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airḟócrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airḟócrach or dil.ie/1975

n o, m. = airḟócarthach: is urocra[ch] (urocraig v.l.) gach fuidir, gach bothach etc. ` fuidir ' etc. is proclaimed i.e. is not capable of entering into contracts etc. ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . in faendledach ┐ in t-urfocrach the absconder and the proclaim- ed person, Laws i 88.27 Comm. cid deoruigh cid faoinlegach cid urfugruch, O'D. 135 (H. 3.15, c. 112). tar cenn in urfograigh, Laws v 226.8 Comm.

aithgein,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithgein, or dil.ie/2656

Forms: aithgin, -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina, aithghin

n. vn. of ad-gainethar. Also aithgin. g s. -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina. aithghin f., IGT Decl. § 13 .

(a) rebirth, regeneration: ? ba hed aithgin ṁbetha `rebirth of the world', Fél. Ep. 240 . comdis ellma . . . fó athgin in erruigh archinn by the following spring, CCath. 169 . tucusa gein ┐ a.¤ duit i.e. enough and to spare, Acall. 7813 . In religious sense (of baptism): in baisted .i. in a.¤ , LB 257b73 . tria aithgin a mbathis, PH 3812 .

(b) likeness, equivalent. With gen. the like of: athgein hūi Luirc the like of O Larc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 32 . is uád fessin no bíad a athgein i.e. a warrior such as he could be born only of him (of Cú Chulainn), LU 10167 . th'aidgin-siu a warrior like thee, TBC-LL¹ 4050 . Art Aoínfhear bhur n-aithghin-si you can be compared only to, O'R. Poems 31 . ríg-athgein meic Airt Óenḟir / ní fríth, Metr. Dinds. i 36.104 . ag iomfhuirech la haithghin an dúin bai ann roimhe do thurccbháil, AFM vi 2210.10 . a aithghin oile do ingrinntidh, BS 63 . With DO: aithghin do Eochaidh Mumhó, ML 22.4 . Note also: as nach féidir ál acht aithghin `thence there cannot issue a brood unlike the parents', Ó Bruad. ii 62 xxviii . úir Pharthais nó a haithghin í paradise or something very like it, TD 11.10 . aithgin .i. cutruma, ut est: nicon tarla a mBoinn riam ná iarom a n-aithgin .i. nichor teilgus tar in Boinn roime ná 'na degaid a cutruma ima mét, H 3.18, 62a7 ( O'Curry 80 ).

(c) analogy, comparison: imtha an a.¤ . . . lemlacht la mac . . . imtha samlaidh ben la fer, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.5 . gurab fíoghair ┐ aithghein don tsacraimint so an plúr neamhdha, Eochairsg. 70.10 . aithgin don chomhnaidhe symbolum . . . quietis, TSh. 5287 .

(d) Legal. Technical term translated `restitution', `compensation', Laws; `Rückerstattung oder Ersatz in gleichen Gegenständen', Thurn. ZCP xiv 346 ; `restitution in kind, equivalent', Críth Gabl. The meaning restitution or compensation to the full value of that which has been lost, damaged, etc. is implied by a number of exx. from the text of the Laws: scarait amail condrecat; in da beir cach lais cusanaile, a marthar de issed beres lais fri himscarad, na (nó?) aithgin dia torad muna marathar `an equivalent of its produce if it is not living', Laws ii 394.26 . is aithgin muna marathar feib ro ratha, cen fuilliud leo, 338.18 `Ersatz (der Werte)', ZCP xiv 392 . aithgin do flaith acht trian facaib dib, Laws ii 318.5 ( ZCP xiv 385 ). díre a ṡabaill cóic ṡéoit ┐ aithgein co nneoch robronntar and making good of any damage done, Críth G. 244 (co neoch = neich, Notes). aithgin somaine, Laws ii 332.10 ( ZCP xiv 390 ). trian naithgina ar mifagbail, 56.19 (cf. the smaller subdivisions in follg. Comm.). Also prob.: aithg[e]in tuige making good the thatch, Críth G. 213 . dírech n-imda[e] . . . diam tochur tar cenn, sét ind ┐ a.¤ , 233 . óg n-innraic n-aithgena, 275 `a perfect fullness of equivalent', notes. cach a.¤ iar n-indrucus every `a.¤' in full(?), ZCP xvii 59 § 76 . Note also (Comm.): ba trom re dainib a naithgin ┐ a tintud for culu (of restoring perishable pledges), O'D. 950 ( H 3.17, c. 664 ). aithgin ngnima ro leic in brathair ar a ceili, Laws i 128.9 Comm. (of work carried out on behalf of another). In literary texts: aithgen in t-sheoit fén, PH 7561 . a ṡeacht n-aithghine d'ḟagháil, TD 9.17 . Distinguished from taisec in Laws text: ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm a taisic no aithgina `without security for their restitution or compensation' (of things liable to be lost or destroyed while on loan), Laws v 278.7 . (`taisec restitution of the actual article, a.¤ the payment of an equivalent', Plummer MS. notes. Cf. taisic .i. cia mairit . . . aithgin .i. muna mairit, Laws v 278.11 Comm. At Laws v 402.19 Comm. taissecc is glossed .i. aithgena). In follg. classed as an `éraicc': cetheora eirca . . . aithgin ┐ dire, etc., Laws i 258.26 . ? Cf. cach diri iar n-aithgenib id laim bodein, ZCP xvii 58 § 75 . The a.¤ could be doubled: ni teid aithgin tar diablad, Laws v 448.17 . ? [dl]igur taisiuc diabul aithgina, ii 80.8 . cach n-aninraic n-anfoit cona diablad aithgene, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). diablud naithgina nech robriathra (leg. -ar?), Laws ii 68.11 . Various: aithgin mblechtai, Laws i 168.5 . fidbretha . . . a naithgin for uin, 182.2 . aithgin gach edge, ii 54.13 . ni lais dire a seoit, acht colainn aithgena nama `das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a ` fuidir '), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 .

In Comm. often treated as name of some kind of fine or mulct. Cf. in the passage in Laws iv 146 ff. the elaborate distinction drawn between díre and (the smaller) a.¤ with regard to different categories of trees. Here a.¤ means `only a diminished amount of fine' (Laws Gl.). Somet. of one of the seven `cumals' which make up the `corpdíre' (wergild) the remaining six forming the `díre', Thurn. ZCP xv 356 , Binchy, Ériu xii 99 . Cf. cumal aithgena, ┐ cutruma . . . do na sé cumala[ib] dire, Laws iv 244.24 Comm. ben tēit di thairr a cāin lānamna, slān cen dīri [no] aithgin i.e. the husband is not liable for `corpdíre', ZCP xv 355 § 43 Comm. Note also: bo a ndire cach ae ┐ ní thuc a naithgin ar aird he does not mention their compensation (of the liability incurred by mutilating certain trees), Laws iv 148.8 Comm. In the follg. there is no indication as to the exact sense: i n-aís ícca aithgina, i 98.3 Comm. ar in athgabail gabar im aithginib na con sin the compensation for each of these herding-dogs, 144.9 Comm. gl. im conbuachaill cacha cethra, 126.8 . nocho nícctar acht certaithghin ris ón fhlaith, O'D. 908 ( H 3.17, 648 ) (Comm.). seachta cach aithgheana every restitution sevenfold, Leb. Cert. 140.1 , see Ériu xvi 182 § 29 .

ambuae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ambuae or dil.ie/3108
Last Revised: 2013

n [io, m.] (büe, orig. cow-less, worth no cows Ériu xlii 41-42 ) non-native , person from outside the túath, one without possessions, without legal connections: ni aile maithre cuit i maccaib acht mac con glais no mac ambui .i. ín deorad i.e. the mother-kin has no share in the sons except for the son of a foreigner from across the sea and the son of an immigrant from another territory, Ir. Recht 31 § 33 . slan n-erca tar cend ambui, Laws v 178.8 .i. tar cenn in ambunad, in deora, 182.4 Comm. .i. in deoraid, inand ┐ in murcurthi romuind, 184.21 Comm. raith ar ambui a n-echtair, 224.3 , 228.3 .i. tar cenn in ambunadaigh a n-echtair amuigh, 226.4 Comm. athgabail ambui anechtair, 260.20 . ambue: bue .i. dagfear, ambue .i. drochfear, O'Curry 839 (H 3.18, 383a). dona tri amb[u]aib ar a tarud eiric . . . ┐ ambui anechtair .i. daor-fuidir indsin, Laws v 185 n. ambūe .i. nembunadach: būe .i. bunadach, Corm. Y 66 . būe .i. bunad, ut est ambue .i. ambunad, ut est ambúe faccaib fri laimh righ, O'Dav. 274 . rath ambue, 683 . ambui tuaithe, 1372 . Perh. as dental stem in: cuir na nurfocraidh ┐ na [n-a]mboth, Laws ii 218.12. Comm. But cf. uair ro fitir urfocra ina mbuide .i. cibé dona trí hambaib ara tarud éric . . . .i. fer focarthur cura ┐ ambuí anechtair, O'D. 1170 (H 2.15, 44(68)b) = forfocradh ina mboidhe, 1173 = Laws v 185 cited above. In n. pr. Brig Ambui banugdur fer nErend, Laws i 22.11 . bretha Brige Ambue, 18.27 .

ar-biatha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-biatha or dil.ie/3979

Forms: airbiathad

v (biathaid)

(a) feeds, nourishes: arbiathim gl. lacto, Sg. 145a 5 - 6 . ur . . . arbiatha ith ┐ meas the ground nourishes corn and mast, O'Dav. 1611 . arbiathad sluagu . . . clostecht frihae to listen to her nourished hosts, Ériu xii 152.z ( TE 17 ). bi sund, ar in mathair. Acc, a mathair, ni (ar added under i) erbiatha nannoidiu (nach n. ?) a oenur, YBL 140a23 .

(b) Legal supplies food-rent (to): no t[h]urcreicc dia n-airbiat(h)ar `a fief for which food-rent is supplied', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.6 ). cia ruibdither (leg. ar-[r]uibdither, ed.) in flaith .xx. bliadan though the lord has received food-rent, ZCP xv 248 § 6 (see Ériu xii 206 n.3 ). muine airbiathar chuice in tuilledh if the surplus is not supplied to him as food-rent, 240 § 3 . athgabail raith don aurbiatar distress for stock for which food-rent is due(?), Laws i 216.1 . rath dinaurbiathar, 230.23 . flaith ar-a-mbiatha is i icas a cindta the prince whom he feeds, v 512.3 ; 512.7 . fuidir laisa mbiad cuic treaba . . . is tualing . . . arambiatha a flaith, v 514.18 .i. is cuimgech he a [f]laith do biathad, 28 Comm. flaith argialltar ┐ flaith arbiathar a prince to whom food rent is paid, O'D. 2234 (Nero A vii, 156a). As deponent: fuidir . . . arbiathar side a flaith, Laws v 520.1 .

Vn. airbiathad.

as-luí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-luí or dil.ie/4453
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aslui, asloi, atd-lu, -elai, asluat, -elat, as-luigit, adluinn, elaind, asluad, asloa, -elammar, ciacloid, ciatloid, asloat, -élat, n-elathar, -rohéla, -erla, -ērlam, asrullat, aslóinse, -elaitís, atrullad, atluife, as-luífet, as-la, as-lōe, atlōi, at-lúi, as-lōeth, asluíd, asluiset, asruluús, -erlós, at-rulais, as-rola, as-rulla, at-rullai, atrulláe, adrullui, asrulaid, adrulaidh, -erlai, atrullaiset, -erlaiseat, atrullatar, adrullatar, -erlatar, élúd

v (* ess-lu-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571 ). Later also with petrified inf. pron. at(ad-)-luí (or early confusion of ad- and as- Ériu xxxv 110 n. 65 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. aslui, Thes. ii 21.36 . asloi, ZCP vii 482 (Enchir. Aug.). adlai, IT ii2 197.17 . atd-lu, MU² 1028 . -elai, Laws i 118.6 . 3 pl. asluat, Ml. 44a17 . -elat, Laws iv 190.12 . ? as-luigit, Ériu lix 124 § 7 . Indic. impf. 1 s. adluinn (adluinid text) (no elaind v.l.), Imr. Brain ii 292. 35 . 3 s. asluad, Ml. 54c21 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. asloa, O'Curry 60 (H 3.18, 21b). 1 pl. -elammar, LU 1161 (ACC). 2 pl. ciacloid (leg. ciatloid, note), Wb. 26a2 . 3 pl. asloat, Anecd. iii 24. 15 . -élat, Ériu i 219 § 9 . ? Pass. sg. co n-elathar (-arlathar, -aicillther v.l.), MU² 560 and Gloss. With ro: 3 s. -rohéla, Wb. 30a10 . -erla, Laws iv 240.3 . 1 pl. -ērlam, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.9 ). 3 pl. asrullat, Laws iv 240.6 . Subj. impf. 1 s. aslóinse, Ml. 59a1 . 3 pl. -elaitís, LU 5734 . With ro 3 s. atrullad, Alex. 608 .

Fut. 3 s. atluife, ZCP x 344.2 . 3 pl. as-luífet, BDD² 1158 .

Pret. 3 s. as-la, BDD² 1510 . as-lōe, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . atlōi, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 59.15 ). at-lúi, LL 247b25 . as-lōeth, ZCP viii 314.7 . asluíd, BB 25b8 . 3 pl. asluiset, Laws i 64.3 . Perf. 1 s. asruluús, Wb. 17d16 . -erlós, Fing. R. 116 . 2 s. at-rulais, Sc.M² 9 . 3 s. as-rola, Fél. Apr. 3 . as-rulla. Laws iv 240.3. at-rullai, Fing. R. 535 . atrulláe, LU 4376 . adrullui, IT i 144.4 . asrulaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.19 . adrulaidh (: churaigh), Anecd. i 62 § 103 . -erlai, SR 5349 . 3 pl. atrullaiset (atruluiset v.l.), Airne F. 186 . -erlaiseat, AFM i 556.4 . atrullatar, Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ). adrullatar, BB 255b20 . -erlatar, SR 4471 .

Later as simple vb. élaid q.v.

Vn. élúd. IGT Verbs § 64 .

(a) escapes (in physical sense): ni erla nech dib acht aenfher, LB 129a5 . co ro gonad fadeín ┐ co n-erlai iar n-a guin, LL 275a24 . ? asrulaed fo ííí ┐ ro giall Ériu do fo tri he escaped(?), YBL 418b4 = ar aslaesead co fothri . . ., 140a46 . co nerla ina longaibh iar nár a mhuintire, AFM ii 682.6 . In more general sense escapes, absconds, goes off, decamps: lotar (asluat v.l.) anair . . . co hA., Metr. Dinds. iii 442.37 . atlai . . . F. for teicheadh rias na mnaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 14.20 . nech . . . oca coimet arna ra elat (of bees swarming), Laws iv 174.27 Comm. saithi beach matrollae, ii 420.10 Comm. ag iarraidh bó atrulla (do éló uaidh v.l.) do bhreith laigh, BNnÉ 16.y . gur 'trulla la M. `until she eloped', Todd Nenn. 178.4 .

With o, A(S) or DE (of the person or place escaped from): atrula int-ossar uad, SR 5317 . adlaoi uadhaib Asgall, AFM ii 1176.16 . atdluí Crumthand . . . ass, LU 1527 . nocha n-érlai asin cathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gái, TTr.² 158 . aen duna tesbadachaib atrulladar a Temraig, BB 408b23 . atluí morfesser díb do Cruachnaib Aí, LU 1584 . ? ni n-érlá acht atrullai di rennaib gai, LL 224b49 . With AR: is amne asruluús airi gl. síc effugi manus eius (of St. Paul's escape), Wb. 17d16 . atlui iarom fair co ndechaid issin n-áith do thirad, Irish Texts i 35.3 . as-luífet airib húaire is a sídaib doib, BDD² 1158 . in ērla . . . mo mac-sa foraib? ZCP xiii 178.32 . asloíset Lagin ar Chormac, LL 4908 .

(b) absconds, evades (a legal liability, etc.). Used absolutely: nach deoraidh ... cintach aslai, Laws iv 242.15 . ma nerla mas rulla teit for innile, 240.3 i.e. if a guilty person absconds his chattels become liable. ma atloat gaibter a sesci, ii 120.10 Comm. eisce .i. bith fri hais ┐ adrulla ┐ asrenar eisce immbi ceni tarracht, O'Mulc. 436 . With IMM (of that in respect of which absconding or evasion has taken place): is ima log nenech atrulla in flaith, O'D. 263 (H 3.17, 211). dia nel[a] impu, Laws ii 194.8 Comm. With prep.A: ben aslui a cain lanamna, Laws iv 184.16 . at-rulláe-side a giallai (an giallacus v.l.), ZCP xxvii 28.9 . co n-erlai a rrecht ind rig dodrigne (of Lucifer), Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With AR: raith ar mug aslui ar a flaith, Laws v 224.4 . athgabail eloduig aslui ar a fine, athgabail fuidir aslai ar a flaith, 260.18 .

With accus. bésse inna fedb asluat hiris `who evade the faith', Wb. 29a3 . slógad tar crích fri túa[i]th asidluí, Críth G. 513 . atumluifessa .cxx. annis . . . ┐ do athcuirfe cucum it will depart from me (i.e. the church will be alienated from me) . . . and will revert to me, Trip.² 1842 . athgabail . . . feicheman aslui dligid, Laws i 214.22 . fer aslui flaith `a man who evades [his obligations to] lord', BCrólige 16 . ma as-loa cobach (.i. feichem) tra conna acmai naidm da saigid fair, Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . ben no fer aslui gairi a mathar, Laws iv 184.16 . With figura etymol. ba hēlud as-lōe, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . corup elod aslui inti imma cuirither in t-eisce, O'D. 873 (H 3. 17, c. 624).

In phrase a.¤ sáeth(u) dies(?): slúag E. . . . / asrola sáeth (asaeth v.l.) sétaib, Fél. Apr. 3 .i. ro éla asna saethaib, Fél.² lxxi . asrala ri sacart saethu .i. ro la as ri na sacart a sáethu .i. i n-amsir a etsecta, LU 710 ( ACC 38 ). i n-ucht fiadat . . . asrola samthand saethu, LL 365 marg. sup.

attrab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attrab or dil.ie/4959
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aittreb, atreba, -btha

o, n. vn. of ad-treba. Later aittreb, ā, f. Cf. g s. atreba, Laws iii 388.13 Comm. (leg. -btha?).

(a) In Ml. and Sg. glossing Lat. possessio, possessiuum: ní nuae ṅdo ana.¤ sin gl. non . . . uelut nouellam habet possesionem, Ml. 17b5 . cach la drécht diib is atrab alaill ní atrab . . . is inrecht dano a n-atrab nisin ref. to haec quoque inter possessiuorum species posuimus, Sg. 38b8 . is ciall ind ildatad ind atraib file inddib ref. to possessiua quidem egent adiunctione nominum ad plenam significationem, 198b3 . arrainn indatraib atrebthar and ref. to meus, etc., a19 . dondatrub, gl. possessiua uero transitiua sunt, b10 . is ecrichthe a n-atrab ┐ ní fintar cid attrebthar and conducthar nomen fris gl. infinitae possunt intellegi possessiones, 200b13 .

(b) act of taking possession of, occupying: i n-aittreb do thigi, ina folomrad, Laws i 162.24 (`squatting?' Plummer MS. notes). ? arus arach ┐ atrabh iar sin, iv 104.4 Comm. fir Hérend . . . do aitrib for tíre, MU² 931 (LU). is ann robúi i tarngaire do aitreab a chille to take possession of, Fen. 112.5 .

(c) act of inhabiting, living (in), dwelling (in) (us. with obj. gen.): ni síratrab act is cuit fresligi gl. adiacet mihi, Wb. 3d4 . bad atrab ná bad cuit tadill gl. uerbum christi habitet in uobis abundanter, 27b25 . lécsit lúth co ṅáni / ar bithaittrib rígi in order to dwell for ever . . ., Fél. Oct. 8 . cléchtait méirlig . . . atréb and, Trip.² 1847 . do bithaitreb pene, LU 1405 . síraittreb flatha nimi, 2283 ( FA 34 ). boi oc aitreb innte, PH 938 . in Craeb Ruad gan curaid . . . 'ga ro-aittreib, MR 218.4 . uair nirbo maith a aitreb thoir tar eis Ḟlidaisi, Ériu viii 175.31 = a trebad, 12 . péist aitribh an fhuaruisge, O'R. Poems 205 . cin aitrib hi Sil Muredaig orra they could no longer live in S. M., Ann. Conn. 1237.2 .

Hence gramm. locative case: fer a ainmniugud . . . i fiur a aitreib, Auraic. 1518 = a aitreb, Goid. 73.14 . na bia in tregdad cen [ind] aitreib, Auraic. 1725 .

(d) In concrete sense dwelling, habitation, house: abid a.¤ do dia infectso gl. in habitaculum Dei, Wb. 21c8 . donaib atrabaib saindilsib gl. reuersus ad propria, Ml. 47b14 . fuidir foxail a aithrib (sic) `who has removed his habitation', Laws v 360.14 (taken as d pl. of athair, Ir. Recht 73 ). ó aitrebaib teinntidhi an mhara `les demeures enflammées de la mer', RC xxiv 378.7 . iar ndēnam atruib, Ériu iii 138.87 ( iar nd. a naittreib, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 14 ). imaittreib (leg. imba attrub; immarthrub, v.l.) doib alla aniar hi Commur Tri n-Usce when they settled, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 14 , Ériu iii 138.6 . lucht uaislighthe th'aitreibhe, DDána 81.35 . aitreabha an ḟine Ulltaigh / tighe slaitgheala slinntigh, IGT Decl. ex. 11 . a aitreabh ┐ a áras, Desid. 6201 .

2 bothach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bothach or dil.ie/6437

n o, m. (2 both) cottier, crofter . In Laws `a tenant at will who receives land (and doubtless stock also) from a flaith in return for uncertain services . . . the b.¤ is not bound to the soil, but may terminate the relationship by giving notice to his landlord,' Críth G. p. 78 , see also p. 93 , Cóic Con. p. 77 , Ir. Recht 81 - 83 , ZCP xiv 375 § 38. Later commentaries make a distinction between sóerb.¤ as opposed to doérb.¤ , see compds. s.v. doír, 1 saer. The distinction may be purely schematic, Críth G. p. 78 , and see Thurneysen, Cóic Con. 78 § 54. ma beith fognum diib do ḟlaithib co nómad n-aó, it bothaig it fuidri; it senchléithe íarmithá, Críth G. 327 (the b.¤ and the fuidir whose ancestors have rendered uncertain service for nine generations (gíallnae éislinne, p. 97) in return for occupation of the same lands became hereditary serfs (sennchléithe) tied to that land). gach fuidir , Laws v 512.1 .i. daer a athair ┐ a sen-athair . . . .i. saer-fuidir fri re ndeisi; daer- b.¤ isin tres fir; sen-cleithi isin cethrumad fir, 11 Comm. is urocra[ig] gach fuidir, gach b.¤ `. . . every cottier . . . are as persons proclaimed' ( i.e. are unqualified to make a contract, Thurn., ZCP xiv 375 § 38 ), Laws ii 288.6 . cor . . . for b.¤ (contract which cannot be enforced), H 3.18, 20b28 ( ZCP xiii 23.27 , Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). trí cuir tintaiter do réir britheman: cor mná ┐ micc ┐ bothaich, Triads 150 . bothaig ┐ fudir ┐ senchlethi flatha . . . do acrau forin chonair fugill is techta, Cóic Con. 21 § 16. is donafinib tacair seo biti bothaig (glossed .i. daerbothaig) ┐ fuidir ┐ senclethi, H 3.18, 227b9 ( O'Curry 413 ). in daerfuidir, ┐ in daer-b., ┐ in sen-clethi . . . taithmither a sochur-sidhi ┐ a ndochur uile, . . . ar indligi doib cuir no cunnartha do denum i n-a n-egmuis (sc. a cend), Laws v 286.23 Comm. saorb. .i. saor a bothachus re ré (sic leg., ed.) samraid ar ferann neth ele ag caitham feoir ┐ uisce, ┐ nocha-fuil ní uadha donti aga-ta acht loim a bo. Daorb. é isin cethramad fir, ┐ con-ic dul ó gach fir do fir itir a fine budein tall ┐ nocha-cumaing tiachtain asti amach, Cóic Con. 22 § 17 (Comm.).

cachtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cachtaid or dil.ie/7534

Forms: coimdegh

v (1 cacht)

(a) shackles, fetters; imprisons, confines, subjugates : rochacht cach rí, SR 7075 . cachtus Elga ollbuidhne, KZ xxxiii 82 (see BB 378b9 ). cachtsus rosacht ind rigain, LU 4279 = LL 18212 ( SG 84.17 ). condot rodbsat / condot chachtsat, LU 3523 ( SCC 28 ). cachtsus cách . . . / i nInis ṅdualaig, LL 19449 . roscacht i ngrísaib gemlig, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.55 . ro chacht éc . . . / mac Domnaill, LL 15840 . ro chacht, ┐ ro chuibhrigh lucht mortha foghla, Cog. 136.25 . Dianim . . . / roscacht greimm Righ na ndúile, AFM ii 576.11 ( TFrag. 240.9 ). In Laws in sense of impounding distrained cattle: ni cachta cethra, O'D. 2222 (Nero A vii, 151a). don fir cachtus in athgabail, Laws ii 76.20 Comm. ? im cobair do fuidir cachtair (cach tair, text) etechtu who is distrained unjustly(?), i 124.12 .

(b) restrains, disciplines, curbs : rochachti iarum commór corroabstinit, Mon. Tall. 159.10 (§ 77) . fer na cachta (? no chachtad) cu mor, LB 11a35 . rochachtsat a colla, Gorm. Nov. 16 . ro chacht ar Crist a colaind, LL 371d17 .

Vn. coimdegh, ┐ cachtad, Laws ii 308.8 Comm. is indsa don memor cachtad in cínd, iv 54.23 Comm.

cobair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cobair or dil.ie/9802

Forms: cobir, cobuir, cobar, cobrith, cobraid, chobrad, cobraid, chobrait, cobra, cobartha, cabra, cobra, cobra, cobhraidh, cuibre, g[c]abartha, cobair, cabhair, cobair, cabair, cobra, cabra, cobhair, cabhair

n f. (*com-fo-reth, Thurn. ZCP xxii 26 ). Inflexion very variable. n s. cobir, Wb. 5c5 . 16a31 . cobuir, Ml. 44c9 . cobar, TBC-I¹ 2189 . a s. cobrith, Wb. 7c4 . cobraid (: don-formaig), Fél. Oct. 18 . Imr. Brain 46.23 v.l. g s. chobrad, Cymmr. xiv 132 § 25 . Corp. Gen. 26.24 . d s. cobraid, O'Mulc. 779 . chobrait, LB 262a63 . Later with g s. cobra, cobartha. cabra (: Abla), Metr. Dinds. iv 184.12 (see Thurn. loc. cit.). ? cobra, ZCP iii 466.19 . a s. cobra (: mogda), Metr. Dinds. iii 380.10 . ? n p. cobhraidh, AFM ii 588.17 . g s. cuibre, Ériu vi 115.2 . a p. g[c]abartha, Auraic. 2126 . Note also combair (cobair, cabhair, v.ll.), Fél. Prol. 243 . cobair, cabair, g s. cobra, cabra f., IGT Decl. § 10 . cobhair, cabhair, Verbs § 124 .

(a) help, assistance: lase dombeir dia cobrith n-occo `when God gives help therein', Wb. 7c4 . cotarat c.¤ trein trait, SR 3767 . ní cobuir ín tasc `the notice is of no avail', Laws i 60.x Comm. (cobraithir?). MoChonne coemh cabair, Gorm. 25 . teasda c.¤ múir Mhaicniadh ` guardian ', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 9 . is adbul a c.¤ , Fél. July 28 . is ar ch.¤ ocon Táin dorigni (of infidelity of Medb), LU 5410 (TBC). is mithig in chabair, TBC-LL² 2890 . giarb i in ch.¤ iar n-assu `help that came too late', 3353 (see 2 assa(e)). c.¤ fo-gēba `you shall be comforted', Ériu xvi 163 § 28 . ? mun is cobuir coiblis, Laws v 242.11 Comm. d'iarraidh cabhra air, Keat. ii 6058 .

With DO: ropo ch.¤ dond Érinn / tīchtu Patraicc, Thes. ii 312.5 (Hy. ii). a ndogena cách is hed bes chobuir dó, Wb. 20c10 . ro pad mór a ch.¤ dia chomaltu, TFerbe 630 . im chobair do fuidir , Laws i 124.12 . 138.27 Comm. cindas for cobarthasi damsa?, Anecd. i 11.8 ( SCano 336 ). robadh couradh damh, Ériu iv 236 § 9 .

With descr. gen.: cabhair fhaghla military help, Aithd. D. 26.22 . Clann Charthaigh . . . / gan chabhair anfaidh aco `help against the storm', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 16 . guth gan chabhair choigcríche (of Irish language), Keat. Poems 2 . Attrib. g s. a chelg nir chelg chobartha `helpful cunning', Metr. Dinds. iii 77.132 . a Chríst cobra `Oh helpful Christ', Ériu vi 114.17 . ba h-édāil c[h]abhartha do c[h]uradhuib, ML² 1577 . a sgiath cabhra na gcóigeadh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 8 . luibh chabhra, DDána 70.7 .

(b) As vn. act of helping, assisting . With subj. gen.: dús in táir c.¤ Ulad foo, LU 5620 (TBC). With obj. gen.: dom cobhair, Ériu xiii 38.6 . robatar ac cobraid Ailillæ, O'Mulc. 779 . c.¤ fir a culchi chíar, LU 3053 . connā cumaiṅg nech dīb cobair araile, Corp. Gen. 205.9 . tancatar do cabair in tighi, Lism. L. 1210 . mo cobair-si help for me, ZCP vii 306.17 . In other Vn. constructions: dotaísed . . . do chobair dún, Fraech 158 . gan nert cobharta forra féin, BNnÉ 5.9 . an marbh do chabhair, TSh. 4874 . ? cobhair .i. comhorgain, O'Cl.

colainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. colainn or dil.ie/10477

Forms: colann, colann, calann, colinn, colno, chollno, cholin, colinn, -ain

n i, f. Later colann. colann calann f., IGT Decl. § 37 . Cf. indiu is do cendaib colla tall, Laws i 44.1 . n s. colinn, Wb. 26a23 . g s. (inna) colno , 4a9 (gl. carnem), 9c10 , 31d2 . chollno, Wb. 3d1 . d s. cholin, 10b20 . colinn, 15d14 . -ain, Ml. 38c9 .

(a) body; flesh : is Iesse as bunad do-ssom . . . iár colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 6d10 . ar n-athir iar colinn, 2b23 . hi fóisite césto dia cholin-som, 3d24 . ar colno císu `the taxes of our flesh', Thes. ii 325.19 (Hy. iv). tol cholno (attrib. g s.), Wb. 20c20 . ar Chríst crochais c.¤ , Fél. Mar. 12 . itir lacht ┐ gnimraidh ┐ c.¤ (of cattle), Laws ii 66.18 . ri thanic i colla crí, SR 7517 . sírchóemna m'anmasa / scéo colla, LU 1194 . dergnat colla, 3470 ( SCC 25 ). i llaxai ┐ i téti a collai, 2195 ( FA 27 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . ar nís gaodae fír chairde na caraid colna, 44.25 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar cc.¤ , RC xxv 390 § 3 . colund gl. caro, Ir. Gl. 919 . o chaithes in choland in mbiad, PH 4800 . an chalann chuil, Dán Dé xxviii 33 . chalann (: anam), TSh. 3314 (cit.). (attá) i colainn (is) alive; (is) in human form : ro bói Crist i colinn gl. secundum carnem, Wb. 15d14 . céin bai hi colaind, LU 1967 ( FA 3 ). tearc do choimbeodha i gcoluinn, DDána 74.64 .

(b) corpse, carcass; trunk : troigh mná troghain / for a ccollaib, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 19 . cend na mnā for indara burt ┐ colann for in burt n-ailiu, Cáin Ad. 7 . urba ria collaib (it is lawful) to make a gap for the conveyance of corpses, Laws iv 154.22 . cach mairt mainighther coland i sleib, v 330.15 Comm. co farnic in colann cen cend, Corm. Y 1018 (p. 87.y). uallfaidh coin ōs collaib crē, Ériu xviii 70 § 59 . bā coland cen chend / bā cend cen cholaind (of a useless proceeding), MacCongl. 73.12 , 13 .

(d) In Laws, material subject of a bargain etc.; principal, capital, object pledged or lent; corpus delicti; basis, ground, cause (of a claim, charge); substance (of which an article is made); is ruidhlis do neoch an dosli a coland fadeisin (i.e. a man is fully entitled to what his own capital earns), O'Curry 396 ( H 3.18, 221a ). duine dorigne cunnra . . . ┐ nocho rucadh colann uadha (i.e. the subject of the bargain was not actually handed over), O'D. 575 ( H 3.17, 443 ). fer meodhon gaide . . . ┐ nocha tarrustar colund aice (i.e. the stolen article was not found with him), O'Curry 2159 ( Eg. 88, 4 ). techta fuillema gill capuill . . . ailid tri ech ina muin la aithgin a collnna compensation equivalent to the original pledge, Laws v 406.3 . techta fuillema gill escra . . . do-s-li .u. seotu trenib . . . trian di setaib faithche, trian di setaib tige, trian di colaind fadeisin, la aithgin a chollnna i comdire a escra, 410.3 , 4 ( di colaind fadesin .i. di comchinoil .i. di umha, 10 Comm. ). ni lais dire a seoit, acht c.¤ aithgena nama `nur das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a ` fuidir '), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 (coland v.l.) (i.e. because the lord to whom he is bound pays his fines, he also gets the `díre' due to the ` fuidir ' whose goods have been stolen or damaged) = Laws v 512.5 . fertair c.¤ aithgena cachae dia trise co [m]boin inna muin `the body of compensation of each is paid after three days, with a cow in addition,' Laws v 400.z . it dilsi collnaib ┐ aithginaib `sind sie verfallen, die Gegenstände (selber) und (= oder ihr) Ersatz', ZCP xiv 379 § 42 . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren acht coland fri rathugad techta nama (of levying compensation for stolen goods introduced into a (king's) residence), Laws iii 242.1 (? he is liable for the restoration only of the object stolen if his good faith is adequately vouched for). ní híctur acht colunn náma the original pledge only (not the increase, in the case of an animal which has had young while in pledge), i 280.16 Comm. fuilgenn .i. inas na colla nó aithgin `increase of the . . . object pledged(?) or the equivalent', O'Dav. 862 . fer i taib no [in] airceand íte coland a feich `(the destruction of) the grass at the side or at the end (of the field) is the substance of the liability', Laws iv 120.z . eacur colla fiach adgairtur dicolla athgabail `let the original debts claimed be balanced against the original distress', ii 98.5 , 6 . do tuitet a colann feich olchena `they are all forfeited for the original debt', i 224.3 Comm. Also with follg. sét (g p.), colainn sét being translated Wertgegenstand by Thurneysen: ferdair collna set i naithcu(i)r `es werden (nur) die Wertgegenstände (selber) als Rückgabe gegeben', ZCP xiv 387 § 52 ( Laws ii 322.5 ). con-fodlait(h)er colla set saire i n-erenaiter fri somaine `es werden die Wertgegenstände mit der "Freiheit", in der sie gegeben worden sind, gegen die Leistungen abgewogen', ibid. (2). la diabul n-aithgina do collnaib set ┐ do somaine `neben dem Doppel-Ersatz der Wertgegenstände und der Leistungen', 390 § 57 (330.5). is eccen a n-athgin fo coibne fria collna set, no set adgo fechem dar a n-esse `compensation proportionate to the original articles' (of fine goblets etc. given in pledge), Laws v 408.2 . mad ar diumand in ceile in-asa in flaith a seotu, is dilis don cele log n-einech dib do collaib set aithgena, na toglen somaine collna set `ist dem Genossen sein Ehrenpreis aus ihnen, aus den Wertgegenständen des Ersatzes verfallen, ohne dass den Wertgegenständen Leistungen anhaften', ZCP xiv 391 § 59 ( Laws ii 336.5 , 6). ? ro fes as n-erraithi de collna denta .i. ro fes conad e ícus intí doroine denta indlightecha frisin colainn, O'Curry 2160 ( Eg. 88, 4 ).

Compds. With noun. -ér(a)ic wergild : colainn-ēr(a)ic `Leichen-Bezahlung', Ir. Recht 14.13 . colannéric deoraidh do thabhairt inntu `die Tötungsbusse eines Ausländers', 68.3 . co colainderce cert `to the exact amount of the body-price', Bretha 23 . With Vn. claidem cruaidhgher colundledartha, Aen. 2499 . With adj. i mogal cháidh cholannghlan, Aithd. D. 76.7 .

2 con-ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 con-ail or dil.ie/11971

v c.¤ suire cach fuidir `jeder f. hat auf Freiheit gleich Anspruch (?)', Ir. Recht 65 § 7 (referred to áilid, p. 76). Cf. conail comaltar `he is entitled to cofosterage', O'Dav. 1178 .

con-filli

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-filli or dil.ie/12116

v (fillid) lit. folds together: in cobfillter gl. utrum . . . implicatur, ZCP vii 485 ( Enchir. Aug. 20 ). finte fuidir co tafille fodail (i.e. they are liable to division), Laws iv 286.6 .

1 cró

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cró or dil.ie/13021
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: chrao, crai, cr, crui, cruu, cruib, crú, craoithe, chraí, craí(the

n o m. n s. croa, ZCP ix 453.9 . a s. chrao, Ériu i 214.4 . g s. crai, Laws iii 494.11 Comm. d s. cr, Corm. Y 306 . n p. crui, Laws iv 20.5 . a p. cruu (guaranteed by metre), ZCP iii 216.4 . d p. cruib, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 36.12 . Later also with n s. crú. Cf. n p. craoithe, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n. 3 . c.¤ (an eich) m., g s. an chraí , n p. craí(the, IGT Decl. § 87 . c.¤ (an eich), c.¤ (ón chroaigheacht), c.¤ (cáolaigh), inann ghabhaid, Cró (Cuinn) mar sin acht gan illradh aige, ib. acht craí lána do láoghaibh (proscribed), ex. 1627 .

A term of very wide application, the basic meaning being enclosure, enclosed space, fold, pen, etc. crābed .i. . . . crau imme ar Dia, O'Mulc. 208 . cro gl. [haec casula], Ir. Gl. 122 . cro cumung, Metr. Gl. 20 . cro .i. cumang, Lec. Gl. 551 . M 345 . cruimt[h]er .i. crō-imbi-ter .i. crō og a māinib ┐ crō ima imrād ┐ crō ima brēt[h]ir ┐ ima gnīm, Corm. Y 396 .

I

(a) Of animals sty, stall, pen, fold : airleng for cro na muice, O'D. 1701 (H 2.12, 8.2). c.¤ roimh oirc (prov.), Ir. Gl. 156.25 . orc a cru finni (letter a in pig-ogam), Auraic. 5675 . muc as gach crú, BNnÉ 265.35 . Cf. ocht n-anmanna in[n]a muc . . . cro . . . ceis, deil, O'Dav. 360 . ic sádud a crúi `in planting the stakes of her cattle-pen', Metr. Dinds. iii 376.4 . deich crái gacha dorais . . . .x. loig in gach crúo, Fél. 88.20 - 21 . hūan corcra a crū asaine, ACL iii 244 § 14 . i gcrú an asail, Aithd. D. 73.10 . aonchro caorach, Luc. Fid. 5678 . cro con anfaitig, Laws iii 416.6 Comm. Cf. techtughudh do breith isin fearann co cruibh ime no cen cruibh ime, O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23c ). crui tire do tellach, Laws iv 20.5 `to occupy separate enclosures', Celtica vi 235 = cru .i. ime, ut est crui tire do theallach, O'Dav. 527 . tar chro, ┐ is leth muna bét(h) crui fences, Laws iv 30.22 Comm. By extension, space between an animal's legs: .ix. duirn a fot airtem (a) leithet a crui iar nairthur (.i. in bail ar coraiged teascad in tarra iar nairthir itis da chois cinn na muice) dorn leithet a crai a niarthur (.i. iter a da cois tona) 'nine fists its length, a fist with thumb extended its fore intercrural width (i.e. the place where the tarr was cut in front between the two front legs of the pig); a fist its hind intercrural width (i.e. between his two hind legs)' Peritia xv 317-18 .

(b) Of persons hut, cell, prison : fo chrú cacht `an imprisoning pen', Metr. Dinds. iv 122.9 . C. beó 'n-a crú chumung, iii 6.64 . duine do-dheachaidh fa ch.¤ became prisoner (?), Aithd. D. 51.4 . at cru, a cullaig! (said to seeker of sanctuary), Ann. Conn. 1342.3 . ag coimhéad an chraoi 'n-a raibhe S.M. i mbroid `the cell', Keat. iii 1524 . c.¤ meathaigh, Mac Aingil 2460 .

(c) With gen. of n. pr. or n. loc. (freq. in poetry): do chuartaigh tar c.¤ n-Uladh `beyond the far limits', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.3 . c.¤ Chrúachain Connaught , IGT Decl. ex. 1354 . buaidh a mbiodbadh ac crú Cuind Ireland , ZCP ii 342.29 budh tréad gan bhuachaill crú Cuinn, DDána 81.14 . oighir Chraoi Connla, Ir. Syll. Poetry 68 § 5 . ar lár croi Ia `in the middle of Iona', AFM iii 134.19 .

(d) Encircling band of weapons, persons, warriors, etc., hence bodyguard, troop, (line of) battle: c.¤ sleg ┐ scíath . . . 'ma ríg ṅHerend, LL 38703 . a ngúaille risin c.¤ crann, IGT Decl. ex. 1156 . i gcrú chleath, DDána 117.24 . saor an chraoi `the man who forms his circle of spears', O'Hara 2402 . imos cuirset c.¤ sciatrach do sciathaib órda . . . impu, Alex. 470 . muinter Í Ch. cro teand im tighearna, IT iii 92 § 136 . do ládh c.¤ uimpi d'ḟeraibh guard (of Christ's tomb), Ériu iv 112.11 . ina mbuaili bodba ┐ ina cro cat[h]a, CCath. 4980 . dorinedh cro gaile imon airdrig, Ériu viii 40.18 . ? crai mialata, BB 378b20 = crumlata, KZ xxxiii 83.22 . a bharr c.¤ `O lord of battle', Aithd. D. 20.17 . Cf. c.¤ aingel . . . oc anorugud a anma, LB 275a54 ( onórugud, SG 59.23 ).

(e) Miscellaneous exx. with attrib. gen.: dos-ratais i c.¤ bidbad iat you left them at the mercy of enemies, MU² 884 . The following examples (crú bodba, crú fechta) may properly belong to 1 crú. Pokorny translates ' raven' and connects it with Lat. corvus, IEW 570 . c.¤ bodba (bodbda ?), RC xiii 114 § 156 . Cf. is crú fechta (.i. badb) modcernae, LU 8904 . Cf. cru fechto .i. badb, Corm. Y 308 . crúḟechta .i. bodba, O'Dav. 375 . cru .i. badb, fechta .i. cath . . . cairbidhib crúfechta, H 3.18, 61b10 . c.¤ búada precinct (of Temair), Metr. Dinds. i 28.20 . Cathir Chroind c.¤ buada, LL 3540 . focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti `a meeting for council', Ériu viii 56.9 . i gcomhdháil ndruadh chraoi gcorma in a ring round ale (?), Hackett² xvii 39 . c.¤ cotaig ┐ oentad `covenant and union', RC xiii 72 § 75 . c.¤ cadat ┐ caradraidh, xxix 138.30 . ? cro cuil im Chellach i foss, O'Mulc. 208 . c.¤ cummaisc of metres using features belonging to different structures ( Murphy Metrics 77 ): cro cumaisc etir randaigecht mbicc ┐ casbairdni (i.e. 73 + 72), IT iii 68 § 9 . cro cummaisc etir randaigecht moir ┐ casbairdne (i.e. 72 + 71 ), § 7 . lethidir c.¤ dernann dil `the hollow', Ériu iv 96.1 . Cf. an c.¤ Logo, RC xii 78 § 69 prob. `some hut or other enclosure in which Lugh put his winnings', n. ethais corp crín c.¤ péne `fold of torment', Imr. Brain 46 .

In n. loc. sruith shenoir Chraoi Caoimhghin, AFM ii 1020.z `St. Kevin's kitchen', n.

(f) socket, hoop (of lance), eye (of needle) etc.: sleg . . . co fethan óir impi o irlond co c.¤ , LU 10665 . líathga mór co tríchait semmand trina c.¤ , TBC-LL² 4488 . lán a glacc . . . da hindsma ┐ da c.¤ (of spear), Acall. 4922 . ? c.¤ trí rinne bodb moslinge, SG 409.10 = AFM i 302.x . gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT Decl. ex. 577 . co tarla cach snáthat díb hi c.¤ araili, LU 8858 ( FB 65 ). c.¤ snáthaiti, 4882 (TBC). im snathait, .i. set int snaith ina cro, Laws i 152.30 Comm. dul tré ch.¤ shnáthaide, Mk. x 25 .

(g) box, container : trian a cruib glaisne, leth mad coitethe 'vom Waid in crōs (containers, in Vorbereitung) ein Drittel; wenn er gehärtet (fertig) ist, die Hälfte' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 36.12 . .i. [trian] asin glaisin ina cet cru leth . . . .i. as in cru tanaiste no madat hurlam, Laws ii 372.23 Comm . nomhadh na glaisni ... ar a buan ... trian as in chet-chru, ... leth as in chru tanaisi, 'out of the first container … out of the second container' 418.9 Comm. , Celtica xv 5 . iarna minugad co techt a cro, [.i. . . . ina cet cro], 'until it goes into the container' Laws ii 374.2 Comm , Celtica xv 5 . trian iarna cét cotadh .i. isin cru tanuisi, O'D. 303 (H 3.17, 237) .

II hereditary property, inheritance : D. co lín c.¤ , Trip.² 392 . cislir rann fil for crū ?, Ériu i 214.14 . isna hībh crōaibh aile, 215.11 . confoglaither cin iar ndibad ┐ croaibh, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, 436 ). daer gabla no crai, Laws v 518.18 Comm. nī crō co cōiccir fo cosmailius clīaro, Ériu i 215.y . do chunchid roith croi for Aed . . . .i. delg nos facbad cech rig di aroile, LB 238cb23 . re c.¤ a shean `steading', Ériu xvi 133 § 24 . DDána 74.60 . a shéd craí na dheaghaidh dhuit, IGT Decl. ex. 1629 . re taisgidh is c.¤ carad (of a harp) `relic', Magauran 886 . tairgid cairt ar c.¤ a cinid `land of their family', Ériu iv 224.23 . ? im chrú nochar fhuirigh aonarc, Measgra D. 61.111 (in sense (a), Ed.). Note also crui `cattle', Laws i 214.25 , 298.15 Comm. , crai, iv 26.11 , 12 etc.

In follg. exx. wd. is of doubtful application and/or meaning): turthughadh craoi, Ériu xiii 23.24 . fuidir goible, fuidir chrui, fuidir gola 'der fuidir des Galgens, der fuidir des Bluttodes, der fuidir der Grube' Ir. Recht 65-66 . og na bi fer craidh, O'Curry 2546 ( Eg. 88, 45 (46)d ). ni acair nad caemclai o croib in forais, Laws i 102.y `sheds'. ? lan . . . di cormaim no as co cro(?) . . . lan di as cen cro(?), O'D. 936 ( H 3.17, 658 ). bid croa na trī forus (of saint), ZCP ix 453.9 . is cro timorgne cach aighnedha a arach fri comus n-æi, xii 364.7 . tri cro in tuile (of waves), BB 374a11 (cf. Dinds. 45 ). is ed rosaigh inn ardrígh asin cruid, Ériu i 215.3 . rachoidh sí c.¤ tar comhaidh (untranslated), O'Hara 4105 . cro Grigair gan rath nā rabh (sic leg.) / da minaigh cath 'ga chosnamh, ACL iii 245 § 25 ` house ', Aithd. D. 49.25 . is crō dá sét .i. coimhét, ZCP v 486 § 7 (B. na f.). in c.¤ caem (of willow tree), SG 245.25 . ni thiaghaid feacht nó sluaigheadh acht ar chródh `for pay', Leb. Cert. 96.26 (crod ?).

Compds. With nouns. ? croaithlich torgi fiann, ZCP viii 306.21 . ar chróbhothaibh bochtán `hovels', Keat. i 54.11 . in crobuaile cat[h]a `fold of battle', CCath. 5378 . 'na gcróbhuaile chumhaing (of hell), TSh. 6696 . i ngonaib ┐ i crobuillib baís (1 crú ?), LL 12785 . cróichíor chruinn a déad, Hackett² iv 22 . crō-c[h]līat[h], Corm. Y 371 . conboing catha cróchombág, LU 8352 ( FB 24 ). ag cróinnsmadh a ccraoisech fitting out their spears, Hugh Roe² 224.2 . sin chro-inse (: millsi), Rawl. 164a54 . gus in gcrōmhainnir chatha, Celtica i 117.125 . crotacra . . . .i. tagra . . . do-ghnither i cro airechta, Cóic Con. 60 § 144 n.4 . beit it chróthreibh coitechta `populous household', Leb. Cert.² 158.6 . With adjj. drud re roibhthibh, cúilte cróbhodhbhdha warlike(?), DDána 83.8 . caór catha crobuilnig, ZCP viii 306.15 . a ṡlegha crannremra cródhaingne, Acall. 1553 . a dhá chraoisigh . . . chró-fhairsinge, ML 112.21 . ech . . . coelchos cálethan (leg. crua-) broad-hoofed, LU 8665 ( FB 50 ) = crualethon, Eg. ( IT i 278 n. 18 ). dá craísigh . . . cróremra, CF² 681 . fr isrengad cucu na crusighi crothuilli open- socketed (?), B. Fermoy 77b24 . In n. loc. Cathir Chróḟind, Metr. Dinds. i 28.20 .

cuithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuithe or dil.ie/13734

Forms: cuithi, cuitedha

n io (Lat. puteus) g s. na cuithi , O'Curry 1643 ( 23 Q 6, 19 a ). n p. cuitedha, Laws iv 222.4 Comm. See Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 327 - 9 .

(a) pit : c.¤ gl. lacunar, Études Celt. xi 130 . c.¤ .i. cūa ┐ tē, ut dicitur cūad cōi-fid .i. fid cūa co cāe fās and, Corm. Y 338 . putte a putteo .i. cuthe, 1060 . do chuithiu ref. to inferno , Ml. 49a27 . cuidi tirmaidi `dry pits', 123d3 . búi c.¤ isin dún, LU 9391 . cúithi salaind `saltpits', ZCP xvii 232.21 . slocaidh amal chuiche, Ériu iii 6.15 . méit cuthi cach lattrach léig, LL 29443 ( Four Songs 18 § 3 ). for ur in chuthi, PH 1225 . a cuithi = fossa, Smaointe B. Chr. 4254 . ar ch.¤ nó ar chuas an chroidhe, TSh. 1855 . assin chuithi leoman `den of lions', Fél. Ep. 500 . a cuthi na leoman (Daniel), SR 7378 . cenn i cc.¤ leomhan (i.e. a risk), Hugh Roe² 286.14 .

Fig. of hell: isin mor-chute nísel, Lib. Hymn. 101.6 . a broid an ch.¤ chríonúrlaigh `the fagot-fringed ancient pit', Ó Bruad. i 22 § 6 .

(b) pitfall, trap for animals . See Plummer, Ériu x 117 . a seillacht bir no c.¤ `looking on at cattle on the brink . . . of a pit', Laws i 272.35 Comm. a fochruibh ch.¤ , ii 58.6 Comm. ma ruc in fiad leis in cep no in cuichi as a inad `trap', iii 456.14 Comm. ma rucastar in tos in cep no in cuithi les as a inad, O'Curry 1643 ( 23 Q 6, 19.a ). da chuichi cuchairi `two traps of hunters', Laws iii 456.17 Comm. on cuithi cuchairi etechta, O'D. 1514 (E 3.5, 53a). in ceap, ┐ in c.¤, ┐ in slabradh co pein, O'Curry 2384 ( Eg. 88, 30a ).

(c) prison, dungeon (see Ir. Recht 77 ): gola .i. c.¤, ut est fuidir crui ┐ gola .i. o cuithi donesairg, ┐ dom doigh is e sin in prisun, O'Dav. 1052 . on ghola, on c.¤ , Laws iv 246.19 Comm. o gebind co cuthi ó chuthe co croich, PRIA xix 552.41 ( LL 18645 ). tria . . . carcair ┐ cepp ┐ cuthi, PH 4201 . cuiritt hi cc.¤ na ngiall he, BNnÉ 4 § 5 .

(d) well, pool, whirlpool : toichredh a chenn 'sa ch.¤ `he would plunge his head into the well', ZCP i 66 § 113 . C., hi lomaind do cum c.¤ `approaching the pool', AFM i 480.13 = dochum cuithi `zu Grabe', Bruchst. 46 § 103 ; cf. demersus est in lacu crudeli morte, AU i 358.14 . Coire da Ruad . . . / is mor bruitheas a ch.¤ , Anecd. i 12.z ( SCano 403 ). isna saebchuthib in die Strudeltiefen, Alex. 680 . eol dam senchas na sruithe / for trebthas in trén-ch.¤ `of the mighty whirlpool's home', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.34 .

(e) Various: dariṅgned a cluchi caíntech. im chuthi grave , LL 32601 ( TTr. 1805 ). ar bru mona no chuithi morass (?), Laws v 330.13 .

cunnail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cunnail or dil.ie/13939
Last Revised: 2019

i (com + 1 dil). Laudatory adj. of somewhat vague meaning (freq. in alliteration): c.¤ .i. sonairt, O'Dav. 403 . connail .i. cothrom, O'Curry 2068 ( H 4.22, 67 ). connail .i. innraic(h), 1475 ( H 3.18, 653 ). connail .i. críonna, O'Cl. in t-í is c.¤ ┐ is cobsaid = constans, PH 5831 . arnicundil mesce caillech `seemly', Wb. 31c3 . Freq. of persons: artrag máir fírián connil 'the Great High King's righteous (and) decent one', Echtrae Chonnlai 122 § 11 . rí . . . c.¤ cobsaid, LL 371a55 . duine ro bo c.¤ ina bhethaidh, ┐ is c.¤ fri bas, O'Curry 1744 ( 23 Q 6, 31 ). fear glicc gaeth cundail, BB 243a34 . Neastur cundail cianæsta, TTebe 2186 . an caithmiladh condail craibtech `discreet', AFM iii 212.y . Also in many other applications: cundail a bríathar, LU 3402 ( SCC 18 ). briathra cundla, PH 6880 . mo comradh cundail `constant', Ériu xix 4.2 . ? conail suire cach fuidir , Laws v 360.14 . cundoil naidhm crannchuir, Ériu xiii 34.15 . lue rilog leccu chuar / .. . nícundail (cundaill, v.l.), IT iii 82 .x . nimtha nach cundail atber `appropriate', Ériu v 30.4 . celtar c.¤ co ndael-dath `seemly', Metr. Dinds. iv 330.12 . is cīall c.¤ , ZCP vi 264 § 5 . nī cundail, nī cuimnech-sum `constant' (of thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 7 . cundail a mhéd, xiii 29.x ( O'Dav. 403 cited above). inad c.¤ , SG 44.10 . sid c.¤ cardemail, Ann. Conn. 1320.2 . C. ba c.¤ a mhaith ` constant ', Content. xv 53 . múlla c.¤ `neat mould', Ó Bruad. ii 230.z . Compar. at cundlu bar comarlidi, LL 31728 ( TTr. 916 ). Superl. daoine is cunnla croidheadha, Measgra D. 16.18 . Adv. co c.¤ , LL 34229 . co c.¤ céillidi, CF² 624 .

Compd.: ó mhuir na socairthonn chonnailchiúin, Ó Bruad. i 40.12 .

dedlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedlaid or dil.ie/15001

Forms: dedlaid, deadlaidh, dedlaigh, nosdedlai, nosdedland, deadhlann, ndeglum, corodeglat, deglaidis, dedel, dedél, dedelum, degheolum, rodeghlais, rodedail, -deghail, rodeadhail, rodeghail, rodeadhailsead, rodedlaithseat, rodeighlisiod, deghladar, deadhaltar, deglaiter, rodedlad, dodedhladh, corodeglad, deglad, dedhailti, dedlai, dedlad, dedail, dedél

v -i-, denominative of dedail.—ACT. pr. ind. 3 sg. dedlaid, Laws iv 284. 2 f.b. ; 286. 2 . ; v 360. 4 . deadlaidh H 2.15A, 14 b . dedlaigh, BB 452 b 40 . nosdedlai (: co ndremnai) SR 8348 . — nosdedland, LL 135 a 43 . deadhlann P. O'C. from Keat.—subj. 1 pl. go ndeglum , ACL iii 240 st 43 . 3 pl. corodeglat, ZCP vii 269 § 8 . —imperf. 3 pl. deglaidis (mod. deighlidís), Éigse Suadh 99 .—e-fut. 1 sg. ní dedel (i.e. dedél) BB 270 b 1 (deidél, Lec.). 1 pl. ná dedelum (i.e. -élum), CCath. 1703 (v.l. degheolum). s-pret. 2 sg. rodeghlais, ZCP iv 384. 34 . 3 sg. rodedail, LU 47 a 39 . LL 33 b 10 (ca. 1000). 257 b 20 . CCath. 2053 (v.l. -deghail). rodeadhail, BB 36 b 48 . rodeghail, Acall. 3451 . 3 pl. rodeadhailsead, Dinds. § 79 (v.l. rodedlaithseat). rodeighlisiod, TFrag. 192. 11 .— cor deghladar , RC xviii 193. 7 ( Tig. A.D. 1162 ), depon. ending added to the stem of present. PASS. pr. deadhaltar, P. O'C. deglaiter , BB 309 a 35 . pret. 3 sg. rodedlad, LL 160 b 32 . 191 b 24 . BB 359 a 25 . CCath. 3259 . YBL 338 a 28 (-dh). dodedhladh, AFM v 1582. 9 . corodeglad LB 191 b 27 . nír deglad , 238 c b 11 .—pc. pl. dedhailti, CCath. 5276 . —VN. dedail, q.v. RHYMES : dedlai : dremnai (d s.) SR 8348 . dedlad : sedlad, LL 191 b 27 . dedail : debaid, ib. 257 b 20 . : meraig, LL 211 b 39 . dedél (fut). : chél (fut. ) BB 270 b 1 .

I Trans.

(a) disjoins, severs, parts, separates (from : fri, Mid.-Ir. ri, la). Glossed by deiligid, H 2.15A, p. 14 b , and frequently joined to this (as also to scáilid). deadhlaim I separate, divorce, sever, part, put asunder P. O'C. deadhaltar is parted, ib. — nosdedland Sruth Danai aniar, LL 135 a 43 . nosdedlai, SR 8348 . dascáiled...dodedladh ┐ dodeliceadh in buiden sin re chéli, YBL 338 a 28 . rodedlad rafucsat slóigh, Rawl. 79 b 25 . rodedlad de, 163 a 6 . dind gili druing dedlaid graig, 147 b 48 . tuc in clérech in cend frisin médi. anndar lat nír deglad riam iat, LB 238 cb 11 . rolaad isin roth coro deglad a ṅdeich renda a chorp, ib. 191 b 27 ( PH 1212 ). doḟás gairbhe san ngaoith...┐ dodedhladh ré roile an long ┐ an tarthrach, AFM v 1582. 9 . rodedlad friu lucht tuscairnte na comairli ┐ rodíchennait, CCath. 3259 . Teamair is Ériu ... rodosdeadhail drong dáinech BB 36 b 48 . deglaiter, ib. 309 a 35 . noco rosdedhail bás, ib. 2053 . deadhlann an bás an duine ┐ a ṁaitheas saoghalta, TSh. 17. 3 (v.l. from P. O'C. s.v.). Nathfraech icar deghlad na deighḟir from whom the nobles branched off Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . — Parts from, saves from : Temair breg baile na fian : rosdedail Dia ra domiad, LL 33 b 10 = Ériu iv 92. 1 . rocurad rosedlad sé : rodedlad ra doenmige, LL 160 b 32 . 191 b 24 . BB 359 a 25 .

(b) diminishes, lessens , opp. tuillid `increases' : nofríth i saltair Dé déin : sech ní tuilliub ní dedel : ó init co cáisc ní chél : a Caisil robái Benén, BB 270 b 1 . Leb. Cert. 60. 2 .

II Intr. parts, separates : dobertsa mo bréithir ná dedhelum (v.l. degheolum) don chur sa, CCath. 1703 . ón ló rodeghlais frim, ZCP iv 384. 34 . ón lo rodeghail rinde co ham na húaire seo, Acall. 3451 (v.l. dodealuigh, BLism. 181 a 1 ). rosdedail fri Isaac, Rawl. 73 a 26 . co rodeglat immale, ZCP vii 269 § 8 . rodeadailseat oc Beluch Dá Liag, Dinds. § 79 . dorónsad comrádh tairisi ┐ rodeighlisiod iartain, TFrag. 192. 11 . cor deghladar cen tṡíth cen cath RC xviii 193. 7 .— orba dúthrachta dedlaid fri fine, Laws iv 284. 2 f.b. ; 286. 2 . fuidir dedlaid fri fine, ib. v 360. 14 . co cenglum ár corp sin chath: go ndeglum re port pecthach, ACL iii 240 st 43 ( Hy Maine 122 b ). gurob ann deaghluidh re Tír Fiachrach i naimsir ṁarbhtha Tailtigh, Hy Fiach. 126. 11 . cuin dodheaghail risin mbruidh, BB 40 b 46 .— ABS. ropo chrúaid leo far ṅdebaid: rodedail gleo i nuarcollaib, LL 257 b 20 . — IDIOM. gid ed sin chena dedlaigh ar comáin ort grates persolvere dignas non opis est nostrae ( Aeneid i 600 ) BB 452 b 40 . Aen. 354 .

MOD. deighlim: do deighil se he divided GJ xvi 183 . Deighlim in the sense of Eng. `deal' (of cards) seems a loan from English: deighilmís...do dhein sé na cártaidhe ┐ do dheighil an crobaltach iad, GJ xvii 34. 23 . Cf. mod. deighleáil, déaláil in the same sense.

doír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doír or dil.ie/17924
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: doer, doír, dærcis, daertuath

adj o,ā. As subst. o, m. and ā, f.

(a) unfree, lowborn, of servile condition or nature; as subst., serf (opposed to soír free, a freeman; sometimes also to mug slave. See 1 saer); doer gl. mancipi, Sg. 51b12 . doer . . . .i. satilitess (= satellites), O'Mulc. 318 . dochraid cach daer, ACL iii 229 . saor ┐ daor, Laws i 40 . masa chudrumus corpdire dair dair ┐ dair urraid, O'Curry 999 ( H 3.18 427a ). daor urrad . . . daor deorada . . . daor murchartha . . . daor daoir, 2351 ( Eg. 88, 27 (28)b ). etir sóir ┐ dóir, Wb. 27c15 . berar . . . 'nas dáer na braiti such of the captives as are serfs, TBC-LL¹ 1696 . áne la dóer skill in a serf, Triads 84 . indogbáil doeir (.i. togbáil a hinde na doerclanna fri sáerudh) uplifting of the lowborn, Anecd. v 26 . saer i suidiu ndaeir ┐ daer i suidiu saeir, Laws v 18 . mac cumaili .i. daire of a bondswoman, 456 Comm. tucait na dáe[i]r ┐ na dorsaire do ḟaire na cathrach, RC xiv 416 ( LL 109b44 ). radeligtar a ndáer (= ndaeir) ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer nhErend, TBC-LL¹ 423 . mod frisa mbitis cumala doera, Corm. Y 324 . dia ructhar ar mnā dōera uand, biait for (ar, LU sic leg.) mnā sāera for brōintib, TBC-I¹ 1129 . etir saera ┐ daera freemen or serfs, Cog. 42 . o saeraib co daeraib, Laws v 466 . admestar doeru drungu fognama fognat, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . foirb daér ar dilse tenant-land held in fee, Metr. Dinds. iii 300 . d'fearann tsaér ┐ dhaor, AFM v 1842 . Servile, menial: oibre daora .i. oibre corpordha, mur ata treabhadh, etc., Luc. Fid. 100 ; Ó Héodhusa 160 .

(b) Of physical and moral qualities base, ignoble, slavish: ní dóir for mbethu, Wb. 5a3 . rāter rand do dréim nar daer (of Adam and his family), LL 136b25 . ba daor a dath, Todd Nenn. 282 . duairc, doer, dressachtach a drech, SR 939 . o Diarmaid nar bo daer drech of no servile aspect, BB 189a34 . a rosg daor an Diabuil, RC xxviii 320 . conacca in n-arracht ndoer ndochraid, LL 117b27 . for iffern ndub ndorcha ndaer, SG 52 . fria ndiumas ndaor ndrocht `enslaving pride' (?), SG 160 = fri diumus ndúr, Acall. 2964 (sic leg.). oc na slogaib dubaib doeraib na ndemna, PH 8308 . Compar.: mo choirthe . . . an duirb is daoire d'fiabrasaibh, Ó Bruad. ii 168 .

(c) enslaved, subject: is daor anois a dhuthaidh, GJ iv 10 . cella daera (a prophecy of evil times), ZCP viii 196 . tiuccfo aimser bus doer eglaiss do thuaith when the church shall be subject to the laity, SG 79 . Derbail . . . dar daer Cul Dremne to whom C.D. owned sway, LL 141a2 . doer o demnaib enslaved (i.e. possessed) by devils, PH 2226 . an uair do bhi t'anam deilte, daor uaidh enslaved by it (the body), GJ iv 20 .

(d) condemned, deserving punishment, guilty: slān cach ditiu(d); daer cach dic[h]ell `every neglect is condemned', Laws ii 2 ; 124 . d'eagla . . . go bhfuighthi daor thú lest thou be found guilty, Proverbs xxx 10 . dochuaidh síos go tigh na ndaor the house of the damned (hell), O'Rah. xvii 20 .

(e) laborious, hard, rigorous, painful: trosgadh, urnuighthe . . . aithrighe dhaor, GJ v 85 . is iontuigthe nach daor . . . an bhreath rug Dia ar Ádhamh, TSh. 3418 . With DO: is daer don liaigh inuair nach eol dó beatha an othair dórdugud it is a bad lookout for the physician, 23 P 10, 153ra22 . atáid trí hadhbhair fa' n-a daoire don droing . . . ioná don chineadh Iudaigheach why those . . . shall fare worse than the Jews, Eochairsg. 100 . innte (sc. isan oidhche sin) rogheinsiodar | Bile Tortan, Eo Rosa, | a n-umhla nochar dhaor dhí `their homage to the night was no indignity' (i.e. it was none the worse for that night that the Trees sprang up), ML 96 . Adv. gabhaidh go d.¤ docamhlach iad with rigour and severity (of captives), ML 108 . foighénaidh go d.¤ do Dhia he will render hard service, SG 24 . gur cheannaigh Críost ár siothcháin go d.¤ ar an gcrois purchased our peace dearly, Eochairsg. 73 . clogat do cheannach go d.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 22 . cruindigh do shaidhbhris gu d.¤ ┐ scaoil gu saor he amass your wealth with pains, Ériu v 130 .

(f) Hence dear, valuable, costly (comm. in mod. lang.; cf. Eng. dear): budh daor a bhfuil iona radharc precious shall their blood be in His sight, Psalms lxxii 14 . an criostal ba dhaoire, O'Rah. xxxiv 54 .

Compds. With subst. and adjj. doír forms compds.

(a) in sense of unfree, servile, base, of low condition esp. freq. in technical terms denoting social distinctions in Laws: ¤aicenta: daoraicinta `natural slave', inferior , Laws v 236 Comm. ; O'Dav. 873 . ¤aicme serf-tribe: athigh ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . daoraicme gacha dúithche, Keat. i 58 . ¤am(m)us serf-soldier: ocht doerammuis dia mbiathad fri seilgg, RC xx 140 . ¤athech serf, `villain': ni haltram nach dóerathig, Fél. 44 ( Fél. Jan. 15 ) (but see CMCS i 46 ). ¤bard a bard of the second class, oppd. to the sóerbard, IT iii 107 . na dærbaird, Auraic. 1691 . aisti na ndærbard, 1590 . ¤ bondwoman (poet.): rohir dam . . . deich ndairbé (.i. bancumala), Ériu ii 3 . ¤ben id.: fo dóerban dul `after the fashion of lowborn women', Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . ¤bíatach: a chuaird . . . for a dóerbiatachu ` base-hospitallers ', RC xxvi 39 n. 5 . ¤bothach serf-cottier , opp. to soerb., Laws ii 288 Comm. doerboth[ach]us, iv 388 Comm. See Críth G. p. 78 , Ir. Recht 81 . ¤chéle base tenant or client: a saerceili ┐ a daerceili, Laws i 40 Comm. doercele ag in rí, ii 94 Comm. ¤cherd: lucht daoircheard, mar atá an drong do bhíodh ré gaibhneacht nó ré ceardacht, etc. artisans of lower class, Keat. iii 656 . ¤chimbid prisoner: é féin . . . d'furáilemh ina dhaoirchimidh díairm do mhuinntir na bainrioghna, AFM vi 2258 . ¤chimbidecht imprisonment, bondage: ar dháigh ná dáoirchimidheachta i mbattar a thír ┐ a thalamh, a chairde, etc., AFM vi 1896 . tromnemhele na daoirchimidheachta dorad Ua Néll don Chalbhach, v 1584 . ¤chís tribute (exacted by conqueror): daircis fodhnama for feraib Eirend, RC xx 337 . dærcis, ib. go gcuirfeadh fá dhaorchíos iad, ML 118.18 . Isaiah lx 17 . a láethibh an dáoirchíosa `of the enrolling', Acts v 37 . ¤chlann serf-clan, inferior classes or race: ho d[ó]erchlandib gl. exiguis nationibus, Ml. 80a12 . cach doerchland, cach merlech lowborn person (?), LL 147a47 . at imdha a saerchlanda . . . at [t]earca a daerchlanda, IT iii 92 . co n-ordnitis doerclanna i n-ard-clannaib, CCath. 249 . can cummusc daerc[h]lann no daescurslógh, 6035 . sé cinéala Aitheachthuath nó Daorchlann i nÉirinn, Keat. iv p. 13 . sochaidhe dia saorclandaibh ┐ dia ndaorchlandaibh, Hugh Roe 108 . adj. ¤chlan(n)da: a ceithri doerclanda, CCath. 3564 = servum pecus, Luc. Phars. vi 152 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha daorchlanda, AFM vi 2146 . ¤ḟer bondsman: a dáirḟir (as term of reproach), Metr. Dinds. iii 154 . ¤ḟognam menial service, bondage: rucadh fa dochar ┐ daerḟoghnam, Ériu v 148 . rochuin[n]ig C. chuccasom daerfoghnomh Temrach, RC xvi 478 ( Dinds. 78 ). ¤ ḟuidir (tech. term), Laws ; ¤ḟuidres, Críth G. 580 ; see p. 93 ( base `tenant-at-will'), Ir. Recht 64 , 83 ff. ¤gním: fodailsed Aithechthuacha fo Eirind ┐ rodead daergnim flatha Erend uasaib, Lec. 350b38 (? = greim, BB, see below). ¤macne: bertair dóermaicni dóib their children will be serfs, LU 5614 = TBC-I¹ 1134 . ¤mám servile yoke, servitude: fo d., SR 1776 . doermamu fognamaidh, Laws v 222 Comm. Hence denom. doirmámaigedar gl. vilescere, Ml. 93d9 ; 101a8 . ¤mámaigthetu gl. squalor, Sg. 20a5 . hon doir[ma]maigthetaid gl. squalore, Ml. 28b1 . ¤manach base tenant of ecclesiastical lands, O'Dav. 873 . doermanuch ag in espoc, Laws ii 94 Comm. daermanach eagalsa, iv 196 Comm. Abstr. dóirmanche: cen erchóiliud doermancha, Ériu vii 142 . ¤mesda: luchd daoirmheasda taskmasters , Exodus i 11 . daoirmheasadóir taskmaster , v 10 , 13 ; iii 7 . ¤nemed (tech. term): atat dō neimid . . . saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine . . . Daerneimead imorro, aes gach dāna olchena . . . is do ṡaernemthib fognait, Laws v 14 . ¤opair servile work , TBC-LL¹ 1760 . ¤rath (see 2 rath): daerrath cach tothlu sech fine, ZCP xv 252 § 9 (see xvi 212-13 ). ¤rathas, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18 251). ¤thúath: daertuath ` tributary territories ', Laws i 82 Comm. ba do daertuathaib Herind do subject tribes , YBL 139a36 .

(b) As pref. with pejorative or intensive force, forming unstable compds. ¤bás: fodémat uacht ┐ gortai . . . ria ndaerbásaib éitchib before (dying) a miserable death, LB 206b56 . ¤breth sentence of condemnation: rug Dia an daoirbhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4 . ni dhearnais daorbhreitheamhnas flatha tyrannical judgment , ML 102 . ¤chor: ní daerchor `no sorry bargain', Metr. Dinds. iii 410 . ¤chris: daorchrios diúide `austere restrictions', Ó Bruad. ii 70 . ¤dál hard judgement or fate: daor-dháil, TSh. 6099 . ¤dálach rigorous, severe: cúntas daor-dhálach, TSh. 3750 . ar na hanmannaibh damanta daor-dhálacha ill-fated , TSh. 6264 . ¤dangen: i nhiffern ṅdúr ndáirdaṅgen, SR 1764 . ¤galar: gailcind nó daergalar ` haemorrhoids ', Fél. 44 (Jan. 16) . flux bronn no daorgaluir, 24 P 3, 346.2 . ¤gol: ag daorghol i nguais ghalair, Ó Bruad. ii 108 . ¤greim: fodhailset tuatha aithecha fo Erind ┐ roddet daergreim flatha Erend uasaib they were placed under strict subjection (?), BB 255b36 . ¤méit: o Dealbaeth nach dealbad bréic | cinset Dealbna can daormeit, Lec. 439b4 = gaendaermeit, BB 188b35 . ¤múch: cen dáermūich daille `vile smoke of blindness', Fianaig. 50 .

In adjj. ¤bésach: gomsa daerbésacha macneda Uladh i l-leth o maithrechaibh inherit servile ways from their mothers, ZCP viii 545 . ¤buillech: deilm d. `a dishonouring blow', Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . ¤garg: debtha dene dóergairce, LU 3466 ( SCC § 25 ). Ériu viii 173 .

(c) Rarely with vbs.: ¤brissid: cor daerbris a druim ar dó ann, Acall. 4871 ; 6943 ; 6998 .

domaíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domaíne or dil.ie/18062

n [, f.] = domaín: ní daitsiu a domaine na orgne `not to thee the loss caused by the destruction', BDD § 80 . cach fer nochunged Cheilg chaemi | ba dó féin a domaeni he was the sufferer by it, Ériu v 224.84 . Common in Laws in antithesis to somaíne. `Bussleistung', Thurn. ZCP xiv 336 , xv 238 . See also Stud. in E. Ir. Law 25 , 74 . is airium imrínn itir in somuine rotairg ┐ domuine chisa no fiach rofaguibh ar in mac arrears of rent or debts (?), Laws iii 64.3 Comm. dligtech cach torba techta cach somaine . . . freccuir cach d.¤ dofuba fri flaith, 22.1 . forusta fri hurnaide somuine ┐ domaoine, ii 278.25 ( ZCP xiv 369 § 31 . See also § 34 , 35 ). ni techta nechtar nae urtechta do somaine na d.¤ (of a mariage-contract between insane persons), 406.21 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 74 § 36 ) .i. somaine didbad no d.¤ cinad the profit of legacies or the loss of crimes, 27 Comm. ni renar nach ainim dofeilci d.¤ i trebad, 360.17 ( O'Dav. 710 ) a defect causing poor returns in husbandry (Thurn.), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 25 . cach fuidir acht doerfuidir, it messe imscartha fri flaith, acht ni fargbat domuine na cinta foraib `debts or crimes', Laws v 520.8 .

As n.pr. m. D.¤ Mossud, name of a judge, BDD § 118 .

1 enech, ainech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 enech, ainech or dil.ie/20066
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ainech, ainech, enech, einic, enig, ainiuch, inchaib, enech, enigh

n o, n. (Ascoli considered the latter form to be originally a distinct word, connected with aingid protects), in later lang. m., and sometimes s in pl.

I Face, front ; as the word is regularly pl. in early Irish the original meaning was evidently brows or cheeks. In the later lang. it is more usually treated as sg.: n p. a di chulaid-som friu ┐ enech Loig, TBC-I¹ 1154 . a p. ní 'na n-enech robitha acht is inna ndrummai (gl. vulnera non aduerso corpore exciperunt, sed auerso) Ml. 100b2 . dubeir cách a chorp hí cotarsnae fria chele .i. enech fri enach (gl. aduersis corporibus) 65b10 . follaig Medb a hainech, LU 6567 . tucastar dóit fri dóit ┐ einech fri einech, CRR 45.48 . goeth garb ina n-enech, FA 26 (LB). nobetis déra geiredh dar eneach gach caratt ZCP vii 268 § 4 . d p. is i n-inchaib atat na cétfaide, O'Mulc. 403 . g p. comlethet a enech di or, LU 20b27 = MU 54.15 . cathbarr ┐ éittidh robaoi foraibh ag...diamlughadh a n-aightheadh ┐ a n-eineach, Hugh Roe, 166.9 (f. 44b) . In later texts the gen. is usually in sg. form: ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s. eineach, and the word is probably to be taken as sg. in the following exx.: glass robhói a ainech .i. aighed ghlas lais, Cóir Anm. 201 . dorat sígín na croiche dar a enech, RC x 185.14 . dearg a oineach .i. a ghnúis, Keat. ii 2223 (< dearg-ainech robái, Cóir Anm. 21 ). Later form of n p.: nírbo heinighi carat im [sic leg.] fleid in lucht bátar isin tig sin faces of friends at a feast Hib. Min. 52.23 (= aigthe carat, IT i 99.15 ). Of the outer surface of anything: nói mbuilc co n-inchaib órdaib, BDD 119 .

In phrases: ar (for) inchaib over against, in front of: Lia na Fían... | ar inchaib Rátha Senaid, Metr. Dinds. i 18.80 . co torchair for incuibh a duine fessin, Ériu vi 144.10 . badar da tulaigh arda fora n-inchaibh, CCath. 2407.1652 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 208.30 . Hugh Roe² 3.32 (f. 2a) . AFM vi 1898 z . After verb of motion: tainic ar ionchaibh a lethemain came in front of his twin (to shield him) CCath. 2068 ( Luc. Phars. iii 614 ). do dhol ar ionchaibh an Choimdhedh go breithemnus mbratha, BNnÉ 128.17 .

The following seem to belong to this section, but the sense may be that of II b: dorochradar...gleri laech for inchaib a tigernadh, Aen. 2494 . do eirgedar...isin comlonn sin ar inchaib Fergusa `in support of F.' Celt. Rev. iv 22 note m.

ar (for) enech into the presence of (cf. II b). Later also in front of: Ó D. ┐ Ó N. do bheith i ndíbh scoraibh for aineach aroile ó Shamhain go Nodlaicc, AFM iv 1178 x = for enech, AU 1490 . atconnairc T. an t-aingel ina seasamh ar a oinigh [leg. oinech?] gerbo ina diaidh fosraccaibh, Aisl. Tond. 101.9 . Cf. elta dian mag fo ócaib...fert na n-airech ... | décaid ar ainech Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.52 .

fri enech opposite: isind ḟoclúi féinnida fri enech in ríg, BDD 74 . Cf. Ml. 65 b10 and CRR 48 , cited above.

i n-enech against, in opposition to: dolbfamaitni sé muca...a n-einech na sé n-onchon, Anecd. ii 62.15 ; 63.3 . Cf. duberat mo bráthir im ainech mu étchi my kinsmen urge against me my ugliness (cast it in my teeth?) Trip. 152.6 . ? dá mbeith ’na oineach 'if opposed by him' Celtica xvi 91 § 5 .

os inchaib?: airchinnig étrocair bíte ós inchaib martra na nnǽb for dānaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA 25 (this may belong to II).

enech i n-inchaib face to face: tucad cuce in di tabald co mbatar ina lamoib eneuch a n-inchoib facing one another RC xiii 223.53 . dorola airri na hA. doib...eineach i n-inchaip for in muig, CCath. 3058 . With do: do suidhigh [Césair] a longphort ann einech i n-inchaibh do longphort Poimp, 3287 . With fri: gabhsat longport and eineach i n-ionchuibh fri hUltaib, ZCP xiv 228.1 . batar enech i n-ionchaibh friaroile corofighedh iomairecc, AFM ii 908.5 . iii 362.4 . Hugh Roe² 5.32 (f. 3a) . go ranuicc go Dún na nGall eineach i n-ionchaibh frisna Gallaibh, 18.4 (f. 10a) . AFM vi 1926.10 .

e.¤ imm inchaib id.: ro gabh Cesair longphort...enech um inchaibh ríu, CCath. 2286 . Cf. robhai aigidh im inchaib fris directly opposite him Aen. 2857 .

With pref., as adj.:

bán-ainech white-faced: ben bán-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314 = TBC-I¹ 2789 (= banaighthech St).

clár-ainech flat-faced: Mo Bii...in clárainech ( .i. cen sróin lais itir, LB 97 ), Fél. Oct. 12 . in dall clar-enech = cæcum tabulatam faciem habentem Todd Lect. v 86.3 . Cf. ferais tromṡnechta...co mbatar clarenig uile coiceda hErend din tṡnechtu so that all the fifths of Ireland were equally level plains TBC-LL¹ 627 .

crunn¤ (cruinn¤ ) round-cheeked: gnúis chorcra chrund-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 5323 .

coím¤ with noble face: Cathbad cóem-ainech, IT i 68.14 . LU 124 az = ZCP iii 236.19 ( ¤oinech). mor cend caem-ainech, BB 420 a36 .

derg¤ ruddy-cheeked: derg-ainech robái coni[d] dé ro lil Enna Derg dé, Cóir Anm. 21 .

gorm¤ swarthy-cheeked: fer gorm-ainech, BDD 75 . fien gorm-ainech, Fianaig. 10 § 8 .

moíth¤ soft-cheeked: ben mæth-ainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 .

COMPDS.: pn enech-glass green-faced: Bressal Enechglas RC xxv 22.10 . Rawl. 117by . B. Ainechghlass, Cóir Anm. 201 . asbert fri Breasal nEineachlais, Lec. 380a7 = Leb. Cert. 194 . rí O nEnechlais, Top. Poems 74.13 = ar Uibh Inechruis, 90.5 (see note, and Leb. Cert. 195 - 6 n.g.). Cf. ...AVI INEQUAGLAS, JRSAI 1898, 57 .

¤nár of noble countenance, or noble repute: Enna enech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iv 182.12 . ri claind Iafeth enechnāir, LL 142a44 . Rawl. 76b20 . ó mac Cumaill einechnáir, Acall. 1417 . Caichni ros ícc Sinchell slán | co himthend co henech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 .

¤réid of gentle face, or of free generosity, lavish: ar ndol don úr enechréigh upon the death of the generous one Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330.3 (cf. ó ṡíol R. an réadhoinigh `generous seed of R.' TD 16.57 ).

II By a transition of meaning apparently connected with the tendency for feelings of shame or humiliation to be reflected in the countenance, enech comes to be used in the sense of honour, repute, good name . The `enech' of an individual might be damaged by unatoned insult or injury on the part of another, or by any act on his own part which was dishonouring to his status, or any failure to fulfil the duties of his rank. Such acts or lapses, when unatoned, left a stain upon his `enech' and thus damaged his status. The contexts in which enech occurs in this sense usually deal with acts which cause humiliation or degradation, or with compensation for such acts, and the word takes on slightly different shades of meaning according to the aspect in which `enech' is regarded. For convenience of reference the exx. given below are grouped as far as possible in accordance with these aspects. In some passages the literal meaning of the word is plainly recognised. In the Laws Text it is treated as pl.; elsewhere it is often sg., though at least some of the instances from early texts are doubtless due to transcribers: gen. einic, Corm. Y 685 . enig, 532 . FB 94 LU. dat. ainiuch, AU 1123 .

(a) honour, repute; dignity, status: ar na torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech caich...a aér i [= a?] torgabail cen gell dia inchaib, gú-fiadnaisi [sic leg.] gú-test, ailsed nadma, elud rathaigis, dul tria aitiri im ni dichuat fuiri [cf. Laws i 58.1 ff .], cacc for a enech [cf. Corm. Y 685 . ZCP xv 342 § 33 ]. Cid dinigh di inchaibh neich inna .uíí. sa? nach sal aslenna ainech duine biit a tri oca diúnach .i. sleic ┐ usce ┐ anart. is edh is sleíc, fóisitiu in mídénmai fia[d] doínib ┐ in gell nád súifii friiu aitherach. in t-usci, ícc ne[i]ch atball tria mignimiu. anart, penait in midenmai rer [per?] lebor that they fall not in the seven things in which everyone's honour (or countenance) may fall, that is, to be satirized, to transgress without having a pledge on his behalf (or to be satirized for transgressing, etc.?), false witness, false testimony, careless bond-making, evasion of suretyship, breaking through his pledge...(?) [all these bring?] dirt on one's honour. What cleanses from one's honour (or countenance) these seven things? Any stain which soils a person's honour, etc. Laws iv 318.21 ff . Cf. MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status § 100 ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 ). nā raibh on for inchaibh tuaithe, ACL iii 295 § 27 . on it inchuib, Laws i 232.3 . recht ┐ enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do rig, enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do cāch olcena...treidhe do rig .i...is recht a timarcain is enech do beth sochaide ┐ imcomet anma do insin for a king, rule and honour and life; for others (only) honour and life. Threefold for a king, i.e. his (power of) constraint (or castigation) is (his) rule, it is his honour to have a retinue, and that guards his life Laws i 230.11ff. Comm. Cf. recht .i. flatha. enech .i. feni .i. ocus filidh. ainim .i. eclasa .i. inas dír do eclais rule, i.e. of the lord; honour, i.e. oj the freeborn native, i.e. and the poet; life (soul ?), i.e. of the church, i.e. what is properly for the church 230.10 . dilsi n-ainech rig a king retains his honour ZCP xv 366 . conagaib ainech ┐ anmain damsa in fer muinteri rucad uam .i. mo chú upheld my honour and my life (i.e. by guarding his stock so that he was never shamed from lack of provender for his guests, and by guarding his own person) TBC-I¹ 534 . secht seoit airech...con-oat enech which maintain (his) honour (i.e. appertain to his status), Cóic Con. 45 § 72 . Cf. Laws i 134 . ní dlegar anim is enech i n-íc n-anma (the loss of) a life need not be requited by both honour and life Metr. Dinds. iv 110.43 . úaisle eineach inā anam, ZCP xiv 251.2 . béo duine d'éis a anma ┐ ní beo d'éis a oinigh [sic leg.] RC xxix 138.4 . Aen. 2203 . Here we may note the punning sentence: olc amser...i mbiat ile cenna, i mbiat uate enig when heads [i.e. severed ones] will be many and countenances [i.e. reputes] will be few LL 188a52 = RC xxvi 36.3 .

To each grade was assigned a certain rate of satisfaction for any act which if left uncompensated would taint the individual's honour and thus affect his standing and reputation. This compensation was proportioned to the nature of the act and the status of the individuals concerned, and based on the valuation termed lóg n-enech ( honour-price ) in the earlier law tracts (`honour-price was the valuation of the freeman's status'; `a valuation of the power and effect of his status at any given time,' MacNeill, l.c. 270 . Another term for honour-price was eneclann, q.v.): digaib do log eneach eireach it diminishes the honour-price of a chief Laws iv 56.26 . is dilis don cele log n-einech dib, ZCP xiv 391 § 59 = Laws ii 336.5 . log enech fuidre, ma[d] doerfuidir, can mittir ? a inchaib a flatha whence is the honour-price of an unfree settler estimated? from the status of his lord Laws v 516.13 ; 108.24 . fer cen selb...a inchuib a mnā direnar side he is rated according to the status of his wife 516.5 . ii 394.27 . log n-ainech cach fuidire acht doer-fuidir direnar as a leth-[th]othchus, v 518.14 . na gradha tuaithe...ailsed nadm[a], no rath, no eteris, no gūfiadnuisi, no gūfoirgiull, no gūbreithemnus, no gūmes, no guin indilsi, no forlosccadh...troethaidh a logh einech umpu, i 58.10 Comm. dia ndenut guin, no fell for corpuib no colluib, fingal no duinethaighe, no etech daime, no adaltrus do graduib ecuilsi tesbuidh a lan-log einech iumpud fo cetoir curu icuit ┐ curo pinnet na grada ecuilsi ┐ ro sothut na grada cetna cinmotha in t-espoc, Laws i 56.24 Comm. ciasingba in ben as a mamaib ni fairben log n-ainech indi fir `if the woman falls from her obedience, it does not subtract from the honour-price of her husband' v 516 z . sechtmad lōge enig cāich iarna míadh, Corm. Y 532 . lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad, 531 . Cf. dalbach dina tobngar dire n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . congairim firiu hErinn. nus biathaim gu cenn dechmuidi. fosuidiur a ndana ┐ a ndibergai. forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin I help (them to maintain) their status and (to repel) attacks on their honour IT i 141.27 = 325.8 . ZCP iii 236.4 . dodechas o M.A. cuice do cuingidh na muice do chabair a einich M.A. sent to him for the pig to help (him to maintain by his hospitality) his honour Dinds. 112 = IT i 112 . Cf. cit. from TBC-I¹ 534 , above. fó daig na rotubaide fria enech lest his honour should be aspersed IT i 121.30 . dús in fugebmáis tesorcain ar n-enech fri Ingcél, orguin fón orguin dorat dún to see if we could get wherewith to guard our honour from I. (that is,) a reaving to set against the reaving he allowed to us BDD 48 (they had promised him a return reaving and their honour would have been damaged had the promise not been fulfilled). na haithber ar n-einech, a I. (he had reproached them with shrinking from the promised reaving) 80 (ainech YBL). is messi thall cach n-accobor collaide n-airi na beth milliud enech daitsiu and, IT i 128.25 . ni fil imlot n-enig daitso and, 128.28 (LU) = issat slán-sa dot enech, 128.6 (Eg.). guin in meic ro mill a enech `that smirched his honour' (by embracing his wife) Metr. Dinds. iv 110.32 . do dígail ar mná ┐ ar n-ainig ar na Manib, TBC-LL¹ 4572 . an ferann in ro sáraighedh C. a dílsiugad dó 'na enech as compensation for his (outraged) honour Metr. Dinds. iv 268 x . MR 132.4 . olc do inchaib Ulad...na tri eclaind do thutim dib ┐ nad tabrat digail fair, IT ii2 214.51 . bid olc dot inchaib-siu (not to avenge the slaying of his servant), Laws i 6 z . Ériu ix 46 § 8 . foipremm ina ndegaid ┐ marbam...is liach on, ol M., ┐ is meth n-einig duinn inni sin a blighting of our honour ZCP iv 39.13 . cáemain, a rí... | th'ainech, th'agaid, ocus tabair Ailech d'A. `guard ...thine honour and thy face, and give A. to A.' Metr. Dinds. iv 116.103 . not áirubsa, ol in cainte. ro íccus dom inchaib indiu. aírfatsa Ultu it chinta. ro iccus dia n-inchaib I shall satirize thee [for refusing a request]...I have paid on behalf of my honour to-day. I shall satirize Ulster for thy faults. I have paid on their behalf LL 121a42 - 44 . RC viii 48.25 ; 52.12 . do ænig a fir, 48 z . Cf. ni herfaider dom incaibse ón sibse imme (reply to a challenge) LU 21a18 = IT ii2 213.15 (cf. 210.1 ). ro íccus do chind m' enig indiu chena, LL 121a16 . tanic F. leo dar cend a enig, daig ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid...ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3022.1738 . berid enech carries off the honour of (by satire, etc.) humiliates, shames: nicon n-etus leo fer du thuidecht ar a chend. is mebul hinnso, ol O. bertar enech di sunn they could not get a man to oppose him, that is shameful, says O. it will cause loss of honour IT iii 239.132 . ni cóir enech cóicid do brith ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb, FB 94 . RC viii 48yz . But in a different sense: dosmbidc Cú C. a Delga connach cæmnacair anmanna de duine na chethir ronucad a ainech secha fades C.C. cast at them from Delgu so that no living thing, human or quadruped, was able to get past him unshamed (?) (i.e. without being overcome, but cf. II (b), first cit.) TBC-I¹ 1745 . It was especially harmful to one's honour to refuse a request or to fail in any of the obligations of a host; to show churlishness towards poets or minstrels: meni tuga biad im dorn | berat th'eneach, Laws v 64.22 Comm. conattecht R. in clettín ┐ nad tarddait C. in clettín dó...rádis R. nobérad ainech C., TBC-LL¹ 2068 . TBC-I¹. 1336 (enech). Otia ii 78 z (einech). Cf. O'Dav. 1527 . co mberdais enighe Erenn, Ériu v 116.50 .

do-gní e.¤ maintains (achieves, satisfies) honour, reputa- tion: ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb oc denam a n-enig, FB 94 ( = hoc diden a n-oinich, ZCP iv 175 ). ba fearr lais a bās ac denum a enig inās a ēlud fo mebail, Aen. 3117 . nā bīd ...dobrón fort, ar dogéntar th'ainech ┐ ní bía fo mélai (Agamemnon to Menelaus), TTr.² 551 . dia ndernad enech fíal-Ḟind when generous F.'s honour was achieved Metr. Dinds. iv 42.34 . cia enech mór dorigne ? indarbad na nGall...'s ár ar síl I., iii 200 . denu-sa mo eineach don chur-sa ma doronais mo mieineach roimi treat me honourably this time, even though thou didst treat me dishonourably before Anecd. ii 78.16 . In: asbert Agmemnón nírbó santach immon ríge...léor leis namá connerntá [ = connerta, LL 406bw ] enech na Tróianda , TTr.² 1236 , Stokes's emendation conderntá is probably right, though co n-érnta (ernaid) would also make sense. In either reading the context shows the meaning in general to be as he renders it, `that the honour-price of T. be exacted' (i.e. that they might be compelled to render satisfaction fitting to their status. Stokes compares einach .i. eneaclann, O'Cl. ).

tiagait dia tir ┐ a n-eneach leo go home with their honour secure (they had maintained their reputation) Ériu v 32 z . Cf. dobert ainech ris he saved (his) honour thereby (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 94.27 (the meaning seems to be that by reaching the spot with the stone he had given satisfaction for the crime; see p. 102 ib. ).

In adjuration: for fír th'ainich ┐ t'anma, a F., asndíth cia cruth... !, ZCP iv 43.32 . ar ghrádh th'einigh innis damh `for the love of thine honour, tell me' TD 3.43 . ar ghradh h'oinigh [sic leg.], Atlantis iv 220.33 .

aís enig people of degree, nobles: mo dímiad-sa fíad...ǽs enig, SCC 41 ( = LU 49a46 ).

(b) One's honour could be harmed by failure to fulfil a promise or a guarantee, especially a guarantee of protection. Such a lapse was equivalent to failure to protect and maintain one's `enech,' hence the transferred meaning

protection, security, guarantee: here most probably should come: mad fíu lib mo ainech-sa do breith less if you think fit that it have my protection Wb. 14a4 (the gloss is not a mere translation of ut ego eam, but supplements it by the reason for Paul's offer to accompany the collection). Similarly: ní imdidnibter ainech and no one's guarantee will be protected 15c25 (if ainech is pl. the MS. reading is correct). tucad enech Pirr friu fri[a n-] anacul, Aen. 49 . ri feallus for einech (.i. for a comuirce), Laws v 172.17 ; 168.11 ; 368.8 . MR 190.8 . (Saul has promised David his daughter if he slays Goliath:) ainige fris... | a meic Cis...! | rót biat limm anige in tslúaig | ...enech Ioseph uas cech du, | Moisi, Iacob is Iessu | henech...os cech dáil | uaisliu díb (sic leg.) Dia Abaráim pledges for it, son of Kish !...Thou shalt have from me the guarantees of the host...the guarantee of Joseph, etc. SR 5841 - 52 . nā sāraig... | Maísi, Ioséph, Iacób | nā bris báig n-airech no láech | no ainech na fer fírgáeth, 6030 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn im anacul ógh ar muinteri, TTr.² 1803 . in tan do-n-athmongar cuir tar einaige fer, Laws v 506.13 = tar enech ratha, O'Dav. 980 . Cf. ZCP xiii 23.7 = Bürgschaft 11 § 35 . Fergus... ro rir a einech ar chuirm F. who sold his honour (pledged to protect the sons of Uisnech) for ale IT i 81.7 . gai Táidhg rug C. lais chum na mbroc ar co tísdaís...amach ar enech Taidhg. tangadar na bruic chum C. ┐ do mharbh iat . dochóidh Tadhg iarsin do chaithem na fleidhe bai ag C. ┐ do ḟetir a enech do choll T.'s spear C. took with him to the badgers so that they should come out (relying) on T.'s protection. The badgers came to C. and he slew them. Afterwards T. went to eat C.'s feast, and he knew his protection had been violated Cóir Anm. 239 . can comarci acht eneach B. fein, Cog. 130.15 . ar bith ainig Ḟergusa ara tanac because thou hast come under the safeguard of F. TBC-LL¹ 1884 . conaitig C. cucu a n-eneach no a n-anmain (the fulfilment of) their guarantee or else their lives (i.e. that they should make the defaulters for whom they were pledged give satisfaction or else lose their own lives) BB 389b14 = Dinds. 78 (a n-enoch nó a n-anom). crech lasin nG....for araill do chenel E. baoi for comairce Uí Thaircheirt. rucc O Tairceirt forra... ┐ marbhthar é budh deisin ag cosnamh a einigh, AFM iii 174.10 . ii 1138.5 . vi 2208.1 . Hugh Roe 248.2 (f. 66a) . riar Maol Brighde iarsin hi ccol einicch Pádraicc satisfaction was given to M. for the violation of Patrick's protection (i.e. for invading the sanctuary of Ard Macha) AFM i 542 x . tre miorbailibh na naem isa heneach ro ṡaraigh whose protection they had violated iii 54.2 . térna imorro Ua M. do eineach Chianáin gan mharbhadh through C.'s protection ii 1016.14 . AU 1123 (ainiuch).

ar (for) inchaib under the protection of: nach ingen macdacht...nobid la hUlltai is for a inchuibseom nobitdis noco n-irailtis for feraib in his ward RC x 222.131 . a athair...sul lenus sé in chalann cuil | go mbé in t-anam ar th'ionchuib, O'Gr. Cat. 446.14 . ar fhaosamh nó ar ionchaibh ar Slánuightheóra, TSh. 2717 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha...ro imir sé ar na daoinibh...batar ar a ionchaibh ┐ ar a ḟosdadh under his protection and engaged for his service AFM vi 2148.1 . ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.9 . Cf. cid hē nobeith and...nangonaind-se [nomg—MS.] ar inchaib Ulad even if it were he (his own son) I would slay him in spite of (?) the Ulstermen Ériu i 118.19 . Cf. is ort as chóir a chumhal | d'agra...lucht faghla... | do losgadh mh'arbha ar th'ionchuibh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 564 . For exx. of ar (for) i. after verb of motion, see II (c).

ar (for) enech , etc., id. (properly only after verb of motion): is commairgi dait immar thanac...ar einech... Fergusa, TBC-LL¹ 1854 . techt don anam ar h'oineach, YBL 401b8 = Dán Dé xxii 21 . cecib tan docuirethar neach uaidibh for ionchaibh aroile gurbo hiomairgidhe laisiomh dul for eineach Fhélim, Hugh Roe² 8.25 - 26 ( ff. 4b-5a ). gabh ar h'oineach mé, TD 30.26 . Here, probably: toet for m'ainech-sa, ZCP viii 311 w . Cf. in slúag-sa bar th'einech ┐ ar do chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 6088 . ar th' eineach dhamh I dependent on thee GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 510 . mé ar h'eineach 'sar eineach nGall, Studies 1924, 243 . TD 30.25 . a milled ar t'inchaib ┐ ar t'einech `if they should be destroyed in spite of thy safeguard and thy honour' IT ii2 123.48 . Cf. dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co A....co mbúaib my honour and life have been pledged ZCP iv 44.29 . d(i) inchaib by the guarantee of; by means of: co tísad slán d'inchaib a coraigechta-som ZCP iii 206.5 = LU 115b38 . forócrad do B. fácbáil in tigi de inchaib na n-atairi on the security of his guarantors FB 13 (cf. TBC-I¹ 1243 ). ro leicceadh ass...d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM ii 1072.14 . Cf. gan timdhibhe ferainn for M. gomadh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion, ┐ co ffoccarthaoi slán é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, 1072.12 , where the sense may be different: till he should be proclaimed exempt from the protection, etc. (?), and : eirgg es... dem inchaib, RC xxv 346.14 . nod ber as dom inchaib-si, riasu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.24 (away from the jurisdiction, peace, of?). With fír: nod gaibim for fir mo enig ┐ mo ḟaesaim, BDD 162 .

fo e.¤ under the protection of: do Thorinis fot ainiuch Tours is under thy protection LL 367 marg. inf. = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 25. 439 § 8 .

In some contexts equivalent to (c) mercy, clemency, quarter: dober einech don bharda, AU iii 522.2 = ALC ii 224.14 = maithemh n-anacail, AFM v 1334.13 (ann. 1516) . dia ttardta eineach ┐ maithemh n-anacail dóibh quarter and protection AFM vi 207.4 . techt for eineach Uí D. ┐ a óighriar do thabairt dó to cast himself upon O'D.'s mercy AFM vi 2136.8 . ticc D. disccir diairm...amach ar ionchaibh Meic Mic M. throwing himself on M.'s mercy v 1760.12 . go ttiocfadh for ionchaibh an Iustis `would surrender to the Lord Justice' vi 2300.12 . Cf. is truagh dúinn intí...do beith i n-áit édaingen ar inchaibh a escarad at the mercy of (?) his foes Expugn. Hib. 33 . mar atá airde na neamh ós cionn na talmhan atá a oineach comhmór sin don lucht ar a bhfuil a eagla, Psalms ciii 11 . ná bíodh ann duine do ṡínfeadh oineach chuige, cix 12 . Cf. loghadh (ón einech), IGT, Decl. p. 54.15 - 16 .

In: ro láithea for biastaib | la berga cen enech (`merciless ruffians') Fél., Prol. 42 the meaning seems rather good faith and the rendering faithless ruffians is more likely.

Honour was maintained by open-handedness, bountifulness, hence the sense (d) generosity, bounty, hospitality , cf. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid...is do sin is nomen nāire. fēile immorro ainm don einech bunaid, Corm. Y 983 : ainech coitchend cáich...cen diultad ri nech, LL 148b22 = KMMisc. 268 . ba mór einech in oclaigh sin...uair nír facaib ben cen a coibchi...gilla cen a dliged dingmala...fer cen a tuarustal ┐ nír gell i n-aidci riam ní nach comaillfed i lló, Acall. 4073 . cia díb siut is ferr einech...? is ferr einech in gilla, uair issé dobeir do chāch cach ní dogeib, 4623 . ZCP vii 304 § 12 . BColm. 98.24 . Cas clothach...cloth .i. enech. ar is é nech robo mó enech ┐ ba fearr im cach ní do iarfadh nech fair, Cóir Anm. 9 . ben robudh maith deirc ┐ oineach, AFM iii 414.1 . Acall. 222 . ar mbrath oinigh gach éinḟir, TD 10.40 . ZCP viii 109.13 . Here perhaps: roddet i nArd Macha...ainech aībhda ro mmac nDé delightful hospitality (?) Ériu viii 67.15 . an t-enech sotal soichlech | brondtach díghuind derloicctech (an attribute of the chief), Ériu iv 218.17 . ar mhéid a oinigh d'aoidheadhaibh, Keat. iii 1700 . ó oineach óir is eang generosity with gold and territory Ó Bruad. ii 152.10 . With do-gní: is romhór luach an enigh cidh cia do-ni, ZCP x 51.7 . an tré ghlóir dhíomhaoin doní G. an t-eineach mór úd?, Keat. iii 957 . With concrete sense: conid hé sin enech dedenach Guairi G.'s last act of bounty ZCP iii 218 § 37 = LU 117b18 . dontí do-ní an offráil nó an t-eineach so ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5280 (cf. 4815 ). Phr.: tré dichell damhna lusa éigin dá faghail dúinni eneach cennach `for love or money' O'Gr. Cat. 120.5 . g s. as attrib.: sluag [sic leg.] an enigh the generous ZCP x 51.13 . With pref.: dobi se fíal degh-enigh, BCC § 136 . As compar.: ni tainicc riam duine ba degh-enich inās é more generous § 157 . ni raibe...duine ba doichlighi ┐ bú droch-enigh ina in G. sin more churlish or more niggardly § 138 .

faiderán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faiderán or dil.ie/21074

Forms: faideran

n a mantle or garment: faideran (faigeran M) .i. inar, Lec. Gl. 544 . `fuideran' inar, Metr. Gl., Eg. 19 . faideran firgorm im Eochaid co cimais airgid, Acall. 366 . faideran im cach fer, 2440 (v.l. faitiuran). ingen ┐ faiteran firaluinn uimpe ┐ lene ... fria cnes, RC xliii 22 . Cf. tocbad faedaran [sic leg.] gormchorcra uime, TBC-LL¹ p. 169 n. 5 . Cf. 3 fuidir .

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