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1 brab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brab or dil.ie/6451

 

n m. (prob. late Lat. brabeum, -dium. Lat. bravium, PH Gloss. s.v. braff .) prize (?), supremacy; superlativeness: b.¤ .i. bárr néithe `the top or point of a thing', P. O'C. co ro-foruaslaigthi sollsi in lai dar dorca na hoidhche, ┐ co ruca braff fuineta di so that it may be able to carry off the supremacy at sunset (i.e. of days becoming longer after the vernal equinox), PH 3513 (`shortness'). Gramm. formoulad .i. molad for molad reimhtechtach .i. brabh for in mbrabh toisiuch .i. superlait, Auraic. 3361 - 3362 .

Compds. bec brab-beirius comparit, mor brab-beirius superlait the comparative expresses a small superiority, the superlative a great one, Auraic. 3329 (prabh-beres . . . brab-beres, v.l.). brabluaisc .i. folt, ut dicitur: forfagaib brabluaisc in Lēith Machæ, O'Mulc. 192 = bradhluaisc, H 3.18, slip betweenp. 70 and 71 .

comartha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comartha or dil.ie/10762

 

Forms: comarde, -tha, -dha

n (1 airde). Earlier comarde (Wb.), -da(e). Both -tha and -dha attested by rhyme in class. verse.

(a) sign, mark, symbol, token, indication; proof, characteristic: For c.¤ in sense of mark (the coin) see Éigse xii 176 . comarde gl. signaculum, Wb. 10c19 . comarde óisa foirbthi, 22b15 . comarde . . . ar n-ícce, 21a6 . atá comarde fuirib .i. spiritus sanctus , 5 . issed a ch.¤ duit, faricfa in les n-oibela, Vita Br. 15 . comurtha gae a proof of falsehood, Laws v 310.x Comm. is ē c.¤ robūi etarru . . . .i. bleogan na n-earc . . . do lēcad iarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22 § 4 . comarda n-aichnid a familiar token, LU 8792 ( FB 59 ). cathugud cen ch.¤ `contending without proofs' (of pleading), Tec. Corm. 22 . scél can chomarda without evidence, LL 3293 . Cf. sgēl 's a chomhartha ré a chois, Butler Poems 1091 . comhardha dá chomhardhaibh `another sign heralding him' (: talmhain), Aithd. D. 37.19 . is tú a céile ar chomhardhaibh `by all signs', 44.23 . Iúdas do-rat c.¤ doib for Ísu, PH 3083 . fuair bean ar Chian comharrdha / nach biadh gan fhear n-ealadhna an indication (in a vision), O'Hara 115 . Síol gCéin dá chomhartha sin / do an cuid dibh `signs on it' some of S. gC. remained, 1657 . do bidh a chommor-sin do c.¤ aicce co ndechaid se dá oilithre docum na Romha, BCC 140 (140.30 . ? Leg. dá ch.¤ ). go bhfágann sé comhartha spioradálta ansan anam `a spiritual character', Donlevy 230.17 . ? buta, cusbóir, comhartha, Eg. Gl. 58 .

Miscellaneous applications: forḟagaib comartada imda in gach aird for doman traces (of Alexander), ZCP xxx 103.25 . folliucht no c.¤ in oirechais i mbátar = (non est in uentus) locus eius, PH 4272 . dhí bhus buan a chomhartha (: Lothra), Content. ii 33 . ag foillsiugud c.¤ an dileghtha symptoms, RC xlix 8.13 . na comharthadha cinnte fhorfhógras an bás, TSh. 1549 . na comarthada dermaire ┐ na mirbuli, PH 2763 . comhurta ingantuis (miraculum), Smaointe B. Chr. 2144 . comhluath is chluinid comhartha an chluig, RSClára 99b . comhartha na croiche, Beatha S. F. 394 . ré comhartha sóirt `by making signs to his partner' (at gambling games), Donlevy 98.2 . Mac Aingil 3338 . na dena sighna naid comharthadha ele, ITS xxix 202.5 . do tshuigigud na na[i]rdr[e]annach ┐ cá fad bíd siat ana comurtaib `zodiacal signs', O'Gr. Cat. 323.11 . imdenum na firmaminti . . . cona comartaidhti ┐ cona rindib, Grail 1641 . comarda criche `meers of a territory', Laws iv 142.25 Comm. comarda feadha no muighe, craind no liag no comarda talman, 144.3 - 4 Comm. fidhbla .i. crich son íncoisce bile feada, no fid comarda hé, 142.19 Comm. ail annscuithe, no crann, no líg . . . Dia mbed secht comarda dib and `land-marks', 17 Comm. c.¤ sliged `a way-mark', TTebe 1919 . ro soighset . . . co focus don chomhartha goal (in racing), Aen. 1051 . rosuidiged leosum . . . crich ┐ c.¤ cusa leicfitis an n-eocho, TTebe 2310 . bíd comardae fora mbudin distinguishing mark, token, LU 5540 . bid fó lim donísed c.¤ n-úait, 5402 . bíd etrond do chomarthu (of a ring), Fraech 153 . túag nime . . . i c.¤ ṡáertha ṡíl Ádaim, Ériu ii 198.7 a chomhardha catha battle standard, DDána 85.21 . leoman buidhe i srol uaine comharda na Craobh Ruaidhe, MR 228.6 . ro aithnigedar . . . Ercuil . . . ara comartaibh .i. lorg etc., Stair Erc. 1474 . corr-fhocail nach bhfuil coitchionn do mhíniúghadh: ag so a gcomhartha, (1) marked thus(1), Donlevy xxii 21 .

(c) Of a mark on the body: cen cu hairgitear indbe ina n-adharcaib na tuill ina clusaib .i. cin gu roib comarthadha orra, O'Curry 1906 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)c ). Breasal Enechglas . . . .i. comarta glasa bai for a aighid, BB 249b28 . Cf. cosin comardu adgnithside with the . . . distinguishing mark (of bees), Laws ii 120.y Comm. cin cu be acht comurtha ann `though there should only be a mark (left on the body)' (contr. with cned which draws blood), 156.24 Comm. mana be c.¤ inn is crannchor eaturra . . . dia mbé c.¤ . . . (of an alleged assault), O'Curry 2191 ( Eg. 88, 7c ). comhartha an timcheallgheartha, séla fíréntachda an chreidimh, Romans iv 11 .

Precise application uncertain: epscop .i. co c.¤ no cen c.¤ `sign', Laws i 42.31 Comm. trí chomhortha na cruinne / . . . / trí rígh maolta gach móide / aonta trír na Tríonóide, DDána 60.13 (`beacons', Ir. Monthly 1922, 72 ). aisedh dobheir maoin im Fhlann / comhardha na nGall ria a ais `concord', AFM i 508.3 .

1 toich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 toich or dil.ie/41192

 

indecl. adj.; orig. only used predicatively ? (According to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 494 , ii 666 , a form of doich, q.v.; but Bergin, ZCP vii 513 , Meyer, Ériu vi 109 n. 3 , and Thurneysen, Idg. Anz. xxvii 17 , regard it as a separate word).

I

(a) natural, proper, inherently right : is t.¤ cia dorattid si ní dia muintir, Wb. 16c11 . do géntar [t.¤] di étoich and .i. bid tuad domsa mo nebthuad, 4d1 . mos ba t.¤ mo mir metail it were fitting my portion of food (were given to me) soon, Corm. Y 1018 . mainigter comarbai fora thechtu th.¤ , LU 3479 ( SCC 25 ).

(b) In phr. is t.¤ do X. it is X's natural, hereditary right: is t.¤ dom far ṅguide hóre adi mmaic mihi et am athirse uobís , Wb. 9a13 . is foirbthe do hiresso; ba t.¤ deit ... ar ba foirbthe hires do mathar, 29d13 . mad t.¤ duit, a Hére | dot chobair cing báge, Fél. July 24 . is ua dobeir cheird | is sain cerd cech uí | t.¤ duit cidat rí | t.¤ duit cidat drui, PRIA xix 546 § 3 . doluid ... do chosnam rige Hérenn ar ba t.¤ dō .i. ō senathair `he had a claim to it from his grand-father,' ZCP ii 135.5 . baoi filidh amra isin Tuadhmumain hin inbaidh sin. Ní ba toigh dóv. Do Connachtuibh side vii 305.9 . tarcatur fir Érenn rīghe do Morann dia mac. Ro ráidh Morann na gébadh hí, ar nírbo t.¤ do í, xi 64.1 . tíagar ara cenn da ríghadh ūainde, air is doibh as t.¤ , 5 . t.¤ díb impirdacht ┐ én-rige in talman, Alex. 192 . o rop adhma som isin ealadhain ropadh t.¤ do .i. h-i seanchus, Hy Fiach. 78.10 . úair ro ba t.¤ doibh ó a sinnseraibh rochtain innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 146.22 . is t.¤ daib in ferann cossantai, BB 490a24 . caidhet cethri teallaig Temra | dhan t.¤ Eri o thuind go tuinn, Prolegomena 50.13 . as t.¤ dóibh a nduthaigh do cosnamh rind, Expugn. Hib. 16 . cennas a mhuintire ... ┐ gach neithe ro badh t.¤ dhó, AFM vi 2326.8 . Hence is proper, fitting for: is t.¤ duinde ascnam diar tigh, Ériu xii 186.13 . ba folaith la firu Muman innisin uair ba t.¤ (doig v.l.) doib do tecmail chucu mac na mna domarb a tigernai, RC xxiv 186.4 . in fil ní bes t.¤ duit, Corm. Bodl. 22.28 . t.¤ dó ciamad Chúanna hé, 361.4 . almsa menic maith | don relic dian t.¤ , KMMisc. 264.7 . la h-esbhaid úirfheola ┐ gach tuara ba t.¤ doibh, AFM vi 2210.3 . Cf. is t.¤ leis ēt uman eclais, Laws v 128.8 Comm.

(c) fair, pleasing : in bé thondgel t.¤ , PRIA xix 545 § 5 . is ē rochōid co siair t.¤ , Ériu iii 196 § 18 . frithir frisin macc mín maith | i n-ebras riss na ṡíd t[h]oich, vii 225 § 45 . iarsin tictís, gním cen cleith | ind ríg dia leith ó thír th.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . ón chéin rosgab Tlachtga th.¤ | ingen Moga reil rígRoith, iv 186.3 . ? oc a munad co toich, no co tai, Laws v 490.19 Comm. i comluth fris co toith no co tai, O'D. 866 ( H 3.17, col. 619 ).

Compar. tochu, tocha: ba tochu doibsom buid and ` more natural ,' Wb. 5c43 . an tír is tocha am ghren, BCC 290.21 . maothlamh fa tocha ad thimchioll, Ériu iv 62.6 .

is tochu dom it is better for me: ba tochu dait tuidecht cucum-sa, LU 10771.

is tochu limm I prefer (alternates with dochu, see doich) : is e robo tocho ┐ robo tairisi ┐ robo dilsi re Dia, BB 236a28 . ise ba tochu la hIsacc díb, LB 113b33 = robo docho, BB 236a41 . is e ba tochu lais dia scoil, Auraic. 24 . in tres duni is tochu ri Brian, Cog. 166.14 . is dile ocus is tocha lem, Fen. 206.4 . dainimh do'n tí lér tocha | sínedh re slios bfuarshrotha, O'Gr. Cat. 429.10. días lasar dhile ┐ lasar thocha aroile oldatt an dá Aódh sin, Hugh Roe 154.21 . is abhar tocha lasin Coimde innu-sa, BNnÉ 325.27 . tocha .i. cion, annsa, no gradh .i. as é ba tocha lais .i. ba hannsa leis, O'Cl.

II subst. inheritance, property: rige Lagen, laechda in t.¤ , Rawl. 84b53 . ar gach senōir sruith | forfāgaib a th.¤ (: croich), ACL iii 232.11 . Lecmagh do mortoich Muman, Leb. Gab.(i) 102.2 . toich .i. dúthaigh, O'Cl. In phr. fri t.¤ (meaning unclear): óin fri t.¤ `acceptable loans,' Tec. Corm. 3.36 . gach naomh-érlamh sruith | domroirseadh fri t.¤ , Ériu iv 236 § 12 . gabuis diabul cacht cin clith | for laoch roalt frie cech t.¤ , ZCP x 47.15 . clereach conni | dori na teach | dobeir re th.¤ | a boin no a each, BB 291a44 = IT li 84.x .