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esfoíte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esfoíte or dil.ie/20501

 

Forms: (es)foíte, esfoiti

io-iā (part. of as-foídi) sent out: (es)foíte (gl. emissarius) Tur. 110e . esfoiti (gl. emissae) Ml. 48c8 . Cf. 102b8 .

fadéin, féin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fadéin, féin or dil.ie/20990

 

Forms: cadéin, céin, fad—, fod—, bad—, bod—, bud—, cad—, fad—, bod—, cad—, feis—, fadessin, fodessin, fessin, —dessid, féssin, fadéin, féin, céin, faden, féin, fade(i)ssin, fadesin, fadesine, fe(i)ssin, fé(i)sin, fein, cadessin, fadisin, fadeissne, feisin, féisin, fessine, feisine, feisne, féisne, fanis(s)in, fesin, fesine, fésine, chanisin, fadisin, fadéisne, fesin, fésin, féis(s)ne, fadesin, fedesin, fade(i)sine, fadésne, fes(s)in, fesine, fésine, feis(s)ne, féis(s)ne, cades(s)in, cadésin, cadessine, fadisin, fanisin, fadéin, ba—, bo—, bu—, fadesin, fes(s)in, fesne, faden, fadesin, féin, fadéin, fodéin, —dén, fadessin, bo—, bu—, fes(s)in, féin, fén, féin, péin, fodéne, ba—, bu—, féine, fessin, fodeisne, feisne, budein, budeisin, badeisin, fadesin, fesine, feisne, féin, fesine, feisne, féisin, cadéin, cade(i)s(s)in, césin, céin, f—, cadessin

cadéin, céin, etc. adj. and pron.; fad— (later fod—, bad—, bod—, bud—) is taken by Pedersen Vgl. Gr.(i 271 , ii 153 ) to be an element of the verb to be. For cad— see below. The stress falls on the second syllable in the forms beginning with fad— (fod—, bod— etc.), cad—; in fan—, can— the position of the stress is undetermined. In feis— it falls on the first syllable.

The following forms are found in the Glosses. The absence of the mark of length may be accidental in some cases. The following rimes have been noted: fadessin: sessir ZCP iii 43 § 11 . fodessin: dessid (perf. of saidid) SR 1388 . fessin (with masc. poss.): —dessid, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.38 . féssin (fem.) : dēiscin, SR 2138 .

1 s. fadéin, féin, céin 2 s. faden, féin 3 s. m. n. fade(i)ssin, fadesin, fadesine, fe(i)ssin, fé(i)sin, fein(?), cesin, cadessin. 3 s. f. fadisin, fadeissne, feisin, féisin, fessine, feisine, feisne, féisne. 1 pl. fanis(s)in, fesin, fesine, fésine, chanisin. 2 pl. fadisin, fadéisne, fesin, fésin, féis(s)ne. 3 pl. fadesin, fedesin, fade(i)sine, fadésne, fes(s)in, fesine, fésine, feis(s)ne, féis(s)ne ( fēin, LU 159 , SR 4466 ). cades(s)in, cadésin ( cadesne, LU 1773 , cadessine, Rawl. 118b47 ).

There is no certain instance in the Glosses of 1 s. fade(i)s(s)in. In Ml. 66d13 the edd. of Thes. say that `fadesin' seems meant for `mea', but it is more likely that it belongs to `exercitui.' Cf. iudicio .i. fadesin, 51b16 . In later documents we have noted: ni fliuchaim fadesin ..., TBC-LL¹ 1307 . missi fodessin, 1005 . corbom gaeth fodeissin, BDD 15 . See also II (f) below.

The forms fadisin (3 s. f. and 2 pl.) and fanisin (1 pl.) are early lost; fadéin (fo—, ba—, bo—, bu—), fadesin and fes(s)in or fesne continue in use throughout Mid. Ir., but lose their specific characters, being employed indifferently in all persons and both numbers and genders. In Auraic. 650 the form faden is given for sing., fadesin for pl., in combination with a pers. pron.: me faden, etc., sinni fadesin, etc. During the Mid.-Ir. period féin comes more and more into use in all persons, genders and numbers and finally survives alone in the mod. language. In PH fadéin (—dén, fodéin, —dén) occurs 37 times and fadessin (fo—) 14 times, besides corresponding forms in bo—, bu—; fes(s)in 37 times; while féin (fén) is very frequent. LB favours the spelling fén instead of the more usual féin (LU, LL); dom péin occurs LB 134b30 . Other Mid. Ir. forms are fodéne (bo—, ba—, bu—) and féine.

I As subject of copula clause:

A (from Glosses): ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . cf. uilc féssine `evil themselves' (gl. errantes 2 Timothy iii 13 ) Wb. 30c26 .

B (from later MSS): ansruth a athir ... ┐ ansruth fadesin, Bürgschaft 13 § 45 . roptar scítha som fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 3619 . cf. corbom gaeth fodeisin `that I myself may be wise' BDD 15 (Y: badessin St.).

II As emphasizing pron. or adj. ( my, thy, etc.) —self. The exx. below are arranged in each section under persons (1 s., 2 s. etc.) and under each person instances of the longer forms are given first. For A, B see above under I.

(a) referring to subj. of vb.:

1 s.

A fadéin (gl. ipse) Ml. 23c1 . in tain ronicub féin when I myself shall come Wb. 18b14 .

B bet fessin i n-aentaid in Athar ..., MacCongl. 41.15 . dogén féin mo chomtocbáil, SR 854 . na dern féin forcraid 1583 . forglim féin, LU 10271 . itchonnarcsa fen hí, PH 99 . atchonnacsa feine F., ZCP xiii 169.13 . Cf. muna beinn badh dheine were it not for me Duan. F. i 192 .

2 s.

A im ní nad techtai féin, Ml. 56b33 .

B coiste fadein (impv.) SR 1151 . nosnicfae fadein, Bürgschaft 27 § b . dia ndingbaitea fessin he, LU 5962 . oldá-su fessin, MacCongl. 23.21 . troisc-siu fessin (impv.) MacCongl. 61.14 . tair-siu féin, TBC-LL¹ 106 . do neoch tharradais féin, Bor. 95 . na ciniudha rogabhais féin, CCath. 563 . mid fen pass judgement thyself PH 609 . in tan tucais fén tú isin croich, 172 . an t-ech ro ainciss feine which thou thyself hast saved BColm. 90.14 .

3 s., m. and n.

A ní doromlad fadesin, Ml. 36a29 . oldaas fadeissin, Wb. 33d9 . tuicci feissin, Wb. 12c26 . daucci feissin tantum, 13a8 . indaas cech terchital dunairc[h]echainn som fesin (contr. with `nach fáith aile') Ml. 64c22 . oldaas fessin, Wb. 24c15 . foilsigthi feisin `it demonstrates it itself' Sg. 211a8 . See also under II (c). (cf. bristi fadesin, Ériu vii 148 § 13 ; hicthi fadesin, Bürgschaft 33 § 3 ).

B pendeth (impv.) fadesin, Ériu vii 168 § 12 (Penit.), dogeni fadesin ind tiuglagin allae sin, Mon. Tall. § 52 . cf. dessid mo rí reil | fodessin, SR 1388 . luid sís fadessin, LL 116b19 ( RC viii 56 ). tucc fadessin a thēig ... chuca, MacCongl. 13.6 . co n-epert budessin, 21.21 . saidis foden, MacCongl. 65.4 . amal chomaides-som fodéin, PH 5310 . co rabe fesin lomnocht, SR 1316 . dorairgertsom fessin dóib anísin, LU 1960 ( FA 2 ). diluidsiom feisin ar a cend, Anecd. v 10 = ticseom féin immach, LL 112b8 ( ScM. 5 ). irbbad (impv.) fessin (f.) fair, TBFr. § 21 (fodesin Y. fodeisne, ZCP iv 42.17 ). cusin aimsir sin a mbui feisne (m.) Anecd. ii 43.1 . amal asbert féin, LU 4067 . ni thic do neoch acht mad doneth féin, LU 2021 . rogab fein for dian-aithrige, Bor. 100 . sáidis fén in crand, MacCongl. 29.11 . ruc fen breith fair he himself has passed judgment on himself PH 603 . ni dlig feine eneclann, ACL iii 223.21 . ro tinntó féin docum na Rómha, CCath. 146 . gach fer ... no aisnedheadh scela C. d'araili dobered fen fuillead friu, 765 . cristaidi nochanadh fein fris called himself a Christian Marco P. 64 .

1 pl.

A runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin, Wb. 15a4 (cf. b below).

B as diliu lind oldammit fadessin dearer to us than ourselves TBC-LL¹ 199 (= ina sind fen St).

2 pl.

A daberidsi féissne you yourselves give it Wb. 24c16 .

B cinnus doghníthi fēin fiadhach ?, Acall. 884 . ní thibér ferann dáibhsi, cosnaidh fein ferann dáibh `win lands for yourselves' (O'G.) Acall. 372 .

3 pl.

A (for Glosses see cadessin below).

B atchonncatar buden, PH 108 . nach feadadar fen, Bor. 129 (Lec.). rothomailset fén ní, MacCongl. 31.7 . cuirid féine a gceart ar gcúl, TD 26.15 . amhail do-rónsad féin, TSh. 154 .

(b) referring to a foregoing infixed pron. (when the latter is reflexive this case is not always easily distinguished from the preceding).

1 s.

B nimfogluasfind féin, LU 5960 .

2 s. B toing ... not-geibhid [leg. —gēbe] fadein frisna gnimusin, Bürgschaft 23.1 . dadotfail fodein, SR 1747 . lepaid ratfiasu féine thou shall have a couch LL 297a45 . uair nachat filsiu fein hi cutrummus, LU 8823 .

3 s.

A amal nach fuar fessin inneuch as I found not himself in anything Ml. 57d3 . darrat fessin hi croich, Wb. 28b4 . adidnopair fessin du Dia, Ml. 66b4 . adcomla friu fessin he joins himself to them Wb. 3c13 . nodmoladar fesin who praises himself 17b21 . amal ronsoír fesin soírfed cách crettes and, Wb. 32d13 .

B farrolaig ... Cruitine fadeisin i maig, Corm. Y 825 (fadesin, Bodl.). o chanasca (cutnasca v.l.) fadesin, Aipg. Cr. 18 ( ZCP iii 451 ). nech nothoirc [leg. nodnoirg) fadesin, Ériu vii 166 § 5 . ronoirnecht fadesin ib. rasgeoguin fodessin (his arrow) wounded himself PH 6306 . dia nustarda fadéin ingáibthib, 4859 . cf. falloing túath fadessin, Críth G. 599 cited below under (g) (β) B.

3 pl.

A nístuarascbat feisin cen gutai they do not express themselves Sg. 7a11 .

B nísfáelsad féin nach in curach, LU 1888 . in [ḟ]oirend rosmarb buden who killed themselves Aen. 1364 .

(c) ref. to suff. pron. (?): 3 s. gníthisium fadesin `he makes himself' Ml. 30b20 (but the correct transl. is more probably he himself makes him and the ex. belongs to II (a).

(d) With independent pron. (cf. Auraic. 649 : etargoire n-inchoisc persainni, me faden, tu faden, sinni fadesin, sibsi fadesin, siatsom fadesin. The corresp. text 3271 ff . has budein in sg. and budeisin, badeisin in pl.):

1 s.

A is me féin asbiur i tossuch (gl. per me et Silvanum) Wb. 14c30 . amal bid me féin notheised cucut (gl. suscipe illum sicut me) 32a17 .

B missi fodessin, TBC-LL¹ 1005 (= misi am aonar, St.). ni ba nech aile ... acht me féin, LL 296b22 . messe féin, 304a25 . na hadair dee bréci, acht me féin, PH 7310 . me fen nicon tibér `as for myself, I will not give it' MacCongl. 33.5 . misi féin as meallta, Acall. 982 . do Gaidhealuib mé fene, BCC § 278 .

2 s.

A cani tú féin, Wb. 8d27 .

B tussu fadéin, LL 247a44 ( IT² 208a ; fodein v.l.). tu fodén im fail-sea, MacCongl. 57.12 . in tú féin, LL 300b45 . tú féin, Acall. 353 . cia thu féin ?, 877 .

3 s.

A ni he fessin dobeir grad fair, Wb. 33c3 . he fesin as choimsid, Thes. ii 294.3 . f. sí feisine (gl. L manet per se) Sg. 165b3 .

B amhail bid e feissin, Corm. Y 825 . conid hé féin mac Dé, LU 1426 . ┐ hé fein eturru, LL 298a47 . conid rig he fén, PH 2586 . gur ferr é fein iná thusa, Acall. 2365 . tabhuir armgaisced mh'athar dhamh. dobhér ..., dōigh ba fialnár ... hé féin, 2012 . ba lan d'omun hé fein ┐ a righa, Marco P. 129 . diultadh se e fein, BCC § 4 (= dhó féin, Matthew xvi 24 ). med an tshaethair do bi se fein d'fagail uatha BCC § 33 . f. conid si fein ro innis, LU 2968 (H). i rraba sí fein, Thes. ii 337.33 ( Hy v 38 Comm ).

1 pl. B da deirbṡiair sinn féin, Acall. 398 . nach cumhachtach sinn féin ris aní se do chuireamair romhainn do chríochnughadh, TSh. 30 .

3 pl.

A nandat hae fessin, Ml. 130a8 .

B eter a feraib ┐ siat fesni, LU 8419 . iad féin, TSh. 5492 .

With nech oneself: B a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin one should regulate it for oneself Mon. Tall. § 63 . faisidin na pecadh nach dernadh nech féin d' faisidi, RC xxviii 320§ 43 . nech féin go mór da mholadh | céim as lór da lochtoghadh, 23 L 17, 149a .

(e) With prep. and pron. suff.:

1 s.

A erum féin, Ml. 86b1 . form féin, Wb. 7d15 . 8d26 . leim féin, Sg. 209b30 . uaimm fein Wb. 11c1 .

B immon ní is leamm fodén, MacCongl. 45.4 . uaimm fodén, 111.7 . damh bodéin, RC xxvi 370.13 . damsa fodéni, IT i 125.19 . formsa fein, LU 5963 . damsa féin, LL 302a31 .

2 s.

A det faden, Thes. ii 258.22 (bis). deit féin, Wb. 28d15 .

B deit fadéin tantum, Mon. Tall. § 37 . duit fadéin LU 11011 . let fessin, LU 8831 . fort féin, TBC-LL¹ 1187 . SR 6258 . ocut fen, PH 2350 . lat fén, MacCongl. 61.8 . can deitt fén 75.5 .

3 s. m. and n.

A do fadesin, Ml. 61b17 . friss fadesin, Wb. 6c18 . tarais fadeissin, 33d10 . de fessin, Ml. 65a1 . dó fessin, Wb. 23c16 . do fesin, 23c13 . etir fessin et doíni, 28b3 . foir feisin, Sg. 209b12 . fris fessin, Ml. 12d11 . fris fesin PCr. 59a2 . and feissin `in itself ' Sg. 50a2 . ind fessin (gl. in se) Ml. 129d18 . lais feisin, Sg. 153b7 . tríit fessin, Sg. 43a3 . triit feissin, 73b7 . huad fessin, Ml. 108b17 . huaid fessin 35c23 . uad feisin, Sg. 209b12 .

B dó fadeisin, Críth G. 73 . dosom fadesin, Mon. Tall. § 4 . cf. cono fadesen ` inclusive ' BCrólige § 39 . lais fodēin, SR 6859 . fris fudein, Ériu vii 144 § 26 . uad fodén, MacCongl. 31.19 . do fadéin, PH 5972 . chuige fodéin, 6169 . dó féin, LU 8920. 2310 . Acall. 920. 1216 . ind féin, LU 2584 . fairseom fessin, 2279 . úad fessin, LU 10167 . dó féine, TD 34.9 . nach ann fein do bi a anam acht a mbethaidh in Tigerna, BCC § 7 . nech...do derrscnugud de féin, CCath. 277 . rocinn aici féin nach rachadh, 396 .

3 s. f.

A lee fadeissne (gl. anima patitur) `by herself' Acr. 11c1 . forrae fadisin, Tur. 79 . huadi fadisin, Ml. 133c10 . di feisne, Sg. 199b6 . inte feisne, 159a4 . friae fessine, Ml. 130c9 . di féisin, Sg. 199b10 . fuiri féisin, 209b34 . fuiri feisin ib. 28 . trée feisin, 25b14 .

B forri fadeisne, Bürgschaft 26 § 74 . anas dír dí fadesne, Ériu vii 138.3 (Penit.). di fodéin, PH 5918 . cruit ar timpan sin, nó cruit uirri bodein YBL 204a40 = BB 347b32 .

1 pl.

A frinn fanisin, Wb. 17b10 . dunn fanissin, Camb. Hom., Thes. ii 245.7 . frinn fesine, Wb. 17b12 .

B triund fodesin, LU 9241 . ca tir trebfaither linn fesin, CCath. 605 . dún fessin, MacCongl. 29.4 . din féin, Acall. 228 .

2 pl.

A triib fadéisne, Wb. 3b22 . duib fadisin, Ml. 68b3 . airib féisne, Wb. 27c19 . diib féisne, 13a26a0 . lib fesin 9d11 . uaib fesin, 27d6 .

B tucabair fuath dib fein = teipsum odio habuisti BCC § 18 .

3 pl.

A dib fadesin, Ml. 31b10 . doib fadesin, 72c14 . intiu fadesin, 53b11 . dib fesin, 129c18 . doib fesin, 53b11 . intiu fesin, Ml. 53d17 . 61b17 . leo feissin, Sg. 71b3 . leu fessin, Ml. 91a10 . treo fesin, Sg. 4b4 . uadib fesin, 188a20 . forru fesin, Ml. 73b17 . friusom fesin, 54c18 . samlaib som fesin `like themselves ' Ml. 57c5 . uadib féissne, Sg. 144a1 .

B fer dib buden one of themselves PH 141 . cech óenchéol ... dibside fessin, LU 2035 . intib féin, LU 2557 . 2633 . forru fein, for a sluagaib, SR 4466 . etarru fein ┐ eter a tuisechu, CCath. 254 .

(f) Following a subst. preceded by poss. pron. (exx. are arranged according to person and number of pron., but the adj. occasionally seems rather to agree with the noun, e.g. Wb. 33c5 (a doenacht fesine), and at least for some of the forms this may be the original usage. See Pedersen, Asp. i Irsk 93z ).

1 s.

A mo slántu fadéin ┐ slántu amicorum , Acr. 6b1 . mo saithar féin, Wb. 7a1 . im augtortas féin, 9b5 . manid chretim a esséirge et mo esséirge féinn, 13c10 . mo muinter féin, 14a5 . dofuthrisse a buith im gnáis féin ara hireschi (gl. quem ego uolueram mecum retinere) 32a9 .

B mo derbmbleoghan budhessin, ZCP iv 31 (scribe in Eg. 1782 , Flower Cat. 261 ). tar mo chend uodessin, YBL 327a39 . form ḟeoil fodein, SR 1542 . com thrichait chét fadéin, LU 4648 . mo ainm fodéin, TBC-LL¹ 1053 . láeg mo bo fadéin, CRR 3 . dim glinni fadein, LU 4696 . form dreichsea fodéin, 3892 . mo chuit fodéin, MacCongl. 95.2 . m'ainmsi fodén, 79.3 . mo thustidi féin LU 1682 . m'ainmse féin, 334T0 mo chubrendsa fein, LL 303a43 . mo chrod féin, 304a20 . mu rath féin, Acall. 371 . acam athair féin, 2270 . mo lebar fen, BCC § 34 .

2 s. B im do bruinnedalta uadhessin ; imot noebmathair uadhessin ; im do noebapstalu uadessin, YBL 326b33 ; 36 ; 53 ( Otia ii 94 § 9 , § 11 ; 95 § 19 ). im do noebhdisciplu fadein, Otia ii 95 § 19 . a forus do thigi fadein, Bürgschaft 27 § c . fogéba do dun fadéin, LU 208 . do brathair fadéin, LL 112b32 . cia hainmsiu fodén ?, MacCongl. 77.25 . do thorba fadeine, ZCP iii 29.28 . ni bé dot réir fodéne, Ériu i 197 § 15 . do gnima fessin, LU 10270 . dit daig fesni, 3372 . lessaig do sluaig [sic] fein, SR 3843 . dot imdegail féin LU 5027 . molad do gnima feine | tathair gnima do cheile, Ériu ii 228.5 . do mhathair feine, ZCP viii 109.11 .

3 s.

A ho[a] degnim som fadesin, Ml. 20b3 . a senchassom fadesin `his own tradition' Wb. 30c17 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, 6c19 . a chorp (acc.) fadesin, 13d20 . ho[a] faithsini fadesin, 33c17 . duarbaid a noibi fadessin Ml. 46d15 . dobert goiste imma bragait fadesin, 23b10 . is a indocbál fessin condieig cách acht Tiamthe, Wb. 23d5 . na cuinged a thoil fessin `let him not seek his own desire' 11b18 . mad cumme imned á cheli et a imned fessin, 20c6 . ni as a persain fessin rogab in salmso `it was not in his own person that he sang this psalm' Ml. 90b15 . nítat á airiltin fessin donarbaid in popul, 108b8 . taiccéra cách dara chen fessin, Wb. 6b28 . di hilib a cheneiuil fessin, Sg. 40a8 . a ai[n]mm féssin, 6a7 . di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, 40a6 ; 7 ; 11 ; 17 . as máthir a ṡotho feissin cach n-óenchrann, Sg. 65a6 . ni bu fua reir fesin boi som, Ml. 14b13 . nadndechuid ... huadsom dochum nDae acht duintarrae inna ucht fesin iterum, Ml. 54d3 . issa thorbe feisin són nammá `it is his own profit only' Wb. 12c25 . diróscai di hilib a cheneiuil feisin, Sg. 40a18 . inna aicniud feisin `in its own nature' 209b35 . a folud feisin, 211b3 . a ancride feisin immeḟolṅgai césad dó, 209b18 . ni a doenacht fesine rudanordan acht deacht, Wb. 33c5 (fem. agreeing with doenacht, Ped., Asp. i Irsk 93z and Thes. Suppl. Cf. 28d21 cited below under 3 pl. ). (f.) a ggnim feisne its [lit. her] own action Sg. 199a2 .

B fria menmain fadesin, Mon. Tall. § 21 . ina insi fadessin, § 4 . for a anmain fadesin ZCP iii 451.25 . a setig dano do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom that his wife also should do penance on her own behalf and on her husband's Mon. Tall. § 86 . an tíi connessai a pectha fadesin, Ériu vii 170 § 18 . tara thúaith fadesin, Críth G. 28 . a thir (a less) fadesin, 251 ; 252 . cóic ṡeóit a thige fadessin, 395 . nan inraic nech ina chais fadesin, Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . a charpat fadessin TBC-LL¹ 771 . lucht a chrichi fadessin, LL 262a14 ( MU² 42 ). cf. a sretha sét fadessnei, Críth G. 244 (poss. seems to refer to `āith' kiln). .l. ban a mná fodéin, LU 8375 . fó a réir fodein, 8622 . a gilla fadéin, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6.23 . co dún a athar budhéin, Acall. 1199 (verse). o[a] chotib fadén, MacCongl. 51.1 . ina beol (beolu) fodén, 65.9 ; 65.19 ; 67.9 . tria thóebán fodéne (fadéne, bodéine, budheine, v.l.), Fél. 352 . gaibid dó a chlaideb fessin attacks him (viz. Goliath) with his own sword SR 5874 (deibhidhe rime with : sin). a ara fessin, LU 8805 . coa mnaí fessin, 3267 . a aicned fessin, 9792 . tanic ... coa ferand duthaig fesin 3199 . tuargaib a tech ... co riacht a dirgi fesin inna cetna 8402 . dia argat fesin, AU 963 . roráidset ... a muinter féin fri Dauíd, SR 6358 . go rogaid Moisi ... forsin Ríg ... | coro léiced dó a chosc fein | 'sa timargain dia uagréir, 4127 . dia brathrib fein, 3147 . a chommaín féin, LU 2286 ( FA 34 ). béim da bíail féin, LU 8028 ( FB 77 ). a n-aimsir a bais fen BCC § 34 . fer a inaid fein, § 27 . cindus do beidis ... ina diaidh fen, § 33 . rena beo fen ib. (f.) a derbhráthair féin , Acall. 541 . a cuit féin, 2341 . léna muintir féin, 2162 . a cóir féine her own rights TD 24.1 .

1 pl.

A cf. ara[r] pecthaigi dano fesin, Ml. 105a4 .

B diar lessugud fodein, PH 6121 . dar ndeoin buden of our own free will Aen. 1575 . láeg ar mbó féin, CRR 5 . ar n-athair féin, Acall. 398 . asar ndúchus féin, CCath. 607 .

2 pl.

A for n-airchinnech féisne, Wb. 5a11 .

B do for feraib fodeisne, LU 1777 (= do for fer fodein, YBL 4b29 ). far n-ósarbráthair fodéin, SR 3587 . for n-eitteire féin SR 3504 . bhur bhfir féin, Acall. 976 .

3 pl.

A ised asbertis ba [a] nert fadesin immefolnged choscur doib ni bu Dia, Ml. 95a5 . dia luc fadesin, Sg. 154b1 . cen tíchtain á tíre fadesin, Ml. 34d12 . a rriuth aicneta fedesin, BCr. 18b12 . fo a réir fadésne, Wb. 5b3 . nach du Dia ... acht is dia neurt fessin, Ml. 46d10 . inna n-aicniud feisin, Sg. 188a18 . in teist dorat a fili fésine, Wb. 31b19 . a mmuintire fesine `of their own household' 28d21 (her ? Ped. takes fesine as fem. here, Asp. i Irsk 93y ). acuit inna forciunn feisne on their own termination Sg. 213a8 . is sairiu doib fognam dona ballaib ailib doib oldaas cid a fognam féisne, Wb. 12b2 . a tola féisne, 30d8 .

B a ndochoisci fadesin, Aipg. Cr. § 18 ( ZCP iii 451 ). inda leth fadessin, Mon. Tall. §64 . im rennaib ... a n-arm fodessin, LU 6287 . a n-echrada fadesin, 10591 . a n-indmassa dilse fadeissin, PH 6132 . do reir a n-uird uodessin, 336 . re comalta bodéin, Acall. 2145 . dia fíadnaib fein, LU 8550 ( FB 40 ). triana sualchib ... féin 2393 . assa corpaib fodéin, MU² 276 . ara bferaibh féin, Acall. 988 .

(g) After subst.

(α) preceded by article:

A act in duine fadesin (gl. quis enim scit hominum ... ?) Wb. 8b8 . in popul fadesin, Ml. 34d7 . in doini adordais inna idlu nō ind idail fadesin, 36d16 . ind nime fadesin `of the heaven itself' 51c27 . caingníme na forcitlaide fadesine `of the good deeds of the teachers themselves' Wb. 31d17 . as in talam fessin `from the earth itself' Ml. 45d13 . is dund salm fessin is ainm lessom `titulus', 74b1 . it hé inso boill ind senduine et is hé in senduine fessin, Wb. 27b8 . don chrunn fésin is nomen `buxum' ... ni don torud, Sg. 61b13 (cf. do chrunn fessin 61b8 ). atbelat sidi ┐ inna soinmecha fesin, Ml. 57a3 . tresin n-aimsir feissin .i. amal bid ind aimsir feisin, Sg. 188a26 . Cf. is nomen du[n?] chathraig fissin, Ml. 131c3 .

B forsin duini fadesin `the man himself' Ériu vii 138.4 . in file fodhesin, IT iii 96y . ar chairiguth ind uilc fadesin `to correct the evil itself' Ériu vii 162 § 5 . do laim in choimded uodessin PH 4770 . in Fathliaig fodessin, MacCongl. 93.7 . is i so in anamhain fodhen, IT iii 97 § 157 . lucht inotachta na cathrach badhdein those who enter the city itself Fl. Earls 100.6 . in cepp i mbai ind inneoin | is ind indeoin fodēine (: nārfēile), Rawl. 139b27 ( Ériu iv 110 = ┐ ind i. féni, LL 35a6 ). slān uaim don bith budhdēine | la Rīgh ngrēine os mithid, RC xxxvii 352 § 13 . fáilte in Comded fessin, LU 2125 . tri la ria samfuin ┐ tri laa iarma ┐ lathe na samna feisne, 3223 . in Comdiu féin, 2757 . forcraid cech baill do thinól ... corop isin bul[l]sa fein fogaba ciped ... dliges, 2584 . cidat falsi araile di ruinib na esergi ar is todochaide n-airchend ind esergi fein, 2614 . pl. Tuadhmhumha ... d'orccain lá Conchobhar M. ┐ la Gallaibh. na Goill feisne do theacht leis co Ross C., AFM iii 68.15 .

(β) without art.:

A (cf. qui in rectum non iudicio (.i. fadesin) ducuntur Ml. 51b16 , where the meaning may be `their own judgement or reason,' i.e. that of the mules ( Psalms xxxi 9 ); the ex. then belongs to f). cosmil fri Crist fessin a athir nemde, Wb. 13d13 . ol Priscien feissin `saith P. himself' Sg. 40a12 . i fogur Dae fessin, Wb. 25b19 . foirbthetu neirt fesin, Ml. 128d18 .

B airecht fodesin, one of the five `cenéla airechta': airecht fodesin, is a suidhi bīt brethemain co sē līnaib deec airecta umpu, ZCP xii 360 ( O'Curry 74 < H 3.18, 57b ). bairdne fadessin name of a metre, or a class of metres: IT iii 14 § 27 . admall ..., is bairdne fadeisin a ruidles .i. blogbairdne ┐ brecbairdne, etc. 22 § 67 . cf. 43 § 52 ( ar bairdni fesin, 109.17 ). duan fadesin name of a metre: duan fadesin ┐ duan cenélach ┐ forduan, etc. IT iii 12 § 18 ( duan fen, § 21 ; in 22 § 67 , 41 § 46 , this is simply duan) : cf. rii tuaithe, di feraib deacc do lessaib tuaithe folloing tuath fadessin fria taiscedhi `a king of a tribe, twelve men are supported by the territory on his excursions for the good of the territory' Laws iv 338.21 = Críth G. 599 , where the ed. reads: folloing ... thaiscidi, and renders `the tuath maintains himself (the king alone) for his private affairs' Mac Neill renders: `whom the tuath itself sustains' PRIA xxxvi C 306 . With npr., etc.: im Pettar fadheissin, Otia ii 95 § 23 . íasacht ṁbliadna do Dund Cualnge, ┐ ragaid lóg a íasachta dó ... .i. coíca samaisci ┐ Dond Cualnge fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 93 . Concobar fodessin, LU 8205 ( FB 15 ). is Día fadesne chuirius nech i bpianaibh, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 6 (= as e Dīa fein cuires pian ar duine, 132 ). bid marb Iacob fodein, SR 3603 . ro iarfacht Forainn fadein do | fiad in tṡlúag, 3293 . cortrascair grianan Bricrend ... co torcair Bricriu fodein ┐ a rigan, LU 8379 ( FB 25 ). Bricriu fodein LU 8178 . atrachtatar Ulaid im Chonchobar ... luid Conchobar fodein ... co D., MU² 191 . ro gaet Connla ic Ath leathan ocus Áth lethan bodhéin ... is Dun E. ... caidhi fochaind a claechlóigh?, Acall. 1189 (verse). Dia fa dhéin, , Dán Dé xxvi 39 . intan baí ic deiscin na n-én | Eua féssin, SR 2138 . Medb fessin, LU 8840 ( FB 62 ). marbais in Liath M. ... ech Ercoil ┐ noscengland Cu Ch. Ercoil fessin, LU 8929 ( FB 70 ; similarly LU 8922 ). Cu Chulaind fessin ┐ a ara, 10176 . Mac Dathó fessin, ScM. 6 . Forgall fessin, LU 10265 . fri tressaib Forgaill fessin, 10267 . pl.: iomaireacc ... eitir Chonnachtaibh féisin , AFM i 402.8 (= inter Connachta inuicem AU 798 ). Adam fein, SR 1303 . gaisced Conchobair féin LU 5048 . Dia féin, PH 7378 . ro chuirestair Eochaid eclacha ... d'iarraidh a mnae. dochuaidh Eochaid fein iar sin d'iarraidh Etaine, IT i 129.14 . adubairt Find féin, Acall. 1401 . fian Conáin. fian Oisín ... fiann Find féin, 1399 . pl. D., ri Alban, do marbad la hAlbanchu fein, AU 966 .

III In sense even: na cnuic fen even those hills BCC 18.4 . ar laoidh féin ni fagthar dath not even a poem is credited Content. vi 13 . aniu féin even now xxii 11 . With demons. : ni beith an dinite sin féin even that dignity BCC § 1 . an talam ud fein, § 26 .

The forms cadéin, cade(i)s(s)in, césin, céin, etc., are explained by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 153 ) as containing cia or cid with pron. and demons. They disappear early. In tabulating the forms according to usage the arrangement of the f— forms above is followed. The rendering even, also suits several of the exx.

I As subject of (virtual) copula clause:

3 s. B baí brathair laiss Long mac Ebonis cadessin, LU 6107 . Cf. is amlaid no imthiged Medb ┐ nói carpait fóthi ... da charpat rempe díb ┐ da charpat na diaid ┐ da charpat cechtar a da táeb ┐ carpat eturru ar medon cadessin, TBC-LL¹ 697 (Windisch supplies (a) before the last `carpat' and renders `ihr eigener Wagen in der Mitte zwischen ihnen'; the meaning will be brought out better if we add a comma after `eturru' and render and (her) chariot between them, that (was) in the middle).

3 pl. B Dal Cormaic Luisc in tres primslonnud eirrid cadesin Dál C. L. the third principal stem, these were chariot fighters Rawl. 118b42 (= errid cid in sin, LL 312a11 ). Ethne mathair ... Cormaic ┐ Niad Chuirp ┐ eirrid cadessine ib. 47 (= errid chatha sin, LL 312a17 . Cf. oldaas cid a fognam féisne, Wb. 12b12 . ro ergiset Conall ┐ Eogan. & cid iatside ropsat láma in net nathrach, LL 304b19 ( Bor. 113 )).

II

(a)

1 s.

A fuachaidsem ... fuachimm chein, Thes. ii 293.23 .

B atchí Bran | lin tond ... | atchiu cadéin (budhen v.l.) ... scotha, Imr. Brain 35 .

3 s.

A caraimse fos ... oc mu lebran ... caraid cesin a maccdán, Thes. ii 293.17 .

B dagéini dano Lethan fora áth ... anais cadessin ara chind Con C., LU 5314 . guitter dano Lath ... ara chend ... datuitside dano cadessin, 5986 . imtéit cadesin, Críth G. 601 . asbeir cadisin, Bürgschaft I § 53 . crich ína coisce guire noise ... adsuighe crích cadesin, Laws iv 142.24 . cf. ad-suide cadeissin, ZCP xvi 212.7 . indfine co .vii. firu dec: conranna [leg. —t ?] cadeissin finteda, Laws iv 284.7 .

3 pl.

A [cf. ni comalnatsom cid feissne recht, Wb. 20c22 ].

B imcomaircid na fāithe ele ... ┐ asbertatar cadissin: ticfa, etc. ZCP viii 312.32 . foíte días día thabairt ass ... fecsit cadesne for coí, LU 1773 . Cf. doforbartatar in dunat cadeissin, IT iii 239.145 .

(b) ref. to preceding infixed pron.:

? 1 s. B fritamgair céin, ACL iii 294 § 11 .

(c) ref. to suff. pron. 3 s. A gabsi cadessin abbaith `took himself as abbot' Thes. ii 242 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). But possibly the subj. of the verb is emphasized and the ex. belongs to II (a).

(d) in apposition to independent pron.

1 s.

A [cf. os me chene, Thes. ii 293.25 ].

3 s.

B [cf. laech uathmar ... folt dondchas fair, ossē lethgloir cadissin, TBC-I¹ 3302 (om. LL).

(e) after prep. pron.

1 pl. A is comadas duun chanisin, Thes. ii 246.4 (Camb. Hom.).

3 pl. A indib cadesin, Sg. 150b2 . ataat tuisil indib cadésin, 188a2 .

(f) after subst. preceded by poss.

1 s. A mu menma céin, Thes. ii 293.15 . im lín chéin ib. 21 . for mu mud cein, 294.4 .

3 s. B 'na mennat ceisni (: Feirtsi), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 54 (an archaising form on pattern of cadessin, Ed.).

2 feis(s), fess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 feis(s), fess or dil.ie/21506
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: feis, -i, fesi, fesa, feisi, fessa

n ā (?), f. (vn.of foaid spends the night). feis (g s. n p. -i) IGT, Decl. § 14.19 . g s. fesi, Liad. and Cuir. 20 . n p. fesa, O'Curry 805 (< H 3.18, 373a ).

(a) spending the night, sleeping: do ḟeiss (fess v.l.) aidche hi linnib from spending the night in pools Hy ii 27 . As cognate acc. : fiba fess (fes, feis v.l.) moch mairb will soon sleep the sleep of the dead (?) Ériu ii 3.6 . Rarely of beleaguering (cf. forbais) : fiibthir Falchaeo feis, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 54.25 . Cf. cathasach .i. cathíesach .i. feis foite ind oig ina cathgreim co matain, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 179 (< H 3.18, 67 ) = Corm. Y 245 . Esp. of sleeping with another person ; coition: hence espousal: co mbi ferr lais feis la gillib, Laws v 292.23 . toet chucum a ben hinnocht do fes lium, IT i 145.8 . fess la mnai óic, Ériu viii 122.31 . laichess .i. laoch ┐ fess, is din feis foas la laoch, Corm. Y 795 . feis re gach mnaoi, Dán Dé xxiv 3 . ma ro carais, dena f.¤ leis, TBC-LL¹ p. 649 n. 5 (St) = faé leis LL. feis dorinne sé re hÁine, Keat. ii 4373 . ní ba gnáth sósar d'ḟeiss i fiadnaisi ṡinsir it was not customary for the younger to wed before the elder RC xiii 36 w ( LL 294b3 ). do éimghidh S. ┐ M. feis `refused to be espoused' ML 12.28 . an ḟ.¤—fa f.¤ degt[h]oraidh— | dār geined Bē binn, ZCP xiii 18.27 . g s. ar imgabail feisi le hÆnias, Aen. 1666 . eiric imgabala feisi, Laws v 294.25 Comm. coraigecht aenmna re bliadhain dam ... ┐ leth feissi do grēs, Acall. 4955 (`a stipulation that for one year I be thine only wife and after that in perpetuity enjoy a full half of thy conjugal society' SG ii 221 ). rucc leth fesi, a inghen fial, | mo b[h]en-sa isin ail-si tiar my spouse on yonder rock (i.e. the church of Cashel) has claimed half your conjugal rights RC xxxvii 350 § 3 . Fig. of assuming kingship : do rigustar (F.) ... et ar f.¤ d'F. re coiced Connacht doronne a oiti a frithailem ... ┐ is i sin banais rige is oiregdo doronad a Connacht riam, Ann. Conn. 1310 § 7 = ALC i 554 (`after F. had espoused the Province of C.' Cf. Ériu xiv 14 ). Cf. feis .i. druis ut est fuba co fessaib lust O'Dav. 930 . f.¤ leptha (láime, lám-déraigthe) cohabiting ; espousal, wedlock: ro ḟáeidur in lánamain sin ind áidchi sin ar f.¤ leaptha ┐ lámdéirigthi, Acall. 7841 ; 820 . do bhi ar fes (feis) laimhe ┐ leaptha ag an inghin an oidhche sin, RC xxix 134.18 ; 26 . ar feis leaptha, 146.8 . fuair rogha ríoghna ar f.¤ láimhe, Ó Bruad. ii 86 .

(b) by extension accommodation for the night, bed: co f.¤, co n-adogh, co tein, co n-aitreb, Laws iv 20.1 (with gl.: co laigi doib ann, 22.30 ). Of cattle, etc.: ina muca i f.¤ i foil a n-aidche housed (sleeping ?) in a stye 96.25 . deithbir idir f.¤ i fual ┐ f.¤ i f. ; buaile glan hi i f. ┐ buaile salach f.¤ i fual (of a foul cattle-booley and a clean one) v 468.9. Comm .

(c) entertainment for the night, food, supper: f.¤ aidc[h]i .i. de biud, Corm. Y 594 . feis .i. cuiriud ... (.i. i n-aidchi .i. co lind), Laws iii 20.17 . feis .i. i n-aidchi .i. co linn, O'Dav. 854 . feiss i Cruachain do grés dó, TBC-LL¹ 1613 , 2269 ( fes; cuirm, Eg. 209 ). fuaradar feiss na hoidchi sin ac C., Acall. 23 . fogebainn biad ┐ fés aidchi duit, MR 68.13 . meth feise la rig `the failure to supply the feast of a king' Laws i 230.22 = meith feisi rig (atat .iii. fesa do rig a fuirired a faigthe a dligid), O'Curry 805 (< H 3.18, 373a ). Hence food, repast in gen. : dús in fogebtha fri f.¤ | do biud dún ní domelmais, SR 1563 . lubai in talman ... nidad tlaithi dun fri feis, 1571 . ce bú for fess and? ol si. Fonoad col carpait dun and, ol se what was your repast ? LU 10243 . ba greis don deora daighfir | fes a feola, BB 370a31 = a chuit feola, Metr. Dinds. iii 162.12 (feis v.l.). gura féis do faelaib do corp ! (an imprecation) MR 188.20 . ac feis ┐ ac fleduchudh, CCath. 2438 . Here, perhaps : cele fesa, Ériu viii 122.26 . Oft. in connection with díthat (q.v.) : feis, fuiririud, dithit, Laws iii 20.13 . co tormalt feiss ┐ dithait, TBC-LL¹ 637 (go ro loing fes et dithat an laoi St). ni fil feis cen dithit, O'Dav. 854 . ní bí feis cin dithat .i. cen fuighell, O'Curry 1426 (< H 3.18, 640 ). dligmít feis dithat [compd. ?] na haidchi so di, Acall. 18 . f.¤ dithat na haidhche anoct uaimsi duit ... .i. naí mbai fichit ..., 0 522. co rotochaithset a ffes dithett, Hugh Roe 242.30 (f. 64b) ; `Almost certainly a compd,' Plummer, Slips.

(d) In Laws, also used of cattle trespass i.e. trespass by (entering and) lying down (and grazing), see below : is feis cach lige, cach tarraidhe, airlim acht na deilset nach tartaidhe (.i. eiric feisi forru o tarraigter and iatt ina lighe, eric airlime orra acht na ro laigit ann), Laws iv 78.8 (80.8) . a feis dighona feoir ethamain geimreta tar lān-ime `for `feis' trespass in a winter grass field over a full fence' 80.21 Comm . da miach ina feis ┐ miach ina n-airlim two sacks for `feis' trespass in them and one for `airlim' 80.25 Comm . feis lae ┐ feis aidhche `f.¤' trespass by day, by night 80.14 Comm . caīrig imorro, it smachta airlime do suidib, ar ni fil fesa doib `fines for `feis'-trespass' 108.6 . nochon fuil dethbir feisi na airlime a leth re fiach duine-caithi, 84 w Comm . The term bō feise, etc. can hardly mean `cattle-feeding' as it is sometimes rendered in Laws Transl., the alternative rendering `the cows forfeited for feeding', O'Don. Suppl. is more likely (in some instances it probably means cows forfeited for (or who have committed) the trespass of lying-down (implying grazing), cf. ethait ní ina feis ┐ ina n-airlim ┐ noco n-ethait ní ina ruiriudh na ína tairsce `they eat something in their `feis' —trespass' Laws iv 138.10 Comm. fiach feisi geimrid a ruiriud aoidhche in geimrid `fine for winter `feis' —trespass is due for a running-over on a winter's night' ib. 12 ). treisi co ndithmuim cach athgabala na mbo feisi, no co tiagaitt ba fesi ina cenn `every distress for cow-feeding' (?) i 222.26 Comm . ba fesi ... ba dithma, ii 134.17 Comm . fiach fesi cach athgabala `debt for the expense of feeding' (?) i 224.6 Comm . cu n-īcand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, Bürgschaft 66 ("Kühe des Übernachtens"). is ed slan nge[i]ll .i. bai fesi ge[i]ll ..., 78 .

(e) a feast, a festival (oft. of an established and recurring one) : ardsollamain na ngente .i. f.¤ Temra, Lat. Lives 5 = Trip. 40.23 . cena (alias feis) Temhra apud (alias la) Loeghaire AU 454 . feiss Temhra la Diarmaid, 559 . fes Temra cacha samna, LU 4211 . do chaithim fessi Temrach, 4209 . do thomailt fesse T., ZCP iii 4.4 (orig. espousal in these exx. Cf. concluding exx. in section (a) above and see Studies in Early Irish Literature 334 ). f.¤ tigi Oengossa, Ériu vii 220.5 = LL 209b43 . f.¤ tighe Bricrenn (name of a tale, probably = Fled Bricrenn), Anecd. ii 45.2 . coro ḟeram feis trí laa ┐ tri n-aidchi i ndunud G. till we enjoy an entertainment of three days, etc. TFerbe 61 . pl. fessa ┐ fuireca, CRR 9 . a bhfeasa ┐ a bhfulachta, ML 76.12 . fessa (title of a class of tales) LL 189c40 (O'Curry MS. Mat. 588 ). Anecd. ii 45.1 .

(f) exceptionally a stay, sojourn: doronsad f.¤ māir thair, Lec. 553a39 ( ZCP x 166.15 ). Cf. bain-, bran-, tarbfeis s.v. 2 feis(s).

Compds. : cf. f.¤ dithat above also Acall. 5036 ; 5381 ; 7301 .

Cf. dusnic dím feis nErenn fós fess nAlban feiss suadh feiss druadh feiss cerda feiss cuthchoire feiss corrguine feiss sedhguine feiss cech duine bí doní olc ... frim corp ZCP vi 258.19 (Colum Cille's prayer).

foaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foaid or dil.ie/22348
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: foí, fáe, foad, foíedh, foaid, foíd, foid, faid, —foí, foas, fooit, —foat, —faat, —faeat, foite, foíed, ḟoad, —fia, ḟaeem, foet, foat, foíed, ḟoad, fífatsa, fífitsa, —fifea, faíbea, —fifa, fiba, fibas, —[ḟ]ifamni, faifemni, fíbaid, fibait, forsarroa, forsaroae, fiu, rofiu, fíu, fíu, femmir, —febair, —féotár, —feótár, —oetar, feótar, faitar, fáit, fáitche, faithche, faít, faíter, fibthair, fíibthir, foí-, faí-, fóe-, fáe-, fáei-, faíd(h)-, foíd(h)-, faoidh-, foided, fotaeth, faíidh, faidid, -faienn, foidis, faíear, -faíear, -faier, -faidiur, bhḟaie, faetis, faethidis, faifet, -sa, faífead, -faíeab, -fúiiubh, -faidiubh, fáefes, confóefet, -faifedh, -faichfedh, fói, fais, fuidis, fuidhis, faidis, faoídhis, ḟói, foí, fai, fae, rofoe, ḟaéi, ḟaoi, ḟáiset, ḟaietar, ḟáeidur, faidetar, fessatar, foaid, fói

v earlier forms: imperat. 2 s. foí, LL 290a42 . 274b6 . fáe, TBC-LL¹ 4561 . 3 s. foad, LL 260b19 . foíedh, IT iii 322.5 . ind. pres. 3 s. foaid, Hy ii 31 (foid v.l.). foíd, LU 3878 . foid ZCP viii 310.25 . faid, TBC-I¹ 2918 . YBL 116b21 . —foí LU 6929 ( BDD 54 ). rel. foas, Corm. Y 795 . Laws i 160.27 Comm. 3 pl. fooit, Rawl. 122by . —foat, Rawl. 118b16 . —faat, Otia i 125 § 16 . Anecd. i 58 § 67 . —faeat, Laws iv 102.22 . rel. foite , Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 179 (< H 3.18, 67 c. 3 ). imperf. 3 s. no foíed , LU 10607 ( CCC 6 ). no ḟoad , LL 286b44 . subj. pres. 2 s. co ro ḟoasu, LL 274b8 . nir faei, BDD 16 (ni roi D). 3 s. —fia, BCrólige § 44 . Cf. dia fia for feis feissi, O'Dav. 879 . 1 pl. co ro ḟaeem , LU 1558 . 3 pl. (?) co foet , Laws i 192.27 . Cf. foat, ZCP viii 196 § 20 . past 3 s. ná foíed , LU 8023 . no ḟoad , LL 260a14 . fut. 1 s. fífatsa, LU 6312 . fífitsa, IT iii 322.6 . 3 s. —fifea (a added after first f) YBL 116b20 ; 21 ( IT ii 180x ) = faíbea, IT iii 46x . —fifa, Rawl. 82a22 . Cf. fiba, Ériu ii 3.6 . YBL 124b14 . rel. fibas IT ii 180.179 . 1 pl. —[ḟ]ifamni, LL 274b7 = faifemni, Mór M. 2 ( PRIA xxxvi C 263 ). 2 pl. cf. fíbaid, LL 251b24 . 3 pl. fibait, 116b5 . pret. and perf. 2 s. forsarroa, Ériu ii 224.3 = forsaroae, Mon. Tall. 67 . 3 s. fiu, Trip. 156.19 ( fíu, 1825 ); 174.6 ( fíu, 2025 ). ZCP viii 564.7 . rofiu, Trip. 182.21 ( ro fíu , 2143 ). ocár fíu , LU 5825 . 1 pl. femmir, LU 10242 . 2 pl. —febair ib. 3 pl. —féotár, LU 4686 . 5362 . —feótár, 5378 (= —oetar, TBC-I¹ 902 ) - LU 5388 . feótar, 8919 (H). —foitar, TBC-LL¹ 1552 . co faitar , 389 (cf. co fáit , with bar over -t, LL 95a6 ; 11 where TBC-LL¹ 4927 ; 4932 reads fáitche [ = faithche] and Father Paul Walsh, Ir. Eccles. Rec. 1913, 187n . would read faít or faíter. Probably pret. 3 pl. is intended). pass. fut. fibthair, LL 275a42 . fíibthir, ZCP viii 565.9 . Vn. 2 feis(s) (fess) q.v.

During the Mid. Ir. period the stem is variously written foí-, faí-, fóe-, fáe-, fáei-, later faíd(h)-, foíd(h)-, faoidh-. Imperat. 3 s. foided, BB 402b19 = fotaeth, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 72 ( Lec. 256va48 ). pres. 3 s. faíidh, Marco P. 23 . faidid RC xi 42.8 . -faienn, Marco P. 67 . rel. foidis, ZCP iii 261 § 89 . subj. pres. 1 s. faíear, IGT III § 33 . -faíear ib. -faier, RC xliii 22 § 21 . -faidiur, RC xiii 58.10 (Lec.). 3 s. dia bhḟaie , Marco P. 106 . subj. past 3 pl. noco faetis , TTebe 2648 = faethidis, Eg. fut. 1 s. faifet -sa, RC xliii 74.1 . faífead, -faíeab IGT III § 33 . -fúiiubh sa, ACL iii 309.17 . -faidiubh sa TBC-LL¹ 4483 St. (-faidheabhsa v.l.). 3 s. rel. fáefes, LU 10481 (H). 3 pl. cf. confóefet, 9840 (see con-foí). sec. fut. 3 s. -faifedh, ACL iii 309.30 . -faichfedh (= faidh-), Ériu iv 176 § 12 . pret. and perf. 3 s. fói, ZCP viii 309.8 . fais, LU 3513 (H). faeiss, TBC-LL¹ 4565 . fuidis, RC v 198 § 4 . fuidhis IT iii 322.7 . faidis, Irish Texts i 56 § 17 . faoídhis AFM v 1760.5 . ro ḟói , Trip. 146.1 (= ro foí , 1687 ). ro fai , TBC-I¹ 2427 . ro fae , Rawl. 148a32 . rofoe, 126b27 . ro ḟaéi , CCath. 1408 . ro ḟaoi , AFM ii 1104.1 . 3 pl. ro ḟáiset , Acall. 667 . ro ḟaietar , 820 . ro ḟáeidur , 7841 . faidetar , RC v 204.5 . For pret. fessatar, etc., see fes(s)id. faoidh for leic .i. do chodladh ar leic, O'Cl., is a gloss on foaid, Hy ii 31 , cited above. Vn. 2 feis(s), later faíechtain, q.v.

(a) spends the night (in a place; with a person), distinguished from con-tuili `sleeps' (physical act), see Thurneysen, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 55 : fíu aidchi ic Druim U., Trip. 184.15 (2164) . fíbait i nEmain dadaig, LL 116b5 . fíu ... hi tig in righ L. ind aidchi genair Corc, Anecd. iii 57 . fói hi tig Treth, ZCP viii 309.8 (pret.). clasa rath la Cormac conid inte nofoihedsom do gres ar niba hada rī co n-anim do ḟeis i Temraig, Rawl. 131b36 . luid L. ... co Temraig ... ┐ fais hi Temraig ind aidchi sin, LU 3513 ( SCC 27 ). fer anechtair foas aen aidchidh lat, Laws i 160.27 Comm. faidhis Caillin la Fagartach in oidchi sin, Fen. 178.9 . fáifidh a lepaid Mobí, BColm. 82.1 . Of an army or a person halting for the night: ro sagat trá co feótár i n Drúim Ḟ., LU 5581 . co foitar cethri ollchoiceda hErend ir-Réde L. ... ┐ co ragbatar dunad and inn aidchi sin, TBC-LL¹ 1552 . cach áth ... ocár fíu [Medb], LU 5825 . See also under (d) below. Of animals: i fail i faeat na muca isin n-aidchi, Laws iv 102.22 Comm. cf. teora ferba fira ... co foetar aidchi Fertai `three white cows ... they lay down a night at F.' i 64.2 . bale i faat (: a-taat they are) Anecd. i 58 (of cattle). nosfáidi P. [sc. na euchu] ... co féotar ina dísiurt la M., Trip. 242.2 (2853) (cf. under 2 feis, d).

(b) often of cohabitation, with LA (seldom FRI): intí fáefes lia mnaí, LU 10481 = foidis, ZCP iii 261 § 89 . foid ind ingen in lásin lais, ZCP viii 310.25 . nochan faidiubh-sa le fer, | noco faídhi m'fer le mnái, TBC-LL¹ 4483 St. ni fetar cia lasa fifea Etan, IT ii 180.186 = cía fer risa fóefea, IT iii 19 § 52 (re faitfea BB). cindus fibas Cu Chulaind?, IT ii 180.179 . ben lasambi cuma cip cia las fia, BCrólige § 44 . o ro gradaigh Telamon Esiona d'ai [ = d'ḟai] si leis, BB 420b44 . ní ar uaisli ... fhaidit la a seitchib `they choose their wives, not for nobility' Marco P. 44 . atrubairt si nā faifedh fri Tipraite isin cill tuaiscertaig, ACL iii 309.30 . na fir risi faeidfidis na hingeana sin `whom those maidens would wed' TTebe 340 . iet céd-fhir ... faiset fri mnaib, Leb. Gab.(i) i 18 . Absol: fíbaid ... dadaig ┐ Finndabair thou shalt mate with F. LL 251b24 ( TBFr. § 24 ). cen co foam ... mise ┐ tú, Metr. Dinds. iv 228.25 . ro ḟaietar in lánamain sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 820 . co ro ḟaier-sa lat ... er laimh ┐ ar leabaidh, RC xliii 22 § 21 . Fig.: limm-sa fóit na haird-ríg | is mé ... flathius Alban is Hérend, Metr. Dinds. iv 142 - 126 . a dhrúichtinnsi lear fhaoi Art whom A. espoused Gadelica i 12 § 14 . Cf. tan ro[ḟ]ois lem, a bē, ZCP vi 266 § 2 . ro[f]ois re ceathrur iar sein, § 5 .

(c) in wider sense stays, abides, sojourns: luid R. co tech a comalta ┐ fái lais .vii. mbliadna, Dinds. 5 . ni fuil slan leo co foet dechmadh [in] ala crich till they spend ten days Laws i 192.27 Comm. Fig.: na sluaig fooit i nhūir who rest in the clay (= are buried) Rawl. 122b54 ( Bruchst. i § 132 ). caine dind dem i foat, Rawl. 118b16 ( Hail Brigit 9 ; cf. Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.6 ). táncatar séd isan domhuin, | ba ferr foät better were they to remain hidden (?) ZCP viii 196 § 20 . faidhfit do scela shall be forgotten Cog. 92.10 . Cf. forcaomhnacair talamchumhscugud isind aoir faietar neoill etarbuasach uaistib din buiresc- rubertsat for alaili ZCP viii 104.13 . With acc.: cid dofuci? or A. coroḟaeem celidi latsu to stay on a visit with thee LU 1558 (= co ro anam c., IT ii2 209 § 2 ).

(d) watches through the night (Thurneysen, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 54 - 5 ): cotailsiu ... co cend teóra láa ┐ teóra n-aidchi ┐ fífatsa forsna slógaib in n-airet sin, LU 6312 = firbatsa, TBC-LL¹ 2468 . Cf. oinfer fibu (fiba, fiaba v.l.) iarum ailib feis iteir catha cuim, Ériu ii 3.9 (with gl.: oinfer nomairbhfe). fiba fess (feis v.l.) moch mairb will watch the early watch of the dead (?) ib. 6 . luid Cu Culaind ┐ fiu forfes Fer Falchae ┐ selaig firu Faal huli, ZCP viii 564.7 . fer fiu fert ar gaili gnim ib. 18 . fíibthir (fibithir v.l.) Falchae feis (fes v.l.), 565.9 . Cf. cathas ... .i. feis foite ind oig ina cathgreim co matain, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 179 (< H 3.18, 67 ). = Corm. Y 245 .

foditiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foditiu or dil.ie/22610

 

Forms: foditiu, fodaitiu, foditu, foditiu, fodaitin, fodite, foighide, foite, foighid, foighidne, foidhne, foighne, foighide, foighidean, foighidin, foighidne, faighidne

n n, f. (vn. of fo-daim). O.Ir. n s. foditiu, Wb. 1c18 . fodaitiu, Sg. 137b10 . 209b12 . foditu, Thes. ii 247.10 (Cambr. Hom.). d s. do foditiu , Wb. 30c23 . do fodaitin , Ml. 24b13 . In Mid. and later Irish written in great variety of forms: fodite, foighide, foite , foighid; (with nom. formed from g s. stem) foighidne, foidhne, foighne (cf. foditnige). foighide (g s. foighidean: chreideamh, IGT ex. 1943 ) IGT, Decl. § 143 . foighidin (g s. foighidne, ex. 1947 ) § 144 .

(a) bearing, enduring (O. Ir. sense): f.¤ cech imnid, Wb. 1c18 . foditu chruche ocus diorcne, Thes. ii 247.10 (Cambr. Hom.). is hecen doib ingremmen do f.¤ , Wb. 30c23 . bēim ... .i. cesad nó f.¤ , O'Mulc. 140 . da mad ead no beith agaibh a foiditin if you intended to submit to it RC xliii 18 § 11 . In gramm. of suffering the action expressed by a vb.: gním ind aithirge, cesad a fodaitiu, Sg. 137b10 . is cesad dosom a ḟodaitiu, 209b12 . etargaire persainde i ceussad .i. a foditen, Auraic. 3356 .

(b) later generally of moral quality, longsuffering, patience, forbearance: fofitiu cen indiri, ZCP iii 447.5 . in [sic leg.] foidi[ti] nachar ḟill patience that never failed ACL iii 237 § 22 (goiridi). ainmne ┐ foite in choimdeadh, PH 5129 . ferr foigidne inā imrisain, ZCP vi 261.2 . ba ... már i ffoighittne ┐ a ttrocaire, BNnÉ 328 § 60 . foighidi aindlighe a namhad suffering injustice from his enemies Instructio 116.24 . is i in fhoighidi cinel claiti is uaisli ann = nobile vincendi genus est patientia 116.2 . do guidh é maille le foighittin, ITS xvi 54 . g s. flaith ... na foighitte (: creidme), BNnÉ 280.20 . dochum foidhide, Parrth. Anma 29.3 . tug Criosd sompla foidhidne dhuinn, 85.18 = faighidne, Luc. Fid. 44 . lucht na foiten, PH 5608 . in tan dobheirid siad adhbhar na foighidi duit = cum occasionem habendi patientiam donant, Instructio 116.20 . DO-GNÍ FODITIN shows, practices, patience, forbearance: an ḟaidhide sin do roinnetar, L. Chl. S. § 27 . an ti doni foighinne 'na bochtaine, Ériu v 130 § 41 . mór do-rinne rí S. riom ... d'ḟoidhidin, TD 15.7 .

DO-BEIR F.¤ (DO) endures ; of resisting an emotion: is egnaidhe do dhuine foighide chobhsaidh do thabhairt don fheirg = magna prudentia est iram dissimulare Instructio 148.32 .

(c) suffering, tribulation (?): foighide fulang 'na héagmhais | an aghaidh mhálla `one yearns for her gracious face' PBocht 9 § 12 .

foídid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foídid or dil.ie/22840

 

Forms: foid, foidiu, foides, foedes, faides, foídit, foíte, foíd, -fuide, foídis, foidis, foidsi, foitsi, foítis[s]i, foídi, rofaidi, fuiter, foítir, foiter, foíditir, faiditir, foíté, nomfaíte, rofoíded, foíte, faoite, foite, foítea, -roitea, rofaíte, -iud, foíd-, faíd-, faed-, fóed-, fuíd-, foí, foí, fáise, foi, rofaíd, diarfóed, rofaed, fúid, rofoídestar, fáitte, fáitti, faete, fosroiti, fuithe, foíte, faítti, -e, fáitte, foíté

v ī Early forms: ipv. 2 s. foid, LU 9578 . pres. 1 s. not foidiu , TBC-I¹ 3012 (= ar-dot-faedim, TBC-LL¹ 4767 ). 3 s. rel. foides, SR 1017 . foedes (v.l. faides) Hy i 33 . 3 pl. foídit Sg. 181a2 . rel. foíte , 117a5 . Subj. pres. 1 s. no foíd , Wb. 23d1 . 3 s. -fuide, Laws ii 26.14 . pret. 3 s. foídis, Mon. Tall. § 85 . foidis, SR 1917 . 2565 . (with pron. suff.:) foidsi, foitsi, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242.14 ). (with fem. emph. pron.?) foítis[s]i ... úadi, LU 6147 . perf. 3 s. rod foídi , Wb. 7d2 . rofaidi, SR 2600. 3166 . Pass. ipv. fuiter, RC iii 344.18 . pres. s. foítir, Wb. 25a8 . foiter (rel.) 17a11 . pl. foíditir, LU 2197 . faiditir , 3457 . imperf. s. no foíté , LU 6054 . past subj. s. nomfaíte, LU 5960 ( -foite , TBC-I¹ 1493 ). pret. and perf. s. rofoíded, Wb. 23a7 . pl. foíte , LU 4482 (hence perhaps: faoite teachta .i. do cuireadh t., O'Cl.). Cf. foite dias, 1772 , where it may be s. ro foítea , Wb. 27c35 . -roitea, 5a3 . rofaíte (rel.) LU 2501 .

Vn. foít, later foíded (-iud), q.v.

In Mid. Ir. as well as foíd- (faíd-, faed-, fóed- fuíd-) a stem foí occurs: ipv. 2 s. foí, PH 1569 . Cf. fáise, Ériu viii 22 § 25 . perf. 3 s. rus foi (: -naí), LB 274b2 (= CCellaig 430 ). Usually rofaíd: SR 2177 . diarfóed, 1805 . rofaed, 7071 . 7229 . ro fúid , PH 4554 . rofoídestar, 2601 . For the pret. or hist. pres. 3 s. fáitte, TBC-LL¹ 2422 (= foídis, LU 6268 ). TBC-LL¹ 3017 (= do-bretha, TBC-I¹ 2212 ). TBC-LL¹ 6074 . fáitti, 2400 (= faoidis St). faete, Auraic. 280 , cf. Strachan, ZCP ii 485 - 6 , Ériu xiv 34.75 . Cf. fosroiti, LL 283b4 (has sent him?). fuithe, ZCP xiii 174.23 may be for foíte , pass. pret. s.

The form faítti, -e in: fáitte fessa ┐ tecta uaitsiu cot chairdib, CRR 7 (bis) seems meant for ipv. pass. Can it be verb. necess. understood as such? Possibly an imitation of LU 4482 by one who misunderstood the old form of pret. pass.

Sends (a pers. or thing): transl. Lat. mittere Wb. 23a7 . 23d1 . Ml. 34c9 . faoidh no do fhaoidh .i. do chuir, O'Cl. du foid Pátricc in carpat cu Sechnall ... foidsi S. ... cu Manchán, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242 ). ro fuid-side indi Paladius ... do praicept do Goídelaibh, Trip. 30.12 (289) . mad fuit notfuide neach fri fothugh techta, Laws ii 26.14 . foidis Noe in colum ... | uad for in linnmuir, SR 2565 . faidhis M. ... techta ... don cathraig, Marco P. 24 . rofaidhe uadha ina cona sin for lurg ina n-óg, Anecd. ii 60z . roḟáidh a marcslógh uadh do crechadh in tíre, CCath. 176 . roḟaoídh tra an Iustis on ccampa ... cuidechta do chaptinibh ... do dhenamh creach, AFM v 1586.1 . Abs.: ma thechtai-siu nech is miscais latt, foíd co hIerusalem, ┐ ... ticfa chucat iarna sróigled, PH 6665 . otchondairc Edilfrid rofoi cuccu, Anecd. iii 72 (= in hos arma verti iubet Beda ii 2 ). faidfet-sa anoir co Cruachān, Fen. 402.12 . Impers. pass. no foíté co cach láth ngaile messages were sent LU 6054 (= no faidti cach l., TBC-I¹ 1582 ). Cf. is aire fosroiti i tossaig he was sent (i.e. died) first LL 283b4 = is air do fucadh, Lism. L. p. lx . Of sending a petition, command, etc., the message may be expressed by a verbal clause, or, in an apparently elliptical constr, by a noun: fuiter uaid cusin mB. ... co tu[d]chuid, RC iii 344.19 . fuiter cusin D. tuidecht do accallaim a maicc, 345.1 . With extension of meaning: gébas Ailech acht dréch ros-foid | ni fitir nech coich nā cia save Him that hath sent them none knoweth who shall possess A. LL 182a21 ( Arch. Hib. ii 50 ). Ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm sends away (i.e. lends?) Laws v 278.6 . nosfoidend fein (the voice) emits itself Auraic. 382 .

f.¤ a spirut (dochum nime) gives up the ghost, dies: rofoidh tra H. a spirut, LL 406b3 = TTr.² 1196 . foídis a spirut iar sin dochum nime, LB 151b52 . ro ḟaoidh a spiorad docum nimhi i nDuibhreccles C., AFM iii 8y . comhainm an laoí in ro ḟaoídh Muire a spiorat `on the anniversary of the day on which M. yielded her spirit' vi 2126.5 . tug a osnad mór os aird co rofhaoidh a spiorad dochum nimhe, BS § 86 . ro fhill [Ísu] a chend iar sin, ┐ ro fhoíd a spirut, PH 2900 .

Gramm.: ni in `gi' foídit a sechmadachte (e.g. negligo neglexi) Sg. 181a2 . Cf. bá in `-is' ba téchte tobarthid do thecht a nominibus foíte genitin in `-rum' that make the genitive in -rum Sg. 117a5 . In the latter instance the meaning seems to be throws off, develops .

Occas. used in wider senses of fo-ceird: faítsetar ... étgud Ailella ... immon corthe put TBC-LL¹ 4440 = do cuiretar St. don tenid in ro faíte na tri meic oc Nabcodon, LU 2501 ( RC xxv 234 ). faidhit dín claraigh uasa mbarcuibh they set a covering of planks over their barques Marco P. 145 . foidisium oc slechtanaib for carraic betook himself to RC x 80.14 . fuidis ... Guaire essomuin friu, ACL iii 3.8 (cf. fearus E. esemain fris, ZCP v 523 ).

foite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foite or dil.ie/23022

 

Forms: ḟaide, ḟoide, faidi, faide, faidi

n , f. (fot) length, distance: an ḟaide an ḟoide , IGT, iv § 98 . faidi (gl. longitudo) Ir. Gl. 929 . d s. ata da faide fo dhes i[t]at `so far are they to the south' CCath. 1584 . a p. cu teora faidi forairi `to thrice the distance of watching' Laws iii 272.11 .

See foitigecht & fot.

foíte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foíte or dil.ie/23023

 

adj io-iā (part. of foídid) sent: gl. missus Ml. 34c9 . Cf. ri fessaib ┐ ri fáitib `messages' LL 219a19 ( TTr. 150 ).

foitigecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foitigecht or dil.ie/23035

 

n ā, f. ( foite ) Not given in IGT iv . prolixity, slowness: as í in fhaidigeacht leasmáthair na fírinde (= prolixitas) O'Gr. Cat. 253.14 . do im[th]igh ... co cumthach, co faidigecht moir, Fier. 256 .

1 fót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fót or dil.ie/24133

 

Forms: fot, ḟoit, fóit, fotu, fót, fotaib, fóit, fōide, foite, -foitib, fotaibh, fódaibh, fát, fád, Fáid, fáidibh

n o, m. in later lang. decl. varies, see IGT, Decl. § 88 . n s. in fot , Ml. 37d14 . g s. ind ḟoit , LL 115a10 . n p. fóit, LU 9249 , 10466 . a p. fotu, 9848 . g p. inna fót , Ml. 126a15 . d p. fotaib, 84a5 . LU 10467 . In Mid. Ir. occas. with slender forms : d s. don chetfóit , LL 290b35 . n p. fōide, Corm. Y 1265 . foite , TBC-LL¹ p. 719n. 13 (St), foidi, p. 85 n. 16 (St), cf. d p. -foitib, CCath. 4103 beside fotaibh, 994 , fódaibh, 1749 . The variant fát (fád) is found in Early Mod. Irish ; fád (: atád), IGT, Decl. ex. 792 ; 1632 . g s. ... Fáid na bhFionn (: táid), TD 8.5 . d p. fáidibh (: láidir), IGT, Decl. ex. 1633 .

(a) a sod (of earth), a clod: gl. gleba Ml. 37d14 , 84a5 , 126a15 , caespes Sg. 66b6 . fod (gl. gleba) Ir. Gl. 119 . dobiur f.¤ dom thír fom chossaib, LU 1841 ( RC ix 494 ). foot (diss.), Anecd. i 63. 111 . corop cerchaill cach f.¤ feránach, LL 171b26 ( CRR 6 ). co ro sceindset na fóit a crūib na n-ech, LU 10466 = ZCP iii 260 § 87 . ina curtis na eich do cheppaib ┐ do chorrḟótaib, LL 110a8 ( RC xiv 416 ). ( co ndringitis for fodaib ┐ for lesaib do dechain Hectoir, LL 405a31 is perh. corrupt; TTr.2 in corresp. passage, TTr.² 1094 , has : for foradhaib ...). ro tócbuid tuir ... do cria[i]dh ┐ d'fódaibh, CCath. 1749 . fod do breith d'feronn na naomh, ZCP x 32.5 . fott for cloich, cloch for fot (of different kinds of dyke) Laws v 270.26 Comm. Of a grave : apraid rum cia f.¤ fo a fail, LL 209a ( Ériu vii 228 ). dorat fod furri (= buried her) BB 40b36 . guid fot fair i Ros na rig, YBL 181b23 = BB 260b42 (in SG 256 the text of the preceding passage is faulty). Cf. fon fot na hullta, Laws v 448.29 Comm. gach taeb ōg ar nach fuil fāt (: tād), ACL iii 2372 (`every young body yet unburied' Studies 1934, 300 ).

(b) a spot of earth (of a small and definite place) : tech mic ind Óc ... rígda f.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 10 . do cuingidh in foit bic i ndingnem cathraigh, Aen. 1579 . do rug leis e coruigi an fod ar ar fāgaibh ingen diūice L., ZCP vi 66.16 . ar ḟód ḟéagtha ḟátha `to a retired place to examine into his cause' ML 98.27 (= ML² 1341 ). cf. rucsat leo hé ar f.¤ scrután gaīsse fo leith, Acall. 6191 . ar fhód mhearaighthe `on the path of error' Dán Dé vi 4 . co ruc ... a mac ... for f.¤ raith réil `on a site of bright auspice, she brought forth a ... son' Ériu vii 223 ( LL 208by ). is eicen do neoch a thecht | cosin f.¤ forsa mbí a thiglecht, TBC-LL¹ 3666 . cai [ = co] fesur foat forsin m[b]ebai ┐ fout forau ngēnir ┐ fot forsa n-adnuic, ZCP ii 315.2 . tri fóid nach fétann aon-duine do shechna ... .i. fód a geine, fód a báis ┐ fód a adhnacail BNnÉ 236 § 159 = trí foide ..., BCC p. 102 . fot in gheine f.¤ in bháis ┐ bhót in adhnacuil, ACL ii 137.11 . ara fhōd bāis, ZCP x 32.8 . ni bi duine ar doman gan a ḟod urdalta ... oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.22 .

(c) soil, land, territory: a ngaibes [fuidir] o flaith, ... etir fod ┐ indngnam, Ir. Recht 66 ( SM Facs. 3ax ). gabaid ... fot ... otá aniar Iordanén co hEofrait sair, LB 125a50 . as na fóidibh i bhfuileam, Top. Poems² 3 . d'ionnsuighidh ḟóid Eadáille, TD 24.28 . orláimh Ḟóid Mheadhbha, 21.34 . i bhfádaibh Néill, Hackett vi 8 . Cf. do righ Febhail na [bh]fót, Leb. Cert. 124.10 .

(d) idiomatic expressions : f.¤ crithaig : co nderrnadh f.¤ c. don uile doman `the whole world became "a sod of trembling"' CCath. 290 , cf. f.¤ crithach , 5644 . coccad mór ... co mboi Ere ina fód crithaigh, AFM ii 1078.11 . an fer las a ndernadh fód crithigh d'Erinn uile, 1182.2 . f.¤ cró a sod of gore, a scene of carnage: is f.¤ c. in tilach sa indiu lat, LU 10460 (= ZCP iii 260 ). f.¤ fábaill : land of bewilderment (?) tugsad ... na fód fhabhuill | fairche ... fhuinn L. | do dhruim thoitme a thighearna, O'R. Poems 1314 . See 1 fáball. f.¤ fírinne : ní fód fírinne air ar canuis, CF 419 Eg. (= ni ba fír sin, 924 Rawl.). f.¤ fáenlige : ga ḟurmiáil ri f.¤ foenlaige laid prostrate TBC-LL¹ 5714 = ri fáet foenlige, 5720 (see furmiáil). do bert a uillinn faoi fri fód fáoinlighe, he reclined at full length on the ground Hugh Roe 226.22 (f. 60b) . co rofāgbait ar fodaibh faonluige gan onōir adnaicti, ZCP xiv 239.2 . f.¤ mearbaill : fód mearbhaill a deceptive (treacherous) land Studies 1949, 185 . Cf. mod. fód mearbhail (seachrán) Hyde, Abhráin diadha ii 59 n . f.¤ fo leith a spot apart: rogairm [an ben] Cond lē ar f.¤ fo leith called C. aside Ériu iii 160 y . do cuaidh in t-iarla ar fód fo leth leis, ZCP vi 90.1 . téid i bhfód fá leith ria, Keat. ii 6350 . f.¤ for (fri h-) altóir `sod on altar,' land given to the church (probably from the symbolic custom of delivering a sod) : ro idbair in ri ... Tóim nEirc ... amal fót for altóir do Dia ┐ do Chíaran, LU 9596 ( ZCP iii 206 = RC xvii 190 . AFM i 262 ) ; do bhronn fearann don eaglais sin mar ḟód re haltóir, Keat. iii 2162 ). ar a dtugadar d'ḟearann ┐ d'ḟódaibh re haltóir dhóibh, Keat. i p. 4 . Of an offering in general : doratt Cúilfat (Cúil fata ?) hi fōt fri haltōir ... do Dia ┐ do Chiarán, RC xxvi 370.27 = ACL iii 226 .

mac fōit, O'Curry 2232 ( Eg. 88, f. 16d ). in a list of different classes of children, cf. mac muine.

(e) a lump, mass, heap: co tuargabar ina fotaib till it is piled up in heaps (of malt drying) Laws ii 240.21 ( ZCP xiv 348 , 350 ). bec nar merblig in sruth dib amal ḟót sengán like a swarm of ants Alex. 687 (= BB 494b16 ).

Common in compds. in poetry. With subst. f.¤-brug `sod-built stead' Metr. Dinds. i 4 . ¤ráth an earthen fort: gp. Metr. Dinds. iii 72.83 .

With adj. : fódarsaidh, TD 28.1 . ¤bán : féagain an mhúir ḟádbháin `with its shining sward' TD 11.1 . ¤boc : a n-eing fhádbhuig Olchobair ` soft-glebed ' O'Gr. Cat. 518.7 = Ó Bruad. iii 76 . don ḟádbhuig ḟinn (= Éirinn), Ériu viii 192.11 . ¤domain : a bhfeart fóddhoimhin deep under the sod Oss. iv 256.6 . ¤glan : ó Inis fodghloin ... Fail, MR 104.7 . ¤glas : fonn fodghlas, BB 13b56 . fosad-glenn fod-glas, MR 240.18 . Magh fádghlas Feimhin, IGT, Decl. ex. 1319 . ¤mín : Banbha ... an ḟuinn ḟóidmhín ` soft-sodded ' Content. xxx 26 . ¤núide : a ráith ... ḟódnúidhe TD 28.2 . -réid : an ḟuinn ḟóidréidh, TD 26.1 .