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aicill(n)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicill(n)e or dil.ie/801
Last Revised: 2013

 

, f. Vn. of ad-gíall(n)a. base clientship . Used of the status of a `céle' who has received `rath' (stock) from a lord and has thereby entered into relations of dependence, being entitled to the lord's protection and on the other hand bound to render him certain service (frithgnam), Thurn. ZCP xiv 336 . Cáin Aigillne, name of a law tract, ZCP xiv 338 § 1 ( Laws ii 222 ). cain aigillne ┐ giallnu. Cid do-slí? Ni hannsa: seoit turcluide ┐ tuircrec besa airceanna, ib. aiggillne .i. auggugīallne .i. ō dorat in fer sét taurchloithe dialaile .i. lōg a enig ar airitin sēt ūad ar bēs n-airc[h]endchaige, is ugga dō īarom gīallae dond fir sin ┐ airitiu sēt ūad ar bēss n-airchenda, Corm. Y 81 . aigillne .i. céillsine no óglachas, O'D. Suppl . (H. 2.15, 61a). cain aicillne .i. riaghail uca ceilsine inn daerraith, Laws i 40.22, 48.29 Comm. rath naicillni .i. ced gialla, ar ni aperar aigillni acht do ced gialla nama, O'Curry 874 ( H 3.18, p. 392b ). atait secht flathe . . . na dlegait techta saer-giallna na a.¤ na riarus feibe, Laws v 358.2 . secht ngraid flatha, flaith fria haicillni . . ., 24.10 . ?atait secht n-anfolaid fofuaslaicet udhburta in domain . . . a cor fri aicille, a tabairt i nduais filed . . ., 128.16 . sencleithi aicille, i 226.24 Comm. In concrete sense of the persons in such relations to a lord: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib of lords and their unfree clients, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312 ). imscarad do-tluigi(g)t[h]er flaith fri aigillni which the lord requests from the unfree client, ZCP xiv 385 § 50 (318). imscarad fri hanmolta aicgillne mad anfoltach in cele frisin flaith because of the bad behavoiur of the unfree client, 387 § 53 (324). ad-mestar cert ┐ coir, fīr ┐ dliged, cumthus ┐ córus cacha flatha fīre fria huile aicillne (aicille v.l.) is to be reckoned according to the number of all his clients(?), ZCP xi 95 § 51 . flaith . . . dligid side a oigréir dia aigillib, O'D. 2234 (Nero vii, 156a). deabaidh itir di aigillne, O'Curry 473 ( H 3.18, p. 247 ) (`two bodies of tenants', Plummer MS. notes).

béo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béo or dil.ie/5671
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: béu, béu, mbi, bii, -bíi, béoa, beó, bh, beó, bíe, beoloiti

adj o, ā. In O. Ir. also béu (note n. pr. Beuchell, Sedulius Scottus, Monumenta Germaniae, Traube). See GOI § 204 , § 206 , § 352 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 10b27 . béu, 13d6 , Ml. 44c11 . a s. f. mbi, Laws iv 218.17 Comm. n p m. bii. Wb. 3b6 , -bíi, 3b7 . a pl. béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . duine beó, g s. beó, bh, IGT Decl. § 205. bean beó, g s. beó, bíe, § 139 .

(a) (i) as attrib. living, quick (ii) as predic. adj. alive . (i) eclás Dé bíí, Fél.² i 20. ité uiui in dóini bí, Sg. 39a23 . na heoin beoa do gabail to catch the live birds, TBC-LL¹ 1334. Crist gunig gach mbeathaidh mbi (: eabraidhi) `Christ who controls all living life', Ériu xvii 74 § 8 ( Laws iv 218. 17 Comm. ). gē dosanntaig bhetha[id] mbī / nīr tsechain Rí an alltair ē earthly life, ZCP vii 304.2 . i lámhaibh an Dé bheó (= Dei viventis), TSh. 5397. Of fire: do theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7. Of spring water: benaid in talum . . . ┐ tanic topar usce bíí ass, PH 1338. lively, spirited (of a combat): troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529.

(ii) céin bas mb.¤ in fer gl. uiuit, Wb. 10b23 . is cundubart leu indat bii gl. qui . . . se uiuere nesciunt, ZCP vii 482.12 ( Enchir. Aug. 75b ). an beó do thigerna ? BDD² 1519. ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa `the hostages . . . were buried alive', RC xxiv 184 § 17. madh beo na daoine, Content. xxv 8 . living, alight (of fire): ní béu cid in teni, Trip. 10.17 . For the phr. béo bocht see 1 bocht.

(b) As subst. o, m. a living being; in spiritual or mythological sense an immortal: oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mb. `the Land of Promise of the Living', Wb. 11a19 . dodeochad- . . . a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad, LU 9996. cen sa écnach nach bí `without reviling any living thing', Ériu iii 104 § 40. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bi (bíí, v.l.) bennachtnaib whom the living do not glorify, ZCP xi 97 § 59. totchurethar bíi bithbi the ever-living ones invite you (i.e. Conle, to come to the other-world Land of the Living), LU 10027. is cumma barrurim biu ┐ marbu dó in like manner he enumerated for him the living and the dead, TBC-LL¹ 4761. amail bid bēo nobeith ann, ACL iii 5.15 . do mess for bíu ┐ marbu `to judge the quick and the dead', Ériu ii 194 § 7. gan beó, gan baistedach / aram (leg. ar) bith [c]āemh cé no living creature, ZCP viii 212.15 . beo gach buainchethra, Metr. Gl. 31 § 60. In spiritual sense: créud íad na beóa ar a ttiobharthar breath ? who are the saved (?) who will be judged ? Parrth. Anma 1561.

(c) In phrases. Used with possess. pron. usually in sing.: ní col dó cid less ar mb.¤ et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus etc., Wb. 6b20 . a beō nach óe do breith to bring any of them alive, TBC-I¹ 685. ragaid do beo no do marb you shall go dead or alive, TBC-LL¹ 1224 ( LL 8614 ). beannacht dá mbeó is dá marbh a blessing on them living and dead, Dánta Gr. 3.12 . ní suthain a mbí they do not live long, ZCP vi 261.29 . re na beo fen during his own life, BCC 33.

In phr. i mbíu alive (with gen. or possess. pron.) in the lifetime (of): nī dlegat a ndola i mbiu, Ériu vi 121 § 5. otáam inar[m]bíu / nochotacca cusindíu `since we have been alive', Trip. 140.13 . ar ropo námasom na bíu do Laignib `in his lifetime', RC vi 165.34 ).

(d) the quick of the skin: bheith ag dol i mbeó ar Dhia . . . lé dubháilcibh to cause distress to God, TSh. 2296. tairnge i mbeó (prov.), Hard. ii 408.9 . táirnge a mbeó go raibh ann do bhonn, Éigse vi 6.29 .

See argat.

Compds. With nouns: cenmotha beoalma, Anecd. ii 59.1 . -athair in leg. technical term mac(c) b.¤ -athar son of a living father, hence a son unqualified to make valid contracts: gach mac beoathur nad bi saor a chor, Laws ii 288.7 . trí nata[t] túalaing sainchuir: mac beo-athar, ben aurnadma, dóer flatha, Triads 151 . rucus rāith ar mac ṁbeoathar, ZCP xv 311 § 7. -bethu: mess ┐ beobethu animal fodder, ZCP xii 366.10 ( PRIA xxxvi (1923) 310.5 ). Cf. also ZCP xvi 203 - 204 . ¤búaid: ' sin chrích badba co mbeó-búaid (bladbuaid, v.l.) `of living excellence (?)' (Notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 372.6 . ¤chned: dire beocneidhi `the penalty for a non-mortal injury', BCrólige 39 n. 6 . ¤chride: ni minec bar mearughudh / isin brugh co mbeocraidhi with beating heart, IT iii 89 § 114. As attrib. ar da n-echaib . . . beochridi blenarda, LL 10358. lé clódh beóchroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands' (?), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29. ¤chrod livestock: marggad beochruid bó ┐ (facs.) ech, LL 25108 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 480.1 ). ¤chruth: mic Metusalem do b'fhada bhí a mbeóchruith `in mortal shape', ITS iii 84.24 (1900) . ¤dartaid live calf: [d]ersaid bec beodartaid (beomartaid, v.l.). / mani tugedar (leg. tuigther, note) d'ilbíadaib, Ériu vii 6.12 . ¤dédail (?): Rind ┐ Faebur fegar / cen baegul ria mbeodedail, LL 20341 (untransl. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.6 ). ¤dil (leg. technical term, opposed to marbdil q.v.) animate possessions i.e. livestock: as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile: mad beodile, co n-as ┐ los ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 ( Laws ii 376.2 ). indile (.i. beo dile), O'D. 989 (H. 3.17, 853). ni tascnai fine, na orbu, na beodil, na marbdil `the live chattels', Laws ii 288.3 . ¤ḟedan: beo-ḟeadain . . . for feraib fedair `live carrying' (away on sick maintenance), BCrólige 58 . ¤gasrad: beóghasraidh `vigorous company', Studies 1920, 417. 18 . ¤idbart living offering: amal rundgab in beuidbart sin gl. uitulus, Ml. 87b9 . ¤mainchine service during life: bar mbéomaicne (mbeomainchine, v.l.) ┐ bur marbmaicne (marbmainchine, v.l.), Acall. 3506. ¤thlus livestock: fear ro ba saidhbhre i nErinn a mb.¤ , AFM iv 1128.18 .

Of fire: (?) ¤bruiden burning hostel: adcíat in daigid nduilig / 'na brainig don beó-bruidin (breó-, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iv 236.35 . ¤chaindell: fri beocaindle with burning candles i.e. clear testimonies of witnesses ( Bürgschaft 7 § 3 n. 2), ZCP xiii 20.7 . atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and ro forosnad gae cach rig seven burning candles i.e. certain disastrous events accepted as evidence of his `falsehood,' Laws iv 52.9 . See BCrólige 58 notes. forath ni acair acht beo-cainneall a flaitheas . . . acht an tí dana taithnemach é amail caindill (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. 8 ) mbi .i. mac flatha, ┐ ua aroile, Laws iv 380.3 . ¤grís living flame: co ro bheathaidhsiot beóghrís a seangomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . an tshacramuint-si . . . do bheith 'na béoghrís gacha subhāilce dhamh `stimulant' (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5122. ¤luisne burning flame, brand: ar clann Fheóraisne sa n-eachra / b.¤ i n-am debtha díbh, IGT Decl. ex. 179. ¤theine blazing fire: fúair bás ┐ beó-thenid (breo-, v.l.) `he met death in fatal fire' (viz. the burning of Bruiden Da Choca), Metr. Dinds. iv 236. 16 .

With adjj. derived fr. nouns: ¤bríathrach of living words: bennacht Brenainn beobhriathraigh, Anecd. ii 32 § 3. ¤tharrach, ¤thlusach possessed of live-stock: gnithi manach beothlusach, O'Dav. 1530.

With vnn., life-, (while) living: ¤élud (in Laws, in contr. with mairb-élud) abandoning, evading while living (the obligations of tenancy): fri beo-eludh, ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ( Laws ii 228.16 ). ¤léiciud: (of ensuring discharge of liabilities between co-tenants) sith aili no beolegud nascaither na smacta so iarsin `living deposits i.e. witnesses' (Mann. and Cust. i cxcii n. 347), O'Curry 31 (H. 3.18, 13a). ¤scarad (of the termination of a contract between flaith and tenant in the lifetime of the parties) separation during life: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312.21 ).

As intensive prefix oft. meaning deadly: ¤chobra speech before death, farewell: beochobra Con Culaind isind ló fúair bás, LL 13845.

With second element expressing action causing danger to or deprivation of life. ¤bág: a topur na tonn táide / moambí bocur beó-báige `round which hung a threat of mortal import' (sic leg. Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 344.8 . ¤gletin deadly (?) combat: ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin `mortal in conflict', Metr. Dinds. iv 188.24 . ¤marb slain: co fagbaindse a n-eltae beómarbae isnaib slébib, LU 9321. ¤chorach: flaith Dúine Bárc beó-choraig `of deadly-hurling D.B.', Metr. Dinds. iv 8.32 . ¤gonaid, ¤gonaigid wounds but doesn't kill (?), to the quick: bertatar cloic (sic) cach fir beógaíti leo ass, LU 8003 (BDD). māth bēoguin rogonae nech `a life-wound ', Cáin Ad. 44. R. do dul beoghonta dia thigh `severely wounded', AFM iv 690.3 . créad do bheoghnuigh snódh na gréine ? `what has deformed the features of the sun ?' O'Rah. 146.2. ¤loitte, ¤loittithe severely, fatally wounded: beoloiti, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 . rucad Conn beoloitide forin nGrencha .. . et sepulerunt , 1411.28 . ¤marbad act of slaying, killing: do bhualadh ┐ do bheomharbhadh to knock down and kill (viz. cattle), AFM v 1470.15 . ¤thollad act of piercing to the quick: beara . . . ré beó-tholladh bocht-anam ann, TSh. 6677.

With first element bí- see bícherb, bíchim.

céile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. céile or dil.ie/8452
Last Revised: 2013

 

n io, m. See Zimmer, KZ xxx 35 - 43 . Except somet. in legal sense (d) usually with prec. possess. or follg. gen. and tending to function as a pronoun rather than as an ordinary noun. The main meanings as noun are client and fellow , the term always implying a relationship. It is doubtful (see Zimmer) whether this was originally one of inferiority or one of equality.

(a) servant, bondsman, vassal, subject : `ceile' as ainm do gach oglách, Metr. Gl. 28 § 45 . c.¤ .i. óglach, O'Cl. húasal-athraig, cliatha fáithi, / do Chríst cíaptar céli, Fél. Ep. 14 ( ceile .i. cara, O'Dav. 438 ). á Chríst dianda chéle, 307 . imcomairc . . . do Láeg cia díambo chéli, LU 5598 . céli in báis .i. ar n-oirchindech (of the devil), PH 2046 . diamba chéle Maic Maire if thou be a vassal of Mary's Son, Ériu i 200. 3 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ Dé = eccles. Lat. servus Dei ( Thes. ii 265.5 from Ardm. 11ra ). Cf. is cele dǽ infer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . Freq. as name of member of a class of religious distinguished by special observances and practices, appar. of a stricter nature than those of others. Hence Engl. Culdee , in pl. also Keledei, Colidei . The precise connotation of the term is uncertain. See Reeves (W.), The Culdees of the British Islands, Dublin 1864 ( Trans. RIA xxiv ), Stokes, Fél. Introd. xxvii f. ; Mon. Tall. 122 - 3 , Rule of Tall. ainmne ilao ┐ in naidchi ni longe colonge celede remut no fer fa sruithiu, Reeves Culdees 145 (Life of S. Findan). lasna celiu dé, Mon. Tall. 142.26 . Óengus céle Dé, SR 8009 (see Introd. i, Fél. Introd. xxvii , Murphy Lyrics 188 and note). In follg. perh. monk, religious in general: tailcid dail dun, a cheliu de (sic leg.), Vita Br. 37 (of lepers. `O ye clients of God', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 131 ). forórcóngart for céli nDé día muintir (of Patrick), Trip.² 2325 . ní damsa a Gúaire for in céli Dé, LU 9660 . cunice aníu . . . nirom comhairmeadh-sa . . . etir celiuda Dé ┐ bhochta ┐ lobhrai, Lism. L. 1584 . a sruithe ┐ a céledha Dé friars (of a monastery), Hugh Roe² 32.25 . cind chéledh nde Cluana mic Nois, AFM ii 1040.7 . In transl. text of Indian Brahmans (see Reeves Culdees ix): nī do aittrebtaidib an betha frecnairc duinni . . . acht as celi De atancomnaic, Anecd. v 5. 18 (Alex.).

(c) Hence in nn. pr. of clerics: Céle Críst, Fél. Mar. 3 . Cele Dulaisi, AFM i 348.15 . Cele íosa, 422.6 . See Reeves Culdees 4 .

(d) Legal of the recipient of a fief (repaid in kind) from the `flaith' (lord), liege, vassal . See Críth G. p. 80 (`client', Vocab.). flaith ┐ a ceile, Laws v 480.14 . i taurchreicc c.¤ , Críth G. 252 . aire désa . . . deich céli leis, 330 . céle cháich i gcomhair a choimdhedha, Ériu xiii 20.2 ( .i. gilla, O'Dav. 387 ). tigernbhard as tigernasidhe cona dhibh célibh décc lais, 42.15 . ceili fuisidni . . . fosesedar flaith hi celi ┐ amos do, O'Curry 888 ( H 3.18, 396b ) (hence owing military service?). ní do-beir flaith dia chéliu, Ériu xvii 66 § 7 . iar n-airitin tra sét ar bes n-aircenda onaib ceilib dona flathib is ainm aigille donaib célib, Corm. 5 . céili drochluige `clients of (a lord of) bad oaths', Blathm. 256 . See doír, fáes(s)am, faísitiu, gíallnae, saer.

(e) fellow, companion (like the feudal Lat. comes, Irish Kings and High-Kings 28 ), ` opposite number', other one, neighbour (in N.T. sense): huadsom dia cheliu `from himself to his fellow', Ml. 59a15 . digail duthabairt forru amal aceliu `like their fellows', 80d4 . andugniat ar céli, Wb. 10c21 . mad cumme imned ácheli et aimned fessin, gl. alter alterius etc., 20c6 . nadecad indán doradad dó fessin acht dán ácheli gl. aliorum, 23c16 . foditiu fochide duib-si . . . gním pectho do bar célib `fellows', 25d8 . arnaérbarthar frinn anasrobrad friarceiliu `to our fellows', 33b16 . condernain hicutrummus frimcheliu that I should do as the others do, PCr. 2a2 . fer tailge a ceathra a n-athbothar a ceile `neighbour', Laws v 464.7 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine, Mon. Tall. 162.30 . gessa Lóch . . . amal a chéliu the others (i.e. those who had already been persuaded to fight Cú Chulaind), LU 6104 . luid . . . i ndegaid a cheli (i.e. Cú Chulainn after Lóegaire and Conall), 8828 ( FB 62 ). a chéli the other, MU² 999 (LU). a chéli . . . immuich, 977 . to-fil far céliu chucaib your adversaries, 968 . scorit a nneocho oc commor māna ┐ aba allandeas ūas dūn a chēle above the fort of the others, TBC-I¹ 630 (with fixed sg. masc. possess., see Stories fr. Táin Vocab. s.v. céile and (i) below). doneoch ro cachnutar a ceile reimib `predecessors', Laws i 24.7 Comm. ciped chia díb nomarbtha artús adigail diacheiliu, RC iii 183.8 . do badh é a ch.¤ c.¤ cleath Dor match, DDána 85.34 . amail a cceliu `like the rest', Hugh Roe² 190.2 . Rarely of things: in lomrad tar héisi a chéli a shearing for a shearing, ZCP viii 311.31 . docurethar in lia forru anair ┐ a chéli aníar ara cend another from the west, TBC-I¹ 1416 .

(f) With qual. gen.: do dhá ch.¤ cláir, DDána 91.39 expld. as `dhá chlár chosmhail', Vocab. c.¤ comairce naoimh `an attendant guardian saint', Keat. iii 1785 . ar a ch.¤ comhaoise his coeval, TSh. 2256 . ré a ch.¤ chomhloinn `opponent', TD 10.4 . ceile connmala an comtruim (panegyric of a chieftain), ZCP ii 349.31 . do nós mhná re a c.¤ cuil `her unlawful mate', TD 1.56 . fad ch.¤ cumuinn `thy lover', O'Hara 3216 . c.¤ sealga, IGT Decl. ex. 1104 .

(g) husband : amal tiagtae mná hua célib cofiru aili, Ml. 125a2 . céle más gl. maritus, Sg. 60a3 . céle ingine gl. generi, 100a6 . cen athcomarcc dia celiu without her husband's permission, Laws v 384.5 . a inchaib maic no chéli, Críth G. 484 . mac mná nad festar céle, Imr. Brain 26 . nīcon tērglansam-ni céli diar n-ingin, Fing. R. 391 . ni fhaienn cele la hingin dibh, Marco P. 102 .

(h) Rarely wife : bás a chlainne sa ch.¤ , Arch. Hib. i 98 § VIII . bai dh'imad cheiledh lais, Marco P. 156 .

(i) With more specifically pronominal force ( one , etc. . . .) the other : íroimed cách achéele per caritatem gl. suscipite uos inuicem, Wb. 6d4 . na tiubrad cách achéle gl. nolite frudare inuicem, 9d20 . ni derban cách a chele `neither hinders the other', Thes. ii 294 § 7 . co 'mmáromarba cách díb a chéli, LU 8085 ( FB 6 ). ag ár ┐ oirlech aroile ┐ a cheile, L. Chl. S. 18 . inber bud domni a cheili the deepest estuaries, CRR 25 ( LL 23010 ). nībo mōo in band oldās a chēle, TBC-I¹ 517 . With prec. prep. ascoir dochách guide dée liachéle `on behalf of the other', Wb. 7a13 . ainmne dochach fri[a] ch.¤ gl. supportantes inuicem, 27b17 . oc imchossnam techta ar thossaig cách ríana chéli, LU 8261 ( FB 20 ). do neoch díb sech a chéli, 9170 ( 90 ). ní cúis do dhul fá ch.¤ no reason to attack one another, Content. xviii 5 . noch dhlighid uile dha chéle `which they al ought to haue togeather', RSClára 134a . dealuighidh . . . ó ch.¤ = separateth, Proverbs xvi 28 . ubullchless án (= ón) méor co a chéli from one finger to the other, MU² 648 . ón chluais go ch.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1376 . da gach cill ina cele, RC xiv 36 § 29 . 'gá cur don glún 'na chéle, CF² 540 . iiii la co ceile onwards, RC xlix 52 § 20 .

(j) In adverbial phrases. i ndáil a chéle towards each other Ériu xv 72 (78a) . i ndegaid, tar éis a ch.¤ one after the other, successively, gradually : i ndeguid a chele, Laws ii 84.2 Comm. a ndiaig a ch.¤ , Párl. na mB. 1591 . a bhfuair mé / d'easláinte d'éis a ch.¤ , Dán Dé xiii 3 . tar eis a ceile gradually , Rosa Angl. 10.3 . ar lorg a cheile in unbroken continuity (of the Faith), Luc. Fid. 5861 . le ch.¤ together, altogether, completely : le ch.¤ gur chaitheas m'aimsir, DDána 26.33 . doconncatar re céle sin `they both saw it', ZCP iv 324 ( BCC 102 ). fuairsead lé ch.¤ a g-crádh leam, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.7 . le ch.¤ is an chroch together with, DDána 21.16 . Cf. 99.21 . an t-anam araon / le ch.¤ is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . cuirid 'na ch.¤ puts together, mends , etc.: an síodh cuirthior 'n-a ch.¤ a patched up peace, O'Hara 1279 . a chur ina ceile to put it together again (a broken sword), Grail 4045 . is amlaid cuirther cach ana chéli d'foghlachaib na h-aimsire `thus are the different divisions of time proportioned to each other', MR 108.7 . gan dá chonnsuine ar bioth do chur na ch.¤ d'ogham acht a ccurp comhfhocuil amháin that no two consonants should be assimilated to each other, IGT Introd. 3.3 . Note also: an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna ch.¤ to mix, TSh. 174 . ? suirghe do-chóidh 'n-a ch.¤ , DDána 40.25 . ó 'dchonnairc L. na catha ar ndul trí n-a ch.¤ saw the battalions become entangled, Ériu i 88 § 34 . in sluagh do dhul trid a cheile, AU iii 610.11 . as a ch.¤ asunder , TSh. 5696 .

díscaílid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díscaílid or dil.ie/16775

 

Forms: rodiscaoilte, díscaíled

v (scaílid)

(a) separates, sunders, disperses: discáilfet-sa úaim in trichait cet Galian út fo ḟiru hErend, TBC-LL¹ 445 . ra díscáil, 449 . go ccruinneochuigh sé thusa as gach uile chineadh a gcionn ar dhíosgaoil Día thú hath scattered thee (Israel), Deuteronomy xxx 3 . Intrans. ra díscáilset immon glend they scattered about the valley, TBC-LL¹ 1684 . is luath meisce an fhína fhinn ┐ is luath discailter hi, O'Gr. Cat. 216 .

(b) bursts open, breaks up, demolishes: in chetna dabach . . . rodíscáil da cláraib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 . nodiscailfed in béist út in cruinne . . . mine discailte hí fen, PH 7248 . innis dūin . . . cindus discaeilfidhter an bith, RC xxiv 382 . inni discailes cach ndaingean .i. in gorta, CCath. 2610 . forsna flathib . . . díscailit in eclais ar medón ┐ dianechtair, RC xii 426 . rodiosccaoileadh lais caislén, AFM iii 362 . Fig. díscailid [in genntligecht] in mesardacht dissipates temperance, PH 721 . bíodh gur disgaoileadh . . . ardḟlaithios mhaicne Mileadh, Book of O'Conor Don 202b25 .

(c) dissolves, softens, relaxes: cerín ... diosgaoilidh na n[escói]di cruaide, 23 K 42, 393.20 . diosgaoilidh ┐ seimhighidh ┐ aipighidh iad, 322.8 . mad cneasaighthi in crecht, . . . cur cerín . . ris, ┐ disgeolaigh sin in crecht (treatment of a cicatrized wound), 23 F 19, 8r48 . dissolves, decomposes: gach uile mitall díscáilter . . . is a n-airged beo imtaigther iat, O'Gr. Cat. 256 . dixailter a n-oleum (= resolvantur in oleo), 206 . Part. ag dluthughadh na neithi rodiscaoilte `that which is too relaxed', O'Gr. Cat. 277 . da mbidh na puis disgaoilte fuar ban ar n-anmhain o cheile if the lips remain parted, 24 P 22, 107.3 .

Vn. díscaíled.

Cf. díanscaílid s.v. 1 dían.

imm-fuasailci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-fuasailci or dil.ie/27856

 

v releases: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ocus a n-aicillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib `die sie rechtlich von den Verträgen lösen,' ZCP xiv 383 § 48 (= Laws ii 312.22 where wrongly written unis-f.).

1 ós, (úas)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ós, (úas) or dil.ie/34047

 

Forms: os, huas, húas, úas, oas, ás, ósind, ósin, úasum, huasum, huassot, uasat, uaso, uasa, uasu, uasom, uasto, uaisdi, uaisti, uasaind, ósib, úasaib, úassaib, uasdaib, uaistibh, uastu, uasu, uasa, uasa

prep. os, Wb. 21a14 . BCr. 33b1 . huas, Sg., Ml. húas, BCr. 18c4 . úas, Fél. Prol. 22. oas, LL 52a48 . ás, ib. TBC-LL¹ 2805.

With art.: ósind, ósin (uas-, huas-). pl. osnaib gaithaib, Trip. 130.21 . úasna flathib , Fél. Ep. 542. osna urgalá, TBC-LL¹ 2767 .

With pers. pron.: 1 s. úasum, Hy. vi 4. huasum, SR 856. 2 s. huassot, SR 1142 ; uasat. 3 s. m. and n. uaso, TBC-LL¹ 2488. TBC-LL¹ 1924 , 1956 ( LU 6438 , 6470 ). uasa, TBC-LL¹ 677. PH 4086. uasu, TBC-LL¹ 1820 , 858 , 2584 , PH 853. uasom, TBC-LL¹ 749 , and uasto, TBC-LL¹ 1952 ( LU 6466 ), are prob. mistakes. 3 s. f. (late forms) uaisdi, TBC-LL¹ p. 169 n. 1 . uaisti, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.16 . 1 pl. uasaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752 , 5974 . 3 pl. ósib, Wb. 2b7 . úasaib, LU 8815 ; úassaib, 8151 ( FB 61.11 ). uasdaib, SR 565. uaistibh, CCath. 1955. BNnÉ 318.24 . uastu, LL 266a10 , 24 . BColm. 22.19 . uasu, TBC-LL¹ 5565 = uasa, St., H.

With poss. pron.: ós (uas) mo, etc. 3 s. m. uasa. Governs dat. (occas. with acc. forms in Mid.Ir.).

Over, above ; gl. super, Wb. 2b7 , 21a14 ; supra, Sg. 17b3 , 68b3 .

(a) of local relations: in tituil ro boí huas ciun[n] Crist isin chroich, Ml. 74b1 . aesca bís os talam, Thes. ii 20.39 ( BCr. 33b1 ). isnaib rendaib fail húas gréin, Thes. ii 12.38 ( BCr. 18c4 ). nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752 = ós ar ccend, St. lia uas lecht, IT i 158.1 ( LL 154a45 ). `Décha uasad!' Ro dechai iarom suas, ZCP xiii 179.9 . On (top of) (= prep. for): mind n-óir os a cind on her head, TBC-LL¹ 1557. scíath . . . uasu, 1820 . slegh . . . uastu [leg. uasu] ┐ claidem 'na laim, TTebe 3575 . issin brutt ossa bruinni, IT i 119.16 . os gabur gil (mounted) on a white horse, 158.2 . Denoting proximity, overlooking, overhanging : connici in taulaig ós ur na Bóinne, CRR 27. co Dínn Ríg os Berba, 16 . co nhebailt . . . uas Muir Icht by the sea of Wight, RC xxiv 192.12 . ruiber . . . caislen ar c[h]noc ard uassa, Fl. Earls 76.19 . In loose sense: co fárcbaid ós Tig Duind `at Tech D.', Ériu iv 136 z . Findachta . . . secht mbliadhna os cornaibh comōil, MacCarthy 418.3 ( BB 50a47 ), cf. Eng. `over the wine-cups'. dabuch d[e]arg-iubair . . . slog oss a ucht, ZCP viii 108.19 . a[g] golgairi uastu lamenting over them, TTebe 1926 . Rarely with vb. of motion: domfuc tond ós letha lind, LU 3001.

In late Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir. the compd. prep. ós cind (ós cionn) takes the place of the simple form.

(b) of fig. relations: is huas neurt dom above my strength, Sg. 1a6 . húa[s] sillaib .i. móa óen sillaib (gl. supra syllabam), 68b3 . lánbendacht . . . úas bar ṅdálaib, Fél. Ep. 63. do fail a hainm úasu her name is on it (a mountain), Metr. Dinds. iii 302.64 . Above, surpassing, superior to: os cech anmimm, gl. super omne nomen, Wb. 21a14 . tlácht ós lígib (uas, huas v.l.), Hy. iv 10 , glossed: etach doroisce cach n-etach socraid, Thes. ii 326. ato[t]daimet fir Herend uasaib acknowledge thy superiority, FB 61 ( LU 8815 ). eo Rosa ós gach righfiodh- bhaidh, ZCP viii 221 § 43. (Head) over, (ruling) over: a rí uasna flathib , Fél. 542. biam tigerna os cech druṅg | ni bia rí aile huasum, SR 855 - 6 . Crist uas doinib, PH 6384. Íssu úas tuinn tuili who rules the flood-wave, Fél. Prol. 250 , cf. Apr. 23 (see ZCP ix 338 ). Patraic ás hErinn hi foss, | Brigit oas hErind andess, ZCP xi 110 § 31 ( LL 52a48 ). cethri bliadna Crimthaind . . . ós ind hErind, MacCarthy 192.3 ( LL 129a13 ). ní chlos éinbhean . . . ós breacmhoigh Éireann no woman was ever heard of ruling over . . . , Content. xxx 21. ina úachtarán . . . uassan gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 94.17 .

(c) in adverbial phrases in combination with a noun or adj.: ós cind over, above , used instead of the simple prep. in later lang. (see 1 cenn); bun ós cinn upside down, topsyturvy; ós aird aloud, openly ; ós ísel in private, secretly .

(d) rarely used as adv. (in place of túas, súas): imbeir cóic deich ubull óir | ós clesit fora anōil they bound aloft, SCC 37 ( LU 3811 ). bid trom form-sa amarach, | bid huas dam a ḟeidm will be beyond me (?), TBC-LL¹ 2262 (mistake for huasam?) = bud fortrén, TBC-LL¹ 3047. cath lond Luachra huas anuas | adces Brighid up and down (?), RC xvii 130.8 . in roibhi cumachta Righ neime uais [leg. úas] tis above and below, Auraic. 2433.

2 síd, síth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 síd, síth or dil.ie/37442

 

Forms: sidi

n (cf. 1 síd?) s, n. Later u and o, m., and ā, f. IGT Decl. § 38.6 .

(a) peace, goodwill, peaceableness; a state of peace; a period of peace, a truce; terms of peace; peacemaking, pacification, conciliation : airde síde et cáinchomricc, Wb. 24b28 . cen sloglussu .i. cid cen na bec ndo s.¤ and `without truces i.e. even without a little of peace there', Ml. 51a5 . hi s.¤ gl. in multa requie, 53c15 . ar tuasulcud-ni á toiri ┐ tinnacul síde dún `the giving of peace to us', 105d10 . nacha sloglussu .i. nacha side són `i.e. any periods of peace' (gl. indutias), 111b19 . rīsam huili s.¤ (.i. celum) ind ríg `may we all reach the peace of the King', Thes. ii 304.9 ( Hy. i ) (sith, v.l.) (a play on the meanings of 1 síd and 2 síd, Éigse xvi 23 n. 9 ). síth iar sáeth, Thes. ii 332.1 ( Hy. v ). a n-ána for sruamannaib i sidh socomét in fosernaither flatha (leg. i sída sochomét fosernaiter flathib (Stokes) `for preservation of peace'), O'Dav. 1464 . breth .i. sith no cain, . . . pax uobis a laidin, sith no si[th]cain a gaoidheilg, 323 . drebraing iar cath chalad | issa s.¤ sóer subach, Fél. Ap. 2 . pōc quasi pāc, a páce, ar is airde sīda pax , Corm. Y 1057 . a maccu lēigind, lēgaid! | rob sēnuidh slondad sīdhe may you sign yourselves with the name of peace (?), 724 . lánaib . . . | do sidaib, do sonmigeib, SR 440 . a lánsíd a lánóentu, LU 2484 . slanti cen galar . . . s.¤ cen debaid, 2469 . lanṡíth i nHérinn i flaith Conaire, BDD² 229 . do-bér-sa cid aichni arin tí fhrecéras in fálti in ra s.¤ no in ra debech, MU² 827 . is Sencha macc Ailella ar s.¤ ┐ ar ṡo-berla, CRR 27 (cf. in cráeb sída, below). sith bliadne do Muirchertach . . . ┐ . . . do ri[g] Lochlann a truce, RC xviii 23.4 (Tig.). for cind rig int ṡída .i. Ísu Crist, LB 150b12 . cidh sídh bes in cech inadh bidh cocadh ann, CCath. 504 . a haithle a sídha ┐ a sádháilechta fada `after their peace and their long slothfulness', 586 . do c[h]uir an sīth a n-airdi . . . ┐ do innis dā allmarchaib cogad do beith oslaicthi acu re Conn made an end of peace, ML² 1026 . triasa fhúidbet s.¤ Dé ┐ a múinnterus peace with God, PH 6503 . doberim mo sh.¤ duib, ol Ísu; facbaim mo shíd ocaib, 6829 . sídh Eirionnaigh ní híarthuir `peace is sought with no Irishman', Studies 1919, 258 § 18 . grad fagla ┐ fuath do ṡith | múnadh gach adbair ardrigh, Irish Texts ii 25 § 2 . ná heirg i slánaib sídha (leg. sítha: cóigcrícha) `in ratifying of peace-compacts have no part', O'Gr. Cat. 412.1 . is díon ar urchraibh d'fhagháil | síodh Murchaidh Í Mhadadháin goodwill, DDána 85.51 . teachta síth, 68.22 . sioth do thabhairt dom thoil letting my will have its own way, 6.4 . ar fhuaim shídh do shaorchlannuibh `in reconciling nobles', Aithd. D. 41.13 . cóir nách comhaillid cath Saxan | síoth don fhoirinn fhadhálta `it is but fitting that the Saxon soldiery fulfil not terms of peace', TD 16.7 . fuaradar . . . | cairt a sídh, Dán Dé xiv 16 . na Tiabanda . . . i sidh in[a] cathrachaib comdaingnib `at peace', TTebe 1232 . bandei int shida .i. Pax, 4485 . bím-si . . . lán do shíoth, do shochroidheacht, ┐ do chiūnas, Desid. 984 . ní háil linn osadh ar bioth nō síoth do bheith againn réna naimhdibh, 942 . Attrib. gen.: ? cainsluag sidi, set rosaig, | mór mili . . ., SR 471 . críoch Mhumhan na séadmhúr sídh `of rich peaceful dwellings', Studies 1920, 97 § 1 .

do-gní s.¤ (occasionally cenglaid s.¤ ) makes peace : dorronad síid eter muntir nime et talman, Wb. 26d5 . doroni Find ┐ Goll s.¤ iar tain, LU 3212 (H). do dénam sída célci fris treacherous peace, 6147 . do-gní s.¤ eturru, BDD² 233 . do c[h]englatar a comroind ┐ a sīdh, ML² 982 . sidh mo dherc nocha denuim `I give my eyes no peace', Irish Texts ii 82 § 4 . síoth Laighean is Leithe Cuinn | 'n-ar fhás d'aimhréidhibh eadruinn | do-ní an lacha ó linn Muaidhe, Aithd. D. 18.17 . síodh ar gcean nó gur ceangladh, 64.4 . ní déantar gan díoth anma | síoth na gcéadfadh gcorpardha, PBocht 11.38 . gan mhearbhall gan fhíoch gan uaill | do shíoth go ndearnam fa dheoidh, Dán Dé xxvii 16 . do ba lántoil lé Cormac an tsíoth soin do dhéanamh, Keat. iii 3142 . cheangladar síoth ré Cormac, ii 5648 . go ndearna síth báitte coindel ris (`a peace so solemn that he who should violate it would incur excommunication', note), AFM iii 228.y .

in chráeb ṡída (the shaking of which caused men to cease from fighting): atraacht Sencha macc Ailella ┐ ra-chroth in craib sida ┐ ra-ansatar Ulaid, CRR 52 (cf. in craib Sencha, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H)). atraacht Sencha iartain ┐ rochroth in cráeb sída ósna sluagaib combtar sídaig amal betis maic oen-athar, RC xiv 426 § 47 . craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. 6565 (v.l. p. 329.22 ). fer, cenn sída a peacemaker, a maintainer of peace : fer sitha Conaill is Eogain, AU ii 314.16 . ceann síodha na sé líne `the great pacifier of the Six Generations', Aithd. D. 67.3 .

ar s.¤ (folld. by gen. or by is = ocus), do sh.¤ (folld. by gen. or RE) at peace (with): ar síodh a bhiodhbhadh dá mbeam, Aithd. D. 84.4 . gan ghlún ó shin ar a shíoth, 100.32 . bean gá bhfuil chríoch ar gcoinne | do chuir ar a síoth sinne `has taken us under her peace', A. Ó Dálaigh vii 2 . gan í ar síoth is siad, PBocht 5.37 . do shíoth na n-aingeal eile | do bhaoi, 14.8 . bheith do shíoth ris gach aoin-neach, TSh. 9346 .

As quasi-vn. act of pacifying, keeping the peace : in tres fer ic sídh etarru, CCath. 100 . dorala ermor aireach . . . ag sith eitir Mac Cuill ┐ a braithre, Leb. Gab.(i) 244.8 . ro feimdetar fir Héren[n] a sid immon ríge, RC xx 140.23 ( ACC Pref . ).

(b) a peace-offering, compensation, atonement, indemnity; compact of peace ; in pl. peace-conditions: tuc Mac Murcadha .u. fichit uinge d'ór do ṡíth d'U Ruairc, RC xviii 274.15 (Tig.). tucc an ferann . . . dó, do shith ina diultadh o dorus a tighe as a peace-offering for having turned him away . . ., BNnÉ 225 § 124 . is hi comarli doronsat sith ┐ sosad re hUilliam . . . ┐ breth Rig Saxan risna sithaib-sin `as to the conditions of peace', Ann. Conn. 1224.13 . gi bé síodh bhus loinn latsa | do bhoing dhíom 'n-a ndubhartsa, Aithd. D. 40.19 . anam gach fhir 'na dhíoth dhó | gá síoth as mhó ro dhligh Dia, Dán Dé xxvi 27 . gá chaoineadh an gcéin do mhar | ní chuala gur choisg Peadar | go dtug sé síoth [leg. sh-] 'na shéana, xx 15 . mar shéala ar a shíodh compact of peace, xviii 28 . gidh mór beag dobhéaradh sibh | is síodh a chréacht don Choimdhidh an atonement for His wounds, vi 21 . is amhlaidh do críochnuigheadh an tsíoth soin eatorra `these were the terms in which this peace was concluded', Keat. iii 5114 . déana síoth dhuit féin agus don phobal `atonement', Levit. ix 7 . a s.¤ by the appeasing power of: a síoth umhla an éarlamha, PBocht 15.16 . fagh a síoth an uisge d'ól | mo chuidse dá fhíoch d'iompódh `win by that draught's appeasing power . . .', 20.38 .

(c) pardon, forgiveness : gabhar síodh ar son an pheacaidh, DDána 15.17 . síoth mo locht ná leig ar cairde, PBocht 9.24 . do bhir Críosd . . . | síoth dhamh ina ndearna mé, Dán Dé x 12 . síodh fan gcrann do chuaidh treimhit | fuair an Dall ó Dhoiminic, iv 9 . ghuidheas le síodh slaite Boirche `praying for the pardon of B.'s prince', Aithd. D. 25.18 .

(d) of natural phenomena, peace, quietness, stillness : is ann sin tāinic sīth na ndūl ┐ na n-aird-rennach dōib ┐ fuaradar gaoth co des . . . i n-a ndegaid, ML² 678 . an tsíon ón fhoighide as fhearr, | gloinide síodh is soineann, DDána 80.3 .

Compds. ¤athair: Senan saer sidathair silem soailche `peace-father', Lism. L. 341.21 . ¤barr the crown of peace (?): sithbarr ar síthaide | samrig (leg. samrí) ar samaigt[h]i, ZCP viii 205 § 29 . ¤chiúin peaceful and calm : ba shith-chiúin coibhsuidh na cuanta, ITS i 78.5 . ¤chráeb (cf. cráeb ṡída, above): re glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 . ¤dénam: breis chothruim dó a foscadh 's a síthdhéanamh peacemaking, Hackett xlv 12 . ¤fhlaith peaceful kingdom or rule (especially of heaven): tūatha Hérenn tairchantais | dosnicfed sídḟlaith núae, Thes. ii 314.2 ( Hy. II ) (`prince of peace'). sidhflaith .i. nime, O'Curry 477 ( H 3.18, p. 249 ). luid hi sídḟlaith sóerdai, Fél. July 13 . go rísem an siothflaith saor | sósadh soinmeach na bfíornáomh, Irish Texts iii 78 § 242 . ¤fhocal intercession, mediation : díon dúin a síoth-fhocal sin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxvi 6 . ? ¤laithe day of peace : ba hed sīthlaithe fotae, Thes. ii 319.6 ( Hy. ii ), .i. laithe in sith, Thes. ii 319.33 . siothlaithe .i. laithe an tsiodha, no na siothchána, O'Cl. ¤maith npr. f. Sithmaith abatisa cluana Bairenn mortua est , AU i 248.14 ¤nem peaceful heaven : flaitheam suairc .uii. sidhnimi, BB 399a45 . ¤airer peaceful shore : dleaghar do ríghfhilidh súr gach síodhoirir, DDána 70.6 . ? ¤slicht ba lia biadh Eoghain eachtraidh | re seóladh ar sith-sleachtaibh `peaceful tribes', ML 10.6 = sīth-Grēgaib, ML² 131 .