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ad-cí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cí or dil.ie/391
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-rodarcar, atchíu, adcíu, atchim, -accu, -accim, -airciu, -airchiu, adchí, atch, -accai, -aci, adchí, adcíi, atobc, adcí, asidc, -aicci, adciam, adchiam, asidciam, -accam, -aciam, atchíd, -accid, adciat, -acat, -aiccet, adcither, adchither, -acastar, -accastar, -aiccesdar, ad-rodarcar, adroarcar, atchiter, -aicind, atchíd, asitchid, atcitis, atchíthe, -aictea, atcítis, ad-cear, atcheur, -accur, -accar, -aicer, -aiccither, -aiccther, -accadar, -acathar, -accamar, adced, adceter, -accatar, adcethar, atcethar, -accastar, -accaister, -arcastar, atcheind, -accinn, atchethe-su, madattceththae, madhcethea, adcheth, atchet, -aiced, -accad, adcethe, adchetis, -accaitis, adcethe, -aiccitis, -accus, condas-chichi, dom-chich, -accigi, at-chichset, -aiccichet, atatchigestar, atchichestár, atcichead, -aiciged, acciged, adcichitis, -acca, -acca, adcita-acae, -acae, -acce, -aicci, -accai, -accamar, -accatar, adchess, adchess, matcias, -aiccess, -acus, atchessa, -aicessa, atchondarc, atconnarcsu, atcondarccaisiu, atchonnarcaisthi, ad-condairc, adus-connarcmar, adchondarcid, atcondarcatar, atchonnarctar, o'tchondarcatar, dochiu, dochim, -bhfaicim, -feicim, dochi, -ḟacci, -bhfaice, -feicenn, dochi, -acend, -fhaccend, -faic, dochiam, atchiamait, atciamaid, dochímíd, atchíthi, do-chíthí, -facthi, atcíat, atchíd, adchiad, dochíd, dochiat, -faicit, dociter, -aicter, -bhfaicthear, rocíter, nachataicim, faiceam, faicthear, do-chíodh, -faiceadh, adcíadhmais, -bfaicmís, -bfaicti, dochíthe, -faicte, -faictis, do-chear, -bhfaicear, -accar, -faccur-sa, -accara, -faccara, -accera, -acatar, -faicea, -facaid, -bhfaiceam, -acat, -faicit, -fhaicet, -feictea, atchised, -bhfaiceadh, -faicsimmis, -faicmis, -faictis, -aiciste, -haicesda, atchicera, atíchera, -aircechasa, adidracacha, atcichfe, chíchsiom, adachichisthi, atichistisi, atchichither, -aicigther, atcithsead, chichsiodh, atchichesta, chíeabh, -aiciub, -feiceab, nodcífi, do-chífe, atchífir, dochifir, -faicfe, dochífe, -aicfe, -acéb, ḟaiccbe, -faccéga, -faigfe, -faicfe, -faicfid, attcífem, -faicfeam, dochífide, -faicfide, atchífit, docífitt, -ffaicfit, atcífider, -accfither, -aicfider, dochífear, adcíthfend, dochífeadh, atchífeadh, -aicfed, dochífidís, -faicfitis, itcífea, dacitfidhi, atconnac, dochunnuc, dochonnarc, idconnarcos, -facca, -faccu, -facus, -facadhas, atchonnarcais, adconnacuis, daconncadais, atchonncais, doconncais, -faccais, -facadais, -acaghois, diconnairc, atchonnaic, rachonnaic, -facca, -faccae, -facae, -facai, -facaid, -accaig, -agaid, -facais, atchoncamar, choncamar, -facamar, atconncabar, -facabar, -faccabair, atconncatar, dochoncatar, -facadar, -acaiset, doces, doconnarcas, atcondcas, cunncus, condcas, -aices, -facas, -accas, -facus, -facessa, aicsiu, (f)aicsin

v sees. Frequ. (outside O. Ir. Glosses) at-c(h)í with meaningless infix. pron., in rel. with inf. pron. sometimes also as-. Prot. stem -a(i)cc-. In O. Ir. with depon. inflexion in subj. pres. and with redupl. future. For active inflexion in subj. see Celt. Verb 138 . In pret. active prot. forms only are found, the conjunction co n- being used where no other conjunct particle is present (deuterotonic forms occur in pass.). In perf. deut. with root -derc- and perfective -com- (ad-condarc etc.). There is no special perf. form after conj. particles. Note also ad-rodarcar can be seen , Sg. 172a2 . In later lang. ad- (at-) is gradually replaced by do- and the conj. stem acquires inorganic f-, giving the forms do-chí, -faic-, both with b-fut.. In past tense the general independent form is ad-(do-) chonnai(r)c (from the perf.), the form after conj. particles -(f)ac(c)- (from the pret.), both with endings of the s-pret..

Early forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. atchíu, LU 4535 . adcíu (3 syll.), ACL iii 297 § 46 . atchim, Ériu ii 166.50 . -accu, MU² 1011 (LU). -acciu, LU 5347 . -accim, 6117 . With ro, -airciu, 6213 (? leg. -airchiu, GOI § 535b ). 2 s. adchí, Fél. Prol. 150 . atch, IT i 81.18 . -accai, Ml. 17b17, 25b14 . -aci, Sg. 15b6 ; Thes. ii 21.37 . 3 s adchí, Wb. 4a25 . adcíi, 12c11 . atobc, 25a26 . adcí, Sg. 149b6 . With inf. pron. 3 s. m. in rel. constr. asidc, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . -aicci, Ml. 94c3 . 1 pl. adciam, Wb. 6a30 ; Ml. 16c5; 112b12 . rel. adchiam, Ml. 42b22; 112b13 . With inf. pron. 3 s. asidciam, Ml. 2b4 . -accam, Ml. 111d1 . -aciam, Thes. ii 31.23 . 2 pl. atchíd, LU 9987 . -accid, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . 3 pl. adciat, Ml. 69b2; 103b13 . -acat, 93d14 . -aiccet, LL 13853 . Pass. sg. adcither. Wb. 1b15 . adchither, 12c12 . -acastar, 25b28 . -accastar, 26a12 . -aiccesdar (-aiccestar v.l.), ACC § 34 . (See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 488 and GOI § 609 ). Note also ad-rodarcar, Sg. 172a2 . Laws i 230.11 Comm. adroarcar, O'Curry 2294 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)a) . Pl. atchiter, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -aicind, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.84 . 3 s. atchíd, TBFr. 217 . With inf. pron. 3 s. in rel. constr. asitchid, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.16 ). 3 pl. atcitis, Mon. Tall. 147.14 (§ 52) . Pass. sg. atchíthe, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). -aictea, RC xlvi 239.3 . Pl. atcítis, CCath. 873 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ad-cear, Thes. ii 293.6 . rel. atcheur, Ériu ii 89 § 2 . -accur, Fing. R. 95 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -aicer, TBFr. 21 § 22 . 2 s. -aiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -aiccther, TBC-I¹ 1556 . at-ce-su, Ériu xix 12 § 6 . 3 s. -accadar, Wb. 16d6 . Ml. 53a6 . -acathar, 68b9 . 1 pl. -accamar, TBFr. 195 . 2 pl. adced, Wb. 11b22 . 3 pl. (unless pass. pl.) adceter, Ml. 3a4 . -accatar, TBFr. 294 . Pass. sg. adcethar, Ériu iii 104 § 39a . atcethar, vii 150 § 20 . -accastar, Ml. 50a5 . -accaister, LU 6889 . ?With ro: -arcastar, O'Dav. 109 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. atcheind, TBC-LL¹ 4142 . -accinn, Trip.² 2436 . 2 s. atchethe-su, Trip.² 269 . (with má) madattceththae, IT i 144.21 = madhcethea, ZCP v 501.34 . 3 s. adcheth, Ml. 38c9 . atchet, Ériu v 30.17 . -aiced, LU 3733 . -accad, 4616 . 2 pl. adcethe, Wb. 19b6 . 3 pl. adchetis, BDD² 446 . -accaitis, Ml. 32d12 . Pass. sg. adcethe, Ml. 77d8 . Pl. -aiccitis, BDD² 627 .

Fut. 1 s. ? -accus, RC xii 110 § 167 . 2 s. condas-chichi (sic leg.: Liphi, see GOI § 655 ), Ériu vi 122 § 6 . 3 s. ?dom-chich (domcife, cotomchichfea v.ll.), ACC § 143 ( RC xx 416 ). -accigi, Trip.² 1503 . 3 pl. at-chichset, Ériu iii 30 § 10 . -aiccichet, Trip.² 1841 . Pass. sg. atatchigestar, Ml. 59c12 . atchichestár, LU 2760 .

Cond. 3 s. atcichead, BDD² 125 . -aiciged, TBC-I¹ 813 = acciged, LU 5336 . 3 pl. adcichitis, Wb. 7a2 .

Pret. 1 s. -acca, IT i 120.24 . 2 s. -acca, Sc.M² § 11 . 3 s. adcita-acae, Tur. 60 . (see Thes. i 488 n. b ). -acae, Ériu ii 222.27 . -acce, BDD² 156 . -aicci, Trip.² 264 . -accai, 265 . 1 pl. -accamar, Mon. Tall. 148.6 (§ 55) . 3 pl. -accatar, Wb. 26b11 . Pass. sg. adchess, Wb. 23c11 . adchess, Ml. 96d1 . ? matcias, Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . -aiccess, Thes. ii 253.2 (Stowe Missal). -accas, TBFr. 258 . -acus, BDD² 238 . Pl. atchessa, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). -accassa, TBC-I¹ 1413 . -aicessa, LU 10058 .

Perf. 1 s. atchondarc, Ml. 113b6 . 2 s. atconnarcsu, LU 5142 = atcondarccaisiu, TBC-I¹ 659 . atchonnarcaisthi, Trip.² 223 . 3 s. ad-condairc, Thes. i 488.23 (Tur.) ad-chondairc, 493.21 (ib.). 1 pl. adus-connarcmar, BDD² 473 . 2 pl. adchondarcid, Anecd. i 43.z . 3 pl. atcondarcatar, Laws ii 326.13 . atchonnarctar, Trip.² 1017 . o'tchondarcatar, 2641 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. dochiu, Ó Bruad. ii 56.5 . dochim, ZCP vi 36.12 . -bhfaicim, -feicim, Acall. 6771 . DDána 6.6 2 s. dochi, CF 790 . -ḟacci, TBC-LL¹ 233 . -bhfaice, Keat. ii 5398 . -feicenn tú, ZCP vi 56.25 . 3 s. dochi, Lec. 185rb11 . -acend, LU 3988 ( SCC § 45 ). -fhaccend, MU² 640 . -faic, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . 1 pl. dochiam, PH 8130 ; DDána 26.2 . atchiamait, Acall. 5555 . atciamaid, BNnÉ 60 § 77 . dochímíd, DDána 54.12 . 2 pl. atchíthi, Anecd. i 35.78 . do-chíthí, TSh. 2818 . -facthi, MU² 947 . 3 pl. atcíat, Acall. 1562 . atchíd, TSh. 753 . adchiad, DDána 31.16 . dochíd, 17.12 . dochiat, SG 346.12 . -faicit, PH 7740 . Pass. sg. dociter, RC xlix 9 § 4 . -aicter, Lism. L. 495 . -bhfaicthear, Keat. i 82.21 . rocíter, Marco P. 42 .

Ipv. 1 s. nachataicim, Lism. L. 2297 . 1 pl. faiceam, DDána 119.28 . Pass. sg. faicthear, 60.37 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. do-chíodh, TSh. 4225 . -faiceadh, Dán Dé vi 30 . 1 pl. adcíadhmais, Duan. F. i 10.4 . -bfaicmís, O'Gr. Cat. 508.5 . 2 pl. -bfaicti, BNnÉ 67 § 103 . Pass. sg. dochíthe, Dán Dé xi 29 . -faicte, CCath. 897 . Pl. -faictis, ACL iii 224.y .

Subj. pres. 1 s. do-chear, -bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -faccur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 4061 . 2 s. -accara, PH 4960 . 3 s. -faccara, 6006 . -accera, RC xiii 440.18 . 3 pl. -acatar, PH 1352 . With active endings. 3 s. -faicea, PH 7402 . -facaid, Maund. 261 . 1 pl. -bhfaiceam, DDána 81.19 . 3 pl. -acat, TBFr. 21 § 22 . -faicit, Acall. 2246 , -fhaicet, PH 7678 .

Subj. impf. 2 s. -feictea, ZCP vi 87.29 . 3 s. atchised, TTr.² 641 . -bhfaiceadh, DDána 37.38 . 1 pl. -faicsimmis, RC x 92.10 . -faicmis, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . 3 pl. -faictis, IT i 175.10 . Pass. sg. ? -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 (perh. to be referred to ad-guid). -haicesda, Lism. L. 2302 .

Fut. and condit. Traces of the reduplicated fut. remain, sometimes with endings of the b-fut. The b-fut. is however the usual formation. With reduplication 2 s. atchicera, Fing. R. 118 . atíchera, PH 1182 . With ro: -aircechasa, LU 6098 . ? adidracacha, O'Dav. 123 . 3 s. atcichfe, Anecd. ii 27.16 . 1 pl. do chíchsiom , Content. xxii 22 . 2 pl. adachichisthi, TFrag. 180.8 . atichistisi, LB 223b19 . Pass. sg. atchichither, LU 3889 ( SCC § 40 ). -aicigther, 6119 (TBC). atcithfither, Acall. 5362 . Condit. 3 s. atcithsead, MR 112.6 . do chichsiodh , Desid. 2147 . Pass. sg. atchichesta, RC xlvi 239.5 . (See also Aithd. D. Gloss.). Without reduplication. 1 s. do chíeabh , IGT Introd. 28.15. (§121) . -aiciub, IT i 80.8 . -feiceab, ZCP vi 85.15 . 2 s. nodcífi, Ériu viii 123.1 . do-chífe, DDána 66.4 . atchífir, Keat. iii 2800 . dochifir, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . -faicfe, DDána 6.6 . 3 s. dochífe, TSh. 1089 . -aicfe, ZCP viii 332.24 . -acéb, LU 309 = ḟaiccbe, RC xx 38.14 . -faccéga (-aigfe, -faigfe, v. ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . -faicfe, Acall. 6310 . -faicfid, ZCP x 342 § 8. 1 pl. attcífem, ZCP viii 207.15 . -faicfeam, TSh. 8624 . 2 pl. dochífide, Dán Dé xxv 31 . -faicfide, Ériu v 242.166 . 3 pl. atchífit, BS 6.3 . docífitt, -ffaicfit, BNnÉ 267 § 235 . Pass. sg. atcífider, RC xxv 390 § 4 . -accfither, LL 14280 . -aicfider, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . dochífear, DDána 12.4 . Condit. 1 s. adcíthfend, Ériu iv 220.8 . 3 s. dochífeadh, TSh. 6056 . atchífeadh, 6008 . -aicfed, Todd Lect. vii 6.68 . 3 pl. dochífidís, TSh. 305 . -faicfitis, Ériu ii 134 § 115 . Pass. sg. itcífea, Ériu ii 198.9 . dacitfidhi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.30 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. atconnac. MU² 745 . dochunnuc, ZCP vi 29.2 . dochonnarc, TSh. 4298 . idconnarcos, ML 4.19 . -facca, SR 1336 . -faccu, TBC-I¹ 870 . -facus, Maund. 260 . -facadhas, Desid. 430 . 2 s. atchonnarcais, LL 13591 . adconnacuis, Lism. L. 1509 . daconncadais, ITS xiv 22.9 . atchonncais, Acall. 4612 . doconncais, 3320 . -faccais, 5143 . -facadais, Sc.M² § 11 . -acaghois, ZCP x 284.19 . 3 s. diconnairc, Ériu ii 15.19 . atchonnaic, TBC-LL¹ 3969 . rachonnaic, 2969 . -facca, 3374 . -faccae, 5099 . -facae, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . -facai, 135.5 (§ 22) . -facaid, 164.6 (§ 88) . -accaig, TBC-LL¹ 2827 . -agaid, Aen. 1396 . -facais, RC xxiv 196.14 . 1 pl. atchoncamar, LU 2331 . do choncamar , 3 C 19, 6 va17 . -facamar, Stair Erc. 2017 . 2 pl. atconncabar, PH 1711 . -facabar, 3360 . -faccabair, Acall. 5770 . 3 pl. atconncatar, Laws iii 168.8 Comm. dochoncatar, PH 6295 . -facadar, TBC-I¹ 311 . -acaiset, ZCP x 410.15 . Pass. sg. doces, RC xvii 416.30 . doconnarcas, ZCP ii 552.8 . atcondcas, Ériu iii 196 § 12 . do cunncus , RC xii 332 § 24 . ra condcas , TBC-LL¹ 2748 . -aices, -facas, IT iii 189.11, 12 . -accas, LL 14172 . -facus, Lism. L. 3804 . Pl. -facessa, TBC-LL¹ 5009 .

Vn. aicsiu, (f)aicsin, etc. IGT Verbs § 4 .

(a) sees, notices, observes: atobcí side `he perceives you', Wb. 25a26 . ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . do soí dond orient conaci a næscae, Thes. ii 21.37 . isin domnach atcess in cétna sollsi in lái. Ériu ii 198.1 . ranic iath nad adaig aiccesdar (aiccestar, accestar, acastar v. ll.) `he reached the country where night is not seen', ACC 34 ( RC xx 172 ). con-idn-acar ┐ co nidn-arladar that I may see him, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . ni facaid deilb ┐ ni cumman lais ní do faicsin, Mon. Tall. 164.6 (§ 88) . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech do acsin, TBFr. 217 . nā tēig, co n-aiccther in frithi fonnuar-sa, TBC-I¹ 1556 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . amail boí sí and conḟacaig in lochtobur, RC vi 174.26 . ní confacus beó aéin neich diobh osin alle, AFM vi 2092.5 . do chibh mo Shlanaigtheoir maille rium, ITS xxix 185.3 . rí na ndúl cá chuin do-chear / an dún i bhfuil go bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . With various prepp.: arnachab-accastar as tír that you may not be seen from land, BDD² 435 . atcess immorro asin Temraig inni sin moreover that thing was seen from Tara, Anecd. iii 34.9 . telach ása n-acastar in tuath fri Luimnech antuaith, Trip.² 2412 . adcí . . . uad debrad na diadachta he sees in the distance . . . ACL iii 245 § 24 . ro-chidisium uathib . . . tigi arda, Celt. Rev. x 106.16 . Folld. by clause: atcondarccaisiu (atconnarcsu, LU) . . . indus imatiag-sa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659 . co n-aiced immar ita / in tech mór atchonnarcsá, LU 3733 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . With preposition indicating motion: co n-accatar C. . . . is' tech they saw C. coming into the house, Sc.M² § 15 . intan docunncus Fechín docum in dūnaid `when F. was seen coming . . .', RC xii 332 § 24 . atací in slóg cucu tarsa mag, TBC-I¹ 1440 . ó 'tchóndairc epscop Mél P. cuce día chairigud, Trip.² 982 . nir airigedur Cenel Conaill iat co facadur chuctha iat, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . Cf. an tan atchídís ag triall chuca é, Keat. iii 1591 .

(b) Of mental processes perceives, discerns, realizes: ma adced torbe inna thect `if you should see profit in so going', Wb. 11b22 . da faicea ainfhis . . . ann a múnad, PH 7402 . truagh nach bfacas libh bhar locht, Ir. Review 1912 472 § 11 . atchíu rogabsat ar clanna ililtiugud, ZCP viii 318.31 . mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuic / docím úaim nach indermaid looking back I perceive that the treatment I got with him . . . is not to be forgotten(?), Prolegomena 45 § 24 . do citer corob i cuis in fiabrusa dlegar do leiges ar tuis, RC xlix 9 § 4 .

(c) Pass. in sense of appears, seems (DO to): atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). ge daciter gorob maille Saturnus nan re . . . as comtrom a ngluasacht though Saturn appears to be slower than the moon their motion is equal, Ir. Astr. Tr. 114.16 . an tan bis an taer dorea tiugh ┐ docitear cum feartana e ┐ nach denann hi, 3 C 19 , 20 ra9 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind ḟir no rígfaide and, LU 3452 ( SCC 23 ). is amlaidh doces do mac Gilla Lughan iat, RC xvii 416.31 . doces do muinntir co n-erbalus it seemed to people that I died, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . atcess dóib . . . múr na Rómae the wall of Rome appeared to them, BColm. 78.19 . atces doib tor oir for an muir, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.14 . do condcuss sin dó ina spiraid, gin go faca sé o suilib corpardha é, BCC 362.5 . mar do connarcas d'uaislibh Éireann an dochar do bhí ag teacht, Keat. i 66.19 . doconncus doibh a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . pecadh aga bhfaicther dhó maith éigin do bheith ann a sin in which it seems to him there is some good, Ó Héodhusa 181.5 . do connarcus don Pháirlement gurab annteasbach bídh ┐ éadaigh do-rin sin uile, PCT 1677 . Note also: is mar sin dociter Galen aga tuicsin so G. seems to understand it, 3 C 19, 219 ra14 . By extension seems good to (cf. Lat. videtur): cidh anaill atcither duit acht a marbad? what else seems good to you except to kill them? Anecd. ii 12.18 . créad fa bhfacas dhíbh . . . na braighde . . . do chongbháil i ngéibheann, Maguires of F. 55 . déanaidh mar chífighthear dhíbh, 74 . dochonnarcus do'n Spiorad Naomh . . . gan ualach do chur orraibh . . . (visum est Spiritui sancto, Acts xv 28 ) Eochairsg. 14.26 . do connarcus don ōigh . . . eachtra . . . in tsēipēil . . . d'foillsiughadh . . . don naomh-priōir `it seemed good to her to make known', Fl. Earls 114.33 . do-connarcas damh trácht ar éiclipsigh na gréine it seemed good to me to treat of eclipses of the sun, Corp. Astron. 152.4 . do chonncas dhúinn . . . an leabhrán-sa do sgríobhadh, Mac Aingil 50 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-écci, fégaid: o do conncamair do leighiusaibh uilidhi . . . na ptisisi since we have treated of, 3 C 19, 129 vb23 . da facaid le feirg no le fich ar duine if he look angrily at, Maund. 261 .

ad-gládathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gládathar or dil.ie/459
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: adgládur, adgladaither, adgládathar, adgladathar, adgladadar, adngl[ad]adar, -acalladar, -acelladar, adgladamar, adgladatar, -acaltar, atatgladainn, -acáldad, -acallad, adgladmis, -acaldmis, adglaitis, atomglaide, -acaille, acall-su, acaltar, -aiciller, -acallar, -arladar, -arlasar, -árlaiter, -arlaither, -aigillter, -airlathar, -acaldam, -árladmar, -arladmar, -arlasar, -arladh, ata-gegallar, ata-gegalldathar, ata-geglathar, adrogailser, atgládastar, (ad)galastair, argladais, -acallastar, -agallustar, -aiclestar, -acillestar, ron-accaillestar, ronaccaill, -acalt, -arlastár, arlastar, -arlassair, -arlassáir, -arlasair, adglaasmar, -arlasatar, acallam, acailsi, acallta, aigillte, acallaid, aicillid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 538 ) strong verb (Thurn.), with ā-subj., but later with s-subj. from perf. A redupl. fut. occurs only in MU. Pret. and perf. stem árlas- expld. by Thurneysen, KZ xxviii 151 as *ad-ro-glád-s-, but this not repeated in Gramm., where p. 415 these are described as `shortened forms'.

Indic. pres. 1 s. adgládur, Sg. 146b9 . 2 s. adgladaither, IT ii2 243.9 . 3 s. adgládathar, Sg. 211b11 . adgladathar, Ml. 74a8 , 83a9 , 115d1 , 120b8 , 145c14 . adgladadar, 115a6 . adngl[ad]adar, 53c17 , cf. TBFr. 130 . at-nglædar, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 32 . -acalladar, IT ii2 243.z . -acelladar, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93.22 ). 1 pl. adgladamar, LB 261b44 . 3 pl. adgladatar, IT ii2 228.22 . Pass. sg. -acaltar, TBC-LL¹ 1694 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. atatgladainn, Ml. 62c16 . 3 s. -acáldad, Ml. 108b9 . -acallad, ACC § 82 . 1 pl. adgladmis, -acaldmis, Mon. Tall. 136.29 (§ 25) . 3 pl. adglaitis, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.13 .

Ipv. 2 s. atomglaide (-glaite v.l.) -acaille, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93 ). acall-su, TBC-LL¹ 1652 (aigill-si Stowe). Pass. sg. acaltar, 1651 (aigillter, St.)

Subj. pres. 1 s. -aiciller, Sc.M² § 9 . -acallar, RC x 218 § 6 . -arladar, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . -arlasar, LU 3032 (see Ped.). 2 s. -árlaiter, BDD² 200 . -arlaither, RC xiv 257.14 . -aigillter, ZCP viii 548.3 . ?3 s. (or pass.) -airlathar, LU 5864 (= arlathar, ZCP ix 154.22 ). 1 pl. -acaldam, TBFr. 379 . -árladmar, Wb. 29d10 . -arladmar, IT ii2 228.5 . 2 pl. -arlasar, IT ii2 228.13 (see Ped.). Subj. impf. 3 s. -arladh, Lism. L. xii 18 .

Fut. 1 s. ata-gegallar sa, MU² 975 . 3 s. ata-gegalldathar, 974 . ata-geglathar, 978 .

Pret. and perf. 2 s. adrogailser, IT ii1 183.4 . 3 s. atgládastar, Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ataraglastar, BDD² 544 . (ad)galastair, O'Cl. argladais, TBC-I¹ 1802 . -acallastar (-aicellestair, -agallustar v.l.), ACC § 123 . -aiclestar, Corm. Y 825 . -acillestar, LL 14262 . ron-accaillestar, Imr. Brain ii 293.16 . ronaccaill, 294.1 . -acalt. RC xi 442.9 . -arlastár, LU 8269 ( FB § 21 ). arlastar, 5873 (TBC). ro arlastar, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.10 . -arlassair, SR 3791 . -arlassáir, 4791 . -arlasair, LU 9306 . 1 pl. adglaasmar, IT ii2 228.49 . 3 pl. -arlasatar, RC vi 164.7 .

Vn. acallam. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Part. acailsi (pl.), Ml. 48a10 (see KP 50 n. 40 ).

Verbal of Necess. acallta, ZCP iii 29.37 . ? aigillte, DDána 74.16 .

Later as simple vb. acallaid, aicillid.

Addresses, speaks to, converses with: adagladastar gillae a boy spoke to them, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.9 ). adgladadar Brigit i[n] noidin, Irish Texts i 14 § 42 . adglád[ad]ar Fróech Meidb F. addresses M., TBFr. 130 . ni acaltar tarais nach thar adart `no conversation is held across him', Ériu xii 48 § 61 . boí Cuchulainn i n-a thost ┐ ni arlasair Loegaire, LU 9306 (TBC). roaicellastar iarum for leith na seanchaidi he addressed the shanachies apart, Ériu iv 144.15 . do agaillsit a charaid . . . o Fhrōech . . . imthecht lais la tochmarc mhnā dó were requested by F., ZCP xiii 169.32 . notaicél I shall talk with thee, Ériu iv 100.16 . agoillis an Dagdae hi, RC xii 84 § 84 . nocho ronacaill int idul, RC xlvi 235.30 . iar sin téighim-se go Bóinn / . . . / is aigillim Niall an áigh, Content. ii 9 . gur aguill Dia na daoine / cia aguinn dob iontaoibhe, Dán Dé xxviii 4 . cuich aiccille? whom are you speaking to?, BNnÉ 62 § 86 . i Scoitbhéarla do agaill Ióth ┐ Tuatha Dé Danann a chéile, Keat. ii 819 . Bérla na filed asa n-aicilled cach dib araile, ACL iii 247.21 . ros-aigletar in ingen go hoirbidnech saluted, Caithr. Thoirdh. 27.5 . ni aiclidh somh diabal dogres, BNnÉ 321 § 26 . aigill Sir Gyi damh d'faghail cairti `ask Sir G. for me', ZCP vi 78.1 . With FRI: fri angel n-acallastar, LU 1148 ( ACC 123 ). ait a fuil gunarlaither ris where you may speak to him, RC xiv 257 § 14 .

airlam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlam or dil.ie/2167

adj o, ā (*air-fo-lam). See GOI p. 497 and Vendr. Lex. urlamh .i. ésgaidh no ullamh, O'Cl.

(a) Of persons ready, prepared, willing, etc. (to do something ): am irlam gl. promptus sum, Wb. 1b9 . is erlam gl. paratus est, Ml. 29d11 . With gen.: irlam techte martre, Wb. 13c8 . urlamh oidhidh, Dán Dé xiv 2 . With prepp.: is irlam ind anim do thuil dée `the soul is ready to [do] God's will', Wb. 5c18 . combad aurlam cách dia bathis, 8a4 . airlama do denum uilcc, 3d12 . ammi irlaim . . . do dul martre, 4b21 . robtar irlim do thecht martre, 7b5 . urlam do rath prompt at bestowing, LU 3398 ( SCC § 17 ). aurlam fri firecrat, 3851 ( SCC § 38 ). comtis irluma fri crábud, LB 144b34 . am erlum-sa letsu `I am ready [to go] with you', BNnÉ 304 § 16 . mata morsodethbir agutsa bidam urlum-sa lat, CCath. 3348 .

In phrase is a.¤ la is ready: ba erlam leo techt they were ready to go, BB 497a25 . urlam leis ac Luigeach Lis he is ready at Lis L., Cog. 120.19 . in tan . . . bus urlum lat docum na Trae, BB 418a51 . as errlam leam sin I am ready for that (i.e. to do it), Lism. L. 1015 . Perh. also: dáib gér orlam aimréide though they might be on the point of falling out(?), O'Gr. Cat. 354.24 .

(b) Of things ready, prepared (for use): it digla erlama lesom do neuch inna dualchi do denum, Ml. 18c6 . erlamae gl. opportunae (raptoribus), 110b3 . promptum est .i. is aurlam, Enchir. Aug. 74a ( ZCP vii 481 ). i n-óenló ra fúaprait ┐ i n-óenló rapsat irlama, MU² 150 . os aurlam if it is fully prepared (of wool), Laws ii 370.4 Comm. biad . . . isé urlamh, 202.8 Comm. im denum liacc bron .i. is i cet ceptha . . . si cet urlum . . . si lan urlum roughly finished . . . fully finished(?), i 188.23 Comm. 'na aicdib urluma finished products (of articles made from metal), z Comm. gním erlam, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.24 . cor iarfaig in ba herlam in essair, Three Hom. 120.18 . batar a n-eich urlama inimtechta occo ready for departure, CCath. 4917 . comad erlam fria thaispenad, Fél.² vi 40 . an síoth an uair do b'urlamh, DDána 48.14 . gidh bé lá cheannghar an chairt / earlamh atá dá tabhairt, Dán Dé xiv 17

. (c) In more general sense of ready, prompt, swift, skilful: ba herlam ic tuaslucad cest, RC ii 402.1 . d'ollamh orlaumh, ZCP xii 295.29 . mná áille urrlamha, xiii 167.13 . ro seol . . . o imrum urlum urmaisnech, Aen. 208 . ecnaidh urrlamh irisech, SG 32.10 . sebhac urlamh, O'Gr. Cat. 510.11 . hi ccath erlamh Almhaine, AFM i 316.9 .

Gramm. a preceding word used to indicate gender of a follg. one: a tri urluimi indsce .i. hic h[a]ec hoc .i. ise isi ised `leading words', Auraic. 524 ( = a tri herlanna, 3026 YBL). (The form urluime, Auraic. 524 , if genuine, belongs rather to airlaime).

Equative: is erlamaidir sin `even so ready to hand', Ml. 36c21 . Compar.: armbad irlamu de don buáith, Wb. 11a7 . lōech budh urrlaime nā Frōech , ZCP xiii 167.25 .

1 aithed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithed or dil.ie/2614

Forms: athadh, -idh

[o] vn. from * aith-eth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 . athadh (ón élódh) m. (g s. and n p. -idh), IGT Decl. § 11 . elopement, flight: a.¤ cen dethbiri, Laws v 310.3 . mad a.¤ and, nir' chlunter / cid athḟer cid athmunter, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.227 . ni saiched siblig dar sál / a.¤ n-án da ingin úad, iv 96.z. im athadh dian Derdrinde, BB 258b17 . ni bia oram fairisiumh acht mar bhís ben ar aithedh, BNnÉ 313 § 6 . do-tét, téit for a.¤ (la) elopes with: dodechaid for athiud la Midir, LL 22552 . ro laisi . . . algis fairsium co tudchad for a.¤ léi, LU 2931 . luid ar athad ┐ ar élod le hO., Acall. 2975 . luidh Deichtir siur Concubuir . . . for a.¤ , ZCP v 500.30 . Treablann do theacht for aithi tochmhairc fri Frōech , xiii 171.17 . do-beir, beirid for a.¤ (la) carries off: dobert iarom Eochaid Eblind for a.¤ , LU 2933 . berid ar écin Murni for a.¤ leis, 3167 . dolluid si i ndāil Fothaid ┐ berid ar aithid (aithigh MS) leis hí, Fianaig. 8.1 . breith Helene for aithedh, TTr.² 508 . Elend do brith ar athed, 585 . rug Fathadh ní feis gan bhrón /leis ar athadh 's ar élódh, IGT Decl. ex. 350 ( DDána 64.15 ). Name of a category of tales (elopements) in saga-lists, see Heldensage p. 22 . Cf. Laws i 46.4 , Anecd. ii 45 . In less precise sense: ná ro leíce aitheadh na eígen . . . do eígen . . . do eírge ina reimhes, AFM vi 2374.7 .

álaind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. álaind or dil.ie/2881
Last Revised: 2013

adj i lovely, fine, splendid . Attrib.: briathra aildi, Ml. 31a24 , 55a11 . ális ... óclaig n-á.¤ , Trip.² 2221 . Ioseph ... / aite á.¤ Íssu, Fél. Mar. 19 . gnúsi alle etroctai, LL 12055 (TBC). léni á.¤ óengel, MU² 747 . tochim fossad n-á.¤ , LU 8252 ( FB § 20 ). echrada ... áilde, BDD² 452 . fo grinnib áillib a ḟén, LU 6488 (TBC). Diardaoin aluinn , Eochairsg. 118.22 ; 'Feast of Corpus Christi' Éigse xiv 121-22 , xvi 238 . is annsa Cedaoin ria nDardaoin álainn chuirp Chrisd torchuir Cathal óg, ALC ii 444.8 (s.a. 1581) . Of a place: Clúana álne (alle, aille, alaind v.l.) hEuis `of beautiful C.E.', Fél. Apr. 4 . i fiad móralaind Masten, LL 4126 . a crichaibh glanaille ... na Gréige, ZCP vi 290.28 . 'na thealaigh áluinn aonuigh, TD 28.9 . Of weather: lá n-á.¤ i n-amsir samrata, LU 10791 . lá áluinn don oidhche gheimhridh / do-ghéanta cheana ..., DDána 2.13 .

Pred.: ni alind in ball nád chometig don chorp, Wb. 22a13 . is alind sen sobrich, 31b35 . alind á óiph in forcitil, 7c1 . cid álind cid etig, Sg. 28b6 . alind son, 138b3 . ciaptar áilli ili / maic D., Fél. Prol. 133 . caírthend ... it áildi limm a cháera, TBFr. 214 . gurab álainn oireaghdha bhíos anam an fhíréin, TSh. 1328 . sódh ní hálainn gan fochain `a return purposeless is uncomely', O'Gr. Cat. 352.24 .

Equative: aillither snechta noenaidche, MR 64.z . See also under áilligid. Compar.: is áildiu a mmág rogab súil oldósa, Wb. 12a25 . áilliu cach dath alailiu, BDD² 999 . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech , TBFr. 217 . aille an aittreabh gusa tteighim (Maedóc Ferna of his approaching death), BNnÉ 272 § 244 . With de: ba háillide sidhe bláth fuirre (of an apple tree), BNnÉ 293 § 14 . Superl.: is hé láech is áildem ro buí, TBFr. 4 . ba sí ... as áildeam, BDD² 1003 . With form of compar. is tú is áilliu i ndeilb duine thou art the fairest in human form, Ériu iv 104.z . clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 . ailli de laechuibh dia slōgaib ┐ dia n-ainndribh `the fairest of fighting men', Marco P. 152 .

Adv. tancatar as co halaind cin daine do marbad dib excellently , Ann. Conn. 1225.10 . doromailt uile co fosadh ┐ co halainn (of eating spoiled food as if it were good), BNnÉ 300 § 3 . is é m'éara go háluinn that is refusing me effectively, DDána 11.31 .

1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

1 cadla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cadla or dil.ie/7557

Forms: caidle

adj io, iā. Also caidle. beautiful, comely : cadhla .i. cáomh no álainn, O'Cl. Of a person: Eochu Froech ba c.¤ gné, Rawl. 148a1 . Nad-Frāich amra / c.¤ Corcc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 60 § 2 . it cadlai dí ingein / Ailella . . . , Fél. Dec. 9 (glossed .i. cathalacdai .i. cotailci, Fél.² clxxviii ; .i. catalg[d]a no bithi, O'Dav. 443 . Cf. cadhla .i. catalacdha no catoiliocdha, O'Cl. ). S. cáemh c.¤ , Gorm. Apr. 11 . bás . . . / comharba cadlai Colaim, AFM ii 710.4 . ? fiadnaise innraic gin forcleith .i. gin ḟir cadhla ni segar fír tairis, O'Curry 2432 ( Eg. 88, 35 (36)a ). Of an animal: alma imda lais do cheithrib, caemc.¤ uile, IT ii2 225 § 1 . Cf. cadhlai .i. uth (quoting this ex.), H 3.18, 605a12 . Of a deed: gnim c.¤ , SR 3351 . dond eseirghi . . . cadlai, Anecd. i 67 § 146 . cú dianad caidle (: Ailbe) in cosnam, Metr. Dinds. iv 194.14 . ? intí nad oighi a gnimraid cadhla, O'Curry 2441 ( Eg. 88, 36 (37)a ). Of a country: tír ch.¤ , LL 21504 . cáine tíre . . . / ata comgnúsi cadli `whose aspects are lovely', Imr. Brain 11 . Various: a lestraib cadlaib, Anecd. i 54 § 33 . a cholbai cadlai, MacCongl. 69.20 . c.¤ erclos fon mbith che, AU i 400.10 . Cf. c.¤ .i. cruaid . . . ut est . . . ba c.¤ gair, O'Curry 1179 ( H 3.18, 468 ). ? ba c.¤ gair it was an agreeable command(?), Metr. Dinds. ii 20.3 . In chevilles: delm c.¤ (: ambra = amra), LL 4891 . c.¤ cuaird, 28606 . cádla bánd `of lovely leaps' (of a hound), MacCongl. 79.10 . Conchobair c.¤ a chongaib, YBL 125a40 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 83 § 6 ).

Compar. cadlu . . . gach ōinḟer arailiu, ACL iii 298 § 63 . As superl. gnīm as cadlu, Anecd. i 61 § 91 . ? Adv.: co caidle (: aidble), Metr. Dinds. iii 352.1 .

As n. pr. Conchobhar ua C.¤ , IT iii 100 § 178 . See also Corp. Gen.

? coissræn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? coissræn or dil.ie/10447

ind mil scíth sceltana / scot aidcend c.¤ (: loschlæn), IT iii 14 § 30 = glass froech : loscóel, v.l.

créd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. créd or dil.ie/12811
Last Revised: 2013

n u tin (?) Die Romanze von Froech und Findabair 101 , Ériu xxxii 156-57 : mūr do chriad (leg. chrēd : trēn), SR 395 , Celtica xviii 88 n. 3 . crédh .i. crédhumha, O'Cl. imdernad side do umo crēdo ule, ZCP iv 35.8 = de chrédumu, Fraech 73 . cret chréda chromglinne, LU 8671 . deilge créda, 7540 . sithbe crēda, TBC-LL¹ 2560 . cáema caindelbra créda, Metr. Dinds. i 32.60 . roth créda 'sin brutt, TBC-LL² 4499 whence roth credha .i. dealg, O'Cl . comlada creda, SR 411 . a ṡeol creda, BB 391 b 34 (SG ii 479.10). timpan creda, Anecd. i 2.21 . timpán creda, LL v 37102 . In c.¤ nad clé, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.65 the reading is doubtful (cerd, cen ceilg etc., v.l.).

crédumae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crédumae or dil.ie/12828
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: criad-umha, crédume

n (1 cré + umae. See Die Romanze von Froech und Findabair 101 ). criad-umha, KMMisc. 314.z . bronze, brass (?): crédume gl. auricalcum, Sg. 73a3 . do crethumu doronat[h], Trip.² 940 . credumha aru cumanuibh `brass rings', Laws ii 146.17 Comm. creduma a n-enicland na ceniuil (sic) sin, Corp. Gen. 25.x . airinech di chrédumu, Fraech 66 . cruan . . . .i. in derg, ┐ creduma .i. in buidhe, O'Dav. 555 .

V. freq. as attrib. g s. of objects made of bronze: clár c.¤ , LU 5444 (TBC). tri broit chrédumi, 7593 ( BDD 113 ). co naccatar in lungine crédume, 3357 ( SCC 15 ). cúarscéith chrédumai foraib, 7088 ( BDD 76 ). issind noid credumai, LL 22339 `in the boat of bronze', Dinds. 45 . bróca crédumai, Fraech 32 . trí stéill chrédumai, 68 . urchomla credumæ fon-echaib, IT ii2 191.60 . co n-asnaidib credumai, TFerbe 51 . crislait . . . credúma `brass', MR 300.6 . sceith . . . co comraidib . . . creduma, Cog. 162.3 .

See 2 créda.

Domnannach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Domnannach or dil.ie/18138

Forms: Domnannaig, Domnann, Domnannaich

pn o, m. (Domnann) most freq. in pl. Domnannaig = Fir Domnann : rotinolsat teora Conachta . . . .i. Domnandaid ┐ Fir Craoibe Tuathae Taitin, Ériu viii 176.15 . Domnannaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 58 . andsa chathsin Airtig do dithaiged Domnannaid fadeoid, Lec. 343a40 . teacaid Domnandaich ┐ Dail nDruithni, 352b4 . Froech mac Fidaig soermacamh na nD.¤ , B. Fermoy 67a . bátár tinoltai na gamanraidi oc Ailill ┐ cach oén do Domnandchaib, IT ii2 215 . Muresci mac Dāiri do Domnandchaib, TBC-I¹ 2163 . do Domhnonnchaib, Lec. 62a3 . As adj.: meic Dairi derg Domnannaich , 596a48 .

echtar,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echtar, or dil.ie/19554

Forms: echtargendi, echtargeindi, echtargeindiu

prep. with acc. without, outside: echtar comairbirt mbiuth pecthae hi robammar (gl. foris eximus extra quod fuimus) Tur. 108 . echtar recht [sic leg.? echtarecht MS] .i. docoid tar recht n-aicnid hinnun (gl. cis naturae leges Sg. 217b16 . noteged echtar chathraig [sic leg. ? echtarchaig MS] Ml. 54c18 . feil docuiridar echdar corgus a feast that falls outside Lent Mon. Tall. § 22 . Cf. arcichset loman lonngliaidh na da err eplaid hechtair, acht regaid fer dar fer indocht astig si, Anecd. v 14.17 (for v.l. see IT i 104.11 n. , Hib. Min. 55.13 ). See also anechtair, díanechtair, sechtair.

COMPDS. echtarchenél a foreign kindred; a foreigner, alien (the latter meaning could have arisen from an attrib. gen. ¤cheníuil, which is suggested by some exx., but the adj. ¤chenél is perhaps to be classed with findbarr, milbél, etc. Cf. chrích, below): no gebtais echtarchenéla a tír Trip. 170.3 . nach cland no bertis do echtarcenélaib, 202 . 13 . as eadh líon lotar clanna N....cenmotat echtaircenela Leb. Gab.(i) i 78 . AFM i 444.9 . na buada doberat leo a hechtarcenelaib in domain amuigh, Aen. 1963 . acca n-iomchoimhétt ar chuanaibh ┐ ceithearnaibh ┐ eachtarchenélaibh, AFM vi 2250.20 .

The following may be attrib. gen., unless ¤cheníuil is to be classed as an adj. of the i-decl. (see Thurn., Thurn. Hdb. § 345 ). fer echtarcheniuil, Aen. 2906 . oicc echtarchiniul (v.l. echtairceniuil), RC x 222.127 . cosnamh a n-athardha frissin ainffine n-eachtaircheneoil sin, AFM vi 2070.4 . rí eachtaircheneóil (of a king ruling over an alien kindred) AFM ii 1074.9 .

¤chian outlying, remote: fona crichaib echtarcianaib, Aen. 230 .

¤chined a foreign tribe: is aire sin ro gabasdair eachtarcineada tire Breatan, Todd Nenn. 68 = BB 207b1 .

¤chinedach foreign, a foreigner: eachturchinedhoigh do lot na hEirenn, TFrag. 112 .

I a foreign territory: Froech mac F.... soermacamh na nDomhnannach a n-imdealaib a n-echtarchrichaibh, ZCP xiii 166 . coná caémhnacair dul i n-echtaircrích, AFM vi 2266.16 .

II a foreigner, stranger: dia ticed áighi no echtarcrich, Marco P. 23 . ní theit lucht na criche sin a gcathuibh acht da mbe conblicht forro doberuit echtarchricha dia cabair, 169 . g p. for breith áighedh ┐ echtarcrich, 24 .

¤fine an extern kindred, an alien tribe: a reic fri echtarfine `to sell them to persons extern to the tribe' Laws v 128.17 . do fir echtarfine, iii 52.24 Comm.

¤geinde of foreign birth: echtargendi (gl. alienigen(a)e) Ml. 37b30 . ind echtargeindi foreigners 103d21 . hi lama echtargeinde (gl. in ius venit externum) 100c15 . a p. echtargeindiu (gl. alienigenas) 29b16 .

¤tháin an extern herd, a herd from another territory: da n-indillib bodein...d'innillib echtarthana, Laws iii 232.15 .

¤thuath an outlying or foreign people: fuba fri hechtartuatha `attacks upon strange tribes' Laws i 160.3 Comm. tiagait meic Aeda in-agid na n-echtarthúath sair LL 275a31 .

élúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. élúd or dil.ie/20010

Forms: -úid, eloidthe, elaide, elaigthe, helud, élud, elud, élud, héluda, eluidh, élaidh, eluuth

n u, m. g s. also -úid, etc. in Mid. Ir.; g s. eloidthe, elaide, Laws i 88.6 , iii 324 y are possibly for elaigthe, as if belonging to élugud, which is a dubious form. (vn. of as-luí) going out, departing, escaping, escape, elopement, evasion, migration, secret or stealthy departure: ind helud [rectius int é.¤ ] (gl. evasio) Ml. 86 b11 . inn élud (gl. descensionem (a te factam)) 92b4 . hon elud , 44b5 . ho élud 44d30 . airde n-éelutha máma `a sign of evading the (marriage) bond' Wb. 11c11 . héluda (gl. euadendi) Ml. 86 c1 . is mebul elud rig na firinne ┐ chairte fri demun `to shun the King of righteousness' Acr. 17v1 ( Thes. ii 7.34 ). rogab flaithius elud uan the sovranty has departed from us Rawl. 142 a36 . is é bás na hanma, a herchra ┐ a hélúd tria phecdaib...ón bethaid forordai, LU 36 b23 = RC xxv 250.3 . Loch Suidhe O....do eludh a nderedh aidche ḟeile Micheil co ndechaid isin Fabaill, AU 1054 (= AFM ib. ). BB 256 b34 . a n-élúgh uile uainn (: gēr-rūn) their departure from us (i.e. their death), Rel. Celt. ii 236z . fleeing, escaping (from captivity or peril): roboí in fer aile oc élúd ass LU 98a28 (= BDD 157 ). immaricfa elúd dó, 87b34 = BDD 77 . dollotar for élud (from slavery) LL 6b20 . dia luid...for élúd for imgabail, 159b38 = SG ii 481.8 . rop ecail la hIúdas Ísu do elód...al-lamaib oesa na hergabala, PH 3091 . Iósep do élód as in carcair, 3713 . na geimhligh uile dh'élúdh, IGT, Decl. ex. 305 . tarmcruthugud Slebi Taboir .i. elod ro ela Isu a fiadnaise a aspal , LB 145a38 . gan conair eluda acco `no way of escape' CCath. 2481 . 2300 . Aen. 2127 . conair eluidh , 2051 . ni fuil aco treoir n-eloid for fairgi, 2043 . cidh iat na forchoimhedaighe ní ro ráthaighset an t-éludh, AFM vi 1898.13 . Stealthy departure, elopement: echlach ras ruc i n-aithed ┐ i n-élúd uaitsiu tri lár catha fer nHerend, CRR 7 . Helind do breith...ar athed ┐ ar elód, TTr.² 523.573 . Keat. ii 2967 . eludh do feraib Breg cuice `the men of B. went secretly to him' (i.e. went over to the invader) AU 821 . attagur-sa élud inna hingine ucut la Froéch , LL 249b41 = ZCP iv 38.18 . a ghrádh...éalódh leat is é mo dhúil, Oss. vi 94.12 . elúd ram' duain-se doringne in fer dána, ┐ recfaid hí, LL 306 a36 = RC xiii 104.2 . dochum elóid ar a cul go crich mB. as in mbáogal sin, Celt. Rev. iv 206.5 ....ag triall tré ealódh oidhche d'ḟios a long used to steal away to their ships by night Keat. iii 2860 . téid i n-éalódh oidhche...go doire choille, ii 4693 . gen. as attrib.: tré dhoirsibh élaidh an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.6 .

As legal term, evasion of rightful claims; default, neglect to comply with legal customs or duties, failure to submit a claim to legal decision ( Laws vi 302 ); usual term for failure on part of the céle, or vassal, to pay his legal dues, etc. (with gen. of person or liability) ( ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ): indligidh don bidbaidh a elod-sum im dlighedh `it is unlawful for the defendant not to have offered him what the law requires' Laws i 114.21 Comm. toichníud iar n-élaud aige dia folaid `after part of his supplies has been withheld' iv 336.2 . (at the games of Carmun:) ní lamar la graifne in gáid | élud, aithne, athgabáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.224 . óenach...cen élúd, cen ergabáil, iv 150.60 . fiach eloidthe `fine for evading' Laws i 88.6 Comm. eiric elaide iii 324 y Comm. With léicid: da leicther a n-elodh if they [the claimants] are evaded i 88.6 Comm. nochin fuil ní uadha acht aithgin in bīdh...noco leigi fein elodh ┐ o leicfes elodh is .u. seoit, etc. he is only liable for restoration of the food until [i.e. unless] he evades [restoring] and when he evades it is five seds, etc. Cóic Con. p. 54 § 123 . indligedh don biudbudh a eludh sun do lécun im dligedh to evade him as to law Laws i 88.23 Comm. 86 z (lecudh) 86 z Comm. slan elo do lecan, v 178.21 , 25 , 27 Comm. iar lecon elothe after absconding 442.10 Comm. mac huar, as isidhe bis ina hocht i ngnæ helotha athar co n-oponar a lepaith ┐ a apuith in the status of a deserter from the father (one of the three kinds of mac beo-athar, a class whose contracts are invalid unless joined in by their fathers) ZCP xiii 23.12 . See Bürgschaft p. 11 . Cf. eluuth graece a verbo elbo (ἐλύω) .i. dessero , O'Mulc. 377 .

2 fichid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fichid or dil.ie/21986
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fig—, fiuch—, fiuchthar, fichter, fiochthar

v ī (stem also fig—, fiuch—). Orig. identical with 1 fichid, it is in older lit. influenced by and sometimes confounded with the latter in fig. use. For meaning cf. 1 gal abstr. of 1 fichid.

(a) boils, seethes, bubbles (intrans.), of liquids, either hot or cold : in cetna dabach ... f.¤ tairse boils over LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ). in dabach aile ... fichis dornaib de boiled with bubbles as big as the fist LU 5202 = configfed durnu di, TBC-LL¹ 1367 (ro ḟiuch, fiuchais, v.l.). tipra ... fichid dar múr, is dar mag, Metr. Dinds. iii 326.36 (figid v.l.). tipra ... fichid fri aes fingaile `boils up' Ériu ii 114.1 . hi fail in tobair ... fiuchas ar theas in cech óidche, Alex. 349 . focheird in mbruth ... hisin muir coro fich in muir uile, LU 1879 . ro fiuch in loch, Laws i 74.4 . a fuarán eagna gur ḟich, Content. xvi 79 . Of fire : ro saigh do meit in teined ... a fil do lindib isin domun ... ni airdibhdhabhad, ar is ferg Dhe fhiches ..., Ériu ii 134 § 112 = ni tene fhiuchus ann acht ferg Dia, RC xxiv 381.17 . Cf. an chrithear do chaigleabair | do ficheadh rem oigdheadhuib, IGT III ex. 621 . do éirigh a uaill ┐ do ḟiuch a ḟearg, ML 138.29 . ca fróech na figed fri feirg? (`der nicht vor Zorn kochte' Wind.) TFerbe 266 . Cf. hi cath Crundmona ... a lám is a ferg rusfiuch, Fianaig. 74.29 (text doubtful ; rime with fuil seems required). fiuchais fercc Mhaol Rúaidhni, ZCP viii 224 § 30 . ? Dondchad ... dia fich in domun daightheach `through whom boils the fiery world' Auraic. 2206 ( IT iii 7 ; 39 ). rofigh cocad mor i Laignib i n-agaid Cathail burst forth RC xxiv 64.25 . With transference of subj. : ro fích a nGrecaib in scél sin (= incensed the Greeks to fury) TTr.² 586 . ro fichustar im maithe Erenn in gresacht sin incensed the nobles Ériu v 116.51 . (Trans.) fiuchthar (fichter, fiochthar v.l.) mil let honey be fermented IGT III ex. 624 . is meisge feirge rodḟioch that enraged you Content. xii 2 .

(b) bursts, explode (?), of a rock :s ro fich ┐ ro lassai inn ail la ēc C., ┐ rosescaind blog dind ailig fo sūil N., Corm. Y 698 . For vn. see fichud.

1 fráech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fráech or dil.ie/24225

Forms: fraech, froích, ḟruīch, ḟroīg, f., fraoch, fraech, Fróech, Fraech, Froech, Fráech, Fraech, Froech, Fraich, Fraích, Froich, Fraích, Fruich

n o, m. (O.Ir. froích, W. grug) fraech (an tsléibhe) IGT, Decl. § 96 .

(a) heather, and in wider sense low scrub growing on moorland, including bilberries, etc. g s. inna dærcae froích , gl. vaccinia Sg. 49a10 ; cf. derce ruich (vaccinia) Thes. ii 48.11 = derce roig, 360 (leg. ḟruīch, ḟroīg). f.¤ .i. brucus `heather' Ir. Gl. 565 . f.¤ (one of the losa feada `herb-trees'), Laws iv 148.1 . Auraic. 1157 . fraoch, fraech ` heather, ling ' Hog. Luibhl. pursibatum Timus .i. bilur Muiri .i. f.¤ , ACL i 334 § 30 (a water-plant ? See fochloc). donarlaic ... isin fraech, LL 114a18 ( ScM. 20 ). antrenn .i. sliab fraich ┐ aiteann asuiduig (= assuidiu) `a heathy mountain and furze upon that' Laws iv 276.20 Comm. ni dechaid fráech ... inna béolu (of a cow) LU 8123 ( FB 9 ). ro lommair seom in fróech isin maigin, Trip. 92.9 (1020) . baile ... aénaig in tulach sin. nicon ro fhás f.¤ na aiten na fidh fuirre, Ériu xi 50 . cosmhuil ris an bhfráoch annsa bhfásach, Jerem. xvii 6 . guth circe fráoich an tsleibhe, BS 152 .

(b) a heath, moor: inis aluinn ... f.¤ ferglas ina medhón RC xiv 54y . In n. l.: do taraill le F.¤ nAirend ... conid F.¤ Slemna a ainm di sodoin, Dinds. 113 (= LL 168a27 ). do loisc ó fhráoch go tuinn ... `he burned ... from the heather to the sea' Duan. F. ii 320 . Hence in wide sense of an expanse, indefinite tract or distance: baí acum dar fraech immach | cóeca ingen, LU 3980 ( SCC 45 ; `über die Heide begleiteten mich' Thurn., Sagen 102 ). ní rontétlai fiad dar f.¤ `no quarry escaped him over the heather' Metr. Dinds. iii 158 . dlighidh righ Fear Luirg ... trí heich áilli tar ard ḟ.¤ `from over the deep sea' (= from abroad ? or [for riding] over the moor ?] Leb. Cert. 132.14 = for ardḟ.¤ , BB 274b8 . ruc a curach for fraech fairge, Anecd. i 52 § 15 (hardly 2 fráech, fine weather being implied); ib. 57 § 56 v.l.; cf. tar fraich Erb (.i. Alba [Alban ?] ZCP v 487 § 12 (B. na f.).

(c) transf. of anything rough or bristling: cuiris f.¤ a dromo a n-airde (of a boar), Fianaig. 66.7 . soichfidh crú tar fraoch fuilt `over dishevelled hair' ML 122.7 . Cf. ar ḟraoch th'fuilt ... do earmuis gaoth puirt Parrthais, 23 H 8, 60 (Skene, Celtic Scotland iii 424 ). f.¤ frithrosc (name of a species of Ogham in which the letters of two groups were interchanged in inverse order) : ogam rind fri derc .i. f.¤ f.¤ , Auraic. 5994 . cf. 6008 . See frithrosc.

(d) the Ogham name for the letter u : ur .i. fraech, Auraic. 1195 , cf. gruidem dál .i. fraech, Anecd. iii 43x (Briatharogum Morainn ; not in the Auraic. version).

(e) npr. m. Fróech mac Idaith, LL 248a12 = Fraech mac Fidaig, YBL 55b47 . Froech , TBC-I¹ 741 . , Fráech, LU 5224 , etc. Fraech, AU 496 . Froech s.o. Cuscraid, Rawl. 161a38 . a s. Fraich, Rawl. 161b2 . v s. Fraích, LU 5221 . g s. Froich, TBC-I¹ 760 . Fraích, LU 5236 = Fruich, TBC-I¹ 759 . See Onom. s.v. Ath F.¤ , Carn F.¤ , Síd F.¤ & cf. Nia (Nat) F.¤

Compds.

(a) with subst. : fraoch-choileach ` grouse ' P. O'C. (cf. cerc ḟraích). ¤finna coarse or shaggy hair: tría fróechfinnu (-findfad v.l.) ferb, BDD 130 ( LU 7733 ). ¤mag a heathy plain: an Fraochmagh, ML 72.20 ( ML² 1038 ). ¤mes ` heath-fruit' (bilberries, etc.). fraechmeas Brig Leithi Leb. Cert. 2 . ¤madra heath-dog, wolf (?) : fána fraochmhadraibh, TSh. 5698 (2 fráech ?). ¤dond : co Fingin fergga fráechdond ` heather-brown ' Metr. Dinds. iv 336 .

(b) with adj. : ? ¤lethan : (as npr. m.) Findchad ... mac Fraechlethain, TBC-LL¹ 4760 (Traiglethain St) = Fraeglethain LL 262a9 ( MU² 36 , traig-, traidh- v.l.). ¤mín (epithet of hair) : barr fraechmin ... ar laechraid Luchra, SG 241.24 .

See also froíchne.

2 fráech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fráech or dil.ie/24226

Forms: fraoch-Goill, freach-ghallaibh, fraech-, fraechrend

n o, m. a word belonging to poetic style and in later lit. meaning rage, fury, fierceness ; but its association with gen. of 1 ferg `wrath' and other words suggests that the orig. sense may have been different (perhaps a fig. use of 1 fráech (c)). Cf. ba liach f.¤ fola ar in mbrat sin, Ériu xi 50w ( H 3.17, c. 670 ) = f.¤ f. forsan leann, O'Curry 2238 ( Eg. 88 f. 17c ). f.¤ for feraib isin debaid, LL 182b21 ( Arch. Hib. ii 59 ; `men raged'). ca fróech na figed fri feirg ?, TFerbe 266 (`Haide' Wind.). atrae in fraech fīrbrātha, Lec. 171va = ZCP viii 211 § 58 . f.¤ tened ar tengthaib, ACL iii 241 § 13 . ata f.¤ ferci ar Fergus, LU 1265 (= Imr. Brain ii 288 ). treb Neptalim don treib rochlecht f.¤ fergi, LB 124b2 . teilgfidh Día fráoch a ḟeirge air, Job xx 23 . rug a bhfraoch dá ngaoibh, RC xlix 171 . ... na ccleas bfráoch `of the furious feats' Duan. F. ii 304 . fraoch sneachta = snow-storm Aithd. D. 21 § 5 . mínigh fraoch anfaidh an ḟir (i.e. angry rage) TD 15.50 . go reacht ┐ go ff.¤ neimhe, Fl. Earls 138.16 . fraech ferrda fothaigthi ... degairm ┐ deglaech, YBL 308b16 ( MR 224 ). fraoch fiacal `tooth-rage for food' P. O'C. Cf. a fraech adamles, Zimmer Gloss. Hib 265 ( Zeuss 954 ) which, however, acc. to Stokes, RC ii 113 , is a misreading of : ar aech (leg. ar ḟráech ?).

Compds. (in late texts)

(a) with subst. in sense furious, fierce: fraochdhrong, Todd Lect. iv 76x . ¤gall : n p. fraoch-Goill , Aithd. D. 35 § 6 . d p. idir na freach-ghallaibh (leg. fraech-), Caithr. CC § 75 . ¤rinn wrathful [spear] point: g p. fāl ... fraechrend , Magauran 1069 . ¤slat fierce youth: fraochshlat mur Earcoil, L. Cl. A. B. 136z .

(b) with adj. : ¤aicbéil dangerous in wrath: flaithḟeinnid ... frāechacmēil, Fianaig. 78.10 . cath ... fraoch-aighmhéil ML 18.23 ( ¤aigbéil, ML² 266 ). triasan ffairrcce ffraochaigmhéil, AFM vi 2292.10 . ¤aingid : fiuchadh fraoch-aingidh feirge, TSh. 6638 . ¤apaig lively in rage: superl. fraochaibche, DDána p. 405.24 . ¤doilig fierce and dour: for na foirnibh fraochduilghe, AFM v 1566.10 . ¤gruamda : ba ... fraochghruama ... an fēaghadh, Todd Lect. iv 96 § 38 . ¤níata : re briathraibh ... fraochniata, ML 102.3 . tar sruthrabhartaibh ... fraochniata na fuarḟairrge, 46y (= ML² 692 ).

frestal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frestal or dil.ie/24321

Forms: fresdel, freasdal

n o, n., later m. (prob. orig. vn. of fris-indlea, cf. fresndal, and see GOI 514 . fresdel (a prima manu) Wb. 24c11 . freasdal, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

(a) receiving (as a guest), meeting, welcoming: gl. excipientes [verbum] Wb. 24c11 . Cf. co noebthanic Dia do nim | do frestul anma Adaim, SR 2154 . doragat dia ḟrestul | i ṅaimsir atbéla, Fél. Ep. 115 . f.¤ Luciáni, ib. Fél. Dec. 24 (hence, perh. freastal .i. friotháileamh, O'Cl.; Stowe Gl. 403 ). tiagair ... ar a cenn dia f.¤ ┐ dia rígadh, ZCP xi 64.6 .

(b) waiting on, ministering to, serving (freq. of supplying physical wants): f.¤ nuithir `attendance on an invalid' Ériu xii 103.13 . no bīd oc frestul na fírinne (of Abraham, i.e. following the true God) LB 113b17 = BB 236a30 . a colann fona míanaib do f.¤ , PH 7463 . bo bis ac f.¤ duine galair (i.e. supplying with milk), Laws v 260.13 Comm. in mheit as cumhuing leo do freasdul do bhiudh ┐ etgud `the number he is able to provide with food and clothing' Marco P. 36 . fa búan ar freasdol do mhiodh, Duan. F. ii 280 . Hence ration, supply: bó ... ┐ do gebdaeís a f.¤ fen ┐ f.¤ a n-aīdhedh do bainde uaithe ` fill ' BCC § 156 . a restul lóin dó, Cog. 50.10 (cf. g, below).

Intrans.: ... oc fresdul dona deibh, Marco P. 53 . Of serving at table, Marco P. 52 .

Of handling tools, etc.: da ord... ag in ghabha | & teanchair ... tri lamha leis ga ffreastal ` attending to ' Duan. F. ii 10 .

Attendance, service: da aingeal decc ... rab e sin a fh.¤ o nimh, BNnÉ 132.23 . f.¤ muinteri for tigerna, CCath. 1709 (cf. cit. under e, below). lucht a frestail ┐ a frithalma attendants LL 268b25 ( MU² 865 ). bui f.¤ ┐ frithailem forra ML ( TMoméra) 158.18 ( YBL 329b3 ). lucht freasduil ┐ fritheolma IT ii2 135 . sbiorada freasduil ministering spirits Heb. i 14 . cf. lucht freasdail ┐ fir duchais do rigaib O M., Hy Maine 86 ( Lec. 83rb 23 ) = locht freastail ḟirducusa, Uí Maine 45vb24 .

With gen. of thing supplying, furnishing: tanic C. ... do frestul ┐ frithalim lenna ┐ bíd, TBC-LL¹ 964 . dirmadha slóigh ... cen f.¤ airm [arm v.l.] nā mergedh unprovided with weapons or standards CCath. 1484 (agmina ... non armata ... Luc. Phars. iii 72 ). aoinfer ... do frestul gotha ┐ urlabra dara cenn uile ... .i. Tul Cicer (= to speak on behalf of them all) CCath. 4490 . fer frestail gotha ┐ urlabra, 4487 . is gnāth fernd do frestol na .u. consaine la Goedelae (= f takes the place of Latin v) Corm. Y 606 . (Absol. ) míle do sheomradhuibh solusda fria suan ┐ freasdal entertainment Marco P. 137 .

(c) transf. of serving a church, office, etc.: an líon manach ... ag freastal na sé dteampull, Keat. iii 3107 . ré freastal coradh, 3111 . gan techt do fhressdal na nona ..., do fresdul na trāth, BCC § 220 .

(d) similarly in phrase: f.¤ catha to join battle: cen acfuing tṡlóigh ... do f.¤ catha, CCath. 1226 . ba ... leo [slega] do restal catha ┐ comloind, Cog. 160.25 . ... do ḟreasdal catha do Chonn, ML 14.5 (= ML² 198 ). ré freastal cogaidh i n-aghaidh Laighean, Keat. iii 3071 . do ullmhuigh D. é féin do ḟreasdal catha do thabhairt do Mac G., Ériu i 93 § 46 . In some of these exx. the meaning is however not easily distinguished from (f) below.

(e) hence in hostile sense responding to (an attack or opponent), encountering, coping with: cf. in imbeirt dorónsat ic frestal na slógh. nírbo f.¤ carat for carait ... acht f.¤ námhat for námhait, CCath. 1710 . ise sin in f.¤ doberid na Troiandaigh ... for na Rudultaib, Aen. 2259 = haec Rutulis responsa remittunt Aeneid ix 635 . ro ḟiarfaidh dibh cia f.¤ noberdis for Froech how they would answer F.'s challenge ZCP xiii 174.30 . agá rádha riú freasdal éigin do thabhairt ar Eóghan ` opposition ' ML 62.22 = cā frestal do-berdais ar ..., ML² 922 . With gen. of pers.: ro gabhsat for f.¤ a namhat do clochaib ... ┐ dá righthibh fein, CCath. 1873 . nir bai aici seom acmaing frestail Gall, Cog. 66 x . is truagh gan fer a frestail accainde a man fit to encounter him Acall. 33.3 . o nach bfaghaim ... | fear da fhreasdal acht mé féin | rachad do troid ... le M., Duan. F. ii 326 . Cf. is fearg Aodh da ffreasdol, 376 . ní fuair fer a freastail a man to encounter (the boar) ZCP vi 279.19 . fer frestail cacha flatha a match for any chief MR 202.12 . S. ... do dol i conne .h. R. le buille slegi ┐ h. R. do dol da f.¤ ┐ da frithalad , Ann. Conn. 1391 § 3 . With gen. of thing: re f.¤ na forécni sea, MR 122.3 . ... do restal catha do Brian `to meet B. in battle' Cog. 150x . ag freasdal greas ... na hardghaoithe, ML 48.20 . bá duiligh ... f.¤ diubhraicthe na n-ócc, AFM vi 2254.5 .

(f) i f.¤ in preparation for; anticipating: cindus no bedís coraighthi na cathrach ... i f.¤ ind etualaing ... bui ic tomaithim forro ` in prospect of ' CCath. 1110 , Cf. doroine ... túra ... ic [v.l. i] f.¤ imairic imdibhraici dibh re foirnibh na long, 1395 .

(g) by extension matching, keeping up with, being equal to: is é méit na sonairtí na fétfaitis fir in betha ... [a] f.¤ im sroighledh, Ériu v 152.123 . conarbo tualaing a aos comtha do f.¤ la hionmoille a eich to keep up with his company Hugh Roe 102.18 (f. 27b) . cf. AFM vi 1978.12 . ni ruacht la a mhíledhaibh O'D. do ḟ.¤ `to keep pace with' AFM vi 2210.23 . Cf. dá déaraibh do dhoirt Muire | a freasdal nach fuair a dearc, DDána, p. 85 § 23 .

fris-gair, -frecair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-gair, -frecair or dil.ie/24363

Forms: fritamgair, frecrad, frisgair, frisngaired, frisgara, frecara, freagra, friscera, friscéra, fregéra, friscerut, frisgerat, frisgart, friscart, nisfrecart, barecart, friscartatar, frisrograt, regart, recratár, frecraid, frecrais, frecair, fhrecēr-sa, fregēraid, friscart, cartsat, frisccar, friscart

v Older forms : ipv. 2 s. (with pron. inf.) fritamgair, ACL iii 294 § 11 . 3 s. frecrad, Ériu iii 96 § 3 . ind. pres. 3 s. frisgair, Sg. 193b6 . Ml. 77a15 . impf. 3 s. (with unexplained inf.) frisngaired, O'Mulc. 213 . pres. subj. 3 s. frisgara, YBL 237b35 ( Auraic. 4605 ). dian do frecara (leg. dia nda frecra), Laws ii 140.18 . dia nda freagra , iv 8.25 . fut. 3 s. friscera (.i. freceraid), Hy vi 18 . Cf. friscéra .i. freigéra, O'Cl. ni fregéra , ZCP ix 174 § 30 . 3 pl. friscerut IT i 20.31 (LB = Trip.² 343 ) = frisgerat ib. IT i 20.22 . pret. 3 s. frisgart, Thes. ii 241.10 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). LU 3364 ( SCC 15 ). friscart, Ériu ii 124 § 66 . nisfrecart, LU 3395 ( SCC 18 ). Cf. barecart, LL 265a44 . 3 pl. friscartatar, Ériu ii 102.1 . perf. frisrograt (= -rogart) Trip. 28.18 (266) . ro regart , LU 3409 ( SCC 18 ). pl. co ro recratár , LU 6284 .

Vn. frecra(e), q.v.

In later lang. treated as simple vb. pres. 3 s. frecraid (fregraid), pret. frecrais (friscart .i. freagrais, O'Cl.). perf. ro frecair . fut. ni fhrecēr-sa , PH 1496 1803 . fregēraid LB 274b14 . In pret. archaisms (often deliberate) occur beside late forms : friscart, AFM ii 636.3 , v 1588.6 . fris cartsat , v 1626.17 . Marco P. 31 . frisccar, AFM i 344.1 ( = dixit Lib. Hymn. i 32 ) is prob. a mispr. for friscart.

(a) answers, replies , absol. or with acc. of thing or noun-clause, where the reply is quoted in direct speech it is often preceded by another vb. of saying. frisgart D. : ni fetor sa, etc., Thes. ii 241.10 ( Ardm. 18a ). cinnas sin ... ar C. ro frecair L. ┐ ro rādi is mithig, etc. LU 3663 ( SCC 33 ). fris-rograt ind oclach ┐ issed ro rādi, Trip. 28.18 (266) . fiar-faidhis C. scela di ; frecra[i]s an ingin [ = ingen] ┐ adbert, Ériu iii 152 § 6 .

Often of amoebaean verse in romantic lit. : ro canustar in laīdh mbicc ┐ rusfreccair A. she sang a little lay and A. replied IT i 123.2 . dorigni in laid ┐ ro recair M., TBC-LL¹ 503 . ra bert na briathra ... ┐ ra frecair in gilla, 3257 . ro freacairset na teora classai ... et is ed ro cansad, Lism. L. 238 .

With DO of pers. : ros frecair B. dó ┐ atbert fris, LB 63a49 . frisgart dissi in fer, LU 3364 ( SCC 15 ). dorogart nomen meum ... Ro recrus[s]a dó, PH 1499 . frecair dam in ní iarfaigfet dít, 1802 . rop ecnaid ro recair dona gentib, Fél. 78 (on : Lauring, lán frecrae, Feb. 22 ). in tan ro fregairset ... do briathraibh ... naimhdemhla dó, Fl. Earls 136.13 .

With acc.: ro recrutar na hespuic he, PH 599 . a mac alla is mirbuile | recras lem gair na Gairbe its echo, wondrously meseems it answereth the cry of the Garb Anecd. ii 24 . ga [ = dá] bhfiosruighedh ... dhiot ... cionnas do ḟreagórthá é ?, Luc. Fid. 290.3 .

Of answering a greeting, etc.: ro fregair sisi an bennughadh, Ériu v 86.19 . inti recēras in fálti ... mad e D. reccras ... mad é S. recras, LL 268a42 ( MU² 826 ).

With extension of meaning: atracht ... frisin mbéist; ro frecratar srotha tened ... a belu na biasta, PH 7235 ( LB 202a5 ). dosléici chuce ... co n-ecmaing inna etan, co ro recart in coirthe fris aníar the pillar-stone behind him answered (i.e. reacted to the blow from the missile which had pierced through his brain) LL 292a17 ( RC xiii 464 ). co tardus forgum don gai ... i n-ucht in rig gura freagair in coirthi cloiche bui fria druim allathiar, FDG 270 = MR 36.10 .

(b) answers (to), corresponds (to), is analogous (with), with DO: frisgair in testemin se dondib dligedib remeperthib, Sg. 193b6 . is dúnn imchumurc fil isin chanoin frisgair ... a n-imchomarc n-isiu, Ml. 77a15 . nach tan do furgaib ... brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain frisgair do suidev, Hib. Min. 12.411 . amhancoll dno .x. frisgair dōsēn x corresponds to (the Ogham) emancoll BB 301b13 . muna bhfreagraidh ár n-ofráil ... don pháis, Eochairsg. 30x . Counterbalances: airligud fri[s]ngair araile nad escomrad which another (loan) balances which was not paid (i.e. an outstanding debt) Laws v 372.2 .

(c) answers, responds to, meets (a challenge, combat, etc. or an enemy). With acc. of thing: ro focair comracc ar Tuir nGl. ┐ ro reagair [T. G.] ... in comrag sin, RC vi 184 . frecerthar duit-si in cath sin (answer to a challenge), Fianaig. 72z . do ḟreagair a chomhlann do Gholl, ML 136.26 ( ML² 1834 ). serrfiach Ibair Cluana ... fregeraid co garb in gleo LB 274b14 . an té ... iarras no ḟregras comhrag, Ó Héodhusa 168.3 .

With acc. of pers.: ni fuair ... nech do freigeorad Froech ZCP xiii 174.31 . rogab ... a errad catha ... uime ┐ ro fregair ... iat, Ériu iii 166 § 21 . freiccermaoid-ne ... an lucht úd, Cog. 214.1 . ro fregradh in fendid ... sin ag Finn (= F. met his attack), Fianaig. 96.24 .

(d) answers, responds to (a summons, call, duty, etc.), obeys ( freccair aifrinn, ZCP x 48.5 belongs perhaps to fris-cuirethar, q.v.): timarnai Dia doitsi du[l] ... Dia cloisinn dam, ol P. ... dó no freiceruind (.i. no raguinn), Lism. L. 226 . freagair na cabhartha maithe ` co-operate with ' JRSAI 1859, 360 (16th cent. letter). muna bhfreagra an dál do dhligh ... gan eagla éinfir, Content. xx 3 . o nar freagradh ordughadh an ri uatha since the king's orders were not obeyed by them Rel. Celt. ii 176.38 . ní fregera talam tuar the earth will not respond to cultivation ZCP ix 174 § 30 . With acc. of pers. answers (the call of), comes (at the summons of): fert Failbe frecrad in féin, Fianaig. 54.15 . ro tinolit chuci ... noch do recair [in neoch ro freccair v.l.] e do feraib Erend `all that obeyed him' Cog. 154.2 . ro nert A. drem ... do choimliṅg chomretha ... Ro frecrad e sium im an ngniṁ sin his appeal was responded to TTebe 2423 . nir frecrad in la-sin iat (i.e. they caught nothing in the chase that day) Fianaig. 52.24 .

Intrans.: do freagradais ōig ... na cathrach cum an droichid le garthaibh na clog, ZCP vi 284.25 . ná freagraidh do ghairm dhíomhaoin do not respond to a useless call Content. xvi 82 . The follg. are prob. extensions of this meaning: a chliar Éireann theas is thuaidh, freagraidh so `come' (? respond ) Content. xvi 72 n . iomháigh cloiche i [gcruth] Mhuire ... freagrais is níor dhiombuaidh do san eaglais `he approaches it' A. Ó Dálaigh I 25 , but perh. íomháigh is the subj. and níor d. parenthetical: the image answered him (anticipating the subsequent story)? freagram an teagh thall `may we enter (?) our home yonder' vi 3 .

(e) answers for, on behalf of; comes to the aid of: frecrad fuli cech anmae `let him answer the sins of every soul' Ériu iii 96 § 3 = f.¤ fuile cech anam, O'Dav. 1003 (ex. of fuil .i. pecad). araon romfregera ... romtoigēba [ron- ron- v.l.] do t[h]oigh Dē deis, ZCP viii 214.14 . freagair mise, a Mhíchíl aingil!, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 23 .

? imdel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? imdel or dil.ie/27448

n border, edge ? : assai conn-imdeol do credumo impuib, IT iii 238.102 . Frōech mac Fidhaigh ... a n-imdealaib a n-echtarchrīchaibh, ZCP xiii 166.3 .

immacaldam, immacaldaim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immacaldam, immacaldaim or dil.ie/27640
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. vn. of imm-acallatar.

(a) act of conversing; mutual converse, conversation, colloquy: is etarru biid immacaldaim, Sg. 200b7 . tresinn immocaldaim frecṅdairc `through the present mutual colloquy,' 161b1 . co cúala ... imacallaim n-adamraigthe muintiri nimi, LU 1955. iar closin imacallma na mban, 8370 (FB). roforbanastar a bethaid etir na himacallma anglecda `he ended his life among angelic conversations,' BColm. 106.8 . itcualatar ... in imacallaim si do-róine Sattan fria timtirechaib, PH 3878. tāinic cóir comhrāidh ┐ imagallmha idir Conān ┐ Fiond, Feis Tighe Chonáin 97. san ogham iomagallmha (distinguished from the beithe luis), IGT, Introd. 3.24 . do berthí ar nemh é d' imagallaimh re hainglibh, BCC 168.18 . ionnus nach bhfuairsiot ... áineas nō iomagallmhadh do dhéanamh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 34.18 ​.

In a bad sense, dispute: Brian ... do mharbhadh lá a dearbrathair ... tria iomagallamh tarla eaturra, AFM iv 1008.5 .

sexual intercourse: saigidh si iomagalloimh baoisi for an ngiolla, Leb. Gab.(i) 26 § 26.

As a title of certain stories: imacallaim in da tuar, Laws i 18.12 . See also D'Arbois de Jubainville, Essai d'un Cat. 150.

(b) conference, council: iomagallaimh .i. comhairle, O'Cl. téit iar sin hi tech n-imacallma fria muintir, Trip.² 619. dotháet Fróech cuccu issa tech n-immacaldmae, TBFr. 173. co tistais ... fri haentaid imac[a]lma do `to hold a conference with him,' Laws i 14.14 . bátar húi Néill ... i mMaig Breg i n-imaccalaim, Ériu iv 124.3 . gan iadhad n-imagallmha impe do dhénamh dóibh, MR 314.16 . ba sí comarli Sencha doib dano ina n-imacallaim in their council, LU 8096 (FB).

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