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fili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fili or dil.ie/22070
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fili, filid, filid, filed, filid, ḟilid, fileda, filed, file, fileadha, filidh, filed, fili, fili

n t, m. n s. fili, Wb. 31b19 . Sg. 29a3 . LU 10942 , etc. a s. filid, 10944 . d s. filid, Sg. 140a1 . g s. filed, 71b16 . n p. filid 63a14 . ind ḟilid , 162a3 . Ml. 26b10 . a p. fileda, Sg. 63b4 . 212a11 . g p. filed, Rawl. 124a46 . n s. file, LU 10941 . Rawl. 156b5 . IGT, Decl. § 21 . n p. fileadha ( Keat. iii 1239 , etc.) is proscribed as incorrect, IGT Decl. § 21. ex. 784 .

Orig. seer, diviner (cognate with Welsh gwelet, see Thurn. Heldensage, 66 ), and in earlier documents generally implies occult powers or knowledge : fili gl. propheta, , Wb. 31 b 19 . imbass forosnae .i. dofuarascaib sechip ret bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . is a Senc[h]as Mar ro airled comdire do rig ┐ epscop ┐ aige rechta litre ┐ sua[i]d filed for-can di cendaib, Laws i 40.16 ( ZCP xvi 175 ), with gl. : .i. in sui file[d] ... da faillsigend imad a sofesa ... co ndenand rand can smuainedh .i. cen imradud, Laws i 42x Comm. firt filed (a miracle wrought by a poet) AU 1024 . See also ZCP xix 163 , IT iii 96 § 155 , Imr. Brain i 46 , Corm. s.v. Mug eme , Coire Brecain ; RC xxvi 8 . For `fili' and `drui' as interchangeable terms see Plummer V. SS. Hib. i clxi , clxii . Poet (historian, panegyrist, satirist), man of learning (the `fili' in early times was not always sharply distinguished from the `breithem' and `senchaid,' and seems originally to have united all three functions : ni dhligh cúairt no cennaighect | ar ni fili fíreólach | hi feidm eoluis ilcrothaigh | manip co fēigh fessara | cīsa tenna is tuarustla | ... ; ni dlig cuairt ... | file nach dron dechraighfes | sochur dochur dílmaine | drēcht cech tīre thic, ZCP iv 237 . Leb. Cert. 236 . on uair dona ronuc Aimirgin Glungel cetbreth i nEre robu la filedhu a n-oenur breithemnus, cusin Imacallaim in da Tuar i nEmain Mache .i. Ferceirtne file ┐ Nede mac Adna ... Ba dorcha didiu in labrad ro labairset na filid [sic leg.] isin fuigell sin ┐ nirbu reill donaib flaithib in brethemnus ronucsat ... Do allad didiu brethemnus [sic leg.] ar filedhaib iar sin, acht a nduthaigh de, ┐ ro gab cach d'feraib Eirenn a drecht don breithemnus, Laws i 18 Comm. Cf. dichetal filed, one of the things by which law is preserved in tradition, ZCP xvi 175 = Laws i 30 . canaid in breithem fassach firaicnid ┐ roscadh filed, da cois ina brethe in sin, Corm. Y 1224 . See also the tract on The Privileges ... of poets, ed. E. J. Gwynn, Ériu xiii p. 2 ff .) : amal as ho molad ┐ adamrugud in choimded intinscana in salm sa [isamlaid] forcentar dano amal dundgniat ind filid linni cid in sin, Ml. 26b10 . filidh (gl. poeta), Ir. Gl. 1 . Of Latin poets Sg. 63a14 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas ┐ brecht a fuacras in file, Corm. Y 600 . f.¤ ... .i. seircid foglamo. nó ... fī fora aeir ┐ lī fora molad, O'Mulc. 537 . duarfine ... ainm d'filethaib .i. fine duar .i. fine foccul, Corm. Y 445 . rosiachtus glún Amargin filed coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbi, LU 10298 . rātha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, secht n-ócthigirn. na secht ṅdruid dia rímsad tría brichtu, na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra (`the seven druids to bewitch (?) them by means of spells; the seven poets to satirise them and denounce them') Dinds. 161 . nemed .i. fili ... ar is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . nem-uath fri filedaib iarsinni aerait nech co n-epil de, 830 f . asbert in fili nodnaírfed ... ┐ no áerfad a athair ┐ a máthair ┐ a senathair ┐ docechnad fora n-usciu conná gébtha iasc ina inberaib, LU 10946 ( Imr. Brain i 46 ). Applied to Virgil , Sg. 29a3 ; Epimenides Wb. 31b19 . ar ba faith, ar ba file (of David), Hib. Min. 5. 157 . ro can in filid ┐ in faith .i. Bec mac Dé, Cog. 10.22 . Find fili, mac Rosa, LL 311b53 . c56 . Rawl. 118b30 . gen. Find filed m. Rossa, 117e28 . Faifne file, LL 160b11 . Ferchertne file, Rawl. 156b4 . ZCP viii 326.1 . The `filid' was commonly attached to the house-hold of a chief. The calling was hereditary and the office of `fili' to the head of the clan was, in later times at any rate, often the prerogative of a particular family : fili Conchobair in tAed, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22 . Fergus Fínbel, file Find, Dinds. 52 . Fergus Fínbél, fili na Féinde, Acall. 3017 . file Chon Raoi, Feircheirtne a ainm, Keat. ii 3524 . clann Fhir bhisigh .i. fileadha Ua nAmhalghaidh ┐ Cloinne Fiachrach, Hy Fiach. 10 . adubhairt ris file do bheith 'na ardollamh aige féin ar aithris na ríogh roimhe, Keat. iii 1465 .

duais ḟiled is ruidles .i. a ndoberr [sic leg.] i logh natha acht rop iar firinde ┐ choir mbeith in nath the poet's fee is absolutely conveyed, that is, what is paid for a poem, provided the poem be truthful and correct ZCP xiii 20.19 ( Bürgschaft 7 ). coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla fene ┐ fasaige na filed ┐ berla etarsgarta ┐ berla forttide [fortcide v.l.] na filed triasa n-agaillit cach dib a chele, Auraic. 1303 . berla na filed, part of the sixth year's course of the student-`fili' IT iii 38 .

From early times the `filid' formed an important and highly organized corporation classed among the `saer-nemed' (privileged classes) : tri nemid uaisli ... .i. espoc ┐ flaith ┐ file, O'D. 1631 (< H 5.15, 16b ). it e saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh (.i. graid filedh), feine, Laws v 14.10 . There were seven grades of fili, of which the highest was the ollam filed : in t-ollam filedh iarna uirdned ag rig tuath the fully qualified poet when appointed by the king of territories Laws i 42z Comm. ollamh fileadh ` master poet ' Studies 1919, 74 . Cf. O'D. 1214 ff ( H 2.15A, p. 84 ). in t-ollam sair ... adeitig lasin ugdar ni bud mo do na cutruma risin ollamain filed, no risin ollamain mberla no risin fear legind, Laws v 92x Comm. secht ngrad filed : ollam, ansrut[h], cli, canae, dos, mac fuirmid, focluc , O'Mulc. 537 . IT iii 96 § 155 . RC xii 119 . See also Laws iv 358 - 60 . v 26 ; 56 ff . is a ndanaibh defrighet ┐ dearscaighit gach grad filedh o raile i sos ┐ i segda ┐ i n-aircedal BB 296b29 ( IT iii 6 n .). sé dá rádh go riacht tusa | ... seacht ngradh na bfilidh ar fad ..., Gofraidh Mac an Bhaird, 23 L 17, 148b . The fili was at all periods distinguished from the bard (q.v.), whose qualifications and status were inferior (in: a bhfilidh, dá ngairid báird, Keat. i 70 , he is rendering Camden : poetas, quos bardos vocant) : cescc cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh ... ? amhail roghabh rithim arradh Mettuir, as amhlaidh ataid na báird cona mbairdne arradh na ffiledh, Ériu xiii 42.4 . dichlannaigfiter filid cona biat filid etir acht baird tantum , Rawl. 111b14 ( RC xxvi 44 - 5 ). is aire tra na dlegait baird acht letheneclann na filedh uair na frithgh[n]at, uair ni [di]reanar a ngradhaibh filedh neach na frit[h]gnat no o nach frit[h]ghainter the reason bards are entitled to only half the honor-price of poets is that they do not serve [ = practise their art], for `dire '-fine is not paid for any in the grades of a poet who do not serve or are not served BB 296b33 . Amal forber cach gradh filed seach araile im mod soís in oircidail toimside, forber ... cach gradh dibsom [viz. the bards] seach aroile IT iii 24 . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad .i. bairdne na mbard ┐ dlegair dond ḟilid a ḟis, ar is he accept na sechtmad bliadna don ḟilid, 39 . ni dír báird acht dír fileadh | fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182 . The fili in his twelve-year course of study ( IT iii 31 ff .) had to master the various metrical tracts and oghams, memorize a mass of verse and prose tales, and learn certain methods of incantation : is hi ... foglaim na hochtmaide bliadna .i. fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem ┐ reicne roscadach ┐ laíde .i. tenm laída ┐ immas forosnai ( ZCP xix 163 ) ┐ dichetal do chennaib na tuaithe ┐ dín[n]ṡenchus ┐ primscéla Hérend olchena fria n-aisneis do ríghaib ┐ flaithib ┐ dagdhoínib. Ar ni comlán in fili chena, sicut dixit poeta : ni ba dúnad cen rígu. niba fili cen scéla, IT iii 49 - 50 . in-feded in fili scél cacha aidche do Mongán, LU 10942 .

Sometimes in sense a learned man, one skilled in literary composition in Irish, dist. from the Latin author on one hand and the unlearned Irishman on the other : a ngrad con-deilg lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin filid `the comparative degree of the Latinist (writer of Latin) is named inflection by the [Irish] poet' Auraic. 640 . possit ┐ comparait ┐ superlait lasin Laitneoir .i. fothugudh ┐ forran ┐ formoladh lasin filid : maith ┐ fearr ┐ fearrson lasin nGaedeal, 645 . maith, etc. (.i. lasin nGaedel coitchend a n-ecmais in filed, fothugad immorro lasidhe) 657 . ocht ndeich tra atrimet filidh na Goídilce the Gaelic poets reckon eight (metrical) feet Corm. Y 447 .

fochloc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochloc or dil.ie/22457
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -uc, -ug, fochlocan, fochlocc, fochlog, focluc, fochloch, ḟocluic

n (-og, -uc, -ug) (a special use of 2 fochluc, UR 44 ) o, m. (earlier n-stem ? cf. fochlocan) a poet or `fili' of a lower grade, for whose qualifications see IT iii 112 , 115 ; Laws i 46.1 Comm ; v 26.25 , his specific metre was the `dian'; he was allowed two attendants; his reward for a poem was a heifer (samaisc): his honour-price varied according as he was the son of a `fili,' or not, or was `innraic' or not; also according to the status of his patron (`rí túaithe' or `rí Érenn'). ( v 116 App .). His `díre' equalled that of `flaith' or `eaglais,' Ériu xiii 32.11 . His protection extended to five persons: doeimh Fochlog fíorchoiger, 33.13 , sē grādha filedh ... .i. fochloc, macfuir[m]edh, etc. IT iii 97.1 (cf. Ériu xiii 32.11 ). glamh in ḟochloic , ib. IT iii 97.14 . f.¤ [fochlocon LB] nomen grāid filed, Corm. Y 587 (where the word is connected with fochlocán or fochlocht, cf. Laws iv 360.7 ). fochlocc, Laws iv 356z . fochlog, Ériu xiii 32.11 . tricha [scél] la fochluc, Laws i 46.1 Comm. focluc , O'Mulc. 537 . fochloch, ZCP v 499 § 7 . foclucc (... focael og he, og a dan ┐ og a log), Laws v 26.28 Comm. in fochlucc, samhaisc a einecclann, ┐ samaisc log a aiste, ┐ is iat sin [viz. ollam filed ┐ fochlucc] in dias is commór einecclann ┐ logh aiste, ┐ oc righ thuaithe atait and sin, etc. O'D. 1214 (< H 2.15A, 84 ). Laws v 116 . má fuaras uait ... aiceacht is mé i n-aois ḟocluic `when a novice' Content. ix 6 . Cf. bud ead fochlucc bruinde bias fo dheoid and S. ingen E., YBL 329a22 (misprinted fothlucc and rendered 'opener of the womb' ML 154.1 ). v s. a ḟocluic ! xxii 29 .

íarsheng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarsheng or dil.ie/27074
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā lit. slender-ended (epithet of a type of `dian' metre , see IT iii 32 and Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig ii 278 ) : focluc fo seir(id) for aur[ṡ]ing for midshing for iarshing, O'Mulc. 537. ocus dian iarṡeng (v.l. irseng) .iii., ut Romgabsa eolchairi | eolas do heicsib, IT iii 32 § 5. Cf. midṡeng.

íartrom

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íartrom or dil.ie/27089
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā lit. heavy-ended (epithet of a type of `dian' metre; see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig ii 278 ): dian urtrom ocus dian iartrom, Laws v 60.3 Comm. dian iartrom, IT iii 33 § 8. Cf. airthrom, midthrom, ib. § 6 , §7 and p. 162 . focluc fo seir(id) for aur[ṡ]ing for midshing for iarshing, for aurthruim for midtruim for iartruim, O'Mulc. 537.

midṡeng, mideng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midṡeng, mideng or dil.ie/32210
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Mideng

adj. of doubtful meaning; a compd. of 3 mid and seng slender?

(a) epithet of a spear-shaft: manais lethanglas for crúnd midṡing, TBC-I¹ 10. for crunn midhṡiṅg, 2840 (no -e- added above second -i-). for a chrund midenn, 3152 . manaís for crund miding, LU 9270. slegha . . . for crandaibh midhsenga, TBC-LL¹ 5538 St.

(b) of sea: co muir mideng, LL 306b40 ( SG 386.1 ).

(c) in prosody of a variety of `dian', the metrical form belonging to the curriculum of the fochlocán (see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig ii 279 ); acc. to Thurneysen, IT iii 166 , the dian m.¤ corresponded in rhythm to the late Lat. trochaic tetrameter. dian midseng (mideng, midiṅg v.l.), IT iii 32 § 4 (distinguished from dian airseng, § 3 and d. iarṡeng, § 5 ); 70 § 24 ; 71 § 25 (midṡeng). dian mideng, Laws v 60.1 Comm. a ddēin miding milbriathraig, IT iii 106.20 . focluc . . . for midshing, O'Mulc. 537 (gender due to dian).

(d) as hypocoristic npr. f. Mideng, RC xxiv 284.2 , see Wortk. § 33.

midthromm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. midthromm or dil.ie/32212
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā. (3 mid) in prosody name of a species of `dian' (see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig ii 278 ), cf. midṡeng (c). dian midthrom, IT iii 33 § 7. dian mitrom ┐ dian cendtrom, Laws v 60.2 Comm. focluc . . . for midtruim, O'Mulc. 537.

seir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seir or dil.ie/36949

 

Forms: ser, seirig, seir, ṡeirith, seirr, pherid, p[h]erith, seire

n t, f. a s. ser ndeis, IT ii2247.78 . d s seirig, Laws iii 412.21 Comm . seir, iv 352.2 Comm . n du. dā ṡeirith , Corm. Y 1059 (91.20) . da seirr , Anecd. iv. ix 16 . a du. di pherid , LU 5698 = dī p[h]erith , TBC-I¹ 1224 . IGT Decl. § 191.4 . But g s. seire, TSh. 9573 .

(a) of humans, heel ( GOI § 226 ), ankle (?); of horses or dogs, the part of the leg between the hough and the fetlock (?), shank (?): dā ṡeirith birdae brecduba foe, Corm. Y 1059 (91.20) . serrach .i. seir-ech .i. i ndīaid a māthor bīs, ib. 1161 . seirthuid .i. oclach do daghcenel, no fer forais, no mac túisigh .i. do nesa do s.¤ túisigh oc taidhecht a nndail, Laws iv 352.2 Comm . (`hip'). in cur araig do nomad cleth on dorus, . . . ┐ dornn fot in araig iar na seirig, iii 412.21 Comm . atnaig F. iarom id n-erchomail tria a di pherid ┐ berthi i ndead a carpait, LU 5698 ( TBC-I¹ 1224 ). fochicher-sa erchor as mo thabaill fort-su . . . combeba do ser ndeis no chli fout (of a heifer), IT ii2247.78 ('das Dünne der Beine', IT iii Index ). Attrib. gen. is follus go dtig don pheacadh sáilín seire searbhusa do bheith 'na leanmhain, TSh. 9573 `bitter end (?)', Gloss. s.v. sáilín. fo seirid finally, lastly : focluc for seir(id) for aur[ṡ]ing for midshing for iarshing, O'Mulc. 537 . Cf. s.¤ .i. deiridh, O'Curry 2018 ( H 4.22, p. 36b ).

? To this: .i. seirthe Uladh glossing seirtaib, Ériu ii 5 n. 98 (`heels of the Ulstermen', Stokes).

Compds. ¤choél slender-shanked: ech . . . caschaél cos[s]eng seredchōel, TBC-I¹ 1977 . ech . . . seṅg seta seredchael, LL 189a24 . ro éirgetar bachlaig shrubfada shálfada sheiredchaela, SG 178.1 (= Acall. 3795 ). each . . . seng séghdha seiridcháel, Comp. CC 101.6 . ¤dub: each salach seiread dhub `black-heeled', Leb. Cert. 4.3 . ¤mag n. loc. See Hog. Onom. Cf. Mag sered, ib.