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1 ás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ás or dil.ie/4363

 

Forms: ás, fás, áis, ása

n Orig. n. ? (see Mon. Tall. 156.8 below). ás, fás m. (g s. and n p. áis, ása), IGT Decl. § 38 . Verbs § 123 .

Act of growing; growth, increase: uisse in boill dó ass ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . cen hass cen aes cen erchra, SR 8384 . fer rosasad a áes ┐ a á.¤ age and development, LU 4844 (TBC). ná beth ar á.¤ 'na ḟine / acht a bás 'n-a bith-bine `that he should not thrive', Metr. Dinds. iii 18.231 . ruc Nár for á.¤ a ḟine `N. caused his tribe to increase', iv 178.4 . meni rathaiged in ben in cnoc for á.¤ . . ., 184.18 . maic Achir . . . / . . ./ fúaratar bás . . . / ro mill a n-á.¤ i n-oenḟecht, iii 68.z. drem dhíne fá críaidh na cruinne / líne na díaidh uirre ag á.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 997 . ? eccla croinn áis an áraidh / eccla gábaidh báis brónaigh fear of the quick-set wood of the bier, ACL iii 216.17 (cf. crann fáis `a quick-set tree', P. O'C. ). In sense of produce, fruitfulness (resulting from or liable to growth) (cf. 1 as): ass ningnama doib ann `the growth of the crops was given to them then', Mon. Tall. 156.8 (§ 68) . fobithin is ann forcentai a nas `it was then that (the crops) reached their full growth', 12 (ib.). as ┐ los ┐ geart the growth, the calves and the milk, ZCP xv 240 § 3 ( Laws ii 196.7 ). mad beodile co nas ┐ los ┐ fuillem, Laws ii 376.2 . aithgin a chota gan los gan as gan inorbairt, iv 256.15 Comm. somaine .i. los ┐ as, v 500.20 Comm. dí mnái Loga, roslúi á.¤ / Búi in broga ┐ Nás nár `fruitfulness came to them' (i.e. they became pregnant), Metr. Dinds. iii 48.7 .

See also 2 fás.

as-indet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-indet or dil.ie/4441
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aisnéidid, assindet, asinedat, -aisndedat, asindedar, assindethar, asindetar, aisndid, aisnid, aisneid, isnith, aisneidem, atindided, asindiset, aisnindised, asidindissed, -aisṅdius[s]a, assinde, asindisem, asindisset, asrindid, aisnéidid, faisnéidid, aisndís

v ( ess-ind-fiad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 520 ). See GOI 394 , ZCP xxix 102 . Later also as simple vb. aisnéidid. Declares, tells, relates ( about, of DO, DE). Indic. pres. 3 s. assindet gl. explicat, Ml. 95d3 . Wb. 6a9 . is do assindetsom inso `it is for this purpose that he declares this', Wb. 19b14 . assindet a sians isindí siu, 11a18 . ní lugu asnindet lathar inna ndule do dia `not less does the disposition of the elements set forth concerning God', Ml. 42b18 . asindet (adindet MS) dond ésergu, Hib. Min. 26 § 196 . feib asindfét Círine, ZCP iii 21.6 . ni bas coitchen inso dianaisndet duaid, Ml. 54a20 . dú in asṅdét de cithara `where he speaks of the cithara', Sg. 103a1 . nir aisndet tengae no tongue can relate, Blathm. 363 . 2 pl. asnindidid (MS as nindid), Ml. 115b11 . 3 pl. asnindetat, Ml. 42b7 . asinedat, Laws v 58.2 Comm. -aisndedat, Ml. 31a19 . airmm inaisṅdethat de dubiis generibus , Sg. 70b13 . asnidet . . . seachtdealbaigh inna delmann . . . ┐ asneidet iarsaide in fogail sechtmogtaig na pian, Ériu ii 128 § 95 . asnidet donaib adamraib rúndaib `they tell of', § 93. Pass. sg. asindedar gl. inseritur, Ml. 17a9 . assindethar gl. discribitur, 90b18 . amal asṅindedar i ssoscélu `as is declared in the Gospel', Wb. 13a36 . slicht asinnither alt mog mocoire .i. is é seo dliged aisnēidhim orro, no i sloinded asronaisnēidhter aircetal, Anecd. v 23.5 . ní aisṅdedar, Ml. 119c1 . fobíthin fobenad . . . menmain iond caich día naisnedtar `to whom it was told', Mon. Tall. 127.19 . aidhid briughad dian-ḟasnetar damo fair ana tig when he is told that guests have come to his house, ZCP xiii 270.17 . Pass. pl. asindetar gl. retexuntur, Ml. 92c9 . asindattar triar .i. . . . do déna aisneis ar triar, O'Curry 1972 (H 4.22, 16).

Ipv. 2 s. aisndid gl. amplica, Ml. 70c8 . asndíth cía cruth arrálad a thabairt ass, TBFr. 328 . aisnid, 384 . aisneid, SR 3313 . isnith, LU 3331 ( SCC 12 ). 1 pl. aisneidem, LL 1269 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. atindided, Ml. 123b15 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. ? me domciallfaithar caidh iar n-eraic nairc nairc aisndei (aisṅde; aisneide, v.ll.) (.i. ernai) (B. na f.), Ériu ii 3.7 . Taken to be ipv. sg. 2 by Joseph, Ériu xl 179-80 . 3 s. ? asn ind gl. sé adserere (mistaken lit. transl. of Latin, cf. as-indiut), Ml. 23d2 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 516 ). 3 pl. asindiset gl. ut . . . explicare non ualeant, Ml. 23a19 . Subj. impf. 3 s. aisnindised, Ml. 31a22 . asidindissed, , 42b18 .

Fut. 1 s. -aisṅdius[s]a, Sg. 47a13 . 3 s. assinde, ZCP vii 483.30 (Enchir. Aug.). adgēn-sa cid ainm asind `I know what name he will tell', Ériu i 118 § 8 . See Hull, ZCP xxix 102 . 1 pl. asindisem gl. quid nos ad haec adferemus? Ml. 35a6 . 3 pl. asindisset, Ml. 45b19 . Wb. 30d8 .

Perf. 3 s. asrindid, Ml. 58a8 ; 25a10 (asrind MS). Críst as rúna rindaid `declared the mysteries of Christ', Fél. Jan. 12 . Pass. sg. as rindes gl. expresa est, Ml. 104c8 .

As simple vb. aisnéidid, faisnéidid: ní aisneidfind tria bith sír / cétmad adamra m'ardríg, SR 827 . ni aisneisea, LU 3482 ( SCC 25 ). coro aisnídem dona .vii. tuathaib rogabsat Herind rempo, LL 388 . ní aisnébet sin na senchaid dul damsa ónd orguin, BDD² 720 . ēirgidh Senchán co fert Fergusa . . . co raḟaisneide do scēlaib na Tāna dhó, ACL iii 5.6 . bid fír . . . a n-aisnédiub do tesmaltaib in ceneoil, Alex. 834 . issí a rúin ind anmannai sin no aisnided Colum cille do chách, LL 167b49 . bad lēir nosaisnēidfe dōib, Ériu vi 121 § 1 . ó ro aisnedhsem do ghabháil Ceasra cettus, Leb. Gab.(i) 190.1 . gur fhaisnéidh do Phádraic é, Keat. i 150.20 . Of the mention or non-mention of a subject in legal authorities: nochon aisneidh fuillem leo, Laws v 418.20 Comm. atait ceithri súltaig da naisneiginn in Feinechas, i 242.14 Comm.

Vn. aisndís. IGT Verbs § 83 .

bíth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíth or dil.ie/5973

 

Forms: bith, guin

old vn. of benaid (see GOI § 735 ) act of striking; wounding: is líach a bith, LU 6932 (BDD) ( a orguin, 7008 ). bith .i. guin, Lec. Gl. 53. b.¤ .i. guin, O'Cl. bith hail le ni na hail (etym. gloss on biaill) ` wound ', Laws i 140.1 Comm. bith, guin, Eg. Gl. 708.

Usually fo (later also ar, do, tre) b.¤ , bíthin (later appar. bithin) as preposition and conjunction.

I As prep. because of, on account of, for the sake of, lit. under the stroke of , cf. GOI § 858 : fo b.¤ soíre ceneiuil inna ngrec gl. honoris causa suae gentis, Sg. 40a4 . fo b.¤ gl. pro, 198a20 . fo bíith precepte dóib, Wb. 9b19 . fo bith inna soebapstal, 18d1 . fo bar mbíd-si `on account of you', 23d11 . fubíthin creitme ria cách, Thes. ii 240.19 (Ardm.). fobithin iond forcetail `because of the instruction' (according to ?), Mon. Tall. 129.1 . fo chen duit . . . fo b.¤ na mná, LU 3430 ( SCC 20 ). fo b.¤ na fortacht ┐ na hícce, PH 6263. fo bith taisi na naem indti (of díre due to a `vacant' church), Laws v 124.25 Comm. ar bithin eiccni tuc T. ara derbshiair-si, TTebe 1862 . ar bhithin einigh Ferghusa, ZCP viii 551.11 . dobhithin na gona doradais form, BS 146.10 . do bhithin (: bhfrithir) doirre Domhnuill `because of D.'s displeasure', TD 15.8 . bedgaid do bhithin (: chrithir) a chráid, O'Gr. Cat. 461.15. dá bhíth because of it, Measgra D. 57.2 . dia bhíthin sin `for that reason', Fl. Earls 122.24 . da bhithe sin, Luc. Fid. 3990. trí bhíthin do bráthbémmend[a] by (means of), TBC-LL¹ 6012. tre bítin an credme sin, RC xvii 154.18 (Tig.). tre bithin gaoil do beith aca fria cele, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . trena bithin `through his means', TTebe 4149 . fo bith tabarta do chách a chomraime ┐ a gascid for the purpose of giving, LU 3229 ( SCC 2 ).

II As causal conj. ( GOI § 905 ) because, for, since: fo bith is taipe inso, Ml. 14d4 . fo bithin arachiurat `because they will perish', 59b9 . fo b.¤ is nephchorpdae són, Sg. 107a1 . absidias .i. circulos .i. fubíth dongníat cercol, BCr. 18d2 . fobith nád comthoet `o' in `is' `because they do not convert `o' into `is',' Sg. 163a1 . fob. ṅoenaigedar a cialla ar chinn, 172a4 . fobithin ní mór tolnathar di día `because . . . is not greatly pleasing to God', Mon. Tall. 134.19 . fo b.¤ no bíid, LU 5079 = fo bithi (-i later, edd.), TBC-I¹ 593. fo bith is ditaithme `because it is irrevocable' (of a prescriptive right), Laws v 314.20 . fó bh.¤ as beg lenus Iosa Críosd, RSClára 142b . ar bith ba slúagad baga dó in sluagad, TBC-LL¹ 462.

Extended forms: dobīthin gur uo hēiccen dōip, Fl. Earls 24.27 . fobithin ar na fodlat ind tuati `because the lay folk do not distribute', Mon. Tall. 141.14 . fó bith ar is d'óenóentaib bátar . . . hi cend Ulad, LU 3446 ( SCC 22 ). ? an tan atusa do niort . . . do fiondfasa ar bhithín on att dhealbh troch fort, ZCP x 293.11 . uair (= ar) bhithin on am cnethach croilinteac[h], 291.28 .

Rarely as final conj.: fo bithin co ro cuiredh si Brian tar muir `in order that she might send B.', RC xxiv 176.12 . fob. na rucad gubreith, Ériu iv 24.23 . ar bithin nach helodis uatha, TTebe 3874 .

cáttu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáttu or dil.ie/8395
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cátaid, cattaid, cátai

n t, m. (cáid). n s. cátaid, Aen. 812 . With f. adj. a s. cattaid moir, PH 691 . cátai móir, RC xxv 28 n.13 (see O'Brien, Celtica ii 346 ). dignity, honour, esteem; value ; sanctity (?): cataidh .i. eneaclann no uaisle, O'Cl. ro bámarni . . . co cátaid acut (Emir to Cú Chulainn), LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). fobithin in chatudh robui forsint sabbait `on account of the honour paid to the sabbath', Mon. Tall. 156.15 . co cátu ríg `with due respect for a king', Tec. Corm. 2.20 . lat chátaid it chrí chena `with honour from thee', Metr. Dinds. iii 178.151 . glōir is cāta is caondūthracht / . . . / do Rīg nime `glory and honour', Ériu iv 120.5 . ar do cátaidh ag Dia dil / na faccaibh do mhallachtain, Anecd. ii 37 § 4 . michata cuirp, catu do anmain, Hib. Min. 41.25 . dober cátuidh da gach cloind `nobility', Fen. 240.w . gu cataidh (-igh, MS) ┐ gu n-ordan, Lism. L. 1765 . for cech noen mórfas cadus ┐ cháttaid (sic leg. for cháthaid) na hedpartu `respect and veneration for this grant', Misc. Arch. Soc. 132.4 . ro hadhnacht . . . go n-onóir, ┐ cátaidh (of nobleman), AFM iii 102.13 . cró cadat ┐ caradraidh `a covenant of honour and friendship', RC xxix 138 § 58 .

Legal: [inti] is mo cata dignity , Laws ii 280.15 Comm. ara cata[i]d, na [a] saoire, 18.15 Comm. a tesband de foltaib caich, tesbaid dia cataid, v 70.9 .i. . . . a leth eneclann uadh ar a scath, 13 Comm. ? cátaidh gach fis. Ériu xiii 52.2 = cataig caich `dignities of everyone', O'Dav. 347 . in brethem . . . a catadh . . . fo cataigh rig lais imbi i comriar, O'Curry 276 ( H 3.18, 151 ). i n-airechus ┐ foirbiata ┐ cattu, 833 ( 381 ). duine saer i n-a cataid coir ar secht cumalaib ┐ a n-a micataid ar cumail with his full legal standing(?), Laws v 392.20 Comm. bo ina cataid coir ar uingi, O'Curry 2306 ( Eg. 88, 23 (24)a ). oland in-a cataid coir `proper value', Laws v 80.25 Comm. ? To this: immarcraid catat uil aran olainn 'over-valuation (?) of the wool' Bretha 30 § 13.11 .

cen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cen or dil.ie/8581
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cin, can, gen, gin, gan, chen, cen suidib, cen(a)e, cena, cenut, c(h)enae, cenuib, cenaib, c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana, cenae, cenco

later cin, can, gen, gin, gan (usual modern form). Prep. with accus., leniting. See GOI 111 , 273 , 501 . chen, Sg. 75a1 , 78b2 , 147b3 (so also chen(a)e (see below) regularly in Sg. as against c- in Wb. and Ml., see Thes. ii 154 ). With dat. cen suidib, Ml. 20d3 , and cf. cenaib with 3 pl. suff. pron. below. With accus. in class. lang.: a bheith gan bhú (: chlú), O'R. Poems 252 . In later Vn. constructions of the type: gan an bás . . . do dhol, TSh. 2703 takes noun in nom. (`takes art. + noun in the form of nom., as verbs do', TSh. Gloss.). See TD 3.15 and note. Duan. F. iii s.v. gan.

For usage of late MSS. in matter of follg. lenition see Aithd. D. s.v. gan. cuiridh `gan' séimhioghadh, gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear (sic) d'ogham é, IGT Introd. § 7 . In class. lang. does not prefix t to ṡ, §§ 67 , 70 . Note alliteration in: mé gan ṡeise ó ṡain a-nall, DDána 77.3 , gan ḟolta gan imreasainn, 70.16 .

With suff. pron. in O.Ir. only (apart from 3 s. cen(a)e, cena, for which see below), and rare even here with no forms occurring for 1 s. and pl. 2 s. cenut, Wb. 6b25 . 3 s. m. and n. c(h)enae. 2 pl. cenuib, Wb. 9c2 . 3 pl. cenaib, Ml. 20d4 . Later with follg. indep. pron. (in 3 pers. é, í, iat).

Orig. on this side of (see GOI 501 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 197 ), hence apart from, besides etc. (see I(a) and III below). The usual meaning at all stages of the language is without, deprived of, not having, -less. Freq. with follg. Vn. with which, in its verbal function, it serves as neg. particle (see II).

I

(a) apart from, besides, except : atá brithem and cenutsu gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . atá brithem lasuidib cenuib-si gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . tāthut bith[ḟ]laith . . . / cen a tír i fail do rúaim apart from, Hail Brigit 26 . cé atchetha óinchairptech / . . . / fil mór d'echaib . . . / cen suidi (-e, v.l.) nad aicci-siu besides him, Imr. Brain 39 . ni ettis nech cena domanches except in the case of, LU 3488 ( SCC 26 ). i n-atconnarc . . . / bes atcoad cena slúag in the absence of his army(?), 3323 ( SCC 11 ). cen airitin a cobsen `short of receiving his confession', Mon. Tall. 147.30 .

(b) without, not having, -less (of things, objects, persons): buith cenchlaind, Ml. 23d12 . buith cen chomaccomla, 28d6 . buid cen sétchi, Wb. 10a17 . cen intertpersin, Sg. 161a4 . ni farcbad nech cen dire la Fēne, BCrólige 56 . ro sai cen usci `returned without water', RC xxiv 198.11 . nī anab gan é fēin, Fianaig. 80.4 . bheith don Bhanbha gan bhuachail, TD 10.19 . cin cennaib, cin tsúilib, Maund. 174 .

(c) With noun as in (b) and follg. prep. indicating position, accompaniment, possession: cennech n indib són `without anyone in them', Ml. 131d7 . cenchaille fora ciunn, Wb. 11c9 . cengutai ṅetarru, Sg. 7a4 . cen chonsin re n-os , 105b5 . cenbriathra leo, 215a6 . cona rabi aithles . . . cen mac i n-inad a athar, MU² 133 . gan cheó ortha acht aghaidh each, TD 11.12 .

(d) With abstracts (incl. vnn.): cennach n-astud, Ml. 15a15 . cen fodrúbu gl. sine deflexionum moris, 22a6 . cennach n-indlach gl. sine ulla interruptione, 32a1 . centosach cenforcenn, 110d15 . cen chumsanad gl. sine intermisione, Wb. 25c23 . trechosc conacarbi cenchinta, 27c6 . cen ḟortacht indanmma aili (with subj. gen.), Sg. 30a2 . eitir codlad ┐ cen cotlatt `whether he be asleep or awake', Mon. Tall. 152.4 . dia lleictir can imcoimet `if (such women) be let go without guarding', BCrólige 37 . In sense of unimpaired by, untroubled by etc. see LU 2294 - 99 ( FA 35 ). cen nach tairmesc netir, Hib. Min. 9.279 . bás . . . cen bethaid, PH 4320 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh, TD 10.11 . 'n-a adhbar rīg gan [fh]resabra, ML² 30 . gan í without it (umhla), RSClára 158a . gan iad, 104b . gan amhrus undoubtedly , Párl. na mB. 6 . gan mhoill immediately , 164 .

(e) With fis: cen fius scél uáibsi `without tidings from you', Wb. 25a5 . cenfius dúib, 25c4 . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.8 ( SCano 50 ). cen a fis doibsom `without their knowledge', Mon. Tall. 146.31 . gan fhios do féin unknown to himself, unwittingly , Párl. na mB. 1385 . gurab gan fhios do ionnsuidh Samson na Filistínigh unexpectedly , TSh. 767 .

(f) Freq. in verse in chevilles and quasi-adj. phrases: ind fir cen uaill, Blathm. 13 . slóig Íssu cen escur, Fél. Prol. 63 . regmi cen nach díchiul, 291 . ceithre fedha, fāth gin gheis . . . , ZCP viii 107.10 . slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, 108.15 .

(g) With abstr. and follg. preposition: cen fortacht nachaili oco, Ml. 53a9 . cenfochraic n dam gl. infructuosse, 91b5 . cenchol, fair, 93d1 . nā bī gan gart at gnīomh nglē, ZCP viii 109.9 . cen smacht ríg forro, LU 3441 ( SCC 21 ). ó dho bhí tuigse . . . ag an duine . . . ┐ gan í anois aige, TSh. 2909 . dia mbeth gan do righe la C. acht na nai righa . . . `if C. had no realm save . . . ', ZCP i 402.19 .

II In a variety of constructions with vnn.

(a) With Vn. with verbal force, the whole phrase having the value of an adj. or adv.: nísechmalfam ní and centadal, Ml. 25a3 . canim[ebol] lib ambuid [li]b cenprecept doib ref. to ignorantiam enim Dei quidam habent, Wb. 13c17 . it cairigthi inmaicsi et intuistidi cendethidin dissi `when they do not take care of her', 28d22 . cen tairmthecht opersin dialaili gl. intransitiuum, Sg. 189a7 . uar rombi ind fit . . . cin cumscugud, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . téora bliadna doib . . . cen teacht as, Anecd. i 11.24 ( SCano 356 ). fada an treimhse ataid re a chois / gan tocht dá dtíribh, TD 4.38 . soinend no doinend na haimsire do bidh gan techt, BCC 416.18 . fá h-ár gan áireamh it was a slaughter incalculable, ML 130.24 .

(b) With Vn. and obj. gen.: cenaéitsecht gl. non . . . audire, Ml. 21b11 . batrom foraib són centíchtain átíre fadesin they were distressed at not reaching their own land, 34d12 . cen foraithmet ananmae . . . dam gl. ut etiam uocabula eorum obliuioni tradam, 37c13 . cen a chomallad gl. sub Lege (fuerunt), 76a15 . cid atobaich cendílgud cech ancridi gl. quare non magis iniuriam accipistis? Wb. 9c20 . cena aetarcne riam gl. sine praeiudicio, 29a20 . cenacomol naich aili do gl. `ipse' quoque in tertia persona per se, Sg. 197b17 . cen imcabáil . . . cum nobis do epirt, 203a8 . cia beith cen (gin, MS) gabáil n-orbai, Críth G. 69 . cen a coisecrad `without being reconsecrated', Mon. Tall. 153.15 . ō ro-gabus gāi im láim nad-raba cen guin duini I have never failed to slay a man, Sc.M² 16 . bi gan a thabairt do not swear it (an oath), PH 7343 . gan oba gliadh, TD 26.40 .

(c) With follg. noun or pron. and prep. DO with Vn. (for case of noun in later lang. see above): foilsigthi feisin cen ainm dothórmuch fris `without the addition of a noun to it', Sg. 211a8 . ma ro látar ce[n] ní do ḟacbáil leo, Ériu xvii 66 § 4 . afuine . . . / cenachnáma dobrissiud, SR 3904 . in fer nār c[h]otail énoidchi ríam gan maithes Gall da innluccud da dúintib, ZCP viii 111.13 . ata recht ocaind .i. cen luige do thabairt, PH 2684 . can T. . . . do thegmail dó, TTebe 987 . gan é d'áireamh oramsa, TD 14.9 . Similarly, without vn.: trágh. ráth . . . , inann ┐ so sís acht gan so sís do bainindscne except that the following are not feminine, IGT Decl. § 38 . gan mé aniogh san mhín mhaighrigh since I am not(?), Studies 1921, 568 § 23 . With follg. acht in sense of except that, only , etc.: gan acht coibhche . . . do dháil di `provided he gave her a marriage-portion', Keat. ii 4642 . gan é acht i naois óiglenaib still of tender years, O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan acht neart aoidheadh orra, Content. xxx 26 . do-ghéubha tú sail ad tshúil féin 's gan achd brodh a súil Pharaon only a mote, Mac Aingil 904 .

In a number of exx. in the early lang., and with increasing frequency in the later, the clause introduced by cen assumes the character of a nominal clause functioning as the subject or object of a verb, as a case governed by a preposition, and occasionally even as a genitive depending on a noun. For class. lang. see the analysis in TSh. s.v. gan.

(d) As subject of a verb: isingir lem cenchretim dúib, Wb. 4b28 . isaithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cenprecept dondaís anfiss their failure to preach . . . discredits them, 13b11 . cen buith i bar ṅgnáissi / is mór fodom-glúassi, Fél. Ep. 375 . ba imned la F. cen acallaim na ingine F. was anxious to speak with the girl, TBFr. 155 . fonascar fair can tudecht, LU 5943 . mad dia m-beith at cumang, a ben, ol C., in ghein fil fat bruindi gan a breith có abhárach, RC vi 175 § 55 . ba dogessib conculainn cenadall fulachta diachathim, iii 176.17 . ba col cen a choemna not to protect him, Gorm. March 15 . ata is-in recht cen mnái do gabail i fhiadnaise, PH 2794 . nár dhamhsa gan dol red chois, TD 14.32 . an cóir gan síodh d'fhagháil uadh? Aithd. D. 63.5 . is truag duind gan E. acar n-imdidin, Stair Erc. 745 .

(e) As object: fobithin adrimet som deit su armelacht cen arṅ ditin ni `not to protect us', Ml. 129d22 . madh ro achtaigh cín ar, ┐ rohairedh, Laws iv 132.25 . fonaiscid C. forrosom cen curadmir do chosnam, LU 9025 ( FB 77 ). na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim, MU² 182 . foracaib . . . can a n-uilc do dígail dóib, LU 3117 (see Duan. F. iii 8 - 9 ). cid fodera . . . cen Crist do-t furtacht-su?, PH 738 . asbert an file fris cen ní don bradan do tomailt, RC v 201.23 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing, TD 6.16 . do cheannuigh Dia . . . / gan mo bheith i mbrugh Ifeirn, Dán Dé v 45 . mar do chonn-cadar cliatha na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris that they were not strong enough to fight him, Keat. ii 1779 . orduighmid . . . gan labhairt dona Sethrachaibh `that the Sisters keepe silence', RSClára 102b .

(f) With vbs. of forgetting, preventing , etc. the prep. merely reinforces the meaning of the main verb: arnabé anfochell leu cenatlugud buide diasoirad so that they may not neglect to return thanks, Ml. 117b7 . cenasechim gl. uestigia relinquere, Sg. 30a20 . rothairmisc . . . in scel sin fa P. . . . gan sid re brathair, TTebe 2767 . a Bhē-binn, bean ar do mac / gan mhnāi trīallfas dó tochmarc, ZCP xiii 167.1 . léigfeamaoid dínn . . . gan teacht tarsa, TSh. 294 `which we shall avoid treating of', Gloss. tug i ndearmad gan maith na n-Éireannach do mhaoidheamh he has forgotten to, Keat. i 56.25 . nīr dhermait . . . in doirseóir gan in custam d'iarraidh ┐ d'fagáil `the keeper did not neglect demanding and receiving it', Fl. Earls 90.5 . Cf. Ml. 25a3 cited under (a).

(g) As case governed by prep.: tré gan rabhadh do chur dho through failing to warn him, Content. xvi 71 . fá gan fearthuinn do dheanadh, Donlevy 440.30 . déinig faire . . . chum gan tuitim a ttemptásion so as not to enter into temptation, Párl. na mB. 789 . maille ré gan é d'fhaigsin, TSh. 6387 .

(h) As gen.: d'easbaidh gan an creideamh do bheith aca because they have no faith, TSh. 4784 (where gan merely reinforces meaning of easbhaidh). The phrase introduced by gan is technically gen. also in: rún do ghlacadh gan tuitim to resolve not to fall, Donlevy 448.19 .

III With suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana (usual mod. form). On O.Ir. cene, cenae see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 346 . In class. verse may be stressed or unstressed, Aithd. D. 25.19n.

(a) In more or less literal sense in addition to it, without him or it, besides, apart from this. As shown by occas. exx. of cenae referring to f. or pl. nouns the word had even in O.Ir. begun to have the force of an indep. adv. besides, in addition, moreover, anyway . In literal sense: huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. uerba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ní laimtis cena they dared not omit to do it, Sc.M² 20 , cf. ní étaim-sea chena I cannot help it (gan a dheanamh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6080 . cía nocarainn cách chenae besides him, Liad. and Cuir. 24.21 . nícon bíad cenae, 24 `without him . . . it will not live', Murphy Lyrics 35.10 . ceni beth nach aili isin tig cenae acht hé a oenur, BDD² 1086 `any other save he', Gloss. ní fuil aurlabraidi . . . leo chenae besides him, MU² 986 .

(b) In more general sense: cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud in any case, Ml. 20a20 . bamór fechtae cenae `there were many times besides', 39a3 . legi enim Dei non est subiecta (of sapientia carnis) .i. atá dethiden fuiri cene `besides', Wb. 3d34 . barafie dúib darígente cene cenimmormus nachmór, 11d5 . apronomen asberr eiusdem ┐ cach pronomen dono chene `besides', Sg. 203b1 . os me chene am faelid `I too', Thes. ii 293.25 . at-béla chenaeo (sic), BDD² 1438 `in any case', Gloss. sáeilim nem cena I am looking forward to heaven as it is, BColm. 68.22 .

Following f. and pl. nouns: ni reccar ales dano epistle uáibsi arrofitemmar cene `without it' (ref. to epistil, f.), Wb. 15a5 . runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin (ref. to epistolis), 15a4 . etar fileda ┐ áis ṅdénma sairse chenae `and other artists', Sg. 212a11 . atethatár eóin damsa chena other birds will be caught for me, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). ní lamhat eonu na fiadhmhilu cena beth for an sliab sin `nor other wild animals', ZCP i 254.6 .

(c) Hence of actions and states of being already, previously : nírecat . . . les tintuda . . . ataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . tanice-side céne `He hath come already', Wb. 4d26 . adib eolaig and cene, 33c19 . ar biid iouis cene nominatiuo , Sg. 99a3 . ar ní thucad dó chena hí, LU 3168 . ag feoilgherradh in ridiri ata marbh chena, Stair Erc. 758 . cheana `alwaies' (= hitherto, Ed.), RSClára 81a . ? Cf. cheana no archeana .i. o sin amach, O'Cl.

(d) More vaguely as adv. of asseveration moreover, indeed, of a truth, then, so (see PH, TSh.): ni réid chene, Sg. 238b1 . saībse, céni, i m-bith chē, Imr. Brain 45 `moreover', Murphy Lyrics 39.13 . ní boí isin bith frisa samailte chena there was indeed nothing with which it could be compared, LU 3378 ( SCC 16 ). ceist cena . . . cid as áil dúib?, MU² 332 . ó racuala in maith cena, cid ar ná cechlaind in saith?, Airne F. 237 . cia airm itá do thigerna-su chena ale?, TBC-LL¹ 1418 . ní fitir in challech nach do fhoigdi chena tánic in giIla that it was not simply to beg the servant came, Ériu i 132.81 . leicem as ar n imram . . . acht in chonair beras ar curach sind cheana, YBL 87a44 . nocha lám chena ná cos / do géba, O'Gr. Cat. 367.17 . an chloch cheana . . . on the other hand, TSh. 64 . gidhedh chena, BCC 124.30 . With ocus at beg. of sentence: ┐ chena bid lat ┐ lad chlaind co brath in rigi, RC xxiv 200.14 . ┐ cena ni . . . , TTebe 4293 . V. freq. with prec. acht: acht chena is . . . , LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). acht chena ro-diultais etc., PH 601 . acht cheana do ghabhadar etc., Párl. na mB. 3947 . acht atā ni cena moreover, ZCP viii 111.14 .

Cf. archena, olchena.

IV Freq. with follg. co as conjunction without that, though . . . not, in some uses replacing O.Ir. ceni. Not found in O. Ir. glosses. See Phil. Soc. Trans. 290 § 56 . cenco is perh. rather to be explained from *ceni-co, O'Rahilly, Celtica ix 113 - 34 . In class. Ir. gion etc. go (see DDána), which appar. no longer felt as containing the prep. cen (gan). Form somet. influenced by cían (céin), q.v.

(a) without that, apart from the case that, because of the fact that not (with indic. and subj.): bid messu dúib . . . céin co tísaid lim it will be the worse for you if you do not come with me, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). ní eicsind uile cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath I could not relate it all short of keeping at it till doomsday, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . gén cu taibre ar hanmuin / let a talmain nisbera short of giving it (worldly goods?) for your soul, 228.17 . cumma lem etir / cen co tīas ilLaighnib I care not at all if I go not into L., ZCP viii 110.8 . cóir, cen co beth biad ocut `right then is it that food should fail thee', PH 1312 . nír bó toil do A. sin, gen gur triall la hI. do Roimh A. was unwilling not to go with I. to Rome, BNnÉ 4.25 .

Usually though . . . not.

(b) With indic. Rare in older lang.: cenco n-acatár though they did not see (her), LU 10010 . cín co fetar cia tu though I don't know who you are, RC v 200 § 15 . achd gin gur fheith iad, DDána 3.29 . comhla gen go bī (sic leg.) rem baeis, ACL iii 236 § 9 . gion gur chomhmaoidh sin though she boasted not of it, Dán Dé ii 5 . gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear d'ogham é, IGT Introd. 5.1 . gin co fuil, CF² 585 . cin co híbhitt na Serrisdínig fín, Maund. 61 . gin cur chaith . . . caithfet-sa `though no one has eaten', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . génco faicidhisi é, RC xxiv 371.26 . gion go ffaicfit mo chorp . . . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile, BNnÉ 267 § 235 (fut. replacing subj.?). Cf. gion go bhfaicfear (-cthear, v.l. ). Dán Dé v 35 .

(c) With subj.: acht ropom airdricse, maith lim cen co bend būan acht ōenlāa even though I should live only one day, TBC-I¹ 572 . cen cop mōr mo thuasa, Mór M. 6 . cen co pat comṡáeglaig, Airne F. 19 . cenco n-essara though you eat not, Sc.M² 3 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be saying untruthfully that it is . . . , Laws iv 52.30 . cian combat lia iar n-umir though they be not more in number, Rawl. 70b22 . ra raidsebair cenco tucaind ar áis doberaind ar écin that I would take it willy-nilly, LL 7685 ( TBC-LL¹ 150 ). cia fogabad cenco fagbad whether he got it or not, 7328 . cen co dernad, CRR 18 . cinco dernadais na Masilecdha do maith . . . acht . . . if the M. did no other good than . . . , CCath. 1751 . gion go dtí riomsa . . . / Dia do dhearmad, Dán Dé xxv 9 . do rígh gion go rabhtha id mhac even wert thou not a king's son, DDána 91.15 .

Occas. with loss of negative sense: gion go mbiadh gnúis gheanamhail . . . ag fear na ceilge though the deceiver should have. . . , TSh. 8965 (see Vocab.). atá ár sáith d'íoc againn gin gurab deired dúinn féin taréis na deithbire so `though immediately upon termination of this quarrel we ourselves too made an end', Caithr. Thoirdh. 119.24 .

1 dáig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dáig or dil.ie/14171
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dóig, dóig, daich, dóig

Also dóig, TBC-LL¹ 3244 . Acall. 2011 . Hy Fiach. 78. 13 . Ériu iii 150 § 2 (cf. § 1 ). MR 294. 16 ; 296. 5 . OCL p. 3 . ar dóig , Todd Nenn. 188. 12 .

I Nominal prep. with gen. because of, for the sake or purpose of: dáig cudnuda na salm in order to keep the order of the Psalms Mon. Tall. 128. 31 . d.¤ mórtha na hesergi in order to magnify the resurrection KMMisc. 146. 6 . ib. 154. 8 . d.¤ do chlemna su riu, LL 52 b 39 . dáidh na fáistine, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 68. 23 . d.¤ suirge, SG 351. 38 . d.¤ a ceneoil, Laws v 76. 2 . fácbaim C. fri láim ... d.¤ a ríge ┐ fácbaim F. d.¤ a cotéchta, FB § 94 . is dé ná tic a hE. d.¤ na delba rondedail, SCC § 29. 21 . cid d.¤ ind oenḟir sin nammá even for the sake of that one man LU 87 b 38 . cid dáig in trírsin, BDD § 96 , § 100 e . ní adra do hídlachtaib d.¤ in Choimded móir, ACL iii 312. 12 . dáigh celtair díchlithe, RC xxv 348 § 3 . ma dosgní Dia feirg fri ré mbicc d.¤ ár cuimbrig for our chastisement PH 6638 . d.¤ bíd do chennach for the purpose of buying food ib. 1000 . ib. 6638 .

Generally preceded by prep. ar dáig: ara d.¤ on account of that Laws i 200. 20 . ar d.¤ aesa na ndoene do fis treotho, AU i 578. 6 . ní har d.¤ dáine mar sinne not on account of persons like us CCath. 1671 . cen co nderntai calma ar mo dáighinsi dénaidh cid eiter ar bur ndaigh fein, ib. 5071 . ní har ṡaint an tsaogail ... acht ar dháigh ṡláinte a anma in order to save his soul RC xxv 394. 27 . ar d.¤ enich Guairi do brith, ACL iii 3. 10 . tancatar ar d.¤ runi imchuibde, LB 199. 17 . ar d.¤ na ndóine do breith ó chomrorcain, PH 2130 . ar do d.¤-siu, ara d.¤ , ara nd.¤ , ib Glossary . nach ara d.¤ féin doradag (i.e. doradad) isin domun, D IV 2, 9 a 1 . 28 = CCath. 1181 . TBC-LL¹ 800 Y. Lec. 346 b 42 . ZCP vii 306. 33 ; iv 384. 26 ; 24. 9 ; 102. 6 ; viii 215. 31 . Todd Nenn. 90. 22 ; 100. 13 ; 170. 15 ; 172. 16 . Lib. Flav. ii 49 b 1 . 21 . AU i 578. 6 .

prep de dáig: is dit d.¤ fesni, SCC § 16 (l. 23) = LU 45 a 24 . de dáig ár nindile, TBC-LL¹ 513 Y. do daig (do = di): dot d.¤ , LMU § 5 .

prep fo dáig: fo d.¤ maic Dé, RC xxiv 60 § 21 . ZCP viii 330. 30 . Lib. Flav. 17 a 1 . 30 . fo d.¤ a muinntiri, IT i 144. 7 . mairg iuras in norgain fo dáig ind fir sin nammá, BDD § 98 . fo d.¤ na rigi do Brian in order that B. might get the kingship RC xxiv 178. 10 . tionóilit Goill Éreann na aghaidh f. d. rígh Saxan on behalf of the King of England AFM iii 272. 2 . fo d.¤ na ṅdóine truag filet a niffern, PH 2279 . ná dénaid fuasnad bám daig-si, ib. 2403 . cid fo dáig ind ḟir sin, RC xiii 258. 3 . cid fo d.¤ , BDD § 117 .

prep for dáig: conid f. d. hícca na ndóine tánic mac Dé i talam, PH 2352 .

prep im dáig: cech fatsine dorónta ... im d.¤ na geni coimdeta LB 135 b 19 .

tre dáig, 23 N 10, p. 131 .

II Conj. also written daich ( Aisl. Tond. ii 1 ), dóig, for, since, because : d.¤ ní hé féin doboing, Laws i 186. 18 . d.¤ is a ndís doroich, ib. 22 . daig aenech na damet anad, ib. 236. 12 . d.¤ at bætha cialla ban, SCC § 45. 19 . d.¤ ata som fó drochcruth, ib. 29 . 22 . d.¤ is lind imthiagat, TBC-LL¹ 425 . ib. 434 . 435 . 439 . etc. TBC-LL¹ 631 . 637 . 1923 . 2241 . 2248 . 2260 Y. d.¤ ni dernais dolcaib na décoraib friu, LL 100 b 12 . d.¤ atbíth cach fert ┐ cach lecht, 100 b 14 . d.¤ bidat gái géra, 147 a 37 . ib. 11 b 51 . 12 a 20 , 29 . 13 a 36 . 14 a 27 . 81 b 23 ( TBC-LL¹ 3072 ). 143 b 28 . 155 b 81 ( = BB 380 b 27 ). 156 a 6 . 157 a 3 . daig at garba na gætha, CRR § 6 . dóigh isam thriath for I am a lord ib. 98. 12 . dóigh cuirfed mo dá mac leo, IT ii2 129 (l. 198) . daig rofes, Rawl. 88 b 48 . cid dáig = cid fobíthin , BDD § 16 . dáig ar bíth (sic) because (see TBC-LL² 276 n. 50 ). d.¤ ar b. tongu-sa na dé da nadraim, TBC-LL¹ 1868 . ib. 55 . dáig ar bíth (sic) LL 76 a 36 = TBC-LL¹ 2461 . LU 79 a 26 TBC-LL¹ 1799. 1891 . fo dáig dogníth abairt dia sírsellad LU 129 b 43 . fo d.¤ nach sét cumung nothéiged, FB § 70 . fo d.¤ ní comrac fri seguinni, LU 90 a 16 . fodhaigh iss ésin énḟer fírén, Anecd. ii 3. 110 . AFM A.D. 1492 .

daig, ar d.¤ , fo d.¤ with co (ná) and subj. in order that (lest).

prep dáig co: d.¤ co tormolaind mo lor dona lendaib, MacCongl. 83. 11 . d.¤ co ndechtasu asin cathraig, RC ii 396 (§ 31) . d.¤ co tísedh día cobair, ZCP iv 382. 23 . d.¤ co ndechsum maroen cusin ḟlaith solusta, PH 8343 . d.¤ co ndernatis idpurta do diabul for hícc na ngalar sin, ib. 2492 . dúnaid dorus na huama d.¤ na tísat, ib. 1013 .

prep ar dáig co: ar d.¤ co tucad a mbendachtain for a noigdib, Laws v 98. 11 . ar d.¤ ná romarbtais impi, LMU § 11 . ar d.¤ co mbad and do beith a cruinniugud, Celt. Rev. iv 204 . ar d.¤ ná berad écnach Fomore, RC xii 86. 4 . ar d.¤ ná betis doentæib, LL 44 b 51 . ar daigh dodhéndais tinchealda ( = tincheadla) na ndeagaidh, BB 40 a 45 . ib. 4 b 57 . Ériu iii 138. 82 . SG 76. 6 ; 407 . TFrag. 100. 14 . Acall. 2300 . Lib. Flav. 16 b 1 . 9 ; 17 a 1 ; 49 a 1 y . ar daigh co nderbadh a gaiscidh ┐ co tormaighedh a alludh, RC x 186. 12 ; xxiv 62 § 22 .

prep fo dáig co: fo d.¤ ná digthea hi croich, PH 2419 . fo d.¤ co roissed a ainim co luath dochumm niffirn, ib. 3223 . apair frind caide a delb fo d.¤ co tucam aichne fair, ib. 1965 . fa daigh co mbeth in airdríghan...i ninudh inill, CCath. 3377 . fo d.¤ na rotubaide fria enech that no charge might be brought against his honour LU 130 a 1 . In later lang. dóig (oft. folld. by ám) for indeed Celtica xii 195-96 : doigh isat craeb-sa nar craithead fa cno-mheas, MR 294.12 . doig amh roba gaibthech in gleic sin, 258.3 . doigh amh do fortamhlaigh Art ar an athach, Ériu iii 166 § 23 . dōigh ám nírb ingnam ríghi nhĒrenn … do beith ag Finn, Fianaig. 86.10 . dóigh .i. dearbh, no deimhin, O'Cl .

dáig + con- (for relative) Ériu xx 106 : dáig concechlabat fir Hérend ┐ Alban in n-ainm sin, TBC-LL² 910 . dáig conmebdatar a carpait, 1260 . dáig concomairnectar, 4123 . Cf. dágain, dég, déighin, diäg.

dímicen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dímicen or dil.ie/16538

 

Forms: dímicem, dímicin, dimiciu, dimice, dimicin

n ā, f. Later form of O.Ir. dímicem. n s. usually dímicin. Also dimiciu, LL 223b48 . dimice, 229a12 . g s. dimicin, BB 416a16 , 495b2 .

Condemning, despising (with obj. gen. or prep.); insult: dimhiccin .i. tár no tarcaisne, O'Cl. dimicen inimicorum gl. despectus, Ml. 129a1 . ba d.¤ mór leo Fergus dia tabairt hi tindscra they deemed it a great insult that F. had given them, LL 106a46 ( Ériu iv 24 ). ba dímice mor la D. a fácbáil, 229a12 . is dúib is mebul in dímiciu rafhuirmed forom-sa, 223b48 . dethbir dímicin do na hindmassaib talmandaib, PH 5878 . in dimegin tucais doib gan nech dib do thogha duit, Aen. 698 . dimhigin for eccnoi, ZCP ix 168 . doradadh dimiccin ┐ tarcaisne dosidhe, AFM vi 1972 . din dímicin ra-immir L. fair, LL 222a36 . do dímicin a smachta ┐ a rechta, LB 144a17 . ac dimhicin Molaisi belittling M., SG 31 . doberam dímicin do, PH 2030 . innisidh . . . in dīmicin ┐ in dīmhīagh tachmhaircc tucadh . . . fair, ZCP xiii 169.30 . dorat dímhicin for na techta, Marco P. 30 . dorad sár ┐ dimiccin don chrois, AFM v 1466 . lasan dimhigin . . . doronsat do Ghaoidhealaibh, Hugh Roe 76 . fo dhimiach ┐ fo dhimigin, MS. Mat. 551 . cen digu cen dimicin (chev.), Lec. 78b15 . cen dimicein (: sen), 45b22 . fobithin na dimicni doratais for firbald Crist, Mon. Tall. § 66 (= dimmicne, Ériu ii 222 ). i ndioghail dímiccne Findén, AFM ii 1116 . in bem dimecin dorat L. fair, BB 416a16 . adrith (no rogab) A. erred amra ndimicin alaile miled imbi, 495b2 = erriud ndíndim mean, shabby, Alex. 765 .

díun(n)ach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díun(n)ach or dil.ie/16988

 

Forms: díunnaich, ndiunag

o, n. vn. of do-fonaig washing, cleansing: diunnach láime is coissi is cinn, Hib. Min. p. 49 . indlat .i. inlót, lotum . . . .i. diunag n-ind, Corm. Y 597 . capitolauium, cend-diunach, ib. 296 . admestar sruthu slāndiunach, ZCP xi 94 . édach na manach día diunnach ┐ fothraccadh, BNnÉ 296 . do díunach ┐ do nige anmand na firian, FA § 16 (LB). do d.¤ mo bhithclaóine, LB 200.25 . glandhiunach cuirp Críst ┐ a ḟola, 159b34 . Cf. O'Cl. : diunnach .i. glanadh pheacadh. nach sal aslén(n)a ainech duini, bíit a trí ocá diúnuch .i. slíc ┐ uisce ┐ anart, Críth G. 309 . g s. fobithin díunnaich , O'Cl. s.v. g p. na ndiunag gl. baptismatum, Wb. 33d2 . Cf. further: o glandiunucht (leg. -diunuch?) gl. a lavacro, Enchir. Aug. 85a ( ZCP vii 485 ).

Legal purgation by ordeal or lot: secht cenela luigi . . . sena ┐ forgell ┐ diundach .i. o dunnibcaire no cranncor, O'Curry 1744 ( 23 P 6, 31 ). diunnach donnaighi, caire no crannchor, 2591 ( Eg. 88, 50 (51)b ). donnaigh do diunna[ch] do tromcinta to clear, 2587 (50 (51)a). derb-diunnach do neoch lithar fair, 2120 ( H 4.22 82 ).

do-airmesca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airmesca or dil.ie/17149

 

Forms: tairmescaid, doairmescad, dorairmesc

v (*to-air-mesc-?). Usually as simple vb. tairmescaid based on tairmesc, q.v., but cf. indic. impf. 3 s. doairmescad, Mon. Tall. 127 and perf. dorairmesc, TTr.² 391 , which may however be back-formations.

Hinders, obstructs, restrains, checks, forbids:

(a) With accus. of pers.: céa rófessad, nín-tairmeiscfed it would not have prevented him, Trip.² 444 . arná tarmasca in sacardd lest it disturb the priest, Thes. ii 253 . in rí nad relic doib sain | rostairmesc tria hilbērlaib (of builders of Babel), SR 2762 . ? dorairmesc . . . T. oc rádh ind athisc sin opposed that saying, TTr.² 391 . With DE of thing, action, etc., hindered. doḟécai na firu ┐ níntairmesc dia chluchiu (seeing them) did not hinder it from its play, RC ix 476 LU (possibly reflex.). nis-derband (nis-tairmmescand, Eg.) dia ndáil ind reb sin, BDD 108 . With IMM: co rothoirmiscea na drochdōine im cech mígním, PH 4159 . With ó: in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil in pecthaig holds back . . . from, PH 4213 , cf. O'Gr. Cat. 116.9 . noch do thoirmisgas sinn ó an oileamhain neamhdha do ghlacadh, Donlevy 264 .

(b) With accus. of thing, action, etc., hindered or frustrated: ní thairmescad nach ái alaile (of balls thrown up and caught in rapid succession in a juggling feat), FB § 42 . hé rothairmesc tor Nemrúaid, SR 2770 . fobithin fobenad ┐ doairmescad menmain iond cāich dia n-aisnedter it might disturb the mind, Mon. Tall. 127 . do thorud in chroind toirmescdha forbidden, PH 4931 . do toirmiosgadh an phláigh was stayed, Psalms cvi 30 . toirmisgid bar ferg check, Aen. 3012 . cur toirmiscc Medb in gnīm siu do dēnum, Anecd. v 21 = co nār lēic M., Ériu ii 182 . With DE of pers.: ní thairmescub . . . díb I will not stop you, TTr.² 337 . ni rotoirmescad dib-so uli toidect co r—Roim they were not prevented (from) coming to Rome, PH 575 . conditoirmesc Colcu díob till C. hindered them from doing so, Mon. Tall. 153 . With DO of pers.: screpall . . . ar cach laithe rotairmiscestar ris do for every day (the horse-breaker) has hindered him (the horse-owner) from use of it (the horse) (?), Laws v 214 Comm. With IMM (ordinary construction): ni tairmesceb umaib, LB 138a34 . ní rothairmisc (rotairmesc, LU) a cluichi imbi, TBC-I¹ 518 . is mé rothairmisc im Ailill dul it dáil who prevented A. from going to tryst with thee, IT i 128 (TE). uair rochaithis don chrund rothairmiscius ummut which I had forbidden thee, Lec. 530b5 . With AR (FOR) of pers. (common in later lang., esp. in sense prohibits ): secht n-ailgeasa breithe . . . no secht is tairmisg[th]e ar in mbrethemain seven things which are forbidden to the judge, Laws v 352 . do thoirmeasg Dia orra gan fíon . . . d'ól, Eochairsg. 120 . Note also: do thoirmeasg Dia an teine . . . gan gníomh do dheunamh air an dtriur leanbh, 66 .

1 dúr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dúr or dil.ie/19263

 

Forms: duir, dúir, dúir, dúir, dúir, dúra, dúru, duirem, dichra, dúrchridi, dúrdoiligh, Durgen

adj o,ā (Lat. dūrus) ? n p m. duir, SR 346 ; Rawl. 88b50 . ?d p m. dúir, SR 6543 (imma nduinib duinnig dúir ). rāid[id] a fír dúir for ṅgair, 3471 is prob. voc. pl. (leg. a ḟir dúir = a ḟiru dúra ). Compar. dúru, SR 8322 . Superl. duirem, Laws v 360 .

In lit. sense of things hard, rigid, solid: benaid . . . co fleisc dúir, FA § 18 . duma nd.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 24 . failet ann tri múir . . . duir imthimchellat riched, SR 346 . domun d.¤ , 7929 , 7970 , 8155 . imm dáil domuin dúir, Imr. Brain ii 301 . hi curp domuin dúir, LL 135a29 ; Rawl. 77b20 . draigen d.¤ , SG 245 (`surly blackthorn'). Of actions, etc. hard, difficult: gním ndétlach d.¤ (of David cutting Saul's garment), SR 6379 . airrechtach cecha debtha dure, LL 118a48 ( Ériu vii 6 ). cath Atha Cro . . . robo dur in deabaig, Lec. 422a26 . Cf. SR 3082 . Intense: dessid Dornmar, d.¤ a graimm, Metr. Dinds. iii. 90 . frasa dura der, KMMisc. 323 § 11 = f. dichra, p. 318 . As adv.: roghuidhiusa hí co d.¤ ┐ co dichra insistently , Ériu v 148 . táncatar co d.¤ ┐ co dichra, LL 224b1 . do gabsat co d.¤ ┐ co díchra ag díthiugad na n-allmarach, SG 358 .

Hard to bear, rigorous, severe: i nhiffern nd.¤ , SR 1764 . aitreb ifeirn duir diglaig, Ériu iii 30 . forcetal d.¤ na n-eretecda (= doctrinam duram), PH 4919 , cf. 8281 . scuirset . . . assin dáiri d.¤ daltaig, LL 7a47 = asa daire duir, BB 29a4 . cen d.¤ ndligid (as subst.), LL 45a49 . is d.¤ sin lem-sa I hold it hard, Fen. 290 . d.¤ .i. cruaidh no doiligh, O'Cl.

Of persons and moral qualities, in good sense hardy, firm, resolute: bati dura ac fulang imfochaidhi cāich forro, RC xxiv 174 . sluaig slechta dúir, Rawl. 88b50 . Dauid dána d.¤ , SR 6385 . Daire dur, Corm. Y 970 ; Laws i 4.9 . Maelmorda, a secht déc don d.¤ , LL 33a29 . lecht ḟir déin díchmaig dúir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36 . Dagda d.¤ , 20 . Strict, austere: duine dligt[h]ech dur (of an anchorite), ACL iii 307 § 25 ; cf. AFM 1065 (ii 886 ). Cellān cille Daimcinn duir, Anecd. ii 30 . ? gach egnaidh domanda dur, ZCP v 25 § 14 . In bad sense hard, unfeeling, dour: mo slān sēis don dae nach dur (.i. don fer nach cruaidh), ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). borb ┐ d.¤ o cridhe, PH 4656 . ag cathugud . . . re deman d.¤ , ZCP viii 216 . is d.¤ in cined dāena, | cruaidhi indāt clocha a cridhi, Ériu iii 29 . moet[h]aighfid cride durai, ZCP ix 456 . badb . . . dur duabsech, Cog. 174 . Obdurate, hard to move: a mic duir daill iffirnd, BB 295b38 . daoine dúra doitheagaisg, TSh. 1927 . mná dúra díthlecha, ZCP viii 209 . fri díumus ṅd.¤ ndrocht, Acall. 2964 .

Compds. ¤aingid (O.Ir. andgaid): do shluaigh danair ndúraingidh, Hard. ii 110 . ? ¤bann (band exploit): ba err d. dualach arm | i mbo búadach Dúnlang donn, B IV 2, 80a17 = ba eirr durmann, 3 C 13, 928.5 . pa err dúrmand, B IV 2, 132b10 . See follg. ¤barr (head, chief): focer dūrbarr duabach drem | ba buadach o Dūnlang dond, LL 43a9 . dūrbarr Gaedel cosin gail | Dūnlang mac taebgel Tuathail, Rawl. 85a44 . ¤bidba: duirbidba `a bitter enemy ', MR 262 . tarēis a danar ┐ a durbidbad do scris, Lec. 589a38 . ¤both: do luigheadh san ghainimh 'n-a dhúrbhoith (of an ascetic's hut or cell), Keat. iii 1638 . dream eile i ndúr-bhothaibh dearóile hovels, TSh. 913 . Cf. úarboth. ¤chathach: in deil d. na tres (of Saul), SR 6115 . ¤choimét: gasradh na nGall . . . imon dorus dia dúrchoimhétt ` closely guarding ', AFM v 1896 . ¤chrábad asceticism: re díchracht a dhúrchrábaidh, SG 18 . ¤chráibthech: dúrchráibteach gan diumsaighe ascetic , SG 32 . ¤chrech: truime durchreich ` cruel loss ', Ó Bruad. ii 146 . ¤chride hardness of heart , Ériu iv 162.21 . As attrib. (prob. g s.) fri druidea dúrchridi , Hy. iii 3 ( Thes. ii 322 ). a doeráin dúrcride dícondircil, PH 3928 . ¤chridech: narbar dúrcridig docheil obdurate , SR 4842 . don duine dúrchroidheach mar chloich, TSh. 1943 . do comraicset co dána dúrcraidech ris stubbornly, resolutely , Acall. 1917 . ba diochra durchroidheach ro feradh (of a battle), Leb. Gab.(i) 268 . rochingsiot go diochra dúrcroidheach do shaighidh an átha, AFM vi 2026 . ¤chridetu: ro-n-ecain [Patraic] . . . dúrcraidhitaid na nGaoidel obduracy , Lism. L. 228 . ¤doilig: dúrdoiligh hard and dour (of Caesar), CCath. 348 . damrad dichell durdhoiligh, 5379 . ¤drend (combat?): seacht cumala do Eilib | . . . | fobithin durdreand cétna | fuair Caisil a trian doib | duirdrend anaill dia tucad, Lec. 126b50 . ¤dul: ba holc a ordd dia d. | ort i nDún Bolgg la Brandub, LL 132b30 (hard departure, i.e. death?). Domnall iar sin fria noi [mbliadna] déc fri d. (: Glúndub), Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 19 . ¤ḟeithem: ag duirfheithemh sceith righ Erenn keeping active watch on, MR 274 . ¤ḟognam hard service, servitude: do chuir fo dhaorcíos dúrfhoghnamh[a] iad, ML 58 . fa daoirchios durfhognamha, ZCP x 277 . ¤gein stout, resolute (?): Diarmait dúrgen, RC xx 10 ( LL 47b13 ); ZCP x 271 . co Diarmait dronmas durgen, Metr. Dinds. iii 8 . dareis Diarmata duirgen, Rawl. 163b12 . Donn durgen, AFM ii 786 (poem). As n.pr. f. Durgen, Metr. Dinds. iii 84.86 . Belach Dúrgein, ib. ¤gleo stiff combat: roferadh duirgleo duilig eturra, Caithr. CC § 55 . tre durgliaig, Lec. 87a44 . ? ¤grés: ceithri randa feasa na filigechta ┐ primaicecht teora mbliadan cach rand dib fo durgres, Lec. 339a14 . ¤mell: durmell (duirmell, -meall, v.l.) dlugthe, IT iii 74 § 33 . ¤mer: le G. nduirmher ` hard-fingered ' (translating mér; rather mer swift, impetuous ?), Leb. Gab.(i) 238 . ¤mían: iar ūa bronntach Airt úi ūir-Néill | dar chairt gan dúirmhéin ré dáimh hard, grudging disposition , 3 C 13, 733.14 . ¤phendit strict penance: viii mbliadna doib ind dúrpendid, Mon. Tall. 132 . áes durphendi, LB 9b7 ( Rule of Tallaght 1 ). arra sechtmaini durpennaiti for usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 490 . ¤ṡlúag: ag dianasgnamh do na durṡlogaibh, MR 226 . ¤tech: a nd. n-úre mean house of clay, Ir. Review 1912, 248 . Cf. dairthech III.

etarscarad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etarscarad or dil.ie/20740

 

Forms: n-etarscartha

u, m. (vn. of etar-scara) separating, parting, dividing, resolving (with obj. gen. and also with fri, ó): eturscarad ┐ caomtacht, Laws iv 78.2 . cen etarscarad (gl. est mecum solus) Wb. 30d16 . etarscarad coirp et anme 15c12 ; 15 . PH 6888 . bás etarscartha coirp et anme Wb. 13c1 . 23a20 . do etarscarath neich adrocomallnad (leg. adrochomlad), Hib. Min. 9.306 . co ceill etarscartha with the sense of separation (of διά) 9.301 . etarscarad comsuidigthi separation (resolution) of a compound word Sg. 74b8 . masa etarscarad re rē if it be a separation [from the chief] for a time Laws iii 108.1 . con-ácaibset na féthi frisin corp cen etarscarad, LU 99a2 = BDD 167 . disiunctio....i. eatarscarad na ceille ┐ ind intlichta, etc., Hib. Min. 9.303 . nech praindes leo ind-oentich cen etarscarad suidi na ligi `separation of seat or couch' Ériu vii 146.21 . dlúith side cen muir dia et[ar]scarad it is compact because there is no sea to separate it (of the mainland contr. with islands) Ml. 89d18 . nach fetar a n-eatarsgaradh gen leadradh in craind (of removing bees from the trunk of a tree), Laws iv 186.23 Comm. altgheimnech a n-alt ag a n-edarscarad `the cracking of their joints in dislocations' MR 256.20 . trath etarscartha lae ┐ aidque, CCath. 4302 . ag eadarsgaradh dha bhealach ZCP iv 402.11 . ni tualaing brethemnachta for fine na fuidri nad fiastar a n-etarscartha, ┐ a ndire, etc. their divisions, delimitations (?) Laws iv 282.2 . gen. as attrib: bérla n-etarscartha , one of the kinds (or divisions) of the Gaelic language: berla n-edarsgarta eter na fedaibh aireghdaibh .i. berla tresa fuil deliugud na fid n-aire[gh]da isin ænfhocul triana n-inde-taithmeach...amal rogabh ros .i. roi oiss, etc., language of separation between the principal vowels, i.e. language through which there is a dividing of the principal vowels in one and the same word through analysing their meaning, Auraic. 1317 . 2526 . 4635 . RC xiii 269.25 . ACL iii 247.18 . berla n-edarscartha, Auraic. 210 . Béarla an eadarscartha, Keat. ii 141 . Here also probably: a dualgus a tochusa eturscartha movable (separable) property Laws v 120.27 Comm. (lit. pr. of separation). i 62. 31 Comm. ag goid a ttochais ettarscartha ┐ nemhetarscartha forra, Hugh Roe² 29.3 (f. 16a) . Cf. etarscarthach. With fri: ni epur frib etarscarad frisuidiu, Wb. 9b19 . a n-etarscarad fri ægeptacdu, Ml. 124b6 . cen a etarscarad friu in dubai hisin, 110c9 . fobithin etarscartha fria maine ┐ a feba talmandai parting from his riches ZCP iii 27.22 . With ó: ar n-etarscarad o cech elniud, PH 5356 .

mag-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mag- or dil.ie/31275

 

Forms: maig-

prefixed to subst. occurs occasionally with intensive or amplificative force, prob. < vbl. root maig- (cf. doformaig, tormach, etc.), cf. O.Bret. machtiern, W. machdeyrn `overlord'. ra gab cách lám a chéile | immon muicc co magdēine strongly and speedily (?), LL 212a22 . i lluna treith (.i. i llenmain ríg inna ma[g ?]-grianan), 187b31 , cf. RC xxvi 26 § 93. ? Ogamuin magri (: dagri), Rawl. 115b39 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 37 (`ein König der Ebene' Meyer); cf. fobithin Domnaill . . . nos-molfat tar magri mall, Anecd. ii 67 ( = maigre?). ros-cum co samrúin samlaid | ingen magrúin [madruin v.l.] míadbail `a potent secret of evil power', Metr. Dinds. iii 136. Cf. also maglorg.

? máigíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? máigíne or dil.ie/31316

 

n (dim. n p. ?): ní ēla gár[ín]e o luid Dadera, | fobíthin it máigine | dar éis drutháin Dárīne, LL 291b13 (Boroma) = RC xiii 460 § 1 , SG 317.16 (`there is desolation ', O'Gr.) = cia tibu, it m'āgīni di hēis drúthán Dāríni, Fianaig. 34.9 . In cheville: má dorochair Dárine | ag rig Lagen do línib | atbiur-sa ní máigine | is dimsa tic a dígail, LL 295a35 = SG 360.29 .

mór, már

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mór, már or dil.ie/32548
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: már, mór, mar, mór, moer, mōir, moer, moer, moir, móir, mou, moo, móa, m, mā, mou, mó, má, mote, móti, móite, móide, móitti, moam, moam, maam, maam, máam, moab, moum, mou, mó, má, moosom, moosoun, móir, moir, mór, mórmór, mórmó, mor, mór, māir, móir, mauru, m., mor, máam, mór, mórchatha, mór, mórmór, mórmó

adj o, ā. great . The form már is common in early texts; usual in Sg.; Wb. prefers mór (but: máar, Wb. 12d28 ; in mar , 18a5 a prima manu); in later Mid.Ir. mór prevails. g s m. moer occurs in AU up to 850 beside mōir: Lismoer, AU 591 , 745 , 759 , 832 , 850 ; Cluana moer , 778 ; Roiss moer , 839 . Equative. moir sleb[e] as great as mountains, Ml. 55d11 . Mid.Ir. móir. Compar. mou, Ml. 35c31 , 114b2 . LU 4850 ( TBC-I¹ 362 ). moo, Wb. 3c35 , Sg. 197a11 . móa, Wb. 21d9 . Mon. Tall. § 70 (moa). m, Wb. 6c8 , Ml. 51a2 (usual Mid.Ir. and later form). ni mā , O'Mulc. 257. With de: mou de the greater , Ml. 40c11 , 61c8 . mó de, Wb. 29c4 . má de, Sg. 2a7 . mote, SR 1535. Usual Mid.Ir. form móti, TBC-LL¹ 3303 ; móite, 3752 , later móide; móitti, BColm. 80.1 . Superl. as moam (gl. maxima), Ml. 109c4 , cf. 92c5 . moam, LU 1704. as maam , Ml. 99b5 . maam, LL 36a2 . in máam (gl. primum), Wb. 1c20 (a prima manu). moab, LU 7193 ( BDD 87 ). moum, IT i 144.20 . Later (is) mou, mó, má ( SR 7998 ). moosom, Auraic. 658 = moosoun, 3270 (YBL) is an artificial form. Stokes takes the follg. exx. as compar. and superl. respectively: nos-geib imecla móir ┐ ómon `greater terror', RC x 56.8 ( LU 1897 ). anba moir do na hécnib `the largest of the salmon', 60.3 ( LU 1920 ); prob. a mistake for mór in both cases.

Often doubled for sake of emphasis: mórmór very great , compar. mórmó (mómó).

I As adj.

(a) big, great , of size, quantity or extent, physical or moral: mor, gl. magnus, Ir. Gl. 663. mór, gl. magnum, 809 . mor .i. moo a iur .i. a feoil (i.e. corpulent), Corm. Y 909. bun cruinn mair, Thes. ii 295.14 ( SP v 13 ). cruim már a big worm, Sg. 47b6 . deug m.¤ a great draught, Ml. 94c12 . iar lassair máir a great flame, 40c5 . gabais liic mair (móir LU), TBC-I¹ 889. tech mór, SCC 33. coirm tíre máir, IT i 133.1 ( LU 10857 ). immad már, FB 29. drong mor, PH 848. at móra na haibni ┐ na huscida, CRR 6. na móra finna tall fair women, ZCP viii 113.4 . amal as már a galar, Ml. 40b9 , cf. 56b26 . i ndigaid flechud mór after great rains, 81c3 . it móra mo chinaid, Fél. Ep. 387. do ghabh aga imdheargadh do bhriathruibh móra blustering (?), Comp. CC 127.27 . amser már a long time, LL 125b49 . céin móir a great while , IT i 73.14 . fri cíana móir, LU 3289 = SCC 8 (where we should expect: móra). etir bec ┐ m.¤ both small and great, Ml. 114b17 . cid bec cid már (gl. quantitas), Sg. 28b7 . immar fa bec whether it be great or small, 73a16 . o bicc co mor, PH 4333. mór ní a great thing, in Glosses used adverbially = greatly: hóre ron-soír-ni . . . mór ní bes n-adblamu foir ar soírad much readier will he be to save us (lit. will our salvation be on him), Wb. 2d14 . cia fíu .i. mór ní (gl. quam), Ml. 146d1 , cf. 17b13 . gl. quanto, 80a5 . mor .i. maith, ut est . . . cen marca mára, O'Dav. 1237 seems due to misunderstanding of the quotation.

Common in geographical names, e.g. Lismór. ardespuc na hAlaxandrech Moire Alexandria, PH 28. comthinol na hAssia Moire, 6 , cf. 199 , 2529 (in all cases of Asia Minor, as distinct from the Roman province of Proconsular Asia = Asia Bec).

Equative. ba móir choire ndarta cechtar a nda odbrand as big as, LL 252b25 . combo móir béolu midchuaich, LU 4882 = mor, TBC-I¹ 395 YBL. LL 290a41 : ní mórithir, transld. `not so great' by Stokes, RC xiii 452.1 , 'not so many', CMMucr. 50 § 40 , we should prob. read with SG 314 y : mór itir; similarly in LL 124b48 (see Hull, Speculum xiii, 58. n. 15 ). Compar. nícon robae ni bed mó nothing could be greater, Ml. 51a2 . amail nach moa soillsi na grene don oenfer indas don sochaidhe, Mon. Tall. 70. fiche bó no [= ná] conglann con | ni mo ar Domnall (= it is as easy for D. to give twenty cows as a couple of hounds), Irish Texts ii 5 § 34. Folld. by dat. of second member of comparison: as mou cech fortacht greater than any help, Ml. 114b17 . ba mó amru arailiu greater than any other wonder, Hy. v 40. mó cech delmaimm, Fél. Ep. 127. compert Iohain . . . as mó scélaib, ib. Sep. 24. fodaim guin, ni mou gabail he is not above capture, TBC-I¹ 362. ba mou epert greater than can be told, LL 49b13 = Hail Brigit § 2. moo turim an ro boí do sciathaib and beyond counting , Ériu iv 28.12 . moo cacha doeinib a ndelbha, ii 130 § 103 . tomus tighe . . . mo secht traigid mo secht cēt above seven feet, above seven hundred, ZCP viii 108.16 . ba moo lē cech lōg Labraid she thought L. greater than any reward, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9. In follg. exx. the superl. is used for compar.: forbrid a mēd comba moam oltas Fer Diad, TBC-I¹ 2687. is moum .iii. bliadna, IT iii 144.20 = is mó nā teora bliadna, ZCP v 501.33 . With de: robu mou de int erchot (= magis nocuit), Ml. 61c8 . mad i n-agaidh . . . forruimther ind athais, is moide a heraic the greater is the fine, Corm. Y 975 (p. 84) . moitti fochraic cech duine the greater is the reward, BColm. 80.1 . gebis 'n-a láim . . . ba móite leis a menma, Metr. Dinds. iii 248.98 . ní moidi let do menma mo scela-sa do clos thy spirits will be none the greater for hearing my story, ZCP vi 64.22 . fán dá mhac so is móide ar gcás our distress is the greater, Keat. Poems 1113. Superl. a llotár is tech bá moam dib, LU 1704 = RC ix 476. in gním is mó dorónad i talmain, PH 2925. is he seo firt is mou dorigne Ísu, 4500 . ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith a n-as mo dhe only a time and a half at most (lit. what is greatest of it), Auraic. 1350. coic litri and a n-as mo de five letters at most, 1455 = a n-us moam de, 4497 . Folld. by a defining subst.: cid as mó miscais lat? what do you most dislike? IT i 81.18 . briathar is mó gen ┐ tarcassul ro ráided the most derisive and contemptuous words, TBC-LL¹ 1616.

(b) great = mighty, famous , etc. (a use hardly evident in Glosses, but common in literature): Dē māir , Hy. ii 9 (v s m.). a Dé móir ! Fél. Ep. 312. féil Choluimb . . . in máir maccu-Artae `the great descendant of A.', ib. June 7 . cit móir ríg in domain though great are the world's kings, ib. Prolegomena 149. fāid mor amal Moysi, PH 2267. in tulach a téigdís máir whither chieftains used to go, Metr. Dinds. i 4.26 . congbad máru `let him restrain the great', Tec. Corm. § 2.4 . loṅgais māru Muiredach M. banished the mighty, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18.5 = mauru, LL 313b46 . ba mar 'san aimsir fil sund antí Ruadhan, ba móa 'san aimsir fil gan toidecht, BNnÉ 328 § 59.

II As subst. o, n. and later m. a great amount, a great deal (many), folld. by partitive gen. or DE: ní tardad na mmór nothing great was given, Ml. 63d5 . a mmór den gantuari the large diet of coarse food, Mon. Tall. § 63. ferr óenfer dont slóg do dul | indá in mor do mudugud to destroy the whole, SR 6984. m.¤ fína much wine, SCC 11. m.¤ ṅdubai, Fél. Ep. 377 (n s.). ro chésas-[s]a . . . mormor ṅdocair, PH 3268. mor n-orddain ┐ ániusa, Ériu iv 28.14 (n s.). fofera m.¤ n-uilcc sund, ZCP xi 85 § 38. is cían do thír, már do muir eturru is Imlech Ibair much sea between it and I., viii 327.36 . m.¤ do chách `much of the world', PBocht 23 § 41. Folld. by pl.: mor fer many men, SCC 44. fail ann m.¤ do rigsrothaib, fail ann m.¤ ṁbíle ṁbroga, SR 504 , 505 . mór cath, Irish Texts ii 36 § 6 . is m.¤ lá tánac-sa many a day, Comp. CC 97.2 . mor mbliadan, CCath. 1052. mor n-uair very often , Rosa Angl. 26.13 . m.¤ n-ughdar, Content. v 43. tógbháil móir bhfiadhan `to claim many witnesses', xviii 23 . m.¤ do mílib fichet many thousand scores, ZCP viii 327.35 . Similarly compar.: adfesar duib in mó I will tell you more, Trip. 222.6 . antí dia mba hail ni bus mó dibh who desires more of them, RC xxv 400.5 . duine is mo doberad d'etach ┐ d'innmus . . . i nErind who bestowed most raiment and wealth, RC xvii 407.21 (Tig.). rí is mo ro dall . . . do merlichib, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 2.

III As adv., greatly, to a great extent . in mór, gl. prope modum, Ml. 42b25 . gl. aliquanto, BCr. 33d8 ( Thes. ii 23.25 ). in már, gl. magnopere, Thes. i 6.9 . in mar, gl. supra modum, Wb. 18a5 (a prima manu). gl. adeo, Sg. 39a25 . Superl. in máam , gl. primum, Wb. 1c20 . With co: co mmór, Ml. 38c12 , 61b17 . is follus co m.¤ , FA 33. feraid A. fǽlti friss co m.¤ , FB 62. mórán do lucht . . . ┐ go mórmhór na n-ógán especially , TSh. 10359. Absolute (generally with cop.): agait m.¤ a maccáin `greatly play his children', Fél. Sep. 4. is m.¤ moltar side, PH 5616. conid mor dlegaitt dammain forru greatly deserve condemnation, 6998 . Compar. cid mor dliges cech sollamain a herdach . . is in mormo dliges in sollamain-si though all feasts fully deserve their celebration, much more does this festival, PH 3605. is in mormo is coru . . . a choíned far more is it fitting . . . to bewail him, 3369 . cidh mór ro nert cách insin [leg. is in ?] mórmó ro nert Hechtoir much more he encouraged H., TTr.² 311. is mórmó is córa duit cathugud calma, CCath. 555. mó as teann a neartchuaine anos the stronger now are his powerful bands, Content. xxix 33. With de: acht co torchror-sa . . . mote dogentar . . . frit ó do Dia trocaire the more will mercy be shown thee, SR 1535. bid moti bas trēn mo scél, LU 9901 ( PRIA iii 536 § 18 ). is moti no chuired for na mathib int olc fogebtís in maith ra-mor boi accu remi the wealthy felt the evil they were receiving all the more for the superabundant affluence they had hitherto enjoyed, LB 154b8 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do denam that they are the better heeded for their much speaking, PH 7840. atbert M. a n-anmanda friu ┐ ni móti foretatar som sin (= they were none the wiser for it), 1063 . móide is gránna gráin a ngníomha, | Gaedhil féin . . . | d'imirt an fheill the hatefulness of their deed is all the greater inasmuch as it is the Gaels themselves who practise treachery, Keat. Poems 1197. mó sa mó more and more: mo sa mo ro cumscaigit iat, PH 128. ar gach ló as mó sa mhó fhuilghim d'olc, BS 118 z . cech doimne no roisidh an t-adhnacul ba mó sa mó no geibthi an fuil the deeper the grave reached, the more blood was found, ZCP viii 560.22 . Of time in neg. sent.: na ticfa . . . ní bas mó that you will not come any more, TBC-LL¹ 4668. na labra ní bus mó any longer, PH 788. ná déantar leat éagnach níos mó, Keat. Poems 299. Superl. ni bo ed as mó ro gnathaigsem dún what we have been most accustomed to, SCC 14. duni is mó is bidba d'Ultaib who is the greatest enemy of Ulster, CRR 18. étach is mou no thechtad immbe the clothing he mostly wore, PH 873. an fer . . . is moam rot-c[h]ar who loved thee most, ZCP x 47.11 . conith fobithin is moam bertir anmain in cheneli doine dochum n-iphirnn, Ériu vii 152.19 . teora gua ata moam da-fich Dia which God punishes most, Laws iv 52.24 . it e ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna it is they who drink most abundantly, PH 6238.

IV Idiomatic uses (adj. and adv.).

(a) ní m.¤ dom it is not (too) much for me, I require, I ought to (have, do): [ní] m.¤ duib cia chomallaide . . . it is no great thing for you to fulfil, Ml. 95c3 (gl. non mirum [est si . . .]). cairemain . . . ní m.¤ ṅdemon remor n-imda doib, LL 29b40 (of rations assigned to various classes in the Tech Midchuarta).

(b) is m.¤ limm

(a) I think it much, excessive: is mor leisim in mile cemenn he makes much of going the thousand paces, Mon. Tall. § 71. ba m.¤ leo do thír aurland Temrach `the demesne of Tara seemed excessive to them', Ériu iv 124.5 . masa mhor leo-samh if they deem it too much, Laws iv 218.26 . ba mor, ba lond ┐ ba lesc leis dul as in baile, ZCP xiii 26.3 . cibé lé n-ab m.¤ a n-abraim riu whoever thinks I say too much, Keat. i 76.45 . Compar. iarmoracht Maoldithruib . . . dus imbad lór cáocai do gabail . . . Asrubart Máolrúoin ni bu móo dan (leg. dano?) lais a rrobuí isind tsaltir n-uli that he did not consider it greater labour to recite the contents of the whole psalter (than only fifty) (?), Mon. Tall. § 16.

(b) I think much of, esteem, value, etc.: (compar.) is mó lium so d'[fh]águail oldás mor d'innmas I had rather get this, PH 7207. is momo lem and chena nidat bunad Gædelge acht is bunad ceilli I much prefer (to believe) that [grammatical genders ] are not based on the Gaelic language but on sense (?), Auraic. 1461. iss ed is moam lem ciasa bunad Gaidilgi is bunad ceinil I had liefest believe . . . that they are based on sex, 4571 .

(c) is m.¤ ocum I think much (highly) of: ni he iarraidh in tṡaidhbriosa as mor ag Dia it is not seeking wealth that pleases God Ériu v 130.44 . gidh m.¤ agaibh a n-iomus though you rate their learning highly, Content. x 26.

(d) nach mór (in Glosses) `that is not great' follg. a neg. sent. (or virtual negative) = very little, hardly at all: huare nad tarbas a morchumachtae ṡom hisuidiu nach m.¤ , Ml. 64d13 (`his great power was not shown herein to any extent', Thes.), cf. 65d16 . cen immormus nach m.¤ almost without sin, Wb. 11d5 . With an affirm. sent. = almost: foraccaib laiss mind ali .i. cosmailius cometa libair Johain nád mór almost the likeness of (i.e. a copy of) the case of the book of John, Trip. 86.9 .

(e) ní mór, folld. by dependent clause in apposition or introduced by má, co, it is not much that (if) . . . = scarcely, hardly: ní m.¤ foracbus . . . coicfher nā rom-giall I left scarcely five men that did not do me homage, LL 147a44 ( PRIA iii 550 § 37 ). ni m.¤ conánic Príaim a ḟrecra P. could hardly answer, TTr.² 747. nach m.¤ do hairigheadh orra . . . doimheanma hardly any dejection . . . was to be seen in them, PBocht 111 § 10. dorala ni ingantach . . . ┐ ni mor masa incretmi he it is hardly credible, LB 152b16 . ní m.¤ ma doerna scéola[ng] indisen scél hardly a fugitive escaped, BDD 158. ní m.¤ ma ra ḟácaib comét intib (= hardly any one was left to guard them), LL 232a42 = ní m.¤ forácaib, TTr.² 612. ní m.¤ má ro proinnighsiot they had hardly finished their meal, AFM vi 2288.22 . ní m.¤ gurab lia ceann aca ioná creideamh they have hardly more heads than creeds, Eochairsg. 4.1 . ní m.¤ go dtaithneann re lán, mar adeirthi . . . id dhán many folk are scarcely pleased with (would hardly admit) the statement in your poem, Content. vi 205 . nír m.¤ gur bhean sé fai annsa bhaile he had scarcely taken up his quarters, AU iii 390.19 .

(f) ní mór, folld. by neg. clause, almost: ni mor nach rapsat a gconntabairt they were nearly in danger, Fl. Earls 12.23 . ní m.¤ nach roibhe gne imfhaitchis ar dhroing aca, 30.27 . ní m.¤ nat fáccbad . . . 'na hén-tuinn fhiataile almost (the whole tract) was left a waste of weeds, AFM v 1784.2 . ni m.¤ nach raibh mé ann gach uile olc I was almost in all evil, Proverbs v 14. muna bhfóiridh ceárd na n-áirdreann pobal críoch gCuirc . . . ní m.¤ nár bh'fhearr gan cháirde a bhfoscain-díoghlaim it were almost better to scatter them without delay, Keat. Poems 59. nír mhór nar fhuil dearg a dēar, PBocht 62 § 17. A different idiom is found in ZCP xii 389.14 : is mōr nā marbhtha íad it is much that they were not killed, i.e. they were almost killed.

(g) ní mó, introducing an additional statement after a neg. sent., not more = nor . . . either: ni lemaind labra . . . ┐ ni mo no lémad cid mo aircindech nor would my chief himself dare either, PH 2063. ni tualaing nech mo marbad . . . ni mo as tualaing m'anacal no one can kill me . . . as little can I be saved, ZCP vii 302.29 . ní hindderb lium tocht a criaidh, ní mo is ro-derbh linn ga huair (= as sure as I am that I must die, so little do I know at what time), 301 § 9 . níor éar Niall duine fa ghleo, ní mó éarfas N. never refused a fight, nor will he, Content. ii 42. níor mheasais . . . m'áireamh, . . . ní mó as éidir leat a mheas, xiv 52 .

(h) ní mó iná . . . not more than, only: ní mó nó mo chuid-si . . . millfighther only my portion, Comp. CC 77.6 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). ni mo ina le fulang Dé donither na huilc only by God's sufferance, Luc. Fid. 36.21 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht leó an tan . . . they had only just managed to get away, AFM v 1780 z .

Compds.

(a) mór is commonly prefixed to subst. instead of following it; in later heroic lit. such compds. are very frequent, being often used for alliterative purposes. The follg. are a few exx.: (from Glosses) máarbríg, Wb. 12d28 . mordechur a great difference, Ml. 26b1 . morthomas, gl. tantum pondus, 33c17 . in mórindrid (tantae vastationis), 66c19 . With superl.: ised as maamserc la tuistidi . . . primiti a clainde it is the first-fruits of their children that parents most love, 99b5 . ¤ chaindel, perh. = rígchaindel a large candle burnt in the presence of king or chief: is lór iomorro do shoillse isin tigh sin uile gion go [m]be[a]th ann mūirlēas mórchoinnle 'there is enough light in the house, even though there is no great light from a royal candle', BDC 256.544​ . mór-chath a great battle , SR 6492 ( ¤chad). pl. mórchatha , ZCP xi 81 § 11. ¤chin great guilt, a great crime , SR 6872. ¤chuirm strong ale , Ériu iv 106.9 . ¤gein a great birth (child, scion): do imgabail in morgene (mórgeine LU), TBC-I¹ 240. ¤margad, gl. nundinae, Ir. Gl. 327. ¤rí: linais Nia . . . slōgaib cach māirrig ārchoin N. fed with hosts every war-dog of a great king, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.21 (= gach marrigh, LL 387a27 ). trī maicc, trī mārrīg, ib. 2. ¤thimchell a great circuit ; freq. as adv. (absolute or with i n-) all round, about: batar for essama céin móir m., IT i 73.14 . focheird in circul m[b]odba mórthimchull cethri n-ollchóiced nErend, TBC-I¹ 1990. tri cressa i n-a m., FA 8. gan easbaidh . . . d'ar maithib ad mhóirthimcheall, ML 112.32 . ¤thinól: co cualatar in rí do beith mortinol ic Ath Luain with a great gathering (muster), RC xviii 45.27 (Tig.). With npr.: mac moir-Nēill, Irish Texts ii 7 § 6.

Occas. the subst. is modified in meaning by mór, forming a stable compd., e.g. mórchásc = in cásc m.¤ great Easter (distinguished from minchásc s.v. 1 min): do chaithem na morchasc, RC xxviii 322 § 49. See also mórdál, —menma, —sesser.

Follg. a subst. mór retains its adjectival character, being qualified in meaning, e.g. cennmór big-headed , clannmór prolific , SR 6802 ; such compds. will be found under first component.

(b) with adj. in adverbial sense modifying second adj. = very , often merely for sake of alliteration; occas. perhaps forming a dwanda-compd. ¤álaind: (superl.) ingen is mór-ailliu ro boí i nhErinn, IT i 71.8 . banscál is mor-aldom ro buí i nhEre, ZCP viii 310.1 . fled mórchain, RC xiv 412 § 24. dá manaís móirleabra big and long (? very long), Acall. 232. munter mormas, Anecd. i 59 § 79. mórmór very great , mórmó much greater (see above).

Often in adj. formed from subst.: rind Mairt morcathaigh the great battler , CCath. 1031. lucht . . . mórchodaltacha sluggards , Corp. Astron. 92.15 . morcuitech having a large share, Laws iii 462.20 . morghalach very valiant , Ériu v 152. 121 . morghlonnach of mighty deeds , RC xxix 118 § 17. mor-moltach deserving much praise , ZCP x 341.15 . snam mara mórthonnaig great-billowed , MR 172.18 . crann mor-ublach bearing great (? many) apples , Irish Texts ii 10 § 31.

(c) rarely with vbs. in adverbial sense (chiefly to secure alliteration): mármoigid eclais ennce 'innocence magnifies a church', CB 34 § 39 . do milledh ┐ do morairgedh mo tigerntus, ZCP vi 77.3 . ro muradh ┐ ro morchlaidhed . . . an port, AFM vi 2022.2 . ro mórmolsat an Coimde, BNnÉ 24 § 7. ro mid ┐ ro mordēch uadh, CCath. 4752. midheas ┐ móirḟéachas iad, Todd Lect. iv 72 § 22. So too in vn.: do midem ┐ do mórdescain bar in slúag, CRR 25. ac mordechsain na mara, Acall. 3211. do mhidemhain ┐ do moirdhechain, AFM vi 2256.22 . do mhóirdhegadh an tíre, Hugh Roe 156.18 (fo. 42 a) .