Search Results

Your search returned 9 result(s).

acairbe, acarbae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acairbe, acarbae or dil.ie/110

 

n , f. (acarb) harshness, severity; roughness: tre chosc co n-acarbi, Wb. 27c6 . etir in nacarbai gl. et acerbitatem, Ml. 59a19 . cosc can acgairbe on oite for in dalta, Laws ii 348.22 Comm. = agairbe, v 96.22 Comm. fogeib ainmine ┐ a.¤ ón Chomdid, LU 2126 ( FA 19 . ) turus daine craibtheach cucad co n-agairbe fort, Ériu viii 122.24 . dúire ┐ accairbe in forcetail rechtaide, PH 3472 . ara n-acairbi (of hair), ZCP xviii 296.1 . d'aggairbe shín na haidche so stormy was the night, RC xxiii 420.2 . re hagairbi a imthechta, TTebe 314 .

1 anáeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anáeb or dil.ie/3274

 

n (oíb) that which is unpleasant; discomfort, distress; discourtesy: dorcha co n-anaeb, SR 18 . ar anaeb ar escuni ar dígail, LL 360 left marg. anáeb mór ┐ cumscugud conaich, CCath. 2269 . mór n-imnidh ┐ n-anaoibhe, AFM v 1752.15 . gan anaoibh is gan éiccen, BNnÉ 246 § 198 . M. . . . nar thuill ó énneach anaoibh (tathair v.l.), 289.x. sceith is gnuisi fogeib daib / amail iccait cach n-anaeb, Auraic. 2080 . gan éd gan anaibh, BB 7b47 . ar an-tail ná ar an-aoibh, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 7 . lán d'anaoibh intinne, TSh. 6691 . lán d'ulc ┐ d'anaoibh `surliness', TD 42.6 . bés nach anaoibh, O'Gr. Cat. 518.27 . blemish, disfigurement: no asaitis cnuicc nemed fair . . . co mbid a.¤ fair dogrés, Lib. Hymn. 162.10 .

cloc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloc or dil.ie/9540
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. (Late Lat. cloc(c)a, otherwise GOI p. 87 )

(a) bell : clocc ┐ menstir ┐ bachall, Thes. ii 241.16 (Ardm.). na gobaind ócc dénum na clocc, Trip.² 2959 . es .i. ēcc; unde eslēne ┐ clog estechtae knell, Corm. Y 573 . an clog mairb, ZCP viii 559.17 . ceall o teit c.¤ ┐ salm, Laws v 118.5 . issi in faithchi techta la Feine ni ro saig guth cluicc no gairm cailig cercc, iv 194.2 . do tiscail a chluic aire, 364.7 (a form of outraging a bishop). aistreoir . . . ic buain cluig ┐ ic oslugud tempaill, v 22.7 Comm. clog cloigtige (opp. to lam-clog), 22.8 Comm. im ch.¤ focain cethra .i. focanus im braigit na cethra, i 126.3 ; 142.13 Comm. ma[d] cú foilm[n]ech bid urfogra cluic nó clothra fo a bragait, O'Dav. 471 . co clug taitnemach, IT i 39.22 . or[oit] do Domnall U Lachlaind lasi ndernad in c.¤ sa . . . ┐ do(d) Chathalan . . . do maer in chluic (inscription on a bell-shrine), Christian Inscriptions ii 109 . nocha tēigim fo guth cluic (said by one lying ill), ZCP vi 263 § 10 . ro escain in clerech Conall co mbenta ix.iii. ceolán fair atberait aroile is duine fogeib clúgu Conall, conid de sin rolil C. clogach, LB 238[d]a10 . duirtech . . . áit a cclunidis clucca, BNnÉ 317 § 6 . c.¤ tinōil `the chapter-bell', MacCongl. 31.22 . clocc proinne the dinner bell, BNnÉ 301 § 7 . caillech fri clog `a nun as bell-ringer', MacCongl. 73.14 (in a list of useless things). a rún thuigeas teangtha clog `that understands what church-bells say', Aithd. D. 97.29 . glór an tsionnaigh ris an gclog (proverbial saying?), Content. xxvii 4 . benad clog oibre `they may ring unto worke', RSClára f. 116b . comhluath is chluinid comhartha an chluig, f. 99b . ciombal .i. clog, Eg. Gl. 154 . By synecdoche of the church: ná bí ar tí chagaidh ar chlag `be not inclined to war against the church', Studies 1924, 244 § 27 .

For powers attributed to saints' bells see V. SS. Hib. clxxvi f. and: gach teidhm . . . thiocfus in bhar ttír, díneach mo cluicc . . . da díochur eiste, Misc. Hag. Hib. 44 § 65 . a bhroicseach borb, na druid aníos, / anal mo chluicc im cend do cráis, 40 § 58 . trí fáoidhe mo cluicc romhaibh a ccath, 45 § 66 .

Used in cursing: ben clucc ar Cellach Carmain / co raib i talmain rīa ciunn blīadna, Cáin Ad. 18 . tucait gáir c.¤ ┐ esgaine ┐ mallachtan don méirrlech, SG 45.14 . do fuaras gáir clog ┐ caindell ┐ mallachtain fírénach (i.e. was excommunicated), 43.27 . Cf. also: do tabairt clocc ┐ mionn da cele imma ccaradradh do comall `had taken vows by bells and relics', AFM iii 426.15 .

Many bells had proper names. See V. SS. Hib. clxxvii n.16 and perh. also: nī ruc Adomnān claideb les dochum in chathai, acht clocc na fferce Adomnāin .i. cluicīn mēsi Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 17 . in Clog Padraic (.i. in Udachta), a bell supposed to have been bequeathed by St. Patrick, RC xxiii 404 § 12 . Solamh Ó Meallán maor cluig an edhachta, AFM iii 608.13 . do rat Patraicc a chlog feisin do Chaillin . . . Clog na rig nomen in cluig sin, ar is mór di riguib Erend ro baisted as, Fen. 232.7 , 12 . trí lán chluig na righ d'offráil airgid (given to the comarb of Caillin), ALC i 364.19 .

Attrib. g s bell-shaped : in cua[dh] cluic, Laws i 134.5 Comm. at cluic gl. galea, Ir. Gl. 26 .

? cetna gnim gnisset mar chloc / dabach humai istudloc, SR 4197 .

(b) Used to indicate the hour, hence clock (but see Stud. Celt. x/xi 312-13 ): a cinn cúig mbuilli don clog `at five o'clock', Stair Erc. 2093 ; 'at five strokes of the bell (or clock)' Stud. Celt. x 312 . dā uair in chluig riassan lō do shoillsiugadh, Fl. Earls 130.16 . ar a thrí do chlog i ndiaidh mheadhóin laoi, TSh. 10247 .

Compds. With noun. ¤thech belfry (used of the round towers often connected with Irish monastic buildings. See Petrie's Round Towers): cloicthech Sláne do loscadh . . . Bachall ind erlama ┐ cloc ba dech di clocaibh . . . do loscadh, AU an. 950 . cloicthech Mainistrech . . . co n-a lebraibh ┐ taiscedhaibh imdhaibh do loscadh, an. 1097 . leim tar chloicech (in a list of impossible conditions), O'Curry 981 ( H 3.18, 423a ). clocthige ós chella, LL 308a16 ( SG 388.31 ). cloictheach Thelcha nIonmainde . . . do dluighe do chaoir theineadh ┐ cloch do sgeinm as an ccloictheach isin, AFM ii 1012.y (A.D. 1121). By extension of a tower used merely for defence: doronsat cloicteach dhoibh fein ana coideldais ar ecla ilphiast in fhasaigh, BLism. 119 va25 . With Vn. foghar sailm-cettail Ruadhain . . . ┐ a claicc-beim . . . occ esccaine fair bell-ringing , BNnÉ 324 § 38 . With adj. co h-I cloigbinn, KMMisc. 320.4 .

clocach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clocach or dil.ie/9542

 

adj o, ā (cloc) of the bells . Epithet of Conall son of Aed mac Ainmirech, explained as due to his excommunication by Colum Cille. Conall Cloccach quieuit , RC xvii 197.8 (Tig.). ro beanad tri noi ceolaan ar Conall; ┐ adbert aroili duni `fogeib Conall clucu'. Conad de ata Conall C., RC xx 427.7 . Of a monastic foundation: go Letrach órchlogach . . . Odhráin `L. of the golden bells', Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.29 .

fían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fían or dil.ie/21945
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fian, féne, ḟéinne, Fianghal, Fianghail, —uil, Fiangaile, Fiangaile, fíangalach, Fiangalaich, fian

n ā, f. By Zimmer ( ZDA 1891, 1 ff .) derived from ON fiandi `enemy' (see RC xii 295 ; 405 ); by D'A. de Jubainville, RC xxviii 249 , and Thurneysen, ZCP xv 262 , connected with the people-name Féni; by Loth, RC xiii 507 , with `fine.' Acc. to Meyer, Fianaig. vi ff . it is from an abstr. meaning ` driving, pursuing, hunting ,' which has in Irish taken a concrete meaning and denotes `a band of warriors on the warpath .' Compare the mediaeval etymologists: fianna a venatione .i. on tseilg dognidis isberthi fianna friu; no fianna .i. finedha, ar is ina finib ┐ ina n-aicmibh nobidis ... no fianna .i. feinnedha rígh Erenn iat, Cóir Anm. 222 . Connected by Wagner, Celtica xi 265 , to fén. The people-name Féni is sometimes liable to be confused with the gen. of fian from which it is not always clearly distinguishable, e.g. airiseom óc féne, LU 5089 . Cf. bearla na feinei `the fians Irish' Eg. Gl. 522 . Archaic n p. féna for Fid, The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 176.1 , Peritia iii 316 .

(a) a band of roving men whose principal occupations were hunting and war, also a troop of professional fighting-men under a leader. In later application esp. the warrior-bands under Finn son of Cumall, who are described as constituting a military caste: is e ropa thaiseach teglaig ┐ ropa cheand deorad ┐ amhus ┐ cech ceithirne ar chena la Cormac Find mac Cumaill, conad friusin atberat in daescarsluag `fianna Find', YBL 325a10 ff . ro hindarbad Finn ... ┐ ro sgaraid na fiano fris. ar ba hiad-sein cetherna ┐ teglach in rig Cormaic. Is de ad-bertaei fíana friu, ar ba siad fenidi ┐ milid in ri īad, Tochm. Ailbe 1 . See Fianaig. ix ff ., Keat. ii p. 324 ff . Traditions of Finn and his fianna are abundant in Irish and Scottish folklore. In Keating's time cromlechs were called by the people leapthacha na Féine `the beds of the Fian'. In Metr. Dinds. iii 280.49 : bátar fo diamair ... ic fiannaib, ic fomurib (of the chief roads of Ireland), and Cog. 114.28 : i folach fo thalmain inā fá dhiamhraibh díchealta ag fianaibh no ag sithcuiraibh, the fíana appear as belonging to a remote past and coupled with semi-mythological beings. Cf. opening pp. of Acall., where Finn's fíana are pictured as giants of other days. fian .i. ceithearn, Stowe Gl. 406 . Lec. Gl. M 114 . cona fein húathmair (of David's followers) SR 6283 . cona féin, cona fairaind [ = foirind], 6356 . nech dabur feind ná dabur foirind, Acall. 5142 . for formnu féne Forainn (of Pharaoh's host) SR 3992 . iugulavit me fian maicc Maicc Con, Ardm. 14a2 ( Thes. ii 267.38 . Trip. 324 ). arna guin do fianaib Maic Con, Corm. Y 883 . Fiachra Fobrecc fein co ngairg `with a fierce band of warriors' Hail Brigit § 13 ( LL 49b45 ). Find cona fein, Corm. Y 1018 (feind, Bodl.). docer la féin Cind tíre; la féin Luagne aided Find, RC xxiii 310 § 29 . fianna Find ... brecctais rinne | ... fianna Fothaid Canainne, ZCP viii 119 § 35 ( Rawl. 88b ). Find mac Cumaill ... in cētFinn ro tinoil fiana ar tús i nErinn, LL 379a38 . eter ḟiannaib fer nAlban, 261b3 . fíanna fer nÉrend ┐ Alban, BDD 144 (of reavers). fianna Eirenn, Acall. 5284 . fianna feochra, TBC-LL¹ 5683 . comérgid ... a fianna; arise, warriors (leader addressing a band of reavers) BDD 141 . mesir fiana iarna ngaluibh estimate warriors by their fighting (or valor) Ériu xiii 41.33 ( O'Dav. 1037 ). as mo thigh ro gab [Oisin] feind ┐ foirind (= took command of a company, became leader of a `fían ') Acall. 2467 . Finn's followers as a military caste are distinguished from the agricultural class, the settled population: doronad crandchar idir in bhFéinn ┐ aes na treabaire cia dhíbh da roised tūs do thabairt an chatha dona hallmharchaib, Acall. 1290 (`between the Fianna and the settled [i.e. non-nomadic] folk lots were cast' SG ii 132 ). Buanand mumi na fian ... i. daghmathair ac foircetal gaiscid do fianuib, Corm. Y 104 . fiana bātar i nEmain, | ir-Rāith Chruachan, i Temair, RC xxiii 304 § 1 (beginning an account of the deaths of famous champions). Temair Berg, baile na fían, Ériu iv 92.2 . se fichet findscél na fiann, LL 145a49 . for ḟíana rochalma ḟer nÉorpa, TTr.² 1691 . fiana ferrdha ... Franc, CCath. 5363 . d'ḟianaibh Fódla, d'amhsain Ile, TD 16.55 . fian Ghréagach `the soldiery of Greece' (i.e. the Fitzgeralds) 17.10 . see fénnid and fíanas. Here possibly belongs óc féne one of a roving band, a `fian'-warrior (?): g p. airiseom óc féne a resting place of fian-warriors LU 5089 . n p. inn óic ḟéinne , TBC-LL¹ 4950 .

(b) in wider sense a company, number of persons: rioghraid Laighen ... f.¤ mholuim, LL 394.1 . deich mic oile anba an ḟian ib. 4 . rī tarcai cech fēin, SR 7163 . fian sceith (sciath v.l.) shield-bearers (?) Ériu vi 135.45 . foḟuair féin fessaig findgil | im Chessair ingin Betha, LL 5b5 . Of pieces in a game, chessmen: imat fian fidhcelda, Anecd. ii 58.13 (cf. fíanchlár below). mar ḟéin na mbranán TD ii 199.1 .

(c) a warrior (late and rare): righḟeinnidh, f.¤ `a General ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 523 . sir Sémus ... an fiann, O'Gr. Cat. (1700) 584.28 .

In BColm. 94.8 : a fían a saert[h]a ar cach cath; Plummer suggests reading fiach = in payment of their exemption from military service, making the preceding sent. (ar is ... ann) parenthetical.

Compds. ¤bla: fri f. fechta ` warrior-shout of fighting' (? field of fight) Leb. Gab.(i) i 68 = fri fianna fecta, LL 6a6 = re fiannaib fearta, BB 24b46 . ¤both a hunting-bothy . a hut of branches or similar construction in a forest or wild spot, an improvised shelter: fogeib in fianboith ┐ in mac ina codlad innti, RC v 199.3 . rosfuc leis dochum na fianboithi, ib. 13 . d'iarraid ḟianbothe, RC vii 296.96 ( LL 206b49 ). dognitis fianbotha folachta foslongpuirt acci i ndairib, Cog. 60.10 . i ffianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi, AFM v 1794.1 . tógaibh fian-bhoith fíréandachta do chumhdach do choguais, TSh. 2304 . Cf. ro ghabhsat longport fairsing fianbhothaigh an encampment of huts (?) AFM vi 2168.11 . See 2 fulacht. ¤chara a comrade in arms; `a mutual friend, one who protects and is protected' O'Don. Suppl. , from Eg. 88 f. 54d ( O'Curry 2639 ) : dot fiancarait .i. fear snāidhes ┐ sṅāidithar fear aile i n adhaigh [ = ina aghaidh ?] ┐ amail carait claochmoig iat ó dénait comairce a céile (cf. compact between Cú Chulainn and Conall Cernach : ciped chia dib nomarbtha ar tús a digail dia cheiliu, LL 122a8 ). nimrumart-sa mo f. Cú Chulainn, LL 125b10 ( Ériu v 210.60 , where the speaker is a woman). ¤chlár a board for (chess-)men: mó a clārḟiacail ... anda f. fidchille, LL 210a56 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138 ). ¤chluiche (para)military game ( Celtica viii 151 ): In Laws v 150.11 ff . a distinction is made between `fian-chluichi' and `ruidles-chluichi,' the latter being apparently games proper for children. nocha uil ruidhles cluithi do codhnacha ┐ nochan uil col cluithi do macaib bega. Ruidhles cluithi na mac mbec is fiancluithi do codhnacha ┐ f. c. na mac mbec is col cluithi do codhnacha, Eg. 88 f. 28c ( O'Curry 2368 ). slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche ... acht a riagail re fiancluichi in codnaig uil uirre, Laws iii 182.1 (on injuries caused by a steed). fiach fianchluichi a fine for f.c. 192 20 Comm . (referring to a dog-fight) ; 250.27 ; 252.4 (ref. to boating mishaps, where it is transld. `foul-play'). ¤choscur hunting-slaughter, killing game: a foraim, a fomsigi, a fíanchoscur (accomplishments of Cú Chulainn) LU 4847 . 8453 ( FB 30 ). tairnic leo a bhfiadach ┐ a bhfianchoscar do dhénam, Acall. 187 . selg ┐ ḟíanchosgur, Fianaig. 54.26 . ac seilg ┐ ac fianchoṡcur 56.24 . ag fiadach ┐ ag fianchosgur, ZCP vi 38.13 . comus ḟiadaig ┐ ḟiannchoscair Fiann Eirenn, Acall 5281 . ¤deisel ? fochloch f. (text doubtful) ZCP v 499 § 7 . ¤ēirghe rising of warriors to battle ; a raid: Anecd. ii 73.12 . ¤erred warlike accoutrements: LU 6384 = TBC-LL¹ 2525 . ¤flescach a hunting booth of osiers: na fianḟlescaig fo thuga `the roofed hunting-booths of osier' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.31 (= tech, Dinds. 29 ). ¤gaisced 'fian'-valor: a[c] congbail in ḟiangaiscid, Acall. 5208 . ¤gal : (as pred.) f. Find Find brave as warrior-bands Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.5 . As npr. m. Fianghal, Caithr. CC § 33 , § 41 ; g s. Fianghail, —uil, § 85 . Cf. nom. Fiangaile, Rawl. 160b40 . Fiangaile gen. 160b32 . ¤galach valiant: g p. m. fer ngablach fíangalach , BDD 32 . As npr. m. AU 737 . 754 . 799 . AFM 732 . 750 . gen. Fiangalaich, Rawl. 144c14 , 150a19 . ¤glas `fian'-bolt, a pole, pike or spear (?) : tucait fianglasa ┐ airechra ochta ... risin luingsin ica cur ó chrích ... na Greci, LL 219b28 ( TTr. 188 ). acc srainedh araill da naimtib uad ... do sonnaib ┐ d'fianglassaib sithremra cona n-irellaib iairn imma cennaib, CCath. 3591 . foscerditís d'a ḟianglasaib isna tendtib flung (the serpents) from their pike-staffs (?) Alex. 714 . ¤rí (?) : Ält. Ir. Dichtg. 28.10 . ¤sruth `f.¤ -stream', fian-lore (`Fiannica', Stern, ZCP i 471 ) : fianṡruth Find, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.1 = fianruth, LL 216a19 . See ZCP i 471 . fiandsroth fian Find u Baiscne, YBL 119a36 = fianruth fiand [sic] in so, 325a0 marg. (prefixed to a list of Finn's captains).

fo-gaib, fo-geib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-gaib, fo-geib or dil.ie/22696
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fagebtis, -fuar, fonduair, fagb-, fag-, gheibhther, gheibh, faghaim, faghaibh, fag, fagh, gheibhim, -fagbaim, -fágbaim, -fagaim, -faghaim, gheibhir, -faghair, -fogbái, fogaib, fogeib, dogeib, dogheibh, -fogaib, -fagaib, -faghann, fogabum, dogabmait, dogheibhmíd, -faghmaoid, fogabat, baghabhat, dogabat, dogebid, do-geibhit, do-gheibhid, -fagbat, -faghait, -faghaid, gheibhinn, -fuighinn, do-gheibheadh, -facchbad, dogheibhmis, fogeibtis, do-gheibhdis, -faghbadais, -faghdais, fogabur, fogabar, -fagbur, -fagar, fogaba, bhagaba, -fagba, -faghbha, -fagha, -fagbat, -fogbat, -fagbat, fogabaind, -fagbaind, -aghbhoinn, -faghthá, fogabad, -fagbad, -faghbhadh, -faghadh, -fagbaimis, -agbaitis, fogéb, dogébh, doghiab, -fugéb, baigiub, fogebai, fogéba, dageba, ghébha, do-ghéabhair, doghiabha, doghiabhair, -faigeba, -fuigbe, -foigbe, -i, fuidbe, faigbe, -fuigir, bhfuighir, -fuighbhir, fogéba, doghébha, do-ghéabha, do-ghéabhaidh, -foighe, -fuighe, -fuighbhe, ghébham, -foigheam, -foighbheam, fogébthaidh, fogebthai, do-ghéabhthaoi, -fuighthi, fogebat, -faigbet, -fuigbet, -faigbind, -fuiginn, -fogebtha, -ḟuigbithea, -eá, fogebad, fogebed, fogébed, dogebad, do-ghéabhadh, -fuighbheadh, -fugebmaís, -fagbaimis, -faigbimis, -foigebtais, -fugebtaís, núarsa, fuar, uair, fofuáir, fofuair, foruair, fuair, uair, fuair, -fuaramar, -ḟúaram, -fuarabhair, fofúaratár, úaratar, fuaradar, -fuaradar, foḟuarus, fuarus, fuaras, fuarus, -fuaras, -ḟuaross, fofuarais, fuarais, -fuarais, fuairsem, -fuairsed, fogaibset, fogabar, do-geibhthear, -fogabar, -fogbaither, -agabar, -aghaibhthir, -faghthar, -faghthair, -foghthor, -oghthair, -faghuir, foghair, -aghair, -fogbaiter, faghar, aghar, do-geibhthi, -fogbaithe, -fagtai, -fagthar, -foghar, -aghar, -oghair, -faghthair, fogebthar, fugebthar, do-ghéabhthar, -fuigebthar, -fuighthear, -faigbistar, fuigbestar, -foigfide, fríth, fofrith, foríth, forríth, forrith, frith, -fríth, frith, fríoth, frith, frith, rofrithe, fofrítha, -fritha

v The only instances in the O.Ir. Glosses are: sec. fut. pl. 3 (with inf.) fagebtis, Wb. 8a14 . pret. s. 1 -fuar, Ml. 57d3 . 3 (with inf.) fonduair, Sg. 144b3 . In the later lang. fo in the deut. forms is gradually replaced by do; in prot. forms fagb- is frequently reduced to fag-, forms without initial f- are not uncommon and are recognized by the mediaeval grammarians. See IGT, Verbs § 22 .

Early Mod. instances of omission of preverb are: mar gheibhther , Parrth. Anma 40.18 . gheibh, Corp. Astron. 86 .

Forms occurring after the period of the Glosses: ipv. 1 s. faghaim, TD 22a20 . 2 faghaibh, Dán Dé xii 27 . fag, ZCP vi 88.8 . fagh, Luc. Fid. 276.4 . ind. pres. 1 s. do gheibhim , Luc. Fid. 71.18 . -fagbaim, CCath. 4286 . -fágbaim, PH 2696 -fagaim, LL 175a26 . -faghaim, TD 22a10 . Luc. Fid. 326.9 . 2 do gheibhir , Luc. Fid. 325.9 . -faghair, 325y . -fogbái (torbai), Thes. ii 296.6 . 3 fogaib, Laws iv 194.20 ( SM Facs., 16a ), etc. fogeib , LU 2126 , 2138 . Mon. Tall. 72 . PH 7080 . dogeib, PH 7814 . Maund. 149 . dogheibh, Ó Héodhusa 44 . TD 29.5 . TSh. 790 . 3605 . -fogaib, LU 8632 . -fagaib PH 7992 . Ériu iv 214 § 12 . -faghann, Maund. 263 . TD 16. 1 . 22a4 . Ó Héodhusa 122 . TSh. 1212 . 3645 . 1 pl. fogabum. PH 6120 . dogabmait, 2887 . dogheibhmíd, Ó Héodhusa 111 . TSh. 48 . -faghmaoid, Ó Héodhusa 111 . 3 fogabat, LU 1852 (H = foga-baid, YBL 6a32 ). LU 4732 . baghabhat, BB 322b7 . dogabat, PH 3573 . dogebid, Maund. 263 . do-geibhit, Fl. Earls 52.5 . do-gheibhid, TSh. 511 . 3612 . -fagbat, LU 2229 . -faghait, Fl. Earls 88.20 . -faghaid, TD 16.8 . TSh. 323 . imperf. 1 s. do gheibhinn TD 14.17 . -fuighinn (-faghuinn v.l.) TD 15.12 . 3 do-gheibheadh, TSh. 640 . -facchbad, CCath. 3993 v.l. pl. 1 dogheibhmis, TD 14.17 v.l. 3 fogeibtis, SR 4632 . do-gheibhdis, Keat. ii 234 . -faghbadais, CCath. 2153 . -faghdais 2520 . subj. pres. 1 s. fogabur, PH 617 . fogabar, 403 . -fagbur, CCath. 3341 . Ann. Conn. 1244 § 5 . -fagar, TBC-LL¹ 4448 St. -fagur, Celtica xiii 19.203 . 3 fogaba (= inveniat p. 430 ) PH 5011 . bhagaba, TTebe 4543 . -fagba, SR 2551 . LU 2609 . -faghbha (-fogba v.l.), CCath. 1695 . -fagha, Maund. 263 . Ó Héodhusa 70 . TD 16. 24 . (fuighe v.l.); 24.1 . pl. 3 -fagbat, PH 4193 , -fogbat -fagbat, CCath. 1696 v.l. (-faghbhuid text). subj. past 1 s. fogabaind, CCath. 2725 . -fagbaind, TBC-LL¹ 1173 . -aghbhoinn TD 14.15 . 2 -faghthá, TD 22a9 . 3 fogabad, CCath. 1089 . -fagbad, SR 2567 . 2583 . -faghbhadh, Lism. L. 3040 . -faghadh, Maund. 262 . TSh. 8520 ( -fuighbheadh, 7094 , sec. fut. in form). 1 pl. -fagbaimis, BDD 48 Y (cf. sec. fut.). 3 -agbaitis, LL 153b13 . fut. 1 s. fogéb, PH 2430 . dogébh, Imr. Brain i 60.6 . doghiab, CF 469 . -fugéb, LL 123b25 . in baigiub , Cog. 172.9 . 2 fogebai, LU 11015 . fogéba, LU 208 . TBC-LL¹ 106 . dageba, Cog. 172.10 . do ghébha , Ó Héodhusa 8 . do-ghéabhair, Keat. ii 4513 . doghiabha, CF 118 . doghiabhair, 323 . -faigeba, LU 3912 . -fuigbe, LL 328 f 30 . -foigbe (fuigbe, -i, fuidbe, faigbe, foibe v.l.), Fél. Ep. 147 . -fuigir ZCP vi 286.25 . ní bhfuighir , TSh. 3253 . -fuighbhir, Keat. ii 4501 . 3 fogéba, LU 2029 . doghébha, Ó Héodhusa 46 . do-ghéabha, TD 20.49 . do-ghéabhaidh, TSh. 1376 . -foighe TD 27.19 . -fuighe, Ó Héodhusa 82 . -fuighbhe, TSh. 342 . pl. 1 do ghébham , Ó Héodhusa 10 ; 97 . -foigheam 14 ; 89 . TD 13.29 . -foighbheam, TD 13.29 . 2 fogébthaidh, Anecd. iii 69.20 . fogebthai, YBL 87b17 ( RC xxvi 138 ). do-ghéabhthaoi, TSh. 1950 . -fuighthi, TD 9.56i 3 fogebat, CCath. 1702 v.l. (dogebhait, text). -faigbet LU 2406 . PH 4343 . -fuigbet, 3640 . sec. fut. 1 s. -faigbind TBC-LL¹ 1728 (-fuiginn St). -fuiginn, ZCP vi 286.21 . 2 -fogebtha SR 1563 = -ḟuigbithea, LB 112a35 . (?) -foighthéa (leg. -eá) Ó Héodhusa 112 . 3 fogebad (sic leg.) SR 1131 . fogebed LU 1788 . fogébed, 1817 . dogebad, Ann. Conn. 1282 § 7 do-ghéabhadh, TSh. 3603 . -fuighbheadh, TSh. 503 . pl. 1 -fugebmaís, LU 6890 ( BDD 48 = -fagbaimis Y, -faigbimis D). 3 -foigebtais, SR 5563 . -fugebtaís, LU 2229 .

pret. and perf.

(1 ) 1 sg. fó núarsa (rel.) LU 6024 . fuar (in reply) TBC-LL¹ 1770 . 3 s. fo uair , LL 288a9 . fofuáir, SR 3091 . fofuair, Fél. Nov. 7 . foruair, LL 183b5 . for fuair , LB 132a12 . do uair , RC xxiv 202 § 19 . fuair, Ó Héodhusa 7 ; 122 . TSh. 563 . 1 pl. -fuaramar ni, YBL 110b33 = -ḟúaram ni, LL 260b16 . 2 -fuarabhair, TD 9. 56 . 3 fofúaratár, LU 10579 . fó úaratar , Trip. 2.5 . fuaradar, Ó Héodhusa 74 . -fuaradar, TSh. 1193 .

(2 ) 1 sg. foḟuarus, LL 198b24 . fuarus ib. 28 . fuaras, TD 11.14 ; 14.20 . na (= a n-) fuarus , SR 1758 . -fuaras, TD 14.10 . -ḟuaross, TBC-LL¹ 3674 . 2 fofuarais, SR 1751 . fuarais (rel.), TSh. 7111 . -fuarais, TBC-LL¹ 1770 . 1 pl. fuairsem, Ó Héodhusa 8 . 3 -fuairsed, Ó Héodhusa 3z .

(3 ) 3 pl. fogaibset LU 1792 .

Pass. pres. s. fogabar, LU 426 . PH 7168 . do-geibhthear, TD 13.8 . TSh. 2764 . -fogabar, ZCP viii 303.27 . Laws iv 194.19 ( SM Facs. 15a ); -fogbaither, ib. seems a miswriting of the pl.). -agabar, Laws iii 90.1 . -aghaibhthir, TD 22a55 . -faghthar, TSh. 2152 . -faghthair, TD 10.10 . -foghthor, 29.14 . -oghthair, 10.3 . -faghuir, 7.3 . foghair, 17.8 . -aghair, 28.38 . pl. -fogbaiter, Laws iv 194.22 ( SM Facs. 15a ). imperat. s. faghar, TD 25.16 . aghar, Dán Dé iii 8 . imperf. s. do-geibhthi, TD 14.13 . -fogbaithe, LU 9055 . -fagtai, Maund. 262 . pres. subj. s. -fagthar, LU 6155 (H). -fagaither, TBC-LL¹ 4448 . -foghar, TD 10.23 . -aghar, 17.3 . -oghair, 15.47 . -faghthair, 10.13 . fut. s. fogebthar, fugebthar, LU 10989 . do-ghéabhthar, TSh. 3423 . -fuigebthar, ZCP xi 83 § 31 . TBC-I¹ 2779 . -fuighthear, TD 9. 7 . -faigbistar, LU 8445 ( FB 30 = fuigbestar, Eg) is apparently an isolated form (`a barbarous mixture of the s and the b futures' Strachan, ZCP iii 479 ). sec. fut. s. -foigfide, Cáin Ad. 8 . pret. and perf. s. fo fríth , Hy v 79 . fofrith, LU 10722 . Fél. Feb. 25 . Ann. Conn. 1235 § 8 . foríth, LL 277b21 . forríth, 150a29 . forrith, AFM 123 . frith, LU 183 . -fríth, Hy v 29 . Ann. Conn. 1235 § 8 . frith, AU 1014 . Fl. Earls 88 . fríoth, Ó Héodhusa 122 . do frith (v.l. frith), IT iii 193.15 . rofrithe, Luc. Fid. 382.9 . pl. fofrítha, Metr. Dinds. iii 284.97 . -fritha, Anecd. ii 4.15 .

In general sense finds, gets , hence

(a) finds, meets with, discovers (in a place): feib fonduáir som la auctoru , Sg. 144b3 . fofuair ann fer, SR 3091 . dia mbé nech occá sirfégad imme ... fogéba do cech leth aci agid, LU 2029 . dobert a laimh dar a einech. fogeib teora boulga for a aghaidh, Corm. Y p. 59 . nech bad chalmu ... cosindiu nocon ḟuaross TBC-LL¹ 3674 . cia airm i faigbind in Coin Culaind?, 1728 (a bfuiginn St). ní fúaram-ni ... mnai do dingbala-so cosindiu IT i 74.11 . is annsin fuarustair ... Ruadhán fora cind BNnÉ 322 § 31 . fofrith (forrith v.l.) cenn Póil ... hi féil ind ḟir ..., Fél. Feb. 25 . snechta do nā frith samail re hed cian, Ann. Conn. 1318 § 11 . an cétna long ... fúair Hérinn `the first ship which reached Ireland.' Ériu iv 158 § 35 . ceathracha trath ... fofrith Ere ria ndílind was discovered Leb. Gab.(i) i 16 . do cech anmanda ... fogébad for talmain, Ériu ii 134 § 113 . a faigbed do lindib forsin bhith, § 114 . is edh forfuaradar ina lebraibh, RC x 186.3 . mar frithi a lebraib lindi, Metr. Dinds. iii 346 . do réir ṡeanrolla fríoth i nOxford, Keat. iii 2575 . a llotár dano ond insi sin fúaratár insi máir LU 1767 . fogaibset insi n-aili, 1792 . iar bhfácbháil na ndithrub sin dogabar crích forlethan `you come to' Marco P. 21 . coicc primroid Erenn ..., ní fritha gusanocht, Anecd. ii 4.15 . a n-oidhce geine Cuinn forrith cóicc phríomhróid go Teamhraigh, AFM 123 . mar gheibhther ag Lucas ... san seisedh caibidiol, Parrth. Anma 40.18 . gur cuireadh ...i meidh an mheasruighthe, go bhfríoth ní budh lugha ioná an chóir aige was weighed in the balance and found wanting TSh. 3635 . (cf. 3181 cited below (b)). Cath ... do na frith inntsamail a battle of which no like has been found AU 1014 . bodith ... dona frith samail riam, Ann. Conn. 1321 § 5 . With vn. phrase or dependent clause as obj.: co na fuair cair nā peccad do dénum do Ísu, PH 2718 . Fertán C. cia rochlaid in fagbaid nó in fetabair? can you find out? Metr. Dinds. iii 8 . In later lang. DOGHEIBH AMACH = discovers: no gur fritheadh an sgribhneoireacht ... amach until writing was invented Luc. Fid. 256 . ar na daoinibh gheibh neithe nuadha amach, Corp. Astron. 86 .

(b) with adj. or other compl. of pred. finds (in a certain condition): mongenar anmain fogabar co glan dia stiurad on M. sin that is found pure PH 7168 . go fagtai na fir marbh arnamairech, Maund. 262 . nach faghair sibh seasmhach that you are not found constant Content. xxii 12 . See also feb. fríoth Naoi 'na fhíréan 'na shíl-treabhaibh féin = Noe vir iustus in generationibus suis TSh. 3181 . do fríth easbhuidheach thú, Dan. v 27 (cf. 3635 cited above (a)) ní frith sinne ... commbuidech riam we have never been equally satisfied BColm. 20.19 . dogeibhit na doirrsi foriadhta ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 52.5 . munab i leacaibh cloch fuairsiod scríobhth iad, Keat. i p. 146 . cionnus do-geibhthear ort an lucht tuillimh ... do bhíodh agat ? what is the disposition of thy hired servants towards thee ? TSh. 4230 (corresp. to: cionnus atáid duit ... ?, 4241 ).

(c) gets, gains, obtains, procures (with Ó, A of source): int áenmacc ríg ... is mō fuair ┐ tuc amach who got and gave away most ZCP viii 111.13 . in tan na fádbait a mbiad, PH 7476 . nem fuair an t-anc(h)ara ... ar a thir got heaven in exchange for ACL iii 307 § 25 . a n-as ail duid dogeba on choimdi, YBL 167a2 . fogeb trocaire treimit he obtains mercy BColm. 78.23 . is gerr co fuigir furtacht, ZCP vi 286.25 . as meisi dúil as anṡádhaile ... dogheibh a betha isin domun that lives BS § 70 . ionnus go ffaghdais a mbethaidh that they might get their sustenance BNnÉ 320 § 20 . no (= do] geibhdís betha gan feidm ndaonda léo acht ... got their livelihood without any human exertion save ... ib. doghebhaitt na hálaidh sin furtacht, 297y . braighe gill as a ffuighbithe eich ┐ airgheadha for whose ransom horses and herds would have been got AFM v 1788.26 . gach aon ... do geip mar chuiss impidhe ... gan bass fiadhnach ... d'faghail `who obtains as an act of grace ... that he shall not suffer death in public' Fl. Earls 70.27 . na hindmasa doberam-ne ... ni huain fogabum iat, PH 6120 . is í comhairle do-gheibheadh ón marbh, TSh. 640 . an teagasg rofrithe ona habsdoluibh, Luc. Fid. 382.9 . With DO of pers. (= dat. of advantage): fag-sa airm ... ┐ eideth dam !, ZCP vi 88.8 . fagh dhamh ... san sgrioptur na briathra so !, Luc. Fid. 276.4 . do-uair Niall ... rigi coidchi da cheneol, RC xxiv 202 § 19 . cearc ... fhuair clú d'fhine Fhearghosa that won fame for Studies 1921, 257 .

(d) gets, induces (some one to do something) causes (something to be done) (with Ó or FOR of pers.): faghaibh gan é d'aithfear, Dán Dé xii 27 . do ráidh an rí ré cách dul ... is ní bhfuair ó neach dul ann he got no one to go Keat. iii 2591 (= ni fuair ó neoch, Cóir Anm. 125 ). fuaradar ó Phádraig an dara heaglais ... do dhéanamh i Leith Mogha they were permitted by P. to build Keat. iii 312 . ni fuigebthar foro tuidecht they will not be prevailed on to come TBC-I¹ 2779 .

(e) freq. with abstr. or semi-abstr. obj. meets with, experiences, undergoes: fofuarais mór do duilgi, SR 1751 . cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé, PH 2427 . mar do ḟuair a chalann crád, Ériu iv 112 § 5 . ar eccla co fuidedh se pían, Maund. 149 . do badh ḟearr lais co faghbhadh cath he would rather have had to fight Lism. L. 3040 . fuaratar troid thenn ... o Gheraltachaibh, AFM vi 2118. 3 . gach ní ... fá bhfuighinn guais which might be perilous to me Dán Dé ix 6 . gurab léir dhó ... nach fuighbbe sochar ná socamhal, TSh. 1133 . frith saothar dermhair ag tabairt an eich ... aníoss, Fl. Earls 88 . na daoine ... dogheibh togbháil suas bharbardha, Ó Héodhusa 76w . conna fuaratar ... aidchi ṅdunaid ... bad mó dód ... dóib never spent a worse night TBC-LL¹ 631 . an t-ech fós, nach faghaibh sbuir do cur uirri who never feels the spur Ériu iv 214.12 . f.¤ bás dies: fogeib in rí bás, Mon. Tall. § 72 . co fúigbe bás croiche, PH 2429 . mas ann do cinded damh-sa bás d'fághbhail, dogébh if it is there I am fated to die, there I shall die Imr. Brain i 60.6 . is truag dham nach eg do fhuarus, Aen. 2602 . foruair macc D. a aidid, LL 183b5 ( Arch. Hib. ii 63 ). co faghdis a n-oidedha ... le cláraibh ... ac rotuitim forra, CCath. 2010 . cen co fagbat ... a n-airlech isin cath though they be not slain in the battle 4275 . faghbhadh ... bas ┐ aidhedh libh let ... be slain by you RC xliii 34z .

With concrete obj. in fig. sense: la macc Rossa frith a lecht his death came about RC xxiii 308 . Cf. fríoth a n-árach `their deaths were brought about' GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 169 . fríth ilach dó ... i cath birach B., LL 184b45 ( Arch. Hib. ii 83 ).

Often folld. by vn. with poss. refl. pron. (cf. similar use of Welsh cael): nuchun ḟaigbe th'imṡnádud thou shalt not be protected Ériu i 128 . Simon ... fuair a chrochad hi Parthib iii 196 § 12 . ni fhuidhitís a sásadh they would never be satisfied RC xxiv 379w . ó nach fuair a múnadh, since it has never been instructed Dán Dé xix 8 ( YBL 393b18 ). fuair a hurgnamh ... ┐ a fobairt it had been prepared ... and annealed (of a hauberk) CCath. 5215 .

(f) gets (an opportunity of doing), is able (usually with vn. obj.; cf. c, d). conna faghbhadh bheith 'na ecmais could not do without him Lism. L. 1483 . ní ḟuair grádh ná eagla t'ḟos neither love nor fear could restrain you Content. viii 9 . ni faigebhdais scor a n-ech la feraibh Midhe, min dicuirte Mocuda they would not have been allowed to unyoke their horses BNnÉ 303 § 14 . With obj. joined to vn. by DO: dús in fagbaind mo lāma do ḟuligud ... indiu to see if I might redden my hands TBC-LL¹ 1173 . arna fagbatis fini F. iat do fogail so that the tribe of F. should not be able to injure them Lec. [24]a15 ( ZCP x 165 ). mar fuaradar Dál Riada Scotia do thabhairt ar Albain `when the D. R. were permitted to call [A.] Scotia' Keat. ii 5816 . ó nach fuair féin a haigneadh do chalochlódh since he was unable to alter her intention Keat. ii 3039 . For F.¤ ÁRACH, FAILL X (FOR X), see these nouns. Cf. also: ar an gcóir fríoth folmhughadh, PBocht 19 § 9 . With advb. MAITH: atbeiredh cách nár bó maith fríth an marbhadh sin that that slaying was unjustified AFM v 1790.17 . maith fuarais mise do ghoin ... óir is mé do mharbh th'athair, Keat. ii 4508 . maith do-ghéabhdaois clann Ch. ... aonduine ortha d'oirdneadh, TD 9.44 . bith nar uo romhaith fuair in giustiss in basugadh sin re a denomh (= though the justice had no very plausible pretext for that execution), Fl. Earls 60.5 . Cf. bíodh a dheimhin aguibh do nós choguidh na hErenn gur go maith do fuarus misi rem ghabháil `that I esteemed myself to be well off in that I was taken captive' O'Gr. Cat. 57 .

(g) With expressions of time gets = spends, lives (through): dogheibhdís na daoine ré ḟada fán am soin used to live long Keat. ii 234 . ben fuair an saoghal go sona who had spent her life happily AFM v 1692.4 . In the type: Fergal fuair raithi co rath; ... nocon fuair acht oenbliadain, Rawl. 164a41 = Arch. Hib. ii 85 ( LL 185a37 ). the notion is of a period of kingship etc. and it belongs rather to (c).

(h) invents, devises: in sluag dolbtha frith ... la Fotlai BB 377a6 (= RC xv 446 ). conidh edh airecc fuairset, cuibhrighi do chur fair, BNnÉ 296 § 30 . gibé freagra fuaras daoibh, Content. ix 24 .

(i) With I N- and refl. pron. `finds in oneself,' dares, presumes (late): cionnas do gheibhim ionnam féin dul ... ? Luc. Fid. 71. 18 . ní fhuair duine ... ann féin aifrionn ... do rádh, Mac Aingil 113. 18 (= neque aliquis ... missas facere ... praesumebat Beda v 14 ). go bhfuaradar ... ionnta féin éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna, Maguires of F. § 25 .

In: nach misi rodusfuighbhe ... duib ī, ZCP viii 547.2 (= ni mé adféta dúib, TBC-LL¹ 1764 ). nach badh eisin radus fuighbhedh duibh ī ib. ZCP viii 547.15 (= dosféta, TBC-LL¹ 1773 ), the modern redactor has replaced adféta by a form beginning with f which gives approximate sense: will find (the information) for you. The sense imparts, communicates is not supported by other examples.

fós

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fós or dil.ie/24053

 

(bós, beós) adv. = O.Ir. beus q.v.

(a) of time still, up to the present = Lat. adhuc. messe sund i nhErind f.¤ f. LL 4b14 = YBL 106a16 ( Ériu iv 130 ). conid marthanach ... fos in chloch, TBC-LL¹ 2994 (beos St). Hélii ┐ Enoc. atat i mbethaid f.¤ , PH 7278 . atcíter foss bona araill dona beraibh, CCath. 190 . ni rosaigset ind imairicc fos biucc not ... for some time yet 5698 . ro fell ... fa dhó fos orum has betrayed me twice already ZCP vi 50.5 . Accompanied by beus: mairid f.¤ ait na tobar sin beós, Maund. 254 .

(b) still (more, longer), further, also, in addition; likewise: dochuaid Dauid ass ... fogeib [leg. fácaib] da cét ... f.¤ two hundred more SR 6456 ( 1 Reg. xxx 10 ). no teigdis teachta ... ar ceand long fos for more ships Todd Todd Nenn. 88 . do fosdadh f.¤ na filidh the poets were kept on Content. xxviii 9 . dogníat gait er Dhia ... dognít f.¤ aindliged dia comarsain PH 7684 . dogeibhthi an crodh ... do-geibhthi f.¤ an fearann TD 14.14 . Orduighem fós ... `Likewise we ordaine' RSClára 104b . adeir f.¤ Solamh ..., TSh. 84 . gidheadh f.¤ however TD 22.15 . Rarely beginning sentence: adhrait ┐ ernaigit ... foss dognit oraite, Fl. Earls 122.7 . agas fós do budh eagal liom ..., ML 42.9 . After neg.: ní ḟéadaim dol ... ní rachuinn f.¤ dá bhféaduinn I would not go either TD 15.40 . ní fhuil f.¤ , TSh. 192 . gan sinne do chláonadh ... nó an muinnter f.¤ do thiucfadh mar ndíaigh, RSClára 17a . ní cóir ... ní ar bith do thabhairt amach ... nā f.¤ ní ar bith do bheith aice, 20b0 .

gell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gell or dil.ie/25584

 

Forms: ngell, gell, gell

n o, n., later m. IGT Decl. § 65 , as a regular o-stem `when not a verbal noun'; § 95 when used as a vn. n s. a ngell , Ml. 27a6 . gell n-uathbais (sic leg.), Laws iv 268.25 . n p. inna gell , Ml. 58d8 .

(a) a pledge, a surety . In Laws specifically of the pledge of some valuable personal belonging, given as earnest of payment from debtor to creditor who fasts on him. See Thurn. ZCP xv 266 - 7 . gl. pignus, Ml. 23d16 . inna gell (gl. pignera), 58d8 . [do]rrat gell, Wb. 14c38 . gell glaine, Fél.² July 6 . tairr lind di ghiull di inchaib Connacht as a pledge of the honour of C., TBC-I¹ 1243 . ruc in claideb dam do giull dom anmain as a pledge for (i.e. for the sake of) my life, LL 251a23 ( TBFr. 300 ). rugsat braighde fomda leo i ngill re cíos as security for ..., TFrag. 158.1 . cislir ata corai do righ do giull for a tuatha? A tri ... g.¤ sloghad, g.¤ rechtge, g.¤ cairddi `How many things is it proper for a king to bind by pledge on his "tuatha"?', Laws iv 332.20 ; 334.7 . fer gill a pledged man, 338.10 . eneclund a marbadh a gill, i 76.16 Comm. atait secht ngealla la Feine, v 186.1 . gill easbaidh idle pledges, 13 Comm. an geall dobera duine re fiachaib, O'Curry 303 ( H 3.18, 166 ). ni gabar raith do raith ... no geall do gill, O'D. 711 ( H 3.17, c.519 ). gell do bas a pledge to death, Laws v 220.13 . gl. .i. gell de um a fuaslucad o bas ... .i. is he rath tuc do, a fuaslucadh o bas .i. o croich, 30 - 32 . Cf. 206.19 . iii 10.22 ; 66.20 ; and for explanation of phrase, see Thurn. ZCP xv 323 . tucadh Dorn ... i ngell re cin a mic, Laws i 70.21 . na druinge bhíos i ngioll ré díol na bhfiach bhíos orra, TSh. 4452 . See 5001 . muire icna bít géill ingill | isé in lind i coire toll `the king who has not hostages in keeping, Ériu ix 45 § 3 . do bhadar Gaoidhil 'na gioll, Irish Texts i i 105.1 . rogab ... ríghe nÉrenn ... ┐ fuair a ngelli iarum took pledges from them, ZCP xiii 196.12 . geall caeca mogadh tar muir | atá d'ór ana borduibh (`the ransom of' ... O'Gr.), Acall. 1992 . na seacht laigh le raibhe C. ... i ngioll `under bond,' BNnÉ 115.4 . biaid t'animm in-a gill `responsible for it,' PH 7451 . Cf. 7391 . ní taobhtha rú a ngáol i ngioll `as a prisoner,' Ériu ix 167 § 36 . tá sé a n-ifreann a ngeall `in bondage,' Oss. iv 10.15 . A bhean ... | do bhí agam riamh i ngioll who wert ever pledged to me, Dánta Gr. xxx 6 . taoíseach ... nach bíodh file fana laimh | ar gheall Ch. mhic R. pledged for by C. Duan. F. ii 282 § 120 . do ghabhail gill creche, AFM iii 572.16 . braighe gill `a hostage for ransom,' v 1788.26 . an budh geall re hoireachus damhsa sibh? `... a pledge for supremacy ...,' ML 106.11 . a gcosnamh gill (epithet of Mac Sweeney) `the defender of their pledge,' TD 25.38 . beantar dhíom i bhfiachoibh cáigh | dá gheall nó trí, 22.10 ; 13.19 . go léine ghiorr nár gheall buinn ... `not worth (lit. not security for) a groat,' 44.10 . glac geall uadh, Proverbs xx 16 . In leg. documents used of a pledge or mortgage deposited; a return for the use of lands. See Trans. RIA xv 15 seq . (Ant.); PRIA vii 248 ; TD ii 262 . fearonn a ngioll mortgaged land, Misc. Ir. Arch. Soc. i 190.12 . thug sé geall air in dá fhearaonn so he gave a mortgage on ..., O'Gr. Cat. 155.10. Passing into sense of promise: fa mor ngill `it was a great promise,' BNnÉ 283.1 . aird-gella, TBC-LL¹ 2385 . As quasi vn.: A-tú (atá MS) riamh ... ag geall d'Iosa 'ma éan-duain ... a gheall dhó is gan a dhéanamh `I am ever promising Jesus a poem,' Dán Dé xxv 2 . cith a ló gríanach gá gheall, IGT Decl. ex. 1662.

(b) a stake, a wager: `An imérum fichell?' ol Midir, `Ní imérum,' ol Eochaid `acht do ghill,', ZCP v 526.6 . In n-imberam fidchill, for Midir. Cid gell bias and ... Gell adcobra cechtar dá lína the stake which either of the two parties desires, LU 10834 . muna imre fi[th]chill rum-sa (ar) gealltaibh, Ériu iii 162 § 15 . ag cur geill as ar gconaibh betting on our hounds, Oss. vi 140.18 . ní faigter gille ag geall tresa to challenge combat, O'Gr. Cat. 472.22. Fig. palm, supremacy, excellence, prize: gell ar dénam cá dreich nduind the palm for shapeliness to ..., Hy Fiach. 294.9 . geall ón rós ag grís a ghrúadh the glow of his cheek excels the rose, Rel. Celt. ii 303.5 . nir tarraidh in talamh te | cú ga mbiadh geall Gaillfheithe, Duan. F. i 15.16 . geall Eireann ag Ulltachaibh, Content. xxx 30 . g s. used attrib. praiseworthy a leapthaibh dhénta duan ngill, Studies 1920, 2 § 8 . gréas ngill `of worthy poems,' DDána 73 § 43 . berid g.¤ (foll. by prep. ar, ó of pers. or by gen.) carries off the palm from: Gobán sáor ... | rucc geall ar gach náon ... | saor an tsaogail, BNnÉ 241 § 179 . ní rug ... geall calmachta ó Chonchubhar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 372.12 . nach lór do bhreith ghill Ghaeidhil, 146.7 . beire geall gach ḟir dá aimhdheóin, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . an té berus gell gaisgidh ... na cruinne, ZCP vi 29.8 . Cf. 289.28 . Cia do bhéaradh geall Cormaic `who could surpass C.?' Content. xv 50 . xviii 97 . TD 28.29 . fogeib (do-alla, benaid) g.¤ in same sense: ní bentair geall dealbha dít, IGT Decl. ex. 264 . geall gach oide ... mar fuair A., DDána 73 § 40 . A. Ó Dálaigh lii 12. TD 20.29 . rithid uile ... gidh eadh, is aoin-fhear do-gheibh an geall, TSh. 10276 . uaisleacht ... ní thall soin dá ghníomhaibh geall `cannot match his valour,' DDána 91 § 13 . drong bheanus geall do Ghuaire, TD 34.2 . cuirid g.¤ re challenges: do chuir geall ... fa dhán re hadhbhar eile `he challenged another notice about a poem,' DDána 90 § 16.

(c) the equal, the equivalent , a development of (a) and (b): fri geld bais at the point of death, Mon. Tall. § 48 . ba gell do anmain it was a question of her life, ZCP xv 322.5 . Cf. mina be gell de anmannaib `unless lives are in danger,' Rule of Tallaght 66 § 8 ( LB 9b34 ). ingnadh gill gnái a fledóil | 's in Trái ... `a marvellous identity,' O'Gr. Cat. 354.8. Usu. foll. by re (la): má atá do thal leam ... | budh geall damh re haithní é it were to me equivalent to a command, Studies 1919, 73 § 6 . geall re hoighidh an eachtra, ib. 255 § 1 . gell re bás a mbetha ghnáth, O'Gr. Cat. 472.2 . beag nár gheall re flaith an file, TD 25.15 . TSh. Gl.

(d) Meaning doubtful: bai ind arc for cuclaigi gell | 'coa tabairt di Hierusalem, SR 6673.

(e) In prep. phrases: do g.¤ ar for the sake of: do gheall ar ghlóir dhíomhaín, Content. ix. 24 . i n¤ in need of: depending on: étach d'á rabi 'na gill, PH 7550 . do bhí Magh Tuireadh ... i ngeall mhic Céin, Measgra D. 54.70 . ┐ gan í i ngeall nó i n-éigean a furtachta, TSh. 4835 ; 4861 ; 5084 . i ng.¤ (ngioll) ar: by means of, on account of, in exchange for, pledged to: i ngeall (sic v.l.) ar a fhoghluim fuair Niul ... gach innmhe, Keat. i 92.6 . i ngeall ar onóir shaoghalta, TSh. 619 . ib. 2023 ; 10084 . i ngioll ar Dhia for the sake of God, Measgra D. 52.61 . a ngioll ar in tig sin `depending on that house,' Fl. Earls 180.7 . muna ghlacdaois uatha e a ngioll ar bheith ag guidhe orra, Rule of Tallaght § 30 . gibé ler ab fuath an dream | atáimse i ngeall ortha riamh, I am devoted to them ever, Dánta Gr. ix 8 (ed. 1916). Cf. xiv 18 . i ng.¤ re: in pledge for, in lieu of, as the equivalent of; depending on; on account of: is meinic ... bheannaid a anam as i ngioll ris an gcúntas, TSh. 3654 . Cf. 4377 . ó tá síoth a ngioll re gleó, IGT Decl. ex. 1493 . fada linn gu lá na graifne | a ngill atá ar raithne ris, ex. 1392 . Mac Mhoire ... i ngeall ré pháis oile ... as it were a second passion, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 2 . do chrú léd ghrásaibh i ngioll thy kinsfolk depending on thy grace, xlvii 10 . Cf. Dán Dé iii 31 . a ngeall re meidhir na gcon | ... atá Fionn ... air láimh `because of the amusement ...,' Oss. iv 12.25 . mar gh.¤ air in return for, on account of: rug claoinbhreath mar gheall ar chumaoin fuair, TSh. 6788 . Cf. 3604 .

1 on

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 on or dil.ie/33854

 

n [o, n.] n p. tri on, ZCP xii 363.1 .

A blemish or disfigurement; in early sagas used of a blister (?) raised by a poet's satire on the face of his victim, and hence fig. a blot or stain on one's reputation, a social disgrace or dis- qualification (always in this sense in Laws text, save once); an early word, confined to poetic usage and legal texts. on .i. ainim, Lec. Gl. 361. O'Dav. 1307. O'Cl. fogeib teora boulga for a aghaidh . . . .i. on ┐ anim ┐ easbaidh .i. dearg ┐ glas ┐ ban, Corm. Y 698 ( p. 59.14 ). coro facaibset tri bolga for a gruaidib .i. on ┐ ainim ┐ aithis .i. dubh ┐ derg ┐ ban, RC xxiv 278 § 15. mor n-anrud . . . forsa-tardus on ┐ ainim ┐ espaidh, Anecd. ii 54.8 . dit glāime gom | nā raibh on | for inchaibh tuaithe let there be no blemish on the faces (blot on the honour) of the tribe, ACL iii 295 § 27. athgabail treisi . . . imm on, im ainbed `for a visible blemish, for a concealed blemish', Laws i 174.30 , glossed .i. i n-incaib, 176.16 . esorgain do mic, do moga . . . on it inchaib, 232.3 . im on les-anma `the blemish of a nickname', 236 y . Cf. ní on anma dam a radh `to say it is no soul's blemish to me' (? no libel on my part), O'Dav. 1307. tri on brethemon . . . baes ┐ aneolus ┐ eitges, ZCP xii 363.1 (H 3.18 p. 9 a). nir on dó it was no shame to him ( = it was a credit to him), LL 35a34 . conā roib locht nō on nō anim . . . otha a hínd co a bond (of a woman), MacCongl. 97.19 . Cen on without blemish (fault), very common in poetry: fer sóer socheniúil cen on cen ainim, Thes. ii 241.8 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). issé úagṡlán cen on cen anim, LL 250b44 ( TBFr. 269 ). doíni delgnaidi cen on, IT i 133.4 ( LU 10862 ). Iacob mac Ailphi cen on, Ériu iii 196.5 . Niall gan on, Content. ii 7. fognad cách Dé mog cen on, Fél. 4.16 , cf. AFM i 408 z . is é mo thimna cen on, RC xiii 460 § 60. tri meich bracha cen on (.i. im ⃛ṡeirbi), Laws ii 250.1 , 12 .