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1 airecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airecht or dil.ie/1904
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oireacht

n u m. Later also f. Peritia v 91-92 . oireacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 .

(a) name given to the public assembly of freemen and later of the more important families in the territory whose functions included the transaction of certain important legal business; hence court ; see Críth G. p. 73 . On use in titles of Law-tracts see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 188-92 . Sometimes used with dáil (distinction not clear). In more general sense gathering, assembly: airect gl. curia, Thes. ii 42.5 . cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . a cōic: taeba.¤, a.¤ uirdnidhe ┐ a.¤ fo leth et a.¤ fodesin how many kinds of a. are there? ZCP xii 359.13 ( Cóic Con. p. 62 ) (see also cúl, taeba. ¤, oirdnide, leth, fadéin II (g)). ni tualaing rodgaba athgabail . . . manis comtheit suithengthad fó searnad airechta conid fri rosc ruirther who would arrange the procedure of the a., Laws i 84.10 .i. fer gaeth . . . srethaig dligedh in a.¤ , 20 Comm. (see fo-sern). is dithre o lesaibh airechta is excluded from redress in the a., 12 . ecuma airechta i.e. persons unqualified to plead before an a.¤ (?), 27 . co roisc a.¤ do timurcain till an a. has been collected together, 202.11 Comm. tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-a.¤ , v 252.11 . is do anfuiglib airechta wrong judgements of an a., 442.27 . is go airechta a n-astad a false finding of the a.(?), 510.2 . is sed is roairde ngotha and ma[d] mo na lucht na airechta do cluin he (of methods of pleading), Cóic Con. 34 § 36 . inurcra a feib . . . .i. in urcra do dul ina airmitin airechta i.e. his qualifications for the a.¤, O'D. 519 ( H 3.17, c. 422 ). nach dál ┐ nach oirecht conrisar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210 § 33 . a ndail no a n-airacht, Cóic Con. 18 § 10 , 49 § 92 , O'Curry 1206 ( H 3.18, 482a ). bethi fo seilib . . . hi cach airiucht i mbed, Trip.² 1590 . naim airthir in domain ina n-airiucht fo leith, LU 1970 ( FA § 4 ). doscuiched dochum na hairechta . . . ni roairig duine isindairiucht (of a horseman approaching a concourse on a hill), RC viii 50.15 . [l]e toidheachd uī Chuinn chugoibh / ō [a] oireacht, O'R. Poems 2570 . doching side for lar na hairechto, IT iii 239.128 . ro marbhadh somh . . . ar lár an aireachta, AFM iii 48.13 . cen dul ḟer i n-a.¤ ṁban, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.225 . Iuil . . . ro marbad ina h-airect h-fein i.e. the Roman Senate, Todd Nenn. 62.1 . mor-a.¤ na n-uli Iúdaide the Sanhedrin, PH 3711 . Name applied to the collective `ollavs' and pleaders of a territory: gurab ar ollamuin ┐ aighni na crichi tug dliged d'ainm forro airacht eolach no aineolach, O'Curry 2270 ( Eg. 88 fo. 20(21)b ). aighne airechta, name of a special kind of advocate: aighni airechta . . . . fer son ro huca a les do a.¤ ┐ dodnacair indi. Indfiadar do in les. Tanacair iarum on trath co raile . . . aignis lais uile ┐ nascairecht ┐ berrad ┐ comaidhches ┐ cain lanomhnai ┐ maccslechtai ┐ deich seotu uad do fer belrai lais ndeni ┐ a recht ┐ trian cach besa do cadesin ma tobach, O'Curry 813 (H. 3.18, 375a).

(b) Collective name for the leading nobles of a territory: a.¤ na aicme na ard-cinedh d'feraib Ereann, MR 248.26 . Mac D. . . . ┐ gach aon oile dá oireachtaibh `vassal chiefs', Maguires of F. § 10 . a urradha ┐ a ardtóisig . . . ┐ a oireacht, Hugh Roe 12.19 (fo. 3b) . d'éag a huaisle 's a hoireacht, Measgra D. 55.61 . nó go mbeadh oireacht mar ibh / ag toigheacht go teach taoisigh, DDána 71.22 . as iad fa ceud oireacht do ag gabháil righe Condacht, Hy Fiach. 52.14 . atá d'a eagla ara oireachtaib he is so feared by his subjects, Hy Maine 141.1 . mac duine oireachta `son of a chieftain', AFM v 1582.y . oireacht Chonaill mic Aodha `the party of', Keat. iii 1427 . With extended meanings: Oireacht Mhaoise the children of Israel, DDána 74.21 . an t-oireacht brónach (of the damned), IGT Decl. ex. 1170 . oirecht na haithrighe (penitents), ZCP viii 216.5 . do b'é in toirecht gan imsním (of the sons of Morna), SG 138.39 . Of military divisions or levies: ro erig cach saer-slúag . . . .i. cach a.¤ 'ar n-iadud fa'n aird-rig, MR 214.13 . sluag Emna, a.¤ Uladh, 212.10 . tucsat a clár clé fri a.¤ ar ammus ind átha (here the a.¤ consisted of Cú Ch. and Laeg representing Ulster), TBC-LL¹ 1872 . cuir uait t'armu . . . co raccillem in n-a.¤ `till we parley with the host' (of champions in single combat), Metr. Dinds. iv 360.140 . ac forind dona fearaib . . . ac airiucht aile dib, TTebe 1400 . ón oirecht Fhailghech `the host of Offaly', Studies 1920, 417.21 .

(c) patrimony, territory: taisigh [do] nach biad oirreachta no fearann taisigheachta, O'Curry 287 ( H 3.18, 158 ). ni gebhaitt da éis go cert / righe ar iath na ar oireacht (a curse on a family), BNnÉ 285 § 272 . maithi inn arechta `the chief men of the lordship', Ann. Conn. 1225.18 .

airtherach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtherach or dil.ie/2433

adj o, ā (airther) front; eastern: rann oirtearach an chinn the front part of the head, 23 K 42, 168.14 . icon tenei (tenid v.l.) airtheraig, BDD² 1350 and n. on dumu airterach síartúaid, LL 3850 . ainm in dumai airtheraig, 3849 . tánic ón Gréic airtheraig, Metr. Dinds. iii 322.54 . cusin forind oirtheraig, Alex. 369 . ón uli tuathaib hoirrtherachaib, 372 . Bertlacha airthercha, Trip.² 1584 . cineda airtheracha in domuin, CCath. 1573 . a cind artherach Bratsleibi, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 .

anúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anúas or dil.ie/3838

(1 ós) adv. stressed on second syll.

(a) from above, down; somet. simply above: itius anuas ┐ dusclaid anís, Ml. 102a15 . is anuas sennair (a harp), Hib. Min. 1.23 . canas tánic int armgrith . . . inn a haéor anúas . . . ?, MU² 513 . focoisled súas R. ┐ dolléced a.¤ co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, Trip.² 1507 . dolléici . . . sleig . . . dí a.¤ i.e. from the bank above the water, TBFr. 234 . súas dochum nime ┐ anuas, RC xiii 44 § 25 . mé tuc an t-uball anuas that plucked the apple, Ériu iii 148 § 3 . go ttuitfeadh se anuas chum iffrinn, Párl. na mB. 3103 . brechtān aníss ┐ anúass a roll of bread buttered below and on top(?), BColm. 84.7 . With prec. DI: it é side combidgtais in cath dia anuas, Alex. 569 . See also denúas. With FOR. Usually for . . . a.¤ lit. down on, in contact with from above . Later also a.¤ for . . .: ind uisci forind nim anuas `the waters that are above the heaven', Ml. 120d7 . boí ind ordnasc óir forsind éicni a.¤ the ring was on the top of the salmon(?), TBFr. 320 . a aithindeada . . . air anuas on top of him, TTebe 3144 . in bennachtsin . . . dobiursa . . . fort mullach anuas, LL 18538 , in t-éo óir . . . fair a.¤ (airsin anuas fogeba v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3032 . ac toitim anuas for Ercuil, Stair Erc. 341 . sruth . . . síothchána do thuitim anuas oraibh, Párl. na mB. 281 . go tuiti an f[h]irmaimint anuass oraind, ML² 1379 . In sense of over and above, in addition: céd bruithne do dherg-ór farris sin anuas besides that, Ériu viii 139.19 . dam in n-inad cach daim et in Dond Cualngi fair a.¤ as well, CRR 24.6 .

(b) In chronology downwards: o feil Michel induas, LB 8 marg. inf. anuas ó aimsir na nApsttol ever since the time of the apostles, Desid. 4152 . anuas ó aois óigleanaibh, Dán Dé xvii 4 . o cath Muige Ratha 'núas, Cog. 110.14 . triúr anuas . . . d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . sé rígh ḟichead . . . / a.¤ ó Niall . . ., TD 7.46 . a.¤ go hAodh, 26.14 .

(c) In phrase do-beir a.¤ brings into a discussion, cites, quotes: tugsad anuas an oiread sin do bhríathruibh an sgrioptúir, Desid. 4649 . is iomdha sompla oile do fhéadfamaois do thabhairt anuas, TSh. 293 . is iomdha suidhiomh . . . eile do bhéarainn anuas, Eochairsg. 33.9 .

(d) In cross-reference to a passage higher up from one under discussion: a trede asrubart a.¤ , Wb. 10d2 . is hed dosaig a.¤ , 15a22 , 23c23 (see Sarauw, Irske Studier 81 ). opus in cúrsagthaso a.¤ , 14d6 . isind almsan arafocair a.¤ , 16d7 . rotracht som riam anuas forsin canoin se `he has commented before above on this text', Ml. 121a8 . cesad Stephain in-sin anuas written above, PH 1482 . is hé in so anūas miniugud crōibe coibniusa na Bretc[h]a, ZCP viii 299.31 . With FRI: rinn anuas above (in a book), Laws i 16.z . See anúasan, -ana.

clód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clód or dil.ie/9562

Forms: cloüd, C., cla(o)í, cla(o)íd, cla(o)íde, claoidheamh, claíte, cla(o)idte, clódh, cládh

n u, [m.]. Earlier cloüd. C.¤ is vn. of cloïd. See also Blathm. 961 note . Later forms very variable: cla(o)í, cla(o)íd, cla(o)íde, claoidheamh. g s. claíte, cla(o)idte. clódh cládh, IGT Verbs § 42 . Cf. also: do chló cóir do chomhardadh ris féin ón chlódh agus ón chluinsin, Bard. Synt. Tr. 34.8 .

(a) act of turning (back, aside), returning, retreating: drong cen clod o chrabad, Gorm. Dec. 3 . cen gae, cen scíath, cloithi bann that turned aside feats(?), SR 5863 . in sét daberar ar clodh i tar `the sét that is given for stooping into baseness', Coibnes § 7 gl. 7 (gl. sé[oi]t turchlaithe the price of submission). gearr bhíos an chumha so ag c.¤ `soon does this grief return', Studies 1924, 88 § 25 . smuain gan do chlódh choidhche ar gcúl, DDána 42.24 . ag clódh urchradh na hÉireann averting the ruin of Ireland, 85.20 . na mná don chonair do chlódh `put aside from their path', Aithd. D. 95.29 . la homun na toirthedh do clod forculu, Marco P. 65 . forchongraim foruibh clódh forcula on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . do forconngair in teglach forsin righ clod doridhisi co ca[traig] Cumaloit, Grail 474 . clodh tara n-ais, 1202 . do mhúchadh . . . lochta foghluighthe a dhúthaighe, dá gclódh ó chlaonadh . . . a reachta, TSh. 6782 . go ro fhuráilset forra . . . , clódh ina fritheing, AFM i 514.3 . clódh a ratha `the reversing of his fortune' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 2131 . In phr. c.¤ na baise a turn of the hand(?), a clap(?): gearr bhus lón loise an domhain / clódh na boise a baromhail `the turning of a hand', Dán Dé xxii 9 . téid mar chlódh na boise an bioth, xxxi 23 . dá égcaoine . . . / iomdha banntrocht is bandáil / lé clódh beó-chroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands', Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29 . Of a weapon, act of turning the edge, blunting(?): ri tulguba na scíath ica scoltud ┐ ri glondbeimnig na claidib icá c.¤ , LL 31478 .

Fig. (b) act of converting : guidhfidh co dichra faa clodhsum forcula, Marco P. 1 . do ghabh Muire Magh-da-léana / leat, a Dhé — gár dheacra ar gclódh?, DDána 30.22 . act of translating : in leabhor do clodh forcula o thengaidh na Tartairedh cusin tengaidh laitianda, Marco P. 1 . act of perverting, subverting, leading astray : ar clodh ceilli fa clemhnus, Prolegomena 50 § 15b . craosól ag clódh a gcéille, Measgra D. 55.27 . do bhí do chlódh ar a céill `so affected her mind', Aithd. D. 100.21 . clódh fuarchóra, 60.13 .

(c) act of changing, exchanging : cath cloita denn, Blathm. 241 . Ísu . . . íar clóud báis i n-eseirgiu, Trip.² 666 . dognīatt . . . c.¤ dā clogc . . . diaraile `make an exchange of their two bells', BColm. 92.19 . cidh ima ndenae in clogh croth asin . . . ?, ZCP x 298.5 . na dūili . . . do dhelugud re na cumachtaib náema ┐ a n-aigned do chló `their nature will change', RC xxviii 312 § 12 . ag clódh ó fhine Eadhra / cridhe mór ar mhímheanma `the great courage of Í Eadhra was changed to despair', Aithd. D. 37.39 . clódh gné áille, IGT Decl. ex. 756 . clódh a dealbha, O'Hara 3242 . clódh .i. ionntodh, claochlodh, O'Cl.

(d) Various: c.¤ fri act of turning to, cleaving to(?): mé ag clódh risin gcéidchion `as I incline to my old sin', PBocht 4.15 . bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 (? leg. ag claoi re . . . ). In phr. cen ch.¤: a cír a criol cen ch.¤ `unsurpassed', Metr. Dinds. iii 464.59 . cor ḟuacratar cath can chlód / for Morc without retreat(?), LL 29014 . Cerball can ch.¤ unconquered(?), 4308 . ro chlaidsead crandcar gan clodh forind aes dana ndímor, BB 42b24 . gan c.¤ gan cumscugad re cheli, MR 240.21 . bhāmur ann ar n-ollamhnaibh / gan chlódh do dhuine ar domhan, KMMisc. 56 § 6 . a cneas mar chuip, / nó mar shneachta cnuic gan clódh, Dánta Gr. 5.34 .

(e) act of overthrowing, vanquishing, subduing : do chloud tra in dligid sin `to overthrow that view', Ml. 56b16 . sab cáid clóithe pillar of conquest, Fél. Dec. 14 . cloud diabul, Mon. Tall. 148.5 . robo cloch . . . cloithi cach uilc Colum Cille, LU 924 - 25 (ACC Comm.). hisin chath clūite flaithe, ZCP viii 118 § 20 . in t-oenchrand ni hassu a ch.¤, / meni fagba a rithadód (see suggestion s.v. frithadód), TBC-LL¹ 2349 ( LL 9436 ). ri cath ri c.¤ , LL 1883 . gan chlaoidhe i gcath, SG 16.2 . cura fedat a clod ut inimicos ualeant prosternere, Gild. Lor. gl. 44 . cluithe . . . / creacha, as marbhtha, as madhmanna, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.169 . beart chloithe ar Éirinn ég ríogh, Ériu viii 83.68 . imdha sgol cnaeite ó chumhaidh / ar son claeite Conchubhair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 378.z . tucc in Dearg do chlaoídhe Guill / na hairm nimhe, Duan. F. ii 314 § 59 . [Bibus] do marbadh ┐ comurtha a claiti do thabairt cuici `proof of his murder', ZCP vi 277.15 . gan chlaoi ó Ghalluibh, LBranach 3861 . Sadhbh is Art Aoinfhear échtach / dá ríghin caibhdhean do chlódh, 3291 . daoirse chlóidh `ruinous slavery', Aithd. D. 35.5 . mo dheala ┐ Rí na ríogh / ná tí dhíom cheana do chlódh `may I not fail to heal my breach with the Lord', Dán Dé xxvii 34 . do bhíodar dh'á g-claoidheamh go fann, Oss. iv 276.22 . atá [bhur bhfearann] na fhásach ar na chláoidh lé coimhightheachaibh `overthrown by', Isaiah i 7 . Cf. also: a ógh . . . / nar ghabh clódh óghachta ó fhior, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 10 . Hence, act of surpassing : ní fhéad éinbhean a clú do chlódh, Aithd. D. 82.3 . ? nách clódh air bith i gcómh-chruth do Ḃénus í she is in no way inferior to V. (?), Keat. Poems 128 (cló?).

With cath(a) etc.: it anmand (= anfann?) cluithe cath `weak in winning battles', ZCP iii 204.7 ( LU 9573 ; clóithe, cláite, v.ll.). in claideb do ch.¤ na gcath, SG 371.4 ( LL 300b2 ). Cerball currig caémLife / c.¤ catha for Cond, LL 6696 . trí cloidim fri c.¤ cliathach, Leb. Cert.² 870 . c.¤ coscair ann so, MR 302.12 . ag clódh treasa, Bard. Synt. Tr. 33.10 . clódh cogaidh . . . / mór an obair ógnaoidhean, Aithd. D. 60.12 .

(f) Of overcoming, subduing (desires, vices, emotions, etc.): clo a miana . . . clod a mían, Laws iii 204.13 , 15 Comm. cauraid clōite ferg, ZCP viii 117 § 10 ( Rawl. 88a38 ). dochuaid for cel, cluithi cin (i.e. he died penitent?), SR 3685 . is tria úmla ┐ tria inísle ro-chind aice a chlood, PH 4814 (Jesus rejecting the temptations of the devil). ní bhiadh clódh ar cumhaidh, DDána 63.29 . dá sirinn clódh an chroidhe `to check my heart', Aithd. D. 12.24 . o da bi se fein ar n-a clai on trocuire indus narb ail leis indeachaidh da dhenumh, Smaointe B. Chr. 494 (clai nó clui, v.l.). ar gcionta do chlódh `to blot out our sins', A. Ó Dálaigh v 4 . a cholann do chlaoi, Mac Aingil 3658 . do bheith i gceilg ar a choguas dá chlódh ┐ dá thurnamh, TSh. 2107 . sás a n-uaille do chlódh, 698 . chum an cathughadh do chlaoi `in order to overcome the temptation', Donlevy 418.2 . clódh a teadhma, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . incloud gl. (peccatorum) conuictio, Ml. 70a7 (or for inchloud proof, conviction?).

(g) Of overcoming diseases: in tan nach etir le fein an easlainti do clai, RC xlix 25.13 .

Compds. With adj. cloidhmhthe clódh-bhuilleacha, CRR² 30 . With vb. do cloidhbrudh(?) an sluagh were overthrown, ZCP ii 556.37 . do clódmesc a craidhe was dejected and perturbed, Caithr. Thoirdh. 16.3 .

comalnaithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comalnaithir or dil.ie/10713

Forms: -chomalnathar, -chomalnadar, comallaid, comalnas, -comalnnamar, -comalnid, comalnatar, -comallatar, chomalnit, comallait, chomallaite, comalnid, -comalnithe, comallaid, -comalla, -comalnadar, -comalnammar, chomallaide, -chomalnith, -comolnatar, comalnither, -comollnither, -chomalninn, comallainn, -chomallada, -chomallad, -chomalnithe, -comallaitis, -comalnithe, comálnabadar, comallaibther, comallaibte, chomallaibtir, -comallaibthe, comallus, chomalnastar, chomallastar, comalnisid, chomalnisset, comallad, comallada, comalnad, comall, chomallas, comullas, choimlios, -cóimlet, comailter, comaill, -chomhaille, -ccoimhle, comella, choimhéollus, -coimeōlad, comaillfithir, coimhéaltar, gcomólladh, coiméoltide, chomhailleas, coimlis, chomaill, chomhall, coimlis, chomailset, coimletar

v (comlann, see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 174 f. ). Forms in O. Ir. glosses illustrating variation nl/ll, depon. and active inflection and variation in endings. Indic. pres. -chomalnathar, Wb. 31c14 . -chomalnadar, 15b14 . comallaid (sic MS.), Ml. 106a2 . comalnas, Wb. 7b15 . -comalnnamar, Thes. ii 247.24 (Camb. Hom.). -comallammar, Ml. 46c20 . -comalnid, Wb. 15a9 . comalnatar, 20d1 . -comallatar, Ml. 94b4 . chomalnit, Wb. 28c7 . comallait, Ml. 146a1 . chomallaite, 114b7 . Ipv. comalnid, Wb. 8d26 . -comalnithe, 30a1 . comallaid, Ml. 115c2 . Subj. pres. -comalla, Ml. 94b10 . -comalnadar, Wb. 29a16 . -comalnammar, 15d27 . chomallaide, Ml. 95c3 . -chomalnith, Wb. 13a32 . -comolnatar, 2c10 . Pass. acht ro comalnither , Wb. 26a15 . -comollnither, 2c17 . Subj. impf. -chomalninn, Wb. 3c28 . manu comallainn , Ml. 131d19 . -chomallada, 70c13 . -chomallad gl. inpleret, 35c12 . -chomalnithe, Wb. 13a33 . -comallaitis, Ml. 95c2 . Pass. -comalnithe, Wb. 3d26 . fut. comálnabadar, Ml. 46c20 . comallaibther, 89b11 . a comallaibte (gl. expleturae sitim), 121b8 . Pass. chomallaibtir, 109c9 . Condit. -comallaibthe, 105b14 . Perf. ro comallus , Ml. 74d5 . ra chomalnastar , Wb. 24a37 . rond chomallastar , Ml. 122d7 . ro comalnisid , Wb. 26b6 . ro chomalnisset , 2c14 . Pass. ro comallad techt doib . . . fo recht n-imdibi (sic MS.), Ml. 81d5 . ro comallada inna imneda, 74c20 . Vn. comalnad, comall.

Forms in later lang. (syncopated forms proscribed in IGT Verbs § 65 ). Indic. pres. chomallas, LU 9208 ( FB 93 ). comullas, Ériu iii 6.7 . choimlios, v 96.3 . -cóimlet, PH 7414 . Pass. comailter, LL 19606 . Ipv. comaill, PH 1848 . Subj. pres. -chomhaille, Irish Texts i 24 § 15 . -ccoimhle, Parrth. Anma 2375 . fut. comella, TBC-LL¹ 1864 . choimhéollus, Ériu v 100.10 . -coimeōlad, ZCP xii 392.7 . Pass. comaillfithir, ACL iii 240 § 1 . coimhéaltar, Measgra D. 18.30 . Condit. go gcomólladh sé, Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.4 . Pass. go coiméoltide , BCC 40 (26.9.) Pret. do chomhailleas , Desid. 1268 . do coimlis , Celt. Rev. iv 18.20 . náro chomaill , LU 2342 (H). nár chomhall , RC xiv 46 § 53 . ro coimlis , YBL 163a22 . ro chomailset , Three Hom. 52.8 . do coimletar , Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.1 .

Fulfils, discharges, performs (a duty, undertaking); carries into effect, brings to pass (a promise, prophecy); fulfils, observes (a law, command); satisfies: ma nos comalnnamar (of the three kinds of martyrdom), Thes. ii 247.24 (Camb. Hom.). forsnahí comalnatar toil Dǽ, Wb. 20d1 . ní comalnat-som . . . recht, c22 . ma chomalnit a ngrád `if they fulfil their orders', 28c7 . cono comalnide a ndurairṅgred do Abarcham, 19b22 . mani comolnatar a n-imdibe rúnde, 2c10 . comallaidi `he fulfils it', Ml. 94b1 . conid chomallada hua gnimaib `that thou shouldest fulfil it in deeds', 70c13 . intan ro comallada i ngnimaib inna testimni gl. cum impletae sint, 38c9 . no chomallad nech dod-fongad, 36a21 . ro comallnadh uile se, Blathm. 233 . sealb aircinnigh craibtig comallnathur riagla soiscéla, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii, 132a). co n-aisneis breithre de do cach in-da-tuaise ┐ no-da-comallathar, Laws iii 32.x . nocon ḟúar . . . nech no chomollad fir fer frim imbi, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). comaillfithir d'Ēirinn / īdail dar a hora it will come to pass, ACL iii 240 § 1 . a run do comaill, BB 56b20 . dfior cogaidh comhuilter síothcháin, Ériu viii 86.126 . tuc O B. a bréithir go gcomólladh sé a ndubairt, Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.4 . gaol na ndaoine . . . / maith do chomhaill tú a Thríonóid `well hast Thou fulfilled the claims of Thy kinship', Dán Dé xxviii 28 . mairg dona crīstaidhibh / nāch comhuill compánacht, ZCP viii 208 § 44 . an gcéin mhairfeas Éireannach / ┐ coimhéaltar cairdeas, Measgra D. 18.30 .

Elliptical use: nad-cennaib coirib-comallat `das sie nicht mit (ihren) ordnungsmässigen Häuptern "erfüllen" (vollziehen?)' (of illegal contracts), ZCP xiv 379 § 43 (Laws iii 306). flaith . . . na comallann dia memraib, Laws v 358.14 Comm. comaill obey, MacCarthy 64.16 . ca comairle dobertais do ar in forind ro mairn in catraig no in comaillfitis friu, BB 449a8 . an ceín do coimheoldaís dó fen ┐ do lucht a inaidh `as they were obedient', BCC 243 (246.33) . rí nar chomhuill dá chraidhe Who has not fulfilled the inclination of His heart, DDána 20.34 . do choimhliodur dhā chéile ō sin amach fulfilled (their undertakings) to each other, Beatha S. F. 2975 .

Cf. comlán(aig)id.

feidligidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feidligidir or dil.ie/21469

Forms: fedligedar, feidligte, fedligmer, feidliged, feidligfid, rofeidligfitis, rufeidligsemmar, rofeidligset, feidlidis

v g (1 feidil) ind. pres. ní fedligedar , Wb. 2c3 . 3 pl. rel. feidligte, Ml. 21d4 . subj. pres. pl. 1 co fedligmer , Wb. 6d11 . past sg. 3 dia feidliged , Ml. 136d2 . fut. feidligfid, 128a7 . sec. fut. pl. 3 rofeidligfitis, 108b5 . pret. - perf. pl. 1 ní rufeidligsemmar , 105a5 . pl. 3 nad rofeidligset ib. Remains, abides, continues, passing into sense persists, perseveres: gl. manere Wb. 2c3 . Ml. 128a7 . dia feidliged ires ... leu a soertha `if there remained with them faith in their deliverance' 136d2 . ataat alai[li] feidligte ho aimsir, ní tremfeidliget ... issa suthin, 21d4 . co fedligmer isin frescsin foirbthi `that we may abide' Wb. 6d11 . feidligit innti a follichta their foot-marks still remain in (the stone) Trip. 90.15 . docotar ina corpaib doridisi ┐ rofeidligsit indtib fri re ciana, ACL iii 225.11 . dia fedligtis ind aingil ... isind aicniudh i ndernta had remained Ériu ii 108 § 22 = feidlidis, YBL 82b34 . co fhédligend Crist do gres isind eclais, PH 5293 . intí fhédliges ... isna sualchib, 6506 . don forind fédligit ... ina n-imorbus 4195 . mad áil leind ... nā ro fhedligemm i mbās na pēne suthaine, 5597 . tiagait cid na fireoin hi comairli ... ┐ ni fethligid [fedligit v.l.] indi, Hib. Min. 14.470 . Impers. fo meit an pectha ┐ fo eret feidlighthir and the space of time one perseveres in it RC xv 487z . (Trans. ?) cenmotha diabul ḟedhligis na huilcc do gres do na firenchaib prolongs (?) YBL 167a17 = is eside cathaiges do gres frisna frisna fírenu, PH 4022 .

foirriuth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foirriuth or dil.ie/22996

n bátár iarom for f.¤ co cend cethrachat aidche forind óenfeis la Coin C., LU 1546 ( MU² 1055 ; fairuith, fartha v.l.). Cf. for-reith, fuirired, and 1 farrad. dobér dam co tinniu dúib dia furriuth, LU 1566 ( IT ii2 213 ).

? forind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? forind or dil.ie/23708

Forms: f.

n ni taircetlum damu fo forindi nā cuingi nā carru BB 498a36 ( IT ii2 105 ) = ni taircellam d. fo chuinge, Alex. 861 . gurbha marb mac calma Cairill | glac Badhba gan f.¤ uadh, BB 52b42 (possibly d s. of foirenn). Fergus f.¤ , TFerbe 894 (= forfind acc. to Windisch).

Cf. forrind.

fuirired

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuirired or dil.ie/24889

Forms: fuiriridh

n (also sometimes fuired) o, n. (?) later m. a word of uncertain meaning, freq. in Laws Comm.

I`Act of effecting, effectuation, bringing about, completing ' Atk., Laws Gloss. (cf. fuiririu .i. ullmhugadh, ut est f.¤ drochbídh ┐ drochleanna ┐ drochlepta, Ériu xiii 70 § 117 ) : is fuiririu gaitte na da set (i.e. `an effected theft' Atk. Gl. Laws v 264.3 Comm. nach duine ... lasna bi fosulgud ni bi nemthes fuiririud lais ar ni dlig fuireth, H 3.18, 377ay ( Laws ii 122.18 Comm. , where it is rendered `bind', as if from fuirech). no co roistis f.¤ a n-aisi `until they have reached the fulness (maturity ?) of their age' v 86.16 ; 19 Comm . o tha inditecht a n-aisi co ria fuiririudh aoisi amail ata logh ar in mil indile on lo berur he noco roich a lan logh air no dno co nach beth eneclann aoisi a ndecha cenn doib no co roithit f.¤ na haoisi a ndechutar cenn, H 3.18, 513 z ff . ( O'Curry 1267 ). in ré risi roiseadh se fuireriudh in graid in duine darighne leighend do (i.e. till he obtain the rank of his teacher), O'D. 2363 ( Rawl. B 506, f.42d ). na huili féich robátar for fuiriridh éloidh ┐ saraidh ┐ laimi trebuiri (debts recoverable from heirs of deceased person), O'D. 1579 ( H 5.15, 6b ). g s. fer fuiriridh , Ériu xiii 16.11 (cf. na bi saor neach ara cina fadheisin ara catad na saoire ... na fothugad na fuiririug, Laws ii 18.16 ). Commonly in phrase A (TRE) F.¤ owing to the action of, in consequence of, by means of (?) : cach eneclann fasas a fuiririu aithgina `which accrues in consequence of restitution' Laws i 170y . Of a distress : in flaith dosboing ┐ is a f.¤ gnima aile atá 184.21 . tre fuiririd a leth-etrana `owing to his interference' iii 238.17 . tre fuir[ir]edh a drochsuidigthi, 188y . ar fuiririudh tidnuice atá in fiach forcruid foimiulta for ōin `the fine for excessive use of a loan depends upon the gratuitous nature of it' i 168.15 = ar fuiredh tidnaicthe `with the expectation that it would be returned' iii 182.11 . ? ni noisi ronais nad furiredh fior nach fo dhédoibh dearladh, Ériu xiii 21.20 .

II Food or refection given to a chief as due ; in wider sense refection, entertainment ; generally glossed by foirithniugad (which suggests a possible association with sreth- ; see fo-sern and cit. from YBL below) and by Atk. connected with fo-reith `aid' : fuiririud trir i samrad (.i. foirithniugad biata trir), Laws ii 254.31 ( ZCP xiv 359 ) ; Laws ii 256.7 . ... mad in ceili bes marb. dligidh in flaith ceilsine dia comorbuib ... fri manchuine, fri fuirire (.i. fri foiritniuga bidh do damhaibh .i. biadh n-airbidhe), 268.16 ( 270.1 ; ZCP xiv 364 ). f.¤ n-aīged Dē `feeding the guests of God' iii 18.18 . feis, fuiririud, dithit, 20.13 (see 20.17 cited below) ; Cf. o rubē rīg co slōiged for ur crīc[h]e, tiumnaigther uad co tuaith co ructar boin gabála dia fuirriu [ = fuiririud ?] .i. bō cacha haicme, Laws i 136.2 (f. not translated). f.¤ .i. cen chuiriud ... i ló.i.cen lind in aidche, Laws iii 20.17 Comm. cf. faosam (.i. bidh) ... na fothughadh (.i. i llo) ; na fuiririud (.i. i n-aidche), O'Curry 2658 ( Eg 88, 56c ). lin bis for fuiririud, BCrólige 62 (see n. p.76 ). fossair ┐ f.¤ `bed and supper' Laws iv 320z ( Críth G. 336 ). atat .iii. fesa do rig, a f.¤, a faigthe, a dliged a f.¤ for graduib tuaithe a faigdi ō doroimle a f.¤ ┐ a dliged ..., H 3.18, p.373a ( O'Curry 805 ). sechtmad fairirid ib. H 3.18 p.369a ( O'Curry 792 ) = sechtmad lānbiata, Laws i 132.25 . abbartu .i. sechtmad furirith in duine gaibther isin apartain, Corm. Y 61 = furirid LB. ? Fig. : fuiriredh fath .i. rith foa .i. fotsrethnaigter seoid damh ar mo fath .i. ar m'aisti no ar mo foglaim, YBL 245b39 = furiud fath, Rawl. 109a38 = LL 187b24 ( RC xxvi 24 ). ar as fuirireadh ann sin subha i gcluasaibh caich, Ériu xiii 38.11 (in a rhetorical passage on poetry). fuiriredh subha dioghbail dubha ib. 29 . dobér dam co tinniu dúib dia furriuth, LU 1566 ( IT ii2 213 ) may contain this word. Cf. also : bátár ... for foirriuth co cend cethrachat aidche forind óenfeis la Coin C., LU 1546 ( MU² 1055 ; fairuith [leg. -iuth ?] ; fartha v.l.

See fuirriuth and 2 fuiriud.

imman(n)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imman(n) or dil.ie/27713

Forms: immun, immun, immuin, immund, ymmuin, immna, immunn, immnaib, imainn, imanda, imand

n o, m. (Lat. hymnus) n s. int immun , Trip.² 1341. a s. immun, Trip.² 1340. g s. ind immuin , Lib. Hymn. 17.55 . d s. isind immund , LU p. 14 n. b . n p. ymmuin, Lib. Hymn. 100.25 . a p. immna, Lism. L. 3417. g p. immunn, 3421 . d p. immnaib, PH 1596. d s. cusinn imainn , Lism. L. 984 and n p. imanda, PH 958 seem to show a change over to ā decl. ? To this imand, decl. as ā, f. IGT Decl. § 12.

hymn: emmun ab [h]ymno .i. laus , O'Mulc. 392. nách óen gébas do immun, Trip.² 1341. ymmon do-r-roega i't biu `a hymn which thou hast chosen in thy lifetime,' Lib. Hymn. 102.51 . attaat ratha imda forind immun sa, 65.68 . imman michel laisim re (sic leg.) codlad ┐ immun maire matin, Mon. Tall. 137.17 . in alio locó doronad corp ind immuin, LU 294. rochansat immund ┐ cantaicc logmair do, PH 2155. gabhais a shalma ┐ a immna molta don Coimdhid, Lism. L. 3417. docluinti foghur gotha Coluim cille ... in tan nobhith ic cantain a shalm ┐ a immum, Lism. L. 3421.

In phrase i.¤ anma (regarded as one of the duties of the Church towards people) hymn for the dead?, prayer for the dead?: (Some of the exx. seem to show confusion between imman(n) m. hymn and 3 imna n. gift, q.v.) praicecht ocus oiffrenn ocus imaind anma on eclais da manchaib, Laws ii 344 - 26 . baithes ocus comna ocus umaind anma, iii 32.31 . procept ocus oifrend ocus imand nanma, iii 32.22 Comm. imna anma hi sesam, ZCP iii 29.24 .

imrascáil, imarscáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imrascáil, imarscáil or dil.ie/28027

n f. wrestling, contending: ro ba arnaide in imrusgail, MR 258.4 . forind dib ig imrusgal, foirind ic lemnig, Aen. 1419. co tarrla etarra ┐ Art ar imrusgail gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha `Art and he took to wrestling,' Ériu iii 166.x . bith ainsein ... a contraracht ┐ ag imrascail re ceili (of clouds), Ir. Astr. Tr. 150.16 . tugsad fásgadh teann ... ar chliathánaibh a chéile ┐ do bhí do thréine ... na hiomrusgála gur ..., PCT 293. a marbad tre nert imrascala, BB 416b51 . ro cuirset gleic imrascala, Cog. 196.7 . aon-bhean ar brū in locha láin | gan uamhan, gan iomurscáil, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1312.

2 léimnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 léimnech or dil.ie/29800

Forms: léimrech

(léimm) d s. -nech, nig. Later also léimrech. Freq. as vn. leaping, jumping : caillech . . . luath ag leimnig, MR 198.2 . doní leimnech isin tshámrad (of the locust), PH 7665 . baill . . . ic bidgarnaig . . . ┐ lama letartae ic leimnech `twitching', CCath. 6100 . da nathraigh . . . for leimnigh ┐ for banganaigh, 4121 . forind dib ig imrusgal, foirind ic lemnigh, Aen. 1419 . cúig cinn . . . ag leimnigh imon sligidh, BS 122.27 . slán re ruith ┐ re léimreach, Oss. iii 254.22 . do chonnairc sí Dáibhi Rígh ag léimnigh ┐ ag damhsa, 2 Samuel vi 16 . éisc . . . ag léimrigh, O'Rah. 172.1.

Fig. leimnech on peccad co araile, PH 7666 . ag léimnigh go lúthmhar ó locht go locht, TSh. 8666 . léimneach tar líne / is bualadh reomham ar mholadh mo mhíleadh, Hackett xxxix 121 (léimreach, v.l.).

ésargnodh .i. tuargain no l.¤ , O'Dav. 811. Perh. read béimnech, cf. léimniugud.

See also léimmennach.

3 nach, nách

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 nach, nách or dil.ie/32908

Forms: nách, nacha, nachi, nachid-

rel. particle introducing neg. sent. ; nách, Wb. 6c18 , LU 1992.

(a) in O.Ir. and earlier Mid.Ir. takes the place of 2 ná, 1 nád before a vb. with inf. pron. obj. generally to express nominative relation ; not used with ro- forms ; before cons. nacha, nachi ( naichi, Ml. 27d7 , 54d9 ). nách beir for nach n-éle who does not pass it (judgement) on any other, Wb. 6c18 (3 s. n. inf. pron., see Thurn. Hdb. 253 ). indí nachid-chualatar who heard it not, 25d14 . do neuch naichid-fitir that does not know it (sc. dliged), Ml. 27d7 . tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachid-áirilli who does not deserve it, 84c13 . ní fil diib mnaí nachit-charad that loved thee not, SCC 6. is he sidhi nachid-farcaib-som that did not abandon him, Hib. Min. 14.462 . don foirind náchum-facatar, PH 6789. in fairend náchat-carut, 4663 . coccubus derrit . . . nachus-faillsig sechtair that does not reveal itself, 6087 .

In acc. relation : ni fil . . . laithe . . . nachat-rised munter that a community would not come to thee, Fél. Prol. 284. After a prep. : ní conrobae rann . . . as nacha tucad Dia out of which God had not brought them, Ml. 125b7 .

(b) later used without inf. pron., taking the place of 2 ná. Cf. is maith nach cualammar ┐ nach fetammar it is a good we have not heard of and do not know, TBC-LL¹ 8 (where, however, we should prob. read nach gc. . . . nach bf., the eclipse representing an inf. pron. ; = nach bfacamair-ne, St.). intí nach fil i ndéirc, PH 5907. in tíí is dall ┐ is baccach . . . .i. nach fégann . . . ┐ nách immthigend, 4668 . na peccaid nách lessaig tria aíne which he does not amend, 4991 . in nech ic nach fil almsa, 4974 .

(c) with copula ; in O.Ir. only in 3 s. pres. ind. ; later occas. with other forms. ré nách cían which is not long, FA 6 ( LU 1992 ). primthrecheng nach duthain, Fél. Nov. 28. dar lim-sa na fail áth . . . nach lán dá ṅgraigib, CRR 28. (other exx. s.v. is). After prep. : don forind fris nach oirfited ar tidecht-ne to whom our coming is not pleasure, PH 3397. in tí leis nach áil maith, 8091 . With pl. pres. : comtís dee na hai nách-dat dee, PH 1132.

1 sin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sin or dil.ie/37567
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sin, sein, sen, sain, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sen, sain, sin, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, insain, sain, sain, sain, sain, t-ár-sain, sain, séin, iaid-séin, ainnséin, díbh-séin, ei-séin, sine, saine, sene, sini, saine, sine, furri-sene, īarsine, sinee, sei-sean, choigil-sean, n-ainm-sean, dóibh-sean, thoirnsean, orthaibhsean, sion, aigesion, leision, rision, ṡáithsion, bhfághaid-sion, air-sion, san, ionnta-san, ronua-san, a-tá-san, dhol-san, riu-san, dorat-san, atá-san, siad-san, shon-san, son, aitheanta-son, sin, sraitsin, beathaid-sin, deallraidhsin, ṡáithsion, luicht-sin, Maic-sin, bairr-sin, iaid-séin, aim-sin, riui-séin, iarlaisin, dhoi-séin, hÚnai-sin, issin

adv. and demonstr.pron there; that, those (see exx. cited under II (i) below).

Forms. In O.Ir. Glosses always sin, which is the most usual form at all periods. Later also sein, sen, and sain (after non-palatal ending). sein: iar sein , Thes. ii 308.2 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sein (substantival), ib. Thes. ii 308. 23 (do. Comm.). iar sein , SR 3777 (: oentreib). 3705 (: oengein). sein is the form most freq. used by scribe A of LU: í sein , LU 565 . dóib sein , 111 . iar sein , 1231 . ass sein , 4504 . Rare elsewhere in LU: insind aidchi sein , 1545 . sí sein , 8620 . Other instances: Trip.² 447 , 1162 , 2609 . Hib. Min. p. 5.152 , p. 2.29 . MacCarthy 48.22 ( LB 110a ). Corm. Y 206 . From the second half of the Mid.Ir. period this form becomes rare in prose. It does not occur in PH, Aisl. MC or Maund. It remains in bardic verse: (rug) sein, DDána 40.14 (: neimh), 40.13 (gcneidh). It does not occur in TD.

Less freq. sen: Thes. ii 255.7 (Stowe M.), 253.16 (do.), 252.14 (do.). Laws iv 210.y , 206.9 , 190.14 . Corm. Y 110 . LU 911 .

sain: in LU used by both A and M (H seems always to use sin but material not exhaustive). A: and sain , 13 . iat sain , 27 . in recht sain , 133 . isind luc sain , 50 . M: in sét sain , 2158 . isind inud sain , 4094 . insain, 5544 , 9243 . iar sain , 9251 , 9227 .

Other instances of sain: a macsamla sain, SR 5367 (: genair). doib sain , 2761 (: hilberlaib), 4328 (: glain), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . CRR 21 . Laws iv 176.2 . From bardic verse: dhóibh sain , Dán Dé vi 4 (: Peadair). an t-ár-sain , DDána 115.2 (: mhair). sain (substantival), 69.22 (: thosaigh).

Later soin: ō hoin, RSláinte 4747 . ó shoin, IGT Decl. ex. 315 (= Studies 1924, 80 § 6 ). DDána 110.29 (: goimh). ó soin, 54.8 , 39.5 (: thobhoigh).

A form with a long vowel, séin, occurs only in bardic verse and is usually introduced for the sake of the rhyme: iaid-séin, DDána 54.15 (: chéill). ainnséin, TD 21.26 (: féin). Without rhyme: díbh-séin, DDána 96.25 . ei-séin, 80.21 .

Occas. also sine, saine, sene, regarded by Meyer, Wortk. 228 , as an analogical formation on the model of side, saide, sede: iar sini , LU 5245 (H). iar saine (`apart'), Metr. Dinds. iii 114.59 (= LL 195a2 ). ib. 392.81 (iarsine, v.l.) = LL 198b11 . YBL 126b26 . sine, Anecd. ii 35 § 15 (: aile). furri-sene, MacCongl. 3.19 . īarsine (iarsain, v.l. LL), ZCP iv 40.18 (TBFr., Eg.). in tinnscra sinee (sic), ib. 39.7 (= sin, TBFr. App. § 14 (YBL)).

Forms with neutral final first appear in bardic verse ( frie-seon, IT i 75.2 ( LL 260b27 ) is undoubtedly an error for -seom), sean and sion after a palatal ending, san and, rarely, son after a neutral. They occur only as enclitics replacing O.Ir. -som, -si. sean: sei-sean, DDána 69.22 . do choigil-sean , 104.24 . a n-ainm-sean , 100.15 (: lean). dóibh-sean, 63.7 (: cneadh). níor thoirnsean , TD 32.26 . orthaibhsean, 12.11 .

sion (very common in TD): ei-sion, DDána 98.33 (deisiol). aigesion, TD 23.17 . leision, 16.23 . rision, 16.15 . a ṡáithsion , 33.10 . go bhfághaid-sion , Donlevy 42.23 . air-sion, 56.13 .

san: ionnta-san, DDána 122.17 . a cruth . . . ronua-san , 114.26 . a-tá-san, 71.24 . a dhol-san , 69.21 . riu-san, Stair Erc. 1865 . dorat-san, 211 . amhail atá-san , TSh. 284 . siad-san, 4945 . a shon-san , Donlevy 30.16 .

son: a aitheanta-son , Donlevy 52.9 .

With devoicing and delenition of a preceding final: ant sin , Ml. 36a1 . an sraitsin , IGT Decl. ex. 1012 . na beathaid-sin , Dán Dé iv 13 (: fhaicsin). an deallraidhsin , xiv 25 (: thuigsin). But as a rule the final is not affected: in chruth sin, Wb. 12d19 , 13b17 . in chrud sin, 13a6 . and sin, Ml. 72d1 . na . . . maccáin maith sin, Fél. Aug. 2 . a ṡáithsion , TD 33.10 . In bardic verse, sin palatalizes the preceding final (see IGT Introd. § 150 ): an luicht-sin , Dán Dé xvii 26 . an Maic-sin , v 33 . an bairr-sin , DDána 84.42 . iaid-séin, 54.15 . mun aim-sin , 80.22 . TD 8.9 . ag an chrích Albainsin, 24.2 . So also with glide-vowel: riui-séin, DDána 117.2 . don iarlaisin , TD 17.35 . dhoi-séin, Butler Poems 1582 . na hÚnai-sin , 360 .

Usage.

A As adverb (? original use): `nachamdermainte . . .' ised no biad s.¤ it is `forget me not . . .' that would have been there, Ml. 32d5 . ní epur ní s.¤ `I say nothing therein', Sg. 73b6 . docuirethar cétna persan s.¤ persana aili chucae `a first person here (better there) takes other persons to it', 191a2 . roansat sin in dām, Anecd. i 73 § 214 . cotailsiu s.¤ bic a Chu Chulaind, LU 6310 . ni fil brig s.¤ tra, IT i 140.25 .

B As demonstrative,

I Adjectival (usually enclitic).

(a) with article and noun, that, the above-mentioned, the before-mentioned : in chumal s.¤ , Thes. ii 240.3 (Ardm.). a ndéde s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . dinaib preceptorib s.¤ , 5a4 . a buidigud dosom int soirtha s.¤ `to thank Him for that deliverance', Ml. 62c6b . in Fiac s.¤ , Thes. ii 307.3 ( Hy. II pref . ). cechtar de na da flesc-sain, SR 4328 . in tUath mac Imomain s.¤ , LU 9006 ( FB 75 ). an t-Iruath s.¤ , Maund. 82 . an triur-soin ón tigh neamhdha, DDána 9.12 . mac inghine an Aodha-soin, TD 13.52 . an bhean úd s.¤ , Keat. Poems 76 . Exx. without article: bethusin, Ml. 53c14 . iarsétsain, SR 1687 .

When the subst. is qualified by an adj., sin follows the adj.: a timne sainemail s.¤ , Wb. 3c33 . in euin utmaill s.¤ , Ml. 127c12 . otha na teora bliadna suiri s.¤ , Laws iv 164.6 . dend Eoganacht áinsin, Fél. Oct. 20 . in cumhadh céatna s.¤ , Leb. Cert. 142.15 . fan Magh Laignechsin, Irish Texts ii 28 § 22 .

uile, however, follows sin: ind rétai s.¤ huili, Wb. 5c16 . a met na ree sein uile, SR 141 .

When the subst. is defined by a definite noun in the gen., sin precedes this: don dlúim máir s.¤ inna pecthach, Wb. 9d5 . in gnim s.¤ in tengad, Ml. 31b24 . na bāi s.¤ Echdi Echbēil, Corm. Y 585 . in laithi sen in brātha, 110 . an Maic-sin Dé, Dán Dé v 33 . ic sibul an mhara s.¤ na hIndía, Maund. 240 . mar do bhí an Conaillsin Cuinn, TD 2.36 .

When the dependent genitive is indefinite, sin follows it: a llaa mbrithemnacte s.¤ , Wb. 6b26 . forsa cenélae metir s.¤ , Sg. 8a13 . an lucht feasa s.¤ , PCT 193 . The follg. are exceptional: in cethardoit s.¤ tire, Laws iv 164.10 . ag an chrích Albainsin, TD 24.2 .

Note also: ar nipa dóir a teg n-oiged s.¤ in spirito, Wb. 4a7 .

(b) With O.Ir. (h)í and follg. sin: adib mogæ indí s.¤ `ye are servants of Him', Wb. 3b15 . dindí s.¤ `of Him', 7a2a . talam nání s.¤ `the land of those (people)', 9b19 . inti s.¤ gl. qui, 15d19 . arnaib hi s.¤ gl. illis, Ml. 117b4 . lasinni s.¤ `with him', 36a7 . donaib hi s.¤ `to them', 54b19 . foropoir indhí s.¤ `that man's special business', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.17) . ised dicit hisindi-sein, Hib. Min. 5.152 . ní beram aichni inní s.¤ `we do not know such a one', Imr. Brain 64 .

(c) (h)í-sin with noun and article: int Alaxander hísin, Wb. 28a20 . ní fristait in béstatid n-isin, 12d39 . a mbás n-isin, 15d12 . trisin n-impúd n-isin, Ml. 93a18 . huana fochaidib hisin, 54a18 . ond rainn inmedonich hísin ind aitrebthado, Sg. 198a13 . in fer hísin, Imr. Brain 32 . frissin cróib ísin, 2 . fri ceilebrad ind líthlaithi hisin, Trip.² 439 . forsain choire n-īsin (MS. niṡin), Corm. Y 323 (p. 28.6) . an tech í-sin, Sc.M² R 5 . ind fer ísin, Mon. Tall. 76 (159.2) . forsin n-imarchor n-ísin, LU 5625 (TBC). lasin screich í sin, IT i 67.8 . issé in t-imper ísin Constantinoble doní patrierca, Maund. 30 (transltd. `the Emperor in C.', ? better that emperor of C. Cf. acan imper C., 23 ). forind arracht n-ingnathach hisin, Stair Erc. 1285 . frisin torathar hisin, 1263 .

(d) with noun preceded by possessive (rare in O.Ir.): a fius sin knowledge of that, Wb. 10b27 . a macsamla sain, SR 5367 . a rád s.¤ , MU² 114 . fail a mor-abba dam-sa sain, CRR 18 . a n-anmanna sin, MacCongl. 77.18 . i ló a bheirthei-sean, DDána 17.24 . atá an fairrgi a comard s.¤ ann comadh dóigh . . ., Maund. 180 . a aitherrach s.¤ do fregra, 27 . a bhfulang s.¤ , TSh. 6218 .

(e) with conjugated prepp. (when the pron. implied has neuter or abstract force, and when the prep. retains the stress, i.e. does not merely replace by the form of 3 s.n. the O.Ir. simple prep.). Here, later, freq. but not always, sin replaces O.Ir. -som, -si (see next section): as s.¤ , PH 3186 . Maund. 8 . is samlid s.¤ dano bid ícc disi tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . niba samlid doemsa mo thuaid insin `it will not be so that I shall defend my people', Ml. 37c20 . is samlid insin, 34b6 . amlaid s.¤ , LU 2154 ( FA 22 ). ni hamhlaid s.¤ dobí, Maund. 118 . air s.¤ , Imr. Brain 60 . LU 8555 ( FB 41 ). is airi insin rocualasu guth m'ernaigdese, Ml. 50d7 . is airi insin darigensat, Sg. 213a1 . ? is airi nobíth digaimm leo ante ρ sin, 9b10 (Edd.'s note: ` sin might go with is airi ', cf. Ml. 37c20 , cited above). airi sein, LU 767 ( ACC Comm . ). a testa de-s.¤ , Sc.M² 6 . conid de s.¤ atát na trenae samna, LU 3226 ( SCC 1 ). de s.¤ , Stair Erc. 294 . is dó sein arróet som in ainm is Cotraigi, IT i 17.32 . is dó-sin as-rubrad, Sc.M² R 1 . is úas in sluinnsius foi s.¤ , LU 803 ( ACC Comm . ). is sí cétbaid ala n-aile ant s.¤ `that is the opinion of some there', Ml. 36a1 . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam and-sen oldás . . ., Laws iv 206.9 . and s.¤ , Trip.² 168 . and s.¤ there, LU 2096 . ann s.¤ then, Stair Erc. 838 . iarmu s.¤ after that, IT i 120.30 ( TE 5 ). iarma s.¤ , PH 5656 . i comfhat ro bátar immi sain, MU² 306 . imme-sin, PH 12 . uimme-sin, 625 . leis s.¤ do thréig féin a uile mhaitheas, TSh. 364 . batar fri cíana móir oca s.¤ , LU 3289 ( SCC 8 ). do bhí a ḟios aigesion, TD 23.17 . reimhe-s.¤ before, Sc.M² R 18 . riamh roimhe s.¤ , PCT 170 . ná ciontaigh sinn seacha s.¤ , DDána 25a.15 . trit s.¤ on that account, Maund. 26 .

(f) replacing O.Ir. -som, -si with verbs and pronn.: táncatar s.¤ . . . da mórad áig ┐ urgaile, MU² 577 . ra-chuala sain Carpre, CRR 45 . dollotar sain co Tráig mBále, 10 . ro-ercransat s.¤ uli amal foscad no ciaig, PH 4265 . mar [do] mhaith soin, Dán Dé v 30 . atbert s.¤ , Maund. 34 . iaid-séin (: chéill), DDána 54.15 . eision agus i-se, 98.33 . sei-sean, 69.22 . siadsan, TSh. 4945 . íatsan, Maund. 157 . demmun aridralistar s.¤ `a demon has contrived it', Mon. Tall. 66 (153.27) . dosrat s.¤ ina théig libair, MacCongl. 9.21 .

II Substantival (stressed) (in O.Ir. usually in sin see GOI § 482 ) except after prepp.

(a) after simple prepp. (in some cases later replaced by petrified 3 s.n., e.g. faoi sin, ann sin see I (e) above): a s.¤ `therefrom', Ml. 59a21 . is follus a s.¤ tra `hence then it is clear', Sg. 5a10 . amal s.¤ , PH 116 . nonsóirni a dæ ar s.¤ `on account of that', Ml. 136c11 . a eneclainn co s.¤ anall, Críth G. 264 . cen aithgne a litri có s.¤ , Trip.² 97 . fo anmchairdini E. robúisom co s.¤ anald, Mon. Tall. 136.13 . doruménair co s.¤ combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 1676 . scela in chatha co s.¤ , PH 7267 . di s.¤ dulluid in t-aingel cuci `then', Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). ní torban dom níi di s.¤ `nothing of that profits me', Wb. 12b32 . di s.¤ gl. exinde, Ml. 90d13 . is di ṡ.¤ asberr séra , Sg. 183b3 . ro mórad ainm nDé . . . di sein, Trip.² 548 . coir duit mo marbad di ṡhain, SR 1531 . dessimrecht . . . do s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . is fochetoir trá fo s.¤ `then in that case it is at once (?)', Ml. 42c24 . ind ḟír fo ṡ. `truly according to that', Sg. 106a5 . a canar dind offriund for sen `thereafter', Thes. ii 252.14 (Stowe M.). cid as dénti fri s.¤ , `what is to be done with reference to that', Wb. 12d41 . is i s.¤ rafetar [a]ngil `it is therein that angels know Him', 28c12 . hi s.¤ there, 33b7 . issin therein, 12d5 (ref. to isinbiuthso gl. in hoc mundo, 12d4 ). hi s.¤ here, Sg. 61b13 . ni taet guth isson (`leg. issen = issin?' Edd.) `here no voice cometh', Thes. ii 253.7 (or to son?). dlomis fíacc dóib iar s.¤ `afterwards', 242.14 (Ardm.). isint senmim dedenach ar ni bia senim terchomric iar s.¤ , Wb. 13d18 . iar sein gl. iarum, Thes. ii 315.40 . ní bu chían íar s.¤ coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain 62 . íar s.¤ , MU² 1025 (LU). iar s.¤ , Maund. 154 . la s.¤ `therewith', Thes. ii 291.15 ( Ml. Poems I ). la s.¤ didiu atraigh in t-ēicsīne, Corm. Y p. 70.3 . o sein (o ṡein, v.l.) ille, Thes. ii 308.4 ( Hy. II pref . ). trīcha laithe . . . | ō ṡ.¤ co cenn a uide, Bruchst. 57 § 128 ( AFM 1022 A.D . ). ro gell . . . na fegbad Erind o ṡein immach from that time onwards, LU 306 ( ACC Pref . ). Áth Féinne a ainm o ṡain ille since then, TBC-LL¹ 4948 . ó shoin i le, Dán Dé vi 5 . ó ṡoin, Maund. 102 . ó s.¤ , ib. ó shoin amach, TSh. 75 . ó s.¤ a le, PCT 75 . ac s.¤ chucut do ríg, PH 4376 . ní cúalatar guth dæ re s.¤ `before that', Ml. 102d7 . ná[d] roga(i)b seilb ná comarbus ria s.¤ , Críth G. 37 . an immon (= immáin) sech s.¤ īarom dognīat na bāi, Corm. Y 674 . tri s.¤ gl. perinde, Ml. 60b15 .

(b) with cenmothá and íarmothá: a chommaín cinn bliadna cenmothā s.¤ , Sc.M² 2 . na ocht grad cenmothá s.¤ , SR 785 . cach fuasnud iarmotha s.¤ cin indurba, Laws ii 290.24 .

(c) after acht: acht sain o tat ina mbiu | nochan fuil . . ., Anecd. ii 35 § 12 . duit ra thócbus cend innocht | acht sain ní bia diar comroc, LL 210b22 .

(d) after the equative: is denithir s.¤ ara-chrin cumachtae inna pecthach `even so swiftly does the power of sinners perish', Ml. 57c12 . amal as suthain riuth gréne síc bith suthainidir s.¤ ainm Solmon `even so lasting', 90b10 . amal as ndínim la nech . . . is dínnímidir insin la dia . . . `so little trouble is it to God', 61b28 . is lerigtir sin, RC iii 346.21 ( Aisl. Óeng. 12 ). is denitir s.¤ rosaigh fudumne pene, Mon. Tall. 85 (162.39) .

(e) accus. with verb: ní pí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . fomnid insin `take ye heed of that', 20b15 . Gobban durigni insin, Thes. ii 294.13 ( Ml. Poems III ). asbeir som insin do dia `he says that of God', Ml. 51d25 . mar atchualá Euá insain, SR 1717 . nā ráid ind s.¤ , MacCongl. 61.15 . is i persin Crist dagníusa s.¤ , Wb. 14d26 . intliucht tra conricci s.¤ `(such is) then the sense so far', Ml. 44b10 - 11 . cid ara cuinchi siu sein?, Thes. ii 307.12 - 13 ( Hy. ii pref . ). adcūaid īarom an gilla d'Athairne s.¤ , Corm. Y 690 . ní moladar som s.¤ , Mon. Tall. 23 (135.14) . in ri rodelba sain, SR 331 . ní ḟeadarsa cosaniú s.¤ , BDD² 148 . dorindetur-san s.¤ , Maund. 199 .

(f) nom. with pass. verb: do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin, Wb. 12d26 . coṅgaibther huile hí crist insin, Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.). dogéntar uli in-sin, PH 2248 . increchthar sein ar ní deichned iar ndílsi tormach sillaibi, LU 463 . do féchad s.¤ co menic, Maund. 92 .

(g) nom. with subst. verb: ni pia detsiu insin `that will not be to Thee', Wb. 32c12 . ata di thrummai na fochaide insin that is (so) from the weight of the tribulations, Ml. 23a19 .

(h) nom. of active verb: artáott troscud s.¤ `this serves in place of a fast', Mon. Tall. 80 (161.12) . tre n-a croidhe do-chuaidh s.¤ , DDána 16.6 . creud chialluigheas s.¤ , Donlevy 26.18 .

(i) with copula: nitat midrera óisa foirbthi insin, Wb. 22b17 . ni cosmil fri gnímu angil insin, 32c7 . airde serce móre insin, 24c2 (copula omitted before airde). creitmech s.¤ as messa ancreitmech, 28d23 . is briathar de insin, Ml. 31c7 . fo deud s.¤ `this (is) at the end', Sg. 72a6 . `Fiac s.¤' ol D. `F. is the man', Thes. ii 307.14 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sóerchéli na flatha . . . óes insin bís [i] coímthecht do ḟlaith, Críth G. 594 . athgabail in sin ad fenar fo fio that is a type of distraint that . . ., Laws i 256.6 . cóicc noíb in sin do muintir P., Trip.² 820 . fairend . . . s.¤ dogníat trócaire, LU 2194 ( FA 27 ). ní bréc sain, MacCarthy 210.3 ( LL 129b ). lebor s.¤ i follsigther . . ., PH 3985 . ` Ísu conagum' . . . `Is mesi s.¤', 3108 . mairg gaollucht dan séala sain, DDána 20.14 . breath s.¤ do dhearbh gach duine, TD 15.15 . is hed insin a llínn i ngaib diabul peccatores gl. laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . is hed insin forchun do chách `that is what I teach to every one', 10a13 . in n-ed insin furuar dait, Ml. 44b 10 - 11 . ised dano insin dorosluínd cainchomrac ar mu chnamaibse `that moreover denied peace to my bones', 58a11 . it hé insin .vii. cléithe ó ndírenar cach bóaire, Críth G. 157 . iss é in(n)sin im[m]athoing smachtu, 37 . it é in sin dá macc E., Trip.² 2063 . at he sein in da se rind, SR 257 . bid si s.¤ mini na hesorgni, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). is í s.¤ cathuir is mó sa doman, Maund. 182 . a phosd cothaighthe is sé s.¤ `that is the post on which he is stayed', TD 22a.5 . gonadh é s.¤ an modh ar ar fhágaibh M. . . . a thighearnas dá éisi, Maguires of F. 99 . is hed for n-ainm insin `that is your name', Wb. 5a17 (cf. is hed bunad mo chlainde `that is my clan's stock', ib. 19 . ) issí écmailte in choscair insin `that is the insolence of the victory', Ml. 33c13 . is ed tír mbó la Féniu insin, Críth G. 92 . is hí immurco foropir cáich lindi indsin `this indeed is what we consider to be the additional labour of each man', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.12) . it é dáilemain adad dech fil i nHérinn in sin those are the best cupbearers, BDD² 1160 . fer fothlai, cid ara ne(i)per[r]? Is é remibí bóairechaib insin, Críth G. 249 . conid e epscop insin cita-ro-oirtned that was the bishop who was first ordained, Thes. ii 241.15 (Ardm.). méit donindnagar fornni fochith issí méit insin donindnagar in díthnad `in proportion as suffering is bestowed upon us, so is the consolation that is bestowed', Wb. 14b15 . issí dias insin oingther leusom, Tur. 4 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab duaid, Ml. 35a8 . is hæ lin pars insin bis i n-obli, Thes. ii 254.18 (Stowe M.). ised uatath in sain conoirg fri sochaid those are the few that . . ., Laws iv 176.2 . air it he teora trebuire in sen nad rithrolat . . . comarbai, 210.y . iss ed ārus indsin i rraba Glass, Corm. Y p. 75.17 . bíadd prantigi dano ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam ┐ hi praindtig a cetal, Mon. Tall. 83 (162.2) . ba sí úair insin dolluid Fedelm . . . asind rígthig, LU 8223 ( FB 17 ). iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig Murthemni (leg. eret insin . . .), 3224 ( SCC 1 ).

(j) in vn. constructions: ní áil tra insin do epirt, Wb. 27c8 . ni fíu dúibsi insin do é[it]secht, 18c11 . is mar so is cōir s.¤ do rādh, Corm. Y 684 . ba heicen . . . do ingenaib Emna s.¤ do dénam, Sc.M² R 20 . ro-líset-sum for Ísu s.¤ do ráda, PH 3147 . do gell E. s.¤ do dhigail for L., Stair Erc. 904 .