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2 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 caín or dil.ie/7788
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cáein, -i, caoin

Subst. use of 1 caín. cáein f. (g s. and n p. -i), IGT Decl. § 14 . smooth finished side; esp. the outer surface of a wall etc.: madh glan an corp don taoibh thall / ball ar a chaoin níor locht liom, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . mar chaoin mbuabhall as bhreac fiodh / breac nuabharr gach taoibh don teagh, DDána 119.36 . a caoin amach mar mheamram, Ériu v 60.12 . caoin gach buinne dhuinn darach, 62.3 . do teilgeadh caoin do chlach gcuir / don taoibh a-mach dod múraibh, Measgra D. 56.11 . do chaoin uaighfidh re t'eascaoin, 132 . siridh c.¤ in maighi, Lism. L. 2895 . fót fírinde . . . intan adberad firindi do-chuireadh a chain súas, Folklore iv 483 (Edinburgh Dinds. § 64 ). in fer atbered gaí . . . / ós chaín in ḟóit , Metr. Dinds. iv 168.22 . deargaidh chaoin seanMhuighe Sléacht / sgeamhghaire chéacht re taoibh dtrácht, Magauran 1661 . fri leth C. c.¤ in tsléibe / . . . is a hescaín . . . / fri leth M., Metr. Dinds. iii 308.77 . Of hair: dath an chróigh ar caoin a trillse, Magauran 3098 . caoin a surface, rind , Eg. Gl. 142 . Of skin, membrane , etc.: an cain uachtarrach . . . no in cain iachtarach, O'Curry 305 ( H 3.18, 167 ). in cain ichtarach, O'D. 834 ( H 3.17, 595 ). bidh in sicne . . . a leanmain don chain meadhonaigh, Irish Texts v 4.12 . See Ériu xii 130 - 31 (BCrólige), Ériu lii 209 n. 323 .

Fig. a dhealbh Mhíchíl . . . / cuir dá-ríribh riom do chaoin grant me thy full favour, Aithd. D. 97.37 . an fhuil ríogh re raibhe a heasgaoin / . . . do chuir caoin a ratha rú, PBocht 10.22 . cuin bhias i (? = a) gcaoin ré chéile `when shall they unite?' Dán Dé xi 3 . nach bia ar gcaoin-ne re a chéile, DDána 7.16 . is ródhall gach aon nách tuig / gur is-tigh atá do chaoin, Measgra D. 27.48 . firchain fáilti a hearty welcome, TFerbe 83 .

1 cath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cath or dil.ie/8344
Last Revised: 2019

 

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 .

(a) battle, fight : fo béesad fir téte do ch.¤ , Wb. 9a3 . in chatho gl. proelii, Ml. 34a20 . amal dunem-side nech iarna chúl hi c.¤ `behind him in battle', 112a5 . fon ch.¤ gl. sub Marte, Sg. 44a1 . dochum in chathai, Cáin Ad. 17 . fuil fearthar a c.¤ , Laws v 142.9 . d'ēt chatho `through seeking a battle', Ériu xvi 146.4 . glond catha comramaig, LU 8957 ( FB 71 ). cuimling móir ┐ catha etir Ulta ┐ Un Neill, Lat. Lives 19.9 . nocha comhain cath fiora battle does not spare men (prov.), Hugh Roe² 186.6 . amail ch.¤ sula gl. palpetratione (leg. palpebratione), Ériu iv 182.x . catha, ┐ urtha, ┐ irgala (of types of stories), Laws i 46.4 Comm. Of individual battles: cath Muigi Tuirend, Airne F. 187 . i c.¤ Aird Ladrainn, MacCarthy 156.z . Cath Moigi Slecht . . . ainm in katha-sin, Ann. Conn. 1256.7 . In Cath Cathardha (title of text), CCath. p. 2 . Of spiritual warfare: teannobthor c.¤ ar an chloinn temptation, Magauran 2217 . go gceanglam ar gcorp san gcath, Aithd. D. 80.43 .

As descr. gen.: ciṅg catha, Fél. Aug. 24 . ina cipi . . . catha, Stair Erc. 1513 . lán do chonfadh catha, TSh. 1073 . d'écin catha ná comlaind, MU² 172 . gan fhíor catha ag C. he fought against odds, Aithd. D. 33.22 . cen līn catha imbi sufficient to do battle, TBC-I¹ 335 (see 1 lín). míl catha, Fél. Ep. 275 . róe catha = c.¤ : re catha `a battle of war', Laws v 300.x . gnúsi námat i rói chatha, Tec. Corm. 9 . See 1 cró.

In phrases: cid cia ar ar cuirestar ceist in catha whoever was worried about the outcome of the battle, MR 166.14 . ar cor cestu (cesta, v.l.) an morcatha dim, CCath. 3784 . c.¤ fri x battle against x (somet. with Vn. force): oc c.¤ fri diabul `in fighting against', Wb. 23d8 . c.¤ fri Demon détlae, Fél. Prol. 242 . co ticfat do chath fri A., PH 7279 . With vbs. of offering, giving, winning, losing etc. : for diabal ro brisis c.¤ , Ériu xix 15 § 13 . robris c.¤ . . . for demun, PH 4732 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). indiu cuirthir in c.¤ , 3661 ( SCC 32 ). tabairt catha do Assarib, Ml. 34c11 . maní dene chathu oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 . gniid cathu, LU 3415 ( SCC 18 ). ita in c.¤ oca ferthain, 3664 ( 33 ). do f[h]resdal c[h]atha do C[h]onn, ML² 198 . du frithteirissem in chatho gl. ad resistendum, Ml. 83a11 . do fhuacgra catha fair, Stair Erc. 1653 . mebaid c.¤ ria Sīl C. . . . for Coin-Corb, Corp. Gen. 27.23 . See maidid, maidm, roínid. gidh roimhe do-chuaidh an cath though he won the battle, Aithd. D. 33.22 .

(b) troop, battalion : tinol catha, LU 3367 ( SCC 15 ). flaith fri Nīall ro chathu clói, Hail Brigit 21 . is na cathaib gl. in acie, Gild. Lor. 23 . ciṅgset inna c.¤ co fí, LL 336 . ba cain géim a chatha company, Fél. Prol. 139 . c.¤ do lucht na catrach group, BB 414b34 . na seacht ccatha boí san fFéin, Duan. F. ii lvii 29 . c.¤ Aodha Find . . . / gibe díbh gebhus righe family, BNnÉ 258.w . tréanaingil Dé i gcathaibh iata, Hackett² xxxii 103 . More specifically: tri ch.¤ ┐ .x. cét ar fichit cét cach catha, RC xvii 416.26 (Tig.). trí catha na Gnáithḟéine, ┐ trí mhíle san ch.¤ , Keat. ii 5155 .

Of animals etc.: secht cat[h]a deg do bochrudh (captured cattle), AU ii 506.20 . in cath crumh the army of worms, Aithd. D. 80.27 .

V. freq. in composition, with nouns in sense martial, warlike, military , with adjj. (in battle, as regards fighting ), and with adjj. derived from nouns. Somet. tautological ( ¤imairecc, ¤irgal), and freq. as alliterating prefix. A few permanent compds. ( ¤barr, ¤ḟeis (see cathais), ? ¤ḟer, ¤réimm ( ¤ech), etc.) are given as separate entries.

With nouns: go ro chinned . . . a cath-oirbert `valour in battle', MR 114.y . coras croith asa cathurlaind, LL 31787 (TTr.). a chatharm catha, LU 6425 (TBC). clú i ccaithbhearnaibh ` battle-gaps ', O'Hara 3400 . Conchobur caid cathbernaid, Rawl. 165b32 . caithbili Cruacan (of a king), ZCP ii 336.9 . caoga bliadan a righe nErenn do ┐ cathbuaidh do frisin re sin, BCC² 245 § 5 . Cathbuadha Conroi (name of tale), Anecd. ii 43 § 3 . Of crozier of Colm Cille: bachall C.C. . . . adberas Cathbhuaidh fria, TFrag. 230.6 . ra leiced a chathbuali . . . dó i cath na ṅGréc he was given a wide berth(?), LL 32298 ( TTr. 1486 ). sithithir slegh . . . airde cach cathbuailedh, TBC-LL¹ 5601 `compact body of troops', TBC St. Gloss. do reblaing . . . i n-a chathcharpat serda, LU 6479 (TBC). hi caithfheis ┐ hi ccathchongraim battle-gear , Hugh Roe² 264.26 . Conchobar cath-chingid, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.38 . ? cathclái gelbdai, SR 4227 . soí frit churad cathchlessu, LL 13781 . amal bid tre ermúru no tre cathcliatha gl. ut per propugnacula, Goid. 65.4 . sé cét elefinnte cona cathc[h]liathaib foraib lán d'ócaib (of howdahs), Alex. 568 . cathcliatha aidbli umaide . . . do diden a corp `cuirasses', TTebe 1434 . mac Cāirthinn in cathcobair, Corp. Gen. 9.47 . hi cathchomlond, BDD² 810 . cathchoscradh re nD. . . . for A. `destructive battle', AU i 270.13 . ro gabastár a chathcriss curad taris (of Cú Chulainn), LU 6415 (TBC). tréad an chathchraoi-se Criomhthainn, Measgra D. 54.80 `of this embattled land', Gloss. trena chathétedh, Cóir Anm. 200 . fer i cathfochrus bruit deirg, TBC-I¹ 71 `in a battle-girdle (?)', Faraday. ac sirgairm ┐ ag cathgairm a mic, TTebe 3588 . dog-nitea cliatha cathghaisccedh, Anecd. ii 25 § 6 . Nīall is Dathī co ccathgoil, ZCP viii 109.3 . cath-garrdha coraigthi do curadaib, MR 224.11 . in gach caith-ghliaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 208.25 . A. nar' clói chathgreim ` battle-might ', Gorm. 16 . feis fōit ind ōic inda cathgreimim co matuin sleep under arms, Corm. Y 245 . meic Morna in cathgrinde, Acall. 2153 `battle-phalanx', Gloss. cathimairecc itir da ua Cernaigh battle-encounter , AU i 247.5 . a[c] cur na c.¤ asa cathlaithrechaib `positions', Ériu viii 38.23 . tri cathluain glana, Anecd. ii 61.y . cathluirech dluith drolach, CCath. 5211 . na cruadh-celmaini cliatha cathmaitti (maidid, maidm) ` battle-rout ', 4313 . mo chathmerge cenand battle-standard , LL 18597 . S. cathmīl cōemḟata, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 2 . Cathnia nepos Guaire, AU i 274.5 . cunach dernat C. a catharcuin, Caithr. CC 46 . cathrī crāides / crīcha, Corp. Gen. 2.43 . āeris trī cētu / cathrōe battlefield , 56 . lia rīg a cathrōe ┐ a ndūnad ┐ a cāin ┐ a ndliged, Corp. Gen. 92 (Rawl. 127 a 43) ; 'military obligation', The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 110 . ni fuigli co ngoí cathroí, ar ni fríth ni fuigēbthar brithem bas fíriu cathroí, 'do not undertake a duel in falsehood, for there has not been found and there will not be found a truer judge than a duel', AM 64 § 31 , GEIL 211 . rob tu mo cathsciath, rob tu mo cloidem, Ériu ii 89 § 5 . ? fri cathslait cairi comlain, SR 3258 . cathṡluaig, Acall. 5429 v.l. da cathuaithne . . . iarnaidhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 817 .

With adjj.: soighde cathalaind (leg. -aille), TTebe 3808 . in cath-amra (subst.) `the famous fighter', Metr. Dinds. ii 64.2 . lasna Collu cathchalma, Trip. 536 § 30 . lēo . . . / cathchob(b)ur fond of battle(?), Corp. Gen. 8.12 . slán do chlainn cathgloin Ceallaig of the bright battalions, ZCP viii 230 § 16 . in mír don Choin chath-labhair ` battle-boasting ', Metr. Dinds. iv 180.15 . cathlabhar .i. do labhradh a cc.¤ , O'Cl. fir na cerda cath-mire `martial', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.28 . ic Cumull chath-mór, ii 74.32 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: clanna . . . cath-airbeartacha ` warlike ', MR 118.18 . curaid caín . . . cathbúadach, LU 3913 ( SCC 42 ). fo chích curad / crēchtaig cathbūadaig, Sc.M² 15 . an cathbuadhach (as subst.), Blathm. 257 . cathchorach cruaidrī skilled(?) in battle , Corp. Gen. 9.49 . cathmiled . . . cathchoscrach victorious , LL 13469 . mac cathlínmar Cumaill `of many battalions', Fianaig. 78.11 . C. cath merggech, IT iii 82.1 .

With vb.: do shíl Chuinn, roscath-métaig `that made it great by war', Metr. Dinds. iv 208.80 .

cathaisech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cathaisech or dil.ie/8366

 

Forms: cathasach, caithesach, Cathassach

adj o, ā (cathais). Also cathasach, caithesach. vigilant; noisy : cathassach .i. cath-fesach .i. feis fōit ind ōic . . . C. . . . cech fer, Corm. Y 245 . F. . . . / iorgalach caomh cathusach, LL 394.27 . gáire comh-móra . . . cathaiseacha comhmaidhme ` clamorous ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 42.19 . meisge caithesach, Duan. F. i 62.30 (see Gloss.). festa ┐ sollamain . . . ro-caithiseach `joyous', BCC 418.32 . Superl.: mar as caithisighe ┐ mar is onoruighe cor fetatar (of wake of Colm Cille), BCC 420.24 . Adv. doboinfidis na cluig-sin co c.¤, congairech ` noisily ', ZCP vi 284.24 . As n. pr. m.: Cathassach, Stud. Hib. iv 66 § 30 . Caitheasach mac Oiliolla rí Cruithneach, Keat. iii 2372 .

cléithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléithe or dil.ie/9421
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: chléthe, cléithe, cleithe, cleithi

n io, n. Later f. (long vowel not guaranteed by rhyme. Cf. 1 cleth, clíath?). n s. cleithi n-ordain iartair domain, AU an. 939 . cleithe n-óc nEmna, LL 2626 (cf. however: Clethe bretha name of a law-tract, Laws i 26.3 Comm. ) a s. a chléthe n-óchtarach, LU 1476 . n pl. cléithe, Críth G. 157 . g pl. fer da cleithe , Laws iv 350.22 . As f. d s. i cleithi áin, LL 29494 . g s. cecha cleithi , LL 400a42 .

(a) roof-tree, ridge-pole : ete iter cach dá ḟíthe ó ṡuidiu co c.¤ , Críth G. 100 . in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . is bēsad na cleithe (= g s. of 1 cleth), is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, ibid. (cf. Laws iv 358.13 ) = ina cliad, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10 s.v. clíí. Tech Midchúarda o cléithib co talmandae, LU 7207 ( BDD² 824 ). ró lá [cor n-iach n-erred] de i n-ar[da co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig co mboí for cléthiu in tigi aile, LU 1476 ( MU² 953 - 4 ). dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, f. 21 (23)a ). a breth fo clethe; a breth a nuaim into a building(?), Laws ii 128.15 Comm. (`into concealment'). atracht columu tenntide . . . co cleithe na heclaisi, Three Hom. 66.4 . secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co c.¤ issin tig, TBFr. 76 . gur b' ionsamhail cleithi tre churcais reanna na sleagh tres an slios araill do Chelluch a ridge-pole protruding from a thatch of rushes(?), MR 272.13 . ? cf. fiacla cirí cleth i curghais (a derogatory description), IT iii 101 § 179 . Confused with clí: cli .i. ise a bés na cleithe, is trén ┐ is dírech, ┐ congaib ┐ congaibther . . . adcumuing o cleithiu co lar, Laws iv 358.22 , 23 (cf. also Corm. Y 275 above). ní bfuaramar dhar ttighthibh shoir / acht bun gach cleithe a ttalmhuin, Ériu i 22.108 .

(b) By synecdoche, (dwelling) house: biaid gol gacha cleiti .i. cacha tighe, H 3.18, 553a14 . dixit Pátricius nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip.² 1814 . Cf. YBL 136a27 . co na boi dei do clethe a n-Erinn forsna beth cíos doib, RC xii 62 § 25 . ol cét cech clethi i nHerind, LL 22416 . Cf. 27617 .

(c) More generally building : it hé insin .vii. c.¤ ó ndírenar cach bóaire (ref. to a list of seven buildings, a dwelling-house and six farm-buildings), Críth G. 157 . a ṡrethe tige, a ḟolud, a chléthe, a echṡréin, 432 . co n-innrucus ch.¤ `with a complete set of buildings' (Gloss.), 438 . ? trí dotcaid threbtha: gort salach, iarmur c.¤, tech drithlennach, Triads 65 . ?fer . . . na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe who owns no house throughout the territory (?), Laws iv 352.12 (`visibly or invisibly').

(d) As technical term for some kind of tenant or dependent: lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe cona comorbuib techtaib `two cleithe- tenants', Laws iv 350.11 . flaithem oen escra .i. fer aen cleithe, 14 . Cf. senchléithe. do flaith rucu gu-breth for a celi .i. gu-fiadnaise im clethe, v 220.4 Comm.

(e) c.¤ (sg. or pl.) nime, aeóir, etc. the heavens, the firmament; the sky : a cléthib clithnimi, LU 1169 . lotar na suipp ṡesca . . . i cléthib aeóir ┐ firmiminti, TBC-LL¹ 6040 . na fóit . . . curit i cleithe ḟirmimenti, LL 24910 . ba h-urcur a cleithibh nime ┐ ba snam i n-aighid srotha, BB 419b37 . do eirgedh an detach co direch i cleitib in aeoir, Grail 3098 . Without qualifying gen. no rannad bledmila in mara immi . . . súas i n-ardda clethi, LL 12631 . fuath-nell . . . d'ár ceiled in cleithi coithcenn (sic) . . . os a cendaib, MR 240.5 . ? Cf. go ttarla C. fo chleithibh talmhain, TBC-LL¹ p. 561 n.6 (fo lintip an atha, St.).

(f) Other applications. top, crown (of head, more freq. c.¤ cinn or c.¤ cennmullaig): in buinne díriuch dondḟala atracht a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 (TBC). roben Gola i clethi a chind, SR 5871 . cora chomthócbaiset a lonna láith ósa cleithib, LL 32509 ( TTr. 1707 ). imon cathbharr im a cleithi, BB 297a 41 . in mong . . . tria cleithi a ceandmullaich, RC xxiv 196.17 . co ruc clethi a chinn de co n-apad, xxiii 325 § 14 n. Of the tops of trees, woods, mountains, a city: ba cosmail fri cleithe caille cetamain . . . cechtar a da gruad, LL 253a47 (cf. Aen. 1926 and IT iii 186.13 s.v. forcléithe, also forcle). suas gu clethi na crand, BB 497a4 . a bun cleithi na crand, 13 . cleithe na uruachtur sleibhe Erix, CCath. 1382 . sliab nOlimp, isa cenn ┐ isa clethi fil . . . , BB 488b2 . ós cleithi na cathrach, CCath. 1321 . c.¤ .i. uachdar tighe, tulcha no cnuic, O'Cl.

(g) Freq. in Laws Comm. meaning something of considerable value, a matter of importance, high rank(?) (oppd. to , q.v.): mas a seachtar faiche [ro gatait na beich] . . ., gid maigin . . . gid sechtar maigin, gid cutrumus lui gid cutrumus clethe . . . mas a maigin ┐ is cutrumus cleithi is lanenecland. Mas a chutrumus lui, is leitheinecland. Masa seachtar maigin ┐ is cutrumus clethe is leithenecland. Masa cutrumus lui is uii.adh neneclaindi, O'D. 1041 (H.2.15, 25). dá trian diri dula urraidh d'urradh ina dúil; aen trian diri dula deoraidh do deoradh ina dúil, ┐ eneclann do cechtar de fo aicned lui no cleithi according to his lesser or greater standing(?), 1366 (E. 3.5, 24a). rig . . . beires bretha gua, cid im lu, cid im cleithi `whether it be concerning a small thing or a large', Laws i 54.18 Comm. cid bec .i. im lu; cid mor .i. im cleithi, iii 38.y Comm. noco nuil deithbir lui na cleithi im in cumail sin `no difference of major or minor (higher or lower rank)', 110.6 Comm. ma ro gatait seoit uaithib ris in ré sin, eneclann do cechtar de ann fo aicned lai no cleithi `minor or major value' (rank?), 144.15 Comm. corab e in tainmrainde sin da eneclainn bes do co na ferthain ar in rob is cleithi, ┐ a leth ina ferthain ar in rob is lu, 358.y Comm. a nderbḟorgeall clethe for na huaislib . . . a nderbforgeall clethe for islib an affirmation concerning an important matter, 396.6 - 8 Comm. gufiadnaise im clethe, no im forcruidh fognuma im clethe `about a great (matter), or about excess of service in a great (matter)', v 220.4-5 Comm. But cléithe are divided into large and small: ce ro ghata da cleithi o duine, .i. clethe beg ┐ clethe mor, O'Curry 1665 ( 23 Q 6, 23 b ). cemadh mo re hic naithgina in clethi mor na in clethi beg nocha mo re hic smachta na dire na eneclainne e na in clethi bec, 1666 ( 23 Q 6 23 b ). Cf. clethe .i. mor no uasal, O'Dav. 558 .

(h) Fig. perfection, culmination; chief, head : i suthemlacht cech berlai co clethi to (or with?) perfection, LU 661 ( ACC 26 gl . baí sab súithe cec dind). acht na roigh co cleithe `but he does not reach to the top (of scholarship)', Laws iv 356.7 . ceand ┐ cléthi cacha bíd int iasc ár dothomail Issu he, Thr. Ir. Gl. 24 s.v. iasc. cléithi .i. rogha ut est cléithi tech n Erenn, H 3.18, 650b24 . ba cleithi ach don Erind bas meic Erca, Dinds. 114 . cléthe .i. formna, no in t-art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine, ut est co cléthi fine fosaighther cina, O'Dav. 486 . for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide `chiefs' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iv 130.82 . sáifiter slúaig con mae re secht c.¤ slúaig Ulad, LL 11628 (TBC rhet.). clethe Laighen leighnidhe, TFrag. 188.5 . tiagha[ir] gusan gcathraigh, dotaott gussan gclēithe (i.e. to the chief personage in the town), ZCP vii 305.3 . araile fealmac fēigh don Mumhain . . . atnacobrustor mnáoi siú rosiacht clēithe the perfection of his art(?), 304.27 . as go c.¤ tuaithe tiagaid filidh fuigheall fria forus fáth, Ériu xiii 33.31 . Ua Suanaich . . . / Eiríu ard amre . . . / ised a c.¤ clerech, BB 233b35 . imm imthecor do dērce as cend ┐ as cléthe inna huile timna, Otia ii 97 § 31 . is é cléthi ┐ forair in fhorcetail diada in dearc, PH 5789 . mad intii adcobra rosá cléthe foirbthetad `who desires to reach the pitch of perfectness', Ériu vii 154 § 6 . comad ead clethi soethair cech duine, áine ┐ érnaigthi, RC xii 438.1 . combadh si budh cenn ┐ budh cleithe d'eccailsibh Érenn, AFM i 142.x .

deiscéimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deiscéimm or dil.ie/15266

 

n (dess + céimm) lit. a step to the right, apparently a definite measure; full pace: se traigthi i ndeisceim, Laws iv 276.24 . deisceim dá traigh co leth eside, O'Dav. 1048 (see Gwynn, Ériu ix 157 ). deisceim ┐ tua[th]ceim cach leth imaire .i. ceim da leith deis ┐ da leith chli .i. lethet cach imairi dibh no secht foit arathair, O'D. 2350 ( Rawl. B 506, 40a ). mata ac iarraidh conaire isedh dlegar deisceim ┐ tuadcheim do legud do (i.e. if a man's land lies between that of two co-tenants he must have access to the common woods, etc.), 2270 (23b). Cf. O'Don. Suppl. s.v. airceann, traighidh.

drecma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drecma or dil.ie/18604

 

n fury, speed (?): robúi a sliocht i clochaib ┐ i talmain re d.¤ na hérma with the fury of the riding (?), SG 412.7 . As quasi-vn. na fóit . . . curit i cleithe fhirmiminti ic d.¤ erma darsin mag careering madly (?), LL 189b34 .

faitches, faitigus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faitches, faitigus or dil.ie/21205

 

Forms: fatigus, faitigus, fatigus, faitchessai, faitcheasa, faitcis

n u, o, m. (faitech) O. Ir. n s. (a) fatigus, Ériu vii 138.24 . a s. faitigus, Ml. 36a23 . fatigus 115a11 . (b) faitches, IGT, Decl. § 38 . (c) faitechus, Laws v 508.22 Comm. g s. faitchessai, Corm. Y 1184 . faitcheasa, IGT, Decl. ex. 1058 . TSh. 6770 . faitcis, TTebe 327 v.l.

(a) caution, heedfulness, being on one's guard: gl. cautio Ml. 36a23 . 115a11 . faitiges i n-uathad, ZCP iii 25.29 = fatigus, Ériu vii 138.24 . fó dúib fatchius ┐ fót, TBC-LL¹ 504 . ni ró ḟég Fergus dar a ais riam ... ar nad ráided nech ba fatchius dó fégad dar a eiss, 1906 . is coir dó imecla ┐ faitchius, PH 4115 . co ro imgaibe nech ... guasachta in tshaegail tria fhaitches ┐ tria threbaire, 4861 . atrubairt fri firu hErend faitchius inn aidche sin to be on their guard that night TBC-LL¹ 1468 . déni fatchius be cautious 1495 . dia fessaind, con [leg. no] beind 'na fatchius I should have been on my guard against them 933 . bíd cách i faitces a fóit , Corm., Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 s.v. fót. as cōir bheith 'na fhaitchius, áir bidh mairg donti dogena a aimreir, Lism. L. 2011 . in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille co comlan, in mac bec (i.e. who is not fully able to look out for himself), Laws v 508.22 Comm. Cf. o firmeisemnaigter fine maithri beth a faitchius ris `that the tribe ... are cognizant of it' iv 44.21 Comm . faitchius duit frisin mnai be careful of (= guard carefully) the woman Ériu xii 152.6 .

(b) anxiety, apprehension: do ghabh faitchios an rígh roimpe, ML 4.17 . faitches na breithe aithrighe do chuirfeadh an t-oide ... ar an bpeacthach anxiety about the penance the confessor would impose TSh. 7448 . d'fhaitcheas ... go leanfadaois sompladha a sean (= ne ... exempla ... consequerenter) for fear lest 5334 . uaimhneach ... d'fhaitcheas na colna in fear on account of the flesh 2106 . a dhéanamh do dhruim fhaitcheasa (ref. to servite Domino in timore) 6770 . maille ré faitcheas agus ré criothnughadh, 2 Cor. vii 15 . a haithli atchis (ḟaitcis v.l.) na haidchi, TTebe 327 .

2 fethid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fethid or dil.ie/21847

 

Forms: -fáith

v i goes, makes one's way (intrans. or with cogn. acc.) : a lethet, atuaid fa des | dia fethet ... o Riphi ... co dithreib na nEtheopda, SR 2646 . fethid triasin ṁbuidin amal atrubramar remaind, LL 121a21 ( RC iii 179.12 ), referring to: dodechaid C. triasin ṁb., LL 120b51 . Cf. faidid tresin ṁbudin, 121a36 . ō Ēgipt fethit a fōit | fo thuaid cosin Capadōic direct their course Rawl. 78a3 (= LL 135b13 , PRIA ii 234 ). i nAssia Bic fethit ait | Bethain, Frigia. Lid, Galait, Rawl. 78a28 (= LL 135b38 , PRIA ii 2 238 ). Here perhaps the pret. st. -fáith (see Thurn. Hdb. § 808 ). Cf. feidid.

foaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foaid or dil.ie/22348
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: foí, fáe, foad, foíedh, foaid, foíd, foid, faid, —foí, foas, fooit, —foat, —faat, —faeat, foite, foíed, ḟoad, —fia, ḟaeem, foet, foat, foíed, ḟoad, fífatsa, fífitsa, —fifea, faíbea, —fifa, fiba, fibas, —[ḟ]ifamni, faifemni, fíbaid, fibait, forsarroa, forsaroae, fiu, rofiu, fíu, fíu, femmir, —febair, —féotár, —feótár, —oetar, feótar, faitar, fáit, fáitche, faithche, faít, faíter, fibthair, fíibthir, foí-, faí-, fóe-, fáe-, fáei-, faíd(h)-, foíd(h)-, faoidh-, foided, fotaeth, faíidh, faidid, -faienn, foidis, faíear, -faíear, -faier, -faidiur, bhḟaie, faetis, faethidis, faifet, -sa, faífead, -faíeab, -fúiiubh, -faidiubh, fáefes, confóefet, -faifedh, -faichfedh, fói, fais, fuidis, fuidhis, faidis, faoídhis, ḟói, foí, fai, fae, rofoe, ḟaéi, ḟaoi, ḟáiset, ḟaietar, ḟáeidur, faidetar, fessatar, foaid, fói

v earlier forms: imperat. 2 s. foí, LL 290a42 . 274b6 . fáe, TBC-LL¹ 4561 . 3 s. foad, LL 260b19 . foíedh, IT iii 322.5 . ind. pres. 3 s. foaid, Hy ii 31 (foid v.l.). foíd, LU 3878 . foid ZCP viii 310.25 . faid, TBC-I¹ 2918 . YBL 116b21 . —foí LU 6929 ( BDD 54 ). rel. foas, Corm. Y 795 . Laws i 160.27 Comm. 3 pl. fooit, Rawl. 122by . —foat, Rawl. 118b16 . —faat, Otia i 125 § 16 . Anecd. i 58 § 67 . —faeat, Laws iv 102.22 . rel. foite, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 179 (< H 3.18, 67 c. 3 ). imperf. 3 s. no foíed , LU 10607 ( CCC 6 ). no ḟoad , LL 286b44 . subj. pres. 2 s. co ro ḟoasu, LL 274b8 . nir faei, BDD 16 (ni roi D). 3 s. —fia, BCrólige § 44 . Cf. dia fia for feis feissi, O'Dav. 879 . 1 pl. co ro ḟaeem , LU 1558 . 3 pl. (?) co foet , Laws i 192.27 . Cf. foat, ZCP viii 196 § 20 . past 3 s. ná foíed , LU 8023 . no ḟoad , LL 260a14 . fut. 1 s. fífatsa, LU 6312 . fífitsa, IT iii 322.6 . 3 s. —fifea (a added after first f) YBL 116b20 ; 21 ( IT ii 180x ) = faíbea, IT iii 46x . —fifa, Rawl. 82a22 . Cf. fiba, Ériu ii 3.6 . YBL 124b14 . rel. fibas IT ii 180.179 . 1 pl. —[ḟ]ifamni, LL 274b7 = faifemni, Mór M. 2 ( PRIA xxxvi C 263 ). 2 pl. cf. fíbaid, LL 251b24 . 3 pl. fibait, 116b5 . pret. and perf. 2 s. forsarroa, Ériu ii 224.3 = forsaroae, Mon. Tall. 67 . 3 s. fiu, Trip. 156.19 ( fíu, 1825 ); 174.6 ( fíu, 2025 ). ZCP viii 564.7 . rofiu, Trip. 182.21 ( ro fíu , 2143 ). ocár fíu , LU 5825 . 1 pl. femmir, LU 10242 . 2 pl. —febair ib. 3 pl. —féotár, LU 4686 . 5362 . —feótár, 5378 (= —oetar, TBC-I¹ 902 ) - LU 5388 . feótar, 8919 (H). —foitar, TBC-LL¹ 1552 . co faitar , 389 (cf. co fáit , with bar over -t, LL 95a6 ; 11 where TBC-LL¹ 4927 ; 4932 reads fáitche [ = faithche] and Father Paul Walsh, Ir. Eccles. Rec. 1913, 187n . would read faít or faíter. Probably pret. 3 pl. is intended). pass. fut. fibthair, LL 275a42 . fíibthir, ZCP viii 565.9 . Vn. 2 feis(s) (fess) q.v.

During the Mid. Ir. period the stem is variously written foí-, faí-, fóe-, fáe-, fáei-, later faíd(h)-, foíd(h)-, faoidh-. Imperat. 3 s. foided, BB 402b19 = fotaeth, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 72 ( Lec. 256va48 ). pres. 3 s. faíidh, Marco P. 23 . faidid RC xi 42.8 . -faienn, Marco P. 67 . rel. foidis, ZCP iii 261 § 89 . subj. pres. 1 s. faíear, IGT III § 33 . -faíear ib. -faier, RC xliii 22 § 21 . -faidiur, RC xiii 58.10 (Lec.). 3 s. dia bhḟaie , Marco P. 106 . subj. past 3 pl. noco faetis , TTebe 2648 = faethidis, Eg. fut. 1 s. faifet -sa, RC xliii 74.1 . faífead, -faíeab IGT III § 33 . -fúiiubh sa, ACL iii 309.17 . -faidiubh sa TBC-LL¹ 4483 St. (-faidheabhsa v.l.). 3 s. rel. fáefes, LU 10481 (H). 3 pl. cf. confóefet, 9840 (see con-foí). sec. fut. 3 s. -faifedh, ACL iii 309.30 . -faichfedh (= faidh-), Ériu iv 176 § 12 . pret. and perf. 3 s. fói, ZCP viii 309.8 . fais, LU 3513 (H). faeiss, TBC-LL¹ 4565 . fuidis, RC v 198 § 4 . fuidhis IT iii 322.7 . faidis, Irish Texts i 56 § 17 . faoídhis AFM v 1760.5 . ro ḟói , Trip. 146.1 (= ro foí , 1687 ). ro fai , TBC-I¹ 2427 . ro fae , Rawl. 148a32 . rofoe, 126b27 . ro ḟaéi , CCath. 1408 . ro ḟaoi , AFM ii 1104.1 . 3 pl. ro ḟáiset , Acall. 667 . ro ḟaietar , 820 . ro ḟáeidur , 7841 . faidetar , RC v 204.5 . For pret. fessatar, etc., see fes(s)id. faoidh for leic .i. do chodladh ar leic, O'Cl., is a gloss on foaid, Hy ii 31 , cited above. Vn. 2 feis(s), later faíechtain, q.v.

(a) spends the night (in a place; with a person), distinguished from con-tuili `sleeps' (physical act), see Thurneysen, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 55 : fíu aidchi ic Druim U., Trip. 184.15 (2164) . fíbait i nEmain dadaig, LL 116b5 . fíu ... hi tig in righ L. ind aidchi genair Corc, Anecd. iii 57 . fói hi tig Treth, ZCP viii 309.8 (pret.). clasa rath la Cormac conid inte nofoihedsom do gres ar niba hada rī co n-anim do ḟeis i Temraig, Rawl. 131b36 . luid L. ... co Temraig ... ┐ fais hi Temraig ind aidchi sin, LU 3513 ( SCC 27 ). fer anechtair foas aen aidchidh lat, Laws i 160.27 Comm. faidhis Caillin la Fagartach in oidchi sin, Fen. 178.9 . fáifidh a lepaid Mobí, BColm. 82.1 . Of an army or a person halting for the night: ro sagat trá co feótár i n Drúim Ḟ., LU 5581 . co foitar cethri ollchoiceda hErend ir-Réde L. ... ┐ co ragbatar dunad and inn aidchi sin, TBC-LL¹ 1552 . cach áth ... ocár fíu [Medb], LU 5825 . See also under (d) below. Of animals: i fail i faeat na muca isin n-aidchi, Laws iv 102.22 Comm. cf. teora ferba fira ... co foetar aidchi Fertai `three white cows ... they lay down a night at F.' i 64.2 . bale i faat (: a-taat they are) Anecd. i 58 (of cattle). nosfáidi P. [sc. na euchu] ... co féotar ina dísiurt la M., Trip. 242.2 (2853) (cf. under 2 feis, d).

(b) often of cohabitation, with LA (seldom FRI): intí fáefes lia mnaí, LU 10481 = foidis, ZCP iii 261 § 89 . foid ind ingen in lásin lais, ZCP viii 310.25 . nochan faidiubh-sa le fer, | noco faídhi m'fer le mnái, TBC-LL¹ 4483 St. ni fetar cia lasa fifea Etan, IT ii 180.186 = cía fer risa fóefea, IT iii 19 § 52 (re faitfea BB). cindus fibas Cu Chulaind?, IT ii 180.179 . ben lasambi cuma cip cia las fia, BCrólige § 44 . o ro gradaigh Telamon Esiona d'ai [ = d'ḟai] si leis, BB 420b44 . ní ar uaisli ... fhaidit la a seitchib `they choose their wives, not for nobility' Marco P. 44 . atrubairt si nā faifedh fri Tipraite isin cill tuaiscertaig, ACL iii 309.30 . na fir risi faeidfidis na hingeana sin `whom those maidens would wed' TTebe 340 . iet céd-fhir ... faiset fri mnaib, Leb. Gab.(i) i 18 . Absol: fíbaid ... dadaig ┐ Finndabair thou shalt mate with F. LL 251b24 ( TBFr. § 24 ). cen co foam ... mise ┐ tú, Metr. Dinds. iv 228.25 . ro ḟaietar in lánamain sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 820 . co ro ḟaier-sa lat ... er laimh ┐ ar leabaidh, RC xliii 22 § 21 . Fig.: limm-sa fóit na haird-ríg | is mé ... flathius Alban is Hérend, Metr. Dinds. iv 142 - 126 . a dhrúichtinnsi lear fhaoi Art whom A. espoused Gadelica i 12 § 14 . Cf. tan ro[ḟ]ois lem, a bē, ZCP vi 266 § 2 . ro[f]ois re ceathrur iar sein, § 5 .

(c) in wider sense stays, abides, sojourns: luid R. co tech a comalta ┐ fái lais .vii. mbliadna, Dinds. 5 . ni fuil slan leo co foet dechmadh [in] ala crich till they spend ten days Laws i 192.27 Comm. Fig.: na sluaig fooit i nhūir who rest in the clay (= are buried) Rawl. 122b54 ( Bruchst. i § 132 ). caine dind dem i foat, Rawl. 118b16 ( Hail Brigit 9 ; cf. Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.6 ). táncatar séd isan domhuin, | ba ferr foät better were they to remain hidden (?) ZCP viii 196 § 20 . faidhfit do scela shall be forgotten Cog. 92.10 . Cf. forcaomhnacair talamchumhscugud isind aoir faietar neoill etarbuasach uaistib din buiresc- rubertsat for alaili ZCP viii 104.13 . With acc.: cid dofuci? or A. coroḟaeem celidi latsu to stay on a visit with thee LU 1558 (= co ro anam c., IT ii2 209 § 2 ).

(d) watches through the night (Thurneysen, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 54 - 5 ): cotailsiu ... co cend teóra láa ┐ teóra n-aidchi ┐ fífatsa forsna slógaib in n-airet sin, LU 6312 = firbatsa, TBC-LL¹ 2468 . Cf. oinfer fibu (fiba, fiaba v.l.) iarum ailib feis iteir catha cuim, Ériu ii 3.9 (with gl.: oinfer nomairbhfe). fiba fess (feis v.l.) moch mairb will watch the early watch of the dead (?) ib. 6 . luid Cu Culaind ┐ fiu forfes Fer Falchae ┐ selaig firu Faal huli, ZCP viii 564.7 . fer fiu fert ar gaili gnim ib. 18 . fíibthir (fibithir v.l.) Falchae feis (fes v.l.), 565.9 . Cf. cathas ... .i. feis foite ind oig ina cathgreim co matain, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 179 (< H 3.18, 67 ). = Corm. Y 245 .

foíded

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foíded or dil.ie/22838

 

n m. (later vn. of foídid. Cf. foít ) the act of sending: do foídiudsiu im dāilse (my) having made a tryst with thee LU 10760 = do ḟaideadsu, Ériu xii 168. 26 . Isu Crist do fhoidiud on athair, PH 4905 . Lebarcham do ḟaidiud ar cend Con Culaind co Dún ṅD., LL 262a8 ( MU² 35 ). ro ḟorcongair forra ... dírim ... marcsluaigh d'faoídheadh uatha, AFM vi 1978.3 . Exceptionally departing: oc foíded dia spirut uad, LB 229b11 .

foídid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foídid or dil.ie/22840

 

Forms: foid, foidiu, foides, foedes, faides, foídit, foíte, foíd, -fuide, foídis, foidis, foidsi, foitsi, foítis[s]i, foídi, rofaidi, fuiter, foítir, foit er, foíditir, faiditir, foíté, nomfaíte, rofoíded, foíte, faoite, foite, foítea, -roitea, rofaíte, -iud, foíd-, faíd-, faed-, fóed-, fuíd-, foí, foí, fáise, foi, rofaíd, diarfóed, rofaed, fúid, rofoídestar, fáitte, fáitti, faete, fosroiti, fuithe, foíte, faítti, -e, fáitte, foíté

v ī Early forms: ipv. 2 s. foid, LU 9578 . pres. 1 s. not foidiu , TBC-I¹ 3012 (= ar-dot-faedim, TBC-LL¹ 4767 ). 3 s. rel. foides, SR 1017 . foedes (v.l. faides) Hy i 33 . 3 pl. foídit Sg. 181a2 . rel. foíte, 117a5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. no foíd , Wb. 23d1 . 3 s. -fuide, Laws ii 26.14 . pret. 3 s. foídis, Mon. Tall. § 85 . foidis, SR 1917 . 2565 . (with pron. suff.:) foidsi, foitsi, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242.14 ). (with fem. emph. pron.?) foítis[s]i ... úadi, LU 6147 . perf. 3 s. rod foídi , Wb. 7d2 . rofaidi, SR 2600. 3166 . Pass. ipv. fuiter, RC iii 344.18 . pres. s. foítir, Wb. 25a8 . foit er (rel.) 17a11 . pl. foíditir, LU 2197 . faiditir , 3457 . imperf. s. no foíté , LU 6054 . past subj. s. nomfaíte, LU 5960 ( -foite, TBC-I¹ 1493 ). pret. and perf. s. rofoíded, Wb. 23a7 . pl. foíte, LU 4482 (hence perhaps: faoite teachta .i. do cuireadh t., O'Cl.). Cf. foite dias, 1772 , where it may be s. ro foítea , Wb. 27c35 . -roitea, 5a3 . rofaíte (rel.) LU 2501 .

Vn. foít , later foíded (-iud), q.v.

In Mid. Ir. as well as foíd- (faíd-, faed-, fóed- fuíd-) a stem foí occurs: ipv. 2 s. foí, PH 1569 . Cf. fáise, Ériu viii 22 § 25 . perf. 3 s. rus foi (: -naí), LB 274b2 (= CCellaig 430 ). Usually rofaíd: SR 2177 . diarfóed, 1805 . rofaed, 7071 . 7229 . ro fúid , PH 4554 . rofoídestar, 2601 . For the pret. or hist. pres. 3 s. fáitte, TBC-LL¹ 2422 (= foídis, LU 6268 ). TBC-LL¹ 3017 (= do-bretha, TBC-I¹ 2212 ). TBC-LL¹ 6074 . fáitti, 2400 (= faoidis St). faete, Auraic. 280 , cf. Strachan, ZCP ii 485 - 6 , Ériu xiv 34.75 . Cf. fosroiti, LL 283b4 (has sent him?). fuithe, ZCP xiii 174.23 may be for foíte, pass. pret. s.

The form faítti, -e in: fáitte fessa ┐ tecta uaitsiu cot chairdib, CRR 7 (bis) seems meant for ipv. pass. Can it be verb. necess. understood as such? Possibly an imitation of LU 4482 by one who misunderstood the old form of pret. pass.

Sends (a pers. or thing): transl. Lat. mittere Wb. 23a7 . 23d1 . Ml. 34c9 . faoidh no do fhaoidh .i. do chuir, O'Cl. du foid Pátricc in carpat cu Sechnall ... foidsi S. ... cu Manchán, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). ro fuid-side indi Paladius ... do praicept do Goídelaibh, Trip. 30.12 (289) . mad fuit notfuide neach fri fothugh techta, Laws ii 26.14 . foidis Noe in colum ... | uad for in linnmuir, SR 2565 . faidhis M. ... techta ... don cathraig, Marco P. 24 . rofaidhe uadha ina cona sin for lurg ina n-óg, Anecd. ii 60z . roḟáidh a marcslógh uadh do crechadh in tíre, CCath. 176 . roḟaoídh tra an Iustis on ccampa ... cuidechta do chaptinibh ... do dhenamh creach, AFM v 1586.1 . Abs.: ma thechtai-siu nech is miscais latt, foíd co hIerusalem, ┐ ... ticfa chucat iarna sróigled, PH 6665 . otchondairc Edilfrid rofoi cuccu, Anecd. iii 72 (= in hos arma verti iubet Beda ii 2 ). faidfet-sa anoir co Cruachān, Fen. 402.12 . Impers. pass. no foíté co cach láth ngaile messages were sent LU 6054 (= no faidti cach l., TBC-I¹ 1582 ). Cf. is aire fosroiti i tossaig he was sent (i.e. died) first LL 283b4 = is air do fucadh, Lism. L. p. lx . Of sending a petition, command, etc., the message may be expressed by a verbal clause, or, in an apparently elliptical constr, by a noun: fuiter uaid cusin mB. ... co tu[d]chuid, RC iii 344.19 . fuiter cusin D. tuidecht do accallaim a maicc, 345.1 . With extension of meaning: gébas Ailech acht dréch ros-foid | ni fitir nech coich nā cia save Him that hath sent them none knoweth who shall possess A. LL 182a21 ( Arch. Hib. ii 50 ). Ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm sends away (i.e. lends?) Laws v 278.6 . nosfoidend fein (the voice) emits itself Auraic. 382 .

f.¤ a spirut (dochum nime) gives up the ghost, dies: rofoidh tra H. a spirut, LL 406b3 = TTr.² 1196 . foídis a spirut iar sin dochum nime, LB 151b52 . ro ḟaoidh a spiorad docum nimhi i nDuibhreccles C., AFM iii 8y . comhainm an laoí in ro ḟaoídh Muire a spiorat `on the anniversary of the day on which M. yielded her spirit' vi 2126.5 . tug a osnad mór os aird co rofhaoidh a spiorad dochum nimhe, BS § 86 . ro fhill [Ísu] a chend iar sin, ┐ ro fhoíd a spirut, PH 2900 .

Gramm.: ni in `gi' foídit a sechmadachte (e.g. negligo neglexi) Sg. 181a2 . Cf. bá in `-is' ba téchte tobarthid do thecht a nominibus foíte genitin in `-rum' that make the genitive in -rum Sg. 117a5 . In the latter instance the meaning seems to be throws off, develops .

Occas. used in wider senses of fo-ceird: faítsetar ... étgud Ailella ... immon corthe put TBC-LL¹ 4440 = do cuiretar St. don tenid in ro faíte na tri meic oc Nabcodon, LU 2501 ( RC xxv 234 ). faidhit dín claraigh uasa mbarcuibh they set a covering of planks over their barques Marco P. 145 . foidisium oc slechtanaib for carraic betook himself to RC x 80.14 . fuidis ... Guaire essomuin friu, ACL iii 3.8 (cf. fearus E. esemain fris, ZCP v 523 ).

foít

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foít or dil.ie/23021

 

Forms: foítteo

(vn. of foídid, for *foídiuth, Thurn., GOI § 110 ; Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 325 . Bergin, Ériu x 193 , suggests a back formation from g s. *foítteo Cf. foíded) the act of sending: ar f.¤ for techtairechta to send us on missions Wb. 15a15 . d s. ond f.¤ (gl. missione) Ml. 34a6 . mad fuit notfuide neach fri fothugh techta `if another person sends one upon lawful entertainment' Laws ii 26.14 . Cf. 4 fuit.

1 for

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 for or dil.ie/23272
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: for, far, bar, fuir, AR, FOR, AR, forsa, fora, fara, forsin[d], forsa, forsna, farsin, barsin, barsan, forin[d], forna, fornaib, forsn, forin, forna, formu, form, fort, fort, bard, fora, forar, forar, f., forar, f., form, fórm, formsa, fórmsa, forom, foromm, forumsa, foromsa, forum, ḟorum, orum, orum, orumsa, formm, ormm, fort, ort, fortsu, foir, fair, ḟair, foirsom, foirsem, fairseom, fairsem, foir, for, foir, fair, ḟair, ḟairside, faride, forrae, furri, ḟurthi, uirre, fuiri, furi, fuiri, furri, fuirri, fora, forra, fuirri, fuirre, uirre, fornn, fornd, ornn, fornni, forunni, forni, forund, forond, foirn, foirnn, foirnd, oirn, oirnd, foraindi, foraind, forainde, oraind, orainne, forn, forinn, orainde, foirib, forib, fuirib, furib, fuiribsi, furibsi, foraib, foraibh, foraibse, foirb, foirbsi, oraib, forru, forrusom, forro, forra, orru, forthu, fortho, forta, forib, foraib, forib, foraib, forroib, forru, forthu, foraib, for, ar, fair, air, AR, FOR, orat, orad, airiut, erut, AR, AR, f.

prep. with acc. and dat. See Thurn., Gr., and Fraser, ZCP viii 34 ff . Lenition of the obj. occurs once in the Glosses: for chenn, Ml. 44d29 , possibly a scribal error. Even in the modern period non-lenition is regular in some expressions after AR representing FOR, cf. the alliterations: feall ar filidh IGT, 24 P 8, 190.5 ; nā bí ar filidh go fortuil ib. (= Studies 1924, 245 ).

Forms: for (in Mid. Ir. MSS usually denoted by f surmounted by horizontal stroke) Glosses, pass. and later; occasionally far: Wb. 5b3 . Ml. 82d10 . Sg. 90b1 , 2 . Thes. ii 39.28 , 29 . TBC-LL¹ 3782 . LL 176a7 ( CRR 34 ), LL 268b20 ( MU² 860 ). bar, LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ). TBC-LL¹ 2820 . 3613 , etc. fuir, Thes. ii 39.22 .

In later MSS. gradually replaced by AR. This appears occasionally in LU, more frequently in LL. In Maund. FOR still appears though AR is commoner.

With rel. part. forsa n-, fora n-: fara n-: forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 . forsa robae, Ml. 82d10 . forsa n-airisedar, Sg. 139b1 . forsmbeth, SR 1364 . forstā, 1839 . forsnaicci, Imr. Brain § 38 . forsmbí, § 43 . forsmbīd, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.2 . fora sernte Wb. 18c8 . fora taibre, 29a23 . fora n-idparar, 5b6 . fora mboí, Tur. 60 . fora ṁbi, Thes. ii 41.27 . forá mbí ib. 17 . fora mbiat, LU 2639 . fora taí, SR 3096 . farsa n-immér TBC-LL¹ 5961 . barsa mbatar, 3738 . fara mbí, Thes. ii 40.32 .

See Strachan, ZCP iv 63 ; 488 - 9 .

With article: forsin[d], forsa (n-), forsna, etc., Wb. 1d2 , 9d5 , 32d2 ; Ml. 22c12 , 46c3 , 48a21 , 84d4 ; Sg. 8a13 , 207a6 ; LU pass. farsin, Trip.² 1948 , barsin, TBC-LL¹ 4553 . barsan 3387 . Without -s-: forin[d], Ml. 60b14 , 94b11 , 120d7 . forna Ml. 51d19 . 69a11 . 138a6 . fornaib, Wb. 5a5 . Ml. 27d22 . See Strachan l.c.

Rarely with elision in sg., as in: forsn uscisin, SR 4632 .

In Mid. Ir. MSS. maintenance of -s- is the rule, though it is occasionally dropped by some scribes, e.g. forin, PH 3594 . forna, LU 2552 (H). CCath. 2574 . Marco P. 64 .

With poss. pron. 1 s. formu naimtea, Ml. 86c10 . for mo namtea, 88a8 . for mu mud, Thes. ii 294 . for mo menmuin ZCP x 338 ( Laud 615, 104 ). for mo thir ┐ for mo thalam YBL 113b47 (= form ... form, LL 270b46 . for mo chuit ..., Rawl. 134a4 ). form ḟuil, SR 1542 . form thigerna, 3188 . form laim ┐ form gail, LL 121a12 . See KZ xlviii 55 . 2 s. fort athair, Trip.² 1759 (= fort ha., Trip. 150 ). fort cheniul, Trip.² 1760 . bard, TBC-LL¹ 3230 . 3 s. and pl. fora. 1 pl. forar ndail, SR 3633 forar morsluag, 3974 . (cf. fer ruc breith for fis ... | for ndís bámar i cumriuch, SR 3286 , where f. is possibly a contraction of forar). 2 pl. f.¤ far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. form, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 2a6 . 59a18 . 104d2 . SR 1584 . fórm, LU 5669 . formsa, LL 224a28 ( TTr. 513 ). fórmsa, LU 4507 . forom, SR 1404 . foromm, TBC-LL¹ 3752 . forumsa, Ml. 44b29 . 89a2 . TBC-LL¹ 3750 . LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 ). foromsa, LL 223by ( TTr. 488 ). forum, Acall. 3357 . ḟorum, LL 234a13 ( TTr. 1261 = orum, BB 426a47 ). orum, Acall. 304c . 6994 . orumsa, 7696 . formm, LB 8a52 . ormm, LB 246b55 ( PH 7807 ).

2 s. fort, Wb. 6a14 . 28d9 . SR 6258 . LU 4789 . 6252 . ort LU 6097 . fortsu, Ml. 113d11 . LU 6593 .

3 s., m. n., acc. foir, Wb. 4d15 . 28b30 . Tur. 85 . 110c0 . Ml. 2a6 . 41a5 . 53a19 . 54c16 . Sg. 209b12 . fair, Wb. 7c4 . LU 6299 . LL 227b30 ( TTr. 777 ). ḟair, LL 220b ( TTr. 262 ). PH. CCath. pass. foirsom, Wb. 8c1 . foirsem, Sg. 209b12 . fairseom, LU 6239 . fairsem, CCath. 1803 .

dat. foir, Wb. 6d6 . 10b9 . Tur. 123 . for (older form, GOI 275 ) LL 49b19 ( Hail Brigit § 4 ). YBL 12a10 (cf. foir Ériu ii 55 § 3 = i 138 where rime with tol is required). fair LU 2051. 7554 . LL 98a34 . 99a40 . Acall. 89 . ḟair, LL 224b5 ( TTr. 533 ). ḟairside, LL 235b13 ( TTr. 375 ). cf. faride TBC-LL¹ 5173 .

cf. acc. forrae, Tur. 79 . furri, Acall. 6437 . furri, LL 224b39 ( TTr. 556 ). ḟurthi, LL 230a41 ( TTr. 968 ). uirre, Acall. 1253 .

dat. fuiri, Wb. 3d34 . Sg. 4b9 . Ml. 95b6 . furi, 45c9 . 118d6 . fuiri sidi, Sg. 199a5 . furri, LU 3918. 4512 . 7993 . LL 218a32 ; 221b19 ( TTr. 90 ; 323 ). LL 66a39 . LB 7a40 . fuirri, LU 4517 , SR 3108 . Marco P. 10 . fora (v.l. forra, fuirri), Imr. Brain § 3 . fuirre, Marco P. 12 . uirre, CCath. 1947 .

1 pl. fornn, Wb. 2a13 . 8d18 . 30b2 . Ml. 46b26 . 119d6 . fornd LU 3254 . 5220 . 6780 . 9244 . ornn, PH 6865 . fornni, Wb. 14b15 . Ml. 77c6 . 88a4 . 90d17 . forunni, 111c13 . forni, LU 1674. 8554 . forund, TBC-LL¹ 2974 . forond, LU 8620 . foirn, TBC-LL¹ 617 . PH 2060 . 7848 . foirnn, 1502 . foirnd, CCath. 648 . oirn, PH 6863 . oirnd, 8063 . CCath. 652 . foraindi, TBC-I¹ 3578 . LB 162a62 . foraind, Acall. 4867. 6165 . forainde, LB 34b56 . 162a53 . oraind, Acall. 2996 . CCath. 1679 . orainne (v.l. forn. forinn) 1659 . orainde, Acall. 5074. 7655 .

2 pl. foirib, Wb. 14c40 . 21d5 . Ml. 46a14 . forib, Wb. 6a17 ( ZCP xvii 223 ), 27c11 . fuirib, 14d17 . 20b2 . furib, Ml. 115b8 . fuiribsi, Wb. 7a4 . furibsi, 18a18 . foraib, Trip.² 1589 . LU 7233. 7755 . LL 239a15 . CCath. 3569 . foraibh, 610 . foraibse, TTr.² 119 . foirb, SR 5534 . Trip.² 1651 . foirbsi, SR 3116 . oraib, Acall. 7539 , YBL 376b42 ( Aithd. D. p. 158 ).

3 pl. acc. forru, Wb. 1d3 . 10c5 . 28c3 . Ml. 53d13 . 73b17 . 127b6 . LU 4784 . 5309 . LL 66b10 . 241b88 ( TTr. 1859 ). CCath. 3738 (Fr.). ḟorru, LL 223d27 ; 242b2 ( TTr. 438 ; 1908 ). forrusom, Wb. 9c10 . forro, LU 5796 (M). 5836 (H). Acall. 5317 . 7117 . CCath. 1237 (S) (in dat. meaning Acall. 2458 . 3501 . 3745 . LL 223b21 ). forra, CCath. 1640 (H). 3754 (Fr.). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). orra, CCath. 1237 . 1488 . orru, Acall. 3299 . forthu, SR 3942 . fortho, LU 2556 (H). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). fortu, forta, 1488 (v.l.).

dat. forib, Wb. 4d2 . 29b20 . foraib, Ml. 121a5 .

dat. for acc. forib, Wb. 28c4 . foraib, 4c35 . Ml. 49b6 . 54a4 . 54b30 . 90a25 . 118d19 . forroib, LU .5608 .

Cf. fortus.

In Mid.Ir. MSS forru (forro, forthu, etc.) and foraib are often found without distinction of case. In the Laud-Lismore text of Acall. pretonic for is very rare; it is regularly replaced by ar. But with suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. fair is predominant; there are very few instances of air. In the other pronominal forms those with and without f- seem to share the field equally.

In classical verse the pretonic form is AR, but the pronominal forms are regularly those of FOR without f. an exception is orat, orad (beside ort). Cf. O. Ir. airiut, erut from AR. See 24 P 8 (McKenna, Tracts).

Synopsis of meanings:

I Of local relations:

(a) on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ) also of mere external contact or position.

(b) of approximate position juxtaposition. on, at, by .

(c) in sense upheld, supported by; being worn or carried by .

(d) after verbs of placing, hoisting, over, up .

(e) of things attached to or forming part of the body, etc.

(f) in, amongst; forming a portion of .

(g) with acc. after verb or verbal noun implying motion on, over, to, towards .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, etc.

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification, naming .

(c) of point of time; coincidence of occurrence .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.).

(e) with words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. , indicating the possessor of these.

(f) over, of rule, sway, superior might .

(g) upon, in addition to; in succession to, after .

(h) on i.e. affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions).

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.

(j) (existing) on, by means of (a food, diet); relying on; depending on .

(k) with abstr. or verbal noun, also with adj. in (a state or condition).

(l) at (an occupation or task).

(m) to express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action.

(n) expressing constraint, compulsion: ata f.¤ is incumbent on; owing from (see 1 fíach).

(o) expressing worth, value .

(p) phrases.

(q) after adj.

III In verbal construction.

IV Replacing AR.

I Of local relations: on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ); also of mere external contact or position.

(a) on, over, above: buith f.¤ ochtrach, Ml. 129c2 . a mbís f.¤ altoir ind idil, Wb. 10a6 . ind altóir fora n-idparar, 5b6 . cen chaille f.¤ a ciunn (gl. non uelato capite) Wb. 11c9 . den chamull fora mbói, Tur. 60 . Conall ... forsin Deirg mounted on LL 122a34 . bretha ind óic ... f.¤ fúataib immach were carried out on biers LU 1595 . contuletsom f.¤ a ndergodaib 1829 . suidfid ... f.¤ a chathair, 2319 . luid ... co raba f.¤ a úaitni, 1723 . is fota a chubat f.¤ lár his measurement is long (when he is stretched) on the ground 1605 . fochartatar grith imme co mbátar f.¤ lár in tige, 7560 ( BDD 109 ). See also s.v. lár. Often = in: co mboí f.¤ medon ind lis, LU 1608 . cach óen creitfes ... f.¤ nim ní bá tróg, LU 9495 . cid f.¤ tír cid f.¤ usci cid f.¤ fidchill cotrisam whether it be on land or on water we contend, or over a chessboard 1674 . dia ḟagbáil i fid no i fidbaid, f.¤ tír no usci, LL 220ax ( TTr. 237 = ar muir na ar tir, BB 414a37 ). co forcongrad lais ... | na beth f.¤ crích n Israhél, SR 6216 (cf. atat cinedhaigh ar an fásach sin dianad ainm B., Maund. 49 ). co ra churet cath forsinn [ḟ]aithchi sin co torsed fuil formna fer furri, LL 221b18 ( TTr. 323 ). Cf. coro airet ... lá n-air ar inn [ḟ]aigthisea, LL 221b15 ( TTr. 320 = ... isin f.¤ , BB 415a23 ). atchiu fer ... for sin maig, LU 4564 . cid fó cid for ... beme whether we be above or beneath YBL 12a10 . in fú talam no f.¤ talam?, Trip.² 1118 . iarna bádhadh forsan abhainn `after she had been drowned in the river' Cóir Anm. 255 . ind uisci f.¤ ind nim anúas (gl. super caelum) Ml. 120d7 . domarfás and ... mothur ... ḟairside anúas, LL 235b14 ( TTr. 1375 ). cíid f.¤ in mac weeps over the child ZCP viii 311.14 . ro chí f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 115 . No chanta ór fírindi fair used to be chanted over him BDD 11 . banchuiri f.¤ colaind Fraích, LU 5236 . a fuini f.¤ grís to bake it on the embers SR 3903 . a scéith f.¤ a cennaib dia sáerad, LU 5888 . f.¤ bith, f.¤ domun, f.¤ talmain, freq. in sense above ground, anywhere on earth, in existence: in dia as dech f.¤ bith buan, SR 3973 . in t-én as luaithiu luamain f.¤ bith, LU 2477 (cf. ní boí isin bith ..., 3377 ). cenco beind acht óenlá f.¤ domun alive 5060 . ni raibi forsin domun ingen bid chaime ..., YBL 189b3 ( RC xxiv 198 ). (cf. ni fuil ní ar doman ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . ni fuighbither ... ar bith ná ar doman, CCath. 262 ). cech mil beo baí f.¤ talmain, SR 1930 . See also s.v. fot, 2 fúait, 2 ed.

Of wounds, bruises, etc. cned f.¤ corp, Laws ii 156.20 . facbait .l. cned fairseom, LU 4967 . co lín crechta f.¤ a chnis 4547 .

(b) Of approximate position, juxtaposition, on, at, by: ... file cuimrecha formsa, Wb. 23a5 . ata árchú lemsa ..., tri slabrada fair, LU 5001 . buithe f.¤ dese Dé on God's right hand Ml. 128a3 . ani f.¤ laim deis `that on the right hand' [side] Thes. ii 255.8 . Fergus ... f.¤ láim Ailello isin phupull ... M. f.¤ a láim aili do Alill, LU 4619 . Cf. O. ar a láim clí, ┐ M. f.¤ a láimsein, ┐ E. ara láimhsein, Acall. 2256 . (but: bachla f.¤ láim, SR 3915 corresponds to tenentes baculos in manibus Exodus xii 11 . See lám). dún ..., dorus umaide fair, LU 1793 . batar ... da dorus forsin uaim, PH 6316 . dorus ... as nesu ille is fair ro sudiged M., LU 2084 . ra sudigit ... secht ṅdorais furri, LL 227a ( TTr. 737 ). conéracht Glaiss C. fríu ... féotár fuirri (.i. f.¤ a bru), LU 5363 . cath f.¤ brú Derguist, 224 . f.¤ brú puirt G., LL 219b marg. inf. ( TTr. 142 ). f.¤ a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . form dreich sea facing me LU 3892 (see 1 drech). dofessid f.¤ gualaind C. seated himself beside C. 8076 (but in 5293 , 5294 , 5295 the literal meaning `on the shoulder' is probably intended). See 1 gúala. sléchtaid ... f.¤ díb traigthib ind noeb, Ériu ii 204.9 . Cf. is ar bordaibh cuirid iat they put them (sitting) at tables Maund. 39 . fon domun f.¤ cech leth (gl. longe lateque) Ml. 53b9 . tho ḟolt scailti ... f.¤ cach n-óenleth, SR 1602 . biait ar mná ... f.¤ bróntib at the querns (i.e. grinding corn, cf. II l) LU 5610 . nírb áelid dóib ar buí in slúag forro for cech leth, LU 1441 .

Cf. the fig. expressions: f.¤ belib (gl. in caritate non ficta) Wb. 15a37 . f.¤ bréthir (oppd. to in corde) 15d5 . indí forsa n-airisedar in gním (gl. in quem fit actus) Sg. 139b1 . is mithig forchenn fair, Ml. 118b6 .

Of pregnancy: in tan robtar lán a n-noí mís f.¤ Cormac when she had carried C. for nine months ZCP viii 310.31 . Cf. ba torrach f.¤ C. ib. 29 . See torrach. Possibly this use belongs rather to II.

(c) Freq. in sense upheld, supported by, also being worn (esp. of weapons, ornaments; IMM is regularly used of clothes) or carried by: Crist co crunn a cruche foir fesin (i.e. carrying it) Tur. 123 . acht robed arma Dae foirib, Wb. 22d15 . gaibid armma Dae foirib, 22d11 . día mbeth gaisced foraib if they carried arms LU 7296 ( BDD 94 ). fotalsceith foraib, LU 4491 . sciath f.¤ a chliu, LL 241b34 ( TTr. 1856 ). scíath ... f.¤ a muin, LU 10664 . claideb f.¤ a ṡliastaib, 9269 . claideb ...f.¤ a chris, 6561 . dulend f.¤ a bruinnib, 9267 . ticfat da dam ... ┐ tabraidsi in carpat foraib (= harness them to it) 3124 . ro inled a carpatt forna echu, Trip.² 2852 . ro loisc ... in cherdcha forro `set fire to the forge in which they were' (cf. II (m)) RC xxiv 194 ( YBL 188b ). f.¤ óenchoiss (standing) on one leg LU 6983 . atchiat insi ... f.¤ óenchois on a single pillar LU 1936 (cf. II j, 2).

(d) after vb. of placing, hoisting, over, up: focress a phupall f.¤ Ailill, LU 4618 . Claitir in fert fair, ZCP viii 560.33 . tuargabsat T. idnaid catha forru, LL 225a37 ( TTr. 552 ). toccbaid for mergedha foraibh, CCath. 610 . ro toccbait a fainbreiti siuil forta, 2870 . ra tocbait a eoin gaithi ... ḟurri `its vanes were uplifted' (of a ship) TTr. 140 ( LL 219a8 ). (fig.) tuárgabad fornn aire fochide, Wb. 14b22 .

Cf. la turcbail a mátan fair, LU 6560 , where the prep. evidently refers to the performer of the action. Similarly: tócbaid in derba fair ┐ dobeir bulli in [sic] cend na mná 4357 .

(e) Of things attached to, or forming part of a body, etc., as, parts of weapons; hair, limbs; leaves of trees, etc.: manais f.¤ crúnd midsing, LU 4491 . folt buidi furri 4512 . mong ... fair, 10795 . in folt ... ro asair furri 4231 . tri cruindberrtha foraib, 7139 . ni lugu bís finn fo a dernaind oldās fuirri anúas (of a hare), Bodl. Corm. s.v. pattu. a chend féin f.¤ ind ir út, LU 460 . cēt muinēl furri ┐ cét cend f.¤ cach muineol, 2430 . cét bass ... cét n-ingen f.¤ cach oenbaiss, 888 . .l. torc ... co cruib eich foraib = having the hooves of a horse Ériu xii 176.9 ( TE III 9 ). rethi co n-olaind ordai fair, LL 218a36 ( TTr. 93 ). lia nat luibi f.¤ maigaib, SR 935 . nach crann fors mbeth duilirath, 1364 . ásfaid ind oland forsnaib cairib, LL 291b26 ( RC xiii 462 . Cf. olann ... mar bis ar caerchaib ..., Maund. 181 ). di lus bís forsnaib caircib, Tur. 115 . lir ... fér f.¤ faichthi, LU 7233 ( BDD 89 ). lir ... dulli f.¤ fidbaid, LL 120b33 . Cf. dorigni cúach cera da gnúis ┐ da agid fair, LU 6453 . brisfed mo chend formsa, 5275 . co mmebaid a chend fair, 5300 where the prep. apparently imparts precision or emphasis, but cf. II (m). co tarla a di bond bána fair (= he became a corpse) LU 1497 ( MU² 987 ). a mbuind banai forra iarna trascrad RC xii 90 (see 1 bonn). Cf. techtaid delba ... fair, LU 2701 , cited II (a) below.

(f) In, amongst; forming a part of, mixed with: Colman diata Clann Colmáin f.¤ Feraib Li (i.e. belonging to F.L.) ZCP viii 293.31 (= a quo Cl.C. hi F.L., Rawl. 140a18 ). Mail D. a quo sil M.D. f.¤ Huib Echdach, Rawl. 140a21 = ZCP viii 294.4 . bátar Cristaidi forna cathaib sin diblínaib in both those battalions Marco P. 64 .

(g) With acc. After verb or vn. implying motion on, to, towards: intí do thuit foir, Wb. 4d15 . for a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . dosfuit f.¤ lar, SR 1719 . techt f.¤ nem, Wb. 15c22 . lotair f.¤ muir, LU 1697 . amal no théigtis suas forin drochet, 1794 . dofutitis écne ... anúas f.¤ talmain, 1916 . berthair uaimse f.¤ altóir A., 1932 . ro díbairgsi certli forsin luiṅg, LL 221b46 ( TTr. 344 ). ní cían ro saig mu suil forsa muir not far doth mine eye reach over the sea Trip.² 1312 (114) . na taít f.¤ culu, Wb. 25c14 . in grían do thecht ... f.¤ culu, Ml. 61a13 (see cúl). cingid ... di cach biur f.¤ araili, LU 5733 . téit ara chend forsin taulaig, 5759 . saidsíus f.¤ medón na glassi, 4797 . timachtatár taris ... la crand f.¤ scíathu by (beating) shafts against shields 5828 . do theged fian ... do seilg fairsium, 6138 . benaim beimend ... f.¤ slóg, 6171 . Cf. nicon tetarraid béim ... fair, 5977 . ní lamar fuligud forrosom, 4960 . Also fig.: léim ... dind tinchosc ... f.¤ aisndiis di thuiste dúile, Wb. 5c16 . ni tāinig cride neich fair no one had pity on him RC xxiv 48 (see do-icc).

In late MSS. the dat. pl. is common here: guro tuitseat f.¤ fanglenntaibh na tiri, CCath. 866 .

Across, by way of: nachab ticfed for rí ... do imthecht foirib a doirsea, Ml. 46a14 . f.¤ sligi M. dochoidsi, LU 5788 . issed dollotar ... .i. f.¤ Muicc C. ... f.¤ Crond, hi Cualngi across Muicc C. ... across Crond, into Cualnge 4593 - 4608 . tiat A. ... f.¤ Midlúachrae. ragmaine ┐ F. f.¤ Bernas nU., 5396 . comergit ... ara ammus, araill dib f.¤ less, araill f.¤ doras liss 5017 . fócoislé f.¤ forlés in tige, 10910 (cf. con-acca in n-én forsin forléss a ddochum, BDD 7 ). co tánic a inchind f.¤ a chlúasa, LU 5286 . co ndeochaid f.¤ a béolo sair, 6026 . docoised ferchend fora beolu, 5919 . maidid a loim fola f.¤ a beolu LL 273az .

See also under the verbs of motion referred to in III below, and such words as leth, 1 lorg, 1 selg, slicht, etc.

In follg. ex. the meaning is not clear: ro túaslaicthe f.¤ aicned na ndūl dia ndernta, LU 2518 (`according to the nature' Stokes, RC xxv 237 ). Cf. ro tuaislaiced fo aicned na ndula `was resolved into the original nature of the elements' PH 6980 .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, flavour: delb a bais som form, Wb. 24a8 . delb anmandae foraib, Ml. 130a3 . ecosc n-abstal forib, Wb. 24a25 . condarbastar gné fírinne fuiri Ml. 95b6 (cf. delb domárfas fair, LU 4576 ). atá comarde fuirib, Wb. 21a5 . (Cf. the lit.: bíth comardae f.¤ a mbudin LU 5540 ). techtaid delba ┐ gnei écsamla fair, LU 2701 , cf. I (e), end. is follus ... gné mbróin fairseom, 2279 . datha na flesc ... hed nobid forsna huanaib, SR 2964 . na treoit ┐ dath óir f.¤ a n-alaind, LL 218a45 ( TTr. 99 ). sruth ... co rath somailse foir, Ml. 89d3 . bieid rath somailse f.¤ a belru 89c15 . secip blas bá mellach ... fogebed fair, LU 1788 . tintud Septin ... is he fil forna psalmaib (= the psalms are translated from the Septuagint version) Hib. Min. 10.334 .

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification; naming: inna imthanad .i. fele [ = file] forsnaib ráthib, Ml. 93c7 . ataat .uii. ngne forsin chombug `the confraction is of seven kinds' Thes. ii 254.7 . oengles foraib huile, SR 92 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, Hib. Min. 3.63 . atat cetri gnuse forsin canoin ib. 78 . cis lir rann fil f.¤ crū? Ériu i 214.12 . atat tri altai leusom f.¤ ind gabail (of singing the Canticles), Mon. Tall. § 33 (= atad dá mhodh ara n-abairthear íad, Rule of Tallaght 102 ). cia ord bias forru, LU 2575 . is diall femin file fair it is of the feminine declension Sg. 93b2 . doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt, LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ; `formed themselves into a solid phalanx' SGS v 30 ). daringsetar comraind slúaig forru, LL 224b30 ( TTr. 550 ). ni rabi cumsanad forsin chathugud sin ... the fighting did not cease LL 242a3 ( TTr. 1873 ). conach bui nach tairisimh f.¤ a n-urcoraib occo, CCath. 5660 . ro tṡeindestar C. a timpan ┐ tuc nuallorgan sidhe fuirri, Acall. 4620 . ro dercsat na moli ... for fogluasacht, ┐ ni facadar seoladh no iomramh fortó they saw the ... masses in movement yet they did not see them being sailed or rowed CCath. 2655 . Of names: nipa far n-ainmsi bias forib, Wb. 4d2 . da n-ainm fuirri, ZCP viii 106 § 5 . roboí ... oc iarraid a anma do bith forsin cnuc, LU 3150 . combad de sin nobeth Almu furri 3145 . Mane f.¤ cach fir díb ┐ forainm f.¤ cach Mani, 6847 . a ainm do bith forsin luing ┐ f.¤ a fairind, LL 219a30 ( TTr. 158 ). atá Dún tri liacc d'ainm fair, Acall. 1178 . See also s.v. for-tá.

(c) Of point of time; coincidence of occurrence: fēli ... do curither for dardain no mairt, Rule of Céli D. 9 ( LB 9b ). do toscelad aiss aesci far caisc `to ascertain the moon's age on Easter' Thes. ii 39.24 ; 27 . cid lae sechtmaine fora mbí Kl. Ian., Thes. ii 41.17 . calainn Enair for dardaín, ZCP viii 111.6 . Ann. Conn. 1226 , etc. Kl. enair for Domnuch ┐ xuiii furri New Year's day on a Sunday and the 18th of the moon on it [lit. her, calann, f.] Ann. Inisf. 43c (1206) = ALC i 234 . in la forsmbi bisex, Fél. 78.11 . ind naob asa feil bís for ind láo, Mon. Tall. § 8 (= sa feil do biodh ar an la sin, Rule of Tallaght 42 ). for cach ló every day CCath. 358 .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.): rēil f.¤ a mbrēthir ōn a n-andach imme ro[r]daisset `is clear from their word' Ml. 90d16 . is reil fornn ... condrancamar fria morolcc, SR 1347 . follus f.¤ th'erlabra fén do pheccad, PH 5169 . ni ro airigsium fort ... .i. f.¤ do gnímrad ... ailcius dula dochúm nime ocut, 8213 . is follus f.¤ suidhichthibh na Roma conad docra ... congbail in cadusa ina fogbail in ratha, CCath. 803 . Cf. ba follus a n-anádh [sic leg.] fein f.¤ na Romanchaib the ill-luck of the Romans was manifest 810 (cf. e). Cf. ba mor in galur di, dael oca diul ... ni fitir nech sin furri, Fél. 44.1 (possibly = she showed no sign of it, though also it might = no one knew she was so afflicted). Cf. also: ni fitir nech dib f.¤ araile a n-imchossait do B., LU 8251 . Cf. (m) last cit., and see 1 ráthaigid.

(e) With words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. indicating the possessor of these: is foraib bíaid búaid in tslóig, LU 4631 (`it is to their credit the victory of the hosts will be' Faraday, Cattleraid of C.). ní fair bías a nós nách a allud nach a irdarcus acht is fortso, LU 6376 (cf. is oraibsi bias a nós ┐ a allud ┐ a urdarcus, Acall. 3575 Fr; R). itát tri búada formsa .i. búaid roisc, etc. I have three talents, i.e. the talent of sight, etc. LU 4791 . rath fortsu ... ina lōg sin, 3114 . bátár teóra búada aradnachta forin n-araid in lá sin, 6407 (cf. buaid lamaig ort!, Acall. 4809 ). ba ferr leo a mudhughudh innas a somain f.¤ a naimdib `they preferred to destroy them than to benefit their enemies there with' CCath. 2484 . Cf. ni fil do chonāch formsa in fer sin im fiednaisi, 3576 (testem hunc fortuna negavit Luc. Phars. vi 159 ).

(f) over (of rule, sway; superior might): a cumacte f.¤ a mogaib, Wb. 27c16 . mu chumachtae forna doini, Ml. 56b2 . bit flathi f.¤ cāch, 85b2 . a cumachta f.¤ dúlib, LL 218b6 ( TTr. 106 ). doratsat rīgi ... | do Dauid ... | f.¤ túathaib, SR 6620 . i n-aimsir Cinaeda ... f.¤ Albain, 2350 . Temair ... cen rechtgi ríg furri, LU 3440 . mairg forsa mbía do thigernu demon, 2225 . ro gab tra nert Saxan f.¤ Bretnu ... ┐ rogab O. rige forru, 277 . bui rí amra f.¤ Érinn, BDD 1 . bai rí f.¤ Ultaib, YBL 114b6 . co raghbhaitis oénrig forru, TTr.² 1339 . (cf. rí ar gach tír, Maund. 243 . Eogan mac M. ... ar tsil nA., 6 . Magidoin ... is uirri sin da bí Alaxander na ríg 21 ). tussu ... do giallud forni, LU 1674 . ropada[t] trēn f.¤ ōcaib, 6720 . ni fríth fornert nacha fini foraib cosindiu `never until to-day did any tribe oppress you' TTr. 1645 ( LL 239a13 ).

(g) upon, in addition to (see do-formaig): fair anuas in addition to it Cáin Ad. 25 . cach ae f.¤ alaill (gl. cumularentur) Ml. 96b4 . cumal f.¤ a secht eight cumals Laws iv 330.8 ( Críth G. 464 ). óen f.¤ trí secht twenty-two Metr. Dinds. iii 98 . sé scripuil f.¤ unga an ounce and six scruples Cáin Ad. 44 . mis f.¤ bliadain a year and a month ACL iii 3.9 . ro marbhadh fer f.¤ a deich diobh, BNnÉ 107 § 25 . fer f.¤ leth Connacht `more than half the C.' Cóir Anm. 251 (cf. treab ar leth Alpan, IT ii2 123.32 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 ). tercda arro tuilled da forsin focul cert where `da' has been added to the right word LU 462 ( ACC 2 Comm. ). dobeir Dia traig cacha bliadna f.¤ a lethet adds a foot to its width LU 1843 . ind forcraid fil f.¤ aicniud what exceeds nature 2559 . a nduesta día aīs som co ndigsed f.¤ áes a maicc, Trip.² 1268 . Cf. da beind f.¤ tri fichtib rend, LU 1271 (`Two antlers with three score points' Imr. Brain ii 297 ).

forib nó sech na huili predicta (gl. super omnia autem haec) Colloss. iii 14 ) Wb. 27b20 .

From this use arises the sense in succession to, after , the development is plain in the earlier exx. quoted below: du fuairthed ní leu f.¤ a sāith din main = some of the manna used to remain over when they had had their fill Ml. 97d10 . a canar ... for sen `what is chanted ... thereafter' Thes. ii 253.14 (Stowe Miss.). loim f.¤ sāith, LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). cleirech ... lasmbí ní f.¤ a leortu who has more than suffices him Ériu vii 156 § 10 . doformagar a dligid ... forsanní doruirmisem over and above what we have enumerated Ériu i 220 § 15 . in biat forsa canar immon Muiri `the Beati after which the Hymn to Mary is sung' Mon. Tall. § 30 (corresp. to: don bhiaid le n-abradh I.M., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). ind bi[a]t forsa ndene ind crosfigild `the Beati after which he performs the cross-vigil' ib. (corresp. to: le ndeunamh an chr., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). canair magnificat furri ib. (= Cantar M. uirre, Rule of Tallaght 90 ). cétbliada[i]n f.¤ bisex ... bliada[i]n tanaiste f.¤ bisex the first year following leap-year ... the second year ... RC xviii 296 - 300 . cf. it bliadni fuir bissext, Thes. ii 39.22 (cf. Ann. Inisf. 1101 ). ind ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad ZCP viii 175z . forsind ochtmugait bliadnae són `over the eighty years' (gl. supra uotum uiuendi) Ml. 111b22 .

In the follg. exx. we have a slightly different development of meaning; in addition to, along with: oc ool usci ... do dig forsna glasluibib, SR 1894 = ... fér in talman do chaithem ... ┐ usce do dhig fair, LB 113a26 (cf. superbibere). Cf. further: o duillib in crainn sin d'ól ar uisque , Maund. 160 .

(h)

(1) on, i.e., affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions, joy, sorrow, fear, anxiety, sickness, pain, hunger, etc.; see also under words expressive of these): comadas lobre et immomon forsin mug, Wb. 8b1 . ni bi nach dethiden foir, 10b9 . ata dethiden fuiri cene, 3d34 . sním fora menmain, Ml. 89b7 . is e for snimsa fil formsa `it is care for you that I feel' CCath. 5148 . dond imniud roboí forsin popul, Ml. 103b9 . ni baí imneth foraib, LU 5832 . nicon robae ni form acht failte, Ml. 104d2 . biith galar ... fortsu, Wb. 29a26 (cf. mina roibh cosachtach air, Rosa Angl. 288.10 ). cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn, Wb. 14d13 . boí toirrsi f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 156 (cf. ni do thabirt toirse fuiribsi anísiu, Wb. 14a14 ). atā ēcen mōr fornd, LU 1562 . in machdad ... roboí forsnaib doirsib, Ml. 46a19 . in cóe ... boí f.¤ sluagaib I., SR 5806 . intí forsa mbeith ítu mór, Mon. Tall. § 48 (= damadh mor an ita do bhiadh ar neach, Rule of Tallaght § 98 ). bo geis don filidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . Cf. i n-ítaid, i ngalur, etc. LU 2350 - 51 . cen ainbthini foraib (gl. fluctus ... in stationes suas rediunt) Ml. 121a5 .

With adjectives: arnap trom fuirib for n-oínur Wb. 14d17 . trummu foraib som imram ... quam techt ..., Ml. 126a4 . ní réid fort you do not find it easy LU 4789 (cf. ro étrummaigset doíri forna cenela, Ml. 113c8 ). ni ba mór forumsa sain, LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 = BB 426b42 ). ni mó formsa ... cid fiala a flaithe, ACL iii 296.38 . See also s.v. bec (beg). Some exx. with 1 esbaid, esbud may be mentioned here although in O.Ir. it takes 1 ar of person deprived : na raib form esbaid, SR 1584 . cen essbaid nacha maithiusa foraib, LU 2042 ( FA 12 ).

(2) of purpose, attention: scríbend menmman .i. robboí f.¤ a inndṡliucht som `it had been in his mind' Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent Ériu vi 115 . Cf. nicon fil f.¤ menmain damsa sin, Ériu viii 156.22 .

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.: mallacht ... for a n-apaid, LU 2436 . mallacht fort beolu, LL 272b2 . dígal ... forru, Wb. 1d3 . conicc dígail forib, 6a17 . ni dechudsa cucuib ... do aidbiur foirib, Wb. 14c40 . bendacht Dé f.¤ Díchuin, Trip.² 387 . bendecht f.¤ Firu Cúle, 2157 . bennacht dé ┐ ande fort, LU 6852 . bai a mbennacht f.¤ Iosiaph, SR 3552 . ní ó gothaib ... dogénat ... in molad sa f.¤ Dia, LU 2676 .

(j)

(1) existing on, by means of (a food, diet): ros altatar f.¤ carnaib mac ṁbec reared her on Rawl. 132a5 ( Expuls. 8 ). adbert nad ebalta lee hē f.¤ lacht, BB 497a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). teora bliadnai f.¤ usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 140.5 . secht mís ... f.¤ usce ┐ bargin, RC xv 489z ( ar usci ┐ b., 491.1 ). rosáeth linni do bithsiu f.¤ uisciu, LU 6051 . Cf. xl dies f.¤ doborfiit forty days on water-diet Thes. ii 38.29 (see PIT, and Thes., p. 67 ). roboi si f.¤ suidiu co cend mbliadna she was on that ration for a year Mon. Tall. § 60 . dā cēd bliadhain doib f.¤ iascc, f.¤ enlaith, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 . conid furri [ = forsin chloich] buí sásad dó etir biadh ┐ digh (of a stone placed in his cheek), Cáin Ad. 12 . Cf. coro rosind mo ṡáith f.¤ t'acaldaimsiu, Mon. Tall. § 25 (= mo shaith cainnte d'fhaghail riotsa, Rule of Tallaght § 81 ).

(2) a similar use is relying on, depending on; sometimes = content with (some of the citations however seem to approach the meaning under k): do berar mac an righ ... f.¤ aoncois ┐ aonlaim ┐ aonshuil (i.e. having the use of these only, cf. the corresp. passage: Rex ... habebat filium qui erat c[a]ecus, claudus et surdus V. SS. Hib. ii 146 ) BNnÉ 185.14 . Cf. .ccc. fear f.¤ aencossaib ┐ f.¤ aenlamaib ┐ aensuilib, BB 372a45 ( Dinds. 41 ). See also I (c), end. cethri coicid E. form laim ┐ form gail ┐ form gaisced do aurscartad di Maig M. `on my hand and my valour and my weapons it rests to sweep the four-fifths of E. from M. M.' RC iii 179 ( LL 121a12 ). Ni horum ata, acht forma tuismidhtoraib (= it is not for me to decide), Stair Erc. 932 . mád día loga bemitni f.¤ a breith mani loga ... ni bemni forsind recht sin if he forgives we will abide by his judgment ... if he does not forgive we will not abide by that law LU 9753 . foemuis ... oirisium f.¤ dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . bid inund comairle f.¤ a mbiat, LU 2639 . ni bar óenscéol atát na druid the druids do not agree LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ), a airm f.¤ congbail ina laim grasped in his hand CCath. 3546 . conimragba f.¤ greis. ┐ dītin ... dom imdegail ar demnaib, YBL 327a16 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ), see 1 greis(s). See also commairge, fáes(s)am, etc. Here probably: bid maith a ana f.¤ cethru his wealth in cattle ZCP x 225 § 2 . dogegaind | anad sunn f.¤ bicc ḟeraind, Trip.², 1273 (= content with ?). Cf. also Corm. Y 211 cited supra, col. 192.3. appraind ná bása f.¤ mo nirt would I had been in my strength ! LU 6370 . Cf. in tan roboí Mac C. f.¤ a áltaib isind ármaig when Mac C. lay wounded on the field LU 7964 ( BDD 162 ). Cf. far diall tanaisiu of the second declension. Sg. 106b20 . is fuire side daroine O. in Félire in this (metre) O. composed the F. Fél. 4 .

The uses illustrated, respectively, in the two sections following are not always easy to distinguish. The principal difference is that (k) usually expresses passivity rather than activity. Some of the exx. there might possibly be assigned to (j), while in (l) action, purpose is implied. For later exx. see 1 AR, where the absence of lenition in these uses betrays the original prep.

(k) With abstr. or vn. , also with adj. in (a state, condition) : amal mbīs rothmol ... f.¤ bithimpud, SR 200 . f.¤ tuili doib they were in flood 2523 . sruth ... f.¤ teibirsin, Marco P. 5 . sornd tentide f.¤ lassad blazing LU 2101 . ina lócharnaib f.¤ lassad, 2055 (but : secht míle ... oc lassad 2057 ). aithinni f.¤ derglassad, CCath. 903 . co togrennitis ... inna heonu f.¤ luamain, LU 5159 . co mbui f.¤ foluamain imma chend, LL 225aw ( TTr. 600 ). batar na Desi f.¤ fainnel as cach inud na chéli, LU 4433 . f.¤ fainiul a lluc i lluc, 249 . foendul ┐ sechrán, PH 1909 . co rabatar lestra ... in tige f.¤ snám, Trip.² 114 . co rabhadur na botha ... f.¤ snam `floating' CCath. 2347 . o ro linad ind arc ... robaí in digal f.¤ imluad SR 2510 . a mbatár ... f.¤ imluad forsna tonnaib, LU 1864 . Rí ... ro horddaig in nUan iarsin tsleib f.¤ a imluad, SR 594 ( Rev. xiv 1 ). Cf. na bi f.¤ snim th'aislinge, SR 3282 (= na tab- hi snim, LB 115b46 ; nacatabrad imsnim, BB 238a24 ). f. Cf. f.¤ othrus, f.¤ folach, BCrólige 26 ff . f.¤ longais in exile Ml. 93d3 . cia bemni f.¤ longais, LU 4861 (= f.¤ loinges riam TBC-I¹ 371 ). cach oen fil f.¤ loinges ┐ teched, PH 460 . Cf. ba hé a lín f.¤ a longais, SR 6276 . boí f.¤ merogod, LU 1642 . rabaí f.¤ merfaill ┐ merugud ic iarraid a aite, LL 220a41 ( TTr. 233 ). bith deitsiu f.¤ merogod tige oiged, LU 6757 ( BDD 27 ). f.¤ aig thaig, SR 3477 . forsin reim sin, LL 232b ( TTr. 1239 ). f.¤ comrorcain in error PH 6602 . f.¤ fírinne in the right 2671 . is fír forstā Lucifur, SR 1839 (j ?). anmanda ... bis f.¤ cennsacht ┐ pettacht `tamed and petted' CCath. 2453 . conacca dá ech f.¤ sgur unharnessed ZCP viii 106.23 . roboí F. f.¤ altram la hAni, LL 165az (= Dinds. 142 ). boí leis f.¤ cui LU 10941 (see cáe, fecht). dind riuth forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 .

connfaca na tri leogain ... f.¤ dasacht ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 389 . sccuiridh don dasacht fora taithi the madness which possesses you BNnÉ 7 § 23 .

Cf. dā fercoin ... fur an dath cētna of the same color ZCP vi 29.18 (rosg ar dath gloine guirme, GF. DDána 234 . ar chruth ┐ ar dheilbh Dé, TSh. 1329 ). With adj. f.¤ cloen inclined Thes. ii 254.19 . ni bia lamnad f.¤ cōir normal delivery ZCP viii 111.25 .

After verb of motion : docoid O. ... dochum Poil f.¤ longis `had gone to Paul into exile' Wb. 31d19 . di[a] luid D. f.¤ longais, Ml. 55c1 . tiagat f.¤ teiched, 54b12 . ar foít f.¤ techtairechta, Wb. 15a15 . téit f.¤ teched, LU 4917 ( tíagait ar teched, 4965 , both in hand of M). tigc ceo ann ... ┐ do luid an ri f.¤ merugud, BColm. 70.28 . ria ndula doib f.¤ a fecht, SR 3505 (see fecht). In : téit ina ndíaid ... f.¤ echlascad, LU 6786 ( BDD 32 ) the meaning is almost `by dint of' (cf. j). Cf. tainic ina dhochum ... f.¤ a tuitmennaigh `came ... stumbling' CCath. 2199 . ni far maid rosnuicc `it has not brought them to good' Wb. 5b3 . ní thaudchaid a brú f.¤ cóir LU 6078 . ní téighedh béim ... f.¤ dimaín `no blow was delivered in vain' CCath. 2012 .

See 1 téit, do-tét.

(l) At, engaged in (an occupation or task) : cach la sel dún f.¤ imrádud Dé, in sel aile f.¤ precept, Wb. 15d9 . f.¤ foigdi 25b11 . basa f.¤ a imcabail I was avoiding him LU 1244 . ma beith nech f.¤ a iarair if any one be inquiring about it Rawl. 70a44 . cia f.¤ a tai iarair ? whom art thou seeking ? SR 3096 ( co ndechos f.¤ iarair Etaine, LU 10644 ). frisin coais f.¤a robae som, Ml. 64a12 . ... inna ndrochgnímae f.¤sa robae, Tur. 60 . buid f.¤ tectairecht hó Isu, Wb. 13b5 .

This construction is widely extended : mí dhóibh forsin fleighsin they spent a month at that feast Marco P. 88 . go rabhattar f.¤ a bproind at their meal BNnÉ 9.10 (cf. similar use of Engl. `over'). airet batar ... f.¤ a trealmaibh diubraicti `so long as the hosts were discharging their missiles' CCath. 5662 . a mbatar ... f.¤ a mbriathraib `as they were speaking' Ériu xii 182 § 14 (= LU 10895 ). ro uhatar tra for [sna] himdigluib sin cēn romarsat `they kept up these mutual retaliations' ACL iii 2.15 .

(m) To express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action, = in despite of, to the detriment of. (Cf. the apparently similar use of AR in : ducer airi airitech ind ríg `he let fall the king's drinking cup' Lism. L. p. 324 = Irish Texts i 10 § 32 ). cf. atbath airund, LU 593 ( ACC 14 ): fó'n missi ro briss recht ... | foirb ? or was it I that broke the law to your hurt ? SR 5533 . arna bristé fír fer f.¤ Coin C., LU 6259 . conbocht fír fer fairseom, 6239 . gabais B. ... in n-insi sea forsna cenela robátar inti, LU 1343 . atraigsetar ... L. do gabail in tiri sin forro di cach leith, LU 4390 (see gaibid). dobersa ferand duib ... la Osraige ... ┐ is cet duibsiu a forsingud foraib, 4439 . iar togail Duin S. furri, 5823 . congair ... immá tech dia gabáil f.¤ Ulto, 1506 ( MU² 1003 ). Tancatar a námait ... do gabáil tige fair, RC xiii 86 ( LL 304a17 ). luidh A. ... do irghabhail a chathrach fair, Marco P. 7 . do choll etha na hindsi sea fair to injure him by blighting the corn Dinds. 18 ( BB 360a15 ). tarraidh Hectoir baegul f.¤ Achíl, LL 244a16 ( TTr. 2029 ; see báegul). co tairsedh cach dib a mídúthracht ... f.¤ araili, CCath. 255 (see tárrachtain).

In some instances it is difficult to distinguish this use from the local meaning (I c), e.g. ro línad fair in sliab di énlaithib = graues aues fuerunt erga illum Trip.² 1300 .

Cf. also: ní tae dám i tech fort, BDD 16 . is aurgart ... corr colpdai do brisiud fair hi tig, Ériu vi 136.85 is taken in this sense by the editor (fair `in his despite' 141n .), but cf. I (e) end. In : ro foilghiusa sin ... ┐ ní fitir nech form cusaniu, RC xxvi 366 (= ní fitir nech in folach sin cusandiu LB 260a20 ) this sense seems implicit, though at first sight the ex. might seem to belong to (d).

Cf. use with 1 do-fich (togal), do-gní, fellaid (fell).

(n) expressing obligation, constraint, compulsion (see 1 fíach; do-beir) : nech forsa tabar a denum `one who is compelled to do it' Ml. 54a2 . folach f.¤ fer nad fuic `where a man who injures not has to maintain' BCrólige § 15 . aithgin fuirre i mbās in case of death she is liable for restitution Laws v 146.6 Comm.

(o) expressing worth, value (late and rare.Cf. IV a) : dá cét punt f.¤ cach n-eoch, Marco P. 9 .

(p) for phrases such as : f.¤ aird, f.¤ cel, f.¤ cúl (cúlu) f.¤ enech (inchaib), f.¤ fáesam (comairce), f.¤ son, etc., see these nouns.

(q) after adj. gov. obj. of emotion, faculty (rare) : ni pu f.¤ seotu santach, Hy v 7 ( Thes. ii 328 ). nirbat santach forsin bith | nach f.¤ innem cloen, LB 261a8 (= imman mbith, YBL 407a17 ). isam eolach sa f.¤ a muintir, Aisl. Tond. 113.2 .

III With a number of verbs in regular syntactical construction or in special expressions. It indicates the indirect (in some cases the direct) object (pers. or thing) after verbs of asking, entreating, seeking; tempting; discussing, meditating; fighting, attacking, routing, defeating, overthrowing; blessing, cursing, censuring; suing; enjoining, commanding; estimating, judging, punishing; giving, bestowing; binding, pledging; putting, placing, throwing, etc., etc. For exx. of use see especially : ad-cobra, ad-cota, ad-eirrig, ad-fét (as-indet), ad-slig, ad-suidi, aithnid (ad-noí), beirid, bris(s)id, 1 ceisid, con-dïeig, dáilid, 2 do-alla, do-beir, 1 do-cain (díchetal), do-cuirethar, do-éccai (1 dercaid, fégaid), 1 do-ella, 1 do-fich (dígal), do-gní, do-icc, do-indnaig, do-léci, do-scé(u)lai, do-sluindi (diúltad), do-soí, do-tét, do-tuit, dúnaid, feccaid, feraid (ferthain), foaid, fo-ceird, fo-coisle(a), fo-dáli, fo-luigi (see II above), for-congair, fo-ruimi, fothraicid, fúabair, fóbair, gaibid, guidid, íadaid, íarmi-foich (íarar, íarair), imm-beir, léicid, liïd, lingid (léimm), maidid, midithir (1 mes(s)), moídid, nascid (ar-naisc, fo-naisc), 2 nertaid, roínid (sroínid), saidid, 1 saigid, soïd, sreid, 1 téit, 1 tráchtaid.

Cf. IV below.

IV In Mid. Ir. MSS. sometimes misused for O.Ir. AR, especially in verbal constructions (see III) :

(a) on account of, because of, for the sake of: foracsabairsi foromsa cach maith, LU 2397 (H). císsi lóg conattaig f.¤ a eladain, LL 219a27 ( TTr. 156 ). tabuirsiu f.¤ do soīre give [it] for the sake of thy freedom Anecd. iii 30 = ar do sh., Lism. L. 190 . ni accatarsom cinnas boí ... a huachtur túas f.¤ a hairde, LU 1927 . ni f.¤ crabud léce do miltnidecht uait, acht ar omun in catha, LB 59b62 ( RC ii 388 ). in fath forar crochad Isu, PH 2877 . Cf. na huile noebnoidenu ro damatar marttra forut [ = erut] YBL 327a2 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ). combad f.¤ Martain dogneth Dia in mírbuil for M.'s sake LB 60a4 ( RC ii 388 ). dia n[d]erntasu formsa if you would do as I tell you TBC-LL¹ 1802 . ni dearnnsad fair they did not obey him Dinds. 79 (= BB 390a39 ). ni dernai E. ḟurri anisein, LL 222a6 ( TTr. 351 ). dorónadh fairsium sin, CCath. 2896 . See do-gní. ro oentuigset in ní sin f.¤ Chaillin according to C.'s advice Fen. 178.7 . ic attach in Choimded ... f.¤ animmib na ndoine on behalf of PH 6393 . ro guid M. in Coimdid forru, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 398y ).

(b) Freq. with indirect obj. of verbs of concealing, delivering, rescuing (e.g. ceilid, do-essuirg, fo-luigi, saeraid, q.v.). In : gan nert cobharta forra fein incapable of helping themselves BNnÉ 5 § 11 , FOR replaces FRI, or direct acc. (= gen. after vn.). (But cf. use of f.¤ with fortacht, and AR with the late formation foirid, fóirid) : cid ara n-anci in laech ḟorrum, LL 284a13 ( TTr. 1261 ).

(c) in some phrases : f.¤ bélaib (= ar b.) SR 4568 . f.¤ a n-inchaib, CCath. 2407.3633 . f.¤ cend, LU 5954 , 5958 (H). f.¤ cind, 5890 (H). f.¤ tús, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 396x ). FA 3 LB (= ar thús, LU 1967 ). Cf. f.¤ dus (v.l. f.¤ tus), CCath. 303 . See also under these nouns.

V ? Adverbial use of 3 s. neut.: na for aircella echdrund n-aircend 'nor in addition does it take away the definite property of another' Peritia iii 446 (Text II) .

1 fót

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Forms: fot, ḟoit, fóit, fotu, fót, fotaib, fóit, fōide, foite, -foitib, fotaibh, fódaibh, fát, fád, Fáid, fáidibh

n o, m. in later lang. decl. varies, see IGT, Decl. § 88 . n s. in fot , Ml. 37d14 . g s. ind ḟoit , LL 115a10 . n p. fóit , LU 9249 , 10466 . a p. fotu, 9848 . g p. inna fót , Ml. 126a15 . d p. fotaib, 84a5 . LU 10467 . In Mid. Ir. occas. with slender forms : d s. don chet fóit , LL 290b35 . n p. fōide, Corm. Y 1265 . foite, TBC-LL¹ p. 719n. 13 (St), foidi, p. 85 n. 16 (St), cf. d p. -foitib, CCath. 4103 beside fotaibh, 994 , fódaibh, 1749 . The variant fát (fád) is found in Early Mod. Irish ; fád (: atád), IGT, Decl. ex. 792 ; 1632 . g s. ... Fáid na bhFionn (: táid), TD 8.5 . d p. fáidibh (: láidir), IGT, Decl. ex. 1633 .

(a) a sod (of earth), a clod: gl. gleba Ml. 37d14 , 84a5 , 126a15 , caespes Sg. 66b6 . fod (gl. gleba) Ir. Gl. 119 . dobiur f.¤ dom thír fom chossaib, LU 1841 ( RC ix 494 ). foot (diss.), Anecd. i 63. 111 . corop cerchaill cach f.¤ feránach, LL 171b26 ( CRR 6 ). co ro sceindset na fóit a crūib na n-ech, LU 10466 = ZCP iii 260 § 87 . ina curtis na eich do cheppaib ┐ do chorrḟótaib, LL 110a8 ( RC xiv 416 ). ( co ndringitis for fodaib ┐ for lesaib do dechain Hectoir, LL 405a31 is perh. corrupt; TTr.2 in corresp. passage, TTr.² 1094 , has : for foradhaib ...). ro tócbuid tuir ... do cria[i]dh ┐ d'fódaibh, CCath. 1749 . fod do breith d'feronn na naomh, ZCP x 32.5 . fott for cloich, cloch for fot (of different kinds of dyke) Laws v 270.26 Comm. Of a grave : apraid rum cia f.¤ fo a fail, LL 209a ( Ériu vii 228 ). dorat fod furri (= buried her) BB 40b36 . guid fot fair i Ros na rig, YBL 181b23 = BB 260b42 (in SG 256 the text of the preceding passage is faulty). Cf. fon fot na hullta, Laws v 448.29 Comm. gach taeb ōg ar nach fuil fāt (: tād), ACL iii 2372 (`every young body yet unburied' Studies 1934, 300 ).

(b) a spot of earth (of a small and definite place) : tech mic ind Óc ... rígda f.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 10 . do cuingidh in foit bic i ndingnem cathraigh, Aen. 1579 . do rug leis e coruigi an fod ar ar fāgaibh ingen diūice L., ZCP vi 66.16 . ar ḟód ḟéagtha ḟátha `to a retired place to examine into his cause' ML 98.27 (= ML² 1341 ). cf. rucsat leo hé ar f.¤ scrután gaīsse fo leith, Acall. 6191 . ar fhód mhearaighthe `on the path of error' Dán Dé vi 4 . co ruc ... a mac ... for f.¤ raith réil `on a site of bright auspice, she brought forth a ... son' Ériu vii 223 ( LL 208by ). is eicen do neoch a thecht | cosin f.¤ forsa mbí a thiglecht, TBC-LL¹ 3666 . cai [ = co] fesur foat forsin m[b]ebai ┐ fout forau ngēnir ┐ fot forsa n-adnuic, ZCP ii 315.2 . tri fóid nach fétann aon-duine do shechna ... .i. fód a geine, fód a báis ┐ fód a adhnacail BNnÉ 236 § 159 = trí foide ..., BCC p. 102 . fot in gheine f.¤ in bháis ┐ bhót in adhnacuil, ACL ii 137.11 . ara fhōd bāis, ZCP x 32.8 . ni bi duine ar doman gan a ḟod urdalta ... oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.22 .

(c) soil, land, territory: a ngaibes [fuidir] o flaith, ... etir fod ┐ indngnam, Ir. Recht 66 ( SM Facs. 3ax ). gabaid ... fot ... otá aniar Iordanén co hEofrait sair, LB 125a50 . as na fóidibh i bhfuileam, Top. Poems² 3 . d'ionnsuighidh ḟóid Eadáille, TD 24.28 . orláimh Ḟóid Mheadhbha, 21.34 . i bhfádaibh Néill, Hackett vi 8 . Cf. do righ Febhail na [bh]fót, Leb. Cert. 124.10 .

(d) idiomatic expressions : f.¤ crithaig : co nderrnadh f.¤ c. don uile doman `the whole world became "a sod of trembling"' CCath. 290 , cf. f.¤ crithach , 5644 . coccad mór ... co mboi Ere ina fód crithaigh, AFM ii 1078.11 . an fer las a ndernadh fód crithigh d'Erinn uile, 1182.2 . f.¤ cró a sod of gore, a scene of carnage: is f.¤ c. in tilach sa indiu lat, LU 10460 (= ZCP iii 260 ). f.¤ fábaill : land of bewilderment (?) tugsad ... na fód fhabhuill | fairche ... fhuinn L. | do dhruim thoitme a thighearna, O'R. Poems 1314 . See 1 fáball. f.¤ fírinne : ní fód fírinne air ar canuis, CF 419 Eg. (= ni ba fír sin, 924 Rawl.). f.¤ fáenlige : ga ḟurmiáil ri f.¤ foenlaige laid prostrate TBC-LL¹ 5714 = ri fáet foenlige, 5720 (see furmiáil). do bert a uillinn faoi fri fód fáoinlighe, he reclined at full length on the ground Hugh Roe 226.22 (f. 60b) . co rofāgbait ar fodaibh faonluige gan onōir adnaicti, ZCP xiv 239.2 . f.¤ mearbaill : fód mearbhaill a deceptive (treacherous) land Studies 1949, 185 . Cf. mod. fód mearbhail (seachrán) Hyde, Abhráin diadha ii 59 n . f.¤ fo leith a spot apart: rogairm [an ben] Cond lē ar f.¤ fo leith called C. aside Ériu iii 160 y . do cuaidh in t-iarla ar fód fo leth leis, ZCP vi 90.1 . téid i bhfód fá leith ria, Keat. ii 6350 . f.¤ for (fri h-) altóir `sod on altar,' land given to the church (probably from the symbolic custom of delivering a sod) : ro idbair in ri ... Tóim nEirc ... amal fót for altóir do Dia ┐ do Chíaran, LU 9596 ( ZCP iii 206 = RC xvii 190 . AFM i 262 ) ; do bhronn fearann don eaglais sin mar ḟód re haltóir, Keat. iii 2162 ). ar a dtugadar d'ḟearann ┐ d'ḟódaibh re haltóir dhóibh, Keat. i p. 4 . Of an offering in general : doratt Cúilfat (Cúil fata ?) hi fōt fri haltōir ... do Dia ┐ do Chiarán, RC xxvi 370.27 = ACL iii 226 .

mac fōit , O'Curry 2232 ( Eg. 88, f. 16d ). in a list of different classes of children, cf. mac muine.

(e) a lump, mass, heap: co tuargabar ina fotaib till it is piled up in heaps (of malt drying) Laws ii 240.21 ( ZCP xiv 348 , 350 ). bec nar merblig in sruth dib amal ḟót sengán like a swarm of ants Alex. 687 (= BB 494b16 ).

Common in compds. in poetry. With subst. f.¤-brug `sod-built stead' Metr. Dinds. i 4 . ¤ráth an earthen fort: gp. Metr. Dinds. iii 72.83 .

With adj. : fódarsaidh, TD 28.1 . ¤bán : féagain an mhúir ḟádbháin `with its shining sward' TD 11.1 . ¤boc : a n-eing fhádbhuig Olchobair ` soft-glebed ' O'Gr. Cat. 518.7 = Ó Bruad. iii 76 . don ḟádbhuig ḟinn (= Éirinn), Ériu viii 192.11 . ¤domain : a bhfeart fóddhoimhin deep under the sod Oss. iv 256.6 . ¤glan : ó Inis fodghloin ... Fail, MR 104.7 . ¤glas : fonn fodghlas, BB 13b56 . fosad-glenn fod-glas, MR 240.18 . Magh fádghlas Feimhin, IGT, Decl. ex. 1319 . ¤mín : Banbha ... an ḟuinn ḟóidmhín ` soft-sodded ' Content. xxx 26 . ¤núide : a ráith ... ḟódnúidhe TD 28.2 . -réid : an ḟuinn ḟóidréidh, TD 26.1 .

2 fót

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Forms: fód

n watchfulness, vigilance, caution: f.¤ .i. faitech ut est : bíd cách i faitces a fóit | is cian imthigit in óic, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 = a faitchius a fóit ; ac faircsin ac fót, Fél.² cxiv (July 30 Comm.) . f.¤ .i. faiteach ; .i. fuireachair, O'Cl. fod faidech, Metr. Gl. 15 . fod fuirechus, ib. FF 53 . fó dúib fatchius ┐ f.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 504 . ri fot ┐ ri foraire ... i n-iathaib bidbad, LL 171b30 ( CRR 6 ). 'com óit ┐ 'com ḟorairi, LL 263b7 ( MU² 220 ). Cf. bíait Cianacht[a] i fout on the alert RC xvii 159 ( AFM 590 ). `fód' fios, Metr. Gl. D 35 ; fód ` art, skill, sense, knowledge ' O'R., are probably meant for this word.

? 4 fuit, fuít

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 4 fuit, fuít or dil.ie/24925

 

Forms: fuit

ind see below) : comaine o cach dibh da ceile .i. an foid ingaire, Laws iii 16.20 ( SM Facs. 47a marg. sin. ) = in fait in gaire `in Länge oder in Kürze' Cóic Con., H § 106 . fuit ingairi .i. mas ar chomain tuc ... a seotu ma ra achtaighedh commain airiti do is a bith do, Rawl. B 506, f. 53 ( O'D. 2417 ). atait tri hingairi ... la Feini .i. lamingairi ┐ belingairi ┐ faidingairi ... faid ingairi disce fuillme do boing bunad fiach, O'Curry 1865 ( 23 P 3, 20b ). ceartaithgin a set d ic ris amail ata isin faidingaire, O'Curry 1866 (= Cóic Con. H 107 ). arísidi in faidingaire ┐ nocha nfuil ní dó acht ceartaithgin a set cena ib. fuitingaire disce fuillema .i. an inguire fuides nech cen trebuire .i. an ingaire fuides uadha ar comain ┐ nir achtaig comain airithe na comain do reir dligid , H 3.17, 556 ( O'D. 774 ).

This last ex. suggests that fuit (fait, etc.) in this phrase is not, as Thurneysen thought ( Cóic Con. p.75 ), gs. of fot `length', but vn. of foídid `sends' (see foít ), and here an adj. pref. See 2 ingaire.

sceinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sceinnid or dil.ie/36375

 

Forms: sceindid, sescaind, sceinm, sceinned

v i. O.Ir. sceindid with redupl. pret. sescaind. Later with s-pret. Vn. sceinm, sceinned.

(a) springs, starts, darts : rosescaind blog dind ailig fo sūil Nēde, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 60.5 ). srethis liic telma . . . fair co nsescaind ina c[h]end so that it entered his head, TBC-I¹ 1407 . coro sceindset na fóit a cruib na n-ech so that the sods flew from the hooves of the horses, LU 10465 . da scind deaman dobertach | trēsin teine gan loiscthi, ZCP v 23 § 22 . sgeinnid eoin ar innmeraibh, KMMisc. 313.27 . sceindis in bleidhmil fon muir fochettoir, BNnÉ 61 § 83 . sceinnig in mil co hobunn fria hanail, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.20 . sceindidh ind ainim uadh, RC xxvi 366.7 . sceinnis a chridi . . . a miduactur a chléib, CRR 8 (12.17) . sgendid fochetoir in soighid asin crecht, Aen. 3030 . no sceinnedh-lingedh in claidem ina coilgdírgi cetna doridisi (i.e. after being bent), CCath. 5251 (leg. no s.¤ ┐ no lingedh?). rosceind crithel . . . do teinid na hidbarta, TTebe 4358 . co ro sceinn drithle ó a mhaisde isin bpúdar, AFM vi 2072.20 . do sgeind luch a cind C. fo choim T., ii 906.3 . mar sgeana sginneas im chliabh, TSh. 2143 (verse). ro sceinn an t-ech diomsach dar a hais shied, TFrag. 224.1 . sginnfidh do shláinte amach go lúath `shall spring forth', Isaiah lviii 8 . gilla scuir nach sceinn `that never shirked his duty', SG 111.20 . Cf. ro scinnset . . . muinnter in Raigellaig fairsium . . . ┐ ro marbsat é attacked him, SG 395.1 .

(b) springs apart, flies off (as a head from the body, etc.): bentai frisin corthe . . . co sescaind cach ball de a lethe, LU 5014 = sceasain, TBC-I¹ 525 . co scescain (sic) aidarc dia chēle (of a bull), TBC-I¹ 3661 . scendit a thūaga de, 3614 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 6039 and 1 túag). condasesguing a sgiath oda bhili go broin split, RC xiv 256 § 2 . gur sginnedur a suile tara cend amach so that his eyes sprang out of his head, Fier. 130 . scīath rígh M. . . . | nīr sceing re haladh gāi [n]glas, ZCP viii 227 § 5 . coro shescuind a cend co raibi hi mbun ina gablui, RC xiii 30.11 . mas si in indeoin ro sceind ann `slipped (off the block)', Laws iii 188.21 Comm . = do cuaidh as in cip, O'Curry 926 ( H 3.18, 406 ). go rosging a crann as (of a spear), BS 10.24 . gur sgeinn an fiugh de'n tsaghfach the ferule flew off the staff, ITS i 26.z .

(c) spouts, gushes forth (of water, blood, etc.): co sescaind a loim foulae (= fola) tar a beolu, RC xii 100 § 135 . do scinn a fúil as his blood gushed forth, Fier. 47 . do shcinneadar na huisgeadha amhach `gushed', Isaiah xlviii 21 . do sging sruth . . . déar uadh, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1189 .

(d) rebounds, glances off (of a spear from a shield, etc.): sginnis in tsleg a n-airdi esti amail dodechad do charruic, Fianaig. 66.12 . co roscend do sgiath A. (of a spear), Aen. 2625 . sginnid na hairm don charraig, Content. xvii 5 . sgeinnidh colg sleighe dá sliocht (of a castle), DDána 119.11 . ro sginnedar a n-airm dhe | amhail ba coirrthi cloiche, Duan. F. i 40.35 .

(e) departs, vanishes, comes to an end: dar sging gach maithes on múr `all good vanished', Fen. 238.8 . ro sceind da ttrian einigh . . . o laochaibh na hErenn le cloistecht an sceoilsin `fled', Cog. 204.y . Cf. do sgeinn mé as got fhaisgin `I fainted', Magauran 446 .

Appar. confused with 1 sceirtid (q.v.) in: ge do né tu do ding dang as dít scenter an salann (to a bell), AFM ii 786.5 .

sméróit

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Forms: smeróid

n f.(2 smér) glowing or burning coal, embers : [s.¤ .i.] smēr-fōit .i. smēr tine ┐ fūait fuidell, Corm. Y 1136 = Corm. p. 40 . Cf. O'Mulc. 846 . smeróid gl. carbo, Ir. Gl. 945 . co tinoiledh . . . sméróiti tuthmura in tellaigh le, CCath. 3973 . áit i bhfuil smúit-cheó ┐ sméaróide . . teineadh, TSh. 6672 . do-conncadur iasc ar smeroidibh derga aigi doib, Smaointe B. Chr. 5710 . sméróid dhearg iona láim, Isaiah vi 6 . Cf. xlvii 14 . do deargadh smérthoide ris, 2 Samuel xxii 9 . múchfuid mo sméthróid, xiv 7 . ar smeróidibh téo, Proverbs vi 28 . oir dergaidh si mar smeroid tenidh, Rosa Angl. 170.14 . o smeroidighib tendtighe a grada, ZCP iii 520.9 ( BCC 5 ). lan do smeroidibh teinntighi na millsechta ┐ in ghradha, Smaointe B. Chr. 3338 .

tairise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairise or dil.ie/39718

 

Forms: toraisse, taraisse, tairis(s)e

adj io, iā O. Ir. toraisse, taraisse, the form tairis(s)e being due to the influence of tairissem ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 - 9 ). From *to-ro-finn-, orig. meaning `erkundet' (ib.). Cf. however Thes. i 720 , corr. to p. 137 .

I In O. and Mid. Ir.

(a) fitting, suitable, meet: idon ab eo quod est idoneus .i. tairisi, Corm. Y 78 . it taraissai gl. idonei sunt, Ml. 42b15 . torisse leis ar fóit for techtairechta `he deems it meet,' Wb. 15a15 . is torise la cách a buith oc ailli a almsine `everyone deems it proper,' 16d2 .

(b) trustworthy, faithful, worthy of confidence: amal nonda thorisse frissin tectairecht dia tuidched `as I am trustworthy at the mission to which I have come,' Wb. 10a28 . is torisse dia gl. fidelis est, 25c28 . is torisse a thimthirecht gl. fidilis minister, 27c30 . a ngell taraisse ... is gell són toraisse dano nondasoirfea dia, Ml. 27a6 . inna toraisse gl. (maxima pars) fidorum, 58b13 . Frequent with prep. la: is tarisse limm inso, Wb. 23a18 . níp tarisse lat `trust him not,' 30d24 . cid terissem namma nírbu toraisse les `he had not the confidence even to stand,' Ml. 34c17 . `in tairisi libsi in ben ?, TBFr. 393 `do ye trust the woman ? Études Celt. ii 12.19 . na ba tairisi leo dīn nā daingen da roibi accu, TTebe 2740 . budh móide bás tairisi lé cach misi dot lecon-sa slán, CCath. 1296 . nir tharise leis-sem Connachtach acht mad uathad becc he trusted but few of the Connachtmen, Ann. Conn. 1225.18 . is t.¤ liomsa a fhios a bheith agad-sa I am content that you should know (?), ITS i 176.24 . With do: ba tarissi dó beith form ḟoesam it was safe for him to be under my protection, LL 51a47 . ni fedar in tairisi dam-sa hē whether I may safely partake of it (of food), ZCP xiii 237.5 . Compar. and superl.: is tarissiu leu precept soscéli in fecht so `more confident are they to preach the gospel now,' Wb. 23b10 . rob iat roba tairisiu lassin rig do thathaigid in bairr, RC x 218.73 . fogeba fait[h] bus tairisi[u] lat innúsa do innisin do tinnriuma duit, CCath. 4283.

(c) In sagas the phrase is t.¤ (lim) is frequent as reply to welcome or offer of hospitality: `Fochen do thīachtain ...' `Is tairisi lind inn fāilti' ... `Is tairisi daidse ōn,' TBC-I¹ 2349 . ferais C. failti fris. Tarissi limm. Tairisi duit-siu ón, TBC-LL¹ 1620 . Tarisi lind ┐ tarisi risin rig, MU 42.25 . `Fochen daid ... Rotbīa fer i nnāth tart chend.' `Is toirise,' TBC-I¹ 1047 . is t.¤ lim chena for fáilte amal is t.¤ do cach mac a bume, Ériu iv 128.18 . But in this idiom perh.=tairisiu, q.v.

II

(a) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. in general sense of faithful, trusty, constant, certain: oes gráda in ríg ┐ a muntear tairisse, PH 384 . ina trebaib timsaigti tairisi, BB 244a34 . co rab tairisi a treb, BColm. 50.27 . doronsat mo réir go ro-thairisi, BNnÉ 267.3 . ni ba tairsi do sum fir Midi, Cog. 154.4 . mairg do uair ... | muirn tigerna tairisi `constant,' Prolegomena 30.x . grádh t.¤ do thaobh cumainn, DDána 32.5 . ná bí níos foide, a shéimh sheang, | gan bheith t.¤ im thimcheall, Dánta Gr. 17.10 . síth daingen deaghthairisi, AFM iii 650.1 . termonn tarise, Ann. Conn. 1235.16 . a chairde t.¤ , TSh. 291 . dom anmain ní fhuair meise | lámh thaisgeadha th.¤ I have found no faithful guardian for my soul (?), Dán Dé xxii 21 . Compar. aon ruire ba thairise agus ba fearr clú ag a mhuinntir, Maguires of F. 29.14 .

(b) As subst. adherent, follower, friend: tairisi oglan .i. don fir fine cen fonaidm a taisic, Laws iii 276.4 (text), 6 Comm. drem d'a tairisib ┐ d'a fhirmuinntir ... g'a imcoimet, Celt. Rev. iv 212.20 . gan neach do ghairm chuca da ttairisibh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 21.1 .

tarr, tairr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tarr, tairr or dil.ie/40128
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: tairr, tarra, tairr, —e, t.

n [u ?, i ?], m. n s. tairr, Sc.M² 17.32 (Eg.). Laws iv 306.4 . g s. in tarra , Sc.M² 17.3 . Laws ii 240.3 Comm. a d s. usually tairr. Later apparently o, m. IGT Decl. § 39 , §45 (g s. —e, m. and f.), 96 (o, m.).

Stomach, belly (somet. translated back, etc., but this does not seem justified by the exx. Cf. however fora thairr, TBC-I¹ 891 = for druim, TBC-LL¹ 1571 , and the phrase for t.¤ under II): tairr .i. arinní taircther ind cach biad, Corm. Y 1262 . torrach quasi tairr-recht .i. roracht a brū immon gein, 1264 . t.¤ ` breast ,' Eg. Gl. 165.

I

(a) Of animals (most frequ. pigs) belly; side of bacon with hindquarters; carcass : dartaid inite cona thimthuch bés a thige; tarr muicce [.i.] les is tinne ícas la boin, nó thinne ordlaig ina chumbu choir ┐ trí méich mracha ┐ leth méich thara 'a shrovetide yearling bullock with his subsidiary payment is his customay house render: he pays the tarr of a pig ([that is] hind-quarter and side) with the animal or a side of cured bacon with an inch of fat, properly butchered, and three bushels of malted barley and half a bushel of kiln-dried wheat' Críth G. 108 , Peritia xv 320 . t.¤ loigi meich `a [pig's] belly worth a sack,' Laws ii 238.13 . t.¤ tuirc, H 3.18, 394b ( O'Curry 880 - 1 ). ro-sūig in tairr ... cona-farcaib bannai de (tarr, v.l.), Sc.M² 17.4 . a droim ┐ a t.¤ ┐ a huruscall, Feis Tighe Chonáin 559 . co tanic Sithgal ... in degaid a bó. co fuair Líath L. for a tairr ic a coscrad, LL 160a45 . a fheōil tarra togāin, Bruchst. i 28 § 63 . tlam do th.¤ ag muilt fhidnaigi, IT iii 104.19 (= tárag, LU 7014 ). t.¤ círdub ┐ erboll úainecda (of a dog), Mer. Uil. 284 . an leoghan ... ┐ a t.¤ a n-airrdi re grein, ZCP vi 61.30 .

(b) Of persons : dochorastair in glais for cūlu ossē cona lic fora thairr, TBC-I¹ 891 . fosnopair in slōg iarum ┐ a chreit a charpait inn-imnaidm fria thairr, 2880 . tuitid ... cona bhoin for a th.¤ risin n-abhuinn, Lism. L. 1593 . With faen : co tarla a t.¤ faen fuirri so that she lay on her back (supine), RC xv 456.y . ? Niuba tairr faén ri fer | rapí in chaém a chetmunter, LL 143b7 . ? is beart don taoighe dá fíghe aige faena th.¤ , TD 35.10 . Geogr. óthá tairr mara Point atuáid `from the bight of the Pontic Sea,' TTr.² 1047.

II In adverbial and prepositional expressions. (téit) for t.¤ attacks : cēin file in slōg fora tairr while the army is attacking them, TBC-I¹ 777 (pursuing them ? Cf. tiagair for tairr A. (of a murderer who had fled), RC xiii 395.10 ). co rolínsad ind fir a teach fair ┐ co ndeachadar fora thairr `had fallen on him,' Ériu ii 24.10 . for tairr aroile for lar ind taigi sprawling over each other, Ériu v 32.x . fo th.¤ at the base of, under : fo th.¤ coire sin coclaid, LL 145a36 . fo tarrib taebleirg tuignech, Auraic. 5147 . in tegsin fó t.¤ Ceise (a mountain), Duan. F. i 92 § 124 . codlais fá th.¤ chroinn, TSh. 9000 . téit di thairr dies in childbirth : ba ben atiden do thairr .i. ben tēit di thairr, ZCP xv 355.15 . beann teite di t.¤ .i. eiples iar mbreith lelaip, Laws v 486.9 , 488.1 . do theilg druim Temhra fá tairr who turned T. upside down (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1248.

Note also : ni taigi tarr-fine toranna mbruige .i. ... in fine donither re t.¤, i taitius, Laws v 452.15, y . See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 111 (tarr-fine=bronn-fine children of the `baitsech'). cosmhail barr a ghlaice gile | ré t.¤ slaite ige úaid `as though thou beheldest the thick part of the hoop of a torque (?),' KMMisc. 168.27 . tachráin bhíos ar baois as éisg 'na dtairr, TD 35.9 .

Compds. ¤derg red-bottomed (of sods) : na foít tarrruada tairrdergga, LL 189b33 . ¤fine, see Laws v 452 supra. ¤gel bright-bellied : cech bradan taebalaind tairrgel baethlemnech, RC xxvi 136.26 . ¤ísel : low-bellied, fat : gabáil brocc taebtrom tarrisel, Acall. 7392 . ¤lethan broad-bellied : in t-athach t. tromnertmur, ZCP vi 288.23 . tar taebhuib ... tarrletna aroile, Stair Erc. 2395 . ¤lethar some leathern part of a shield ; a kind of leather used in making a shield (?) : fa thairrlethar in scēith, TBC-I¹ 2340 . scíath ... forsna talla ceartchosair ... for a tharsciu tharlethair, BDD² 812 , see Gloss. ¤lomnocht naked (cf. tarnocht) : lobhrán truagh tarr-lomnocht, BNnÉ 179.1 . ¤ruad see ¤derg supra.

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