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1 áel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áel or dil.ie/618

 

n o lime, chalk (See ZCP xxiv 93 ): di á.¤ ┐ chrieid gl. onera, Ml. 102d9 . doronad in mur do ael berbthi, Rawl. 74b1 . múr gel . . . amal bad du á.¤ chombruithiu dognethe, LU 1701 . ael Erend all the lime in Ireland, 3147 . á.¤ ná eimer (sic leg.), Cóir Anm. 146 . tuc a inchind latt et cummaisc ǽl air (of preserving the brain of an enemy in lime as a trophy), RC viii 62.18 ( LL 13545 ). findnél na cailce ┐ ind ǽil . . . asnaib sciatha, RC xiii 456.19 . clocha ┐ ael tigi spitel na Trinnoite, Ann. Conn. 1245.3 . foirind ic suathad aeil, `mixing lime', Aen. 305 . clocha chum aoil do denam, ZCP x 22.1 . lucht aoil do losgadh lime-burners, Eochairsg. 114.26 . a dath amar dath an aeil, SG 111.26 . In comparison: aol (aoil MSS.), is rós . . . . . . bhíos ar nós lóchrainn n-a gruaidh do ghnáth, Hackett xxi 34 . g s. as attrib. cloch aeil limestone: cendach na ccloch náoil, ZCP x 22 n.l . cnes amal clochael gen chrūais, ACL iii 308 § 33 . Of a limestone castle: am chloich áoil. Anecd. ii 72.10 . clach aoil, DDána 119.12 . a mhúir ḟinda áoil, IGT Decl. ex. 688 . tene aoil `lime-kiln' AFM ii 1076.9 .

Compds. ¤chinn n.pr. A. Cruachna, CF 857 . ¤-chloch limestone: go ro gabsat acc athnuadhucchadh a n-aitreabh aolcloch built of limestone(?), AFM vi 2186.12 . a n-adhnaice an Ard Mhacha / Ulltaibh as a n-aelchlacha, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 148.6 . ¤-chnes having skin as white as lime: árrachta áluinn aoilchnis, Hackett xxxix 150 . ¤-dorus: ráith na n-ael-dorus n-alaind, ` lime doors (white-washed with lime, or perhaps built of lime-stone)', Hy Fiach. 254.12 . ¤-ecor: gach ceall i bhfuair áladhdoirse / uaidh as fhearr a haoilegair-se every church in which he found gaping doors he was best at repairing it with limestone(?), DDána 89.27 . ¤-gorad lime-burning . Fig. deatach díomusa ag éirghe ón aolghoradh uabhair, TSh. 7938 . ¤-grennad: ní mhar aoilghreannadh th'aighthe (of a ráth), DDána 68.3 . ¤-lis: a hamharc an aoilleasa, DDána 70.11 . ¤-losgad. Fig. teannáil na toile, bhíos ag aol-losgadh na hanma, TSh. 1857 . ¤-mag: n.loc. Aolmhagh, AFM i 50.2 . ¤-ráth: conacadar in aelrāith mōir [ar] a cind, Ériu viii. 157.3 . ¤-tech: aíl-tech emir `lime-white house of granite', Metr. Dinds. iv 108.2 . ¤-tor: gan áoltor ngeal no gan gharrdha / nar legh aentadh t'faghla iad, IGT Decl. ex. 544 . With adj.: ¤-chethach: do chíd adhbha aoilcheathach . . . ar ochtaibh áilne an aieóir a building made of gleaming showers, L. Cl. A. B. 180.2 .

aiprisce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiprisce or dil.ie/1576

 

n , f. (aiprisc) brittleness, frailty: ar ecnairc . . . aprisci in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoimnacair, Ériu ii 122 § 62 . o aibrisci na nádúire daenda, De Contemptu 294 . ind aiprisci daonda gl. fragilitas humana, Rawl. B 512 68a (Plummer MS. notes). don foirind dogéntais imarbus tria a.¤ , PH 3181 . na ro-epletís i n-aprisce pecctha, 3036 . uair dob aitnid do a aipriscci ┐ a so[ch]loiti cusna pecthaib, Grail 3712 . ar aibrisge ┐ ar aithghiorra bhios gach én ní . . . da chriochnughadh leis how easily and in what short time it can be done (of printing), Carswell 19.1 .

2 bennach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bennach or dil.ie/5657
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā (benn) pointed, peaked; horned: b.¤ gl. cornutus, Sg. 60a5 .

(a) Of animals, etc.: arbūaib bendachaib (rhetoric), TBC-I¹ 1002. a mmil mbeannach dobert an mhuir `horned beast', Ériu ii 118 § 57. bó bendach, TTebe 36 . guna búar b.¤ , BNnÉ 287.5 . a énín bhrat-ghlas bh.¤ `sharp-beaked', SG 56.34 . Note also bó binnech (beinnech, v.l.), Triads 85 .

(b) Other applications: ra gabastar a da ṡleig chendchritháncha bennacha, TBC-LL¹ 4604. a gabáil ṡréin brainig bennaig (of a bridle) edged with points (?), Murphy Metrics 69 § 75 ; `ornamented with horn (?)´ EIS 217 . fithchell cona foirind bláith bric bendaig, MacCongl. 118.29 . ailgim bairc mbennaig, YBL 16b28 . dá mac Taidg na mbarc mb.¤ ` sharp-prowed ', O'Gr. Cat. 360.27. ceoltigi béndacha ` pinnacled ', Trip. 34.11 . múr roidhil síthbheannach sliom, DDána 117.4 . do ibhinn fíon . . . / as barr a mbuabhall mbeannach `horn goblets', KMMisc. 352.20 . tucus-sa cúach mbendach mbán `pointed', Metr. Dinds. iii 120.13 . mo shaltair bennach bordbrecc `decorated (?)´ Celtica xxiii 309, 311 . See trebennach.

As subst. bendac[h] .i. gobal fork, Corm. Y 189. O'Cl. Temair cech mb.¤ mbirda `every peaked and pointed hill', Metr. Dinds. i 10.19 . (name of a bull) Findbennach the White-horned, LU 10401. (of a cross) a bheannach bhuadhach, DDána 41.31 .

bláith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláith or dil.ie/6057

 

Forms: mláith, bláth, mblāith, bh., blaithi, bróg bhláithghreanta

adj i earlier mláith q.v. Also bláth [o, ā]. n s. f. mblāith, ZCP viii 202.13 . bean bh. g s. f. blaithi, forms given as `cáol uile,' IGT Decl. § 136. bean bhláth, § 137 .

(a) smooth (in orig. sense from subjection to grinding, friction, etc.): bláth (leg. bláith, ed.), mín, réidh `smooth', Eg. Gl. 68. (Of objects of metal, wood, stone, horn) filet ann brugi bláthi, SR 477. deich mbeanna bōnadarc būabaill mblāith, Ériu ii 28.20 . bogada blathi ` polished ', Cog. 158.23 . do bleidedhaibh blaithe, 114.20 . fidchell . . . cona foirind blāith bricc bendaig, MacCongl. 69.26 . do thighibh bláithe, Ériu v 58.27 . ar slios bh.¤ an bhrogha te `on the smooth wall', 62.5 . a measc na ccloch mb.¤ , Isaiah lvii 6. dia mbiailibh bláithibh, AFM v 1556.4 . garbh ṡáithe ┐ mín mheile / sgín eibhe bláithe buidhe with a smooth yellow haft, IGT Decl. ex. 1119. (Of skin, leather; cloth) a inar b.¤ bíannaide `soft tunic of skin' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1871. fa mbratachaib blaithi, MR 224.3 . geabhuidh lamhuinn mbreacchuirr mb.¤ , KMMisc. 170 § 12.

(Of food and drink) fít bec b.¤ a small light ration, Ériu ii 65 § 8. bid b.¤ do deog, iv 106.8 . blongi bláthi `smooth lard', MacCongl. 81.24 . In comic n.pr. meic borrchrothi blāthi, MacCongl. 33.16 .

? fosair blaith boairech . . . cred é b.¤ annsin. Inand é ┐ dag boaire co mbail foranaeí ┐ isé sin b.¤ atber ann, H 3.18, 646b32 ( O'Curry 1449 ).

(b) (In fig. sense) smooth, gentle, soft; comely: is amlaid sain bis ríge / garb a thús . . . / b.¤ a mmedón, Ériu iv 106.6 . i márḟlaith . . . / indat bláithe beccáin, Fél. Sept. 4. muinter b. romín (the inhabitants of Heaven), LU 2041. ind ḟírflaith blaith builid búan (of Conn Cétchathach), Airne F. 267. blaith .i. suthain, Stowe Gl. 245 (an inference ?). in énlaith búan b.¤ , LU 3696 ( SCC 33 ). fer blaith cennais ` mild ', PH 1974. Bēbinn blāith, ZCP vi 269 § 6. mor . . . do bhann- trachtaibh blaithe bíthe, Cog. 42.15 . [fi]r bláthi bithi borba, Ériu viii 70.7 . blāith ro-gabais cucut corp (to Christ), ACL iii 242 § 16. a abhlainn bh.¤ bheannaighthe `O bright . . . Host', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 6. in troigh ṡlisseang, boindgeal b.¤ `smooth . . . foot', Ériu iv 218.15 . brēthir b.¤ `with gentle word(s)' (Gloss.), Sc.M² 21f . gut[h] blāith, ACL iii 306 § 9. na tuill buide mblāith / fria duine nach dlúith, KMMisc. 274.15 . oentu . . . blaith, Cog. 122.17 .

Equative: bláithidir scotha, Eg. 1782, 18a1 (cited Contribb. 225 ).

Compar. bláithe ná blaosg na huighi smoother (of a mansion), O'Gr. Cat. 354.1.

Superl. is é rígh as bláthem ┐ as mínem . . . dod-ánic, BDD² 1072.

Adv. atá slíghe . . . déanta go b.¤ = the way is made plain, Proverbs xv 19. gi-bé thairgfeadh a riar go b.¤ ` satisfactorily ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 29.4 .

As subst. tairm na bláithe buige of the smooth, gentle (harp), SG 108.25 .

Compds. With nouns: ag binnghabháil a bíáidae ┐ a blathurnaighthe gentle prayers, Ériu v 86.17 . blāthc[h]aomna bocht, ZCP viii 215.16 . im bláitheing mbric ngreanta `neat border' (of embroidery), Magauran 2086 . ar beinn a bruit ┐ a bláithédaigh, Ériu v 76.38 . blaithliag `a pumice-stone ', Eg. Gl. 735. an cethramhad mionn dibhsin, / an mblaithminestir mbuadhach `smooth . . . reliquary', BNnÉ 270 § 241 . bláthoige gach ball id mhiocht smooth perfection, Magauran 2077 . Aedh mac C. . . . /. ui. bliadna fa blaithríadail, BB 59a31 .

With adjj.: i n-iomdaidh bhuiligh blaith-bind full of soothing sounds, BNnÉ 273 § 245 . is mic Cairbre bhuig bhláithcháoin fair and gentle, Ériu v 86.8 . mias . . . bhláthchaoin (of fine earthenware), TSh. 889. do breacsrol blathetrocht `smooth -bright', CCath. 4665. la C. mbúan mblaithfial soft and modest C., Gorm. Jan. 12. righti . . . blaithghelai smooth, white arms, TE 4 Eg. cona dib caelspeltib blathmaetha biannaide (of a sword-case of skin), CCath. 4692. blaithmín fri boctaib, Gorm. Sept. 25. re táobh na learg mbláithslim mbán, IGT Decl. ex. 417. beith ind-ēccmais Brīain bláith-rēidh, ZCP viii 218.31 . a bodhadhaibh blaithrighne smooth, tough bows, AFM v 1646.5 . With part. bróg bhláithghreanta, Magauran 4133 .

dallaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dallaid or dil.ie/14400
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dallair, dallaid, dalann, rodallais, rodall, dodhall, dalltar, dallfaider, dallad, dallta

v ā (dall). pr. 2 sg. dallair, 3 sg. dallaid; dalann. pret. & perf. 2 sg. rodallais, 3 sg. rodall; dodhall.

PASS. pres. sg. pl. dalltar. fut. 3 sg. dallfaider. pret. sg. (ro-, do-) dallad (phonet. dallag), pl. dallta; rodallait.'

VN. dallad, q.v.

(a) blinds, deprives of sight . dallaid rosca, TBC-LL¹ 5488 . noco rondall Aed Findliath, Rawl. 164 a 26 . dallta co mbói cen amarc, LB 146 a 20 . romdalladsa ┐ rompiantar tria mindib, PH 801 . dalltar in terrig iarsin ┐ cassait a inde ┐ a inathar, ib. 792 . tescbaither a thenga dallfaider [a ruisc, sic leg.] ┐ iadfaither a chluasa, ib. 1117 . dothuit otrach na háinle ara ṡúilib lér dalladh é, TSh. 255. 34 . gur dalladh leo é, ib. 256. 24 . dodalladh go hobann í, 258. 7 . oenben do tsarugad du mac h. Mannachan, ┐ ro dallad inn fo chetoir was castrated (?) Ann. Conn. 4 (s.a. 1224.3), Stud. Hib. xix 51 n. 36 .

(b) n darkens, obscures . dallaid side amail cheo, LL 371 a 32 .

(c) Medical, blocks : dunaidh ┐ dallaidh na poiri 'closes and blocks the pores', Ériu x 146.9 .

METAPH. dond foirind rodallait ó dorchuib phecda PH 3911 . a betha daenna sochaide rodallais sochaide romúris, ib. 4661 . rodhall demun in slógsa, ib. 1128 . in génntligecht...formúchaid na cétfada dallaid na ruscai, ib. 722 . dallaidh sí (sc. an leisce) ruisg réasúin an aithrighigh, TSh. 257. 34 . dodhall a mailís féin iad, ib. 255. 10 . dallaid an drúis an duine, ib. 256. 15 ; 255. 32 . an saidhbhreas saoghalta lé ndalltar an sanntach, 256. 1 . luaithreadh na locht dtalṁaidhe lé ndallann é, 256. 13 . dallair an saoghal go léir led thoidhbhse, Midnight court 389 . dhalladar riam me is do iadhadar maodh ionam, ib. 282 . dallag (v.l. mealladh) me suidhte maoidhte am óinsig, ib. 320 . liach a mocha rodallad he died Rawl. 85 a 49 .

MOD. dallaim blind, blindfold, puzzle, perplex P. O'C. anois ó dalladh minntleacht, Amr. Cl. G. 5. 14 (cf. SG 23. 24 ).

do-ecmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ecmaing or dil.ie/17523

 

Forms: do-nd-ecmaing, do-n-ecmaiṅg, tecmaiṅg, tecming, décmaing, tecmoing, doecmungat, thecmoṅgat, tecmainged, do-n-ecmai, do-t-eccme, do-ecma, do-m-ecma, nach-an-tecma, tecmai, tecma, dosnecmaither, doecmoised, do-nd-ecmised, thecmaised, tecmoncuir, teccomnocuir, to-nd-echomnuchuir, do-m-chaomnacuir, doecomnacair, do-coemnacair, teccomnacuir, docoemnacair, tegmocair, tecmongur, dorecmacht, dorecmaiṅg, forecmaing, barecmaing, rotecmaing, dorecmaingetar, doeccaim, doeccaimh, doecaiph, teccaim, fristegaim, teaguimh, tecmaid, teagmhuidh, nothecmad, tecmaitis, tecmadh, tegmad, dorécaim, doreccaim, doreagaim, barrecaim, barrecaib, arrecaim, tecēma, tegéma, teigeomha, do-ecmaic, doecmaic, da-ecmaic, do-nn-ecmaic, tecmaicc, tecmaicid, doecmaittsium, tecmang, tecmáil, d-an-ecmaing, tecmongar

v (* to-in-com-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 555 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. do-nd-ecmaing, Ml. 54a7 . do-n-ecmaiṅg, Sg. 40a16 . tecmaiṅg, 9a11 , 29a1 . tecming, 161a1 . décmaing, LL 291b3 . tecmoing, AFM ii 596 , etc. 3 pl. doecmungat, Ml. 63c8 . thecmoṅgat, Sg. 2a10 . Impf. 3 s. tecmainged, Mon. Tall. 129.19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do-n-ecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . do-t-eccme, 160.10 . do-ecma, Laws iii 252 , ii 114 . cid do-m-ecma , IT iii 63 § 129 . nach-an-tecma, Fél. Jan. 10 . dia tecmai , Laws v 372 . dia tecma , v 166 , etc. ? dosnecmaither, O'Curry 2006 ( H 4.22 32 ). Impf. 3 s. doecmoised, Wb. 5d26 . do-nd-ecmised, Mon. Tall. 143.6 . thecmaised, 133 . Pret. 3 s. (depon.) tecmoncuir, Mon. Tall. 153.19 . teccomnocuir, Wb. 10a4 . to-nd-echomnuchuir (ch = cc), Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). do-m-chaomnacuir, Mon. Tall. 144 . doecomnacair, Trip. 390 . do-coemnacair, BDD 157 . teccomnacuir, Corm. Y 1018 = docoemnacair, Laud 610 . tegmocair, ZCP xiii 262.13 . Pass. pres. s. tecmongur, Mon. Tall. 162.11 . ?pret. s. dorecmacht, LL 273b5 .

Secondary formations. From pres. stem, pret. 3 s. dorecmaiṅg, TBC-LL¹ 2025 , cf. 1292 and Lism. L. 135 ; forecmaing, ib. barecmaing, LL 264b32 . rotecmaing, Lism. L. 175 . 3 pl. dorecmaingetar, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 , YBL 181b31 ). From subj. stems. Indic. pres. 3 s. doeccaim, CCath. 4907 , 5005 ( dos-feccaim, 3661 ). doeccaimh, AFM v 1870 , Hugh Roe 294 . doecaiph, Auraic. 4323 . teccaim, BB 435a44 . fristegaim, YBL 167b5 . teaguimh, IGT Introd. § 22 (9.14) . Later tecmaid, mod. teagmhuidh. Imperf. 3 s. nothecmad, LL 168a4 . 3 pl. tecmaitis, CCath. 5730 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ma tecmadh , ZCP viii 111 . da tegmad , BColm. 94 , etc. Perf. 3 s. dorécaim, TBC-LL¹ 116 ( LL 54b36 ), doreccaim, Hugh Roe 192 . doreagaim, MR 178 . barrecaim, CRR 23 , 36 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 4758 . barrecaib, TBC-LL¹ 2897 , 4631 . arrecaim, 2 . Fut. 3 s. tecēma, TBC-LL¹ 1265 , 1285 . tegéma, ZCP viii 213.5 . teigeomha, Proverbs xii 21 . A mod. variant of this stem is teangmh-.

Also do-ecmaic, giving indic. pres. (pret.?) 3 s. doecmaic, RC ix 456 . da-ecmaic, LU 1540 . do-nn-ecmaic, Fél. Dec. 24 . tecmaicc, LL 161a35 . tecmaicid, LB 158a53 . 3 pl. doecmaittsium, Anecd. ii 23 .

Vn. tecmang, tecmáil.

See IGT Verbs § 2 .

I As trans. vb. hits (a mark, etc.), strikes ; this is possibly the original meaning, cf. 2 ecmaing (see 1 ad-cumaing), or may be borrowed from the latter verb: gabais L. cloich . . . ┐ díbaircid dí conda ecmaic tar a luthain struck her, MU² 1049 . ba erchor tecmaicc, Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . conid-ro-marb ┐ décmaing a chend dé, RC xiii 460 .

II Like do-cuirethar, used as impers. vb. with accus. and follg. adverbial phrase or equivalent: d-an-ecmaing he happens to be (in a place, condition, etc.). Later the impers. constr. passes into a personal one, and in cases where the noun is sing. it is often impossible to decide whether it is subj. or obj. of vb.

(a) is menic dondecmaing it is often the case is such, Ml. 54a7 . acht dond-ecmaing a ní-siu gl. fortunae casu, Sg. 137b5 . doecmaic aní sin that may be so, RC ix 456 (do fomaing, v.l.). la dēcsin a chrotha gil | la cach n-ōin is indeithbir, | mina tegma (degma, MS.) . . . cēill n-āith n-airetraim n-imglain unless . . . sense be there (along with beauty), ZCP vi 267 . bid fāilid frim dām(īn]e | cia do-mecma cēt marcach though I should happen to be (accompanied by) a hundred horsemen (cét m. dat. of accompaniment?), IT iii 63 , cf. Bruchst. i § 166 . cingit chorma didiu intan do-n-ecmaic ni hebar deog di when it happens to be at hand (?), LB 9b40 . lom medc-usci ind domnaich ma tecme if it is forthcoming (?), Mon. Tall. 143 . da fítt chert chutrume cid mín cid anmín dondecme whether it happens to be delicate or coarse fare, 161 . conad air[e] nach lamaid daene a tadall acht mines-tegmad troich unless they should be persons doomed to death, Todd Nenn. 210 ( BB 256b49 ). bid na sūili dūnta muna tegmaidh osguilti go haicideach iad, 3 C 19, 72 va 11 . antand do-n-ecmaing aircend praindo when it is the end of a meal, Mon. Tall. 148 . ma teccmai lith laithe if it happen to be a festival day, Laws v 396 . mani teccmai Lugnasad, 406 . mad immalde fris doteccme if thou happen to be beside him, Mon. Tall. 160 . barrecaim Conall ir-remthús resna sluagaib, CRR 36 . is and barrecaib-sium in-airthiur Ái, TBC-LL¹ 2897 . gach cor nochuiredh dhe, nothegmadh frais do dhealgaibh sgiach ann there would be a quantity of thorns in any part of the bush he might move into, BS 22 . acht ma tecmadh secht tengta filed i cinn aenduine though there were seven tongues of poets in one man's head, ZCP viii 111 . ni roleicceadh tathamh . . . dona Spáinneachaibh doeccaimh i Rinn Chorráin who happened to be in R., Hugh Roe 294 (prob. impers.). da tegmad a Carnn ingine Briain he, Lec. 167a note. a n-aón-ionadh ina tteigeobhadh é, Ériu v 100 . isin deidendáil thennta i tecomnaccair a mbiodhbhadha aca in the strait difficulty in which they had their enemies, AFM vi 2280 . isin ccúil chumhaing i teacomhnagair i teannta occa n-esccairdibh, Hugh Roe 148 . Folld. by prep. denoting motion: muna dteagmha chuige catha coimthiugha, ML 134 . na déra dolécet . . . is amlaid hi tecma i n-ucht in Duileman they fall into, Ériu ii 194 (v.l., LB 202b55 ). co ttecomhnacair an ccraoisicch ccruaidhrighin hi tula édain don eoch, Hugh Roe 256 . condaecmaing dar leic a hochta do Ecsi (of a missile), Anecd. ii 54 . is edh dosfeccaim-si, i mmullach a sūlu cli do S. (of an arrow; saiget, f.), CCath. 3661 . a tecmadh isin muir dibh whatever (missiles) fall into the sea, 2014 .

(b) In follg. exx. vb. appears to be in pers. (and hence intrans.) constr.: combad i n-aimsir na nAed . . . no thecmad int anmanna sin this creature lived in the time of, LL 168a4 ( SG ii 480 ). co trascair . . . cach ni teccaim ar a ceann overthrows all before it (of a flood), BB 435a44 . an tan teaguimh .th. a ndiaigh .n. when `th' happens to follow `n', IGT Introd. 9 . feudaidh an sagart eile theagmhas do láthair an tAifrionn do chríochnughadh who happens to be present, Eochairsg. 122 . docoemnacair coirthe cloche fo chossaib Maicc C., BDD 157 (impers.?). gur gemel . . . doreagaim itir cāch dā curaid there was a fetter between each two heroes, MR 178 . cách hi crích a thíre fesin nó hi crích ina tecmai (hi tecma, v.l.) or any (other) territory he may chance to be in, Ériu ii 206 , cf. Anecd. iii 21 . itharna | mad dia tecma i l-lithadba should it perchance be in a feasting-hall, Corm. Y 69 . muna theagmadh lucht a freastail ina focraibh da ḟoiridin had not . . . been near to help him, CF 51 . teccomnacuir Find fecht n-and i Tethbai cona féin ┐ luid for cuairt selgae, Corm. Y 1018 (= tanic, LB). dorecmaingetar maithi fear nErenn ic ól fesi Temrach, IT iii 185 ( BB 260b49 ). intan tecaim in lán mara ac diraim, CCath. 1971 . doreccaimh díreim dia mharcslogh occ sireadh na n-oirer happened to be reconnoitring, Hugh Roe 62 . cidh be aga thegmonn fiabras whoever has a fever, 24 P 22, 183.4 . dá dteagmhadais airm agom if I had arms, MR 278 . co tecmaitis na marcaigh foena fo a cossaib were prostrate, CCath. 5730 . conid tecmaing cucci in fennid cétna, Ériu iv 22 ( LL 106a20 ). mongēnair ecclas . . . gos tecmaig fer grāidh eccnaid, RC xxxviii 346 . in tecmait dochum ifirn? are we going to hell? RC xiv 48 . gébé againn chum a teigémadh macám, SG 302 . tracht i tecaib tond, LL 147a11 (PRIA xix 546). imaseach doecmaitt-sium they come down in turns (of ebb and flow), Anecd. ii 23 . tecema il-laind a scéith will alight (of a missile), TBC-LL¹ 1265 . dia mad me notecmad tair, BB 407a41 . In follg. instances perh. pass.: fecht robaoi tecmongar celdag hi Cluain mac Nóis `there arose a contention', Mon. Tall. 162 . dorecmacht aenach i Taltin lais a fair was held by him, LL 273b5 .

III As intrans. vb.

(a) happens, occurs, takes place (pers. and impers.): ol donecmaing gl. quod accidit, Sg. 40a16 . donaib hí thecmoṅgat gl. de accidentibus, 2a10 . tecmaing amin it happens thus, 29a1 . dia cóicc mbliadhna seasccat . . . tecmoing sin, AFM 917 (ii 596) . riasiu tecma bēt nó pudar, Hy. vi 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 351 ). mar 'tberad Midir, maith dit, | dia tecma if it come to pass (is done) as M. said, Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . madh ona cūsibh so tecmus an íta if the thirst arise from these causes, 23 P 10, 33a4 . gurob o spasmus . . . tig ┐ teagmaidh se (i.e. grinding the teeth), 3b54 . accidunt . . . morbi .i. tegmaidh a foirimill an cuirp galar, 58.1 . truag, a Dé, do tecgmais it has turned out ill, ACL iii 240 (= do-t-ecgmais?). Folld. by vn. phrase or subord. clause: tecmaing buith briathar huadib-sem it happens that verbs are (derived) from them, Sg. 156a2 . tecmaing a buith hi comsuidigud, 212b9 . doeigemud a mbeth ar in espuc a aenur it might happen that (these grades) were (united) in the bishop, Laws v 54 . mas re deithbiris doecma rucadh sis hi if it were through accidental necessity it was taken down, iii 252 . dia tecma comadh calma do S. inās duitsiu if S. should prove to be braver than you, Ériu v 152 . adubairt go ndeachatar . . . ┐ dia ttegmhadh nach raghdaoiss, Fl. Earls 24 . tecomnacair gur ro iadh nathair nemidhe ina timchell, Leb. Gab.(i) 196 . rotecmaing gur ben mu cheann re cloich, Lism. L. 175 .

With infd. dat. pron. happens to: ced donecmai bás ind if he chance to die for it, Mon. Tall. 146 . náchantecma drochrann, Fél. Jan. 10 . gidh dom thegmadh, ZCP viii 544 . domchaomnacuir airisem hi fothrucud I chanced to stay in the bath, Mon. Tall. 144 . dus in fesad int imned do-sn-eacmaing, RC vi 174.22 (YBL), in n-imniuth do-tocoemnacair, ib. (Eg.). ciped dosnecmad on tráth co araile whatever should befall her, RC viii 150 . is ē beirius a domuine ma dosneacmu, Laws ii 284 Comm. (if it fall to him? but perh. -sn- is here fem. accus. pron. referring to domuine, vb. being impers.; cf. ib. 114 : ma dosnecma dí, i.e. dont ṡáire).

Generally folld. by DO (FRI): foditu chruche . . . am[ail] tondechomnuchuir dundaib abstalaib, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 247 ). amal bid dúib doecmoised as though it had happened to you, Wb. 5d26 . inna fochaide ┐ inna n-ingramman doecmungat dūnni gl. accidentium, Ml. 63c8 . ni do cach brēthir tecming persona not every verb is personal, Sg. 161a1 . tecmaing dond folud hísin gl. qualitatis (i.e. the category of quality is added as determinant to that of mere substance), 30a17 , 18 . maith in cherd gaiscid donecmaic do Choinc[h]ulaind, TBC-I¹ 1699 . go tteacmhann do gach aon dip in fortūn . . . bhus toltanach la Dia, Fl. Earls 180 . budh maith tegmas dí good shall befall her, ZCP i 125 . do innis dóibh . . . gach nidh do theangmhadh dhoibh, ZCP ii 550 . um gach éinchinnemhain notheigēmadh dhóip, Fl. Earls 60 . d'egla go tteigeómhadh a leithéid so do chás dhuinn, Mac Aingil 109 . do thionnsgain sé na neithe do theigéumhadh dhó d'innisin dóibh, Mark x 32 . teicēmaid toirc[h]es duit ┐ bēra dā ingen, ZCP vii 308 . na mna . . . do nach tecmand clann, 23 P 10, 35a60 . ní teagmand clann di, 23 Q 5, 46.38 . mac cleiriuch dia tecmai oen inna cinath-sa who happens to commit one of these sins, Ériu vii 170 . is and barecmaiṅg dóib sin bith ar múr Temra, MU² 362 . da tegmad dam dul ar leth, BColm. 94 . tocaomnacair do Diarmaid ┐ do Blathmac . . . conid eiter a lāmaib rothathamir Cúrui, Mon. Tall. 153 . da tecma don curp allus do teacht de if the body should happen to perspire, 23 P 10, 6a25 . With FRI (RE, LE): urcoid teagmus re bunait na fethedh which occurs to, 23 P 10, 4a16 . cipé tan no tecmudh frit amal dorala do-som, ZCP iv 390 . do digail an anndligid forsin foirind fris tegaim ferg De, YBL 167b5 .

(b) Esp. is or comes in the way of, meets with DO, FRI, AR (FOR). As in the case of do-cuirethar the construction here seems to have been orig. that of a trans. impers. vb., cf. the follg. exx.: cach inad a tecmad clanna Néill dá chéili ┐ Connacht[a] wherever the Clan N. and the men of Connacht met each other, SG 50 . nā tegmad thū do nech inā nech duit, RC xii 348 . cia bith ara tecmainged dóib, Mon. Tall. 129 (do-ecmaing dom ar . . . I meet). doregaimh araill (sic leg.) don gasraidh tul i tul do he encountered a band . . . face to face, Hugh Roe 156 . robeired coscar do na huilib rígaib nothecmad ris, SG 391 . romuigheadh rompa for na sluaghaibh teagmhadh riu, Hy Fiach. 22 .

With personal construction: teit in fer . . . ┐ tecmhaing rón dó he came upon a seal, Lism. L. 1640 . in lucht tiagait tar dorus Dúid amach . . . tecmaicid drochut doib, LB 158a53 . is dóigh leo . . . gurab í an comuirle is ferr tecmus dóib `that the best counsel befalls them', Maund. 21 . aroile ridire . . . tegmaic doib-sen forsan sét, Fl. Earls 134 . tecmaid . . . Muire mór do mnai Jacim, ACL iii 244 . an t-ionnad at-teagmha dhuit ailbhín do thorcaibh, ZCP ii 552 . co rothecaim dó annsin tor he chanced to come to a tower, Lec. 602b24 . iss andsin barrecgaim echlach . . . do Chonchobar, TBC-LL¹ 4758 . doecomnacair dremm do Bretnaib doib, Trip. 390 . doreccaim dhó for a chinn aroile duine, Hugh Roe 192 . dorecmaingetar triar do-sum ag im[decht] na conairi, YBL 176b1 . teichemhaid laech dhuit ar an sligid, Lism. L. 3456 . teccemhaidh occ-laech . . . don ti bherus mo chorp-sa lais, BNnÉ 94 . an céadchrann do theigéamhadh dhó the first tree he should find, Keat. ii 2686 . beannughadh do chrois ┐ don comharsain an tan theigéumhaid dhúinn, Parrth. Anma 17 . secip foradhchnoc . . . i n-a tteicemadh imat snechta ┐ oigridh dó on which he should find a quantity of snow and ice, Fl. Earls 192 . With FRI: tegmaid gilla Bríain . . . re gilla Taidg, ZCP viii 231 . doeccaimh cobhlach na bainrioghna friú, AFM v 1870 . gerbó mor an glenn nothegmadh fris, BS 176 . teigemhad sa friut iar ttriochad bliadhan, BNnÉ 103 . teagmhadh mathghamhuin ré duine let a bear meet a man, Proverbs xvii 12 . dá teagma riut duine maith, O'Gr. Cat. 119 . do ghalaraibh le at-teagmhaidis diseases they might meet with, ZCP ii 550 . With AR (FOR): ní cian dochuaid innte in tan tecmaic ar in ndúil diablaide, SG 290 . na srotha . . . an trat[h] tegmas talam lac soscailti orra when they come to loose soluble soil, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40 . nó cu teagma ort nuimir óir na bliadna-sa until you hit on the golden number, O'Gr. Cat. 303 . nó co teagmad ort an silla atái d'iaraidh, 300 . imthigem in cruindi . . . co tecema forn an maigden till we find the maiden, Grail 3248 . ná cotail . . . dia tegmad drem folaid ort lest an ambush fall upon thee, ZCP vi 272 .

éccuibde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccuibde or dil.ie/19485
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (neg. of 1 cuibde) incongruity, disharmony: rofhas eguibdhe mor etir lucht na cathrach, foirind dib ag iarruid...in sidh do denum...┐ foirind ele...ag obad in tshida discord Aen. 3094 . ba ferr a nguide oldás a n-éguidhe (leg. éguibde) , CMT² 36 § 46 . Remissness, carelessness (?): ecunnus .i. ecuibhdhi, Laws ii 50.14 (perh. an illustration, not a definition).

eisimal, eisembul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eisimal, eisembul or dil.ie/19871

 

n o, n. m. The original meaning is doubtful, and possibly two words are to be distinguished. Cf. eissembul o ess ┐ simplo .i. unus alaich ┐ ala cech oin issed an esimbul, O'Mulc. 443 . etargna .i. gnosia ┐ etar .i. fis esimbuil, 465 .

I Service, respect, favour (?) (cf. eisimeil dependence, obligation MacBain , HSD ): anaid frim biucan... co rom asaithiur. Ni tho, ol an ri. Mebal daib em cin esimol mbec dam not to grant me this small favour (?) Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1884.341.46 (= esimel, B. Fermoy p. 38a16 . esemeal, B IV 2, 128a ). doradsat a n-esimul ┐ a cáinduthracht for beolu a rrig, Alex. 265 . Here perhaps: leccidh dam-sa com trichait cet congbail friu, ┐ edlaigh-si as fo ḟedhaibh...na hErenn, ┐ na faghaid Ulaidh ibh i n-oenbhaile, ┐ regat-sa fom rémim i n-esimel, TBC-LL¹ 5680 St (rachad-sa fein reamham i n-eisiomal v.l.) to do service, perform deeds ? (cf. II). ni ro gabadh nach n-eisimul o muintir Poimp...acht ro comtuaircit uile no submission (?) was accepted CCath. 5733 . tanccatar ina reimim ┐ ina techtae eissiumail laim frisna cathaib amach, 3750 . Cf. araili...oc tocra isin uaim la tauairt on eisimbail forsan foirind boi imbi, Anecd. ii 56.14 .

II Valour, bravery (probably a special use of I): eisiomal .i. gaisgeadh, O'Cl. rainic roimhe...ar toradh a engnamha ┐ a eisiomail, Ériu viii 139.5 . ITS v 180.9 (esiomuil MS.). AFM vi 1984.1 . Niall do dul ass a niort a ghaisccidh ┐ a esiomail, AFM iii 452.23 . iv 744.12 . v 1672.15 . ic urthriall eisemail co hánrata `valiantly preparing for deeds of arms' MR 318.27 . bail na ro chumaingset engnamh nó eisiomol do ghniomh i n-agaid a namhat, Hugh Roe² 5.6 (f. 2b) . ro erḟúaccairset...dhó gan engnamh nó eisiomol do thabhairt dia úidh ar foghébhadh a oirleach dia ttardadh frithbhert ndóibh, Hugh Roe, 276.12 (f. 73a) . As vn.: anais O... ag eisimal tar eis a mhunntire, TTebe 4871 .

Cf. teid...do ḟis esimail na n-ingen, IT ii2 227 . ni marbhthar aen a n-eisimul leo, Marco P. 175 . i cinaid a eisimail ┐ a fingaili bodein (of one who had slain his parents to get possession of their dominions), Lec. 545b7 .

In: do cuir san druim ris co heasimhul, Fier. 240 , we should probably read: easumhal (disobedient).

fían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fían or dil.ie/21945
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fian, féne, ḟéinne, Fianghal, Fianghail, —uil, Fiangaile, Fiangaile, fíangalach, Fiangalaich, fian

n ā, f. By Zimmer ( ZDA 1891, 1 ff .) derived from ON fiandi `enemy' (see RC xii 295 ; 405 ); by D'A. de Jubainville, RC xxviii 249 , and Thurneysen, ZCP xv 262 , connected with the people-name Féni; by Loth, RC xiii 507 , with `fine.' Acc. to Meyer, Fianaig. vi ff . it is from an abstr. meaning ` driving, pursuing, hunting ,' which has in Irish taken a concrete meaning and denotes `a band of warriors on the warpath .' Compare the mediaeval etymologists: fianna a venatione .i. on tseilg dognidis isberthi fianna friu; no fianna .i. finedha, ar is ina finib ┐ ina n-aicmibh nobidis ... no fianna .i. feinnedha rígh Erenn iat, Cóir Anm. 222 . Connected by Wagner, Celtica xi 265 , to fén. The people-name Féni is sometimes liable to be confused with the gen. of fian from which it is not always clearly distinguishable, e.g. airiseom óc féne, LU 5089 . Cf. bearla na feinei `the fians Irish' Eg. Gl. 522 . Archaic n p. féna for Fid, The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 176.1 , Peritia iii 316 .

(a) a band of roving men whose principal occupations were hunting and war, also a troop of professional fighting-men under a leader. In later application esp. the warrior-bands under Finn son of Cumall, who are described as constituting a military caste: is e ropa thaiseach teglaig ┐ ropa cheand deorad ┐ amhus ┐ cech ceithirne ar chena la Cormac Find mac Cumaill, conad friusin atberat in daescarsluag `fianna Find', YBL 325a10 ff . ro hindarbad Finn ... ┐ ro sgaraid na fiano fris. ar ba hiad-sein cetherna ┐ teglach in rig Cormaic. Is de ad-bertaei fíana friu, ar ba siad fenidi ┐ milid in ri īad, Tochm. Ailbe 1 . See Fianaig. ix ff ., Keat. ii p. 324 ff . Traditions of Finn and his fianna are abundant in Irish and Scottish folklore. In Keating's time cromlechs were called by the people leapthacha na Féine `the beds of the Fian'. In Metr. Dinds. iii 280.49 : bátar fo diamair ... ic fiannaib, ic fomurib (of the chief roads of Ireland), and Cog. 114.28 : i folach fo thalmain inā fá dhiamhraibh díchealta ag fianaibh no ag sithcuiraibh, the fíana appear as belonging to a remote past and coupled with semi-mythological beings. Cf. opening pp. of Acall., where Finn's fíana are pictured as giants of other days. fian .i. ceithearn, Stowe Gl. 406 . Lec. Gl. M 114 . cona fein húathmair (of David's followers) SR 6283 . cona féin, cona fairaind [ = foirind], 6356 . nech dabur feind ná dabur foirind , Acall. 5142 . for formnu féne Forainn (of Pharaoh's host) SR 3992 . iugulavit me fian maicc Maicc Con, Ardm. 14a2 ( Thes. ii 267.38 . Trip. 324 ). arna guin do fianaib Maic Con, Corm. Y 883 . Fiachra Fobrecc fein co ngairg `with a fierce band of warriors' Hail Brigit § 13 ( LL 49b45 ). Find cona fein, Corm. Y 1018 (feind, Bodl.). docer la féin Cind tíre; la féin Luagne aided Find, RC xxiii 310 § 29 . fianna Find ... brecctais rinne | ... fianna Fothaid Canainne, ZCP viii 119 § 35 ( Rawl. 88b ). Find mac Cumaill ... in cētFinn ro tinoil fiana ar tús i nErinn, LL 379a38 . eter ḟiannaib fer nAlban, 261b3 . fíanna fer nÉrend ┐ Alban, BDD 144 (of reavers). fianna Eirenn, Acall. 5284 . fianna feochra, TBC-LL¹ 5683 . comérgid ... a fianna; arise, warriors (leader addressing a band of reavers) BDD 141 . mesir fiana iarna ngaluibh estimate warriors by their fighting (or valor) Ériu xiii 41.33 ( O'Dav. 1037 ). as mo thigh ro gab [Oisin] feind ┐ foirind (= took command of a company, became leader of a `fían ') Acall. 2467 . Finn's followers as a military caste are distinguished from the agricultural class, the settled population: doronad crandchar idir in bhFéinn ┐ aes na treabaire cia dhíbh da roised tūs do thabairt an chatha dona hallmharchaib, Acall. 1290 (`between the Fianna and the settled [i.e. non-nomadic] folk lots were cast' SG ii 132 ). Buanand mumi na fian ... i. daghmathair ac foircetal gaiscid do fianuib, Corm. Y 104 . fiana bātar i nEmain, | ir-Rāith Chruachan, i Temair, RC xxiii 304 § 1 (beginning an account of the deaths of famous champions). Temair Berg, baile na fían, Ériu iv 92.2 . se fichet findscél na fiann, LL 145a49 . for ḟíana rochalma ḟer nÉorpa, TTr.² 1691 . fiana ferrdha ... Franc, CCath. 5363 . d'ḟianaibh Fódla, d'amhsain Ile, TD 16.55 . fian Ghréagach `the soldiery of Greece' (i.e. the Fitzgeralds) 17.10 . see fénnid and fíanas. Here possibly belongs óc féne one of a roving band, a `fian'-warrior (?): g p. airiseom óc féne a resting place of fian-warriors LU 5089 . n p. inn óic ḟéinne , TBC-LL¹ 4950 .

(b) in wider sense a company, number of persons: rioghraid Laighen ... f.¤ mholuim, LL 394.1 . deich mic oile anba an ḟian ib. 4 . rī tarcai cech fēin, SR 7163 . fian sceith (sciath v.l.) shield-bearers (?) Ériu vi 135.45 . foḟuair féin fessaig findgil | im Chessair ingin Betha, LL 5b5 . Of pieces in a game, chessmen: imat fian fidhcelda, Anecd. ii 58.13 (cf. fíanchlár below). mar ḟéin na mbranán TD ii 199.1 .

(c) a warrior (late and rare): righḟeinnidh, f.¤ `a General ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 523 . sir Sémus ... an fiann, O'Gr. Cat. (1700) 584.28 .

In BColm. 94.8 : a fían a saert[h]a ar cach cath; Plummer suggests reading fiach = in payment of their exemption from military service, making the preceding sent. (ar is ... ann) parenthetical.

Compds. ¤bla: fri f. fechta ` warrior-shout of fighting' (? field of fight) Leb. Gab.(i) i 68 = fri fianna fecta, LL 6a6 = re fiannaib fearta, BB 24b46 . ¤both a hunting-bothy . a hut of branches or similar construction in a forest or wild spot, an improvised shelter: fogeib in fianboith ┐ in mac ina codlad innti, RC v 199.3 . rosfuc leis dochum na fianboithi, ib. 13 . d'iarraid ḟianbothe, RC vii 296.96 ( LL 206b49 ). dognitis fianbotha folachta foslongpuirt acci i ndairib, Cog. 60.10 . i ffianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi, AFM v 1794.1 . tógaibh fian-bhoith fíréandachta do chumhdach do choguais, TSh. 2304 . Cf. ro ghabhsat longport fairsing fianbhothaigh an encampment of huts (?) AFM vi 2168.11 . See 2 fulacht. ¤chara a comrade in arms; `a mutual friend, one who protects and is protected' O'Don. Suppl. , from Eg. 88 f. 54d ( O'Curry 2639 ) : dot fiancarait .i. fear snāidhes ┐ sṅāidithar fear aile i n adhaigh [ = ina aghaidh ?] ┐ amail carait claochmoig iat ó dénait comairce a céile (cf. compact between Cú Chulainn and Conall Cernach : ciped chia dib nomarbtha ar tús a digail dia cheiliu, LL 122a8 ). nimrumart-sa mo f. Cú Chulainn, LL 125b10 ( Ériu v 210.60 , where the speaker is a woman). ¤chlár a board for (chess-)men: mó a clārḟiacail ... anda f. fidchille, LL 210a56 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138 ). ¤chluiche (para)military game ( Celtica viii 151 ): In Laws v 150.11 ff . a distinction is made between `fian-chluichi' and `ruidles-chluichi,' the latter being apparently games proper for children. nocha uil ruidhles cluithi do codhnacha ┐ nochan uil col cluithi do macaib bega. Ruidhles cluithi na mac mbec is fiancluithi do codhnacha ┐ f. c. na mac mbec is col cluithi do codhnacha, Eg. 88 f. 28c ( O'Curry 2368 ). slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche ... acht a riagail re fiancluichi in codnaig uil uirre, Laws iii 182.1 (on injuries caused by a steed). fiach fianchluichi a fine for f.c. 192 20 Comm . (referring to a dog-fight) ; 250.27 ; 252.4 (ref. to boating mishaps, where it is transld. `foul-play'). ¤choscur hunting-slaughter, killing game: a foraim, a fomsigi, a fíanchoscur (accomplishments of Cú Chulainn) LU 4847 . 8453 ( FB 30 ). tairnic leo a bhfiadach ┐ a bhfianchoscar do dhénam, Acall. 187 . selg ┐ ḟíanchosgur, Fianaig. 54.26 . ac seilg ┐ ac fianchoṡcur 56.24 . ag fiadach ┐ ag fianchosgur, ZCP vi 38.13 . comus ḟiadaig ┐ ḟiannchoscair Fiann Eirenn, Acall 5281 . ¤deisel ? fochloch f. (text doubtful) ZCP v 499 § 7 . ¤ēirghe rising of warriors to battle ; a raid: Anecd. ii 73.12 . ¤erred warlike accoutrements: LU 6384 = TBC-LL¹ 2525 . ¤flescach a hunting booth of osiers: na fianḟlescaig fo thuga `the roofed hunting-booths of osier' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.31 (= tech, Dinds. 29 ). ¤gaisced 'fian'-valor: a[c] congbail in ḟiangaiscid, Acall. 5208 . ¤gal : (as pred.) f. Find Find brave as warrior-bands Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.5 . As npr. m. Fianghal, Caithr. CC § 33 , § 41 ; g s. Fianghail, —uil, § 85 . Cf. nom. Fiangaile, Rawl. 160b40 . Fiangaile gen. 160b32 . ¤galach valiant: g p. m. fer ngablach fíangalach , BDD 32 . As npr. m. AU 737 . 754 . 799 . AFM 732 . 750 . gen. Fiangalaich, Rawl. 144c14 , 150a19 . ¤glas `fian'-bolt, a pole, pike or spear (?) : tucait fianglasa ┐ airechra ochta ... risin luingsin ica cur ó chrích ... na Greci, LL 219b28 ( TTr. 188 ). acc srainedh araill da naimtib uad ... do sonnaib ┐ d'fianglassaib sithremra cona n-irellaib iairn imma cennaib, CCath. 3591 . foscerditís d'a ḟianglasaib isna tendtib flung (the serpents) from their pike-staffs (?) Alex. 714 . ¤rí (?) : Ält. Ir. Dichtg. 28.10 . ¤sruth `f.¤ -stream', fian-lore (`Fiannica', Stern, ZCP i 471 ) : fianṡruth Find, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.1 = fianruth, LL 216a19 . See ZCP i 471 . fiandsroth fian Find u Baiscne, YBL 119a36 = fianruth fiand [sic] in so, 325a0 marg. (prefixed to a list of Finn's captains).

fidchell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidchell or dil.ie/22014

 

Forms: fithchell, fichell, fidchille, fichille, fithchille, fichli, fichle, fitchle, fithli, fidchella, fidcilla, fidchell, fidcella, f.

n ā, f. (fid + ciall `wood-intelligence' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 3 [cf. Corm. Y 607 ], W. gwyddbwyll) spelt fithchell, LU 10806 , IGT, Decl. § 12 . fichell, Acall. 7795 , 7816 ; g s. fidchille LU 4859 , 8804 . fichille, FB 37 Eg. na fithchille , IGT, Decl. ex. 522 . na fichli (incorrect) 523 . fichle, Acall. 7799 . fitchle, ZCP vi 47.13 . fithli, 44.17 . n p. fidchella; fidcilla ZCP x 307.15 .

A game played for a stake with two sets of figures on a square board divided into black and white squares (usually rendered ` chess ,' but the rules are unknown): is cethrachair ... ind fitchill, ┐ it dīrge a tīthe ┐ find ┐ dub fuirre ┐ i[s] sainmuinter cachla fechtus beres a tochell, Corm. Y 607 ; both board and figures were often of costly material and elaborate workmanship. fidchell (son of `drús' by `lonnus'), Triads 142 . masa i n-uamas an catha Troianna rohairged in fidceall if chess was invented RC xii 78.18 . in n-imberam fidchill?, LU 10834 . imberat in fidchill, LL 249a15 ( TBFr. § 8 ). imrem fitcell, ZCP vi 54.19 . fer fidchilli a chessman LU 9073 ( FB 82 ). cluithchi fithli aga imirt, ZCP vi 44.17 . pl. imberthar fidcella dún ( games ) LU 3241 ( SCC 3 ). ic imbirt brandub ┐ fidchell, TBC-LL¹ 871 . ag imbert fidhcheall, TD 19.15 . am maith se ... for fithchill I am good at f.¤ , LU 10804 . Transf. the board and appurtenances of the game: atá sund ... f.¤, ... clār n-argit ┐ fir óir, 10806 (where the f.¤ includes `clár' and `fir'). ecraid M. in fidchill M. arranges the board 10809 . f.¤ ┐. brandub ... huas cach imdai, IT ii 179.3 . tucad na fir ar in fi[d]chill the men were placed on the board Acall. 7815 . ní thiber in fi[d]chill duit ... ┐ ní thibar ní bus mó da foirind 7819 . a bhranáin óir ós ḟidhchill, TD 2.7 (see Notes, ii p. 199 . do frith esp[aid] tri fer don fi[d]chill, Acall. 7796 . fóirni cona fichthillaib sets of men and boards (item of tribute) Leb. Cert. 242.2 . fiche ficheall, Keat. iii 2639 . imon ffithchill n-óir go ttríbh ccédoibh geam innte, AFM i 92.13 . Of a legendary game played in Rome IT ii 215.19 ( LB 187b24 ). nech fritod-gara ┐ im-bera ficeall medar frit a conversation-game, contest of wits (?) ZCP xiii 268.22 .

foirenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foirenn or dil.ie/22968

 

Forms: fairenn, fuirenn, foireann, foirinn, -enn, foirin, foirneadh, foirne, fairne

n ā, f. also fairenn, fuirenn (on etym. see Pokorny, KZ xlv 360 ). foireann, IGT, Decl. § 54 . n s. ind foirinn (rectius -enn) Ml. 33a8 . a s. frisin foirin sin, Wb. 24a24 . late g p. foirneadh, Content. XXIX 20 . cf. gredun na ndaine ┐ forned na long, Aen. 180 .

(a) an indefinite number of persons loosely grouped together by some common characteristic or merely for convenience, a set, group, category ; often takes the place of the indef. pron. pl. (Engl. some, W. rhai), folld. by a defining rel. clause, gen. or partitive DE ; generally with vb. in pl. Gl. factio Ml. 33a8 . is í .. fairend diar bo chumuc these are those to whom [the path] was narrow LU 2159 ( FA 23 ). fairend ... dogníat trócaire, LU 2194 ( FA 27 ). in foirend trá ropo chundla (= multi quibus erat mens sanior) Lat. Lives 88 . ro indarb ... in fairend na cennaigitis na maine PH 4521 . amail is áil leind dilgad dúin on fhoirind rothoccráidsem ... doberam-ne dilgud don fhoirind ron-toccráid 5823 . ar daig na foirne cretfit bi Crist, 1279 . fairenn cach ildana, Ériu iv 163.14 . cor marbad f.¤ mór dib a large number RC xviii 161.26 (Tig.). issed armit fairend conid, etc. some relate that LU 9829 . issed armit fairend aile others relate 7043 ( BDD 69 ). asberat tra fairind do sesib na trachture, Hib. Min. 11.379 . is lór la fairind some think it sufficient Mon. Tall. § 23 . iar foirinn according to some (authorities) RC vi 175.49 . LU 54 (common formula). f.¤... f.¤... some ... others: foirind dib a[c] cor a fotha, foirind ic ordugud cloch, Aen. 304 . rogabsadur ... ac cosaint .i. drem dibh le gainnibh ... ┐ foirind ele le clochuibh ... ┐ furinn ele re slegaibh, ZCP vi 46.28 . dá chend for indala forind díb, a trí lásin forind ele (of snakes) Alex. 718 . Rarely in pl.: is lor la foirne there are many who deem it sufficient LB 10b8 ( Rule of Tallaght p. 70 ).

(b) in more restricted sense a band, troop, company: mórais Fiadat fairinn `magnified the Lord's company' Fél. Aug. 18 . srethad fairne `arranging a troop' RC xxvi 24 § 73 (glossed .i. ... srethugud a dáme, LL 187a43 ). Eo Rosa ... fó foirne chief of a band (?) LL 200a3 (= Dinds. 160 `the good of a crew'). marbais cet fer dia fairind, Ériu ii 24 § 7 . ni bai forand no sochraidi acht gillandrad, Cog. 66.15 . go bhfuirinn laoch, Keat. ii 4342 . pl. fairne fían fortrén, SR 7198 . forne forúallcha na fene, Fianaig. 64.5 . gur bhrúcht sí [viz. an Ḟraingc] foirne uaithe d'áitiughadh críoch oile, Keat. ii 927 . oc flaithib Fáil na fairenn, Ériu iv 98 § 28 . mar bheith cruit le fuireann téad harpers (cf. aes tét, clíar tét ; d'aos dána,d'aos téad ..., Éigse ii 9 ) Oss. vi 82 . Crew (of a ship) : foirend aen-ethair, Acall. 4742 . foirionn na mbád, Fl. Earls 8.11 . adubairt risin furinn in long do deisiugudh, ZCP vi 51.11 . donti atchí in luing ... cona foirinn, O'Dav. 959 . Of inhabitants of a place, country, etc. ; má atá ... go moltar an fonn leis gach stáraidhe dá scríobhann ar Éirinn, díommoltar an ḟoireann leis gach nuaGhallstáraidhe ..., Keat. i p. 76 . ré fuirinn chathrach Ninive, TSh. 8375 . iar ndíbirt na seanḟoirne aiste (= ejectis veteribus colonis) Keat. ii 6206 . foireann chalaidh shore troop i.e. inhabitants (?) TD 9.3 . contr. with f.¤ allmhurdha, L. Cl. A. B. 130 .

(c) a set of chessmen, etc. : ind fhuirend boí for sin chlár TBFr. § 8 ( LL 249a11 ). leth a foirne d'ór buide, LU 1105 ( ACC 115 ) = a fairni, RC xx 282 . foirni finna a ḟidchellaib BB 280b10 = fóirni cona f.¤ , Leb. Cert. 242.2 . d'fhuirinn an bhrannaimh, TSh. 853 . ar fhearaibh foirne an bhrannaimh, 854 . rí na foirne, 855 .Cf. foirnech. Here probably : sleacht Bloid ... gá branáin foirneadh as ḟearr ?, Content. xxix 20 .

(e) rarely of other things : anuas do sóigh ... cnuas mar ḟoirinn óir d'abhaill, Gofraidh Fionn, DDána 99 § 20 .

forníata

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forníata or dil.ie/23824

 

adj io-iā (cf. 1 nia, niae 'champion'. ?) overbearing, warlike, pugnacious (sometimes in unfavourable sense): fer fergach f.¤ (of Caesar) CCath. 347 . flaith f.¤ , YBL 307b47 (misprinted formata, MR 214.20 ). fodhmoir fíchmar f.¤ , Stair Erc. 715 . cona foirind ḟoirniata ḟír-misgnigh, Hugh Roe 6.7 (f. 1b) . gnúsi na ndémna ... forniatta, PH 4324 . Of horses: sgor fráechda foirniata, IGT, Decl. ex. 94 . cf. do imgabh in Liath Macha ... hé, ┐ do bi co fraochda f.¤ fris, CCC 92.10 . Of actions, etc.: comrucc fichdai forniatai, Stair Erc. 1327 . ba fergach ... f.¤ ... in fobairt tucsat forro, Aen. 3048 . ba foruallach f.¤ ... an feogad [ = fégad] dobertsat ... for a mbidbadaib, CCath. 2840 . gníomh foirniata, TD 25.37 . Of things: fiacla f.¤ , Stair Erc. 1238 . finnfadh f.¤ 1240 .

Advb.: ro thenc co f.¤ fair `looked fiercely ' Stair Erc. 1281 .

imrascáil, imarscáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imrascáil, imarscáil or dil.ie/28027

 

n f. wrestling, contending: ro ba arnaide in imrusgail, MR 258.4 . forind dib ig imrusgal, foirind ic lemnig, Aen. 1419. co tarrla etarra ┐ Art ar imrusgail gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha `Art and he took to wrestling,' Ériu iii 166.x . bith ainsein ... a contraracht ┐ ag imrascail re ceili (of clouds), Ir. Astr. Tr. 150.16 . tugsad fásgadh teann ... ar chliathánaibh a chéile ┐ do bhí do thréine ... na hiomrusgála gur ..., PCT 293. a marbad tre nert imrascala, BB 416b51 . ro cuirset gleic imrascala, Cog. 196.7 . aon-bhean ar brū in locha láin | gan uamhan, gan iomurscáil, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1312.

indas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indas or dil.ie/28336
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: indas, innas, indus, ionnas, n-indas, indassa, hindus, hindsa

n u, n. later m. vn. of in-fét, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii § 722 . n s. indas, Wb. 33c9 . innas, LU 3453. indus, TBC-I¹ 327. ionnas, Ó Bruad. i 124.3 . a s. ar n-indas , Wb. 15b13 . ? g s. indassa (gl. quantummodo), Ml. 61b2 . d s. dá hindus , KMMisc. 194 § 9. ? n p. inna hindsa , Laws v 434.1 .

? Orig. meaning, account .

I

(a) manner, kind, nature, appearance, condition: ised inso a indas ind ḟir `this is the kind of the man,' Wb. 33c9 . is ed indas ind fir seo átrebfea hi tabernacuil dé, Ml. 36a19 . is tabartha do airi indus in cheneōil cosatīagam `the character of the tribe,' TBC-I¹ 327. rait ōn rota i mmbï a hinas in which it is its character to live, Corm. Y 1112. cosmail innas a gaile | fri Coin Culaind Murtheimne, LU 4558. ba cumung dano cid ar indus in a way ?, 10582 . intan doecat na hindso so `when these conditions arise,' Laws v 128.19 . crand n-Alab ... samailter a indas fri deilb nduine, Ériu ii 118.1 . ticc úair a n-ionnus taidhbhsi `in fashion like a wraith,' ix 4.43 . combái dá hindus cach blad | acht in t-im[b]as 'na aenar `her condition had every [gift of] fame, save ...,' KMMisc. 194 § 9. atchaoi gan cleasuigheacht a hionnas | nach feoidhfidh go fóill im ghoile its nature, Ó Bruad. ii 188.19 . ? To this: ro gab Dond do sin leith aile | iar n-urd innaiss (: irrais), Todd Nenn. 248.2 . romolus Dál Cais ... ní fúar indus da n-écnach `I found no occasion to revile them,' Metr. Dinds. iii 310.82 . dá madh ionnus é d'iarraidh | ní iarraid na hOirghiallaigh `even were it feasible to claim it,' TD 9§ 37.

(b) method, way: ní fhuil ... spring i nglas ná watch ... nach fuil ionnas a n-innill ag Nóiris that N. is not able to adjust, Ó Bruad. ii 234.4 .

? To this, an attempt, estimate ?: `is doraid an nuidi' Dobēr indus fair I shall make an attempt at it ?, TBC-I¹ 378 = indass LU, ardmes LL.

(c) Folld. by noun in gen., like: an buinne bríoghmhar ionnas taoide the vigorous youth like a tide, Ó Bruad. iii 146.11 . ionnas an achta lear tachtadh an t-uan, 170.3 .

(d) fo indas in the manner of, like: roboi coróin ordha fa cenn fa indus ríg, D IV 2, 72rb8 . is fírien tra fuan indassin tabart diglae foraibsom `in accordance with that condition,' Ml. 74c20 . dorat tár fon n-indas-sin forsin cóiced n-uile, ScM. § 14. is foan n-indussin rogab into saltair, Hib. Min. 222. roáinius fon indus cetna doridisi, PH 1560.

II Used adverbially:

(a) tráth ba lethmarb ind innas sin, LU 9074. tuitfimit-ni in n-indas cétna, Mer. Uil. 187. is frecra ailgen ... in indus-sa do-rat Ísu for diabul súnd, PH 4813. oir ni bad maith e innus ele `for it is not good any other way,' Rosa Angl. 114.6 . ni biam indas ndochraid we shall not be (i.e. act) in a disgraceful manner, Anecd. v 3.6 .

(b) Folld. by rel. clause:

(i) as, how, so that: rofessursa indas nombiedsi `I shall know how ye are,' Wb. 9a21 . tuucthar ... indas fograigte inna duli `the way in which the elements sound,' Ml. 42c2 . gnímu cosmaili du denum du christ indas as-nda-fiadam-ni dundarigni `such as we declare that He did,' 93d14 . a denam indus bu dligthige in a more lawful way, Laws v 158.26 Comm. rohordaigset indas no roindfitis crō ┐ dībad how they would divide, Ériu i 214.6 . am mebrachsa ... indus robas indte cosin n-uair-se ┐ indus bether indti béos co bráth, iv 138.17-18 . co na gabat a chomorbus-som indus as díngbala doib, PH 4247. bui diabul oc a thur indus no mellfad se Adam, Todd Lect. iii 50.8 . co fesed Petar indus bud cóir aircisecht don foirind dogéntais imarbus, PH 3180.

(ii) cía indas how, in what manner: décaid a eredig ┐ a arma cia indas rundgabsat, Ml. 55c1 . cindas rainnfither in mucc ? ... cīa indas ... acht a rrann ar chomramaib ?, ScM. § 6. cip indus bes trá a torrachtain ... cugum `however his coming to me may be,' TTebe 3707 . See cindas.

(c) indas ... co ... so that , indas ... nach so that ... not (generally consecutive folld. by indic., but somet. final folld. by subj. and later by condit.): rachad ar lar na n-allmurach indas co tuiti dream eigin dibh lium no no co tuiter-sa leo-san, CF 99. don ochtmad asna ... doronta Eua, indus co m[b]ad cutruma do hi, Todd Lect. iii 48.12 . coroin imma cenn do spínan ghel a comhcruaidh sin indus cur rith fuil a chind rena agaid `so hard that ...,' Maund. § 15. tuittfit na sleibhti ann innus co mbet aird ar aird frisna glenntaib so that they will be level with ..., RC xxviii 312 § 11. ni fuaradar an riaruighadh (sic) mar búdh mían leo, ionnus gur sgaoil an tárm ... `and therefore the army broke up,' Rel. Celt. ii 166.11 . innas nach tibred a athair aichni ar a mac so that a father would not know his son, Cog. 198.14 . guidhidh ionnus nach biadh bhar dteitheadh san gheimhreadh ná san Sabbóit, TSh. 4114. ionnas nach rachadh an chuid-se da foircheadal ... faoi lár, Donlevy xv 11 . ionnus na boicht sháiseóchar leis sin, go nguidhdís Dia so that the poor ... may pray God, TSh. 3963. guidh arna marbhaibh, ionnus an tan bhiaid san bheathaidh mharthanaigh nach tugdaois faill ar guidhe ar do shon, 4981 . ionnas ar buile nach biadh `lest she should go mad,' Ó Bruad. ii 120.17 . as ... go: as go mbeith sé cosmhuil rinde, Carswell² 14.451 . as go madh ēidir leō, Carswell² 21.684 . as go bfētfamaois ar dtoile peacthacha do mharbhadh, Carswell² 39.1322 .

2 léimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 léimnech or dil.ie/29800

 

Forms: léimrech

(léimm) d s. -nech, nig. Later also léimrech. Freq. as vn. leaping, jumping : caillech . . . luath ag leimnig, MR 198.2 . doní leimnech isin tshámrad (of the locust), PH 7665 . baill . . . ic bidgarnaig . . . ┐ lama letartae ic leimnech `twitching', CCath. 6100 . da nathraigh . . . for leimnigh ┐ for banganaigh, 4121 . forind dib ig imrusgal, foirind ic lemnigh, Aen. 1419 . cúig cinn . . . ag leimnigh imon sligidh, BS 122.27 . slán re ruith ┐ re léimreach, Oss. iii 254.22 . do chonnairc sí Dáibhi Rígh ag léimnigh ┐ ag damhsa, 2 Samuel vi 16 . éisc . . . ag léimrigh, O'Rah. 172.1.

Fig. leimnech on peccad co araile, PH 7666 . ag léimnigh go lúthmhar ó locht go locht, TSh. 8666 . léimneach tar líne / is bualadh reomham ar mholadh mo mhíleadh, Hackett xxxix 121 (léimreach, v.l.).

ésargnodh .i. tuargain no l.¤ , O'Dav. 811. Perh. read béimnech, cf. léimniugud.

See also léimmennach.

3 nach, nách

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 nach, nách or dil.ie/32908

 

Forms: nách, nacha, nachi, nachid-

rel. particle introducing neg. sent. ; nách, Wb. 6c18 , LU 1992.

(a) in O.Ir. and earlier Mid.Ir. takes the place of 2 ná, 1 nád before a vb. with inf. pron. obj. generally to express nominative relation ; not used with ro- forms ; before cons. nacha, nachi ( naichi, Ml. 27d7 , 54d9 ). nách beir for nach n-éle who does not pass it (judgement) on any other, Wb. 6c18 (3 s. n. inf. pron., see Thurn. Hdb. 253 ). indí nachid-chualatar who heard it not, 25d14 . do neuch naichid-fitir that does not know it (sc. dliged), Ml. 27d7 . tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachid-áirilli who does not deserve it, 84c13 . ní fil diib mnaí nachit-charad that loved thee not, SCC 6. is he sidhi nachid-farcaib-som that did not abandon him, Hib. Min. 14.462 . don foirind náchum-facatar, PH 6789. in fairend náchat-carut, 4663 . coccubus derrit . . . nachus-faillsig sechtair that does not reveal itself, 6087 .

In acc. relation : ni fil . . . laithe . . . nachat-rised munter that a community would not come to thee, Fél. Prol. 284. After a prep. : ní conrobae rann . . . as nacha tucad Dia out of which God had not brought them, Ml. 125b7 .

(b) later used without inf. pron., taking the place of 2 ná. Cf. is maith nach cualammar ┐ nach fetammar it is a good we have not heard of and do not know, TBC-LL¹ 8 (where, however, we should prob. read nach gc. . . . nach bf., the eclipse representing an inf. pron. ; = nach bfacamair-ne, St.). intí nach fil i ndéirc, PH 5907. in tíí is dall ┐ is baccach . . . .i. nach fégann . . . ┐ nách immthigend, 4668 . na peccaid nách lessaig tria aíne which he does not amend, 4991 . in nech ic nach fil almsa, 4974 .

(c) with copula ; in O.Ir. only in 3 s. pres. ind. ; later occas. with other forms. ré nách cían which is not long, FA 6 ( LU 1992 ). primthrecheng nach duthain, Fél. Nov. 28. dar lim-sa na fail áth . . . nach lán dá ṅgraigib, CRR 28. (other exx. s.v. is). After prep. : don forind fris nach oirfited ar tidecht-ne to whom our coming is not pleasure, PH 3397. in tí leis nach áil maith, 8091 . With pl. pres. : comtís dee na hai nách-dat dee, PH 1132.

1 no

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 no or dil.ie/33202

 

Forms: nu, no, no

preverb.

In O.Ir. used only with simple vb. in follg. cases: (a) regularly in impf. ind., impf. subj. and cond., when they are not preceded by any particle requiring the conjunct form of the vb.; this construction continues through Mid.Ir.; in Mod.Ir. do is used. (b) in 1 and 2 s. and pl. of pres. ind., pres. subj. and fut. when they are used relatively. (c) with all tenses of ind. and subj. to infix rel. n-. (d) with all parts of the vb., including the imp., to infix a pron.

Occas. written nu in O. and Mid.Ir.; nuggabad, Thes. ii 242.7 ( Ardm. 18b1 ); other exx. below.

Generally lenites the initial of the vb. in rel. sentences where there is no infixed pron.

(a) no scarinn friu, Wb. 24a4 . no scrutain-se in tan no mbiinn isnaib fochaidib I used to consider when I was in tribulations, Ml. 91c1 (with rel. -n- before second vb.). ba ac imradud chloine no bíth he used to be meditating iniquity, 55c19 . cia nu tiastais, 117d3 . no chinged, LU 8912 (cf. no cinged, 9136 ). no theiged, 9139 . no adratis they used to worship, PH 2512. With pass.: no leicthe . . . no oircthe, Tur. 110c (pass. impf. s.). no comallaibthe, Ml. 105b14 (cond. s.). nó edpairtha in t-uan used to be sacrificed, PH 5071. riasíu no baistide, 6110 . No is somet. omitted before the impf. ind. in archaic poetry: for exx. see Ériu xi 88.

(b) rel. construction: is hed inso no chairigur, Wb. 11d1 . is hed no adamrugur, 16a3 . inna hí no guidim, Ml. 21b8 . na ní no gigius whatever I shall pray for, 46b12 . forsani no thechti for what thou hast, Sg. 148a9 . a mbelra-sa no labraim-si this language which I speak, Ériu ii 102 § 10. do rígrad no molur, Fél. Prol. 13. mo Liba no rádi of whom thou speakest, Feb. 18. triasan ngním no maide which thou vauntest, PH 3848. With 3 s. pres.: don foirind . . . no chreit ho iris, 6791 (rectius creites; form prob. due to its separation from the antecedent by an intervening clause). teora fidhbhuidi no fhāsat imon cathraig, Marco P. 95. See ZCP iii 283 , 470 .

(c) with rel. -n-: hóre no cretim, Wb. 1a2 . in tain no-mbíu oc irbáig when I am glorying, 20a3 . amal no-nda-frecṅdircc-sa as I am present, 9b4 . a nno-ngeiss cách when thou beseechest, 30b4 . a nnu-nda-chocuibsid-siu when thou art conscious, Ml. 58b6 . in tan no labrither when thou sayest, Sg. 159a2 . a nno nderbid when ye prove, Wb. 22b24 . amal no-nded maicc as ye are sons, 27b16 .

(d) with inf. pron.: ma num-gaibi ar charit, gl. si habes me socium, Wb. 32a16 . nom-glantar (emungor), Sg. 178b5 . ní tu no-dn-ai[l] acht is hé no-t-ail, Wb. 5b28 . rolomur nu-ndat-ges I dare to entreat thee, Ml. 21b5 . With pron. a, no + a > na: na-gníu I do it, Wb. 3c30 . na-nglanad let him purify himself, 11d8 . na-carid love him, Ml. 68a15 . do neuch no-dn-eirbea ind who shall trust in him, 51b10 (refl.). huand uair nu-nda-bertatar, 82d9 (f.s.). non-moídem-ni, gl. gloriamur, Wb. 2d9 . nob-guidet .i. nob-bendachat, gl. salutant vos, 7b21 . ma nu-dub-feil i n-ellug coirp Crist if ye are in the union, 19c20 . is ecen dam no-nda-ges that I pray for them, Ml. 21b9 . not-saerfa, SR 3806. not-soerfaider, 3804 . co nam-diultfa-sa that thou wilt deny me, PH 3012. no-barn-aitchim I adjure you, 1852 . nos-geogain-seom uli, LU 6269 ( TBC-I¹ 1769 ).

(e) in Mid.Ir. no comes to be employed with compd. vbs. which are coming to be treated as simple: no thissed, SR 1510. no accallad, LU 694. no forcongrad, 2250 . no innisfed, 393 . no thairned, 8768 . dia num-ruca[id]-sa, RC xxiv 56 § 17. See ZCP ii 491 - 2 .

(f) exceptionally used instead of ro with the pret.: no lodadar uadaib, Ériu ii 20 y . no aentaigset, PH 2731 ; possibly scribal errors.

oentaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oentaigid or dil.ie/33544
Last Revised: 2019

 

v g. occas. deponent, see IT iii 24.17 quoted below.

I Intrans. unites, joins with, consorts with: clann Chaïn ocus sil Seth | ro oentaigset co comthren, SR 2406. don foirind ro oentaigset fris i n-agaid Iacoip, PH 2311. aentochmaid let `we shall be one with thee', RC xix 130 § 97. Freq. of cohabita- tion: ro oentaid [Ruth] fri Boz, SR 5701. na ro aentaig fri mnaí, LB 128b46 . cor gradaig Meadb é . . . cor aentaich ria, Ériu ii 182.15 (cor aontaigh fria é v.l.). tucthá in tarb a ndochum na bó coro aentaig fria, ZCP iv 238 z . ro forcongair an rí dia mhunntir náro áentaigedh neach díbh lé i llánamhnas 'the king made it known to his people that none of them was to have sexual intercourse with her', Beatha Bharra 54.14 .​ ​​ Consents, agrees (with DO): in animm oentaiges dia dliged, PH 4627. nach aontaighedh se da n-inntinnibh saoghalta, BNnÉ 292.1 .

II Trans.

(a) unites, makes one: oentaigfiter triasin spirut nóeb, PH 5628. ro haentaighid na hoirechta, MR 100.6 . cid nos deacraigetar ┐ nos aentaighedar . . . ? Nī. nos aentai- gheann cetus uair is oendan tegait what distinguishes them and what unites them? (of `soírbaird' and `doírbaird'), IT iii 24.17 . ros-aentaigh D. dó i llánamhnus in cumail, Lism. L. 1156.

(b) with acc. of thing and DO of pers., concedes, grants : cura oentaige Dia dam curbam sean, Gild. Lor. 260. do aentaigset mathe fer nEirenn tomus n-ae . . . do cach iarna miad, Laws i 18.28 Comm. ro aentaigh antí Ruadan . . . an t-atach, BNnÉ 321 § 23. ro oíntaiged a cell do Cíarán `his church was granted (?) to C.' (? was joined to C.'s community), Trip. 158.19 (ró óintaidaged v.l.). muna aentaidhedh braighde, Cog. 118.24 . ro aontaigh . . . doip furnaidhe isin gcathraigh gave them leave to remain, Fl. Earls 26.10 . ro haontaighedh dóibh amhail ro cuinnighsiot, AFM vi 2302.9 . aóinteochthar íarratas an fíréin, Proverbs x 24.

(c) consents to, accepts : ro aentaigh dlighedh, Laws i 190.20 Comm. , cf. iii 252.3 Comm. do ionnarbh ar aontuigh cion those who yielded to sin, Dán Dé xiv 14. greim . . . dar haon- tuigheadh 'gun eaglais `everything allowed by the Church', xi 22 . gebe nech . . . do aeinteochudh bās d'faghail, BCC § 205. ni ro aontaighset in cuiredh si[n] did not accept that invitation, Fl. Earls 44.8 . With acc. of pers.: gach aon nduine do aontuigh mé `who submitted to me', BNnÉ 178 § 31. neach dár aontuigh Críost `any believer in C.', Ó Bruad. iii 60 § i .

See oentugad.

sellach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sellach or dil.ie/37067

 

n o, m. (1 sell) spectator, onlooker, witness. Occurs only in Laws in sense of one who is a witness to an illegal act (or, in one instance (see O'Curry 328 , below), to animals being in danger). Divided into four grades according to culpability (i) the s.¤ láinḟéich or s.¤ láin, (ii) the s.¤ leithḟéich or s.¤ leithe; these two are accessories to the crime, the second being guilty to a lesser degree than the first; (iii) the s.¤ cethramthainḟéich or s.¤ cethramthan is not an accessory but does nothing to prevent the crime; (iv) the s.¤ slán does all he can to prevent the crime. Some categories of people are, from their nature, regarded as sellaig ṡláin, e.g. women, clerics, and children. ataa[t] ceithre sellaig la Fene i[s] sain cach ae; s.¤ lan feich, ┐ s.¤ leith feich, ┐ s.¤ cethramthan feich, ┐ s.¤ slan, Laws i 240 . 24 - 26 . [sellach lan feich .i.] s.¤ dosli lanfiachu, fer tairdelba ┐ conimtet ┐ do comet ┐ buacdtair a gnim i tuaith, acht nid goin a lam, ib. s.¤ dosli lethfiachu ni tairdelbai, ni goin, do gni gnimu olchena, leth fiach fair, 242.1 Comm . s.¤ dosli cethramthain feich, ni tairdelbai; ni dena ni don[a] gnimaib seo, acht do caemthet nama, ┐ nad nurgair, ┐ na tessairg, 3 Comm . s.¤ slan ni tairdelb, ni dene ni dinaib gnimaib seo, ┐ gaibes oca cach nirt ┐ cach folud, acht do caemtet a heslinn co innill, co netarscarad friu i n-inill, 6 (i.e. he takes the part of the injured people as far as he can but he accompanies the perpetrator from the place of the crime to a safe place (without informing on him?). bit sellaig slana and chena .i. cleirig, ┐ mna, ┐ mec, ┐ aes nad meisi gona na anacal na urgair, ┐ eccuind ┐ escunid (sic), 10 . masa inann s.¤ urradh ro bai ac seilledh in marbtha ┐ sellach urrad ro bai ac seilledh in folaigh . . . cethruime eneclainni air i seilled cechtar de, iii 98.y , z 0 - 100.2 Comm . (of a case where a man is killed and the body hidden). mas inann s.¤ in marbhtha ┐ s.¤ in folaigh, cidh sain no inann fer marbtha ┐ fear folaigh, cethrimhe secht cumala ┐ cethrimhe eneclainne air ┐ seillcecht cechtar de, O'Curry 2352 ( Eg. 88, fo. 27 ). atáa ceithri sellaig la Féine .i. atait ceithri súltaig da naisneiginn in Feinechas, Laws i 242.13 Comm . cindus ro soich lanfiach for in s.¤ lain? .i. leth fair ar techt co maigin ┐ duthracht marbtha aici, ┐ cethruime fair ar sellcecht, ┐ cethruime eile ar coimitecht i mug leo i n-inill; cethruimi dona for in s.¤ lethi ar seillcecht, ┐ cethruimi ar coimitecht amuig i n-inill, 15 - 19 Comm . noco fo lan fir laime icus s.¤ a lan, acht fo lan a seillidh bodein fo aicnedh urraidh, no deoraidh `it is not according to the full (fine due) of the actual killer that the looker-on pays his full (fine), but according to the full (fine) for his own looking on according to rank, (whether it be that) of a native freeman, or of a stranger', iii 102.1 Comm . Where the crime is the swamping of a boat: is iat is lucht laime and lucht in combaiti, . . . is iat i[s] sellaigh ann in lucht ro bi na tost is in nae `the spectators are they who are silent in the boat', 252.11 Comm . is iat i[s] sellaigh ann in lucht ro bi ar purt ina fiadnaise, ┐ conicfaitis a tairmeasc `who were present on the bank and who could have prevented it', 14 Comm . nocon fuil aithgin d'ic do s.¤ co tarrachtain aithgina d'fir laime `there is no compensation to be paid by the looker-on until compensation has been received from the actually guilty person', 244.12 Comm . tigradus cach s.¤ ar aice midenum .i. in tan atcí nech mil oc dul i nocus do chuithe, no fo conu, no gataid, no gebé eisin[i]ll aili ┐ ni foirind ┐ ni inisind, aithgin fair, O'Curry 328 ( H 3.18, 180b ). See ZCP xv 344.14 . ? na ceithre righ-sabaidh ┐ na ceithre righ-sellaigh, O'D. 5 ( H 3.17, col. 4 ).

slagbrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. slagbrann or dil.ie/37806

 

n (ON slagbrandr. See Bidrag 166 ). name of a heavy bar or post used to propel missiles: foirind ac tinol cloch ┐ ag suidiugud slabrand forna muraib, Aen. 2789 . ordaighit taibleda ┐ ferte go slagrandaib ┐ luithib aco ac frithalum in catha, 2057 . trascraid slagbrandaib ┐ sloighi[b] ┐ sundu ┐ oilche cloch forru amach dia marbad, 2209 . Of a bar for closing a door: dunais comlaid a thighe co slacbrannaibh iernaidib, RC xiii 5.14 (= de baccanib iarnaide, LL 207a5 ).

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