. by gen. of place-name in addressing a chief e.g. a ḟir Eithne, TD 1.45 (see note), but cf. end of (c).

(c) freq. folld. by a gen. of definition or description: Find f.¤ Umaill (= Umall's son) Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14.8 (cf. Aenfer Aife, Ériu i 124 ). co f.¤ ṅDe the man of God PH 1363 . fir nime ┐ soscela Crist (i.e. churchmen ) Laws iv 210.7 .

f.¤ fine a tribesman, relative (within a certain degree) ii 282.7 . f.¤ fiadhnaisi rígh one entitled to be in the king's presence Acall. 2362 . f.¤ gualann righ one entitled to sit beside the king 2361 . f.¤ leptha ríg a king's bedfellow 7752 . f.¤ lethlamha rígh (expl. of patric = patricius), CCath. 63 . f.¤ lāime `perpetrator' (operator) Laws i 244.1 Comm. With abstr. noun: is tú f.¤ aurbága fil la Ultu, LU 8147 ( FB 11 ). f.¤ comtha a companion PH 2630 . v s. a fir chumtha, KMMisc. 242 . rem fear cadaigh ┐ cumainn my confederate and comrade TBC-LL¹ 3115 St. f.¤ comlainn cet a match for a hundred 3883 St. f.¤ in braith the traitor PH 5131 . f.¤ éicne a man of violence 7600 . f.¤ na sáinnte the covetous man 7727 . Esp. to denote an occupation or calling (often in stereotyped phrases, the pl. being formed by áes or lucht): f.¤ tige sáet [ = sét] (gl. arcarius) Wb. 7c9 . fear aire a watchman Kirk s. fīs ( Eg. Gl. 299 ). f.¤ altrama a fosterer , see Laws ii 184.14 . f.¤ bleithe miller (?); grinder (?): saer ┐ fer bleithi ┐ fer muilind, CIH i 287.2 . fear bratuighe a standard-bearer AFM vi 2272.4 . Isaiah x 18 . f.¤ baile visionary: ba síd fir buile, Celtica xix 40 § 1 . f.¤ cerdda a craftsman RC xxvi 44.2 . f.¤ dána a poet CRR 30 . fear dlighidh lawyer Titus iii 13 . f.¤ eclasa churchman Laws v 132.4 . f.¤ fiadaig a hunter Fianaig. 56.31 . f.¤ fognama serving-man Laws ii 390z . f.¤ forcsi spy LU 5404 . fear friotuil, mînighte `an Interpreter ' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 278 ). f.¤ grād a man in orders Laws v 132.4 . f.¤ inaid a deputy; d'fior ionaid a bprionnsa, AFM vi 2116.16 . f.¤ léighinn a professor , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP iv 234 . coibnius hi fer léighinn ib. ` lector ' AU 1034 , 1040 , 1042 , etc. f¤ muilinn miller: saer ┐ fer bleithi ┐ fer muilind, CIH i 287.2 . f.¤ uird rainne dispenser, butler TBC-LL¹ 134 . f.¤ spirdo (spirto ?) diviner ( ZCP xxvii 65 ): imaicci fer spirdo laim Chuirc, Anecd. iii 57.17 . f.¤ suic ploughman Laws i 194.26 . f.¤ suirge a lover RC xxxii 134 . fer tecuisc a teacher , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP iv 234 . f.¤ tige a husbandman, house-holder: fear tighe (synon. with túathannach), Kirk s.v. criadhaire ( Eg. Gl. 111 ). fear an tighe host TD 12.8 . is cóir dona fearaib tighe ... a mbeangáin do scathadh husbandmen Corp. Astron. 46.20 . f.¤ tíre a landowner : dotét fer tíre co fíadnaib lais ... for tí inna mbech 'the owner of the land comes in pursuit of the bees accompanied by witnesses', Bechbretha 189 (e)​ . Folld. by vn. phrase: f.¤ brithe lésboiri a candle-bearer, acolyte Wb. 25d3 . f.¤ dénma bairgine (gl. pistor) Sg. 184b3 . do fir fert[h]ana na cneidhe the inflicter of the wound Laws iii 368.5 . fear a furtochta her deliverer TD 1.39 . fear tabhartha an dlighe lawgiver Numbers xxi 18 . In sense of owner, possessor: ig fir in craind ... ig fir na mbeach, Laws iv 188 Comm. Cf. Fer baile na gcerd .i. Maoilre Búrc; Fer baile úi Bharra .i. Séfrún, Caithr. Thoirdh. i 161 .

(d) in pl. folld. by gen. of place, inhabitants: fir betho, Ml. 16c5 . di feraib Herend nach di feraib betha BDD 94 . rí fer Fáil, LU 2811 . tar cenn fer in betha, Fél. Ep. 414 . fir domain, PH 1074 . fir in airthair ... fir in tuaiscirt, 5381 . f.¤ in tside men of the sídhe, elves BDD 3 . fir hÉrenn, Hy ii 52 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 499 ; 659 . cethra fer nAlban IT i 74.2 . la firu Herend fri firu Alban, BDD 106 . fir Ulad IT i 138.1 . fir Saxan, TD 16.2 . Commonly used to form tribal names (often applied to territory as well as people, the word fir being inflected), e.g. Fir Bolg, Fir Domnand. Fir Galeoin, Fir Manach, etc.; Fir Ól n-écmacht. See Hog. Onom. s.v. Fir; Rawl. Index.

(e) transf. of things or animals; f.¤ fidchilli chessman LU 9073 ( FB 82 ). cindas gontar ind fir ? how are the men taken ? (at chess) Ériu v 32.19 . Of a drinking-horn: f.¤ uaine, corn do bhí ac Finn ... f.¤ tuillidh corn Glais, Acall. 151 ; 154 . Of a bird: f.¤ fann ... focain aird ucht, RC v 202.10 . rinn binn buide fir duib druin, Murphy Lyrics 6 § 6 . céola fer mbrundederg forglan, Ériu xxii 51 , cf. Murphy Lyrics 16 § 24 . ecal fer | fann fet, Ériu xxii 43 § 14 . Of a fish: cend fir tuinde (glossed caput piscis) Hib. Min. 47.19 . Cf. fer tuinn[e] .i. brattan a salmon O'Dav. 1014 . Exceptionally of animals to denote sex: ar geig on fir torrach in banēn, Hy Maine 103 vb24 . bainéan ... ┐ dias ḟear a hen-bird and two cocks TD 15.26 . In the name of a bird , see eiden(n). Humorously applied to butter, ib. 37.6 .

(f) in gramm., person: cētfear illda sumus .i. atamait first person plural Auraic. 307 = ceudpersa, 2675 .

(g) With follg. gen. or adj., forming n.pr. e.g. Fer báeth: LU 6024 . i ndegaid Fir Baíth, 6025 . voc. a Fir Baith, 6023 . As name of a horse, Acall. 271 . F.¤ bend (`man of horns' ? See Heldensage 94 ), gen. Fir bend, TBC-LL¹ 2149 . 2164 . F. caille (`man of the forest,' cf. Lat. Sylvanus, Silvaticus) BDD 39 . voc. a Fir chaille, 110 . ¤cetharraid: gen. Fir cetharraid, Rawl. 144a30 , 162d44 . F.¤ coctha (see cocad): gen. Fir choctha, Rawl. 159b35 . F.¤ corb, Fianaig. 12.13 . gen. Fir chorb, Rawl. 128b33 . d'Fior corb mac Modha Cuirb, AFM A.M. 4727 . F.¤ da chrích: Fer da chrích, Trip. 520. 8 ; 542.30 ; AU 767 . Rawl. 146f43 . gen. Fir da crich, AU 746 . Rawl. 127b45 . Fer dá liach, Rawl. 149a43 . F.¤ dét (cf. Lat. Dentatus): do Fir dét, TBC-LL¹ 2147 . F. diad (`man of smoke') TBC-I¹ 2215 . TBC-LL¹ 3004 etc. ra Fer ṅdiad, 3231 . 3979 . gen. Fir diad, LU 6707 . TBC-I¹ 2210 . TBC-LL¹ 3217 . voc. a Ḟir diad, 3111 . F.¤ febe. (cf. feb) gen. Fir Febe, TBC-I¹ 159 = Fir aba, TBC-LL¹ 393 . F.¤ filed (see fili), Rawl. 156b2 . gen. Fir ḟiled, ib. 3 . Lism. L. p. 342.1 . F.¤ glan, gen. Fir glain, Rawl. 158.40 . F.¤ gráid: Fer graidh ri Caisil, AU 960 = Fer graidh mac Cléirigh, AFM 958 ; 959 . Cf. Fer Graid mac Ailgenain (a king of Munster) ZCP xix 94.1 (Synchr.). F.¤ le (lé): BDD 9 (om. LU) cf. BDD² p. 73 . F.¤ lí, Fianaig. 68.28 . gen. Fir lí, 74.22 . F.¤ Lugdach (`son of Lugaid' ?): gen. Fir Lugdach, Rawl. 119a23 . F.¤ mara (`m. of the sea'), gen. sil Fir mara, Rawl. 130b12 . F.¤ mór gen. Fir moir, RC xvi 135 ( Dinds. 131 ). F.¤ raith: gen. Fir raith, Rawl. 144a31 ; cf. Fir roith, 119a26 . F.¤ rogain, RC xv 421 . BDD 46 . F.¤ rogein, 9 . voc. a Fir; Rogain, 66 ( LU 7006 ). gen. Fir rogain, BDD 79 . F.¤ taí, Fianaig. 68.27 . gen. Fir tái, 70.19 . Fir thái, 70.26 . F.¤ Techet: gen. Fir Thechet, Rawl. 158.40 . See Rawl. Index .

Compds.

(1) to denote sex, fer is prefixed to the name of an animal or to a nomen agentis which may be used of both sexes; rarely with a subst. exclusively masc. in application, e.g. fermac;

(2) with adjectival force = pertaining to a man or men, intended for a man, manly , etc.

fer-amus a mercenary: feramus, Rawl. 113a9 ( ZCP xv 310 ). fer-amus no ban-amus ` man-servant ' Ériu ii 204.22 . ¤bolcum draught for a man: cethri fichit ferbolcumm as much as eighty men will drink MacCongl. 101.7 . ¤bratán: in fear-bradan, Hy Maine 103vb13 . ¤chara a male friend CCath. 1137 . ¤chend a man's head TBC-I¹ 1453 . ¤chland: eitir ferchloinn fhinn `the fair children of men' (or of Finn ?) BS 24.17 . ¤choic a man-cook ACL iii 241 § 7 . ¤chol sodomy Ériu vii 144.16 . ¤chrécht a wound: pl. na ferchrechta , Fianaig. 94.5 . ¤chubat, ¤chumat a man's length: fercubat fir, Trip.² 2992 . fercumat, LU 5858 . See separate article below. ? ¤chur a warrior, champion: fearchur .i. curaidh no gaisgeadhach feardha, O'Cl. ¤dál: dá céad feindidh ferdhála `of manly encounter' Duan. F. i 90.28 . ¤dam a bull Laws iv 100.21 Comm. ¤dord: canaid ... f. do contuli friss, LU 6312 ( TBC-I¹ 1810 ). ¤dorn a man's fist Ériu iv 32.3 . As measure: med ferdor ceachtar n-ai YBL 118a40 . tri ferdhuirnn ar airdi three hands in height Maund. 186 . ¤druí a druid: n du. dá ferdrai , RC xliii 24.7 . ¤ech a stallion: in feirech ┐ in baineach, Acall. 256 . ¤échtus a manly attack Laws i 64.13 (see ZCP xviii 102 ). ¤fuine baking or kneading done for a man: damna teora mbairgen ferfuine ┐ a sé do banfuine, Laws ii 176.18 Comm. cf. iv 116.6 . v 30.23 . ¤gaiscedach warrior: cona seisser ... bangaiscedach ┐ cona seisser ... fergaiscedach, Acall. 5128 . ¤gal valorous man (?): in forba fergalach (fergal, v.l.) foltgarb, RC xxiv 192 § 3 , Cín Chille Cúile 86 . ¤gein male descendant : feirghein deimin deimnigim, Leb. Cert.² 156.13 . ¤ glac a man's hand, grasp: (as measure): cainnel cethri ferglac, Cáin Ad. § 2 . ag teora fer-glacc, MacCongl. 3.14 . ¤glond a manly exploit , pl. ferghlonna, MR 264.7 . ¤gním a man's act; a brave deed: (of Cú Chulainn :) is áes ingini macdacht ... ┐ ní thángatár a fergníma beus, LU 4851 . ben cédmuinterais ... ar as i bfeirghniomha gaibhther, Ériu xiii 31.30 . cf. ara fen fergnima (apparently = gníma a fir), O'Mulc. 327 ( Ériu xi 217.1 ). tri fergnima Conaild, Fél. 70.35 . fri coibled fergním, LU 10268 , cf. ZCP iii 235.2 . Hence adj. fergnímach manly in action: cóic ingena ... bátar fergnímaig forthriúin, Metr. Dinds. iii 88 . ¤gnúis a man's face: nā bānaiter fergnúsi, LU 8426 ( FB 29 ). ¤insce, ¤innsgne masculine gender: ferinnsci lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ... lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521 . ainm feirinnsgne IGT, Introd. § 157 . ¤`a man's day,' a day lucky for men: tri ferlae .i. dardáin, áine, domnach, Triads 217 . ¤lám a man's arm, hand (as measure): fot ferlama da crund, CCath. 5604 . ¤leó a lion PH 3439 . ferléo ┐ bainleo BNnÉ 84.27 . ¤les(s) a man's thigh (?): feraid fodil di ferlessaib ar óenathib Ulad strews warriors' limbs (?) LU 6122 ( TBC-I¹ p. 61 n. 7 ). ¤mac a male child: cach f.¤ arosloice broind a mathar, Laws iii 38.8 . v s. a ḟermeic (of a hound), Acall. 5578 . n p. fermaicc, Fél. Nov. 5 . cf. fearmhaic .i. fir neartmhara, O'Cl. ¤míl a male animal: cach fermil (.i. cach mil fearda), Laws iii 38.11 . ¤mug a male slave: fermogh, Acall. 7222 . noenbar banmhogad ┐ triar fermhogad, 954 . caoca fermhogh, BS 104.31 . ¤óclach a warrior: fertraig feroclaig, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). sliasait ferócclaich, CCath. 191 . gérsat calma na ferogláigh, Acall. 40 . ¤thincur the property brought by a man when marrying: ben for fertincur, fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . lanamnus mná for ferthinucur, 380.23 ( SM Facs. 42b ). See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 83 ; 126 . ¤thraig a man's foot (as measure): fertraig LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). comla ... i mbatár tri fertraigid dia tiget, LU 1443 ( MU² 915 ). tricha ferrthraiged, LL 265b28 ( MU² 508 ). tricha fertraighed, ZCP viii 545.30 . se fichit fertraigh RC xliii 80 § 82 . ¤thraigthech a foot-soldier: ic fosugud na ferthraigthech, Ériu viii 38.28 . See also ferbolg, —chú, —chubat, —chuitred, —doman, —gnia, —scál.

feraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feraid or dil.ie/21676
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fer, ferid, —fera, rofera, ferat, ɔdinroirea, condiroira, conroíret, fersai, ferais, fer—, fir—, nofired, firfeasa, firfassa, firfid, firfes, fhirfes, firis, ḟírastar, firfaider, firfitir, fiur—, fiurad, noḟurad, rom-fiurfu-sa, fiurfadh, furfadh, foir—, —foirfed, nosfórfed, fertom, feartot, ferthos, romferat, f.

v ā O. Ir. forms: imperat. s. 2 fer, Thes. ii 47.16 . pres. s. 3 ferid, Wb. 4b19 . —fera, Thes. ii 294.15 . (with ro-) rofera, 24b15 , 29b13 . pl. 3 rom ferat , Ml. 22d5 . pres. subj. s. 3 ɔdinroirea, Wb. 29b16 . cf. condiroira (for condid-roírea), Ériu vii 140.32 . pl. 3 conroíret, Wb. 29a9 . pret. s. 2 fersai, Blathm. 85 . s. 3 ferais Hy v 30 . SR 3033 .

In Mid. Ir. beside the normal fer— are found the stems:

(1) fir—: impf. s. 3 nofired, LU 10137 . fut. s. 1 firfeasa, TBC-I¹ 1023 = firfassa, LU 5504 . 3 firfid SR 8203 . Trip. 120.6 . rel. firfes, LU 4546 . fhirfes, B. in Scáil § 32 . pret. s. 3 firis, TBC-LL¹ 3388 . ra ḟírastar , LL 262b1 . Pass. fut. s. firfaider, 46b9 ( Ériu i 130 ). pl. firfitir, LU 10379 .

(2) fiur— (fur—), esp. in sense `suffices' or `supplies': impf. s. 3 no fiurad , LL 258b15 . noḟurad, 115b6 fut. s. 3 rom-fiurfu-sa, Ériu iv 142.14 . sec. fut. s. 3 con fiurfadh IT iii 188.2 = furfadh BB. Rarely foir—, sec. fut. s. 3 —foirfed, Acall. 3946 . nosfórfed, LU 2059 (cf. fo-fera) With suff. pron.: fertom ... feartot `serves me', `serves thee' Auraic. 1618 , 1619 (?) = 4691 ff . (see ZCP xvii 293 ). ferthos pays them (acc. pron.), Laws iv 328.3 . 330.14 (Críth Gablach).

The primary sense of the vb. is grant, afford, supply , and this is implicit in later development; the distinction below between I and II is mainly for convenience of reference.

I Grants, supplies .

(a) suffices, furnishes enough for; in Glosses with perfective ro— (lit. `is able to grant'); with pers. obj. (see ZCP xiii 105 § 5 ): coimsetu biid et áetich, ní rofera tantum just what suffices (gl. cum sufficientia) Wb. 29b13 . is suail romfera it is little suffices me 24b15 . mod ɔ dinroirea `the way that He supplies us' 29b16 . romferat they can suffice me Ml. 22d5 . co n-im[m]im rofera with sufficient butter Laws ii 254.3 . O'Dav. 947 . Cf. dofargaid arrofera offers what suffices (?) O'Dav. 979 (cf. Laws v 502y ). ól nguala, issí nofired Ultu uli, LU 10137 . nos-fiurad in ballán the cup used to suffice them (?) LL 370cx . ni taprad acht ēn-trian ┐ nofiuradh an sluaigh [sic] on trāth co 'role it used to suffice the host RC xii 70.1 . proinn cēd nosferud (nó fiuradh), BNnÉ 300.14 (feradh v.l.). nir bo bec immorro in biathad .i. muc ... do cach ḟir. No bítis fir istaig ... nach ferad sain whom that did not suffice LL 106b20 = Ériu iv 26.6 . rusfirfi min gainme will suffice them ZCP x 344.2 . nosfoirfed do biud boltnugud the smell would suffice them for food FA 13 LB = nosfórfed, LU 2059 . nom-firraidh do ascadhaibh satisfy me (imperat. pl. 2) ZCP xii 245 § 7 . roḟerastar torad in aen-méich bracha iat o Chaplait co Minchaisc eis ... abundauit Lat. Lives 72 (= co ro urthastar LB 64b5 ). Lism. L. 1361 . fúrfait bar cuirp coin your bodies will glut dogs Alex. 224 . confoirfed secht lanamna, Acall. 3946 (would be enough for ?). gilla ... usce innḟuar roḟoiread 1196 . ní nosfhiúrfadh in fhoirenn what would suffice the crew Hugh Roe² 4.16 (f. 2b) .

(b) with acc. of thing supplies, provides: ɔroíret a mbethid that they may provide their livelihood (gl. subministret illis) Wb. 29a9 . Cf. an cach rí ro fes follan fera [ = rofera f.¤ ?], O'Dav. 887 . rofherasdar mil ┐ fíon ... doibh, BNnÉ 110.19 . rofertha fer cacha maitne do fhuined muicci a man was told off every morning to cook a pig RC xiv 245 . ferdair a n-othrusa uile (i.e. they all get sick-maintenance) Laws iii 356.3 . O'Dav. 887 (`all their sick-maintenances are provided' BCrólige p. 90 ). In wider sense gives, yields, pays: gach call (= coll) ... go bferfa lán dabhcha dhe will yield a vat-full KMMisc. 168 § 3 . rosferastar Lasar di á cill L. bestowed her church on her Lism. L. p. 328y = Irish Texts i 16 (= obtulit Tertia V. c. 44 ). in tī nād mbī arbur feruid a lōgh do saimbiud he who has no corn supplies its complement of summer food BCrólige § 27 . feraid a lōg a rēir breitheaman pays Laws v 466.8 . fertair al-lōg di pennait, 390.8 . fertair a focruic a imcomus fer arocuile otrus `the fee for them is given in proportion' etc. BCrólige § 33 . muna rofeara (.i. muna eirne) flaith seotu, Laws ii 264.1 . (for: ro-era, as in 262.14 . 264.15 ? See ernaid). ferdair collna set in aithcuir are returned 322.5 ( ZCP xiv 387 ). ferthar .i. ērnithar, O'Dav. 979 .

(c) brings (?): drongtar fir, fertar mná are carried off (?) LU 5466 ( TBC-I¹ 990 , rhet.). Cf. feraid .i. atairgid, ut est: feraid insci di na rochar arra, O'Dav. 887 .

II Gives forth, pours .

(a) in lit. sense pours, showers, sheds, esp. of natural phenomena (rain, etc.). Orig. trans. and used impersonally or with refl. pron., later often intrans.: ferais snechta mór forru it snowed heavily on them LU 4777 . feraid snechta mór foroib, 10576 . feraid dertain IT iii 67 § 2 . tech innā fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . nocar ḟer banne ina gort-si not a drop (of rain) fell Lat. Lives 85 . Cf. A mu Buach | feras in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.21 (cf. aiges in tond ib. 19 ). Of blood, etc.: is ḟort raḟer mh'fuil was shed TBC-LL¹ 3955 . forfaidh [leg. ferfaidh ?] cru dar cuiged C. anocht aigi he will make blood flow ZCP viii 529.28 . fearaid ... déara aithrige ón inghin, A. Ó Dálaigh li 22 . Pól ... fearais cioth déar, Ir. Monthly, 1928, 437 . secht n-aithsceanmanda feardu (= ferte) fuil that shed blood Laws v 156.11 . do láim Find ferad a fuil `by the hand of F. her blood was spilt' Metr. Dinds. iii 234.20 . (but feraid v.l.). in ferfat ... frasa mo dēr dar mo gruaidh ?, ZCP x 46 § 6 . ilar fule firfitir, LU 10384 = firfaidtir , ZCP iii 256.22 (cf. d below). do fearadh an díle dóibh ... gur báitheadh iad, Keat. i p. 140.13 . Of other things than liquids: atchíu don bláth fertha fort ... bat fornocht `the bloom that bedecked thee' Metr. Dinds. iii 96.3 [doubtful reading; v.l. fort(h)a]. Cf. fiaich fotha firfitir, LU 10379 .

(b) by extension pours out (cries, lamentations, etc.), vents, gives expression to (a feeling, etc.): ní ferae [fera MSS.] coíni lament not Ériu i 198.8 . feraid guba makes lamentation Metr. Dinds. iii 42.36 . in gair ┐ ind gubha ferfuidit [ferfaidid, YBL 137a34 ] fir ┐ mna hoc coīned a macan, ZCP iii 227.13 (cf. d below). ferdais nual, SR 7209 . no feartais coin ... ualla mora, CCath. 884 . rofhersat a nguth raised their voices BS 176.32 . ... feras amran frim, O'Mulc. 350 = LL 275a3 . lin a fer fir ferdais feirg SR 4981 . ferfaid feirg will pour out his wrath KMMisc. 156.120 . Folld. by fri of pers.: ferais fáilte fris welcomed him BDD 39 (see fáilte). ferid itge frissin deacht, Wb. 4b19 . fermaid-ni nemeli fri rig nime, Mon. Tall. § 1 . nā fer mol | frisin marb ... pour not praise upon the dead LL 275a9 ( Mór M. § 6 ). roḟer surge ... fri mnaí coím paid court Metr. Dinds. ii 18 . rimsa na fer do ṡaebe `ply not thy perversities on me' Mart. Tall. 118.4 .

(c) esp. with obj. like cath, comlonn, etc., of giving battle: ní math d'ḟerus bāig I did not well to fight TBC-LL¹ 3962 . nā fer bāig, TBC-I¹ 953 . Feradach ferad catha, Metr. Dinds. iii 268 . firfid secht catha C., B. in Scáil 10 ( ZCP xx 221 ). firfid gle ib. B. in Scáil 16 . magen i ferfaithe in cath, LL 170a24 ( Dinds. 158 ). ba brigach dano roferad in cath sin ib. LL 170a 31 . ro ferad cath croda ... do dib lethib etarro, Ann. Conn. 1256 § 6 . im-mís Iuil ... | iss ann ferass [in grian] a lāngleō, SR 246 . o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a ndíss oca n-impressain, 1881 . isé in mac sa ferfas bar ngresa ZCP v 504.4 . gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha ... ┐ rofersat comlann cruaidh, Ériu iii 166x . firfaider int imm[ḟ]orrán, i 130.38 . gae ... feras fechtu, IT iii 61.13 . gach ágh ┐ gach acais ┐ gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann, ML 100.4 . With obj. omitted: in feraim-sea for galaib aenḟir no ar līnaib fer whether I am to fight in single combat or against many Ériu i 116.27 . firfait dīabalnāmait 'opposing enemies will fight', BDC 112.137 ​.

(d) in wider sense with abstr. or vn. as obj., does, performs, executes (cf. fer airli, gl. age ( Ecl. viii 17 ), Thes. ii 47.16 ): ferait a n-aittreb isin glind make their abode LU 2157 ( FA 22 ). rufer āmaill in cech cāin `has made sport' Hail Brigit § 12 ( LL 49b42 ). fer ... firfes chless, LU 4546 (sic leg. TBC-I¹ 58 ). firfassa ardchless ar bélaib eirred, LU 5504 ( firfeasa, TBC-I¹ 1023 ). fearfad a chluiche caointe, IT ii2 146z . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig no games are played in the house in which he is (= he is not annoyed by games) BCrólige § 61 . is é céad-duine ag ar fearadh a chluiche caointe, TSh. 5570 . Cf. ferait a fert...i rRos na Ríg they make his grave in R. LU 4067 . roferad comarli oca áes gráda ┐ iss ed ro chinset ..., LU 4062 . aimsir in lucair ... firfes a comrama who will achieve his triumphs BNnÉ 305.29 . tegh an fir ro ferustar in cneid `who has inflicted the wound' BCrólige § 23 Comm. nā fer finga[i]l 'mot ēnmac, Ériu i 118.7 . ni fertar scannail `no brawls are made' BCrólige § 61 . feraiset grafaind `held a horse-race' RC ix 466 = agat g., Anecd. i 54.3 . firfid graphainn gergaile, SR 8203 . in grafand rofersam `the race that we have run' Fél. Ep. 73 . rofersam ar n-iarair we have made our search ib. Ep. 2 (glossed: doronsam iarraid , O'Dav. 1356 . feraid for n-aigidacht innocht and get your entertainment there to-night LU 8864 ( FB 66 ). o rofersat tri aidchi aigidechta when they had spent three nights of guesting LU 1861 ( RC x 50 ). aonach no fertha lais ... in gach bliadhain, Corm. Y 796 . fertha óenach la hUltu, LU 3228 ( SCC 2 ). a rogu ro fer .i. ro ferastar a rogu `his choice he made' ACC 135 ( RC xx 410 ). is cian mār ria C. roferad táin bo Cuailnge, O'Mulc. 779 . do ferad mór d'ulc ré lá much ill was wrought in his time Cog. 100.19 (poem). Folld. by FOR (AR) of pers. inflicts (on), deals (to): bean for a fertar ainim, Laws v 294.18 Comm. nā fer aithber form, TBC-I¹ 1215 . nā ros[f]hera brón fuirri, MacCongl. 97.6 . gac[h] fer fora ferthar fuil, BCrólige § 10 Comm. masa beocned roferad air, Laws iii 288.17 . ferais M. tri crechta ... fair, TFerbe 422 . iarsin mórḟingail rofersat for soerchlannaibh Erend, ZCP xi 63.11 . is alaind feras al-luad | gabair Baetain for in sluagh bears his course against AU 562 (but: gobhar ... rés an tsluagh, AFM 555 ). With direct obj. omitted: fear, a Chríost, ar lucht na mbréag take vengeance on Dánta Gr. 9.36 . Cf. flesc maith Moisi ... rofer for aesa a Egept, SR 4330 (corresp. to: barr flesci Moysi ór chuirestar plága ┐ piana for illtuathaib Egeipti, LB 121a28 ). for slig frisndringtiss, conclistiss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib RC xi 444.28 . In follg. exx. feraid ar (of thing) may mean spends one's energies on, enjoys: lāntol menman di cech maith, nī ara feram, ACL iii 296 § 42 . Rathan na náemh ro charsam, | sosadh sáer ar ro fhersam, BNnÉ 313.24 . f.¤ fo: in follg. ex. the obj. of the prep. is uncertain: flaith dan cóire Teach D. ... | gach glóir fa dheoidh fearfaidh faoi | leathfaidh a ghnaoi do dheoin Dé, Ir. Monthly 1927, 470 .

filliud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. filliud or dil.ie/22077

Forms: filled, filleadh, filltibh, fillti

n u, m. (vn. of fillid) later also filled. filleadh, IGT III § 71 .

(a) bending: issi briathar glunae ... a f.¤ fri slechtan Ml. 138a2 . f.¤ gluine genuflexion Ériu ii 56 § 11 . da cét slechtan ... co f.¤ in chuirp bowing RC xv 490.18 . maidm inna coic nime occa f.¤ for talmanda `bowing them to earth' Ériu ii 136y . trillsi a feadha ga bhfilleadh, TD 13.2 . im rosg mall S. ... filleadh mong n-abhra `arc of ... lashes' Gofraidh Fionn v § 30 . luidseom ... amach ... do dul do fillid a glún, Hib. Min. 71.19 = do dul for aínsuide ib. 35 (= cacare). pl. ó filltibh a occsall (= from the hollows of his armpits) co llethan a les, CCath. 5238 .

(b) doubling, folding: filled an duirn clenching of the fist Auraic. 4475 . sídhalbrat ... hi filliud immi wrapt about him (folded, pleated ?) LU 10662 . brat ... i filliud imbi, TBC-I¹ 2798 . TBC-LL¹ 4302 . broitt ... i forcipul co filliud impu, LU 4489 . an brat ag filleadh fana taobh (of a cloak shrinking upon the wearer) Duan. F. ii 332 § 10 . beagán fillte na lámh a little folding of the hands Proverbs vi 10 .

(c) declining, inflecting (gramm.) : is immedón dogníther in filliud (gl. intrinsecus fit declinatio Sg. 157b1 . PCr. 66a1 . in filliud himmedon inna brethre Sg. 158b6 . i ffilliud, Auraic. 1638 . pl. fillti inflections, cases: tri fil[l]ti a n-uathad .i. fer [nas.], fir [gs.], ic fir [ = fiur ds.], 1647 (cf. 1664 ).

(d) turning (back, around, aside) : re filledh na sula in the twinkling of an eye BCC § 346 (cf. silled). ní húair ṡéna d'ḟilleadh é, IGT, Decl. ex. 1673 . a n-éagóir orthoibh d'ḟilleadh to visit their wrong-doing on them TD 18.13 . filleadh ainchridhe the turning aside of ill-will Studies 1921, 589 . ort, a Dhé, m'ḟilleadh ó ulc it is Thine to turn me from evil Studies 1933, 140 . ig innisin ḟillte na gcineadhach conversion Acts xv 3 . ferg De dfilledh uain to avert God's wrath Luc. Fid. 118 .

(e) as intrans. turning back, returning: filled is mó ná mithid it is more than time for me to turn (i.e. repent) Metr. Dinds. iii 64 . ar tí fillte tar a n-ais, Keat. ii 6124 . rug C. secht ccluiche gan ḟilledh ēnbherte [for an rí, v.l.] without losing a single game Ériu iv 57.14 . With AR turning (returning) to: iomháigh Chríost do chur ar a gcomhair re filleadh uirre, Eochairsg. 46y (leg. silleadh ?). go bhfiarann toil an pheacthaigh ó bheith coimhshínte ré riaghail an réasúin, ag filleadh ... uirre féin, TSh. 3019 .

(f) in Laws devolution (of property) (?) : diba flaith fillte teora selba insegur digbail .i. innsaighther dibadh digbalad a flaithemnais uime-sium o follaimnaither a ferann ris amuich re re trir (i.e. during lifetime of father, son and grandson), O'Curry 451 (< H 3.18, 241a ), quoted as: do ba flaith filtib .iii. selbad insegur dígbail .i. digbail a flaithuis o neoch cona dígbail do ó innsaichidh filledh .iii. selb fair, O'D. 1958 (< Eg. 90, 7a ). Cf. doba fola flaith; fillter .iii. [sic leg.] selba, etc., Laws iv 378.10 . finte fuidir cotafille fodail (.i. ata fodeilúigud fillti for fíni na fodaer), 286.6 ( 290.14 SM Facs. 5a ). See Thurneysen on the passage, Ir. Recht p. 71 .

(g) obscure in the term : f.¤ erred nāir (name of a feat of Cú Chulainn) LU 5971 . TBC-LL¹ 2106 . Ériu iv 30.11 .

Cf. tilled.

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