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2 aicde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aicde or dil.ie/770
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aice, oigi, oigdhe

n Also aice. f. oigi, oigdhe (if same word) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Prob. same word as 1 aicde.

(a) material, substance: sruithium a.¤ .i. feirius, Anecd. iii 44.3 . sruithem aicdi .i. o[i]r, Auraic. 5602 . ferr uma cech aicdi aird, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . ad-mestar humae asa daingnib denib dlūthaib dlūmaicdib, ZCP xi 94 § 40 . sug na srona robo i aicdhe ina tinne oir `the mucus which had become the material of the golden chain', RC xii 344 § 38 . suifid a.¤ i n-órdathu, xxvi 48 § 257 . tre-fot .i. tri foide meini (menn, MS.) dibertae as cach tir dib co ndenta oena.¤ dib tre druidecht, Corm. Y 1265 . da aic[dhi]i sechtmogat eter ael ┐ bitumain, etc. `building materials', Auraic. 266 . aigdi, 2580 . ni frith . . . oenchrand . . . na hoicdhe bud chúibde do chumm in tempuil, LB 222a19 . cia du tarclamtais a trelmu ┐ a naicdida tools and materials, ZCP iii 7.13 . aicdi in duine ac[a] denum (of the foetus forming in the womb), O'Curry 557 (H. 3.18 p. 275a).

(b) structure, building, manufactured article: a.¤ .i. ecdoe graece, aedificium latine, .i. cumtach, Corm. Y 84 . aicdhe .i. cumhdach, O'Cl. isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-admat no cech n-a.¤ bes áil dó, LU 2602 . nách n-a.¤ do dénam . . . do adbar, 2728 . adram in coimdid / cusnab aicdib amraib, IT iii 43 § 54 . cluined mo glanitgi / coimde na ndron a.¤ (aigde MS.), ACL iii 220 § 6 . ro rádi P. nád mbíad a.¤ dognethi di fiuth na cailli sin that nothing could be made from, Trip.² 2283 . amal ní confil ní arachoat a nargat nglan acht á techt in aicdi, Ml. 31d10 . cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa, folongar lethḟolug a míad cháich asa a.¤ dogní, Críth G. 486 . batar gobaind Chonchobar oc denam aiccde don rig, IT ii1 178.122 . teora primaig[d]i Erenn . . . barr Breoin . . . fi[d]chell Crimt[h]ain . . . ┐ mind Laegaire, Anecd. ii 3 § 5 . techta fuillema gill a.¤ airgit, Laws v 396.8 . in tuma ina cloithib ar cuicthi na tanalaig ar treisi na aicdib urluma ar aine finished products, i 188.36 Comm. cid ina tanailgib, cid na aic[d]e urrlaim, iii 204.1 Comm. aisic in ethair co na ramadaib ┐ cona aicdib urrlama fittings, 212.9 Comm. in goba acht mo (= má) do rigni in oigdi do gach coimaitech, v 14.y Comm. in soer . . . do rinne in aice . . . dfiur na hoige, ii 36.5 Comm. in bendachadh na haicdi, i 132.26 Comm. a tri ranntar an aice .i. trian d'adhbar ┐ trian do biúdh ┐ frichnam in fir lais i ndentar the cost of an a. is made up of three things, a third for materials, a third for sustenance and a third for the work of the man by whom it is made, O'Curry 2083 (H. 4.22, 70a). na uli aicdi ica recar a les fiallach borbfrithgnama, O'D. 937 ( H 3.17, c. 658 d). ro-fitir intí ro rec in n-aicdi ┐ ni fitir intī ros-cennaig, ZCP xv 307 § 2 . trí ná dlegat turbaidi: athchor maic, aicdi cherdai, gíallaigecht, Triads 156 . mac cerdai no fir fo gní nach aicdi éicin di ór, MR 78.19 . Various applications: bid hé corp ar n-a.¤ / admat na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 (of the structure of the Martyrology). radharc ar aicce an fheallsaimh (ar aittibh feallsamh MS.) / fhuair an t-am fa céidleanbhsain the work of the philosopher, L. Cl. A. B. 176 § 113 . ba coemi esium a oenur inat doine in t-shaegail . . . cid oen a.¤ amra dognithea dib (of Christ), LB 148b32 . Coiri da Ruad in roglas / a.¤ sruthaidi senbras (of a whirlpool), Anecd. i 12.y .

(c) literary composition, poem (see also oige): feirrde an aigdhe (oige v.l.) a cur i ndlús, Content. v 48 . n-a oigdhe d'uaim, DDána 38.13 . a fighe d'oige iomshláin (of a `marbhna'), 118.17 . gach oige dar innigh mé, Content. ii 212 n.4 . oige dána ib. snáith th'oige, ib. do bhí . . . / . . . / geall gach oide 'gá ucht ṡlim / a hucht a oige n-inghill, DDána 73.33 .

Compd.: ar gcall a n-oigeaghaoil / gan rann dá oigealaoidh `after losing their poetic lover . . . they got no stanza of his artistic work', Aithd. D. 19.8 .

Note also a.¤ menman .i. doréir menman cáich nom molaim, RC xxvi 24 § 82 . O'Cl. Cf. aiced.

do-fuissim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fuissim or dil.ie/17709

 

Forms: dufuismiu, dofuismim, d., dofhuisim, dufuissemar, dofhuisemar, torsamad, dofuisēmha, dofussema, dofuisémthar, notusémtha, doforsat, doḟorsat, dorōsat, doruasat, dorrōsata, -torsata, tuiste, tuistiu, tuismid, doruisim

v (* to-uss-sem-, GOI p. 526 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. dufuismiu, Thes. i 497.6 ( Ardm. 177b1 ). dofuismim, Sg. 182b2 . 3 s. d.¤ , Ml. 111a13 . (rel.) dofhuisim, Sg. 61a2 . Pass. s. dufuissemar, Ml. 121b6 . (rel.) dofhuisemar, Sg. 61a2 . ? Subj. impf. 3 s. nad torsamad gl. non iam creaverat, Enchir. Aug. 79b ( ZCP vii 483 ). Fut. 2 s. dofuisēmha, Cóir Anm. 251 . 3 s. dofussema, LL 367 marg. sup. Pass. dofuisémthar, Wb. 4c7 . Condit. pass. notusémtha, Three Hom. 56.5 . Perf. 3 s. doforsat, Ml. 17b2 , 6 . doḟorsat (rel.), Sg. 31b5 . dorōsat, 31b2 . PCr. 15a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). doruasat, SR 7871 , 7977 , etc. Pass. pl. dorrōsata, ZCP xi 94 § 32 . -torsata, Ml. 120c7 , 99a8 .

Part. tuiste. Vn. tuistiu. Cf. ise cét-tustidi Adaim Cain the first-begotten , Lec. 385a20 .

In Mid.Ir. freq. as simple vb. tuismid (cf. perf. 3 s. doruisim, Rawl. 72b5 ). See also tuismigid, tuisnigid, tuistigid. See IGT Verbs §§ 68 , 106 .

I Used for do-essim pours out, pours forth: intan dofuissemar sechtair a síl sin ┐ gainethar hón máthir. . . . is ainm do fructus , Ml. 44a11 . (Of a flagstone) dofuisim husce exudes water, Trip.² 87 . ma tuisim sil comperta tria imradud, Ériu vii 142 § 12 . neuch douisim sil compertae, § 16 (see also s.v. do-essim).

II

(a) begets, generates: is hó Isaác dofuisémthar a sil nairegde, Wb. 4c7 . d.¤ gl. germinantis, Ml. 111a13 . issed a aicned cenéuil ní doḟuisim ┐ dofhuisemar something that generates and is generated (of gender), Sg. 61a2 . Cf. ni ainm ferinnsci no baninsci acht du neoch dufuisium ┐ o tuisimar, Auraic. 565 . mor easba in talman meni tusmedh clanda, 628 . is tre fhír flathemon clanna cáine tusmiter, ZCP xi 83.4 . corothuismiset | trenfir ┐ trenchoraid, SR 2403 . (Of a cleric) ma dufusme clann, Ériu vii 142.19 . cuirp na ndaine ┐ na n-anmanna archena genit ┐ tusmitir dina sílaib deréolaib, RC xxv 252.x . cia lin do chlainn rothusmistar Adam, Rawl. 69a34 . rothusmistair [Cainen] maccu ┐ ingena, Lec. 532a26 . an tathair ór thúismeasdair, 3 C 13, 901.13 . ní rotuismedh ierdraighi . . . etorra, Fl. Earls 192.18 . With prepp.: in tan rothuisim Isaac o Sarra, BB 5a57 . dorusim maccu aili ó Chethura, Rawl. 72b6 . cor toirrcedh Iachtastain . . . gur tusmistar da mac uaithi, D IV 2, 77rb4 . rothuissim Noi tri maccu re siair fesin, Lec. 67a36 .

(b) conceives: cu rothuisim fócetoir ┐ co ruc mac, Lism. L. 4652 . aimbrit side coro thusim in mac amra .i. Samúel, LB 128a27 .

(c) bears, brings forth (offspring): andofuismet gl. parentia, Sg. 69b9 . na sothe .i. ní dofhuisim terra gl. foetus , 64a14 . dofuisēmha mac, Cóir Anm. 251 . tainicc inbhaidh na hingine . . . rothusimh in mac robhui 'na broinn, Lism. L. 2830 . isin aidchi sin rothuisim a ben ingin do, Anecd. iii 73.22 . rotusimh . . . a toirrchus for chenn na blai, CF x 35 ( LL 379a ). tofuisim a mbanscál mac cind nói mís, RC ix 454.9 . rothuisim sidhi dias cloindi do, xiii 9.6 . láir trogais (.i. tusmis) dí lurchure (.i. dá serrach), IT i 138 (berid, v.l.). arróet Iosep . . . noem Muire . . . co ro-thusim a mac prim-geni till she brought forth her first-born, PH 6917 . in Bethil Iúda . . . cathair . . . in ro-tusmed Isu Crist, 6936 . rotusmit geni torotharda imda, CCath. 891 . asé in mac thusmes [in cétben] is oigri air, Marco P. 67 . ba derbh lais nar tusmedh ┐ nach tusmighfe nech oca mbiadh cēt sūil, 125 . ni thusmidter gein innti nach scribhthar a ainm, 140 . gur thusmighset in da rigain cona cumalaib da mac dec, BB 5b28 . is inunn gradh ata agum duid ┐ don mathair romtuisme, Lib. Flav. ii 5ra39 . ní rotuismedh clann . . . dó, Fl. Earls 222.9 . a chlann ar tús sul tuismid | gnath dho dealbad áruisnid (of the pelican), O'Gr. Cat. 461.8 . Note also: dobhí . . . ben Aonghuis torrach . . . ┐ dogabhadh no gur tuismedh í until she was delivered, Rel. Celt. ii 162.20 .

III

(a) creates, fashions: amal as messe dudaforsat inna duli gl. qui conditor operum meorum sum, Ml. 94b7 . huare asmbeirsom as ṅduil dæ dodaforsat inna ídlu, 130a6 . duforsaisset gl. creavere, 110a8 (but perh. for duforásaisset, see note). cid torbae ara torsata . . . duli, 120c7 . ba bithnuagud inid torsat Dia in which God created him (i.e. Adam), Laws i 129 . he donrosat do nephní, SR 7518 . in rí doruasat cech cri, 7871 . ri . . . dorósat gréne goho, 8098 . do chomdelbaid . . . tú doru[a]ssat, 2174 . na huili anmanna . . . dodosrosat mo nóebrí, 1110 . flaith . . . dorúasat bith, Imr. Brain § 27 . ónd ríg do rea rúasat who has created the spaces, § 48 (see Ériu viii 99 ). ba dia dheilbh ┐ a chosmailius doforsat, Ériu ii 132 § 105 . do atluchud dond Ríg dorúasat túarai who created food, iii 102 § 31 . in Fiada find . . . | domrosat fo baithis, Trip.² 1632 . fri fer dososat (leg. dorosat) hec omnia .i. Dia, Laws i 22.21 . ma rothusmis na huli do nefní tria bréthir, PH 4796 . ro-hícc Dia in ni nar thusmestar ar tús .i. na súile, 2295 . is aendia donrosat dia réir, Alex. 880 . rotusim Dia in duni fo imaigin foden, Lec. 528b14 . rotuisim Dia bleidmili mora muridi, 528ay 0 . is tusca rotusmed tu fen oltas Adam, MacCarthy 50.15 .

(b) founds, establishes: Romuil dorosat ciuitatem , PCr. 15a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). Cicrops dorósat in cathraig, Sg. 31b2 . andoforsat condens , BCr. 40d1 ( Thes. ii 28 ). im chumachtu ór thuismestar aicned na n-dúl (= virtus qua condidit . . .), FA § 1 (LB). on chetna oenuch Olimp co rotusmed Roim, Rawl. 73b23 . ratusmed Róm ar indróe, LL 144a6 . contuilem i n-uamaib amail dorosait Dia dún, Alex. 886 (dosratait, v.l., cf. Anecd. v 4.4 ). lenmait isnaib rechtaib donrosat Dia has established for us, 899 .

(c) produces, engenders (fig.), causes: robu dufuissemar gl. aut æditur (= ēditur), Ml. 121b6 . cid dofuisim guth .i. cred tuismis no coimedus in guth? what generates word? O'Dav. 988 . lesmac .i. lis-mac .i. arindi dofuissim [lis] don fiur nō don mnái because he is a begetter of strife, Corm. Y 798 .

Intrans. arises (fig.): ar cach cenel labhartha dotuisim ar beolu duine, Auraic. 1952 (dohuisimar, v.l.). Cf. rothusim o Cham na cnead | deich primcenela fichet, Lec. 75a14 .

feólaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feólaigid or dil.ie/21647

 

v g (feóil) makes or forms flesh (?): ma ro-feolaigther if flesh be formed (in the foetus) Ériu vii 166 § 6 .

fothaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fothaigid or dil.ie/24164

 

Forms: fothiged, fothaigestar, forfothaigestar

v g (fotha).

(a) establishes, settles, makes firm: pass. perf. robclandad ┐ rob fothiged (gl. fundati) Wb. 21d6 . 3 s. Ro fothaigestar in Comdiu damsa isin magin se in fōt sain, LU 1842 ( RC ix 494 ). cf. fotaighis fum ... don fot ... indsi n-aibind, Anecd. i 63 § 112 . o rufothaichedar i mbru (of foetus), Ériu vii 166 § 6 . co ro chartside hu B. remib asa tir ┐ fothaigtir na Deisse ann, Rawl. 131b47 ( Expuls. 6 ). in fearand ... i fothaigter (= in which it forms a pool, of water ; `entertained' Binchy, taking the ex. as a fig. use of b), Laws iv 208.17 Comm. (on foesam). Founds (a building, etc.), institutes: rofothiged [ind eclas] ... for martri inna fāthe, Thes. ii 252.3 . fothaigid scoil mōir hi maig, ACL iii 306z . cor ḟothaig Hierusalem, SR 6660 . forothaig eclais in du sin, Trip. 72.7 (776) . iarsindi tra forothaigestar P. cella hi Laigniu ..., 194.4 (2271) . forfothaigestar , 174.22 (= forothaigestar, 2039 ). go ro fothaidh ... ecclus, AFM i 196 . na huile noeb-epscopu forothaigsetar in cathraig n-eclasdagda, Ir. Lit. 32.25 . ... gach Mainisdre dar fothaighedh `founded' RSClára 59a .

(b) maintains, sustains in various senses : Manannan ... is e rofothaich meic Usnich a nAlbain, RC xxiv 276 . ? ro fothaigheadh an irghal sin re comhluth a cloidem, Ériu viii 48.8 . iminni fothaigis carru na tuaithi `for what supports the champions' Laws i 228.3 Comm. Establishes, proves (a statement) : atbiur fírfiadhnuisi, fothaighim foirb (forib si v.l.), Anecd. ii 59 . gar ḟothaigsem snathreim suidighthi gacha senchais at which we have established the determining thread of all history MR 108.19 .

(c) intrans. settles, establishes oneself (?) : rofaithaigset na Desi inna tír co brath, Ériu iii 141.208 = ro fothaidset, Anecd. i 23 (om. Rawl. ; cf. Rawl. 131b cited above, a).

Vn. fothugad, q.v.

1 gein

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gein or dil.ie/25530
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: geinim, genim, geine, gene, gainithir

n n. neut., later f. n s. gein n-im[m]arbaga, BDD 106 . gein n-angbaigh, Anecd. i 65 § 131 . gein engraicichthe, Sg. 198b8 . g s. in gene, Wb. 28c12 . in mórgeine, LU 4722 . d s. geinim, Ml. 59a12 ; 85b11 . genim, Ériu ii 222.27 . n p. na geine , Trip.² 950 . gene, Fél. Feb. 26 . Vn. of gainithir.

(a) In abstract sense birth (as beginning of life, distinguished fr. `compert' conception, `breth' parturition): g ein maicc hua athair, Ml. 85b11 . a gein iar ndoinacht, 17d10 . foraithmet gene Crist, Thes. ii 253.4 (St. Missal). amlabar ... ho geinim dumb from birth, Ml. 59a12 . a chompert-som ┐ a gein, RC ix 452.8 ( LU 1648 ). maircc do ghein do gheineamain, xxxvii 345.4 . o gein tuissech Etaini, IT i 131.9 . for óenlíth ... gene Tarcellorum, Fél. Feb. 26 . sollamain na gene coimdeta, PH 6923 . mac oen-geni only-begotten , PH 2086 . a mac prim-geni first-born , 6917 . tusmiudh aicenta geine .i. mac sceo ingean o mnai, Auraic. 626 . a gein ón óig cen dith n-óige i m-breith (of Christ), Ériu ii 198.18 . Specifically of the Nativity: i n-aidchi in gene, Wb. 28c12 . iar naifreann na geine, BNnÉ 108 § 35 . hi bliadhain na geine, RC xviii 380.14 (Tig.). With cognate verb, dun genim rongenairsom, Ml. 85b11 . Fig. origin (of things or actions): gein engraicichthe (= origo substitutionis), Sg. 198b8 , cf. origenistum .i. bunadgein, 181a4 . iss ed gein n-im[m]arbaga fil la firu Herend a source of contention, BDD 106.

(b) the act of procreation: in crand fa rabadur ac denum na gene (of Adam and Eve), D IV 2 42vb43 .

(c) In concrete sense that which is born, an infant, a person (esp. common in poetry): ní segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein when it is thought the infant will die, Ériu ii 208.z . rogénair in gein, iv 138.7 . ni rubai for talmain gein bad gáithiu, 24 § 10 . na gigne gein gabas gnimrada cutrumma ... rut-sa, TBC-LL¹ 4015 . maith tra in gen ro compred and .i. Áed Slane, LU 4263 . maith a ṅgein con-compred and .i. Fíacha Mulletha(i)n mac Éogain, CMMucr. 50 § 41 . la hAilill gein ṁbúada, Fél. Prol. 178 . in gein ba huallchu fo nim the being that was proudest under heaven, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.12 . ba garg in gein ... ingen Rotmand, iii 160.1 . do imgabāil in mōrgene | immadich Mag Muirthemne, TBC-I¹ 240 . nach bí gein ag gabháil a n-oighreachta dá n-éis, TSh. 4305 . ro tusmit geni torotharda imda isin Roim, CCath. 891 . With defining gen.: rucustar gein meic, Acall. 544 . gein mhínaluinn ... mic, Ériu v 80.30 . Of the foetus : in gein fil it brú, Trip. 78.24 . adroethuig ... in n-gein bui ina bruinn, IT i 139.29 . dá fuirghe do ghein gan a breith, SG 18.28 . marbhad a geine, Laws i 180.12 Comm. Transf. of a pupil or disciple (?): gen[e] .i. deíscipuil, ut est saeru mo gene maoi, O'Dav. 1034.

(d) Gramm.

(1) Used of shared parts or properties of a lánamain deme (two non-neuter nouns which are themselves the parts or properties of a neuter noun): it é sin na deme thepide ┐ na lánamna demi ┐ a ngeni-side 'these are the derived neuters and the pairs of a neuter and their derivations', Auraic.² 49 § 3.14 . almnæ ┐ ecsait lanamnai in gluini. cnaim ┐ feoil a ngeni-side, Auraic. 1854 . géin ón lanamain, Auraic. 5080 (Trefhocul) . See Authorities and Adaptations 43-51.

(2) Used in the Auraicept of Ogam accent signs, the three kinds `forsail,' `dinin disail' and `arnin' being termed respectively `gein forchomélta,' `gein decométa' and `gein frecométa (frithchometa),' 5006 seq. See also geinddae and compds. of 4 prím- and óen.