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cairched

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cairched or dil.ie/7883

perh. vn. formation; cf. 1 and 2 cairche. flescach ┐ emnad ┐ c.¤ acon timpanach, O'Curry 154 ( H 3.18, 87 ) `doubling (or repetition)', Manners and Customs iii 363 . is caircedh cen dí laim . . . .i. is cairemnacht, O'Curry 427 ( H 3.18, 232b ) = is cairche cen di laim, is luamain cen eiti (of an impossible task), 2469 ( Eg. 88, 38a ).

con-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-cuirethar or dil.ie/12039

Forms: cocur

v (cf. con-ceird, 1 cocraid): tonna mora . . . inna churchān flescach fann / for Conaing concoirsetar, Bruchst. 39 § 92 `arranged themselves against', CS 76.13 . dicedal concuir in file composes , O'D. 1191 (H 2.15, 78b). cia concorad cét churu dúra dedoirne `though he contract first covenants firm (and) sure', O'Dav. 736 . ginib do conn comraitear concurtar gach nae, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37 ). ? conralat conralsat (rhet.), ZCP xii 362.30 . tangadar bharsan áth . . . ┐ conroladh doibh ann they fought there (rel. con-?), RC xv 66.10 . See con-lá.

Vn. cocur.

2 cúanach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cúanach or dil.ie/13340

adj o, ā (2 cúan) having harbours, havens, stretches of water : baile . . . cuanach, coilltech (of Glendalough), BNnÉ 144.14 `abounding in havens' (Gloss.). coimdhe Cualann cuanaighe, AFM ii 644.19 . ? slicht a dā gāi tria cach mūlach / cūanach flescach fērach, Corm. Y 944 (? leg. mullach: cullach, Corm. Tr. 119 ). ? a braoi . . . gan ruainne as áit / da caoilbhreis chróin . . . cuanach cáidh, Hackett² li 28 .

Dech-flescach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dech-flescach or dil.ie/14889

pn Hogan Onomast. (from BB 257 a 22 ). Todd Nenn. 214. 4 . A vox nihili. Echḟlescach leg., see LL 44 b 12 .

emnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. emnad or dil.ie/20026
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: eamhnadh

u, m. (vn. of 1 emnaid) doubling: eamhnadh .i. dubladh, O'Cl. ní emnad fil and amal sodin there is no iteration in that case (referring to geminavit dictionem) Ml. 76d2 . emnad mutae doubling of a mute Sg. 16b7 . emnad .l. doubling of l (refers to misellus) 48 a9 . as n-ed fodera emnad .i. the doubling of i 120 a4 . 3a11 . 59a3 , 10 . cech oenfocol...bec do filliud .i. do emnad ut est hoc: agur, agur, etc. RC xx 144 w . LB 238 [d] b63 . ni bhi eamhnad in n-ogam, Auraic. 439 . 2890 . a imrind do emnad conidh coimdes a cumasc fri cechtar na da randaigecht (of quatrains with similar rimes in both couplets) IT iii 68.13 . Cf. ar n-emnadh nith, Anecd. ii 52.15 . flescach ┐ emnad ┐ cairched acon timpánach imarcraigh, H 3.18 87 , ZCP xx 483 .

2 fann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fann or dil.ie/21294

adj o-ā weak, helpless, lacking strength or power; soft, pliant; a weak, helpless person: used in a variety of applications. Of living beings: bean ḟ.¤ , IGT, Decl. § 116 . cf. fann [o, m.] § 96 . bale i ndénta fingal no etualand d'immirt for fannaib, LU 4342 . coibés no sroiglithea in tren ... ┐ in fand, LB 155b50 . dia mbat goirt, bid fann do chlí | fri haíne, ZCP vii 298.18 . intí is trén, nertad in fand, PH 5825 . in chruim rúad trá ba fand ar thús, LU 194 (`was weak' Todd Lect. vi 11 ). pl.: ar faind ┐ ar mná ┐ ar maccaími d'ḟácbáil, LL 263b22 ( MU² 241 ). na faind, LB 155b46 . na fáinn ┐ na truaigh do ḟodhbhadh, RC xxv 392.21 . forrach fann despoiling the weak Lism. L. 4551 . dona dainib fannaibh (= infirmis) 1437 . Lat. Lives 76 . furtuightheóir na bhfann, TSh. 5146 . fanna mila marta `weak are the animals of March' CRR 6 . Of inanimate objects: fid f.¤ (the fig-tree) SR 1363 . fid fand fleascach, Anecd. i 54x . sibhne fanna, IGT, Decl. ex. 1365 . folt fand flescach smooth LU 4231 . ri fairrge faind `the sluggish sea' Metr. Dinds. iii 442 . Druim F. fan fann sreabh, TD 4.18 . cranna fanna (of spear-shafts) LU 9688 (? = fianna, LL 277a37 ). Of a banner: sróll fann re caoil-ḟiodhbhaidh limp (?) GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 102 . In abstract sense: fand indiu mo beatha, Ériu iv 154.15 . bidh f.¤ a cumang, ZCP viii 110.12 . ní fáth fand not paltry the cause MacCarthy 148 (< LL 127a17 ). ní seolad fand, Anecd. i 69z . cf. ni foccul fandsaide, LL 28a10 where -saide seems to be the anaphoric suff. pron. tola fanna weak passions Ériu ii 55 § 4 . Adv. ro erig cu fand cobsaid, PH 511 . Compar. (+ di): ni ba fainnide do recht no do righe foirne thy rule over us shall be none the weaker D IV 2, 53 [51]r b 33 . Diffident, (?): du breith aesa faind ┐ boirb for seis, Auraic. 737 . IGT, Introd. § 1 . do fubhtad borb ┐ aineolach ┐ do breith aesa fainn for seis dligid, Cóic Con. 26 § 1 . Cf. do cosc (.i. tegusc) fand (.i. aineolach) , ZCP v 486.4 (B. na f.). áos fann .i. áos aineolach no lag, O'Cl. s.v. fainne. Cf. forcedal fann trēn, ZCP vii 298.2 .

Compds.: With subst.: ¤ád ` lowly fortune ' Metr. Dinds. iii 60.79 (: Dallán). ¤bréit a soft or yielding piece of cloth, etc.: na fannbreiti fata ... do ṡítta (i.e. flags) limp (?) CCath. 4929 . ¤chos f. weak leg: fannchosa fiara ... faoi (of a worn-out horse), TSh. 2559 . ¤chosc checking gently: ic fannchosc slóg ra síd seng, Ériu iv 96.2 . ¤éirge? ní fand-éirge dar samlaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.11 . ¤fáistine? fiugair na fand-ḟaisdini more, BB 431a39 (= fírfastini LL 230b7 ). ¤gáeth a weak wind, breeze: fidren na fanngaithi, CCath. 5437 . ¤ires feeble faith: faindires ┐ cunntabairt PH 6736 . ¤lige prostration, prostrate lying: i fannligib fola, LL 240a25 ( TTr. 1734 ). ¤ócláech weak (faint-hearted?) warrior: see under fannach. ¤slat weak stem: ar fandṡlataibh foithremla fidbaidi, MR 238.3 . With adj.: ¤chlechtach in limp folds or pleats: inar f., Acall. 5922.470n . folt fainnchlechtach, Fianaig. 58z . ¤chr(a)idech faint-hearted: aos fanncraidec nocurfedh for faenscur (of ghostly sounds) RC xiii 6.8 . gealtán fanncraidech, MR 174.15 . ¤eitech weak-winged: fannitech, O'Mulc. 490 (see fannall). ¤scaílte dispersed, spread in weakness ; of clouds: fraisnella fannscailti `weak, scattered shower-clouds' CCath. 4421 . Of flags: fannbreiti fannscailti, 4929 . Cf. fainnseól.

See fanntaise.

fían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fían or dil.ie/21945
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fian, féne, ḟéinne, Fianghal, Fianghail, —uil, Fiangaile, Fiangaile, fíangalach, Fiangalaich, fian

n ā, f. By Zimmer ( ZDA 1891, 1 ff .) derived from ON fiandi `enemy' (see RC xii 295 ; 405 ); by D'A. de Jubainville, RC xxviii 249 , and Thurneysen, ZCP xv 262 , connected with the people-name Féni; by Loth, RC xiii 507 , with `fine.' Acc. to Meyer, Fianaig. vi ff . it is from an abstr. meaning ` driving, pursuing, hunting ,' which has in Irish taken a concrete meaning and denotes `a band of warriors on the warpath .' Compare the mediaeval etymologists: fianna a venatione .i. on tseilg dognidis isberthi fianna friu; no fianna .i. finedha, ar is ina finib ┐ ina n-aicmibh nobidis ... no fianna .i. feinnedha rígh Erenn iat, Cóir Anm. 222 . Connected by Wagner, Celtica xi 265 , to fén. The people-name Féni is sometimes liable to be confused with the gen. of fian from which it is not always clearly distinguishable, e.g. airiseom óc féne, LU 5089 . Cf. bearla na feinei `the fians Irish' Eg. Gl. 522 . Archaic n p. féna for Fid, The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 176.1 , Peritia iii 316 .

(a) a band of roving men whose principal occupations were hunting and war, also a troop of professional fighting-men under a leader. In later application esp. the warrior-bands under Finn son of Cumall, who are described as constituting a military caste: is e ropa thaiseach teglaig ┐ ropa cheand deorad ┐ amhus ┐ cech ceithirne ar chena la Cormac Find mac Cumaill, conad friusin atberat in daescarsluag `fianna Find', YBL 325a10 ff . ro hindarbad Finn ... ┐ ro sgaraid na fiano fris. ar ba hiad-sein cetherna ┐ teglach in rig Cormaic. Is de ad-bertaei fíana friu, ar ba siad fenidi ┐ milid in ri īad, Tochm. Ailbe 1 . See Fianaig. ix ff ., Keat. ii p. 324 ff . Traditions of Finn and his fianna are abundant in Irish and Scottish folklore. In Keating's time cromlechs were called by the people leapthacha na Féine `the beds of the Fian'. In Metr. Dinds. iii 280.49 : bátar fo diamair ... ic fiannaib, ic fomurib (of the chief roads of Ireland), and Cog. 114.28 : i folach fo thalmain inā fá dhiamhraibh díchealta ag fianaibh no ag sithcuiraibh, the fíana appear as belonging to a remote past and coupled with semi-mythological beings. Cf. opening pp. of Acall., where Finn's fíana are pictured as giants of other days. fian .i. ceithearn, Stowe Gl. 406 . Lec. Gl. M 114 . cona fein húathmair (of David's followers) SR 6283 . cona féin, cona fairaind [ = foirind], 6356 . nech dabur feind ná dabur foirind, Acall. 5142 . for formnu féne Forainn (of Pharaoh's host) SR 3992 . iugulavit me fian maicc Maicc Con, Ardm. 14a2 ( Thes. ii 267.38 . Trip. 324 ). arna guin do fianaib Maic Con, Corm. Y 883 . Fiachra Fobrecc fein co ngairg `with a fierce band of warriors' Hail Brigit § 13 ( LL 49b45 ). Find cona fein, Corm. Y 1018 (feind, Bodl.). docer la féin Cind tíre; la féin Luagne aided Find, RC xxiii 310 § 29 . fianna Find ... brecctais rinne | ... fianna Fothaid Canainne, ZCP viii 119 § 35 ( Rawl. 88b ). Find mac Cumaill ... in cētFinn ro tinoil fiana ar tús i nErinn, LL 379a38 . eter ḟiannaib fer nAlban, 261b3 . fíanna fer nÉrend ┐ Alban, BDD 144 (of reavers). fianna Eirenn, Acall. 5284 . fianna feochra, TBC-LL¹ 5683 . comérgid ... a fianna; arise, warriors (leader addressing a band of reavers) BDD 141 . mesir fiana iarna ngaluibh estimate warriors by their fighting (or valor) Ériu xiii 41.33 ( O'Dav. 1037 ). as mo thigh ro gab [Oisin] feind ┐ foirind (= took command of a company, became leader of a `fían ') Acall. 2467 . Finn's followers as a military caste are distinguished from the agricultural class, the settled population: doronad crandchar idir in bhFéinn ┐ aes na treabaire cia dhíbh da roised tūs do thabairt an chatha dona hallmharchaib, Acall. 1290 (`between the Fianna and the settled [i.e. non-nomadic] folk lots were cast' SG ii 132 ). Buanand mumi na fian ... i. daghmathair ac foircetal gaiscid do fianuib, Corm. Y 104 . fiana bātar i nEmain, | ir-Rāith Chruachan, i Temair, RC xxiii 304 § 1 (beginning an account of the deaths of famous champions). Temair Berg, baile na fían, Ériu iv 92.2 . se fichet findscél na fiann, LL 145a49 . for ḟíana rochalma ḟer nÉorpa, TTr.² 1691 . fiana ferrdha ... Franc, CCath. 5363 . d'ḟianaibh Fódla, d'amhsain Ile, TD 16.55 . fian Ghréagach `the soldiery of Greece' (i.e. the Fitzgeralds) 17.10 . see fénnid and fíanas. Here possibly belongs óc féne one of a roving band, a `fian'-warrior (?): g p. airiseom óc féne a resting place of fian-warriors LU 5089 . n p. inn óic ḟéinne , TBC-LL¹ 4950 .

(b) in wider sense a company, number of persons: rioghraid Laighen ... f.¤ mholuim, LL 394.1 . deich mic oile anba an ḟian ib. 4 . rī tarcai cech fēin, SR 7163 . fian sceith (sciath v.l.) shield-bearers (?) Ériu vi 135.45 . foḟuair féin fessaig findgil | im Chessair ingin Betha, LL 5b5 . Of pieces in a game, chessmen: imat fian fidhcelda, Anecd. ii 58.13 (cf. fíanchlár below). mar ḟéin na mbranán TD ii 199.1 .

(c) a warrior (late and rare): righḟeinnidh, f.¤ `a General ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 523 . sir Sémus ... an fiann, O'Gr. Cat. (1700) 584.28 .

In BColm. 94.8 : a fían a saert[h]a ar cach cath; Plummer suggests reading fiach = in payment of their exemption from military service, making the preceding sent. (ar is ... ann) parenthetical.

Compds. ¤bla: fri f. fechta ` warrior-shout of fighting' (? field of fight) Leb. Gab.(i) i 68 = fri fianna fecta, LL 6a6 = re fiannaib fearta, BB 24b46 . ¤both a hunting-bothy . a hut of branches or similar construction in a forest or wild spot, an improvised shelter: fogeib in fianboith ┐ in mac ina codlad innti, RC v 199.3 . rosfuc leis dochum na fianboithi, ib. 13 . d'iarraid ḟianbothe, RC vii 296.96 ( LL 206b49 ). dognitis fianbotha folachta foslongpuirt acci i ndairib, Cog. 60.10 . i ffianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi, AFM v 1794.1 . tógaibh fian-bhoith fíréandachta do chumhdach do choguais, TSh. 2304 . Cf. ro ghabhsat longport fairsing fianbhothaigh an encampment of huts (?) AFM vi 2168.11 . See 2 fulacht. ¤chara a comrade in arms; `a mutual friend, one who protects and is protected' O'Don. Suppl. , from Eg. 88 f. 54d ( O'Curry 2639 ) : dot fiancarait .i. fear snāidhes ┐ sṅāidithar fear aile i n adhaigh [ = ina aghaidh ?] ┐ amail carait claochmoig iat ó dénait comairce a céile (cf. compact between Cú Chulainn and Conall Cernach : ciped chia dib nomarbtha ar tús a digail dia cheiliu, LL 122a8 ). nimrumart-sa mo f. Cú Chulainn, LL 125b10 ( Ériu v 210.60 , where the speaker is a woman). ¤chlár a board for (chess-)men: mó a clārḟiacail ... anda f. fidchille, LL 210a56 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138 ). ¤chluiche (para)military game ( Celtica viii 151 ): In Laws v 150.11 ff . a distinction is made between `fian-chluichi' and `ruidles-chluichi,' the latter being apparently games proper for children. nocha uil ruidhles cluithi do codhnacha ┐ nochan uil col cluithi do macaib bega. Ruidhles cluithi na mac mbec is fiancluithi do codhnacha ┐ f. c. na mac mbec is col cluithi do codhnacha, Eg. 88 f. 28c ( O'Curry 2368 ). slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche ... acht a riagail re fiancluichi in codnaig uil uirre, Laws iii 182.1 (on injuries caused by a steed). fiach fianchluichi a fine for f.c. 192 20 Comm . (referring to a dog-fight) ; 250.27 ; 252.4 (ref. to boating mishaps, where it is transld. `foul-play'). ¤choscur hunting-slaughter, killing game: a foraim, a fomsigi, a fíanchoscur (accomplishments of Cú Chulainn) LU 4847 . 8453 ( FB 30 ). tairnic leo a bhfiadach ┐ a bhfianchoscar do dhénam, Acall. 187 . selg ┐ ḟíanchosgur, Fianaig. 54.26 . ac seilg ┐ ac fianchoṡcur 56.24 . ag fiadach ┐ ag fianchosgur, ZCP vi 38.13 . comus ḟiadaig ┐ ḟiannchoscair Fiann Eirenn, Acall 5281 . ¤deisel ? fochloch f. (text doubtful) ZCP v 499 § 7 . ¤ēirghe rising of warriors to battle ; a raid: Anecd. ii 73.12 . ¤erred warlike accoutrements: LU 6384 = TBC-LL¹ 2525 . ¤ flescach a hunting booth of osiers: na fianḟlescaig fo thuga `the roofed hunting-booths of osier' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.31 (= tech, Dinds. 29 ). ¤gaisced 'fian'-valor: a[c] congbail in ḟiangaiscid, Acall. 5208 . ¤gal : (as pred.) f. Find Find brave as warrior-bands Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.5 . As npr. m. Fianghal, Caithr. CC § 33 , § 41 ; g s. Fianghail, —uil, § 85 . Cf. nom. Fiangaile, Rawl. 160b40 . Fiangaile gen. 160b32 . ¤galach valiant: g p. m. fer ngablach fíangalach , BDD 32 . As npr. m. AU 737 . 754 . 799 . AFM 732 . 750 . gen. Fiangalaich, Rawl. 144c14 , 150a19 . ¤glas `fian'-bolt, a pole, pike or spear (?) : tucait fianglasa ┐ airechra ochta ... risin luingsin ica cur ó chrích ... na Greci, LL 219b28 ( TTr. 188 ). acc srainedh araill da naimtib uad ... do sonnaib ┐ d'fianglassaib sithremra cona n-irellaib iairn imma cennaib, CCath. 3591 . foscerditís d'a ḟianglasaib isna tendtib flung (the serpents) from their pike-staffs (?) Alex. 714 . ¤rí (?) : Ält. Ir. Dichtg. 28.10 . ¤sruth `f.¤ -stream', fian-lore (`Fiannica', Stern, ZCP i 471 ) : fianṡruth Find, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.1 = fianruth, LL 216a19 . See ZCP i 471 . fiandsroth fian Find u Baiscne, YBL 119a36 = fianruth fiand [sic] in so, 325a0 marg. (prefixed to a list of Finn's captains).

1 flesc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 flesc or dil.ie/22307
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ḟlesc, ḟlisc, flesca, f., flesc, Flesca, fleisc

n ā, f. n s. ind ḟlesc , Sg. 40b16 . n du. di ḟlisc , 3b19 . n p. flesca, Thes. ii 48.1 .

(a) a rod, wand, stick (cut off a tree, or of metal, esp. one carried in the hand) : gl. virga Hib. Min. 10.340 . ferula Thes. ii 48.1 . vimen 360.25 (Philarg. Ecl. ii 72 ). f.¤ for dib ngablaib lasin conair immetiagat do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili (gl. virgam et baculum) Ml. 45c9 . nír ás frén na f.¤ feda trit riam, LL 5a40 . co nderna cliab bec do fhleascaib cuill, Lism. L. 2401 . femen .i. f.¤ , Auraic. 610 (femen taken as = Lat. vimen). gran ... condafema f.¤ (`so that the flail strip it' Stokes, in O'Dav. 833 ) Laws iv 94.16 Comm. (cf. f.¤ .i. suist, O'Dav. 833 ; f.¤ .i. traigh ut est o ro femadh f.¤ .i. iarna lomadh o fleisg, 898 ). f.¤ līn `scutching-stick' Laws i 150.6 . benaid ... in sruth co fleisc dúir ... co tócband inna anmand súas do chind na flesci LU 2118 ( FA 18 ). soud flesci Moysi a nathraig, PH 3429 . folt ... amal flesca óir, LU 3639 ( SCC 31 ) (cf. folt na bhfleasg bhfáinneach, L. Cl. A. B. 216.40 . See also under flescach I). flesca findarcit inna lámaib (of harpers) LU 7637 ( BDD 119 ). f.¤ airgid 'na láim ac certugud na heachraidhi, CCC 101.13 . co flescaib iarnaidib ... do sroigled ... na pecthach LU 2085 ( FA 15 ). f.¤ óir (fig. of a bishop ), Fél. April 25 . Of angular staves for Ogham inscriptions : Corm. Y 606 (s.v. fé). Ériu xiii 228.3 . ma rosechmaill a ḟlesg ┐ dorinde aīr ib. 5 . co ndernui .iiii. flescca ibair [sic leg.] ┐ scrípuidh oghumm inntib (for divination) IT i 129.21 . vii mbethi a n-aonfleisg do beithi, Auraic. 2804 . See also under (f) below. lath, wattle (in a structure) : coic seoit i ndul tri a tech ... dartaid i fleisc tís, dairt i fleisc thuas, samaisc i cleith this, colpdach i cleith tuas, Laws iv 312.15 ( Críth G. 215 ). Of plectrum for a `timpán' (?) : fleasc gu cairche ced-ceol cain RC xliii 10 (expld. as `a wand with hair, i.e. a bow ,' O'Curry Manners and Customs iii 363 ). See flesc filed, below (f).

(b) a line, stroke: o méit di flescaib bís hisin tórunt .i. mad óenf.¤ is .i. mad di ḟlisc is .n. (gl. ex quantitate figurae linearum) Sg. 3b19 . ind ḟlescsa huasind .m. `this line over the m.' 40b16 . cōic feadha cach aicmi, ┐ is oen co a cōic cach ae .i. aenfleisc co cōic flescaib (i.e. an Ogham letter contains from one to five strokes), Auraic 976 .

(c) a scion, stripling, young person (oft. folld. by defining gen., showing that the metaphor was felt) : ind f.¤ do chlainn Iesse (of the Virgin Mary) SR 7502 . f.¤ gilla óic, Acall. 5225 . fleasg seang a Teamhair (of a chief), A. Ó Dálaigh lv 25 .

(d) F.¤ LÁMA perhaps originally land reclaimed by one's own labour, hence land held in full fee, patrimony, domain: flesc .i. ferand ut est orbu laime na manach ... .i. flesc laime na manuch, O'Curry 570 ( H 3.18, 284 ; MR 62 n .). ferand Fergusa ... f.¤ Find maic R., Metr. Dinds. ii 80 (cf. fleasg lamha .i. fearann, fleasg lamha Finn ... .i. fearann Finn, O'Cl.). ní n-a [f]lesc lama sin fein ... acht a ferann duine aile, Laws iii 426.21 Comm. cland Cobthaig ... ba he a f.¤ láma side coiced Connacht, LU 4081 . ba cóiced Connacht a ruidles (.i. a f.¤ láma), 4083 . o nach hí bar bhfleasc lamha Eriu as Ireland is not your own land MR 62.3 . dar cenn déc [leg. deich ?] ttriucha chéd dá fleiscc lámha fodéisin `his own native territory' AFM ii 1166 . co tír nA. .i. a ḟlesca fírduiche fén, LB 175b55 = flesg lama firduthaig do fein hi, CCellaig 739 . for a ferund ┐ for a leisc lama duthaig a athar, Cog. 64z . The meaning `land' may have arisen from the use of a stick in measuring, cf. Eng. rood (cogn. with rod), or because the extent of jurisdiction was measured by the cast of a `flesc' thrown by a youth ? cf. under flescach III (b).

(e) a hoop, circlet (late sense) ; blaithfleasg `a garland of flowers' Eg. Gl. 684 . f.¤ fhionndruine ima chenn, SG 263.32 (` fillet ' ii 298 ). adeirid ... gur chuir Maoise glas ar an bhfleisc do bhí fá n-a láimh féin ar bhrághaid Ghaedhil `fastened with a lock around the neck of G. the bracelet that he had on his own arm' Keat. ii 290 (apparently a confusion of the `flesc' or rod of Moses with the `tí glas' of the earlier legend, see LB 119a24 fg., Leb. Gab.(i) i 196 ). do bhíodh ... fleasc fá láimh gacha taoisigh mar chomhartha ceannais feadhna, Keat. ii 292 . ro batar leo ... tuagha ..., ni rabhator fleascca náid ecclonna forro febh baoi for biailibh na nGall `rings nor chains' Hugh Roe 166z (f. 45a) . fleasg óir arna heagar | fana fholt, Duan. F. ii 392 § 82 .

(f) f.¤ filed (fileta)

(1 ) poet's wand, stave: cend na flesci filed (used in divination,cf. IT i 129 , cited above under (a)), Corm. Y 323 . fuath a bhfleasg ag fileadhuibh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1212 (perh. ` ogham staves ' here ? see under (a) above). ro gabastair ... a fhlesc fhileta fhindruine, SG 239z . ro chroith a fhlesc fhileta fhiled i ndorus in baile ┐ do chuala in dóirseoir in fuaim sin, 240.3 .

(2 ) poet's fillet, wreath (mark of his calling) : fleasg file fána cheann, ITS i 84.5 (cf. e above).

(g) doubtful meanings : f.¤ .i. fāl no ime ut est dá carpat ┐ ech etarro a lethat ┐ f.¤ uime .i. ime uime, O'Dav. 870 = flesga ime, Ériu xiii 33.25 (a hedge, rail ?. Cf. Ml. 45c9 above under (a)). flesg .i. bun fich, Metr. Gl. 13 (= fich bunaid hereditary land ? Cf. (d) above ; `a root of fighting' Auraic. Gloss. p. 337 ).

As npr. m. Dinds. 19 . Metr. Dinds. iii 30 ; 36 . (name of a cupbearer, prob. in sense (a)). Cf. Flesca (name of a woman-messenger), TTreblainne, B. Fermoy 68b ( ZCP xiii 170.1 ). a s. fleisc ib.

Compds. ¤bémnech switching, smiting with rods: f. na slat ┐ na n-echlasc, CCath. 1836 . ¤buille a swish of a rod or stick: fuaimm f., Ériu iii 14 § 8 . ¤fáinnech: Fraingc fhleasgfháinneach (: Easbāinneach), Celtica xxvi 104 § 43 . folt ... fleasgfáinnech ` ringletted ' Ériu v 64.3 . Cf. LU 3639 , quoted under (a) above. See also echlasc, forflesc.

flescach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. flescach or dil.ie/22309
Last Revised: 2019

(1 flesc)

I adj o-ā in various senses of flesc. Abounding in shoots or branches (freq. epithet of woods) : fid fand f.¤ , Anecd. i 54 § 34 . fiod f.¤ , K. and H. 29 ( ZCP iii 457 ). fid ... fleascach fann, Ériu iv 156.21 . fidh flesgach, ZCP vii 303x . la folucht fianclar f.¤ , ZCP xiii 276.10 . mualach ... f.¤ fērach osier-bearing (?) Corm. Y 944 . Made of twigs or wattles: ina churach f.¤ fann, RC xvii 175 (Tig.). na fianḟlescaig fo thuga `hunting-booths of osier' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.31 . Of hair : folt fand f.¤ , LU 4231 ( SG 83 ), cf. LU 3639 quoted under 1 flesc (a). Having lines or strokes: ficheall chorrfhleasgach `a smoothlined chessboard' Studies 1923, 599 . gair na mbleige [ = mbleidhe] fleasgach fionn decorated with lines (?) Rel. Celt. ii 286.7 . Cf. leasgach (leg. flescach ? flescán v.l.), name of a drinking-horn , Acall. 147 .

II adj Youthful (cf. 1 flesc c) : f.¤ no maothcnesach, Auraic. 610 v.l.

III n o, m.

(a) a rod or stick (?) : f.¤ ┐ emnad ┐ cairced acon timpanach, Manners and Customs 363 n . H 3.18 f. 87 ( O'Curry 154 ).

(b) techn. term in laws for a certain kind of minor, of lowly origin and status, a lad under 17 years ; expl. as a lad who had a `flesc' (in lieu of a spear ?) : is e fleascach indsen .i. is aici bis in fleasc bundsaidi no no diubraiges hi, O'Curry 559 . Cóic Con. p. 69 n . urc[h]or flescaig, is eiside mac bundsaige, Laws iv 138.16 . secht fflesgaig focerdtha flesg tar [nai fótu], Ériu xiii 46.23 = Ériu xi 45.6 . tomus airchinn cethrib forrgib | co n-aurchur flescaich, PRIA xxxvi C 16. 311 ( ZCP xii 366.21 ). fleasgach (one of the `fodla febe') .i. fleasgas na heocho, O'Curry 213 (< H 3.18, 110 = Laws v 78 ). na tri flescaidh, a tri n-eneclainne screpall, da screpall, tri screpaill ... ; a tri n-aosa, ocht mbliadna .x. mbliadna ┐ 2 bliadain .x. laithe aicenta faosum cach fir dona flescachaib ... na flescaidh ┐ na fir miudba ar aois ┐ indracus aithfegar eneclann doib a n-aois ┐ a n-indracus a sealb ┐ a tochas. uair mic daoine ndereoil iatsiad [sic O'C.] nachit graidh ┐ dina direnar ina hincaibh graidh ┐ nach rofes gradha a n-athar nach a senathar, O'Curry 1266 (< H 3.18, 512 - 13 ). otha f.¤ co ruice righ, O'Curry 866 ( H 3.18, 390 ). cia mac is lughu eneclann dona macaib ? .i. fleascach, Ir. Recht 22 § 22 Comm. (text has : mac nad mug na manach na dirrenar a inchuib athar na fine na aitte a boy who is neither a serf, a monk [i.e. bound to lord or monastery] and for whom fine is not paid according to the status of father, tribe or fosterer).

(c) later in wider sense ; complimentary epithet of a warrior or chief : do bhíodh ... fleasc fá láimh gacha taoisigh ..., is uaidh sin adeirthear fleascach uasal ré ceann buidhne anois, Keat. ii 294 (see 1 flesc, e). A stripling: go ffacamar ... fleasgach óg dēidgheal, Duan. F. ii 352 § 59 . f.¤ eladna a student (of literature, music, etc.) : flesgach ealadhna do muinntir Dhálaigh `graduate in science' ALC ii 450 (1582) . Cf. ... filidhe | flatha is fleasgaidh ealadhna, le haghaidh aiste a dhéanamh, Iar Conn. 291 (early 19th cent.).

flescda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. flescda or dil.ie/22313

adj io-iā (1 flesc) like a wand : slender, pliant (?) ; hence youthful (? cf. 1 flesc, c) : femina de f.¤ no maithchnechas dicitur , Auraic. 610 ( flescach no maothcnesach v.l.). The glossator prob. connects femina with vimen, see 1 flesc (a).

1 gairid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gairid or dil.ie/25235

n (gair+fid ?) a rod, a switch: is é in cétna flescach ro gab sriana ┐ gairíd .i. fidh no echlasc, O'Dav. 1105.

2 gairid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gairid or dil.ie/25236

Forms: garaid

n (also gairig, garaid) a youth under age, a minor of the freeman class (cf. Ir. Recht 86 f .): fodla febe tra: inol, ocus flesgach, ocus garaid classes of worth, Laws v 78.23 . See also 80.5 gloss, where he is said to be 8 years old. His honour-price was a sheep worth two `screpalls,' e.g. : uan meich do fleascach ocus caera do gairid, dairt do fir mbidbadh, Laws v 84.20 ; with gloss: caera .i. caera is fiu da screpall do gairid, ib. 23 . a tri n-aesa (i.e. flescach, gairid and midbath) .viii. mbliadna ┐. x. mbliadna ┐. xii. bliadna, 86.2 Comm.

The exact meaning of the word is uncertain. It may be the same in origin as 1 gairid, with which some commentators seem to connect it: garith .i. a edh no edh na hechlaisce, O'Curry 1981 ( H 4.22, p. 19 ). do gairid .i. don ti bis ed a [ḟ]id ar a gair `his switch convenient to him' (?), Laws v 84.23 Comm. Cf. fleascach .i. is aici bis in fleasc bundsaidi, O'Curry 559 ( H 3.18, 277 ; Cóic Con. p. 69 ).

inol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inol or dil.ie/28853

Forms: inoil, ineoil

n o g s. inoil, Laws v 80.12 . ineoil, 16 Comm. the name of one of the lower grades or ranks in society . Celtic Ireland p. xiv n. , says that the three classes garad, flescach , and inol `comprise minors at different ages.' fodla febe tra : inol, ocus flesgach, ocus garaid, ... ocus boairi tanaisi ocus ogairi tuisi, Laws v 78.23 . etym. gl. : .i. in ti bis ┐ ind a elle 'na oil .i. in pattaire no in sutaire no in cliaraighi `he who goes with the top of his thong in his cheek, the leather-bottle maker ...,' 80.1 Comm. dire n-inoil : cnai olla `the dire of an inol is a fleece of wool,' 12 . o iseal .i. o inol, iii 16.4 Comm. coirpdire tra otha i.¤ co hor, secht nuinge trichat ... (i.e. from the lowest to the highest), O'Curry 1442 (< H 3.18, p. 644b ). coirpdire caich ... otha ollomh go hi.¤ , O'Curry 1758 (< 23 Q 6, p. 35a ). madh i.¤ bes la coimdidh an `inol' who is in the household of a lord, O'D. 2309 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 31a ).

? 2 lescach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 lescach or dil.ie/30011

ind L.¤ . . . / corn Aillinne, SG 97.26 = Leascach, Acall. 147 (Flescan, v.l.). Prob. read flescach .

mualach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mualach or dil.ie/32636

n m. a bog or swamp ? m.¤ .i. seiscend, ut dixit Rechtgal ó Siadhail: Slicht a dā gai tria cach m.¤ | cuanach flescach fērach, Corm. Y 944 ; quoted also by O'Cl. with gl.: m.¤ .i. seisgeann. m.¤ `a way, passage ', O'R. Poems Cf. mian mualacháin doircheacht, Hard. ii 404.20 .