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2 clas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 clas or dil.ie/9384

 

n ā, f. (Lat. classis) assembly, choir : c.¤ .i. a classe , Corm. Y 281 (classeus , MS.). c.¤ graece claisin (κλάσις) .i. diuisio , 356 . c.¤ .i. comtinol, O'Dav. 557 . ro chuala clais coir / siol n-Adhoimh, Blathm. 725 (síl Ádaim, ed.). trian dib fria clais trian fria croit trian etir clais ┐ croit `for the choir', Hib. Min. 280 - 1 . fri cetul na psalm do thus inna c.¤ `to lead the choirs', 166 . du thoisigecht claisse doib `to lead their choir', Ml. 107b3 . cosin chlais gl. (unus de cantatoribus) cum suorum choro, 61d6 . etir di chlais no gaibthe in salm-so, .i. quoniam . . . no gaibed indal[a] ch.¤ , 138d1 . classa búana bindi, Fél. Prol. 181 . ro chuala . . . c.¤ na maccraide oca gairm, Trip. ii 420.22 . in ch.¤ . . . / na noebaṅgel, SR 2141 . tri míle cheól n-écsamail cecha oénclaisse, LU 2034 . [d]i chlais aingel, 992 ( ACC 92 Comm. ). dí chlaiss sechtmogat do chlassaib celebartha, Celtica iv 30.414 . or ro cantae didiu in turem frisngaired in ch.¤ , O'Mulc. 213 . a c[h]erchaill clūimhe ┐ a geimhin claisi (among the effects of a deceased monk), ZCP vi 271.17 (prob. the hide mat on which he knelt in choir, Plummer MS. notes). c.¤ .i. claisceadal, no ceol no canntaireachd, O'Cl. clais .i. cora, Stowe Gl. 264 . Lec. Gl. 316 . ar chlais mheabhlaigh an mháidh chaim, Ó Bruad. ii 276 xxxi (`snares').

Compd. see claischétal.

fris-gair, -frecair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-gair, -frecair or dil.ie/24363

 

Forms: fritamgair, frecrad, frisgair, frisngaired, frisgara, frecara, freagra, friscera, friscéra, fregéra, friscerut, frisgerat, frisgart, friscart, nisfrecart, barecart, friscartatar, frisrograt, regart, recratár, frecraid, frecrais, frecair, fhrecēr-sa, fregēraid, friscart, cartsat, frisccar, friscart

v Older forms : ipv. 2 s. (with pron. inf.) fritamgair, ACL iii 294 § 11 . 3 s. frecrad, Ériu iii 96 § 3 . ind. pres. 3 s. frisgair, Sg. 193b6 . Ml. 77a15 . impf. 3 s. (with unexplained inf.) frisngaired , O'Mulc. 213 . pres. subj. 3 s. frisgara, YBL 237b35 ( Auraic. 4605 ). dian do frecara (leg. dia nda frecra), Laws ii 140.18 . dia nda freagra , iv 8.25 . fut. 3 s. friscera (.i. freceraid), Hy vi 18 . Cf. friscéra .i. freigéra, O'Cl. ni fregéra , ZCP ix 174 § 30 . 3 pl. friscerut IT i 20.31 (LB = Trip.² 343 ) = frisgerat ib. IT i 20.22 . pret. 3 s. frisgart, Thes. ii 241.10 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). LU 3364 ( SCC 15 ). friscart, Ériu ii 124 § 66 . nisfrecart, LU 3395 ( SCC 18 ). Cf. barecart, LL 265a44 . 3 pl. friscartatar, Ériu ii 102.1 . perf. frisrograt (= -rogart) Trip. 28.18 (266) . ro regart , LU 3409 ( SCC 18 ). pl. co ro recratár , LU 6284 .

Vn. frecra(e), q.v.

In later lang. treated as simple vb. pres. 3 s. frecraid (fregraid), pret. frecrais (friscart .i. freagrais, O'Cl.). perf. ro frecair . fut. ni fhrecēr-sa , PH 1496 1803 . fregēraid LB 274b14 . In pret. archaisms (often deliberate) occur beside late forms : friscart, AFM ii 636.3 , v 1588.6 . fris cartsat , v 1626.17 . Marco P. 31 . frisccar, AFM i 344.1 ( = dixit Lib. Hymn. i 32 ) is prob. a mispr. for friscart.

(a) answers, replies , absol. or with acc. of thing or noun-clause, where the reply is quoted in direct speech it is often preceded by another vb. of saying. frisgart D. : ni fetor sa, etc., Thes. ii 241.10 ( Ardm. 18a ). cinnas sin ... ar C. ro frecair L. ┐ ro rādi is mithig, etc. LU 3663 ( SCC 33 ). fris-rograt ind oclach ┐ issed ro rādi, Trip. 28.18 (266) . fiar-faidhis C. scela di ; frecra[i]s an ingin [ = ingen] ┐ adbert, Ériu iii 152 § 6 .

Often of amoebaean verse in romantic lit. : ro canustar in laīdh mbicc ┐ rusfreccair A. she sang a little lay and A. replied IT i 123.2 . dorigni in laid ┐ ro recair M., TBC-LL¹ 503 . ra bert na briathra ... ┐ ra frecair in gilla, 3257 . ro freacairset na teora classai ... et is ed ro cansad, Lism. L. 238 .

With DO of pers. : ros frecair B. dó ┐ atbert fris, LB 63a49 . frisgart dissi in fer, LU 3364 ( SCC 15 ). dorogart nomen meum ... Ro recrus[s]a dó, PH 1499 . frecair dam in ní iarfaigfet dít, 1802 . rop ecnaid ro recair dona gentib, Fél. 78 (on : Lauring, lán frecrae, Feb. 22 ). in tan ro fregairset ... do briathraibh ... naimhdemhla dó, Fl. Earls 136.13 .

With acc.: ro recrutar na hespuic he, PH 599 . a mac alla is mirbuile | recras lem gair na Gairbe its echo, wondrously meseems it answereth the cry of the Garb Anecd. ii 24 . ga [ = dá] bhfiosruighedh ... dhiot ... cionnas do ḟreagórthá é ?, Luc. Fid. 290.3 .

Of answering a greeting, etc.: ro fregair sisi an bennughadh, Ériu v 86.19 . inti recēras in fálti ... mad e D. reccras ... mad é S. recras, LL 268a42 ( MU² 826 ).

With extension of meaning: atracht ... frisin mbéist; ro frecratar srotha tened ... a belu na biasta, PH 7235 ( LB 202a5 ). dosléici chuce ... co n-ecmaing inna etan, co ro recart in coirthe fris aníar the pillar-stone behind him answered (i.e. reacted to the blow from the missile which had pierced through his brain) LL 292a17 ( RC xiii 464 ). co tardus forgum don gai ... i n-ucht in rig gura freagair in coirthi cloiche bui fria druim allathiar, FDG 270 = MR 36.10 .

(b) answers (to), corresponds (to), is analogous (with), with DO: frisgair in testemin se dondib dligedib remeperthib, Sg. 193b6 . is dúnn imchumurc fil isin chanoin frisgair ... a n-imchomarc n-isiu, Ml. 77a15 . nach tan do furgaib ... brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain frisgair do suidev, Hib. Min. 12.411 . amhancoll dno .x. frisgair dōsēn x corresponds to (the Ogham) emancoll BB 301b13 . muna bhfreagraidh ár n-ofráil ... don pháis, Eochairsg. 30x . Counterbalances: airligud fri[s]ngair araile nad escomrad which another (loan) balances which was not paid (i.e. an outstanding debt) Laws v 372.2 .

(c) answers, responds to, meets (a challenge, combat, etc. or an enemy). With acc. of thing: ro focair comracc ar Tuir nGl. ┐ ro reagair [T. G.] ... in comrag sin, RC vi 184 . frecerthar duit-si in cath sin (answer to a challenge), Fianaig. 72z . do ḟreagair a chomhlann do Gholl, ML 136.26 ( ML² 1834 ). serrfiach Ibair Cluana ... fregeraid co garb in gleo LB 274b14 . an té ... iarras no ḟregras comhrag, Ó Héodhusa 168.3 .

With acc. of pers.: ni fuair ... nech do freigeorad Froech ZCP xiii 174.31 . rogab ... a errad catha ... uime ┐ ro fregair ... iat, Ériu iii 166 § 21 . freiccermaoid-ne ... an lucht úd, Cog. 214.1 . ro fregradh in fendid ... sin ag Finn (= F. met his attack), Fianaig. 96.24 .

(d) answers, responds to (a summons, call, duty, etc.), obeys ( freccair aifrinn, ZCP x 48.5 belongs perhaps to fris-cuirethar, q.v.): timarnai Dia doitsi du[l] ... Dia cloisinn dam, ol P. ... dó no freiceruind (.i. no raguinn), Lism. L. 226 . freagair na cabhartha maithe ` co-operate with ' JRSAI 1859, 360 (16th cent. letter). muna bhfreagra an dál do dhligh ... gan eagla éinfir, Content. xx 3 . o nar freagradh ordughadh an ri uatha since the king's orders were not obeyed by them Rel. Celt. ii 176.38 . ní fregera talam tuar the earth will not respond to cultivation ZCP ix 174 § 30 . With acc. of pers. answers (the call of), comes (at the summons of): fert Failbe frecrad in féin, Fianaig. 54.15 . ro tinolit chuci ... noch do recair [in neoch ro freccair v.l.] e do feraib Erend `all that obeyed him' Cog. 154.2 . ro nert A. drem ... do choimliṅg chomretha ... Ro frecrad e sium im an ngniṁ sin his appeal was responded to TTebe 2423 . nir frecrad in la-sin iat (i.e. they caught nothing in the chase that day) Fianaig. 52.24 .

Intrans.: do freagradais ōig ... na cathrach cum an droichid le garthaibh na clog, ZCP vi 284.25 . ná freagraidh do ghairm dhíomhaoin do not respond to a useless call Content. xvi 82 . The follg. are prob. extensions of this meaning: a chliar Éireann theas is thuaidh, freagraidh so `come' (? respond ) Content. xvi 72 n . iomháigh cloiche i [gcruth] Mhuire ... freagrais is níor dhiombuaidh do san eaglais `he approaches it' A. Ó Dálaigh I 25 , but perh. íomháigh is the subj. and níor d. parenthetical: the image answered him (anticipating the subsequent story)? freagram an teagh thall `may we enter (?) our home yonder' vi 3 .

(e) answers for, on behalf of; comes to the aid of: frecrad fuli cech anmae `let him answer the sins of every soul' Ériu iii 96 § 3 = f.¤ fuile cech anam, O'Dav. 1003 (ex. of fuil .i. pecad). araon romfregera ... romtoigēba [ron- ron- v.l.] do t[h]oigh Dē deis, ZCP viii 214.14 . freagair mise, a Mhíchíl aingil!, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 23 .

tuirem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuirem or dil.ie/42381

 

Forms: tairem, turem, tuiream, tuirme, turma, tuirme, turaim, tuiredh, tuirimh

n ā, f. vn. of do-rími. Also o, m. in Mod. Ir., and occas. in Mid. Ir. Cf. a d s. tairem, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.7 . turem, LU 8416 ( FB 28 ). tuiream, Anecd. ii 7.10 . ? g s. tuirme, Metr. Dinds. i 22.123 , SG 75.3 = YBL 171b45 . ? n p. turma, Anecd. ii 70.5 . tuirme, Auraic. 940 . Note also: fri turaim (: Coinchulaind), ZCP iii 42.1 . tuiredh, Études Celt. i 78.13 , 85.1 . m., IGT Decl. § 101 . tuirimh f., § 150 .

(a) act of enumerating, recounting, telling, relating; number, account, list: ní ail a th.¤ (sic leg.) dúib `to recount it to you,' Wb. 24c7 . tris in tuirim gl. per exsecutionem, Ml. 33d13 . ri cen tuirim, cen aisnéis beyond computation, SR 324 . iar tuirim a fele `after reckoning their feasts,' Fél. Ep. 231 . manod-techtaid désheirc | cona tuirim téchti `with its due attribute (?),' 390 . a fhiru Muirid ... | do nach tuirim tailmire whose impetuosity cannot be computed (?), Metr. Dinds. ii 26.2 . is tuirim mesta cu mór | nuimir na slóg, LL 32a43 = is tuireamh mescdha go mor, BB 56a6 . as lia a thuiream na mar indistear, BB 20a19 . is de aisnedid .i. do turim cin forus fethem (sic leg., Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 292.z Comm. mall uile a thuiremh tresan Ebrai a n-aisniter ann `to recount through the Hebrew,' Ériu ii 104 § 15 . turma ine (ane, anni, v.ll.) cine[oi]l Eogain the reckonings of the wealth of Cinél E. (?), Anecd. ii 70.5 do beth ní dia chomrumuib gan turim some of his triumphs would be left unmentioned, ZCP viii 111.19 . oc in dreim atám tuiremh those of whom I am speaking, SG 349.7 . gan tuireamh a ghnímh, IGT Decl. ex. 1794 . níor fhéad riamh neach gus a-niogh | a leath ... do thuiriomh, DDána 23.21 . Íosa Chríosd led thuirimh tú Thou art called (?), Dán Dé xxvii 36 . ré a dtuirimh, TD 32.13 . ni horsa a thurium ina innisin ar marb B., Cog. 60.20 . nir furail aingel ... do turem a testa, MR 190.19 . In chevilles: turim gan tnucha, BB 33b55 . ? tuirme glonn `with numbers of deeds,' Auraic. 940.

Frequ. with comparatives: móo turim .i. quam potest homo eum narrare , Thes. ii 331.3 . moo turim ... an ro bói do sciathaib and, Ériu iv 28.12 . a ṅdorigni ... | is lia tuirim more than can be recounted, SR 7248 . bid lia turim a chath, IT i 98.2 . Occas. also with equative: at lir turim ... frassa na saiget, LU 2212 . as lir t.¤ a scel o sin amach, ML 166.5 .

(b) In Mod. Ir. lament, dirge, threnody . This may also be the meaning in the follg. exx. from Met. Dinds.: ba fáith fri tairem cech thuir; | rosbáid aided óen-urchuir, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.7 , `sing dirges for,' Corr. fúair a tairnem, a tuirim | i nArd Ch. ` dirge ,' iv 238.3 . ní hí mo thuireamhsa an tuireamh nach fuighbhidh | cuidiughadh céad de chéadthaibh caointe my dirge is one that will find response in hundreds of other lamentations, Hackett xxxix 69 . sdriongan cumhadh ┐ tuiriomh, Abbott-Gwynn 188.17 . Tuireadh Aodha ui Ruairc, Oss. v 134.1 . tuireadh Eibhlin n-i Arthnain, Hard. ii 258.1 . ? Of a song of praise: o ro cantae ... in turem frisngaired in chlas dicens caebo ... .i. molad do Ioib, O'Mulc. 213.