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3 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aire or dil.ie/1885

 

Forms: Lóigaire, airib, a.

n k, m. (orig. io, Pokorny, Celtica iii 308 , citing the n.pr. Lóigaire and d p. airib, AU i 394.10 ). In pl. indistinguishable from 1 airech, to which some exx. included here could belong. See Thurn., ZCP xx 353ff. and LEIA `In Laws . . . used to describe every freeman, `commoner' as well as noble, who possesses an independent legal status . . . Occasionally, however, aire is used in the more restricted sense of `noble' (as oppd. to `commoner'), which is its usual meaning in the literature', Críth G. p. 69 . On the various classes of a.¤ see ib. ff. and under 1 ard, , coisring, déis, écht, forgell, ócaire, tús. See also Laws Crit. p. 7 . Bürgschaft p. 53f. Cóic Con. pp. 32, 66 . MacNeill, Law of status xxxvi, C 16 pp. 267-70 . On the `eneclanna' of the various a.¤ 's see O'Curry 1262-5 ( H 3.18, 510 -2). a.¤ ainm coitc[h]end cech grāda flatha i tūaith, Corm. Y 1124 . O'Cl. a.¤ graidh fhlatha . . . a.¤ graidh feine, Laws iv 68.17 Comm. mad ingen in airech feibi tes co mac in bo-airech . . . aen trian o ingin in airech feibi, v 286.4 . ata[t] aroile airic i tuait na dledat acht letbiatad do aes a coemtechta, BCrólige 28 . cateat grád túaithe? fer midboth, bóaire, a.¤ désa, a.¤ ard, a.¤ túise, a.¤ forgill ┐ rí, Críth G. 11 . coiri . . . thige airech, 338 . secht seoit airech . . . caire, dabach, easgar, iarn, arathar, echsrian, no delg, O'Curry 1202 ( H 3.18, 479b ). flaith athuigh .i. ni flaith a athair na a senathair . . . .i. a.¤ itir da a.¤ , Laws ii 200.22 Comm. ben cach airech itir da airig, 380.8 Comm. briuga ┐ a.¤ desa, LL 3734 . saír ┐ a.¤ échta, 3738 . do airig aird, LL 3731 .

In more general sense noble, chief: a.¤ no sainṡamail gl. optimas, Sg. 50a27 (cf. airech no thoisecha.¤ gl. primas, 26 ). a.¤ díbergae, LU 7720 = airig díbergi, BDD² 1252 . cateat airig cecha aissi ┐ cadeat a saegla na n-airech sin, Rawl. 69a17 . na ríga ┐ na flatha ┐ na hairig, Trip.² 438 . airich na haesi tanaisi, LU 135 . cethrur airech tanic Partholon .i. sé féin ┐ Laíglinne . . ., LL 480 . ba hé a n-ord na n-airech, 777 . fert na n-airech di Grécaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.51 . roba ha.¤ (airech, airiuch v.l.) isin crích sin, Mer. Uil. 92 . ic airechaib na Eórpa, LL 234b18 ( TTr. 1305 ). soicheneol na n-oireach, MR 96.6 . dumha gach ae dia ro baidheadh d'aireachaibh a muintire, Leb. Gab.(i) 258.21 . adhbhar éccaoíne d'oireachaibh, AFM v 1682.21 . Fig. of trees and shrubs classified as airig feda (and athaig (aithig) feda), see fid (c). Of major virtues and vices: cen airich duálche gl. sine querella, Wb. 25c27 . nech concheil airig (sic leg.) ndualcha fora cheili, Ériu vii 158 § 21 . na hocht nairig sūalach . . . fri hīcc . . . na n-ocht n-airech ndūalchae, ZCP iii 24.31 . ocht n-airic[h] go ngolaige, vi 271 § 1 . d'ocht n-airc[h]ib na nduálach, BColm. 12.14 . Of the prow of a ship: adnaghaid a[c] tarraing oirech a luingi don charraic `prow', Aen. 1011 .

arrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arrae or dil.ie/4256
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: arra

io, n. Later also with dental infl. arra m. IGT Decl. § 2 . Vn. of ar-ren. For form and meaning see Binchy, Ériu xix p. 51 - 53 .

(a) act of paying something on behalf of another or in place of something else; payment: trī dīrna do argat a.¤ ar teorae ferbai fīrae, Corm. Y 585 `three stone(?) of silver [as] compensation for three white cows', Binchy loc. cit. (cf. Corm. Y 811 and Ériu xiii 48.28 ). ? in trin don arra uil isin coirpdire, Laws i 250.4 Comm. arra .i. er a luagh .i. luach bess mó, O'Dav. 29 . a.¤ .i. eric, 80 . arra .i. luach . . . ┐ adeir a Trecin (leg. Trecheng) Breth: . . . dul do chennach cen airrchi, Ériu xiii 62 § 7 ( Triads 74 ). a.¤ .i. íc, ut est i Cath Mhaighi Tuiredh, ni rabadar fir Erenn ac a.¤ in chísa géin ro mhair Lugh, § 8. tancus o righ R. . . . do cuingidh arrad co S. Doraidh S. . . . nach biath fo chis do righ talmanda, Lism. L. 2088 . a.¤ .i. fiacha, ut est; gabtar a.¤ do lámhaibh feicheman, Ériu xiii 62 § 9 . ? a naradhaibh a ghaisgidhe, RC x 338.17 ( airigidh, TBC-LL¹ 3155 ) = ina airigid gaiseid, 337.x (see 1 airigid).

(b) object or class of objects which has been stipulated for in `consideration' of a contract or in settlement of a debt: a meic ara feiser fiachu masria, aen arra i leth cumail, Laws iii 150.12 . ruidles eneclainni do rigaib in taen arra airgid, 150.y Comm. in set ro recfadh duine ┐ ni fagabar in tarra ro gellastair da cinn, a seoit d'aisic do, O'Curry 279 ( H 3.18, 151 ). da trian d'arraib and ┐ aen trian d'anarraib, O'Curry 904 ( H 3.18, 401 ). In phrase fo-reith arra anarra `a non-`a.¤' represents (i.e. may be substituted for) an `a.¤'' (Binchy loc. cit.), see anarra. arra .i. geall, ut dicitur: isé arra ro ghabhus frim fíachaibh .i. lógh secht cumal do mairbhdílib, Ériu xiii 62 § 6 . mo c[h]orn ōir . . . / timnaim, ga hūaisle arra / do shaoradh m'anma ar olcaibh, RC xxxvii 352 § 5 . Hence of valuable objects in general chattels, ware, merchandise (see 2 errad): trí mairg déag do dháilis damh / re taobh t'éadaigh is t'arradh `small wares' (recompense to a poet), Magauran 2389 . brēc a māini 'sa medha / brēc a ōr 'sa arrada, ACL iii 239 § 17 . gidh bé arra iarroid soin / do-bearar leis do láthoir `whatever article the buyers ask', Aithd. D. 46.17 . tusa fear iarrtha ar n-arra `thou art the seeker of our wares', 19 . bhar gcuirn bláithe is bhar mbrannaimh / cuimhnighthior do chéadarraibh, DDána 74.48 . foireann brannaimh bile bhadhba / d'arraibh tighe in Daghdha dōibh from the valuables, O'R. Poems 3597 . dob é in droch-arra 'ar ndéchoin `how paltry when one had inspected him his value was', O'Gr. Cat. 440.6 . ní reacfa tú í ar énchor ar airgiod, ní dhéna tú arradh dhi (of the captive concubine who is sent away) `merchandise', Deuteronomy xxi 14 . Cf. mar nach fúaras arruid ar fhís 'as I found no substitute for [the] vision' Ériu xxi 116 § 4 .

(c) In legal contexts of the number of oath-helpers required by a person who was debarred from leading proof himself (also a.¤ cuir): caide cor? tricha fear; caide a.¤ cuir? coic fir dec, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 192a ). is e méd an arra cuir .i. is e dligar lanarra na heisinnraice do reir coir: tri fichit fer do martra .i. diablad lanarra na heisinnraice this is the amount of the `a.¤ cuir' i.e. this is what is required, a full `a.¤' of `unworthiness' according to legality, sixty men to swear at the grave of a martyr i.e. the doubling of the full `a.¤' of `unworthiness', Cóic Con. 67.27 . airi forgill medonach no aire forgill is taire air[e] forgill in lethḟira in letharra, in lanfira ┐ in lanarra i.e. the middle a.¤ f. compensates by oath in the full a.¤ and half a.¤ , 38 § 52. is iat na tri arra antesta i.e. these are the three whose oath compensates for one disqualified from testifying, 40.2 . arra cuir o mnai eisinnric, Laws v 454.15 Comm. ma étged no anfes lethfiach ind ┐ arra cuir as n-étged ┐ as n-anfes, Cáin Ad. 35 . ma isli boaire is arra cuir aire; ma boaire do fine nach aile a luighi nama. O'Curry 2591 ( Eg. 88, 50 (51)b ). in lethfir testa ┐ in letharra antesta, 333 (H 3.18, 183). is arra cuir o antest ┐ fir testa o teist, 2003 (H 4.22, 30). is e lan arra na cairdi dias, Laws iii 134.10 Comm. a sena . . . é féin co lucht a leitharra, 108.23 Comm. a sena . . . go lucht a lanfira no a leithfira, ma inraic, no cu lucht a lanarra no a letharra mas eisinnraic, O'D. 2330 ( Rawl. B 506, 35c ). ? Hence: arra .i. tuarusdal ut est sena in arra .i. an tuarusdail, O'Curry 570 ( H 3.18, 284 ). testaigidh in esindraic a ruib co lucht a lanarrad no letharrad . . . masa tuarustal doniat, denat co lucht a fira for robaib na indraici ┐ co lucht a tuarastail, O'Curry 346 ( H 3.18, 191 c).

(d) In ecclesiastical contexts penitential commutation (substitution of a shorter and usually more intensive discipline for the normal penance prescribed by canonical or monastic rules): dona harraib ind so, title of a tract, Ériu xix 58 . a.¤ n-aill tri coicat cach læa, 58 § 2. arre ndubthroischthe, 60 § 11. iss ed . . . a n-arre tri coicait salm, 64 § 25. iss edh cethardae . . . ara ndentar na a.¤ , 58 § 6. ata dechor . . . etar na arre, 60 § 7. is a.¤ secht ṅoiffernn i.e. to recite the whole poem is equivalent in merit to hearing Mass seven times, Fél. Ep. 177 . is a.¤ trí tredan, 186 . arre troisccthe la diarmait da fítt chert chutrume . . . ┐ inddala hí do tabirt do día. Araile do tomailt fadein `as an equivalent for fasting D. used to allow two exactly equal rations to be made, and one of these to be given to God; the other he was to eat himself', Mon. Tall. 161.8 (§ 80) . dí biait déc arra na tri coicat, LB 10a40 `twelve recitations (of psalm cxix = cxviii) are a substitute for one recitation of the whole Psalter', Plummer MS notes. dub-throscuth inna medon nó arra troiscthe. Maith o duthracht etraid is bliadain pendite nó arre, Ériu vii 144 § 27 . nī fil do pecdaib nā hīcat na harra-sa (of prescribed penitential psalms), ZCP iii 30.28 . Of vicarious atonement (see Binchy loc. cit. p. 56 ): arra tessairgne anma a ifurn, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . doessairc anmandæ a iffurnd cach arra dona airraib-se, § 4.

cil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cil or dil.ie/9073
Last Revised: 2019

 

I As adj. biassed, criminal : c.¤ .i. claon unde lethch.¤ .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . c.¤ .i. claen, Lec. Gl. 147 . Metr. Gl. , Eg. 29 . ACC 52 . ciol .i. claon, O'Cl. collúdh col. coimpert ciol, Ériu xiii 23.25 . ro geguin suil Cormaic . . . is de ba lethch.¤ C., Rawl. 134b24 ; 'blind in one eye' Celtica xi 171 § 4 .

II As noun [ā, f. ?] bias, fault : da ainm don chlaoine colaigh `ciol' is `cle', Metr. Gl. D 41 . c.¤ .i. cach der(?) n-indomain, Corm. Y 317 . i lethchil a chundartho .i. uair robo lethclaen an cunrad dorinne 'in the lop-sidedness of his bargain i.e. because the bargain he made was lop-sided', Contract Law 140 § 14 ( CIH iv 1195.14 ). leges do chorpaib cen ch.¤ `blameless' (of attributes of Christ), Blathm. 167 (: anmannaib). cen ch.¤ variant of cen chloene, RC xxvi 30 n.4 . mūadh bochtus c.¤ a comarc (.i. maith benus sé a locht a rand), ZCP v 488 § 9 (of metrical fault) (B. na f.). rád nad c.¤ (: gin) (cheville), Fél. 86.y . foch.¤ n-éca (in rhetoric), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.12 . na derntar isin domnach . . . imrim for ech . . . na ní bes c.¤ , LB 203a54 . tar cremla cile (: Mide) `contrary to a false prophecy' (?), AFM i 162.x . Legal: c.¤ .i. claon no cutruma . . . forgill fo c.¤ mana o cinniud cirt `testimony is biased unless it be from just discrimination', O'Dav. 467 . dosli c.¤ cechaing .i. tuillter . . . dilsi in cinaid uair ro ceimniges a c.¤ a mbas, O'Curry 2097 ( H 4.22, 74a ). caire re tomeas gin ciol a judge impartial in judging, ZCP v 485 § 4 (B. na f.). Also expld. in glossaries as bás death : `ciol' bás, Metr. Gl. D 43 . O'Cl. fodhbh fir chiol, Ériu xiii 20.22 . fodhbh ḟir ch.¤ , 31.4 , quoted O'Dav. 401 s.v. cel .i. bas.

Compd. comdar ferba fulachta fora gruaidib iar cilbrethaib `so that blisters were suffered on his cheeks after (having passed) wrong judgements', Celtica vi 227.z = turcbait ferba fora gruadaib iar cílbrethaib, LU 791 ( ACC 52 ).

crob

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crob or dil.ie/13030
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: crobhanna

n o. Treated as f. (a dí ch.¤ ), MacCongl. 103.1 (see also O'Dav. 422 cited below). g p. crobhanna, Trompa na bhF. 3150 . See Vendryes, ZCP ix 292 . hand, claw, grasp : gnath cenn i crub Con Echtga, RC xx 150.16 ( ACC 1 Comm. ). ni iodhnaig nach codhnach a chrobh i ngrís, Ériu xiii 21.25 . beara nach lang is cūar crobh (.i. glac), ZCP v 484 § 6 (B. na f.). i crobaiph bidbad in the hands of enemies, RC xii 98 § 132 . See O'Brien, Ériu xii 239 § 5 . sgīth mo c[h]. ōn scrībinn, ZCP xiii 8.5 . ar gcur a chrobh 'n-a chéile, DDána 102.25 . cruib garbha glacremra ` claws ', Stair Erc. 769 . a chrobh ó alt go halt fá bhráisléidibh forearm (?), Celtica iv 106 § 2 . gabhais C. ar chael cruibh hí by the wrist, CF² 1387 .

Of birds, animals, insects paw, claw(s): a crobaib ségae, LU 1354 . co crobhaibh derga acu .i. na hilair, Ériu xiii 54 § 12 . a mbertae eóin úaib inna crobaib, LU 1455 ( MU² 930 ). i cropaiph en, CCath. 5288 . co mberad cuil i na crub / na fil do chul i mMaeldub, LL 348.z . slan dona robaib in caebad doniat as a crobaib, Laws iii 262.22 Comm. ? fiadnaib crob[aib] (of a pig), IT i 109.3 (emended to cródaib to rhyme with nónbair, Sc.M² 22c and note). tuc in culéin scrīob dā c[h]robh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1047 . ? nia tren trean o croibi[b] `strong of his claws' (o cruib é v.l.) (of a cat), O'Dav. 422 . crobh (cat's) paw, TSh. 2348 . Of horses' hoofs: slan do na robaib in caebad do niat as a crobaib 'the animals are exempt from fine on account of the clods which they throw up with their hoofs' Laws iii 262.22 .

As unit of measurement: a tomhas triocha c.¤ conairmhid slán, Ériu xiii 28.6 . in bo ┐ tricha c.¤ ina tacmaisi `thirty hands', Laws ii 252.21 Comm.

Legal. Meaning unclear in: orba feirtsi .i. orba craib no sliasta a mathar, Laws i 148.5 Comm. orbu cruib no sliasta, iii 48.1 Comm. in orba cruid no sliasta a mathar, iv 14.26 Comm. mad orba cruib no sliasta no dilsigthi dathair dia íngin ar duthracht . . . , 14 Comm. manib orba cruib ┐ sliasta don mathir he, 44.x Comm. orba cruib ┐ sliasta ranntair ísunn amuil ranntair cinaid romaind .i. bancomarba dono anísiu . . . , 46.4 Comm. Perhaps property won by the woman's own labour, and not identical with the orba sliasta coupled with it, Plummer MS. notes. Of an aire forgill : aire forgill a dualgas a cruib sin, O'Curry 273 ( H 3.18, 151 , half-leaf p. 11). In n. pr. C.¤ Criad a ainm-sein, BColm. 74.5 .

Compds. With nouns: See croibnert. rún crobhluit ar cóir troda, DDána 78.21 . ó chroibmearlúdh bhoirrthe each n-ingeinghéar (: loinnearmhúr), 70.13 . With adjj.: see croibnertmar. re conairt 'con (leg. con) crobhcubhaigh (-aidh), Acall. 1790 v.l. Óengus crobderg, Corp. Gen. 204.9 (= Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 60.6 ). do coin croibhderga, LL 385b36 `thy redfooted hounds', Leb. Cert.² 153.25 . coigid Concubur (sic) crobdhuind, BB 31b24 . an cú cumtha croibhfheardha, DDána 112.5 . deich ffailge innte d'ór Fhinn / ┐ a deich le Croibhfinn, Duan. F. i 16.22 . ilchoin . . . crobgéra, LU 2419 . da ngadhraib . . . croibglica ` nimble-footed ', Fianaig. 64.9 . co bealach Con glais crobhluim, BB 31b30 . muilleoir . . . garb croblom cringranna and, RC ix 482 n. 9 . é corpreamar cliabhlethan crobhremar, Stair Erc. 239 .

1 dath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dath or dil.ie/14728
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dath, dath, datha, dath, daith, datho, dathu, datha, dathe, dathai, dadha, datha, dath, dath, dath, datha, datha, dathanna, dathn, datha, dathann, dathan, dathannaib, datho, dath-, -dath, dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, oen-dath, aondatha, doel-dath, drech-dath, drech-datha, for-dath, dath, il-dath, ildatha, líg-dath, ór-dath, so-dath, soer-dath, dath, datha, dathanna

n u; the n pl. dath, LMU § 7 points to neuter gender; less stress should be laid on the eclipsis in the n s. SCC § 37 : dath nétrom.

RHYMES & ASSON.: dath : rath, ZCP viii 217. 11 : cath, vi 269 st 5 . Acall. 7592 . datha : Macha, CRR 32. 2 . : catha, Acall. 5871 . For further instances see Inflexion.

INFLEXION: n s. dath, Ml. 28 c 12 . Laws ii 148 &c. ; rhyming with iadad, SCC § 33 , pócath, TE § 10 , cath, TBC-LL¹ 265 , Findchad, Rawl. 158. 22 . daith frequent in mod. MSS, Midnight court 17 (similarly daithibh d p. ib. 417 ). g s. datho, Imr. Brain § 8 (: gretho), § 13 (: étatho). Wb. 5 c 19 . dathu, Laws ii 148 pass.; later datha: SCC § 31 (: Labrada, g s.). Fél. Nov. 15 (: catha, g s.). SCC § 34 (: flatha, g s.). LL 133 a 16 (: macha, g s.). Leb. Cert. 84. 9 (: lúireacha). dathe, Laws v 382. 18 . dathai, Fen. 140. 18 ; for dadha TE § 10 read datha. d s. always dath (: immarbad, Imr. Brain 38 ). n du. da dath , LL 16 b 41 . n p. dath, LMU 71. 18 . datha, LL 174 b 21 (: macha, g s.). dathanna Mod.-Ir. ( OCU 111 ). a p. datha, LL 149 b 29 (: flatha, g s.). Laws i 20. 30 . dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. g p. dathn , SCC §§ 33 , 37 , BDD § 106 , FB § 45 . datha LL 120 a 46 (= dath, LU 105 b 4 f.b. ), PH 1304 . dathann, Lib. Flav. ii 38 b 2. 19 (examlacht d.). Bedel Gen. xxxvii. 3 . dathan, 23 I 41, p. 5. 3 . d p. dathannaib, ZCP ii 303 . Gadelica ii 130. 689 .

I Colouring matter, dye : fuilled risin trían (sc. na roidi of the dye plant) gurup leath ó bias ina min nó na dath urlaṁ when it is in the state of meal or prepared colouring stuff Laws ii 420. 7 . ni thig dath ar bith gan ruanann, O'Cl. s.v. ruadh (glossing a quotation from Ds. of Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54. 7 ). ó bláthannuibh na talman dogeibh sé dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. Cf. dathugud I and Scotch cha luidh dath air dubh luidhidh dubh air gach dath black materials will not take any dye Macd. 312 b .

II Colour in general, a particular hue or tint ; in the following instances used of the colours: bán, 1 brecc, 1 buide, corcair, croderg, crón, derg, 1 donn, dub, 1 finn, glas, gorm, rúad, úaine. Often connected with 1 lí, 1 lígrad.— is lí, gl. nó is dath, LU 131 b 33 . cen líga .i. cen datha LL 188 c 7 .. hic color dath, Ir. Gl. 1087 . adhbh .i. dath H 2.15A, 117 b . lath ised dath, Todd Lect. iv 134. 4 f.b. cen chaile nach datho chen chaile pectho without a spot of any kind Wb. 5 c 19 . mac in airiuch...dath fo leth a éduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148. 5 ; ib. 148. 8 . lígrad óir ┐ airgit...┐ datha cach thíre, FB § 2 . tibri uani tibri gorm tibri corcra dath nétrom, SCC § 37 (cf. topur co niumad datha, PH 1304 ). corcair co náldi datha, ib. § 31. 4 . cach dath atchí duine do guirm do bricc do buide is do chorcair LL 196 b . i fégaiter datha .i. find i mmoltar dub i naerthar brecc i fuacarar, RC xxvi 18 § 29 . co nd.¤ ┐ tóthocht, LL 37 a 17 . is álaind a ndath ar nim, Laud 615 38 a 1 (of the apostles). duibi a delb iná gach dath, BB 402 b 4 . a illdelbaig (emblems) ...arna forniamad a dathaib dathálli, TTr. 141 . ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ó cnáim elefante ar dath ┐ suthaini, O'Mulc. 700 . (cloch dub...bán...glas) cia dhíobh sin dath, TSh. 20. 8 . cóta diomad dathann, Bedel Gen. xxxvii 3 . anúair thaisbeanas sé (sc. an fíon) a dhath annsa chupán, ib. Proverbs xxiii 31 . daith an locha ┐ gorm na dtonn ag teacht...go tromm, Midnight court 17 . boladh dath ┐ cumadh aráin, Donlevy 242. 14 . Brightness : trí claidhmi coindli datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 .—Of the body: is annsin ba réill do chách díb (i.e. Adam and Eve) dath cuirp araile, MacCarthy 56 i . glór na ndiabhal as a ndath lór do phianadh na bpeacthach, TSh. 187. 2 f.b.Of the hair: trí foiltne co saine dath SCC § 37. 14 (ní hinand a ndath, ib. H). mong buide fair ...álli dath, ib. § 33 . folt trí ndath fair folt dond ... cróderg ... budi, FB § 45 . oenḟer forsa mbetis na trí dath ucut .i. in folt marin fiach ┐ in gruad marin fuil ┐ in corp marin snechta, LMU § 7 . ba cosmail dath ind ḟoilt sin fri barr nailestair...nó fri dergór iar ṅdénam a datha, BDD § 1 . cosmail fri túidlig nóir forloscthi dath a fuilt, ib. § 99 . ib. § 106 .—Of the colour of an animal: dath a ech, FB § 44 . it lóig it úain co ndagdath, Imr. Brain § 38 (v.l. co ndath). mucc co ndath oiss, LL 162 b 36 . deich ngabra donna datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 9 . marcṡlúaigh álainn aondatha, OCL 23. 7 . masat cethra co ndath cethra, Mesca 24. 4 f.b. elta co ndath elta, ib. 22. 1 . caora cruandatha, BS § 68. 5 .—Of the colour of the snow (opp. dath fola): fri dáth (dath, Eg.) snechtai, IT 69. 5 . is dath snechta corp, ib. 132. 5 f.b. úaitne i nd.¤ snechtai ┐ araile a nd.¤ ḟola, RC x 185. 24 .—Of clothes, &c.; also of the gold and silver embroideries thereon, as the following passage shows: étaige cen líga .i. étaige cen datha .i. cen imdenma óir is argait, LL 188 g 7 . Cf. dathugud II. caille aendathe, Laws v 382. 18 . áildiu cach dath (sc. in broitt) alailiu BDD § 99 . ní coill dath a mmaforta (.i. copchaille), Thes. ii 339. 4 . d.¤ a nétaich, RC viii 348 st 29 . corccra dath an inair sin, PH 2861 . —Of gold : úbhla ┐ d.¤ an óir órloisgthe orra, OCT 26.17 . BDD § 1 . —Of precious stones: araill a ndath asmirón .i. cloch co ndath nglas, RC x 185. 25 . Of plants: co nd.¤ losa liach, LL 47 a 44 . ACL i 340 . is dath síon and cech gruad, gl. nó is brecc, IT i 132. 3 f.b. cóimchlod datho change of colour: banna bec son de usci ┐ robúi buidetai bec fair do caomchlad a datha, Mon. Tall. 150. 37 . luibhi cen claechlodh a ndatha herbs that change not their colour Marco P. § 81 . gen. datho coloured , étach datho a coloured cloth: dá étuch dathu uime dia doṁnuigh, Laws ii 148. 7 . ib. 148. 9 , 13 , 14 , 18 . atconnarc étach ndatha (: flatha, gen.) SCC § 34 . .x. n-etaighe datha fichit, Tig. RC xviii 271. 33 . dechelt dathai a coloured mantle Fen. 140. 18 . cloch datha a coloured stone: dá marbad do cloich datha ba ruad rind, RC viii 354. 2 . ór datha = ór iar ndénum a datha. cloch atá i nDún dá lacha: is fiú a comtrom dór datha, FDG 751 . Cf. BDD § 1 . —cach datho, cech datho, cach oendatho; cacha datha of every colour: taitnet líga cech datho, Imr. Brain § 8 . móini dússi cach datho (v.l. datha), ib. § 13 . asraracht ...do imchaisin Maigi Breg. fóa lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 130 b 22 . co gné gréne fair...┐ cacha datha archena FA § 11 . cét détach gach datha (sic leg.) bric, IT i 125. 15 . étaige cech oendatha impu, LU 85 a 26 . co nétaigib cacha datha, Acall. 2804 . co saine étaig cacha datha umpu, ib. 3423 .—sain datho, saine d.¤ , saine dath exquisite colours: trí huathnedha cu saine ndatha, RC x 185. 24 . in dá ech...co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 113 a 34 . édach co saine gacha datha, Acall. 414 . —datha écsamlai various hues or colours : dáig na nilgné filet forsind ḟult fil fair ┐ inna ndath nécsamail docorethar in folt fair, BDD § 106 . co ndathaib écsamlaib ina thimchell, FA § 11 . clúṁach iona raibh datha égsaṁla, Ezekiel xvii. 3 . datha éagsaṁla diverse colours Lhuyd.

III Of the face or skin, complexion, hue; esp. beautiful complexion; sg. or pl., cf. drech-dath or pl. drech-datha id. TTr. 1686 . a dath amar dhath an aeil (of a fine woman), Acall. 784 . Laeg i lLiniu lígda a dath, LL 22 a 20 . gilla óc is delbdu dath, TBC-LL¹ 265 . a dath is gilither géis uan fuinni dath a dá ó, BB 323 b 30 . Domnaill na ndath of the beautiful complexion BB 50 a 35 . a éicsin datha (: catha), Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 .

roscáil (docóid) mo dath my beauty is gone: roscáil mo delb is mo dath, Acall. 4584 . dochúaid mo delb is mo dath, ib. 4586 .

sóid dath, sóithir a dath, sóitir a datha: (a) he changes colour, esp. turns pale , like Lat. mutare (perdere) colorem: ní fess ca galar rodnuc acht a ḟagbáil marb sech nír ṡǽ dath ní ralob a chorp, LL 18 b 48 . (b) euphem. he dies : cen táṁ cen galar sói dath iar naifriunn, Fél. p. 158 at June 28 . dá tora rí Macha sáifiter a datha claifiter a ratha LL 174 b 21 ( CRR 32. 2 ).—Cf. soïd dies , sóid gné, sóid lí, caillid a gné.

conimchloi dath, conimchloither a dath, conimchloiter a datha, or only clóid dath id. (a) mac Olloman...atbath gan claechladh for dath, BB 46 b 16 = LL 128 a 5 . tócaibset in cend cen claechlo datha nó delbi de acht amal bid hí in úair sin rotescthái, PH 923 . fri cath ní coimcloitis dath, Rawl. 158. 22 . ZCP viii 218. 4 . rochlaochaigheas dealbh is dath B IV 1, 86 b (Buile Suibni). saoth lem do chnes rochlói dath, ib. (b) dar chlaechlod a dhath...ég adbath ua Muiredhaigh, BB 59 a 21 . na dá Fland ... farír roclæchlosed dath, Ériu v 242 l. 172 .—Cf. conimchloi, conimchloither a lí he dies, Sc. caochladh. (c) v.s. II.—Cf. dathchlód.

IV Transf. applied to the weather and the winds, the colours of the winds . Each wind has its own particular colour according to Laws ii 26. 30 sq.: rodelb dono [Dia] datha na ngaeth conid sain dath cacha gaeithe díb fri araile ...anair in gaeth corcra aneas in geal atuaith an dub, aniar an odur. Cf. further SR 53 sq. , 7948 and O'Dav. 692 : dotongar dar drúcht dar daithin .i. dar dath sína nó dar dath na sína dar gréin ┐ dar ésca úair grian ┐ ésca dobeir dath arna sínaib. Here probably LL 211 b 49 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 426. 15 ): tuc rí cach datha dá deóin ba turchar flatha fíreóin king of every hue. God is called rí na ngaeth (Gwynn), and Dia datha, Lib. Flav. ii 50 b 2. 6 .

V Fig. Outward appearance, semblance of something, esp. what serves to conceal the truth: dath fírinne the colour of truth: callide excogitant quod ad nuditatem eorum colore perueniant .i. dath fírinne do thochur tarais, Ml. 28 c 12 . fabulam perquam futilem. sgél goirrgech gan dath fírinne, BB 208 a (in the handwriting of Charles O'Connor) Éigse xvii 200 . Cf. the same use of dathugud, Keat. i 18. 27 . dath brécae a disguise, a false show, Lhuyd. O'Brien. a false dye, Macd.

VI Fig. Degree, rank, order ; Synon. miad, grád. This sense has been inferred from the following passages: Dia fadein dobeir datha ┐ gráda ardḟlatha, LL 149 b 29 . la cessad Secundi co slógud cech datha, Fél. Nov. 15 . It may also be sought in such passages as `a Domnaill na ndath' BB 50 a 35 , or `a éicsiu datha,' Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 , see III above. According to the Cáin-law of fosterage ( Laws ii 146 sq. ) the colour of the clothes varied according to rank and dignity: fo miad cháich éitid a mic ótha fer miudbu co ríg ( ii 146. 10 ). Satin and scarlet were prescribed for the son of the king of Erin ( sroll ┐ scarloit do mac ríg Érenn, ib. 146. 16 ), black, yellowish, grey, and blay clothes for maic na ngrád féne ( 148. 3 ). Similarly the colours were fixed for the mac in airrech, mac in airrech túis, m. in a. aird, m. in a. forgill , and mac na ríg.

VII In chevilles and at the end of the verse-line in various senses of the word: la Congalach cáem cen chair...oc Dollud di rechtga dath robíth Finnaechta fledach, LL 133 a 4 . Flaithbertach mac Loingsich...argg fo uair dorchad ṅdatha i nArd Molthach Mórmacha, ib. 133 a 16 . Donnchadh gan doirchi ndatha (: Murchadha), MacCarthy 420. 8 f.b. tosach suirghi caem a dath: ben is fer icompocath (leg. i compōcath or ic compōcath, ZCP x 374) IT i 125. 7 (TE). Hériu ria ndílind datha, LL 5 b 4 . Here also Thes. ii 292. 18 : is glae thegdais tórm rochloss...is tech ndagḟir dath atchí.

VIII a trace, hint, sign (?): ar cathbarr cen duīthi dath 'our helmet without trace of foolishness', SR (Greene) 2689 (of God).

IX In local names: ocus na cethri catha for Gallaib Glinni Datha the Foreigners of the Coloured Glen Cog. 94. 21 ; not sufficiently supported.

X COMPS. (a) dath-, see below. (b) -dath in cpds. almost exclusively in the sense of I; frequent with adjectives denoting colour: dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, q.v. Compare further: oen-dath, aondatha of one colour ; doel-dath the colour of the blackbeetle ; drech-dath or pl. drech-datha complexion of the face; for-dath = dath; il-dath: étach ildatha of many colours; líg-dath (lí-dath) bright colour ; ór-dath the colour of gold ; so-dath a beautiful colour (opp. do-dath); soer-dath a noble colour , &c. q.v.

MOD. dath, g s. datha; n pl. dathanna colour, complexion ; with ní or gan nothing at all, v.s. VIII; this latter usage is common in all districts, cf. Dinneen, whose examples are all taken from the spoken language: níl aondhath de ṁoill orm there is nothing to hinder me, Quiggin Dial. Don. § 136 . cha rabh a dhath a maith dí sin a dheanadh ach urad, Craig Derry People 30 iv p. 3 .

deimin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deimin or dil.ie/15210

 

Forms: demin, deimne, demniu, demne, demnib, deimnib, demniu, démniu, demni, demnithir, deimhin

adj Always spelt demin in O. Ir. Glosses. g s f. deimne, LL 193b50 . n p. (as pred.) demni, LU 2613 . a p m. and n. demniu, LL 7a8 . demne, 234ay 0 ( TTr. 1291 ) = BB 398b48 . d p. demnib, SR 5656 , YBL 179a21 . deimnib, SR 4692 . Compar. demniu, Ml. 112b13 . démniu, PH 6731 . demni, LL 182b37 . Equative demnithir, Wb. 28c14 , Ml. 131d12 . See also demein.

I As adj. sure, certain, undoubted: amal bid Dia farid gellad . . . bad demnithir sin let it be as sure as if God had declared it, Ml. 131d12 , cf. Wb. 28c14 . rogellai Saul . . . a ingen dó, demin scél (chev.), SR 5839 . ni cuala scel bo demniu, YBL 125b35 . demni scélaib surest of tidings (chev.), LL 182b37 . demin forgaill (chev.), SR 4302 . demniu idnu, LL 7a8 . cidat demni araile di ruinib na esergi, RC xxv 242.2 . is demin (folld. by clause with or without conj.): is demin nach hepelam, SR 2748 . is d.¤ co mbia esergi dóib, RC xxv 236 . is d.¤ is derb is airithe co nach . . ., PH 6036 . is d.¤ de-sin conid . . ., 2264 . as dearbh deimhin ná . . ., AFM vi 2358 . is gle is d.¤ is Duid rogab na psalmu, Hib. Min. 162 . is d.¤ tánic mo lá, SG 91.26 . is d.¤ écin, is e in duine-si rotsáraig, PH 3855 . is demin lim I am sure (of, that): is demniu liunn a n-adchiam . . . oldaas an rochluinemmar, Ml. 112b13 . is demhin lemsa . . . an ní bhias de sin, TFrag. 202 . nach ni is d.¤ leo do dlestin dib, Laws ii 272 . is in luc i mba d.¤ leo in crand do thuitím where there were sure the tree would fall, Lat. Lives 94 . gach inad inar d.¤ le Pādraig bendachad do Chairill, ZCP vii 307 . With FRI: ropad d.¤ frisna hoen n-apstal déc . . . certe iam noverant undecim apostoli, PH 5122 . is demin dom: is demhin do righaibh Erend . . . ni biadh tuisel . . . foraibh it is certain to the kings of E. that . . . they shall meet with no mischance, Leb. Cert. 6.20 .

As attrib. with subst., certain, indisputable; sure (to come), inevitable: iarmofuacht A. scéla demne dona techtaib, LL 234a49 ( TTr. 1291 ). a fhioss deimhin cissi haidhed nombérad, SG 79 . derbfaistine demin do denum do, MR 166 . tresna runu rodemne, BB 398b48 . ni hūaim téit éc dían d.¤ , ACL iii 216 . coroslig . . . díglaib demnib with sure vengeance, SR 5656 . genuine, real: ba dál ri dithrub ṅdemin, LL 151b21 . is hesin dlige d.¤ tresa tanic ... the way...really came, PH 232 . fid d.¤ na nduan the true tree of poems, SG 245 . Sure, reliable, trustworthy: cultech ndemin, Thes. ii 292.10 . dín d.¤ , SR 5798 . cona cathrachaib . . . daiṅgnib deimnib, 4692 . fri dai[n]gniu demniu, LL 7a8 . lamda degmná deimne, 193b50 . a Dé demin, 183b13 . riaglóir d.¤ , Ériu iii 106 .

Adv. in demin surely, certainly, verily, indeed ; gl. quod quidem, Ml. 37a13 , cf. 37a17 . cid in d.¤ gl. iam quidem omnino, Wb. 9c18 . Mid. Ir. co demin: de nim tra co d.¤ doraga in comdiu, RC iv 248 . cuich thú, a duine, go deimhin?, BS 148 . budh ri go deimhin . . . an ghen fail id bhroinn, TFrag. 102 . Often emphasizing answer to a question: nach hé Cailte . . . siút? is mé co d.¤, ar C., Acall. 3216 ; 2376 , 6318 . go d.¤ derb, SG 245 . Defining foregoing statement, to wit, namely: as comfocus ind aimser. aimser sin in báis co d.¤ (= tempus utique mortis), PH 5089 . slicht in gói rothecht ina thoeb . . . .i. ina thoeb ṅdess co d.¤ (= videlicet latus dextrum), 6780 . isin cathraig .i. i nIerusalem co d.¤ , 5081 .

II As subst., certainty, assurance, proof: doberadh d.¤ duin an fuil sluaigh S. ar gar duin, Fier. 209 . tainicc deimhin a mbáis go Saxoibh, AFM vi 2092 . acht mona a mbeth a d.¤ acca an flathas neamhdha d'fagbail, ZCP i 124 . do bo truagh les gan a d.¤ aicce cindus do beidis . . ., BCC 16.34 . mar fuair S. deimhin air sin, TSh. 9105 . co bfionnta fein a dh.¤ , BS 148 . muna ffághbadh féin d.¤ an sgeoil, TFrag. 28 . deimhin, f., IGT Decl. § 150 .

Compds. ¤ḟorgell sure testimony: in tan arróet demin forgell ind imdibe o Dia, PH 5679 . hi ndeminfoirgell esérgi Críst, LB 226b50 . deimin forgill na scribtuiri, Laws v 12 (perhaps two words `sureness of testimony'). ¤scél: luid fri deminscél cosin ṅgrianán to bear exact tidings, TFerbe 69 . nogo faghthai deiminsgel o R., Fier. 175 . Note also ¤máthair mother (compd. analogous to derb-bráthair, ¤ṡiur): Callech ingen Dunlaing . . . demin máthair Bráin, LL 141b11 ( RC xlvii 314 ).

derbforgell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derbforgell or dil.ie/15568

 

n o, m. (1 derb + forgell) Generally translated false evidence (or witness); but the strict meaning appears to be positive affirmation or affidavit, the notion of falsity being inferred from the context. Used in Laws (Comm.): d.¤ lui, Laws iii 394.13 . ben canus sgel ngua ac d.¤ , v 176.13 . ben o 'n-indisind a ceile .i. a fer sgel gua .i. breigi .i. derb-forgill do denam uirre, 294.5 . in file dorigne i (the satire) . . . ┐ ar filid aile ro cuirestar i; ┐ eiric derb-foirgill uaidh don filid ar ar cuiristar i, 232.18 . is é aithne in derbforgill: is é in duine ut ro gait na seoit ┐ cinnti leis nach he. Is e fuil anuassana eiricc in derbfoirgill d'ícc do duine, issed uil sisana gin a íc. Cinnti leisin duine cona dernad in cinaid anuasana ┐ rob í a tuicsi co ndernadh sisana, O'Curry 2103 ( H 4.22 76b ). in fiach derbforgill no in fiach gu-testais, O'Curry 2596 ( Eg. 88, 50 (51)a ). in d.¤ cinad fo mindaib . . . in d.¤ cuir no cunnartha, O'D. 2339 ( Rawl. B 506, 37c ).

? do-forgill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? do-forgill or dil.ie/17677

 

v is de doforgill-som ind pater hi forciund cacha gabali ` appoints (?)', Mon. Tall. 140 § 32 . Ed. cites (p. 176): neoch fora torclaither donn no taidhe riamh .i. forsa-cluinter gait is ascertained, testified , O'Dav. 1587 .

fáes(s)am

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáes(s)am or dil.ie/21032
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: faesaim, fóesama, foesma, faesma, faíseamh, foesmaib, f., fáesam, f., fáesam, f., faesam, faesam, f., saíre, fáesam

u, o, m. (vn. of fo-sisedar. Cf. Mid. W. gwaessaf, gwayssav, Loth, RC xxxviii 300 ): g s. faesaim, BDD 162 (foesma Y). fóesama (for this form see Hessen, ZCP x 321 ) LU 4871 = foesma, TBC-I¹ 383 . pl. faesma, Laws v 48.20 Comm. n s. faíseamh (o, m.) IGT, Decl. § 28 (fáeisimh proscribed as incorrect).

I

(a) in lit. sense `standing under,' hence bearing up under, supporting (?): úair nach fóisam in lind, berim-se maccáem ... tarsi, TBC-LL¹ 1305 (`Fuss-Feste' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 629 ; anuair nach roichther in linn la cách St); cf. bói C. forsin lind ... ┐ ni ba faesam cid si, TBC-LL¹ 1945 . Possibly an extended use: trustworthy, safe . In follg. ex. Dr. Binchy would see a metaph. use of the meaning adopting, taking into protection (see below): issi innfine i fintedaib griain a tir i fuissither; ar i[s] sruithiu la Feine in foesam andsen oldás a tir as a tairidnither, Laws iv 206.9 (glossed: f. .i. in línd, 208.17 ), i.e. the land in which water is collected in a standing pool or reservoir ranks higher than that in which it has its source. Here the four adjacent holdings are in the matter of water-rights likened to the four categories of affinity, viz. gelfine, deirbfine, iarfine and innfine. See ib. p. 166 .

(b) in the literature usually protection, safeguard: co nach fagbad foisam lat | cid do mac nothaesad fritt, Ériu ix 45 § 5 . is ... essamna mór do T. toidecht cen ḟaosam cen chomairche ina tíre, TTr.² 246 . faosamh .i. comairce, O'Cl. `faosamh' is cuime [ = coimge?] ... dhá ainm cumairce, Metr. Gl., Ff. 31 . luid epscop Erc do thig Ḟ. ... ┐ coṅgab in mac ina ucht, ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris (i.e. bp. E. placed himself under his protection. Cf. the parallel passage: gabh misi cucat amail mhanach ndilius, Lism. L. 3359 = suscipe me monachum tibi obedientem Lat. Lives 102 ), Fél. 132.25 . With prep. DE, FO and esp. FOR (AR), folld. by subj. gen. under the protection (of): for foísam ríg na ndule comairche nachanbēra [ = -mēra ?], Thes. ii 306 ( Hy i 53 ). cor marbad a ri do fáesam Bachla Issa while [i.e. in spite of being] under the safeguard of RC xviii 28.21 (Tig.) = dar comhairge na bachla, AFM 1109 . A. do marbad la T. ... do ḟaesamh na bachla Isu, AU 1015 . pl. in concrete sense: Cinaedh ... demersus est. ... di foesmaib degdoine nErenn ┐ comarbhai Patraic in spite of the guarantees of AU 850 . in cath bar th'oesam ┐ bar do chommairge, LL 176a43 ( CRR 38 ). iar marbad mac nUsnig for a ḟaisam ┐ for a chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 464 . ba for a foesam boi Fergus F. was under their protection LU 1619 . is ed doroachtmar fort foesam sunn `'Tis for that we have come hither under thy safeguard' BDD 3 . co ndigset som uili ar m'o(e)sam-sa ┐ ar m'imdegail feib dochuadusa ar a faesam sun ..., TBC-LL¹ 941 . rogab indala n-ae for foesam mBuidb ... gabais araile [for] faessam Ochaille placed himself under the protection of Dinds. 57 . Cf. dia ngaba for faosum `wenn er unter den Schutz gekommen ist' Ir. Recht p. 51 . gur bhó heiccen dona bárdaibh tocht diairm for faesamh an Iustís, AFM vi 2272.1 . ar fhaosam nó ar ionchaibh Íosa, TSh. 2716 . do muirbfedh ... fer ar faosaomh bfer talman would slay a man (even though he were) under the safeguard of everyone ZCP xiii 12.19 . Freq. in ellipt. optative sentence: for a [ḟ]óessam dún innocht may we be under His safeguard Hy i 2 . ar th'faosamh dhamh, a Dhé..., Aithd. D. 73.1 . for a foísam dún ar talmain, LL 364 marg. ( Mart. Tall. 122 ). for foessam duit na saille !, MacCongl. 83 . Less freq. with obj. gen.: ced ná ro nass do foessam-su forsna maccu? why were not the boys pledged to protect you? LU 4894 . téit cosna maccu cen naidm a fóesama [foesma Y] forru, LU 4871 . do chor th' aesma ┐ t'imdegla for in maccraid, TBC-LL¹ 881 = do comairci St. can chur a fáisma foraib, 911 . geib-siu fort faesam na macraide, 944 . O. rogab fóesam ḟír-Ḟoebair | oc Síd B. ... fo frith fóesam do R. O. undertook protection of R. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.38 (cf. Dinds. 57 , above). cuirim m'ḟaosamh ar a ḟuil I entrust myself to His blood Ir. Monthly 1928, 439 .

(c) legal uses. In Law texts f.¤ is common in the meaning protection: ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine no `f.¤' is lawful which the sureties of the family do not warrant Laws iv 206.17 . ni bi acraidi faesam (nocha bi acra ... don ti bis ar foesam neich) `no person who is under protection is qualified to sue' [can be sued ?] i 102x (104.24) .

The maxim: cach faesam co fognam, Aib. Cuigni 54 ( ACL iii 227 ; ZCP xvii 56 ) is obscure, and has not been found elsewhere. cisa Mumhan ... do Chaisil ... cach bliadhna dobearar .i. smacht ┐ biathad ┐ turgnumh [turtugud v.l.] ┐ faesamh, Leb. Cert. 60 . nocha nuil eneclann na faosam do he has no honor-price or power of protection (Binchy) Laws ii 24.4 .

Sometimes a different meaning is implied: in the following legal expressions the original meaning seems to be acknowledgment (cf. coibsena .i. confessiones .i. comfaesaime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 11 = chomfaoisitin, Corm. Y 292 , and see fo-sisedar): aicc macu hi foisam do raithe frisin fiach so find sureties for assuming thy guarantee of this debt Bürgschaft 28 § 76 . cf. luid iarum i mMumain co ndeirgene foesam a ingine fri (nō for) Oengus. dobert iarum Oengus ferann do mac a ingine, Rawl. 119a26 = co M. do cuinnighid faesam [sic] a ingini for Aengus, BB 121a37 . ro chuindigh ... faosam a ingine for Aonghus, LL 381a24 (Oengus was the father of the girl).

In the sense protection, privilege , `f.¤ ' is found in connexion with entertainment of the lord and (or) his followers, and in connexion with distraint, seizure of cattle for unpaid dues, etc. "`fáesam' often denotes the immunity from legal process which a person of high rank confers on an inferior, usually a client (céle), who has entertained him and his retinue in accordance with the obligations of clientship. This immunity lasts for a certain period after the departure of the protecting person, whose status determines the duration of the `f.¤ ' During this period the `protected' person has `saíre' (= `f.¤ ' from his point of view) i.e., no legal claims which others have against him may be enforced by the process of distraint." (Dr. Binchy). In these passages the phr. `facaib f.¤ fair,' etc., is common. The meaning is evidently `leaves' (i.e. `confers, bestows on') though the translation `relinquish' often appears in the published Laws. The use in connexion with stay of seizure may be the origin of the later sense relief in illness, passing of the crisis, see II below. A satisfactory definition of this legal `fáesam' would involve a concurrent discussion of the terms `comairce, snádud, turtugud, turbaid' and `saíre,' some of which are often equated with `f.¤ ' by the commentators. All that can be done here is to quote a few passages illustrating the usage. See Ir. Recht 73.1 ff . turtugadh ... ré fedh urgnamha in bidh ┐ comairche in aired bes a caithemh a mbaile ┐ faesam ... iar fagbail in baile, uair is a n-ecmais nech bís a faesam ┐ ina coimitecht bis a comairce . amail atbeir a n-edgidh: .c.c. a caemachta .c. faesma a n-ecnairc, O'Curry 1386 (< H 3.18, 630 ). Here, as Dr. Binchy points out, the reference is to the `faesam' bestowed by the lord on his host while he is entertained, and for a period (see below) after his departure. But the note seems somewhat confused, as `comairce' regularly refers to an escorting safeguard. In the following version `comairce' is replaced by `turbaid': dethbir itir turrtugh ┐ torbaidh ┐ faosamh: in turrtugh .i. re ollmuithe an bidh . in turbaid .i. re a caithme . in faosam .i. iarna cathamh, O'Curry 2651 (< Eg. 88, 55b ). Cf. foesam .i. fo-sisithar tar crich, Ir. Recht p. 6 (no context). The lord, when he takes refection from the `céle,' thereby postpones any such impending seizure. While the meal is being prepared `turtugud' comes into force; while it is being consumed `comairce' (or `turbaid'); for a period after consumption and departure of the guest `faesam.' intí aca mbí tech, is fair facabar faosam, O'Dav. 999 . In some passages in Commentary `f.¤ ' is loosely equated with `turtugud,' e.g. throughout the Uraicecht Becc, Comm.: turtugud mīs dō (.i. mī a lānḟaesam bid ┐ fonadma), Laws v 46.25 ( 48.8 ; 50.7 ; 56.17 ). aenlā a t. (.i. aen-lā a lānḟ.¤ bīdh), etc. 58.16 (19) . athgabail tar turtugad cach duini bes tualuing a turtugad (.i. dar f.¤ cach duine is cuimgech f.¤ do gabail uirre), 256.31 (258.19) .

The time for which `f.¤ ' was valid varied with status (see last quot.): cred do beir cona commór faesamh ┐ turtugud ┐ dama fechta feile ┐ foluch n-othrusa do ri tuaithe ┐ mortuaithi ┐ nach commor enech what is the reason that the king of a territory and the king of a great territory are equal as regards `f.¤' and `t.' and followers on a free visit, and sick-maintenance, while their honour-price is not the same? O'Curry 1383 (< H 3.18, 629a ). faosamh na righ so .i. mi do righ tuaithe ┐ morthuaithe. tri caoicthis do ri tuath . raithe do rí cuicidh . bliadhain do ri Erenn, O'Curry 1260 (< H 3.18, 509 ). faosum na tri n-airech forgill .xx. laithe cechtar de na deisi si is taire . mi don fir is ferr, O'Curry 1261 (ib.). See also discussion on periods of `f.¤ ' in connexion with distraint, Laws i 100 .

Fractions of `f.¤ ' are referred to: masa lainbiathad cu fodnaidm, is lanfoesum fagabhar ara sgath . masa lain-biathadh cin fosnaidm ... is lethfoesum fagabhur ar a sgath, Laws ii 28.22 Comm. in t-ainmrainne don biudh ro caith curub é in t-ainmruinne sin don lanfoesumh fagbus ara sgath ib. 31 . miter foltaib .i. dus cia foessamh, in ōgh, in leth ... nō mitear ┐ rl. .i. in ndlighe foessamh etir ... nō ... in ndlighe fosister itir, O'Curry 510 (a fragment in H 3.18, 258 ; unfortunately the context has not been found).

If the guests fail to arrive, a fraction of `f.¤ ' is still valid: ca hait a faghbas [leg. fāgbhas ?] duine faosam fair budein ┐ a biadh do caithem dō ? ... an inbaid ro dáilestar dámh na tainic fechtus aile dia saigid, madh ro faillidhedar in dámh bodeisin, no mad docuadar re tosca deithbire ┐ ro chaithestar biadh, is a lethfaosam fagbus air, ┐ ise sin aon ina[d] isin mberla Feine ana fagbann nech faosam air ┐ a biadh budein do caithem dó, O'Curry 2448 (< Eg. 88, 36b ) = Laws ii 30x Comm.

The following refer specifically to prevention of distraint , i.e., seizure of cattle: a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi (.i. faesam d'facbail uirri, .i. crui) mad cen airis snaite, mad don snadud rongabthar asrenar log n-enech in snaite (.i. is uais ernither log enech fir in faesma don athgabail do lecon fon caill), Laws i 92.1 (98.13) . f.¤ sin tainic re re n-apaidh ┐ troiscthi, 100.1 . man ro airbertnaig a faesam cur gabadh athgabail de is anadh dechmaide ar in athgabail, 100.5 Comm. mas a n-aimsir lobtha [tainic in f.¤] nocha saorund ar fogelt na ar bleith na ar lobad hí, uair ni téit an faosam amach 'na deagaidh, ┐ téit in turbhadh, 102.4 Comm. cach baile atáit dá foesum no a tri ann, deghuidh i ndeghuidh tangatur na foesmhu ann, ┐ damadh i n-aínḟecht, nocha bia acht in foesumh bu sia . ┐ i bforbad ré anta táinic in foesam ann, ┐ dama[dh] re ré n-anta, isedh budh anudh di re ré in foesma uili, ii 102.15 Comm . mad ro urfaem in bidbaidh apadh, ┐ troscadh i faesam, cia no airberedh a faesam ria ngabail athgabala de, teit turrtughadh la fogail ann; is slan athgabail do gabail de, Laws i 98x . cf. téd turrtugh la fogail .i. téd an comairce deisim la fogail do denamh do mhuin na comairce ... no dno, téd de an turrtugh ┐ bí fair in faosamh, O'Curry 2441 (< Eg. 88, 36a ).

Cf. ní féith [ = féich ?] faosam fo chaoill .i. an faosam ar dibail ma ro thairmisc apa ┐ trosca, O'Curry 2650 (< Eg. 88, 55b ).

In some passages `saíre' and `fáesam' seem to stand for different aspects of the same process, e.g.:

Leath saire mad fuit notfuide neach fri fothugh[adh] tēchta (.i. leth foesum fagbus masa neach eile fuidhius uadh i[n]neach sin do caithiumh bid céilsine flatha) `Half free-quarters if another person sends [some] one upon lawful entertainment (that is, he loses one-half of protection if it be another person that sends him to consume the food which is due to the chief from his tenant)' Laws ii 26.16 . In H 3.18, 332 (reading: no da fuidhe) this is expld.: .i. leath faesam facbaith mad fuidet fuides neach iad do chaithem ineich na fothaigend co dligech biad celsine na flatha, ┐ leathfaesam no fuicfed fein for a ceile, ┐ isseadh facbaidh in coindem cuirter dia cathem fo aicned na flatha, fáesam imorro fon aicned [féin ?] facbaid in coindem for in flaith, O'Curry 682 . In Eg. 88, 36 , which gives of the text only the last four words, the commentary reads: .i. biadh ceilsine na flatha sin, ┐ in flaith do chuir a dam [feachta] fele da caithem, ┐ faosamh na flatha do facbail doibh ar in ceile, ┐ a lanfaosamh do facbail dona damhaibh ar in flath fo aicne [fon aicniudh budein ..., Laws ii 28 ] ar ise tuc biadh doibh . Ocus is ann sin ataitt da faosam a dualgus aonbidh, O'Curry 2446 (also Laws ii 28.1 ff . with slight verbal variants). `saíre' in this passage surely = exemption ? On the same page it is 6 times rendered "`saire'—exemption." See also footnote on p. 18 .

In these passages `saíre" apparently = the exemption due to the presence of `fáesam.' Cf. also fír faosma fosearnathar saire, saoire biata, saoire foghnuma, saoire faosma do cach fo miadh miter cach coir cirt, O'Curry 2443 (< Eg. 88, 36 ) = Laws ii 20.15 , where the rendering of the text, fir foesuma `true protection' cannot be right. Leg. fri faosma (or -am) fo-sernatar, etc., exemptions are arranged according to protection ? ni tuaslaige nach saire no nach faosam bes isle agra bes uaisle enech .i. ... ní is mo na logh enech fir in faosaim don athgabail do legan as re ré in faosaim in inbaid is dar an fis faosma i n-ecmais ro gabadh an athgabail .i. lubra ┐ bidh, ┐ fonadma, O'Curry 2657 ff . (< Eg. 88, 56 ). ni fil saire fri dithim iar n-eagar. ata imorro turbuidhe ┐ faor ┐ faosam, O'Curry 2728 (< Eg. 88, 61 ).

(d) Attrib. gen. :

cēle faesma (foissmad LB) a tenant under the protection of his lord Corm. Y 532 (see ZCP xv 247 and cf. faísitiu). cele faesma .i. in cele faoismither [sic leg.] ac neach, O'Dav. 1327 . Of taking into protection, adopting: seoit foesma the `seds' paid for the admission of children of doubtful origin into the `fine,' apparently to the more legitimate children whose shares in the family property might be diminished thereby: conic in t-athair mac na mban aititin do gabail re re budein cen fír ┐ cen ṡeotu foesma ┐ nocho roindind se dibaid in athar iar n-ēc an athar ris na macaib aile co tuca seotu faesma dona macaib aile, ┐ fír da mberait amarfis fair. Na huile meic taide uile conic in t-athair a ngabail re re no iar re cin fír, ┐ nocho coinig cen seotu faesma, ┐ inti no berad dibaid an athar otha na mic taide amach curab e beris na seotu faesma rl., O'Curry 702 ( H 3.18, 338 ). mic na mban taighe, ce nogabhta a oen no dedhe dibh docum na fine co fīr no co setuibh faoesmha, ma ro forbridar co bfuilet coimlín fine is ecin fīr Dē anosa dia fastadh, Laws iv 294.5 Comm. (of certain classes of women :) Ni berat comperta for fine .i. nocha berait ini comairbertnaigter uathuib for in fine can fīr ┐ seotu faosma leo don fine amach, v 276.25 Comm . cain-berad meirdrecha ... .i. is taitnemach berait na mna is merdrech in ní donither riu i lanamnus ... acht co tucait fīr ┐ seoit faesma leis .i. a altram do denam di, 452.24 Comm .

cin log faesma (.i. cen log ar a faisitnighudh .i. secht cumala), 456.23 (of admission of illegitimate sons to tribe). i taidhe dorinnedh na mic so ... ┐ fior ┐ seotu faosma doberaid lais dia fastadh for in athair amach, O'Curry 2236 (cf. 2235 ). cor faesma `a contract of adoption ' Laws iv 60.13 (.i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma an fine `a covenant which is made with the adopted son of the tribe' 62.3 ). mac fáesma adopted son : in cutruma bias o duine do mac faesma du geilḟine no do deirbḟine ar dénum a gaire ... uair nugu roich in trian no in leath cu cóir acht re macc faesma d'anḟine, O'D. 2255 (< Rawl. B 506, 20a ). fine taccuir .i. na meic foesma `adopted sons' Laws iv 288.14 . fine taccuir issede domberat cuir bel a foessam `who give verbal contracts in adoption' Laws iv 284.16 . `mac fáesma' is distinguished from `dalta': dighail daltadh na fine .i. dalta coitcenn na fine, ┐ dighail fir foseisiter fine .i. dighail in ḟir ḟaoismighes in ḟine don ghaire in tseanorach .i. in mac faosmadh, O'Curry 391 (< H 3.18, 219a ). in dalta ┐ in gormac ┐ in mac faosam [leg. —ma or —aim] eneclann dleghaid in fine ina marbad sen ib. See Thurn. ZCP xiv 371.27 . aitire fáesma a supporting guarantor (?): the guarantor of acceptance (?) (dist. from a. luigi and a. nadma), Bürgschaft 22 § 64 . caide aitire foisma ? fo-sisithar side smachta dam in fasach sin, 25 § 68 (passage corrupt, in Thurneysen's opinion). fath faoisimh (ni fáth fáoisidh v.l.) `cause of protection' BNnÉ 249.15 . Cf. co bér breth for ḟáth faosmha, fer fotha ... fer faosmha, fer foghnamha, Ériu xiii 16.12 (expl. : faesamh .i. foghlaim ut est co ber breith for fátha faesam [fath faesma v.l.], O'Dav. 859 ) = cotober breth fo[r] fath faesma ib. Ériu xiii 59w (< H 3.18, 207a ). cis lir ó ndleghaid filidh faosmha raith ? easpuicc righ saoi, file fireon ..., Ériu xiii 34.9 .

II In Early Mod. Ir. relief, assuagement (cf. the use in c above which sometimes approaches the meaning relief), esp. recovery (from illness): fiabhras ar nach foil faoiseamh 'a fever for which there is no relief', Celtica xxvi 98 § 13 . an tan gheibhid na heasláin faoisiomh, 23 K 42, 19.1 . a ttosach an ḟaoisiomha, 20.15 . an uáir fúair sé fáoiseamh = when he began to amend John iv 52 . gan fortacht gan faoiseamh, Keat. Poems 1585 .

2 fíada

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fíada or dil.ie/21893
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fiadan, —na, —ain, fíadha, fiadain

n n (earlier probably d, GOI § 330 , ZCP xlix-l 484 ), m. g s. p. fiadan, n p. —na and —ain. fíadha, IGT, Decl. § 6 . Later also fiadain.

(a) a witness; one who bears testimony: fiadain (gl. testem) Ml. 38d11 . curu cen fiadna contracts without witnesses Bürgschaft § 61 . rancatár ... co Úath ... ┐ fíadu o Budi leó, LU 9010 ( FB 76 ; `Führer ?' Wind., but from the context in this and follg. ex. it seems likely that the f.¤ accompanied the three champions who were to be judged by Uath in order to witness and vouch for their performance in the tests which might be laid on them). eircid co tech S. ... ┐ dogena for mbrethugud. lotar dó ... ┐ focertar fíadain leo, LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). innisit fiadhain witnesses relate AFM ii 962.8 . fear tairgille (.i. aighne), fiadha, fechium `advocate, witness, plaintiff' Laws i 288.21 Comm. forgellat fiadain coitechta indraice etarru `lawful and worthy witnesses bear testimony between them' ii 332.14 . dā fiadne, iv 4.5 Comm . tri fiadne leis ib. 11 . flaith ... toinges for an ceile ni na bethaiget fiadain nā senchaide a lord who swears against the tenant a thing which neither eye-witnesses nor historians support v 360.7 Comm . cach fiadain a foirgell, Aib. Cuigni 10 ( ACL iii 226 . ZCP xvii 48 ). cach snaidm co fiadnaib, Aib. Cuigni 44 . foirgell o fiadnaib `testimony by witnesses' Laws v 366.12 . co n-imecla in Choimded ... is f.¤ da cech ḟuigell, PH 4155 . da mbet da ḟiadain ... oc a forgell, 3374 . gabaim in grian ina fiadain form, 2696 . gabaim nem ┐ talam 'na ḟiadnaib form, 2728 . bia pōsadh gan fiagain, ZCP x 50.10 . da chomgraid ... immeresnad cen fiadnae who dispute without witnesses Ériu vii 158.30 . tucc fiadhain o Dhia called God to witness BNnÉ 256.22 . Creud as mionna ann? Dia do thogbhail d'fiadhain ar an bhfirinne do bheith agad, Luc. Fid. 98.4 . Transf. of a thing: is e an la cetna bus fiadhu forgill ┐ bus íudic breithi etramsu ┐ Poimp it is the same day (of battle) that shall bear witness and decide CCath. 5060 (hence O'Cl.: fiadha foirghill .i. fiadhnaise follus).

(b) bearing witness; testimony: treōir fa foirglidi oc fiaduin, ZCP xiii 16 § 13 . ní mhairid chum fiaghain linn to bear me witness Oss. iv 176.12 . do réir ḟiadhain [sic] na n-eólach, TD 32.33 . go bhfiadhain d'eolchaibh maithe `as good sages attest' Content. v 113 .

(c) an escort or companion (?): co n-imeochadh einbhean Ere 'n-a haenar ... gen go mbeith fiadha aga forchoimed, MR 104.4 (or does this belong to 1 fíada ?). Cf. do chuiredar reisiment ... leis ... mar chungnamh ┐ mar fiadhain `as an assistance and force' Rel. Celt. ii 182.19 . mór ar ngredain is ar ngráin | mor ar fiadain ar fforgráin `great was our company' Duan. F. i 32.3 (leg. fedain ?). Cf. fíadan.

(d) owner; guarantor, custodian (? cf. 1 fíada): co ruc eocho ┐ aradu ┐ armgaisced a coceli leis co ránic Emain ... ┐ dorat dia fíadnaib fein iat, LU 8550 ( FB 40 ). ódchonnairc an creach ... iarna fosdódh, acht chena ní hé ba háil doibhsium acht gan a fágbháil aga fiadhnuibh, ALC i 572 - 4 = Ann. Conn. 1315.11 (cf. rucustar fein in creich leis ┐ nir aisicc da hurradaib hi ib.).

forgell, forgal(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forgell, forgal(l) or dil.ie/23662
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: forcell, forcal, forgall, forcoll, forgal, forggal, forcill, forcaill, forgaill, forgul, forcell, forgall, forgell

n (For the phonetically regular forgal which is not uncommon see Bergin, Ériu iii 60 § 30 ). o, n. later m. (vn. of for-gella) n a s. (with art.) a forcell , Wb. 25d21 . Ml. 42c1 . a forcal , 42d4 . cain-forgall (: ordan), Hy i 50 . Cf. forcoll, LU 8479 ( FB 33 ). forgal (ordan), SR 7051 . forggal (: orddan), 7003 . g s. ind forcill , Wb. 28b7 . forcaill, Ml. 46c24 . forgaill, SR 4302 . d s. forgul (: ordun), Fél. Ep. 488 . Cf. forcell .i. for ciall .i. fri éc, O'Mulc. 584 , where, despite the etymology given, -c- may = gg (unless the form here belongs to fo-cíallathar) dia forciull-som, Mon. Tall. § 31 is a vb. according to note in Rule of Tallaght p. 95 (but the true reading seems uncertain).

(a) bearing witness, testifying; testimony, attestation, affirmation: gl. attestatio Ml. 42c1 , d4 , testimonium Wb. 16c4 . rún ind forcillsin no pridchimse, 28b7 . foirghioll .i. foillsiughadh, O'Cl. fis timnae nDae ┐ a forcaill, Ml. 46c24 . cach fiadain a foirgell, ACL iii 226 ( Aib. Cuigni 10 ). foirgell o fiadnaib, Laws v 366.12 . forgeall gufiadnaise (.i. in gufiadnaise dfoirgell do), iv 52.26 . ni saig naidm fecheman cin fiadna dia forgell without witnesses to attest it H 3.17, 550.4 ( ZCP xviii 402 ). tuitfit ina forgolld `in witness of it' Fianaig. 82.7 . oc forcell esergi Crist, PH 3676 . Often in introducing a corroborative: conid da forcell sin atbeir in fāid, Lism. L. 691 . da orgeall sin part of the corroboration of that Cog. 180.25 . conad do forgell na ngnim so ro chan in senchaid, RC xxiv 184 § 17 . conidh da foirgell sin ... do chan in file, BNnÉ 223 § 120 . Cf. síl Ṡolman ... cen forgal ... cen ordan, SR 7051 . is guforcell doberam do Dia false testimony of God Wb. 13b15 . ni thēiss hi [cu v.l.] forgull fri nech, ACL iii 312 § 6 = ni thois i forgiull for n., LB 261a8 . ri fors tardad guforgall, SR 7752 . cf. Susannam ... iarsind ḟorgul fuirri, Fél. Ep. 488 . ri rosáer Susannam ... don guforgull, SR 7359 . Hence prob. forghal ┐ forghall .i. brég, O'Cl. airlama forgill glib in asseveration (of women) Tec. Corm. § 16.27 .

(b) in wider sense a statement, pronouncement, esp. an authoritative one, passing into sense of command, authority: forcgel nĒl, Rawl. 116b50 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 31 § 53 , `ein Zeugnis Gottes'). ri roraidi friu ... forgal febda firinne SR 7706 . la forggal Fiadat, 7568 . ba lór forggal os cach maig (of Solomon) 7003 . fri frecru forgal fírdrong, 7026 . forgal fírian (chev.) 2678 . rótbiat limm anige in tslúaig ... fom forgal fēin, 5848 . testimony; accusation: F. mac G. ... do mharbhadh ... ar forgall mhec R. `at the instigation of' AFM iv 928.16 . Tadg ... do ghabháil le C. ar forgall Fhédhlim, ALC i 358.6 = Ann. Conn. 1242 § 10 (= furail AU ii 302.5 , forchongra, AFM iii 304.23 ). Mag C. do marbadh do S. tre forgoll in Iarla, AU ii 378.14 (= forgall, Ann. Conn. 1292 § 5 ). tria forgall Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1350 § 7 ). Ros I. nír tréicc A. ... ar impidhe na ar fhorgall, BNnÉ 260.10 . The form forgall seems to have been appropriated for this use and perhaps had become differentiated from forgell.

Aire forgill a landed proprietor next in rank to a `ri': aire forggaill cid ara n-eperr? Ar is hé fortgella for na gráda doruirmisem, Críth G. 417 ( Laws iv 326 ) `testifies to [the character of] the grades'; `makes affirmation above the grades' Mac Neill, MacNeill, Law of status 29 (see Críth G. p. 72 , BCrólige p. 70 § 46 ). aire forgill , Críth G. 11 ( Laws iv 298 ). a. forggaill, LL 29b22 . Called also: fer forgaill ZCP v 499 § 5 .

for-gella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-gella or dil.ie/23663
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: forgellim, fortgillim, -fuirgle, -foirgla, fort-gellat, faridgellad, forrugéll, forrogelsam, forgell, fotroirgell, fortroirgeall, for-ar-forgaillset, forgl-, foirgl-, forglim, forgles, nodforglem, forglit, rosforgaill, roforglestar, fortgellat, fortgillim

v ā Pres. 1 s. forgellim, Sg. 21b12 . fortgillim, Wb. 4b27 . 3 s. -fuirgle, -foirgla, Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . 3 pl. fort-gellat, Ml. 23c15 . past subj. 3 s. faridgellad, 131d12 (for the infixes in these see GOI § 423 ). Perf. 3 s. forrugéll, Ml. 97a12 . 1 pl. forrogelsam ni, Wb. 25d20 . Vn. forgell (forcell). 3 s. perf. fotroirgell, SR 3385 , Corm. Y 756 , is due to false analysis; cf. fortroirgeall, Ériu xiii 30.10 - 11 (see Thurn., GOI § 529 ). for-ar-forgaillset, PH 3305 . seems reduplication of preverb. In Mid. Ir. commonly treated as simple vb., stem forgl-, foirgl-: pres. 1 s. forglim LU 10271 .3 s. rel. forgles, Stair Nic. 80.15 . 1 pl. nodforglem, LL 164a15 ; 3 pl. forglit, Stair Nic. 80.16 . perf. 3 s. rosforgaill 45b4 ; roforglestar, Cog. 180.21 .

(a) gives superior testimony; testifies, attests, passing into sense avers, affirms: gl. contestare Ml. 97a12 . perhibere Sg. 21b12 . foirglidís .i. do mhionnaighdís, O'Cl. a forcell forrogelsamni dúib di laithiu brátho, Wb. 25d20 . nimthogaitha mo chocubus ar is in spirut noíb fortgillim (gl. testimonium mihi perhibente conscientia mea in spiritu sancto) 4b27 . ni fuirgle nech ... ni nād āirithe (.i. nocha forglithi do neoch ... in ni nach deimin lais), Laws i 84.11 (22) = H 3.17, 401 (forgle). nach inraic nach fiadnaisi nad fuirgle fir for naimde na [c]airde, Bürgschaft p. 21 § 62 . nach inraic nach fiadnaise nad foirgla ib. ni forgli ní nat accai thou shalt not attest what thou hast not seen Ériu ii 227.24 . ni rig tuath nand[ḟ]orgella tri rig do rigaib tuaithi who does not oversway three local kings Laws v 50.12 Comm. [aire] forgill fortgella for gradha `whose testimony is superior to' BCrólige § 46 . in scriptúir ... forgles in gním n-uasal, Stair Nic. 80.15 . ro forgellsat fiad cach thur: is fír forstā Lucifur SR 1839 . foircclit an lucht as eolach co fuil ..., Cog. 90.27 . Common in adducing confirmatory evidence: amal fortgella sin in fáith co n-epert ..., PH 4007 . amal fortgella in scriptúir ..., co n-apair ..., 4054 . amar fhorglit na faibli guacha, TTebe 785 . In cheville: foirglim feacht, BNnÉ 254 § 211 . With petrified infixed 3 s. pron. ( GOI § 423 ): fortgellat a gnimai ... nad ndergini som a n-uile sin his deeds attest Ml. 23c15 . fortgellam cech ndūis ... ar n-idain we pledge every treasure that we are innocent SR 3581 . tri mairb fortgellat for biu three dead [inanimate] that bear witness against the live Triads 138 . fortgillim, Fél. Ep. 145, 167 . Declares (an intention, etc.), vows: forrogellsat ... no ragtais i tír nEgept, SR 6774 . fotroirgell ... nā gēbad ... ētach nā hōr, 3385 . roforgill Niall nā gēbhadh ... acht bás Eachdach ind, ZCP xiv 214.3 . fotroirgell [Patraic] a briathar nā bad ..., Corm. Y 756 = roforgell nā bud, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25 .

(b) With pers. obj. calls to witness, invokes: intan fortgella in ri | in ri aile nat aicci (i.e. prays to God), Ériu v 240 . Pátric fortgella cech rí `whom every king invokes' Metr. Dinds. iv 158 ; quoted by O'Cl. s.v. foirtghealla, with gl. .i. do ní fiadhnaisi ar gach rígh. fortgellaimm Dia ┐ Barre, MacCongl. 27.4 .

(c) with FOR of pers., enjoins, commands: co forcled for cách a n-adrad, PH 968 . ro forcaill forro diciunn a saeirsi ... do chaithim fris, Marco P. 17 .

See also forglide, forglithi.

fris-acci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-acci or dil.ie/24339

 

Forms: -frescai, frisaiccim, -frescu, -frescíu, frisaiccai, frisaccai, -frescai, frissaccat, -frescat, frisn-aiccitis, frisaccar, -frescai, frisaiccidar, frisaiccid, frisn-accatar, frisnaccat, frisaccat, confresced, frisracacha, frescachae, fresn accache, fritracatar, frescachtar, frescisset, rescesset

v (frith-ad-cī-) -frescai. O.Ir. forms. pres. 1 s. frisaiccim, PCr. 60a7 . -frescu, RC xiii 94 § 120 . -frescíu, xvii 162 (Tig.). 2 sg. frisaiccai, Ml. 68a8 . 3 s. frisaccai, 144a2 . -frescai, 62d7 . 3 pl. frissaccat, 39d27 . -frescat, 69b3 . impf. 3 pl. rel. frisn-aiccitis, 68a9 . pres. subj. 1 s. dep. frisaccar 49d3 . 2 sg. -frescai, Fél. July 19 . (Cf. freisci .i. cobair, Stowe Gl. 184 , where cobair is evidently the obj.). 3 s. frisaiccidar, SR 4173 . 2 pl. frisaiccid, Wb. 25d24 . 3 pl. frisn-accatar, Ml. 124a3 . Cf. frisnaccat, 45d17 . frisaccat 124a2 . past subj. 3 s. confresced, 136d1 . pret. and perf. 1 s. frisracacha sa, 47a8 . 3 s. hiru frescachae , 44c9 . a fresn accache , Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). 3 pl. huare fritracatar (with pron. inf.) Ml. 131c10 . niru frescachtar 26b25 . ni ru frescisset , 72c13 . niru rescesset , 34c11 . Vn. frescisiu, q.v.

(a) looks forward to, expects: sometimes hopes: gl. expectare, opperiri, praestolari, sperare in Glosses. ni frisaiccai ┐ ara foīmi iarum something thou hopest for and that thou receivest afterwards Ml. 68a8 . ni rufrescisset olc ndoib Ml. 72c13 . adgladadar mnaí ... nad fresci bás na sentaid LU 10002 . ni frescet (-frescat, v.l.) aithbe na éc, Imr. Brain § 18 . = ni frescat, § 23 . dosbera do bochtánaib | o na fresciu [leg. fresci] a luag from whom thou lookest for no reward LB 261a74 = saīlfe, ACL iii 318 § 71 . cib hé frisaiccidar ann | Issu Crist (= whoever sees Christ prefigured in it, i.e., the brazen serpent) SR 4173 . na hecoinn oca frescther ciall codnaig the minors who are expected to come to reason like adults, Laws ii 48n . ( O'Curry 2711 ). for in ecodnach da frisciter ciall codnaig `on the infant who is expected to come to the use of reason' Laws iii 156.25 Comm. issé [sc. Dia] frisn-aicet, ZCP iv 242.6 . tanassi rig ... arindi fris[indn]aicci tuath huili do rigiu, iv 328.11 (= Críth G. 434 , see note ; `because the whole tuath looks forward to him for the kingship' Mac Neill). fer ro creca a déis ┐ a ferann ... ┐ co freisce cuile caith, ZCP iv 352.13 . Rarely with prep. : in Dia ... hi rufrescachae in whom he hoped Ml. 44c9 . ni ra soir á choimdiu inru frescechae, 19 (an imitation of Lat. const. cf. 49d3 ). batar inmain na tri táeib | frisnā fresciu aithirrech which I have no hope of ever seeing again RC xvii 162 (Tig.) = CS 598 , AFM 594 ( Bruchst. § 89 ). fresci .i. frithail no fēg, ut est, fresci fir foclach, O'Dav. 834 . fresci .i. saoileachtain, O'Cl. Cf. troscad i feoil [ = féil] Eoin ... uair is ann frisahicthar in dunibad do thidecht, RC xii 430 § 26 . cro fir frisaige leca[d] fola nad urgair `who is present at' (but expects would suit here) Laws v 236.14 (cf. fris-saig).

(b) in special use in Laws : aire forgill frisaici rig no apdaine, BB 340b40 (misprinted Laws v 48 ). aire forgill frisaice ri no abdaine `deserves a chieftaincy' iv 382.1 ; `looks forward naturally to becoming' Atk. Gloss., but acc. to Binchy, who cites a Welsh parallel, Celtica iii 222 , the true reading is : f.¤ ríge [i.e., who is the successor designate to the kingship or the abbacy]. Cf. īctha eneclann Concobuir ... ō Fergus .i. airi forgill frisaice rig Erenn he, O'Curry 2087 ( H 4.22, p. 71a ) ; saici .i. fiu ut est airi forgill frisaici rig, H 3.18 p. 287 ( O'Curry 577 ). fec[h]em fo mia[d] [sic leg.] feicheman frisiaici agrudh, Laws i 266.8 (expld. by Atk. Gloss. as `whom the plaintiff hopes to have') ; with gl. .i. ... in fetheman frescidhther agam sa dot agra sa ` provided ' 294.7 .

(c) looks after, attends to (?) : fresgither filidh dia ttárdad rātha righ romhaith, fris-saighe [leg. fri saigid ?] a ccert, Ériu xiii 34.5 (= frescathar .i. firdeachar, ut est frescathar filid ... .i. firdeachur no frithailter no urfoichlithar na filid uman ní dlegait, O'Dav. 987 ).

fuillmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuillmech or dil.ie/24822

 

adj o-ā (fuillem) that acquires gain or profit (?) : feidm f.¤ (tuillmech v.l.) profitable Anecd. i 38 . nad bi cainfoltach, ni bi cain-f.¤ `he who is not well qualified is not well rewarded' Laws v 112.7 (`who is not of good means is not of good merit' MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 281 . This really renders the appended gloss : in ti ag na bi tochus taitnemach ni bi eneclann taitnemach do). ma fiada forgill ni bi f.¤ feilisach, O'Curry 2601 Eg. 88, 51ab (= O'Dav. 897 where Stokes translates `wage-earner' ; Plummer suggests the meaning may be that a witness should not be in the pay of either of the parties). gach dithir ... gach fergach gach f.¤ gach foilmir ib. ni bi fiadnaisi fuillmigh na tuillmigh, O'Curry 2602 ( Eg. 88 f. 51ab ).

gú-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gú- or dil.ie/26738

 

Forms: gú-acra

ind compositional form of gáu, gó as first element of a compd. false, lying : gú-acra bringing a false charge : cin laeb cin leithbi gin guoaccrai, Anecd. iii 26.7 . ¤breth a false judgment : rohuc Lugaid ... gubreth, RC xiii 462.10 . in bel ruc in guibreith, Anecd. ii 78.14 . mana tairiset a gubreatha, Laws ii 328.11 . gubretha Caratniad (name of legal tract), ZCP xv 306.1 ( Rawl. 112b44 ). ¤brethemnacht false judgment : g s. inna gubrithemnachtae, Ml. 103c1 . gú-chodlad : amail dusces an aithrighi nech a gucodladh, D IV 2, 70ra16 . ¤choibse a false confession : pl. dogniat ... gu-choibsenae, Mon. Tall. § 64 . ¤chomram : ar imsoítis a claidib friu in tan dognítis gúchomram, LU 3234 ( SCC 2 ). ¤eteres fraudulent security , Laws i 56.2 Comm. ¤ḟaisnéis a false narration, ib. ¤ḟiadnuisi false witness, ib. 56.1 Comm. ¤ḟorcell false testimony : is guforcell doberam do Dia, Wb. 13b15 . oc iarraid gu-forgill i n-agaid Ísu, PH 3143 . ¤ḟorclide a false witness : fris-in airem-sin na ṅgu-forglide, ib. 3376 ; 3144 . ¤lamnad false parturition : ferscal fiadam ... duluith fri gualamnada, Thes. ii 291.4 (Mcr. i 2). ¤lith false sueing : im guliud mec, Laws i 236.28 . ¤mes false judgment , Laws i 58.8 Comm. ¤móidem false boasting : im gumaideam mna mairb (leg. mairbe ?), ib. i 184.8 . ¤ráithigus fraudulent security, ib. i 56.1 Comm. ¤scannal : im chumluth nguscandail `for circulating false reports,' Laws i 174.y . ¤scél a false story, ib. v 292.19 . ¤ṡlondud giving a false description : di gu-slonduth fri naimti, Ériu vii 158.11 . ¤thestas false testimony : gu-testas do tabairt, Laws v 368.7 . ¤thuidme wrongful enforcement : im gu-tuidme `for false conviction,' ib. 300.23 .

ia

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ia or dil.ie/26899
Last Revised: 2013

 

an affirmative responsive particle: `cia bad dóig diar tiachtain.' `Inge ém meni thised in gilla bec ...' `Ia omm ale,' bar Ailill `Ja aber gewiss!', TBC-LL¹ 843. As an interjection: `Ia ón ómm!' ar in chaillech " `Oh! indeed!' said the woman," Ériu i 134.7 . ? To this, used in asseveration: ia .i. cenēlae forgill indsin, ar iss ed indara hainm déc ō ndingarar Crīst la Ebraide, Corm. Y 750.

1 íarraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íarraid or dil.ie/27061

 

Forms: íarraidh, iarrad, n-iarraid, iarrta, íarrata, íaruta, híarrata, íarradha, iarraidh, ierradh, iarraigh, iarra, iarraighe

n i, f. Used as vn. of 2 íarraid. n s. íarraidh, IGT Decl. § 149.7 . a s. iarrad, Laws i 284.12 Comm. ri cach n-iarraid , TTr. 171. g s. iarrta, Laws i 234.13 Comm. íarrata, CCath. 2159. íaruta, IGT Decl. ex. 243. na híarrata , § 149.7 . íarradha, ex. 1969 . d s. d'iarraidh , IT i 129.13 . d'ierradh , TBC-LL¹ p. 143 n. 14 . d'iarraigh , Ériu iii 152.33 . ac iarra , Laws i 154.13 Comm. d'iarraighe , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 412.13 .

(a) act of seeking, seeking (to get), searching, examining: ro chuirestair E. eclacha ... fo hErinn d'iarraidh a mnae, IT i 129.13 . rainic A. 'san dunagh (=dúnad) robí d'iaraigh `which he was in quest of,' Ériu iii 168.19 . dul da n-i.¤ to go in quest of them, Laws i 66.7 Comm. cia forsa taid d'iarraid? whom are ye seeking?, PH 3103. ic i.¤ a ṡelga tracking his game, TTr. 364. bái oc i.¤ na borama ┐ nis fuair, LL 296a45 . ata sunn trenfer ... ag iaraidh comhlainn, CF 195. cairde do lēcud dō fri hiaraidh in scēoil sin in order to search for that tale, ACL iii 4.16 . ag íarraidh (v.l. íaruidh) bhric do bhí sin, IGT Decl. ex. 2025. oc i.¤ gu-forgill i n-agaid Ísu `seeking false witness against Jesus,' PH 3143. d'iarraidh ealadhan `to study his art,' TD 3 § 8. tug amus d'iarraidh milse na meala, TSh. 584. aithreach dhamh nach dearna mé | toil Íosa d'iarraidh sláinte, Dán Dé xiii 6. doluid ... for i.¤ usci in search of , RC xxiv 198.9 . beitit flaithe ... for iarraidh na hoirgne, Anecd. ii 50.5 . dia thúr ┐ dia i.¤ o lamaib `to probe and to investigate it with his hands,' PH 6775. ic iarraidh gach raeta examining everything?, Laws i 36.8 Comm. act of seeking in marriage : mor fer ro boí com i.¤ , LU 3937. mh'ingen-sa d'iarraidh, ML² 586.

(b) act of demanding, asking ; a seeking, an asking, a search: ise sin atusa d'ierradh fort, TBC-LL¹ p. 143 n. 14 . boi oc i.¤ dilguid fair, PH 2323. ná fágbhadh fód gan iarraidh, Aithd. D. 16 § 18. d'iarraidh fuaslaicthe do Ruaidhri ... ara athair to demand of his father the release of R., RC xviii 162.18 . nirbo maisi les ... gan a aincridi do i.¤ for Grecaib `not to demand of the Greeks [redress for] his wrong,' Aen. 27. ro-bás oc i.¤ forru co ndernatís idpurtu it was being demanded of them ..., PH 2342. ag iarraidh na hionnsaighthi `calling for the charge,' O'Gr. Cat. 346.23. gan a iarraidh ar nech aile `without having to ask them of any other person,' Laws i 80.10 Comm. ferr fairi (leg. aire, Ed.) inā i.¤ , ZCP vi 261.1 . dot iarraidh `at Thy command,' Studies 1931, 662 § 21 . ó na fuairsiot an ní for a ttardsat iarraidh, AFM vi 2214.13 . mó as lag an iarraidh garma `weaker still as a claim to title,' Content. v 105. re iarrata na feicheman i crich `the period for seeking defendants in a territory,' Laws i 80.22 Comm. gen espad .i. iarrad, 284.12 Comm. mana fogra co tora a iaraidh ┐ co roich i.¤ `if he has not proclaimed it until it is searched for; and the search has come to him,' v 324.4 Comm. can comus a n-iarrata d'á n-aindeoin `there is no power to ask them against their will,' Hy Maine 66.4 . cach ní ... ba adlaic ri cach n-i.¤ for every requirement, TTr. 171. foirni íarradha eallaigh companies seeking for cattle, IGT Decl. ex. 1969. fear tuir ┐ iarruta na screptra naeime `a man who searched and scrutinised Holy Scripture,' Ériu v 20.2 .

ar iarraid sought for, missing, astray : re re teora n-aidhchi ar iarraigh, Laws v 324.9 Comm. gurab ed sin ruc tain amugha ┐ ar iaraidh in fad ro boi, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . ma fuair boin nó each ar iarraidh, KMMisc. 174 § 34. damh ó elbaidh ar íarraidh a stag missing from the herd, IGT Decl. ex. 339. tú Ó Duibhne ... | tú do bhí ar iarraidh ó Ḟionn, Aithd. D. 8 § 39.

(c) the subject of a search, something sought for, something difficult to obtain : fuarais t'iarraidh `thou hast thy request,' O'Gr. Cat. 357.1. co mba hiaraid iat fein arin ndith ragus forro ind so that they will be to seek (i.e. there will be no trace of them) through the annihilation that will overtake them, RC xliii 68 § 67. cu mba hiaraidh en bho i Finnib ┐ Luaidnib that one will have to look to find a single cow, 10 § 3. a shíoth nach iarraidh d'fhagháil `O pardon not hard to get,' PBocht 23 § 45.

(d) an attempt, a trial ; an attack : dobhered ierraidh meinic ar a himfholach `he often endeavoured to conceal it,' Fl. Earls 62.28 . ní fhuil éiniarraidh nar chuir `he left nought untried,' Aithd. D. 65 § 37. 'mun iarroidh sin do thabairt ar in reclés `for attacking the church,' Fl. Earls 50.20 . marbhtar naonbhar ... don iarraidh si `in this onslaught,' AFM iii 410.z . tug iarraidh ar Albanchoibh, L. Cl. A. B., 159.182 . ní thugsad iarraidh dh'Éirinn, 97.106 .

láech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láech or dil.ie/29307
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: laech-airlech, láechbrised, laochbhualadh, Laochlugh, láech-Níall, Láechrí

n o, m. (Lat. laicus, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 203 , but native word according to Watkins, Celtica vi 241 n.l . but see also Ériu xxx 75 ).

(a) layman , as oppd. to manach, occas. oppd. to clérech: laich ┐ laicesa ┐ aes tuaithe adragar fri flaith laymen and laywomen are ruled by their chief, SM Facs. 47a (`heroes and heroines', Laws iii 14.28 ). airchindech laich lay `erenagh', Laws v 118.4 . laich .i. grad flatha, Laws iii 16.1 Comm . luid dochum laich saidbir, LU 1210 . bendacht aine foruib uile laechaibh clerchib, BB 280a7 . i comthinoltaib l.¤ ┐ clerech, IT i 192.16 ( FA 31 ). laoch a laico .i. ōn tūata, Corm. Y 794 . laoch alaico .i. popularis , O'Mulc. 777. i corpaibh laech ┐ laiches ┐ aosa cravaid, Aisl. Tond. 102 § 3 . laech = laicus, Lat. Lives 105.12 . cid clērech glan gāeth / cid lāech cid fer grāid, KMMisc. 264.2 . teichidh d'feraib Teftha, laechaib, cleirchib, RC xviii 292.19 . biaid buaid cleireach ┐ laech uaid dot eis, Irish Texts iii 6.22 .

(b) warrior (eventually in this sense only): cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . Iæch cen locht, AID i 59 § 2 . olc damna laích, LU 4938 ( lōich, TBC-I¹ 453 ). cinnas laeich what kind of warrior, TBC-LL¹ 1813 . is bresta ┐ is mor in laech, YBL 137b23 . tricha set d'airig forgill ┐ cet laech lais, Laws v 46.24 . cet laech .i. fer ad cota buindi (leg. buidin) cet a cath, Laws v 48.7 Comm . ingen lāich as luchru a Laignib, Bruchst. i 18.35 at lāech, a Ḟlaind, 12.20 . laech caem cendlethan, TBC-LL¹ 5205. a láich láin, 3487 . dorinit . . . duma for na degdainib ┐ leca ar laechaib ┐ ferta ar na fenedaib ┐ cnuic ar na curadaib, Ériu viii 56.8 . roḟeit in l.¤ lamḟota, MacCarthy, 206 § 6 . laoich goirminnse finne Fáil, DDána 71.21 . ag leadradh laoch, TSh. 6670. With qual. gen. laich gaili, Sc.M² 6R . TTebe 3384 . Attrib. g s. lamthapad laeich, Grail 3735 .

(c) pagan (a calque on Lat. laicus 'pagan', Ériu xxx 78, 90 ): cetmunter no caillech aithirgi dogní gol for laiech no laithes, Ériu vii 170.7 . erglanad eclaise ó laechaib ┐ laiches[aib] ┐ coitreb caillech, O'Dav. § 542 . Compds. In meaning (b) only. Freq. as expletive and for metrical purposes. With vnn.: laech-airlech, MR 238.16 . láechbrised, Fianaig. 90.17 . laochbhualadh, Comp. CC 130.6 . Also with n. pr. in sense of heroic : Laochlugh, L. Cl. A. B. 97.100 . láech-Níall, Ériu iv 96 § 20. Cf. laechluirc, Anecd. ii 35 § 12. Láechrí see Corp. Gen. Lugaid láechcurach (: curad; láechMuman, v.l.), Three Historical Poems 134 q. 82b (v.l.).

With nouns: ¤aicme: in tres láech-aicmi hErend .i. in Gamanrad i hIrrus Domnand, ┐ cland Dedad hi Temair Lochra, ┐ clanna Rudraige i n-Emain Macha, IT ii2 215.23 . do chlú laochaicme Laighneach, DDána 117.24 . ¤aire : cethrar laech-airech, MR 242.12 . ¤arm: oro ghabh a laocharma, Hugh Roe² 240.27 . ¤bás: laochbhás mo Dhé, Aithd. D. 58.24 . ¤biad: in liach dia lessaighther in laec[h]biad, O'Mulc. 768 . deogh níadh maraen ┐ a laechbhiadh, BB 370a33 . ¤bidbu: in láechbidba, Sc.M² 24c . i lamaib a laechbidbad, MR 154.21 . ¤bile: ar laechbilib lebar-sciath, MR 230.25 . ¤bríg: laechbriga gl. lochbríga, IT i 214.26n . ¤briugu: laechbrugaid amra, IT, ii2 225.1 . ¤bruinne: i cridib curad ┐ i laechbrunnib láech, LL 238b49 ( TTr. 1634 ). ¤buille: laechbhuillibh, Acall. 4740 v.l. ¤chenn: ag faicsin na laochchenn arna leabarchuaillibh, Comp. CC 133.3 . tri láichcind, IT i 102.10 . ¤dair: laochdhairghe, Top. Poems² 882 v.l. ¤dorus: ra línait na láechdorais, LL 227b33 ( TTr. 742 ). brisit . . . laochdoirsi na Bruidne, RC xxi 324.15 . ¤ḟer: ós na laechferaib, ML 84.21 . ¤ḟess feast fit for a warrior : róthail (leg. rothomail) in chummatsin Conid and asbert Eochaid a meic is laechḟes insin. a quo Laechfes ┐ laechfessaich, Rawl. 126b42 -3. ¤ḟoirenn: ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.4 . ¤imda: nir luíghis at' laechimdaid, MR 296.13 . ¤irgal: isin laechirghail sin, Stair Erc. 874 . ¤ládus: laochládus iomdha an chon chlamhualaigh `prowess', Ó Bruad. i 80 § 3 . ¤lainne: doficfa a laechluinde, RC xiv 404.20 . ¤lám: Lugh na láechlámha, Anecd. i 31 § 50 . día láochlaimh, Duan. F. ii 96 § 106 . ¤lann: for Muir Libis na laechland, LL 313 . ¤lár: for laeclar tige Temrach, BB 46b16 . laechlár int sídha, Acall. 395 . ¤léim: ic tabairt a laechleime, Acall. 2873 . ¤lenb: co rucadh co tempull na ndee an laechlenub, Stair Erc. 106. ¤lerg: ar an laochleirg, Caithr. CC 19.22 . ¤les: go crīch Laighen na laochles, ML² 849 . ¤lestar: lódmar isin lōechlestar, MacCongl. 35.26 . ¤lía: do saith le a laimh in láochlíag, Duan. F. ii 78 § 48 . ¤loinges: luadail na laechloingsi, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.22 . bás tóesech na loechlongse, LL 1987 . ¤lorg: in laechlorg imreamar iarnaidhi, Stair Erc. 1074 . ¤mac: laochmhac Airt / fraochshlat mur Earcoil ordhairc, L. Cl. A. B. 136.51 . ¤machaire: laechmachaire Laigen, Acall. 4109 , 5234 . laechMachaire Lí, 6045 . ¤mag: os lāechmaig Lí, ACL ii 48 § 15 . ¤marcach: i lLaignib na laechmarcach, ZCP viii 106.5 . ¤míl: saergheinealach . . . an laechmileadh, MR 98.2 . in dá laighin . . . isin laoch-mhílid, ML² 1687. mergeda for crandaib illamaib lóech-miled, PH 2628 . Licid láechmilidh, CCath. 2085 . ¤mír : teora laechmíreanna d'feoil, CCath. 5201 . ¤muinchenn: laechmuinchinn na fairge, SG 242.35 . ¤muinntir: ag gach . . . dar laochmhuinntir, DDána 384.21 . ¤múr: tar uilinn laochmhúir na hEmhna, Ériu viii 134.20 . ¤nós: mac Loegaire co laech-nos, BB 230b20 . ¤recht: mac Lugdech in laechrechta, MacCarthy 198 § 4. ¤smech (smeig): a leacan a laec-smeigead, MR 184.y . ¤thech: barracks : doratad . . . isin laechtech mór bói ar comair drechi in dúnaid, LL 253b46 . etir loech-thigib ┐ griananaib ┐ tigib talman, YBL 181b4 ( SG 255.30 ). ¤thenga: cossa, láma, láech-thengtha (in a list of guarantees), Metr. Dinds. iii 10.112 . ¤úall: mac Lugdech na laechuaille, BB 230b25 .

With adjj.

(a) ¤banna: ingen Lugdach loechbanna, Metr. Dinds. ii 84.54 . ¤beóda: do ghaibh go lúthmhar laochbheódha . . . aige laochbhualadh, Comp. CC 130.8 . ¤bres: co líth-baile láechbress, Metr. Dinds. iv 176 § 5 . ¤buan: inmain lecht l., Sc.M² 24a . ¤dána: co láechdána leómanda, Comp. CC 109.31 . ¤dond: fogur gotha . . . / meicc láechduind Locha F., Ériu iv. 96.4 . ¤imda: longphort . . . laoch-iomdha, ML 74.13 . ¤lán: ba lucht do cach luiṅg laechláin, LL 357 ( laechbain, BB 21a31 ). ¤mall: síl Labrada láech-maill, Metr. Dinds. iii 12.144 . ¤mas: ua Mogha lámha laochmhais, Caithr. CC 75 . senchas Átha Luain laechmaiss, Metr. Dinds. iii 366.4 .

(b) With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤buillech: ingin lescbáin láech-buillig, Metr. Dinds. i 8.38 . ¤ḟessach: see ¤ḟess above. ¤armach: longport lethan laocharmach, AFM vi 2098.19 .

laimthenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. laimthenach or dil.ie/29411
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā (cf. lamaid). Also -thinach, -thinech, loim-.

(a) daring, confident : nírba l.¤ ciarba lúath, Tec. Corm. 7.21 . in léo lond letartach látir lamthenach `daring', BDD 97 (Eg.). ropsat laimthanaig na fir, LL 205b15 . leoman laimthinach lonnaindsclech, RC xxiv 174.13 . in milchu . . . acht mas loimthenach O'D. 2300 ( Rawl. 506, 29b ). Freq. with láech: a lamaib laec loimthínach, BB 257b46 ( YBL 177b5 ). laech loimh theanach air thír Erend, BB 54a21 . lethanchar (leatánchar, letanchar, v.ll.) .i. laimthinech, ut est ni la lithach letanchar [lam fo nemiath .i. ni lasin lithech lam fora mindaib iarfir] cema[d] laimthinech lais, O'Dav. § 1175 . Adv. co . . . laidir laimteanach `eagerly', Aen. 2823 . mór laech luthmur laimtenach roletrait, CCath. 6014.

(b) In Laws Comm. in phar. is l.¤ la x. explained by Plummer (MS Notes) as x is certain of, convinced about: but meaning perh. rather is prepared to risk, is confident of the success of (a legal step): laimthinach .i. derbthach ut est muna lamathar nech forgill fors nach ae saindrad .i. munab laimhthinach [.i.] munab derb la nech forgill imdenam (leg. imdenma) for nach ae dibh co sonnradhach, O'Curry 1422 ( H 3.18, 639a ). laímtínach leis foirgell imdenma `he is confident that he can bring conclusive evidence' (Plummer MS notes), Laws iv 190.27 . Cf. 192.29 . in breth beraid na fir ata laimtenaigh fri lathar na ae do réir fír, O'Curry 445 ( H 3.18, 239 ). uair nogu loimthenac le nech beith fo nuradus `for nobody dares to undertake responsibility for them', BCrólige 34 n. 7 .

Cf. laimthionach .i. míanghasach, O'Cl. laimthionach .i. dearmadach, ibid.

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

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