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aiccell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccell or dil.ie/756
Last Revised: 2013

 

[ā, f.]. Perh. vn. formation from *ad-cíall- or ad-cell- LEIA A-9 . Cf. 1 fochell.

Act of preparing for, against: aicell .i. ai ┐ ciall, O'Mulc. 15 . eccell .i. ciall ecca, O'Mulc. § 356 . mo dhéar d'aicill ní fhéadfainn (: bhfaicinn) `I could not face my tears', Aithd. D. 39.39 . aicill Gall do ráidhfinn ribh (: faicim) `I can only tell you to look out for the G.', 26.3 . is doirb a aicell, Magauran 2897 . aicill na hairdríghe management(?), TD 20.4 . In phrases i n-a.¤ , for a.¤ (with gen.) in readiness for: dogen-sa fled . . . i n-accill ┐ i n-airichill Conchobuir, CRR § 9 . in aicill a fedma d'fulang `who was about to support his exertion', MR 224.24 . co n-dubga . . . in aicill forgaim `in readiness to thrust', 198.21 . do thogadar . . . a n-da sciath . . . a n-aicill a cheili, CF 627 . for aicill do marbta, RC v 200 § 12 . Note also: faidis . . . P. dacaill arin coblach Persecdha, BB 491a20 = do airichill, Alex. 329 . (cf. acclaid?).

Cf. 2 aiccill, éccell.

airichill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airichill or dil.ie/2085
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: erfoichell, aurfochill, uirchill, oirchill, uirichill, oirichill

vn. of ar-foichlea. Earlier erfoichell, aurfochill, etc., and in later lang. oirchill, q.v. uirchill oirchill f., IGT Decl. § 13 . uirichill, oirichill f., § 50. Verbs § 54 , § 65 . d’oirichil (: feithimh), Sages, Saints and Storytellers 35 § 6 .

(a) As vn. act of preparing for, providing for, making (oneself) ready for: berrthar cach . . . oc aurfochill (a.¤, v.l.) a c[h]osmatu isin chāisc in preparation for, Corm. Y 296 . oc erochill lathi brátha against the Day of Judgement, LU 2285 ( FA 34 ). coimétaid in cáisc . . . d'iarmoracht ┐ d'a.¤ cecha bliadna, LB 123a26 . ba hecen in tsochaide mór do a.¤ `it was needful to provide for the great multitude', Ériu iv 26 § 14 . oc a.¤ in chomraic, Alex. 724 . Note also: ni reilced ríam i n-eislind .i. do a.¤ maic ind ríg to guard the king's son, Ériu iv 24 § 11 ( LL 12471 ). Cf. airchill .i.e. coimhéad, O'R. Poems

(b)n preparation, provision, readiness , etc.: in n-erfoichell (.i-, facs.) gl. procurationem, Ml. 73d2 . cía ha.¤ tucad forru what preparation had been made for them, MU² 797 . secht m-bliadna nobidh airicill ar Feis na Temrach, IT iii 198 § 55 . Of preparation for battle: o roindlid airicill an catha amlaid sin, RC xii 82 § 83 . munab cumachtach sibh . . . ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib, Leb. Gab.(i) 254 n. 4 . do taet for cind P. ┐ dobert aurcill for sin conair i tanic P. laid an ambush, BB 428b34 . Appar. battle, attack etc. in: ba comnart in chombág ┐ ba h-ellam in n-a.¤ , LL 239b11 ( TTr. 1683 ). trísin a.¤ acgairb . . . darat cách díb ar a cheíle, 244a9 ( 2024 ). ba hemech in uraicill sin, Ériu viii 36.5 . Various: immad biid ┐ oirichille provisions, LB 116a31 . bur n-orchill air neamh `the hope (ἐλπίδα) laid up for you in heaven', Colossians i 5 .

Gramm.: fer a ainmniugud . . . ar fear a airicheall `defensive' case, Auraic. 1518 . Meaning not clear in terms a.¤ (airchell v.l.) calaid, a.¤ fuit, see Auraic. Index (airchell) and Thurn., ZCP xvii 293 .

(c) In phrases with prepp. do a.¤ ┐ do airitin for in coblach Persecda to be ready to attack, Alex. 329 . d'oirchill ar C. do marbhadh, Keat. ii 3125 . Note also: dreimire óir do bheith ina ecclais do airicill na nanmand naemh trit docum nimhe `awaiting the holy souls', BNnÉ 21.6 . d'a.¤ lae an Luanbhrátha, Dán Dé xxiv 1 . slabraid . . . ra ha.¤ chengail for the purpose of binding, MU² 814 . do (= da) dilluit lais, a lunae cach dia araile in[a?] airicill in readiness for him, Laws ii 146.9 . dogensa fled . . . i n-accil ┐ i n-a.¤ Conchobuir, CRR 14 § 9 . dirmada . . . na marcach T. robai i n-airchill sluaig . . . annsin, BB 490b14 . faguim a ffuil róm don lethtaoibh si 'na n-orcill I leave the following halfpage blank for them, CS 124 n.2 . d'amhsoibh ro bhattar in urfhaichill coccaidh do ghaoidhealaibh, AFM vi 2000.7 . for a comdha ┐ ina urfhoichill, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.9 . a noirchill secht mbliadan na gorta, Gen. xli 36 . tiaghaitt aisin co Sliabh B. ┐ rogabhad (sic) fir Locha hErne na n-urfoichill on the look-out for them (i.e. prepared for their attack), ZCP xiv 259.13 . i n-urfhaichill for a chele `in readiness for each other', AFM vi 2212.7 . mogenar bias 'na aircill who will be expecting him(?) (`in his keeping', Stokes), Lism. L. 1839 .

1 airigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airigid or dil.ie/2103

 

Forms: oirighidh, oirighthe, oirighin, airide

[i, f.] Vn. formation from ar-saig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 . See 2 airigid. oirighidh f. (g s. oirighthe), IGT Decl. § 150 . Also oirighin, ZCP x 277.21 and later airide (section (e) infra).

(a) Glossing delibatio: ind a.¤ .i. christus no apostolus , Wb. 5b23 . huand a.¤ .i. huan togu gl. delebatione iudicii, Ml. 123a13 . Note also: magi . . . primi adorant paruulum, primi .i. na hirgde .i. . . . ex gentibus hi fuerunt , Lib. Hymn. i 37 gl. 14 (or for airegdai?).

(b) choice (honorific?) portion of food, choice dish as preliminary to a meal: airigthi bíd ┐ lenna, MU² 206 . TBC-LL¹ 400 . mucc ┐ mart ┐ ag . . . ba hí insin a prīma.¤ cenmotha a [fh]ritha.¤ preliminary snack , MacCongl. 3.16 . ba si a.¤ ban Ulad o mnai ind ḟir las n-denta ind ḟled .i. secht n-daim . . ., special portion, IT ii1 173.4 . d'iarraid airigthi barsna luchtairib `to ask the cooks for choice provisions', RC xiii 58 § 51 . airigthi airerda . . . do cech biud, TFerbe 86 . in tan bus mithigh lib bhar cuid, fogebthai, uair bhar n-airighidh ro caithsib `Vorspeise', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43.3 . ar daigh ni fil airighidh linn dooib, RC xiii 5 z . uair m'a.¤ in bargen a chíanaib ┐ mo [p]rím-chuit in bargen út, Ériu i 134.5 . uaim gu míl craige a chinidh / bídh aige na oirighidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1099 . ? trireach .i. tre-arech tri airíghthe íntí, IT iii 105 § 210 .

(c) Used in pl. in Laws in passages dealing with the testing of malt, perh. sample, test (perhaps in some examples confused with airiugad): ma is na treabuibh dligtecha ┐ fromthar a airithe ┐ ni raithighter fair . . . muna hairigtur forra hairighe . . . if choice samples are tasted, and no (imperfection) is found in it(?), Laws ii 242.28 Comm. ocht meich bracha . . . cona airigthib coirib, ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250 ) (`mit den ordnungsmässigen `Bemerkungen' (Proben)) .i. is coraiti hi a fromad im a hairigthib, Laws ii 252.12 Comm. madh isna trebuib dligthecha fromthar a hairidhe ┐ nir hairi[g]ther [olc] fair, v 166.21 Comm. ma hairigther for a hairidhe (hairidhthib v.l.), 25 Comm. dia fegthar airigthi cacha bracha, 168.5 Comm.

(d) With follg. g s. first fruits, choice, pick, etc.: do thuitim siu ina a.¤ gaiscid leis `as the first-fruits of his prowess' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 2240 ( i n-airigidh, TBC-LL¹ 3155 (St.), a n-oirighin, ZCP x 277.21 ). isna airigthib gascid (na hairighe aigh ┐ iorgaile v.l. St.) danímmís ac Scathaig . . . dachuatar bar a n-airigthib (airigib v.l. St.) gascid choice feats of arms, TBC-LL¹ 3552 . ga gaiscedh ara racham aniogh? Ar ar n-oiridhibh gaile ┐ gaiscidh, ZCP x 290.18 . a.¤ mo catha cain / Airgialla `the ornaments of my beauteous army' MR 162.16 . a.¤ urgabala, 200.12 . oirigthe cecha huilc, PH 713 . a ḟás a gclí choimhidhigh / a bhás dob í a oirighidh, IGT Decl. ex. 2002 . oirighidh oinigh, ex. 2010 . gan airighthe botha ┐ na bélsgatha, Celt. Rev. x 134.6 . Of weapons: frasa . . . da nairightibh catha, Manners and Customs ii 262 n.204 . co ndernaid ceo cruaid . . . clocharmneimnech do na céd oirighaib sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.4 . cuimnighedh gach cathmílid a clochairghidh, 106.19 .

(e) Of a person one who deserves (with prep. AR introducing thing deserved) (see O'Rahilly, SGS ii 13 ): dona tighearnaibh is fearr dairidhe air `to the lords who best deserve it', Carswell 2.12 . budh maith an airigh ar inbhe an tAilin sin, Rel. Celt. ii 168.17 . ní hairidhe ar mhaithfeachas an té atá fós a neascairdeas Dé, Mac Aingil 6353 . Note also: do badh maith an airighi da denamh sin thusa you would be a good hand at doing that, CF 763 (see CF² 1092 note ).

amail, amal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amail, amal or dil.ie/3057
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amail, amal, amál, amail, amaltsa, amlut

Prep. and conj. like, as . Unstressed form of d s. of 1 samail ( GOI § 178 , § 826 . But rhymes and alliterates in classical verse, e.g. IGT Decl. ex. 607 ). As a rule contracted to am̄ in MSS. Archaic amail ( GOI § 168 ) ( Wb. 21c10 , 22c14 , both a prima manu, Críth G. 461 , Hib. Min. 188 ). Usual form in O. Ir. glosses amal ( Wb. 6a30 , 10c12 , Ml. 107c8 , Sg. 217a8 . amál, Thes. i 5.37 ). In later lang. amail. Leniting ( amal chlanda, Ml. 123c8 . amal chon-degam, 107c8 ). Glosses Lat. quasi, Wb. 11a11 , Sg. 9b11 , etc.; sicut, Wb. 2a11 , 6a30 , 14c17 , Ml. 34b6 , etc.; tamquam, Wb. 9a3 , etc.; uelut, Ml. 23c9 ; ut, Wb. 10d19 , 22c14 , Ml. 54a21 .

I As prep. with accus. For forms with suff. pron. see 2 samail. Note also: amaltsa, IT i 72.35 = amal tussu, 18 . amlut, TBC(C) 575 . Later somet. with independent pron.: amal tussu (supra), amhail é, DDána 116.5 . Eventually replaced by mar (see immar): amar (amal, v.l.), TTebe 929 . Cf. amair, Laws ii 202.9 Comm. See Bergin, Ériu xiv 142 . like, as, similar to: amal tuthle no ailsin gl. ut cancer, Wb. 30b13 . ní amal inní asóircc gl. non quasi aërem uerberans, 11a11 . amal nahí nadchrenat gl. tamquam non possedentes, 10b7 . amal in n-altain gl. sicut rasorium, Ml. 72b8 . amal in lochairnn ṅaḟfracdai gl. quasi lanterna, Sg. 24a16 . amal inna anman asrubartmar `like the nouns', 188a29 . amal na heliu, 9b2 . amál chócúll dercon no chno, Thes. i 5.37 . amal nathracha bodra sicut , 485.19 ( Tur. 11 ). amal airig ndésa, Críth G. 367 . intan mbete renna nime amail éscai ┐ éscai amail gréin, Ériu ii 200.18 . amal firu cathacha, Trip.² 803 . feil . . . docuiridar echdar corgus . . . amail chaindech `the feast of a saint that falls outside Lent, as for instance Cainnech's', Mon. Tall. 135.2 (§ 22) . amhuil a cinaidh féin `like his own crime', Laws iv 88.8 Comm. nocha tánic amail a samla . . . nocha tánic . . . buiden amail a lethide, Celt. Rev. ii 220.26 (omission before first amail?). amal aig n-allaid, TTebe 1881 . amhail gach nduine oile, TSh. 254 . With dat. amal ruithnib grene, TBFr. p. 15 § 3 . amhail cherdcadaiph, BNnÉ 71 § 123 .

In phr. amal sin, so, ṡodain thus, so, in that case see 1 sin, 1 so, 1 suide.

II As conj., freq. but not invariably with follg. nasalizing rel. clause ( GOI § 498 , § 505 ).

(a) As comparative conj. with verb in indic. as, like as: amal ṅguidess athir a macc gl. tamquam pater filios deprecantes, Wb. 24d19 . amal fondrodil in coimdiu do chách gl. sicut diuisit Dominus, 10a11 . amal nonda thorisse frissintectairecht gl. tamquam misericordiam consecutus sum, 10a28 . amal nát anse dúib, 17c11 . amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. uice fumi, Ml. 57a10 . amal nach fuar fessin inneuch, 57d3 . amal as toísegiu grián . . . ┐ is laithe foilsigedar . . . sic is toissigiu, etc., 85b11 . amal as inna ngnimae gl. ut a sé profecto iure factorum, 17b3 . amal is na nassar gl. sicut Assiriorum, 54a22 . amal ṅ-dond-foirde ainmm `as a noun signifies it', Sg. 26b12 . amal addaas `as it is', Ériu ii 144 § 159 . amal as n-airdirc clearly, Trip.² 2066 . ro chí fora muime amal is bés do naídenaib, 115 . amail nach dentar dia domnaich `just as such things are not done on a Sunday', Mon. Tall. 148.3 (§ 55) . amail bis mes in feóir in ḟamfucht (sic) fa i ngemfucht `according to the appraisement of the grass in the hot or in the cold season', Laws iv 146.15 Comm. dligidh . . . / a bhrondadh amhail chuinghes, ZCP viii 109.13 . dobérthar . . . dia tuca tinnscra amal asbérthar, TBFr. 177 . as-bert in so huile amal rom-múin dó in fer, BDD² 168 . amail indises canóin, ZCP viii 114.2 . amail ba bes di . . . `as was her wont', RC vi 175.1 . amhail thógaibhthear an cháith uas an ghrán, Desid. 2918 . In later lang. combined with ┐, mar: amhuil ┐ chromas an géadh a cheann, Desid. 1923 . amhail mar stiúrionn ┐ mar oibrighionn siad, Corp. Astron. xxiv 10 . amhail ┐ mar atá, 2.7 . amhail mar do rinne Iudas, Donlevy 254.13 .

Folld. by second member of comparison (as . . . so): amal nondubcairimse carad cách uaibsi alaile gl. eandem caritatem habentes, Wb. 23c12 . amal nád robe . . . ní bia, 1d2 . amal as corp do crist æclesia is corp mulier uiro , 22c13 . amal as ndian . . . mbis is denithir sin . . ., Ml. 57c12 . amal durigni . . . dogena . . . `as He has done . . . so also will He do', 50d10 . amal fōides in naingel . . . doróiter dún . . . `as he sent the angel . . . may he be sent to us,' Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). amal soite a shlúaig úad soid a grád ┐ a gráin for cúlu, ZCP xi 86 § 45 . With follg. clause introduced by an adv. (samlaid, etc.): amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nisgaib som lius di . . . , Ml. 34b6 . amal rombói ingnae cáich is samlid . . ., 26b8 . amal fongníter ídil síc fogníther donaib ánib, Wb. 27b9 . amál nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis . . . síc ní déni, Sg. 63a17 . amuil is etarbach grech na cno faisi cen torad aici is amlaidh is etarbach na neiche sin do denam, Laws iv 36.17 Comm. amal do-rala . . . thall . . . is amlaid do-rala sund, PH 146 . amail adcondarcais misi co granna . . . ar tús ┐ alaind fadeoid, is amlaid sin in flaithius, RC xxiv 200.17 . amail teit . . . is amhlaidh sidhe as . . . so, Stair Erc. 499 . amal is e cet lá na sechtmaine in domnach . . . is amal-sin . . . is e is ochtmad lá . . ., PH 3585 . After compar.: is mesu andas amuil robui, Laws iv 156.12 Comm. do badh líonmhaire da n-édálaibh . . . inás amhail ro fhédsat a ttiomáin, Hugh Roe 88.8 (fo. 23b) . bá moa a n ainm ┐ a n oirdearcus inas amhail tangattar, AFM v 1848.z .

In PH with ellipse of verb. (cf. the Lat. construction): co mbí in t-í dobeir hí i n-a shímontaig amal in t-í gabus, 7595 . do thabairt ascad amal rig do as (on) a king, 2838 . fofhuaras duine amal mo chride a man after my own heart, 6479 . Prob. also in: me-si tra amal mo brathri tindnacimm mo chorp . . ., 6640 . Note also: amal alanaile ndoine gl. ut caeterorum, Ml. 54a21 , a literal transl. of the Lat.

(b) With impf. subj. in meaning as if, as though (in this constr. not as a rule followed by rel. clause, see OIPG 209 ): ro pridchad dúib céssad Críst amal ad-cethe `Christ's passion has been preached to you as though it were seen', Wb. 19b6 . is amal bid fri Crist frisorthe `it is as though ye offended against Christ', 10c12 . amal ninfessed cách et ronfitir calléic gl. sicut qui ignoti et cognoti, 16a2 . amal ni bimmis cutrummi frib gl. quasi non pertinguentes, 17b16 . amal ni cuimsimmis a denum gl. quasi [nos] infirmi fuerimus in hac parte, 17c18 . amal ni risinse do bar cosc si gl. tamquam non uenturus sim ad uos, 9a19 . amal nombemmis érchóilti gl. tamquam morti destinatos, 9a3 . amal fid a fondamtis gl. quasi longam famem passi `as (though) it were when they suffered', Ml. 34b11 . amal bid do íc a galair gl. velut in doloris solacium, 23c9 . amal bid ind aimsir feisin, Sg. 188a26 . amal ni bed ad and, 217a8 . amal bith do chonsain, amal as ṅ-dí `as though it were to a consonant, (or) as it is to it', 9b11 . amal bid oc caíned in guḟorgaill, Trip.² 87 . no lastais in aidche amal betis ruithni gréni, TBFr. 27 . amal ní acced is ní cloath ní `as if he saw not and heard not anything', Ériu iii 104 § 40 . amhoil búdh fear fiadhoigh thú, Desid. 3183 . With condit.: amhail do bhiadh gráin . . . aca air, TSh. 4255 . Later a.¤ ┐: amhuil ┐ do bheith riachtanas aguinne réna seirbhís, Desid. 5244 . The following may be elliptical, but could also be referred to I: otconnairc a gnúis amal aingel as (though it had been that of) an angel, PH 1313 . ni hairmither amal duin-orcuin do sin it is not counted as manslaughter, 4208 . atchīam-ne tú amail catharda díless hi neim, BColm. 106.6 . amal tofunn dotṡéstae as though it were a pursuit wherewith thou wert pursued, Ériu i 200 § 25 (supply bid?).

(c) As temporal conj. expressing simultaneousness, while, when: amal immind-ráitset con-accatar F. cuccu `as they were talking about it they saw F. coming towards them', Thes. ii 241.11 (Ardm.). amal batar ann . . . co n-accatar in tene, Trip.² 445 . amail notreigtis addurtaig `when they left the oratory', Mon. Tall. 132.12 (§ 12) . amal atib in dig nirbo chumain laiss F., LU 4030 ( SCC 48 ). amal batar and . . . ico'n ol, PH 76 . amal itcualae . . . H. . . . . a beth i n-oentuma, 834 .

(d) As explicative conj. with adverbial force how, in what state, manner; how in sense of (the fact) that: bá foderc dó . . . amal ro both and how things were there, LU 8219 ( FB 16 ). a scrutan i n-a menmain amal doragad airi, 8223 (17). ni chumaic . . . innisin inna n-airecht sin amal itát what they are like, 1997 ( FA 6 ). indēsad dáib madh āil libh / amhail fūaradar oidhidh how they died, ZCP viii 119 § 1 . atchifet amal digeltar forru, PH 2806 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . do ordaigh Tairrdelbach . . . do lucht túaisceirt amal no raghdais dia taig, RC xviii 55.1 (Tig.). ro indis in echtra ┐ amail dochuadar for iar[r]aid usci, xxiv 202.4 . innister dó amhail ro escain Espuc E. . . . in fled , MR 24.18 .

(e) Doubtfully causal in: amal is i lóu bad sochrud ar n-imthecht gl. sicut in die honeste ambulemus 'since it is in the day', Wb. 6a30 . amal is tre bar tabirtsi dochum nirisse gl. sicut et uos nostra (gloria) . . ., 14c17 . In both cases the use of amal is no doubt due to the Lat. sicut. Possibly also: amail is tre metur ro cet in chantaice, Hib. Min. 6.188 .

Miswritten (am̄) for amlaid (aml—) in: is amal ro-batar in corp ┐ in cend oc tepersain fola, PH 1881 . is amal bói I. oc ernaigthi, 2202 . is amal fo-s-gébtái it é eroslacthi, 3753 .

In IGT Introd. 2.14 , 33.6 in phrase samhlughadh amhuil of adjectives in -amuil derived from nouns.

anairmaisnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anairmaisnech or dil.ie/50614
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā (airmaisnech) As adv: gur' theithset a hErinn co hathlamh, anurmuisnech, égcobhsaidh 'they fled from Ireland very quickly, cowardly, irresolutely', AU 153 .

bíathad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíathad or dil.ie/5835

 

u, m. vn. of 1 bíathaid. act of feeding; maintaining: amal as toisc fri biathad na forcitlaide `to support the teachers', Wb. 31d17 . do biathad bocht, Thes. ii 334.14 . is becc an bolcg-sa . . . ┐ is doilig rí do bíathad de, BColm. 60.12 . basa brugaid bíata dám (rhet.) a hospitaller providing food for companies, Fing. R. 496. fer cech n-aidchi dia mbiathad . . . in fer toesech in biatta, Ériu iv 26.3 , 4 . é féin do bhiathadh do bhiadhaibh séimhe soineamhla, TSh. 561. ag biathadh na gcloch do bhíodh san teinidh orra plying the (cooking) stones with them (sc. pieces of meat), Keat. ii 5109. Fig. in sisma . . . do biathad itir na saorchlanna `to nourish this . . . schism', Caithr. Thoirdh. 9. 24 . is granna duit beth gom brath ┐ gom bíathadh `baiting or luring me' (Plummer MS. notes), BS 60.20 .

Legal: leth a chinad immurgu fair ar biathad ut est: [bera] fiachu leptha for nech biathas [bid]baid (of liability incurred for maintaining an outlaw), ZCP xv 360.23 (Caratnia 45 Comm.). biathad ┐ methad feeding (swineherds) and . . . fattening (pigs) (of work performed by woman or housewife, see Thurn., Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34 ), Laws ii 366.20 .

Feeding, refection, of the obligatory provision of food for the stranger and his `company' on a journey; the particular foodstuffs to be provided and number of accompanying persons entitled to maintenance depended on the status of the visitor , see Críth G. p. 76. (of the `ócaire') bíathad deise dó di as ┐ grús nó arbaimm; ní dlig imb, Críth G. 115. is a lín bíata bís lín for coí, 400 . (of servile debtors) na dlegait biathad acht bochtan, no urchaelan, no bairgen huasal laithe, cona handlonn, Laws i 106.1 . uair dlegar dona gradaib flatha biatha gin ímcomarc `the chieftain grades are bound to entertain without asking' (i.e. without questioning those who seek sanctuary), iv 263.6 .

Food-rent which a nobleman or landowner was entitled to from a tenant or base client in return for a fief , see Críth G. loc. cit. refection for the fief i.e. annual payment-in-kind (Thurneysen), ZCP xiv 336 ; refection as a legal due from tenants, subjects, etc. to the chief, the amount and periods being fixed by law or custom or agreement, Plummer MS. notes. See also Études Celt. xii 514. biathad airech, Laws i 122.11 .i. na ngrad flatha, do neoch is flath cetgiallna, ar aine . . . .i. o ceilib na n-airech `the food-tribute of a chieftain . . . it has a stay of one day', 126.24 - 25 Comm. b.¤ dá ráithi ó ríg Cruachan dó-som (of the king of Cashel on visitation to vassal states), Leb. Cert.² 34. císa . . . bésa ┐ biata ríg Temrach, 1469 . ní dlegar do Ūib Gusān . . . bīathad ríg Midi `to provision', BColm. 64.20 . biathadh aidedh tuaithi na duna, Laws iv 18.9 Comm. rotbía tír lind cen chís, cen biathad cen ṡlóged, Ériu iii 140.17 . a chuairt-sean ┐ a aimsear bhiadhta orra, Keat. iii 2636 . biadhadh bocht is nocht, Keat. Poems 1411.

b.¤ grinde, crinde baptismal refection (?): caite in ḟled deoda . . . biathad grinde (no c written over g-, MS.), glossed: biad cretme .i. bathais .i. log in baistithi, SM Facs. 47b17 ( Laws iii 18.18 ) = biathad crinne .i. logh na baisti in tan is im linn ┐ im biadh doberar, O'Dav. 504.

1 bonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bonn or dil.ie/6385

 

n o, m. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 67.

(a) sole of the foot; foot: b.¤ quasi fond, a nomine fundamentum, Corm. Y 170. ina bond traiged, TBC-LL¹ 2187. co tarla a di bond bána fair so that his two white soles were turned upward (in death), LU 1497 (MU). da bond, 1500 . a mbuind banai forra iarn[a] trascrad, RC xii 90 § 109. glassad ar bonnaib (of damned in hell), LU 2428 ( RC iv 252 § 20 ). buind cholbtha remra leó, BDD² 936 ` ankles (?),' BDD 95. cona assaib . . . ima bunnu, MacCongl. 89.7 . Muire do chumail a céibh / dá bhonnaibh uile, Dán Dé v 27 . o bh.¤ na troighthe = from the sole of the foot, Isaiah i 6. nír cuir do ait a b.¤ é `did not move him from his foothold', Stair Erc. 189. ná ro fágaibh aid (leg. áit) a mb.¤ dá mbiodhbhadhaibh `who had not fled from their enemies', AFM v 1646.26 . do-ber bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on B.'s soil', Ériu vii 224.6 . inis Magdena . . . cach oen nofuirmed a bond fuirre ni aprad gae, Dinds. 100. mé do lá bir 'na bonnaib `into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . gabhla gan greim da a (leg. da) mbonaibh (= bonnaibh, Ed.) `(his) descendants are without a patch of ground to stand on', Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 . leithed do bhuinn do ghabhail dhuit do chrich n-Uladh, TBC-LL¹ p. 869 n.4 . go dtógbhaid ar a bhonnaibh é set it (viz. an upturned tortoise) on its legs again, TSh. 3907. céim a b.¤ , DDána 49.11 . is mithid damhsa bann (b. v.l.) do bhaile `tis time . . . for me to foot it homewards', Ó Bruad. ii 240.5 . Note also: guidmid buind a chos (mistransl. of adoremus scabellum pedum ejus, Psalms xcviii 5 ), Smaointe B. Chr. 5428 (see p. 307). ní ghríosfuinn aghaidh mbuinn mbáin, IGT Introd. 20 § 81.

Extended applications: hoof of horse: buinn na n-each, Keat. iii 1024. do[n] nesgoit boind . . . geir mairt . . . do chur 'na bond, Celtica ii 38 § 18 . sole (of shoe): bróg . . . / nar bhean tall a bél fa a b.¤ `whose upper was detached from its sole', Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z . bunnaighe lethair = `leather soles', RSClára 114a . i mbonnaib bur nguailled (?) `in the bases of your shoulders', CCath. 5039. do sgar méidhe is bas re b.¤ ` trunk ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 14.9 . Of trees, hills, etc.: ó bhonnaibh craobh n-uar n-iobhair, DDána 99.18 . i mbonnaibh beann / 's i gclochaibh aolta Éireann, 100.12 . ? fan mb.¤ ccaluidh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 1.6 .

In phrases: co torchratár bond fri bond ┐ méde fri méde, LU 6510 (TBC). ? co farggaib bond fri méide díb, LL 32302 ( TTr. 1490 ). co mbenadh bond fri medi ┐ medi fri aroile acu (of slaughter), Aen. 2230. an b.¤ ar an mb.¤ oile `one foot trips over the other', PBocht 16.29 . ro thuitseatar b.¤ ar bh.¤ , Duan. F. ii xxxix 62 . do bhí a bhiodhbha b.¤ ar bh.¤ , DDána 86.20 . lurech dé dum imdegail / ota m'ind gom bond (: brond), RC ii 113.4 . ó mullach a chinn conice a bonnaigib (form ?) (= corpus totum), Lat. Lives 84 § 78. o cennaib co bondaib `from head to foot', Cog. 152.11 . om chind codam bond, LL 370e48 = com' dá bonna, Arch. Hib. iv 207 § 18. o mullach co bond `his every joint and limb', Grail 2349 . ó bh.¤ go bathais, Parrth. Anma 1431. marcaigecht a ndiaid a b.¤ (of a corpse) `rides feet foremost', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 . ? betit buind ri harissu, LL 9827 (TBC) = biait fuind fri airise, TBC-I¹ 2057.

Compds. With nouns: .x. mbenda bonn-adharc buabaill blaith `of trumpets' (Gloss.), Ériu ii 4.3 . bondbaine whiteness of foot, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . bonnc[h]osa bana (of fallen warriors), CCath. 6100.

With adjj.: don bondbáin (applied to B.V.M.), ZCP viii 563 § 19. do shluag bhoinnghel tolcha in trír ` white-footed ', O'Gr. Cat. 470.20. ar shluagh bhonnghlan chaomh Ó gC., DDána 95.21 . troigh bhoinnleasg as comhdha cean, 68.42 . ursa sluaigh bhoinnleasgaigh Bhreagh, 75.12 . lanbhile buinnlethan broad-trunked , Ériu v 182.18 . a bhuinnsheing aird fhorbhfáilidh, DDána 80.16 . brosgur bunn-luat[h] (bondluath, v.l.) . . . do tabairt gus na doirrsib `a quick-stepping . . . dash', Celt. Rev. iv 12.2 . With adj. derived from noun: le taoibh gach bhile bhuinnchleachtaigh ` crooked-trunked ' (see 2 clechtach), Aithd. D. 4.10 .

búaidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búaidir or dil.ie/7224

 

n (cf. búadraise, etc.) confusion (?): co tanic . . . buadir mor dó . . . conid ed tarfás dó námait ic inret in phopuil, Lib. Hymn. i 22 n.23 . ? ogam buaidir foranna, Auraic. 5986 (`of uproar of anger').

Compd. ra fordaled fled forro co mbátar búadirmesca, LL 7654 (TBC).

cáe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáe or dil.ie/7569

 

Forms: caí, coí, cue, cua, caí, coí, cuí, cua, cúadh, cæiti, cæthi

n later also caí, coí. f. g s. cue, cua, Críth G. 237 and v.l. a d s. (in early texts) caí, coí, cuí see infra. Later also cua, ZCP iii 378.13 . g s. cúadh, H 3.18, 649b34 . n p. cæiti, TTebe 1749 , a p. cæthi, 2365 (see Gloss.).

(a) Name of a social institution according to which a member of the noble grades had the right to bring a party with him on a night's coshering visit to each of his servile clients. The number of his party was in direct ratio to the number of his clients. The season of coshering visits was between New Year's Day and Shrovetide, hence phr. aimser chue frequ. glossed geimred. See Binchy, Féil. Mhic Néill 18 ff. and Críth G. p. 81 . dí loairgg direna(i)tar séot mad ráithiu chue (chua, v.l.) leth íarm(o)ithá if it be in the coshering season (i.e. winter), Críth G. 237 . fri lesa fri cui dorōnad (a road), Corm. Y 1082 . iní do berar itir da chae 'na foiridhin .i. itir callainn ┐ init, O'D. 520 ( H 3.17, 423 ). adbeba (arbeba, v.l.) cach a choí (a gcae geimridh, v.l.) .i. epelaid o chach a choe gaimraid .i. a chuaird gemrid for a doercheli .i. for a doérbiatachu each one will lose his coshering season, RC xxvi 38 § 200 and note. co tarta . . . .iiii. sect cumel dō nādnaurthet rath nā cuí, ZCP viii 316.23 . cartad raite . . . .i. i n-aimsir cua . . . .i. an aimsir cuae no aimsir coctha, Laws i 128.7 Comm. denum slige .i. i n-aimsir cua, 158.27 Comm. caithge raite . . . .i. an aimsir cua ┐ aenaigh, iv 144.24 Comm. i n-aimsir chuadh . . . .i. gemred, H 3.18, 649b34 . dámh cháe (compd.) na ngradh filleadh so sios (title of a tract), Ériu xiii 51.27 . In concrete sense of the food provided: creic aige carrnu ina tech curuice forcruid cuad, Laws v 284.y `the purchase of joints of meat for his house up to (= excluding) an excessive amount for a coshering feast i.e. he may purchase sufficient meat to enable him to entertain his lord and party when they come to his house on a coshering party but no more', Féil. Mhic Néill 21 . tinol cua (tinol cue .i. bid, v.l.), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 23.5 `collection of food for a coshering', Féil. Mhic Néill 21 . cai .i. fleadh, H 3.18, 211.18 . cuádh .i. feóil ┐ deismirecht air: muc co n-úir .i. i n-aimsir chúadh, 649b33 . ? taccad .i. tī-cāid . . . .i. ar tī chūad atā, Corm. Y 1250 . cuadh .i. coga[d], ut est ni tard biadh i (a, v.l.) cuad do, O'Dav. 578 ( tharda, Ériu xiii 81 § 281 ). Prob. also digeni ierum cai (cauin, v.l.) (.i. fritailim) in righ, ZCP iii 243.14 . In B. na f.: saoghlonn rosmacht cai (.i. fleadh) na trūagh, ZCP v 486 § 8 . līth do pauper ┐ cai (.i. fled), § 7 . seathnach ētig is tearc cūadh (.i. feoil), 484 § 6 ( cua, iii 378.13 ).

Frequ. in phrase for (ar) coí on a coshering visit : aire désa . . . deich lánamna[i] a chórus for coí (cae, cuí, v.ll.) ó challainn co hinit, Críth G. 335 . trícha lánamna[e] a chórus for coí o challainn co hinit ar is a lín bíata bís lín for coí, 400 `the number on `c.¤' is according to the number of persons paying food-rent', Féil. Mhic Néill 20 . aimsir chūa (chue v.l., Corm. Bodl. 38 ), aimsir chochtae . . . it hē achuis ar a nglanaiter .i. arnā hēilnet a cairpthiu oc dul for cāi that they may not soil their chariots going on a coshering visit (of roads), Corm. Y 1082 . dámha for cáe so síos (title of a tract), Ériu xiii 51.7 . cach aire dis dib .xvi. aire for cui dib, Irish Texts i 19 § 4 . ni uil aireamh daimhe for cae do rigaibh, O'Curry 1853 ( 23 Q 6, 51b ) `there is no limit to a king's suite on a coshering', Féil. Mhic Néill 20 note 5 . for fecht feili, for cai cuir., Auraic. 2221 . ochtur for caei, 2225 . coicer cae, cethrar gnathless, 2238 . Fig. scuchais in fer cerdda ar cāe / . . . / riasin aīgid co rath Dé died(?), Corp. Gen. 317.12 .

(b) way, path (orig. meaning?): cāi .i. conair, Corm. Y 364 . LU 568 (ACC Comm.). conar .i. cen fēr. nó coi en-fir, O'Mulc. 239 . cae .i. conair, Lec. Gl. 223 . cái .i. conair, Metr. Gl. 3.14 . cai no caoi .i. slighe no conair, O'Cl. ar na faghbaidís . . . cai na conair éludha docum in mara, CCath. 1380 . nir lensat cái na conair, Mer. Uil. 207 . 'na rói-rith gidh leonuighthe a céim 'san chaoi, Keat. Poems 119 . for (ar) c.¤ on the road, on a journey: gilidir a chness ra hael / ar óen co tiagmais ar cae may we travel together, LL 6394 ( MS. Mat. 480 ). im Báre im Raibne ro baí / tri .c. allmarach ar caí, 28694 . canmais dord ar ndul ar cae, Manners and Customs iii 378.z . ar cae uar conairi ac techt in turisa `on the course of your way', TTebe 2181 . conrecat for óenchái (enchoi, oenchói, aenchae, v.ll.) together, Fél. June 10 . ni rucfaider ind imirgi se for óenchoí, LU 5395 (TBC). cia beit fir Érenn occa décsin for oenchoí, Airne F. 173 . for óenchoí ind iatha gl. for unce n-etha, LL 24547 ( RC xxvi 28 ).

(c) way, manner, course, means : coí hi fil in tríchoit cét isin tig, ní ermadair nech díb a suidi the way the `t.c.¤' are in the house, BDD² 1375 . cen choe astuda a tét, RC xx 164 § 20 (ACC. Gloss on crot cen cheis), cf. dia mba coi astuda no dia mbo gae ḟostuda, 176 § 41 (ib. Gloss on dia mba goiste). cae da danic chuici int [s]leg, TTebe 3297 . iar cae coir, Laws i 212.20 Comm. ii 214.16 Comm. in cae is coitechta do, iv 128.20 Comm. dorala ... ar cáe (cai, v.l.) meraigthi, TTebe 4650 . a hoenbennach for cai gnáith, LL 16200 ( for coe, Rawl. 77b40 ). ní lánléir aithnim an marbh a caoi dhuine, Hackett² xviii 7 . bail no caoi chneasta do chor ar éin-ní, TSh. 5118 . tiaghair ar chaoi chairdeasa, DDána 97.16 . créd an cháoi . . . arar thriall a ccláoi in what manner? RSClára 142 § 2 . creud é an chaoi no an tordughadh air ar cóir ... do dheunadh?, Donlevy 470.3 . ro chuir ... an cluithche . . . a g-caoi nach raibh ... acht aon bheart `so played the game ... that he had but one move', Oss. iii 144.10 . an tráth nach fúaradar cáoi ar a thabhairt asdeach, Luke v 19 . mo chaoise ó dhá thaoibh nó a trí / re Muire `I can approach Mary on several counts', Aithd. D. 100.9 . ar dtoil do tháth re toil nDé / ... a chaoi (of Christ's teaching), DDána 3.1 . dena mo comurle ... ┐ rod fōire um an caí sin a fuile question, problem (?) (caingin, v.l.), Grail 3190 .

(d) Also expld. in glossaries as house : cāi .i. tech . . unde dicitur cerdcha .i. tech cerda, Corm. Y 365 . cadan . . . .i. cāe a dūn nō a inad .i. adbai, 334 . ulchai .i. cāi (.i. tech) na hōili hī .i. tech, 1284 . ? cuithe ... i. cūa ┐ tē ut dicitur cūad cōi fid .i. fid cūa co cāe fās and, 338 . c.¤ is dáe ... da ainm tighe a mbia daoine, Metr. Gl. 30 § 54 . cai no ca .i. teach.¤ Dearbhadh airsin mar a deirthear creascha ris an teagh ina raibhe Muire oidhche gheine Iosa, O'Cl. sencas .i. sen cae fis na sen, tech fis na sen . . . ┐ deismirecht [ar] an ni is cae tech:— cer[d]chai, muillend etc., Laws i 32.10 Comm. engach sa caoi a mbíd mna (B. na f.) `in a house where women are', ZCP iii 378.10 (' san ca (.i. 'sa teaghd[h]ais), v 483 § 4 ). Cf. airchae, cerdchae, crescae, 2 lusca.

? seana-bho riabhach . . . nachar muchadh a ccae na a slugaire . . . `in bog hole', ITS xxx 16.24 . See Gloss.

1 caithid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caithid or dil.ie/7996

 

Forms: -chaithi, -caithe, -caith, caitheóchat, caithem, caitte, caithte

v 3 s. conj. -chaithi, Wb. 6c11 . -caithe, Mon. Tall. 145.20 . -caith, 146.9 . Cf. do-caithi. fut. 1 s. caitheóchat, De Contemptu 2718 .

(a) consumes, spends, uses . Of food and drink: dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . mani chaithea. . . feoil ┐ saill, Mon. Tall. 51 . nochaithed ceathroimthi na bairgine, Anecd. i 7.26 ( SCano 225 ). ni caithfiter ni de `naught thereof shall be consumed', Fél. 54.30 . rī Cothail caithis proind, Ériu xviii 62 § 17 . co caithinn i n-ōen-adaig mo sháith, MacCongl. 25.y . uair bhar n-airighidh ro-caithsib, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.3 . da g[c]aithit in biad, Laws ii 34.21 Comm. acht nar caithid imarcraid (of cattle), iii 262.18 Comm. ro-chaithed praind, CRR 34.1 . roráidset nád caithfitis feis Temra, Ériu iv 126.3 . nochar chaith saith no séire, ZCP i 62.x . dia cathed nech . . . cid dig n-usci n-and, iii 206.8 . meinic do chaithsead a gcuid / do láimh abadh, Studies 1924, 241 § 3 . ad-chaith blod dib, E 3.29, 40 rb 42 . cor chaith corp Crist, Cog. 196.18 . rochaith comaind ┐ sacarbaigg do láim epscuip Erc. Ériu iv 160.22 . caith fo thrī'sa bliadain corp, ZCP vi 272 § 15 . ?Cf. corp De rocaithed dar ndīn (of consecrated wafer), vii 304 § 11 . Of clothing wears : cét rí ro chaith cetchorcair, LL 17782 . in t-etach ro caithedh ris, Laws i 218.23 Comm.

Of wealth, property etc., spends, enjoys: céin cor chaithsetar a feib, LU 2829 . na cathid uar seoid, TTebe 2236 . ni tú chaithfes iet (of kine), TBC St. 3638 . ri rochaitetur tuatha ┐ ecolsa . . . somaine `whose wealth was partaken of by . . .', Ann. Conn. 1224.2 . mas re hindliged . . . ro caithed iad (of church offerings), Laws v 122.22 Comm. a ghrás ní chaithfe `exhaust', Aithd. D. 96.21 . a lucht caithes in conāch, ACL iii 239 § 24 ( Aithd. D. 80 ).

Of time, span of life etc.: goro cathestar Moysi trian a æísi i clemnus in sacairt, Celtica iv 5.3 . ré buan ro-chaith in treb the, LB 124a39 . roschathetar na hosadha, LL 407b29 ( TTr. 2173 ). ro chathis do re, YBL 140a26 . reimis tri rig do rigaib Erind do chaith he reigned as long as, Lec. 188va34 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . an corp gur chaith a óige, xxi 8 . fearg ag Chríosd re cloinn Eabha / gur chaithsead cúig aimseara, xvii 28 . do chaith a ré, Rel. Celt. ii 218.27 . annsa mí sin do caith tu last month, O'Gr. Cat. 297.6 . Of enjoyment of office: ro chaithedar a com-f[h]laithes ar in c[h]ōrugad sin, ML² 1014 . is amlaid caithes C. a rige, TBC St. 766 . Of royal circuit: iss amlaid no caithed rí Temrach Erinn .i. a Temraig i lLaignib used to traverse, SG 80.y . ?Cf. tuath cach thire caithfed de `should be his', MR 132.11 .

With other objects: ar nā caite lés occae `that light might not be spent therein', Thes. ii 319.5 ( Hy. ii 55 ). mór n-amsach cóem roscathi `it spent the strength of many a . . . hireling', Metr. Dinds. iii 148.2 . comram dia chomramaib / Cerbaill rodoscaith `who achieved them', RC xxix 212 § 10 . éc roscaithi, LL 15812 . da chaith gach comhland gu ceill waged battles, Ériu x 87 § 97 . co ro caithe a lan-saire till he have exhausted his full privilege, Laws i 200.1 Comm. caithidh bur ccurpa do chosnamh bar nanma, bar nuaisli, ┐ bar nathardha, ZCP xiv 229.6 . ros-caith imghluaisecht mara . . . hi (an island), i 414.9 . ó chaithesdair an ghaeth a goil when the wind had spent its valour, ML 48.21 . do chaith cérd a chomhachta re dénamh an deighchríosa `exercised his best skill', Rel. Celt. ii 262.7 . caithid . . . / ar ḟeadh n-aonlaithe mh'anáir `exhaust their entertainment of me in one day', TD 15.12 . caithidh umhlacht, DDána 58.28 . caiter an féarsa-sa let this verse be used, O'Gr. Cat. 287.13 . déine aithrighe i n-am chóir / ós ann caithfidhe an cuspóir `achieve thy end', A. Ó Dálaigh xli 7 . Of lord consuming his food-rents etc.: cib ead caithes do biud, Laws v 520.10 Comm. cīos is cāin Ērenn re hedh / i ttír Conaill co caithfedh that for a time he might spend the tributes and taxes of Ireland in Tirconaill, ZCP viii 108.21 . Of territory dwells in, enjoys: ro catsetar crich Candan o chein lived in, BB 238b25 . mas e an ferann ro fagaib se, caithid an fine an ferann, O'Curry 2293 ( Eg. 88, 22(23)a ). caithid . . . / an chaithir do cheannchubhair, DDána 29.28 . ?Cf. ó chaitheadar tar fairrge go cian an táin (of the Irish chiefs who fled to Spain), Hackett² xlvii 11 .

(b) In phr. c.¤ x fri y treats y with x; spends, uses x against y: a c[h]uirp, notc[h]aith fri crābud `apply thyself to', ZCP vi 264 § 1 . ionnmhas Néill chaitheas re clú, Magauran 2035 . ní chaitheadh sé acht réidhe rinn, 4239 . red chosg níor chaitheamar dlús `I was not in earnest in chastising thee' (to body), Dán Dé xix 10 . Mac Muire dá gcaithe an chóir / re gach nduine, xxiii 39 . foirm do chunnraidh . . . / . . . caith rú `keep to the letter of the contract with them', Aithd. D. 31.19 . gul . . . / ná caith re breith chomhthruim Críosd, DDána 26.28 . caith rer ndaingin-dín duthracht `be jealous in my strong guarding', A. Ó Dálaigh xix 3 . bíodh go gcaithfidhe leighis . . . ris, Rial. S.F. 164 . With prep. AR: do chaith sé fhíoch ar t'aghaidh he spent his fury fighting you, Aithd. D. 8.42 . caith oram, a urla fhiar fix your choice on me, Dánta Gr. 11.33 .

(c) casts, hurls, throws (missile): ró chaith Cc. an gá bulga, TBC-LL¹ p. 565 n. an tonn do chaith Ó Cathail / rim `the wave which Cathal's descendant cast against me', Ériu iv 220.21 . gur chaith orchar ós íseal, Aithd. D. 23.32 . bogha as a gcaithtear croinn, Arch. Hib. i 86 § xii . do chaith an luáithred, 2 Kings xxiii 6 . Note also: caitheas O. léim, Oss. vi 98.17 . With prep. FRI, FOR, LA: do chaithedar . . . ilmilti do liagaibh . . . re hE., Stair Erc. 1549 . gur chaithis sleig form, Sc.M² 11 R.

(d) In pass. with ro is required, needed (lit. can be used?): rochatir . . . / óic is airm don immargail `gebraucht werden', TBC-LL¹ 512 = recaigter, TBC St. 421 . rocaiter a deg[fh]rithailem `he must be well served', MacCongl. 87.5 . ? a mian don cholainn caithtir the body must needs be gratified, Dán Dé vii 19 . Note also: gíd úathad lín in chaire / dochaitter menma aire it must be taken seriously, TBC-LL¹ 2358 . Later in somewhat difft. idiom (act. as well as pass.) in fut. and sec. fut. only is obliged, must : caithfead mo c[h]uid do c[h]aitheam[h] . . . an c[h]aitheachtain a p[h]earsa; l. denmhas neith aige acht ar da fhaistine, Bard. Synt. Tr. 44 . With follg. Vn. phrase or equivalent: adubairt . . . co caithfidis dul leis, ZCP vi 51.12 . go gcaithfedh dul, IT ii2 150.738 . caithfid a n-aisec ina shaegul, PH 7615 . fían Shaxan do ṡeachna . . . caithfead, Ériu ix 167 § 37 . go gcaithfidhe a rinn reimpi / maithmhighe ar gcinn choimirce, DDána 11.36 `the indulgence of my Protector must stretch forward to its utmost', Ir. Monthly 1930, 517 . caithfir in tír . . . d'faghbail, ZCP vi 80.21 . do caithfidhe . . . / bláth ar maithmhighe M., DDána 11.9 . túr an tighe / . . . do caithfidhe `that home should be striven for', Aithd. D. 89.40 . do chaithfeá-sa an tslighe-si uile do ghabháil, Desid. 604 . go gcaithfediss foighite do bheith aca, Fl. Earls 22.13 .

With difft. kind of object must have : do chaithfinn dom fheitheamh air / . . . lagthomhas meidhe Míchíl `I require . . . to have', PBocht 15.15 . caithfidh tú síth nach sáoile / do dhíth dáine a crú (gc.¤, ch.¤, v.ll.) an chíghe, IGT Decl. ex. 1267 . caithfed fesd aignedh airech / a mesg chaidrebh comhoidhech, ex. 831 . do chaithfinn m'aithne d'Íosa `I must have some warrant(?) for Him', Dán Dé i 2 .

(e) Of grinding weapons: Maine fer neimnech isé rodasinnsmasdair ┐ romheil (.i. rocaith no rolimadh), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 16.i .

Vn. caithem. Part. caitte. Vbl. of necess. caithte, DDána 21A.24 .

caur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caur or dil.ie/8406
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cur, corad, curaid, churaidh, choraidh, curaidhe, churadh, curadchomhlond

n d, m. Also cur (see GOI 51 ). ? g p. corad, Fél. Prol. 167 . Later n s. curaid. g s. in churaidh , Duan. F. ii 52 § 74 (see Gloss.) d s. ón choraidh , PBocht 13.27 . n p. curaidhe, ML 14.12 . f. in: an churadh nár thláth (n s.), Párl. na mB. 2285 .

Warrior, hero : roart c.¤ , Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25.10 . cernach c.¤ , Corp. Gen. 9.8 . no daimtis cauraid cára, 283.11 . dál inna caurath, LU 8750 ( FB 56 ). sian caurad (feat of Cú Chulainn), 5972 (TBC). do neoch ba sruthem . . . inna caurad, 4980 = ina churad, TBC-I¹ 491 . in c.¤ cétach, Metr. Dinds. iii 154.33 . nar c.¤ rus romaith (.i. trenfer .i. daghlaech), Ériu ii 3.5 (B. na f.). déca a churadu co mbríg, LU 3600 ( SCC 30 ). ni faigebasu curaid caín . . . bádam fiusa, 3912 ( 42 ). dollotar . . . a triur churad, 9037 ( FB 79 ). is cur caín cathbúadach (of Cú Chulainn), 8956 ( 71 ). cach curaid a gleó, ACL iii 227.37 . da chur ┐ dá chainnill (of Castor and Pollux), LL 31110 ( TTr. 295 ). fo chīch curad / crēchtaig, Sc.M² 15 . cur cat[h]ach, Corm. Y 398 . ? C. cona churu (cor dar curu, v.l.), Anecd. i 49 § 20 . roordaich curadu (curaidh, v.l.) croda re cathugud, TTebe 2715 . Uilliam Congcar [cur gan locht], Aithd. D. 38.17 . ? Cf. in cuir cruaid, Fen. 220.8 . i n-aimsir na gcuradh ┐ na Féine, TSh. 5754 . in c.¤ ┐ in cathmilid, TTr.² 27 . cauraid cholma, Rawl. 84a41 . ceann na gcuradh gcaithinnilte, DDána 89.13 . a mír churadh is chugam do díorghadh, Keat. Poems 1595 (see compds.).

Attrib. gen. warriorlike : a céim curad, MacCarthy 178 § 4 . a adhuath errad ┐ a chruas churadh (of Hercules), Stair Erc. 1348 . i n-a c[h]rom-ruathar c[h]urad, ML² 277 . gurab eirghe curadh / bidh ulad cech cúile, BNnÉ 308.y . dá shúil churad, RC xiii 82 § 89 . fled chaurad a feast fit for warriors, LU 8795 ( FB 59 ). 8821 ( 62 ). míad curad cathbúadach, 3847 ( SCC 38 ). As n.pr. m.: Cáur mac Da Láth, LU 5987 (TBC). .u. Caurith, 6522 (TBC).

In compds. the form is curad-. With nouns: curadchomhlond ` heroic conflict ', TTebe 3098 . curadmír warrior's portion : Incipit Fled Bricrend ┐ in Curathmír Emna Macha (title), LU 8038 . do thabairt in curadmire do neach díb, 8972 ( FB 72 ). go dtarla imreasan fá'n gcuraidhmhír idir Chonall Chearnach ┐ Choin gCulainn, Keat. ii 3072 . With adjj.: i nDruim Chetta churadchoem of the fair warriors, RC xx 138.17 (ACC). cuingedha curadhcúisecha ` hardy warriors ', ZCP vi 29.15 . See cora(i)d, 3 curach.

1 cocraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cocraid or dil.ie/9927

 

Forms: cocraiter, cocraither, cocraithe, cocraide

v (cocur) IGT Verbs § 43 . In earlier lang. occas. as depon. (cf. con-cuirethar) resolves, determines, discusses secretly; conspires . Doubtfully in: cocrathar urchonn urthach, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37a ) = cocraiter, O'Curry 1060 ( H 3.18, 438b ) = cocraither, O'D. 1956 ( Eg. 90, 7a ). anetail na cocra cert, Laws iii 34.2 .i. nad chocertann cert, 19 Comm. = coccra .i. gabail, O'Dav. 506 . See cocraide. In literary texts: cocrait 'na mbráthreib a brath (of plot against Joseph), SR 3131 . ba C. cocrustar, Anecd. ii 72.15 . cagar rocagratsan, ZCP viii 206.1 . giugraind gergga cocrait gáir, wild geese call in unison, LL 38010 ( SG 365.z ). ic fled B. ro cocrathad gl. ro lámadh / cétguine C., RC xxiii 326 § 19 . tacarar, cocarar co cairtt nat cumscaighther, Anecd. ii 73.14 . cip aitt a cocarar (cocartar v.l.), 75.7 . nā cocair in fell, KMMisc. 262 § 15 . cograit hé `they plot against him', Celtica iv 14.125 . ro chocrumar comairli do dénam, Acall. 6497 . do chogair creich 'n-a chreich mhóir `gathered a plundering party', Dán Dé ix 30 . do chogair ┐ do chaoinchomhairligh aige féin gan dol `determined', ML 26.14 . ro cogair E. fris a menma uime confided her feelings to him, BNnÉ 107 § 27 .

Part. cocraithe. Vbl. of necess. cocraide.

1 coibled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coibled or dil.ie/10011

 

n (com + fled ) (great) feast: coibhḟleidh friá rígh, Ériu xiii 19.3 ; cf. 15.31 and O'Dav. 608 . bithoentu a chaiblide, SR 8199 . tech coiblidhi, Trip. 556.30 . ic ól na coibledi sin, MU² 127 . ico'n choibfhleid, PH 5171 . i cofleidh n-aibind n-oiregdha, Aen. 392 . comḟled mór, MU² 42 . ? slog a comfleda .i. in tan tet co fledhaib comadasaib do gnither dó fri himechtar criche, slogh les, O'Curry 471 (H 3.18, 247).

commóraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commóraid or dil.ie/11529

 

v (móraid) holds, engages in (of battle, feast, hunt etc.), celebrates, convenes: ra chommoratar in tigardail i cend C., LL 23180 (CRR). [s]ealg . . . do commórad le Find `was held', Fianaig. 52.1 . mise dochomor na catha `promoted', TTebe 4320 . docomoradh fled mórcháin, IT ii² 122.1 . do comhmóradh aonach, ML 40.30 .

con-greinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-greinn or dil.ie/12183

 

Forms: congraimm

v (* com-grenn, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 548 ) collects, gathers together, provides : athgabail fir congrenn fled flatha, Laws i 194.24 . con-grenar tairbḟeis la firu Hérenn, BDD² 122 . congrenn sēol sid slán, Four Songs 10.6 `melody provides perfect peace', Murphy Lyrics 52.6 . congreind soeghlond sochaide .i. cainlenaidh in tṡochaidhe don righ so isin tṡaeghal, O'Curry 1987 (H 4.22, 24) = congreinn .i. teglamad no (v.l.) tionol, O'Dav. 411 (see v.l.). Vn. congraimm.

con-luí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-luí or dil.ie/12205
Last Revised: 2013

 

v (*lu-, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571 ) goes on, proceeds (in some exx. appar. infl. by pret. of téit): comlaid dochum bar muinntire proceed, BB 426b34 .? conos lá in bó uadib, LU 4412 . rochumlúi co rurich . . . Moesiæ, TTr.² 95 . comluuit trá da R. `set forward from R.', Celtica iv 26.338 . rocomlai 'na ndiaid he followed, TTebe 2403 . comlaid (comla, comhlái, v. ll.) C. co C. `fared to', Metr. Dinds. iii 92.40 . ros chomluidh for cula `that returned', MR 274.11 . comluid C. ` fled ', Dinds. 52 . comluid . . . frisin carpat raced against, LL 14571 . Note also: tóchumluid far n-euchú! Comluid dano . . . far n-euchu, Trip.² 2197 `drive on', Trip. 187.y . ? amal issrubrad .i. conlaui conseolau, ZCP viii 103.26 . ? conlui an aníme in cathaig `lessens', Laws iv 126.1 Comm.

con-oscaigi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-oscaigi or dil.ie/12257
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: conoisce, cot-roscai, -cumscaigi, conoscaigther, chonnoscaigther, cumscichther, -chumscigther, -cumscaigther, -cumscaighther, conoiscead, conoiscet, conosciget, -cumsciget, conoscaigter, cotammoscaig, conid noisce, cotoscaigther, cotatoscaigther, conoscaiget, chonosciget, -cumsciget, conroiscead, -chumscaiged, -cumscaigthe, connoscaigfe, conidnoiscfe, conroscaigis, conoscaig, cotaoscig, conroscaig, conidróscaich, -comurscaich, conroscaiged, -comarscaiged, -cumscaigset, cumscaigid, cumscugud, cumscaigthe, cumscaichthi

v (*com-uss-scuich-, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 617 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. conoisce, Laws iv 356.15 . cot-roscai, MU² 952 . -cumscaigi, Críth G. 263 . Pass. conoscaigther, Ml. 118c12 . chonnoscaigther, 38d15 - 16 . cumscichther. Sg. 162a7 . -chumscigther, Wb. 30b15 . -cumscaigther, Sg. 23a4 . -cumscaighther, Anecd. ii 73.15 . 3 p. conoiscead, Laws v 474.9 . conoiscet, O'Dav. 470 . conosciget, Sg. 65b9 . -cumsciget, 65a8 . Pass. conoscaigter, Ml. 94c3 . Sg. 162b3 . Subj. pres. 1 s. (with inf. pron.) cotammoscaig, Ml. 29d3 . 2 s. conoscaige, 32a3 . 3 s. conid noisce, O'Curry 34 ( H 3.18, 14 ). Pass. cotoscaigther, Ml. 55b3 . cotatoscaigther, 58d14 . 3 p. conoscaiget, 54a19 . chonosciget, Sg. 65b9 . -cumsciget, 8 . Impf. 3 s. conroiscead, Laws v 466.19 . -chumscaiged, Ml. 109d5 . Pass. -cumscaigthe, Trip.² 2436 . fut. 2 s. connoscaigfe, Ml. 61d1 . 3 s. conidnoiscfe, Bretha 37 . Pret. and perf. (with -ro-): 2 s. conroscaigis, Ml. 21d7 . 3 s. conoscaig, 55c1 (bis). cotaoscig, ZCP xi 156 § 121 . conroscaig, Ml. 45c2 . conidróscaich, Ériu vii 168.w . -comurscaich, O'Dav. 423 . Pass. conroscaiged, Sg. 19b1 . 205b2 . -comarscaiged, ibid. 3 p. -cumscaigset, Fél. Feb. 6 . Later as simple verb cumscaigid.

Vn. cumscugud. Part. cumscaigthe. Vbl. of necess. cumscaichthi.

Moves, changes; removes; shakes, upsets

(a) Trans.: nirochumscigthersón beos gl. stetit, Wb. 30b15 . conoscaig eredig ind ríg ┐ conoscaig in gae (of David), Ml. 55c1 . cotatoscaigthersu adæ gl. commouere, 58d14 . intan conoscaigter siansai inna ndoine gl. sensus . . . perturbati, 94c3 . conosciget chenel machonosciget tairmorcenn, Sg. 65b9 . Lucia . . . / nád-cumscaigset míli `moved not', Fél. Feb. 6 . conidnoiscfe di sunn `he who shall alter it', Bretha 37 . tri heocha conoiscead dire which change the penalty, Laws v 474.9 . conroiscet díri, O'Dav. 424 . nech nad tabair hi coibsin dondi conidróscaich `who has stirred his anger', Ériu vii 168.w . rocumscaided cride in ríg, Anecd. iii 74.20 . cumscaigfidir nem ┐ talam, LU 2498 . no-s-cumscaig ┐ no-s-atherraig as a ulc, PH 5582 . ní ro cumhsccaighte `they were not banished', AFM vi 2216.10 . With refl. inf. pron.: sech is cotammoscaig-se isnaib slebib `I should move', Ml. 29d3 . cot-roscai C.C., MU² 952 . ? iar sin cotnoscrastar (sic) amail bid oc techt hi rōi cathai `shook himself(?)', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 14.1 .

(b) Intrans.: nā cumscaiged trā for cíal 'let your mind not go astray', SR (Adam and Eve) 90.1965 . ro chumscnaigh [a] aignedh, ZCP xxx 121.45 . gurro chomhsccuchsat an di shochraitte fled (`were defeated'), Hugh Roe² 334.30 . ro-chumscaig P. al-luc hil-loc, Lib. Hymn. 5.90 . nír cumscaig C. as in codlud, MR 170.1 . nicumsgaighed fuithib, ZCP viii 541.23 . ro-cúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib he changed himself, PH 1740 . ní ro cumscaigh dlúthadh cláir díb sech a chéile `moved from another', RC xxvii 288 § 47 .

See cumscnaigid.

costud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. costud or dil.ie/12636
Last Revised: 2019

 

u, later o, m. vn. of con-suidi, whence properly act of placing together, arranging, establishing, setting up; checking, restraining ; but used vaguely and in such a wide variety of applications as to render classification difficult and uncertain.

In follg. act of checking, restraining : c.¤ co numlai restraint, ZCP iii 447.4 = castót, Celtica viii 58.1 (earlier reading than c.¤ , note). a ch.¤ i Temraich `he was checked', Ann. Inisf. 840 (see note). tenga do c[h]., ZCP viii 231 § 4 . in nert . . . / na fētaider cosc na c.¤ , RC xxxvi 262 § 6 . c.¤ ruirech a match for (?), TBC-LL² 492 (`sustainer'). re c.¤ ┐ re cúrsuchad a cheli, MR 224.15 . ? Ísa Críst costadha, ZCP viii 204.w . a comdail . . . mait[h]e chostaidh an caomh-sluaig `the sturdy chiefs', Celt. Rev. iv 110.21 .

With follg. IMM (stereotyped expr.): ba c.¤ im churaid sain ┐ bá tairisem im thigerna, LL 32761 (`a halting', TTr. 1971 ). ba cosdad im righ leo ┐ ba treass im dam ndilend taking a stand (?), BB 435a25 . ba costudh imm righ costudh imbe (of Hector), ZCP xxx 65.1210 . c.¤ im dagḟlaith `good behaviour', Tec. Corm. 4.4 . mithig frim c[h]orp . . . / costad im chrābud to engage in (?), ACL iii 311 § 5 . With cath, etc.: fri catha castud (: astud) `beim Ordnung der Schlacht', Ält. Ir. Dicht. 39 § 6 ( Corp. Gen. 2.31 ). co nderna costadh catha, CCath. 3072 . cath gan chostadh `without check', Caithr. CC 54 . C. re costad catha, MR 150.7 . itir ch.¤ ┐ chorugad catha, 214.16 . ba costadh sloigh iar sraoineadh forra (of person), Hugh Roe² 54.y . With cenn: in cend costuda ┐ in cirriud mór-ṡlúaig (of Cú Chulainn) `supporting leader', TBC-LL² 397. 658 . a ccenn costadha ┐ comhairle, Hugh Roe² 182.32 . Cf. c.¤ Ulad `the men of Ulster', TBC-LL² 2421 . With feis, fled : c.¤ feisi for feoil tairb Dairi (of prohibitions of king of Ulster) `to celebrate . . . ', Leb. Cert. 6.3 . rocoraidhid . . . cách . . . im ch.¤ na fledhi, Ériu v 234.36 .

Behaviour, manner : ar ro bói drochc.¤ is'taig, there was trouble inside, Sc.M² 17 . dorōnsad . . . na slúaigh micostadh .i. a aonbhó do mharbhadh `maltreated (him)', RC xxiv 46 n.14 . is ē trā c.¤ inna clērchechta ` practice ', Celtica viii 58.12 ( ZCP iii 448.8 ). de déscin cathai ┐ cosdotha Túath nDéa 'to reconnoitre the battle and the practices of the Túatha Dé', CMT² 56 § 124​ . ? báig ┐ ch.¤ , TBC-LL² 4302 (`contention'). Appearance : is rígda in c.¤ , LU 7065 (BDD). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái? Asa deilb ┐ asa c.¤ , ZCP viii 112.22 . cech dírim i ndegaid araile for oenchóe fó oench.¤ , LL 31086 `in one guise', TTr. 267 . eter lín ┐ ch.¤ ┐ timthaige, TBC-LL² 4330 . ? cinnus in tsloig ┐ in chostaid atchondcatar, RC xxi 318 § 43 ` usage '.

Miscellaneous: ? ruc do chaithrib (chathrachaib, MSS.) c.¤ clārach, Bruchst. 6 § 4 . ? fora chostathaib cuicilche arechta rān riuth, ZCP xi 93 § 28 . cinsiu di churp ríg sceó rígnai / richt for caíni c.¤ , LU 8283 (rhet. FB 22 ). hi c.¤ forchaíni, 10312 . in c.¤ febda fedes `excellent restraint', Ériu ii 65 § 9 . cunnlacht an c[h]ostudha, ZCP viii 200.13 . costadh, ceōl, cumsanadh celebration (?), 204.8 . c.¤ réil `clear arrangement', RC xxvi 24 § 84 . cert cech cana ┐ costaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.214 v.l. do ch.¤ mo lenna ┐ do chathim mo bíd `to consume ', TBC-LL² 898 . co fáiter i nEmain ra c.¤ a ríg ┐ ra bréthir a flatha `at the behest', 4104 . feochra costoda, 4661 . níam .i. dath ut est costadh néime .i. fasta[d] iarcae in datha `the staying of niam', O'Dav. 1295 . costad sída .i. nin sen (letter n in Briatharogam Morainn), Auraic. 5543 , 4270 . cosdudh sidha uindis `a check on peace', 1174 . c.¤ sida `establishing peace', RC xxvi 24 § 72 . ar cill Ciarain do chostad occo `because C.C. was disputed (?) by them', Fél. 88.14 . ic dún Chairin cét c.¤ `of a hundred feastings', Metr. Dinds. iii 278.31 . sgol 'n-a cosdadh ós mo chionn `in ordered rank', Aithd. D. 1.28 . ? co facadar ann ar castadh / teine ar lasadh thuas na thaigh, SG 22.z . do bai-sem ┐ a costad ar mullach in chairn `he kept to his position', Ann. Conn. 1230.6 . co rochtain dóibh gus an ccosttadh ┐ gus an ccomnart ` camp ', AFM iv 1936.w . isé Ciarán ro uraib (leg. -l) dóibh air Chill Ch. do chostadh aici ar tus `to grant him', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 22.3 .

dáilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dáilid or dil.ie/14201
Last Revised: 2019

 

v i (4 dál). Generally with slender l ; broad l SR 3318 . ZCP iv 39. 14 . RC ix 486. 12 (YBL).

I Portions out, pours out:

(a) esp. drink at a festival. is altóir forsṅdailter fín, Goid. 180. 26 . Fél. 156 st 8 . dáltir foraib fín allestraib, Snedg. u. Mac R p. 13 . radáled lind soóla socháin somesc fair gor bo mesc é, TBC-LL¹ 3025 . in lind dálter for Fer ṁbáeth, ib. 2167 . dális forro lind slán somblass, Anecd. i 60. 10 . dalais lind a lestar bic doib RC ix 486. 12 (YBL ; dális doib a cilurn bic LU). rodaled ind laith iarsin forsin mal, Rawl. 84 b 15 . así nodailedh corna fair, TBC-LL¹ 2226 . —Also of the whole feast : rodáiled in ḟled sain for maithib Lochlainne, CRR 13 . rodáiledh in fledh forra was served ZCP vi 275. 29 . áit nar dáileadh an ḟleadh sin, Keat. 3706 . rodáileadh iarsin fleadh ┐ feusda dhóibh, Oss. iii 46. 10 . ABS. conná rodáil Deltbanna do ḟeraib hÉrenn, Dinds. 12 . RC ix 486. 12 (see above).—Of other liquids (sometimes metaphorically): in tsleg druimnech sin...bid sochaidi forsa ndáilfe deoga tonnaid, BDD 98 . dális dig fola for cach srith, Laud 610, 95 a . in cara dara dalius dig ṅdergfala TBC-LL¹ 4141 . gid uisce dháilter inn, SG 352. 26 . dális trí tonna dondusci imma agid, LL 114 b 16 . nosdali iarum in tonn imbi, O'Mulc. 292 . cor dáil tairrsiu a tuile tuaid corusbáid uili, BB 391 b 19 . LL 28 b 32 (nosdáled). Lec. 354 a 36 (ler dailead). SG 349. 34 (óa ndáilsebair).— Further instances ; `deug' as the subj. or obj. : LL 150 a 31 (dális dig). 151 a 3 (asar dáled deog thonnaid). Acall. 6807 (issí dáilis...in deoch). SG 91. 22 (díar dáilsit) ; 57. 8 (dodáilsetar). ZCP viii 209. 7 (dáilfidher); 544. 3 (dodháilsedar). Fianaig. 30. 14 (Dáre dális dig). `Lind' as subj. or obj. : Ériu ii 134 § 112 (gia nodailte). Acall. 5317 (rodáiled lind). With `fín' : LL 28 b 17 (forsndáilte f.) = BB 352 a 44 (coandailti f.). Snedg. u. Mac R 13. 21 (daltir f.) ; 42. 9 (dailtir f.).

(b) with fuil and déra sheds blood, tears. ár ndéraine dáilfither, YBL 374 b 42 . otconnairc cách díb a céli rodáilset déra immda, PH 1696 . co ndaile tu (pr. subj. ) orumsa na déra &c. , Lib. Flav. ii 11 a 1 . 9 f.b. dobriss Énna dá prímchath déc dáltis fuli, LL 45 b 16 . gusan ccath...in rodailedh crú dar cailc, AFM ii 710. 6 . fuil in tslánícceda dailfither dar cend sochaide, PH 2993 . isíseo mo ḟuilse dailfider dar cend ṡochaide, ib. 5054 . 5226 .

METAPH. rodáil in donend ar cách, LL 208 a 41 . fuid co brath. rusdail in doinenn ar cách the storm has spread over all RC xi 130. 11 . rosdáiled ar díanuisce she was flung upon the flowing water Metr. Dinds. ii 68. 4 . ros-dailset fo hÉrind oraig they spread themselves through Ireland Todd Nenn. 250. 1 . LL 134 b 16 . géarosna 'na dheōidh dáiltear 'a sharp sigh is released after him', Celtica xxvi 107 § 57 .

II Portions out, i.e. bestows, assigns, allots . rodāil a bennachtain (sic leg.), SR 2912 . in muir mór … rodáil rí grene … for formnu féne Forainn, 3989 . duitsin dálfas cech ṁbithmaith, SR 3318 . dálais Críst fri cruiche cretair Iuil epscop Christ allotted bishop I. to the relic of the Cross (Stokes), Fél. Apr. 12 . ataregat ind rannaire do raind in bíd ... dale sechut a curathmír nugut do Loegairiu FB § 14 . isí nodáiled ubla fair, TBC-LL¹ 2219 Y. cora dáili na bochta dalmsanaib, YBL 167 b 43 . óc dalfid écdubi, TFerbe 194 . radáled do choicait laech in ingen. ní dal dimbæth, TBC-LL¹ 3511 . daleid damsa...mór immirge maic Umóir no dálid na cethri cend, LL 152 a 41 ( dailid, BB 390 a 11 in both places). dáilset, 14 b 37 ( = BB 42 a 49 ). é rodáil do Gáedelaib, 18 a 50 . noco dáilfem sós saerchirt, 157 a 12 . ingen Domnaill dailius bir, BB 289 b 45 . rí is mó do dáil do duasaib dḟiledaib, ib. 333 a 26 . rodál foraib Críst imrol tocaidh ┐ ordan ┐ anai, ACL iii 298. 5 . dáil air é assign it to him Eg. Gl. 230 . cach fellsaṁantacht imar dhail ┐ mar doirteastair dia a foros a ḟíreolais, MR 94. 7 . gur dhailset na dúile sochraighecht isna sianaib, 100. 12 . rodáilset na trí catha oraind, Acall. 6501 . dailfadh an Dúilem dóib flaithius, ZCP viii 110. 35 . dail orum grasa in sp. naem, Lib. Flav. ii 25 a 2 . 9 ; ib. 28 b 6 . dodáiled, Hy Fiach. 182. 12 . rodailsemar, Lec. 345 a 3 . an láṁ le ndáileadh ní dona bochtaibh, Keat. 990 . dodháil, ib. 5454 . go ndáilid na neithe adubhramar, TSh. 129. 13 . i ndíol na feille dorinnis ormsa dáilfidh Dia thusa i láiṁ Luiciféir, ib. 145. 25 . dáilfidh dhaoibh an tighearna trócaire ┐ fírinne, 158. 24 . go ndáiltear dhi da haiṁdheóin gach nídh budh fuath léi, 182. 19 . dodháil Dia dona daoinib aimsear ghreamuighthe na beathadh síorraidhe, 193. 1 . díol na huile neithe atá agat ┐ dáil do bhochtaibh iad, 225. 17 . dá ndáilear mo chorp da losgadh, 229. 16 .

ABS. adram ailem righ niṁe dalem do dia an bith buide, ACL iii 321. 7 . ní ba meth nenigh tucht ara dailiub-sa (v.l. ndálfarso) the way in which I shall arrange matters ZCP iv 39. 14 (ZCP x 364-65).

VN. 4 dál, q.v.

dásacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dásacht or dil.ie/14713
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dásachta, dásacht, ndásacht

n ā, f. Madness, fury, panic. g s. dásachta CCath. 786 . d s. dásacht, Wb. 9 b 7 . 28 a 11 . Ml. 34 a 21 . a s. i ndásacht , Ml. 20 b 7 . The noun from which dásacht is probably derived has been lost in Irish. Explained as diṡocht. ní bí i socht. nó dásocht .i. díosacht. ní bí i foisecht acht ó loc do loc iter utmaille ┐ labra, Corm. ad v . It translates Lat. amentia, dementia, furor, rabies.

I Madness, insanity, esp. applied to insanity characterised by wild excitement; also (in animals) rabies, esp. of dogs and bulls. for dásacht mad, insane . dul for dásacht to run mad. rosngab dásacht they have gone mad. duine do chur for dásacht to madden a person. These phrases are used in all senses of dásacht. Often connected with 1 baile, duible, geltacht, míchiall, mire. dásacht nó mire, O'Dav. 628 . aṁail fear baoise nó búainghealtachta lán do dhásacht ┐ do dheirgṁire, TSh. 167.1 . marb imorru do dásacht an Tomrair sin bliadhain si ar nimirt do Bhrénainn miorbhal fair, TFrag. 164. 2 ; 166. 18 . derig a menma mar leoman ar dasacht ac dul fo eallach, RC xix 40. 7 . cuilén con rohailed lais...a dul for duibhle ┐ dásacht uada, FDG 30 (B iv 2). gabait na heilifaint for miri ┐ d.¤ , ZCP i 390. 17 . dam, tarb for dásacht a mad bull, pass.

II The condition of being possessed by a demon, the popular explanation of insanity. tradere huius modi Satanae in interitum carnis ut spiritus salvus sit, gl. aliter is do dásacht asberar a thindnacul sa is tre sodin bid slán á anim som in die domini , Wb. 9 b 7 , where `a thindnacul do dásacht' renders Lat. `tradere Satanae' as in Wb. 28 a 11 : Hymenaeus et Alexander quos tradidi Satanae .i. paenitentiae nó do dásacht. luid demun isin errig...┐ rolín dasacht ┐ mire in ríg cona thimthirigib uli ┐ nolabratís na demna tria nginaib, PH 746 . rothuic Partholon conid demun rochuir in duine for dásacht, PH 1986 . do ṡaigid in apstail arco tíssed do ṡaerad a ingine amal roṡaer in fer bói fri dásacht reme, ib. 1992 . in foirenn roptar cendsa artús rosóitea i lonnus iarum fri hElizár ┐ midset conid for dásacht bói, PH 6563 .

III Imprudence or delusion approaching insanity, madness, extravagant folly; translating amentia, dementia; syn. mí-, dí-chiall. consuetudo est hís...quos in amentiam (gl. i.e. i ndasacht) amaritudo compellit conquæri de Deo , Ml. 20 b 7 . roḟáitbe immorro in pobul cunnail dásacht na foirni se ita a populo sententiae sanioris inrisa (sic leg.) est dementia Todd Lect. v 92 (LB). as mór an ṁíchiall ┐ an dásacht fil forainn bheith as gach tír attír ar fud an doṁain gár marbhadh, TFrag. 160. 6 . is dásacht a ndogníthi si ┐ atbar dásachtaig fén, LB 212 a 10 . is dásacht ┐ ní fellsamdacht, ib. 211 b 12 f.b.

IV Extravagant excitement, wild desire; inspired frenzy, ecstasy; translating furor , Gk. μανία; syn. dreis. eos non proelii necessitate inpelli sed solo furore raptari, gl. .i. ho dasacht, Ml. 34 a 21 . bag a Baccho (sic leg.) .i. ón dassacht, O'Mulc. 117 . bach .i. dreis no d.¤ , O'Dav. 207 . dorn idir dán is dásacht poetic frenzy O'Gr. Cat. 357 . baoi Uilliam Búrc for dásacht ag leanmain an madhma. iadhaid muintir an Chláraigh uime ┐ gabhthar leo é, AFM iii 498. 8 .

V Wild, ungovernable anger, frenzied rage, fury; also a fit or access of such passion; warlike rage . Often connected with such words as 1 ferg, díḟerg, innire, fíchmaire, 1 dechrad, dremun, mire; dísc(i)re, déine, alltacht, borba, garbe.—dreaṁan .i. dásachd mire nó míchiall, O'Cl. gor chreathnaidhtheadar ┐ gor uaṁnaidhtheadar díosgarṡluagh ḟear nÉireann re fúaim a ndeac[h]racht ┐ a ndásacht, TBC-LL¹ 3824 Eg. is annsin lingid dassacht i Piláit then a fit of passion seized P. PH 2818 . tanic Astriages...┐ in uliṡacart aroen fris ┐ demnu oca nimluad ┐ siat for mire ┐ dásacht PH 2160 (cf. II). goro líon dfeircc ┐ dinnire gur bhó súaill ná deachaidh for dásacht, AFM vi 2360.5 . go ngabhann fearg ┐ dásacht an líaigh ris antan bhíos ag diultadh an neith budh maith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 229. 15 . dásacht ferga a strengthened ferg: do coṁdhaingnigheadh dásacht tfeirge orm a Dhé, TSh. 116. 28 (= is orumsa choṁnuigheas do dhibhḟearg, Bedel Psalms 88. 8 ). doghabh d.¤ feirge é, Keat. 1064 . cor go bhfillidh an tighearna óna dhásacht feirge ┐ go ttaisbeanuidh grása dhuitsi, Bedel Deuteronomy xiii 17 . dásacht , O'Mulc. 216 , for dásachtach.

VI Harshness, roughness, hardness, inconsiderateness ; the opposite of cennsa, trócaire, trúaige. non parcit medicus ut parcat saevit ut misereatur .i. ní choigleann an líaigh go gcoigleadh. gabhaidh dásacht é go ndearnadh trócaire nó go ngabhadh trúaighe é, TSh. 229. 11 . dásachd roughness HSD.

VII A sudden and excessive feeling of alarm, panic, fear, terror ; often connected with dible, duible, sceóin (a sudden fright), uathbas. go ro memaid do graidib Gaedel scréoin (sic) ┐ sceimnig diallaib ┐ dásacht (v.l. for dophar ┐ for dásacht, Stowe) TBC-LL¹ 3824 . rofostad ésein (sc. Dubdiad) ic dola ar dibla ┐ ar dásacht re huathbas in forgaim sin MR 200. 14 . raghabh dásacht fairenn díobh ┐ aseadh tangattur dionnsoighidh puible Maoilseachlainn. andar leo rab iad a muinntir féin, TFrag. 148. 11 . re mét in deinmni ┐ in dásachta búi forro ic déirgi na cathrach, CCath. 786 . cor cuirset Connachta a nár...┐ con ndechatar drem ar dásacht díb some of them fled in a panic RC xviii 161. 33 . co ndeachadar (na heich) ar d.¤ , SG 68. 12 . ba machtnadh mór ná diccsidís aes uirṁeta ┐ aradha for dreimne ┐ dásacht la coistecht frissna caismertaibh catha, AFM vi 2130. 10 . dairigh me dásacht ghránṁar éigin is pairithis bháis im chnáma sim cheadfadh, Midnight court 949 .

MOD. Obs., but given in most mod. dictionaries : Lhuyd, Coneys, O'R., Dinneen, HSD., Macd.

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