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béochail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béochail or dil.ie/5676

 

n fomna . . . beochail nārotbáda (.i. faitches lat nārotbáde beoil) `beware . . . lest the gravy drown thee', MacCongl. 71.13 . ar thromthondaib beochla, 83.23 . Cf. béoil.

béoil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béoil or dil.ie/5685

 

Forms: -bela

n g s. -bela, MacCongl. 85.19 .

(a) fat, grease: anfobracht .i. nomen do duine ṡerggas ┐ timairgeas galar connā bī beo[i]l inna churp ( conabí beoil na súg and, Thr. Ir. Gl. 3 , s.v. anforbracht). bracht enim beoil uocatur , Corm. Y 42. Cf. bracht .i. beoil, O'Dav. 203. ceo ni coirm ceo ni sercoll saith sechnais beoil .i. . . . ni carad coirm ┐ nírbo sercad leis co ollsaith do sechnad dano in beoil, LU 916 (ACC). sechnais beoil .i. olar ( Eg. 1782, 14b2 , ACC), Ériu i 203 note v 4 . tobert īarom Corpri beōil co mōr im a hēim C. put plenty of fat about its handle (of a knife), Corm. Y 883. a cubat cétnai de men ┐ beoil, RC xii 86 § 89. gur roberbh a lusaib tuthmara ┐ a mil ┐ a mbeoil `in grease', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 § 10 . beuil [in]na tein, Fianaig. 14 § 33. ni dlig cercaill cend co mbeoil `a greasy head deserves no pillow', ZCP ii 225.6 .

(b) meat-juice (?), gravy (?): no dhoirted in mbeoil . . . cu suaitea triasin braissig, Lism. L. 302. 19 . fomna, fomna . . . beochail nārotbáda .i. faitches lat nārotbáde beoil `meat-juice' (Notes 144.2), MacCongl. 71.13 . no maidhís secht srebae . . . ┐ bā do beoil uile inīsin, 124.38 . Cf. béochail.

fo-ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ben or dil.ie/22381

 

Forms: foben, —fuben, —fuiben, —fuban, ro—: foruban, fuichmen, fom bia, —fubai, —fuibitis, fodrubi, forubid, fo-benaither, focombethe, —fochmaide, forruipnetar, forruipnetar

v Ind. pres. 3 s. foben, Laws v 284.5 . AFM 886 . —fuben, BCrólige § 53 . —fuiben, Laws ii 388.1 . —fuban, Fianaig. 26.14 . with ro—: foruban ib. 3 . perf. pres. ( ¤com—): fuichmen, Ériu xiii 13.4 (= fochmen .i. focuma nó fuban, O'Dav. 857 ). See ib. Ériu xiii 57z ff . Cf. nodonuiben (rel.) ZCP xii 360.9 . subj. pres. 3 s. fom bia, Ml. 15a11 . —fubai, LL 38b32 . past subj. 3 pl. —fuibitis, Ériu iii 140. 181 . perf. 3 s. fodrubi LU 10770 - 1 . 2 pl. forubid, Wb. 27c27 . Pass. pres. fo-benaither, Ériu xiii 17.1 (= —aiter, 60.2 ). past subj. perf. focombethe, O'Curry 814 (< H 3.18, 375 - 6 ). —fochmaide, BCrólige § 53 . The obscure form forruipnetar, ZCP viii 105.9 may belong to this verb. On forruipnetar see also forruipnetar ?. Vn. ? 1 fuba(e), q.v. Lit. ` strikes or cuts under ,' hence

(a) in wide sense attacks (insidiously), impairs, spoils, invalidates , in physical and moral sense. Sometimes with IMM of indirect obj. Gl. vitiare Ml. 15a11 . Enchir. Aug. 71a [ind a]imser forubid [tre b]ar ṅdrognímu `the time that ye have wasted (?)' Wb. 27c27 . foben subha síl Beraich it destroys the gladness of B.'s race AFM 886 (poem). Bruchst. i § 114 . ni fuiben enecland arain ... excess does not lessen honour-price Laws ii 388.1 . foben inracus acobuir `covetousness vitiates worthiness' v 284.5 (with gl.: fobenaid a indricus uimisim saint acobuir na set). direnarsom amal ni fochmaide miad a tuisteda, ar ni fuben ni imo[n] n-ennac mignim ind anenaicc, BCrólige § 53 (cf. O'Dav. 926 , where amail nad fochmand graid seems a corruption of this). ni fuiben fortacht co n-idna .i. ni fodiubann eiric uait isin fortacht dorinnis, O'D. 578 (< H 3.17, c. 444 ). don galar fotrubai, Ériu xii 170.6 (fotroibi v.l. = fodrubi LU 10770 - 1 ). ó foruban crith cech cnáim `when palsy hath consumed each bone' Fianaig. 26.3 (perf. pres.). fobenad ┐ doairmescad menmain they harass ... the mind Mon. Tall. § 2 (see Rule of Tallaght p. 104 ). mad fuba nī di dath ind lenna if it sully the colour of the liquid somewhat Ériu vii 148 § 11 . ni hairged fionn foichmen, Ériu xiii 13.4 = ni airgeat find fochmean (.i. ni fuban ... in airged taitnemach), O'Curry 1877 ( 23 P 3, 21 ) = O'Dav. 857 ( Ériu xiii 57 ). an mōr do dula ar in mbeg, | ind fuban indt sacarbec ? Fubun [fuban v.l.] ón that much should go in requital of little, does that impair the sacred host (i.e. vitiate thy religious profession) ? It does indeed ACL iii 2.13 . SG 401 . Here perhaps: itē da n-anocht dēc fob-at in Gaedelg .i. claen ┐ rudrach, etc. BB 308b5 .

(b) of attacking or wounding an enemy: fomna in loech fodotben!, TBC-I¹ 1511 = LU 5979 . ? mad mattain foraib imbárach i nUrd [sic leg.] ┐ ni fuibitis nech n-and they hurt no one (?) Ériu iii 140.181 (= na ro beotais ┐ naro ruibtis nech ann, Rawl. 132b35 ). ro fubad Find ... isind urgail, LL 193a32 (= do fubad, Dinds. 27 ). rus-fubad cenn lúaithLeacaigh L.'s head was cut off Duan. F. i 18.14 . Cf. fobach .i. ... in ni fobentar a caisiul na hatha `which is taken from the "caisel" wall of the kiln' Laws v 488.12 = O'Dav. 976 .

Cf. fo bith na fintar in leat focombethe in mbliucht farrit [ = fa friut ?], O'Curry 814 (< H 3.18, 375 - 6 . Of taking distress in a cow-yard).

(c) intrans.: is gnáth ... dond oís glicc dolleicet forru indáil et fobenat iarum inna deud, Wb. 13b13 ; `they let the crowd pass them and then steal up (?) after it' Thes. (cf. Marstrander s.v. 3 dál).

See ? 1 fuba(e) and fubaid, fubaide ?.

fomna , fomnaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fomna , fomnaig or dil.ie/23216

 

x see fo-moinethar.

fo-moinethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-moinethar or dil.ie/23219
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fomna, fomnid, fomentar, fomenaid, fummenatar, fomna, fomnaid, fomnas, fomnais, fomnis, fomnis

v ipv. 2 s. fomna , LU 5978 . 2 pl. fomnid, Wb. 20b15 . 33a15 . subj. pres. 2 s. fomentar, 30c2 . 2 pl. fomenaid 7b22 . 3 pl. co fummenatar , Ml. 43a16 . Vn. foimtiu, q.v.

Takes heed, esp. in sense is on one's guard against, is beware , absol. or with acc. or folld. by neg. clause with subj.; freq. in imperative; gl. cavere Ml. 43a16 . fomna .i. frithail, Lec. Gl. 39 ( fritoil, Stowe Gl. 393 ). emdae .i. fomnae nō bīd do menmae, O'Mulc. 481 . Corm. Y 567 (ende). fomna in láech fodotben, LU 5978 ( TBC-I¹ 1510 ). fomna an gai mbulga, TBC-I¹ 2688 (= fomhna, TBC-LL¹ 3926 St). foimned digal [leg. dígail ?] doen dogni let the mortal who does it beware of punishment (?) ZCP vii 312 § 27 . fomna, fomna, ... beochail nā rot-báda (.i. faitches lat nārotbáde) beware lest the gravy drown thee MacCongl. 71.11 . fomnai na raibh nech ... isan dunadh, BB 209b15 = fomna , Todd Todd Nenn. 82 . Cf. frossa fégfola fomnaig (token of Doomsday) SR 8034 (leg. fomnaid). fomnig nach for-tair in leo beware lest the lion overtake you Lism. L. 347 . tri coin fogla fomnaiter [sic leg.] and (.i. urḟoichlither na tri coin), Laws iii 414.23 ( Ériu xii 198 ). mani āgitis inna piana, ni fomnibtis [foimnebdais v.l.] unless they feared the penalties they would not take heed ZCP iii 453.4 . Cf. also: fomnas [gl. videat ne cadat) Wb. 11b1a ( ZCP vi 537 , where Stern takes it to be a subst., but ipv. according to Ó Néill, Ogma 236 ). atāt a deich ara-bādat goí cach flaitheman fomnas ar nach-nderna so fomnas (fomnis, v.l.) huile, a uile flaithemna, ZCP xi 97.1 . fomnas .i. frithailed, O'Dav. 836 . In follg. exx. fomnais seems used with force of ipv.: fomnis fomnis in fer mbraine LU 10885 = Ériu xii 182.12 . fomnais Ultu arus foiclid ZCP xiii 328 (both in rhet.).

? criss uardhai ... ara fomnatar muire fo gruadibh in nime atuaith because of which the seas are feared beyond the horizon to the north, TBith.² 137 § 29 = fo fuiled mara, YBL 83a7 .

See also foimnidi and foimte.

líth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. líth or dil.ie/30340
Last Revised: 2019

 

u, m. (perh. vn. of lenaid (cf. O'Curry 573 cited below), but see Thurn., Festschr. Stokes 20 - 2 ; Meyer, Imr. Brain i xvii ).

I

(a) festival, feast-day : nachib berar . . . inna llíthu et a ssapati gl. in parte diei festi, Wb. 27a24 . arna lithu gl. propter . . . festa, Ml. 47b2 . nípu séit samil ┐ ind líthe Veteris, Ardm. 170b2 ( Thes. i 495 ). l.¤ Germain, Fél. Oct. 1 . l.¤ fris cuirtir grethae, Jan. 25 . laithe litha, May 5 . i nóen na líthsa, Ep. 20. etach fri lith . . . no lit sollamain, Laws i 126.15 Comm . Cf. bretnas arnaisc a brat ime, delg ┐ lita sollaman, O'D. 975 ( H 3.17, 679c ) (examples of valuable mairb-dile). in martír . . . dia ta l.¤ ┐ foraithmet i n-ecmoc na ree-si, PH 1104 . lith ┐ sollamhain naomh M., AFM ii 1084.14 . l.¤ .i. sollamain, O'Cl. Note also: ar líoth síorghola `upon an occasion of continual weeping' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 2602.

(b) festivity, entertainment, rejoicing : bil banbruth / forosnai l.¤ luáchet `which illumines a feast', LU 7420 ( BDD 100 ). fri sia úathib ibiu lithu in Christo Jesu (words of Patrick about to drink), Trip. 54.15 . ba erdath ┐ ba lith mor . . . la C.C. ann . . . dona bráithribh, Mon. Tall. 68 . díairithe lítha `prodigal at a feast', Tec. Corm. § 16.44 . ba loisi lítha luamairecht an ti do boi ann sin, ML² 1576 . MacCis cen líthaib fo lén, SR 6477 . ebair coirm cid iar lithaib, LL 19093 . a rú co crích nír cuired / clú l.¤ arar' lámuiged `wherein fame for feasts was sought', Metr. Dinds. iii 56.40 . bréc ilar l.¤ fri labrad, / acht adrad ríg na n-uile, i 28.3 . ro frithailit do cech maith ┐ do cech l.¤ iat, Acall. 6845 v.l. náir gan líoth ag duine n-a ndiaidh `he who succeeds them may well rejoice', Aithd. D. 17.10 . Attrib. g s. buidnib lítha, Snedg. u. Mac R 10 § 27. ? Attrib. g pl. ar búaid tuath l.¤ Luignech `festive', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 4.

(c) activity(?): l.¤ .i. leanmain, ut est, ni l.¤ do Maisi ar leapain Inthra, O'Curry 573 ( H 3.18, 285 ). lith ┐ tond lanamain (.i. gene) na traiged `activity', Auraic. 1815. ? trí chet abgitrech ro scrib / ba bil lith a lám, LL 352 marg. inf. ba bil l.¤ a lám, 373b24 = Mart. Don. 78.19 (`touch'), perh. for lúth. l.¤ .i. luth .i. on luth gáir, O'Cl. Oengus oirdnidi / ardmaith . . . / or fo lan luissi / lith nimcomḟighe, IT iii 55 § 104 .

II

(a) luck, prosperity : co roimchla l.¤ i fectsa. Ériu iii 140.163 . ni ba l.¤ do'n fleid will not be a success, MR 18.1 . ba hé mo líthsa co mbad hé docorad and, LU 6933 ( BDD 54 ). is tú doroacht do maith ┐ do l.¤ dúib, Metr. Dinds. iv 304.19 . ní lind atá maith ná l.¤ in laithe so, Comp. CC 99.5 . See also below under compds. lith gacha labartha leat may your words prosper, MR 160.5 . do maith ┐ l.¤ dúib tibi prosit, LL 279b 33 ( SG 414.25 ). nocon ḟétaim less na l.¤ , LL 208b26 . cómhairle ar les ┐ ar lith Uladh, ITS v 8.20 . l.¤ .i. sén uaire passing prosperity, O'Cl. lith sén nó uasal, O'Curry 1282 ( H 3.18 p. 534 ). lith .i. sona, Lec. Gl. 471. ? do fomna Déissi do lith áinfir, SG 80.1 .

(b) Hence omen: adrad lítha `worship of auguries', Hail Brigit 14.14 . cia lit[h] bét for sétaib suadh, Anecd. i 52 § 14.

III

(a) In phrases. is l.¤ la pleases: is l.¤ lim-sa do chomlann . . . d'fhaghail, MR 296.1 . nír lith leis, 250.22 . `dammad l.¤ letsu'. `is l.¤ immorro', LL 230a26 - 7 ( TTr. 958 ). ró doghruinne nar líoth lais, DDána 73.30 . dá madh l.¤ ┐ dá madh lánurlamh ré Lugh, Cath MT 466 . gníomhradh nach líoth linn, Keat. ii 4457 . nir ba l.¤ (nir mhiadh leo v.l.) leo / suide na longad, FDG 209 . l.¤ laithi: Laegaire Lorc ba lith laithi / ro gab Lifi lucky was the day, Lec. 303c42 ( LL 4875 ). fó l.¤ see 1 fó; cf. ragat, cenip fo lith lem, BNnÉ 304 § 14 . olc l.¤ lit. it is bad luck , hence as quasi adv. alas , opposite of fó l.¤ : olcc l.¤ on, abannscal. olinmanach intan robonárlet peccad do denum, RC xxxi 303.25 . olc lith, ol in clerech, na rabha cidh anmcara accut, xxvi 362.17 . olc l.¤ dolluid ind nathir / cosin n-athir dia chathir `an evil day', Imr. Brain 45 . olc li[th] don bith cráifeach `an evil hap', Ériu xviii 62 § 20 . olc l.¤ i torchair mac Duind, LL 195b20 ( díl, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.9 ).

(b) Freq. in chevilles: lith gan acht, Fen. 348.21 . lith cen ail, RC xxiii 420.5 . l.¤ cen chaemna, Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 47. lith cen geis, SR 275 , TBC(C) 2102 . lith co n-aiph, ML² 756 . l.¤ co mbuaid, Fing. R. 450 . lith nach gann, Acall. 2518 . lith ngaile, Metr. Dinds. iii 66.1 . lith ṅgle, TBC-LL¹ 1677 . l.¤ ro lá, LU 2837 ( ZCP xviii 172.7 ). l.¤ úas tuind `a festival over the waves', Ériu iv 136.y .

Compds. ¤adba: hit lithadba festal dwelling, Corm. 4.z . ¤baile: gáet co l. láechbress `exulting in fury', Metr. Dinds. iv 176.2 . ¤laithe festival (in some of follg. perh. phr. l.¤ laithe, see above): líoth laithe .i. la sollamna no fésda, O'Cl. 'sin chethramad líthlathiu (of week of judgment), SR 8101 . fri ceilebrad ind líthlaithi hisin, Lat. Lives 5.5 . ma teccmai lith laithe no dail no thocomracc tuaithe, Laws v 396.21 . il lithlaithi na Samhna, BLism. 109ra24 . Also perh. omens: séna ┐ soloda ┐ líthlatheda lána, LL 219b8 . sén nā soladh nā líth laithi-si an laoi aniú, Cath MT 215.