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airis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airis or dil.ie/2127
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aires, aires, irisse, irse, oires, -is, -esa

n Also aires. Form and inflection uncertain. Most forms indicate compd. of air- and 1 fis, whence u and o, m. But n s. aires, LU 6146 and g s. irisse, ZCP iii 243 § 46 , irse, Mon. Tall. 153.23 (§ 66) suggest a fem. ā-stem (which does not occur in meaning (a) below). No doubt two different words have fallen together in meaning (b). Identical with ires(s), Marstrander, Lochlann ii 210 . See LEIA oires (ó dhá chéill) m. (g s. and n p. -is, -esa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

(a) (fore-)knowledge: ro léicsem slóg forru cen airḟius unawares, LU 4784 (TBC). ná tístáis námhait fair cen airius inna chatraig, TTr.² 201 . co mbadar issind arucol . . . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.7 ( SCano 50 ). a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi mad cenairis snaite, Laws i 92.3 .i. mad cin fis faesma, 98.14 Comm. athgabail fir tairirid cen a.¤ fecheman toich, 194.21 .i. na fitir athgabail do gabail, 196.16 Comm. Perh. vn. of ar-finnathar.

(b) tryst, assignation, arrangement to meet: doboi iriss (.i. comdal) laiss do Galluib. Luid docum a irisse do Gallaib, ZCP iii 243 § 46 = iress, iresse, Comp. CC 39-40 . foceirtt lamae fair . . . commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by tryst', Mon. Tall. 156.23 (§ 66) . asbert frie airm iressa `to arrange a place of meeting', Imr. Brain 42.10 . do rinne oiris . . . fa loing do tabairt i n-a aircis co Cend Traga, Celt. Rev. iv 16.16 . ? do N. na ḟir énoiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1031 . i n-a.¤ (with vb. of motion) to meet: tancatar . . . i n-herus C. (i noires v.l.) . . . is aire con deochatar sin i comdail C., TBC-LL¹ 1426 . tocht i n-herus inalta Feidilmthi, 556 . tánaic ind aires aodha uí D. gus an maighin sin came to meet O' D., AFM iv 1928.6 . In phr. a.¤ dála: i n-airius dála, SCano 309 . dogén airius dála frib, PH 3008 . in tan ticfad i n-a.¤ dála di[a] acallaim si. ar baí aires (.i. comdal) dála dissi ara barach fri C., LU 6146 (TBC). ar ní fuarsa co sse ingin follongad i n-airius dala imacallaim fón samail se frim who could hold her own with me in conversation at a tryst in this way, 10317 . tic in t-oclach a cind blíadne i n-a.¤ [a] dala, IT iii 194 § 29 . a.¤ catha meeting in battle, time of joining battle: airisin (for a.¤ in) catha .i. coinne chatha, O'Cl. o tanaic tra a.¤ an cathai moir, RC xii 96 § 127 . lotar do oiris an catha, § 129. co raibe tri la . . . and a noires chath[a] `awaiting battle', xviii 279.2 (Tig.). do thinoilsed Conmaicne ┐ Húi Briuin . . . a n-oiris catha do Thairrdelbach `to give battle to T.', 45.21 (Tig.). ised ro cinnset, anadh i n-a.¤ catha dóibh `to wait and meet them in battle', CCath. 132 . imat na slog dodec[h]atar i n-aires catha dó, 3042 . inn airius in morcatha, 4659

Of the person trysted with: dorala tria gabhra ar iris sainrethach d'fiachoibh ogo . . . ua foilid a iris ┐ a feichemh riamh a special friend owed him three horses . . . his friend and debtor welcomed him, Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 = tarrla fiacha aige ar cumpanach airide dhó, 120 . In laudatory sense: flaith go roimheas 'gar ghnáth geall / oirios do chách go coitchenn, L. Cl. A. B. 140.32 . Cf. eiris.

Compd. do-rinnedar imram . . . an-athlam oiris-beg expeditious, ML² 658 .

3 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aithnid or dil.ie/2763

(2 aithne)

I As adj. known, acquainted, familiar. In attrib. use: bean aithnidh, IGT Decl. § 170 . an t-aos aithnidh acquaintances, Dán Dé xxv 12 . ret éigeas n-aithnidh, Aithd. D. 40.17 . éol aithnidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1299 . In pred. use: nitat achinti indiu ar ro chloemcoiset [a n-] anmand, LU 65 . Note also: rob aithnidh eólach etorra, Hugh Roe² 26.8 `he was a familiar acquaintance among them', Gloss. Superl. gidh tú as aithnighe i nÉirinn, DDána 101.38 . With DO: na bad achnid do Choin Ruí . . . tuarascbála Ulad would C. R. not know, MU² 518 . a.¤ dam eich na féinne, SG 100.11 . nirbh' aithnigh disi Art gur ba lendan dí é she did not know that A. was her lover, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . sochaide . . . do neoch roptar aithenta dó féin, RC xxv 394.9 . Note also: do bhí an deisgiobal sin aithnidh don easbog, TSh. 3204 . Of carnal knowledge: nírbh aichnid dhi fer romham, SG 5.17 . Compar. ni haic[h]enta damh . . . ina daib fein, CCath. 5169 . Adv. co h-aithnidh inntlechtach expertly, ML² 684 .

II As subst. one who is known, acquaintance, friend : ni boi cara no aichnid doibsium innte acquaintance, LB 142a39 . etir aichnid ┐ anaichnid both known and unknown (persons), PH 4152 . sochaide dia aichintib fen, Aen. 1329 . tuccsat aic[h]ne for aighthib na n-aichenta, CCath. 5557 . cuid da n-aithentoib, Aisl. Tond. 111 § xvii 1 . ? is faill cech n-aichnid, LU 3916 ( SCC § 43 ).

Perh. in sense of aithne in: da inadh ar aithnit duinn ar talmain = duo in terra loca esse novimus, Ir. Astr. Tr. 142.4 .

anmcharae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anmcharae or dil.ie/3684

n (ainim(m) + carae) soul-friend , confessor, spiritual director: is maid mo anamchare gl. nonne Iesum . . . uidi? Wb. 10c17 . anamchairtea gl. doctores, 22a9 . do bar nanamchairtib, 14a32 . do gabail M. . . . d'anmcharait, Fél. 8.x . an mhuinntear do ní a bhfaoisidin re hanmcharaid airidhe, Rule of Tallaght 21 . air is coland cen chend duine cen anmcharait, LL 283b26 . anmchara eagailse do bhíodh i n-áit an druadh, Keat. ii 5344 . clerig ┐ caillecha fri heclais fo reir anmcarat, Laws iii 14.13 . [ní] . . . ar son beth cen test . . . acht ar son beith cen anmcarait . . . ┐ nemthecht do pennait not for being without reliable witness but for being without a confessor (of a `cumal'), O'Curry 1965 (H 4.22, 12). bó a cach annteist ternas o fír Dé dia ngaba anmcara . . . ┐ go tarda freitech, a trian don fer dosnimairg fri Crist the fine of a cow from every untrustworthy witness . . . if he accept a confessor and make atonement, 2436 ( Eg. 88, 35(36)c ). saeraidh anmchara é ar cumail andtestais ┐ ar arra n-anntesta the fact that he has an `a.¤' is enough to exempt him from . . ., O'D. 2342 ( Rawl. B 506, 38a ). a[t]hlaech ar a tabair anmcara a theist, Laws iv 366.10 .

2 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ar or dil.ie/3903
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: air, ar, ár, úaire

prep. 1 ar used as conjunction for, since, seeing that, for the reason that . In O. Ir. also air (see GOI § 168 . This spelling predominates only in Ml., ar being commoner both in Wb. and Sg.). Also ár, LU 3255 , 3257 ( SCC 5 ) (vowel perh. influenced by ór = úaire, MU2 Gloss., cf. also ór from ó + ro). Occasionally leniting ( Ml. 42c8 , Sg. 206a3 ), see GOI § 906 . Perh. substituted for earlier ol, al (see 2 ol). Cf. ar ni raibi, IT i 118.14 = ol ni rabi, LU 10718 . Also ál asbert, 10721 = al, Ériu xii 164.1 (TE2. ┐ isbert, v.l.). Wind., IT i Wtb . compares olchena archena.

`Introduces principal causal clauses or periods', GOI § 906 or dependent negative: ba samalta re Meidb na beth penning a selba lé. arna baí tarb a chomméit lé fora búaib 'it seemed to Medb as if she had not a penny of possessions since she had not a bull as great as that among her kine' LL ii 7624 , Celtica ix 122 . radis friss ara tísed uathad leis … ár nach crích ł ferand baí aice, 'he told him to come only with a small number … for he had neither land nor domain' LL ii 8382 , Celtica ix 122 . atraachtatar Ulaid co barbarda ara n-armaib. ár nar lam Sencha érgi eturru 'the Ulstermen rose furiously to seize their arms since Sencha did not dare to rise among them' LL v 34699 , Celtica ix 122 . The clause so introduced is usually an explanation or amplification of the circumstances attending a foregoing statement or question, e.g. co farcbad leesi a liasom . . . Ar adrubairtseom is isind liic robui a anim a mathar, Anecd. i 10.13 ( SCano 309 ). cid ane . . . meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram cucam ? Ar ba mese sacart oc baistiud ind anma sin fora athair, Sc.M² 12 . With absol. and deut. form of verbs: airataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . airis ho athir because it is from the father, 17c7 . air danimmart greim á aite, 14b14 . ar ba doig lais, PH 293 . ? ársit cara `since thou art a friend ', Metr. Dinds. iv 362.175 (órsad, v.l.). Folld. by proclitic: arciaricc, Wb. 2a5 . ar cia bésiu, BColm. 106.6 . ar diambe . . . `for if he be', Mon. Tall. 153.8 . ar mani thuaslaicea isind chaisc, 132.16 . ar nifarnic, Wb. 2a21 . arníasse nóib disuidib, 3d28 . air ni foircnea, Ml. 102a15 . ar ní hinfíadnaisi, Críth G. 35 . is hí tucait in carpait do breith cu Fíacc, ar notéighed . . ., ZCP viii 106.28 . Note also: ar céin con-oadar . . . nicon tessēba maith airi, ZCP xi 81 § 9 . In asyntactic constructions where a nominative precedes the main clause: air an oen ar fichit it trisecht són, Ml. 2d2 . arlín inna laithe ised immefolngi éccintigi dund aimsir for it is the number of days which causes, 17d6 . arincorp . . . frissaroscarsom . . . nifil taidchur do dochum inchoirpsin, Wb. 3a14 . ár cech ben ro charastar C.C. ba clóen, etc., LU 3257 ( SCC 5 ). ar cid bās dobera for cethra is coitchend dōib, ZCP viii 104.5 . Note also: air cia salmscribdid conicfed són `for what psalmist could have done that?' Ml. 14a6 . With prec. causal conjunction: daig ar-dot-roset fir hErend for the men of Ireland will come to thee, TBC-LL¹ 1495 . fó bith ar is, LU 3446 ( SCC 22 ). In a loose connective sense: ar do-loga 'further, let it forgive' Ériu xl 27 . ar is sí trisfintiu innso 'this is one of the three kindred-rights' Peritia iv 313 (BB 10) . air [is] i suidiu ro suidiged gelfine ┐ derbfine, iarfine ┐ indfine 'here gelfine, derbfine, iarfine, and indfine … has been established' ibid. (BB 11) . ar is sí breth ba(i)rr-bunaid 'this is the judgement of 'branches-and-trunk'' ibid. 316 (BB 12) .

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend : do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

1 blosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 blosc or dil.ie/6183
Last Revised: 2013

n o sound, noise, crash: cara bloisc ` friend of cracking' (of the hazel and `hence for its cognate Ogham letter'), Auraic. 5636. ? Leg. carae blóesc ` friend of nutshells (?)´ Ériu xxxix 136-37, 139 . b.¤ .i. guth . . . is mór do b.¤ a feróglaich ar in gilla, Ériu xiii 65.51 . `blosg' ainm gach gotha gléghil, Metr. Gl. 18 § 55.

Compds. With nouns. bloisgbedhgadh omnaightheach a croidhe gach aoin a start at the crashing sound (of a stone against a cauldron), AFM iv 788.13 . ana mbloiscbéim brodla `with the noise of a resounding blow (of armies meeting)' (Gloss.), CF² 1043. bloisgbhéime na n-all, Measgra D. 5.21 bloscbéimnech a chride re chlíab noisy beating, LU 6462 (TBC). la blosctorman retha na n-airdrennach ` thunder ', CCath. 3935. With vb. ro blosccnuallsat ceithre primgaetha in bet[h]a fon domhan `howled', CCath. 4335.

1 bruth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bruth or dil.ie/7164
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: brotha, bruth, broth, ṁbrotha, bruth, bruth-loscthi

n u, m. (berbaid), appar. also o, m., IT ii1 179.14 cited below. b.¤ m., g s. n p. brotha, g p. bruth, broth, IGT Decl. § 72.

I

(a) raging, violent or boiling heat; blaze, (fiery) glow: b.¤ a bruto, O'Mulc. 174. [a] feruore .i. ō b.¤ , 492 . b.¤ , SR 879. b.¤ brátha fire of doom (of Loegaire), LU 8609 ( FB 46 ). rob. in teined `intense heat' (Gloss.), MU² 872. b.¤ feda dair úr `fiercest heat given of all timber, etc.', SG 245.22 . b.¤ na tente `glow', CCath. 1695. robruth aeóir `intense heat' (of sultry weather), AFM v 1626.5 . See sub lile.

(b) heat, anger, fury, excitement; fervour, vehemence, valour: a b.¤ .i. a gaisgi[d] ` valour ', O'Dav. 197. ánbreo co ṁb. athre `with the Fathers' fervor', Fél. Oct. 21. b.¤ ┐ gním ruireach lais `ardor' (Gloss.), BDD² 996. do dibdúd a brotha to calm down his rage, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ). toirind fri head do brotha (: clocha) `abate for a time thy furies', RC xxiii 414.11 . b.¤ .i. tarráng, ut est combruth fri tarb .i. com-[tharrang] fri tarb, etc., O'Dav. 234. ār (= ōr, ed.) bī b.¤ d'echaib ríg R. `when the steeds . . . were aglow', Fianaig. 48 § 20. b.¤ na gona the smart of the wound, Stair Erc. 1332. gríos ḟeirge as uaibhrighe b.¤ , DDána 108.7 . b.¤ ┐ comhairle ardent desire, ZCP x 410.1 . Attrib. g s. trīa brīg ṁbrotha with fiery strength, ZCP iii 19 § 9.

(c) Med. teilc b.¤ is tart `throw off fever and thrist', Thes. ii 258.12 . donít sin b.¤ mor = excitat pruritum, Rosa Angl. 306. 20 . a nagaidh . . . brotha na sliasadh ` eruption ', Reg. San. 30 xxvii . bruth = uitiligines, 23 K 42 , 35.22 . Of heat in animals : curu darla a broth 'a ewe which has come into heat', EIF 522 § 1 (20) .

(d) Hence (?) transfd. nap of cloth (see Dinneen ): do bh.¤ beacht `nap' (Gloss.) (to an old cloak), Hackett² xxxi 19. Fig. (?) see 1 snas.

II

(a) (glowing) mass, lump; charge of metal: b.¤ n-óir .i. maiss n-óir, Rawl. B 512, 11b2 cited Contribb. 279. b.¤ oir, Thes. ii 310.25 . b.¤ .i. cáor óir no iarainn. cloidheamh seacht mbrotha .i. seacht gcáor, O'Cl. claideb .vii. ṁbrotha, TBC-I¹ 3287. amal bruthu tentidi, LU 2148 ( FA 21 ). b.¤ romor isin tenchoir, 1878 . tri bruith iaraind, IT ii1 179.14, 16 (leg. bruithne ?). B., b.¤ óir ḟorlan `the abundant mass of gold', Fél. Jan. 24. Brighid bān balc brud (.i. ōr) brona (B. na f.), ZCP v 490 § 16.

(b) a boiling, brewing: dabach in roimmdeltar b.¤ , Críth G. 175. cét mbrothe . . . de lind, LU 10136. ZCP iii 230.5 . sǣrbrud i mberbthar bunad cach sofis, Anecd. v 26.11 . ? asbert Cormac: Mainech neim naiscid Nere naidm coir (coiri, v.l.) combrothaib, IT iii 202.1 .

(c) Of a person : caínbruth breóach brissfes catha crúaidai 'fair flaming valorous one who will win harsh battles', B. in Scáil² 46 § 54​ .

Compds. With nouns and adj. derived from noun: co mbruthbūad, Otia ii 83 § 8 . bruthgháir beannacht (greeting to a friend), Hackett² xxi 1. bruithshéis taidhiúir . . . a téad fervent strain, Hackett² xxii 3. bruth-thenntech, Br(uss). 2324, 67v `of fiery glow' (cited Plummer MS. notes). With part. for na múraib . . . bruth-loscthi (in hell), PH 8301. See bruthdamnae, bruthgal.

See brag, bruith.

1 cáem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáem or dil.ie/7590

Forms: cáomh

adj I o, ā

(a) dear, precious, beloved; belonging to the family : gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa amal no ndad maicc cóima gl. sicut electi Dei, Wb. 27b16 ( GOI 224 ). im chorpu aiso coim `of their loved ones', Ml. 65c3 . inna gell choima .i. in maicc són `the dear pledges', 123c9 . co Críst coem tar dili `dear beyond affection', Fél. Ep. 66 . caem cách co hÉtain, BDD² 44 . caem incele coimshearcach, IT iii 12 § 19 . carthannacht cháomh, Párl. na mB. 2726 . ba caeom (coem, v.l.) do chlu, TTebe 3383 . In sense of noble (see II (a) below): beritt a n-aithbíu ┐ a marbu cóemu condicce airther R., Ériu iii 141.204 . In n. pr. Echtra Condla Chaim (title of a tale), LU 9991 . Conla Cáem, LL 13447 . mael caem, name of a metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 92 . Of objects dear, precious, valuable : cid cóem cid dichóem (of furniture). Críth G. 225 . sét cáeim, TBFr. 330 . cet[h]ri dorais ind cen brōn / bith oc ōl tria bitha sír / turib ciprib ūair is cæm / cōel fo tuighib d'itib en (of a house), ZCP viii 108.14 . ro dilaitriccsiot a ttemplu caemhu cumhdachta, Cog. 40.27 . cathbarra caem, Stair Erc. 735 . Of clothes: tlacht caom, ML² 499 . lenti . . . coema, Cog. 160.30 co n-edaigib caema . . . ar[a] eochaib, TTebe 4437 .

In phrase is c.¤ la: la Crist . . . / . . . it cóimseom they are beloved by Christ, Fél. Sept. 2 . nipo chóim less frinn gl. qui etiam proprio Filio non pepercit, Romans viii 32 , Wb. 4b12 . doberar fīn dō . . . corbo mesc ┐ asber fris, ba cōem leōsom a llindsin, nī tobrad acht ere .l. fēn leō they considered that wine precious, they had only brought a load of fifty carts(?), TBC-I¹ 1536 ( LU 6004 ); whence, mistakenly, caem .i. beg, ut est: ba caem leósum in linn, Ériu xiii 67 § 79 . coemh no caomh .i. beag, O'Cl. caomh .i. beag, P. O'C. Note also: caem .i. terc ut est inti dia mbi caeimiu in cethra .i. is terci, O'Dav. 484 , corresp. to: dia mbi caime in cethra, Laws iii 464.4 Comm. O'Curry 1388 ( H 3.18, 630ab ) adds: uair caem gach diuir ┐ diuir gach terc etc. = 230 ( H 3.18, 125 ).

(b) fair, beautiful, lovely : it cóema na heich am cóemsa dano a maccán ol Cu., LU 5070 (TBC). mo chú ch.¤ chain, TBC-LL¹ 530 . laoch caomh, TBC St. 4228 . cuirp coema, Cog. 178.12 . a M. in c[h]rotha caímh, ML² 47 . caomha na cláir ad-chífe lovely the lands, DDána 66.4 . fuinn chaomha Caisil, 74.14 . rath na cathrach caoimhe, Keat. Poems 1508 . grís chaomh ar car a smáile, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . an mhaidin chaomh, ML² 1670 (see also , compds. infra). Of speech: coil ┐ cóim `simple and beautiful', Sg. 26a10 . briathra cóema cúmtaigthe, PH 314 . fitting, suitable, appropriate : ma do ti dam caem, Laws i 122.7 Comm. Of gender: aicned caemh . . . is i a sron no a suil na mna. Aicned n-eitigh . . . is i a fhiacail no a bhel na mna i.e. a.c. occurs when the parts of the body cited agree in gender with the sex of the person, Auraic. 598 , 3129 . ruidlius do indsge aiccenta caom. Dilius do indsge aiccenta euccaom, 3708 . Adv. ríg Connacht c.¤ doscomort `well he smote them', Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 50 , cf. coemh .i. coimhéimh .i. coimhésgaidh, O'Cl. caomh prompt, ready, willing , P. O'C.

Compar. ingen ríg bad chaímiu oldás, BDD² 79 . dírimm bas choímiu, TBFr. 47 . .ix. mna comiu mnaib, BB 355a19 . ben robo caoime cruth . . . inas, Stair Erc. 5 . Superl. ba sí . . . as caemeam . . . de mnáib domain, BDD² 41 . fer . . . as caíme di laechaib Hérenn, 959 . daoine . . . is caoimhe cruth, Measgra D. 16.13 .

II Subst. o, m. cáomh m., IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) friend , relation; comrade : cach óen scaras . . . fria chóem ┐ a charait, LU 4506 ( TBC-I¹ 23 ). dia chaim no dia charait, SR 4144 . ni aithgnead cóemu na cairdiu, LU 5921 . dia ch.¤ .i. dia chloind ┐ dia shetchib, LB 143a35 . cen choim cen gilla, Rawl. 142b1 . d'furtacht chaeím, na coiccele, AFM vi 2266.17 . síol gCéin ba caomh d'éileachaibh, Content. xxix 26 . Cf. sainchóim ind ríg gl. maxime fidelium, Wb. 28d5 .

(b) noble, aristocrat : caemh .i. uasal, ut est caiti faill caem? . . . .i. in t-uasal cen fiallus manchuine ica comét, O'Dav. 521 . coem .i. comes .i. coemtechtaige rīg .i. nī bī fer dond rīg quam illi unde caem dicitur , O'Mulc. 235 . coim Ereand, Anecd. i 3.10 ( SCano 53 ). eter rígu ┐ chaemu, BDD² 53 . in tan con-gair Fīnsnechta / cucai a chōemu huile, Corp. Gen. 77.17 . do rochair for rí ┐ do rochratar for coím, LL 276a35 . oc togerad c.¤ nErenn, Dinds. 117 ( RC xvi 68 ). na diamra ro chrech in c.¤ , LL 4364 . áilim Mothairén in breo / tabrad ceo darm' chaemusa (: Aengusa), SG 389.42 . blaī būaid cuirmthige co coīmaib the privilege of the ale-feast with nobles (one of the occasions on which a lord is exempt if subjects are hurt), ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Hence used of company, entertainment : caem .i. fledh (quoting the prec. ex.), Ériu xiii 66 § 68 . caomh .i. fleadh, P. O'C. banchóem female noble , see 1 ben. By inference(?): cóem .i. fili [ut est] a chóemu cláir Cuinn cóemfind. O'Dav. 363 . caomha .i. eolaidh no uaisle, O'Cl. ni coí crábaid diar caemaib, LL 591 ( .i. d'eolchaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 66.16 note). Cf. maccoím.

(c) fair or beautiful object or person: 'sin choem chomardach, LB 124b11 = 'san chaomh chomhordhach, Keat. iii 2054 (of a flag). 'na chaomh béime a beauty of a stroke, Párl. na mB. 3261 . baili na cluinter caem na failti na cumsanad, YBL 86a8 . teacht i gcaomh chaomhnach ar gcairdis ghrinn, Hackett² xxvii 2 . Of a person: rap í in ch.¤ a chetmunter the beautiful one was his wife, LL 17766 . Maodócc an caomh cneis-réidh `M. the fair', BNnÉ 261 § 221 .

Compds. Of family relationships: caomhathair, caomhmathair, caomhaide, caomhmuime, caomhbhrathair, caoimhsiur, caomhaindear, caoimchele, caomcomalta, go mba hógh go lúi lethdire, dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche etc.., Ériu xiii 16.14 . ben cen caemchéile spouse, CCath. 2233 . dia chaomh chenel fein, AFM iv 1374.1 . ní fhágfadh ben dinn 'ga coimhfher mate, Ériu i 16.12 . ón ti is comfocus do da caimfine, Laws ii 284.15 Comm. accomul a comuir doib re caemfine, 358.19 Comm.

General. With nouns: ar a chaomhairilleadh, ┐ ar a deighbhésaiph, Hy Fiach. 76.2 . caembachall fri hursclaidhe uadh (weapon for a cleric), Laws iv 360.21 Comm. at soer im cach coemcha[i]ṅgein / amal iasc bis hi trethain, SR 8195 . addeoch-sa na coemcainle (caindel) saints, LL 1021 . Cirine cruit coemhchiuil, Gorm. 30 . manid gau dó tria choemcheilg because of his lucky snaring(?), SR 2866 . tria choemchēil, Fing. R. 660 . tucsat ar coemching hi cacht, LB 228 marg. inf. cliath ra heclais mairg dogní / do neoch danáil a chaimchlí, LL 19301 . ata muir imma coemchness, Rawl. 77b32 . fri inmescad cóemchóecat, LU 8889 ( FB 68 ). mo shaoth a chaomh-chorp i gcróchor, Keat. Poems 19 . im chóemchostud na fledi fair arrangement of the feast, MU² 211 . ferr cīall inā cæmchruth (prov.), ZCP vi 260.23 . in cú ruadh . . . / comad táisech caemchuaine leader of a fair pack (used ironically), SG 57.2 . oslaicfitir coemdoirsi, SR 8189 . dúthracht cennsa ┐ . . . / cāemdūdracht, ZCP viii 215.2 . cupáin aici is caeimeascra, Acall. 783 . A. cóemfer, Gorm. Apr. 16 . ar fedh caomh-fód (fhóid, v.l.) a chrioch féin, BNnÉ 259 § 218 . ar egnairc na caom-geine (of Christ). Ir. Lit. 98.1 . As n.pr. do Chaemgen, LL 27272 . coro chuired re Cond cóemgleó, 3252 . car an chaoimh-láoi, RC xxix 112 § 7 . Flaith Fáil car an cháomhlaithi / ag car áir na hénlaithe, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . i fhorbtha . . . in chaem-laithi cedna, MR 106. 12 . Eua co coemlí, SR 2082 . caomhloisi .i. caomhlasair, O'Cl. amal timsaigit oíc . . . ceatra for carrcib co cáemlucht cruaid, Alex. 358 . dho chaomhmaisi an chlobhsdra `decency', RSClára 44.14 . coemrád, SR 2750 . nírop seóta sír-thaiscius / sernas do cách caémhratha `who apportions good grants to everyone', Leb. Cert.² 150.24 . a Chú cosin caemriagail, TBC-LL¹ 3672 . co mbad chennach dia cóemréir, LU 4296 ( SG 84. 25 ). no co cumad a caemrus (:tūs) `compact', Fen. 362.2 (see rús). in ghleiri caemshluaigh (of a poetic company). Auraic. 2229 . domun cona choemsoillsi, SR 8191 . dorochair di a coemthlacht, 1296 . nogegainn mo chōimthoga, ZCP vi 267 § 11 . oenanart tairsiu anechtair / coemthoracht cia comnertaid, SR 4286 . coemthuicsin cach neich, 8000 . cáomh-thúarasgbhail na banoighe, Ériu v 88.24 .

With noun forming adj.: Cathbad cóemainech, IT i 68.14 . coemainech cloth bán, 70.2 .

With adjj.: inghen cruthach caomhaluinn, RC xxix 140 § 61 . rigon . . . chaemcasto, IT i 145.5 (corresp. to cæmgasta, ZCP v 502.16 ). mac d'Airectonius caemcialla Tros, BB 412a21 . Críst cóemdil, Trip.² 1631 . Cirill crinna caemdruin, Gorm. March 9 . cathmīlid cōemḟata, Corp. Gen. 8.10 . fer cáemḟuar, Mer. Uil. 250 . in ingen chéilligh c[h]oimghenmnaigh, Ériu v 148.30 . carn-ḟolt caomh-ghlan, Keat. Poems 68 . cen gúasacht coemnar, SR 1037 . co coimsolom, BB 45a16 . banscal cruthnach coemtrebar, SR 6296 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Ch. chaemchlessach, TBC-LL¹ 3542 . ar miasaib coimdenmacha cruindi, TTebe 468 . o chloidheamh . . . coimealtach, IT iii 12 § 19 . Caillin caemfertach, Fen. 194.15 . Ō C. caemhfhuighlech, Caithr. CC 85 . cáemgnéach (of a hero), LL 6700 ( RC xxix 211 § 2 ). coemhichtaig .i. coemgnimaig gl. cumachtaig, ACC 42 ( RC xx 176 ). taidiu corach caemlindtech. Acall. 2674 v.l. a ccuanta caomhthurcarthacha, AFM vi 2362.19 .

With verbs: .vii. ṁbliadna a coic ro chaemchaith, LL 14962 . cororcoemchinni co gle / nitgluase, nitchumscaige, SR 1619 . cia crabud nar caemfhuill `did he not lovingly increase', Gorm. Sept. 23 . naomhcathir . . . cus caomhthathaig an muir mall, ZCP x 53.12 . With partt. fon sruth coemcoisrectha duly consecrated, TTebe 3608 . sciath . . . go ttri rothaibh caoimhdhentha credumha, ZCP x 279.21 .

cáemán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáemán or dil.ie/7600

n o, m. (1 cáem): at cæman at rigmacc (to Christ), Vita Br. 48 `a friend ', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 134 . i nAlbain dār cāemān c[h]ōir `our dear young friend ', Ériu xvi 164 § 39 . ionann caomhán ┐ neach caomh no áluinn, Keat. i 28.22 .

1 cáemthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáemthach or dil.ie/7622

Forms: cáomhthach, cáomhdhach, caímthech, caoimhthech

n o, m. (cf. 1 cáem, 1 cáemdae) cáomhthach, cáomhdhach m., IGT Decl. § 22 . Also caímthech. caoimhthech (: mhaoidhmhech), ZCP ii 363.18 . (a) friend , companion : tri coemhthigh Bhriain. AFM ii 774.2 . maircc dar caoimhthech an chonair, BNnÉ 214 § 81 . d'éis caidribh na gasra dár chaomhthach sinn, Hackett² xii 3 . caomhthaigh nó coigéile, TSh. 8621 . ní budh sáoghlach ealchuing úaidh / cáomhdhach smúail do ṡeanchroinn ṡídh, IGT Decl. ex. 816 . In special sense of bed-fellow, lover : a chaomhthaigh luigheas im ghar, Measgra D. 5.7 . do bhí in a chaomhthach leaptha aice, Eochairsg. 89.13 . bheith gan chaomhthach gan chéile / gan leannán i n-a leabaidh, Keat. Poems 1130 . nír chaomhthach cóir cadalta, Celtica ii 169.49 . Fig. leannán bú Binne hÉdair / caomhthach Uisnigh, LBranach 2526 . dorindetar . . . cneascáimtigh dá claidhmib `making . . . naked bedfellows of their swords', Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.2 . Cf. 1 comthach.

1 cara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cara or dil.ie/8205

Forms: carae, chare, c., carae, carit, carit, charait, cairde, chardde, charaid, charaid, caruit, charuid, cairde, cháirde, chardiu, cardiu, caraid, cairde, cairdeadh

n nt, m. GOI 207 . Earlier carae. n s. chare, Ml. 29c16 . c.¤ , Sg. 12b7 . carae, Blathm. 142 . a s. carit, Wb. 30b27 . n p. carit, Wb. 5c7 . Ml. 44c1 . mo charait , 6 . a p. cairde, Laws ii 380.14 . a chardde , LL 32598 (TTr.). Later forms: n s. mo charaid , Párl. na mB. 210 . v s. a charaid , TSh. 8887 . d s. with f. adj. (see O'Brien, Celtica ii 346-8 ) ha caruit cumachtaig, TTebe 3673 . am charuid mhóir, Desid. 5782 . n p. cairde, Ériu xiii 44.25 (proscribed, IGT Decl. § 6 ). v p. a cháirde , TSh. 958 . a p. im chardiu , LU 3493 ( SCC 26 ). cardiu, 2432 . ZCP iii 27.21 . PH 5797 . caraid, TTebe 2322 . Stair Erc. 2272 . TSh. 7129 . g p. cairde, Párl. na mB. 152 . cairdeadh, DDána 108.12 . m. only, IGT Decl. § 6 , but later also f. (see above and Desid. p. 249 ); bhudh í an ch.¤ (: thí), O'Hara 1272 (see n.). an ch.¤ chéibhfhionn, Ó Bruad. ii 28.7 (taken by Ed. to refer to female).

Friend : coscc carat `a friend's advice', Wb. 5b32 . manum gaibi ar charit `if thou takest me as a friend ', 32a16 . is and asgniintar in charait intan mbither in periculis , Ml. 108b4 . c.¤ gl. amícus, Ir. Gl. 413 . diammad ch.¤ dam, LU 3320 ( SCC 11 ). lín a chomairce ┐ a charat, Críth G. 366 . a charaid claechmodha `Freunde des Wechselns', Ir. Recht 41.23 (see cláechlód). bid caro sochuidi, IT i 142.20 . mac Muire mo ch.¤ , 40.35 . ní diultach mo charae (: barae), Fél. Ep. 371 . mástat carait, LU 9091 ( FB 84 ). comainm carat (of the yew-tree), Auraic. 5656 . c.¤ ceathra (of the elm-tree), 5619 . da thigerrna carad companaig .i. don easpug, Ériu x 68 § 1 . is tigerna ┐ is c.¤ bunaid A. `original friend ', TTebe 2324 . c.¤ an tí do ordaigh é `love be to Him', PBocht 8.12 . a gc.¤ anma confessor, O'R. Poems 2072 . rogha [cairdis] c.¤ maoir `the best of friendships is the steward-friend ', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 1 . mo charaid ┐ mo chomharsain, TSh. 4243 . rena ccáirdibh spioradálta, RSClára 105a .

Less freq. relative (cf. Celtica i 369 ): huam chairtib gl. domesticis `from my kinsmen', Ml. 86d6 . ? ar id carut a ngenelaighe `their tribe relations are friendly', Laws ii 160.23 . E. ro marbh a caraid ┐ comgael, Stair Erc. 2272 . favith rogoidis voin ott caroid Críst gossip, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 3 . ? Cf. do ghaeltuibh ┐ cairdib na naidhiun `gossips of the babe', Marco P. 21 . gurob mó is c.¤ don nádur fuil derg naid leanda ele `red blood is more akin to the nature (of man)', Reg. San. 26.19 . comtar carait ┐ ind ingen he and the maiden were lovers, RC viii 150 § 2 . mairg . . . / . . . dian c.¤ Colco, Anecd. i 7.11 ( SCano 209 ). ní fhuighbhe an bhaintreabhach bhog / leannán ná céile carad (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1146 .

Compds. (cf. GOI 208 ). With nouns: etir maccu rígan ┐ caratban concubines , LL 31643 (TTr.). iar s eter caratnáimta ataaid `false friends', Wb. 23c28 . In n. pr. Gúbretha Caratniad Tesct[h]i (title of tract), ZCP xv 306.1 . With adjj.: craibdig . . . .i. caradbethadaig .i. caraid cách a mbethaid, Fél.² xxxi gl. 16 (1) . imrad Cainnig caratchoem ` friendly-dear ', RC xx 148.1 .

caracán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caracán or dil.ie/8209
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. (1 cara) (dear) friend : adchim-si do chreacht[a], a Thid croda, a charagain, TTebe 1131 . In n. pr. o hUib Caracan, AU i 582.6 . dearcc-ór agus airccead bán | sītheal Chaoilte an characcán, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 21.19 .

caratrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caratrad or dil.ie/8219

n o, [m.] later m. (1 cara).

(a) friendship; alliance : nírob mebul less mo ch.¤ friendship with me, Wb. 30a6 . in caratrid gl. amicitiae, Ml. 30d18 . c.¤ gl. familiaritas, 58b11 . intamail caratraid gl. similatione amicitiae, 61c8 . do chuinchid for caratraid, LU 3338 ( SCC 13 ). muna tucthar do ara c.¤ `through friendship', BCrólige 24 n. 4 . ro búi snaidhm caradraidh atarru ┐ Poimp bond of alliance, CCath. 1643 . do grad indmais no caradraidh gain or favour, Maund. 25 . dogníatt c.¤ annsein `covenant', BColm. 88.5 . is olc liom an caradradh so ó Ch. `ill I deem this friendship from C.', CRR² 46 . ? Cf. duine comaithech, ┐ ni c.¤ , Laws v 478.11 Comm. Gramm.: ataid focail dibh sin ┐ ní fuil caradrad ferindsgni riu acht se (= sé) do radh riu (of nouns inflected as f. with which a m. pron. is used), IGT Metr. Faults § 130 . Note also: nirbot cairdemail ┐ nirbot caratradh imoroile, Hugh Roe² 42.13 (leg. perh. -aidh here and in next ex.). no bhérdaoís a mbáire o robtar caradradh fri aroile, AFM v 1860.6 .

Of sexual alliance: commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by tryst', Mon. Tall. 153.22 . co tarla ina caratradh, gur'bo torrach hí, Moling 5 . fri caradrad na mban ┐ na sacart, SG 48.7 . With synonyms: mallach[t] . . . a charatraid ┐ a chardessa fair, TBC-LL¹ 2162. 2176 . an muinnteardhas ┐ an caradradh, Desid. 4697 .

Folld. by prep. FRI: cid ara ndluthid c.¤ friu, Wb. 27a30 . c.¤ . . . frinn `friendship towards us', Ml. 115d5 . oenḟer coṅgeib commond ┐ c.¤ frim-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2151 . an lucht risa mbi caradradh colna dhuit, Ériu xiii 45.21 . Michel frisa raibe a charadrad, Fél. 12.4 . ro chenglattar a ccumann ┐ a ccaratradh le ceile, BNnÉ 251.19 . comhartha caradraigh Dé ris na daoinibh, Beatha S. F. 1722 . As descript. gen.: ra clóiset cuir caratraid, LL 10521 (TBC). a fer cara[d]raid fein `personal friend ', Ann. Conn. 1227.2 . fa fer cumainn ┐ carattraidh dó Colaim Cille, BNnÉ 257.10 .

Also perh. friendly surroundings, circumstances : á c.¤ .i. nech bed chare do gl. quos . . . necessitudo coniunxerat, Ml. 29c16 . amal dungní nech són c.¤ du etuch dia ditin ar huacht `as a man forms a friendship for a garment', 90d3 gl. tanquam uestimento síc amicarentur (for amicirentur) creminibus.

(b) blood or marriage relationship : ba facus dino a c.¤, .i. Crist ┐ Eoin, LB 144b56 . faccus a charadrad dó . . . .i. mac a meic, Acall. 4698 . is hé ba foicsi carotrad dóa his nearest relation, TTr.² 1631 . cleamnus ┐ caradrad, TTebe 677 . do c[h]ongbáil a caradraid ┐ a clemhnasa re C., ML² 900 . ? Cf. ní féchand do chol ná do caradradh, De Contemptu 1584 .

clíab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíab or dil.ie/9470
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m.

(a) basket : cliab gl. qualus, Sg. 49b13 . cliab gl. curuis (leg. corbis), 67a3 . glíab (`for an cliab', edd.) gl. cassillum, PCr. 23a1 . da cliabh deac do forcroidh, Blathm. 34 . do mes iaromh iarna bhuain / di chlubaib ba cet, 104 § 46 (chliabaib, ed.). denam cleib, Laws v 474.4 . méit chléib búana cechtar a dá dordn, LU 6952 (BDD). r[uc] Fergus in cliab ngúalaich the fuel basket, Rawl. 139b25 . da dam déc . . . curtar cléib gela forthib ┐ ócláig imda isna clíabaib sin, RC xiii 68 § 72 (`paniers', SG ii 412.22 ). ba harbor i clīab tóll, MacCongl. 73.18 . do léigeadh síos mé a gclíabh, 2 Cor. xi 33 . in ro fáccbhadh . . . do chliabhaibh lóin, AFM vi 1986.17 . Fig. maille ré ceasaibh ┐ ré cliabhaibh crábhaidh, TSh. 4105 .

Of various objects with a framework of basket-work.

(b) skep, bee-hive : i ngait na cesach bech .i. diabladh in cleib, Laws i 170.19 Comm. cliabh bech, TFrag. 236.2 . fichi cliab i mbítis beich, Leb. Cert.² 1900 .

(c) cradle : cliab noiden gl. cunabulum, Sg. 53a13 . eitiud cleib .i. in t-etach dlegur aice isin cliaban, Laws i 168.2 , 172.33 Comm. dillat cleib dó `a cradle coverlet', ii 176.16 Comm. rod n-alt . . . éseom ┐ tri meic ind ríg i nóenchliab ┐ for áenchích, LU 1665 (ICM). dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche . . . dia mbeid aonchruinn cliabh cuadh cóir comalta, Ériu xiii 16.18 . Attrib. g s. ferann in mic bic .i. mac cleibh, O'Curry 1127 ( H 3.18, 451b ).

(d) coracle, currach : fer a c.¤ aen[ṡ]luaisti [.i.] duine seo curther a c.¤ áen[ṡ]luaiste amach for muir ina cintaib a one-paddle coracle, H 3.18, 227ay . i n-imrim do eich, do noe, do cleib, do cairr, do charpait, Laws i 166.21 (`basket'). Druim Cliab . . . is and dorónta cleib curaig Caurnain Chasduib, LL 22002 . loscad in chléib ┐ na seched (punishment for fishing on Sunday), Ériu ii 208 § 29 . In phr. c.¤ clis magic coracle(?), (`a hurdle for performing athletic feats on', Plummer MS. notes): is amhlaidh théid Sgáthach d'agallmha na ndee, ┐ clíabh clis fuithe, RC xxix 132 § 47 (`a feat-basket', Gloss.). do bhí Sgathach an tan-sin ┐ í iona clíabh clis, 134 § 48 . luid . . . C. co hairmb i mboi Scatoig. Dobir a di coiss for da mbordaib in clep cliss, ZCP iii 252.2 .

(e) Of the framework of the ribs, breast, bosom: uch mo chliab a nóibingen, Thes. ii xxii 9 (scribal note). roclos bloscbéimnech a chride re ch.¤ , LU 6462 (TBC). mo chridi im chliab, Corm. Y p. 107 n.2 . sceinnis a chridi . . . a miduactur a chléib, LL 22763 . dar compur a chléib ┐ dar farṡiung a bragat, TBC-LL¹ 1022 . do'n ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . gur bruidh cliabh ┐ craidhi in cursuin . . . trina cēile (of a horse), ZCP vi 80.34 . artus .i. compur in chleib gl. pernas, Gild. Lor. 71 . mar eala threabhus cliabh na dtonn surface of the waves, O'Gr. Cat. 585.5 . Attrib. g s dear, beloved : a fhir chléibh `my worthy friend ', Ó Bruad. i 206 xix . mo dhíograis cléibh, Párl. na mB. 2283 . Fig. i gcliabh chomhghonta an choguais, TSh. 441 .

Compds. With noun. dāil de for chlīabchless (nó cliabach .i. cliab fota mór occai) Clóitige (an epithet), ZCP xii 237 § 58 (Baile in Scáil), cf. cusin clíabglas ón Claítig 'until the Grey-chested one from Claítech', PBerchán § 95 . See also the phr. clíab clis above. cleth-cumgugad a cliab-asnaid ag a comdrud i cenn a cheile framework of the ribs , MR 256.21 . clíabinar sróil sirecda ré chnes inner tunic , LU 6557 (TBC). in cliabgae glaici, TBC St. 3260 . ní robai cen clíabgalar niro loing cen airchissecht, LU 6079 (TBC). leiges in chlīab-galair ` chest-disease ', MacCongl. 98.17 .

With adj. a carcair cliabhchumhuing cenngairb . . . itfrinn ` narrow-chested ', RC xxviii 318 § 36 . a ccoin fheargacha chraos-fhairsing chliabh-dhomhuin ucht-leathann, Feis Tighe Chonáin 20 . ┐ é corpremhur clíabhfairsing, RC xxix 128 § 35 . daltān clīabglan caem, ZCP vi 266 § 2 . fir corpremhra cliabhlethna, Stair Erc. 573 . in Dond Cualngi . . . calma comnart cliabremur, IT iii 246.79 . fer ardmor cliabremar, BB 427b24 .

coicéile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coicéile or dil.ie/10048

Forms: coicle, coicne, coimchéile, cocéle

n (com + céile). Also coicle, coicne (see Ériu ii 57 n. 2), coimchéile.

(a) Orig. perh. vassal, bondsman (cf. céile). cocéle gl. cliens, Sg. 51a9 . cia diar bo chocéle, LU 5601 (TBC).

(b) companion, fellow, friend (v. freq. with allit. words of similar meaning): ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle `comrade', Sg. 161b9 . camaib caonibh coiccele, Ériu xiii 14.4 . do chomrac re charait re chocle ┐ re chomalta, TBC-LL² 2620 . ra n-adnaic a cocni ┐ a chara, LL 31567 (TTr.). co ruc . . . armgaisced a coceli leis, LU 8549 ( FB 40 ). ? bāi grāin for mo choicne má[i]r (: dáil), Fianaig. 10.11 . a clemnu ┐ a coicceliu, CCath. 5559 . mo chomthach mo choceile, TFerbe 532 . do chaoineadh a gcoigcéile, DDána 46.46 . muirnín mic . . . caomhthaigh nó coigéile, TSh. 8621 . marbad mo chomchéli, LL 14136 ( RC iii 184.16 ).

(c) friendship, fellowship : bid adas dait . . . in chocélisi fil dait la hUltu, LU 5537 = in cocēlesi, TBC-I¹ 1055 (cf. coicéilsine). nīrbu chres coicne / coimchnis brāithre `winzige Genossenschaft', Ält. Ir. Dicht. 42 § 47 . comar cocless (coicle, v.l.) clemnas, Triads 125 . cia coicne ro bai edraibsi, YBL 138a40 . tri fir choigle `for the sake of true friendship', CS 10.1 . cona dernsad coibnius na coicele `companionship', TTebe 378 . gniseat cogle . . . / E. ┐ E., (`contention'), Manners and Customs iii 241 n. Cf. coicell.

coímchloud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coímchloud or dil.ie/10148
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: claechládh, claechlódh, claechlúdh

u and o, m. Vn. of con-imchloí. Very variable in form. claechládh claechlódh claechlúdh, IGT Verbs § 64 .

(a) act of changing, exchange; change, alternation : coimchloda gl. commotandi, Ml. 63d3 . coimchlud canone, 76d12 . cen choimchlod fuiri gl. fixam, 109d4 . in coimmchlóud son .i. cach la céin it masculina in cein n-aili it feminina, Sg. 62a4 . caomclód praindi `change . . . of diet', Mon. Tall. 152.25 . claemchlód magni, LU 5841 . claechlodh inntinne change of intention, Fier. 37 . brechtradu ┐ coemchlódu, Alex. 990 . claechlodh aisdi change of metre (within a quatrain), IGT Metr. Faults § 22 . gurab é ainm do bheir an Eaglas . . . ar an cclaochlódh-sa transubsttantiatio, Desid. 4978 . an claochlughadh do rinde D. `the changed attitude of D.', 3431 . uiscce iarna claochmodh i n-ass, BNnÉ 297 § 33 . ar na claochlúdh, AFM ii 1084.15 .

In unfavourable sense change for the worse, deterioration : atbath cen chloemchlód for dath, LL 14875 . claochlōd crotha for cenēlaib, ML² 1601 . dhulc an chlaochláidh do cinnedh (of a death), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19 § 34 . ionnus nach diongnadh an mhailís a thuigse do chlaochlódh = ne malitia mutaret intellectum eius, TSh. 5314 . Less freq. in favourable sense of conversion, act of reforming : mo bheatha do chlaochlo, Mac Aingil 1361 . a ttús caomhc[h]lóidh a mbethadh = Conuersion, RSClára 2a .

(b) Of exchange of objects between persons: dénum coémchlód dá gaisced, LU 6664 (TBC). ar cloechlód dorónsat, Fél. 244.37 . cæmc[h]lōd bachall dorōnsatt . . . Colmán E. ┐ Colmán mac L., BColm. 84.21 . Hence exchange, barter; act of exchanging, bartering : cundradh maille re claochmó sét, O'D. 575 ( H 3.17, 443 ). co clōemclōdaib sēd ō T. co C., Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 12 § 1 . amal carait coemcloide duit é ag denam do lesa `ein Austausch-Freund', Cóic Con. 54 § 121 . a cairde ┐ a choslointhe, Laws ii 380.14 with gloss cairde .i. claemcluma, 21 Comm. a dualgus chairdusa claechmoidhe `in right of mutual friend- ship', iii 144.12 Comm. cóemchlód fri drochḟerann `exchanging for bad land', Triads 72 . ? ocht cuirn chroma fri caemchlíd `for passing around', Leb. Cert.² 1319 (`for interchanging', Leb. Cert. 165.12 ). Hence return of goods that have been exchanged under contract; reversal of the contract: cach cunnrud do niat na meamuir i n-ecmuis na ceann, dia fuaitrighthur fo cetoir, is cloecmo dib co dechmuid `there shall be a mutual return within ten days', Laws ii 294.2 Comm. fri cura . . . .i. do claochló doib, no do innsaidh `to set them aside for them, or to enforce them', i 286.3 Comm.

(c) something different, the contrary (cf. malairt): a chlaochlo sin, Mac Aingil 1068 . ná creid a chlaochlo, 1090 .

(d) act of overthrowing : rí na gcurad do chlaochlód, SG 273.6 . ní fuil nech lenab étir a claechlod a cath, Fier. 8 . dochum na colla dho chlaochludh = for the destruction of the flesh, 1 Corinth. v 5 .

coistide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coistide or dil.ie/10453

n [io, m.] (con-suidi? con-túaisi?): coistidhe dó é (of friend of saint), SG 37.22 ` hearer ', ii 35 .

comainm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comainm or dil.ie/10620
Last Revised: 2013

n n, n. (ainmm)

(a) (additional) name, cognomen (freq. not different in meaning from ainmm); synonym: c.¤ gl. cognomen, Ir. Gl. 993 . c.¤ Críst ron-snáda / Saluator ron-sóera!, Fél. March 14 (comaind .i. comainm, v.l.). atdeos duib a comanmann, Corp. Gen. 126.26 . in trath dian comainmm compleit, KMMisc. 154.94 . Cumscraidh Mend Macha do c.¤ ond uair-sin ille, Sc.M² 14 R. Mac Dathó a ainm, 1.1 (a c.¤, R). cía do ch.¤ -siu ol M. . . . Fedelm . . . mo ainmsea, LU 4524 (TBC). Sarra dianid c.¤ Iascha cognomen, 160 . da ghadaige . . . darsat comanmann D. ┐ I., PH 2852 . Portt na Cranne darap c.¤ an Fuarchosach, Ann. Conn. 1256.13 . c.¤ carat .i. edadh isin caill `synonym for a friend ', Auraic. 5656 . ban-naomh in chomhanma sin, Fl. Earls 176.28 .

(b) (a person of the) same name: coibne .i. c.¤ , O'Dav. 496 . cen c[h]umscuguth nadet comanmuin (form ?) na comthuirmi `dass sie nicht gleichnamig sind', Bürgschaft 27 § 74 c.¤ trait do-n-roïg Cū Domna / oc ascnamh a comanmo, Fianaig. 12 § 14 . tricho Fland ┐ tricho Dubthach . . . is ed bui di chomanmanduib i tig Geirg, IT iii 550.26 . cárna a chomanma, LL 13884 (of Cú Chulainn and a hound). batar . . . comanmunna araile dib (of the Apostles), LB 146b31 (com + adj. in -de from ainmm ? Cf. IT iii 550 supra and Celtica x 254 ). Note also: roderscnaigh dan comhainm riamh ar ulc it surpassed anything of its own kind in evil (of a bridge), Aisl. Tond. 100.4 . Attrib. g s. and g p. dá churaidh comhlann gcalma / conghlann cubhaidh comhanma (of 2 Murchadhs), DDána 85.32 . cona ttrí cēd curadh comhanmann, Ériu viii 137.21 .

In phr. fer (lucht) a chomanma a man, etc., of the same name or family: ara uib ┐ ar fer a chomanma, LL 39066 . ni faicim do lucht a ccomhanma acht iad araon I see of the same name only these two, Mart. Don. 58.7 . Cf. lead chéidfhear comhanma the first man of your name, O'Hara 170 . go rabhadar iomad do naomhaibh . . . Éireann 'n-a lucht comhanmann `that many . . . bore the same name', Keat. iii 1714 .

(c) namesake : c.¤ a māthar `every namesake of his mother's', Cáin Ad. 25 .

(d) anniversary, yearly, weekly, etc. recurrence of any day or date: c.¤ in laithi-sa . . . cacha blīadna, BColm. 28.2 . co tucsat noí catha / on c.¤ coa celi `from year's end to year's end', Ériu x 93 § 3 . Adv. doni se aenach festa c.¤ an lae dorugudh é gacha bliadhna, ZCP vi 86.10 . in slabradh . . . ro sgaoil go mīrbaileach comhainm an fhēsta sin, Fl. Earls 244.1 . cuirfet-sa macamh dot shoighidh c.¤ an laithe a ttanacc sunn this day week(?), BNnÉ 319 § 15 .

Various: ? ni ralie an mag so nad rubann c.¤ n-arcaid, ZCP iii 237.15 . ina c.¤ cen leisci / tomaidm Flesci ┐ Maindi, Lec. 283ra15 ( ch.¤ , 6rb24 ; comairm, BB 37b27 ). cían ó chomhainm éantoighe / rádh Thaidhg ris Ó mBríain mBéirre `far from joint-naming from a single house was Tadhg's answer to Ó Briain of Béirre', Ériu xix 92.25 .

comaithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithech or dil.ie/10692

Forms: cuíbhtheacha, comaid-, comaich-, comaig-, coimith-, coimid-, coimich-, coimig-, comaigthech, coimhthigheach, coimhithigheach, coimthech

(comaithe) Form v. variable. Cf. cuíbhtheacha (pl.), Trompa na bhF. 718 . See Éigse ix 163 .Also comaid-, comaich-, comaig-, coimith-, coimid-, coimich-, coimig-. In Mid. Ir. freq. comaigthech (cf. comhaithchech, Ériu xiii 21.30 ) and, in later lang., coimhthigheach ( Oss. v 12.10 ), coimhithigheach ( Gen. xvii 12 ), coimthech ( TTebe 482 ), etc.

I Adj. o ā belonging to a neighbour; belonging to another, not one's own, not related; unusual; extraneous, foreign, alien : leth aithgin . . . dam dia cethraib fein . . . aithgin ma cethra comaithche `neighbouring cattle', Laws v 156.10 Comm. cat c.¤ sin, ┐ da madh hé cat na cuile bodein . . . a cat not belonging to the house, O'D. 2012 ( Eg. 90, 15b ). do eclais bunaidh ┐ da eclais comaithig unconnected, 1583 ( H 5.15, 7b ). da mnai fein . . . do mnai coimithigh, Laws ii 418.1 Comm. a crích comaithig, LL 8116 . na cáin do bhen as comair dhaoine gcomaighthech `strangers', Ériu v 128 § 21 . eachtrand nó ciniudha comaighthe, CCath. 5808 . do chum an chatha comhaithigh, TFrag. 106.8 . bērla comaidheach foreign language, RC xxiv 383.10 . gídh coimhighech sin aniu (of the use of the title `rí' for Ó Dubhda), Hy Fiach. 298.16 . tre briatraib . . . mna caime . . . coimithi, RC xi 320.13 . a curadaib comithi, TTebe 1547 (comidhthi, v.l.). for ferand c.¤ on land belonging to another, Fél.² xxv n. 206 . re cach coiccrich coimigthig, Hy Maine 88.9 . ní comhoightheach unhereditary, Top. Poems² 1022 . gairdiughadh comhaithach = extraneus, ITS xxix 127.26 . connsaine com[haidh]each an extra consonant (not found in n s. rí, fili), Bard. Synt. Tr. 221.7 (p. 166) . connsuine comhuidheach ar a dheireadh, mur tá so: rí ┐ mac an ríogh, IGT Introd. § 132 . Crích Muman . . . / tucsat fa cruth comhoigeach `brought . . . into strange guise', Ériu iv 222 § 40 . an chlann comuighech = alienus, Smaointe B. Chr. 4768 . mar mnaoi comhaigthigh, 1528 . o mogh (= -dh) nua comhuighech = inconsuetus, 2927 . innus nach beth briathur Dia comhuighthech oruinn foreign to us, 2312 . dul san chlaochládh choimhidheach putting on a strange appearance (of a ruined dwelling), Measgra D. 56.28 . bhudh í an chara chomhuightheach `a queer kind of friend ', O'Hara 1272 . cenēl comhaigthech do thruailledh fīr-f[h]ola na rīghachta, Fl. Earls 224.9 . an chuid chomuidheach = `lo ageno', Desid. 756 . a chuid do ní choimhidheach `share of something belonging to another', Parrth. Anma 3459 . an peacadh do mhédúghadh 'na nádúir féin gan peacadh coimhitheach do thabhairt chuigi unrelated, Mac Aingil 2948 . coinfeasóir coimhitheach do thabhairt . . . do mhnáibh riaghalta . . . seach an ccoinfeasóir ngnáthach unaccustomed, 2809 . na dée comhaightheacha = deos alienos, TSh. 7046 . gach ladrann caethach `every foreign churl', O'Rah. i 8 .

In religious verse freq. of the body, perh. in sense of hostile: ná hiarr orum / do riar, a cholann chomhaidheach, Aithd. D. 61.5 . corp comhuidheach . . . / olc dobhuidheach doiriartha, 80.29 . a chalann chomhoidheach, Dán Dé xxii 21 . an chuirp chomhoidhigh, PBocht 6.30 . is mé ceangailte a cclí choimhthigh, Párl. na mB. 2010 (= chuímhthig, 4039 ). Adv. diarr se go coimthigeach bainne ┐ leanna anéineacht air, ITS xvi 142.z (`with an ill-timed request for milk').

II Subst. o, m. comhuidhech comhuithech coimhidhech coimhithech m., IGT Decl. § 23 .

(a) neighbour; person who is in comaithches and subject to its regulations: dligid cach c.¤ diarailiu tuididin usci `each neighbour', Coibnes 10 ( Laws iv 212.30 ). hi t(h)ir comaithich bes comoccus doib, Laws iv 192.10 . on do econn berar a commainib c.¤ which is given out of the joint funds of fellow tenants, v 370.4 . frisna cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat fri da taeb `to the four neighbours next to him on the two sides', i 260.10 ( .i. risna cethra comithigh ad comnesa dó, 274.27 Comm. ). slan fairgse mbrogaid mbruidrechta ingraide tire comdidan coímitheach, iv 48.13 . ardmeas comaitheach the assessment of the neighbours, O'D. 2416 ( Rawl. B 506, 53d ). diambí aír no lesainm adlia .i. dia foclat comaithigh co lilfi fri ré a í ┐ a iarmui, 976 ( H 3.17, 679e ). cath etir do thuaith-siu . . . ┐ a comaithgiu = inter tuam gentem et aliam, Lat. Lives 86.11 . comaithig immorro do Maelodrān Huī Māil ┐ ba holc immorro a chomaithchess doib, Fing. R. 954 . cocartte (.i. comaithich) sin do Dessib Maige Breg, Rawl. 134a1 . Sidon cona chomaidchib, LL 16287 . cech uli glacad . . . d'a ṅdingir ar chomaigthech one who is not related, PH 7541 (`a stranger'). bó cach liss i Mumain ┐ uinge cach comaithig `house-owner', MacCongl. 57.11 . With implication of inferiority, small-holder(?): deroile do chineoil . . . uair mac comaithigh thu, TFrag. 202.10 . an tan lámhuid comhaitigh . . . eirgidh a n-aighidh saorchlann, 236.8 .

(b) stranger, alien, foreigner, outsider : cethri cinnu c.¤ , LL 8230 ( TBC-LL¹ 787 ). coimighthi no amhuis, Ériu viii 121.12 . comaightech gl. alienigena, Ir. Gl. 314 . o chomichib (contrasted with o na comarsannaib), PH 7574 . fer tigi n-aideag cotchind do cliaraib ┐ do comaigtib, Ann. Conn. 1249.16 . caomhthach gach chomhuidhigh, DDána 70.21 (` friend of every stranger guest', Ir. Monthly, 1920, 652 ). ' com facbail aonur itir comaighechaibh, Grail 736 . cossin ceth[r]or comothech assin cetharaird `the four strangers', Misc. Arch. Soc. 136.4 . go dtobhaighthir do thamall / ar chomhaighthibh cumann `that love may be got for a time (even) from foes', PBocht 4.20 . coimhidhigh chláir groighigh Grég, IGT Decl. ex. 832 . ar comhaithechaibh = strangers, RSClára 127a .

comdile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdile or dil.ie/11026

n (dile): nis fuar caem a chomdile I never found a friend so dear, LL 5146 ( Bruchst. 70 § 163 , Auraic. 5339 ).

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