Search Results

Your search returned 35 result(s).

abras

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abras or dil.ie/85

n o, m. abhras `cóir' (obhras `lochtach') m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) gesture, action: int a.¤ dungní in corp do dia gl. confessio, Ml. 138a4 . huand abrussa .i. clointa cinn són gl. hoc gestu, 127c22 . a.¤ ┐ abairt dogní int ócláech, TBFr. 49 . abhras ┐ abhairt inann iad séic .i. cleasa ainisa, O'Curry 1310 (H 3.18, 604). ba hé a.¤ ind fir teinm cnó, RC xxv 346 § 3 . ? ro raidhsiom huaghnabras, Gael. 50, 131 ( Blathm. 474 ).

(b) handiwork, yarn-spinning: a.¤ . . . mad fige . . . mad a.¤ (adbrus, aprus, v.l.) etir dí láim, Ériu ii 206 § 27 . ná derntar isin domnach . . . fuine ná maistred ná abrus `yarn-weaving', 202 § 17 . táithe abrais (obrais, abhraisi, v.ll.) (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.36 . Hence yarn, thread, material: a.¤ .i. lamt[h]orad inailte, Corm. Y 90 . Cf. abrass ebraice .i. abra-ḟes (abarḟes, MS). Abra .i. inailt . . . arindī foglennat feis lāmtoruid, O'Mulc. 5.6 . itir abrus ┐ etach, Laws ii 372. z Comm. im cloidem corthaire im abrus, i 150.7 . ro ḟig in n-a.¤ cen ḟell, LL 16470 ( RC xlvii 290.1 .) tar cend abrais, ZCP x 51.25 . a n-eiri ón echtrasin Fhailghech / ar echlachuibh d'adhbras `horseboys laden with yarn', Studies 1920, 417.43 .

Cf. abairse.

amáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amáin or dil.ie/3061

Forms: ambain, immáin, amáin, a-bháin, a-mháin, aman, amhán

Mid. Ir. form of nammá, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 165 ; of amein, Vendr. Lex. In Mid. Ir. with unlen. -m(m)-: ammain, Mon. Tall. 136.8 . LU 2485 . TBC-LL¹ 449 . ambain, Mon. Tall. 127.17 . immáin, BColm. 60.12 . Note also in amáin, TBC-LL¹ 544 . Stressed on second syll., and in classical verse a-bháin, a-mháin alliterating with b(h)- and (less frequently) m(h)-. Note also aman: dál, SR 7254 . amhán, Mac Aingil 140 (see DDána Gloss . ).

adj (a) Following a noun and limiting it in sense only, and no more, and nothing else: cóic aige in amáin ba hé cuit fer [ṅ-]hErend, TBC-LL¹ 544 ( LL 8005 ). ind domnaichib ammain (sic leg., Edd.), Mon. Tall. 136.8 (§ 24) . ni dumada criadh nó fót amain not of earth and sods only, CCath. 3428 . sé chéad déag bliadhan amháin (= a-bháin) only 1600 years, Arch. Hib. i 84 § xv . gurab é an croidhi amhán do-nī é, Mac Aingil 140 . an ruibēr sin amhāin eidirdealaiges etorra `nothing except the river divides them', Fl. Earls 38.2 . lóirghníomh Chríostt . . . téid amháin a ttarbha do chách which alone profits, Mac Aingil 5204 .

With prec. acht: ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel dóib, acht a torbai frisa tíagad ambain, Mon. Tall. 127.17 (§ 2) . acht innocht amain, CCath. 2698 . acht a ccurp comhfhocuil amháin save only in the interior of a compound word, IGT Introd. 3.3 . ní fhuair buime Dé . . . acht Eoin Bruinne abháin, Dán Dé ii 26 . acht so amháin is maith aithnim / fearg an mhéirghil `it is this alone . . . that causes the anger', TD 8.36 . With follg. acht: leis ní háir don uile bhean / amháin acht Muire maighdean, Arch. Hib. i 100 § xxii . amain acht tri deichneabair save only, BB 29a41 . amháin acht lucht aenethair, AFM i 354.6 .

With cid: cid ina insi fadessin amáin even into his own island, Mon. Tall. 128.24 (§ 4) .

With pron.: cidhed aman ba hingnad, SR 7254 . nocha hí abháin acht an bhas not only that but . . ., Dán Dé ix 5 . ní hé so amháin acht bheith ullamh ó chroidhe, Desid. 1605 . ní hiad amháin fuair . . . acht drong mhór oile, TSh. 92 . ní headh amháin achd atá an saoghal uile . . ., Desid. 90 . ní hé amháin acht as adhbhal an tiongnadh, Ó Héodhusa 54.5 . ní hē amhāin trí lá achd an feadh as toil lém Thigherna not for three days only but . . ., Mac Aingil 3798 . Hence with omission of acht giving phr. tantamount to moreover, in addition: ní hé amháin ní ghabhuid . . . moreover they do not take, Párl. na mB. 542 . as beg dhíobh nách bí contrárdha dá chéile na ccreideamh; ní hé amháin bídh enduine amháin díobh go minic contrardha dhó féin . . ., Ó Héodhusa 34.9 . ní hé amháin ní ṡaoilim go nanfadh duine ar bioth angioll ar a creideamh innte . . ., 36.6 . ní hé amháin nar an ar aonord / gar do cháidh do chaollorg Críosd, PBocht 1.10 . Note also: cia amháin do iarr a oighidh ? who ever asked for death ? Aithd. D. 64.22 .

With n. pr. gé do ríne Muire amháin / an líne uile d'eadráin `by herself', Dán Dé xvii 28 .

adj (b) Hence with sg. noun one: bráthair a-bháin, IGT Decl. ex. 1290 . lēige amhāin one league (only), Fl. Earls 86.14 . mellion amháin, 82.6 .

More frequ. with prec. óen: éngheall abháin one single pledge, TD 22.10 . d'ēin-inntinn amháin `with one accord', Fl. Earls 132.14 . éin-pheacadh amháin, TSh. 9187 . énchrann amhāin a single tree, Desid. 495 .

(c) Less commonly with verb: an toradh bhlaismíd amháin the fruit which we merely taste, Desid. 6667 . anaid amain, RC x 66.12 (anaidsi namma, v.l.).

adj (d) Limiting the meaning of a phrase: amháin as a árdmhaith `in His goodness alone' (Gloss.), Desid. 2990 . amháin ar eagla pian, Mac Aingil 206 . a cuirp do cur dar longphort immach amain `only to throw . . .', CCath. 3493 . ag dénamh amháin na hurnuighthi . . . órduighthear dhúinn just by reciting the prayers, Mac Aingil 5067 . don té do-ní an aithridhi amháin a bpongc an bháis, 6658 .

With a clause with finite verb: focheird deit chubus ammain la slemni `merely send him away from thy confession gently', Mon. Tall. 128.3 (§ 2) . dia torset cucaind imáin `if only they come to us', BColm. 42.1 . dēna-sa in fuine immáin `only begin to bake', 60.12 . nī mōr go rāngatar amach assin gcathraigh amāin `they had scarcely left the city', Fl. Earls 146.20 . a choissrecadh assa mbiadh amhāin i n-a teghduiss . . . etorguide in choimdedh aca `to . . . consecrate it so that it might serve only as . . . ', 112.14 .

In phr. acht a.¤ save that, however, nevertheless: acht ammáin is ferr in becan sa díb d'innsin, LU 2485 . acht amháin go maireann drithle gan dul as, O'Gr. Cat. 473.1 . eirgit uile . . . acht amāin ro buī gnē ēgcruais fiaprasa ar in ierla, Fl. Earls 174.22 . Note also: acht nad bet sin cháir chomraic itát ammáin provided only that they be not, TBC-LL¹ 449 . ní headh acht amháin do chum seirbhísi Dé do dhéanamh, Desid. 1663 .

1 amlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amlaid or dil.ie/3145

later form of 1 samlaid.

(a) Frequently replacing O. Ir. amail with demonstr. (cf. O. Ir. amail ṡodain s.v. 1 suide, amal sin, PH 116 ), giving adv. phrase a.¤ sin, a.¤ so thus, so (both words being stressed in syll. verse: coimhéadaidh Aodh amhlaidh sain: Murbhaigh, DDána 75.6 ). The meaning varies between the literal in that (this) way and the more general thus, so, accordingly, then: blíadain don chúiciud a.¤ sin, MU² 29 . do rad min aire is amlaich sin cech día `so every day', Mon. Tall. 147.11 (§ 52) (is a.¤ perh. for samlaid, cf. cach [la] gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam is a.¤ canitir in pater gebesim i forciund cacha gabala, 140.4 ). co rochet . . . a.¤ sin tarsin nglend, LU 2154 ( FA 22 ) (amal sin, v.l., IT i 185.20 ). ni a.¤ sin ba-sa, TBC-LL¹ 49 . roḟata atám a.¤ -seo, 3549 . conid a.¤ sin fuair bas, RC xxiv 186.8 . mar theid . . . is amlaidh sin docuaid E., Stair Erc. 497 . an amhluidh sin remain in that posture, Parrth. Anma 4425 . in tan tra batar a n-oen inad a.¤ -sin, PH 15 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní . . . a.¤ -so, 7538 . go ngialldaois dó amhlaidh sin, TSh. 3074 . In greeting: a.¤ sin a Mess Gegra, ar Conall. ató sund ar M., LL 13503 . a.¤ sin, ol in gilla. Is a.¤ eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.23 .

(b) Replacing O. Ir. samlaid thus, so: duine do thenid 's do thalmain / fuine deighḟir a.¤ hī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . dogentar a.¤ `so shall it be done', RC xxiv 200.23 . sechtmain . . . bói a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 7 . do marbhadh meisi led mharbhnaidh / marbhnadh deisi amhlaidh í, IGT Decl. ex. 582 . ionmhuin le Dia í amhlaidh, DDána 99.23 . Brought forward with copula: meise is amhlaidh do hionnarbadh, Dán Dé xvi 2 . an corp ní hamhlaidh do b'áil, xxiii 7 . amhlaidh budh fhearr gach itche, iv 28 . ní amlaidh do rála dhó `it did not so turn out for him', TFrag. 242.1 . Note also: amhail na eirghedh C. air, as amhlaidh ro eirghe M. . . . dó as C. would not rise against him, therefore, TFrag. 242.3 .

Hence as quasi-adj.: cian ó bhaois airrdhe amhlaidh such a sign, DDána 99.39 . díoth amhlaidh `many a like destruction', TD 18.29 .

With follg. explanatory clause: is a.¤ domel C. a ḟlaith: a trian ind lāi oc dēcsain na macraidi etc. this is how etc., TBC-I¹ 369 ( LU 4858 ). is a.¤ ro buí side Cú Ch. rotan-ail, MU² 166 . is a.¤ táncatar, cach briugu cona bantuilg etc., 195 . is a.¤ tra canithsom na salmu. Randaich (leg. rannaid, Ed.) cach caocad hi cethair `he sings the psalms as follows,' Mon. Tall. 139.9 . a.¤ itá in rí go rath / gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114.4 .

With .i.: is a.¤ dognithe in tarbfes sin .i. tarb find do marbad . . ., LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). is a.¤ so tra ro-foired . . . .i. téidm ┐ plaig . . ., PH 371 . is amlaidh ro buí C. .i. fodhmoir romor, Stair Erc. 762 .

With OCUS: is a.¤ dognítis sin ┐ a claidib fora slíastaib this is how they did that, with their swords etc., LU 3234 (sic MS. SCC 2 ). is a.¤ buí Cú Ch. ┐ comfhled mór ace, MU² 41 . is amlaidh do roine si in samugad sin . . . ┐ di cairigh a coraid ina laim, Laws iv 10.4 Comm. is amlaidh iarum ro geanair in mac sin ┐ duirb cecha lamha dó thus the boy was born, with a worm in each of his hands, RC vi 177.107 .

With CO N-: is a.¤ bui in chaillech comba duibithir gual cech n-alt . . ., RC xxiv 196.15 . amhlaidh chreidim . . . go dtibhre, Dán Dé xvi 6 . is amhloidh forcaomhnagair go ro taissealbadh, Fl. Earls 194.5 .

Occasionally indicating simultaneous action: is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ ro thogaib in libher `as he spoke he raised his club', Stair Erc. 806 . is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ tug ola neime di `as he said this he gave her a poisonous oil', 2286 . is amhlaidh adubhairt [┐ ?] tuc béim cloidhimh dh'A., SG 66.22 .

With virtual loss of meaning of a.¤ (as in spoken lang. Perh. also under some of preceding headings): ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria, IGT Introd. § 13 . is a.¤ tōgaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal, Fl. Earls 48.16 . is amlaidh ro bui in cathair sin . . . a nglinn `and that city was in a valley', Stair Erc. 772 .

Wrongly for amail: a coibne coir comarda .i. amlaidh ro coibindtigedh etc., Laws iv 40.2 (text and Comm.).

athḟuine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athḟuine or dil.ie/4768

n ( fuine ) act of cooking again: ticubsa dia athfuine, aithearrach co n-aithniu, AFM i 308.4 .

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine ) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

bruith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruith or dil.ie/7138

Forms: -edh

vn. of berbaid (cf. 1 bruth) b.¤ f. g p. -edh, IGT Decl. § 14 (69.10).

(a) act of smelting, forging, refining: fri b.¤ slabra, LL 4985. ar b.¤ glowing , in a molten state, Dán Dé xxix 31 .

(b) act of boiling, seething, cooking: caire lulaice lan do lemnacht, do b.¤ do millsen, ZCP xiv 356.1 , Laws ii 254.3 . in feoil eillgithur is in coire da b.¤ , 30.15 Comm. roberbi ind usce am dechaid (read amail docóid, note) a trian sin la b.¤ `had boiled away', Mon. Tall. 147.9 . oc b.¤ bíd di feraib Hérenn, BDD² 1314. iasc . . . cen b.¤ cen fuine `without cooking', Ériu ii 130 § 99. do b.¤ (braith, v.l.) chuigni cooking (one's) portion, IGT Decl. ex. 63. Aedh . . . / dia ndēntar bracha do b.¤ malt is brewed, ACL iii 307 § 18 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 149 ). Fig. B. B. bruithi baga of incitement of contest, Rawl. 83a57 . déana mo bh.¤ / bí ar mo cholainn id chócaire, Dán Dé xxx 10 . do bhás ag bruth m'athtuirsi `thy death is boiling (up) my grief', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332.22 .

Compd. ? tri derg charna, ┐ na tri bruith [carnu], ┐ na tri beo charna three (kinds of) underdone meat . . . well done meat . . . raw meat (?), Laws i 48.1 Comm. (see also s. bruithe.)

3 cert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 cert or dil.ie/8789

n in phr. c.¤ ḟuine (compd. certḟuine ?): ceartḟuine `a baking implement', Laws iv 8.23 .i. . . . in ní for a certaigenn a fuine leo, 10.23 Comm. certfuine .i. in leac ara ndentar in fuine, ut est losat criathar certfhuine, O'Dav. 526 . Perh. cooking-stone, hearthstone , see 1 cerd, cerdchae. ceartfuine .i. sabhal na tri pés .i. maidi na tri cos, ut est (citing Laws iv 8.23 ), O'Curry 2067 ( H 4.22, 67 ).

certaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. certaigid or dil.ie/8799

n (cert) IGT Verbs § 106 (245.12) .

(a) puts right, arranges, adjusts, manipulates (in both abstract and concrete meanings): robdar imresnaig . . . im roind a feruind . . . conid cert crandcair ros certaig, BB 244b34 . ro cumadh ┐ r[o] certaiged (of building), ML² 1110 . mór do gliccus ra chertaig / Britus, LL 17604 . do cumadh ┐ do ceartaigheadh comhairle, ML 6.22 . ón dailsin ro chertaig thair, LL 26316 (`which she arranged', Metr. Dinds. iii 86.21 ). in sechran doniter sa chét dileaghadh . . . ni certaighter sa dara dileaghadh `it shall not be put right', Reg. San. 18 iv . nó go mbíonn an t-iarann teith ┐ ann sin ceartaighionn sé é (of a smith), Párl. na mB. 1230 .

In various applications. (b) Of position, adjusts, settles: in tan ro certaigh ocin muic settled himself, Sc.M² 15 R = ro[n]d-mbertaigestar ocon muicc, text. ro chertaigestar ara belaib in muicc ┐ in paitt meda, LL 13558 . in ní fora certaigenn a fuine leo .i. a lec fuine , Laws iv 10.23 Comm. ro certaigh a da edan fri araile (of a broken sword) `set the two ends together', Grail 4049 . ? in c[h]roch risar certaighedh, ZCP viii 210 § 54 .

(c) Of weapons, adjusts, poises, aims: crothais ┐ certaigis co nderna minbruan . . . [díb] (of spears), LL 8492 , 23217 . rocertaig . . . in gai chucaiseom, TTr.² 969 .

(d) Of individuals, peoples, territories, subdues, reduces to order; admonishes, reproves: mar rom chertaig Día do nim, LU 3029 . sul docheartaid cach a crich / doerig aqo eisith, Metr. Dinds. iii 358.37 . do certaig he fein o tredenus ┐ o urnaigthi, RC xii 326.1 . do cheartuighis chloinn shaor-Chuirc, DDána 101.51 . im na ciontaibh do certuighedh isin chaibidil, RSClára 101b .

(e) Of texts etc. corrects, emends: coro certaigh Cirine fo obail ┐ aistrisc, Hib. Min. 336 . dūili sluinti na ṅgenelach . . . is friu certaigter na genelaige, Corp. Gen. 199.35 . is e ro certaigh in scél sin, BB 415b30 .

críathrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. críathrad or dil.ie/12906

u, m. vn. of críathraid. act of winnowing, sifting, riddling : criatrad mine, IT iii 47.19 . tirad ┐ bro ┐ criathrad ┐ fuine ┐ imfuine, 101.1 . criathrad tre criathar, Laws v 486.15 . bro ┐ losut ┐ criathrud (to be taught to girls in fosterage), ii 152.12 Comm. bran arna criathradh co mín, Rosa Angl. 218.9 . a laithe an chrīarta day of judgment, ZCP viii 208.w . do chríathradh na ccineadhach, Isaiah xxx 28 . Act of riddling with wounds: inathair C. ar na criathrad ┐ ar na comthollad, MR 270.9 . do chorp ar n-a chriathradh, Aithd. D. 70.25 .

crúachad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crúachad or dil.ie/13171

u, m. (1 crúach) vn. of crúachaid act of stacking, piling up: fuine ┐ imfuine cech ithe doraith cliathad cruachadh, IT iii 101.2 . an aingidhecht do chruachadh ┐ do dubladh, Smaointe B. Chr. 3641 . ag cruachadh cloch, Dánta Gr. 30.28 .

2 digna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 digna or dil.ie/16331

ind dighna .i. croch, ut est: a fuine a nd.¤ ┐ a cur for lanna teinntigi, Ériu xiii 76 § 211 = O'Dav. 623 , `let it be roasted on a hook', Hermathena xxi 3 .

dochraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochraid or dil.ie/17377

Forms: dochrud, dochrud, dochuirde, dochruidi, doc[h]raidi, dochrud, dochraith

adj i. O.Ir. dochrud, -chruth u. (do + cruth). Used primarily of appearance unshapely, unsightly, ugly; applied to conditions and to moral actions or qualities, unseemly, indecorous, degrading (referring strictly to impression produced on an observer): dochrud gl. indecor, Sg. 65a12 . is dochruth comirsire na desse unseemly, Wb. 13a6 ; 10b16 . g s f. inna aisndísen dochuirde (leg. dochruidi?) cacophony , Sg. 203a4 . pl. doc[h]raidi gl. indecora, Ml. 68d2 . Adv. in dochrud gl. deformiter, 122c10 . in docrig (id.), Enchir. Aug. 83b ( ZCP vii 484 ). Of appearance: sé docraid adétig, FB § 37 . ba docraid a ecosc (deformis esse . . . videretur), Lat. Lives 88 . ba d.¤ ó gnuis, RC ii 392 . ben dub dúabais d.¤ , BDD § 38 . dá brói dubai dochraide léa, LL 401a22 . dochruth lee a delb, Lism. L. p. 325 . d.¤ cach dona the unlucky person passes for ill-favoured, Tec. Corm. § 13.22 . d.¤ cach daer, ACL iii 229 . bid in peccthach suairc sochraid, | bíd in fírian fird.¤ , LB 226 marg. inf. comaittreb salach dhocraid, PH 4331 . a Ifrind robrén rodochraidh, YBL 151b31 . i gcaidreabh . . . piast ndochraidh, TSh. 1109 .

Of manner, condition, morals, etc.: ba d.¤ nochaitis in bec bíd . . . ní bíd mías ná clár occu nā fuine , LB 155b52 . ni biamm indus ṅd.¤ we live in no unseemly way, Alex. 858 = i ndeis docruth, BB 498a34 . co mba d.¤ leo a cuirp cen fial impu, MacCarthy 56 . fri denam cuil rodochraidh (of fornication), Anecd. ii 14 . adarta dochraite in etraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 . a mogada dochraidhe base, vile , CCath. 3564 . briathra docraidhe ┐ taithairecha d'eisdeacht, Lib. Flav. i 21 va 5 . an ghéag gan ghuth nd.¤ , Ó Bruad. ii 112.27 . d.¤ fia[d] dóinib in bás sin shameful, ignominious (of crucifixion), PH 2378 . foghebha bás dochrudh, ZCP i 262 § 30 . ruccsat a ceann ┐ a chorp go dochraidh go hÁth C. ignominiously, AFM iii 4 . do chengail R. iat co dochraidh, RC xix 368 . gurab í is doichte ┐ is dochraide chaenglas é it is the body (colainn) which binds him most tightly, ignominiously, TSh. 7531 . ball d.¤ an `uncomely' member (cf. 1 Corinth. xii 23 ), one of the ignoble organs of the body, in med. treatises opposed to ball uasal (spiridálta), such as heart, brain, etc.: a mbald fuar dochraidh, 3 C 19, 272 va 21 . As subst. that which is unseemly, shameful: in loc dia mbu thabarthi ermitiu feid . . . dognitis cech ndochrad (sic MS.) and, Ml. 22a4 . tresin dochrad-sa fris unseemly behaviour towards him, Mon. Tall. § 36 . duairc les d.¤ a cuirp gil (of Adam and Eve), SR 1355 . Unhappy, in sad plight (?): ón uair dorochair in rí, | Gaidil Cruithnig dochraidi (`im Nachteil'), Festschr. Stokes 5.3 (but see dochraide). dochraidh .i. drúis ut est dochraidh an chuirp, O'Curry 1365 (H. 3.18, 624). dochraith .i. druis, O'Cl. ; dochraith lust, concupiscence , P. O'C. ; prob. an inference from use of word applied to sins of the flesh.

dóüd, dód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dóüd, dód or dil.ie/18537

Forms: dódh, dóiti

n m. vn. of dóïd. dódh m., IGT Decl. § 96 . burning, roasting: dia doud `to be roasted', RC ix 482 = dia fuine , YBL. ? co feis cona dogh co tein co n-aitreib with food and (means of) cooking it, with fire and habitation, Laws iv 20 . is dód, is leód, is loscud (of Hell), LU 2452 . gair truagh na hēnlaithi aga ndogh ┐ acca loscud, RC xxviii 312 . teas aga dodh ┐ ca loscad, Aisl. Tond. vii 3 = aga dogh, p. 125 . ag dodh ┐ ag losgudh a coigidh, TBC-LL¹ p. 419 n. 2 . roghabhsat . . . for dhódh ┐ losccadh, ionnradh ┐ argain an choigidh, AFM i 370 . v 1660 . gan dógh gan dianoidheadh, vi 2072 . g s. as attrib.: tene dóiti , IT i 191.12 . sruama tened doíte ┐ lois[cth]e na cland, Ériu ii 196 § 10 n. 13 .

2 erbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 erbaid or dil.ie/20215

Forms: erp-, airp-, eirp-, nomérpimm, nundnerbai, nosn-erbat, nachan-erbbad, nan-erbbad, nob irpaid, nosn-erbtis, erbtais, erbainn, nodn-eirbea, roeirpset

v i, erp-, Wb. 1d10 , etc. airp-, 8c12 . eirp- Ml. 43c18 .

(a) With reflex. pron. entrusts oneself, followed by i n- (less often do) with both acc. and dat. trusts in: pres. is and nomérpimm (gl. confido in Domino) Wb. 6c3 . nít erpi illed nach áili (gl. confidis te ipsum ducem esse) 1d10 . nundnerbai (gl. confidenti) Ml. 65b6 . With pron. suffix. ní ind fessin eirbthi not in himself does he trust 51b12 . is ind nosn-erbat in Him they trust Ériu iii 2.18 . imp. nachan-erbbad i n-ídlu, nan-erbbad i nDia let him not trust in idols but in God ZCP xi 88 § 57 . nachib erpid si i bar cumachtu, Wb. 22d6 . subj. pres. níp and nob irpaid (gl. ut fides vestra non sit in sapientia hominum) 8b2 . impf. nosn-erbtis inna lín (gl. numero fidentes) Ml. 85d4 . nuda erbtais (gl. confidebant) 46d12 , 10 . past subj. nert... indam erbainn in which I could trust 29d5 . fut. doneuch nodn-eirbea ind who shall trust in Him 51b10 . perf. roeirpset á sonartai hisu[id]ib trusted for their strength in them 43c18 . With do: nom erbaim duit uile | dom ditin (a prayer) ZCP vi 260.7 . duine non-erba dia chruth who trusts in his beauty of form 267 § 9 . abbair fris, ní n-erbba (nachan-erbbad v.l.) do ṡoebḟáthib, nan-erbba do ḟírinni, xi 87.14 .

(b) entrusts, commits (someth. to someone), entrusts (someth. to be done), lays (a charge, duty on someone) ( erbais .i. furáilis, O'Cl. ): with do of pers.: erbaid (gl. credit `entrusts') Ml. 14d15 . a n-erpther doib what is entrusted to them Wb. 31c12 . is hed roerpad dom (gl. dispensatio mihi credita est) 10d27 . 31a10 . 18d15 . inní roherbad duit, IT i 40.27 . ic follamnus ind lochta roherbad duit o Dia do fhollamnus `the people entrusted to thee by God to rule' PH 4095.4175 . LU 30b19 ( FA 28 ). ra erb a mháthair é do dib mnaibh dá bhádhadh `gave him in charge to two women to be drowned' TFrag. 30.1 . erpais togu do gave him a choice TBC-I¹ 2865 . roerbad dúnni forcell do thabirt, Wb. 25d20 . Laws iii 500. 22 Comm. v 194.20 Comm. roearb do Brigit a coimet IT i 41.20 . issed roherbad dó, ingairi mucc, Todd Lect. v 20.7 = roherbath, Trip. 16.27 . roherbadh do Dubthach tasfenad breithemnusa ┐ filidechta Eirenn, Laws i 14 . 28 . LU 118a36 . ro erb ┐ ro aithin dóibh DC long do denum, CCath. 168 . With di: ro erbustar de dul ar a cenn charged him to go for them Laws iii 320.6 Comm. (cf. ro erbustar do duine airithe dul, etc., v 334.21 Comm. ). With fri: amal as friss ro airptha as they have been entrusted to him Wb. 8c12 . ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha charged him with the task of looking after the kiln Fél. p. 12.9 . nocha n-eisium ro earb riu an comairce do denam, Laws iv 230.10 . acht co n-erbad a thigerna friss provided his lord enjoined (it) on him CCath. 3559 . nir herbad frim anad a n-inad eli (a guest who has chosen his own seat) MR 66.10 = FDG 584 . With for: ro erb fuirre leth a lachta do thabairt día dhalta, BNnÉ 129.4 . ZCP vi 48.30 ; 77.23 . no erptha for macaib U. dul i ngabthaib YBL 110b40 = no erálta, IT i 74.18 . ro earb an t-aingel for C. dol i n-ord manach, BNnÉ 126.19 . Hugh Roe 304.5 (f. 79b) . earbuiss ┐ folairis fair ina huile...d'firfhaisneis, Fl. Earls 126.16 . Without pers. obj.: ro erb a aenmac do thabairt ina dochum ordered his only son to be brought ZCP xiii 197.13 . ro erbamar a sgribad ar tarbai do lucht a legt[h]a ordered it to be written Aisl. Tond. 119.16 .

(c) With transference of obj. from thing to person: ise roerb in Coimdiu dia tesorcain it is he whom the Lord entrusted (charged) to save them RC xii 424.4 . iss eside ro herbad do marbad mac Uisnig, IT i 75.20 . ra herbad Oisine dia fuine O. was charged to cook it RC xiv 245.21 . ishe roherbad a n-agaid Congail `was charged (to go up) against C.' Ériu v 236.86 . rohearbad huadi-si naonbur ...for a n-iarair nine men were sent (charged) to seek them ACL iii 325.31 . is ī tra sualach [sic] ro herbad do chathugud frisin ndualaich se, ZCP iii 26.4 . isi sualaich roerbath frisin ndualaich-se dia dibduth the virtue which has been assigned to annihilate this vice 25.22 . erbaid óenfer dá n-acallaim, LU 19b27 = MU 50.6 . Cf. tairceth fer i n-áth, ol F. ...ni éraibther ┐ ni erbbaibther dom inchaib-se ém, ol A., ragatsa féin it shall not be refused, and none shall be appointed on my behalf (?) LL 247b13 = IT ii2 210a1 .

(d) grants, assigns: is heside roerb do Dia ┐ do Patraic = obtulit hereditatem Todd Lect. v 38.10 . (with gl.: ro earb .i. ro aentaig no ro fulair, ACL iii 18.13 ). ro erb boin dia blegun do Brigit appointed a cow to be milked for B. (= destinavit vaccam puellae) 68.6 . erbb úait secht cóic do Niall assign (allow) seven lustrums to N. Arch. Hib. ii 48 = LL 181b36 . Cf. lotar co Cruachain do brith breithe dóib ┐ ro feimdes o Ailill co ros erb co Samaér, LL 166b26 (= condas fæid, Dinds. 106 ).

(e) With for of thing (?): ecni foracbusa and don-uc lat ass do Findabair ┐ urbad fodesin fair ┐ fonaiter le iarsin co maith, YBL 58b34 (= erbad, ZCP iv 42.17 . irbbad `let herself take charge over it' Ir. MSS. Ser. i 150 ).

3 ethad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ethad or dil.ie/20833

n A Miracle of Learning = athad space of time (?) : ni bíd mias na clar occu na fuine na luchtairecht acht ethad becc opund don bíud...for barr na lasrach ┐ a ithe co hopund...lethom LB 155b54 (= athad, B. Fermoy 47a1 ).

fán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fán or dil.ie/21287
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fain, fanu, fanu, F., fanlige, fanmothair

n o, m. IGT, Decl. § 96 . g s. fain, RC xliii 38 § 37 (B. Lism.). a p. fanu, LL 187b52 . A slope, declivity, depression, hollow: fan ... i vallis , O'Mulc. 489 . etir fán ┐ ardd both valley and height Ml. 140a2 . fo fán `down a slope' Hy v 55 . f.¤ na n-ech, ... f.¤ na fuine `the slope of the horses ... of the cooking' Metr. Dinds. iii 24.309 (divisions of a town at fair-time). lind ... Féic ... méraid hi fán rátha ríg, Metr. Dinds. ii 10 = LU 4136 . tocbais a lummain ... i fán a dá gualand, MacCongl. 43.16 . folt ... co f.¤ a chulad nape of the neck LL 266a1 ( MU² 532 ). ó fhán a buinn go bathais 'from the arch of her foot to the crown of her head', Giolla Brighde 130 § 8 ​. ar f.¤ na bathaisi the occiput 23 K 42, 417.20 . Fig.: hUí Neill gan righe rurech, acht a mbeith fo fhan echtrand `under the wretched rule of strangers (?)' BNnÉ 305.24 . As adj.: uamnach cech cintach, f.¤ cech aithisech `every reviler is precipitate' Tec. Corm. § 15.19 . pl. i fanu folerbad `into the slopes of death' RC xxvi 28 § 107 (= Rawl. 109b16 ). i fánaib, i réidib, Trip. 216.26 . co ngabad in caithchris sin do o fanaib a arann co hard a formna `from the slopes of his kidneys' (i.e. the loins) CCath. 4685 . i f.¤ laid low, prostrated: dindgnai Herenn ... a mbith i fás ┐ i f.¤ prostrate LL 150a2 . do cuir [in mucc] ... daoine i f.¤ overthrew Fianaig. 54.22 . as mó do cuir meisi hi ffán what chiefly brought me low ZCP x 32.19 . biaidh B. i ffán, BNnÉ 307.28 . tuitim i ffan a fall headlong Anecd. ii 40.3 . san bhfán = in imo TSh. 10656 . AR [ = FOR] (I, LE, RE) F.¤ astray, wandering (as a vagrant or exile), cast away, desolate: fotracbad ar f.¤ thou wast left desolate PRIA iii 546 ( LL 147a5 ). ar f.¤ ┐ ar fiarlaoid, TSh. 2522 . a seoladh ... i bhfán tar tonnaibh Clíodhna, Keat. Poems 60 . dochím ... ruaig ár dtréan re fán our champions driven into exile Hackett xix 26 . Cf. cēn gair cech fān imthēit lēn sooner or later every wandering comes to grief Ériu ix 48 § 23 (= LL 147b45 ). Compds.: With adj. ¤fota longbacked (?) (epithet of a charioteer): ara ... forseng fánfota, LU 9274.10232 . With subst.: ¤fid: ré fíodhbhadh fáinḟeadha `a forest of sloping wood' Todd Lect. iv 94.4 . ¤glenn a hollow, dale: etir feda is fánglenna, Metr. Dinds. iii 426 . a fedhaib ┐ hi fanglennaib, Dinds. 103 . o gach fáinghlenn diaroile, BS 62.7 . co rainic fanglenn mór bai ind eitermedon an muighe, CCath. 3071 . ás ḟánglentaib na ciach above the hollows (undulations) of the mist TBC-LL¹ 5060 (= ós fántaibh, St). hi ffedhaibh ┐ hi ffáinghlenntoibh, AFM vi 2342 . ¤lige trough, groove (?): a p. fanlige, gl. valliculas ( Levit. xiv 37 ) Thes. i 1.14 ; 2.34 . ¤mothar: n p. fanmothair Glenna B. `sloping jungles (?)' CCath. 4764 . Cf. fánaid.

1 fer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fer or dil.ie/21665
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fer, fear, fir, fer, fear, fir, fiur, fior, fir, firu, fira, fiora, fer, feraib, fearaib, firu, fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fer, Fir, Ḟir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, Fir, fer, ferchrechta, ferdrai, ferghlonna, ḟermeic, fermaicc, fermogh

n o, m. n s. fer, Sg. 190b3 , Wb. 10b23 , 11c17 , 22c9 . fear, IGT, Introd. § 151 . v s. fir, Wb. 10a10 . a s. fer, 9d16 ; 31 . 10a3 ; 9 . fear, IGT, Introd. § 75 . g s. fir, Wb. 13a12 . LU 3453 . 7085 IGT, Decl. § 65 . d s. fiur, Wb. 3c8 . 10b22 . 22c9 . Ml. 34d6 . Sg. 66a6 . (in MSS of the Mid. Ir. period often spelt fir: LU 8722 . Hib. Min. 14.472 . PH pass. IGT. Decl. § 65 . Early Mod. fior, IGT, Introd. § 73 . §81 . Keat. iii 2535 . TSh. pass. ) n p. fir, Wb. 22c10 . IGT, Decl. § 65 . a p. firu, Sg. 28a6 . LU 7529 . fira, YBL 123ay . IGT, Decl. § 65 . fiora, IGT, Introd. § 78 , § 151 . BNnÉ 104.36 . TSh. 7248 . g p. fer LU 7084 . d p. feraib, Wb. 12d40 . LU 7524 . fearaib, IGT, Decl. § 65 . (feir n s. Wb. 13a6 , a s. 13a20 , g p. 22c10 is merely an odd spelling).

(a) a man (as opp. to a woman): gl. mas Sg. 156b3 ; gl. vir Ir. Gl. 395 . f.¤ a uiro , O'Mulc. 519 . is e in duine cómlan in f.¤ ┐ in ben, PH 5720 . corp na mna no in fhir, 7425 . eter fhir ┐ mnai, 564 . iter mnai ┐ firu 2796 . bása mac la maccu; ba fer la firu, LU 9336 . in n-uair ropo thressiu flaith firu when ale proved stronger than men (acc. for dat.) LL 173a29 ( CRR 13 ). dorochair coíca láech lais ┐ dorochair f.¤ cach ḟir dia muntir a man for each man (i.e. the same number) TFerbe 675 . regaid f.¤ dar f.¤ ScM. § 15 . edhbrais é féin, fioru, macca, mna do Dhia BNnÉ 292.33 . notmuirfider fein feraib macaib mnaibh, Ériu v 154. 133 . cu ro aīnitis uile feraib maccaib mnaib PH 6309 . Used of Deity: F.¤ cotnic brath, MacCarthy 24.16 . don fhir do cum neam ┐ talma[i]n, ZCP vi 87.15 . a Fhir na ndúl, Dán Dé xxix 30 .

Often taking the place of a pronoun: faith cach f.¤ dinaib feraib hí siu each of these men was a prophet Wb. 12d40 . etarcertar oinfer in chrudsin (gl. unus interpretatur) 13a6 . is f.¤ a ddiis one out of two (explaining Lat. uter) Sg. 75b7 . gabaid cach f.¤ díb rind a claidib ..., LU 7089 . da brathair ... f.¤ díb for Temraig ┐ f.¤ for Lagnib one of them ... the other TBC-LL¹ 50 . f.¤ is deichnemor diop eleven of them Fl. Earls 96.24 . ocht rígh 's ceithre fichid fear eighty-eight kings TD 7.49 .

(b) a husband (opp. to ben `wife'): a f.¤ dligid her lawful husband Wb. 3c7 . do fiur indligid, 3c8 . mad co techt di co fer `if it comes to her going to a husband' 9d32 . dorat Hiruath grád di, intan ba beo a f.¤ fen, PH 832 . tuccastair a mac fein cuíce d'fir as husband MacCarthy 288.22 . aoighe mná nach mair a fear, TD 11.32 . Possibly in this sense in poetry folld. by gen. of place-name in addressing a chief e.g. a ḟir Eithne, TD 1.45 (see note), but cf. end of (c).

(c) freq. folld. by a gen. of definition or description: Find f.¤ Umaill (= Umall's son) Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14.8 (cf. Aenfer Aife, Ériu i 124 ). co f.¤ ṅDe the man of God PH 1363 . fir nime ┐ soscela Crist (i.e. churchmen ) Laws iv 210.7 .

f.¤ fine a tribesman, relative (within a certain degree) ii 282.7 . f.¤ fiadhnaisi rígh one entitled to be in the king's presence Acall. 2362 . f.¤ gualann righ one entitled to sit beside the king 2361 . f.¤ leptha ríg a king's bedfellow 7752 . f.¤ lethlamha rígh (expl. of patric = patricius), CCath. 63 . f.¤ lāime `perpetrator' (operator) Laws i 244.1 Comm. With abstr. noun: is tú f.¤ aurbága fil la Ultu, LU 8147 ( FB 11 ). f.¤ comtha a companion PH 2630 . v s. a fir chumtha, KMMisc. 242 . rem fear cadaigh ┐ cumainn my confederate and comrade TBC-LL¹ 3115 St. f.¤ comlainn cet a match for a hundred 3883 St. f.¤ in braith the traitor PH 5131 . f.¤ éicne a man of violence 7600 . f.¤ na sáinnte the covetous man 7727 . Esp. to denote an occupation or calling (often in stereotyped phrases, the pl. being formed by áes or lucht): f.¤ tige sáet [ = sét] (gl. arcarius) Wb. 7c9 . fear aire a watchman Kirk s. fīs ( Eg. Gl. 299 ). f.¤ altrama a fosterer , see Laws ii 184.14 . f.¤ bleithe miller (?); grinder (?): saer ┐ fer bleithi ┐ fer muilind, CIH i 287.2 . fear bratuighe a standard-bearer AFM vi 2272.4 . Isaiah x 18 . f.¤ baile visionary: ba síd fir buile, Celtica xix 40 § 1 . f.¤ cerdda a craftsman RC xxvi 44.2 . f.¤ dána a poet CRR 30 . fear dlighidh lawyer Titus iii 13 . f.¤ eclasa churchman Laws v 132.4 . f.¤ fiadaig a hunter Fianaig. 56.31 . f.¤ fognama serving-man Laws ii 390z . f.¤ forcsi spy LU 5404 . fear friotuil, mînighte `an Interpreter ' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 278 ). f.¤ grād a man in orders Laws v 132.4 . f.¤ inaid a deputy; d'fior ionaid a bprionnsa, AFM vi 2116.16 . f.¤ léighinn a professor , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP iv 234 . coibnius hi fer léighinn ib. ` lector ' AU 1034 , 1040 , 1042 , etc. f¤ muilinn miller: saer ┐ fer bleithi ┐ fer muilind, CIH i 287.2 . f.¤ uird rainne dispenser, butler TBC-LL¹ 134 . f.¤ spirdo (spirto ?) diviner ( ZCP xxvii 65 ): imaicci fer spirdo laim Chuirc, Anecd. iii 57.17 . f.¤ suic ploughman Laws i 194.26 . f.¤ suirge a lover RC xxxii 134 . fer tecuisc a teacher , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP iv 234 . f.¤ tige a husbandman, house-holder: fear tighe (synon. with túathannach), Kirk s.v. criadhaire ( Eg. Gl. 111 ). fear an tighe host TD 12.8 . is cóir dona fearaib tighe ... a mbeangáin do scathadh husbandmen Corp. Astron. 46.20 . f.¤ tíre a landowner : dotét fer tíre co fíadnaib lais ... for tí inna mbech 'the owner of the land comes in pursuit of the bees accompanied by witnesses', Bechbretha 189 (e)​ . Folld. by vn. phrase: f.¤ brithe lésboiri a candle-bearer, acolyte Wb. 25d3 . f.¤ dénma bairgine (gl. pistor) Sg. 184b3 . do fir fert[h]ana na cneidhe the inflicter of the wound Laws iii 368.5 . fear a furtochta her deliverer TD 1.39 . fear tabhartha an dlighe lawgiver Numbers xxi 18 . In sense of owner, possessor: ig fir in craind ... ig fir na mbeach, Laws iv 188 Comm. Cf. Fer baile na gcerd .i. Maoilre Búrc; Fer baile úi Bharra .i. Séfrún, Caithr. Thoirdh. i 161 .

(d) in pl. folld. by gen. of place, inhabitants: fir betho, Ml. 16c5 . di feraib Herend nach di feraib betha BDD 94 . rí fer Fáil, LU 2811 . tar cenn fer in betha, Fél. Ep. 414 . fir domain, PH 1074 . fir in airthair ... fir in tuaiscirt, 5381 . f.¤ in tside men of the sídhe, elves BDD 3 . fir hÉrenn, Hy ii 52 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 499 ; 659 . cethra fer nAlban IT i 74.2 . la firu Herend fri firu Alban, BDD 106 . fir Ulad IT i 138.1 . fir Saxan, TD 16.2 . Commonly used to form tribal names (often applied to territory as well as people, the word fir being inflected), e.g. Fir Bolg, Fir Domnand. Fir Galeoin, Fir Manach, etc.; Fir Ól n-écmacht. See Hog. Onom. s.v. Fir; Rawl. Index.

(e) transf. of things or animals; f.¤ fidchilli chessman LU 9073 ( FB 82 ). cindas gontar ind fir ? how are the men taken ? (at chess) Ériu v 32.19 . Of a drinking-horn: f.¤ uaine, corn do bhí ac Finn ... f.¤ tuillidh corn Glais, Acall. 151 ; 154 . Of a bird: f.¤ fann ... focain aird ucht, RC v 202.10 . rinn binn buide fir duib druin, Murphy Lyrics 6 § 6 . céola fer mbrundederg forglan, Ériu xxii 51 , cf. Murphy Lyrics 16 § 24 . ecal fer | fann fet, Ériu xxii 43 § 14 . Of a fish: cend fir tuinde (glossed caput piscis) Hib. Min. 47.19 . Cf. fer tuinn[e] .i. brattan a salmon O'Dav. 1014 . Exceptionally of animals to denote sex: ar geig on fir torrach in banēn, Hy Maine 103 vb24 . bainéan ... ┐ dias ḟear a hen-bird and two cocks TD 15.26 . In the name of a bird , see eiden(n). Humorously applied to butter, ib. 37.6 .

(f) in gramm., person: cētfear illda sumus .i. atamait first person plural Auraic. 307 = ceudpersa, 2675 .

(g) With follg. gen. or adj., forming n.pr. e.g. Fer báeth: LU 6024 . i ndegaid Fir Baíth, 6025 . voc. a Fir Baith, 6023 . As name of a horse, Acall. 271 . F.¤ bend (`man of horns' ? See Heldensage 94 ), gen. Fir bend, TBC-LL¹ 2149 . 2164 . F. caille (`man of the forest,' cf. Lat. Sylvanus, Silvaticus) BDD 39 . voc. a Fir chaille, 110 . ¤cetharraid: gen. Fir cetharraid, Rawl. 144a30 , 162d44 . F.¤ coctha (see cocad): gen. Fir choctha, Rawl. 159b35 . F.¤ corb, Fianaig. 12.13 . gen. Fir chorb, Rawl. 128b33 . d'Fior corb mac Modha Cuirb, AFM A.M. 4727 . F.¤ da chrích: Fer da chrích, Trip. 520. 8 ; 542.30 ; AU 767 . Rawl. 146f43 . gen. Fir da crich, AU 746 . Rawl. 127b45 . Fer dá liach, Rawl. 149a43 . F.¤ dét (cf. Lat. Dentatus): do Fir dét, TBC-LL¹ 2147 . F. diad (`man of smoke') TBC-I¹ 2215 . TBC-LL¹ 3004 etc. ra Fer ṅdiad, 3231 . 3979 . gen. Fir diad, LU 6707 . TBC-I¹ 2210 . TBC-LL¹ 3217 . voc. a Ḟir diad, 3111 . F.¤ febe. (cf. feb) gen. Fir Febe, TBC-I¹ 159 = Fir aba, TBC-LL¹ 393 . F.¤ filed (see fili), Rawl. 156b2 . gen. Fir ḟiled, ib. 3 . Lism. L. p. 342.1 . F.¤ glan, gen. Fir glain, Rawl. 158.40 . F.¤ gráid: Fer graidh ri Caisil, AU 960 = Fer graidh mac Cléirigh, AFM 958 ; 959 . Cf. Fer Graid mac Ailgenain (a king of Munster) ZCP xix 94.1 (Synchr.). F.¤ le (lé): BDD 9 (om. LU) cf. BDD² p. 73 . F.¤ lí, Fianaig. 68.28 . gen. Fir lí, 74.22 . F.¤ Lugdach (`son of Lugaid' ?): gen. Fir Lugdach, Rawl. 119a23 . F.¤ mara (`m. of the sea'), gen. sil Fir mara, Rawl. 130b12 . F.¤ mór gen. Fir moir, RC xvi 135 ( Dinds. 131 ). F.¤ raith: gen. Fir raith, Rawl. 144a31 ; cf. Fir roith, 119a26 . F.¤ rogain, RC xv 421 . BDD 46 . F.¤ rogein, 9 . voc. a Fir; Rogain, 66 ( LU 7006 ). gen. Fir rogain, BDD 79 . F.¤ taí, Fianaig. 68.27 . gen. Fir tái, 70.19 . Fir thái, 70.26 . F.¤ Techet: gen. Fir Thechet, Rawl. 158.40 . See Rawl. Index .

Compds.

(1) to denote sex, fer is prefixed to the name of an animal or to a nomen agentis which may be used of both sexes; rarely with a subst. exclusively masc. in application, e.g. fermac;

(2) with adjectival force = pertaining to a man or men, intended for a man, manly , etc.

fer-amus a mercenary: feramus, Rawl. 113a9 ( ZCP xv 310 ). fer-amus no ban-amus ` man-servant ' Ériu ii 204.22 . ¤bolcum draught for a man: cethri fichit ferbolcumm as much as eighty men will drink MacCongl. 101.7 . ¤bratán: in fear-bradan, Hy Maine 103vb13 . ¤chara a male friend CCath. 1137 . ¤chend a man's head TBC-I¹ 1453 . ¤chland: eitir ferchloinn fhinn `the fair children of men' (or of Finn ?) BS 24.17 . ¤choic a man-cook ACL iii 241 § 7 . ¤chol sodomy Ériu vii 144.16 . ¤chrécht a wound: pl. na ferchrechta , Fianaig. 94.5 . ¤chubat, ¤chumat a man's length: fercubat fir, Trip.² 2992 . fercumat, LU 5858 . See separate article below. ? ¤chur a warrior, champion: fearchur .i. curaidh no gaisgeadhach feardha, O'Cl. ¤dál: dá céad feindidh ferdhála `of manly encounter' Duan. F. i 90.28 . ¤dam a bull Laws iv 100.21 Comm. ¤dord: canaid ... f. do contuli friss, LU 6312 ( TBC-I¹ 1810 ). ¤dorn a man's fist Ériu iv 32.3 . As measure: med ferdor ceachtar n-ai YBL 118a40 . tri ferdhuirnn ar airdi three hands in height Maund. 186 . ¤druí a druid: n du. dá ferdrai , RC xliii 24.7 . ¤ech a stallion: in feirech ┐ in baineach, Acall. 256 . ¤échtus a manly attack Laws i 64.13 (see ZCP xviii 102 ). ¤ fuine baking or kneading done for a man: damna teora mbairgen ferfuine ┐ a sé do banfuine, Laws ii 176.18 Comm. cf. iv 116.6 . v 30.23 . ¤gaiscedach warrior: cona seisser ... bangaiscedach ┐ cona seisser ... fergaiscedach, Acall. 5128 . ¤gal valorous man (?): in forba fergalach (fergal, v.l.) foltgarb, RC xxiv 192 § 3 , Cín Chille Cúile 86 . ¤gein male descendant : feirghein deimin deimnigim, Leb. Cert.² 156.13 . ¤ glac a man's hand, grasp: (as measure): cainnel cethri ferglac, Cáin Ad. § 2 . ag teora fer-glacc, MacCongl. 3.14 . ¤glond a manly exploit , pl. ferghlonna, MR 264.7 . ¤gním a man's act; a brave deed: (of Cú Chulainn :) is áes ingini macdacht ... ┐ ní thángatár a fergníma beus, LU 4851 . ben cédmuinterais ... ar as i bfeirghniomha gaibhther, Ériu xiii 31.30 . cf. ara fen fergnima (apparently = gníma a fir), O'Mulc. 327 ( Ériu xi 217.1 ). tri fergnima Conaild, Fél. 70.35 . fri coibled fergním, LU 10268 , cf. ZCP iii 235.2 . Hence adj. fergnímach manly in action: cóic ingena ... bátar fergnímaig forthriúin, Metr. Dinds. iii 88 . ¤gnúis a man's face: nā bānaiter fergnúsi, LU 8426 ( FB 29 ). ¤insce, ¤innsgne masculine gender: ferinnsci lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ... lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521 . ainm feirinnsgne IGT, Introd. § 157 . ¤`a man's day,' a day lucky for men: tri ferlae .i. dardáin, áine, domnach, Triads 217 . ¤lám a man's arm, hand (as measure): fot ferlama da crund, CCath. 5604 . ¤leó a lion PH 3439 . ferléo ┐ bainleo BNnÉ 84.27 . ¤les(s) a man's thigh (?): feraid fodil di ferlessaib ar óenathib Ulad strews warriors' limbs (?) LU 6122 ( TBC-I¹ p. 61 n. 7 ). ¤mac a male child: cach f.¤ arosloice broind a mathar, Laws iii 38.8 . v s. a ḟermeic (of a hound), Acall. 5578 . n p. fermaicc, Fél. Nov. 5 . cf. fearmhaic .i. fir neartmhara, O'Cl. ¤míl a male animal: cach fermil (.i. cach mil fearda), Laws iii 38.11 . ¤mug a male slave: fermogh, Acall. 7222 . noenbar banmhogad ┐ triar fermhogad, 954 . caoca fermhogh, BS 104.31 . ¤óclach a warrior: fertraig feroclaig, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). sliasait ferócclaich, CCath. 191 . gérsat calma na ferogláigh, Acall. 40 . ¤thincur the property brought by a man when marrying: ben for fertincur, fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . lanamnus mná for ferthinucur, 380.23 ( SM Facs. 42b ). See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 83 ; 126 . ¤thraig a man's foot (as measure): fertraig LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). comla ... i mbatár tri fertraigid dia tiget, LU 1443 ( MU² 915 ). tricha ferrthraiged, LL 265b28 ( MU² 508 ). tricha fertraighed, ZCP viii 545.30 . se fichit fertraigh RC xliii 80 § 82 . ¤thraigthech a foot-soldier: ic fosugud na ferthraigthech, Ériu viii 38.28 . See also ferbolg, —chú, —chubat, —chuitred, —doman, —gnia, —scál.

fo-noí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-noí or dil.ie/23265
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fonaithe

v i (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 586 ) protot. stem fon-. later fuin-. Bakes, roasts, cooks ( Ériu xlix 171 ): furruu (? leg. fu-nuu or fu-nnuu) gl. asso I cook, ZCP xxi 282 . fonassa ... an écne `I cooked' RC x 88 . orce ... fonóiset for beraib cairthind, LL 120a13 ( RC iii 176 ). gegnaitsom banb ... fannoíset, LU 1743 ( RC ix 482 ). arán fonither ... dia domnaich, Mon. Tall. § 13 = dá bhfuinfidhe, Rule of Tallaght § 62 . fonaither int écne lee let the salmon be cooked TBFr. § 21 = fonuigther , ZCP iv 42.17 . céin fonnuith[e]a fulacht leo `while food was being cooked' RC xxv 346 § 2 . no fonaidfidé [no fonfaithea Eg., fonuinfidi Y, no fuifeda D] cét lóeg ... fria, BDD 54 (LU). fonoad (.i. ro immained) col carpait dún and, LU 10243 = ZCP iii 234.2 (with gloss.: .i. rohimfuined). rofonta .iii. cét bairgen assin bulgc, BColm. 60.16 .

Later fuinid: roḟuinsit a n-iasc, ZCP i 464x . in chét-bargen rofuined, Ériu i 132 . is ar scéith F. do fuinedh lón M., Cog. 100.8 . cach ní no fuinte de no ithid L., Cóir Anm. 70 (p. 318) . a mbí im thromcholuinn d'ḟeoil oimh | fuin, a eoin, DDána 42.17 .

In late lit. used esp. of bread-making, often = kneads; (fig. ) do fuinedh leis an Sbiorad naomh a mbroind na hoighe é was fashioned (of Christ) Ó Héodhusa 106 .

Forruinedh, Ériu xiii 34.31 seems to belong to 1 fuinid, q.v. Part. fonaithe, vn. 1 fuine q.v.

1 fuine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fuine or dil.ie/24847

n , f. (vn. of fo-noí) cooking ; baking, roasting: f.¤ .i. bearbhadh no bruith, O'Cl. ro scáig dóib ... fune a mbíd, LU 4629 . uan firenn ... a f.¤ for grís, SR 3903 (cf. carnes ... assas igni Exodus xii 8 ). ic fune [v.l. -i] ind loīg Hy v 74 . in fer ocond ḟulucht ... oc funi in tuircc, LU 4949 . oc fennad loíg dia ḟuni, LL 260a17 ( LMU 7 ). a aonbhó do mharbhadh ┐ a f.¤ ar bheruibh, Thr. Frag. 36 .

Of bread baking ; sometimes apparently kneading: coic fichit bargen ... iarna f.¤ tria mil kneaded (?) LU 8125 ( FB 9 ). funi na n-aireman the baking for the plowmen LL 46b37 ( Ériu i 132 ). ac funi bairgene aile dona airemnaib, LL 46b 41 . im meli bron no funi bargini, Cog. 116.14 . ic f.¤ aráin ┐ ica inmaine iar sin isin tsurn, LB 234b37 . a f.¤ a ndigna ┐ a cur for lanna teinntigi (exemplifying digna .i. croch), Ériu xiii 76.211 = O'Dav. 623 . na derntar isin Domnach bleith ... nā f.¤ , Ériu ii 202.1 . gan mblit [leg. mlith] cin fuini, Anecd. iii 21.6 . in f.¤ ┐ bleith na brón, IGT III ex. 336 . frisin mnai fune the cook Trip. 186 (2183) . cethri bairgin banfuine ... da bairgin ferf.¤ `of women's baking ... of men's baking' Laws v 30.25 Comm. in nī for a certaigenn a f.¤ ... .i. a lec f.¤ `baking-flag (griddle)' iv 10.24 Comm . fán na f.¤ the cooking-slope (i.e. the part of the fair ground reserved for this), Metr. Dinds. iii 24 . do delbais in taeb-sa, a Thrinoit, | do thalmain 's do thenid bī ; | ... f.¤ deigḟir amlaid hi the work of a good cook ACL iii 242 § 7 ( Aithd. D. p.267 ).

See 2 fuined.

2 fuine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fuine or dil.ie/24848

n = 1 fuined. Possibly a genuine form and not merely a late spelling. sunset ; end (of day or part of it) : itir turgabail greine ┐ a f.¤ , Laws i 104.23 Comm. co tairi f.¤ ngreine, H 3.18, 377b ( Laws ii 124 Comm. ) co f.¤ nona, Grail 2339 . co funi maitni die luain, Anecd. iii 21.2 (= fuine 23 N 10, 108 ; co teirt in lúain, Ériu ii 194 § 6 ).

See 1 fuined.

Load More Results