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ad-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-aig or dil.ie/259
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a-tom-aig, a-tob-aich, a-tn-agat, adagar, adagatar, a-tn-aig, ad-aigtis, ad-n -agad, atagtha, a-tan-ebla, adeblad, adacht, adachtatár, atachtsat, adacht, adachta, at(n)aigid

v Usually given as compd. of aigid ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ), but in conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig, a verb of the type described GOI § 543 (a) (ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.

Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 . 3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl. adagatar, Críth G. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC-I¹ 935 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n -agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 . Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12 v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár, LU 5344 . atachtsat, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl. adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb. at(n)aigid.

(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you to it?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what thou doest', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that may have been done to you?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of the sea impels one to drink', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér . . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . . docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinstermen before him, LL 4899 . a.¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ? adadar (adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr. xiv 114.13 .

(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, MacCongl. 65.11 ( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F. grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts him under it again (of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) = TBC-I¹ 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii 122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it (of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they ravage them LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they prosecute a valiant fight TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for Jacob, LB 114a5 . a.¤ aithne (for) recognises: ad-n-aig Corpre Músc aithne conarb' é Mac Con 'Corpre Músc realized that it was not Mac Con', CMMucr. (CCA) 92 § 13 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair, IT i 126.9 .

(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu `he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat (.i. tucsat) doeire forra , Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, MacCongl. 23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 . cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'Curry 830 (H 3.18, 380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M. obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf, BB 241a47 = atnaig, LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .

(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐ atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598 = dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 . ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi Ulad do Choin Chulaind, LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.22 . adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender it, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SCC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL 329a7 .

(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 . atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .

(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat (atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi 382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon for aird, LL 12897 .

(g) a.¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .

(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait (leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set to wrestling, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv 102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig `he began smacking his lips', MacCongl. 47.12 . Note also: atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .

(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass, Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern strife', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he betook himself to flight', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain student, MacCongl. 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig, RC v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair, MacCongl. 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z 0 . Impers. atnagar hi cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .

adbal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbal or dil.ie/336

 

Forms: aidbli, adbol, adbul, adhbhuil

adj o, ā, pl. aidbli, see GOI § 353 . Also spelt adbol, adbul. great, mighty, vast: ind fíróg . . . co norddan adbil (adbail, adhbhuil v. ll.) `with vast dignity', Thes. ii 326.1 (Hy. iv). it aidbli fíad scoraib / rígrad Christ . . . `they are grand', Fél. Prol. 81 . is adbul a cobair `vast is their aid', July 28 . is adbul a pian, LU 2172 ( FA § 25 ). is adbul . . . ┐ is dírim failte muintire nime, 2124 ( ib § 19 ). is adbul . . . ┐ is ingnad fria innisin sudigud inna catrach, 2074 (ib. § 15 ). adbul físi armothá .i. mor int aslingi atchondarc, LL 280a10 ( IT i 162.5 ). adhbal rea n-innisi, ZCP viii 204.26 . rí nime . . . ┐ rí adbul ifirn `mighty', Ériu iii 143 § 3 . brōen fīona fīradbail (epithet of a saint), ACL iii 219 § 1 . talam-chumscugud abdul ingnath, PH 36 . gotha aidhble enlait[h]e, Anecd. ii 24 § 9 . ro-nuall . . . o shésselbi ádbuil, PH 471 . buidhni sil Adhaim adbail `the hosts of Adam's vast seed', Ériu iii 29 § 3 . na piana ai[d]bli ili `the many vast pains', § 2. na domenman áidhbli fil for P., TTr.² 240 . tri locha aidhbli ammais, Leb. Gab.(i) 64.1 . cosin mBóind m-bánadbail, LL 1025 . bretha.¤ wondrous in judgement, IT iii 57.1 . a Murias, maoin adhbhal oll, / coire an Daghdha . . ., Keat. i 210. y .

Equative: aidblithir leó bid torandchleas, BDD² 511 . fo nimib ni rabe bed mac nAine aidblithir one as powerful as the son of A., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 23 § 1 ( LL 311b17 ).

Compar.: nibo aidbliu leó bith óenadaig they thought it no longer than one night, LU 11049 . cid adbal in taitnem . . . is aidbliu . . . ind etrochta, 2002 ( FA § 7 ). tanic buiden aile . . . is aidblium (leg. aidbliu) tricha cet, TBC-I¹ 3168 . rucsat forra . . . lín budh aidhbhle ináit féin i.e. in greater force ALC i. 236.17 . nochar tinolad . . . riam sluag bad adbli . . . innas, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . bá haidhblit(h)i in ítu the thirst was the greater CCath. 2518 . cúis dóláis . . . fá haidhbhle inás ar imthigh air gó sin, Desid. 3420 .

Adv. ind adbol gl. ecastor, Sg. 217b5 . domol se co hadbul in t-athair nemdha, ZCP vi 288.13 .

Compds.: Frequ. in Laws Comm. to form etymological glosses on words compounded with the prefix do-(di-), this, presumably, being mistaken for the intensive prefix 2 dí-, e.g. do-ciallathar .i. adbul-dicheltir, Laws v 452.26 . For further exx. see Laws Gloss. With adjj. ¤-bocht: ba hadbulbocht, SR 7412 . ¤-línmar. Compar. sluagh . . . bad adballinmure, Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . ¤-maith: mathi nach adbolmaith glossing boni non ualde, RC iv 250 § 17 . ¤-mór: an t-áonduine adhbhalmhór, RC xxix 114 § 10 . tnúth adhbhal-mhór, ML 70.30 . ar bhuidhnibh ádhbhalmhóra, Desid. 3968 . ¤-trén: fer . . . adhbultren, CCath. 327 . With subst. ¤-chúis: do badur adbal-chuisi eli ic C., MR 110.6 . With vbs. ¤-baíthigid is very foolish: adbolbaithigim gl. effutio, Sg. 56b6 . ¤-básaigid: gur adhbal basaigh Dia íatt, Leb. Gab.(i) 160. n. 11 . ¤-báthaid: gur hadbalbathadh nó basaigheadh (gl. gor diobadh), Leb. Gab.(i) 96 n.7 . ¤-scriosaid: uair . . . ro hádhbhailsccriosadh a haitt-, reabha, AFM v 1720.13 . Vn. ag adhbalsccrios Gearaltach, 1734.10 .

See aidbéil.

admatain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admatain or dil.ie/499

 

n (ad + matain, see Éigse vi 339 ) the next morning: ó urthosach oidhche co hadhmadain, AFM v 1794.3 . rucc Tadhcc forra isin adhmaidin, 1822.6 . ó fhuinedh nell nóna co hadmadain, vi 2120.29 . ádhmhaidin, Celtica vi 67 .

ad-naisc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-naisc or dil.ie/519
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (*aith-nasc-) = naiscid: adronaisc boroma Lagen, Rawl. B 503, 9a1 (Plummer MS notes). sochla set adnaiscer `famous the jewel which is pledged', Misc. Hag. Hib. 29 § 43 . Prob. also in: ro athnaisc-sium forra a choraibh, RC xliii 72.19 . ra athnaiscset na cuir, 74.1 . athnascfid Cass coma ṅgiall, LL 18443 (`will bind', PRIA xix 543 ).

ad-reith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-reith or dil.ie/544

 

Forms: adreth-, ad-reith, ad-rethar, matrorais, matroiris, ad-roir, ad-rorasdar, atroraisitar, -arustar, -aristar, -airsed, adroreasta, -arraid, ataroirthet[ar, adrartatar, atarethusa, adrethsat, adreithset, árad

v (* ad-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 . The form adreth- is perh. in some exx. to be taken as perf. of at-etha . See also ind-reith and ZCP xxv 246-7 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-reith, ZCP xi 97 § 62 . Pass. sg. ad-rethar, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. matrorais, O'D. 1564 (H 5. 15, 3b) = matroiris, O'Curry 512 (H 3.18, 259). 3 s. ad-roir, Laws ii 122.3 . Cf. atomrai .i. domfainic, RC xxi 401.24 Pass. sg. ad-rorasdar, O'Dav. 91 . atroraisitar, 1372 . -arustar, Laws iv 240.11 . -aristar, 114.27 . ?Subj. impf. 3 s. -airsed, RC xxii 402.1 . pass. sg. adroreasta, Laws iv 104.3 Comm. pret. and perf. 3 s. -arraid, BDD² 300 . 3 pl. ataroirthet[ar, TBC-I¹ 2951 . adrartatar, ZCP viii 313.20 . With s-pret. 1 s. atarethusa, LU 9394 . 3 pl. adrethsat, 5444 . adreithset, Rawl. 84b24 .

Vn. árad?

Cf. ar-reith.

(a) runs towards, attains to: adreith richid réde, Fél. Prol. 120 . adreth (adreith, atreith, v.ll.) riched rúnach, dunad Adriáni, Nov. 6. adreth (adreith, v.l.) buaid úas búadaib `the reward above rewards she has attained', Aug. 30. ?conid iar sin adrith (no rogabh) A. eired . . . alaile miled imbi, BB 495b1 = Alex. 765 .

(b) attacks: dollotar . . . in slōig ataroirthet[ar] araid Ulad the charioteers of Ulster attacked them, TBC-I¹ 2951 . iar sin atarethusa / cíar adbol a ndrong / co ndernus a n-ordnecha I attacked them . . . and crushed them to pieces, LU 9394 . adreidset leirg Liphi láin, Rawl. 84b24 . atreithsid biodhbhaidh fríu fria hedail forta, BNnÉ 106 § 22 . Of attack in chess: gabsait imbirt na fer fithchille . . . adrethsat (adresad v.l., TBC-I¹ 968 ) na firu oír ┐ argait tarsin clár crédumae, LU 5444 .

(c) overtakes; arrests: téit ina ndíaid . . . ┐ nisn-árraid he did not overtake them, BDD² 300 . luid dono Conall Cernach . . . connarruith Ailill ┐ Meidb hi Tailltin, ZCP iv 47.9 . odhilse neich adrorasdar isin ceatramad feis i.e. full forfeiture of whatever shall be caught in the fourth trespass, Laws iv 104.4 Comm. eirlim acht adroirisdair a ndiaid riasiu ro drengad taris, 8 Comm. dilsi neich adroir diib inna thir `such of them as he shall catch', ii 122.3 Comm. mana arustar for a lepuidh, iv 240.11 .i. mana tarrtaither, 242.6 Comm. mas rullatside cona [a]rustar forra `if they have absconded so that they cannot be caught', 240.9 . ?riasiu co narustar co derbḟine, 242.2 . i.e. before a claim is made on the `derbfine', Plummer MS. notes. nechtar da lina adrorastar a crich a cheili, O'Curry 804 (H 3.18, 372b) = hitrorustar, O'Curry 22 (ib. 10 a). ?ní áirsed augra in dá túathmáil `that he should not settle(?) the quarrel. . . ', RC xxii 402.1 . Cf. ní ahurrais augra . . . (ar-fuirig), BDD² 181 n. ?aic-siu macu imin smacht so . . . co neoch adroirter fort di nasc a rer brethaman .i. do neach is adha do tharrachtain do dhlestin dit, O'Curry 2729 (Eg. 88, 61b).

Cf. atnúarat.

adúathmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adúathmar or dil.ie/600

 

Forms: adḟúathmar, adúathmairiu

adj o, ā (adúath) also spelt adḟúathmar. very awful, terrible: fargsi forgranda adhuathmhar re fegad forra , TBC-LL¹ 5473 . a Dé aduathmair, Hib. Min. 42.33 . cairi dubfhola da lind adúathmar, MU² 730 . mara móra co n-ainbthinib adhúathmaraib, LU 2235 ( FA 30 ). ó esslainte . . . adhuathmhair, Ériu xv 78.5 . arracht áightige a.¤ , CCath. 4019 . cocad aduathmur, Ann. Conn. 1401.26 . co ngol-gaire n-aduathmair, PH 8305 . béid adhfhuathmhar aguibh `an abomination ', Levit. xi 10 . Compar.: adúathmairiu, LU 2220 ( FA 29 ). adúathmuire . . . a ngotha inā torann, RC xxviii 316 § 21 . As adv.: co hacarb ┐ co adúathmar, LU 2131 ( FA 20 ).

aidbden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbden or dil.ie/828

 

Forms: aidben

Also aidben? Vn. of ad-feid (see Bürgschaft 23 , ZCP xviii 380 ).

(a) act of leading to, towards; setting something in motion: nach dal, nach a.¤ tonut-fuichfither any preparation, Bürgschaft 22 § 65 (b) (Veranstaltung?). frisna gnimu sin ┐ na haidbdena, 23 § c .

(b) Used of a person belonging to a noble grade whose function is to represent his kin in dealings with a higher lord, especially the king, or with members of an outside túath (see Bürgschaft, etc. above): combi lánchongnam i túaith do aidbdenaib, do noillechaib, do gi[u]ll, do gíall, do chairdiu tar cenn ceníuil tar crích i tech flatha, Críth G. 412 . do-beir cenel a slan na n-aidbhean .i. in tan nach biadh tobach. boaire medonach sin ┐ is edh gabus do laimh, dul tar ceann na tuaithe re cach nduine amach ┐ dul re laimh im cach ní dlighfit amuigh do tobach doibh the family pays the fine of the a. when a seizure has not taken place (i.e. when the a.¤ has not been able to recover the debt and has paid himself) O'D. 2287 ( Rawl. B 506, 26v1-2 ) ( ZCP xviii 380 ). Classed amongst the etarḟlaithi: rannait aitiri an da trian n-aile i tri .i. trian do flaith, trian do fine, trian do etarflaithib ┐ do iteraibh. trian na n-etarflaithe ┐ na n-etere, ranntair trian de do muire rechtgi doda-fet a tegh ri[g], a trian do aitiribh, a trian n-aill do aidhbenaibh na tuaithi do roinn co haenscrepall (of property of a deceased person), Bürgschaft 62.7 (Ériu i 215). ata aithech eirnis amal flaith fer son iii n-aidben, fer do-rata athair ┐ a senathair gell tar cenn a aicme, O'Curry 885 ( H 3.18, 396a ). tathat lim . . . logh do sinnsire tūs aidhbdhen tus ea[r]labhra, ZCP xii 365.14 ( tusn-aidbsina, Laws iv 372.12 . See aidbsiu). aidhbhean .i. adhbha dhíona, O'Cl. adhben .i. itercian bit dono adbena uasal .i. taoisich na tuaithe cach uais araile coruici righ, O'Dav. 185 (hence: aidhbeil (leg. aidhben, ed., aidh bhen, v.l.) .i. cian, Metr. Gl. 19 § 59 . aidhbhean .i. imchían nó fada, O'Cl.).

(c) the leading troops, vanguard (of an army): rushudhigsed sudhiugud fir fria n-aidpheana / fria sluaghadha fri cuanghala fria chaipdeana, Ériu xvi 180 § 9 . nicon reilgi a hiath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin advance troops . . . to plunder her, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 1919, 93 § 31 (`aus fernem Land'). cengsat siar . . . ond Athain, aidben anair a troop from the east, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.35 (cf. aidhmen .i. deoraid, citing this ex., Ériu xiii 63 § 30 ). ?ciarb aidben leó fácbat sund / Cairmen . . ., Metr. Dinds. iii 6.63 . aidhbhean .i. olc no deoraidh, O'Cl. Hence as synonym of écht slaying, slaughter: mor d'echtaib ┐ d'aidbenaib, H 3.18 , 726.15 . slan a mhenman dechtaib ┐ daidhbenaibh dfhaghbháil forra , ITS xlii 302.y . robtar mince iomda a ccatha . . . a n-aidhbena for a mbiodhbhadhaibh, AFM vi 2280.9 .

(d) of Cú Chulainn's toys, playthings (cf. aidemm?): focheird a adbena uile riam acht a liathroit nammá, TBC-LL¹ 1018 . focheird a adbena ániusa uli úad, 1076 . gab icc athgarddigud na sliged reme da adbenaib ániusa, 1017 . mar benar a aidhbhena āiniusa ┐ imāna a lāmhaibh mic bhig, RC xiv 265 § 59 . Note also: ni haidhbhen etraib im Glend Ochaine sund, TBC(C) 425 (= cian, TBC-LL¹ , TBC St.

1 airc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airc or dil.ie/1659

 

n f. : maic, LL 18305 , : ailt, 6389 , -cairt, O'Hara 1100 . Other rhyming examples noted infra. difficulty, strait: a.¤ .i. docamhal, O'Cl. na ha.¤ na écen na écendál, TBC-LL¹ 2895 . cá cath . . . nach diṅgbad cét in cach a.¤ , LL 6403 . ropsam grind grind ri harcaib (: fortail) (B. na f.) `fierce, fierce I was in straits(?)', Ériu i 72 § 3 . fri cocad ┐ cech n-aircc na haimsire sin, LB 123b42 . a.¤ abstinence(?), Fél.² lxxxv § 10 . fria cech necóir fri cech na.¤ , LB 262a31 . doconnairc Brénainn an a.¤ do bói orra, BNnÉ 52.z . trocaire do dénamh forra on a.¤ (on eigin sin v.l.) ina rabhatar, 9 § 31 . a n-a.¤ d'fóirighin to aid their difficulty, Ériu iv 224 § 47 . ua C . . . . dfurtacht . . . as an a., AFM vi 2122.17 . ó ata an t-en becc isin a.¤ ud uma heinaibh, CF 982 . bādar i n-a.¤ bhetha in want, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 44.6 . do taithmigeadh a ha.¤ ibh / a ghlainchineadh Airt Énfhir, IGT Verbs ex. 556 . do-bhéara Críosd, cruaidh an a.¤ / dúin-ne an t-achmhusán orrdhairc (of the last judgement), DDána 29.24 .

In phrase is a.¤ do is in a difficult situation: maith tra is a.¤ dúnn cia do-[g]nemis comairle, Anecd. i 4.8 `we need to take counsel', S Cano 90 n. in trath bad a.¤ do i comlonn, TBC-LL¹ p. 313 n.l . cia mbad a.¤ duit, LL 285a6 . is a.¤ . . . do Molling `M. is in a strait', RC xiii 114 § 158 . rob a.¤ det san usce fūar, ZCP vii 307.2 . Note also: o rogabad a.¤ de amlaid sin `when difficulty had been experienced therefrom', Aen. 2332 .

? As adj. fatal, mortal(?): ? fri gnim n-aircc n-íd, SR 6603 . manip enghel amail chailc fri huair na.¤ , LB 108b47 . tarlaic Cairpri aurchur n-a.¤ , LL 20162 .

Perh. also in: dāl armairc meeting in battle stress, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 1919, 93 § 33 .

Cf. 2 airc.

2 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aire or dil.ie/1884

 

Forms: oire, ere

n io, m. oire, ere m. IGT Decl. § 2 . load, burden: bad hé for n-ere gl. portate, Wb. 9d12 . tuárgabad fornn a.¤ fochide, 14b22 . cuirid díib in n-ere-se uitiorum , 27b11 . la sodain focheírt in n-a.¤ dó, LU 4936 ( TBC-I¹ 451 ). gan eiri for daumh na heuch na duine, Anecd. iii 21.7 . a.¤ ruanada a champion's burden (i.e. as much as the strongest man can carry), Laws iii 422.1 , v 262.2 , .27 Comm. amhuil a.¤ for ech, iv 58.22 Comm. ere in nónbuir . . . di ór ┐ argutt i.e. as much as nine could carry, Trip.² 285 . a.¤ secht n-ech, LL 286b37 . ere .xx. cuinge do damaib, LU 9190 ( FB § 91 ). at chíat na heriu trommu, LU 1761 . tucad a.¤ feóin leis do threlam gascid, TBC-LL¹ 2092 . úir Pettair ┐ P. . . . bērthair sin . . . ina herib co hEirind, BColm. 80.8 . ferr a.¤ īarraid, Anecd. iii 19.16 . oc breith ind eire dar sreith slige, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.31 . rotairntea a n-aireda dona damradaib, RC xiii 90 § 110 . rīasiu thīsad na slūaig cona n-eireadaib, Ériu ii 22 § 5 . atconnairc na manchu occ ruamhar ┐ araill dibh go ttiaghaibh ┐ oiredhaibh forra , BNnÉ 297.1 . xx each fana n-eredhaibh bídh, Fier. 149 . cona ethur fo a.¤ / fo trethun ín tṡáeb-chaire, Metr. Dinds. iv 84.3 . ní taghthar i dteach Mhuire / neach nach anfadh fá eire `who will not bear his own burden', Dán Dé vii 29 . Fig. co ructha dīb in t-a.¤ trom bói forro .i. ind ḟingal, ZCP viii 318.14 . gur hiomchradh lé oire an fhir i.e. the man's work was accomplished by Mary, PBocht 13.33 .

3 airide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 airide or dil.ie/2093

 

n níor bó lámh for airidhe a nionnsaighidh muna luigheadh líon lamh . . . forra , AFM v 1826.8 (`they would not have been thus cut off') ` smoothness ' (1 airid), Plummer MS. notes. Cf. 1 airigid?

1 airigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airigid or dil.ie/2103

 

Forms: oirighidh, oirighthe, oirighin, airide

[i, f.] Vn. formation from ar-saig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 . See 2 airigid. oirighidh f. (g s. oirighthe), IGT Decl. § 150 . Also oirighin, ZCP x 277.21 and later airide (section (e) infra).

(a) Glossing delibatio: ind a.¤ .i. christus no apostolus , Wb. 5b23 . huand a.¤ .i. huan togu gl. delebatione iudicii, Ml. 123a13 . Note also: magi . . . primi adorant paruulum, primi .i. na hirgde .i. . . . ex gentibus hi fuerunt , Lib. Hymn. i 37 gl. 14 (or for airegdai?).

(b) choice (honorific?) portion of food, choice dish as preliminary to a meal: airigthi bíd ┐ lenna, MU² 206 . TBC-LL¹ 400 . mucc ┐ mart ┐ ag . . . ba hí insin a prīma.¤ cenmotha a [fh]ritha.¤ preliminary snack , MacCongl. 3.16 . ba si a.¤ ban Ulad o mnai ind ḟir las n-denta ind ḟled .i. secht n-daim . . ., special portion, IT ii1 173.4 . d'iarraid airigthi barsna luchtairib `to ask the cooks for choice provisions', RC xiii 58 § 51 . airigthi airerda . . . do cech biud, TFerbe 86 . in tan bus mithigh lib bhar cuid, fogebthai, uair bhar n-airighidh ro caithsib `Vorspeise', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 43.3 . ar daigh ni fil airighidh linn dooib, RC xiii 5 z . uair m'a.¤ in bargen a chíanaib ┐ mo [p]rím-chuit in bargen út, Ériu i 134.5 . uaim gu míl craige a chinidh / bídh aige na oirighidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1099 . ? trireach .i. tre-arech tri airíghthe íntí, IT iii 105 § 210 .

(c) Used in pl. in Laws in passages dealing with the testing of malt, perh. sample, test (perhaps in some examples confused with airiugad): ma is na treabuibh dligtecha ┐ fromthar a airithe ┐ ni raithighter fair . . . muna hairigtur forra hairighe . . . if choice samples are tasted, and no (imperfection) is found in it(?), Laws ii 242.28 Comm. ocht meich bracha . . . cona airigthib coirib, ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250 ) (`mit den ordnungsmässigen `Bemerkungen' (Proben)) .i. is coraiti hi a fromad im a hairigthib, Laws ii 252.12 Comm. madh isna trebuib dligthecha fromthar a hairidhe ┐ nir hairi[g]ther [olc] fair, v 166.21 Comm. ma hairigther for a hairidhe (hairidhthib v.l.), 25 Comm. dia fegthar airigthi cacha bracha, 168.5 Comm.

(d) With follg. g s. first fruits, choice, pick, etc.: do thuitim siu ina a.¤ gaiscid leis `as the first-fruits of his prowess' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 2240 ( i n-airigidh, TBC-LL¹ 3155 (St.), a n-oirighin, ZCP x 277.21 ). isna airigthib gascid (na hairighe aigh ┐ iorgaile v.l. St.) danímmís ac Scathaig . . . dachuatar bar a n-airigthib (airigib v.l. St.) gascid choice feats of arms, TBC-LL¹ 3552 . ga gaiscedh ara racham aniogh? Ar ar n-oiridhibh gaile ┐ gaiscidh, ZCP x 290.18 . a.¤ mo catha cain / Airgialla `the ornaments of my beauteous army' MR 162.16 . a.¤ urgabala, 200.12 . oirigthe cecha huilc, PH 713 . a ḟás a gclí choimhidhigh / a bhás dob í a oirighidh, IGT Decl. ex. 2002 . oirighidh oinigh, ex. 2010 . gan airighthe botha ┐ na bélsgatha, Celt. Rev. x 134.6 . Of weapons: frasa . . . da nairightibh catha, Manners and Customs ii 262 n.204 . co ndernaid ceo cruaid . . . clocharmneimnech do na céd oirighaib sin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.4 . cuimnighedh gach cathmílid a clochairghidh, 106.19 .

(e) Of a person one who deserves (with prep. AR introducing thing deserved) (see O'Rahilly, SGS ii 13 ): dona tighearnaibh is fearr dairidhe air `to the lords who best deserve it', Carswell 2.12 . budh maith an airigh ar inbhe an tAilin sin, Rel. Celt. ii 168.17 . ní hairidhe ar mhaithfeachas an té atá fós a neascairdeas Dé, Mac Aingil 6353 . Note also: do badh maith an airighi da denamh sin thusa you would be a good hand at doing that, CF 763 (see CF² 1092 note ).

airlámas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlámas or dil.ie/2171

 

n o, [m.] (airlám) custody, possession: sequestratio .i. urlamas, Ir. Gl. 906 . smachta gill ┐ aithne ┐ urlamhais, O'D. 710 . ( H 3.17, c. 518 ). cor ghobhadar . . . urlámhus in fhearaind, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 30.3 . urlamhas gach bronntanais do-níodh rí Laighean, Keat. ii 4822 . thug Brian urlámhus Átha Cliath dó-san re n-a láimh, Ériu i 81 § 11 . sósar dia rainicc orlamhas a athardha, AFM v 1628.14 . i n-a hurrlámhus `in possession of it', CCath. 1631 .

Various: fer urlamais marbtha Iarla D. `the chief instigator of the murder of the earl of D.', AFM iv 1162.11 . do gab fein tigernus na toisech ┐ orlamus na n-oirrig, Ann. Conn. 1309.3 (see forlamus). re hed urrlamais Uilliam Burc forra , 1310.6 .

airrinde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airrinde or dil.ie/2371

 

n (cf. 1 rind) prick, stab(?): ni tét forra n-a.¤ nach fora n-álath `it (the butter) goes not on the point nor on the wound' (charm against a thorn), Thes. ii 248.8 . corbat álada aidbli a n-airrindi, LL 226a21 `so that mighty wounds were their lacerations', TTr. 656 . Cf. airrainn.

3 án

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 án or dil.ie/3243

 

n ā, f. cup, drinking-vessel: techta fuillema gill aine trenege, Laws v 410.21 .i. sithla tre-bennaigi .i. sithal umha sea ┐ sithal craind thuas, 412.4 Comm. = O'Dav. 150 . an .i. sithel ut est ana tuilcenna, O'Dav. 174 . an .i. sdábha no soidheach, O'Cl. es bec a ain iphthi compí sāithech, ZCP vi 257 § 6 deich longa deich nāna deich cucho, Ériu ii 28 § 12 . ? Fig. an mac [bāid] robói / nói mīsaib im āin (: bāin) womb , BColm. 16.22 . A silver cup left beside a well was a test of the king's peace: āna .i. stāba beaca bītis for tiprataib isnaib cānaib dlúthib inde dicitur: daimid āna for lindib ┐ ba do argud batir mincib . . . fri hōl tra do dāinib scīthaib esib dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib ┐ ba ō rīgaib dobertis forra do promad a cāna, Corm. Y 48 . ind rā[i]th . . . / i mbīth tiprān fo āin gil, ib. á.¤ .i. sithal no soithech asa nebhar uisce na srothan ut est a n-ána for sruamannaib i sidh socoméd sernar flatha .i. is fir lium conad comét sida dona flathaib ic a srethnaighther sithla for na sruthanaib, O'Dav. 119 , 1464 . Hence perh. án explained as fír by glossators = test (cf. leastur Baduirn, IT iii 191 § 19 ): án [.i.] fír, Metr. Gl. 9 § 4 . an is rann ban is binne/anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, 27 § 34 . á.¤ fír is ní forus fand, LU 528 . á.¤ .i. fír, Cóir Anm. § 13 . More doubtfully in: ana cach tuinide do nescarthar .i. fir lium in ferann dontí escerthar ina tuinide, O'Curry 337 (H 3.18, 185b), 711 (ib. 342) = ain cach t., O'D. 621 (H 3.17, c. 463). ana gala gaudai lama luatha . . . .i. is fir lium in galannas do gniat na lama tre gail, O'Curry 342 ( H 3.18, 190a ), O'Curry 716 ( ib. 344 ). ana gallda luathit lama .i. is fir lium an gaoil gallda no luaidhit ó lama, 1765 (23 Q 6, 36 a). á.¤ gach gala gonta nurrad, 2314 (Eg. 88, 24 (25)b). ba há.¤ fis no ainchis, ib.

2 anfúirithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 anfúirithe or dil.ie/3611

 

n [, f.] (1 anfúirithe) unpreparedness: ní roshaigh forra ara anfuirithi robhaoi, Hugh Roe 66.12 (fo. 18a) .

angó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. angó or dil.ie/3641

 

(gáu) interjection indeed, truly(?): aṅgō is fer co talmain, TBC-I¹ 3258 = ni gó am is fer . . ., TBC-LL¹ 5322 . aṅgō didiu is tailc dond dechadar (leg. don-dechadar?) isin telaich, TBC-I¹ 3195 = ni gó ám is borrfadach forḟópartatar in tulaig sin, TBC-LL¹ 5255 . aṅgó didiu is deithbir deitsiu, BDD² 725 = aṅgo dano, LU 7121 . iṅgó, BDD² 1122 . anga tra ba rucht ruip, Anecd. ii 48.x . anga tra ni tartustar forra-sidhe, 72.4 . anga .i. inge .i. acht, O'Cl.

Cf. angae.

ansmacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ansmacht or dil.ie/3786

 

n (smacht) oppressive rule, tyranny: triana anffoltaibh ┐ trena a.¤ forra , AFM v 1510.2 . med ansmachta ┐ annirt, TFrag. 184.22 . do fhalaigh gach annsmacht, Studies 1920, 418.22 . tré a.¤ na maor, Atlantis iv 164.10 . ainméen ┐ a.¤ . . . an impire, Fl. Earls 118.z . táinig d'a.¤ (sic leg., see Ériu xii 230 ) Gall, Keat. Poems 1365 . a.¤ Gall dóibh, TD 3.11 . tír fa a.¤ Gall do traochadh, O'Rah. 6.6 .

arathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arathar or dil.ie/3967

 

n o, [n. ?] (4 ar)

(a) plough: a.¤ .i. ab aratró .i. ōn trebad, Corm. Y 46 . dam timchill arathair plough-ox? 209 . cecht arathair, O'Mulc. 205 . leis dorata na Gaill fon a.¤ , AU i 528.16 . fortacht co ndeithbire t(h)imceall arathair (in a list of actions for which there is no penalty), Laws v 486.22 . bla dam . . . a.¤ , iii 266.14 .i. cid fon a.¤ beit uair feidm nach a.¤ adubramar romaind, 19 Comm. cach duine dada (diatá) dam isin a.¤ at the plough, 270.5 Comm. re arathair ploughing time, O'Curry 423 (H 3.18, 231b). geim daim arathair tria aibni / tairgne tarathair atidli, IT iii 77 § 45 . cét n-a.¤ ag frithalum a tigi, Aen. 1726 . atconnarc iiii arathru anairdheas, Three Hom. 68.26 . cécht na n-a.¤ , TTr.² 1488 . a n-iarrnaigi . . . arathair, TTebe 1277 . na cethri harathair, Three Hom. 70.6 . gan a.¤, gan trealamh, MR 102.9 . ? As quasi-vn. ploughing: a.¤ in domnaigh, ACL iii 241 § 8 .

(b) ploughing equipment, wainage: cethramthu arathair lais—dam, soc, brot, cennos(e), Críth G. 95 . bí[i]t dí baí .x. leis, leth n-arathair, 158 . erna arathair, Laws v 390.23 .i. soc ┐ coltor ┐ brod, 392.10 Comm. tir da .uii. cumal aigi do thir, a.¤ co n-a fedhain techta . . . aigi a plough with its proper appliances (? team of oxen, see fedan), 32.6 Comm. a.¤ cona fedain techt[a] .i. .iiii. doim, ar is forra d'ḟacaib Patraic bendachtain, O'Curry 325 (H 3.18, 179a) = O'D. 1953 ( Add. 4783, 7d ).

(c) tillage, ploughland(?): for fairchi in arathair thís, Fél. 72.22 . ag dul d'fius a arathair, TFrag. 16.20 . dun .i. terra, a.¤ fri don, gortt for don, O'Mulc. 320 .

ar-ceissi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-ceissi or dil.ie/3998
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ar-cessi, -airchissi, airchis, ar-cessea, -airchissa, -erchissea, arceiss, airchisid, airchissecht

v ( air-cess-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 486 ) Indic. pres. 3 s. ar-cessi, -airchissi gl. sed miserentis est Dei, Wb. 4c19 , 20 . Ipv. 2 s. airchis gl. propitiare [uel prospice] mihi, Ml. 44b7 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ar-cessea -airchissa gl. ne forte nec tibi parcat, Wb. 5b35 . -erchissea gl. quod nisi miseratio diuina decoxerit, Ml. 46c15 . ar-don-roigse . . . .i. arroairchise, Thes. ii 303.4 (Hy. i). Subj. impf. 3 s. conna erchissed don bocht gl. pro pudore occurrentes intuere non audeant, Ml. 61a5 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. arceiss, LU 11007 . air arrocheis side di bochtai chaich gl. sed necessitates eius sensu compassionis introspicit subaudias sicut Ezechias, Ml. 61a9 . 1 pl. ara roichsisem, Blathm. 476 . 3 pl. ar roichsisiot, 513 . Later as simple vb. airchisid.

Vn. airchissecht.

(a) pities, has compassion on (with DI): arcessi do neoch bes meldach less `He pities whomsoever He pleases', Wb. 4c19 . curaerchisse dia dim gl. et miserto deo, Gild. Lor. 143 gl. 265 . airchisis Conchobar do deór Chathbaid, CRR 3 . curro archisi Dia dia anmain ┐ Patraic, Ann. Conn. 1402.5 . oirchis dínn, PH 2203 . Exceptionally with DO: ro-airchis daib, 1009 . arceiss M. ... dond éicsíniu, LU 11007 . With direct object: ar ro chis na dubacha, Blathm. 852 . nach duine . . . arta-ceisi guth ┐ gním ┐ bréithir, BDD² 883 . is techta / ar do cese (leg. ardacesse, ed.) noscara `it is fitting that thou compassionate and love them', Ériu i 202 § 28a . abbair fri Feradach arusceissi that he pity them, ZCP xi 83 § 27 . airchised cách a bráthair, Ériu iii 102 § 27a . ro airchisea Dia sind, YBL 154b37 . a Theamhair, a telbuidhe ardat chesi mo chuire my company pities thee(?), AFM i 480.17 . nímoirchis máthair ná mac. BS 43 . is e fhoires ┐ airchises (oirisises v.l.) cach gabad coilled, TTebe 2662 . ros airchis Niall Ó D. im gach ní ba tesbaidh forra , AFM vi 2210.4 . With FOR: rolúath bic narchessi forro, TBC-LL¹ 5112 (bic arcesi v.l., St.). iarsin rosairchis (airchisis uirre v.l.) úa Cuind, Metr. Dinds. i 22.117 = archisis uirre ua Cuinn, Keat. ii 5249 .

(b) (if same word, see Ped. loc. cit. and note that vn. does not occur in this sense) complains: arceissi side fria F. galar . . . do ueth fuirri, IT i 145.11 . arceissi scís a lám diud laí, Trip.² 771 `he complains', Trip. 73 . airchister . . . / fri senōir let it (i.e. this grievance) be stated, ZCP xiii 30 § 25 . arceisi de a guin, TBC-I¹ 2763 , cf. airchiside a ghuin .i. éccáoinidh sé a ghuin, O'Cl.

baramail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baramail or dil.ie/5382

 

n i, f. (Lat. parabola with infl. of 1 samail, see Breatnach, Éigse vi 341 ff.) IGT Decl. § 10.

(a) comparison, the like, match: baramhail don aon cath comparable with, Cog. 114.16 . ni fuair riem b.¤ an comlainn sin, CCath. 2968. as co cath in lai sin no cuirthe ar bh.¤ it used to be compared, 5587 . samhuil na baramhuil . . . do dhoishininn na h-oídhche sin, Celt. Rev. x 134.14 . baramhail dóibh their like, ITS i 80.22 . fear do bharamhla your like, O'R. Poems 418. maraidh bríogh na baramhla `the force of the comparison', Aithd. D. 94.31 . builli a baramail sin such a blow, Stair Erc. 1346. baile i mbaramhail doiséin a place comparable with it, L. Cl. A. B. 183.82 . uth bó bruithi do bior a b.¤ do cath-bhuidnib . . . Connacht he likens to, MR 124.9 . nir ḟed . . . baramhail do thabairt do churp an prinnsa sin could find no comparison for, Aisl. Tond. 134 § 2 (barsamail, v.l., 108 § 2).

(b) opinion, conjecture, surmise : b.¤ gl. opinio, Ir. Gl. 877. baramhail-saoilneas `an opinion, phantasie', Eg. Gl. 86. doreir baramhla na ndaeine nglic, Maund. 157. égsamhlacht bharamhla (= diuersity of opinions), RSClára 81a . baramhail ar bhráth (in list of impossible things), ML 98.12 . b.¤ aithgne partial recognition : ótchonnairc F. in cúicer sin uada tuc b.¤ aithgne dóib (i.e. they seemed familiar to him), SG 275.5 . baramhail aithne agam / atá . . . / ar do ghlár, DDána 101.45 . Cf. tugus b.¤ dod marcaighecht your horsemanship seemed familiar to me, ZCP vi 95.y . at annsa dia n-eccmaltibh baramhail forra `to recognise (identify) them', TBC St. 4662 and n. Note also: tucus do b.¤ doibh co raibhe edach cristaidhi fa droing dibh I recognized that. . . ., Maund. 257. thugadar cách do bharamhail gur b'iad féin do bhí ann, ITS i 166.8 . tug O. baramhail an[n] sin co raibh . . . surmised, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1228. ní thugaim bharamhuil gurab ó droichinntinn do níthear ní ar bioth I do not suppose, Desid. 2476.

Of (erroneous) religious opinions: dona tri baramhlaibh seachranacha (= tribus sectis), ITS xxix 174.2 . os baramhlacha iad . . . ┐ nach creideamh fire, Luc. Fid. 5137. 5158 .

(c) likelihood; expectation, hope : tásg baramhla `news to give us hope', Aithd. D. 65.1 . a hóigh gur bhean baramhail `a sign of hope', 65.39 . ar mhéd mbaromhla (quality of a prince), O'Hara 3012. ? ar bharomail fer nÉirenn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 32 § 21. leis tír Bréifne ó bharamhail (of a prince whose father was still alive), O'R. Poems 9.

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