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2 arbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 arbar or dil.ie/3973

 

Forms: arber, arbriu, airbrib, arbar, airbre

n o, m. n s. arber, ZCP viii 313.33 . a p. arbriu, LU 687 (ACC). d p. airbrib, Ml. 63c12 . arbar (ón tṡluagh) m., IGT Decl. § 11 . Also airbre, see infra.

Host, army: isind arbur gl. in . . . coetu, Ml. 55a6 . huand arbur gl. milite, 102c8 . dugairet a.¤ inna nnamat . . . impu, 62b13 . arbhar sluaigh, Blathm. 723 . coortis .i. arbir, Thes. i 498.19 (Ardm.). argair gnímu de adbsib airbrib (.i. na n-immed) aidblib aidbsib, LU 770 (ACC). ránic axalu la arbriu archangliu, 687 (ibid.) ( a.¤ archaingel, Ériu xviii 164 ). serc ard arbair (arbuir v.l.) Íssu, Fél. Ep. 12 . ferfait arbair aiṅgelda / catha fri demna, SR 8315 . etir arbri archangel, 2120 . ro classa ri airbriu / di ráith, LL 705 . fri slige oirber ┐ ḟírloech, LB 122b46 . oc techt don a.¤ tairis, ZCP viii 102.10 (= don tsluadh, Ériu ii 186 ). arboir na T., TTr.² 308 . ba tairmesc do airbrib na nGrec, 1667 . amail . . . remeteit aire a.¤ as a leader precedes a host, O'Mulc. 54 . airbri (.i. immad) folaig fichi loṅg legion, LL 311b12 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 28 ). bit fot . . . airbriu (airbri v.l.) ile archaingel `there should be under thee many troops of archangels', MacCarthy 44.17 . airbre appar. treated as sg. in: airbhre .i. sluagh, O'Cl. aidbli ┐ truimi a ttennta / an airbri rosclaid a ccompra, Leb. Gab.(i) 104.14 .

Cf. 1 airbe, 1 arbar.

ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi, IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

athloiscthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athloiscthe or dil.ie/4812

 

adj (loiscthe): for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi burnt out , RC ix 458.5 (ICM).

díchleth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchleth or dil.ie/16117

 

Forms: dhichlethi, ndicleit[h]e

ā, f. vn. of do-ceil concealing, concealment (usually with obj. gen. of thing hidden and AR of person from whom it is hidden): ní bíodh dícleith dó uirre it (viz. the monastery) was not hidden from him (of a monastery submerged beneath a lake), SG 88 . asbert nar ba cóir d.¤ ind ecna to conceal wisdom, Alex. 811 . airet rofētar dic[h]lid in sceōil as long as the tidings can be kept secret, CCath. 1078 . rogáid in bean do L. a díchleith (dichlidh, YBL) begged L. to keep it secret, Corm. 34 s.v. orc treith. at-roaside díchleith n-aire it could not hide itself from him, BDD² 1468 . ni toill form a dithchleth (sic MS.) fort-su I cannot hide it from thee, Aen. 681 . robói ind úir imbi do cach leth día diclith, TBC-I¹ 457(LU) . an ríg ráin | fil cin dic[h]lith cen dígbáil, BColm. 48 . forcetal gan dicleith on aiti for in dalta `without reservation', Laws v 96 Comm. cend Eoin Bauptaist . . . fo d.¤ talman hidden underground, PH 920 . romairestar o aimsir dilenn fo d.¤ , Fél. p. 258 ( Fél. Dec. 11 ). tibra fil fa díthchleith la tri deoghbhaire, Anecd. ii 2 . crann fil fa dhíchleith, ib. ni bid ni fo dichlith | dia rusc, BB 397b7 . ┐ se 'ca dichleith ar na clerchib hiding from the clerics, Lec. 163b45 . tárga fós corn Duibdithre | gid do bádhas ga dhicleith, SG 138 = Acall. 1991 . ro an-somh . . . aga dícleith . . . i n-uarbhothaibh uaiccneacha, AFM vi 2260 . ni beo ca dichlith a rí | rombeo it rígthreib frim ré let me not conceal it, Rawl. 79b44 ( ZCP i 497 ). g s. doberar celtchair (= celtair) dhichlethi imon ingin, Lism. L. 2828 . celtair diclithe būi imbe, RC xxv 348 . Cf. also Laws iv 60 : bean fri[s] tabar coibche i ndichligh seach a athair secretly, instead of to her father (viz. passing over her father to whom it was due). pl. a tlac[h]ta folaig ┐ a ndicleit[h]e druadh `magic concealments', CCath. 4318 (possibly part. = `occulta', secrets, mysteries ?). dicleit .i. dichell .i. diubairt, O'Don. Suppl. ( H 2.15A, 54b ). See also díchelt.

1 fail, foil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fail, foil or dil.ie/21086
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: foil, fail, fail óir, foil, folaig, falaig, falaigh, falach, foil, falaig, ḟalaig, folaig, failge, failgi, foilgi, falgib, failghibh, fuilgib, falach, folach, folach, fail

n = 1 foil (fail), Celtica x 82 . k, f. n s. ind foil , Anecd. i 4.22 . fail (óir), IGT, Decl. § 193 . fail óir, LL 267a47 . a s. foil (gl. armillam) Sg. 64a17 . folaig , SR 4296 . falaig , MacCongl. 45.16 . falaigh, ZCP viii 220.7 . g s. falach, Acall. 4485 . LB 259by . n du. di foil , LU 10992 . di falaig , Fianaig. 6.6 . da ḟalaig , Acall. 5942 . n p. folaig , Fianaig. 14.6 (?) (corrected to 'foilge' p. 114 ). failge, LU 7635 . Rawl. 147a28 . failgi, Acall. 5942 . a p. foilgi, ZCP xii 237 § 61 . (in: roinnis F. na seacht ffáilghe | do secht mhnáibh ba lór āille, Duan. F. i 44. 25 , there may be confusion with fáinne). d p. falgib LL 296a5 . failghibh, Lism. L. 4573 . TD 16.30 . fuilgib, SR 4891 (om. prose). g p. falach, LL 206b30 . RC xxiii 398 . folach, SR 4292 . = folach, BB 242a11 . YBL 67a41 ( caoga fail , Duan. F. i 24 is an ex. of n s. after this numeral). (a) ring, an arm-ring or bracelet: maith ind foil se, or se ... Bid imod laim, or D., Anecd. i 4.22 . a di foil airgit ┐ a di bunne doat, LU 10992 = Imr. Brain i 48 . fail óir ... cechtar a da lám, LL 267ax ( MU² 705 ). do bídur tri failgi óir uim indara láim di ┐ da ḟalaig imin laim aile, Acall. 5942 . nónbur ..., ix. failge glano immá láma, BDD 119 . Aildergdoit, is leis ar thus doronait failge oir im doitib, Rawl. 147a28 . failghe órtha ar a hocht méraibh, L. Cl. A. B. 202 . A torque (?): ata ... i ḟudomain ifirnn ┐ mo ḟailse ina circull tenntide ima bragait LB 259bw . fail druimnech dergōir i rabadur ocht fichit uinge ... ┐ poll tresin coirthi sea ┐ issí tresin poll, Acall. 4469 .

(b) ring, clasp, handle (of an object): iar tuidmidib ... sechtmoga folach ndergóir 'seventy rings of red gold attached to fastenings', SR (Greene) 4291 . bacān dron ... do chur for cech n-oenfholaig 'a firm hook ... is put on each ring', SR (Greene) 4295 ​. do dhéana tú failge d'ór ouches, clasps Exodus xxviii 13 . Of handle of vessel: folderb .i. bis ┐ in foil asa taib .i. in cua cluic `the cup, i.e. which has the handle out of its side i.e. the bellshaped cup' Laws i 134.5 .

(c) Fig. circuit, enclosure: scrisfuighther a Caisel | clann C. ... | cona bia 'na falaig [sic leg.] | acht danair is deoraidh ZCP iii 32.6 . Cf. (?) crioth arna neallaibh ... | béaraidh an bioth as [is MS] a fhail `displace the earth' Dán Dé xxvii 3 (2 fail ?). Cf. an fhairge as a falaidh féin | raghaidh i n-airde d'fhoiléim, PBocht 25.12 . do chnoibh falach fionnc[h]uill `of the nuts of the fair hazel-hedge' AFM ii 822 .

Compd. (?): folderb a vessel having a ring-shaped handle Laws i 134.5 , see cit. above.

1 féth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 féth or dil.ie/21819

 

n u, m. in the expression: f.¤ fíada (fíad, fía), also fé f.¤ , fía f.¤ fégh fía (m.) IGT, Decl. § 95 p. 127 (where `fé fía' though it occurs, is proscribed as incorrect). A magic mist, veil, which renders those under it invisible (Cf. the Germ. Tarnkappe), the secret of which was possessed by the Tuatha D.D.: do orduigh Manannan doibh [.i. do mhaithibh Tuath Dé D. tar eis chatha Taillten] adhbha dileas gach deghfir, ┐ dorinneadh in feth fiadha ... dona mileadhaibh .i. in feth fiadha tar nach faic[th]í na flaithi, Ériu xi 188 . See Atlantis iii 386 ff . , D'A. De Jubainville, Cycle Myth. 277 , Joyce Soc. Hist. i 246 . The name fáeth fiada ( Hy vii pref ., Thes. ii 354.10 ; fáed f.¤ , Trip. 48.7 ) given to the hymn composed by St. Patrick after his escape from Loeghaire's ambush is prob. the same expression; due to the legend that P. was invisible to L.'s men, cf. dodechaid dícheltair tairsiu co nár árdraig fer dib, Trip. 46.28 . See faíd. dichealtair .i. fé fiadha no duaithniughadh, O'Cl. (from Trip. 46.28 , cited above?). féidh fiadh `a mask, vizard, hood; a disguise that rendered the wearer unknown or invisible , ... defectively written fe fiadh, ... feidh fia,' P. O'C. Tuatha De D. fo diamair (.i. ... ara mbiodh an fee fía), Leb. Gab.(i) i 172 n. 1 . dá ttaisbentar in f.¤ fiadha ... do nech do macaibh Miledh, nocha bia gabail re diamair no re draideacht ic nech do Tuathaibh Dé D. (Cú Chulainn refuses to show his friends among the Sídhe to Fer diad) TBC-LL¹ 3845 St = an fé fía, RC xi 323.29 . an fé fiadh, ZCP x 294.16 . druid .i. doniat in feth fia no in [ḟ]aisdinecht, Laws v 90.27 Comm. co n-accai in dā sid osluicti ... iar scithlim a fe fia dibh (i.e., after their enchantment had been dispersed) RC v 202.23 . ro eirig fia fiad (féth fia, fédh fia, fé fiadh v.l.) umaind, co nar leir sind, Acall. 5235 . ní léir ar úaigh mér na mná | atá ar a húaim in fégh fía what the woman has sewn is not manifest, the f.f. is over her seam IGT, Decl. ex. 1674 . do chuir Mac G. an féith fiadha tar an fidradach sa innus nach fuighbhed ēnduine hé, L. Chl. S. § 9 . bhur bfé fía, ní fearrde dhuit, | aithnim thú d'aimhdheóin th'iomluit, Ériu ix 8.81 . ni buadha cloch, ní fégh fiagh | chaomhnus cuanta a críoch n-imchian, TD 13.13 . Cf. further: ní folaig acht feth (fecht v.l.) fithnais, Acall. 7916 (`magic veil' SG ii 262 ). féth fithnaisi, v.l. of fethana fithnais, Acall. 722 . Cf. rachaid in fiad draídechta atá urri di (i.e. the well will be revealed) 7505 . See 3, 4 féth. donfe for fiada fe, IT iii 53 § 97 (for feda fé v.l.). Also fig. : atá ar a rún an fé fia, IGT, Decl. 1681 . masa ceas eoil an fé fiadh | do-chiam ad dheóigh é ar an dán, TD ii 245 . depression, gloom: ceilt a grádha ar an ngruaidh bḟaoilidh | fada ar inghin 'na ḟégh fia ib.

fithnais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fithnais or dil.ie/22256

 

Forms: fithnaisi

n apparently some kind of sorcery or malefic magic: fidbae .i. fithnaisi, O'Mulc. 534 (see 2 fidba). fiothnaise .i. dráoidheacht, O'Cl. fiothnaisi .i. fí re a innsin .i. olc no neimh ib. (cf. fí ré indisi, O'Dav. 946 ). ag ... nacha traetha teidm fithnaisi na galar `a calf ... not killed by fairy-plague or other disease' Laws ii 238.12 , expld. by O'Dav. 946 as: galar gairet a short sickness; prob. a wasting disease induced by witchcraft is meant, see ZCP xiv 347 , 349 . treghat fithnaisi (.i. draoidhecht) ó dheamhnaibh ... co rolá ár ndaoine, AFM 986 = fiadhnach, RC xvii 345 (Tig.). fithnaise [pl. ?] Fuamnaige ┐ brechtai Bresail, LU 10776 (= fithnaissiu, IT i 127 Eg. fithnaisi, Ériu xii 170 ). feighbriathra fithnaise, Anecd. ii 65 .

Cf. ni ḟolaig acht feth fithnais (: glais), Acall. 7916 (`a magic veil' SG ii 262 ). tucad fethana fithnais do chrannuibh ar sleg (féth fithnaisi v.l.), Acall. 722 (`charmed withies' SG ii 118 ). crann sleigi atá acum, ┐ is ail dam feth fithṡnaissi do thabairt duitsiu fair `a magical smoothening' (Notes) Acall. 4894 (fiach fithnaissi; fiacha a thsnoighe v.l.). Cf. féthsnas, under 4 féth.

The follg. exx. are obscure; perhaps fithisse is the true reading in both: fithnaisi gach nolc iarmobi triar, Laws iv 378.12 (a legal maxim), expld. = fithnisi .i. menip maith in fer, a athair ┐ a tsenathair is fithisi [sic] uilc a mac sum iarum, O'Curry 2027 (< H 4.22, 52 ), ib. O'Curry 451 - 452 (< H 3.18, 241 ).

fo-álgi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-álgi or dil.ie/22354
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: foalgim, fálgi, falgai, failgai, fosnálaig, forálaig, foralaig, fosrolaich, fomm álagar, failgifitis, falgitis, -falguide, fálg-, fáilg-

v ( fo-ad-luig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 572 ). Ind. pres. 1 s. foalgim Sg. 146b14 . 2 sg. fu fálgi , Ml. 108c12 . 3 s. falgai (protot. for deuterot.) LU 8353 ( FB 24 ). ? subj. pres. 2 s. [sic Strachan, VSR 118 ] failgai si, SR 8239 . pret. and perf. 3 s. fosnálaig, LU 1805 . forálaig, Ml. 123b9 . foralaig, 43d5 . ? fosrolaich (-rolaic v.l.) Hy ii 62 . Pass. pres. s. fomm álagar, Sg. 146b14 . PCr. 60b5 . sec. fut. 3 pl. no failgifitis (v.l. na falgitis ), gl. consternarentur Lib. Hymn. i 72.41 ( Goid. 69.3 ). pret. pl. -falguide, Laws iv 16.2 (see Ériu xii 199 ). In Mid. Ir. generally treated as simple vb., stem fálg-, fáilg-; pret. forms hard to distinguish from fo-léci or fo-luigi. Vn. fálgud, q.v.

Lays low, prostrates, throws down: fufálgi siu inna naimtea, Ml. 108c12 . ? rofailgestar .i. dosrat inna ligu, Thes. ii 320.33 (gl. fosrolaich, Hy ii 62 ). fosnálaig som a [ceol] ... co ara bárach laid them low (in sleep) LU 1805 ( RC ix 488 ). fodoralaid [leg. -rálaig ?] féin for lár | anim Ádaim, SR 2189 . cf. forrolaid in gaeth ... a puplu, BB 496a36 ( IT ii2 101 ). Both these exx. may belong to for-cuirethar, q.v. dia rosalgid [da rusfailgid v.l.] pailm dó when palms were strewn Ériu ii 198z . bátar fir óir ┐ argit inna láim. dobert a mér for dís fa thríar díb condaforlaig int airinech buí ara bélaib, LL 289a47 ( SG 313.5 . RC xiii 444 . CMMucr. 107 n.118 ); of a game of chess: `struck the chamber's panel' O'Gr.; `so that the front rank [of chessmen] was hidden' Stokes: so that ... fell, was knocked down (reflex.) ? falgai betho borrbuidne lays low the world's boisterous bands LU 8353 ( FB 24 ). rofailgid ... curpa curatai, Alex. 22 . ros failgetar belgi ┐ mendudai ... a námut dia reir, 200 . failgebe in t-iarthar .i. Eoraip thou shalt overthrow 91 . r[o]ḟolaig Gaillu, LL 184a14 ( ḟolaig in marg.) = Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 31 . cenmotha a forlaig dint slúagh olchena, TTr.² 1381 . In impers. construction: fonrālaig mairb mesctha mir | do dālaib ind escra sin we are struck dead, dismayed, distracted SR 3579 (cf. 2189 , cited above). fosrālaig (: sáraig) cen rige ruad [Saul's children] were left low without kingship 6541 .

Cf. fáilgid.

fol ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fol ? or dil.ie/23039

 

ind (see Stokes KZ xl 249 and Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 98 ): f.¤ quasi sol .i. bondbach, Corm. Y 609 (s.v. folassa). f.¤ .i. ful eb[raice .i.] ruina, ar is and bid foland [leg. fol ante] ruinam moirtis, O'Mulc. 556 (corr. ACL i 473 . H 2.15B p. 442 reads: fol eb- ful .g. ruina la- air is ann bis fol ante ruinam mortius). f.¤ .i. bond, Lec. Gl. 534 . Stowe Gl. 381 . Metr. Gl., Eg. 16 .

Cf. folaig .

1 folach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 folach or dil.ie/23046
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: folach, falach, foilge, f., falaidh

o, u (vn. of fo-luigi, cf. fulach) folach falach, IGT 111 § 52 . n p. foilge, Rawl. 111b33 . `Examples are lacking to show the gender and declension ... in O.Ir. It was probably one of the neut. o-stems which have heteroclite plurals (s-stems),' Bergin, Ériu xii 221 . Originally s-stem, Phil. Soc. Trans. c (2002) 411 n. 23 .

(a) hiding; the act of covering, or hiding: f.¤ .i. custodia latine , Corm. Y 615 . folag ... .i. custodiae , O'Mulc. 569 (these could well belong to fulach). f.¤ (synonym of clúdadh, scáth), Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 155 ). tabuirsi ní dot édach damh umum ... uair ni fhuil f.¤ mo dhenachta umum, Études Celt. i 88.10 . boí Mairend cen folt, conid mind rigna no bid oc foloch a lochta, LU 4225 . do bhí brat ... dá f.¤ go bróig, Oss. vi 82 . boi cend Eoin i talum iarna f.¤ , PH 951 . fuair Elena an croch noem ... arna ḟalach ac na hIdhalaib, Maund. 74 . cosmhail ... lé hionnmhas ar na ḟ.¤ a bhḟearann, Matthew xiii 44 . sgél nach tarbha d'ḟ.¤ ort, IGT, Decl. ex. 2117 . d'ḟ.¤ th' ḟeirge, ZCP xii 384.15 = Dán Dé p. 29 . eclais ... arna ḟ.¤ lé luaidhi roofed (?) with lead Maund. 77 . ferr lem leabaidh ... i mBeinn Bhoirche gan fholoch, BS p. 154 (§ 83) . do ghlac follach oruinn took cover (of a stag) Oss. vi 22.15 . adba folaig ` hiding-place ' Metr. Dinds. iv 172.15 . Cf. fonn fír-ḟalaig ` harbourage ' 86.82 . (Fig.) ni ḟéad ar ndúthaigh d'ḟ.¤ `it does not depreciate the greatness of our country' Content. vi 42 .

Of burial: biaid com ḟoluch án iar tonuch mo tháeb LU 9935 (`burying me splendidly' PRIA iii 536 ). d'éis th'fholaigh after Thy burial Dán Dé xxviii 30 .

Cf. a gabāil ... ┐ a cur i loch da f.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1365 § 8 (Ann. Clonm. has for this committed to a strong place in a logh to be kept', but according to FM the person in question was drowned). Cf. mad iar fod-f.¤ ecaib (.i. mad iarna f.¤ fon fot), Laws v 448.24 (29) = iar fot folug .i. folug dofet huire, H 3.18, 390a ( O'Curry 864 ).

i foluch in hiding, hidden: cid atá i foluch fond erlar sa ?, LU 174 . co ḟuil himagin Isu ... i ḟaluch icon Ebraide LB 2a14 ( PH 95 ). ní ḟaicimsi do lochtaibh ort ní ... ach muna ḟuilid a ḟ.¤ [i bhf.¤] innat unless they are hidden within thee Ériu iii 154.5 . ni raibhe i f.¤ fo thalmain ... ní ná fuaratar, Cog. 114.26 . mar fuair ... leabhar an reachta i bhf.¤ san dteampall, TSh. 7318 . ni brod bec a falach C.C., YBL 37b44 ( TBC-I¹ 2488 ). g s. as attrib. hidden, secret: a huilc falaidh , ACL iii 239 § 31 . locht folaig , PBocht 12 § 22 . a rún falaigh gur reac roibh, 11 § 18 . lámh na leannán bhfoluigh, IGT, Decl. ex. 943 . ger ghoid fholaidh a hidden theft BNnÉ 243.2 . nír écc folaigh ib. 14 . formad folaigh, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . dia tegmad drem folaid ort secret foes ZCP vi 272 § 11 . i n-úair ḟolaig `in a secret hour' Metr. Dinds. iv 116.110 . ni fios falaidh it is well-known O'Gr. Cat. 501.20 . do chuir fesa falaig da indsaigid, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 5 (= f.¤ folaighthe `secret messages' ALC). glár falaigh ní hionchuir air `the tale must not be hidden' SGS iv 140 . For [toirrcheas] fola, Dán Dé x 24 , A. Ó Dálaigh li 14 , we should probably read folaigh.

(b) In concrete sense a covering: in f.¤ um [a] sūilibh, Fier. 78 . falach sroil ... dia cumbdach, BNnÉ 203.4 . folach mo chinn my veil Song of S. v 7 . na foluidhe veils Isaiah iii 23 . scairt, f.¤, liónan `the caul ' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 535 ). mo chorp peacthach ... nochan falach dearcach donn, Dán Dé xxix 4 .

(c) A hiding-place: foilge cen moene .i. cen a moinigud do neoch na foluch hiding-places without treasures, i.e. without enrichment for any one in concealing them Rawl. 111b33 ( Ériu xii 221 ). Cf. (d) below. f.¤ ... i fail fer fíal (of a grave), Metr. Dinds. iii 140 . amhail chréachtacha 'na gcodladh na bhfuar-fhalchaibh = dormientes in sepulchris TSh. 4709 .

Cf. call tré ḟalach íaruindi | a mbarr dharach, IGT, Decl. ex. 1949 .

(d) something hidden; a hoard: atá foluch i Sléibh Fuait ... trí cét uingi don ór dherg, Acall. 3923 . atchúaid di cach foloch forḟolaig dá tharmnugud don mac every treasure he had hidden for the benefit of the son LL 290b29 ( RC xiii 454 ). co n-ēcius dóib a fil lim di foilgib, LU 5770 (= TBC-I¹ 1299 . See Ériu xii 220 ff ). ? is hē scérus foilgi fri Laigniu who will make the Leinstermen part with their hoards (?) ZCP xii 237 § 61 . im f.¤ fiann do thaiscelad (.i. both folachta .i. im cach set .i. biad nā seoit do berar as an uarboth), Laws i 202.2 (206.4) `for robbing the hunter's tent' transl.; for disclosing (i.e. rifling ?) the repositories of fians (?). But perhaps folacht (= 1 fulacht) is meant. ō tug ... Muiri | falach d'ōr buidi 'na broinn, ACL iii 242 § 18 .

? 3 folach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 3 folach or dil.ie/23048

 

Forms: folaig, folaiget

g s. domnais (.i. cenglais) giallu Gall co cōic asa (.i. benna) Alpion | airbi (.i. immad) folaig fichi loṅg legion, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 n . ( LL 311b12 ) = Alpeoin airech folaiget fichti lonn lainech legeoin, Rawl. 115a20 . (perhaps 3 s. vb.).

1 folaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 folaid or dil.ie/23056

 

Forms: folaidh

adj possible, feasible; (of persons) able, competent (?), used as pred. with cop. folld. by prep. of pers. (prob. the orig. constr.): also with pers. as subj. or absolute. Probably gs. of folud (Thurn., KZ xlviii 64 ) in the sense `within the functions (means, power) of'; for such use see folud and cf. 3 fola, and follg.: ni[a]ragar nech tar a cumang no tar a folaig (= beyond his resources or ability) Laws v 466y ; is folaith do Dia aní sin, LU 9227 (`that matter is possible for God' JRSAI 1870-71 p. 374 ; answer of Patrick to the request that Cú Chulainn should be raised from the dead). is folaid Dia, ... dorega, LU 9283 = Anecd. iii 51 . is folaith Dia sin, ol Ciaran, YBL 171a20 = folaidh, SG 73 (`that is a matter for God' SG ii 77.2 ). is f.¤ cumachta mar | donug amail is dech, Anecd. iii 56 (corrupt ? Cf. LU 9502 ). mad f.¤ `if it be possible' Ériu i 196.8 . Cf. f.¤ cech n-amrai, LB 188 marg.sup. (line defective, leg. [is] f.¤ [Dia] ?). ba folaith [folaich v.l.] la firu Muman innisin, RC xxiv 186.3 (= SG 335.23 . Refers to the capture of Ailill son of Eochaid Mugmedóin, who had invaded Munster, by the high-king Eochaid; `that seemed of importance to the Munstermen' Stokes; `right precious was this in the Momonians' estimation' SG ii 377 ).

2 folaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 folaid or dil.ie/23057

 

n in: fér f.¤ (fola): ma[d] fēr foraill asrenar and ... ma[d] fēr f.¤, no fēr samla icar a caiche a reir na comaichid `if it be one kind of grass that is paid for another ... whether it be hidden grass or coarse grass, let the fines be paid', etc. Laws iv 94.11 (fér f.¤ fér s. real grass, token grass ? The transl. implies f.¤ folaig (see 1 folach), but the word may be the old gs. of folud, q.v., Cf. fér fo araill .i. fér diguin; fér folad .i. ni bi diguin acht folath feor; ... fér samlad folad .i. cosmail fri folaith ... maith leis a fola fadeisin ┐ a log ... a rer na comaithech, O'Curry 843 ( H 3.18, 384a ). fer f.¤ .i. na caille .f. samla .i. na móna ib. O'Curry 24 . Of cattle trespasses on pasture: berthar comaighthech innraic do mes na fogla ┐ foferthar fēr fola [i] riaraib na comaighthech tar a eisi. ma[d] fér fola a fola la fear nodanoirg [sic leg.] ┐ fér uaid ... besa fíu in fēr n-oirges, Laws iv 146.11 Comm. i fer folo .i. fér na caille nó na hathbuaile no mad fér athlompaire, O'Dav. 964 .

Cf. gort folidh (name of a metre) IT iii 101 § 182 .

folaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folaig or dil.ie/23059

 

Forms: folaig, olaidh

n (d a s. of fol ?): arsised ... a cos Maile duin ḟor folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi `scorched ruin ' RC ix 458.4 . corresp. to the metrical: os olaig [folaig v.l.] gairb, Anecd. i 52 § 13 . is lesc lem beith cen amus | ┐ rocharus m'ḟolaig (: domain), LL 149a34 = m'folaid . Hib. Min. 83 . Cf. ula, ila, eala (= ailad, Contribb.) IGT, Decl. § 4 , of which the d s. olaidh is marked lochtach, ex. 283 . Cf. dubithir leth dubfolach cechtarde a da bruad, LU 9273 (= Anecd. iii 50.16 ). LU 10226 .

fo-luigi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-luigi or dil.ie/23191
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: folaid, folaich, fullugaimm, -folcai, foluigi, foilcc, fus-luget, fo-d-lugai, farolgais, folloig, follaig, farrolaig, -forlaig, farlaic, foluicct[h]er, foilg-, falc-, folch-, falch-, -folaig, -foiligh

v i (for etym. see Ériu xii 221 ). ipv. 2 s. folaid (= folaig ) Corm. Y 690 . folaich, ZCP viii 311.5 (Laud 610). pres. ind. 1 s. fullugaimm (gl. abdo) Sg. 22b4 . 2 -folcai, Lism. L. 3489 . 3 s. foluigi, Anecd. iii 57.14 (Laud 610) (cf. noda foilcc , SR 251 , by Strachan, VSR p. 68 , referred, with a query, to folcim; see folcaid). 3 pl. fus-luget, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . subj. pres. 2 s. mad fo-d-lugai (ma folugai, cia foluga, v.l.), Fél. June 6 . pret. and perf. 2 s. farolgais, LU 4119 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 10 ). 3 s. folloig, TBC-I¹ 2053 = follaig LU 6567 . farrolaig (refl.), Bodl. Corm. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ), -forlaig, Fianaig. 16.6 , etc. Cf. con farlaic , AFM ii 586.20 . Pass. pres. foluicct[h]er, O'Mulc. 760 . Vn. 1 folach, q.v.

In Mid. Ir. commonly treated as simple vb., stem foilg- (failg-) (occas. folc- falc- may be scribal error), later folch-, falch- ( IGT III exx. 458 , 460 ); 3 s. perf. -folaig (-falaig, -foiligh).

Lit. `lays under ' hence

(a) covers, hides, conceals: foilgiseom a gnuis, LU 5200 ( -sseom, TBC-I¹ 721 ). follaig Medb ... a hainech, LU 6567 . cia ḟalchaid a agaidh, ZCP x 52.17 . folcuit a n-aighti ... lena mbélaib úachtair, Maund. 176 . do ḟalaich I. a chend re nāiri, Lec. [70b] 25 . ciaptar carait coraib crech | forrolaich talam, Rawl. 156b23 (possibly fosr-; = fos rolaic, BB 151b22 ). ni farlaig talam ... fer fo Mael ... Muru the earth never covered a man like M. AU 886 = Bruchst. i § 112 . nī forlaig hiriu ... sēt bad n-amradar, Fianaig. 16 § 39 . Cf. con farlaic tonn talman until earth covered him AFM ii 586.20 . See also c below. ro foilgeset in chlérig a lungai isin bailiu sin, Trip. 36.13 (375 = absconderunt). do ḟoilgettar ... a n-artraige, ITS xvi 28.14 . forroilged la G. dabach il-lac mara, Anecd. i 1y . rofoilgedh leis dabach lān di arcad, 4.26 . do folchadur na hIdhail an croch ... a talamh, Maund. 12 . rofolchadh cistedha ... fon talmain, BNnÉ 318 § 9 . cáitt inar ḟoilgis do mac? ... Nir ḟoilgius itir he where hast thou hidden thy son? I have not hidden him at all LB 144a38 . do rug se B. leis ┐ rofhoiligh e ina caislén, ZCP vi 277.1 . dá bhfolchadh úir a aghaidh IGT III ex. 458 . adeirid gur folchadh fa dhílinn e `was hidden from [? under] the deluge' Keat. i p. 152 (cf. Éigse iv 248 ). foluigh mé faói scáile do sciathán!, Psalms xvii 8 . mo lucht iomtha mh'uilc ... nīr ḟailgedar hid not my wrong-doing ZCP xii 383.30 ( YBL 372b26 ) = Dán Dé xvi 11 . mo chion féin acht nach folchuinn, Dán Dé xxii 29 . néall ... lé bhfolchar grian na ngrás, TSh. 10739 . gur ḟolaigheadar na tonna an t-arthrach, Matthew viii 24 . With FOR of pers. (Cf. 1 for II (l)): foilgid ... a gnúis forro hides his face from them TBC-LL¹ 1361 . ra foilged Ioib fair, LL 217a19 ( TTr. 11 ). do ḟaluigh oirn in gréin nglain | a sgáile his shadow hid the sun from us Anecd. 33 § 67 . cid uma bhfolcai forainn ratha ... in Spirta?, Lism. L. 3489 . rofoilghidh na slighthi ... forra, CCath. 2351 . ó ro ḟolchait [folcait foilgit v.l.] ardslébe na hEtáile forsin airdrí[g] were hidden (i.e. beneath the horizon) CCath. 1451 . foileóchad orra na fáidhe, Mac Aingil 416.16 (cf. Isaiah xxix 10 : prophetas ... operiet). With RÉ N-: is romainde ro falchabair bar mbiad, LB 154b44 . With FRI/RI: ris nach falchoid tíre a dtoirthe 'from whom regions do not hide their fruit', Giolla Brighde 16 § 20 .

Reflex. hides oneself: hi cressaib ... na secht nime fus-luget in dā crithmhil dēc (i.e. the Zodiacal signs), Ériu ii 110 § 29 . nos-failgid fo chossaib ... Menerba, Aen. 495 (= sub pedibusque deae ... teguntur Aeneid ii 227 ). farrolaig didiu Ciuitēni fadesin himmaig, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ). nā roḟalcha diabul he fen i mbiadaib, LB 234b7 . do fhalcastair he a nduama aineolaig, TTebe 1259 .

Absol. : rotheigh ┐ ro folaig ría German hid (himself) from G. LU 242 (Todd Todd Nenn. 102 ).

(b) in specific sense covers, spreads ... over: ni fhalaigh aol | aghaidh chathrach a comhchaomh lime does not cover the front of a castle so fair Ériu v 60 . ro foilgetar an tech d'etaigiph, Aisl. Tond. 112 § 3 . do folchad na buird do srol ┐ do sída, Fianaig. 56.3 . do folcadh búird ... an ríoghtheaghlaigh ┐ do dáileadh togha gacha bídh ... forra, Maguires of F. § 28 . foileóchthar leó learga Midhe | ré méid na gcreach, TD 16.60 .

(c) various extensions of meaning: rabert béim din chulg dét dó go ra ḟolaig na chliab buried it in his chest TBC-LL¹ 3830 . nior folchadh gráinne nar ghin not a grain was sown but it sprouted, IGT III ex. 459 . ? noglésed a guth dóib, conda-foilged ind-ara fecht. dondiusced in fecht aile, Ériu i 114 § 2 (= so that he hid i.e. lowered and raised it alternately ?). mairg doman ┐ talam ┐ uisci i n-ar folchedh in tṡaerclann `was submerged' AU ii 520 (cf. Ann. Conn. 1365 § 8 ). in loch sa ... eter gnaī ┐ glór is ghen | ór is fīn faī do foilgedh beauty, speech and laughter, gold and wine were submerged beneath it (of drowning of Somairle) ib. anfa mara ... ros foluigh uile engulfed them (of Pharao and his hosts), Keat. ii 349 . bās Seaāin is dīth Donncaidh | gach nemāgh dá bfrīth falchaidh eclipse all disasters that were ever known ZCP ii 354.24 . an bior tarla san troighidh | cion na habhla do fholuigh, PBocht 21 § 22 . Cf. onchoin Ghaeidheal ar na nguin, folchaidh aeinḟear a n-easbhaidh `one man would supply their loss' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156.6 . mar do beith sib beo co brāth ... falchaid mēt bar muirni a muig | cen chuimni fon ēc acuib the exuberance of your spirits hides death from your remembrance (?) ACL iii 239 § 24 .

fulach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fulach or dil.ie/24929

 

Forms: folog, fulach, folag, folach, folog, folug, folac, foluc, folaidh, folaig, fuilgib

n (folach ; cf. fulang) o, n. (vn. of fo-loing ; perh. originally the same word as 1 folach, q.v.) Also treated as s-stem : n s. folog, Wb. 17b23 (a prima manu). fulach, Ml. 22d9 . a d s. folag, BCrólige 11 (other spellings in this text are folach, folog, folug, folac, foluc). folaidh, Laws iii 356.11 , 14 ; for foluch, iv 302.11 ; ar folad, Laws iv 362.3 . n p. folaig , Laws v 312.1 . ? d p. fuilgib, SR 4891 . Later generally replaced by fulang, q.v.

(a) bearing, supporting, enduring, in physical and moral sense : f.¤ inna fothodo (leg. fochodo) Ml. 22d9 . f.¤ a fercae 32d4 . ar formtheacht ┐ folad (use of the leg), H 3.18, 17a ( Laws iv 362.3 ). trom an t-oire ré fholach, Dán Dé vii 30 .

(b) concrete, a support, prop: uindius ? folach ┐ [om.?] rigliasda ash ? Support of a royal thigh (of the virtues of certain trees), Laws iv 150.3 . fāl ḟossud f.¤ fírnoeb, SR 986 .

(c) in Laws support, maintenance: folach cetmuintire Laws i 230.24 . Esp. of sick-maintenance (with or without gen. othrusa) : annsom i n-ot[h]rus folach fir frisnā fuachur, BCrólige 15 . cethrar a lāndām for feacht feli ┐ for folach n-othrusa, BB 338b10 ( Laws v 30 Comm. ). a diis for foluch , Críth G. 118 . ataid secht folaig ata andsom folongar i tuaith : folach rig, folach briugaig, folach goband, etc. (cases of sick-maintenance especially heavy, because the functions of the sick persons must be supplied during their disablement) Laws v 312.2 . triar ... folongaiter folug mboairec[h] `who are maintained according to the [standard of maintenance] of a boaire' BCrólige 51 .

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or dil.ie/28196
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con-cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See GOI § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith innaicde, O'Curry 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, De Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. F. i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoileadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or mentioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. S. § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd. D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' AFM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd. D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be inhabited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), AFM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, Stair Erc. 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D IV 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'Curry 467 (< H 3.18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'Curry 2067 (< H 4.22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame-worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' AFM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .

¤chaithme

(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .

¤chatha

(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'Curry 1988 (< H 4.22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Anecd. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd. D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ionchoise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd. D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also inchomartha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chommoídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchommórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimhionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, De Contemptu 1276.

¤chomraic

(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, Stair Erc. 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be together with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon-Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con-cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' AFM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤degduine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarmacha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndénmhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, forgettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach indermaid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir, DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'Curry 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numbers i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, AFM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D IV 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC-LL¹ 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5.15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military service, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, AFM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingabdaís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd. D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth G. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'Curry 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd. D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC-I¹ 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' AFM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC-I¹ 2353. ¤ ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais fit to be a cattle-pound : o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh; cidh ani inforais? .i. airm in hagedar nech in [leg. ni?] oga athgabail, CIH iii 887.20 ; see inḟorais. ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd. D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be maintained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infuilaing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. l eighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.

¤gabála

(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda ingabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Timothy iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), MacCongl. 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3.17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd. D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC-LL¹ 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar inghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbhach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd. D. 78 § 17.

¤ícca

(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'Curry 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by transference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3.17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'Curry 46 (< H 3.18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC-I¹ 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC-LL¹ 4280. ¤leigis curable: foclaidh liath (leg. liaig) coitchend gunat inleighis 'an impartial physician declares that he is curable', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gram. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd. D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'Curry 875 (< H 3.18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the maintenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame-worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'Curry 464 (< H 3.18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd. D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, AFM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd. D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása inógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriageable age,' De Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionnracais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be mentioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ionráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth G. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5.15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr. 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd. D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Imr. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hinsiubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, AFM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd. D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mentionable is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd. D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haimsear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd. D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintaisfenta leis (of knowledge), O'Curry 896 (< H 3.18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be traversed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidhechta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezekiel xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' De Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., AFM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, considerable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáirimthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., Ó Héodhusa 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó inatrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Proverbs viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd. D. 34 § 4. ¤brethnaigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as inbreathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores saluberrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ionchathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ionchaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. CC 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). ¤chintaigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéigniughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomardaigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomhardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Proverbs viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ionchúartuighthe, Jeremiah vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chumannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Romans xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Manners and Customs iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniughadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodhnadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, AFM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha proclaimable : rom dlomsat nīrb indlomhthai 'they gave notice to me, it should not have been done', Ériu lix 126 § 8 ​. ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd. D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd. D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr. 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'Curry 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ionghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Proverbs x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, De Imit. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si inghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤imbertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innlabartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Angl. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' AFM v 1734.13 . ¤mescaigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (MS inmescaiḡ, Bethu Brigte 41 n. 56 ). ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar cheannach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoirbrethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luighdheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism. L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ionmholta dhúin, Aithd. D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsechanta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseachanta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Angl. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuaintigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-intaburta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intabartha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.

lóg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lóg or dil.ie/30495
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lúag, lúach, lóg, lóg, lógaib, lūaigh

n also lúag, lúach, s, n. lóg n-enech, Críth G. 19. d s. co lóg gl. cum donis, Ml. 84c12 should perh. read lógaib. Later o, m. IGT Decl. § 96. Cf. also a s. lūaigh (: tūaidh), ZCP vi 263 § 4.

(a) value, equivalent, worth : ? as í so lóg (MS. asi. solō. g) gl. ursus , Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen 14 . l.¤ leith ungae di muccib, Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). imtoin[g] colpdaig nó a l.¤ , Críth G. 43 . l.¤ a deg(g)ḟolaig do chách íarna m(b)íad (of sick-maintenance), 48 . l.¤ gerta cacha bó di grán arbae, 253 . logh secht set the value of seven `séts', Laws ii 158.24 . .uíí. cumala a loghside do gres, iv 290.4 Comm . logh bó do chaoirib, 132.23 Comm . an sét no a logh, O'D. 862 ( H 3.17, 615 ). inti nad mbi arbur feruid a logh do saimbiud a reir feine `value in summer food', BCrólige 27 . a luad di eiric `their worth in wergild', 12 n.3 . lestra[i] lóge bó, Críth G. 365. ōenrī a lōga fo nim / co bruinne Rōma nī fil, Bruchst. i 47 § 104 . is moo recc, is mo luaig ind ingen-sa, Irish Texts i 5 § 13 (Vita Brigitae). ar is mór do midlachaib a l.¤ they are worth many m., LU 8754 . luágh tri lethpinginn d'aran, Études Celt. i 84.18 . a luach do dhán díom dhlighe, DDána 84.9 . luach Éibhir Ḟinn one to equal, TD 32.4 . ní bhfuil fios a lúaigh . . . ní mó thoimheostar airgiod ar son a lúacha, Job xxviii 13 , 15 . (cryptic) loscog .i. log, Goid. 78 § 237 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

a l.¤ (soin) do (di ?) such cf. leithéit (a) (iii): atá a lógh d'fhuaire san oighreadh, DDána 110.47 . a luach soin d'ísle san fhochan, 46 . a luach d'éagcóir agallmha, Content. xviii 2. Cf. gan luach an deilc do dith rígh the slightest amount (?), Irish Texts ii 8 § 17.

Attrib. g s. is astaide in cunnrad o lias fola lanloighi and consideration of full equal value, O'D. 1140 ( H 2.15A, 60 ). ni coir nach cor cen lanfolad .i. folad lanloigi, O'Curry 1757 ( 23 Q 6, 34b ). go ndiallait mhōr-lōigh `splendid', Fl. Earls 236.29 ; 60.z . Perh.: lia logha, . . . lia luagha, lia briga . . . lia buadha, RC xliv 162 § 92.

(b) reward, requital, compensation, payment, price : mad ar l.¤ pridcha-sa, Wb. 10d23 . tri thabairt lóge mo precepte dom, 22 . ropia a norpe nemde i ll.¤ far n-irnigde, 27c12 . is ed l.¤ in degnima (gl. in pretio), Ml. 129a1 . tale damsa a log ar epirt do firinne lat, 36a32 . iter fochraic lego lin[d] ┐ bíatha[d] ┐ l.¤ n-ainme compensation for disfigurement, Críth G. 49 . im déolaid fa l.¤ dlegar whether they be gratis or whether a fee is due(?), Ériu xvii 68 § 9 . mad ainmín immurgu is let[h]sét inna l.¤-side `a half-sét is the fee for that', 70 § 10 . is becc in l.¤ degedbarta ┐ degcoiri in sin, Trip.² 2724 . i llúag m'imdergthá compensation, LU 3978 ( SCC 45 ). molad íar lúag `praise after wages', Tec. Corm. § 10.5 . nech écin . . . ro cendgad do luag ḟola Crist `price', Three Hom. 50.14 . coic fichit uinge d'ór . . . i llógh a mna `compensation', RC xviii 274.16 (Tig.). is dar cend lúage locherthair lemsa . . . é, LL 10328 ( TBC-LL¹ 3346 ). a ndoberó ar Dīa . . . do thrūagh, . . . fogēba a lūach, Ériu ii 172 § 4 . luach ara chreich . . . / fúair Concubhar comarbha `compensation', BNnÉ 289.27 . leabhar . . . do dhíol ┐ clogat . . . do cheannach . . . ar luach a leabhair, O'Gr. Cat. 510.23 . manim léicther ind ar l.¤ for a price, Fing. R. 572 . mar luagh i ndearnain an deilg, DDána 51.7 . gan lógh free of charge, Aithd. D. 84.24 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Uilliam Burc do chind luaigi for a reward, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 . do bheirdís léo a luach ar na reic, Acts iv 34 .

Of the reward or payment given for a poem: lúag mo dúane, Metr. Dinds. i 52.83 . trí chét dūan / tuctha dam i llō ar lūag, Ériu xix 77 § 3 . noco tabair do neoch luag, MacCarthy 130.8 . duas is luach gach laoidhe, Keat. Poems 836 . adubhairt C. go ttiubhradh logha ┐ sochar a sgéaluigheachta do, Celt. Rev. x 143.20 .

In unfavourable sense, punishment, retribution : l.¤ a pecthe, Wb. 1c3 . far ṅdígal-si . . . rosmbia a l.¤ , 5d35 gl. mih[i] uendictam (sic). rosbia luag bar n-imorbo[i]ss, MacCarthy 58.26 . ceim isind adbai n-iffernaidi i lluag a thuile, Ériu ii 142 § 158. As quasi-vn.: mo dhaltada . . . . . . / gé donidis faltana / nocho lamhther a lūagh, ZCP xii 394.6 .

(c) wage, fee, special payment (usually with defining gen.): in luag fir fognuma `the wages of an attendant', Laws i 110.9 Comm . cf. ii 76.8 Comm . aigni feimden a aignesa iar ngill a loghi fris `an advocate who refuses to plead after having received a pledge for his fee', i 216.23 Comm . luach aisdir travelling expenses, DDána 62.3 . do ber logh n-anacail `a ransom', RC vi 183.6 . eter l.¤ ṁbaithis ┐ techta comna, Ériu i 220 § 12 . log in belra .i. log na foglumu, no . . . log a feichemnusa, Laws v 212.3 . log berrtha `the price of shaving', i 132.19 Comm . do luach coimhéada the reward of serving thee(?), Aithd. D. 79.13 . l.¤ n-einech, see RIA Dict. s.v. 1 enech and Críth G. p. 85 . is é i luing gan luach farain `had not his fare', Dán Dé iv 24 . lór linn mar lógh rífhleidhe / an ógh is inn d'aoinfhine `entrance fee', Aithd. D. 65.35 . luach foghlama, ┐ luach leabhar, Cog. 138.26 . im log na gaire do tabairt do `the fee for maintaining [his adoptive father]', Ériu xvii 66 § 6 n.1 . ragaid l.¤ a iasachta dó he shall be paid for the loan of it, LL 7632 ( TBC-LL¹ 92 ). l.¤ fastóid (fastaid) price of (payment for) providing accommodation(?): dá lentar do dhruim comharc nó éirghe amach nó togharma an airbhe ní fhuil lúach fastóidh uirre, L. Cl. A. B. 46.z . gémadh fuath le Sacsaibh sinn / luach a fhastaidh i n-Éirinn, Aithd. D. 36.6 . l.¤ impide lit. fee for interceding or requital for the granting of a boon : `It appears from a letter written by Sir John Davis to the Earl of Salisbury that the ecclesiastical officer called herenach paid a fine called Loughimpy to the bishop on the marriage of every (sic) of his daughters', AFM iv p. 817 n . See also s.v. impide. But the term has a wider meaning. The follg. exx. indicate that the fee was paid on the occasion of the ransoming of a prisoner and on the inauguration of a chieftain: an líon oile asa ffríth dá céd marcc cénmothá luach leassa ┐ impidhe, AFM iv 816.14 (an. 1414 ). dlighidh gach tighearna . . . dá ndéntar i gCúigeadh Uladh . . . céd bó ar gach neach dá ndingéntar tighernaidh dhíobh leith amuigh do lúach impidhe na n-airdfheadhmanntach, L. Cl. A. B. 44.13 . l.¤ lesa fee paid to someone who undertakes some transaction on one's behalf: luach lesa (gl. praesumpticium), Ir. Gl. 792 . sessed lóge in lessa, LL 4997 . luagh leasa gacha hinghene righ, Hy Fiach. 142.7 . See 144n. Of payment made on the occasion of the inauguration of a chief Celtica xviii 146 : gan … taoisech tuaithe do denamh isin tír gan luach lesa do mhuintir Maodhóg, BNnÉ 248.4 . dlighidh rígh na Cairge a thrian | is a luach leasa ar aonrian, Celtica vi 162 § 17 . do bhéaradh Dia luach leasa | damh re cois a chairdeasa, Dán Dé 38 § 2 . ar chairdeas ná ar luach leasa | mairg neach do ní an t-aighneas-sa, 60 § 23 . mar fháilte, mar luach leasa, | do-ghébhthá [cúis cairdeasa], LBranach 4982 . mar luach leasa / do gheabhthá laoi fhada, H 1.14, 116 (cited O'Don. Suppl.). luacha leighis medical fees, ZCP viii 547.28 . liaigh nach iarrann luach leighis, DDána 62.2 . do luagh mh'oileamhna ar Aonghus, 69.32 . logh othrusa `nursing fee', BCrólige § 1 n.5 . luach in pōsta, Acall. 7834. l.¤ saethair remuneration: ropia l.¤ far sáithir, Wb. 23c25 . is uisse l.¤ a saithir do chách (gl. dignus est operarius mercide (sic) sua), 29a14 . l.¤ soethar a lám, PH 1662 . l.¤ tinche (see tincem) cost of caring for, attending to: meit frithgnama fris ┐ loig thinche (sic leg.) (of the crops, lín and glaisin), Laws ii 370.z Comm . is logh einiuch ┐ is log tinche fodera secht cumula aithgin in gill, O'D. 113 ( H 3.17, 91 ).

(d) purchase-price; as vn. act of buying: folam .i. fó-laim . . . dobeir i llāim a chēile lōg a thīre, O'Mulc. 571 . báeth cách co l.¤ tíre `till he buys land', Tec. Corm. § 31.3 = co lluaig tíri, LL 345d35 . ferand do rúagell saccart Cenandsa . . . ┐ issé so in l.¤ .i. xviii nungai, Misc. Arch. Soc. 132.18 . ni rodlecht nach císs de ria luaig ┐ ní dlegar iar na luaigh (of land), 136.11 - 12 . nī bi raith friut fer loighi tire, . . . .i. ar is amail fer gin ferand aigi in fer aga mbi an fearann cennaigh iarna uatuaslacadh uadha, O'Curry 2486 ( Eg.88, 39b ). This text, perhaps also that in Tec. Corm., and the context of Misc. Arch. Soc. where numerous and important guarantors of the transaction are cited, seems to suggest that land nominally purchased was not actually alienated and could be redeemed. tincur a treibi do luag, Laws v 284.29 ( .i. do cennach, 288.7 Comm .). Cf. ii 358.4 , 28. ni bia do mathair ondiu i fognam ┐ ni ba ecen a luag to ransom her, Irish Texts i 5 § 12 . lūagh nātha do gach fer creath, ZCP v 486 § 10 (.i. cenduch) (B. na f.). luid clann Iacoib, ba gnim cert, / do luaig bíd i tír n-Egept, SR 3440 . indmass domuin do-t-rega / do[t] lúaig fein a bithdoéra, 3344 . creicc lóige purchase price : ma dia ndeicennaigter e gusan creic loige ita do reir dligid `if it be `well purchased' with the purchase price which is according to law', Ériu xvii 70 § 10 n.2 . rosuidigedh a deicreic loighi side for sed .x. screbal, n.3 .

(e) interest, profit, advantage : ar luach (gl. propter foenus), Sg. 41b6 . luach `Interest', Donlevy 102.5 . áirliogadh airgid . . . air ṡúil luach . . . d'fhágail air a ṡon, 100.3 .

In prepositional phr., do l.¤ in consequence of, as a result of: do lógh m'ḟaigseana ar h'uillinn, TD 14.18 . do luach an scéil, Hackett x 5 . do lógh eólchaire, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29 .

Compds. (i) With noun. ¤molad: eagail liom . . . / mar thánag . . . / lem dhán luachmholta tar lear `gainful', Aithd. D. 53.3 . ? gilla donn gruadhchorcra geal / dá mbean drong lúathmholta (leg. lúach-?) logh, IGT Decl. ex. 1664. in luachmurchur[tha] 'the hired foreigner', Ériu lii 202 § 8.5 . (ii) With adj. ¤mór of great value, precious : ré hiodhbairt luachmhóir an aifrinn do thréigean, TSh. 6050 . mar ionnmhus luachmhór, 237 .

oc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oc or dil.ie/33397

 

Forms: oc(c), ac, oc, ac, ic, ag, ocin, ocind, ocon(d), icon(d), con(d), ocna, ocna, icna, ocum, acum, icum, agam-sa, ocut, acut, acot-su, icot, occo, occa, oca-som, ocae, occai, oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice, aige, occai, occae, occi, occai, acci, aicce, aice, aici, ocunn, ocainn, acainn, ocaind, oc(c)aib, acaib, ocaib, occo, oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu, aca, octhaib, oc, oc, ocom, icom, 'com, occ, oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, cot, occa, occo, oco, oc(c)a, ic(c)a, coa, ca, ga, occar, coar, cár, oc, oc, ocabar, icabar, co, ga, occa, ocua, ocaó, ica, coa-ta, ica-t, ca-tá, ga-tátt, gán, cán

prep. governing dat. O.Ir. oc(c); ac, Ml. 22a5 , 82d11 . Mid.Ir. oc, ac, ic. Mod. ag. Causes no change in initial of a subst. immediately following. In Mid.Ir. often loses initial vowel in composition with art. or poss. pron. With art.: s. ocin bathis, Tur. 68 ; ocind oipred, Sg. 190b3 . Mid.Ir. ocon(d); icon(d); 'con(d). pl. ocna fothaircthib, Sg. 217a4 . Mid.Ir. ocna, icna.

With pers. pron.: 1 s. Mid.Ir. ocum, acum; icum; agam-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2207. 2 s. Mid.Ir. ocut; acut, LU 3917 ; acot-su, 4016 ; icot. 3 s. m. & n. occo, Wb. 5a26 . occa, Wb. 8a11 , Hy. i 36 T . oca-som, LU 9019 ( FB 77 ). ocae, Ml. 41d3 . occai, Hy. i 36 F , ii 55 . Mid.Ir. oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice. Mod. aige. 3 s. f. occai, Ml. 67d23 . occae, 89c16 . occi, Sg. 7a2 . Mid.Ir. occai, acci, aicce. Mod. aice, aici. 1 pl. ocunn; in Mid.Ir. often with palatal final, ocainn, acainn; ocaind, LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). 2 pl. Mid.Ir. oc(c)aib, acaib. 3 pl. ocaib, LU 3243 , 9166 . occo, 8874 , 9018 , 9094 . oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu. Mod. aca. octhaib, Ériu iv 144.1 is a late analogical form.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. oc mo, Wb. 26c2 . oc mu, Thes. ii 293. 16 . Mid.Ir. ocom, icom, 'com. 2 s. occ t'adrad, Wb. 5a25 . ac du guidi, Ml. 22a5 . oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, 'cot. 3 s. occa, Wb. 24c13 , 28d10 . occo, Sg. 67a10 . oco, 213b4 . oc(c)a, ic(c)a: 'coa; 'ca: ga, TBC-LL¹ 5713 , 5720 . Mod. ag a, 'gá. 1 pl. occar n-, Wb. 4b16 , 10c22 . coar n-, SR 1500. cár, PH 1849. 2 pl. oc far n-, Wb. 5d33 . oc bar, 25c16 . ic for, SR 1246. ocabar n-, PH 2669. icabar, LL 238b34 . co for n-, LU 5244 (H). ga bar, LB 110b57 . 3 pl. occa n-, Wb. 16c5 , 20c3 . ocua n-, Ml. 18b4 . ocaó n-, LU 4630 . ica n-.

With rel. pron.: nearly always folld. by subst. vb.; no exx. in Glosses. coa-ta, TBC-LL¹ 1236 (2 s.) co ata, Rawl. 152b38 (3 s.). ica-t, TBC-LL¹ 1616. ca-tá, 120 . ga-tátt, BColm. 80.29 (3 pl.). ca mbia, IT i 190.15 ( FA 30 LB). oca mbaí, TBC-LL¹ 3516. coa rabi, 785 . gá farcgaib, 786 . gar cumad, ZCP viii 114 § 13.

Isolated exx. occur with cop.: pres. sdéd gan dóigh urraim na n-eillteadh, IGT Dec. ex. 1177 = gán, 662 . cán, Hy Fiach. 284. pret. on curi car terc sluaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 418.20 . As preverb, only in composition with ben- (subst. vb.), see ocuben.

In general sense denotes proximity, local or figurative (always of rest in a place or state).

I In local sense

(a) at, beside, close to: oc na fothaircthib at the baths, Sg. 217a4 . occi (gl. iuxta se), 7a2 . imdi noa occai (gl. Tarsis potens navium), Ml. 67d23 . cáingrían ocon tṡléib sin, Fél. Oct. 20. icon dún . . . .i. oc Dún Mac N., TBC-LL¹ 1225. in fetar-su cia fil icond áth?, 1157 . oc cros ind-dorus lis by the cross in front of the hostel, Mon. Tall. § 62. dessid Ísu ic meis, PH 5035 , cf. dessid ocon muicc sat down (to carve) the pig, IT 100.22 . oc Ierusalem, PH 485. fert Fergusa . . . fil ic Findloch i Connachta, ACL iii 5.4 . cantairecht do tocbail agun altoir, ZCP viii 115 § 27. gom thoigh at my house, 219 § 9 . tair ic taurcbáil na gréne in the quarter of sunrise, IT i 129.9 . Cf. is e fil oc mo gerran-sa who is in charge of my nag, Ériu v 30.9 . Exceptionally after vb. of motion (in fig. sense): do impo se na Lumbardaig . . . oc creidium na heclasi, ZCP xiii 184.2 .

(b) in fig. sense, beside = compared with (Germ. neben): luin oc elaib, Corm. Y 69 , cf. gloss in LU 330 : .i. deróli na luin i farrad na n-ela. marbāin inna bliadna so, | nirbo chuīnti nech occo there was none worth bewailing compared with them, Bruchst. i § 96 = níbo caointe ní occa, TFrag. 60.15 .

(c) folld. by demonstr. pron. so, sin, sút and a subst., form- ing an elliptical sent. here (there) is (are) (= Lat. ecce, Fr. voici, voilà). The form ac is always used in this construction, which is unknown in O.Ir. The orig. constr. is prob.: oc so (sin) atá . . . , the prep. governing the demonstr.; but later ac so (sin) comes to be regarded as a compd. adv. and the follg. subst. is sometimes in acc. case. See IGT Introd. § 128 , where ag so, ag sin and ag súd are said to be followed either by nom. or acc., `ag sin bean gheal' and `ag sin mhnáoi ngil' being both correct. ac so me here I am, PH 638. ac so uan Dé, 3794 . ac sin chucut do ríg (= ecce rex tuus venit tibi), 4376 . ac seo in corn-so dúib, LL 301b3 ( RC xiii 62 x ). ac sin bar n-usci dhaibh, Ériu v 158.220 . ag soin . . . an mbunnainn, IGT Dec. ex. 561.

Ac so, ac sin are freq. used like Fr. voici, voilà to indicate respectively a following or a preceding statement, enumera- tion, etc. ag so an tres gniomh diobh . . . fer a ionaid do dermat, BNnÉ 263.1 . ethech ┐ bréga ┐ luigeda dímaine . . . ac sin brissed na cet-aithne, PH 7604. ac sein duit ocht fichit cest rá ernisem, LL 145a52 . ac sin a n-oidid éicin chloinde crōda Cennēidig, ZCP viii 120.7 . o Gabrann co Cnamchaill . . . ag sin in gnathrainn, Ériu ii 50 § 4. ag sin agat . . . slighe na ndeich n-aithne, Dán Dé vi 11.

II Of the time or occasion at or during which someth. takes place (often = Germ. bei):

(a) sulbaire degbelrai cen tognam n-occae (gl. gratia illaborata), Ml. 89c16 . nin-fortéit-ni in spirut oc suidiu the spirit helps us not herein (i.e. when we pray), Wb. 4a27 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib engaged in sports, FB 43. an cetharlebar sosceli do aurlegund oc praind at meal- time, Mon. Tall. 29. crosfigild iarum oc domine probasti at (the words) `Domine p.', § 30. dia mbatar icon choibfhleid, PH 5048 . doratad anmunna forru icon bathis, 970 . fleadh gá sgaoiltir sgéla, IGT Dec. ex. 1051. (For: ic abardorcha, CCath. 1090 , read i cabar-.) Further extensions of this use: cid ar nach sechend ind eclais Crist ic timna na himdibe? why does not the Church follow Christ in the matter of circumci- sion? PH 5765. atbert Esaias oca césad when speaking of his passion, 2275 . atá an ghealach níosa lugha . . . mar deirim aice fein as I state when I deal with it, Corp. Astron. 88.18 .

(b) with 3 s. n. pron. used as advb. = at it, thereat, engaged therein, on that occasion, etc. ní torbe precept . . . mani dénatur ḟerte occa, Wb. 8a11 . oín-menme lib occo (gl. ut unanimes honorificetis Deum), 6d3 . huisque prius in calicem ┐ issed canar occo (i.e. while the water is poured into the chalice), Thes. ii 252.5 ( Stowe M. 64b ). Celestinus . . . isé ro herlig gráda fairseom, Germanus ┐ Amatho . . . ar aird occo G. and A. being present, Trip. 30.28 . ro baí munter P. oc búain orba . . . ros-gab íta mór occai, 236.2 . praind do tomailt . . . is a hurcul acht sailmchetal ┐ aurnaigti occo to eat . . . is for- bidden unless it is accompanied by psalm-singing, Mon. Tall. 65 . cudnód ind prainde arnā bether ocu nach cein that no long while may be spent over it, § 89. dā biait do cetol i crois- figill cen tairnem lama occa, RC xv 489 § 17. ma doragbus ní d'uabar . . . cluinte mo nuallan acai `hear me wail for it', Ériu ii 56 § 15 . nis-fil do plaig . . . nachus-bera sin for culu, acht corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430.6 .

III Folld. by vn. (strictly a case of II).

(a) after subst. vb., taking the place of a pres. part.; corre- sponding to the older Engl. gerundial construction `to be a-going'. ataat oc timthirecht apastolorum they are serving, Wb. 14a30 . ce rudbatar iudei occa thindnacul-som though . . . were delivering him up, 4b13 . Cf. is occ maid atáa he is engaged in good, 6a18 . itu ic frithalim na n-anmanna, SR 1187. bui- siom oc huamim sewing, Mon. Tall. 60. mor fer ro boí com iarraid many men have wooed me, SCC 44. ata mog Dé icot gairm is calling thee, PH 1369. tic Euá asin tsruth, bai for tir co [leg. coa or ca] tirmugud, SR 1686 = oca tirmugud, MacCarthy 66.7 . ro batar . . . duile De coar n-airmitein, SR 1500 = oc ár n-a., MacCarthy 60 z . ata Dia ic for togáes, SR 1246 = ga bar togaethad, MacCarthy 52.18 . ata drong . . . ocabar n-aithceód, PH 2669. ro bátár a cruti ocaó n-airfitiud playing to them, TBC-LL¹ 168 ( LU 4630 ).

Note the irreg. constr. in the follg. exx. in which oc accom- panied by rel. pron. governs a vn. in a rel. clause: fogéba . . . aní coa-taí iarair you will find what you are seeking, TBC-LL¹ 1236. fúr na fleidhi oca rabhadhuis denumh damsa which you were making for me, Lism. L. 2357. fírinde ina núfhiadnaise icca rabatar tairchetul of which they had been prophesying, PH 5768 . With prep. do inserted before vn.: do dhemnaib ca tai d'adrad whom thou worshippest, PH 634. is e so in t-Ísu oca raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 .

With ellipse of vb., in function of pres. part.: cid tu dana icim dail? who art thou that comest to meet me? IT i 127.4 . ingen oc ambrán singing, PH 889. siat oc slechtanaib . . . ┐ oc ádrad Ísu, 2615 . espuig ag adhaltras, ag meallad a ngraidh bishops adulterous, belying their orders, ZCP viii 209.29 . sib-si icc iarraid bar leicctiu don cath ┐ misi ica-for [accabur v.l.] fostadh, CCath. 5129.

After subst. vb. in impers. construction: cia bethir oc far n-ingrim though they be a-persecuting you, Wb. 5d33 . céin both oc taisbenad na flede dóib while they were setting forth the feast, FB 13. is and ro bas oca caíniud lamentation was made for them, 77 . atathar com breith don Teibh they are taking me to Thebes, RC x 180.35 . ru fitir níb uc denam a lessa ro bass and, RC iii 176.18 . The follg. ex. offers an analogous construction: os gar ndola con lō so since we are going to this battle (?), RC xxxvii 352 § 9 .

(b) with other vbs., referring to subj. of sent.: conid oc accaíne sin atbert in rí, PH 4268. ro-bar-n-élned oc adrad cloch ┐ crand by worshipping, 1707 . a fhuair [do máthair] do galar acut breith, 7390 . dorala Cairend doib ic tabairt usci do Temraig as she was bringing water, RC xxiv 192.17 . muna derntaí maith icabhur cosnum, Acall. 5141 = ocabar, Fr. Esp. used idiomatically after vbs. of beginning, continuing, desisting: forópair oc dogru, SCC 44. fecis Ailill oc cóí began to weep, IT i 127.17 . ro gab ac midem ┐ ac mórdescain, CRR 25. gabais Gabriel ga guidi, ACL iii 244 § 11. fuabrais ic troscadh for Ciaran, 5.2 . nā han ag atach Righ nimi cease not to beseech, ZCP vi 272 § 14. Analog. with abstr. noun: fos oc etli `per- severance in holiness', Mon. Tall. 19.

(c) referring to other member of sent. than subj.; imba immalei dō occa[r] taithchricc et occar n-áinsem? will he be at the same time redeeming us and accusing as? Wb. 4b16 . bliadain . . . dō ga hiarraidh he spent a year seeking her, IT i 129.15 . cen fial impu oca n-imdíten, MacCarthy 56.9 . doro- chair ecla forsna huli anchretmechu oca fhacsin sin, PH 2164. coro indisetar don rí cách uli oc édpairt dona deeib that all were sacrificing, 979 . ro brised in cath . . . ar Oilill ┐ ar Mheidb . . . oc tabairt tána bó cuȧilngi, RC vi 178.134 .

After the obj. of a vb. of seeing, hearing, etc., often as complement: otchí Isu in ṅduine ic comallnad a thimna when Jesus sees a man fulfilling his command, PH 4607. itcualamar in t-aingel oc comrád, 2968 .

(d) introducing an absolute adverbial phrase: issed aspered M. oca aurail do neoch fairsiom guidhi Dé laisiom when any one enjoined on him to pray God for him, Mon. Tall. 75. boi ingreimm mor forsna Cristaigib . . . oc eráil forru édpart do génum dona deeib, PH 962. is aire chanait . . . don anmain ic escómlad di asin churp, 8139 (= ica escomlad asin churp). ag clos linn . . . do fhreagra, Content. x 21. The follg. con- structions are mixed: gu rabha oc dul a anma ass he was at his last gasp, Irish Texts i 43.27 . nech lasmbad oc dil occorso do cheli Dē who was wont to satisfy the hunger of a servant of God, Ériu i 46.2 .

(e) after an adj.: it mathi side oc aslug these are good at seduction, Wb. 30c13 . it mathi inna ganema oc óul ind lenda (gl. bibulae), Ml. 129d14 . nitat soír oc tintuúth skilled in translating, Wb. 12b23 . cid trén oc tecmallad . . . cia bo labor oc tecmallad mighty . . . weak at gathering, 16c25 , 26 . nidam maith-se oc immarbaig, TBC-LL¹ 1676. Cf. bid gadhar tafaind Ailill oc iarraid crich ┐ ig cosnum mennato, RC xxiv 176.3 .

(f) the vn. following oc is often used in a passive sense, being in this case always preceded by a poss. pron. In Mod.Ir. g(h)á, d(h)á are used in this way. crann immua-mbiat [inna lestrai] ocua ndenum round which (vessels) are made, Ml. 18b4 . ita in cath oca ferthain indiu the battle is being fought, SCC 33. tintud septin . . . is hé ro malartad occo tintúdh [sic leg.] asind ebre isin ngreic which was corrupted in being trans- lated, Hib. Min. 10.335 . binnidir téta mendchrot aca seinm, TBC-LL¹ 209. atú-sa icom mess ona dib rigu I am being judged, PH 1407. dorigne in himaigin . . . co mbeth aice hi oca hadrad, 61 . gair ban ┐ mac aca milliud, TTebe 2155 . fuair se dias do muindtir E. aga ndicennud he found two . . . being be- headed, ZCP vi 281.26 . é féin aga imchor . . . a gcathaóir being carried, Fl. Earls 172.25 . iomad teach n-aoidheadh 'ga ndéa- namh ┐ leabhar da scríobhadh, Keat. iii 3037.

IV Of persons.

(a) with, among, denoting generally not mere proximity but some kind of association , corresponding to Lat. apud, Fr. chez, Germ. bei; often = at the house of, in the country of; used of an author in whose work some statement occurs, etc.

robem occa i mbithbethaid may we be with Him, Hy. i 36. ní n-accathar nech aile occut let no one else see it in your possession, FB 59. is acainne ḟuarais crích ┐ ferand among us (i.e. in Connacht), TBC-LL¹ 5944. nico raga do chorp-sa i n- ádnocul ocainde, PH 3693. iar n-a gabail doibh for creich occo after he had been made prisoner by them when he was raid- ing amongst them, MacCarthy 396.11 ( BB 48b ). ocut-sa dogním in cháisc (= in thy house), PH 5032. an agum-sa 'gud leig[i]us stay with me for thy healing, ZCP vi 37.12 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess though I should spend a month with, ACL iii 304. 21 . anais octhaib .xl. láa he stayed with them, Ériu iv 144.1 . eoangelium ic grecaib, bonum nuntium . . . ic auctoraib na Roman the Greeks call it euangelium , ZCP viii 113 § 5. `amen' . . . is é a etarchert ic Aquil `fideliter'; is e imorro a etarchert oc Cirine `uere', PH 7982. ata tuaruscbail er in peccad-sa ic Solam i nEcclesi[asti]co , 7769 . léaghtar ag Iul Caesar isan seiseadh leabhar d'á stáir, Keat. i 72.95 . Esp. after fo-ácaib, of leaving someth. with some one: facbaid mallachtain aice ┐ berid mallachtain uada, PH 8289. fáccbais comarbus na cille sin ag Urcain, BNnÉ 264 § 226. iar faccbail [sic leg.] imcho- mhairc occa chele after bidding each other farewell, 328 § 56 . ó Ghuaire . . . gár ḟagaibh dámh mór mbennacht, ZCP viii 109.22 Cf. mod. `slán agat!' said by a departing guest in response to the host's `slán leat!'

In many cases oc in compos. with a plural pron. and follow- ing an interrog. or indef. pron. or numeral is used almost in a partitive sense like ó (see 1 ó vii); in early exx. there is a difference in meaning between oc and ó in such cases; in Mod.Ir. ag is freq. used in partitive sense. cia nod-máid acaib-si sin? who among you makes that boast? TBC-LL¹ 1974. cia bad chóir da ḟúapairt Conculaind accu which of them ought to attack C., 2077 . cach mac gaibes gaisced acaib, IT i 101.5 . denum tuidecht cen comlabra do neoch fri araile ocaind with- out conversing with each other, MacCarthy 64.5 ( LB 112a49 ). gach laoch aca-sumh, ML 132.2 . gá méad aca how many of them, Dán Dé xvi 23.

(b) with subst. vb. to denote (temporary) possession: ata x ocumm I have (am in possession of) x; to be distinguished from: is limm x x is mine (belongs to me).

uccu .i. aicci a oenar ata se (i.e. a man's choice rests with himself alone), Corm. Y 1295. árchú fil ocom, TBC-LL¹ 1003. a mboi de ór ┐ argut oca all the gold . . . they had, PH 999. nech ic nach fil almsa, 4974 . do thorad in chroind ic ata fiss uilce ┐ maithusa, MacCarthy 52.20 ( LB 110b58 ). is aigci ata cach maith, . . . ic mac mo Dé, BColm. 100.16 . dā mac dēc ic Coscrach . . . a hocht diib co-ata sil who have posterity, Rawl. 152b38 . ni fhuil ag fissid ar ndil, acht ag Rig na rígh our destiny lies not with the seer, ZCP vii 301 § 9. cia aga bhfuil dúil i lúth? who has any desire for, Keat. Poems 522.

Note follg. constructions: ni boí occo-som do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichenned it was not in their power to remain alive, FB 77 (the subj. is the vn. a mbith). duine ga raibe dolás a ngar dó to whom sorrow was nigh, BCC § 147. Occas. atá ocumm folld. by vb. nearly = I am able (to): indar leosom bai aici-seom a sechna he would be able to avoid it, TBC-LL¹ 2208. ata oen-ní ocund do denum `I have yet one expedient', PH 1192 .

Often with ellipse of vb.: bél aicce i tallfad cú, Ériu iv 100.14 . proinn aige da gach aoidhidh, ZCP viii 109 § 4. tucad claideb . . . ac Pilasceius . . . do Plicigias `a sword which had belonged to Pelasgus', TTebe 2499 . ni fhetad duine biad folaig ece [= aice] ann none could have any hidden food, LB 155b59 . ni muirbither mac mna lium cen chin aice, PH 401. uchán! gan againn oinniuin is gáirleog alas that we have not, Keat. Poems 1245.

(c) in sight of, in judgement of (cf. analogous use of la): ro bámar-ni fecht co cátaid acut, SCC 43. ni lia esbaid daim acaind . . . nā esbaid laich the loss of an ox is not more to us than the loss of a warrior, CRR 4. ar bam anoraigti-sea oc Dia dia fhódmar martrai honoured in the sight of God, PH 2428. co nachat anmand uaisle . . . noemait nech icon choimdid, 5087 . nach fil clerech is amru ac Día oldas-[s]om, BColm. 102.13 . olcc occo-som máthair Néill they disliked N.'s mother, Ériu iv 92.11 . inn edh dobeir fort-sa [sin] ar n-etairisine acut? CCath. 634 (= is it because you deem us disloyal that you act thus? = deeratne tibi fiducia nostri? Luc. Phars. i 362 ). co flaith Dúrlais 'cán mór me (= who thinks much of me), Hy Fiach. 284.5 . ní hé as daidhbhre ag Dia, Dán Dé xxxi 22.

(d) used with reflex. pron. after vbs. of saying, observing, thinking, etc.: atrubart aice fén he said to himself, PH 1046. déchaid-si acaib fén masa me see for yourselves if it is I, 3108 . is tria úmla ro chind aice a chlood that he had resolved to vanquish him, 4814 . ro imraid aice ina menmain deliberated, ZCP v 502.8 . do smuain sé aige gumadh ferr leis, Maund. 268. mesait ┐ tuicit aca badhdein, Fl. Earls 228.2 .

The vb. gaibid is similarly used; nā gebed nech aicce fén combad, etc. let not any one conclude, PH 4954. nā ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa doratait dúin let us not count as our own property, 6123 . Similarly techtaid possesses: ni ro techta occut feirg harbour not anger, PH 4094. is aen-athair techtmait-ne uli ocaind, 6004 : cf. 4025 .

(e) almost in sense of agent, cf. analogous use of la. Strictly, oc indicates, not the agent, but the quarter, group of indi- viduals, etc., in which the action takes place or has its origin. With pass. often employed instead of do where that prep. is needed in another sense. (In Mod.Ir. ag is commonly used to denote the agent after a part. in periphrasis for perf. tense: atá an litir scríobhtha agam I have written.) co torchair acu iarsin iar cur a n-āir he fell at their hands after slaying many of them, ZCP i 105.31 = co torchair leo, ib. 10 . idrochadar sin uili ic feraib Muman, Cog. 22.17 . is dethbir det-siu cia fogabad mor d'imned ocut-sa it befits thee that he should meet with much tribulation from thee, PH 3828 (Satan addresses Hell). co coí n-étarbaig ic anmannaib na peccdach ica pianad oc na slogaib na ndemna, 8306 . iarna marbad ocin rig (i.e. by order of), 6650 . ni lamtís beos icon rig Crist do adrad co follus `through fear of the king', 1016 . ídpairt inn uain oc macu Israel, KMMisc. 144 § 4. With pass.: ra cruthaiged comairle acu, TBC-LL¹ 702. ro benait na cluic ac na cleirchib, ACL iii 225.23 . ro hádnaiced in cend oc Herudiátis by command of H., PH 916. cia coa ndernad in chet-long? by whom was the first ship made? ZCP iv 236.6 . oilén R. atá a laim muindteri Eoin Baisti arna thabairt ac in imperi dóib, Maund. 35. Grigair . . . 'gar cumad in cantairecht (= who was the originator of church music), ZCP viii 114 § 13. gabhthar . . . gá n-aos ceoil . . . laoidh, Gofraidh Fionn iii 46 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). is é ní ar ar fanadh againn what has been decided on by us, Maguires of F. § 17 .

Here may be placed the use of oc after vbs. of learning, hearing, etc. (strictly local): ros-fóglaim ocumm nu [leg. mu?] gnímu-sa, PH 1790 , cf. 281 . co ccualaidh féin ag an ccleirech an fís sin `from the cleric's mouth', RC xxv 396 § 13. fear ilchleasach do hoileadh ag Scáthaigh, Keat. Poems 527.

tlacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tlacht or dil.ie/41005
Last Revised: 2019

 

n [u,]m. Later slacht, q.v.

I

(a) covering, protection: os talman t.¤ , Snedg. u. Mac R 10 § 14 . a tabairt fo thalman t.¤ | iarsin mo Dia dil tarmart, SR 4743 . noco tard in tarim (leg. talam) t.¤ | tar mac bud danu daenacht, BB 401b41 . (Hence : `tlacht' talamh comhádhbal cain, Metr. Gl. 14 § 27 ). co mbert in macc | co tart fo th.¤ ina thétluing, Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 3 . t.¤ .i. diten, ut est imtongat uill tlachta nobles swear by defences, O'Dav. 1512. conastacmaing t.¤ in trefocuil so that the protection ... encompasses them, Auraic. 1960 . eite lúidh 's t.¤ ar dtreisi, L. Cl. A. B., 256.111 . créad é an t.¤ so ar cheannaibh Éireann ? grief , ITS iii 140.1 .

(b) ornament, finish, beauty: in t.¤ ós ligib, Hy. 4.10 . potestates delbda a t.¤ , SR 695 . for tir, for talam, treb tlácht | coragab fír flathemnácht, 6636 . eirgit sluaig Temrach na t.¤ , SG 368.2 . t.¤ ní thig cen ruad polish , Metr. Dinds. iii 54.7 . ro-choillset torad is t.¤ | i cóiciud chlíarach Connacht, 382.22 . inmhain t.¤ a hisdadh núr ` decoration ,' O'Gr. Cat. 474.18. ní comhrádh ar a bhfuil t.¤ | nach diongnadh do Chorc dúthracht ` plausibility ,' Content. xiii 10 . teacht mar saorchuairt tar sál soir | le t.¤ ó aobhacht an fhir, Rel. Celt. ii 276.26 . aighthe féinneadh feirrde a dt.¤ , L. Cl. A. B., 239.50 . tólaib t.¤ (cheville) SR 15 ; Metr. Dinds. iii 224.13 ; ML² 55 , etc.

Hence skin, hide: t.¤ olla fíraille co cinél cacha datha trít, Cóir Anm. § 38 . brec, dub, odar, tes a t.¤ , `warm was their coat,' Metr. Dinds. iv 170.15 . t.¤ taighleach ó carr go h-ardghoilmhioch air, ML 38.31 .

II garment, clothing: cit úallaig ríg talman | i tlachtaib at glainiu, Fél. Prol. 246 . hi fuil Chríst trea curpu | docóemnachtar tlachtu (: balcu) `they had washed their robes,' Jan. 4 . immutsa co mbánt.¤ , Ep. 331 . do cholcthib gelaib ocus di tlachtaib etrochtaib, LU 1712 . co ndaimtuigdis tlachta áilde ildath, Ériu iv 163.15 . co lluid tarsin t.¤ corcra ┐ tresin léine baí im Ailill, TBFr. 238 . roclaemclai clí, leth an smacht | dorochair di a coemth.¤ , SR 1296 . ronbáe biad, ronbai t.¤ , 1557 . fri tindrem t.¤ , 2495 . bui ingen Ecit i cathair cumtachtai ┐ t.¤ derscaigthe impe issin tig, Irish Texts i 33.7 . tabairt bíd do bochtaib Dé | t.¤ (sic leg.) do nochtaib, BColm. 100.11 . rogha iomdhaigh a nEamhain Macha ... ┐ a t.¤ ríoghdha ró-mhaiseach uirre, Ériu viii 135.8 . tuchtach a t.¤ , Anecd. i 60 § 83 . i t.¤ etrocht, § 89 . at lassar rígthigi di leirgg a tlachta (sic leg.) ┐ a n-errid ┐ a n-éttaid, CRR 28 . doberad a tlachta folaig ... do uilib aittib, CCath. 4318 . do ben in t.¤ carcra de, ML² 534 . aircellad tlachta na dithle tuinech `taking away raiment is every pilfering of tunics,' O'Dav. 1531. t.¤ .i. édach, 1505 . tréigidh a t.¤ iasochta, Studies 1918, 453 § 13 . t.¤ na nemmarbdachta, PH 3520 . ag buain tlaicht taitneamhaigh na ngrás de, TSh. 7003 . t.¤ álainn do cor ar an nanam ccédna, Ó Héodhusa 120.11.

Compds. ¤balc with stout covering, mailclad: túath toimsech t.¤-balc, Metr. Dinds. ii 34.94 . ¤chrích fair land: fa thuathaib, ocus fa thlacht-chrichaib na talmhan, MR 114.13 . ¤dillat clothing: don t.¤-dillat ... do bretha dó, TBC-LL¹ 2586 . ¤mag ornamental lawn?: fá'n gcladh dtlacht-maige, O'Gr. Cat. 508.8. ¤Mide fair Meath: re tuathaib ... t.¤-Mide, MR 124.11 . ¤múad with fine hide: Muc Mic Dá-Thó, t.¤-mūad torc, Sc.M² 22a . ¤réid?: corbo th.¤-réid (macc réid, L.) a menma | macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra, Ériu iv 98 § 28.