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fócra(e), fúacra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fócra(e), fúacra or dil.ie/22543

Forms: fócre, fócru, fúacru, fuacru, focra, focra, fógra, fúagra, fógartha, fócra

n io, n.; later f. (vn. of fo-ocair, fúacair) O. Ir. a s. fócre, Wb. 2d17 . d s. fócru, 31c22 . fúacru, LU 10972 . fuacru, SR 6266 . n s. focra (n-aptha), Laws i 230z . focra (n-etechta), v 254.10 . fógra fúagra, IGT, Decl. § 3 ; Verbs § 47 .

(a) proclaiming, announcing, making known, giving notice: cen fócre et cen arigud (gl. usque ad legem peccatum erat in mundo Romans v 13 ) Wb. 2d17 . doni tri heigme ... do sirḟuacra a saraigthe, ZCP viii 266.4 . Cf. can a focrad, Laws v 274.9 . is nin scribthar ag fuacra na forbaidi sin to mark that accent Auraic. 1561 . cen robud cen rígḟócra, Metr. Dinds. iii 354 . fa lestar togaidhe fri fóccra fírinne (of a saint) BNnÉ 20 § 43 . Lism. L. 589 (fogra). amhail bhíos buachaill an táibhirne ag fógra an fhíona maith, TSh. 10678 . amhasdrach d'fógra a claoidhte | doní cú anbhfann the feeble dog `barks to proclaim his defeat' Content. xxiv 12 . bheith ag murmur no ag fuagradh go bhfuilmidne san gceimsi ar earraid, Luc. Fid. 194.1 . With DO of pers.: do ḟúacra na ceilge do Hectoir to warn H. of the ambush TTr.² 1188 = LL 406a47 . mar a n-abair Críost ag fógra anfhorlainn an bháis don duine, ecce venient dies ... ( Luke xix 43 ), TSh. 1061 . Of denouncing a fault, etc.: oc fócru a pecctha do chách, Wb. 31c22 . iar fuacra a chore dó `after admonishing him of his fault' Mon. Tall. § 37 . co forngaire firinde, co fuagra gach claein, ACL iii 320 § 98 . cen dītiun fīrindi, cen fouaccrae cloīni [sic leg. ?], ZCP iii 450.7 .

(b) esp. announcing, proclaiming (a ruler): atáid got fhógra fuinn 's dinn, O'Gr. Cat. 484 . Cf. rí tré iathuibh dá ḟuagra, TD 10.8 , which could, however, belong to (g).

(c) a notice, announcement, summons, ordinance: in tan tucad in fuacra-sa, PH 363 (= in smacht ib.; = in forcongra 366 ). meni dérntais dar fócra unless they acted against the decree Ériu iv 94 . dochuaid rechtaire in rig do fuacra for P. ┐ for a muime co ndigsitiss do glanad thellaig, Trip. 14.19 ( Trip.² 174 ). cuirid scéala go Mochuda da ḟógra dhó Rathain do tréigean, Keat. iii 1896 . gur chuir fógra fana hEoghanachtaibh 'ga rádh riú biadh ... do chur ... chuige, 3045 . fógra chuírte ... do chor lá Presidens ... go síol mB. `a proclamation for holding a court was issued by the President ... to Síol mB.' AFM v 1638.3 . foccra parlimenti do thabhairt dferaibh Ereann dia ḟorcongra for a maithibh a beith imbeltaine ... in Ath Cliath, 1826.19 . fógradh cruinnighthe ar chrú mB. `a summons of gathering ... to the blood of B.' O'Gr. Cat. 503.7 . fuáir tú fúagra = `thou art commanded' Gen. xlv 19 . tug Aáron fúagra made proclamation Exodus xxxii 5 . fuáir fógra ... ó neamh ... fios do chur ortsa = `was warned from God' Acts 10.22 . ag tabhairt ḟógra dhá gach áon = `warning every one' Colossians 1.28 . achd gu dtuga tú fógra dhó a dtáobh a ṡeachráin uáir nó dhó = `after the first and second admonition' Titus 3.10 . stocc foccra a summoning trumpet MacCarthy 56.16 ( LB 111a59 ). Later pl. fógartha ┐ aitheanta Dé, Eochairsg. 14.33 .

In Laws: a warning (of legal action), summons: toing to Dia, nach fōcre fond[o]t-ocerthar not-gebà huidhib aitire cach tēchta, Bürgschaft 22 § 65b . dia treise iar fócru `at three days' notice' Críth G. 85 . focra n-aptha (one of the `lesa' concerning which distress extends to three days) Laws i 230z (glossed .i. smacht biata do mic bithbinig tar apadh 234.2 . na séoit fōccra ┐ na seōit ōna cu cinniudh re rē, O'D. 2413 (see 2 sét). Here smacht may be synon. with fócra, cf. PH 363 above). focra la foircsin `warning by eyewitness' Laws ii 308.21 ( SM Facs. 35b ). ZCP xiv 382 (`Verkündigung bei Überblicken'). do fet focra folad .i. as remtechtai lium foccra abaid ┐ troisci do tabairt fair anas fola athgabhala do gabhail de, 23 P 3, 23aa ( O'Curry 1874 ). f.¤ n-étéchta an illegal challenge: focra n-etechta (... i. crand do togbail ... .i. conicfad tobach a fiach o mudh aile), Laws v 254.10 (256.21) . masa aonfear dib dorine in fuacra n-etechta sunn, ┐ ní errecht in fer eile ina adhaigh (of a challenge in a place where fighting is prohibited), O'D. 389 (< H 3.17, 295 ) = Laws v 304 Comm.

(d) summoning, suing (?): in fili oca fúacru fora nglinne ┐ a nadmand `summoning them by their sureties' Imr. Brain 47.14 ( LU 10972 ; occ accrui ┐ oc fuacra v.l. Cf. na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra `satirize and denounce' Dinds. 161 ). Cf. next.

(e) denouncing (with FOR, AR of pers.): fógra ar ṡeanchaidh madh fiú a locht `to denounce a sage' Content. xiv 15 . gur coir ... fuagra air mur iodhaladhraightheoir, Luc. Fid. 195 . Ó M. ... d'ēcc ... ┐ a mac do ghabhail a ionaid a hucht na bainrioghna. araill do dhaoinibh uaisle a chinidh acc fóccra ┐ acc fuaidreadh fair a ndiaidh an anma sin, AFM vi 2092.16 . Cf. é fein d'fogra mar brághaidh [sic] don bhainrioghain `he was declared the Queen's prisoner' v 1688.3 . See (g). Here perhaps: déna dam dóibh focra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24 . desimrecht ar trefoccul focra dorigne F., 293 n. 17 = in treḟoclach focrai, 293.18 (where t.f.¤ is applied to an ingenious specimen of indirect satire). trefocal fócra, Laws iii 92.10 .

(f) giving notice of battle, declaring war, challenging (with FOR of person): ar na tíset óic ... do ḟuacra comraic forru TBC-LL¹ 1150 . techta do dul ... do ḟúacra chatha for Troiánaib, TTr.² 555 . cath d'foccra forra, Cog. 132z . coccadh d'fógra fair, AFM ii 1120.2 . comracc d'focra do R. ... ar D., Ann. Conn. 1279 § 6 . eirge d'focra in comraic, Laws v 478.18 . a uagra catha ar Crumthann `the C. have the proclamation of his battles' Hy Maine 163 (= a furogra Uí Maine 46ra22 ).

(g) proscription, banishment, outlawry: fo thrí ... rodiultsat fir Herenn fria filedu ... Dā cēt ar mīli a lín isin cetna ḟocru ... In fuacra tānise ... `the first proscription ... the second proscription' RC xx 42 ( ACC Introd . ). bóe Dauid ré mór ... fo fuacru, fo innarthaib, SR 6266 . an tan do-beirt[h]i fōgra do c[h]liaraibh Fōdla, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 6 (< B IV 2, 155b ). fógra a fírḟréimhe `the banishment of her true race' Ériu viii 192 . fógra dhaoibh ós aird oruinn `thy public proscription of me' TD 3.20 . crádh liom echtrainn da bfógra `that foreigners proscribe them' O'Gr. Cat. 504.25 (cf. rí tré iathuibh dá ḟuagra, TD 10.8 ). égcert d'fhógra asedh doniad what they do is to banish injustice L. Cl. A. B. p. 240.86 . Cf. (e).

FOR (AR) F.¤ banished. outlawed: go ro cuirit ar fogra o thír co tír, AFM iv 1018.16 . ni ḟuair dion ... fear ar fógra ó ṡíol S. `banished by s. S.' TD 10 8 . an tan do bí sé ar foccra o Nera, BCC § 362 . beith ar faoindeal ┐ ar iogra AFM v 1640.8 (`wandering and proclaimed' note). fer foccra an outlaw LB 275b48 (wrongly fócrach, SG 61 ) = fer fōgra, CCellaig 724 . iomdha daorbhreith ... d'ḟonn a thréighte is ḟógartha `from a wish to betray him and banish him' Ó Bruad. iii 80 .

dligid foendelach fuacra, YBL 411d18 = LL 345d24 (= furfocra, Anecd. iii 14 ) may mean = a stranger is entitled to notice. Cf. Smith, RC xlv 33 . Laws ii 288.4 ( ZCP xiv 374 ).

For: maithe Tuadhmumhan do focra do ` submitted ' (to him' ALC i 642.27 , the variants are: do creidium do AU ii 474.26 ; do umhlughadh do Brian, AFM iii 580.18 ; do frecra do, Ann. Conn. 1343 § 7 . The latter is perhaps the right reading in ALC.

See fúacair and fúacairt.

1 son

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 son or dil.ie/38456

Forms: son

n o, m. (Lat. sonus) son m., IGT Decl. § 96 .

I

(a) a sound : s.¤ .i. guth, Lec. Gl. 408 . s.¤ .i. guth no glór, O'Cl. do soun .i. do foghar, Auraic. 4697 . is ilar són hua cheill ciasu huathatae ho sun `it is plural in sense, though it is singular in sound', Ml. 45b20 . in dírṡuidigud ceille no suin `the derivation of sense or sound', Sg. 188a8 . ní o foilsigud suin ┐ gotho, 200a6 . da s.¤ són gl. duae . . . voces, 73b5 . ponc bis itir da ṡ. `a point which is between two sounds', 150b1 . caiti guth? comacomal soin, esargnodh aeoir, O'Dav. 811 . s.¤ (.i. sonus) in cetail, Thes. ii 320.62 ( Hy. ii ). is de asberar Ocharbel de fo araile fer ba h-eochair bél dó oc labrad dia ṡun, LL 193a15 . co closs . . . s.¤ a gotha in scolaigi oc cetul a shalm, MacCongl. 13.9 . s.¤ a gotha Colaim cille | mór a binde os gach cler, BCC 62 . cia s.¤ ger, Auraic. 254 .

(b) a word, a name : s.¤ .i. focal, Lec. Gl. 3 . s.¤ .i. focul, Metr. Gl. 26 § 26 . oc saigid for sunu disputing as to words, Wb. 12b23 . rúna do thabairt a óensonaib `to bring hidden meanings out of single words', 12a10 . is gnath hi salmaib aitherrech forsna sunu cétnai, Ml. 133d2 . ond sun grecda as noma , Sg. 27b15 . huare nád robatar suin do ṡlund in dúildetad, 45b1 . for s.¤ ceneoil ind imfrecrai `upon a word of the corresponding sort', Auraic. 924 .

II In prepositional phrases with ar (earlier for, see Wortk. 201 ).

(a) instead of, in place of: pronomen .i. ar s.¤ anma, Ir. Gl. 996 . sgairb is brēg ar s.¤ fers, ZCP ix 174 § 31 . ní fríth dí acht ferann ar s.¤ a bó instead of her cows, BColm. 92.3 . .ccc. bo cranda co lin[n]paitib . . . ina [n]gablaib ar s.¤ delae `in lieu of udder', RC xv 439.9 ( Dinds. 46 ). sgriobhthar go minic cuid dona consainibh ar s.¤ a cheile, mar ata c ar s.¤ g., RC iv 355.16 . cuirthear an uimhir chinnte . . . ar s.¤ nuimhreach éigcinnte, TSh. 7861 . síodh ar s.¤ an pheacaidh, DDána 15.17 . ná bíodh ar s.¤ a séad mbuadha | . . . | acht rádh go rabhsad uair éigin `there shall be nothing of their precious treasures . . . save the saying that once upon a time they were', TD 16.21 .

(b) by way of, for, like : sernnaid sreith . . . 'mondeclais . . . for s.¤ reilgce, SR 4411 (`nach Art eines Friedhofs', Wortk. 201 ). siat fein ar na ndicendadh-side ar s.¤ escarat `as if they were enemies', CCath. 6002 .

(c) in requital for, in return for, for : gach droch-ni dognithi fair, as ní maith dogniodh san ara sh.¤ , BNnÉ 123.2 . gan ulc do thabairt ar s.¤ n-uilc, Desid. 1493 . nach deárnaidh leoir-ghníomh iomlán air s.¤ a bpeacadh, Donlevy 48.6 . do chionn nach dearna tú serbhís dot Thighearna . . . ar s.¤ iomadamhlas an uile neithe `for the abundance of all things', Deuteronomy xxviii 47 . nár dhamhsa gan dol red chois | ar s.¤ t'annsa ┐ t'ionnamhois `in requital for thy affection', TD 14.32 . fear íoca ar s.¤ fíona, ITS xvii 124.297 .

(d) for the sake of: ar s.¤ an ciniuda daona, Rawl. B 512, 41c . do crochadh . . . ar ar soinne, Desid. 4927 . lóir-ghníomh do dhéanamh ar s.¤ na marbh, TSh. 3946 . meinic fríoth céad da gach crodh | . . . | ar s.¤ clú an mhongabhraigh mhoill `to uphold the repute', TD 33.13 . slánaighthear ar s.¤ Muire, Aithd. D. 78.41 . gur iongnadh dhamh-sa | dol ar s.¤ a mhac samhla `to come forward to defend a man like him', Content. xvi 92 . fulang . . . gach eugcóra . . . air s.¤ Dé, Donlevy 172.11 . dá mbeith sluagh Éireann d'éanláimh | 'na n-aghaidh is é ar a s.¤ as long as he was on their side, TD 8.38 . léarab gnáth a chomhmaoidheamh gurab ar a s.¤ féin bhíos, Desid. 4633 .

(e) on account of, because of: da n-dleasdá ni badh misi do bérdis ar a s.¤ therefore, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 5 (St.). ag iarroidh toibhéimi do thabhairt dár ndíthcheall ar s.¤ simplidheachta na sttíli, Desid. 40 . is iad na fīgid geala is fearr dībh ar s.¤ shēime a substainti, RSláinte 5137 . is ar a s.¤ sin bís easba lae ar an ésga i mí iuil, O'Gr. Cat. 323.19 . ar s.¤ na gclódh do chuaidh thríot [sic leg.], Dán Dé iii 9 . ar s.¤ a gcreidimh, Fl. Earls 24.9 . ar s.¤ na faisnéise deimhnighthe on the score of definite evidence, TSh. 3230 . cailltear lán luinge ar s.¤ aon duine amháin `a ship is (often) lost with all on board on account of one man', Ir. Prov. 329 . Folld. by verbal noun clause: doronsatt sith ar s.¤ an baili do loscad le hEmann Buitiller, Ann. Conn. 1307.6 . na dena tnuth re duine diabhlaidhi ar s.¤ a ueth saidhbhir on account of his being rich, Ériu v 126.17 . ar ḟéin Finn is maoidhte an gleo | ar s.¤ mogha do theacht leo, Content. vi 133 . do ordaigh dhóibh . . . | . . . | dul ar eachtra leath ar leath | ar s.¤ gan teachta ar taithleach because they had not repented, DDána 5.27 . Folld. by rel. clause: an treas tarba ar s.¤ a ngnāthuigid na dáine na tortha do chaithim, RSláinte 5225 .

(f) In adv. phr. ara sh.¤ sin nevertheless : an tan nach bí a mbaoghal a chinn do bhuain fán bfhárdhorus íslighidh í féin ar a sh.¤ sin ní sa mhó, Desid. 1923 . do bhí an ríghe ar a sh.¤ soin | aca 's gan iad i dTeamhraigh `they held the kingship all the same', Content. vi 161 .

(g) In conjunctions. ar s.¤ mar because: ar s.¤ mar dorindis hí because you have made it, BCC 65 . ro buí se ag imdhergadh . . . a muindtiri ar s.¤ mar tugadar cum catha a n-aghaidh Ercuil é, Stair Erc. 1596 . ar s.¤ co because: manus recta .i. lamh direch, ar s.¤ gor direch ina oibrighibh é, BCC 255 . ni tic fuacht na grend roim an fiabras so, ar s.¤ gurub isna cuislennuibh ata in fuil doní an fuil (leg. fiabras), Rosa Angl. 24.14 . as uime adeirthear neamhghlan rú ar s.¤ go ttiaguid a mbrígh chonnsuineadh, IGT Introd. 5.12 . ni har s.¤ na mesci fen acht ar s.¤ co tic sceathrach . . . na diaigh, O'Gr. Cat. 216.31 . although: ar s.¤ go sealbhuighim sibh | d'U Dhomhnaill tar fonn bFionntain though I present thee to O'Donnell, Studies 1919, 440 § 14 . ar s.¤ nár fógradh mé, a Mhór, | do dhruim a ḟeirge d'ḟadódh `although I have not been outlawed for enkindling his wrath', TD 15.9 . ar s.¤ nách fuiltear réidh ruibh `although you are at variance', 2.42 . gidheadh, ar s.¤ go n-imeóchthá, fáguibh do chroidhe fá riom, Desid. 7011 . ar s.¤ nar bh'fhíor a rádh ruibh, Aithd. D. 41.18 .

III With i: rotbe mo bennacht hi s.¤ forbbae instead of , Rawl. 124a43 . romarbad he i Fafaind i s.¤ aire rig Temra `for satirizing the king of Tara, RC xv 307.4 ( Dinds. 15 ).