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acra(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acra(e) or dil.ie/232

Forms: acre, accrai, acru, agra, acrad

n io, n. Later f. vn. of ad-gair. a s. acre, Wb. 9c20 . g s. accrai, Laws v 372.7 . d s. acru, LL 353a76 . agra f. IGT Decl. § 3 . Verbs § 47 . Later also acrad.

Act of suing, prosecuting, bringing an action, urging a claim; action, suit, process (with gen. of the matter of the suit and FOR (AR) of the person sued): tagra quasi dagra .i. dā n-agra bīs ann, Corm. Y 1259 . acra gl. actio, Ir. Gl. 869 . ní bethe fria acre, ye should not be seeking redress for it, Wb. 9c20 . ce na (= no) betha ac acra ar nech dul ara nurlainn, Laws iii 252.19 . gu nach urasa cin d'agra for a tigernaib `it is not easy to sue their lords for trespasses', iv 222.1 Comm. cach foghail do genu se . . . ciamad ail a nacera for aite `though one should wish to sue his fosterer for them', ii 170.4 Comm. ni bi acraidi faesam .i. nocha bi a.¤ athgabala don ti bis ar faesam neich . . . .i. fer bis for faesam ní tualaing acra the person who is under protection may not be sued? i 102.x , 104.24 Comm. ticfa d'acra a dala `to prosecute his cause', 6.22 . do buing agru ericc suing exacts compensation, ii 14 z . featactain agra na ratha `attempt to sue the surety', v 226.31 Comm. fethem . . . agamsa dot agra sa, i 294.7 Comm. ma docuaid in grad feine d'acrad in graid flatha, 112 y . acrudh do dénum ┐ indliged do denum oc in agra sin, ii 66.9 . ni tuasluce nach suire . . . bes isle agra bes uaisle enech, 36.z. ac acra uatha suing from them, v 120.30 . ai naccrai the matter of the suit, 372.7 . fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound (inflicted) in the cause of levying a payment due', Ériu xii 50 § 63 . ag agra goidi ┐ braidi when suing a case of theft and plunder, Laws v 42.18 Comm. acra bor[b]luchuis, ii 16.7 Comm. cuir ┐ cundartha . . . d'acrau forin conair fugill is cert, Cóic Con. 20 § 13 . fer na hagra the plaintiff, O'D. 570 ( H 3.17, 440-1 ). di ēis ind fir acrai, ZCP xv 322 § 15 n. 1 . ae an fir acra, Laws v 306.10 Comm. soiri domnaig . . . gin acrai gan brethemnus, Anecd. iii 21.4 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae dííbh ca bráth, Trip.² 2218 . frithchuires dím accra olcu amhuinsi, ZCP vi 258.4 . gabais M. . . . ic acra a cor, LL 221b27 ( TTr. 330 ). itú ic triall a acrai ḟort I am suing thee for it, LL 14136 . lucht a éaraca dá agra orra to sue them for his eric, ML 132.7 . badur . . . og agra a comairci ar in rig they were demanding the king's protection, YBL 172b20 . teid dagra a shlana ar O'nDomnaill to make claim on O'D. for violating his surety, L. Chl. S. § 17 . dolluid . . . Lactain . . . do acru in gníma sin co flaith to complain of that deed, LL 353a76 . gan a bhás d'agradh ar neach `not to demand retribution from anyone for his death', Keat. ii 5192 . d'agra airdchíosa ar Chúigeadh Laighean `to exact', iii 3082 . ag agra fhiach claiming a debt, Dán Dé xxvi 12 . ro bhaoí ua N. ag agra blaidhe don dúthaigh fuair Niall ó Domhnaill on righ, AFM vi 2350.7 . ná ro cumhaing Ua N. an fearann dagra ó chert, .14 . an lá thiocfas triath na n-aingeal d'agra a chéasda sa chroich, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 9 . oca agra (sic leg.) gurbhó dalta dhósom ó Domnaill `urging', Hugh Roe 48.10 (fo. 13a) . do brud . . . in domain . . . is d'acra ar a cend `to take vengeance on it', Cog. 180.4 . iomdha agra nach admhaim `many charges I confess not' (i.e. do not plead guilty to), Dán Dé iv 3 . gach agra dá bhfuil againn ┐ gach leathscéal dá bhfuil agaibhsi, Maguires of F. 74 . báttar . . . ag aighnes ima naccarthaibh for aroile they were disputing as to their claims, AFM vi 2166.z. teit accra ann, an action lies in that case, PH 7612 . Cill Baird i Laignib ní agra i.e. undoubtedly Mart. Don. xxxix 16 . Of the thing claimed: re h-iarraid na hagra, MR 264.11 . Of challenging in battle: cenn cosnama . . . Erenn ar uaill ┐ ar agra, MR 96.3 .

ad-rig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-rig or dil.ie/549

Forms: adruig, adregar, adragar, -arragar, -áraghar, ad-riastar, adroeris, adracht, atrechtudur, arracht, -arrachta, árach, áirgid, áraigid

v (* ad-reg-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 592 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adruig, O'D. 2222 (Nero A vii, 151a). Pass. sg. adregar, Laws iii 22.12 ; adragar, 14.11. -arragar, 2.2. -áraghar, Ériu xiii 13.23 . Subj. pres. pass. sg. ad-riastar, Laws iii 228.7 . ?Fut. 2 s. adroeris, Fél. Dec. 16 (see infra). Pret. and perf. 3 s. adracht, O'Curry 756 (H 3.18, 358a). 3 pl. atrechtudur, Laws i 22.z Comm. Pass. sg. ro arracht , Laws ii 78.25 Comm. Pass. pl. -arrachta, Laws iii 26.28 .

Vn. árach.

Later as simple vb. áirgid, áraigid.

(a) binds (in physical sense): acht bid o lias no airbe adriastar a laeg, Laws iii 228.7 . adragar don nomad cleith on dorus, O'Curry 564 (H 3.18, p. 281). in gaid airgither . . . don crand, O'D. 568 (H 3.17, col. 440). ma ro airge he . . . is cu ced cintach dligach hi . . . munar hargi . . . is cú céd cintach inndhlithach hi, O'Curry 2505 (Eg. 88, 41a). in ti ro airgestar he don crand crin cuachda, Laws iii 416.26 Comm. coro airgiset (araigset, choraigset v.l.) a n-eocho dergae do dorus in tige (with gloss .i. corcengailset,) BDD § 37 = áirgiset, BDD² 342 . Fig. airdugdu[i]r in tSencusa (i.e. Senchus Már) . . . atrechtudur suainemain filidechta fou who bound a thread of poetry round it, Laws i 22.z Comm. buaid find Ualentini / co cléir cháin atróiriss (atroiruis, atroris, atroirius, adroeris (.i. tarrais), atroeroiss, atreris, atroeris v.l.) `with a fair train thou wilt tie him' (but perh. difft. vb.), Fél. Dec. 16 .

(b) binds (legally): adragar cach fria techta .i. airgitir cach fria dliged fein everybody is bound to what is legally right for him, Laws iii 14.11, 17 Comm. laich ┐ laichcesa ┐ aes tuaithe adragar fri flaith, .i. airigther iat fo dliged na flatha, 14.28, 16.3 Comm. lanlog einiuch don fir isa faithe ma ro arracht [in athgabail] fris, ii 78.25 Comm. cid fris naragar aithgabail cuicthi in dul is gnathu do gres oldas cach athgabail, i 250.15 .i cid frisi nargither ana cuicti for in athgabail, 252.1 Comm. (cf. fris-áraig). ?cid i n-agar (aragar v.l.) breithemnus berla Feini . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, v 2.1 . dirithe cach dia flaith . . . do neoch adregar doib, iii 26.4 .i. do neoch airgither do dleisin doib, 8 Comm. adregar, inomblegar (sic leg.), fegar, asrenar cach ndliged do neimtib, iii 22.12 adregar .i. forin cintach, z Comm. arachta (?adracht) cach racht isa sund co n-arrachta in da recht, 26.28 . airgidh leat so ┐ ro bia so tar eisi, v 188.19 Comm. ar ni [a]ragar neach tar a cumang .i. uair noco n-oircther nech, 466. y , 470.22 Comm. co harragar a coraib bel? how are verbal contracts made legally binding? iii 2.2 .i. cindus airgithir, 5 Comm. óenchairde fon Eilg n-áragar one peace-treaty is established throughout Ireland, Ériu xiii 13.22 ( O'Dav. 768 ). is orrasin rosaraigh A. gan chlannugad fria a cheli those are the people whom A. bound not to intermarry, Fen. 390.8 . Perh. also: atomriug . . . niurt trén togairm trindóit, Thes. ii 354.24 (`I arise', see at-reig). Cf. ar-rig. See now Binchy Ériu xx 232 ff.

aigne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigne or dil.ie/937
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aignath, aignedh, aignid, n-aidhnead, aighneduibh, a., aigni, aigneda, aighnedha, n-aighnedha

n m. Decl. varies. in t-a.¤ , Laws i 92.29 Comm. g s. aignath, ZCP xiii 19.31 . aignedh, Laws ii 80.16 . d s. aignid, ZCP xiii 20.12 . g p. na n-aidhnead , Cóic Con. 59.5 . d p. aighneduibh, Laws ii 80.27 Comm. With g. sg. aigni, ZCP xvii 50 § 19 . d s. a.¤ , Laws ii 80.26 Comm. n p. aigni, O'Curry 812 ( H 3.18, 375a ). With g s. aigneda, Laws i 90.y . n p. aighnedha, ZCP xii 359.22 . g p. na n-aighnedha , O'Curry 1269 ( H 3.18, 515 ).

One learned in law or in the practice of law; lawyer, advocate, pleader (on the functions of the a.¤ see Cóic Con. p. 11 ff. ): a.¤ .i. fer aiges ái; nó fer gníes ái .i. airc[h]etul nō cai[n]gen, Corm. Y 74 . cis lir aigni? . . . a tri: glas-aigni ┐ a.¤ airechta ┐ a.¤ frisinnle brith, O'Curry 812 ( H 3.18, p. 375a ). See glasaigne, 1 airecht, fris-indlea. ma ra foglainnsetar condat aigneda (aighne v.l.) fris n-indle breith . . . mas condat aigni airberta . . . mas condat glasaigneda (-aighne v.l.), Ir. Recht 46.w . See airbert. da trian na cuic set sin do fechemuin toicheda ┐ trian do a.¤ toxuil, dá trian cotuc a.¤ toxuil do a.¤ fechemnuis no dono cunabeth ní do na haighneduibh etir . . . .i. ruinn ar do itir aighne toxuil ┐ a.¤ tagra, Laws ii 80.26 Comm. aigni toxuil ┐ fiadnaisi, i 302.16 Comm. inge tri baegail naigneda, 90.y .i. tri hernaile ima baeglaither in t-a.¤ , 92.99 Comm. secip tacra dogniat na haicneda iar mbreith na brethe . . . ni bid smacht roairdi no roisli . . . and, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, p. 123 ). da-bera int aigni aichni forin conair coir the a. must be able to recognise the correct process (of judgement), Cóic Con. 17 § 7 . damad im leas n-eclasa nocho biad eiric arin n-a.¤ edir, 60 § 142. ni haighne nad óenaigedar ai he is no a. who does not unify legal process, ZCP xii 364.14 (see Cóic Con. 11 ). trí cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . gen áigne ic nech 'n-a agaid with no advocate to speak for him, PH 7521 . inmain in fáid F. / ba haigni cáid . . . / . . . / ind ḟir lúaith o Lifechair, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.6 . cáit i bhfuil aighne mh'anma, Dán Dé iv 2 . dom aighne budh éadtarbha / bheith Dé Luain ar mo leas-sa, it will be a fruitless task for my advocate, 6 . a aithearrach mar aighne / it aghaidh ní iarrfaim-ne, DDána 11.33 . is tú bhus aighne, a Dhé, dhúinn, 57.21 . níat breitheamh ann niat aighne, Content. xiv 22 . ?orggain [in]na rīgingen / bid scél bid fhassach naenrē, / bid ōen di neort na flathæ / for haidni na borime, ZCP xiii 376.18 = for haidní, xx 223.6 (Baile in Scāil).

airitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airitiu or dil.ie/2148

Forms: airitiud

n, f. Vn. of ar-eim ( GOI § 837 ). Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 513 . Also airitiud.

(a) act of receiving: eritiu briathar ho neuch anall, Ml. 59a15 . ar is tri humaldóit robói ind aritiu hísin gl. dico enim Jesum Christum ministrum fuisse circumcisionis, Wb. 6d5 . a.¤ lóge ar mo precept, 10d31 . re n-airite gráid `before ordination', 28c6.20 . i núrt airiten fochricce do fíríanaib, 13b27 . i n-áiritiu indocbále `in the reception of glory', 4b9 . do a.¤ hirisse `to receive the faith', 19c13 . occa n-airitin na forcetal sin, 16a12 . isind airite gl. inpertitione, Ml. 24a14 . a.¤ in tsacrafaic `to receive the sacrament', Mon. Tall. 146.24 (§ 51) . cen airitin a cobsen `without receiving his confession', 147.30 (§ 54) . cach a.¤ iar coir, Laws iii 36.7 (or in meaning (d) ?) ūasalgrād saccairt do eritin lai[s]-sium, BColm. 30 § 31 . do airidin graidh espoic fair, Lism. L. 216 . airidin .i. gabháil, O'Cl.

(b) act of accepting: a.¤ colno dond macc, Wb. 7c13 . a nemfairitiu `not to accept it', Mon. Tall. 141.12 (§ 35) . issed asbert helair a airidiu `H. replied that he should accept it', 128.18 (§ 4) . ar airitin sēt uad ar bēs n-airc[h]endchaige, Corm. Y 81 . rucus airitin iairnn i ṅgell I have decided that iron is to be accepted as a pledge (a legal decision), ZCP xv 314 § 8 . dia toirge in cheili daorrath do airitin on flaith if the client offer to accept base clientship . . ., O'D. 237 (H. 3.17, c. 189). muna innisi intí ór cennaigh is fiach cubusbraith . . . uadh; muna innisi intí risi rec is fiach airitin (sic) no ditin uadh. Deithbir itir in f. a.¤ ┐ in f. d. . . . an a.¤ doní do féin ┐ doní do neoch aile: in ditiu imurro do neoch aile doní í, 853 ( H 3.17, c. 606 ). imscarad imtoga co n-a.¤ (.i. ac in ceili) ┐ logud (.i. acon flaith on cheile) . . . acht ni ima teilge logad n-airiten, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312 ). mad a.¤ . . . lais in aithir beth fo cinaidh, i.e. if the father accepts responsibility for the crimes of his son, Laws ii 174.7 Comm. , 178.21 Comm. teora hairite for ceilsine, airite seoit a ndingabar dia dernainn, airit itu (sic) taoib a timceall ar deisal, a.¤ beoil a fonascar ceilsine, O'D. 678 ( H 3.17, c. 497 ). Cf. taige (= -de) .i. in t-airited receiving stolen goods, Laws v 458.12 , 13 Comm. in t-airitiud, .19 Comm. ? ceall oc na frith airithiu tratha, Laws v 118.8 . ni hairitin fri Dia it is unacceptable to God, LB 251a53 . a chomairle do áiritin, PH 4092 . aiccept .i. acceptus .i. airiten, Auraic. 1113 .

(c) act of receiving (a guest): a.¤ Maicc Maire i.e. the Presentation, Fél. Feb. 2 . na nói ngrad . . . biait foimti frit' airitein ready to receive you, SR 840 (= beid foimdi friat airmhidhin, 24 P 27, 17 ). is ges damsa . . . dám oenmná da airitin íar fuin ngréne, BDD² 566 . ? a.¤ cach meic do forcital, Laws iii 34.21 . a.¤ (airitiugh v.l.) .i. biatha[dh], ut est foratha a.¤ oighedh do cach ina moam, O'Dav. 68 . Cf. Laws v 120.22 Comm. Note also: Maelmore do airitin ann beos `M. was taken (i.e. captured) there also', AU iii 344.9 .

(d) act of receiving for safe keeping; hence tending, looking after: ascomren aire échta tara cenn, ná[d] té(i)t tír ná humachaire ind acht lestra[i] lóge bó. beirthius dano dia n-airitiu(th) sechtair co cenn cairdi (of vessels), Críth G. 365 . a airitiudh amuich (of stolen goods), Laws i 56.16 Comm. bassa collid giallasa i n-airitin átha mo thúath, LU 9318 = Anecd. iii 53.2 . ? la araid airitiud la errid imdegail, LL 13839 . oc airitiud a cethra, PH 1031 . d'airichill ┐ do airitin forin coblach to lie in wait for, Alex. 330 . go sleaghuibh . . . leo ra hairitin aigh ┐ irgaili for maintaining, RC xliii 48 § 48 . ise connic ind uli dúl . . . do airitin ┐ do imfulang, Alex. 451 .

airleng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airleng or dil.ie/2202

n (cf. lingid) hurdle, barrier. In technical legal sense bar to an action at law, `a delict which first must be atoned for before one obtains justice', Hessen Lex. atáit secht nairlenga ar iadadh dlighidh la féine .i. atáit secht nuasal-linged ar bélaibh neich co na roich tobach ruc .i. ó rucadh atá éric a inndlighidh; no amhail firlinges a.¤ for cro na muice, uair a.¤ ainm do cleith craí na muice. Is amlaidh sin fírlinges in tinndligthech forin ae, forin caingin, O'D. 1701 (H. 2.12, no. 8 p. 2) = atait secht n-airlenga ariadhat dlighedh etc., 685 ( H 3.17, c. 502 ) = aurleng .i. ainm cléith crai muice, ut est, atatt secht nairlenga ariadhat dliged .i. atatt a sechta uasal-lingitt ar beolaib neich cona roich tobach secha, O'Dav. 125 . In general sense: a n-imdín ar na hairlengaib ármuigi sudden attacks(?), MR 316.20 (`hidden dangers').

aradnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aradnacht or dil.ie/3940

n (aradu) charioteership: Lóeg . . . i n-a farradnacht ┐ Cu Chulaind i n-a erredacht, LU 9287 = ina aradacht , Anecd. iii 51.14 . rogab a fíanerred aradnachta immi, LU 6384 (TBC). bátár téora búada aradnachta forin n-araid, 6407 (ib.).

Cf. araidecht.

athchomarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchomarc or dil.ie/4713
Last Revised: 2013

o vn. of ad-comairc. act of asking, enquiry; request, question: arrufoitea epistli uaidib som co n-aidchomarcaib cucisom gl. questionibus, Wb. 9d14 . ail dam ní d'a.¤ huait, SR 1205 . tiagair di a.¤ Cano, Anecd. i 4.18 . arfoemad . . . aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti `he would sometimes allow holy persons to consult him', Mon. Tall. 135. 23 (§ 23) . manibé nech aile bes lór laiss . . . do athcomarc fris `if there be no one else of sufficient authority for him to consult with', 160.20 (§ 79) . fritamgair céin . . . / . . . / is ed a.¤ is nesam / dūin diar cobhair, ACL iii 294 § 11 . docuas . . . dia athcomarc dia Mathair dus a ndingned olc, YBL 137a21 . no bíd Poir oc a.¤ Alaxandir dona míledu asking the soldiers about A., Alex. 763 . ba hannfhocal d'feraibh Érenn . . . a athcomarc diaroile an . . ., Leb. Gab.(i) 76.24 . acc á.¤ scél ndó, AFM v 1864.4 . Sense not clear in: cia lin a.¤ fil im cach ernail dibh? . . . a tri . . . roscadh ┐ fasach ┐ testemain, Cóic Con. 26 § 3 . Cf. cóir n-athchomairc below.

In phrases. cenn athchomairc chief counsellor: conda ragbat fir Herend do chomarlid ┐ do chind athchomairc dóib, LU 9665 . ticfea in chaindel do muintir Dé . . . bes chenn n-athchomairc don tua[i]th sea .i. Senán, Trip.² 2427 . iarna comairle re cenn athchomairc bes accu, Laws iii 36.17 Comm. co cend n-athchomairc Muman, co brithem Caisil, Ériu iii 140.157 . ceand áthcomhairc Gearaltach, AFM v 1762.1 . ? Cf. co agu athcomairc, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7(8)ab ).

Cóir n-athchomairc, name of one of the procedures used in deciding a law case, see Cóic Con. p. 3 , 10 - 11 . coic conara fugill fegaiter and .i. fir et dliged, cert ┐ techta ┐ coir n-athchomairc, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 . .v. sreth failsigthi na [con]aire fugill is choir n-athchomairc: coir n-athchomairc do-eclannar im cach solam sonaisc, acht ar-dloma deruisc fir foglamma fiss i.e. cóir n-a.¤ is chosen in a case which has been well-prepared and for which suitable guarantees have been given, provided this is the decision of one learned in law, 22 § 18 and p. 80. coic slechta .xx.et in chorusa fine, is ed acarair forin chonair fugill is choir n-athchomairc, 23 § 20. is siat a n-airge . . . raith fri techta, aitiri caomtachta fri coir n-athcomairc, § 21. ┐ ara ind hi as cetharda fris ngaibther athgabail: fir ┐ dligid, cert ┐ techta ┐ coir n-athcomairc; ar in coir n-athcomuirc is ainm coitcend doib uile du i mbeth corai fechemoin fri aithcomarc a breithi don breithemuin, Laws i 258.20 Comm. (cf. Cóic Con. p. 79 ). aidire caomtechta fri coir nathcomairc, 282.8 Comm. ecoir n-athcomairc, Cóic Con. 28R . cis lir gealla athcomairc? .i. o fechemuin ata na gealla so acht da geall o cintach nama, Laws ii 94.y . menma athchomairc `an enquiring mind', Tec. Corm. § 3.6 .

Cen a.¤ without (asking) permission: cach dichmairc .i. cach errach berar o neoch cen athcomarc, Laws ii 352.24 Comm. cen a.¤ don gillu, LU 5551 (TBC). gan a.¤ gan fhiafraigidh dá athair, AFM vi 2230.z . co ná diccseadh aon táirsibh . . . gan a.¤ `without examination', 1896.9 . ístait coin allta do chorp / isin écht gan athc[h]omarc wolves shall eat thy body for this deed without asking questions i.e. without more ado, ZCP xii 391.13 . Hence in sense of permission, consent: ind raibi athcomarc lat? `didst thou ask permission ?' Mon. Tall. 135.28 (§ 24) . munab athcomairc tuaithi teis .i. manab amlaidh dech inte arna a.¤ do da tuaith, O'Curry 2192 ( Eg. 88, 7(8)c ) `unless he goes with the consent of his tribe', Plummer MS. notes.

Sense not clear (perh. guard-house Celtica xviii 98 ) in: cethri doruis airri im-mach / . . . / frisin tetblai . . . / frisin cetna [a]thchomarcc (of the lawn of heaven), SR 407 . tri athchomairc cech doruis / . . . / fri cach clothalt . . . / a.¤ for cach oenmúr, 461 .

bait(h)sed, baisted

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bait(h)sed, baisted or dil.ie/5269
Last Revised: 2019

u, later o, m. vn. of bait(h)sid,

act of baptising; baptism: iarna baitzed, Thes. ii 240.22 (Ardm.). forcital inna ndoine ┐ a mbaithsed, Tur. 49. ni baoi hi crist ni bu go / riseth a leas baithsedho `that would need baptising', Blathm. 169. biathad grinde .i. biad cretme .i. bathais .i. log in baistithi, Laws iii 18.x Comm. do ghabh baisteadh ó Phádraig, Keat. ii 307. sacramaint an bhaisdthe, Parrth. Anma 1775. By extension: a sacramint in bhaisdidh esbaic confirmation , Celtica i 220.350 . do bhaisdeadh ar gceann `cleansing', Dán Dé xxix 9 .

(b) act of naming (generally with ainmm): baisdead anma, Metr. Dinds. iii 414.3 . ba mese ba sacart oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair (i.e. I gave him that nickname), Sc.M² § 12.9 . "Long Mhéig Uidhir" . . . / bhias ar an athluing éachtaigh/ fuair ón Mhanchach baisdeadh binn a name (?), DDána 107.29 . líon baisdidh anma ort (of conferring a title), Aithd. D. 26.17 .

With gentlide, non-Christian cermony of naming; ceremony of circumcision : rugasdar triar mac ... ┐ robaistedh doréir an bhaisteadh geinntlidhe iad, ┐ ba hiad so an anmanna .i. Lochan ┐ Einne ┐ Siluester, RC xiv 28 § 5 . tangadar druídh baidsidhe in meic i ngeintliucht. Gur chansat an mbaithis ngeintlidhe forin mac beg 'druids came to baptize the boy into paganism. They chanted the pagan baptism over the little boy', Cóir Anm.² ii 69 § 264​​ . Issácc mac Abraham ... tuccadh an baistedh genntlidhi air ... doníat na hIdhail a clann do baisted co genntlidhi, Maund. § 94 .

béo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béo or dil.ie/5671
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: béu, béu, mbi, bii, -bíi, béoa, beó, bh, beó, bíe, beoloiti

adj o, ā. In O. Ir. also béu (note n. pr. Beuchell, Sedulius Scottus, Monumenta Germaniae, Traube). See GOI § 204 , § 206 , § 352 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 10b27 . béu, 13d6 , Ml. 44c11 . a s. f. mbi, Laws iv 218.17 Comm. n p m. bii. Wb. 3b6 , -bíi, 3b7 . a pl. béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . duine beó, g s. beó, bh, IGT Decl. § 205. bean beó, g s. beó, bíe, § 139 .

(a) (i) as attrib. living, quick (ii) as predic. adj. alive . (i) eclás Dé bíí, Fél.² i 20. ité uiui in dóini bí, Sg. 39a23 . na heoin beoa do gabail to catch the live birds, TBC-LL¹ 1334. Crist gunig gach mbeathaidh mbi (: eabraidhi) `Christ who controls all living life', Ériu xvii 74 § 8 ( Laws iv 218. 17 Comm. ). gē dosanntaig bhetha[id] mbī / nīr tsechain Rí an alltair ē earthly life, ZCP vii 304.2 . i lámhaibh an Dé bheó (= Dei viventis), TSh. 5397. Of fire: do theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7. Of spring water: benaid in talum . . . ┐ tanic topar usce bíí ass, PH 1338. lively, spirited (of a combat): troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529.

(ii) céin bas mb.¤ in fer gl. uiuit, Wb. 10b23 . is cundubart leu indat bii gl. qui . . . se uiuere nesciunt, ZCP vii 482.12 ( Enchir. Aug. 75b ). an beó do thigerna ? BDD² 1519. ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa `the hostages . . . were buried alive', RC xxiv 184 § 17. madh beo na daoine, Content. xxv 8 . living, alight (of fire): ní béu cid in teni, Trip. 10.17 . For the phr. béo bocht see 1 bocht.

(b) As subst. o, m. a living being; in spiritual or mythological sense an immortal: oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mb. `the Land of Promise of the Living', Wb. 11a19 . dodeochad- . . . a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad, LU 9996. cen sa écnach nach bí `without reviling any living thing', Ériu iii 104 § 40. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bi (bíí, v.l.) bennachtnaib whom the living do not glorify, ZCP xi 97 § 59. totchurethar bíi bithbi the ever-living ones invite you (i.e. Conle, to come to the other-world Land of the Living), LU 10027. is cumma barrurim biu ┐ marbu dó in like manner he enumerated for him the living and the dead, TBC-LL¹ 4761. amail bid bēo nobeith ann, ACL iii 5.15 . do mess for bíu ┐ marbu `to judge the quick and the dead', Ériu ii 194 § 7. gan beó, gan baistedach / aram (leg. ar) bith [c]āemh cé no living creature, ZCP viii 212.15 . beo gach buainchethra, Metr. Gl. 31 § 60. In spiritual sense: créud íad na beóa ar a ttiobharthar breath ? who are the saved (?) who will be judged ? Parrth. Anma 1561.

(c) In phrases. Used with possess. pron. usually in sing.: ní col dó cid less ar mb.¤ et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus etc., Wb. 6b20 . a beō nach óe do breith to bring any of them alive, TBC-I¹ 685. ragaid do beo no do marb you shall go dead or alive, TBC-LL¹ 1224 ( LL 8614 ). beannacht dá mbeó is dá marbh a blessing on them living and dead, Dánta Gr. 3.12 . ní suthain a mbí they do not live long, ZCP vi 261.29 . re na beo fen during his own life, BCC 33.

In phr. i mbíu alive (with gen. or possess. pron.) in the lifetime (of): nī dlegat a ndola i mbiu, Ériu vi 121 § 5. otáam inar[m]bíu / nochotacca cusindíu `since we have been alive', Trip. 140.13 . ar ropo námasom na bíu do Laignib `in his lifetime', RC vi 165.34 ).

(d) the quick of the skin: bheith ag dol i mbeó ar Dhia . . . lé dubháilcibh to cause distress to God, TSh. 2296. tairnge i mbeó (prov.), Hard. ii 408.9 . táirnge a mbeó go raibh ann do bhonn, Éigse vi 6.29 .

See argat.

Compds. With nouns: cenmotha beoalma, Anecd. ii 59.1 . -athair in leg. technical term mac(c) b.¤ -athar son of a living father, hence a son unqualified to make valid contracts: gach mac beoathur nad bi saor a chor, Laws ii 288.7 . trí nata[t] túalaing sainchuir: mac beo-athar, ben aurnadma, dóer flatha, Triads 151 . rucus rāith ar mac ṁbeoathar, ZCP xv 311 § 7. -bethu: mess ┐ beobethu animal fodder, ZCP xii 366.10 ( PRIA xxxvi (1923) 310.5 ). Cf. also ZCP xvi 203 - 204 . ¤búaid: ' sin chrích badba co mbeó-búaid (bladbuaid, v.l.) `of living excellence (?)' (Notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 372.6 . ¤chned: dire beocneidhi `the penalty for a non-mortal injury', BCrólige 39 n. 6 . ¤chride: ni minec bar mearughudh / isin brugh co mbeocraidhi with beating heart, IT iii 89 § 114. As attrib. ar da n-echaib . . . beochridi blenarda, LL 10358. lé clódh beóchroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands' (?), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29. ¤chrod livestock: marggad beochruid bó ┐ (facs.) ech, LL 25108 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 480.1 ). ¤chruth: mic Metusalem do b'fhada bhí a mbeóchruith `in mortal shape', ITS iii 84.24 (1900) . ¤dartaid live calf: [d]ersaid bec beodartaid (beomartaid, v.l.). / mani tugedar (leg. tuigther, note) d'ilbíadaib, Ériu vii 6.12 . ¤dédail (?): Rind ┐ Faebur fegar / cen baegul ria mbeodedail, LL 20341 (untransl. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.6 ). ¤dil (leg. technical term, opposed to marbdil q.v.) animate possessions i.e. livestock: as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile: mad beodile, co n-as ┐ los ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 ( Laws ii 376.2 ). indile (.i. beo dile), O'D. 989 (H. 3.17, 853). ni tascnai fine, na orbu, na beodil, na marbdil `the live chattels', Laws ii 288.3 . ¤ḟedan: beo-ḟeadain . . . for feraib fedair `live carrying' (away on sick maintenance), BCrólige 58 . ¤gasrad: beóghasraidh `vigorous company', Studies 1920, 417. 18 . ¤idbart living offering: amal rundgab in beuidbart sin gl. uitulus, Ml. 87b9 . ¤mainchine service during life: bar mbéomaicne (mbeomainchine, v.l.) ┐ bur marbmaicne (marbmainchine, v.l.), Acall. 3506. ¤thlus livestock: fear ro ba saidhbhre i nErinn a mb.¤ , AFM iv 1128.18 .

Of fire: (?) ¤bruiden burning hostel: adcíat in daigid nduilig / 'na brainig don beó-bruidin (breó-, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iv 236.35 . ¤chaindell: fri beocaindle with burning candles i.e. clear testimonies of witnesses ( Bürgschaft 7 § 3 n. 2), ZCP xiii 20.7 . atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and ro forosnad gae cach rig seven burning candles i.e. certain disastrous events accepted as evidence of his `falsehood,' Laws iv 52.9 . See BCrólige 58 notes. forath ni acair acht beo-cainneall a flaitheas . . . acht an tí dana taithnemach é amail caindill (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. 8 ) mbi .i. mac flatha, ┐ ua aroile, Laws iv 380.3 . ¤grís living flame: co ro bheathaidhsiot beóghrís a seangomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . an tshacramuint-si . . . do bheith 'na béoghrís gacha subhāilce dhamh `stimulant' (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5122. ¤luisne burning flame, brand: ar clann Fheóraisne sa n-eachra / b.¤ i n-am debtha díbh, IGT Decl. ex. 179. ¤theine blazing fire: fúair bás ┐ beó-thenid (breo-, v.l.) `he met death in fatal fire' (viz. the burning of Bruiden Da Choca), Metr. Dinds. iv 236. 16 .

With adjj. derived fr. nouns: ¤bríathrach of living words: bennacht Brenainn beobhriathraigh, Anecd. ii 32 § 3. ¤tharrach, ¤thlusach possessed of live-stock: gnithi manach beothlusach, O'Dav. 1530.

With vnn., life-, (while) living: ¤élud (in Laws, in contr. with mairb-élud) abandoning, evading while living (the obligations of tenancy): fri beo-eludh, ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ( Laws ii 228.16 ). ¤léiciud: (of ensuring discharge of liabilities between co-tenants) sith aili no beolegud nascaither na smacta so iarsin `living deposits i.e. witnesses' (Mann. and Cust. i cxcii n. 347), O'Curry 31 (H. 3.18, 13a). ¤scarad (of the termination of a contract between flaith and tenant in the lifetime of the parties) separation during life: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312.21 ).

As intensive prefix oft. meaning deadly: ¤chobra speech before death, farewell: beochobra Con Culaind isind ló fúair bás, LL 13845.

With second element expressing action causing danger to or deprivation of life. ¤bág: a topur na tonn táide / moambí bocur beó-báige `round which hung a threat of mortal import' (sic leg. Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 344.8 . ¤gletin deadly (?) combat: ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin `mortal in conflict', Metr. Dinds. iv 188.24 . ¤marb slain: co fagbaindse a n-eltae beómarbae isnaib slébib, LU 9321. ¤chorach: flaith Dúine Bárc beó-choraig `of deadly-hurling D.B.', Metr. Dinds. iv 8.32 . ¤gonaid, ¤gonaigid wounds but doesn't kill (?), to the quick: bertatar cloic (sic) cach fir beógaíti leo ass, LU 8003 (BDD). māth bēoguin rogonae nech `a life-wound ', Cáin Ad. 44. R. do dul beoghonta dia thigh `severely wounded', AFM iv 690.3 . créad do bheoghnuigh snódh na gréine ? `what has deformed the features of the sun ?' O'Rah. 146.2. ¤loitte, ¤loittithe severely, fatally wounded: beoloiti, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 . rucad Conn beoloitide forin nGrencha .. . et sepulerunt , 1411.28 . ¤marbad act of slaying, killing: do bhualadh ┐ do bheomharbhadh to knock down and kill (viz. cattle), AFM v 1470.15 . ¤thollad act of piercing to the quick: beara . . . ré beó-tholladh bocht-anam ann, TSh. 6677.

With first element bí- see bícherb, bíchim.

2 bertaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bertaid or dil.ie/5739

v (bert) brandishes, flourishes; shakes, tosses; makes quake (some of follg. exx. perh. to be taken as forms of beirid): fer borb bertas bróengó, MU² 486. b.¤ a echlasc bar in sluag, 692 . no bertatís a tengtha ina cendaib (of serpents), Alex. 726. Fig.: bertsait mórgnimu noí meic Carbada uill, LL 13466. ? fri boidb hi mbroí bertas (rhet.), BDD² 1043. ? bertfaid mór ō Laignib milliud a báiguil, ZCP xii 236 § 55. con crothsat ┐ con bertsat in talmain caused the ground to shake and quake, TBC-LL¹ 3385. bertais a druimm fria sliss in rīgt[h]ige `he pressed his back against', MacCongl. 53.2 . bertais a s[h]altair essi, 59.18 . bertais uaid anes do Sleib Mairge `he hurled it' (a spear), RC v 202 § 24. go ro bertsatar (co rucsat.v.l.) iṅgni na tarb ferchubat fir i talmain é arna bás (`trampled him', TBC-LL² 4881 ), TBC-LL¹ 6155. Fig. ? bertaid -si aichni aicbeil forin scel sin, ┐ teid a ciall uaiti `turned a terrified attention', Aen. 791.

2 bothach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bothach or dil.ie/6437

n o, m. (2 both) cottier, crofter . In Laws `a tenant at will who receives land (and doubtless stock also) from a flaith in return for uncertain services . . . the b.¤ is not bound to the soil, but may terminate the relationship by giving notice to his landlord,' Críth G. p. 78 , see also p. 93 , Cóic Con. p. 77 , Ir. Recht 81 - 83 , ZCP xiv 375 § 38. Later commentaries make a distinction between sóerb.¤ as opposed to doérb.¤ , see compds. s.v. doír, 1 saer. The distinction may be purely schematic, Críth G. p. 78 , and see Thurneysen, Cóic Con. 78 § 54. ma beith fognum diib do ḟlaithib co nómad n-aó, it bothaig it fuidri; it senchléithe íarmithá, Críth G. 327 (the b.¤ and the fuidir whose ancestors have rendered uncertain service for nine generations (gíallnae éislinne, p. 97) in return for occupation of the same lands became hereditary serfs (sennchléithe) tied to that land). gach fuidir, Laws v 512.1 .i. daer a athair ┐ a sen-athair . . . .i. saer-fuidir fri re ndeisi; daer- b.¤ isin tres fir; sen-cleithi isin cethrumad fir, 11 Comm. is urocra[ig] gach fuidir, gach b.¤ `. . . every cottier . . . are as persons proclaimed' ( i.e. are unqualified to make a contract, Thurn., ZCP xiv 375 § 38 ), Laws ii 288.6 . cor . . . for b.¤ (contract which cannot be enforced), H 3.18, 20b28 ( ZCP xiii 23.27 , Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). trí cuir tintaiter do réir britheman: cor mná ┐ micc ┐ bothaich, Triads 150 . bothaig ┐ fudir ┐ senchlethi flatha . . . do acrau forin chonair fugill is techta, Cóic Con. 21 § 16. is donafinib tacair seo biti bothaig (glossed .i. daerbothaig) ┐ fuidir ┐ senclethi, H 3.18, 227b9 ( O'Curry 413 ). in daerfuidir, ┐ in daer-b., ┐ in sen-clethi . . . taithmither a sochur-sidhi ┐ a ndochur uile, . . . ar indligi doib cuir no cunnartha do denum i n-a n-egmuis (sc. a cend), Laws v 286.23 Comm. saorb. .i. saor a bothachus re ré (sic leg., ed.) samraid ar ferann neth ele ag caitham feoir ┐ uisce, ┐ nocha-fuil ní uadha donti aga-ta acht loim a bo. Daorb. é isin cethramad fir, ┐ con-ic dul ó gach fir do fir itir a fine budein tall ┐ nocha-cumaing tiachtain asti amach, Cóic Con. 22 § 17 (Comm.).

brúitemail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brúitemail or dil.ie/7133

adj (brúit) brute, brutish: foran anmann mbruidemhail . . . forin asal, BNnÉ 10.20 . sech na hainmigib brúidemla, PH 7458. is brúideamhuil é = he . . . is brutish, Proverbs xii 1. nádúir . . . ainmhidhe bhrúideamhuil, Mac Aingil 513 . co bruidimail `savage' (inhabitants of sixth zone of earth), Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.14 .

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle (i.e. husband, Thurn.), ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

1 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cert or dil.ie/8787
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cirt, ceirt, ceart, cirt, cearta

(Lat. certus). As adj. o, ā.

(a) correct, right, proper, fitting : is ámin tra as c.¤ in testimin-so, Ml. 62c7 . ni c.¤ ind ḟlesc sa huasind .m., Sg. 40b16 . foraice c.¤ `genau richtiger Wert', Cóic Con. 50 § 98 (see below under subst. use). cona tochmaghad a choir cirt, Ériu xiii 17.16 = c.¤ , O'Dav. 378 . cen claind cirt without ordinary children, LU 4305 ( SG 84.30 ). nocho ch.¤ na cubaid `it was not right or fitting', CRR 30.9 . nó go n-aimsear an uair cheart the destined hour, Dán Dé xvii 9 . stiúir cheart . . . na g-cóigeadhach (of a person), ML 86.7 . ní ceart d'ēinneach a rádh . . . it is wrong to say, Párl. na mB. 58 .

(b) fair, just : bad ch.¤ do cluchi frim fight fair, LU 5228 . breth ch.¤ , LL 30395 . comrama . . . / Cerbaill c[h]irt na náem `just', RC xxix 211 § 7 ( LL 6720 ).

(c) Of material objects etc. straight, even: sreth-linedha certa coiri, CCath. 5285 (`small', cf. 2 cert). baill certa comcoire, BB 427b15 . cetra colamna certa `straight', Stair Erc. 1377 . gersat certa . . . cimsa . . . catha, MR 254.4 . tennbhuille c.¤ casúir, IGT Decl. ex. 913 . dlúthmhong cheart, DDána 99.32 . slighe . . . cam cheart ` symmetrical ', Magauran 909 .

(d) Of numbers, quantities etc. exact, precise: co colainderce c.¤ `exact amount', Bretha 23 . da fítt ch.¤ chutrume `two exactly equal rations', Mon. Tall. 161.9 (§ 80) . deich mbliadna certa, BB 53a6 . tricha tren[ḟ]er ar cet c.¤ , MacCarthy 28.2 .

(e) Adv. ci[u]rt cóir `properly and rightly', cited GOI 239 from Laws ii 306.5 ( ZCP xiv 379 ). ní fail doruirme co c.¤ ` rightly ', Thes. ii 344.1 (Hy.v). cet co c.¤ `a hundred exactly', MacCarthy 314.z . go ceart indeed, Content. vi 242 . go ceart rómhad `straight before thee', Proverbs iv 25 .

(f) Compar. ní foigbe . . . / félire bas certu, Fél. Ep. 148 . nī turmi sechtu nach sūi / bas certu atá cōe, ZCP v 499 § 10 . is certiu in dedenach `more exact', Auraic. 1134 . an mbía duine marbhthach ní as ceirte ná Día?, Job iv 17 . is ceirtidde in chomāirim, ZCP iii 18.2 .

As subst. o, n. m., IGT Decl. § 63 (g s. cirt and ceirt, d s. ceart and cirt etc.). Cf. g s. cearta, Maguires of F. 95 . i or ā (dar ceirt, Cog. 56.11 ), ZCP xlix-l 619 .

(g) the right, what is proper, correctness : ar amainse ar chirt ar calmatus, LU 10300 (see also s. 2 cert). c.¤ cen tinne, ZCP viii 196 § 14 . misi robai for in cirt, YBL 173a16 . Cf. SG 70.13 . ceart na riaghla `fulfilling of the law', A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 1 . ceart ag duine is bheith go bocht, Dán Dé xxvii 27 . ar cheart ar chumas n-adhbhann ` correctness ' (of harping), Studies 1920, 98 § 9 . ó cheart `rightly', Content. vi 155 . ón cheart, xxiii 3 . an chalann do-chuaidh tar ceart which has transgressed, DDána 44.2 . do réir chirt, Rev. xix 11 . ? cach aen bereas(?) c.¤ cirt, LB 220b59 .

(h) In phr. ina chirt, i cirt, c.¤ properly, rightly, as is fitting : mac in tṡaír a llus in táil / do chumma in chláir ina chirt (: ṡlicht) `aright', Ériu ix 49 § 28 . firfes firindi ina cirt fri dala deithbiri, YBL 181a2 ( SG 254.23 ). is amlaidh so . . . anas dian aireng in-a cirt coir gan impod, BB 289b20 . dia mbe hi cciort, Leb. Gab.(i) 46.28 . atá ina cc.¤ le ceile (of a pact), BNnÉ 251.11 . co roibi ingen do righ paganta a c.¤ aigi `was his lawful wife', ZCP vi 289.16 .

(i) In quasi-legal sense of right, claim, entitlement : Lebor na Cert, title of tract on rights and privileges of kings, see BR and BR2. fris-saighe a cc.¤ , Ériu xiii 34.6 . dofet a c.¤ certaib `her rights', Laws i 124.10 . fer . . . saiges a ch.¤ do cech oén la Ultu, LU 8148 . ag tabairt cirt do Chríst cháidh `rendering an account', Manners and Customs ii 63.y . do bhean ceart díot an duine, Dán Dé xxviii 17 . dála, ceart, daingin orra, `Espousals', Eg. Gl. 243 . With follg. gen. c.¤ n-athar ┐ seanathar, BDD² 163 . augtar . . . / sluindfes c.¤ clainne C., Fing. R. 866 . c.¤ cech cōicid, ACL iii 303 § 5 . c.¤ cech ríg `tribute', KMMisc. 260 § 1 . ó chiort na gcuradh, Content. xxx 22 . i gceart a mháthar `in right of his mother', Keat. ii 5138 . go n-díoghlainn mo chomhdhaltadha fair . . . a g-ciort chloidhimh by the sword, ML 110.3 . With follg. prep. muna ḟuil ceart ag óigh air `rights as against Him', Aithd. D. 86.18 . c.¤ Maodhócc ar shluag Mhancach, BNnÉ 248 § 202 . mo cheart ar an tír, Maguires of F. 90 . ceart cinnte . . . ar ré shíordhaidhe d'fhagháil absolute right to, TSh. 529 . ceart . . . ré coimhéad, 5130 . ná sir c.¤ a cumhail deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1238 . gan c.¤ . . . do bheth ag nech in aoinní `right . . . in any thing', RSClára 146b .

(j) justice, fair dealing : luid co chinel do c.¤ friu `to demand justice', Laws i 70.9 Comm. na tair chucum dar firc., TBC-LL¹ 3491 . gidh tréan thú ní chuinge acht ceart, Dán Dé xxvii 14 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. 61 . do cheart = iustitia, TSh. 4813 . a gille, ar siad, inn gabaid coma no c.¤ uainn?, ZCP xiii 240.11 .

For daimid c.¤ see daimid.

With dliged: tar ceart no dligedh, Laws ii 70.2 . conid he sin c.¤ ┐ dliged lenait saxain for goedelu, Fél.² clxxxvii 9 .

(k) As technical term used of one of several legal processes: coic conara fugill . . . c.¤ , Cóic Con. 15 § 1 (`genau richtig'). cuir ┐ cundartha etc. d'acrau forin conair fugill is c.¤ , 20 § 13 . tacra cutrumma for cirt, 24 § 26 . bid c.¤ im cotomus folada etc. the legal process c. shall apply in the case of equal assessment of objects, 50 § 98 . For etymologies see 29 § 13 .

(l) With follg. gen. proper arrangement or procedure, correct way of doing something .: ni dāmair c.¤ catha doib fair battle, b. according to the rules of war(?), Rawl. 131b45 . See LL 4902 , ML² 946 . o cirt cobrainne `by just partition', Laws iv 44.8 . c.¤ comlaind, LL 33979 . tré cheart gcomhráidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 6 . c.¤ crandcair, BB 244b34 . c.¤ imthechta, MR 318.23 . c.¤ natha,. Ériu xiii 18.16 (in list of metr. terms). Note also : c.¤ sléibe Fúait `true story', Metr. Dinds. iv 168.44 .

(m) Freq. in IGT as technical term declensional form (of noun or verbal noun): na crotha dona ceartuibh ó mbeantur comhfhocal, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.17) . cáoladh ceirt (e.g. lámh, don láimh), § 14 (6.11) . feabhas, fiú, féin, dég (an áirmhe), focuil gan cheart indeclinables, § 122 . greagh, c.¤ lethan tríd sis as cóir aige, Decl. § 45 . c.¤ persan mar sin sís aige (after forms of eadradh), § 49 . scológ (ceart baininnsgne aigi) is inflected like a feminine, § 12 . tegmáil . . . c.¤ ar a comair air féin aigi, Verbs § 2 . faigsin etc. . . . cirt ar a comair aca, § 4 . bleagan ┐ dligsin (dít), inand gabaid acht ar a certuibh i.e. the verbs are conjugated in the same way but their verbal nouns belong to different types, § 36 .

(n) Less freq. in sense of correctness, permissibility , somet. opposed to canamain anomalous (form): trí mairg, cóir do chiort, trí mharg, cóir do chanamhain, IGT Introd. § 18 (8.31) . úaibreach do chanamhain atá, úabrach an c.¤ , IGT Decl. § 17 . .c. .d. neith ceirt ┐ canamna, Verbs § 45 . imram, imirt . . . a ndénmas .n. cirt, § 101 . .d. .n. cirt ┐ canamna, § 112 .

(o) In chevilles: as gach ciort, SG 35.24 . ní cói ceirt, Metr. Dinds. iv 164.27 . dia do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356.1 .

In compds. usually straight, direct, exact, precise, less frequently right, just, proper.

With nouns. ¤agaid. Usually in prep. phr. with i, ar: i certagaidh na gáithe directly against the wind, CCath. 3927 . tarla do D. . . . ina chertagidh met him face to face, ZCP xiv 240.8 . dēnamh ar a gcert-agaidh go F. straight ahead, Fl. Earls 24.28 . Note also: du-s-rat a chert-aghaidh . . . forsan athair `it turned its . . . face on the father', 136.25 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig hi certairdi from the very top of his head, LU 6475 . ūas an mbaile a certairde right up over the stead, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . ni hicthar ni fris acht certaithgin, Laws v 254.18 Comm. iar certbliadain, Rawl. 76a36 . certbrecad ┐ ollbrecad, IT iii 76 § 40 (see p. 131 and breccad). M. . . . an ceirtbhreitheamh `just judge', Keat. ii 3658 . confad C. ┐ a cheart-bhriathra, MR 160.20 . certchaictighis ó maireach, Cog. 104.34 . fa ceart-comair a craide directly in front of, MR 260.14 . ceartchosair ceithri ndroṅg, BDD² 811 (`a proper litter', Gloss.). sechtmoga mac . . . / achertchúmma d'ingenaib exact equivalent, SR 1972 . c. cumal `an exact c.', Bretha 31 . na chertdegaid directly after him, LL 15318 . no gur comroinnestair . . . a craide ar certdō dō in two equal halves, MR 260.16 . Duan. F. i 35 . for cert-druim in cat[h]a, CCath. 4881 . a cúic do cert duibh to an all-black (cow), O'Gr. Cat. 145.11 . ina c[h]ertḟar[r]adh, ZCP viii 210.31 . ceart-fheadh na n-arm . . . eatorra, ML 84.28 . nert C. certfir .i. ind ḟir cheirt, Gorm. Apr. 18 and gl. trī ceirtfichit muc mór exactly sixty, Ériu xvii 20 § 13 . ¤gáe see separate article. i certghuin cath, BB 53a25 . certiarraid exact fosterage-fee, Laws iii 312.12 Comm. an ceirtiomagallaimh, Ériu xiii 36.21 . certimain `proper driving', Laws i 288.11 Comm. na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh cóir féin taranais arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . cert-láech a true warrior, MU² 538 . ar certlár mo thaige very middle, LL 38552 . rochaith a chertleth (i.e. of the apple), MacCarthy 46.16 . is a certlogh dic `exact value', Laws iv 250.21 Comm. certmac oglaigh `an average son' (Plummer MS. notes) Cf. ceartmhac, `fils légitime', Études Celt. xii 524 , oppd. to ardmhac o., O'Curry 285 ( H 3.18, 157 ). ina certmedón right in the middle of it, LU 2057 . dar certmedōn hĒrenn, Corp. Gen. 206.14 . atchiu clothrig . . . / cotngaib inna chertraind . . . / o crund co fraig who divides it equally(?), LU 7375 (of Conaire. `exact share', BDD2 Gloss.). co certsála sís right down to the heels, BDD² 1268 . ro an ina certsesam, Stair Erc. 350 . cearttharsna ar aicme ailme `straight across for group A' (of fingers across shin-bone in cossogam), Auraic. 5783 . do cert-tochus `of his exact property', Laws v 32.21 Comm. curson comnart certtrebtha, Leb. Cert.² 156.5 . certtrícha ruaid-each, 8.10 .

With adjj. an crios corr, ceart-bhláith, MR xiv 7 . certinann ré exactly the same period, Anecd. i 26 § 11 . a Chrīst chóeim certgenmnaid `truly chaste', Ériu iii 14 § 10 . at chonnarc and Coin Culaind certlaín `perfect', Études Celt. v 155.27 . in tan ata certnua in cin. No ata certnua in cro recent(?), O'Curry 609 ( H 3.18, 297 ). ni coir gnuis bidbaid itir crú ceartnua .i. is nua in fala no go lesaighther, 2282 ( Eg. 88, 21 (22)a ).

With adjj. formed from nouns: a chomhdail an Airdrígh certbreathaigh just, RC xxviii 326 § 23 . certbriathrach (of a judge), Irish Texts iv 27.2 . eannach . . . ceart-foirgneamhach `well-fashioned', MR xiv 13 . i pongc ceirtmedonach an domain, YBL 169a3 . certronnach `justly-dividing', Gorm. 16 gl .

With verbs: c.¤ gabais Congal Cairpri's in comlund, MR 244.4 . is follus as sin co nach certtiaghait (-tuicit?) lucht in Uraicepta-sa co mbad e Laidin . . . , Auraic. 1127. 4047 .

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

coinnem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coinnem or dil.ie/10359
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: coinnme, coinnme, coinneamh

n ā, f. (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 370 ). Later also cu-. ? n s. coinnme, ZCP xii 290.20 . d s. coinnme, ZCP vii 303 § 2 . coinneamh f., IGT Decl. § 54 . tred ┐ coindiumh (in list of collectives), Metr. Faults § 133 .

(a) visiting company, guest(s); band : condmaib gīall with bands of hostages, Bruchst. 49 § 107 = AFM i 516.y . ni riacht mo choindem dia tig, YBL 173a18 = SG 70.40 . rop í in ch.¤ nemnech námat, LL 38433 ( SG 373.37 ). 'na connim comthrúaig, SR 3458 . coinnm[h]e a-níarana, Bard. Synt. Tr. 218.9 . cuindme coccuidh im cricha `hosts of war around borders', ZCP i 112.7 . lán an chnuic do choinnmhibh `troops on coigny' (cf. next section), Magauran 3564 . in coinneamh `the soldiery', Duan. F. ii 12 § 38 . le frestal clíar is coinnemh, BNnÉ 282.6 . gach oen do marbad a chonme `his guest', ALC i 226.10 . fil dál coinnme naeimhe dabhar saigidh si, BNnÉ 326.9 . coinnmi do rīarad, ZCP vii 304 § 16 . Later in phr. i c.¤ (with -bh, cf. i coinne) to meet, against : 'na cuinnibh, Párl. na mB. 1306 . i gcoinnibh an chaise, Ó Bruad. iii 170.4 . ní ráidhim-se . . . aon rud n-a choinnibh, O'Rah. 112.z . Cf. gluais . . . / ga ccoinnibh re marched to fight against, Rel. Celt. ii 254.7 .

(b) In technical sense (right to) free billetting, `coigny': iss ead facbaidh in coindem cuirter dia caithem fo aicnedh na flatha; faesam im̄ fo' naicned fein facbaid in coindem forin flatha, CIH iii 850 8 . coinnmhe L. . . . / . . . / tug díoth ar gach ndoire `coigny for men of L.', Magauran 3548 . Ros M. do saoradh . . . ar choinnimh ríogh flatha `from regal coigny (cess)', AFM ii 1148.1 . ar coinnimh do Chill Chonna / cuirsiom bonna fri médhe `for their coigny', i 330.w . cethrur ┐ triar for condaím, Irish Texts i 20 § 10 . Transf.: coindem craidhi `heart's support' (of a piece of good fortune), Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.21 . Cf. do chóirigetar cuinnemh, 51.16 .

comla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comla or dil.ie/11379
Last Revised: 2013

n (-ae) d. f. (cf. con-luí). IGT Decl. § 7 .

Valve of door, window, etc.; lid; covering: c.¤ .i. com-lūt[h] .i. coma lūas tūas ┐ tīs, Corm. Y 236 . haec valua c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 125 . comhla .i. comlá thís ┐ túas, Ériu xiii 67 § 75 . comhla = a gate, portcullis, grate , Eg. Gl. 140 . tech miodhchuarta . . . dronchaol a ch.¤ , Ériu xiii 40.16 . im comhlaidh a thighe, 14.22 = imcomlainn, O'Dav. 376 . cosmail comlaid ōir / ūë Luirc Labraid, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 30 . di brisiud a chomlad (-ai, v.l.), Críth G. 214 . im ocht mbullu ara-fognat muilenn … comla concerning the eight parts that serve a mill … the sluicegate Studies on Early Ireland 14 . derc hi cinn na cobla `at the end of the door', Cáin Ad. 2 . c.¤ for cach senisteir, SR 188 . di senistir déc and co comlathaib glainidib fríu, LU 8733 ( FB 55 ). tech . . . eter fraig ┐ lár ┐ chomlada, Fing. R. 418 . córaigis comlaid cen chol / forin tiprait `lid', Metr. Dinds. iv 66.y . noco ndech c.¤ fri haieór (of an impossible eventuality), ZCP viii 111.15 . c.¤ umaide, LB 152b2 . comhladha gloinidhe, Ériu iii 156.20 . do sithlaighthi iatt tresin comloith n-io[i]rn amail ciaro tré línanairte, Aisl. Tond. 97.7 . mé ar cúlaibh a comhladh (of heaven), DDána 37.30 . cor eich ní chaigle go comhlaidh `thou dost . . . drive . . . Thy steed up to Hell's gates', Aithd. D. 77.27 . a raibhe ó slabhradh na comhladh asteach (of castle), AFM v 1638.14 . caithfe an dorus dá chomhlaidh do bheith air = two sides, RSClára 27b .

Extended applications: rogab iarum att in ingen . . . ┐ rodún a comlaid conustacht a hanail `her door' (uvula ?), Dinds. 21 = comlaich, LL 27722 . comhla dearc súlchorr Sadhbha eye-lid , DDána 99. 32 . ar comlaid na slige the door giving on to the road. Cymmr. xiv 104.11 . mo cumachta a comlaid mo chlaidim, TTebe 1309 v.l. (comlai[n]d, text). a ch.¤ sciath na Héirenn (to a shield). ACL ii 146.26 . Duan. F. i 34.11 . Fig. comhla an bháidh `the door of love', Aithd. D. 71.10 . lé comhlaidh chean, TSh. 1651 . eochair an cheóil ó sa ch.¤ (of a harp), Manners and Customs iii 258 n. Freq. protection, shelter : Petur . . . / . . . / mo ch.¤ nach camm. KMMisc. 256.14 . c.¤ cōicthi thūaiscirt hĒrenn, TBC-I¹ 3338 . do sgiath réidh, comhla na gcríoch, Magauran 2071 . a chuilinn . . . / a c[h]omhla re gáoith shelter against, BS 66.6 . comhla re fearuibh fiach, O'R. Poems 683 . Note also: comhla re rún ríogh Teamhra / síol Eadhra ar cúl na comhla, O'Hara 3961 - 2 (see n.). Of warriors: c.¤ ergaile, LU 4842 (TBC). ina c[h]omlaidh chothai[g]the curad (of warrior) `protecting door-valve', Fianaig. 86.9 . in c.¤ catha, Cog. 188.6 . Cf. a c.¤ catha . . . .i. a scieth, CCath. 4721 . in Chomla Chatha Cheltchair, LL 12514 ( Ériu iv 28 ). As n. pr.: trí meic Ersand ┐ Chomlod, BDD 1345 .

córaigid, cóirigid, cóirgid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. córaigid, cóirigid, cóirgid or dil.ie/12420

Forms: córugud, córaigthe

v (cóir) arranges, sets in order, sets up , etc. with a wide variety of objects: coros córaigea in brithem . . . isna sostaib, LU 1999 ( FA 6 ). amal ros-córaigset tair / na túatha, Metr. Dinds. iii 442.33 . coraigis comlaid . . . / forin tiprait, LL 19908 . ro-chóraigset a n-etaige for in sligid, PH 4618 . docoirged co dingbala hē he was fittingly lodged, ZCP xiv 147.2 . racoraig L. a moiṅg dar a aiss, RC iii 182.1 . do chóirig a línta, Acall. 4428 . inti choruidus in cloch o durn `who dresses', Laws ii 232.13 Comm. gur cóirigheadh lé leaba, DDána 120.19 . choiréchat-sa mo catha `that I will array my battalions', MR 178.22 . coraighther na cuislenna the pipes are tuned, Manners and Customs iii 215 n.

With objects denoting more abstract ideas: ro chóirgetar . . . in feall, Fianaig. 70.22 . in baill ar coraiged teascad in tarra, Laws ii 240.3 Comm. córaigium . . .uile ord ar mbethad, PH 7882 . do cóirged mar is cubaidh / an cóirged d' U Ch., IGT Verbs ex. 475 . go ccóraighthear inn go hinnmheodhanach that we may be justified inwardly, Luc. Fid. 3407 . cōirigim co teastaiginn an cuingill dēiginach dīb sin = ponamus quod deficiat etc., RSláinte 3154 .

Of making peace: córaigmitni . . . ┐ sídaígmít in macraid friseom iar sin, LU 4921 . ? ro chóraig cach caṅgin ┐ cech n-imresain. ro boí acco settled, LL 1477 .

Vn. córugud. Part. córaigthe.

cúar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúar or dil.ie/13349
Last Revised: 2013

adj o, ā curved, bent, crooked : c.¤ .i. cam, O'Cl. Met. Gl. 17 § 44 .

(a) Of weapons, implements: ras tarraing da corránaib crúaidi cuara cromṡrona (of spear of Saturn), LL 31773 ( TTr. 962 ). glēs a hindeón comdad c.¤ `of . . . bent anvils', Hail Brigit 9 ( LL 7180 ).

(b) Of physical features and attributes of humans, etc. a asnada cuara curata `curved . . . ribs', TTebe 1017 . leccu chūar `eine schiefe Backe', Bruchst. 64 ( IT iii 82 § 64 ). nār cuar rus . . . (rhet.), Ériu ii 28 § 11 . beara (.i. lāmha) . . . is cūar (.i. cumang) crobh (.i. glac) (B. na f.), ZCP v 484 § 6 . Of natural feature: forin chnuc c.¤ `on the swelling hill', Metr. Dinds. iv 184, Benn Codail 7. Of an ailment: crithgalar cuar, Ériu xviii 72 § 65 .

(c) As subst. in phr. c.¤ cummaisc twisted mass; mixum gatherum; something scattered about (cf. cáer): c.¤ cumaisg .i. ní fa gcuairt no cruinn, O'Cl. doróine cuar-cumuisc don muir (of ships in battle), CCath. 1967 . carracc . . . doníth cuarcumaisc iter ḟeóil ┐ cnaim do cech corp cusa roisedh `a perverse mingling', 1860 . go ndéinid brúirech ┐ cuar commbuaidheartha cumaisg dhíobh, TSh. 6697 .

As n. pr. the Crooked (One): C.¤ , LL 21620 (taken as adj. c.¤ ` crooked ', Met. Dinds. Gloss.). Suibhe mac Colmain Cuaír, BCC 354 (380.20) . ? cless Caitt ┐ cless Cuair, Ériu iv 30.8 ( LL 12543 ) Cuar, RC xi 448.77 . cles Cúair, LU 8442 ( FB2 § 30) ; see cúar. In n. loc. oc Dún Chuair, Metr. Dinds. iv 316.1 .

Compds. With nouns. ic cassadcengal a cuarbel im certmedon da sliasat inn airdrigh `circular openings' (of greaves), CCath. 5210 . croimsgiath, no cuairsgíath .i. sgiath cham, O'Cl. cúarscéith chredumai foraib, LU 7087 `curved, or round (?), shields', BDD² Gloss . sleg cuarrind, YBL 41b15 . an nuimhear . . . nár shatail i gcuairshlighthibh `never trod crooked ways', Ó Bruad. iii 170.5 . With adj. and adj. derived from noun: gusan ccael ccuarchumhang (strait of a lake) `curving and narrow' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 30.24 . a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaigh cuarlubanaigh with curling loops, IT iii 98 § 160 .

In other compds. With noun and vb. a chromchuarcholtur co lecain camaill `his crooked, bent coulter', etc. (of Samson), Ériu v 156.201 . ? rochiarchuar crapcremsetar, IT iii 102.2 (§ 184) .

1 cumang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cumang or dil.ie/13814
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cumacc, cumoc, cumhag, cumhang

o (see GOI 448 ) vn. of con-icc. Also cumacc (ibid. 354 ), and later co-. cumoc, YBL 180a21 (= c.¤ , RC vi 175.54 ). d. pl. cumgaib, UR 36.11 . cumhag, cumhang m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.19) . Verbs § 53 .

Power, ability, strength : cumhang .i. neart no cumhachta, O'Cl. iarsinchumung bess lib, Wb. 16c19 . asririusa moch.¤ darfar cenn gl. superimpendar ipse pro animabus uestris, 18a14 . ba hénirt ar c.¤ , Fél. Ep. 9 . nísmbói . . . do chumacc a mmbo do imain, Vita Br. 24 . bidh fann a c.¤ , ZCP viii 110.11 . co ructha a eich hi cumugg la C. were taken in charge, Trip.² 1665 . sáerthar lat in domnach cech c.¤ rotbé dó `with all your might', Ériu ii 204.12 . dollotar do imbert a cumaiṅg frisin slōg, TBC-I¹ 2195 . dobérmais ar cumaṅg ica thessarggain, LL 36680 . budh calma a c.¤ san / bud caol a[r] cumaing-ne, ZCP viii 207. 13 - 14 . a chumhang gidh cia do-bheir / do-gheibh Dia ar ubhall nó ar uibh whoever gives what he can, DDána 42.36 = IGT Verbs ex. 466 . ic techt i ngábudh dar cend cumaing in a superhuman effort (?), TTr.² 1367 = ZCP xxx 69.1367 . ni ragar neach tara c.¤ `no one is fined beyond his power', Laws v 466.23 . ? issedh mesraigus breithem a cumach (sic) do gill do cach, iv 36.21 Comm. nad inarban iar fis, focumac `having power to do so', iii 8.z .i. fo c.¤ iar mbeth a fesa aice, 10.8 Comm. ní ba sindadh nó aoradh fogniset, acht(?) gut prut fo comung, H 3.18, 755.1 . don ch.¤ conicc `to the extent of his power', Ériu iii 106.1 . co cumunc cecha mnā chena `with whatever every other woman is able to give', Cáin Ad. 23 .

Attrib. g s. fer comaic móir, LU 7578 (BDD). co clú chumaiṅg Delga osin dind, LL 16748 . ba cemmend cumaiṅg, LL 746 = comaind, BB 28b40 . With follg. obj. gen.: gan c.¤ treabhtha, BNnÉ 294.16 . L. . . . ina cc.¤ catha `in battle array', Cog. 214.w . ni linne acumacc `we have no power over her', RC iii 346.8 . cumhang molta mhóir `the power to praise', Dán Dé xxix 27 .

In various constructions with copula and subst. vb.: ma beid hibar cumung gl. si potest fieri quod ex uobis est, Wb. 5d32 . ni fuil i c.¤ . . . do duine it is not in man's power, Laud 610, 12b cited Plummer MS. notes = i comand, PH 97 . cona baoi ina cc.¤ soadh for cúlaibh, Hugh Roe² 156.3 . ni bái c.¤ la M. dó, BNnÉ 294.17 . atá dhá cheird ar mo chumhang I am master of two trades, Bard. P. 17.31 . nímbái c.¤ cena I . . . was unable, Imr. Brain ii 291.1 . dober índi iscumung do / bó, IT iii 18.20 . ro thionóil sidhe ina mbaoí ina cumhang `all the forces under his command', AFM vi 1876.1 . níta cumacc do cháingním `it is not able to do well', Wb. 4a6 . nim thā cumac día aisnéis, LU 9234 . níp thá cumac dó, 1471 (MU). ní bái a c.¤ dó, BNnÉ 10.16 . ? nir chumhang air .i. nir bhó chumhachtach é, O'Cl. ? is trúag mo chumaṅg -sa rib, TFerbe 607 . ní fil c.¤ i n-a n-anmannaib ocaind, PH 2055 . ? Predic. g s. in mheit as cumhuing leo do freasdul, Marco P. 36 . ní chumuing la Caracorum bar congbail `it is not possible for C. to contain you', 28 . ós tú an rí as cumhaing dá clódh `able to control her', Aithd. D. 81.10 . ? Hence adv.: in t-í dogéna cech maith co cumaing, PH 8089 .

Gramm. function, force : innandobriathar asanairberar cumaṅg ainmmde `a nominal force', Sg. 39a26 . cumaṅg nominisuerbi `power', 148b5 . caite deochair eter a c.¤ ┐ a nert? A c.¤ . . . Intan gabaid guth a n-ænur (of letters), Auraic. 965 - 6 . lanchumang i fedaibh, ┐ c.¤ a forfedaibh, ┐ egumang a muitibh, 1209 . dobeir c.¤ fedha forin son, 436 . c.¤ i forfedaib, 5456 .

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