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3 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 áige or dil.ie/918

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e). io, m. Perh. same word as 1, 2 áige time, fixed period: mithisse .vii. mbliadna . . . tanic de in t-áge hísin LU 11034 . ní laimthea a sarugud co tísed áigi na bliadna sin (i.e. the Feis Temra or Óenach Tailten), 4214 . rochuinigh . . . an ben a tochra i n-āge a gellta `at the time for which it had been promised', BColm. 92.3 . ó ocht calne Apréile . . . co hOctimbir á.¤ (: ráde) `until the period of O.', Ériu iii 104 § 39 . in treas cath i n-aga aimsire int sannruth, BB 491a19 . i cinn an á.¤ , Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 . ní fil m'á.¤ ní bas sía `my span of life lasts no longer', Metr. Dinds. iv 28.47 . cach ági at every season, Imr. Brain 13.3 . . dcccc. age selbai, ZCP xii 363.28 . oin co aige .i. casc no nollac a loan until a definite day, Laws iii 492.11, 12 Comm. attat secht n-airligthe do-sliat loig n-einech mani thoirsait (leg. thairsit) a n-agai dia tecmai gabud i n-agui a n-eurca `if they are not returned at the speci- fied time', v 372.12 . airligud do fiur adbaill re n-agu a erce, 370.y . on (= ōn) fri hanairchenn, ni nasccar, ni cinnter a agae, 368.16 . in tan cindter aigi dithma forro when the time of their forfeiture is fixed, 246.8 Comm. ni forsna fuirmither aige a thing for which no period is fixed, i 146.6 Comm. co mbere [in bó] laeg isin aige ro gellad, O'Curry 653 ( H 3.18, 316 ). cidbe aige gnath no ingnath berius, 654 (ib. 318).

Cf. aga.

ainim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainim or dil.ie/1400

Forms: hainme, anim, anmi, ainmi, ainmib, ainem, aineamh, ainimh, ainmhi, aineamh, ainimh, ainmhe

n [ā,] f. a s. anim, TBFr. 221 . g s. na hainme , Laws iii 346.21 Comm. d s. anim, LU 6099 ( TBC-I¹ 1620 ). n p. anmi, LU 3256 . a p. ainmi, Laws ii 150.6 . d p. ainmib, Trip.² 1525 . Also ainem. aineamh f. ( d s. ainimh. g s. and n p. ainmhi), IGT Decl. § 54 (a s. aineamh in exx. 1379, 1382, 1388 is marked lochdach). ainimh f. ( d s. id. g s. and n p. ainmhe), § 150 . See Ériu xix 117 .

Blemish, defect: ail ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 . ár níbá hada rí co n-anim hi Temraig, LU 4056 . uair dígebthair thall a lochta ┐ a n-anmi ara corpaib, 2622 . coínsit [dá baccach] a ndíorpus ar a n-ainmib their disinheriting because of their defects, Trip.² 1525 . ité téora anmi fil for mnaib U. .i. cluíne ┐ minde ┐ guille, LU 3257 ( SCC 5 ). bean fora fuirmither ainim coisc punitive blemish(?), Laws v 292.21 . indscuchad ainme na ro ictar a reir breitheaman no leaga departure owing to a blemish which cannot be healed (valid reason for divorce), 296.17 . do galaraib bunaidh, no d'ainmib incleithi, ii 362.11 Comm. altrum cen ainmi, 150.6 . sóera ainme / essóera ícce (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.29 . ferr bās bithainim, Anecd. iii 19.18 . saoth liom gan t'aineamh orainn (addressed to a blind man), Dánta Gr. 28.1 . O'C. do bhathadh . . . ┐ bá d'ainimh a dhaithe roimtigh because of his clumsiness, AFM v 1706.8 . tuba ainme reproaching a person for a physical defect: isin tuba nainme do rigned re Fergus, Laws i 68.16 . no cipedh cinel aire .i. in glaim dicenn .i. in tuba nainme, no in lesanmad, 240.21 Comm. tuba na hainme, iii 346.21 Comm. nóad ainme making known a blemish (a species of lampoon): noad ainme, Laws v 228.28 .i. urdarcugadh na hainme, 232.10 Comm. Cf. noudh ainmhe .i. leasainm, O'Dav. 1287 . Of a moral defect: fer cin ainim .i. cin ēd, cin omun, cin neoid, ZCP i 104.6 . an triath go n-ainimh (of Lucifer), DDána 35.7 . a ngabāil tar a n-ainme (of women), ZCP viii 113.10 . ní léir d'aon a ainimh féin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 1 .

Extended uses: ní thuig sé ainimh nó urchóid an éaga calamity(?), TSh. 747 . is anim dún nad-fil is 'taig it is the worse for us, Sc.M² 16 . Cf. lór d'ainimh alas, DDána 29.11 . In follg. rather scandal, reproach: bid a.¤ ón ém do ṡochaidi (i.e. the making a bishop of Dubthach), Trip.² 2228 . ní ha.¤ rí óc eslobar, BDD² 162 . anim do neach bith cen tech, Mór M. 266.14 . In concrete sense defective article: ni renar nach a.¤ do-lece domaine i trebad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 24 § 6 . Of persons: ar ro batar tri ainmi la Ulto .i. Conall Cloen ┐ Cuchulainn Goll ┐ Cuscraid Mend, RC viii 60.13 .

cosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosc or dil.ie/12582
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: coisg, cosg, casg, choisge

o, n. vn. of con-secha. n s. coisg (leg. cosg?), Content. xxiv 20 . cosg casg m., IGT Decl. § 96 . Verbs § 75 . g s. choisge, IGT Decl. ex. 1216 .

(a) act of reproving, admonishing, correcting; reproof, correction. Also in sense of physically punishing, chastising; punishment, chastisement (see Bergin, Ériu xvii 1 - 3 ): c.¤ a coasc, Corm. Y 255 . cusc .i. tecosc, Lec. Gl. 58 . coscc tegusg tenn, Metr. Gl. D. 33 . c.¤ .i. tegosc, Lec. Gl. 31 . O'Cl. cotob sechfider dichosscc gl. in uirga ueniam ad uos, Wb. 9a23 (see Ériu xvii 1 - 3 , Stud. Celt. ii 91 ). diar c.¤-ni gl. ad correptionem nostram, 11a31 . doch.¤ cáich gl. quid igitur lex? Propter transgressiones possita est, 19c9 . isc.¤ et cuindrech forcechtarde gl. quanto tempore heres paruulus est, nihil defert a seruo, 19c21 . c.¤ innamban, 22c10 . na bad naimtide ac.¤ gl. nolite quasi inimicum existimare, 26b28 . trech.¤ conacarbi cenchinta gl. nolite ad indignationem prouocare filios, 27c6 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ innacoimded gl. domini, quos iustum est . . . seruis praestáte, 27c16 . c.¤ innammoge inso sis gl. serui . . . arbitrentur, 29b1 . tre ch.¤ , 31c4 . ní dodígail forfírianu . . . acht is doch.¤ cintach gl. iusto non est lex possita sed iniustis, 28a3 . nád deni ní arach. gl. delinquit, 31d12 . ? dumchoscaibse gl. meis nutibus, Ml. 41d11 ( duinchoscaibse, ( Thes. i 113 n. b) MS. ? Leg. du-m-inchoscaib-se, Celtica xix 178 ). honch. gl. correptione, 51b17 . honaib coscaib innangalar gl. moderatís castigationibus, 111b26 `by the chastisements consisting of the diseases', Ériu xvii 2 . See also Wb. 5a16 , 9a19 , 20d6 , Ml. 111c3 . dognith do tromch.¤ `who was severely chastised', Blathm. 48 and n. cena c.¤ `without correcting himself', Mon. Tall. 128.3 . mo ch.¤ do cach óen / scarad fri peccad advice, LU 9480 . gearait (.i. eolach) do c.¤ (.i. tegusc) fand (.i. aineolach), ZCP v 486 § 6 (B. na f.). do ghene a cc.¤ `he punished them', Blathm. 96 § 21 . oc c.¤ inna mban, LU 8422 ( FB 29 ). bat cumnech coisc ót senaib, 3491 ( SCC 26 ). cuin as tūalaing coisc ala n-aile? `capable of correcting others', Celtica viii 68.91 ( ZCP iii 451.26 ). ní cara cách cosg a baise, H 3.18, 36.13 . olc in c.¤ cinad `the wicked advice', Ériu iii 148 § 2 . meic cen casc, Lism. L. 4664 . gabhaim do chosg ar mo chuing `I take on myself to punish you', Content. xxvii 11 . c.¤ lobair .i. elenn for in fid in ogaim `corrective of a sick man', Auraic. 5660 (medicine?).

(b) act of hindering, preventing; staunching (of wounds), etc.; remedy, cure : do ch.¤ na fola, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.77 . c.¤ fogla, Cog. 54.9 . dobéraimne robhar ítadh . . . nemfhogbail dige día cusc doib to quench it (i.e. thirst), RC xii 90 § 111 (see deoch coisc below). do chosg bróin `thy sorrow's cure' (of son), Bard. P. 36.§ 8 . ó Mhuire tuccadh a coscc / rop slán cech rosc [i]ma téit `healing', Moling 37 . cosg fiabhrasa `cure of fever', Bard. P. 25.12 . forfhemdhetar a ch.¤ oc bendachtain, LB 123a4 . As legal remedy : ar ni inun cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ leth[ṡ]air 'for the remedy for noble and base and half-noble is not the same', Mar. Dis. 30 § 7 . Some exx. for attrib. g s. belong here; see below.

(c) Attrib. g s.: bean for a fuirmither ainim coisc blemish caused by (physical) punishment, Laws v 292.21 .i. ac a c.¤ co indligthech (i.e. by her husband), 294.18 Comm. cáin chuisc 'the rule of healing', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6 ). bid crann cuisc Temra a rod to rule T., Lism. L. 2809 . riagail na dighe cuisg 'the rule of the healing drink', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6b ). gabail cuisc do fer freptha fris imbi c.¤ , Laws i 268. 7 - 8 .i. ag (leg. an) erid bes ag congbail na dighi cuisc fris in fer bis isin freptaidh, 300.25 - 26 Comm. muighi do digh coiscc, BNnÉ 315 § 11 . fan digh cuisg, IGT Decl. ex. 1039 . fuarabair dig cuisc tonnaid, TFerbe 600 . domna coisc 'enough for a cure', CIH i 177.18 , Mar. Dis. 70 . a chomarlid. a ḟer cuisc instructor, LL 31569 (TTr.). fer a choisc a man capable of checking him, ZCP vi 29.32 . suí coisc cach suí, LL 24282 `every sage is a corrective sage', RC xxvi 17 .

(d) With follg. prepp.: gniom a laime do c.¤ diob to prevent them from . . . , TBC St. 3799 . ba c.¤ fairrgi do tractaib ┐ ba c.¤ gaithi fri fudbaid holding back the sea (in list of impossible tasks), BB 411a52 . d'eagla choisg na n-aeiged d'fín, IGT Verbs ex. 677 . sás na n-ainmhianach do chosg dá gcoirthibh, TSh. 6828 . casg aga ar gach anduine control, O'R. Poems 22 . c.¤ . . . on oite for in dalta, Laws ii 348.21 Comm. iad féin do chosg . . . ó bhréithribh, Párl. na mB. 1248 . Note also: a ccosg do chum coimhthechta = exhort them to, RSClára 95a . In phr. do-beir (cuirid) c.¤ for: nírbuch.¤ coir dorratsat forru són gl. correptionis, Ml. 113d7 . c.¤ mbec doberr forsna pecthachu, 51b23 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ do tabairt ar chuislennaib na maighdine, Grail 3497 . do bheir an chranncair air imreasanaibh cosg = causeth to cease, Proverbs xviii 18 . ar bhar gcailg ó nach cuiream cosg, Content. ix 11 . cosg do chor ar amharc ainmhianach a shúl, TSh. 7252 .

? delgán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? delgán or dil.ie/15365

ind (delg): aithne fiuirmiudu .i. fuirmither for dealgan aithgin ind co naill .i. faill iumcoiméta do ronadh impi . . . so cách go dealgán . . . .i. impaid cach sin ndealgan, O'D. 1181 - 2 ( H 2.15A, 45b ). Cf. Laws i 190 n. 1 , 196.14 Comm.

fo-ruimi, -fuirmi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ruimi, -fuirmi or dil.ie/24043
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: for-r(uim)-, fo-fuirm-, fo-d-ruim, forruimi, forruibi, forrumai, -fuirmi, fosrumet, fosraemet, forroma, forruma, -fuirmema, fuireama, fuirmeba, -furmud, furruimtis, -forurmius, fomruirmius, for-uirim, forfurim, forḟuirim, forruim, forruib, -forroim, forrumai, forromair, foruirmiset, -furimar, -fuirmider, forrumither, forruimther, -fuirmithe, foruirmed, forfuirmedh, forumad, -forromadh, -forrumtha, rofurmethe, fuirmithe, fuirmiud, f.

possibly more than one verb is represented in the following citations ; some forms suggest for-r(uim)- but cf. Ériu xxxv 201 ; some are assigned by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 463 ) to for-ben. (In later MSS f is sometimes repeated in deuterotonic forms : fo-fuirm-). Ipv. 2 s. fo-d-ruim, Fianaig. 12 § 23 . pres. 3 s. forruimi, Corm. Bodl. s.v. pattu (= forruim, Corm. Y 1045 ; forruibi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 35 ). forrumai (fosrumai ?) LU 5320 . -fuirmi, Wb. 8c1 . pl. fosrumet, BDD 13 D = fosraemet Y. pres. subj. 3 s. forroma, ZCP iv 39.13 = forruma, LL 250a10 ( TBFr. § 15 ). Cf. -fuirmema, Laws v 96.28 Comm. (< B 346az = Y 202b47 ; fuireama, in the corresp. text Laws ii 348.26 Comm. is a misreading of the MS., H 3.17, c. 451z , which O'D. 597 gives as fuirmeba, but the last two letters are doubtful). past subj. 3 s. cf. -furmud, RC xi 448.78 . 3 pl. furruimtis, Thes. ii 242.5 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). pret. and perf. 1 s. -forurmius, LU 9381 . fomruirmius, Fél. Ep. 38 . 3 s. for-uirim, Ml. 2a6 . forfurim, Ériu ii 132 § 106 . forḟuirim, Alex. 262 . forruim, Thes. ii 242.8 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). forruib, Hy ii 8 . cf. -forroim, LU 5679 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 463 gives this and forrumai to for-ben). With depon. ending : forromair, TBC-LL¹ 3315 . 3 pl. foruirmiset, Rawl. 142a21 . LU 6670 . Pass. pres. s. -furimar, Ériu ii 116 § 45 . pres. subj. s. ? -fuirmider, Rawl. 125b29 . cf. mad ... forrumither , Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit = forruimther Y. past subj. s. -fuirmithe, Corm. Y 1059 . Bodl. pret. and perf. s. foruirmed, Ml. 74c20 . forfuirmedh, Fianaig. 14 § 35 . forumad, Lism. L. p. 328.25 . -forromadh ZCP iii 459.2 . pl. -forrumtha, Ériu ii 110 § 30 . rofurmethe, BColm. 32.4 .

Part. fuirmithe. Vn. fuirmiud.

(a) sets, places, of local relations: in tan foruirim obell ... fair, Ml. 2a6 . arimbad and furruimtis a n-eclis that there they should put [i.e. build] their church Thes. ii 242.5 . immalle doaurcbad doib a cossa ┐ fosruimet lift ... set down TBC-I¹ 3312 . is tō didiu forruimi in phattu a chossa `silently does the hare put its foot down' Corm. Bodl. s.v. pattu (= Corm. Y 1045 ). furmid ... a rigthi tharis (of wrestling) TBC-LL¹ 1308 (here treated as simple vb.). forruimther a cend forsin chloich, LL 122b24 . gaibidsi a da cois co ro ḟurim a cend fon usci, 279b43 ( SG 414 ). ro fuirmed hé isin Sábraind, MacCongl. 19.10 . foruirmitís ... a tengtha dar slesa a cloideb used to lick their swordblades Alex. 660 = ro ruirmitis, BB 494a38 . forrurim a láim eter di fertais in carpait co mmebaid in carpat , LU 5065 (here the meaning `thrust' seems implied, cf. fuirmiud, d). as fora mhuinel ro fuirimh C. a lāmh AFM i 182.4 . foruirmiset ... a mind ríg for Tamun, LU 6670 . forruim imbe in cassal, Ériu ii 204 § 22 . cladair fert fuirmigter lia, 23 P 3, 22a ( O'Curry 1886 ). is i Temair. ... fo ruirmed [in chloch], ZCP xx 219.15 ( xiii 372 ) = Temair ... i forromadh, iii 459.2 . co foromad in cúach ar bélaib Cholmáin, Ériu i 46.6 . ardnem ... fora forramad cuairt ind rīchid on which ... has been set ii 110 § 28 . airm i forrumtha na noī tuirid ib. § 30 . Of planting a blow, etc. (Cf. forruim .i. ro gon, LU 457 ). ... in baill isin duiniu hi fuirmither in crēcht ... mad ind agaid ... forrumither, Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit ( Corm. Y 975 ). sochaide forḟuirim a buille hi ceand araile, Alex. 262 . ro fuirmeastar beim ... ar in coin, TTebe 605 . Cf. formis [fornis, fuirmis v.l.] ... béim ... do cloidhemh dó, CCath. 2063 .

Impers. constr.: do fuirim snechta foraib snow fell on them LL 287b35 (cf. ro fer snechta, in same text 287a3 ).

(b) of fig. and abstract relations confers, imposes, inflicts , with FOR of pers. or thing affected (similar in use to do-beir): huare ... foruirmed cenn forsnaib cotarsnaib ... (= have reached their climax) Ml. 74c20 . ni fuirmi nech dimiccim foir som, Wb. 8c1 . for nech ni furme dimes thou shalt not treat anyone with contempt Ériu ii 228.1 . resíu forruma bine fornn, TBFr. § 15 . día ro fuirmed recht Adomnáin for Góedelaib, LU 2257 ( FA 32 ). oc B. forurmed a forus sae for feraib H. `was enjoined on' Cáin Ad. 28 . ro furmethe grada forru-sum, BColm. 32.4 . mor do dhelbhuibh ... forruirmeth for sil nAdhaimh, Ériu ii 132 § 105 . is for in Fiachaich se foruirmiset ... in fingail committed Rawl. 142a21 (= ro fuirmiset, ZCP viii 317 ). fuirimh ... briathar ... ar Choisimnach lay a curse on C. BNnÉ 314 § 8 (cf. fuirmedh .i. abradh, O'Dav. 835 ). do fuirmedh támh forra plague came upon them AFM i 58 . in ní forsna fuirmither aigi that [loan] for which no term is fixed Laws iii 492.20 (cf. fuirmither .i. fīraemthar, O'Dav. 853 . foruimter tuinide la cétchor, 824 ). Of exchange (?): fuirimh sin samhaisg ar dhéin, Ériu xiii 25.19 = IT iii 50 (gl. tabair, O'Dav. 849 . Perh. f. here = lay down, i.e., impose, enact ). With omission of pers. affected: da fuirmett faill `if they practise deceit' [neglect ?] Fen. 148.7 . tar ēsse na hālgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested (forruirmis v.l.) ZCP ix 449 § 2 .

? Absol. : ó dorochair Duach ... ro fuirmiset for Eochaid Fer fuirmid .i. mac Duach .i. fer forrofuirmed, ZCP viii 303.11 (= ro firmiset Ernai ... for ..., Rawl. 147a32 ; LL 319a42 ; ro fuirimset ... for E. `abased E.' Cóir Anm. 31 . Cf. fer fora ndernadh fuirmheth .i. a lagadh ┐ a laighdugud ┐ a aimnertugud co mor ib. cf. c below). nachas fuirmeda damsa may [the combat] not be imposed on me (?) TBC-LL¹ p. 301 n. 5 . lōg enech in grāid a fuireama, Laws ii 348.26 = v 96. 28 may belong to this. Cf. go sechtmhadh fodhail fuirmither , Ériu xiii 30.27 . ... cach ferainn fuirmhither uadh tre fīrécin nō foruimenn nech ar écin, O'Curry 429 (< H 3.18, 233a ). Cf. fine ar a ḟuirmim (= fuirbim, BB 269a25 ) `on his march' as if = foraim) Leb. Cert. 38 .

(c) lays prostrate, overthrows: in Rí dorósat a chrí | ro fuirim a frithisi has brought it low Metr. Dinds. iv 242.20 (ra urim v.l.). co foraim trí coícta troch ib. 39 . co foraim bága in bile, 244.52 (furim; foraib v.l.). ? sund ro báidit ... echrad E. ... báeth in fíad rosforaim and, 182.7 . Cf. inmain uatni óir | ra ḟurmius ar áth (Cú Chulainn lamenting the death of Fer diad) TBC-LL¹ 4179 = forfuirmedh for áth TBC-I¹ 2729 .

(d) in refl. and middle constr. betakes oneself, goes (= Lat. se confert); in this sense the historic pres. is commonly used instead of pret.: fotruim [fodruim, MS.] dot daim `betake thee to thy house' Fianaig. 12 § 23 . fusrumat a n-éin [ = ind euin, 23 N 10, 62 ] remib dia ndaim tar Sliab F., LU 10567 ( IT i 136.10 ; tiaguit, Eg.). farruma do Emain TBC-I¹ 2984 . forrumai do Teumraig, ZCP iii 252 § 72 = faruim, RC xi 448.88 . farruma dano C. la cách dond oenuch LL 125bx . farumai ... co ránic Temraig, Ériu vi 149 . farrumaí immach cucu, LU 7892 ( BDD 148 ). forumai O. for a hiarair, Cymmr. xiv 104 ( Rawl. 131b25 ). fosraemet [fosrumet; tiagait v.l.] ind eoin forsin tuind, BDD 13 . farrumae Concobar ar cind Fergusa, TBC-I¹ 3579 . forrumai [ fosrumaei, TBC-I¹ 843 ] Allechtu ... co mboí forsin chorthi A. goes and perches on the pillar LU 5320 ( ZCP x 208 ). forrumaidi ... co mbui for feinnithecht, RC vi 174 v.l. 17 (-idi is prob. anaph. pron.). Cf. ro lingestar lēim ... conadh ann ro fuirmistar ar glan-aiglind scēith in churad alighted MR 234.3 = ro uirmesdair, LL 410a2 (see airmaisid). forrumai nonbor díib thoromsa ┐ Conchobar, LU 4886 . conid forruim isind tulaigh, RC x 74 n. 1 (= co ro tairis, 72z ). condfurruimset ib. n. 16 (= condaturnsad, text.

Cf. farumai co Sencha dus cia dogenad he betook himself to S. to see what he should do (?) H 3.18, 367a37 ( O'Curry 785 ); `referred it' (of a decision) Plummer, MS. notes.

fuirmiud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuirmiud or dil.ie/24902

Forms: furmiuda, furmid, fuirmid, fuirmighi, furmedha, fuirmeadh

n u, o, m. (vn. of fo-ruimi) The m is occasionally shown lenited ; O'Cl. distinguishes between fuirmeadh .i. toirneamh ; fuirmeadh .i. foreimniughad no siubhal, and fuirmheadh .i. cur (see below) but there is no reason to doubt that all these represent the same word.

(a) in primary sense setting down, placing, depositing: fuirmedh .i. indell no cur, O'Dav. 932 . fuirmheadh .i. cur, O'Cl. delba clochda ... cen sigin na crochi do f.¤ indib PH 754 . a fuirmidh a ngradh to place him (the pupil) in a grade Laws ii 348.21 Comm. aithne fuirimiudu (.i. fuirmither for dealgan aithgin ind ...), SM Facs. 55b . aithne fuirmidha .i. in aithne fuirmither a n-inad airithe (one of the seven deposits which are to be restored even though there has been no pledge), Laws v 196.3 (14) . But cf. tri aithne na dlegat taisec ... aithne fuirmeda, Triads 157 , glossed in the 18th cent. copy : .i. do fūigfidhe gan aithne do thabhairt go cinnte i ccumhdach acht go héccinte air, p.40 (i.e. a deposit left without proper security ?). ro laoi fiadhnuise fair fuirmhedh, Ériu xiii 15.10 (= ro le, etc. .i. gugudh fiadnise tiscaidh dire n-aire, O'Dav. 1344 ). See furmada.

(b) transf. of inflicting, imposing (a punishment, obligation, etc.) : co f.¤ na sraigell ... foraib plying the scourges on them FA 30 (LB), where local sense is still implicit ; cf. la furmed in mátan fair belaying him with the cudgel LU 8546 ( FB 40 ). co f.¤ in rechtasa Adamnáin imposition FA 32 (LB). In fig. sense : noco tabair in scel f.¤ doridhissi furri never touches on (alludes to) her Acall. 6437 .

(c) laying low, prostrating, overthrowing: is ainm fuirmheadh ... do turnadh is d'ísliúgud, LL 395a11 = Metr. Gl. Ff. 7 . fuirmeadh .i. toirneamh nó ísliughadh, O'Cl. fer fora ndernadh fuirmheth .i. a lagadh ┐ a laighdiugud, Cóir Anm. 31 . cing catha ri furmiud fer, LL 238a5 ( TTr. 1561 ; `for laying low men'). iar fuirmed Bili Tortan ` felling ' Metr. Dinds. iv 244 . flaithe re fuirmeadh princes to be laid low ML 86.3 .

(d) a violent aggressive effort, blow, thrust, tug, etc. dobeir fuirmidh dia sāil ina cenn `tramples them with his heel' CCath. 3665 . ba bec leisiom fuirmed a llām na laech co mbeth fuirmed a cos mar aen ris, ML 164.22 ( YBL 330a21 ). dorat A. furmiud fortren ... fair ... don lágin, LL 244a33 ( TTr. 2041 ). dorat ... fuirmed niad don urd iarnaige, LB 157a 52 . tuc fuirmed fedma ... do gae ... air `an effective thrust' TTebe 2817 . tug fuirmeadh feadma ... fuirre (of a stone fixed in the earth) ML 2.21 . ni hoirchios fuirmedh fedhma for fhlaithibh `to put service upon (? use violence towards) kings' 116.25 . ba diulaing dīn ar a ndianbullíb ri fortressi a fuirmiuda, LL 238a33 ( TTr. 1583 ). pl. nachasrostis airm nā hilḟáebair ... nā thendfurmiuda túag ib. LL 238a 18 . g s. as attrib. : ana n-oireadaib firmora furmid `very great burdens requiring great effort' TTebe 3991 . a heire forbheadha [fuirmedha v.l.] ... do bhiadh ┐ do dhigh fuirre, Ériu v 84.20 . (See furmada). ail fuirmedha (complimentary epithet of a chieftain) ML² 1579 .

Perhaps gs. in the expression : mac fuirmid (fuirmeda), the name given to a bardic pupil of the second year , although this is probably to be read as a compd., maccfuirmid. mac fuirmeda occurs at least once. Cf. cidh díre Mac-ḟuirmidh, Ériu xiii 25.27 . díre mar mac ḟuirmhidh, 22.26 - 27 . maccfurmid ┐ fochloc irchruachait doib, LL 29a col. e (3664) . triar for fecht feili dofhidh | dam thoga do mac furmidh, Auraic. 2248 . tri seoid don macfuirmid, YBL 198a13 (= Laws v 60 ). in macfuirmid da ba a eniclann ib. YBL 198a 21 . la mac fuirmid moín soer setrotha senamain ... , O'Mulc. 537 . muccairbi .i. mac fuirmid .i. is mac dán do fuirem a dána, Bodl. Corm. = ... do fuirmed a dana .i. no is macdan du fuirim a dana, Corm. Y 855 [leg. mac dan dū f.¤ ?] m. fuirmida, IT iii 31.16 . mac fuirmid .i. mac fuirmither re dān ōs mac .i. is mac da [ = maccda ?] a dān `who is set to learn an art from his boyhood' (who is intended for ... ?) Laws iv 360.5 . Cf. mac airbi ib.

(e) arranging, composing ; inventing (?) : is f.¤ filed romidair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib ... ni haicned romīdir leo (i.e. the names are arbitrarily invented by poets), Corm. Y 41 s.v. anair = fuirmedh poetarum romidhair haec nomina , etc. H 3.18, 63aw ( Phil. Soc. Trans. 171 ). cf. fer fuirmid, supra, fo-ruimi, -fuirmi.

(f) in gramm. name given to a subst. preceded by the prep. oc (probably an extension of sense a) : oc fir a furmiud `depositive' Auraic 1521 . oc feraib a fhuirmed ilair, 1776 .

(g) in gramm. the ordinary application or use of a word, oppd. to `inde' its etymological or inherent sense : f.¤ foucal, Auraic. 3393 (e.g. the Lat. word lapis, analysed as id quod laedit pedem [cf. Isidore, Etym. xvi 3 ] its `inde,' is used in restricted sense of a stone, its `fuirmed'). `bonus,' is comforlethan a fuirmed et a inde, ar ni habar `bonus' acht bail a mbí cáil bonitatis the application and the etymology of bonus are co-extensive, for bonus is not said save where the quality of bonitas is Auraic. 3400 .

(h) in concrete sense, in pl. : fuirmighi [furmedha, Eg.] a leaptha d'ór ┐ do safír, Maund. 249 corresp. to `the forme of his bedd is of fyne saphires bended with gold' EETS 153 (O.S.) 183 . ` framework, setting ' = Abercromby, RC vii 361 , comparing O'Dav. 932 , cited above (a). Cf. fuirmeadh ` seat, foundation ' O'R.

(i) fuirmeadh .i. foréimniughadh no siubhal, O'Cl. No exx. from lit., but cf. fo-ruimi (d).

2 sén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sén or dil.ie/37093

n a net for catching birds, a trap : sēn .i. līn a ngabar eōin, unde sēnbretha ┐ sēnairecht, Corm. Y 1170 . s.¤ .i. lion í ngabar [e]oin, O'Dav. 1479 . fuirmedh .i. indell no cur, ut est s.¤ fuirmither dichmairc .i. lin indlith[er] cin fiarfaigi, 932 . sen .i. lín fiadha amach, Metr. Gl. 32 § 5 . s.¤ .i. lion fiadhaigh, no a ngabhthar éoin, O'Cl. do innledur sen (? leg. sén) ar slightibh ┐ ar casanaibh . . . in longpuirt, AU ii 472.2 .