Search Results

Your search returned 10 result(s).

altram(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. altram(m) or dil.ie/3039
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: t-altrum, altruim, altraim, altrumu, altruma

n orig. n, n., see GOI § 731 . Later o, m. in t-altrum , Laws v 134.12 Comm. g s. altruim, DDána 105.5 . Note d s. altraim, Fél. 44.8 . n s. also altrumu, Laws ii 168.z. 170.1 Comm. altruma, 146.21 Comm. Vn. of 1 ailid.

Act of nurturing, fostering; nurture, fosterage . On the custom of fosterage see the treatise Cáin Íarraith, Laws ii 146 ff. Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 187 ff. altram .i. ab eo quod est alo .i. ōn brēthir is alo ailim atā, Corm. Y 9 . breth et altram, Wb. 10b1 . amal dorígensat sidi a altram si, 28d19 . fri altrum mic in ais araile, Laws ii 172.14 . trian fir altrumu .i. fir ailes, 184.14 . altrum cen ainmi ar dlighedh cacha altruma diainme, 150.6 . altrumu seirce cen iarraith `fosterage of affection without fosterage-fee', 168.z . cia lin altrum . . . a do . . . ite . . . di altruma, 146.5 Comm. am tualuing mu dalta altrammo do rig I am able to give my fosterchild the fosterage suitable for a king, IT i 142.5 = am tūalaing altrama do rīgh, ZCP v 503.24 . alltramm mac rig ┐ rignui, IT iii 239.148 . dogniu dochor cach thríuin tri altram Fergusa form, LU 10296 . ar inn airer ┐ ar inn altrom ra bertus-sa fort, TBC-LL¹ 2874 . gabais mac n-altrama ō D., Fianaig. 28.6 . do chuindchid á altrama, Thes. ii 291 § 3 . ni haltrum, ni hiarrathuis, Cog. 54.23 . ro chuiris ben dot' chenel . . . dom' altram sa, MR 34.8 . lucht altruim Chuinn ┐ Conn, DDána 105.5 . amhuil . . . buime ag altrom a cloinne, 1 Thessal. ii 8 . Altrum Tige Dá Mhedar (title of a tale called `Oileamuin' in l. 13 ), ZCP xiii 17.1 . In phr. do-beir for a.¤ co gives in fosterage (to): conid é doratsat Ethni cucu for altrom, LU 4436 . With DO: tucad side ar altram do Choin Ruí, MU² 351 . Mac . . . do thabairt ar altram d'Art, Ann. Conn. 1261.15 . do-beir (or other vb.) do a.¤ (do) gives for rearing (to): co tuca [a Mac] . . . dia altraim, Fél. 44.8 . tuc do lucht na Tebi da haltrom. TTebe 1724 . atnoí do epscop B. día altrum, Trip.² 1611 . nís-léicide C. dia máthair di altromm, BDD² 73 . In abstract sense: altram dualchi nourishment of vice, Mon. Tall. 152.12 (§ 63) . altrom glaine `a fostering of purity', Ériu ii 66 § 12 . ar tí altruim fhaladh bent on cherishing a grudge, Dán Dé vi 21 . ni d'furtacht na d'altrom al-lassar, CCath. 4422 . a.¤feeding the poor, ZCP xii 291.14 = GJ iv 107a . In concrete sense fosterling, child : arindī folongat na mnā cach altrom fora rigtib 'because women support every child on their forearms' O'Mulc. § 114 , CMCS i 46 .

anna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anna or dil.ie/3698

 

n (see Vendr. Lex.): a.¤ . . . .i. cubi[t]us latine .i. righ . . . arindī folongat na mnā cach altrom fora rigtib, O'Mulc. 112 - 114 .

as-ren

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-ren or dil.ie/4479
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: asrenai, asren, isidren, adrén, -eren, -eiren, ascomren, iscomren, asrenat, asrenar, adrenar, -ereanar, ascomrenur, asrenaiter, -eirenaiter, -éirena(i)tar, adrenaiter, asrenad, asrentais, ernn, érnem, asria, asria, ascomra, as-comrae, -escomra, -escomrad, as-rethar, -escomrait[h]er, -escomriter, asriad, -escomradh, asririu-sa, asrire, asriri, asrirther, asrireth, asrir, asrath, ascomrair, -escomrair, ascomrad, -escomrad, eirnidhther, eirnither, isrenaitiur, asrenaigthar, ernifes, ernebha, ernebter, ēirni, érni, hērne, ernitir, asrin, éraicc

v (* ess-ren-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 597 ). See ZCP xvi 272 . See also under ar-ren, and GOI 508 . Indic. pres. 2 s. asrenai, Ml. 44a6 . 3 s. asren, Ml. 36a30 , 127a18 . isidren, O'Dav. 1526 . adrén, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . -eren, Laws iii 156.4 . -eiren, v 176.3 . With perf. -com-: ascomren, Críth G. 363 . iscomren, Laws v 340.z . 3 pl. asrenat, Sg. 27a2 . Pass. sg. asrenar, Laws i 92.4 . adrenar, ZCP vii 482 (Enchir. Aug.). -eranar, Laws iv 114.30 Comm. -ereanar, v 466.z. With perf. -com-: ascomrenur, Laws v 348.8 . Pass. pl. asrenaiter, O'Curry 566 (H 3.18, 282). Laws v 210.1 . -eirenaiter, BCrólige 1 . -éirena(i)tar, Críth G. 121 . adrenaiter, Corm. 9 . Indic. impf. 3 s. asrenad, Ml. 32b10 . 3 pl. asrentais, O'Curry 257 (H 3.18, 149b). Ipv. 2 s. ernn, Thes. ii 257.11 (? ernaid). 1 pl. érnem, Lib. Hymn. i 19 gl. 15 . Subj. pres. 2 s. asria, Laws iii 150.12 . 3 s. asria, Ml. 127a18 . With perf. -com-: ascomra, ZCP xiii 24.13 . as-comrae, Bürgschaft § 74 c . -escomra, O'Curry 987 (H 3.18, 424a). 3 pl. -escomrad, Tec. Corm. 34 n. 8 . Pass. sg. as-rethar, Laws ii 126.y Comm. With perf. -com-: -escomrait[h]er, O'Dav. 766 . Pl. -escomriter, Mon. Tall. 136.33 . Subj. impf. 3 s. asriad, Ml. 36a29 . With perf. -com-: -escomradh, O'Dav. 766 . Fut. 1 s. asririu-sa, Wb. 18a14 . 2 s. asrire, LB 261a70 . 3 s. asriri, Wb. 25b6 , Ml. 30c13 . Pass. sg. asrirther, Wb. 1c3 . Condit. 3 s. asrireth, O'Curry 2496 ( Eg. 88 40(41)c ). Pret. 3 s. asrir, Thes. ii 342.2 , 348.2 (Hy. v). Pass. sg. asrath, O'Curry 875 (H 3.18, 393a). Perf. 3 s. ascomrair, Laws v 348.6 . -escomrair, 5 . Pass. sg. ascomrad, O'Dav. 634 . -escomrad, Laws v 372.3 .

Prot. stem -éren (above) later replaced by érn-, see érnid, érnigid. Note also the follg. (in some cases stem érni-?): eirnidhther, BCrólige 1 n.6 . eirnither, 4 n.3 , 17 n.4 . isrenaitiur, asrenaigthar, Ériu ii 206 § 27 v.l. Fut. ernifes, LU 2663 . ernebha, O'Curry 1934 ( 23 P 3, 25 c ). ernebter, Ériu xii 80.y . Ipv. 2 s. ēirni, ZCP xii 292.12 . érni, ACL iii 230.z . hērne, 231.5 . 3 s. ērennat (leg. ērenath), ZCP xxx 11 . 3 pl. ernitir, Mon. Tall. 136.32 . Pret. 3 s. asrin, LL 333b32 ( ZCP viii 319.30 ).

Vn. éraicc and prob. also (orig.) éra.

Pays away (freq. as fine or compensation), expends, gives: ní asriad do feichemain rodligestar ní do, Ml. 36a29 . asriri dia dígail dar[an]ési, Wb. 25b6 . asrenat frecrae dond immchomurc `they render an answer to the question', Sg. 27a2 . cia rogonat doíni . . . in cóicer . . . ascomren aire échta tara cenn, Críth G. 363 i.e. the a.¤ é. can pay the legal mulcts for homicide to their kin, p. 71 . at[a]comren cia tacra cen air[r]ech cen airliciud, 398 `he is able to pay them over without (having recourse to) requisition or borrowing', p. 34 . mani thechta ní aschomra meren (leg. ní éren, ed.) do duiniu acht pennind `if he does not possess anything that he can pay (as fine) he pays nothing to man save only penance', Ériu vii 154 § 4 . ar as renar fo-fia for whatever is paid out he will get back, ZCP xi 85 § 39 . is ed as-rirtar (leg. -rirther, ed.) do de, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 63 § 32 . asren diabul neich ara troiscther aire he pays double that for which he was fasted upon, Laws i 116.15 . fer turgaire druith is é asren a cinaid . . . ar is é ag insin asrenar [comraiti] na comraite la fear asidrean, iii 156.5 . atait secht n-erca . . . asren a fine nad con tuillit slan na somaine cidhbe asdocomra, v 182.7 . na direanar do Dia, ni hereanar do duine, 466.z. asrirter, eirniter eiric ann isin torbach, iii 212.13 Comm. ni rig . . . do na eirenedar feich cana he is not a king to whom are not paid the fines of law, iv 50.23 . asreanidar tra na smachta dia treisi iar fogail, 104.23 Comm. a cumat isririth som . . . .i. a coméd . . . ro icfad som, O'Curry 392 ( H 3.18, 219b ). ise israiri as .i. . . . ise eirnis ni as, 230 (H 3.18, 725). imraicne ascomradh .i. . . . comeirnedh eiric, 1425 (H 3.18, 639b). ma asloat cintaig follongud (folongat v.l.) aitiri ┐ geullud ┐ esrenad (gellait ┐ asrenait v.l.) diabul do aitirip, Anecd. iii 24.16 . oenfiach adrenar nde, 22.21 . asrenair héricc már dossom ind, 58.3 . asren díre a grád dond eclais `he pays the fine of his orders to the church', Ériu i 218 § 4 . atrenat boin co n-uingi as cech urthobach, LB 259a24 . ni robrad nad eascobrad, BB 64a39 = imrobhrad nad escomhrad, Tec. Corm. 34 n.8 . ar asrire in mac a chinaid, LL 287b25 .

cáel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáel or dil.ie/7578
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cóil

adj I o, ā thin, slender, narrow and related meanings in a variety of applications. cóil gl. macer, Sg. 50a 24 ; exilis, Ml. 142c2 . Of the body and parts thereof: i corpán chóel, Fél. Ep. 386 . do grúadaib córaib cóilaib `haggard cheeks', Ériu iii 100 § 25c . tonn crocnaide cóil `emaciated skin', ii 56 § 10 . condernai iachtlaind cáil truaig di, RC viii 154.16 . guaille caoile, ZCP v 222.681 (Midn. Court). for a c[h]osaib cāelaibh, ZCP viii 196 § 23 . com caol, Keat. Poems 200 . As a nickname: Cobthach cael, MacCarthy 184 § 2 . Conall Cael, 402.3 . Of animals: ilar cruma cael clenchruind, SR 890 . cona muccaib cælaib, IT iii 243.11 . cail tuirc, YBL 174a10 ( SG 80.10 ). Of weapons, instruments etc. crann caol, DDána 106.11 . a chuilg chaoil, 119.29 . dá sgiain chaoil, Aithd. D. 53.14 . cliath cael, BB 365b42 . fuillem . . . na snaithiti caile, Laws v 380.20 Comm. do bhuain iall gcaol dá chonuibh, Aithd. D. 3.22 . slabhraidh cáola con, SGS iv 60 § 3 . Of writing: na seandaine ... nac fetaid litreacha caela da legad, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.10 . ní eirgann sé caol ná reamhur neither upstroke nor downstroke succeeds with me, O'Gr. Cat. 110.25 . Of ways, paths etc.: caol gin gur cumhang an ród, DDána 3.8 . slighe chaol na córa, PBocht 4.5 . ferr in cosmail caol fodae, ZCP vii 311 § 15 (cf. coil cosmail .i. fithus carpait (a kenning), O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 ). drochet . . . c.¤ dóib ar thus he. lethan . . . fo deóid it is narrow for them at first, LU 2153 ( FA 22 ). ni cuma chael is fearr uirre (of a territory), Magauran 3054 . teacht caol ag deathaigh is dual, DDána 93.22 . Of garment: léine chaol thin, fine(?), Aithd. D. 3.4 . fer . . . / a léinidh cháeil chimhasbláith, IGT Decl. ex. 642 . Of sounds: go ngothaibh cáola cáoincheann `with the clear notes of the caoincheann', Ériu ix 168 § 43 . tabhthann caol na seannach seang, Hard. ii 238.x . guth suáimneach cáol `a still small voice', 1 Kings xix 12 . ar chrithribh caola caomhdhuan, Hackett² ix 4 . caelḟetugud na claideb, LL iv 32323 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl . sephain cogrinn coel ṅglain ṅgil, SR 2159 . In gramm., of consonants palatal, palatalized : dísbeagadh cáol no leathan, IGT Introd. § 113 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an barr madh cáol no leathan é, § 149 . gach ainm iollraidh cáol ┐ a thochlughadh lethan, § 158 .

Miscellaneous applications in transferred senses: bud caol a (ar, v.l.) cumaing-ne our strength will be little, ZCP viii 207 § 39 . ar máthair nDé is caol mo chomaoin `poor my service of God's mother', PBocht 4.14 . mar ra-niad ní coimhshniomh caol / siad ar-aon ag coimhdhíol chliar `a generous cooperation', Magauran 2025 . gidh c.¤ do chrodh a chaillech few, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . an chuid chaol lesser piece, Butler Poems 111 . diet rocháol, 23 K 42, 5.21 . In phrase 'sa chenn ch.¤ : gur chuir an ceart sa cheann chaol / do chlaon leam tar a reacht ríogh `and put justice in a tight place(?)', Aithd. D. 84.14 and note. do sgoilt sé dar gceann an cíogh / níor bh'é ar ndíon is an gceann gcaol grudgingly(?) (see note to prec. ex.), 100.4 . ar ndul don mhaith san cheann chaol, LBranach 1142 `had become diminished', Notes.

Fine, nice, delicate, subtle, exact : coil ┐ cóim (of a speech), Sg. 26a10 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse so keen of perception, DDána 52.15 . naomh gan ní 'n-a ainbhios air / do ní aighneas caol cumair `makes a plea subtle and short', PBocht 14.40 . eagna chaol nar thagair go teann (of the Blessed Virgin), 2.31 . Adv. dá tuicter so co cael `if one understands accurately', O'Gr. Cat. 323.y . Of a drink: do sugh cael na n-uball fiad `subtle juice', O'Dav. 1299 .

Equative: ba cáilithir bas (a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 100.3 .

Compar.: cōile 'sa cōile, Corm. Y 262 . an té as caoile dochí an chóir `the clearer one doth see the light', Ó Bruad. i 188.x note. is caeli ┐ is cruaidhi (of sound), Auraic. 1481 .

II Subst.

(a) ní thuca in coil ngairit do not marry a short slender woman, ZCP viii 112.23 .

Usually as o-stem. (b) wattling : carr coíl. Críth G. 573 . udnocht coíl imbi, 102 . a meas ┐ a cael (products of the hazel), Laws iv 150.1 . cethri grinne . . . di choel, O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). a ch.¤ ┐ a mín in ḟeda, CRR 34 . a cael d'airgid (of a house), IT iii 195 § 34 . cōel fo tuighib d'itib én (of Mac ind Óc's house), ZCP viii 108.14 .

(c) clear sound(?): gáir ind uma a hucht in chroind / ar aen ┐ caīl in chind `along with the clear sound of the voice', Ériu xix 78 § 8 . caol .i. cail .i. gairm, O'Cl.

(d) narrow part of things, bodies, etc. : trí cóil ata ferr folongat in mbith: cóil srithide hi folldeirb etc., Triads 75 . im chael in chorthe . . . remur in chorthe, TBC-LL¹ 566 . da shleagh go g-caelaib a g-crann `to the narrow parts of their handles' MR 272.4 . Frequ. of the narrow parts of the human body: a chaoil, a leasrach, [a] mheadhuin, Eg. Gl. 147 . cor gerrastar coel in cuirp the neck, Cog. 194.15 . a caol na colla 'san muinēl, ZCP xiii 231.10 . a chrios do bhí timchioll a cháoil, 1 Kings ii 5 . tar caelaib corp a chéle, CF² 490 . ra ceṅglait da n-id im chailaib choss ankles, TBC-LL¹ 1923 . fuil caol cos, Rosa Angl. 28 § 11 . tar altaibh chaol na lámh knuckles, RSClára 68 § 4 . go caol gcolptha, O'Hara 4062 . gabhais . . . ar chael cruibh hí wrist, CF² 1387 . tuc buile . . . fā chaol a droma, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1674 . fa chaol a mhuinil, Atlantis iv 176.24 . fá chaol a chuim, Keat. ii 5116 . cengal na gcúig gcaol, 3474 i.e. wrists, ankles, neck. fa singe an fear ná caol con, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 4 .

(e) strait, narrow; `stream flowing through a marsh', O'Don. Suppl.: iomraiset . . . gusan ccael ccuarchumhang baoi forsan loch strait, Hugh Roe² 30.24 (fo. 9a) . caol fairrge an inlet of the sea, Beatha S. F. 2045 . iomlochtadh ar caol Locha Febail, AFM v 1788.20 . etir Palestina ┐ cóel na Siria, Rawl. 71b31 . dia roás in cóel (of the Boyne), Metr. Dinds. iii 100.13 . Ceann Tuirc na gcaolta `of the marshy plains', O'Rah. 214.x . For use in nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. Fig. tug mo chroidhe a ccáol chumhang, Butler Poems 282 `has constricted my heart`, Gloss.

Compds. Compds. where c.¤ is used merely or mainly for alliteration are not listed. In Corp. Astron. c.¤ has the sense of Lat. sub, somewhat , e.g. puisínidhe caol-reamhra, 78.28 . gruag . . . caol-chasta, 64.28 . With adjj. cosa caol-árda, ML 120.9 . E. Cael-buide, BNnÉ 312 § 1 . i ccuasaibh caolchumhguibh cloch, BS 17 . Cōildubh (n.pr.), ZCP viii 293.4 . re tíghe gach ceatha chaoil-eadraime, ML 128.27 . cailli caelfhota, Auraic. 5137 (cailf., LL 5034 ). an geimreadh gaothach chaol-fuacht (leg. -ḟuar), Corp. Astron. 64.9 . ba h-iomramh chríon-luinge, chaoil-ísle, ML 82.1 . in fear caílti `slender warm', Duan. F. ii xxxvi 35 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Dhubh chaílbhléanach slender-groined , IGT Decl. ex. 789 . echlach ... caelchichech, YBL 177a12 . i tig . . . cāilḟinnach, Bruchst. i 33 § 75 ( IT iii 49 § 89 ). coilér . . . caelreangach, CF² 680 . tar an ccarcair ccumhaing ccaolródaigh, AFM vi 2198.9 .

With nouns: cruas croidhe ┐ caolagarthaighe quibbling, Luc. Fid. 2233 . biaidh caol-aicídeacha air slight diseases(?), Corp. Astron. 140.6 . gan caolbháidh, Duan. F. ii 138 § 49 . gur comroinn an croidhe . . . don choílbéim sin, CF² 962 . alma chōelbō `herds of lean kine', Ériu ii 24 § 5 . dá caoilbhreis of its slender abundance, Hackett² li 28 . Caelchéis (name of a harp), LL 22020 . See caílchenn. cáolchoill ḟoghadh san ursoinn, IGT Decl. ex. 454 . inna coilchomæ gl. intestinorum, Sg. 49b18 . See cáeldruimm. níor chaoileang bheag it was no narrow strip, Keat. ii 3336 . da chaelesna, Acall. 4783 . nocha caelḟal cranna / meic Coelan, Gorm. Nov. 16 . caelḟetugud na claideb ica tarruṅg a trúallaib, LL 32323 ( TTr. 1512 ). ? atriplex agrestis .i. cael feadh nó feithleog, ACL i 335 § 60 (perh. leg. c.¤ feadha). fuair a caoilḟiodh a sháith shaoir wattling (of a building), DDána 119.35 . do chleithibh ┐ do chaoilfhíodhraidh, ML 76.1 . rap imscothad chaíl chaílḟorgnama, LL 32534 ( TTr. 1734 ). ní hoireamh go caol-fhód, Dánfhocail 241 `the last sod turned up by the plough at the end of a furrow', Gloss. craobh caoilfreime `of graceful stock', Arch. Hib. i 95 § 1 . caelglais slender stream, BDD² 830 . occa ndiubhraccad . . . a coelghunnadhaibh . . . ┐ a muscaéitibh, Hugh Roe 180.23 (fo. 46a) . bressmac nad char cōelgus, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.20 . Orthanach hua Caellama, Rawl. 88b49 . a dhá caolmhala, Hackett² xxiii 36 . fa'n caelmuine `to the dense shrubbery', MR 236.1 . 'san chaolmhuir . . . scaras an Eoruip ┐ an Asia ré chéile, Keat. ii 477 . d'fhírrinn chaoilphinn chuirr, DDána 49.13 . caelsnaithi óir, Acall. 382 . isin chaeltráig, 4690 . caol-tuir (of the pyramids), TSh. 5607 .

With noun giving adj.: i bpríosún . . . caolbhord na M., Hackett² xliv 4 . ech . . . coelchos, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ). a carcuir chorcra ch[a]oilleabthadh chliabhchumhaing, Celtica xiii 40.1 . a gunnadhaibh ceirtdírghe caolradhairc, Hugh Roe² 228.18 (fo. 58a) .

With verb: ¤-ibid: 's nach ccaoilibhid cuirm, O'R. Poems 672 `drink in a stinting fashion', Gloss.

comnaidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comnaidm or dil.ie/11542

 

Forms: comṡnaidm

n (naidm) occas. also comṡnaidm. mutual contract, bond : folongat c.¤ fīach `they sustain a joint contract of debts', Cáin Ad. 48 . do-grinn go teóra certle comhnadma. Ériu xiii 43.20 = co teora crith comnadma `the payment of a joint contract', O'Dav. 570 . ionsaigh cunnradh comataidh in-saigh comhnaidm comhráith for coimhḟiadhnaibh, Ériu xiii 22.9 . im comnaidhm ┐ im comraith `joint contract', Laws ii 280.6 Comm. nis camaib caoinibh coiccele conamadhair Athairne áncoraibh cumal gacha comhnadhma conrannad, Ériu xiii 14.5 . ro ug Aithirne saoi sechtbrethach fiche séd gacha comhsnadhma, 12 . cuairt saigeas a c.¤ la fear foirgeall fiadnaise `her right', Laws iv 8.24 . coir comnadma, iv 34.1 . cindnim . . . a comhshnaidm na desi sin daibsi `the troth', TTebe 664 .

1 fíach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíach or dil.ie/21871

 

Forms: feich, fiach, dfēch, féich, fíachu, feich

n o, m. g s. ind feich , Ml. 55a7 . d s. fiach, Wb. 2b25 . (for dfēch, Ardm. 17b1 > Thes. ii 239.20 , see dég). n p. féich, Wb. 4a10 . a p. fíachu, LU 7053 .

(a) an obligation, a payment due debt, also legal due, fine, penalty: iar fíach (gl. secundum debitum) Wb. 2b25 . nipa deoladacht acht bid fíach, 2b26 . ind feich (gl. debiti) Ml. 55a7 . dlegtir féich dúib `debts are owed by you' Wb. 4a10 . meni dlessad ḟiachu do neoch unless someone owed him debts TBC-LL¹ 2988 . is me dliges fíachu `'tis I that am entitled to dues' BDD 70 . intí dia ndligi ḟiachu dosfothlaig fair he who owes thee debts, demand them from him LL 122a45 ( RC iii 184 ). intí dia ndligi ḟiachu saig fair, LL 116 b 37 . deich meic Conaill Cloen ... a cōic dīb frislontis a fēich a cōic aile ronascitis a fēich, Rawl. 155a16 . gebait im fiachu I will accept it in satisfaction of my dues BDD 73 . ni f.¤ opaid, LU 5668 (see opad). ni gébed Joseph nach fiach | óna tuathaib acht mad biad, SR 3389 . ní gata Adomnan fiachu ar flaith ┐ eclais ┐ fine dia mbi dír, Cáin Ad. 29 . oiret bé [in maer] ic tabach fhiach while the steward is levying the dues MacCongl. 57.13 . In Law-tracts: fiach ní ro dlomthar do flaithib (.i. is fiachach aní aisnéither ... do gelladh dona gradaib flatha), O'D. 717 (< H 3.17, c. 523 ). Cf. is fiach ní dlomthar, Ériu xii 176.5 ( TE 3 ). do saire ar fiachaib sin i n-urradhus, ┐ nochon uil saeire ar biadh i n-urradhus amhail ata i cain, O'D. 2351 (< Rawl. B 506, f. 40 ). fíach dleghar dimse sunn indiu the debt which is due from me here to-day (`die Schuld die ich hier heute schulde') Bürgschaft § 53 . gaib fort laim fiach damsa huaīt undertake to pay me the debt § 51a0 . ni beir fothuth fiachu feeding (of the creditor by the debtor) does not absolve debts § 63 . fiadnaisi con-oi ... fiachu witness safeguards debts ib. duine atā ag tobach fiach, cidh ēric fogla, cidh feich cuir no cunnartha `fine for injury or debts of bargain or contract' (i.e. payment due by reason of bargain, etc.) Laws v 352.12 Comm. atá in rāith aca atmāil co ndechaidh risna fiachaib the surety admits that he guaranteed the dues Bürgschaft 43 . icuidh in rāith féin na fiacha ib. Dist. from `díre': atait secht tobaig ... nacon dlegat dire na fiacha ... for nech a n-elo `seven levyings which are not entitled to `dire' nor debts from a person for deserting' 178.2 . digaib di diriu fiach a nothrusa, BCrólige § 10 (but: fiacha .i. corpdiri § 19 ). secht fuile ... nacon tuillit fiachu na othrus seven blood[shed]s that do not incur fines or sick maintenance Laws v 142.2 . an tí dofeith biodhbadha i ttuaith ... doslí fiacha amhail gach mbiodhbaidh, Ériu xiii 35.16 . secht n-athgabala ... is inti nodo gaib asren fiach ina ngabail `pays fine for taking them' Laws v 254.3 . cach oín tobó fiachu inna cānae `everyone who shall levy the dues of the Law' [sc. of Adomnán; the fines due from violators of it] Cáin Ad. 48 . in tan dombongatar feich ib. folongat comnaidm fiach `sustain a joint contract of debts' ib. dia ngontar maic [e]annaic ... is dia n-uamaib adnacail tiaguit a feich, ┐ a feich erradais dia flaithib a finib, 40 . it cobfiachaigh tra fir ┐ mna hi cacha fiachaib beccaib ┐ móraib ..., 45 . sellach lánfeich ┐ sellach lethfeich a looker-on who incurs full fine ... half-fine Laws i 240.25 . an baile a ndlegar bas o tuaith gabar feich o eclais, iv 236.13 . Somet. used for éric, see BCrólige p. 120 n. 2 . With gen. of offence: fiach indlighidh athgabala fine for illegal distress Laws i 86.17 Comm. co ro ica in flaith fiach na gubreithe, v 178.16 Comm . is fiach dítin in gach ní dibh sin on eclais, iv 234z . it é féich thairmthechta in domnaig .i. unga ... for fer imthéit ..., Ériu ii 204.14 . mas do marbad indilsigh docuaidh ┐ dilsech dorala do marbad, fiach maigne ┐ imraid uaid don indilsech risi ndechaid (`fine in respect of place and of intention') Laws iii 136.14 . ar ḟiach n-iomraidhte, Ériu xiii 50.19 .

Rarely with gen. of creditor: ó nach féadann ... dul ó fhiachaibh an Airdríogh escape his debt to the Lord Dán Dé iv 5 .

Theol.: log dún ar ḟiachu debita nostra PH 7937 ( Matthew vi 12 ). maith dhuinn ar bhfiacha, Ó Héodhusa 84 . gurab iomdha fiacha luighes oraind ag Dia ar son ar bpecaidh ib.

Hence in general, a penalty, punishment: f.¤ a mescai, Ériu vii 148.6 . Of religious penance: iar tabirt feich after giving dues, i.e. doing penance Mon. Tall. § 43 . f.¤ n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind sathurn to perform Sunday night's penance on Saturday § 26 . doberair dia sathairn im noin fiach aibne na hoidche luain, LB 11b7 ( Rule of Tallaght 78 ). ni ta bar f.¤ aibne flagellation is not inflicted [is not paid] Mon. Tall. § 30 . arra troiscthe do fiachaib aibne flagellation equivalent to fasting RC xv 490.22 .

(b) a duty, obligation (esp. in pl.): meabhair donti dian fiacha (.i. dona senchadhaibh) whose duty it is (to remember) Leb. Gab.(i) i 112.4 . fiacha orthaibh a furtacht they were bound to help it Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.20 . ós d'ḟiachaibh airdríogh Mumhan | do rígh Éireann umhlughadh, Content. ix 3 . (atá) d'fiachaib for (ar) is incumbent on, is a duty, obligation of: gonadh aire sin bhíos fiacha aige oraind is na deghoibrighthibh léigmíd thorainn, Ó Héodhusa 110 . ata ... coimétt an tire sin d'fiachaibh oruinn, BNnÉ 87.34 . an biathachas do bhí d'f.¤ orra do thabhairt, Keat. iii 2628 . i n-aghaidh gach laoi dá raibhe d'fhiachaibh orra bheith ar an bhfásach, TSh. 4898 . do bhí d'ḟ.¤ air gan a rún do nochtadh he was bound not to reveal his secret Keat. ii 2684 . an tan do bhiadh d'ḟ.¤ orra aifreann do rádh, TSh. 4515 . a ndlighthear dhíom ... ní coir dhamh a iarraidh a chur dhíom acht a dhiol do bhrigh go bhfuil sē d'fhiachaibh orm, Rule of Tallaght 12.19 . comhaill do gheallamhuin amail dobeth si [d]fiachaib (sic leg.] ort, Ériu v 140.16 . d'fiachaibh ar lucht inotachta na cathrach almsa do denomh those who enter the city are obliged to give alms Fl. Earls 100.5 . d'ḟ.¤ ar an Iustis Donn Iohn do leiccen iomlán, AFM vi 2302.3 . cuirim d'ḟiachaib ar ... I compel ... to: cuirid orm d'ḟiachaibh ... dol, TD 3.16 . cuiris d'f.¤ air ascnámh, Fl. Earls 118.17 . without ar and pers.: I cause: cuirfidh mé dfíachaibh a náthrughadh I will cause them to be removed Jerem. xv 4 . gaibim d'fiachaib orm I take on me as a duty: díon a threabh ... do ghabh d'fh.¤ air, Rel. Celt. ii 222.32 . téit i fiachaib ar is laid to the charge of, serves as a claim on: air féin ar túis téid i bhfiachaibh it is he that first incurs the obligation (i.e. his deed rebounds on himself) TD 29.28 . nár dhligh sí dul i bhf.¤ ar Éireannchaibh it ought not to be brought as a charge against Keat. i 10.13 . na leig cathaighthe an dhiabhail do dhol a bhf.¤ oirne, Ó Héodhusa 86.13 (a paraphr. of Matthew vi 13 ).

(c) a fee, guerdon, payment: ar a hícc ba hé in f.¤ in chluain this was the payment, the meadow Metr. Dinds. iii 156y . dorad Finn fiach a leanna do C., Acall. 1607 . do berim adám ech ... duit, ... fiach indsma na sleigi, 4909 . feich baistedha baptismal fees BNnÉ 45.32 . Cf. f.¤ féile, in a list of wild fruits, BS p. 116 (prob. merely a cheville, but given by P. O'C. , s.v. f.¤ f.¤ `a fowl or other novelty, procured for a festival or holiday'). Price equivalent: as eadh bá dior dhó seacht fichit damh, acht asé f.¤ ro toibhgheadh ann, fiche uinge ar ceithri céd d'airgeat ghil, AFM ii 1142.17 (= as e a fiach ..., AU 1161 ). uingi d'ór no a fiach, Fen. 140.19 . Cf. use in chevilles in SR: Percoba cainiu cach f.¤ (fairest of guerdons ?) SR 2485 . mó cach f.¤ 2635 .

fo-loing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-loing or dil.ie/23150
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fulget, fulngat, foloing, -fulaing, fochoimlich, -fochomlaing, follongam, -fulgam, -fulngidsi, folongat, -fulngat, fulungáinse, fulós, follós, fullós, foluis, follo, fundló, folo, -ful, foil, -fulsam, -fochomolsam, -fochomalsid, follosat, fodacomilset, folostais, folilus, -fóelus, folilais, -foelais, -fáelais, foelais, -fáel, faol, -faelsaid, folilsat, -foelsat, fulilsain, folilsad, -foelsad, -fáelsad, -foí[l]sitis, -fhoilsatis, -faílsaitís, focoemallag, focoimlachtar, -fulustar, fulilastar, -foelustar, folilastae, -fulachta, -fulgiut, -ḟuilgitis, -fulgadar, ros-fulgetar, fos-foilṅged, barḟaelsaind, fothroelagair, ḟaerlaṅgair, forlangair, foroerlangair, forerlangair, foramroerlongair, forfoelnangair, forfulngarair, foraelangair, faelangair, fóelangatar, ḟoelangtar, foraelangtar, fhaelastar, faelsatar, fhaelsat, -faerlannair, fulang-, fuilng-, fulaing, fuiling, fuilngebaid, ḟuiléangam, fuilengmais, fuiléangadh, rofulaing, roḟulangair, -ḟulngamair, fulngadh

v (see Bergin, Ériu xii 221 ). In O.-Ir. the -n- is confined to the present stem, and the perf. particle is com. The -n- is also occasionally dropped in syncope, see exx. below, and Thurn., GOI § 180 .

Early forms : ipv. 2 pl. fulget (= fulngid) Wb. 20c5 (a primâ manu). 3 pl. fulngat, Ml. 60d4 . ind. pres. 3 s. foloing Wb. 29d17 . -fulaing, Ml. 77d3 ; 6 . perf. fochoimlich (rel.), Bürgschaft I § 72 . -fochomlaing, Laws iv 314y . 1 pl. follongam, Wb. 14b15 . -fulgam, Ml. 77d6 ; 7 . 2 pl. -fulngidsi, Wb. 8c3 . 3 pl. folongat , Ml. 35a3 . -fulngat, 122a8 . impf. 1 s. fulungáinse, Études Celt. xl 73 ( Ml. 86c13 ​). subj. pres. 1 s. fulós, Ml. 33a2 . follós, 62b12 . fullós, 58c12 . 2 sg. foluis, Ériu i 199 n. 12 . 3 s. follo, Ml. 32d18 . amal fundló , 32d2 . folo TBC-I¹ 3136 . -ful, Ml. 32d5 . ( remi foil , 23a8 ). 1 pl. -fulsam Wb. 14c2a . perf. -fochomolsam, 14b15 . 2 pl. perf. -fochomalsid, 11b2 . 3 pl. follosat, Ml. 69a7 (cf. fodacomilset, Laws iii 18.20 ?). past subj. 3 pl. folostais, Ml. 104c5 . fut. 1 s. folilus sa, Wb. 23b25 . -fóelus [s]a, LU 7133 ( BDD 81 ). 2 sg. folilais ; -foelais, YBL 10a42 . -fáelais, LU 5723 = foelais TBC-I¹ 1250 . 3 s. -fáel (as subj.), Anecd. i 75.7 (cf. faol ... .i. fulang, O'Cl.). 2 pl. -faelsaid, LU 5911 . 3 pl. folilsat, Wb. 25d15 . Ml. 80a13 . -foelsat, SR 8163 . 8291 . sec. fut. 1 s. fulilsain se, Ml. 73d1 . 3 s. folilsad, SR 5776 . LU 5828 ( BDD 38 ). -foelsad, LU 7827 ( BDD 138 ). -fáelsad, LU 1888 . 3 pl. -foí[l]sitis, Wb. 15a20 . -fhoilsatis, Ériu ii 140 § 152 . -faílsaitís, TTr.² 1470 . perf. 1 s. focoemallag sa, Acr. 3a1 ( Thes. ii 1 ). 3 pl. focoimlachtar, Ml. 47c6 . Pass. pres. subj. s. -fulustar, O'Dav. 153 . BCrólige § 8 . fut. s. fulilastar, Ml. 109b7 . -foelustar, MacCongl. 95.15 . sec. fut. s. folilastae, LU 1515 ( MU² 1013 ). pret. pl. -fulachta, Laws iv 14y ( Ériu xii 199 ). Vn. fulach, fulang, q.v. The -n- of pres. stem is occasionally omitted in prototonic forms (cf. Wb. 20c5 , Ml. 77d6 , cited above) : -fulgiut, ZCP viii 104.6 . -ḟuilgitis 217 § 9 ( Rawl. 158.17 ). Cf. -fulgadar, Laws v 372.3 . ros-fulgetar, LL 64b41 ( TBC-LL¹ 1097 ). With fo repeated : fos-foilṅged, LL 67b49 ( TBC-LL¹ 1368 ). Cf. barḟaelsaind, LL 146b41 .

Various spurious formations occur :

(1) perf. 3 s. (?) fothroelagair, LL 163b44 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 38 , see note ib. 383 ). ni ḟaerlaṅgair , LL 87a15 ( TBC-LL¹ 3832 ). ni forlangair (?) Aen. 2144 . foroerlangair, LB 173a23 ( PH 1654 ). forerlangair, Lism. L. 4215 . foramroerlongair, Ériu iv 128.22 (fomrelaing v.l.). na forfoelnangair , Mon. Tall. § 73 = forfulngarair, Anecd. i 75.17 ( ni foraelangair , Leb. Gab.(i) i 82.20 ; na ro faelangair , 26z , are artificial). 3 pl. ni fóelangatar , TTr.² 1696 . na ḟoelangtar , 1710 . ni foraelangtar , Hugh Roe 64.24 (f. 17b) (artificial).

(2) from fut. protot. stem : 3 s. nir fhaelastar , TTebe 783 . 3 pl. nir faelsatar ib. 215 . ni ro fhaelsat , Marco P. 115 . Pass. pres. s. (?) -faerlannair, Dinds. 78 (Lec.).

In later Mid.Ir. treated as a simple vb., stem fulang- or fuilng- (foilng-); ipv. 2 s. fulaing, PBocht 3 § 35 . fuiling, 11 § 37 fut. 3 s. fuilngebaid, LB 71a21 ( PH 6116 ). 1 pl. ní ḟuiléangam TD 18.1 (cf. IGT III § 52 ). sec. fut. a fuilengmais , CCath. 5142 . 3 s. dho fuiléangadh , 23 L 17, 124b ( DDána 96 § 13 ). 3 s. perf. rofulaing (dep. ní roḟulangair , LL 299b4 ). pl. 1 -ḟulngamair, IGT III ex. 440 . pass. do fulngadh , ex. 441 .

In Glosses in general sense bears, supports ; gl. ferre Ml. pass. ; perferre 47c6 . 69a7 . Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482 ) ; portare Wb. 20c5 ; supportare Ml. 73d1 ; sustinere 33a2 ; fulcire 109b7 .

(a) bears, sustains, supports (lit. and fig.) ; of bearing burdens Wb. 20c5 . Ml. 33a2 . secht cind cia nos faílsaindse though I had seven heads LL 44a2 . toethsat ruibni rétlannai ... nis foelsat a tētbannai, SR 8161 . nís fáelsad féin nach in curach (the sea) would bear neither them nor the curragh LU 1888 ( ICM xxiii ). co follo fonna fodlongat that he may support the foundations which support him ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Cf. it eat na sualche sin ... fhuiglit amal columna na rigu ( Proverbs xx 28 ) PH 4125 . Transf. supports, maintains: is é [Dia] dorosat na huile ... ┐ fodoloing, ZCP iv 242.4 . issed lotur ... co nAilill ┐ co Meidb, ar ro fetatar issí lanamain roḟailsad the pair who would support (maintain) [them] IT i 77.2 ( LL 261a13 ). forcraid a cethri ... nad-fochomlaing a thír `the excess of his cattle which his lands cannot sustain' Laws iv 314y ( Críth G. 251 ).

Freq. of maintaining one in sickness : ata triar ... is la fine a n-cthrus ; ni tuille fiachu na otrus ceni fulustar nach ae, BCrólige 8 . cac[h] fuil tra folongar i n-othrad `every wound [the victim of] which is supported on sick-maintenance' 10 . tabraiter a seóit ... chucaib cora ḟuilṅge sein sib that they may support you LL 241a6 ( TTr. 1796 ). na budh machtnadh ... cenidh fáel indt usce ┐ int aran ... índ óes penni through bread and water does not suffice to sustain Anecd. i 75.7 . Cf. ¤forfulngarair ib. 17 (= ¤forfoelnangair, Mon. Tall. § 73 ). boí bancara oc Find ... is i foluingedh Find do bíudh ┐ étgud supported F. with (i.e. provided) Dinds. 49 .

Upholds, observes: dá bhfuilngeam nós bhus nós glan, Dán Dé xxvi 14 .

(b) sustains, endures, holds out against (an evil, enemy, etc.) : ni tabir Dia fornni ... fochith nád fochomolsam that we cannot bear Wb. 14b15 . ni fulgam ni trummai inna fochodo, Ml. 77d6 . ni foigebthar ... nech folo Ultu anyone to withstand the Ulstermen TBC-I¹ 3136 . ni frith dib oenfer ... folilsad ar aí ṅgaiscid who could face (Goliath) SR 5776 . ni fhaelais ind caur you will not hold out against RC xiii 8.11 . no ḟailsaitís cech docair chatha, TTr.² 1626 . ni ro fhuiling G. an t-uisge ara oighritacht, BNnÉ 109 § 41 . gus nad ḟulaṅgar, TBC-LL¹ 5300 . forneart nach fulaingter, MR 202.8 . do fhocair F. ... cur chuca go digair dasachtach ┐ nir fuilngetar na sersenaig sin, acht romebad dib, Ann. Conn. 1237 § 2 . ná cuindig do chís for duine nad foel (i.e., who cannot pay it) KMMisc. 262 § 13 .

Extensions of meaning : ní fuar sa cosse ingin follongad i n-airius dala imacallaim ... frim who could hold her own against me in converse (i.e. in an encounter of wits) LU 10317 (= ZCP iii 237 ). co tardad dó gaisced Conchobair ... falloingside ... eseom withstood (i.e. was strong enough for him LU 5048 (cf. the intrans. use : ro ḟulngestar [in carpat] dó, TBC-LL¹ 1128 ). d'ass ... foloing in (v.l. a) slucud chocnum `milk the swallowing of which needs chewing' (= which can be chewed) MacCongl. 101.10 . dā tērnad Eogan ... barḟaelsaind éc mo ṡé macc I could bear the death of my (other) six sons LL 146b41 ( PRIA 1893, 544 ). an tan na ro ḟulaing [sic MSS] Fursa séselbhe na morshluagh ..., RC xxv 396 § 14 (= tumultus non facile ferret, Bede).

Absol. : nicon foelais amal atai a n-ingnais do thlachta, MacCarthy 54.16 ( LB 111a25 ). 'na egmais ni fhuilngimsi I endure not (to be) without him Ériu xi 201.19 . fuilngidh ar feadh geamhoidhche | gan cheann fa theach do thabhairt, DDána 96 § 14 . cuich folilsad gan omhun fair ... dia tencad renna nime ... ic toitim ? who could behold without fear ? CCath. 1116 (cf. c).

(c) in neg. (esp. condit.) sentences followed by vn. clause = cannot (could not) sustain, endure to: ni foí[l]sitis déicsin a gnúsa (gl. ut non possent intendere in faciem Moysi) Wb. 15a20 . ni foelsad nech dib cen gári none of them could refrain from laughing LU 7827 ( BDD 138 ). ni mo rofaelusa tuitim na Rómha do tencaisin no more shall I endure to see CCath. 1117 . ni faeltais [fedfadis v.l.] a n-eich a n-imochur, TTebe 1756 . ni ro fhaolustar a tomailt ara sheirbhi, BNnÉ 294.1 . tiaghaid ... a gconair ná ro fhuilngsit riam roime dul ann by which they had never before been able to go 184 . ní ro-fhaelsat fos forsna heilifaintib could not stop (?) the elephants Marco P. 115 (see 1 FOSS). ni rofhuilngsetar na suili peccthacha sella[d] frisna liga noiba, Ériu ii 122 § 61 . ni foraelangtar ... friotairisiomh friu, Hugh Roe 64.24 (f. 17b) . With ellipse of vn.: aen ochtar ... as nar fhaelsat braon dia cru from whom they could not draw a drop of blood Marco P. 148 . Cf. nir ael fulang do gan a digail air (v.l. nir fet a fhulang), TTebe 2892 .

(d) endures, remains: fogellsat S. : birtside doib deisi fri focul, ar foloing focul co arubaruch, H 3.18, 367a ( O'Curry 785 ). Cf. DDána 96 , cited above under (b).

(e) undergoes, suffers: in tíí fuilnges martra, PH 1608 . is e foroerlangair in noe-combádad fó thri, 1654 . folilais... piana ifirnn mina ḟáelais mo reir-si, RC x 86.8 ( YBL 10a42 ). nír fulaing aenridire arsaidh dochar isin cath no veteran knight has suffered hardship Fier. 10 . ro fhulaing pais iarumannsa crann césta, Études Celt. i 83.30 . d'éis na n-ainbhreath do ḟuluing, TD 24.31 . as í an éigean ḟuileongmaoid, Ériu i 93.3 . gurab luaithe ... do ḟuileongmaois bas, Luc. Fid. 85.5 .

(f) in Laws (text) is liable to, is responsible for (a duty, payment, etc.) ; mad he folo a cinaid [sic leg., see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 114 n. 5 ] if he be answerable for her offence Laws iv 62.10 . is ē bēs foloing aencinnid in sein, Laws ii 256.25 (see ZCP xiv 360 ). is ē bēs foloing fer midbad in sein. ni tēchta fair nī bes mō `it is the food-rent which the f.¤m. submits to. It is not lawful that more should be imposed upon him' Laws ii 258.15 ( ZCP xiv 360 ). is e bes aenciniuda in so, foloing asa miad this is the rent of a single scion which he is liable for (can render) in accordance with his rank ZCP xiv 347 . cia méd do cethraib folongat cinaid duine .i. boin nama, H 3.18, 376a ( O'Curry 815 ). Cf. ni fulaing nech deolaid deolaid dialailiu .i. nochon imuilngend neach ni i ndeoladchaire i n-aiscidh da cheile, SM Facs. 10by ( Laws iv 164.12 : `no one entitled to a gratuity is liable to a gratuity to another'). But Dr. Binchy takes the second deolaid as dittography and would render no one is obliged to support gratuity for another, comparing : ni fulaing nech na deolaith diaraili[u], Caratnia 12 .

(g) in foregoing senses used also in impers. construction with DO of pers. : ní ro ḟulaṅgair do Leith Cuind, co roemid forru Conn's Half did not hold their ground RC xiii 50. 6 ( LL 299b4 ). ní foraelangair do trenferaibh na cathrach airisiomh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 82.20 . ni forlangair dō gan a digail he needs must avenge him Aen. 2144 . dobert C. cis nach faerlannair forro a rent which could not be endured Dinds. 78 . With pass.: nír fuilngedh dó gu ndeachaid (= he was impelled to go) Ériu iv 224 § 46 . nir barulngither da ngillaib óca ... nacor-memaid rosc-béim ... díb triasin cath their young pages could not hold themselves back from making a dash (?) CRR 34 .

(h) brooks, suffers, (with vn.) allows: dūn fir foluing aīr (.i. dia lēigi aīr co hindligthech) `of a man who tolerates satire' Laws v 168.12 (170.3) . ní ḟuilngeadh bochta .. ina freacnairc, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 1 . muna fhuilnge ar meas do Mhuire unless He lets us be judged by M. Dán Dé x 3 . fuilngidh cliar fa ól ar h'uillinn suffer poets to feast beside thee TD 29.15 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing suffer not the land of N. to be unsubmissive to thee 6.16 . ní ḟuileonguidh an Tighearna anam a nionruic do dhul do ghorta, Proverbs x 3 . an bhfuileongtha tusa dhamh sin do chruthughadh ? Ni ḟuileongfad would you allow me to demonstrate ? I will not Luc. Fid. 275 . gidhedh trath aidmheoghair ... fuileongfad but when you acknowledge ... [then] I will allow you 276 . do ḟuiling ... an ríghe gan roinn ... do Mhaoil Ṡeachluinn allowed the kingdom to be undivided in possession of M. Content. vi 158 . créad fár ḟuluing a bhiodhbha | Éire dá ghaol why did his foe let E. be held ... by his stock ? ib. 108 . bai dia hainféli-si na ro faelangair gan luighe na fochair she insisted on his lying with her Leb. Gab.(i) i 26z (possibly to c, above, he could not but, must needs. cf. nis foelsat a ngnímrada | do bith fiad gnúis ind Ruirech, SR 8291 (lit. their deeds did not support them for being ... ?).

(i) Sometimes apparently confused with fo-luigi (cf. above), e.g. In Luachair ... | ba himda sleg 'na slúagthaig ; | i n-aimsir D. | nosfuilngtis a scoth-ṡemair, Metr. Dinds. iii 236.16 (see p. 520 ). See also Ériu xii 221 .

? Ni fria fáth fuilngenn, Ériu xiii 16.33 = nach fria etc. .i. ni hisin fo feith ara n-imfuilngither eneclann doib, H 3.18, 207b2 .

immaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immaire or dil.ie/27678
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imaired

n io, [m.] (vn. of *imm-air-fen, BBCS xxvi 447 ) g p. imaired, Laws ii 240.z Comm. (a) Forming a ridge or furrow: ro fromair iat ina rith ┐ ina n-imaire 'he tested them at running and forming a furrow (?)' YBL 173 b 11 , BBCS xxvi 447 . grādha do c[h]ur for gillaib (? leg. grád do chur for gilla(n)raid) | imaire eich gan aister 'the effortless forming of a furrow by a horse (?)' ZCP x 44.30 , BBCS xxvi 447 . erbi imme oc imaire fences of butter forming a ridge MacCongl. 37.33 .

(b) ridge, furrow: etarche .i. etartalamh .i. talamh is īsliu eter dā talmain ardae .i. eter da imaire, Corm. Y 516. indra .i. iumaire, O'Dav. 1074. ar niompódh don tseirrsigh ón iomaire go 'roile, BNnÉ 221 § 115. miach do gebta ina re de cech imaire, CF 73.9 . braich ... ocus cuictiges ... ina imiraib iar na cirad co tirthar `a fortnight ... in ridges after being raked till it is dried,' Laws ii 240.22 . glossed : .i. iar ndenam imaired di, ib. z 0 . .uii. n-i.¤ do fír-chainnind `seven ridges of pure leeks,' MacCongl. 89.11 . imaire becc ... imaire mór (apparently standard amounts), O'D. 2350 (< Rawl. 506, fo. 40a ). noch is cosmail risna himaraib ┐ risna eitrib beca cama daciter a ladh na mara deis na fairrgi da dul amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.15 . cuire tú uisge air a iomairighibh go lionmhar `thou waterest the ridges,' Psalms lxv 10. Of the waves : conerracht in muir ... ina immairib anfoille, LL 219b36 . Of hair : a n-imairib ┐ a n-etrighib an fuilt, Acall. 4203 v.l. Fig. luath gnímhradh do gheilpheinde | gu híchdar a himaire, IGT Decl. ex. 1072. ataoi tu ag leimeadh as an iomaire ... ni bhfuil tu ag treabhadh go direach, no dom fhreagradh you are side-tracking (in argument), Luc. Fid. 294.5 .

(c) Often used as a division or measurement of land or distance : actus .i. tomus nó imaire, ut est actus is lugha a .iiii. do troighaib lethat a lair .i. imaire is lugha na in t-actus aderam 'nar ndeghaid, O'Dav. 117. greis .i. coisceim nó ceim, ut est imaire i forge hi pais, O'Dav. 1048 (on these two articles cf. Ériu ix 157 ). imaire .i. tír, ut est trí himaire folongat eclais De, 1075 . dorónai oifrend for cech sechtmad immbairiu do neoch imrulaid i mMumuin, Trip.² 2295. cóiced imbaire a athar =quintam partem de paternis praediis, 2255 . asbert Brenaind ... na deochaid riam o rogab crabud dar .uii. ni.¤ cen a menmain i nDia, Thes. ii 335.40 . rob e a nimmed connaroichtis acht trí nói ni.¤ do cech ḟir i nHerinn .i. a nói do móin ┐ a nói do min ┐ a nói do chaill, 298.10 . co fil cach i.¤ and taeb fri taeb fri immaire nEoganachta, Ériu vi 149.77 . bidgais Cúchulainn comma rossed dar nói n-immarib on Gull sechtair, RC xiv 408 § 20. naoi n-iomaire eatorra ┐ é, Keat. ii 5201.

In n. loc. vd. Onom. and FM. Index. Imaire in Aingil, MacCongl. 31.16 . int imaire fata, Ann. Conn. 1282 § 7. As proper name : ré carpuit Fearghusa, fris[s] [r]aidhter Imaire meic Chonnrach, Acall. 1315. Iomaire name of one of Partholón's oxen, Keat. i 172.17 .

1 rig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rig or dil.ie/35264
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: rig, righidh, riged, righ

n d, f.. a s. rig, SR 7219 , LU 4888 ( TBC-I¹ 401 ). righidh, CCath. 2060 . g s. riged, TBC-LL¹ 46 . righ f. (g s. -eadh, d s. -idh, n p. -thi), IGT Dec. § 191 .

The fore-arm from wrist to elbow (somet. used to include the latter) distinguished from lám `arm' and doe `upper arm'. na rigthe nó na huille, gl. ulnas, Gild. Lor. 163 . cusna rigthib, gl. cum cubitis, 164 . cubi[t]us latine .i. righ, O'Mulc. 112 . dae .i. righ no guala, O'Dav. 740 (definition inaccurate). luibenchossach .i. luibne na mér . . . ┐ cos eissib suas ind rig ┐ in doe gusin alt na guailne, Corm. Y 447 s.v. deach. int herdornn óg cen rig fist without forearm , SR 7219 . doid [┐] rig, Laws v 354.5 . dornn caurad ┐ rig ruanada, TBC-I¹ 425 . secht cubait rigi (i.e. cubits measured by the fore-arm), Dinds. 54 ( RC xv 450 ). ucht rigi the bend of the elbow , Laws v 363 n. ro sháidh sgían trí bhun a ridhe 'his wrist' ZCP xxxiii 130 § 5 . ail focheird dia rigid rind (leg. riged) at arm's length , Metr. Dinds. ii 84.51 (see Corrigenda v 130 ). comhfada re roigh laimhe laeich o iond a mheoir go hiond a ghualann, ZCP x 277.6 (Franc. TBC). doronsad aenach cind righed, 305.14 (some kind of close combat?). feóil a righe, Isaiah ix 20 . du. tuc a dā rigid 'mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233 = a di rig, St. Ériu iv 104.6 . pl. turcbaid a dóti ┐ a rigthi, TBC-LL¹ 916 . snadmait a rrighthe (of wrestlers), CCath. 2943 . ro gab i n-a noídin Ísu for a rigthib, PH 3750 . folongat na mna cach altrom for a rigtib, O'Mulc. 114 . neartuigh sí a ríghtheacha, Proverbs xxxi 17 .

Rig mná Nuadat (poetic name of part of the lower course of the river Boyne), Metr. Dinds. iii 26.15 , ZCP viii 106.6 . iar rig mna Nuadat, RC xxvi 18 § 35 ( .i. iar nirt fhilidechta Nuadat, LL 186b50 ), although Rig is a well-attested hydronym Celtica iii 263 .

As fictive npr. m.: maic Rigedh Rothriune maic Lāime, Anecd. ii 53.17 .

Compds. ¤derg with red (i.e. bloodstained?) forearms : in Cú Chulaind cathbuadach . . . rigderg, LU 9313 = righderg, Anecd. iii 52.16 . Rechtaind Ríghdherg .i. rígh derg ro bhoí aigi, Cóir Anm. 24 .

¤fota: Coirpri Righfhoda .i. righ fhoda baí aigi, Cóir Anm. 63 . Cairpri Ridhfoda, Anecd. ii 77.18 .

¤remar: doiti rigremra, CCath. 2946 .

¤trén: scáilfer . . . rengmar rigtrén, FB 37 .

¤tend: laech ruanaid rigthend, LL 266a45 ( MU 30.16 ).

1 tuir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tuir or dil.ie/42371

 

Forms: tuiridh, turadh, thoraidh, tuirthi, turtha, tuirthedh, turthi, tu[i?]r, thuir, turib

n t, f. n s. tuiridh, Hugh Roe 56.10 . ? turadh, O'Rah. xiii 109 . d s. thoraidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 422 (from 2 tor ?) n p. tuirthi, MR 150.2 . 162.10 . turtha, Ériu viii 38.12 . g p. tuirthedh, IGT Decl. ex. 2124 . d p. turthi, Ériu viii 38.14 . Later also non-dental: d s. for tu[i?]r , Laws v 90.17 Comm. thuir, DDána 91.14 . d p. turib, ZCP viii 108.18 . Alex. 582 . IGT § 14 , § 191 .

I Pillar, column (of a house, palace, etc.): amail bīs t.¤ már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti ... it ē na illāma asin tuirid ..., Corm. Y 1224 . suibne in tan is do t[h]uirid is dīr, 1301 . ba mór t.¤ a thempuil, Fél. Apr. 8 . turid airgid ┐ glain | iss ed fil is tig, LU 3651 ( SCC 31 ). tuirith tenedh `pillars of fire,' Ériu ii 108 § 21 . a tech mór | folongat na tuireda, Liad. and Cuir. 14.17 . ro boccsat (nó p-, above line) na tuirida ┐ na colbada ┐ uaitneda in rigtige, BB 443a42 . ar scāth na tuireadh-sa thall, ZCP viii 562 § 4 . rochumrigh a fholt dona cholbaib ┐ dona tuireadhaib `bedposts and rails,' Ériu ii 24.8 . t.¤ foluing teach, ACL iii 306 § 8 . do thógbhadar tuirthe bioracha do shleaghaibh ós a ceannaibh spears like pointed columns, Atlantis iv 176.z .

II

(a) Applied to persons lord, chief, hero: t.¤ .i. tighearna, nó tóiseach, O'Cl. tuirid na tuath, SR 6261 . it he sin na secht tuiridh | is it he na secht ruirigh, Reeves Ad. 277.5 . genfid ūa[i]t-siu ... | t.¤ claindi C., BColm. 6.22 . ba t.¤ laich a heroic warrior (?), Ériu viii 52.11 . oighri righ Temhra an t.¤ sin | re dion Emhna is aird Uisnigh, LL 394.9 . triath tuired (sic leg., Meyer ZCP vi 246 ) lord above lords (?), Metr. Dinds. ii 30.57 . Salomon t.¤ tharbach, Gorm. Feb. 26 . dín iat dona huilibh | na tuiridh ar trommágh, Apr. 29 . Tertulin 'na thuirid `as a tower,' Aug. 4 . a armth.¤ `O armed lord,' O'Gr. Cat. 457.12. a th.¤ Chaisil, TD 30.24 . a th.¤ nách t.¤ lag (sic leg.), ML 64.3 . da t.¤ croda ... da laech lonna, Cog. 56.22 . sní raibh ... t.¤ badh bríoghamhla beodhacht, Ó Bruad. iii 48.12 .

(b) In more literal sense pillar, supporter, upholder, paragon with follg.gen. (only in Mod. Ir.): t.¤ catha ar calmadus a battle-pillar , CCath. 352 . t.¤ chongbala eínigh ... iarthair domain, RC xvii 360.22 . t.¤ congmala catha, AFM vi 2126.21 . t.¤ chothuighthe na córa (Christ), DDána 39.27 . t.¤ chrabaidh ... na hErenn, RC xviii 286.18 . t.¤ fothaighte ┐ fulaing ... na nOirghiall, AFM vi 2164.3 . t.¤ ordain ... Connacht uile, iii 112.7 . t.¤ na trócaire (Mary), DDána 20.42 .

Compds. ¤chind: dracoin turethcind ` tower-headed ,' Ériu ii 110 § 29 . ¤chaindel: cóica ... do thuredhchaindlibh ... fri fursannad na cete ` tower-torches ,' 100 § 4 .

See 2 tor, 1 tuire.