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acuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acuit or dil.ie/244

n (Lat. acutus) acute accent: circumflex in participio a.¤ in nomine , Sg. 187b3 . a.¤ fora peneuilt, 212a13 . a.¤ foraib linni, 208b7 . la a.¤ , Auraic. 1558 . a.¤ forsna sillabaib cuimri, 1355 .

ad-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-aig or dil.ie/259
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a-tom-aig, a-tob-aich, a-tn-agat, adagar, adagatar, a-tn-aig, ad-aigtis, ad-n -agad, atagtha, a-tan-ebla, adeblad, adacht, adachtatár, atachtsat, adacht, adachta, at(n)aigid

v Usually given as compd. of aigid ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ), but in conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig, a verb of the type described GOI § 543 (a) (ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.

Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 . 3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl. adagatar, Críth G. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC-I¹ 935 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n -agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 . Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12 v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár, LU 5344 . atachtsat, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl. adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb. at(n)aigid.

(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you to it?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what thou doest', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that may have been done to you?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of the sea impels one to drink', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér . . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . . docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinstermen before him, LL 4899 . a.¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ? adadar (adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr. xiv 114.13 .

(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, MacCongl. 65.11 ( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F. grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts him under it again (of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) = TBC-I¹ 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii 122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it (of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they ravage them LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they prosecute a valiant fight TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for Jacob, LB 114a5 . a.¤ aithne (for) recognises: ad-n-aig Corpre Músc aithne conarb' é Mac Con 'Corpre Músc realized that it was not Mac Con', CMMucr. (CCA) 92 § 13 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair, IT i 126.9 .

(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu `he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat (.i. tucsat) doeire forra, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, MacCongl. 23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 . cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'Curry 830 (H 3.18, 380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M. obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf, BB 241a47 = atnaig, LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .

(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐ atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598 = dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 . ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi Ulad do Choin Chulaind, LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.22 . adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender it, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SCC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL 329a7 .

(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 . atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .

(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat (atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi 382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon for aird, LL 12897 .

(g) a.¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .

(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait (leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set to wrestling, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv 102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig `he began smacking his lips', MacCongl. 47.12 . Note also: atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .

(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass, Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern strife', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he betook himself to flight', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain student, MacCongl. 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig, RC v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair, MacCongl. 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z 0 . Impers. atnagar hi cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .

ad-opair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-opair or dil.ie/529
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: adopuir, a-tn-opuir, -udbair, -idbarat, adobarar, adoparar, adopar, -idparar, adopartar, adobartar, edbair, adoparthe, (m)ad-id-ipre, adoibertair, atopartha, ataopera, atob-opérat, athoperainn, atrópert, adopart, adrobart, adodpart, édbairt, adrobartat, opartat, adrópartadar, edbartatar, edbairset, adropred, atamroipred, adoibriudh, atdopartha, edberthe, udbairti, idba(i)rt, a(i)dbr(a)id

v (*ad-uss-ber-, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 468 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adopuir, Thes. ii 241.1 . a-tn-opuir, 253.6 (Stowe Miss.). ad-idn-opair, Ml. 66b4 . -udbair, Laws iii 52.8 . 3 pl. -idbarat, Wb. 1b20 . Pass. sg. adobarar, Wb. 10c3 . adoparar, 11b15 . See also atoibenar. adopar, Ml. 73a10 . -idparar, Wb. 5b6 . Pl. adopartar, Wb. 10c1 . adobartar, Ml. 60b17 . Ipv. 2 s. edbair, Trip.² 970 . Indic. impf. pass. sg. adoparthe, Wb. 15d20 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. (m)ad-id-ipre, Ériu vii 154 § 4 . Pass. pl. adoibertair, Anecd. i 42.9 . Subj. impf. 2 s. atopartha, ZCP v 498.20 . Fut. 3 s. ataopera, Trip.² 1585 . 3 pl. atob-opérat, Ériu ii 196 § 10 . Condit. 1 s. athoperainn, Trip.² 1886 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. atrópert, Thes. ii 238.12 . adopart, 239.6 ; 242.9 , .19 . adrobart, Ml. 32b23 ; Trip.² 1909 . adodpart, Mon. Tall. 134.2 (§ 19) . ro édbairt , Trip.² 385 . 3 pl. adrobartat (sic MS.), Ml. 14a16 . at opartat , Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 64 ). adrópartadar, Trip.² 2730 . ró edbartatar , 2660 . ro edbairset , 720 . Pass. sg. adropred, Wb. 15d20 . atamroipred, Ml. 44c17 . adoibriudh, O'D. 2189 (Nero A vii 132b). Pl. atdopartha, ZCP viii 173.z .

Part. edberthe, ZCP vii 484 ( Enchir. Aug. 84b ). Verbal of necess. udbairti, Laws iii 52.11 Comm. Vn. idba(i)rt. IGT Verbs § 46 . Later as simple vb. a(i)dbr(a)id (aud-, id-, ed-).

(a) offers up, sacrifices: a n-adobarar do ídlaib `what is offered to idols', Wb. 10c3 . dund idbairt adoparthe dar cenn peccati , 15d20 . adidnopair fessin du dia `who offers himself to God', Ml. 66b4 . cech ṅaudpairt adroipred, Fél. Ep. 346 . adropart Noe . . . / edpart uag uad don Comdid, SR 2617 . din tuaith ad-obart in n-ón `of the people who sacrificed the lamb', Ériu xviii 28 § 6 . cenél na pagan . . . atoboperat (odberad, atauiberaid, v.ll.) dia ndeeb fesne `who will offer you up', Ériu ii 196 § 10 (LB). dichain dichetal fair ┐ adodpair do dēib īdal, Corm. Y 756 . atā nī as dēodo liom dīt .i. edpair edparta mōra, ZCP iii 227.16 . atrobarthar (edbarthar v.l.) cet[h]ra ┐ édperta lubaide lib-si forsna h-altorib, Alex. 950 . go n-iodhbraim . . . dheit / m'anamsa . . ., Aithd. D. 92.66 . Of setting aside for religious vocation: adropart dā maic dec ┐ dā ingin dec Deo, Rawl. 148a41 . dí óig . . . ró ed bartatar a n-óigi don Choimdid, Trip.² 2660 . ro baithes di ingen Ailella . . . ┐ rus n-edbair a n-athair du Día, 2168 . edhbrais é féin do Bhrenainn amhail manach ndileas, BNnÉ 85 § 174 .

(b) offers, grants, bequeaths: roédbairt Díchu do Pátraic in Saball, Trip.² 385 . dorairgert . . . mucc . . . cecha bliadnae do Pátraic ┐ is ed ón at[o]berar fos, 427 . atropartatar lánéraic a mbanchró do A., Cáin Ad. 29 . adopart si dó ind maigin imbui `she bestowed on him the spot where he was', Mon. Tall. 134.9 (§ 19) . ni udbair nech seilb acht mad ni do ruaicle, `nobody should grant land except such as he has purchased himself', Laws iii 52.8, 11 Comm. ní odoperar don eclais sin ni ructar diam neich ní, O'D. 918 (H 3.17, 654 ) = adubenar . . . nech ní adoibriudh, 2189 (Nero A vii, 132 b). Cormac [mac] Diarmata roidpair Imblech n-Ech do Chomgall Bendchuir, Rawl. 122b7 . aidbret manchine a clann ┐ a cinél . . . do, BColm. 34 § 35 . audbrais dó a baile fora híc she offered him her stead for her salvation, Dinds. 36 . ( RC xv 424 ). is e fein roedbair in manestir . . . du Dia, Ann. Conn. 1224.2 .

aibgitir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aibgitir or dil.ie/730
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: apgitri, apgitrib, haibgitrech, abgitrech

n i f. (Lat. abecedarium PTBA 126, 152, 160 . On phonetic value of the consonants see GOI p. 567 ). In O.Ir. indecl. in sg. n p. apgitri, Wb. 19d12 . d p. apgitrib, 19d5 . Later g s. na haibgitrech , Auraic. 315 . abgitrech, Lib. Hymn. i 6.124 . ? Later m. LEIA A-8 , Celtica viii 44 n. 3 .

(a) alphabet: tri gné forsin apgitir, BCr. 33a8 (Thes. ii 20.37). ord abbgitir dorat forsna consona, Sg. 23b5 , 24a10 . iar n-urd apgitrech, LB 237a21 . fo numir apgitrech na nEbraide, Ériu xi 105.11 . ciodh as aibghitear ann?, IGT Introd. 1.3 . ó Éireannchaibh fuaradar na Sacsanaigh aibghidir ar dtús, Keat. i 66.1 . aibghitre na dtrí bprímhbhéarladh, ii 101 . an leitir dhéidheanach d'aibghitir nahEabhra , TSh. 713 .

(b) set of alphabetical symbols: ó ro scríb abbgitir dó, Ériu xviii 18 § 24 . scribais P. abgitir dó, Trip.² 1246 = abbgitir, 1269 . tri cét abgitrech roscrib, Trip. ii 552.5 ( LL 352 marg. inf. ). benair aibghitir ogaim ┐ a.¤ ua (leg. uad) .i. tiasca ai i nainm De, O'Curry 985 (H 3.18, p. 424b). ni saithi cen aipgitri `there are no sages without alphabets', Auraic. 387 .

(c) Fig. beginnings, elements: abgitir crabaith gl. elimenta . . . sermonum Dei, Wb. 33c13 (cf. the text Apgitir Crábaid, ZCP iii 447 . For A.¤ in Betha see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 173 ff ). apgitri gl. elimenta, 19d12 . aipgiter .i. tinscetal nó bunadh, ut est cetheora aibgitre gaisi, O'Dav. 1 ( Triads 251 ). créud as aibghitir sbioradālta ann?, Parrth. Anma 6286 . do tinnscnadh a.¤ na himresna `the ABC of the business was begun', Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.17 .

3 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 áige or dil.ie/918

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e). io, m. Perh. same word as 1, 2 áige time, fixed period: mithisse .vii. mbliadna . . . tanic de in t-áge hísin LU 11034 . ní laimthea a sarugud co tísed áigi na bliadna sin (i.e. the Feis Temra or Óenach Tailten), 4214 . rochuinigh . . . an ben a tochra i n-āge a gellta `at the time for which it had been promised', BColm. 92.3 . ó ocht calne Apréile . . . co hOctimbir á.¤ (: ráde) `until the period of O.', Ériu iii 104 § 39 . in treas cath i n-aga aimsire int sannruth, BB 491a19 . i cinn an á.¤ , Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 . ní fil m'á.¤ ní bas sía `my span of life lasts no longer', Metr. Dinds. iv 28.47 . cach ági at every season, Imr. Brain 13.3 . . dcccc. age selbai, ZCP xii 363.28 . oin co aige .i. casc no nollac a loan until a definite day, Laws iii 492.11, 12 Comm. attat secht n-airligthe do-sliat loig n-einech mani thoirsait (leg. thairsit) a n-agai dia tecmai gabud i n-agui a n-eurca `if they are not returned at the speci- fied time', v 372.12 . airligud do fiur adbaill re n-agu a erce, 370.y . on (= ōn) fri hanairchenn, ni nasccar, ni cinnter a agae, 368.16 . in tan cindter aigi dithma forro when the time of their forfeiture is fixed, 246.8 Comm. ni forsna fuirmither aige a thing for which no period is fixed, i 146.6 Comm. co mbere [in bó] laeg isin aige ro gellad, O'Curry 653 ( H 3.18, 316 ). cidbe aige gnath no ingnath berius, 654 (ib. 318).

Cf. aga.

ainces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainces or dil.ie/1190
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainces, aingcess, ainces, Aṅgciss, aingcessa, ainchesa, aincesa, angcessa, aincis, aṅceiss, ingcis, aingcis, aiṅgciss, ainciss, aṅceiss, aingcisi, angcisi, aṅgcissi, ainchios, ainches, ánchesa, anchesuib, nAṅgciss

n Form and inflection variable. (i) n s. ainces, Ériu v 94.24 . aingcess, LU 8215 . a s. ainces, Trip.² 172 . g s. Aṅgciss (n.pr.) (: riss), LL 3281 , (: geiss, 3353 ). n p. aingcessa, LU 10831 = ainchesa, Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.) (see below). a p. aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . angcessa, Ériu i 218 § 3 . (ii) n s. aincis, LU 6144 ( TBC-I¹ 1657 ). aṅceiss, RC xiii 446 § 27 . ingcis, Ériu iv 54 § 25 . an aingcis , TSh. 3303 . a s. aiṅgciss, TBC-I¹ 263 ( aingcess, LU 4754 ). ainciss, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . aṅceiss, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . g s. aingcisi, BNnÉ 128.27 . angcisi, 126.33 . n p. aṅgcissi, LL 3366 . (iii) ainches (perh. separate word, cf. ceis f. = ceist, Contribb. p. xxvi s.v. cesach) a s. ainchios, A IV 1, 98.10 . d s. ainches, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). n p. ánchesa, 178 § 6 (ib.). d p. anchesuib, Laws ii 66.15 .

(a) pain, ailment, complaint: ní no ícad a ances (: les), LU 4292 . a nol meda dí dobreth / nī bo ances cech thucai `'twas no hurt whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v) .i. ni bu domain, 348.26 . cethri . . . cen tedmann cen aṅceiss (aṅces foraib, v.l.), ZCP xi 83 § 28 . forithin gach angcisi etar dáoinibh ┐ cethraibh, BNnÉ 126.33 . ós siabhradh meallta meise / gan súil éirghe ón aincis-se, Dánta Gr. 47.58 . tréde neimthigedar liaig: dígallræ, díainme, comchissi cen ainchiss (ainces, v.l.) `a painless examination', Triads 119 (? or under (c) infra, certain diagnosis). Frequ. in association with galar: ro ícc cech ngalar ┐ cech n-a.¤ , Trip.² 172 . is ed fotera galar ┐ angcessa forsna clanna, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . Note also: [fer] . . . don fainicc galar nainches, an unknown disease(?), RC iii 344.20 ( n-ainchis, Aisl. Óeng. 47 § 4 ); ?leg. galar ┐ ainces (but cf. (c) infra). saíba ┐ mortlada, ┐ gallra, ancessa for tuatha, ZCP xi 89 § 18 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . a sore: gerr ┐ loisg an aingcis 'cut and burn the sore' Celtica ii 34 § 8 .

(b) difficulty, trouble, vexation, annoyance: bid aingcess la Ultu in dal so do gleód it will be impossible, LU 8215 ( FB 16 ). ba aincis mór lei an ro bíth leis día slógaib she was greatly disturbed, 6144 (TBC). ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic he was perplexed about the matter, 8774 ( FB 58 ). is torcda . . . no taí frim mor decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form, 10831 = mórdhecrai ┐ mórainchesa `to lay such hardship and infliction upon me', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.). iarsain imsaitis for deis / cen sil n-úabair na haincceiss, SR 1126 . noco tucad cucci ríam aṅceiss bud doilgiu leo `a more grievous annoyance', RC xiii 446 § 27 . cach aincis tar a racha a furtacht . . . dó, Acall. 6778 . agh ┐ accais ┐ aingces, LL 404b24 . ní ruirmiu . . . a tainic de ancessaib Eireann, AFM ii 600.17 . aingcis .i. mallachd, O'Cl. Fig. Of persons etc.: o 'tcuala . . . in n-ainceis sin (i.e. Antaeus) icc indredh na hAffraicci, CCath. 2920 . na hamaiti ┐ na haincisi atá ac milliud in tiri, Acall. 6767 . Of weather: bile Tortan trom a ḟúaim / fri hainciss síne rorúaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . ro ferastur tromsneachta mor ┐ aincis ḟuardachta ar in cóiced, Acall. 3508 .

(c) doubt, difficulty, perplexity (frequ. ainches in this meaning): cid dogenaidh . . . don ainches doforfainicc `what will you do because of the doubt that has come upon you?' Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2.). do ceist ┐ do ances for Senchān in scēl sin S. was perplexed and uncertain about that story (the Táin), ACL iii 4.18 . fer dana . . . do ná bi ces na a.¤ i gcetheoruibh rannuibh fis filidhechta, Ériu xiii 18.10 ; cf. O'Dav. 409 : ces .i. gnáthach, a.¤ .i. ingnáthach [ut est] dí na bí ces na a.¤ i cetheoraib randaib fesa na filidechta (so in etymol. gloss on éces: .i. dona bi ces na ha.¤ do fhastodh fair, Laws iv 358.1 Comm. ēces .i. ēcmachtces .i. ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 ). innis sgéala gan aincheas / nách beam i n-ainbhfeas umad, TD 38.1 . In phrases: atá i n-a.¤ x is in doubt about x: gibé rabh . . . / i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech' (i.e. of its meaning), Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . an chúis do cuireadh 'n-a leith . . . do bhí i n-aincheas a hinnill, DDána 63.14 . atá x ina a.¤ for y y does not know about x: sin do bheith 'na aincheas ort that you should not know that, Desid. 259 . ní feas ní 'n-a aincheas orra / d'ailcheas rolla ríghleabhar, DDána 122.16 . bíodh nach raibh orra aincheas `though they were not ignorant', Content. xv 39 . na seinleabhair do léughadh (ni nach bfuil 'na aincheas ar eolchaibh), RC iv 355.12 . fios ionaid an eiseirge / do bí orra 'na ainffios (aincheas, ainchios v.ll.), BNnÉ 198 § 30 .

(d) Legal difficult case or decision: cidh i fis, cid i nanfis, cidh i na.¤ [ro loisced], O'Curry 1168 ( H 3.18, 464a ). Here the `ainces' refers to an act which is not justified but is almost a necessary consequence or condition of one which is justified i.e., a man entitled to slay another has to burn his house to effect it but this he was not entitled to do, Plummer MS notes. lan-fiach . . . a fis, leth fiach i n-anfis ┐ cethraime a n-ances, Laws v 162.2 Comm. cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (leg. mini dime) dethbere do ainfis no aincheas, ii 48.12 .i. nocha caoemnucuir gan na neche sin do dénum co inndligthuch, 50.3 Comm. leath fiach cach ainfis . . . ceathruma cach a.¤ , 52.26 . muna fuilet seoit acu [is] ances athgabhala do riagail riu, i 108.10 Comm. nocha racha in athgabail i llobadh dia rabat na deithbir(s)e so air .i. anfis, no ances, no econnus, no etged, 102.22 Comm. di anchesuibh athgabala, ii 66.15 . ma forae neach cinuid [i] nainceas no etghe, iii 66.15 . in t-aidni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig (= luic, O'Curry 323 from H 3.18, 178a ) ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, v 100.23 Comm. is tré erchóiliud foillsighter aincesa in betha it is though legal prouncements that the difficulties of the world are made clear, O'Dav. 812 . breth im ancesa tuath, O'D. 1573 (H. 5.15, 5b). lia do fír . . . [f]ri aiṅcessa (ancesa, anchesa v.ll.) mara .i. frisinni is anfis do neoch, forna-fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe in cases of great perplexity, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 (see p. 64). ainceas a nendac echtrand itir manchu cille, O'Curry 986 ( H 3.18, 424a ). ? is hé . . . ba rí for Mume intan dobreth arances mbrethe alLeith Cuind co Mumain, Fianaig. 30.24 . a.¤ quasi anceps .i. aincid a fis ort, Corm. Y 89 . anches . . . .i. cuntabairt, O'Mulc. 45 .

As n.pr. Ibar macc nAṅgciss , LL 3281 .

airdmes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdmes or dil.ie/1857

Forms: airdmeis

n u, [m.] g s. airdmeis (: Aingceis), Metr. Dinds. iii 4.28 may be metri gratia. Vn. formation from * air-di-mid-, ZCP xviii 330 , but possibly compd. of 1 aird or 1 ard and 1 mes(s). Somet. in alternation with ardammus (see 1 ard compds.). act of estimating, calculating; estimate, opinion: cure airddmes dūn tarsin slōg . . . co fesamar līn int slōig, TBC-I¹ 291 (airdmius LU 4784 ). focherd airddmius forsin lorc, 296 ( LU 4789 ). tabair a.¤ forro ┐ finta . . . ca lín dochuatar, TBC-LL¹ 649 . ardmes, 653 . is hi (sic)mo a.¤ de is é C., BDD² 469 = airdmiusa, LU 6914 . ic ardmius for in slúag, LL 221a21 ( TTr. 290 ). ro fhoidh . . . buidhin mbig . . . do breith airdmesa forsna Gallaibh, Hugh Roe 100.7 (fo. 26b) . nách budh áirdmheas ar aigéan (of an impossible task), ML 98.11 . Fer lée fri cloistecht / Fer rogain fri ha.¤ , Dinds. 35 ( RC xv 421 ). batar diairmidhe re n-a.¤ iatsen, CCath. 5654 . nī gētam th'airdmess horot `we shall not deprive you of your calculation', ZCP viii 268 § 43 . ro b'é aird-mes . . . a n-eices, MR 240.10 . ba hé sin a cairddes / ní ha.¤ co mertain, Metr. Dinds. iii 216.18 . ardmes comaighthech orra, O'Curry 662 ( H 3.18, p. 325 ). ardmius (.i. doich) .i. toimdiu, ut est ní fortreisi oeth oenuir ardmius (ardmes v.l.) ilmile n-Eirenn the oath of one person is not stronger than the opinion of . . ., O'Dav. 36 . mesdar ainme .i. ni mes is dir fair o bis ainim and acht ardamus, O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = a.¤ , O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). muna ro cinnedh ré fair itir is airdmhes comaigthech fair, Laws iv 132.19 Comm. In sense of foretelling: co ro faidid a druid do tabairt ardmesa ar a mnai in ro ba mac nó'n ro ba h-ingean ro teacht, Todd Nenn. 34.8 . In phrase búaid n-airdmesa gift of estimating (esp. the numbers of an enemy): būaid . . . airdmesa, TBC-I¹ 299 . buáid n-airdmiusa, LU 10155 . buaid n-airdmessai, ZCP iii § 6 glossed .i. nélladoirecht, Ériu xiii 62 § 12 .

airéistecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airéistecht or dil.ie/1923

n (étsecht) act of listening attentively: ro spraic a la[i]m forsna slogaib do t[h]ai ┐ d'urestecht friss, CCath. 5031 .

airenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airenach or dil.ie/1928

n o, [n.?] (enech? See Vendr. Lex.)

(a) forepart, forward position: aireanach .i. tosach, O'Cl. im a.¤ inn Atha Ferthain fri C. antuaith, IT ii1 175.1 . nir ḟagaibh . . . aird na oirchinn na airenach don chath gan iaraidh, CF 855 . ro tócbuid tuir . . . os a.¤ na cladh sin, CCath. 1749 . Fig. dáig ní herenach anbal / a genelach gnáth-adbal, `for his . . . pedigree is no sordid preface', Metr. Dinds. iii 340.27 . In prep. phrase i n-a.¤ in the fore-front, chief place of: triar i n-airenuch na buidni, MU² 528 . i n-airinuch, 605 . i nairenach mac n-Israel, Alex. 463 . prímṡuide do Nerain / i nairenuch (airiunach v.l.) phéne, Fél. Prol. 118 . conrotacht rígimdae . . . i n-airinuch ind rígthige, LU 8053 ( FB § 2 ). in n-airenac[h]aibh na cath, 5841 .

(b) frontage of buildings etc.: roderscaigestar a tech so . . . eter úatni ┐ airinigi, LU 8047 ( FB § 1 ). tech . . . mbrecht rungcein for a ursainde ┐ a airinchiu, O'Curry 811 ( H 3.18, 374b ). cluicine for cind cacha suainemna for ind aireanach ar bélaib in rechtaire, Anecd. i 1.12 ( SCano 11 ). Of the head and tail boards of a bed (imda): airinech do crédumu for cech imdai, TBFr. 73 . dá auraineach arggait impe fo diór, 81 . flesc argait isind airinniuch rosaiged midlissiu in taige, 82 . .xxx. traiged i n-ardai cech airinig créduma boí istig, LU 10121 . dessid forsind airiniuch na imdai i mboí Cú Ch., 3301 ( SCC § 10 ). imdui A. . . . airinig airgdidi impe ┐ steill chreduma ┐ flesc airgdide ocond airinuch, 8734 ( FB § 55 ). eoin óir forsna h-airenchaib, Ériu iv 30 § 21 .

(c) Various: airinach .i. sciath, O'Curry 1491 ( H 3.18, 666b ). airinach for argid . . ., O'D. 2216 (Nero A vii, 148b) (cf. órainech s.v. 1 ór) = O'D. 711 ( H 3.17, 519 ).

(d) airinach Fian (name of alder or letter f in ogam alphabet), Auraic. 5536 .

(e) Name of a plant: spagula (leg. spergula? note) maior .i. airinneach, Med. Gl. C. 101 ( ACL i 336 ).

airet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airet or dil.ie/1949
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airet, eret, erat, arat

n (*ari + fot, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 177 ff. ?Cf. senairotib, Thes. ii 239.18 . Gender doubtful. Orig. o, n., O'Rahilly. Taken as f. in Sg. 148a6 by GOI p. 157 , see below, and treated as f. in later language. airet, Wb. 25d1 . eret, Ml. 107d8 etc., Sg. 148a6 . erat, Ml. 33a1 . arat, 80b7 .

Length, interval, space (of time, less freq. also of space), later amount, quantity. Very frequent in conjunctive and adverbial phrases.

I

(a) is ed á eret is gessi dia cene ṁbether in hac uita this is how long, Ml. 107d8 . is ed a erat fritammiurat inna huli, 33a1 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís how late E. falls in the month, Thes. ii 39.25 . a oired ba ferr dó ar bánbiudh a time of similar duration during which he fared better as regards white meat, Hib. Min. 67.4 . iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig M., LU 3223 ( SCC § 1 ). Of space: lagat inna saigte . . . ┐ a arat dia tochuirther `the distance from which it is shot', Ml. 80b7 . is he a.¤ sain rosaig / lassar lái brátha brethaig, SR 2531 .

(b) a.¤ as long as, as far as: a.¤ nombeinn isnaib imnedaib, Ml. 59a22 . a.¤ mbete im theglachsa, BDD² 312 . a.¤ bés . . . a cutrumesi do súg inda curpsom `so long . . . as there is this much juice in his body', Mon. Tall. 150.39 (§ 61) . a.¤ nat negar `so long as it is not washed', 155.24 (§ 67) . erett bett aboss 'ga tigh, BColm. 98.32 . Eas Rúaid heret aiges núall as long as Assaroe resounds, Ériu iv 150.27 . airiut ba beo iat, Marco P. 98 . eiret tēiti uiseōc as high as a lark soars, TBC-I¹ 3613 . oiret teit cloch a taball, PH 3040 . See Hull, ZCP xxix 121 - 2 . With co: airet co facaidh cnoc, CCath. 1449 . airet co tainic de, 4622 .

(c) With article: an a.¤ ropsa béo, Trip.² 1434 . a n-a.¤ ro bátar sruithi Eirend occó ari, 2996 . an oired dobi-seom a C.C. as long as, RC xviii 268.11 (Tig.). an oiread ro bí M. ag rádha a shoiscéla, Imr. Brain i 65.4 . in a.¤ bātar ag dēnomh na hadmhāla, Fl. Earls 64.3 . in oiriut tra do geb in tuasal neach bus cutruma res in isul `as long as (i.e. provided) the noble gets an advocate equal in rank to the man of lower class', Laws ii 84.24. Comm. Of space: an airat ro soich a scor sidhe for gach leith `as far as their `scor'-lands extend on every side', Laws iv 226.z . in oiret dochoid how far, PH 3039 .

In mixed construction with both article (or prep.?) and poss.: ina a.¤ báttar fein ar foccra during the period of their proscription, AFM vi 1974.3 .

(d) With cia how long, how far? cia arat gl. quandiu, Ml. 32d22 . cia a.¤ co tíchtin nancrist how long (it will be) till the coming, Wb. 25d1 . ce hairead uathaibh go tír how far they were from land, BB 39a26 . With rel. clause: cia eret mbete oc m ingraimmim se? `how long will they be persecuting me?' Ml. 33a9 . cia hairett atáidh sunn?, RC xxvi 376.8 . nocon fess cairet rochúaid how far, RC xiii 442 § 15 . cia a.¤ imthéit? how far does it go? TBC-LL¹ 1146 .

(e) With article and demonstr. in adverbial phrase for that long, during that (amount of) time (case of a.¤ doubtful, see O'Rahilly and Thurn. ad loc. cit. In most exx. apparently a s. of a fem. noun): ind eret sa gl. tandiu, Ml. 114b14 . ?inn heret sin imbói, Sg. 148a6 (so O'Rahilly loc. cit.; accus., GOI p. 157 ) i.e. during the time he was in Rome. ni rabe isin bith ní dognethe in n-eret sin léu acht cluchi, LU 3225 ( SCC § 1 ). at forbaeltiseom in n-a.¤ sin, 2277 . fífat-sa forsna slógaib in n-a.¤ sin, 6312 (TBC). inn-airet-sain during that time, RC xiii 110 § 147 .

II

(a) amount, quantity, usually in phrases meaning as much as, etc.: in óiret cétna as much again, Maund. 212 . in oirid sin `so much as that', Aen. 2558 . a naei n-a.¤ `nine times the value (of the thing stolen)', Marco P. 41 . is i an oiread (uirid, MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 307.30 . aiseoguidh sé seacht noirid he shall restore seven fold, Proverbs vi 31 . sudh mérsi ┐ sugh fenéil oired da gach sugh `of either juice an equal bulk', O'Gr. Cat. 225.4 .

(b) In phr. in a.¤ sin DI so much (of): inn a.¤ sin da slúag that many of their host, MU² 681 . anuireadsa do chuidiughadh, Carswell 20.7 . an oiret sin do leic oigre, Marco P. 225 . Note also: a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann that it was as high again, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . With mixed construction: a rád . . . co ndingenad Dia . . . ina airett sin d'éccórad `would do such injustice', Maund. 118 .

(c) With prep. FRI: na losa . . . dobertai . . . do C. doberedh oired ris fein d'Fir diad dib sin gave as much to F.D. as he took for himself, TBC-LL¹ p. 517 n.9 . dogebuir oired rium-sa dhe you shall share it equally with me, ZCP vi 99.6 . beth ar uired re og mac to be on the same terms with, Fen. 348.22 . nár tualaing iadsan oiret re Mac Conmara do dénam could not do as much as M., Caithr. Thoirdh. 85.10 . ar oiret aimsire fris of the same age as he, AFM v 1734.24 . go rabhadar Laighin cheithre uiread do shluagh ré fearaibh Mumhan `had a host four times as numerous', Keat. iii 3212 . go bhfuil a urad d'ughdardhas agam fein leis an mbiobla, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . na hiarr duais ach uiread leó look not for any more reward than they do, Measgra D. 7.112 .

(d) With ocus and rel. clause: uiread grádha . . . ┐ atá aige dhó féin, Desid. 6041 . urad as do bhí ag Criosd, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . Note also: a uiread . . . ┐ a ttiobhra Dia dhuit, Desid. 4600 . oiread (uiriod, MS.) a bhfuarais aréir as much as you got last night, Ériu i 97.y .

(e) With gen. as much as, even (in neg. and condit. clauses): gan uiret deilcc bruit do bhúain da fhiodhbadh not to take even athorn, Anecd. iii 6.12 . a.¤ in grain[n]e musdaird do ṡeirc Isa, Marco P. 8 . airead copán as much as a single cup, ZCP viii 563 § 18 . gu hoiread an fhocail dhíomhaoin as lúgha dá ndubhart even the idlest word I have spoken, Desid. 1177 .

Note also: mór da n-uiredaibh great quantities of them, Aisl. Tond. 132 § 6 .

airgalach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgalach or dil.ie/2011

Forms: Irgalaig

adj o, ā (airgal) combative, warlike: bud hi an Eamain irgalach (fingalach v.l.), IT ii2 137.372 . Eris ergalach, TTebe 3565 . na hathaigh . . . irgalacha, Stair Erc. 1866 . ba dail glecach . . . irgalach, Cog. 158.5 . Érinn n-iorgholaigh (a s.) contentious Ireland, DDána 65.30 . As subst. forna cleḟeraib .i. forsna airgalachaib, ACC § 94 ( RC xx 272.7 ).

As n.pr. g s. Irgalaig, Metr. Dinds. i 20.88 .

airgart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgart or dil.ie/2015

n [ā, f. ?] (cf. ar-gair) something prohibited; prohibition, ban, prevention: is de as a urgart do cach machu Laigde `whence the prohibition', Ériu vi 136.85 . cisne aurgart[a] fechiumnuis? deoruid, doer, díthir `who are they who are prohibited from acting as law-agents'?, Laws ii 84.20 . [d]i urgurtaib athgabala, v 266.20 .i. conid do na neithib is mo ro urgairustar dliged, 28 Comm. (some of the legal exx. ref. to persons supra perh. belong to airgarthae) cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtaib sa in those prohibited persons (i.e. those not capable of entering into contracts), ZCP xiv 376 § 39 ( Laws ii 290 ). secht n-urgarta righ Temruch . . . turccbháil gréine fair ina lighi i mMaigh T. `these are the seven prohibitions of the king of T. . . . that the sun should rise', etc., PRIA liv (C) 8 § 1 . de urgartaib ríg Erend and so, 35 § 1. trí hairgarta (airgairt, argair, urgoirt v.l.) ecalse: caillech fri clocc, etc., Triads 66 . trí urgarta (haurgartho, hurgairt, hurghairrthe v.l.) bíd: a chaithem cen altugud, etc., 250 . is é co n-urgairt (con argair v.l.) túaithe ┐ eclaise i.e. banned alike by church and state (of a disagreeable person), Tec. Corm. § 28.6 . Oppd. to úais: uais ┐ urgairt . . . úais . . . .i. rí etc. urgart . . . .i. lethcerd, bard etc., i.e. the lower classes of poets, Ériu xiii 29.14 . tri húais dóib: dul ar ríg etc., secht n-aurgarta dóib: dul ar deoraid etc., Triads 235 . uais no urgairt no egmacht, Laws iv 58.5 .

Follg. exx. doubtful: ín días ergort (ar gort?) bagartach / is iad ro ort Indrechtadh, BB 58b46 . nimaes nargart nahamnert nahamluth mo menmæ, IT iii 51 § 95 . fuair argart beara is badba / mac Seara co sean Banba, MacCarthy 310 § 5 ( BB 13b31 ).

airthacra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airthacra or dil.ie/2425

n (tacra) preliminary pleading: cis lir rechta forsna tacraib . . . ni ansa a .uii. air[thacra] ria togu etc., Cóic Con. 24 § 26 = urthagra, 60 § 144 , i.e. the preliminary discussion as to what line of action (conar fugill) should be chosen.

3 aite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aite or dil.ie/2536

Forms: aide, aidhe

n (perh. special use of 2 a. but somet. spelt aide, aidhe) case, repository made of precious metal used to enclose or protect an object of value given as surety (see gell): na gealla sa tra uile do uma no ór no airget no étach co naitibh uma no óir no airgit foraíbh . . . madh sedh adeir in fer amuigh targus gell dó ┐ ro buísium a[c] cuindce a.¤ is ris in fer thall a séna na ro cuinnce a.¤ fair, O'D. 701 ( H 3.17, 513 ). masa gell óir no airgid no umha no tire ro cuinnce no gell urcradhach co n-a.¤ uma no oir no airgit, ib. intan imurro na ro cuinnigh a.¤ for na gella urcradhacha, ib. madh amhluidh do berar na gella so co n-aide uma no óir no airgit, 705 (ib. 515 ). madh tucadh aidhe for na gelluibh amhuil galar bunaidh dóibh gach galar beirius iat ginmotha in aidh[e] roba ór no airget ┐ isedh is galar bunuidh d'a.¤ óir no airgit crechadh no loscadh no bádhugh; no dono na huile urcraidhecha cid co n-a.¤ cidh gin a.¤ ┐ na gill nemhurcraidecha féin ┐ a.¤ óir no airgit do bhreith na nircraidech is a tuitim ina fiachaibh daithe indlighidh ar intí ro gab iat gin a.¤ if the pledges have been enclosed in an a.¤ every disease (defect) that carries them off is so to speak an inherent one except in the case of the a.¤ made of gold or silver; and an `inherent disease' in the case of an a.¤ of gold or silver is plundering or burning or sinking; moreover all perishable articles with or without an a.¤ . . . become forfeit for the debts they represent in requital for his unlawful behaviour from him who took them without an a.¤ , ib. = O'Curry 529 (H. 3. 18, 264a). mad amluigh do bérur na gealla so co naiti uma no óir no airgeat . . . muna cinnter a.¤ forru, Laws i 278.32 Comm. aiti .i. cumdach, ut est gell oir nó airgit cin aiti forru acht ma[d] sin, O'Dav. 175 . gu naiti ume no oir no airgit forsna gealla etc. .i. gu cumtach, O'Curry 611 ( H 3.18, 297 ); 1450 ( H 3.18, 647a ). cia no achtaighthi cach aidhe o bus galar buna is dior athchor . . . ┐ dia nairbertnaighe na haidhe achtrann amaille ris in ngalar, 2307 (Eg. 88, 23b). aite .i. aicde, O'Don. Suppl.

aitherrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitherrach or dil.ie/2630
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: atharrach, atharrach, aithearrach, -ig, -igi, aithearrachadh, atharrachadh, aithirriuch, oitherroch, atherruch, atheruch, atherrugh, aitherruch

adj -ech in Ml. Also atharrach. o, n. Vn. of ad-eirrig (see also aithrige). Later m. atharrach, aithearrach m. (g s. -ig, n p. -igi), IGT Decl. § 55 . aithearrachadh, atharrachadh, Verbs § 84 .

(a) act of repeating; repetition: is gnáth do a n-aitherrech `that repetition is usual for him', Ml. 94a3 . is gnath hi salmaib aitherrech forsna sunu cétnai, 133d2 . aitherrech forsanóinainm, 131a8 . atherruch i ṅguth ṅgnáth . . . is é in taitherruch . . . emnad óenfocuil i n-oeniniud isind runn ┐ cen lenamain dé o ṡein immach i.e. repeating a word or words as a device in poetry, LU 407 . aitherruch ar guth ṅgnath ar randaigecht moir inso, IT iii 79 § 50 . ar n-imdugud ┐ ár n-atheruch athgon ┐ athbulli, LL 226a23 ( TTr. 657 ).

D s. used as temporal adv. again: aithirriuch, Ml. 46b1 , 48d27 , 60a9 , Thes. i 489.36 ( Tur. 80 ), Críth G. 311 . oitherroch, Thes. ii 242.18 (Ardm.). aitherrach, Laws i 92.5 .i. . . . atharrach fechtusa eile, 98.23 Comm. atherruch, SR 1546 . atheruch, LU 1763 . TBFr. 228 . atherrugh, Ériu i 215.19 . aitherruch, ii 122 § 61 . Of dates, etc.: cusin samain a.¤ until next Hallow's Eve, RC x 224 § 14 . in seachtmad fichit isin mis chetna athirrach, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 24.37 . With prepp.: d'atherruch, SR 7408 . d'aithearrach, Dán Dé xxviii 12 . canir dano biad fri aitherruch an extra Beati is sung, Mon. Tall. 131.7 (§ 8) .

(b) act of changing, altering; change: aitherrech cheitbada lesom anisiu `he has here a correction of sense', Ml. 98b5 . dom aithirriuch gl. mihi ad emendationem, 22d5 . tairmrith .i. atharrach, O'Dav. 1577 (Fél. June 4). aithearach dlui n-assa, Laws i 268.7 .i. in oiriut bes . . . ag athearrach dlui, 300.22 Comm . a aitherruch as 'and removal [of the corpse] out of it', Mar. Dis. 48 § 38 ( Rawl. B. 506.45 ). m'olc d'aithearrach to change my evil nature(?), Dán Dé vi 36 . gan síl Adhaim d'a.¤ / máthair Chríst gar comhfhortacht, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338.21 . atharrach na breithi `abrogation of the decision', Hy Maine 142.7 . do-gnid . . . imircedha ┐ aitherraige longphort `changes of camp', CCath. 3439 . earbuis . . . an sēpēl d'a.¤ `to remove the chapel', Fl. Earls 122.32 . athearrach aigidh turning pale, CF 654 . fir Alban diar n-a.¤ , Duan. F. i 89 (in sense of malairt destroying us(?), iii 80 ). Gramm. gan connsuini láir an fhocuil nach pearsa d'a.¤ d'ogham le hégsamhlacht ngáoidhilgi not to alter, IGT Introd. 3.4 . With DI: ni indliged doib athairec din conair fora setchi to transfer from one procedure to another, Cóic Con. 23 § 23 (atharrac, v.l. See note p. 82.).

(c) Common with gen. in sense of malairt lit. a change of, hence a different, another (cf. malairt): dia roibh a seanathuir i nannoit ┐ a athuir in atharach annoite, Laws iii 66.12 Comm. cia domrad Dia a n-aitherruch ecaisc (of an abbot changed into a woman), Anecd. i 77.15 . a.¤ cresa, Grail 3249 . a.¤ cuir do chor don choróin `to transfer the crown' (of the Earl of Essex), AFM vi 2258.13 . do glacadh aitherraigh aēir `take a change of air', Fl. Earls 238.2 . nach iarrthar a aithearrach sin nought else save that, Parrth. Anma 1258 . a aithearrach mar aighne / it aghaidh ní iarrfaim-ne no other advocate, DDána 11.33 . ni bhfuil m'aithearrach ann `there is none beside me', Isaiah xlv 6 . Redundantly: nách fuil a aithearrach ann achd é féin, Mark xii 32 .

(d) diversity, variety: tuic co tuicter [atharrach] fiabrais do reir aiterruigh na córp ┐ na ceoand = secundum diversitatem vaporum et corporum, Rosa Angl. 50.7 . is imdha atherrach creidium innti `a great variety of belief', Maund. 145 . dá chinēl déc . . . d'atharrach céol, RC xxiv 376.16 . lia d'aithearrach aosa ciúil `more numerous the variety of its musicians', TD 27.10 .

aithḟégaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithḟégaid or dil.ie/2646

Forms: aithḟégad

v (fégaid) regards, considers, envisages: is . . . dfine aithfégur imdenamh proof is regarded as a matter for the f., O'D. 576 ( H 3.17, 443 ). aithfégar in cennach d'urradh no in cennach d'anurradh do hé, 1643 (H. 5.15, 19b) `it is to be considered whether it was a sale to . . .', Plummer MS. notes. tri re aithfeghthar forsna gellaib so `three periods that are recognised for these pledges', Laws v 246.19 Comm. tri huird . . . athfegthar ann .i. ord naineda, etc. `three orders . . . are compared' (taken into account?), 26.13 Comm. is si lanamnacht aithfegthar etorro `this is the connexion which is recognised between them', 24.18 Comm. nocon aithfegtar cuibdes eturru, iii 244.23 . madh iar nairilliudh atfegar if desert be taken into account, BNnÉ 128.11 . fo ríor is olc aithfhéaghaim `too little do I reflect', Dán Dé xxv 38 . atféghtar (chev.), AFM ii 652.9 .

Perh. in sense compares (cf. vn. and Laws v 26.13 cited above): cindus aithfeugthar in foucul is sechta fri vii laithibh na sechtmaine? . . . grian mar Doumnach .i. fiodh, Auraic. 3531 .

Vn. aithḟégad. See do-aithḟéga.

aithmíniugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithmíniugud or dil.ie/2750
Last Revised: 2019

n (mínigid) further exposition : aithminigud . . . forsin Mordail `re-explanation', RC xx 46.10 (ACC). tindtoum iar cūlaib do ath-míniugud forsna cōic gabālaib 'zu einer erneuten Erörterung', ii 590.293 .

aititiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aititiu or dil.ie/2815

Forms: aididi

n, f. vn. of ad-daim. aididi (ón umhla) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . act of acknowledging, admitting; acknowledgement .

(a) Legal meanings. Of recognition of ownership of property: deit[i]u didiu saegal comarba, a.¤ saegal a dó . . . is ann as rudradh o rosaigh co cuiciur, ZCP xii 363.19 i.e. when heirs to land succeed one another d. is the name of a claim to ownership made by the first, a.¤ by the second, see ZCP xv 347 . Cf. aiditiu .i. aith-dēti .i. dētiu iterum īar n-aditiu la nech ele prius , Corm. Y 36 . fuaslaicthi cach rudrad forsna hiadha aititiugh every prescriptive right that acknowledgement does not close is annulled, O'Curry 425 (H 3 18, 232a) = Laws v 496.2 . gellta dib . . . la C. . . . di detiu di comdetiu di aircsiu di a.¤ i.e. pledges were given for them by C. in regard to the various forms of claim (of stolen cattle), Laws i 64.8 . air naisc[id] re ┐ a.¤ ┐ degbal . . . is de ata . . . dilsighther for aititin, ZCP xiii 24.2 `Anerkennung (von der andern Seite) . . . bindet . . . festgehalten werde auf Grund von Geschehen-Lassen (von der andern Seite)', Bürgschaft 12 § 39 . nī bbuī dīlse na a.¤ la fer for n-ecrad `der Mann, gegen welchen (as) besetzt wurde, hatte weder Eigentumsrecht noch Zugeständnis (des Eigentümers)', ZCP xv 346 § 37 . dechmaid na aititin i.e. a testing period of ten days during which the defect in a purchased article could be brought to the notice of the seller, O'Curry 261 (H 3.18, 151). Of recognising a transaction: is iubaile aititen saire in sain (of the expiration of the term of agreement between lord and tenant), ZCP xv 240 § 3 . baeth cach crecas fri mac mbeoathar i necnairc a athar cen forgaire cen aititin i.e. it is foolish to deal with a son whose father is absent without securing a prior direction or acknowledgement (of the transaction) by the father, Laws iii 8 y . a n-aititin tighi fithi do denam ar a ferand, v 316.9 Comm. duine ro bai a naiditain fogla . . . do denam fris `who was cognizant of the commission of a trespass . . . against him', iv 50.7 Comm. sena iar na.¤ denial after acknowledgement (of a crime), iii 108.8 .

Technical term for a type of marriage where a simple acknowledgement (a.) by the father or family of the girl sufficed. A woman married in this way was known as ben (or bē) (n-)aititen and her status was lower than that of the cétmuinter. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 109 f. , Ir. Recht 27 f. ben aittiten aranaiscc fine, Ir. Recht 27 § 30 . ben aiteten nad aurnascar nad forngarar, 28 § 31 . mad iarnu urnadmaim no aititen dia finib, 64 § 4 . aititen .i. ad-daimther i nn-aithig tigi ┐ ni bi primben ┐ ni haurnascar, 4 § 2 .

G s. as attrib.: aithne n-aititen, a special kind of deposit , SM Facs. 55b40 ( Laws v 196.3 ). ? eoin aititin (leg. -en) `domestic fowls', Laws v 166.6 .i. cerca ┐ geodh, 19 Comm. aenach n-aiditan (sic) `an acknowledged fair-green,' 484.3 .

(b) In general sense: senae iar naititiu, Gael. 50, 129 ( Blathm. 396 ). co sid ┐ co tairisi do ┐ co n-aididin clemhnusa fris, Aen. 1610 . ferr atitiu acsin, RC xlv 23 § 25 = ferr aicsi aitidin, 86 § 72 . ? a.¤ (aidide v.l.) cech indraic, Tec. Corm. § 15.37 .

(c) act of submitting (do to); recognition, submission: fo dáigh a naitide do M. `because they had submitted to M.,' AFM ii 640.x . gan umhla gan aittidin, vi 2034.10 . do rinne gach uile aiditte ┐ umhla dó, ITS xvi 34.25 . cinuid sin do nach dlegar cis . . . acht atitiu nama `but were bound to give recognition only', Cog. 54.8 . do-beir a.¤ do submits to: tabhraidh aitídín dam-sa ┐ dober ceandus daibh, BB 22a27 . cia toíseach . . . da ttiubrattais umhla no aidide, AFM iii 366.13 . aen ammait . . . da tabratis uile aitite ┐ uaisle (Erictho), CCath. 3954 . ní thabuir cách aididi d'Áed, IGT Decl. ex. 186 .

álaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. álaig or dil.ie/2879

Forms: ālaigh, alaig, álaig, áilche, álcho, alcha, álchaib, álad, aladh, alaig, alaigh

n f. n s. ind ālaigh (: Adhuimh), ZCP viii 195 § 4 . a s. alaig, LU 4267 . d s. álaig, Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . n p. áilche, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . álcho, vii 268 § 5 . alcha, v 485 § 2 . d p. álchaib, Fianaig. 26.7 . Later álad o, m. in phrase a.¤ ┐ airlabra (? infl. of allud). n s. aladh, Hugh Roe² 342.19 . g s. alaig, 2.17 . alaigh (sic leg.), 72.21 .

Habit, behaviour, practice: it olc[a] álcho do chuirp, ZCP vii 268 § 5 . utmall alcha ócduine, LL 121a marg. sup. alcha bár (.i. bēsa súadh), ZCP v 485 § 2 (B. na f.). is di álchaib ind ḟir léith / labrad a cobraud a scéith `it is one ot the habits of the grey-head', Fianaig. 26.7 . Baetán nar brónach á.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 340.15 . it é a n-āilche nasluinniur dūib ... nī gonat cnes, crūaidh a mbara, atgonat cride, ACL iii 297 § 53 . cnáifed dia á.¤ (álaid alaibh falaig v.l.) óg n-ell `it would have wasted by its doings all the kine' (of a serpent). Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . Of good habit, virtue: dech áilche ainmne the best of all virtues is patience, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ere crábaid co censai / álaig (alaib aluigh (.i. besa), aluid v.ll.), Ériu ii 65 § 10 . fer in grāid rogrādhaig Dia / dligid a ālaig nemh nūa, ACL iii 307 § 22 . rúagh ind ālaigh virtue is blighted(?), ZCP viii 195 § 4 . Of good manners: at mathi ... fir Breg ... im gnáis im alaig im sotlotus, LU 4267 . in mind mail (.i. is ferr ict ┐ alaig tainic), Ériu viii 172.20 . Freq. with airlabra: iter gaís ┐ á.¤ ┐ errlabrae, BDD² 1076 . inmain t'á.¤ is t'irlabra, LL 10892 (TBC). gnúis (= gnás § 80 v.l.), alaig, erlabra, Triads § 86 . aladh .i. bésa maith, p. 38 . do raithne a gnuis a aladh ┐ [a] erlabhra, Hugh Roe² 342.19 . Note further: alaigh .i. glicus, ut est: alaigh a cainbesa, Ériu xiii 63 § 24 . aladh .i. gliocas: tré álaigh a urlabhra, O'Cl.

Of an ingenious act: clesradh dognith forsna cairib ingnadh alaig (: lāmaib), Anecd. i 57 § 59 . séig indiu glasreng indé / ingnad alaig utmaille, LU 1328 ( Imr. Brain ii 291 ).

3 án

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 án or dil.ie/3243

n ā, f. cup, drinking-vessel: techta fuillema gill aine trenege, Laws v 410.21 .i. sithla tre-bennaigi .i. sithal umha sea ┐ sithal craind thuas, 412.4 Comm. = O'Dav. 150 . an .i. sithel ut est ana tuilcenna, O'Dav. 174 . an .i. sdábha no soidheach, O'Cl. es bec a ain iphthi compí sāithech, ZCP vi 257 § 6 deich longa deich nāna deich cucho, Ériu ii 28 § 12 . ? Fig. an mac [bāid] robói / nói mīsaib im āin (: bāin) womb , BColm. 16.22 . A silver cup left beside a well was a test of the king's peace: āna .i. stāba beaca bītis for tiprataib isnaib cānaib dlúthib inde dicitur: daimid āna for lindib ┐ ba do argud batir mincib . . . fri hōl tra do dāinib scīthaib esib dobertis na lestair-si forsna tibradaib ┐ ba ō rīgaib dobertis forra do promad a cāna, Corm. Y 48 . ind rā[i]th . . . / i mbīth tiprān fo āin gil, ib. á.¤ .i. sithal no soithech asa nebhar uisce na srothan ut est a n-ána for sruamannaib i sidh socoméd sernar flatha .i. is fir lium conad comét sida dona flathaib ic a srethnaighther sithla for na sruthanaib, O'Dav. 119 , 1464 . Hence perh. án explained as fír by glossators = test (cf. leastur Baduirn, IT iii 191 § 19 ): án [.i.] fír, Metr. Gl. 9 § 4 . an is rann ban is binne/anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, 27 § 34 . á.¤ fír is ní forus fand, LU 528 . á.¤ .i. fír, Cóir Anm. § 13 . More doubtfully in: ana cach tuinide do nescarthar .i. fir lium in ferann dontí escerthar ina tuinide, O'Curry 337 (H 3.18, 185b), 711 (ib. 342) = ain cach t., O'D. 621 (H 3.17, c. 463). ana gala gaudai lama luatha . . . .i. is fir lium in galannas do gniat na lama tre gail, O'Curry 342 ( H 3.18, 190a ), O'Curry 716 ( ib. 344 ). ana gallda luathit lama .i. is fir lium an gaoil gallda no luaidhit ó lama, 1765 (23 Q 6, 36 a). á.¤ gach gala gonta nurrad, 2314 (Eg. 88, 24 (25)b). ba há.¤ fis no ainchis, ib.

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