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as-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-beir or dil.ie/4383
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: adeir, adubart, adebart, adébart, adobart, adóbart, -dubart, -ebert, -ebart, -ébart, -debart, -débart, -óbart, -dobart, -dóbart, adubart, adobart, adóbart, adébart, asbiur, -epiur, -epur, asbirsiu, asṁbirsiu, asbir, -apir, -epir, asbeir, asṁber, assidbeir, adbeir, atbeir, -epir, -epeir, -eiper, -eper, asberam, -eprem, asberid, asndonberat, asberar, asberr, asmberr, asber, -eperr, -aiperr, asbertar, -epertar, asrobair, asrobar, atrobair, asberinse, asberinn, asbered, asberad, atbeirmis, asbertis, asbeirtis, asberthe, asṅdanbertheni, epred, eprid, asber, -eper, asbere, asbera(su), asbera, atbera, asmberamni, asberaid, asberat, -epret, asberthar, -epert[h]ar, -erbora, -ǽrbara, -erbara, -érbarid, -érbarat, -ērbrat, asrobarthar, -érbarthar, asberin, asberinn, asbertha, -epertha, asberad, atberad, -epred, -epreid, -aipred, asbermis, -epertais, asberthe, asberthae, -eperthe, -erbartha, -erparta, asindrobrad, -ærbarad, -erbarad, asndarobartis, asbǽr, asbéer, asbér, -épéer, -epér, -eper, asbéra, asbéram, asbérat, asbérthar, asbertar, -erbǽra, -eperth, asbert, asmbert, -epert, asindbertatar, -epertatár, asbreth, asruburt, asidruburt, asidrubart, -ǽrburt, -erbort, asrubart, autrubert, asrubartmar, asrubartmmar, adrubartmar, arrubartait, asrubartatar, asinrubartat, -ærb[art]atar, asrobrad, asrobrath, -erbrad, -érbrath, -érbrad, atbiur, adbirsa, atberim, atiur, natiur-sa, tiur-sa, attear, atderim-sea, aderim, adearaim, adirim, -apur, -abbair, -apraim, -abraim, -dirim, at-beire, atberi, at-biri, natbere, ateri, adere, aderi, adir, -abbrai, -abra, atbeir, itbeir, atber, atbir, adbeir, adeir, ader, -abair, -abrann, atberam-ni, adearam, adireim-ne, adermait, idermaidne, adeirmíd, adearmuid, adirmid, -abramait, atberid, atberthe, atberthai-si, atberthi, itirid-si, -aparthi, -aparthai, -abraid, -aburth, atberat, adberuid, atberait, aderait, aderaid, adeirit, adeirid, -abraid, atberar, atberair, aderar, aderair, iderar, dearair, adirthir, adirthear, adeirthear, deirthear, -eperar, -ebarar, -apar, -abar, -aburar, -abairthear, -abarthar, atbered, adbered, atdeired, a-deireadh, conaprad, adeirdis, atberthea, adberta, atberte, aderthai, n-aburti, apursiu, apair, abbair, abair, aprad, abradh, apraid, abraid, aprit, abraid, abarthar, atber, -apror, -abra-sa, therar, ciadera, -eibre, -aprai, -apra, -abra, -erba, adbera, -epre, -eperta-som, -apra, -epram, -apraid, -abairthe, -abrat, -aprat, -ebarthar, -abartar, -abruinn, at-bertha, aderthe, -ebertha, -erbarta, erbartha, atberad, -ebrad, -aprad, -abradh, atbermais, aderdáis, -abbraitis, -hapraitis, -abartháoi, -erbrad, at-bēr, atér, adér, adéar, -eibér, -aibéar, atbēra, atbéra-su, adbera, -adéruir, atbera, adēra, adéara, adérus, -epri, -ebre, -aibéra, -aibeóraidh, adéaraim-ne, déaram, -aibéaram, atberat, adēraitt, -aibeórait, atdérthar, -habeórtar, adearainn, -eibrinn, atbertha, -ebertha, -aibeorta, ádertha, atbered, adberad, atberad, adéaradh, -ebéredh, -ébradh, -eibreadh, -aibeoradh, adéarmais, adiartáis, adérdáis, adéarthaoi, adéartha, -aibértaide, -aibeorthaoi, atbert, adbert, itbert, atbert sib, atbertatar, atbertar, atrubart, adrubairt, atrubairt, adrubairt, atrubartmar, atrubrumar, adrubramar, atrubrabar, atrubartatar, atrubratár, atrubartar, adrubrad, atrubrad, atubart, adubhart, adubairt, atubairt, gitubairt, dubairt, itubairt, adubert, dubairt, adubairt, duibhert, adeibairt, -dubhairt, -dobort, -dóbart, -debhairt, -debert, -débairt, -débuirt, adubramar, adubrumar, adubramair, dubrumur, -dubhramar, -dubhramair, -dobramair, -dobhramair, adubratar, dubrudar, -dubhradar, adubhradh, dubradh, -dubradh, -debhradh, -déabhradh, -óbart, -éabhart, -eabert, -ebert, -ebairt, -ébairt, -éabhairt, -ebradar, -ebrad, -ebrath, -ébrad, condérbairt, -derbertatar, asroepred, atbertus, adubartus, atbertais, adubartais, adobhartois, -ebartais, -dhébartais, atbertsat, asbertsit, atbertsatar, -epertsat, -ebertsat, -ebirtsit, adubortas, -ebras, -erbertus, atrubairtais, -erbortaiss, atrubhairtset, epert, abairt, abarta

v (* ess-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 466 ). IGT Verbs § 6 . In the prot. -epir there is some fluctuation between e- and a-, see GOI p. 54 , 508 and forms infra.

In Mid. Ir. a form atbeir (prot. -epir, -ap(a)ir) replaces as-beir, see GOI p. 268 . Later this becomes a(t)deir (prot. -apair) and is the usual form in late Mid. and Mod. Ir. Occasionally adeir (sometimes deir) is given the endings of a simple verb, see infra. The early conjugation (ā-subj., ē-fut., t-pret.) continues with Mid. Ir. personal endings. In the pret. new stem-formations appear: adubart (< adrubart); adebart, adébart (? conflation of adubart and -epert); adobart, adóbart. In depend. position -dubart; -ebert, -ebart, -ébart, -debart, -débart; -óbart, -dobart, -dóbart. In classical verse (IGT loc. cit.) adubart, adobart alliterate with d; adóbart, adébart with a vowel and with d.

Early forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. asbiur, Wb. 8a9 . -epiur, Wb. 4b26 . -epur, 5a31 . 2 s. asbirsiu, Wb. 12d17 . asṁbirsiu, Sg. 208b5 . asbir, 66b10 . -apir, ibid. -epir, TBC-LL¹ 1763 . 3 s. asbeir, Wb. 5a1 . asṁber, 10b13 . With rel. inf. pron. assidbeir, 20a10 . With neut. inf. pron. adbeir, 5a11 . atbeir, 10d5 . -epir, ibid. -epeir, 17d11 . -eiper, 33b7 . -eper, Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. asberam, Ml. 14a19 . Sg. 55b1 . -eprem, Sg. 208a7 . 2 pl. asberid, Wb. 5a31 . 3 pl. with rel. inf. pron. asndonberat, Wb. 2a12 . Pass. sg. asberar, Wb. 3c21 . asberr, 21c7 . asmberr, 33a18 . asber, Ml. 110d16 , 114a2 . -eperr, Sg. 73a11 . -aiperr, Ml. 14d13 . Pass. pl. asbertar, Wb. 28a20 ; Ml. 123c8 . -epertar, Sg. 3b6 . With inf. ro: 3 s. asrobair, Sg. 198a18 . ? asrobar, Ml. 17b23 . With inf. neut. pron. atrobair, Sg. 190b4 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. asberinse, Ml. 54c26 ; asberinn, 91b10 . 3 s. asbered, Wb. 15a18 ; Ml. 54c18 , 23 , 55c17 ; asberad, 53d6 . 1 pl. With neut. inf. pron. atbeirmis, Wb. 26b19 . 3 pl. asbertis, Wb. 25b27 . asbeirtis, 4c23 , Ml. 106d3 . Pass. sg. asberthe, Thes. i 492.25 . With inf. pron. 1 pl. asṅdanbertheni, Ml. 114a7 .

Ipv. 3 s. epred, Wb. 10a16 . 2 pl. eprid, TBFr. 396 . TBC-I¹ 1570 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. asber, Wb. 16a24 . -eper, 32a20 . 2 s. asbere, Wb. 12d13 . asbera(su), Sg. 209d30 . 3 s. asbera, Wb. 22b23 . With inf. neut. pron. atbera, 12a4 . 1 pl. asmberamni, Wb. 2a13 . 2 pl. asberaid, Wb. 7d10 . 3 pl. asberat, Wb. 1d1 . -epret, Wb. 7d8 . Pass. sg. asberthar, Wb. 10a12 . -epert[h]ar, Wb. 5a5 . With inf. ro 1 s. -erbora, LU 6659 (TBC). 2 s. -ǽrbara, Sg. 209b30 . -erbara, LL 286a1 . 2 pl. -érbarid, Wb. 13c13 ; 15d6 . 3 pl. -érbarat, Wb. 27c8 . -ērbrat, Sc.M² 1R . Pass. sg. asrobarthar, Thes. ii 17.34 . -érbarthar, Wb. 10d13 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. asberin, Wb. 14c23 ; asberinn, 17b1 . 2 s. asbertha, Sg. 217b15 . -epertha, TBC-LL¹ 2161 . 3 s. asberad, Wb. 13a13 , 19 ; Ml. 59a7 , 67a8 , 95b7 . With inf. pron. 3 s. n. atberad, Ml. 62c2 . -epred, 28b11 , 69a21 . -epreid, 70a6 . -aipred, 33c17 . 1 pl. asbermis, Wb. 18a18 . 3 pl. -epertais, Ml. 28d8 . Pass. sg. asberthe, Wb. 15d20 . asberthae, Ml. 77a6 . -eperthe, Wb. 19a5 ; 23d25 . With inf. ro 2 s. -erbartha (-erbarta v.l.), Alex. 829 . -erparta, BB 498a4 . 3 s. with rel. inf. pron. asindrobrad, Ml. 50b8 . -ærbarad, Ml. 31b20 , 24 . -erbarad, SR 5642 . 3 pl. asndarobartis, Ml. 31b22 .

Fut. 1 s. asbǽr, Ml. 91b10 . asbéer, Wb. 32a22 . asbér, TBFr. 168 . -épéer, Wb. 32a20 . -epér, SR 1309 . -eper, PH 2382 . 3 s. asbéra, Wb. 12d6 . 1 pl. asbéram, Wb. 17c23 . 3 pl. asbérat, Wb. 12d12 . Pass. sg. asbérthar, TBFr. 177 . Pass. pl. asbertar, Sg. 73b8 . With inf. ro 3 s. -erbǽra, ZCP vii 484.25 (Enchir. Aug.).

Condit. pass. sg. -eperth, Ml. 127d14 .

Pret. 3 s. asbert, Ml. 16c10 , Thes. ii 241.12 ; 242.3 , 6 . asmbert, Ml. 58c6 , 124d9 . -epert, Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). 3 pl. with rel. inf. pron. asindbertatar, Ml. 124d9 . -epertatár, LU 8079 ( FB 5 ). Pass. sg. asbreth, Ériu iii 137.52 .

Perf. 1 s. asruburt, Sg. 91a3 , Ml. 50d7 . With rel. inf. pron. asidruburt, Sg. 58b1 , 75b2 . asidrubart, Ml. 3a15 , 66c1 . -ǽrburt, 44b19 . 2 s. -erbort. Ériu xii 166 § 5 (TE). 3 s. asrubart, Wb. 4d16 , autrubert, Thes. ii 246.14 (Cambr.). -érbart, Wb. 13c12 . 1 pl. asrubartmar, Wb. 8d26 . asrubartmmar, Sg. 55b5 . adrubartmar, 197b16 . 2 pl. arrubartait (sic), RC iii 345.16 . 3 pl. asrubartatar, Wb. 18d1 . With rel. inf. pron. asinrubartat, Ml. 131d12 . -ærb[art]atar, 29a4 . Pass. sg. asrobrad, Wb. 3c31 , 5a4 , 10d8 , 12d26 , 33b16 . asrobrath, Ériu ii 104 § 15 . -erbrad, Wb. 32c8 , -érbrath, Sg. 220a10 . -érbrad, Ériu iii 137.52 . -éabrad, Celtica xiii 13.248 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. atbiur, TBC-LL¹ 610 . adbirsa, Mon. Tall. 154.23 . atberim, SR 1873 . atiur, TBC-LL¹ 2990 etc., natiur-sa, 4269 . tiur-sa, 2975 . attear, 3180 . atderim-sea, 4403 . aderim, PH 2760 . adearaim, DDána 113.29 . adirim (: eisinill), IGT Verbs ex. 84 . -apur, Mon. Tall. 140.24 . -abbair, Ériu ii 92 § 6 . -apraim, PH 2188 . -abraim, TSh. 2694 . -dirim, Content. xxix 10 . 2 s. at-beire, SR 1268 . atberi, Trip.² 584 . at-biri, Sc.M² 3 . natbere, TBC-LL¹ 1679 . ateri, MU 420 . adere, PH 2712 . aderi, 2705 . adir (: fir), IGT Verbs ex. 83 . -abbrai, Ériu iv 98.7 . -abra, DDána 37.17 . 3 s. atbeir, SR 4169 . itbeir, Trip.² 64 . atber, TBC-LL¹ 430 . atbir, 1222 . adbeir, ZCP viii 109.10 . adeir, PH 2714 . ader, 2688 . -abair, TSh. 127 . -abrann (: cablom), IGT Verbs ex. 87 . 1 pl. atberam-ni, TBC-LL¹ 5017 . adearam, DDána 42.30 . adireim-ne, 70.1 . adermait, PH 2685 . idermaidne, YBL 142b19 . adeirmíd, TSh. 5863 . adearmuid (: dhuid), Dán Dé xv 22 . adirmid (: sirmid), IGT Verbs ex. 76 . -abramait, PH 2666 . 2 pl. atberid, PH 297 . atberthe, TBC-LL¹ 861 . atberthai-si, 1959 . atberthi, PH 5268 . itirid-si, TBC-LL¹ 1636 . -aparthi, PH 5268 . -aparthai, 2362 . -abraid, -aburth, CCath. 601 . 3 pl. atberat, Trip.² 1175 . TBC-LL¹ 2659 . adberuid, Laws i 34.4 Comm. atberait, PH 6985 . aderait, 2676 . aderaid, CCath. 1700 . adeirit, Ériu xv 14 § 1 . adeirid, TSh. 751 . -abraid, 2514 . Pass. sg. atberar, BDD² 582 . TBC-LL¹ 843 etc. atberair, PH 2870 . aderar, 7396 . aderair, 7345 . iderar, CCath. 722 . dearair, DDána 48.10 . adirthir (: sligthiph), IGT Verbs ex. 93 . adirthear, DDána 78.12 adeirthear, TSh. 2515 . deirthear, 5652 . -eperar, Laws ii 254.6 . -ebarar, ACL iii 247.5 . -apar, MU² 265 . TBC-LL¹ 1148 . -abar, DDána 23.18 . -aburar, Maund. 8 . -abairthear, Ó Héodhusa 50.16 . -abarthar, TSh. 1924 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. atbered, TBFr. 223 . adbered, Ériu i 46.10 . atdeired, TBC-LL¹ 2854 . a-deireadh, DDána 52.17 . conaprad, Ériu iv 32.4 . 3 pl. adeirdis, Maund. 16 . Pass. sg. atberthea, TBC-LL¹ 1453 . adberta, Ériu ii 176.5 . atberte, CCath. 4446 . aderthai, Irish Texts i 22 § 5 . frisi n-aburti , Ann. Conn. 1310.3 .

Ipv. 2 s. apursiu, Mon. Tall. 150.22 . apair, TBFr. 323 . abbair, SR 1213 etc. abair, PH 351 . 3 s. aprad, PH 1768 . abradh, Ériu xv 14 § 5 . 2 pl. apraid, TBFr. 144 . abraid, Ériu iv 140.18 . aprit si, Mon. Tall. 131.31 . 3 pl. abraid, RSClára 7b . Pass. sg. abarthar, RSClára 4a .

Subj. pres. 1 s. atber, Ériu v 30.4 . -apror, LU 6662 (TBC). -abrur, LB 141a28 . -abra-sa (abru-sa v.l.), CCath. 3340 . cia therar , Ériu i 227.5 . 2 s. ciadera, Metr. Dinds. iv 356.58 . -eibre, Laws iv 108.1 . -aprai, Fing. R. 381 . -apra (-aprae v.l.), CCath. 4209 . -abra, PH 431 . -erba, 3155 . 3 s. adbera, Laws i 120.27 Comm. -epre, Ériu iii 106 § 41b . ? -eperta-som, TBC-LL¹ 2153 . -apra, IT i 128.26 . 1 pl. -epram, PH 6887 . 2 pl. -apraid, LU 4009 ( SCC 45 ). -abairthe, TTr.² 337 . 3 pl. -abrat, Sc.M² R 20 . -aprat, PH 7891 . Pass. sg. -ebarthar (- erbarthar MS), Ériu iv 24.3 . -abartar, RSClára 103a .

Subj. impf. 1 s. -abruinn, KMMisc. 354.17 . 2 s. at-bertha, Sc.M² 3 . TBC-LL¹ 1730 . aderthe, ZCP vii 301 § 7 . -ebertha, TBC-LL¹ 1730 . -erbarta, Anecd. v 2.10 = erbartha, Alex. 829 . 3 s. atberad, LU 2511 . -ebrad, IT i 175.16 . -aprad, Fing. R. 30 . -abradh, TSh. 2509 . 1 pl. atbermais, Trip.² 63 . 3 pl. aderdáis, Fianaig. 70.27 . -abbraitis, TBC-LL¹ 3592 . -hapraitis, 3291 . Pass. sg. -abartháoi, RSClára 77b . With inf. ro 3 s. -erbrad, IT i 175.31 .

Fut. 1 s. at-bēr, Fing. R. 971 . atér, LL 298b40 . adér, BNnÉ 252 § 207 . adéar, DDána 67.7 . -eibér, FDG² 57 . -aibéar (: caigéal), Content. xxiv 10 . 2 s. atbēra, SR 8133 . atbéra-su, Trip.² 1141 . adbera, Laws i 302.26 Comm. -adéruir, Laud 610, fo. 18d (cited from Plummer MS notes). 3 s. atbera, PH 2038 . adēra, ZCP viii 212.23 . adéara, DDána 29.24 . rel. adérus, RSClára 152a . -epri, LU 2513 . -ebre, IGT Verbs ex. 82 (subj. ?). -aibéra, ZCP viii 212.30 . -aibeóraidh, TSh. 534 . 1 pl. adéaraim-ne, DDána 67.35 . déaram, ML 120.15 . -aibéaram, DDána 95.18 . 3 pl. atberat, TBC-LL¹ 1613 . adēraitt, RSClára 22a . -aibeórait, 14a . Pass. sg. atdérthar, RC xx 12 § 21 . -habeórtar, Maund. 268 .

Condit. 1 s. adearainn, DDána 59.26 . -eibrinn (: deighgreim), IGT Verbs ex. 91 . 2 s. atbertha, TBC-LL¹ 1730 . -ebertha, 1730 . -aibeorta, TBC-LL¹ p. 221 n.4 . ádertha, ibid. 3 s. atbered, SR 5903 . adberad, CCath. 754 . atberad, 755 . adéaradh, DDána 94.13 . -ebéredh, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . -ébradh (: érlam), IGT Verbs ex. 86 . -eibreadh (: fleadh), ex. 81 . -aibeoradh, Keat. i 62.17 . 1 pl. adéarmais, DDána 99.43 . 3 pl. adiartáis, TBC-LL¹ 4018 . adérdáis, ZCP viii 223.20 . Pass. sg. adéarthaoi, DDána 21.22 . adéartha, 11.33 . -aibértaide, Maund. 55 . -aibeorthaoi, Keat. i 234.16 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 3 s. atbert, Trip.² 168 . TBC-LL¹ 962 etc. adbert, Mon. Tall. 136.18 . itbert, CCath. 412 . 2 pl. atbert sib, PH 1384 . 3 pl. atbertatar, TBC-LL¹ 456 etc. atbertar, TTr.² 560 .

(b) 1 s. atrubart, PH 1548 . 3 s. adrubairt, Anecd. i 11.13 ( -a(i)rt, SCano 309 ). atrubairt, SR 1325 . adrubairt, Trip.² 554 . 1 pl. atrubartmar, CCath. 2865 . atrubrumar, PH 554 . adrubramar, 3460 . 2 pl. atrubrabar, PH 2774 . 3 pl. atrubartatar, LL 401b42 . atrubratár, TBC-LL¹ 2076 . atrubartar, TTr. 422 . Pass. sg. adrubrad. Trip.² 1392 . atrubrad, PH 107 .

(c) 1 s. atubart, TBC-LL¹ 4110 . adubhart, DDána 39.14 . 3 s. adubairt, TBC-LL¹ 1494 . atubairt, 956 . gitubairt, 3764 (ce dubairt , v.l.). itubairt, RC xlvi 227.19 . adubert, ZCP xiii 182.26 . dubairt, PH 7464 . adubairt, IGT Verbs ex. 80 . duibhert, Rel. Celt. ii 190.33 . adeibairt (idubairtt v.l.), Ériu ii 184.16 . -dubhairt, TSh. 3198 . -dobort (: comolc), IGT Verbs ex. 88 . -dóbart (: cródhacht), ex. 89 . -debhairt, CCath. 421 . -debert, RC xiv 46 § 54 . -débairt, TTr.² 245 . -débuirt (: énuilc), IGT Verbs ex. 75 . 1 pl. adubramar (atrubhamar v.l.), CCath. 2641 . adubrumar, Laws i 92.9 Comm. adubramair, 42.21 Comm. dubrumur, 142.27 Comm. -dubhramar, TSh. 1158 . -dubhramair, 99 . -dobramair (: gormlannaig), IGT Verbs ex. 79 . -dobhramair, DDána 101.25 . 3 pl. adubratar, PH 2679 . dubrudar, RC xlix 5 § 2 . -dubhradar, TSh. 3210 . Pass. sg. adubhradh, DDána 21.7 . má dubradh , IGT Verbs ex. 80 . -dubradh (: chunnradh), ex. 90 . -debhradh, Lism. L. 3310 . -déabhradh (: téarnamh), DDána 108.3 .

(d) 1 s. -óbart, IGT Verbs ex. 85 . -éabhart, Content. viii 4 . 3 s. -eabert, Ériu ii 186.13 . -ebert, CCath. 4061 . -ebairt, TBC-LL¹ 137 . -ébairt (: mérailt), IGT Verbs ex. 74 . -éabhairt, DDána 97.24 . 3 pl. -ebradar, Ériu ii 180.10 , Pass. sg. -ebrad, Fing. R. 1030 . -ebrath, ZCP viii 313.30 . -ébrad, IT i 132.19 .

(e) 3 s. condérbairt, TTr.² 1764 . 3 pl. -derbertatar, BS 50.30 . Pass. sg. asroepred, Mon. Tall. 159.4 .

Pret. and perf. with s-pret. endings. 1 s. atbertus, PH 1517 . adubartus, 1785 . 2 s. atbertais, TBC-LL¹ 1414 . adubartais, PH 3332 . adobhartois, Desid. 799 . -ebartais, Fen. 300. x . -dhébartais, ZCP viii 552.14 . 3 pl. atbertsat, LU 9223 ( FB § 77 ). asbertsit, Alex. 690 . atbertsatar, PH 2743 . -epertsat, PH 750 . -ebertsat, 2305 . -ebirtsit, TBC-LL¹ p. 649 n.7 . Pass. sg. adubortas (: bfoltchas), IGT Verbs ex. 78 . -ebras, Ériu vii 225.6 .

Also 1 s. -erbertus, PH 4958 . 2 s. atrubairtais, PH 5046 . -erbortaiss, Ériu xii 166.30 (TE). 3 pl. atrubhairtset, Leb. Gab.(i) 244.9 .

Vn. epert. abairt, IGT Verbs § 6 .

Part. of necess. abarta, Anecd. ii 20 § 4 .

Says, speaks (folld. by direct obj., verbal clause or vn. clause): dogníthe a n-asbered Moysi, Wb. 15a18 . arna epret is ara miscuis in cúrsachad, 7d8 . ní arindí asndarobartis . . . inna briathra hisin, Ml. 31b22 . atbeir C. . . . inní so, Trip.² 10 . in ferand . . . a n-apar a mbith, 43 . ní abbair acht fírinne `I say only the truth', Ériu ii 92.15 . intan promthar epred ced, ZCP vii 312 § 24 . asrubairt ni regad co rrucad mo chendsa, TBC-I¹ 1219 . adbert co ndingnead, Ériu ii 180.9 . brat an druadh adir an leabhar / 'na smual ón tigh theineadh, Dán Dé xii 23 . dā n-abruinn gurab dubh an fíach, / adēardis Laighnigh gur geal, KMMisc. 354.17 . ná habair 's ní aibéar-sa / m'ainm, Dánta Gr. 95.13 . adeirid uile, crochtar é, TSh. 3196 . an madradh adeir sé do bheith i n-ifreann, 1030 . an dream adeirmíd do mharthain quos vivere dicimus, 5863 . In phrase a.¤ bréithir (bríathar) gives one's word: asbir mo bríathar . . . beith ré dosom ría n-ecaib ┐ ní dognéa . . . `by my word', Mon. Tall. 141.6 . natiur-sa brethir manu thísat . . . is missi conairgeba bás, TBC-LL¹ 4269 . asbiur mo bréithir . . . narb' ail damh nech d'anacal, RC xxvii 268 § 16 . In sense of orders, commands: asbert Colmán a scor reme C. ordered it to cease, BColm. 58.22 . má adubhairt cairt a roinn ribh / an tírse `if some charter orders you to divide this country', Aithd. D. 30.32 . céard gach fhir do dhíol adeir he orders the craft of every man to be rewarded, DDána 91.45 . adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh, TSh. 190 . sings, chants Celtica xxi 62 : co n-ebert an laoidh, BS 17.487 .

With prepp. With FRI says to, calls: amal asindbertatar som fris, Ml. 124d9 . is sain indí asidrubart ┐ indí frisa n-érbrath, Sg. 220a10 . asbert D. fri Pátricc, Thes. ii 241.12 . eprid frie for toisc, TBFr. 396 . Rí frisin-erbairt in slúag, SR 7689 . Conall C. atubrad rium-sa do gabáil ann `I was told that C. would settle there', Ériu xvi 67.93 . ní apur frit ol M. ní fodgní lind `I do not tell thee (to do so) says M., such is not our practice', Mon. Tall. 140.24 . notaitchim ar Dia . . . co n-erba rind . . ., PH 3155 . adbirsa fritsa cuicc bliadna dec pendi `I pronounce upon thee fifteen years of penance', Mon. Tall. 154.23 . apraid ríu . . . anat dina cuínib co fodailter dóib, TBFr. 144 . coimhlíonaid . . . mar a dubhradh riú `as it hath byn commanded them', RSClára 114b . is airi asbiur frit stultam, Wb. 8a9 . as uime adeirthear neamhghlan rú this is why they are said to be impure, IGT Introd. 5.12 . Druim C. risa n-apar Áni Clíach which is called, MU² 294 . as ris aderthai Mac Duinnshleibhe, L. Chl. S. 17 . mac do Fíachaig Mullet[h]an risinnabar Fer da Líach, ZCP viii 303.29 . an ced earnail dib re nabar morbus uniuersalis, RC xlix 3.4 .

With DO gives as a name to, applies to, calls: conna epreid ainm dia ndoib, Ml. 70a6 . ání as deus is du folud nephchumscaigthiu asberr, 110d16 . conepertar doib ylementa , Sg. 3b6 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib `only the plural is used of them', 73a11 . cid ara n-eperr fer midboth don[d] ḟi[u]r so ? Críth G. 30 . is hé in suide itberar doib, Trip.² 40 .

With DI calls: is de atberthe in siriti de ara met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, LU 9008 ( FB 75 ). is airi adberta Furbaide de, Ériu ii 176.5 . cia tugaid ara n-ebarar berla tobaide din Gaedilg ?, Auraic. 2.10 . Says of: issed asberedsom desuidiu `this is what he used to say of this', Mon. Tall. 142.18 . is don ingen siu atrubrath cruth cach co hEtain, IT i 120.12 . conadh aire atberar in foranmach de .i. Nuada Find Feimin, ZCP xiii 197.15 . cé dearaid cách éag re hadhart / d'onchoin R. . . ., Magauran 1172 .

With ó names from: iar marbhadh . . . Charolusa . . . ó n-abarthar cloidheamh Charolusa from whom the sword of C. is named, Ériu i 80 § 8 . cia ó ndubhradh ainm gacha litre, IGT Introd. § 1.4 . Féine ó Fhéinius atbearta, Keat. ii 319 . Aed mac . . . Fergail on abar h. Fergail, Ann. Conn. 1232.2 .

bairdne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bairdne or dil.ie/5222

 

n , f. (bard) bardic craft, bardic composition, bardic metre (less strictly regulated and less highly regarded than filidecht , Murphy Metrics 26 f.). do corus bard cona bardni, IT iii 5 title. óendán cen tomus techtai. . . .i. in bairdni, 6 § 4 . cis lir fodlai filet forsin mb.¤ ? Nī: .l. fodal .i. cethora primfodla . . . ┐ is as-sin fodailter a aisdi coir do cach bard, ibid. secht n-aisde na filidheachta ┐ secht n-aisde na b.¤ , Ériu xiii 39.7 = vii mbrousnacha na b.¤ , Auraic. 3508 . diles do bairdni .i. a tomus fri cluais ┐ fri coir n-anala, 757 . Cf. 3824 , Ériu xiii 43.23 . in āes bair[d]ne ┐ rand, Anecd. v 23 n. 7 . bunad in airchetail (.i. tomsidhe) ┐ int sois (.i. na b.¤), 24 n.3 . Cf. IT iii 6 § 3. co corus coibnes cata cána concana b.¤ , O'D. 2207 (Nero A vii, 143b). F. . . . dochóid . . . hi tír Connacht co mbairtni donaib rígaib, Trip.² 2225. bagaim conid bairdni bind. / debidi alaind imrind, LL 5257. dorónus dōibh dua[i]n mbinn mb.¤ , ACL iii 296 § 45. As name of a particular metre: bairdne fodesin, Murphy Metrics p. 65 § 60 . Also in other names of metres: bogb., casb., snedb. etc., p. 76 f. arbeittet bairtni bindi / . . . ainm nAeda, Thes. ii 295 § 8 (SP v).

1 caíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caíne or dil.ie/7821

 

n , f. (1 caín)

(a) gentleness, pleasantness, beauty : ara caini ón gl. erit memorabile, Ml. 90b1 . inna caine sainredchae gl. elegantiae singularis, 37b10 . ní ho mud neirt nó chaine `it is not from the fashion of strength or beauty', 16 . cáine amre lasin mBran `B. deems it a marvellous beauty', Imr. Brain 33 . co na ch.¤ cona dene (of the south of Ireland), LL 16108 ( Todd Nenn. 252.12 ). cáine nuachair, TBC-LL¹ 3092 = cāime nūachair, TBC-I¹ 2283 . doronsad caine comraidh re ceile pleasant conversation, KMMisc. 317.13 . triar coemdos co caene (of saints), Gorm. Nov. 17 . ré caoine a sheanma the beauty of his playing, Studies 1920, 99 § 12 . réd shíol do chuir ar gcaoine / guin do thaoibhe, a ghríobh Gháille the wounding of your body has caused us to be gentle to your seed, RC xlix 170 § 14 . ina féil cháoine, Bard. Synt. Tr. 18.5 `a joyous feast', p. 143 . In special use with follg. gen. cāine airt `ein herrliches Bär', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 § 1 . cáine tíre adamri, Imr. Brain 11 . tucad cáine bíd dóib (do roignib gacha bidh, v.l.) the best of food, TBC-LL¹ 115 . cāine flathu `fairest princes', K. and H. 18 . c.¤ drenn see 3 drenn. In chevilles: caini gnima, SR 4097 . cáine étatho, Imr. Brain 13 . cáine sretha, ZCP viii 108.7 .

(b) diversion, game, amusement : to luidh Mac A. . . . / ingnuis a ch.¤ , Blathm. 92 § 8 . caine maic ind righ, 92 § 10 . anat dina cuínib co fodailter dóib, TBFr. 144 . Ironically in: ní mellach a c[h]aíne do-gní (of an attacking enemy), MU² 1020 .

? ni cóir ríg cóel caíni tria rind umae báis berair, LU 5446 (rhet.).

cenmothá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenmothá or dil.ie/8621

 

Forms: cenmithá, cenm, cinmothā, genmothá, cenmothát, cenmibí, cenmobi, cenmorobai, cenmo, cenmothá, cenmothá, cenmotha, genmothá, -át, cenmóthát

Compd. of cen and -tá (see attá) used as prep. and conjunction. See GOI § 775 . In O. Ir. usually cenmithá ( cenmathá, Wb. 33a4 , Sg. 56b13 , 71b17 ; cenm, 201b18 ). cinmothā, Ériu i 124.10 . In later lang. also genmothá. With pl. ending cenmothát (cenmthat disyll., SR 399 ). Rarely with other forms of subst. vb.: cenmibí, Ériu vii 148 § 8 . cenmobi, YBL 140b1 . cenmorobai, Ériu vii 164.11 . cenmo bui, TFerbe 27 . The general rule for all periods of the language is that the form cenmothá etc. is folld. by accus. (sg. and pl.), exceptions being rare. Cf. cenmothá na .uii. claidseo, SM Facs. 18a8 (emended to cladu-so, Ériu xvii 72 § 14 ). cenmotha dias, RC xxiv 200.15 . genmothá somh besides him, AFM iv 864.1 . See GOI Translator's Notes no. 169 . The pl. form in -át is folld. by the nom. pl. (early exx. being Ériu xiii 18.13 , SR 399 , 3421 ) or stands by itself: cenmóthát besides them, AFM iii 126.9 . See also ZCP xxviii 125 - 6 .

As prep. (a) apart from, besides, in addition to: céin motha .i. leath amuigh no a bfhégmhuis, O'Cl. genmotha .i. anegmais, Lec. Gl. 11 . cenmitha innadeitched gl. praeter . . . detestationem, Ml. 103a7 . cenmithá aní-siu gl. quod est alium mandatum, Wb. 6a25 . cenmithá anisin `besides this', gl. si quid aliter sapitis, 24a18 . cenmithá innahí asrubart gl. praeterea, Sg. 21b10 . cenmathá inna hí asrubart gl. cetera quoque omnia, 56b13 . c.¤ in pennait gl. comdire cac deoradh de fri ri[g] ┐ espoc `apart from the "penance" [in addition]', BCrólige 4 gl.2 . leath ┐ octmhadh ig fir ín craind, ┐ leath genmotha octmadh ig fir na mbeach, Laws iv 184.5 . cenmothá fossu without counting servants (in list), TBC-I¹ 162 . cenmotha ind aes ṅdedenaig, Rawl. 69a15 . cenmothat doine do marbad in addition to killing people, AU ii 156.x . amaille re leabhroibh gabhála . . . oile gen mó táid sin, MS. Mat. 556.2 . cenmothát na secht ríg, ZCP viii 326.6 . chriathrastair na criocha . . . genmothat na dúine, Hugh Roe² 170.23 .

(b) After generalizations, negations, etc. except, but (often equivalent of acht): cenmitha inso gl. excepto hoc, Ml. 92a10 . cenmithá étrad gl. omne peccatum . . . extra corpus est: qui autem fornicatur, in corpus suum peccat, Wb. 9d7 . cenmithá .f. gl. caeteris . . . consonantibus, Sg. 24b3 . cenmithá in consoin gl. reliquam partem, 58b7 . olchenae cenmithá unus , 211a2 . cenmothát tríar, LU 4086 . geinmothá osgar amhrois, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 9 . ní maith sil Ḟergusa cenmotha oen except for one man, RC xxiv 194.13 . genmo 'táid Connachtaigh namá, ML 60.2 . ceinmotha isi, ACL iii 308.11 . a huiledeto genmotha inni rothormachtatar filid `the whole of it except what poets added', Auraic. 21 . Ard Macha do loscadh . . . cona durthigib uile cenmotha in teach screbtra nama, RC xvii 358.26 (Tig.). In the follg. acht would normally be required: ni raibhe Seaan cenmotha móirṡeiser was accompanied only by seven, AFM iv 882.18 . ní raibhe lá T. cén mo thá fiche long, ii 1056.22 .

As conj. confined to O. Ir. glosses, where it may be folld. either by principal clause or by a nasalizing rel. clause, see GOI 551 . cenmitha as n-áith `besides that it is sharp', Ml. 72b15 . cenmithá ara-necatar coitchena in or dano gl. praeterea communia . . . , Sg. 65a11 . cenmitha fodailter ind rann insce, 3b15 .

4 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 dál or dil.ie/14347
Last Revised: 2013

 

ā, f. vn. of dáilid.

I A dispensing of drink or food : dal dige a dalo .i. seol bec bíss i ṁbraine muircoblaig. nosdali iarum in tonn imbi ut Isidorus dicit: dalum minimum uelum ad proram defixum. nó dail ebraice dalilia .i. sithula .i. sithal, O'Mulc. § 292 . Cf. Corm. Tr. p. 58 : dal .i. a dalin hebraico sithula .i. sithlad in lenda dognither aga dail. (Cf. H 3.18, 69 b : dal a dalín ebr. sithula , etc.). in dáil lenno, LMU 17. 54 (Eg.). tráth tánic dóib co roind ┐ dáil, FB 20 . dabach and do mid medrach oca dáil forin teglach, SCC 33. 23 . randaire do roind in bid ┐ na dáilemain da dail inna corma IT i 311. 36 . Cf. raergitar iartain rannair[i] fri raind accu ┐ dalemain fri dáil, CRR 13 . Étáin bói ocon dáil forsna flathi ar bu saindán disi dál, LU 132 a 21 . anais do dáil dóib, RC ix 490 . neim da dail fair, ib. xxiv 178. 9 . nothallad dáil chét for mael cech cnáma, LL 169 a 17 . is isi nodáled in dail ṅdedenaig, ib. 279 a 51 ( RC viii 150. 13 ). nír ibh achd a cuid don dáil sin, ITS v 24. 21 . da dáil ar fearaibh Éireann, ib. vii 61. 1 f.b.

II A distributing, dispensing, bestowing, granting : ag dáil cráisech don chuiri, Hy Fiach. 238. 5 . ag dáil slegh ZCP viii 224. 25 . in leiges suthain sin na fala coimeta do dail dóib, PH 265 . saidhbhreas an tsaoghail do dháil dhó, TSh. 273. 22 . ní fuil ainm eile arna dháil dona daoinib fa neamh (arna thabhairt, Bedel), ib. 58. 23 . arna ndáil ara gcumas handed over into their power, 180. 1 . fa choim phríomhughdair na ngrás do dháil da lucht leanamhna, 222. 35 .

To 4 dál also FB § 16 : fodáilter iarsuidiu biad ┐ lind doib ┐ tairmchell dáil tenid leo ┐ gabsus meisce ┐ batar fáilte, (cf. tendál) and ITS v 12. 120 : roforrígdáileadh biadh ara mbéulaibh ┐ rothimchill dáil teallaigh aca.

do-airmchella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airmchella or dil.ie/17147

 

Forms: tairmchellaid, do-sn-armchell, rotarmcell, dorarmchell, tairmchell

v (* to-air-imb-cell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 483 ). Later as simple vb. tairmchellaid. Surrounds, encompasses: do-sn-armchell cech n-ecomnart, SR 6552 (pret.). dia ro-s tarmchell . . . | tob tened di cach oen aird, 7387 . tairmchellsat gascid fer nUlad ón dorus diarailiu dond rigthig, FB § 55 . Encloses, contains: nach tarmchillend hEriu óclach . . . nach aichnid dam-sa, CRR 11 . Goes round, makes a circuit of: carpat Catháir . . . tailc rothairmchell triathu trét, Metr. Dinds. ii 82 . rotoirmcill Erinn fria leigis, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ) = rotarmcell, BB 374b51 . dorimchell (rothairmcheall, Eg.) rig-usciu hErend, BDD 154 . dorarmchell, 155 Eg. Cf. further: tairmchell corn ┐ cuibrend ┐ rolasat gáir mesca beakers and food-rations went round (?), IT i 67 . fodáilter biad ┐ lind dóib ┐ tairmchell dáil tenid leó ┐ gabsus meisce the distribution went round the fire among them (?), FB § 16 (both cases referred by Wind. to vn.). Fig. and transf.: rostairmchell P. dá chét míle do thraigthechaib mustered (?), Alex. 42 . do sil Crimthaind Niad náir, | rig tairmchell firu Fáil fo mustered (?), encompassed, protected (?), Lec. 213b33 .

Vn. tairmchell.

fo-dáli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-dáli or dil.ie/22565
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fodali, fodáli, fotdáli, fodalet, -fodlat, fodalib, fodailfea, fondrodil, fodailter, -fodlatar, -fodlaiter, fondáiliter, fodailte, forodlad, fordaled, -fordailti, fodl-, fadl-, fagl-, fogluith, fosdaile, fodlat

v ī O.Ir. forms: Pres. 2 s. fodali, Ml. 39c2 . 3 s. fodáli Sg. 121b1 . fotdáli, Wb. 12a8 . 3 pl. fodalet, Sg. 72a3 , 4 . -fodlat 197a21 . fut. 1 s. fodalib sea, Ml. 78a10 . 3 s. fodailfea, 90a8 . perf. 3 s. fondrodil, Wb. 10a11 . Pass. pres. s. fodailter , Sg. 3b15 . pl. -fodlatar, 72b1 . -fodlaiter, 28b22 . rel. fondáiliter, Críth G. 12 . pret. pl. fodailte LU 4656 . perf. s. forodlad, 4793 . cf. ra fordaled , TBC-LL¹ 115 . pl. -fordailti, Laws iv 298.7 (CG). -fordailte, Auraic. 152 . Later treated as simple vb. with stem fodl-, fadl- (fogl-, fagl-), e.g. Metr. Dinds. iii 270 , cited below. Vn. fodail, q.v.

(a) With DO, FO, FOR of indirect obj. distributes, dispenses, apportions, bestows ; glosses Lat. impertire, partiri, distribuere: trenib fine foglaigthear (fodluiter v.l.) `it is distributed to the thirds of the fine' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 143 ( Laws iv 38 ). Freq. of distributing food (often with ellipse of obj.). ag fudáilfidi la ríg L., Trip. 188.14 ( -e, Trip.² 2210 ). fodlid dún ... a mbiad !, TBFr. § 11 (LL) = foglaid, RC xxiv 146 . fogluith, ZCP iv 36 . fodailter ... bíad ┐ lind dóib, LU 8216 ( FB 16 ). forodail dig don mnaí, LU 4297 ( SG 84.26 ). rafordaled fled forro, TBC-LL¹ 115 . adubairt P. . foghail ind uisqui for Ard M. ┐ for Airthera, Lism. L. 1518 . ra fodailte seóit ┐ maíni ... dóib, LL 263b2 ( MU² 215 ) (cf. foigheolaidh mor maine amach, Duan. F. ii 72 which may belong to 1 fodlaid). Mael Fathartaig fodlad graig, LL 150b11 . co toimle co fordala | do cach óin dodnimgara, Ériu iii 98 § 14 . rofhoghuil B. na bū do bhochtaibh, Lism. L. 1306 . cia fhódlar m'uile indmusa do bochtaib, PH 5914 . ro fothoil gach ní fobúi lais do bochdaib, Aisl. Tond. 94 § 3 = do sgaoil ... ar, p. 121 . cia gaba a n-edparta ... nos-fodla distribute them ACL iii 318 § 67 = fosdaile, LB 261a69 . is amlaid so fodailter thus it is distributed (of the arrangement of metrical feet in a poem) IT iii 74.17 . is amlaid so ro ḟoghail int aingel do Colum C inna minna .i. in coach do Dhun ┐ cloic in aidechta do Ard Macha, etc. AU 552 . roḟcghuil C. in cain sin 10 seacht primhtuathaibh na Teamhrach, RC xliii 12 § 5 . forodail [Críst] ilbélra ... dia desciplaib, Ériu ii 200.11 (ro ḟodhail v.l. ). othrus ... fodailter 10 miad sick-attendance is given according to rank Laws ii 36.7 . Abs.: fodaledsom do bochtaib co mmór, Mon. Tall. § 77 .

(b) With abstr. obj. dispenses, disseminates: fodlad .i. scailed, Lec. gl. 367 . fadhlaidh .i. sgaoilidh, O'Cl. Cf. fadlaim cech fír atfedhe, Leb. Gab.(i) i 114 . fadlaidh cech fis atfédhim, 162 = foglam (: adhram), BB 33b27 ; fodlaid (: adraid), LL 10b43 . mé int úa Flaind fodlas fíru, LL 6a8 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 70 . a fir fadlas (: labras) sós na sen!, Metr. Dinds. iii 270 . is as foghailter soos do dainib, Anecd. v 24.7 . magen asa fordailte ... na hilberla, Auraic. 152 .

Hence with pers. obj. sends in different directions, disperses ; often folld. by FO: fosdáil ... Issu fo ṡíl nÁdim (of the Apostles), Fél. July 15 . forodlad in t-ochtmad xxx. chēt deac fón slóg n-ule has been distributed throughout the entire army LU 4793 = raḟodlad, TBC-LL¹ 658 . is leis forodalta Conaille fo hÉrinn, ZCP viii 330.29 . treb Leúi didiu rofóglad side fó thuathaib mac nIsrael uile, LB 125a2 . descipol ... na scoili rofocail [-fothail v.l.] Feinius do Grecaibh do fogail na nilbérla fo cricha in domuin which F. sent out IT iii 193.1 . Cf. F.F. ... is é roḟodhail in sgol fó ilchinelaibh in domain, Cóir Anm. 221 . (Reflex.) a Findabair Chúalgni fosdáilset int slóig the hosts dispersed LU 5344 . mosluadat ... ┐ fosdailed co hAlmain they disperse i.e. move away Dinds. 16 = BB 359a44 . Cf. further: fodail in n-echraid unyoke RC xiv 402 . fodáilset siabra a ndochum LL 160b13 (`loosed elves at them' Dinds. 15 ).

(c) divides (into parts or sections): ros-fodail indíb cuibhrennaib déc (= dividebat) Lat. Lives 69 . saltair Duid fodailter i cóic libru, Hib. Min. 2.46 . fodailet [na cethra] Iuchna co a n-adarcaib rend asunder Dinds. 16 . fotdáilfind a n-ilparti, LU 5672 . co ro fodlaiset in sruth i min-srothu, Rawl. 74b8 , cf. roscail ro fadail [in sruth] ib. 27 ( ZCP iii 19.10 ). fogailter na haimsera, RC xlix 8.3 . foglais a ferann uili ... a tri randaib, BB 412a10 . co fodailseam-ni hÉrind we have partitioned Ériu iv 144 § 22 . Here perhaps: iar sin co bráth rosfodail, Metr. Dinds. i 44 . ? fodailter bec i mbecuibh `small is distinguished in the case of small (animals)' Laws ii 74.24 Comm. (of fines for damage done by cattle or fowl; small amounts are apportioned ?). ceithri berla sechtmogat as gach berla dib-sen, is ed rofadlad and, Auraic. 159 = rofoghlad, 2460 (YBL). Intrans.: nós ... Nēill Naighiallaig 'ma foglait ┐ 'ma frémaigit neartchlanna Neill teas ┐ tuaid branch off MR 116.20 . Shares: is úadib-sidi rofodlait inse Mara T., Hom. Leg. § 3 ( LU 25 = Rawl. 71a11 ).

(d) distinguishes, differentiates: ni fodlat chenél (gl. non discernunt genera) Sg. 197a21 . fodáli cenél, 107a5 .

fodeiligid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fodeiligid or dil.ie/22588

 

Forms: fodailter

v subdivides, distributes (an artificial form, only in Laws Comm. and glossators): (confodlat) .i. ... is cain fodeiligit roind, Laws ii 364.2 . fodeilgthir in fearann dona finib, iii 16w . (fodla) .i. na hii ... fodeligter, v 78y . (fadlaim cech fír) fodheilighim no sgaoilim gach firinne, Leb. Gab.(i) i 114 n.9 (.i. fodheilighim no eidirdheilighim, O'Cl.). fodeilighther, IT iii 74 § 34 n.6 = fodailter , text. ? intí ro fodeilighestar a traigh n-uadh isin crich, O'Dav. 103 (gl. traigh fogblach).

i

Cite this: eDIL s.v. i or dil.ie/26891
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: isin, isint, isind, isind, sind, issa, is, sa, isteampull, ansan, isnaib, isnaib, isna, ands[n]a, annsna, issinn, isa, issa, is, isin, insa, ionnsa, sa, isna, annsa, istech, istig, immach, immaig, indium, innium, ionnam, iondam, indiut, inniut, iniud, ionnod, ionnat, inneat, and, ant, and, ann, annt, indi, hindae, indti, inde, inti, inte, ind, inn, inte, innte, indiunn, indiun-ni, annainn, indib, innibh, ionnaibh -se, indib, indeb, intib, innta, ionnta, annta, intiu, inntu, ionntadh, im, inna, inná, innar, inar, 'nar, i bar, hi far, in far, ina, inna, ana, ann, i, i, san, i, ann

nasalising prep., folld. by dat. and acc. Usually written i or í when eclipsis is shown : i nÍsu, Wb. 3b6 . i ngiun, 4d33 . í n-éutt, 6b2 . i nneurt, 6d11 . i ndegaid, 30b14 . i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . i ndia, 29d5 . i mbí, Tur. 9. i n-oénṡillaib, Sg. 120b2 . i llathiu, Thes. ii 319.2 ; but cf. hi n-iriss, Wb. 10b28 . hi rrecht, Ml. 54c2 . hi llaim, 96d6 . hi ndóiri, 125a9 . hi rriucht, Tur. 85. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . hi ndilsi, 28a4 . hi mbrethir ... hi ngním, Thes. ii 253.11 . hi nDruim, 260.21 . hi mbrot, 290.9 . When eclipsis is not shown, most freq. written hi or hí : hi noibad, Wb. 3b31 . hi rect, 3d14 . hí crist, 4d21 . hi far n-irnigdib, 7a12 . hí flid, 9b14 . hi tosuch, Ml. 2a6 . hí tintud, 2a15 . hi rogabad, 24d14 . hí libur, 16c10 . hi cairptib, 43d3 . hi far crichaib, 115b10 . hi fers, Sg. 6b23 . hi roṡoithe, 73a11 . hí frecndairc, 204a5 . hi rogénair, Thes. ii 291.11 ; but : í cach thír, Wb. 1a3 . i corpu, 2b5 . í rúnaib, 2b10 . i tuil dée, 5c20 . (no exx. available of this from Ml.). i persin n-aili, Sg. 189a8 . i fogur, 6b1 . í titul, PCr. 15a3 . i comus, Thes. ii 244.30 (Camb.). In Ml. and Tur., frequently written inn before vowels : inna diad, Ml. 17c6 . inn aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . inn echaib, 43d3 . innar neurt, 43d3 . inn ecin, Tur. 134. In Wb. freq. inn before proclitic beginning with vowel : innar leid, 4b11 . inna chridiu, 10b20 . inna corp `in their body', 11d11 . inn aláil, 12a10 . In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. i n- is often written a n- : a n-inad, PH 203. a persainn, 7577 . a sendataid, 3977 . a ngaire, BNnÉ 168.10 . a bus, SG 135.6 . cáit ambí in fer sin, 135.36 . a mmedón, TBFr. 103.

With article :

(a) dat. sg. isin chrud sin, Wb. 8b10 . isint senmim, 13d18 . isind óin uáir, 25b16 . isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . sind ló, TBC-LL¹ 444. issa baile-seo, Acall. 3360. is tir, BNnÉ 301.15 . is' taig, ScM. § 6.12 . is tig, BDD² 525. is’ tilaig, ITS l 38.13 . is tulaig, LL ii 13336 . is dorus, i 7318 . is tṡenchoss, iii 21254 . is treairiut 'in the three periods' UR 114 § 24 . 'sa dorus, Feis Tighe Chonáin 75. isteampull 'in the temple', Stair Nic. 32.602. Cf. 28.524 (v.l.) . ansan ūair-sein, Ériu iv 178 § 31. pl. isnaib fochidib, Wb. 14b19 . isnaib innib, Ml. 28a7 . isnaib sechtaib, Críth G. 303. isna airigthib, TBC-LL¹ 3552. ands[n]a... dúilib, O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. annsna righaibh, CF 922.

(b) acc. sg. issinn aíar, Wb. 25b24 . isa n-indarbae, Ml. 23c8 . issa suthin, 21d4 . is' tech, ScM. § 15.2 . isa tech, TBFr. 124. isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. isin ngnimrad, BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . insa curach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 920. ionnsa bhfiadh, 1173 . 'sa mboin, Fianaig. 72.18 . pl. isna bithu, Wb. 4c4 . isna lucu, Ml. 23d23 .

Distinction between dat. and acc. lost : annsa chéill, TSh. 3219. annsa gcéill, 2532 . neimhsheadh do thabhairt san tsaoghal, 339 . nach raibhe seadh san saoghal aice, 1866 . The distinction remained however in istech, istig ; immach, immaig, qq.v.

With pron. suff. ; s. 1 indium, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 74d7 . innium, TBC-LL¹ 4382. ionnam, iondam, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1912 , 410 . s. 2 indiut, Ml. 106c15 . inniut, TBC-LL¹ 4350. iniud, TTebe 3673 . ionnod, TD 40 § 2. ionnat, DDána 2 § 11. inneat, 68 § 38 (: mbreac). s. 3 dat. m. + n. and, Wb. 1a5 . Ml. 45d15 . Sg. 3b5 . ant, Ml. 48c29 . and, Críth G. 100. ann, ML² 45. BDD² 91. annt, ZCP vii 481.29 (Enchir. Aug.). f. indi, Ml. 21c3 . Sg. 18a3 . Críth G. 105. BDD² 745. Laws iv 112.9 . hindae, BDD² 513. indti, 661 . inde, Laws iv 112.10 . inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. TBFr. 200. inte, BDD² 498. acc. m. + n. ind, Ml. 22b1 . Críth G. 93. BDD² 196. Laws iv 136.x Comm. inn, 250. 5 Comm. f. inte, Sg. 6a6 . Críth G. 219. innte, DDána 1 § 9. pl. 1 indiunn, Wb. 5d18 . indiun-ni, Ml. 44d3 . annainn, Luc. Fid. 225.x . pl. 2 indib, Wb. 14c18 . Ml. 122c3 . innibh, DDána 68 § 23. ionnaibh -se (: fionnsoillse), 122 § 12. pl. 3 dat. indib, Ml. 30c17 . Sg. 216b4 . BDD² 475. indeb, 1468 . intib, TBC-LL¹ 174. TBFr. 35. innta, ML² 75. ionnta, DDána 122 § 17. annta, Luc. Fid. 285.10 . acc. intiu, Ml. 21a8 . Sg. 7a10 . inntu (for dat.), Ériu iii 160.24 . ionntadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1065.

With poss. : s. 1 im hulcc-sa, Wb. 2a8 . im chuimriug, 30a5 . iom giolla, TBC-LL¹ 5662 (St.). am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . s. 2 it senmathir, Wb. 29d11 . id ḟlaith, BDD² 178. id chémanduib, ML² 1654. at rēimennuib, 1655 . ad ruire, 1450 . it olcaibh, Studies 1933, 310 § 27 . s. 3 m+n. inna suidiu, Wb. 13a12 . inna thechtu, 13a28 . inda sesam, Mon. Tall. 129.13 . inna chumbu, Críth G. 111. ina suide, ScM. § 10.10 . 'na adhbar rīg, ML² 30. f. inná loc, Sg. 17a5 . pl. 1 innar leid, Wb. 4b11 . inar n-óccaibh, BS 112.18 . 'nar mbél-ne, Ériu iv 118 § 37. ionur ttríar, RC xxix 112 § 7. pl. 2 i bar tolaib, Wb. 3b8 . hi far selbad-si, 8d26 . in far n-Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1636. i bar (v.ll. in for, in bur) ngnáis-si, Fél. Ep. 375. i nbhar láimh, DDána 100 § 5 ; but cf. 'nar lámhaibh `in manibus vestris', TSh. 8579. pl. 3 ina ndúm, TBFr. 244. inna mbrucc, BDD² 1282. ana n-usci, Maund. § 136.5 .

With rel. : before a rel. i n- is not folld. by the demonstrative particle a n- as is the case with the other prepp., but is folld. directly by the verb which it eclipses : i mbiam, Ml. 21c3 . ind aimser hi rogabad, 24d14 . i mbí, Tur. 9. hi mbítis, Sg. 5a15 . indat sláin, Ml. 76a6 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', Wb. 13a35 . intí i mbíi in spirut, 8b10 . arná torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech cáich, Críth G. 303. i mbí toirm cech thempuil, Fél. May 10. cairm indom-acca ?, ScM. § 11.5 . triasand láim a mbaí an scíath, BDD² 1511. i mbiat smachta ni biat caiche ; i mbiat caiche ni biat smachta `where the requisites commanded by law are observed there are no penalties ...,' Laws iv 70.3 . cā háit a bfuil an fear feasa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 811. In Mod. Ir. on the analogy of the other prepp. i n- came sometimes to be folld. by the demonstr. particle: tuar neith ina dtú tacha | bheith gan bhú ..., Dán Dé vii 3. cath ... inar' thuitetar sochaidhi, RC xvii 377.22 . an dara halt 'na gcuirthear i gcéill ..., TSh. p. 13. (cf. san áit i bhfuil do thriall, TSh. 7137 ). an ait ann ar hiomchuibhthe an urnaighthe do dheanamh in which it were fittest, Luc. Fid. 73.1 . In Mod. Ir. also, i n-+ro frequently appears as ar : a thruaill chriadh-sa ar cuireadh mé, Dán Dé xi 4. áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545. In the O. Ir. glosses the form of the prep. before ro was (h)i. Later in came to be used : irrufollnastar, Wb. 13b29 . hi roba, Ml. 62a13 . hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73a11 ; but : in ro lád, TBFr. 307. With neg. rel. : ainmnetach ret ... cride rig nime in nach dortai in doman ... i fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. in gach uile ní 'snach cuirthear lá `in quibus dies non ponitur', TSh. 5175. trí neithe ... is nach raibhe an Tighearna, 9859 .

Before cach, cech : in glosses (h)i, later somet. in : i cach réit, Wb. 20c11 . hi cach ceniul, Sg. 2a2 . in cech úair, Fél. Dec. 29. in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . in cech áis, PH 7115. in cach thrāth, Hail Brigit § 11. in gach errach, Fen. 286.x . in gach aon-duine, TSh. 2545. in gach en focal, BCC 436.29 . Occasionally is : is gach sochar, TSh. 798.

I Place .

A. Folld. in O.Ir. by dat.

1 Denoting place where (in both abstract and concrete meanings) :

(a) in : i mballaib caích `in everyone's members', Wb. 13d27 . attósa i sslabrid, 23a2 . i bar tolaib marbdib `in your mortal desires', 3b8 . Of an author's works : i nAmbaucu `in Habakkuk', 19b17 . amal donairchet hí fáithib et rofiugrad i rrect et amal asnindedar i ssoscélu, 13a36 . amal bid hi frecndairc no beth `as though he were present', Ml. 24c15 . i n-óen ṡosuth ṡillabe `in one position of a syllable', Sg. 7a3 . air thechtaid cach gutae a guth n-indi, 18a3 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana `every person has equal dīre with another in cāin regulation', BCrólige § 5 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 142.23 . dam ocus tinne in cach coiri, ScM. § 1.12 . secht ndoruis isin bruidin, ib. 11 . bíann n-erbbad impu a mmedón, TBFr. 103. secht mílchoin i slabradaib argait, 33 . ar robōi Fergus fēin isin gliaid sin, ACL iii 5.7 . co facbath fuillecht ┐ eis (.i. lorg) a cos isin cloich, 10.12 . in raibhe i fāistine nó i ttaircetal accaibh ..., RC xxvii 294 § 58. nocho roibe dath nad beith inntib, xxiv 144.5 . uaitne dib i ndath snechta ┐ araile a ndath fhola, D IV 2, fo. 42c14 . adeir Auicenna go ndéntur céd comshuidigud na ndáine ands[n]a ceithri dúilib `that the primary composition of men is of the four elements', O'Gr. Cat. 233.23. go ndingnaid ... foslongport im chellaib `will besiege my churches', BCC 156.7 . a mac bec fein ina laim `leading her little boy by the hand,' Celt. Rev. viii 296.17 . Denoting the possession by anyone of certain qualities or characteristics : furrthain ó gCais san choghnach the chief is sufficient to succour the seed of Cas, IGT Decl. ex. 1125. ní ḟoil ionnod acht ionann `thou art exactly similar,' TD 40 § 2. ionnus gu mbiadh innta an righe do sdiurad `that they may know how to govern the kingdom,' Ériu v 132 § 67. ní raibhe ionnta acht buannadha do ríoghaibh Éireann `they were nothing more than ...,' Keat. ii 5079.

(b) among : a comgraidh isin tuaith `their equals in rank among the laity', BCrólige § 4 n. 3 . fuair a chrochad hi Parthib `met his crucifixion among the Parthians,' Ériu iii 196 § 12. easáonta ... na ndáoineadh ... ina bfuil sé `among whom he is,' v 92.9 .

(c) at, on, upon : hí flid Crist `at Christ's feast', Wb. 9b14 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib no bitis, Ml. 14a9 . menme isind aurnaigti `mind fixed on prayer,' Mon. Tall. 151.19 . i mmulluch Usnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . Domhnall ... do bhualadh ... do chloidheamh i mbun ordóige, i 102 § 63 . dortad donnfala do shiltin as in aeer i cennaib na curad on to the warriors' heads, viii 26.15 . ro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait, ScM. § 19.7 . robenta corne ina cendaib `tonsures were shorn on their heads,' BColm. 26.6 . a mbun Cart[h]i na nGīall `at the foot of the pillar-stone ...', 72.20 . gelscíath co túagmílaib argait inti, TBC-LL¹ 5211. gemel crūaid i (v.ll. ar, um) coiss a hard fetter on the foot, KMMisc. 270 § 43. i n-erblib ech at the tails of horses, Fen. 66.4 . súil i gcuid mo chomhursan, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5. o smuaintighib ... na mairtirech a crechtaib Crisd `thinking on the wounds', BCC 4.17 . ro baí ballán ... isan adart `on the pillow', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 7 . i n-imiul in baile on the edge of the town, RC xxvii 292.10 . i mbruach alltorach in tsrotha, CCath. 459. atci buidin moir chuici isin drochat bui tarsin sruth, FDG 715. is file [i] gcois ma-raon ris ` on foot ,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5. an chroch ... do Chríosd ... 'gá chrochadh innte, Dán Dé xx 22. is aibind duit, a thuir, ... is aibinn in radarc fuil innud (to a tower), ZCP vi 26.31 . cuirid láimh i seizes : co nachar' lamh nech... lamh do chur ann durst lay hand upon him, RC xix 288 § 225. cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug ... as an mainistir amach é, Keat. iii 1948.

2 Denoting state or condition in which : hor bi accobur láe nebud dó i nnoidenacht `that he should not be in infancy', Wb. 24d11 . isind inducbáil sin `in that glory', 4c40 . i lláni etargni `in the fulness of knowledge,' 24c6 . ind fir bíis inna suidiu `who is sitting', 13a12 . bíid cach gnim inna thechtu `in its proper order', 13a28 . inna imned-sin i mbiam isind laithiu, Ml. 21c3 . in i comsuidigud fa hi comasndís bíit `in composition or in apposition', Sg. 217a1 . i bar ngnáis-si `in your company', Fél. Ep. 375. dol asa eol a richtaib con `to stray in wolf-shapes', BCrólige § 32 n. 13 . cach ['la] gabal i ssuidiu araile hi sesam `every [other] division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 . conna-ētai focul fort chenn i córai properly , ScM. § 14.7 . ataat inna mbrucc in a state of dejection, BDD² 1282. tusu ad c[h]ollad, ACL iii 234 § 6. minub ina duthracht bes if it be not with good will, Ériu v 20.y . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech ┐ a relec hi nglaine `to have its oratory and its burial-ground purified', i 219 § 6 . fororbart a cland-side ... co mbatar i mmílib so that they were thousands, LL 649 . tainic ... i n-uaite ṡloig `with a small company', Fen. 144.y . do bhī in Pelagius sin ... a nāemthacht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, ZCP xiii 179.21 . batar a n-itaid ┐ i tart mor, RC xxiv 196.11 . bai sidhe hi cocadh fri Find, xiii 7.z . in duine nach biadh isnna dubhailchibh marbhthacha, Études Celt. i 78.15 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib `certain end of life' (taking place of the more usualgen.), Fianaig. 92.29 . a thabairt i rricht feola aili `in the guise of other flesh', TTebe 1861 . bu gairid bía ad bethaid risna cathaib, 1030 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gcruth bháis, DDána 16 § 5. cor fhoscail C. C. a suile ... ┐ e 'sa mbas `and he dying', BCC 414.3 . gach mac ... | dá raibhe i n-aois an airdríogh, Studies 1934, 90 § 22 . 'san luas na ttreigfitt as quickly as , BNnÉ 148.25 .

With poss. before certain vnn. : comtha ... ad lenamain, Prolegomena 27 n. 2 . an tṡlat oile 'na adrad the other youth worshipping him, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ion bhur lenmhuin, ML² 331. as-bert fria ina sloindiud `as he named himself (?)', BDD² 47.

3 Denoting manner in which : by means of, through, by : direnar hi comdire ... fri grada ecalsa `is paid for by equal dīre with the church grades', BCrólige § 7. nad airnaidet a tir ina frithfoltaib coirib `who does not sustain his land by performing the proper corresponding duties', § 16. ailid cac otrus a arag hi coraib bel `every sick-maintenance entails its binding by contracts', § 55. i mbommannaib arberad bith ind lítain a cuid uli `he used to consume all his portion of porridge in morsels', Mon. Tall. 135.9 . Cairbre ... do mharbhadh i bhfeill by treachery, Ériu i 101 § 55. forbhfáiltigter : an radhorc a ndath uaine, an t-eistecht a bhfoghor éttrom `gratification is afforded: to the sight, by the colour of green ; to the hearing, by a `light' sound', O'Gr. Cat. 277.27. rofersum failti friu ina n-anmannaib uadéin by their own names, D IV 2, fo. 45c5 .

4 Apposition.

A noun in apposition may be preceded by the prep. i n- (governing dat.) + poss. This was a development of the older use of the dat. without prep., e.g. is bés dúibsi far n-Ultaib, ScM. § 9.4 . ro bámarni .xu. feraib ┐ ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 and note. Hence with prep. : dúinni nar nUltaib, LU 4637. is bés dúibsi in far n-Ultaib, LL 112by . cid ma ta in mhorc[h]oinne seo acaibh in bhar nGeistedhaibh why have ye, Gesteda, ..., Ériu v 148.56 . dobudh nár dhúinn ionur ttríar Ulltach `to us three Ultonians', RC xxix 112 § 7. ní iomdha dhúnn i n-ar ndaoinibh `not many of us men ...', Dán Dé xii 1. do bhríogh gurab ennádúir amháin dhiadha gan roinn atá ionnta na ttriúr, Ó Héodhusa 25.5.

5 In predicates

(i) with subst. verb : itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra, ACL iii 239 § 34. 'na bidbuid no go mbí fear until a man is an enemy, Ériu iv 212 § 2. dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do gneithi ann ... is 'na chath no biadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.23 . do bī 'n-a adhbar rīg, ML² 30. Feidhlimid mac Toirdelbaig ... ina Húa Conchubuir `... was the Húa Conchobair', Maund. 6. tét sé a comlaidir sin ... co mbí sé 'na uiscci mhilis .xx. míle 'sa fairrcci móir (of the Danube), 7 . is dearbh go bhfuilim-se im dhuine shomharbhtha, TSh. 143.

(ii) with other verbs : tanic in mac i n-a aenur, RC v 199 § 6. doberad ingen prinnsa da muindtir fein dam ina mnái, Maund. 47. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha `I came a troubled ghost', TTebe 1899 . tarla ... an mac ... 'n-a dhalta foghluma ag Ciarán ar tí bheith 'n-a mhanach, Keat. iii 826.

6 After verbs of dividing, changing, putting, ending, etc. somet. folld. by dat. (but see infra B. 4) : trí traigid .x. a [a]ircha[e] ara rorandathar bés a thige indi, Críth G. 105. i nniarcomrucc ... forcenda ollbairdne, IT iii 11.2 . do-roinded a chorp i cethri blogaib, PH 1856. rocúmscaig i ndelbaib brechtnaib, 1740 . gur claechló an t-ór ina ghran ... eorna, BNnÉ 233.9 . timarcad i llige chro `after he has been forced into blood-lying', BCrólige § 1 n. 1 . aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65.10 . do c[h]uiredur insna reachtuibh-si mē, Feis Tighe Chonáin 437. nár chuirthe seadh sna sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 364.

7 Various abstract meanings.

in the matter of, in respect to, in regard to : adib éolig and `ye are knowing therein,' Wb. 26b12 . cosmili fri Adam ngnímaib et accobraib, 13d12 . aní i táa cuntubart libsi `that as to which there is doubt among you', 13a35 . ar nebmóidem hi magistrib `our not boasting as to masters', 8d26 . i ndiad nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu over whom he takes precedence in swearing, Críth G. 42. annsom i n-otrus la Fēne `most difficult in regard to nursing', BCrólige § 15. brithem eola(i) i mbiadaib `a judge who is knowledgeable about refections', § 31. ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter', Mon. Tall. 151.13 . rosuidiged cutramas eneclainde ... isna bechaib `equal honor-price was fixed for the bees', Laws iv 200.8 Comm. i pendit ind áosae galrich `in the case of penance laid on sickly persons,' Mon. Tall. 146.27 . indat mebhair-siu ... isna airigthib gascid, TBC-LL¹ 3552. nīmda cuimcech-sa hi suidiu I am not capable of that, ZCP viii 310.11 . do agra Fechín isin saer `to expostulate with F. about the wright', RC xii 346 § 39. a n-abar ann dámadh fíor if what is said in this regard be true, Dán Dé xxvi 17. gurab eigin don liaigh éolus do bheith aige i naduir na heaslainte-si, 23 K 42, 186.3 .

according to : nach fer ... folongar i fenechus `who is being maintained according to native law', BCrólige § 22. rocoraidhid ... cách fo gradaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ a ndligemnus `everyone was seated according to rank, profession and lawful claim', Ériu v 234.35 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi according to the true nature of scripture and conscience, i 214.6 . adeir N. 'na ugdaras fēin on his own authority, ZCP xiii 181.20 .

instead of, in compensation for : inni uil do chach ... i crolige bais d'fertain air `that which is due to each for inflicting a mortal blood-lying upon him', BCrólige § 1 n. 6 . eiric in gac gruaid iarna brisidh `wergild for every cheek after it has been broken', § 64 n. 1 . cidh bias isin beoguin `for the life-wound', Laws iv 232.21 . in bur cintaib for your crimes, Anecd. i 44.2 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh... do thuit leat a poor compensation for the kings, CF 922. déirc sin (sic leg.) saint `almsgiving instead of greed', Dán Dé xxiv 9. beag an éaraic iarrfa id ghuin, DDána 30 § 16.

in contrast with, as against : is étrum in digal i mméit in pectho `the punishment is light for the greatness of the sin', Ml. 126b6 .

for the purpose of, with a view to : d'imcoimet na mna doberar isin ngnimrad `who is given to do the work', BCrólige § 37 n. 1 . a ndilgud chinad, PH 2993. i comartha dilguda, 3117 . i ndíoghail a athar in revenge for his father, Ériu i 101 § 56. rogabus ben ar eicin. Cid indaragbais ? why did you seize her ?, ZCP xii 362.18 . cf. bat becda fri becdataid, i ndēntar do thol that your will may be done, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 8.4 . bat tó fri tó[i], i n-étsider aisnēis, ib. 6 .

In expressing the specific extent by which one thing exceeds or falls short of another : to the extent of : corop máa i n-óenṡillaib in comparit, Sg. 40b7 . a nnád foirpret i n-oenṡillaib `when they do not increase by one syllable', 48b5 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óen laithiu `by which the flood is slower day by day', Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). a coic indid óa (of the moon) `by which it is less', 20.41 . mad i ndib n-uarib deac nammá bas laigu cach mí ..., 10.4 .

8 ann 3 s. dat. m. and n. form of i + pron.

Freq. to be translated there, therein : bid [prec]eptóir cách and `every one will be a teacher there', Wb. 13a13 . maní bé est ánd tuas ┐ mad argumento bes ant, Ml. 14d1 . issed inso nád chumaing ara-n-ísar and ` 'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . robatar indsin (rectius and-) etir da tráth din ló, RC iii 184.28 . teid Conán onn (=ann), Duan. F. i 67.29 . feirinnsgne sáoi ┐ flaith : an sáoi, an flaith as cóir ann, IGT Introd. 9.7 .

Used predicatively

(i) with subst. verb expressing existence and in identification clauses : ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre `if there be anyone who speaks many languages', Wb. 13a4 . tuc an ingin aithne gurbh 'e righ Eirenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6. rofiarfaig Fechin don rigain scéla in claim ┐ ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 . is é droch-nós do mhothaigh do bheith ann, TSh. 359.

(ii) with other verbs : fagham saor ann dá mbudh eol let me find an artificer who would know, Dán Dé ix 24. is tú thug na haibhne ann | 'sna maighre ar fhud na habhann, vi 38 .

Used pleonastically :

(i) with clauses introduced by áit : Cath Bhealaigh Féile ... áit ar thuit iomad do Mhuimhneachaibh ... ann, Keat. iii 2338.

(ii) anticipating a follg. adv. or adverbial phrase : is and rogab ar tús tes it began in the south, RC xvii 416.24 . is and ata mo chumachta comlai[n]d am chlaidim, TTebe 1309 . is ann batar dá dhuirb isin uisci there were two worms in the water, RC vi 175.44 . = is amlaid: is and ro boí Cu Chulaind iar mbéim dei a lened ┐ in snechta immi, LU 5856 . is and ra buí Finnachta oc imbirt ḟidchilli, LL v 39060 . is ann buí-seom: oc sním irchomail fo Grip, SCano 238 . ? atá ann = atá amlaid, Celtica xii 190 : atá and iarom conid hé ainm in cnuic Forgemen, LU 5830 .

(iii) in a rel. clause expressing identity : as é as faoisidin ann, gerán tuirsech doní an pecach, Mac Aingil 165.10 . is eadh is treas bás ann .i. bás na péine, TSh. 1948. Contrast : issí poetica licentia and tormach inna á , Sg. 31b12 .

B. Folld. in O.Ir. by acc.

1 Denoting place whither : i nníulu `into the clouds', Wb. 25b23 . tri dul isna lucu arda, Ml. 23d23 . dulluid Pátricc o Themuir hi crích Laigen, Thes. ii 241.5 (Ardm.). aratesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that b should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . corop si cetathe ... hi tech n-óil that she go first, LU 8825. tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is gathered into three words, Críth G. 40. a guin inna dí chúlaid, 538 . snáidsiunn in sab slúagach | i sossad n-ard n-óiblech `into the high sparkling station,' Fél. Sept. 21. arna tailctis isa ndún, Trip.² 1464. do ḟeitheam a long ... as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in,' RC xvi 142.6 . cloictheach ... ┐ eoin duba diairme índ ┐ as `passing into and out of it,' xvii 394.32 . ar dhol ionnsa bhfiadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1173. gan dul isin mbelach mbodhba sin, ML² 337. éirg i férmaig Taillten tall, Ériu iv 106.2 . a chroch dhearg i ndeachaidh Íosa, DDána 2 § 15. dat. for acc.: arna digsed i nUlltaib, Ériu viii 175.3 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 801. téidheadh isteach i bpurgadóir Phádraic, Keat. i 48.65 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15 § 45.

2 Denoting state into which : ar cor hi far selbad-si `into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . dotháod som im muindterus ndé, Mon. Tall. 134.31 . ros-lá i socht na h-Ulto, ScM. § 9.1 . is inna réir tíagait `they submit to him', BDD² 791. dol ina troid `go to fight him', Duan. F. i 79.3 . go ndeach mo chorp i gcaoile, Dán Dé vii 23. do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B., 20.12 . Apparently folld. by dat. : co ndechaidh i muinighin Brighte (? or read mBrighte), RC xxvii 292.y . docuadur a millsi brīathar ┐ a cāine comrāidh re chéile, ZCP vi 105.9 .

3 After words denoting hope, trust, belief, respect, liking, attention, etc., and their opposites: ní intiu fadesin dorecachtar `it was not in themselves they hoped', Ml. 53b11 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind `that shall trust in Him', 51b10 . tri chretim i n-Ísu `through belief in Jesus', Wb. 3c2 . gan cás at anam agad `not to care for thy soul', Ériu viii 195 § 4. tuigther dhún ... gurub faill tug 'nar tegmáil `that he has neglected our quarrel', iv 216 § 17 . ni raibh cadhas aige i gcill no i dtuaith `he recked naught of ...,' ZCP iv 398.5 . a menma indeḟeithmech dogrés i nDia, RC ii 400 § 42. in midochus dobi acu annsa tor do cosnum, xix 282 § 212 . uair is iniud ata mo tairisi ┐ ni ha caruit cumachtaig ele, TTebe 3673 . san tsúil ... ná cuir suim (dat.), DDána 8 § 5. déin trocaire orainn do réir ar ndochais ionnad, Parrth. Anma 9.2 . d'egla go ccuirfidhe amharas na bhas, Ó Héodhusa 63.8. dimbríogh do thabhairt san uile ní, TSh. 343. dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis, 396 .

4 After verbs of changing, putting, dividing, ending the acc. is more common (but see supra A. 6) : cona tintuuth i mbélre n-aill `with their translation into another language', Wb. 13a1 . in tan domberam ar menmain intiu co lleir `when we give our mind to them diligently', Ml. 21a8 . fodailter i cóic libru `is divided into five books', Hib. Min. 46. forceinnfitis anmmann inte `nouns would be ended in it', Sg. 6a6 . co ro-deglad a ndeich renda, PH 1212. gurb i luaithreadh do claochlódhthaoi é, TSh. 300. do chuir sin do thuicsin innti curbé Gaibriel aingil ticced do labairt ris `made her understand ...', Maund. § 126. i n-am cruais dá cur im chúis `will be brought against me in my day of trial', Studies 1933, 140 § 12 .

5 Various abstract meanings.

for, on account of : nimbia durata ind `he will have nothing to give for it', Ml. 57a13 . connabáe níi indid n-ingaba á chocubus `for which his conscience may reprehend him', Wb. 11d8 . i ngabál (sic) lóge `for taking pay', 16d4 . bó i ndéicsin [n-]ind for looking into it, Críth G. 211. ca hindeochad do-bérad in rí forru ind (in punishment) for it, BDD² 196. do-gníth in chomairle hísin ┐ do-bertatar glindi ind di síu ┐ anall on both sides securities were given for it, 421 . esrócartha isan ngním sin | seasca lanamna, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50. dobértar dā boin 'sa mboin ┐ dā cháirigh 'sa gcāeirig, Fianaig. 72.18 . doté(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil i córus [n-]othrusa, i mboin (`an aitire goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound for [his due observance of] the rule of sick-maintenance, [i.e.] for a cow [as penalty for non-observance ?]', tr. Ériu xii 83.26 ), Críth G. 53. ainmnetach ret ... cride ... rig nime i nnach dortai in doman ... fudomnuibh pian `in that He doth not ...', Ériu ii 118 § 56. Contrast : tucc buidechus do Día in a tindlaicibh, ZCP xi 128.26 .

Cf. indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 . faelid-sem ... hi nglen luch inna gerchrub, Thes. ii 293.24 ( SP ii ). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. olc i n-a ndligend bás d'fhagbail `for which he deserves', PH 2719.

as (see GOI §249.2 ) : tabeir i taurchreicc céile as a fief for a client, Críth G. 252. fáccaib in .vii. maid mboin ... i fochraic in tíre as payment for the land, 94 . gebtit iudei i n-apid, Wb. 26a8 . dobreatha i n-asgaidh dhó as a gift, TBC-LL¹ p. 367 n. 6 . i llóg a batsi `in payment of his baptism', BColm. 10.17 . dia ndechadh ... iom giolla fo[glamma] i n-Espain `als Lehrling', TBC-LL¹ 5662 (Stowe). ar is īatt robói ana farrad ann a fían a saert[h]a `as his protecting fian', BColm. 94.8 . a screbull a todúsc[th]e as fee for bringing him back to life, ACL iii 226.2 (= i screpall, RC xxvi 370.27 ). gur marbhadh é féin 'na éiric, Ériu i 102 § 63. go dtug Brian fáinne óir ... i n-almsain ar altóir Árda Macha, 82.3 . i comhardha na mīrbaile in token of the miracle, RC xxvii 300.14 . ro íarr a n-impidhe `as a request', Fl. Earls 50.23 . co tarttsat a mbú ... i lón sloigh día n-amhsaibh `as provisions', Hugh Roe 68.14 . dat. i forciull ar cainte `as a testimony of', PH 1576. a n-eisimplair ogachta na hi Muire, D IV 2, fo. 45c37 .

II Time.

1 With nouns of time : (a) with dat. to express point of time, (b) with acc. to express duration.

(a) isind óin uáir, Wb. 25b16 . hi cach láo, 4b21 . hi tossuch, 5c16 . i n-aimsir in tindnacuil-sin, Ml. 55c1 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145. isin blíadain, Fél. Prol. 281. fíach n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind Sathurn, Mon. Tall. 137.3 . isin laithiu i rrogénair, BDD² 111. a láoibh áille `on fine days', Ériu ix 168 § 44. lim congébat sind ló baga, TBC-LL¹ 444. i n-aimsir thēchtai at the prescribed time, Ériu i 218.22 . a[n] nemlabhuirt a n-aimseraibh airithe, v 130 § 47 . i ló an mheasa `on Judgment Day', Dán Dé x 6. re sidi ... ngaithi inn a[i]msir gairb, TTebe 2403 . i ndeireadh bheatha, TSh. 885.

(b) is dia bendachthe isna bithu `He is God, blessed for ever', Wb. 4c4 . ní tremfeidliget immurgu issa suthin `(they) do not endure for ever,' Ml. 21d4 . i flaith Conaire in the course of C.'s reign, BDD² 229.

*1 (With verb) when : inraptar lán[a] a c[h]óic blíadna 'when he was five years old' TBC-I² 537 . hi nglen luch 'when a mouse sticks' Murphy Lyrics 2 § 6 . hi tucu cheist 'when I understand … a problem' ibid . imsa naídiu 'when I was a child' 86 § 5 . imbu macán when He was a small boy Blathm. 90 § 1 . inde-cluinethar ... inden-aici 'when he hears it ... when he sees it' AM 18 § 59 . i mbi 'when it is' CIH ii 529.20 , Pagan Past and Christian Present 26 . Succat a ainm i tubrad 'Succat (was) his name when he was carried off' Thes. ii 308.18 , Ériu lvi 41 n. 58 . 2 ann = then, in that case :

in tan mbís diabol n-airech désa lais is and is aire désa dia n-eper[r] ..., Críth G. 258. is and is rí(g) in tan dodnimmchellat dréchta[i] gíalna[i], 569 . ar fochraic tucustar duine a fearunn ann-sin, Laws iv 136.7 Comm. is and dixit in ben thereupon , ScM. § 3.4 . in tan ro ngabsat na curaig tír, is and robuí Mac Cécht oc béim tened i mBruidin Dá Derga, BDD² 479. is ann sin trá do-luid Conaire íar Slighi Chúalann, 429 . ba forpthi, anōraigthe a lá-sa ar na mirbuilib imdaib-si forcóemnacair and, Ériu ii 196 § 14. cuirid daeine úaisle comurtha ... ara n-aighthib, óir ann is dóig léo fein co ra bíattis uáisle 'sa doman `for then they think ...', Maund. § 158.

Pleonastically after nouns denoting time, when these are used adverbially :

do-luid feachtus n-ann dar aenach mBreg Léith `once upon a time', BDD² 2. a mbūi-seom laa n-and for Bendaib Bairchi one day, Ériu ii 22.5 . luid C. fecht n-aen ann do accalldaim in ríg, RC vi 175.52 .

III With nouns denoting occasion or circumstance : i cach caingin `in every dealing', Wb. 25b5 . isin tsenmim dedenach `in the last call', 13d18 . ar mu sémi-se ... isnaib fochaidib, Ml. 22d1 . foghlaim ad lenph when thou art a child, Ériu v 134 § 82. co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic ┐ co mbo dítnith in cach guasacht ┐ co mbo comdídnad iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.13 .

IV Frequently forming prepositional and adverbial phrases, e.g. i n-agaid against, opposed to : gē mōr do shluaguibh ... biadh ionn bur n-aghaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1907. armad treisiti a nert ind aghaid a namhat, Ériu viii 174.15 .

i cend

(a) against : do scáin in comla 'na cend `the door burst in towards them', Ériu iv 118 § 28. nach tuigit a nguasacht no go tecat lucht innill na sás-sin i n-a cend, PH 7739. coimēirghi na cōig cōigedach i n-a c[h]enn, ML² 1136. ná digis t'aenur | i cenn ríg Temra, SG 365.10 .

(b) as well as, in addition to : cech cúmsanad hi cend a chele, PH 3647. do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, 7730 . cion Eabha i n-aghaidh an Dúilimh | doirbh téarnamh ó théid 'na cheann `when others are added to it', Dán Dé iii 16 .

i cinn at the end of : hi cind nói mblíadan, Ériu iv 94 § 12. conarba luga hí hi cind mis oltás orcc cránai, PH 7210. hi cind Ruis Omna `at the head of ...', BColm. 82.19 . i ndead after : i ndead innanísin, Sg. 1a5 . regad i nbar ndīaid, TBC-I¹ 509. amal atberum i n-ar ndiaid, PH 63. i ndegaid after : cech consain i ndegaid araile, Sg. 7a4 . foraindi ┐ for ar maccaib i n-ar ndegaid, PH 2731. i ndochum towards : ronfáid ... i ndochum n-Iffirn, SR 1856. i ndorus in front of : for-ránaicc ... a ndorus a lis, BDD² 1514. i ndorus do thige, ScM. § 11.5 . ro cing Poimp indorus a pupaill for in eac[h] sin, CCath. 4738. i ndorus Ierusalem, ACL ii 144.22 . suidis Cáilte ar in carn i ndorus in dúin, SG 139.10 . i fochair along with, in the company of : is it fhochair-siu bed-sa, CCellaig 789. am f[h]ochair, ML² 774. i fus here : in slog biid i fus, SR 4537. in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, 1193 . fad gairit bias Cáilte ibhus, SG 139.x . Somet. of this world as opposed to next : na da bethaid iarsa fhognann (MS. ḟogh-) cech iresech i-fhos (MS. i ḟos), PH 3547. do nirt a shúalach i-fhus (leg. i ḟus) i nnert a fhochraice forórda ┐ a bethad suthaine thall, 4674 . i lleth with, in the company of : ní-terpi illed nach áili `thou dost not trust thyself with anyone else', Wb. 1d10 . hóre attá innar leid `because He is with us', 4b11 . Colmān ... im leth `by my side', BColm. 94.23 . dire so fuil i leth inneic is dir do biadh along with what is due ..., BCrólige § 17 n. 4 . i leth fri in regard to, with : batar ... i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda `in many unions with several women', BCrólige § 57 n. 7 . is cinntech i leth fri Dia ┐ ecinntech i leth fria dainib `finite to God, infinite to men' (of the number of the angels). PH 6218. cen co derntar gabail ... i lleth friu `though an attack be not made.in regard to them', BCrólige § 37 n. 2 . iss ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam il-leth frit-sa that caused me to doubt you, MacCongl. 57.6 . i tossuch at the beginning : i tossoc[h] ná epistle, Wb. 14b2 . i tosach nach lae, CCath. 3807. adv. a n-as irchride is hed doralad hi tossuch, Wb. 13d8 . i tús at the beginning : indroet som sochaidi hi tús `at first he had received many', Mon. Tall. 135.17 . i suidiu then, thereat : ro-boí buille dar áo i suidiu, ScM. § 18.4 .

imḟolang, imḟulang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imḟolang, imḟulang or dil.ie/27544

 

Forms: imfhulaing, imfulaing

n o, m. (perh. orig. o, n. See Críth G. s.v. folog ). vn. of imm-foilngi.

(a) the act of causing, effecting, accomplishing ; cause: imfolang nach gnima `the effecting of any deed,' Ml. 80d2 . dind imfolung, gl. de effectu, Ml. 24c17 . oc immfolung ind óir promthi `making proved gold,' 38d18 . do immofoluṅg déesse duitsiu, Acr. 6c3 ( Thes. ii 3.29 ). ma dogabthar chetamus a fít is imfolang galir són `if a man's allowance be suddenly diminished, that will cause sickness,' Mon. Tall. 152.8 . fodáilter dona tuathaib fri himfhulang n-ícce, PH 6358. tria imfhulang in aicnid spirutalda `per effectum spiritualis potentiae,' 6747 .

Here seems to mean effect: imfolang a chomairle son `the effect of his council,' Ml. 30d22a .

(b) the act of sustaining, supporting ; means of support : fri imfolang ar mbethad `to support our life,' Ml. 20d5 . batir banbrugaid son ┐ batar maithi do imfulung na fían, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 87.12 ). ata lanamuin i tuaith dlegtai a notrus .i. a nimfulung, Ériu xii 10 § 9. d'imfulang a mathar ocus a n-athar, Laws i 138.18 Comm. imfulang na cetmuintire fri re tri mbliadan, 232.22 . (gl. folach cetmuintire, 230.24 ). nocha nindlightuch do ma cunic a imfulung (of receiving a large supply of stock), ii 226.9 Comm. atait secht n-imfuiling, no sechta imfuilingter isin tuaith ┐ is doilig a n-imfulang `seven cases of maintenance,' v 312.6 Comm. bo bis ac imḟulang a cisa do fhlaith no do eclais `a cow which pays (viz., serves as payment of) his rent to the chief,' 260.12 Comm. do gebhdis a sasadh do ghrés gan saothar ndaonna aga niomḟulang, Mart. Don. 102.16 . ic a nertad ┐ ic a n-imfhulang co riachtatar sruth nEordanen, LB 123b39 . go ndarubdatar féithe do chride ... connach fail féith itir ic a immuluṅg, TBC-LL¹ 4387. is e connic ind uli dúl aicside ┐ nemaicside do airitin ┐ do imfulang, Alex. 451. a n-imfhulang ┐ a gcongbāil suass a mbethaidh ┐ a n-edaigib, Fl. Earls 180.18 . go ffuil a uile riachtanuss ┐ imfulang ann badhdēin `all its necessaries and support are supplied by itself,' 182.7 . diarraidh ... choblaigh go n-iomfhulancc lóin ┐ ordanais móir do chor co hErinn, AFM v 1728.x .

Gen. used attributively, enduring, strong: da tharb ... ua chuing adbail imfhulaing , TTebe 212 . co slabradaib ailli ordaib imfulaing eistib, 465 . tre eirr imchail imfhulaing ... chath-sceith, MR 266.9 .

(c) the act of permitting, allowing: is socar duna tuathaib imḟulung na ndaine co cintaibh accu tall isin tuaith `to suffer the people with crimes among them in the territory,' Laws v 30.3 Comm.

(d) the act of carrying, removing: cethrar aca imfhulong `four carrying him,' Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 . masa cunntubairteach bāis an t-othair nocha ndleagar a imfhulaing co haithle na naomaighi, O'Curry 305 (< H 3.18, p. 167 ). baegal a imulung ria noemaid manar foccail liaig, O'D. 1666 (< H 5.15, p.24b ).

lebor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lebor or dil.ie/29673
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lebar

n o, m. (Lat. liber) Also with li-, liu-. In later lang. lebar, lio- m., IGT Decl. § 75 . l.¤ quasi libor a libro , Corm. Y 816.

(a) book, volume (as physical object): ainm do teig liubair, Ir. Gl. p. 70 . ina téig libuir, PH 925 . astal .i. gai liubuir, O'Mulc. 96 . ónd úair . . . oslaices Héli in l.¤ do forcetol na n-anmand, LU 2274 ( FA 33 ). ro fothaig [Palladius] . . . Cell Fine i farcaib a libru, Lat. Lives 50.4 . libair bána / leisa ngabar salmthrátha blessed books, SG 52.2 . nach comartha aithrige dam . . . mo uli lebar do badud?, PH 2243. tuc in t-espuc in lebar for aird ┐ atbert tital in libair, 25 . tuitid a liobhair . . . / . . . i n-íochtar an aigéin / gan díoth na litre as lugha, Dán Dé iv 23 . Folld. by qualifying gen.: leabhar . . . slighedh a road-book, itinerary , SG 23.17 . lebhar aithffrind gl. missale, Ir. Gl. 853 . ṡailm ┐ orthain filet isin libar espuic a pontifical, LB 277a61 . in lebhar sochair sea do Chonall `Book of Dues', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 22.6 . mo leabhar glaice / d'airitmetig orduighthe `handbook', Studies 1923, 598 § 7 .

(b) book, volume, part of a book in sense of written document, treatise: scribinnd ind libur-so (recte libuir) `(the day) of writing this book', Wb. 15a30 . dorimther hí libur Essaiae á scel-so, Ml. 16c10 . i llibur iudicum, 104a7 . mad forcenn libuir nach magen i mbeth amen indib, 2d1 . ised inso . . . tosach ind libuir, Tur. 39 . a thitol re cach libur, Sg. 2a8 . l.¤ airissen `a book of chronicles', 106b15 . fastus .i. l.¤ , 106b19 , cf. 18 . tar hési denmo ind libuir after the writing of this treatise, 2a7 . Mael Issu Húa Brolchan . . . co nderna fen liubra ┐ eladhna, RC xvii 417.y (Tig.). ro thúirsem libru, Fél. Ep. 75 (liubru, libra, v. ll.). acht ara légda inda libra, Mon. Tall. 160.y (§ 79) . it comdire hi lebruib .i. . . . a leabraib in leidinn `in the books [of Canon Law?],' BCrólige 5 . nonbur tra do-erglas do ordughadh in liubair-si (of the Senchas Már), Laws i 16.21 Comm . dogniat im̅ augtair ┐ libair aile corugud aile fora n-imthechtaib, LU 5390 (TBC). bai dind oc libur leig doct .i. no forcanad libru ind rechta co clethe quia fuit doctor in libris legis, 662 (ACC). in dá l.¤ fichet fetarlicce isind áirim óinlibuir atrímter, Hib. Min. 2.59 - 60 . fodailter i cóic libru combad forcind libuir nach maigen i mbi fiat fiat, 2.47 . do gheunam roinn . . . ar an leabar-sa aga roinn a leabhraibh saine, MS. Mat. 581.41 . léighthear i leabhroibh feasa / gurb é . . . / an tairrngertach, L. Cl. A. B. 137.77 .

In Laws Comm. in l.¤ , l.¤ aile or liubair frequently cited as authorities: is i sin ech is mo log indeises lebur `that any book mentions', v 416.2 Comm . ruidles athghabala na daoine so do reir liubair, i 106.33 Comm . nochu n-indisiund leabur dethbir in eduigh, O'D. 207 ( H 3.17, col. 164 ). na geill aisneidhis in dlighedh so sís, no in leabhur so, O'D. 198 ( H 3.17 col. 160 ). atbeir in lepur eile curub inunn . . . , O'D. 211 ( H 3.17 col. 168 ). uii. mairbriara do ḟlaith cedgiallna ┐ nochon indis leabhar marbriara do ḟlaith forgiallna, O'D. 1010 ( H 2.15A p. 16 ). in logh is lugha fogabar a liubar, O'Curry 596 ( H 3.18, 293 ). cáin airlictheo, ní aurasu a cocáelad la Féniu ┐ libru 'in Irish law and the books [of Canon Law]', Cáin Ónae 38 § 5 .

Freq. in the titles of Irish MSS.: Lebar fata Lethglindi, Laws v 472.24 Comm . a Leabur na hUacongbala, IT iii 199 § 58 (see LL Introd. xii ). a Libur Dromma Snechta, LU 10557 n. (H). Slicht Libair Budi Slani, 3220 (H). Fland tra ┐ Eochaid eolach hua Cérin is iat ro thinolsat so a llebraib Eochoda . . . i nArd Macha ┐ a llebraib Manistrech ┐ asna lebraib togaidib archena .i. asin Libur Budi testo asin carcar i nArd Macha ┐ asin Libur Girr boí i mManistir, 2920 ff. (H). rucadh siar . . . in Leabar Gearr a ḟuasclodh I Dochartaigh ┐ Leabar na Huidri do dul a fuasclodh meic ollamon I Domnaill, 2779 - 80 (entry of A.D. 1470). Liubhuir . . . Cluana mic Nóis .i. na hUidhri, Mart. Don. xxxviii . Leabhar Buidhe Moling ┐ Leabhar Dubh Molaga, Keat. i 80.1 . l.¤ Cindfaeladh, Auraic. 67 . lepur Aedhagain, O'D. 248 ( H 3.17, 199 marg.). incipit da Leabhur na cCeart [in-]indistear do chísaibh ┐ tuarastlaibh Ereann, Leb. Cert. 28.3 . Liupar Gabhaltus, liubhair Dinnsenchus . . . Liubhuir Arda Macha, Mart. Don. p. xxxviii (in a list of the Libri famosiores). do bhrig gur bo beus do na seanchaidhibh slonnadh leabhar ar leith, do rer a saine, do shaorchlannuibh Gaoidheal . . . mar ta leabar Connachtach, Ultach, Laighneach, Muimhneach, MS. Mat. 581.37 ff . an Leabhar Eoghanach, L. Cl. A. B. l .

(c) charter, title-deed (?) (cf. scríbend II): leabhair (leabhar, MSS.) Bhriain ar fiaidh bhFuinidh, L. Cl. A. B. 89.72 .

Used in affirmation: int-ī tuc lebar aiffrind no dealb Dia, PH 7333. Here also probably: deog liubair `the book drink' (some kind of religious test), Laws v 472.23 Comm . (gl. fir . . . comperta naime, 470.x ).

COMPDS. ¤choimét book-cover, case for holding a book : leborchométa chethrachori (bibliothicus qua[drata]s), Trip.² 1075 . ¤choimétaid librarian: Maoliosa . . . leabharcoimhédaigh [Arda Macha], AFM ii 1052.9 .

1 long

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 long or dil.ie/30638
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lunga(i), longai, longae, long

n ā, f. (Lat. (navis) longa. Acc. to Loth, RC xliii 133 ff . a native word infl. by Lat.). See also Sprachen und Schriften des antiken Mittelmeerraums 246-48 . IGT Decl. § 192. For a d s. forms lunga(i), longai see Stokes, IT ii 137 (n s. *longae), GOI p. 186.

(a) ship, boat, vessel: l.¤ bīs for muir, ab eo quod est longa (longua, MS.), Corm. Y 814 (= Thr. Ir. Gl. 27 ). l.¤ luath gl. carbassus, Ir. Gl. 574 . on chuirr thussig na luinge (gl. proretas), Gild. Lor. 49 . mór líth . . . / crothass longa lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . ro gab port a l.¤ oc Inbiur Dea, Trip.² 355. .x. mbraine .i. longa, Ériu ii 3.12 (gl. 34) (Amra Con Roí). im loing glano, LU 10044 . seilb luingi, O'Curry 2166 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). teacht is loing, Laws v 296.16 . issed is coimdigh tragha and, cach ait aithidhaid daine ┐ longa ┐ tonna co coitcenn, 324.24 Comm . lucht ocht xxit l.¤ di ḟindgentibh, AU 852. longa crannda, Lat. Lives 108.12 . naī longa luchtmara, ML² 404 . Muircertach Luimnigh na l.¤ , MacCarthy 430.13 . bréid lunga sails, IGT Decl. ex. 2131 . ar bord loinge, Fl. Earls 8.6 . Distinguished from arthrach: do dedhladh ré roile an l.¤ ┐ an t-arthrach, AFM v 1582.10 . slighe luinge a meadhon na fairge, Proverbs xxx 19. ? ardaisti ind aīni / ḟognas na lláidi mar loing, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 77 § 14 (. . . in dána / fognas na llaíde nar loing, LL 5280 ). In n. loc. Mag Lu(i)nge (Lunga) (Campus navis, Reeves Ad. p. 59 n.f.): combustio Maige Lunge, AU 673.

Also l.¤ ḟata long-ship, galley : na longa arambi imrum .i. na longa fada, Laws v 104. 3 - 4 . lucht .ix. l.¤ fata, LL 223a49 ( TTr. 452 ). oiridh do luing fhada í, Irish Texts ii 25 § 26.

l.¤ chennaig merchant ship : do slatsad l.¤ cennaig . . . fona hulib indmusaib, Ann. Conn. 1258.6 . i luing dona longaibh cendaigh, AFM iv 844.13 .

Fig. l.¤ an anma the body: l.¤ an anma an corp, MS. Mat. 568.7 . the soul itself: long an anma d'éis a seolta / —seol an arthraigh budh í an pháis— / is baoghlach mo leabaidh luinge, DDána 30.25 . l.¤ alone, used fig. of the soul: deacair dom luing léim na tuinne / . . . / beag m'eol achd ar fhairrge an pheacaidh, PBocht 1.26 . i dtír go dtí ar l.¤ , 5.5 . Of the Blessed Virgin: l.¤ do chuir a taradh i dtír / ag caladh chiuin, 2.18 . l.¤ an fhlaithis the realm: Iúghoine . . . / stiúroidhe luinge an fhlaithis, L. Cl. A. B. 227.44 .

(b) vessel, container (usually for holding liquid): loing (gl. uas), Thes. i 497.7 ( Ardm. 177b ). l.¤ .i. sítheal, O'Cl. l.¤ lán, IGT Decl. § 195 . § 196 . l.¤ ḟoilchthe[o] `washing tub' (Vocab.), Críth G. 176 . cid bead cenel leanda fodailter and . . . dlegait lan a longa de, O'Curry 2055 ( H 4.22, 63b ). con facca in n-ingin . . . hic folcuth a luing aircit, IT i 119.13 . Cf. LL 18174 . barr biruir, barr cremlusa / la feis os longaib lestar, ZCP xiii 276.5 . l.¤ lán d'ór, Fianaig. 48 § 17 . l.¤ menathcha `a vessel of meal and water', Cáin Ad. 45 . l.¤ thūissi `an incense-boat', Fl. Earls 234.8 . See also O'D. 2207 below.

l.¤ chaire (coire cauldron ) (cf. longchaire below, and lónchoire s.v. 1 lón) some sort of cauldron : ni assu arailiu i fuillemaib gell la Feine allmaire set, longa caire, srein oir no argit, Laws v 412.24 ( .i. uma a ichtur ┐ iarnd a uachtur, 31 Comm .). ar techta fuillem gill longe caire cach airech febe ro suidiged for .x. setaib la aithgin; mad l.¤ caire rig, ro suidiged for fichit set la aithgin. Mad l.¤ caire occ-airech no bo-airech, ro suidiged for .u. setaib la aithgin, 25 - 27 . is for athgabail .u. ata inbuid a loinge caire do cach, 414.3 . In this sense also long alone: (a. pl.) ro hir dam .x. longa (.i. caire) .x. n-ana . . . .x. cuacha, Ériu ii 4.1 (Amra Con Rói). thug Cian a dheise féin . . . gona naoi gcornaibh . . . , go na loing ┐ gona brannuibh déad, i 95.4 . See 1 longan.

(c) house (see O'Rahilly, SGS ii 22 ): l.¤ .i. tech, ut est: in l.¤ Laigen ┐ in l.¤ Mumhan, Ériu xiii 73.153 . in l.¤ Muman ┐ in l.¤ Laigen (the name of two houses or halls at Dún na nGedh), FDG 25 . indithmigud inna luinge a filet .ix. ngrada nime, RC xxvi 140 § 15 (`the vessel'). is tú indara fer dēg do bīdh ina luing ac Finn, Fianaig. 78.22 . dob ferr anad ag Finn féin / ┐ dul da rē[i]r 'na luing `to go submissive into his house', 80.2 . L.¤ na mBan .i. Tech Midhcuarta, RC xv 282 ( Dinds. 26 ). Cf. LL 3850 ff . do dingnuib in Broga . . . .i. L.¤ ingine Foraind. Lecht in Daghda. Mur na Morrígna, etc. . . . Barc Crimthainn . . . Com[ḟ]ot Cairbre (all names of tombs ?), RC xv 292 ( Dinds. 4 ). immráidem fós L.¤ na Láech / frisanabar Barc Ban mbáeth `the Hall of the Heroes' (at Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 18.57 . Tech na Fían, nirbo l.¤ lac, 59 .

(d) bed: l.¤ .i. leaba. longa crédhumha .i. leabthacha, O'Cl. co fáoi .ix. n-oidhchi la cach mnoi . . . for longaib credumai, RC xv 294 ( Dinds. 5 ). ? fo lanamnus (leg. -usa or -uis ?) loing .i. . . . mana facas a mathair oga athair a l.¤ (leg. loing ?) lanamnais, O'Curry 2242 ( Eg. 88, 17 ).

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤bárc: longbhárca leabhra, SGS iv 64 § 21 (`graceful lony ships'). ¤bard the lowest poet in the classification of the dóerbaird (initial element in the sense 'vessel, container' Ogam xxii-xxv 275 ): it é anmand na ndóerbard .i. culbard ┐ srutbard ┐ bard lorge . . . ┐ rindaid ┐ longbhard, IT iii 5.z . ocht ndáorbhaird cédamus .i. cúlbard, . . . rionnaidhe, ┐ longbhárd, Ériu xiii 42.12 . longbaird . . . .i. persaind beca conaircetal ┐ adroille ainm don lestar beg bis ina coimidecht .i. longa tre-eochracha di earna, O'D. 2207 ( Nero A vii, 143b ). ni hairmithi longbard ┐rl. .i. nocho nairmim na longbaird bis ┐ a longa faena acu fona lomandaib .i. dlegait bleogan bo cacha hindisi seacha tiagait, O'Curry 2055 ( H 4.22, 63b ). ¤both: rucsadur a long[a] lethbristi dá long-bothaib léo `shipyards', CCath. 2227 (longportaib, v.l.). fir ód longbothaib ag léim / do béin gormḟochain tigh thúir huts, IGT Decl. ex. 248 . ¤brised in fig. sense, destruction, loss, disaster : do gab truaighe iad fos don longbrisidh ainglidhi (`ruina'), Smaointe B. Chr. 156 . ar an luing-bhriseadh tarla i bhflaitheas Dé, TSh. 10622. Of the Sacrament of Penance: an dara clár tar éis an luingbhristi, Mac Aingil 30 . an longbhriseadh long sin tug dia na ngrás / . . . ar fiannaibh Fáil, Ó Bruad. iii 182.21 . Attrib. g s. causing shipwreck : gur bho criothnaighthe . . . loing-bhriste buaidhreadh . . . na ngaoth . . . arna luath-bharcaibh, ML 48.12 . ¤chaire (cf. l.¤ chaire under (b) above) cauldron(?): meit loṅgcore no miaschuadh, Anecd. i 53 § 26 . ¤dál troops in the field(?): flaith fírghlan fionnGhaola / línmar a longdála fleets(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 50.15 (`establishments'). ? ¤ḟos (see 1 foss, perh. etymol. spelling of loinges): anais longfos ina tír / ar bríg, ar borrfud, ar bāig, ZCP xii 379.13 (loṅgais no longport, v.l.). ¤inat some sort of frame-work used in building ships(?): doronait longinata mora ann ┐ ro sáidhed cinn na cleath isna sailghibh-sin ┐ is fon n-innus sin doronad in longport uile, RC xliii 42 § 40 . ¤rám oar: foghair longrámh is srotha sribhgheala, Aithd. D. 76.16 . imramh na longrámh, IGT Decl. ex. 1370 . ¤ṡíthal basin: loingṡithal bánóir, Acall. 202. Cf. 7148 . ¤thech: facabair ind long i llongthig creda ar doras na hindsi boat-house, Ir. MSS. Ser. 178.6 ( YBL 118b3 ). l. gl. telonium (i.e. custom-house), CRR p. 129 . mná na mbróin os cinn corthair / a longthoigh ḟionn móir Murchaidh house, IGT Decl. ex. 2042 . lán do mnáibh . . . / ag cur corrthair óir eangbhláith / san longthoigh mhóir mhuirearghnáith, DDána 85.40 . atád loingthighe leabtha / fa chomhair na cuideachta `sleeping booths', Ériu v 56.73 .

(ii) With adj. ¤adbal: ó Lumnech l., LL 1035 . ¤lebar: mac rígh loingleabair Lochlann `of the graceful ships', Duan. F. ii 48 § 58.

(iii) With adj. derived from noun. ¤chlannach having many ships(?): ós do thír lisleabhair longchlannaigh, DDána 114.10 . ¤léimmennach: Lughaid . . . longleimendach, IT iii 71 § 27.

1 min

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 min or dil.ie/32281
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: mion, miniu, mina, mion, mmin, doíni, mingata, minlonga, minmírend, minpeccthu, minrainn, minscainnre

adj o, ā (orig. u). The final consonant is non-palatal: min, beg, iphin and; min arba immorro idedh [= idad] and (i.e. min `small' contains the vowel io, m.¤ `flour' the vowel i), Auraic. 4395 ; in late Mid. and Mod.Ir. mion, except in compds. before a follg. palatal vowel. Compar. miniu, Thes. ii 254.14 .

Small (of size and quantity), minute, fine; petty, trivial .

I As declinable adj. with pred. or subst.: ce fodailter ni bes miniu although something less is distributed, Thes. ii 254.14 ( Stowe M. 65b ). pl. mina tairberta `small givers' (lit. small in giving), Tec. Corm. § 16.71 . robo min é, robo mor whether (the supply) was small or great, ZCP vii 304 § 11. ba maith a eneach mór mion `in great things and small', A. Ó Dálaigh lv 25 . uir m.¤ fine clay, Laws iii 296.16 Comm. (= mín?). cu mbat minai a cnamhæ shattered, pulverized , RC xii 88.4 . bruara mina menbaighthe, CCath. 3632. gombtar miona mionbhrúite, AFM vi 1982.3 . iter a troigthib mine, RC xxiv 200.3 . dorónad slóig mhina ┐ buidne becai do morshlogaib, Alex. 281. do galaib mina menici petty and frequent conflicts, Cog. 60 y . aonach nar m.¤ no mean gathering, BNnÉ 144.32 . níor bháigh mion, Ériu i 98 x . bronnadh mion mór (= small but precious), PBocht 7 § 15. ní díth mion, Keat. Poems 1025. is mion súil is dubhach 'na dheoidh sin rare is the eye, 172 . As epithet of endearment: a bhráthair mhion do mhór-Dia, PBocht 127 § 42. As subst.: gidh mion dogénainn though little I might do, BNnÉ 179 § 35. nis diolfa min mor-tnuth `little will not pay for great jealousy' (i.e. illicit desire), Leb. Gab.(i) i 28.23 . Adv. innis co mmin tell it in detail, CCath. 2892. do siredar na hára co m.¤ minutely , ZCP xiii 245.14 .

II In compds.:

(a) with subst., oft. oppd. to a compd. with mór. ¤aba f. a petty river: mo muir-si os na mionaibhnibh, ZCP viii 221 § 45. ¤áige: co ro scor i mminagib small pieces (lit. joints), LU 6721 = in minaigib, TBC-I¹ 2180. ¤airbe: m. cerd `art of small poems', RC xxvi 24 § 83 ( .i. aiste beca, LL 187b19 ). ¤aís tender age, minority: an mac do bheith 'na mhionaois, Keat. i 68.2 . ? ¤arán: miach minaráin ` flour-cakes ', MacCongl. 45.11 . fogebed a sháith min-aráin ` small (? broken) bread ', 53.17 ; perh. = min (men) flour. ¤ascid f. a petty gift: mo menma ba minascaid | is co Crist foscer, LL 47a48 . ¤bruar small fragments (coll.), TBC-LL¹ 1118. Aen. 156. mionbhruar, BS § 41 . Also ¤bruan, TBC-LL¹ 756 , 1084 , 1091 , 1121 . mionbhrughadh (= contritio), Mac Aingil 5.5 ¤chaingen f.: mincaingne trivial matters , CCath. 4064. ¤chásc f. little Easter, Low Sunday: minchasc, gl. octavarum paschae, Thes. ii 29.37 ( BCr. 43b3 ). domnach mincasc, Ériu iii 144 § 17. no ceilebrad in cáisc mór . . . no ceilebrad in mincaisc, Trip. 104.21 . cáiscc . . . ┐ mincáiscc, AFM ii 596. ¤chaislén, AFM iii 100.24 (oppd. to mór-). ¤chirriud chewing finely: min-chirrad m'il-blass, cnám carna, bronnud bánbíd, MacCongl.² 36.1134 . ¤chloch: do minchlochaib, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ¤choibse f. confession of minor sins: i rreir na riagla minchoibsena, Rule of Tallaght § 37. ¤chombach fragments (coll.): ro brised a luirgne co mba m., LB 151b44 . ¤chrann small wood, chips: dairge . . . arna diansgailed a m., RC xxi 400.12 . ¤chuil f. a small fly, midge: a mhairbhthene mhinchuile! IT iii 102 § 186. ni moo beitís minchuile flaithi síl Adhaimh occa not greater than flies, AFM i 524.21 . ¤chuileóg f. id.: cioth mionchuileóg, Mac Aingil 70.16 . ¤chúis f. a trifling matter? in fet[h]al (.i. m.) coisecartha, Lism. L. 2463 ; leg. minnchúis relic-case (cúis <cabhsa, cabsa = Lat. capsa)? Plummer (MS. notes). ¤dál f. ` small assembly ', Gorm. Aug. 25 . ¤dām ` petty troop ', ib. Gorm. Oct. 10 . ¤deascad fína fine wine-lees , O'Gr. Cat. 180.11. ¤druimne: cona mindruimnib mineccair do snath óir minute ridges, CCath. 4960. ¤duine, in pl. ¤ doíni small folk, inferior people (? children): mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ min-doene, TBC-LL¹ 6198 , cf. 2701 , 6202 . coin ┐ mindaine in baile, Moling § 21. mná ┐ miondaoíne an bhaile `common people', Ériu v 76.12 . AFM vi 1848.13 . ¤ecor minute work, ornamentation: co mineccur oir, CCath. 5284 , cf. 4960 . Cf. mín-e. ¤eclas f. a small church: fer gráid di mindecailsib [sic MS.] . . . cenmotát móreclaisi, Ériu i 220.1 . ¤én a small bird: ní facbhait m. na oissin, Acall. 6283. ealta minen ag teithed roim seabac, CF 684. Name of a plant: minen Muiri, ACL i 333.10 (cf. mionán Muire ` meadow saxifrage ', Hogan Luibhl. ). a mhinen na conaire | at millsi gach luibh, BS 64.17 . ¤fáith a minor prophet: iiii primfaith ┐ in da minfaith dec, Hib. Min. 3.71 . ZCP iii 21.41 . ¤féchad minute observation: lucht a minfechta those who observed him closely, Aisl. Tond. 94 § 3 = minfechsana, 121 . ¤flaith a petty chief: mac minflatha, BB 280b4 . ¤fogail f. a minor offence: a minfogla ┐ a mor-fogla, Laws iii 292.7 . ¤gait a petty theft: pl. mingata , O'Dav. 1466. ¤gerred cutting small, mincing: cnaib do mh. , Marco P. § 145. ¤glais f. a rivulet: tond romara bāides minglaissi, TBC-I¹ 3215. ¤gustal small means; a small article or utensil: fointreb in tighi (.i. na mingustail do bít isin tig), ACL iii 8 § 5 . ¤iasc a small fish: Corm. Y 955. fa murbruchtaib . . . minéisc, MR 248.12 . ¤iascach (coll.) small fish, small fry: is dobrán re m., ZCP vi 268.7 . ¤lestar a small vessel , see Laws i 134.6 . do mindlestraib na cerdcha, iii 192.1 . ¤long f. a small ship, boat: pl. minlonga, CCath. 1939. ¤maín f.: ni āirmhim minmhauine minor treasures, Anecd. ii 58.17 . ¤mír a little bit, morsel: a p. minmírend , FB 86. ¤peccad a venial sin: a p. minpeccthu , Wb. 8d2 . du minpecthib, Ml. 33d12 . idir mhinpheacadh ┐ morpheacadh, Eochairsg. 76.29 . ¤ponc a trifling point or matter: is minphongc ┐ is nefní, LB 157a31

. ¤rann f.

(a) a small part: do minrannaib minor parts (of speech), Sg. 212a2 . (as o, m.) minrainn beca an nēil, ITS xiv 150 x .

(b) as vn., (-roinn) division into small parts: doghéan mionroinn ar an Mídhe, Keat. i 112.2 . ag mionroinn mo raith dividing my goods, IGT Dec. ex. 902.

¤rétlu f. a small star: sruth minrétlann, LB 152a29 . ¤a petty king: seacht minríogha do Chruithneachaibh, Keat. iii 890. ¤scannar a petty skirmish: pl. minscainnre , MR 302.3 . ¤scellic f. a small rock: caisel . . . do minscellcib tanach blocks of cheese, MacCongl. 69.17 ; 118.25 . ¤chomairt, see minchomairt, minscomart, minscomairt, minscomartach. ¤sét: minṡeóit Medba ` trinkets ', Metr. Dinds. iii 464. ¤slabrad: minslabraidh segda chainlets , CCath. 5279. ¤sruth a small stream: ro fodlaiset in sruth i minsrothu, Rawl. 74b8 . CCath. 2384. ¤tech: amail mintighi im rightheach, CCath. 5319. ¤tellach a small hearth (sign of inhospitality); as alleg. npr. m.: mac Mintelaig, Anecd. ii 49.15 . ¤ugdar: minughdair minor authors , Auraic. 58.

(b) with adj. (esp. those formed from nouns, or participial): ¤airbech small-ribbed, puny? aithesc meicc minairbeich, Ériu iv 104.3 . ¤brecc: cu minbrec finely spotted , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 § 11. ¤brúithte crushed small: míre mionbruithte, Keat. ii 3052. AFM vi 1982.3 . ¤delgnach: motharmhuine móirdreasa mindeilgneach with fine thorns, BS 24.1 . ¤garg: Parthi . . . arda | Persa is Meda mingarga, Rawl. 77b42 short of stature but truculent?). ¤súilech weak-eyed ; mintsuilech, gl. luscus, Ir. Gl. 430.

(c) rarely with vb.: ¤bris(s)id pulverizes, smashes , ITS xiv 150.31 . ¤brúighid crushes small: do mhionbhrúigh [an iomáigh], 2 Chron. xv 16. ¤glanaid: ra minglanta a cuirp `were minutely cleansed', CRR 24. ¤briscaid: (intrans.) gur minbrisg maidm mórfairsing ar gach áird do na hairechtaib (= they were utterly broken up and dispersed), Caithr. Thoirdh. 80.4 .

mugsaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mugsaine or dil.ie/32684

 

Forms: mugsini, mugsaine, mughsaine, mogsaine

n , f., (mug) bondage, slavery; service of a slave. d s. assa mugsini , Ml. 123b2 . mugsaine, Corm. Y 886. mughsaine, gl. famulatio, Ir. Gl. 882. othrus mugsuine fodailter fo miadh (.i. in ti dia tabair monur lai, fodhuilter suire in fir sin fo miadh) `sick-attendance to workmen', Laws ii 36.7 , 9 . m.¤ ┐ daeropair, TBC-LL¹ 1759. vii. mogu fri morgnima mogsaine, Corm. p. 29 s.v. mand. mogsani ┐ dairsini . . . do denum, Cog. 142.17 . condam-fil i moghsaine ar serc nDe (said by a monk), BNnÉ 303.2 , cf. dognith mogsine Dé ic fognam do Dia, ZCP iii 223 § 5. is é [sc. Pátraic] forúaslaicc moxaine na nGoídel do Demon, Trip. 32.5 . moghsaine Gaedheal fá Lochlonnaibh, Keat. iii 2752. fá mhóghsaine na bhFomhórach in servitude to the F., i 184.68 . (as quasi-vn.) co mboí Crist fen oc mogsaine do Muire ┐ do Iosep `was obedient to', PH 7397.

1 ní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ní or dil.ie/33145

 

Forms: ní, níi, neich, neuch, neoch, neo, niu, neo, niu, ní, níos, níosa

indef. pron., neut. of nech. n a s. ní ( fri níi , Wb. 8a4 ). g s. neich. d s. neuch, later neoch. An older (?) d s. neo, niu also occurs in O.Ir.: cia e[r] neo , Ml. 101a4 ; ci er niu , 47b1 . In late Mid. and Mod.Ir. ní is often used in d s., see II.

(a) anything, aught , used like nech in indef. or neg. sent. or question; ní, gl. quippiam, Ml. 23c12b , 27d9 . gl. quicquam, 3a10 . cia ar neoch dorrignis? (gl. ad quid hoc fecisti?), Sg. 217a5 ; cf. cia e[r] neo, gl. quamobrem, Ml. 101a4 . cech duine shirfess ni fort whoever shall ask aught of thee, PH 462. ní macc ní none (of the animals mentioned) is a son, Enchir. Aug. 83b ( ZCP vii 484 ). buith cen denum neich, gl. otiosae, Wb. 29a4 . ní hecal dó ní he has no cause to fear, CRR 18. ním-raib ní may I possess nought, ZCP vii 308 § 1. nir choemnacair in tene ni doib, PH 4045. ní fuil uiresbaid neich ar bith orra, Maund. 227.

In sense something (= Lat. aliquid): ní do thabairt do neuch (= aliquid proferre), Ml. 98a4 . is mithich dún in tinnscital ní do dénum to begin to do something, ZCP viii 175.25 (Laon Glosses), where neich might be expected. ní damsa ! (give) me something! ZCP iii 212 § 24. eroslaicced [a rusc] ┐ itconnairc ní he saw somewhat (of a blind boy restored to sight), PH 1322. aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti consulting men of perfect life about some matter, Mon. Tall. 23. do bid . . . ag iarraid neich ar Colam, ZCP vii 304 § 14.

(b) commonly folld. by DE (partitive) = any (some) part (amount, number) of: huare nad robae ní do degnímaib leu they had no good works, Ml. 15d9 . nephdenum neich di ulc, 23c20 . ni tabrait ní de dena [= dona] bochtaib they give nought of it, Mon. Tall. 57. nipta ni dom deolaidecht ye have nought of my grace, SR 1444. cor glanmais . . . ni diar cintaib some of our sins, 1576 . co rucsat ní dia n-indmas leo, PH 1000. ni fogní . . . ní di nach ret do denam to do anything whatever, Mon. Tall. 45. conid ní de buadaib Duind Cualnge insin the above are some of the triumphs of the D.C., TBC-LL¹ 1543. ní dhe nad be leosam de ḟid no tuighe any timber or thatch they have not, Irish Texts i 19 § 3 (leg. ní nád, etc.). ba headh so ni dia chrābad .i. fodail bidh ┐ lenna, etc., ZCP xii 291.13 . ar báig ni ar ni do drúis for love, not for any lust (?), Ériu iv 106.3 . ropo ní do dáil decm[a]ing somewhat of a hard test (condition), 108z . Bersibé . . . ina ḟuil ní da n-ecailsib an rígh (leg. aniugh), Maund. 50. iar milleadh neith dia n-arbhannaibh, AFM ii 1068. 13 . Referring to persons: connā terna ni dona .v. gaiscedaib dēc so that not one of the fifteen champions escaped, TBC-I¹ 556. Diarmait . . . co ní do Ghallaibh do thiachtain `with a force of foreigners', AU ii 240.17 .

(c) folld. by defining rel. clause; with subj. in indef. sent.: boí ní ro glante and something to be purified, Wb. 31c18 , cf. 27a16 . arnach n-aurchoissed som fri níi duronad nach aile anything which any other could do, 8a4 . acht ropa techtae adlúsat .i. ní argara itid díob enough to quench their thirst, Mon. Tall. 53.

With indic.: fosodin . . . .i. fo ní fuan-tuic Pól in accordance with what P. has applied it to, Ml. 35a9 , cf. 35b16 . i nní imme-forlaing guasacht into what caused danger, 38c10 . do deicsin neich as tacair doib what is fitting for them, 47d7 . doguilse di neuch adbaill grief for what perishes, Wb. 16b11 . ar seilg neich nach maith, Ériu i 70.1 . iar neoch dia ecnuch . . . dolleici tenga caich after the blasphemy of Him which each man's tongue utters, ii 118 § 56 . atta ni forsa-taet a ndliged-sa there is something on which this dictum bears, Hib. Min. 5.148 . issi in faithchi techta la Feine, ni rosaig guth cluicc as far as the sound of a bell reaches, Laws iv 194.2 . gur marbad ní nach etir d'airem dib a number beyond counting, RC xix 366.19 .

Folld. by rel. cop. and compar.: ce fodailter ni bes miniu although something less is distributed, Thes. ii 254.14 ( Stowe M. 65b ). táthunn ní as nessa we have something nearer, Fél. Prol. 217. níptá ní bas dilsiu, 185 . ata ní is messu de, SR 1349. nochorb ail dó ní ba mō he desired no more, PH 3315. Used adverbially: nā gnáthaig ni as sia do scél any longer, SR 6031. nā tecar da indsaigid ni bad ṡiriu nō bas mó, TBC-LL¹ 1776. This construction continues in use to form the compar. (the force of the indef. pron. being lost sight of) down to the mod. period, in which it is gradually replaced by the stereotyped forms níos, níosa (< ní as), used regardless of tense. an té agá mbiadh do thoicce shaoghalta ní sa mhó ioná a riachtanas, TSh. 7165 (where the pron. has still some significance). d'eagla go mbiadh ní sa mheasa, 5316 . go nach beidis ní budh faide ag inghreim (= diutius), 5541 . foghail do dhénamh ni as uille to commit any greater depredation, AFM ii 974.5 . ni sa mhó, Proverbs iv 18.

(d) as pred. of cop., somewhat = something that is of consequence, matters : massu ní imdibe if circumcision is aught, Wb. 20b8 . is hé á oenur bes ní (= ut sit Deus omnia in omnibus), 13c3 . is machtnaigthi lim-sa . . . comad ní fíadut-sa in duine aneolach-sa that this ignorant fellow should be aught in thy sight, PH 1759. dia mbad rim contuased rí, | ropad ní a chland dia éis, LL 149a15 . ní ní, gl. nihil, Enchir. Aug. 70b ( ZCP vii 480 ). nídat ní (= nihil sunt), Ml. 79b7 . ni ni nach breth berar nā bidh fri leigend leir leirigther no judgement that is passed is of effect unless it is, etc. , Corm. Y 1224. Cf. further: indiu for lár Dermaigi | aicsiu Fergaili ní ní (= Fergal is not to be seen), ZCP xii 232 § 41. ní ní acht airget a findgrian its fair gravelly bed is nought but silver, Fianaig. 50.6 . ní ní acht mar do an ar ēneing | an ri is Magh F. faí the king under whom is Magh F. is of no account save in the territory to which he has confined himself (?), Irish Texts ii 45 § 1 .

Similarly in phrases: is ní dom é it is a matter of some consequence for me ; is ní limm é I think it important, advisable: nocon fuair freccra budh ní dhó he got no answer that satisfied him, Hugh Roe 94.1 (f. 25a) . coná fuairset troid nó tachar robadh ní dóibh which mattered (i.e. could hinder them), 188.19 (f. 50b) . Cf. ma ueith ní indsaighidh chathrach Mhaoil M. do righaiu whether it be worth while for kings to attack (?), Anecd. ii 58.18 . nír bhó ní lais tocht co heisinnill día furtacht he thought it would be unadvisable, Hugh Roe 204.26 (f. 54b) .

(e) folld. by a noun-clause in appos.; in O.Ir. after the interrog. particle in to emphasize a question = is it a fact that . . .? inní nad n-imcai does he (really) not consider? Ml. 114a15 . inní na fochrothai-siu (gl. numquid non tu ista discutis?), 64a4 . inní bertar ni uaine duib-si? shall anything be taken from us to you? RC v 202 § 24. Cf. mani ni nád ndenam-ni acht is co dug[n]em (gl. docet . . . non nos errare tamen si in Domino spe positâ ea quae agenda sunt . . . intente faciemus), Ml. 23c6 , where Edd. Thes. emend: ma .i. ní nád ndénamni; the sense may be loosely: (we do not err) unless it is the case that we do not do (them), but it is that we may do (them earnestly).

Similarly: bid sí do ṡerc-su bas ní | nad mair inti ceta-bui love for thee will be the cause that thy predecessor lives no longer (i.e. is forgotten), LL 275a10 ( Mór M. 265 ). ma beith ní iarom totim dam-sa if it should turn out that I fall, 288b47 ( RC xiii 440 § 12 ). Cf. the similar use of rud in Mod. Ir.: má's (dá mbadh) rud é go bhféadaim (bhféadainn) if I can (could).

(acht) atá ní (chene) (but) there is something (further), folld. by a main clause in appos. stating an additional fact or consideration; common in Mid.Ir. as a transitional phrase = moreover; however: `atá ní' ar F. `ni batecra ind ḟir sin', TBC-LL¹ 444. acht atá ní, 543 , 1955 . acht ata ní chena, torchratar tri cet curad, Fianaig. 92.27 . acht ata ni chena, muidhis for na hIndecdhaibh, Marco P. 33. Cf. the later construction: dar léo féin a ccomhfoccus doibh, acht aon-ní dob uidhe trí lá é however, it was (really) a journey of three days, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . ní hiad naoimh an bheatha bhí | thig díom d'áireamh acht éin-ní: | gach naomh dar naomhadh ar nimh not (only) the saints of earth whom I can recount, but actually all the saints that have been hallowed in heaven, Dán Dé xxv 73 .

See also nech III.

saltair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saltair or dil.ie/36106

 

Forms: psaltair, saltair, saltar, saltrach

n (Lat. psalterium). Later also psaltair (with silent p, cf. salm). Orig. n.: a s.¤ , Ml. 126d4 . Later k, f. saltair, saltar f. (g s. saltrach), IGT Decl. § 185 .

(a) the psalter, the psalms of David: s.¤ .i. a nomine salterium , Corm. Y 1193 . s.¤ gl. psalterium, Ir. Gl. 766 . fo choic secht-mogat ata diabsalma isint saltir, Ml. 2c2 . isind s.¤ , 2d2 . isint s.¤ , 23c19 . 139a6 . ba hoinlebor leo int saltair, Hib. Min. 2.57 . comtis .u. libuir int psaltair, 43 . s.¤ duid fodailter i cóic libru, 46 . isin s.¤ nóim, PH 7264 . a rrobúi isind tsaltir n-uli `the whole contents of the Psalter', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.11) . ag solusghabháil a psalm ┐ a psaltrach, Ériu v 74.36 . In some exx. perh. of subdivisions of the psalter, cf. Hib. Min. 43 supra: do ghabhadh . . . secht psaltracha ┐ caocca psalm re gach psaltair `seven psalters with fifty psalms in each psalter', BNnÉ 233 § 149 . in oiret cedna . . . do shaltrachaib do chantain, ITS xix 104.18 . do gab teora saltoir `thrice did he recite the psalter', BCC 82 (72.37) .

(b) psalter in sense of the book in which psalms were written: atchuala na haiffrenna, atchondarc na saltracha, LL 298b15 ( SG 367.12 ). tucc . . . a théig libair chuca ┐ benais a sh.¤ essi, MacCongl. 13.7 . ar saltrachaib ┐ ar lebraib aithfrinn, Acall. 327 , mionn saltrach saoire, DDána 85.14 . go gcuir grádh Dé 'na daltaibh | clár ar sh.¤ lé leigthir `she leaves her psalter unopened', Aithd. D. 11.27 .

(c) book in general (psalterium: liber, codex quilibet, Du Cange): conice inso corp saltrach na rann .i. na tri coicait duan, SR p. 114 . Cormac . . . | roshílaig S.¤ Temrach; | isin tS.¤-sin atá | a n-as dech sund senchusa, Metr. Dinds. i 14.10 . sanasán saltrach cormaic, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. xii . is tré bheith i méadardhacht dána do gairthí S.¤ na Teamhrach do'n phrímh-leabhar do bhíodh ar fhorlamhas ollamhan ríogh Éireann féin, ┐ S.¤ Chaisil do chroinic Chormaic mic Chuileannáin, ┐ S.¤ na Rann do chroinic Aonghusa Céile Dé: óir . . . is ionann s.¤psalterium ┐ duanaire, Keat. i 90.10 ff . sgrios na sgéala | do sgríobh Diabhal 'n-a dhubh-sh.¤ , Dán Dé xxx 7 .

Of a person: Míchéal . . . do thogh mé | i gceann Caitreach fíona fúinne | sailtreach díona dúine Dé the psalter that defends the stronghold of God, PBocht 18.16 (see note p. 231 ), cf. Fél. Sept. 11 cited s.v. salm.