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1 adarc, aiderc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adarc, aiderc or dil.ie/307

 

Forms: adharc

n ā, f. adharc f. IGT Decl. § 12 . See ZCP xxv 11 . horn (of an animal). hua nadarcaib gl. cornibus, Ml. 63b17 . tob di humu fochosmailius nadarcae, 2b16 , 116c8 . is and ro lásat a n-adarca díb, TBFr. 427 . co mbertatár a puple inna n-adarcaib and carried off their tents on their horns (of cattle), LU 6208 (TBC). isin adhairc go na slibac, Laws iii 370.8 Comm. caithchi cethra . . . caitce a nadhairce, iv 146.6 Comm. dobeir les tarb ┐ a aiderc i na laim, Aen. 1069 . gúal adhairce charcoal made from horn, see gúal. is gnáth úirlis uí Dhubhda gan adharca bruic `badgers' horns' (something imaginary, non-existent), Ó Bruad. i 76 xiv . adhlacadh a adhairce níor fhéad i gclais `he never could bury his horn in a ditch (i.e. cannot be prevented from exercising charity)', ii 206.7 . a chocóil na hadhairce (of a cuckold), O'Rah. (1909) 296.13 . Of a colour: tri .l. c. n-anart n-imda / co ndath n-a.¤ mirrda mán, LL 296a23 . ( SG 362.14 ). si glaucus . . . .i. madh ata a ndath ghlaucus no mar adhairc sholuis, 23 K 42 , 120.8 . Drinking-horn: do bi a.¤ . . . ar altair . . . do theighedh tri gloine dfhin . . . san aidhirc sin, L. Chl. S. § 22 . Inkhorn: an adharc duibh, ZCP x 230.27 . do lebar ┐ t'adharc ┐ do pend, Acall. 608 . Cupping-horn: aran inadh a curtar na hadurca, Rosa Angl. 24.11 . curtur adurc maille fuiliugud ar cul in cinn, 204.10 . gibne .i. a.¤ lege, Corm. Y 732 . Horn as musical instrument: gilla adhairc gl. cornicen, Ir. Gl. 1018 . adarca fur[ḟ]occra, CCath. 5616 . foran adhairc nfurfhocurtha `on the warning trumpet', Stair Erc. 173 . adharca áigh ┐ cuisleanna catha, TSh. 6703 . Part of the shaft of a weapon: manaís bréfech o mimusc co hadairc, LU 5638 (= TBC-I¹ 1159 ). in cnairseach da dorn deg itir a hiarann ┐ an baile a negarthar a hadharc fuirre a fochair .i. a hurlann, Laws iv 226.10 . aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae .i. ind a.¤ dub bis mon gai, Auraic. 1621 . Perh. confused with adart in: claideb ōrduirn foa choim cech ḟir, ferbolc impu cotici a ndī aithircc, ardarcc (sic) ōir bric im chechtar de, TBC-I¹ 2852 . See TBC-LL¹ 4397 cited s.v. frithadart.

In phr. aidherc reithe, name of a metrical fault consisting of the absence of a stressed word between the consonating and rhyming words of a couplet: aidhearc reithe i nda aisde .i. i rrannaidheacht big ┐ i rannaidheacht moir, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 34, 35 .

? agda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? agda or dil.ie/695

 

n (ag): rochan fuirre ind a.¤ `the owner of kine chanted over her', Metr. Dinds. iv 200.5 (hardly for in Dagda, cf. Dinds. 113 , RC xvi 65 ).

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

2 ainféth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ainféth or dil.ie/1331

 

n (cf. 5 féth) evil appearance: bái anfēith (anféth, v.l.) gorta fuirre , Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.21 ). ba liach . . . fraéch ┐ anfed forsin tulaig sin `roughness'(?), Ériu xi 50.7 = anfeth, O'Curry 2053 (H. 4.22, 63a).

ainmm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmm or dil.ie/1471
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a., ainm, ainm, ainim, a., ainm, anmae, anme, anmma, anmme, anmaim, anmin, anmmaimm, anman, anmmann, anman, anmann, anmanaib, nainm, nainmm

n n, n. Later m. int a.¤ , Trip.² 305 . ainm m. IGT Decl. § 41 . n s. ainm, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 30a11 . ainim, 30a9 . a.¤ , Sg. 56b10 . a s. ainm, Ml. 30a10 . g s. anmae, Ml. 30a10 . anme, 36b1 . anmma, Sg. 26b11 . anmme, 211b6 . d s. anmaim, Ml. 30c17 . anmin, 17b9 . anmmaimm, Sg. 54b3 . n p. anman, Ml. 104a4 . a p. anmmann, Sg. 61b3 . g p. anman, Ml. 87a12 . anmann, Sg. 27a9 . d p. anmanaib, Ml. 30a8 . n du. da nainm , Ml. 34d6 . a du. da nainmm , Sg. 28a7 . For Ogam ANM see Vendryes Études Celt. vii 139-46 (= inscription? mortal remains?).

(a) name: anman na coic cathrach, Ml. 104a4 . hond anmim asberr iesus, 17b9 . is ed dogair som ho anmaim chailich which he calls by the name of, 30c17 . do dechor etir anmmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid inna crann sin, Sg. 61b3 . ind anmma dilis `of the proper name', 26b11 . Calpurnd ainm a athar, Trip.² 82 . Gnimcinnsiolaigh la ainim by name, TFrag. 168.10 . oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, Sc.M² § 12 . cechlabat fir hErend . . . inn ainm sin, TBC-LL¹ 1056 . ainm n-ogaim, 582 (See Études Celt. vii 139-46). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh (required in certain kinds of satire), IT iii 105 § 210 , see p. 122 and Éigse v 231 . Dismus ┐ Geomus anmand Grécda na latrand, Ériu iii 198 § 25 . sgríobhaid . . . anmonna ar slógh i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . anmanda na seacht fear ndeg, Auraic. 125 . da n-ainm fuirre she has two names, ZCP viii 106.5 . Inis Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn / do shlonn sí trí hanma ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1152 . suairc an daingean anma d'Aodh this fort called Aodh's, DDána 119.10 . a.¤ baiste Christian name: Tadhg no Domnall, atá sunnradh anma baisde ionnta, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.21) . an Colum Cille . . . is é fá hainm baiste dhó Criomhthann, Keat. iii 1575 . i n-anmain in the name of: combad a n-anmaim cruichi Crist noragadh a n-agaidh Tholamir, RC x 184.7 . i nn-anmaim Athar ┐ Maicc ┐ Spirtu Noíb, Trip.² 668 . nach óen dobéra ní it anmaimm, 1343 . dia nglacadh . . . a n-ainm diūc de parma `to . . . receive them in the name of the D.', Fl. Earls 102.26 . baí ssidhe . . . leith bliadhain in ainm ┐ in ionad an prionnsa inErinn, AFM vi 225 § 11 . Meaning uncertain in phrase a.¤ rainde ('share, proportion (lit. a division in name only)' Ériu xl 104 n. 9 ; `proportion', Laws Gloss.; 'specified or fixed amount; designated fraction' EIS 102 ): in tainmrainne gabus in crann ina cloich gurab é in tainmrainne sin do leth logh bes fair ┐ is é rainn rachus ar na anmannaibh rainne sin, O'D. 916 ( H 3.17, c. 653 ). in tainmrainne gabus éric nochtaithi tige . . . bes a mbuain a tuige dib, 1696 (H. 5.15, p. 31b). in t-ainmrainde gabus aen trian secht cumal indtib uile, Laws iii 116.9 Comm. in tainmrainne geabus in sine isin uth, 366.5 Comm. in t-ainmroindi dun cethraimthi eneclainni . . . gurub a leth bias do, Laws v 34.17 Comm. in t-ainmrainde gaibis an sechtmad isin mis curob e an t-ainmrainde sin don dechmaid bes tis, 308.2 Comm. in tainmraindi d'a eniclainn fen do biad dosum, 72.10 Comm. Title, heading: an t-ainm iasachta uarais the foreign title thou hast got, TD 22a.8 . gan ainm ríodhamhna gan rígh, 32.44 . do chailleas onóir mh'anma, DDána 90.3 . ní dhé sin tré cheart n-anma / goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra `such a man cannot strictly be called opposed', Content. vi 138 . is anmmaim ona attat `under the name of loan', Laws v 368.x Comm. toirmisgther ann so a nainm gada . . . gan fiacha nó cíos do dhíol under the heading of theft, O'Gr. Cat. 113.32 .

(b) reputation, repute, renown: dia lotar fo-dess for fecht | fo ainm Iosēph i n-Ēgept 'they went southwards on a journey under the protection (lit. name) of Joseph into Egypt', SR (Greene) 3647​ . forbīad a ainm ar gnīmaib gaiscid firu Érend, TBC-I¹ 551 . is í T. cathuir is mó ainm indti `the city most of name', Maund. 228 . ? bidh ainm cintaig in gairm ndodhad / bid ainm cinadh, ACL iii 295 § 29 ; cf. 296 § 35 . ainm uasal san Eoruip ort, DDána, 90.6 . bhar n-ainm féile re fada / méadóchaidh Mac Diarmada, 68.35 . ar mhéad anma is einigh, TD 10.2 .

(c) Gramm. noun: ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud gl. nominis, Sg. 211b6 . intan nád ṁbí conson etir peneuilt ┐ uilt isind anmmaimm chétnidiu gl. in nomine, 54b3 . nibí dechor etir diall nanmann ┐ pronominum `there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns', 27a9 . a.¤ (= nomen) ┐ pronomen ┐ briathar, Auraic. 300 . a.¤ scoilte noun composed of different words: ainm sgoilte nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil: Fégh fa lighe, no Giolla na naomh, no Mac Raith, IGT Introd. § 124 (28.23) . So also: ainm sgoilti, ainm ceirde, § 97 (24.27) . a.¤ substaintech concrete (as oppd. to abstract) noun(?): ar an méd as pearsuin di (i.e. don ghaoidheilg) seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha, § 2 (2.10) . gan aithearrach oghuim do dhénamh ar chonnsuine láir anma subsdainntigh fhocuil nach comhfhocal, § 102 (25.33) . a.¤ trén substantive, see trén. a.¤ adiecht(a) adjective see adiec(h)t(a). a.¤ úathaid simple (i.e. uncompounded) noun , see 1 úathad. Cf. doaidbit ainm hi suidiu gl. nominatiui casus uim habent (of verbs), Sg. 159a2 (noun). Nominative case: ag sin, ag súd, is ag so comchóir réim is ainm orra, IGT Introd. § 128 (29.8) . co ír [réim] ┐ ainm na mbéluibh sin, ag sin mhnaoi ngil, ag sin bean gheal, ibid.

airgais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgais or dil.ie/2009

 

n usually glossed airguide, and perh. earlier vn. of ar-guid. See also under ? argais.

(a) ré notlaicc aird aurgaiss (ergnuiss, irguis, aurgais, erguis v.l.) / dogné init chorgaiss `thou shouldst make great prayer', Fél. Nov. 13 .i. airguide . . . no guide uasal, Fél.² clxvi . tan domm-í techt irguis / cid i caisc nó chorgus `when the great boon may come to me', Fél. Ep. 561 . Or subj. 2 s. of ar-guid (?).

(b) Explained in Laws Comm. as exchange of two articles of unequal value, but perh. rather some kind of gift or payment: comuin, ascada l[anam]nais, [ur]gais .i. [er]guidi u[a]is .i. immarcraid on eter [na da] set clamcloithi `Tausch', Cóic Con. 19 § 11 (= urgaiss, ZCP xix 170 ). is ed agur[thar fui]rre, cora ┐ cunnartha ┐ comain ┐ aisgid ┐ [urgais] ┐ dliged lanamnais, 20 § 13 . urgais .i. érguidi uais, dethbir bis itir in da set claochloda .i. set beg dib ┐ set mor, ┐ is les imdenam gurab ar cumain do-rat, da dheoin do-ber nech in tabairt ┐ nocha mbidh iarraid fuirre , ib. urgais .i. cach folad comtoirnigech dib uile, 51 § 106 . debhbir itir in cumain ┐ in aiscid ┐ in urgais ┐ in tabairt, 52 § 107 . ar id tri tidnacuil for setaib cinmotha coibche .i. rath ┐ aiscid ┐ aurgais (.i. claochmodha sét) . . . nach urgais nad-[ic]aitir co cend mbliadhna, is rat[h] iar mbliadhain co somaine iar sétaib, O'D. 2233 (Nero A vii, 156). Cf. urgais .i. claochlodh, ut est rath n-aiscid ┐ urguise nó erguidhi, O'Dav. 1617 . See also under 2 aiscid.

2 airlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airlann or dil.ie/2175
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: urlann, orlann, erlann

n (1 lann) Orig. o, later ā, f. urlann, orlann, erlann f., IGT Decl. § 12 . (a) end, butt-end, handle (of a weapon): an baile a negarthar a hadharc fuirre a fochair .i. a hurlann (of a spear), Laws iv 226.10 . Cf. aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae .i. ind adarc dub bis mon gai, Auraic. 1621 . ga . . . dá dorn .x. etar a hiarann ┐ a fochair .i. a hurlann, O'Dav. 495 . ro díbairg in ṅgai dó 's a urlond reme butt first, LL 13969 . tummis G. irlund a gai issin n-abaind, LU 1747 . tumais a herluinn, Ériu ix 178 § 13 . cresaigthi . . . in lagin . . . ┐ benaid a hurlond fria a bais, BDD² 1234 . da gae for cach óen crand leo gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond co mbad chumma dagontais do rennaib ┐ do erlonnaib, TBC-LL¹ 4531 . béim d'erlaind in rogaí, MU² 727 . sleg . . . co fethan óir impi o irlond co cró, LU 10665 . crann a c[h]raísighi o hurlainn co a h-innsma, ML² 919 . la tabairt a[i]rlaindi a tsligi for C. `fair t'irlaind dīm', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 38 § 7 . sleagh . . . an n-uair teilgtear a ndeōigh a hurluinne, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . cindus do-béra mé in tsleigh duit . . . in é a gráin do-béra mé roimpe nó an é a hurrlann?, Comp. CC 99 § 31 . maidhm na nUrland . . . for Gallu, RC xvii 364.12 ( = na nErland, AFM ii 808.6 ). éirghi ard ar earluinn ráimhe / balg ar dhearnuinn láimhe láoich, IGT Decl. ex. 591 . point, tip of a staff: teit erlund na bachla triana chois, Trip. 468.26 . do bered in file aurland . . . fors in cend ┐ ro finnad a ainm, Laws i 44.6 Comm. (a form of divination). Cf. tabraid cend na flesci filed fair, Corm. Y 323 . Of the rudder of a ship: intan tra documlaiset ┐ docorustar a lūi nō urland (aurlunn v.l.) fri tīr, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.9 ). Fig. cona nurlaind techta, Laws v 438.24 .i. . . . cach grad da daim coir maraen ris, 440.8 Comm. = o a urluth techta .i. dam bas coir inna theg, O'Curry 862 ( H 3.18, 389 ab) `? a persons' retinue or attendance', Plummer MS. notes. co haurlaind a dithma end, completion(?), Laws i 102.8 = co n-aurlund, v 404.22 . Compd.: d'ordaibh . . . urlainnleathna, TSh. 1980 `with broad handles', Gloss.

(b) (? air- + slond) marker (of gender) Sages, Saints and Storytellers 1-3 . In Auraic. of the pronouns é, í, ed (and their Latin equivalent hic, haec, hoc) used to determine the gender of following nouns (cf. also the various applications of 3 a.): aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae . . . is di arsisidar in gai, imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu-sa .i. ise isi ised: no dona deich n-urlandaib-sea etc., Auraic. 1621 ff. tri herlonda indsge .i. tri remsloind . . . .i. is se, is si, is edh, 3120 . masgal ┐ feimin ┐ nemutur lasin Laitneoir . . . nus-deochrend a tri herlanna innsge, id est hic, hec, hoc , 3026 = a tri urluimi, 524 . urland ria n-urland ┐ urland iar n-urland ┐ urland inand iter da urland nach it inanda. Urland rie n-urland quidem, iní rie se no rie sí no re séudh. Erland ier n-urland .i. in se no in si no in sedh. Urland inand iter da urlaind nach it inanda .i. in se inand fil in gach focul, ni herlond is achd (leg. achd is) reimtsuidugud: no is fri se no fri sedh. i.e. the a.¤ before an a.¤ is the noun preceding , or sed; an a.¤ after an a.¤ is the word , , or sed; an identical a.¤ between two a.¤'s which are not identical is the which is the same for every word, whether it be for or sed, for `is sed' is not an a.¤ but an `anteposition' ( ni erlond is sed, 593 (i.e. does not indicate gender?), 3114 - 3120 ). cuin is urland, cuin is indsge? . . . Is he [isi issedh: indsci emh intan itberor] nama gan araill imaille fris. Urlond eim antan dobeire fria araill, ut est is he in feur (isé, isí, ised are innsce (gender) when used absolutely but each of these is an airland when it serves to indicate or point out a follg. subst. e.g. isé in fer, isí in ben?), 3103 . Also applied to gender forms of numerals: aurlunna ilair mascul ┐ femen in so sis: se, da, thri, cet[h]ri: si, di, teora, cetheora, 1714 , cf. 1623 ff. See 3 airlann.

airsa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airsa or dil.ie/2374

 

Forms: airsan, aursain, aursainne, aursainde, ursainde

n n, f. See Lochlann ii 212 . Later also airsan. n s. aursain, g s. aursainne, a p. aursainde, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). g s. ursainde, MacCongl. 59.5 . door-post, jamb: aurso .i. or-sīn.i. ala n-or di i teg. a n-aill fri sīn. Aliter: aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre , Corm. Y 35 . irsa .i. airisiu .i. is fuirri thairisius in teg uile . . . ostium latine , 782 . innill .i. in ello .i. indtus .i. i n-ursae, 764 (cf. innill .i. urasa, O'Cl.). i n-aursain n-airthir thige, Críth G. 216 . fo far n-ursannaib, SR 3918 . fora aursainde ┐ a airinchiu, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). ónd ursaind díarali (of a house), LU 1708 . ni facbatis ursaind na comla . . . cen mhinugad, LB 156a55 . a di ursaind irard . . . ar dorus, IT iii 51 § 94 . ursanna cre[d]umha, Ériu iii 156 § 9 . leth-orsa gacha tigi oil, Fen. 166.1 . sé san orsain ar ursgáth, A. Ó Dálaigh 1 37 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh stakes(?), IGT Decl. ex. 156 .

Fig. an bás san orsain agat, DDána 1.1 . do bhris ortha ursana (ursanda prohibited form) he defeated them, IGT Decl. ex. 1887 . i n-orsain ar n-ealadhan `in support of my cause', Content. xxi 23 . níor loc ó orsain éin-ghliadh, ib. n.7 . géabhad orsain don iomarg `I will undertake to sustain the fight', xxii 23 .

Of persons: anté as ursa don imshníomh who causes anx- iety(?), DDána 121.29 . dá ursain bhiadhta na mbocht, Ó Bruad. iii 214.10 . badh é ursa ar n-adhmholta, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 4 . mar ursain chirt, Hackett xl 151 . ursa chogaidh chríche Breagh, TD 17.55 . cia an Cú Chullainn bhus ursa re plé iompa? `a Cu. C. to act as their advocate', Ó Bruad. ii 4 iii .

airthúasacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airthúasacht or dil.ie/2453

 

[ā, f.] vn. of ar-túaisi, act of keeping silent, usually in sense of remaining silent with regard to something, not demurring, not making a complaint, not obeying an order, etc. a n-erthuasacht gl. taceri, not to use them, to suppress them (of ambiguous forms), Sg. 138b8 . aurrtuasacht siu[i]l .i. firdacht ria in tan bis seoladh fuirre .i. gaende no caile, O'Curry 2309 ( Eg. 88 fo. 23b ). itā iubail inna urtuasacht .i. dechmad remaining silent about it (failure to make a complaint) has a term of ten days, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ? uirtuasacht .i. éistecht ut est airthuasacht cunnartha, H 3.18, 416 . is lugha ro lamhsat urtuasacht a breithre and less did they dare to disregard his word, CCath. 1788 v. l. (fuirech, text). ní lamhtha urthuasacht a bhreithre idir `durst not be disobeyed', AFM vi 2120.20 . With transference of meaning: is éigin aurthúasacht a brethi ind fir sin one has to abide by the decision of that man, BDD² 798 .

In Laws Comm. phr. i n-a.¤ in glosses on compds. of -túaisi: ben bís i nurtuasacht a slethe can a fograd who does not announce that she has been violated, v 274.9 (ar-a-tuaisi, text). contuaisi runata nad foeige .i. bidh a nurrthuasacht rúine in Athar neamhdha does not reveal (?), O'Curry 2529 ( Eg. 88, fo. 44(45) ). ? in fer bis a n-urrtuasacht an aimsire (sic) itir ar medon, O'Curry 1902 (23. P. 3, 23(21)b) (con-tuaisi) = 436 (H.3.18, 286a). bera gach nurcunn contuaisi i forngaire sochar no dochar etc. .i. brethemnaighsi for gach nuasal codnach bis [i] nurthuasacht, 2397 (Eg. 88, 31(32)b). co naisneis breithre de do cach inda tuaise, Laws iii 32.33 .i. co nuasal indisin breithre dé (.i. procept) don cach bis a nurtuassa[cht] ria, 34.8 Comm.

álaind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. álaind or dil.ie/2881
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj i lovely, fine, splendid . Attrib.: briathra aildi, Ml. 31a24 , 55a11 . ális ... óclaig n-á.¤ , Trip.² 2221 . Ioseph ... / aite á.¤ Íssu, Fél. Mar. 19 . gnúsi alle etroctai, LL 12055 (TBC). léni á.¤ óengel, MU² 747 . tochim fossad n-á.¤ , LU 8252 ( FB § 20 ). echrada ... áilde, BDD² 452 . fo grinnib áillib a ḟén, LU 6488 (TBC). Diardaoin aluinn , Eochairsg. 118.22 ; 'Feast of Corpus Christi' Éigse xiv 121-22 , xvi 238 . is annsa Cedaoin ria nDardaoin álainn chuirp Chrisd torchuir Cathal óg, ALC ii 444.8 (s.a. 1581) . Of a place: Clúana álne (alle, aille, alaind v.l.) hEuis `of beautiful C.E.', Fél. Apr. 4 . i fiad móralaind Masten, LL 4126 . a crichaibh glanaille ... na Gréige, ZCP vi 290.28 . 'na thealaigh áluinn aonuigh, TD 28.9 . Of weather: lá n-á.¤ i n-amsir samrata, LU 10791 . lá áluinn don oidhche gheimhridh / do-ghéanta cheana ..., DDána 2.13 .

Pred.: ni alind in ball nád chometig don chorp, Wb. 22a13 . is alind sen sobrich, 31b35 . alind á óiph in forcitil, 7c1 . cid álind cid etig, Sg. 28b6 . alind son, 138b3 . ciaptar áilli ili / maic D., Fél. Prol. 133 . caírthend ... it áildi limm a cháera, TBFr. 214 . gurab álainn oireaghdha bhíos anam an fhíréin, TSh. 1328 . sódh ní hálainn gan fochain `a return purposeless is uncomely', O'Gr. Cat. 352.24 .

Equative: aillither snechta noenaidche, MR 64.z . See also under áilligid. Compar.: is áildiu a mmág rogab súil oldósa, Wb. 12a25 . áilliu cach dath alailiu, BDD² 999 . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech, TBFr. 217 . aille an aittreabh gusa tteighim (Maedóc Ferna of his approaching death), BNnÉ 272 § 244 . With de: ba háillide sidhe bláth fuirre (of an apple tree), BNnÉ 293 § 14 . Superl.: is hé láech is áildem ro buí, TBFr. 4 . ba sí ... as áildeam, BDD² 1003 . With form of compar. is tú is áilliu i ndeilb duine thou art the fairest in human form, Ériu iv 104.z . clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 . ailli de laechuibh dia slōgaib ┐ dia n-ainndribh `the fairest of fighting men', Marco P. 152 .

Adv. tancatar as co halaind cin daine do marbad dib excellently , Ann. Conn. 1225.10 . doromailt uile co fosadh ┐ co halainn (of eating spoiled food as if it were good), BNnÉ 300 § 3 . is é m'éara go háluinn that is refusing me effectively, DDána 11.31 .

anfaitches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfaitches or dil.ie/3555

 

n (faitches) carelessness, inadvertence, lack of caution: anfót .i. anfaitchius, Fél.² cxiv § 30 (3) . anfot .i. . . . in tanfoitcius, Laws ii 2.17 Comm. is ed agurthar fuirre [i]nt anfoit lethfiach ┐ indethbir torbai ┐ anfaitces leth[fia]ch, Cóic Con. 18 § 10 (a.¤ may originally have merely been a gloss on anfoit, p. 71). ar imbed na n-anfaithches `for the multitude of the negligences', RC xx 54.14 (ACC). di fuachtain nó do anfaitchius `of injury or incaution', 278.1 (ib.). Ceall-dara do loscadh tria a.¤ drochmna, AU i 564.3 . i nguasachtaib tria anfhaitchius `though carelessness', PH 4859 . In more general sense: nachustarla anfaitchess `may calamity never come upon them', BColm. 50.21 .

In Laws frequ. in contexts referring to persons not responsible for their actions (insane persons, minors, etc.): fal anfaitceis, v 508.19 .i. in ime doni in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille co comlan, 21 Comm. ni abbail iriu anfuidces (.i. mac bec) . . . cia do beth anfaitces ceille fair, O'Curry 430 (H 3.18, 233b); 1745 ( 23 Q 6, 32 ). anfaidces .i. ceille in duine mir, no mac bac (sic), 433 ( ib. 234b ). atait a tri fors na laigh aititiu . . . .i. baes (.i. in mic bic) ┐ anfis (.i. in codnaig) ┐ a.¤ .i. fer echtar fine, 440 (ib. 237a ); cf. trí fors ná tuit aititiu 'na ré: bás, anfis, a.¤ , Triads 162 . ni tuit aititiu for . . . anfis na hanfaitcheas .i. ceille in duine mir no in ti oca mbi anfaitceas ceille, in fear leathcuinn, O'Curry 1902 ( 23 P 3, 23 (21)b ). is [s]aor cia ro astaithe cor socuinn cen a.¤ .i. in cunnradh doní in degh codnach cen a.¤ ceille air, 2398 ( Eg. 88, 31(32)b ). is ogh slán don ecmacht ainfis anfaitcis acht luighi nama, 2642 ( Eg. 88, f. 55ab ). anfaitces .i. ni caomnagair gin a marbadh .i. in fer ro marb tathair no do brathair ┐ is borblachus gin uiriasacht, no is anbothachus ceilli fodera dosam sin, 2646 (ib.). egmacht, ainfis, ainfaitces ni forbrad dire tar faoth forais, Laws iv 228.12 .

anfót

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfót or dil.ie/3606

 

n o, m. (2 fót) inadvertence, negligence . Freq. as attrib. g s. (anfóit). Cóic Con. Fug. distinguishes between a.¤ lánfiachach and a.¤ lethfiachach, see below: coig anmand cinath . . . conlat ar andug . . . imraichne, anfot, O'Mulc. 456 . dilmuin cach anfot, Laws ii 2.4 . nī ale ēconn na anfot acht aithgein, ZCP xv 330 § 21 . eitged . . . tre comraite no eitged . . . tre anḟot, Laws iii 90.6 Comm. cinta comraitti ┐ anfoit lanḟiachaig intentional and unpremeditated crimes, Cóic Con. 17 § 5 . int anfot lethfiachach . . . is ed agurthar fuirre [i]nt anfoit lethfiach, 18 § 10 . a marbadh ina cintaib comraiti ┐ a chur ar muir ina chintaib anfoit, Laws i 14.10 Comm. tres a ndernadh iat, do comraite no d'anfot `by design or inadvertence', 146.9 Comm. fo comraiti ┐ anfot, v 470.2 Comm. risa fodlaither tre a.¤ do nech nac esceptaig uithir `against whom injury is done through negligence', BCrólige 17 gl. 1 . bidh cach i faitchius anfhoit, O'D. 2304 ( Rawl. B 506, 30a ). ris in coirpdire [a] nanfot, Laws i 176.18 Comm. coirpdire anfoit, ii 182.3 Comm. tre a.¤ feirge indeithbiri, iii 364.6 Comm. tre anfot feirgi dethbiri. O'Curry 2522 ( Eg. 88, 43(44)b ). cach n-aninraicc n-anfoit, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 236 ). isin ngúbreith anfóit ruc `on account of the judgement, false through carelessness, which he had given', Ériu xi 45.z . lia slúag ní fríth a.¤ , Fél. July 30 ( anfot .i. bét .i. ecóir, O'Dav. 82 ). a.¤ .i. anfaitchius ut dicitur . . . is de ata fót faitech ┐ anfot anfaitech, Fél.² cxiv § 30 (3) = Thr. Ir. Gl. 21.8 (Corm.). comhraite, anbhfót torbha ┐ easbha (list of legal offences), Celtica i 101.426 . Cf. anfot .i. nomen .i. ecoir, O'Curry 1388 (H 3.18, 630b). anbhfótt .i. ainbfios, O'Cl. fonopart tri anfōt, TBC-I¹ 905 . ? anfhod éiti don tsinnsear, Cog. 98.8 . is tacair duit . . . ni ḟorbara a.¤ do rád you would do well not to say anything indiscreet, LL 14559 . ní ha.¤ ní himmarba `it is not a rash saying', Metr. Dinds. ii 42.18 . ? fiacla cirí cleth icurghais / dar anḟot imteact fosdan / gablog imbi crostal craind, IT iii 101 § 179 .

1 ara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ara or dil.ie/3913

 

Forms: ar

conj., nasalising, folld. by subj. See GOI § 898 . Reduced to ar before the neg. ná, before forms of the copula (often as air, see GOI § 803 ), before inf. pron. ( Wb. 12a3 ) and in the later ar co; note also a rnacathar, Ml. 68b9 .

(a) As final conj. that, in order that . Translating Lat. ut, ne with subjunctive: arimp do mórad dǽ uile gl. ut gratia . . . abundet in gloriam Dei, Wb. 15c4 . arinchomalnathar cach ṅgrád gl. ut . . . ornent in omnibus, 31c14 . arimpfollus gl. ut . . . euidens fiat, 32a2 . arna derlind gl. ne fratrem meum scandalizem, 10c14 . arna foircnea for crabud and gl. ne ab inuicem consummemini, 20b13 . arna ecmailtigetar gl. né insolescant, Ml. 27c6 .

Continuing the sense of a Latin ipv.: arnachitrindarpither frisin fírini per superbiam gl. noli altum sapere sed time, Wb. 5b33 . armbat irlithiu dé domini mandatís dei gl. serui obaedite dominís carnalibus, 22d2 . arnap éicen a ngóire in æclis gl. . . . non grauetur aeclesia, 29a10 .

In order that, so that in general: gigestesi dia linn arafulsam ar fochidi in order that we may bear, Wb. 14c2a . is dobar tinchosc ara-ndernaid a n-do-gniam, 16a24 . arnaroib na eícmailt i n-ellug inna æcaillse, 22c20 . arna farcabtis cen forcitlaid that they might have a teacher, 31d13 . arna roib cummasc foir to avoid confusion, Sg. 2a8 . mo chorp rop sigith sóethrach / arnādrīs iffernn, Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). a mesrugud . . . arnara fochund galir. Mon. Tall. 152.11 (§ 63) . dénaid oenbuidin . . . arnachab-accastar as tír, BDD² 435 . a sith do denam ar comad tresiti iad, Ériu viii 174.35 . ar gomadh tormach neirt don aird-ri, BNnÉ 321.y .

With as-beir (fri) introducing commands, injunctions, etc.: is hed asbeirsom híc aratartar airmitiu féid donaib preceptorib he here commands that honour be given, Wb. 15a19 . asber . . . arandathidisom di maith, 21d11 . asrubart dia friu som aracelebartis a sollumnu God has directed them to celebrate His feasts, Ml. 102d3 . asbeirsom frisnatorus arndacumcabat he commands the gates to be lifted up, 46a12 . abbair fri F. arim remḟissid arad sencharpait tell F. that he should be a foreseeing driver of an old chariot, ZCP xi 83 § 27 . asbert . . . ara scortís a cairptiu ┐ ara cuirtis cor . . ., LU 10577 . ráid friss arco tí coragba mo chor, LL 12690 (TBC).

With other verbs: focairther ō Dil arnā rogonta nech ann dona Déisib, Ériu iii 140.188 . dlegar . . . ar a mbe fer uaidib they must appoint a man, Laws iv 172.13 . aílit na naeimh anti Ruadhan . . . ar co tairsiudh co cutrama friu, BNnÉ 321 § 23 . ro fholāir in mhīchinneamain fuirre ar go ffessadh `misfortune drove her to find out', Fl. Earls 34.14 . Cf. tria itche Patraic forsin Coimdid arco tísed a trocaire forru, RC xii 428 § 17 .

After adjj. of suitability, desirability, etc.: is tacair arndip samlaid do chách, Wb. 22c11 . ised as maith la dia airimp etc., Ml. 130b8 . issed as cóir . . . arnachadfercaigthersu `that thou shouldst not be angry', Mon. Tall. 142.7 (§ 37) . as maith laisim . . . ariondgella (sic leg.) ┐ arindbó, 134.18 . Similarly: signum són araroib saingné fornaib gnímaib, Wb. 5a5 . After clause introduced by amal: amal fongní cach ball dialailiu . . . arafogna . . ., Wb. 12a12 . amal ata cáinchumracig side armba . . ., 30b23 .

Introducing wishes, recommendations, etc.: sechihed ríi a less arintaibrid di, Wb. 7b3 . airndib múcnae ┐ airndib ecmailt á n-étach . . . innaní prithchite . . . ┐ condib trianuile ṁbethaid gl. uestis profetae . . . indicat austeram uitam praedicantium, Tur. 71 . arinfestar cach dune may it be known to all, LU 3509 ( SCC 27 ). cach ōen comaldathar in cāin si . . . arim sírsaegul . . . ┐ arop airmitnech fēith, Cáin Ad. 30 . arnā ecmonga ait[h]ber fearga for ar n-aimiris may our lack of faith be not sternly punished, Ériu ii 122 § 62 .

(b) As explicative conj.: connách moidea nech arbed áarilliud nod nícad so that no one may boast that it was his merit that saved him, Wb. 2b4 (see note in Thes.). ní torménmar ni ara mbetis in gnimai sin `we had not expected that those deeds should be', Ml. 115b1 . dorochóinset arndabeth intairisem hirobatar riam they despaired of having, 131c9 . ? airm i fuirsitis in torcc arimbad and furruimtis a praintech, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.). ní fitir ara mbeth and he knew not that it was there, Trip.² 1428 . cia beith ara rogba bóairechas riasíu ropo chúairddulchach though he undertake, Críth G. 67 . ni fetathar ar mad rí nad bi ecnaid no one can be a king who is not wise, Anecd. v 2.4 ( Alex. 822 ).

ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre , Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi, IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

bairgen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bairgen or dil.ie/5232
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

(a) bread, loaf: descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . bendachais . . . / . . . na coig bairghena, Blathm. 33. for usciu ┐ bairgin, Ériu xix 62 § 23. fer dénma bairgine gl. pistor, Sg. 184b3 . ised . . . as toisechem do duiniu .i. b.¤ (ref. to frumenti), Ml. 20d2 . tort .i. b.¤ , Corm. Y 1200. ainm . . . do losait arindī lethait[h]ir bairgin (b., v.l.) fuirre , Anecd. iv 69.11 (Corm. Y s.v. lethech). b.¤ in(d)ruic nó dí bairgin banḟuini a large loaf or two small loaves, Críth G. 117 (see note). bairgin ferfuine, BCrólige 22 § 27 n. 2 . b.¤ huasal-laithe cona handlonn, Laws i 106.2 .i. b.¤ casc no notlac, no domnaigh, 27 . bargena réile remḟúir, SR 6172. cóic fichit bargen cruithnechta, LU 8125 ( FB 9 ). ní bheantar a hainm don bhairíghin (prov., i.e. bread of the poorest quality is still bread), Mac Aingil 4733 .

Of the Sacramental Bread: fobdidithir (leg. fobáidither, edd.) leth na bairgine isin cail[i]uch, Thes. ii 251.11 (Stowe M.). conbongar in b.¤ , 12 . cip é thóimles bairgin in choimded, PH 5342. san mbairghin gcaoimh gcoisreactha, Aithd. D. 53.14 . A portion of bread (bairgen Coluim Cilli): ochtmad im bairgine coluim cilli, Mon. Tall. 155 § 68 . Peritia xvii/xviii 225 .

(b) In wider sense food, plain diet: b.¤ a nomine bargos [ἐπαρκῶς, ed.] i.e. saturitas , Corm. Y 172. b.¤ gl. holus, Wb. 6b10 . b.¤ gl. garga (leg. quadra ? Stokes), Ir. Gl. 141. in bh.¤ (here refers to a salmon), ZCP xi 43 § 37.

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre , ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

1 bonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bonn or dil.ie/6385

 

n o, m. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 67.

(a) sole of the foot; foot: b.¤ quasi fond, a nomine fundamentum, Corm. Y 170. ina bond traiged, TBC-LL¹ 2187. co tarla a di bond bána fair so that his two white soles were turned upward (in death), LU 1497 (MU). da bond, 1500 . a mbuind banai forra iarn[a] trascrad, RC xii 90 § 109. glassad ar bonnaib (of damned in hell), LU 2428 ( RC iv 252 § 20 ). buind cholbtha remra leó, BDD² 936 ` ankles (?),' BDD 95. cona assaib . . . ima bunnu, MacCongl. 89.7 . Muire do chumail a céibh / dá bhonnaibh uile, Dán Dé v 27 . o bh.¤ na troighthe = from the sole of the foot, Isaiah i 6. nír cuir do ait a b.¤ é `did not move him from his foothold', Stair Erc. 189. ná ro fágaibh aid (leg. áit) a mb.¤ dá mbiodhbhadhaibh `who had not fled from their enemies', AFM v 1646.26 . do-ber bond ri Banba ṁbind `who sets foot on B.'s soil', Ériu vii 224.6 . inis Magdena . . . cach oen nofuirmed a bond fuirre ni aprad gae, Dinds. 100. mé do lá bir 'na bonnaib `into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . gabhla gan greim da a (leg. da) mbonaibh (= bonnaibh, Ed.) `(his) descendants are without a patch of ground to stand on', Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 . leithed do bhuinn do ghabhail dhuit do chrich n-Uladh, TBC-LL¹ p. 869 n.4 . go dtógbhaid ar a bhonnaibh é set it (viz. an upturned tortoise) on its legs again, TSh. 3907. céim a b.¤ , DDána 49.11 . is mithid damhsa bann (b. v.l.) do bhaile `tis time . . . for me to foot it homewards', Ó Bruad. ii 240.5 . Note also: guidmid buind a chos (mistransl. of adoremus scabellum pedum ejus, Psalms xcviii 5 ), Smaointe B. Chr. 5428 (see p. 307). ní ghríosfuinn aghaidh mbuinn mbáin, IGT Introd. 20 § 81.

Extended applications: hoof of horse: buinn na n-each, Keat. iii 1024. do[n] nesgoit boind . . . geir mairt . . . do chur 'na bond, Celtica ii 38 § 18 . sole (of shoe): bróg . . . / nar bhean tall a bél fa a b.¤ `whose upper was detached from its sole', Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z . bunnaighe lethair = `leather soles', RSClára 114a . i mbonnaib bur nguailled (?) `in the bases of your shoulders', CCath. 5039. do sgar méidhe is bas re b.¤ ` trunk ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 14.9 . Of trees, hills, etc.: ó bhonnaibh craobh n-uar n-iobhair, DDána 99.18 . i mbonnaibh beann / 's i gclochaibh aolta Éireann, 100.12 . ? fan mb.¤ ccaluidh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 1.6 .

In phrases: co torchratár bond fri bond ┐ méde fri méde, LU 6510 (TBC). ? co farggaib bond fri méide díb, LL 32302 ( TTr. 1490 ). co mbenadh bond fri medi ┐ medi fri aroile acu (of slaughter), Aen. 2230. an b.¤ ar an mb.¤ oile `one foot trips over the other', PBocht 16.29 . ro thuitseatar b.¤ ar bh.¤ , Duan. F. ii xxxix 62 . do bhí a bhiodhbha b.¤ ar bh.¤ , DDána 86.20 . lurech dé dum imdegail / ota m'ind gom bond (: brond), RC ii 113.4 . ó mullach a chinn conice a bonnaigib (form ?) (= corpus totum), Lat. Lives 84 § 78. o cennaib co bondaib `from head to foot', Cog. 152.11 . om chind codam bond, LL 370e48 = com' dá bonna, Arch. Hib. iv 207 § 18. o mullach co bond `his every joint and limb', Grail 2349 . ó bh.¤ go bathais, Parrth. Anma 1431. marcaigecht a ndiaid a b.¤ (of a corpse) `rides feet foremost', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 . ? betit buind ri harissu, LL 9827 (TBC) = biait fuind fri airise, TBC-I¹ 2057.

Compds. With nouns: .x. mbenda bonn-adharc buabaill blaith `of trumpets' (Gloss.), Ériu ii 4.3 . bondbaine whiteness of foot, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . bonnc[h]osa bana (of fallen warriors), CCath. 6100.

With adjj.: don bondbáin (applied to B.V.M.), ZCP viii 563 § 19. do shluag bhoinnghel tolcha in trír ` white-footed ', O'Gr. Cat. 470.20. ar shluagh bhonnghlan chaomh Ó gC., DDána 95.21 . troigh bhoinnleasg as comhdha cean, 68.42 . ursa sluaigh bhoinnleasgaigh Bhreagh, 75.12 . lanbhile buinnlethan broad-trunked , Ériu v 182.18 . a bhuinnsheing aird fhorbhfáilidh, DDána 80.16 . brosgur bunn-luat[h] (bondluath, v.l.) . . . do tabairt gus na doirrsib `a quick-stepping . . . dash', Celt. Rev. iv 12.2 . With adj. derived from noun: le taoibh gach bhile bhuinnchleachtaigh ` crooked-trunked ' (see 2 clechtach), Aithd. D. 4.10 .

caindelbrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caindelbrae or dil.ie/7803

 

Forms: coindealbra

n (Lat. candelabrum). coindealbra m., IGT Decl. § 2 . candle-stick, cresset(?), candelabrum: drochta, caindelbra[e], scena buana aíne . . . caindel for caindelbrai (cainilbrath MS) (furnishings of the house of a `mruigfer'), Críth G. 177 . caindelbrai quasi caindel fuirre [nō] candelabrum , Corm. Y 279 . caindelbra .i. de[i]l direch for a mbi in breo taithneamach i tigh cach duine, O'Dav. 535 . ar-sesatar drū[i]th . . . eter in di chondelbrai (et— dan dib condelbrae, MS), Ériu xix 83 § 12 . im ch.¤ tige caich, Laws i 126.5 . caindelbrai gelbdai, SR 4367 . secht ṁbenna . . . / forsin chaindelbrau cruanderg, 4342 . trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, Celtica iv 32.450 . in dabach coic cubait in caindelbrai istig, LL 3695 . coema caindebrai (sic) créda, 3580 ( cáema caindelbra, Metr. Dinds. i 32.60 ). deich caindelbra d'or ergna, Rawl. 79a38 . co n-acca in cainnealbra . . . in cainneal . . . fora cainnelbra, Lism. L. 2001 . ise seo esimolair caindleorabrobha (sic) Moise, Laud 610, 32v (cited from Plummer MS notes). isin ch.¤ sheacht-delbach (sic MS), PH 5528 . coinnealbhrudh . . . lán do choinnlibh ar lasadh, Desid. 3065 . is don cloich so do ro ronadh . . . coinnealbrath, Celtica ii 80.356 . céir ag cur connealbra a críaidh. IGT Decl. ex. 99 . méra corra an choinnealbhra, ex. 131 . In n. loc. C.¤ in bantrachta, Acall. 5545 .

clár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clár or dil.ie/9377
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -mruig

n o, n. and m. IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) board, plank : c.¤ ndara iter cach dí chóemdai, Críth G. 102 . cláraib cainib . . . / do fidrud saindil Secheim (of the ark), SR 4221 . cethri clair . . . / o[c] coṅgbáil na sanctare, 4257 . co nār f[h]āguib in ghaoth aca clār gan crithnugad (of ships), ML² 703 . ’nar gcairbh síos ’gá gcur lé cláir 'are being put down into our ships with gangplanks' CMCS xxxiv 34 § 9 . ba h-é rian a thocht-ch.¤ (sic leg.) thoir / triall tré chorp-lár an chobhluigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.19 . na clara tirma, PH 1257 . gur shín an Rí a chorp red chláraibh (to the Cross), Dán Dé iii 9 . Fig. an dara c.¤ tar éis an luingbhristi (of sacrament of repentance), Mac Aingil 29 .

(b) Of a variety of specific flat articles normally made of wood:

(i) breastwork of a chariot: dofil in carpat afrithisi ┐ dorala c.¤ clé frinn (a challenge to combat), LU 5668 (TBC). tossoísom iarom c.¤ clé a carpait fri hEmain, 5194 (TBC). c.¤ a charpait re broind, ar ná tuitted a ḟobach ┐ a inathar ass, TBC-LL¹ 4430 . carpat . . . co tarbc[h]lāraib umaidib, TBC-I¹ 2549 .

(ii) stave (of a vat or cask): in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 . mar théid c.¤ a taoibh thunna `as a plank goes out of the side of a cask', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 .

(iii) wooden cover : clar fodluta, Dinds. 79 (`a floodgate(?)'). corb écen clár dia dlúthad / ós a lár dia lánmúchad, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.83 (`a sluice'). c.¤ casta a wine-press (gl. torcular), Ir. Gl. 1043 . cláir ṡaltrach duinde ní dúin does not close the covers of the brown psalter, IGT Decl. ex. 2088 . c.¤ ar ṡaltair lé leigthir, Aithd. D. 11.27 . Fig. do theilg sé a ch.¤ dá chroidhe, DDána 23.24 . beanaidh sé c.¤ dhom chumhoigh `lets my tears flow unchecked', O'Hara 3870 . an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a c.¤ dod chumhochtaibh, Dán Dé xxii 12 .

(iv) gaming-board: clar n-argit ┐ fir óir, LU 10807 . adrethsat na firu óir ┐ argait tarsin c.¤ crédumae, 5444 (TBC). ar rop é in síthbe óir dar in c.¤ findruini síl Aeda . . . dar Bregmag, 4269 . pa meitigthir clar fichille cech det, IT i 271.26 . fir chorra ar chláraibh ar sean / do chnámhaibh loma Laighean, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . béim chláir ar fhoirinn óir, Aithd. D. 17.15 . na cláir brannaimh, DDána 106.37 . c.¤ nocha bí gan bhranán, Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . c.¤ na himeartha, Mac Aingil 147 .

(v) table : biad berbtha ┐ clāir lāna, Corp. Gen. 87.29 . clār a nomine clarna i.e. mensa , Corm. Y 359 . scian co cnaim eilipaínt for clar i na comair, BB 497a30 . ni bíd mias nā clar occu, LB 155b53 . os cionn chláir `seated at table', Duan. F. lxii 40 . do shéan-roinn chláir an chomhóil, Keat. Poems 1016 . mírín aráin eorna áin / is í mo chuid-se don ch.¤ , Keat. iii 771 . ceann ar c.¤ (of one who is senseless from drink), Párl. na mB. 3229 . 'na seasamh a náirde ar chlár na mionn witness table, ZCP v 209.152 (Midn. Court). Fig. clār na cléire entertainer of the poets, Butler Poems 48 . c.¤ tiomna na trócaire, DDána 21a.12

(vi) writing tablet (under influence of Lat. tabula, Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ), inscribed tablet: hi claraib gl. in caereis, BCr. 41a1 . c.¤ gl. tabula, Ir. Gl. 67 . in clar i scribad, Lat. Lives 50.5 . na haithneda do-fhácsam ac Moysi . . . iter da claraib, PH 7298 . clar ciartha . . . ┐ se scribtha, Lism. L. 3698 = in tabhuill ciartha, 3704 . clar aircdidi ┐ ainm Magnuis Cam 'arna scribhadh . . . fair, Marco P. 66 . cláir an chonnartha, Heb. ix 4 . Fig. hi claar cridi gl. in tabulis cordis, Wb. 15a11 .

(vii) Of some part of a `cruit', the sounding-board(?): onmhuin an bas do bheanadh / an clar tana taoib-leabar, Manners and Customs iii 273 n. an saoi le seinntear an chruit / . . . / tré ghoradh guith-bhinn a cláir, Keat. Poems 247 .

(viii) Other applications: re denam . . . clar sadall de, Laws i 134.30 Comm. (`saddle trees'). lín . . . mad for a cois beth . . . mad innarta . . . o do choi o clar (implement used in scutching flax), ii 374.6 Comm. = fo c.¤ , O'D. 930 ( H 3.17, 658b ); for c.¤ , 303 ( 237 ).

(c) By extension applied to other materials. strip or plate (of metal), pane (of glass, crystal): clar di argut, SR 4289 . clar nderccoir, Blathm. 435 . c.¤ nglainidi, LU 1796 . lene cona clar argait immi border , IT ii 177.93 ( YBL 115b10 ). c.¤ gemnide do lííc logmair, LL 24905 . ba do claruibh óir aithleaghtha ros-dín `plates' (of halls and rooms), Marco P. 147 . mar théid tré ch.¤ ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . feilm chathardha 'n-a dá c.¤ a martial helmet split into two (metal) plates (?), DDána 91.49 .

(d) Used of various flat parts of the body: tulch.¤ ind étain, LU 4908 (TBC). conici clar a dá imdai, Ir. MSS. Ser. 176.23 . moṅg . . . órbuidi . . . fair co c.¤ a dá leas `to the level of his thighs', Ériu iv 138.x . tugais . . . / fuil croidhe is c.¤ ndearnainne palm of the hand, Dán Dé xxviii 29 . i gc.¤ do bhrollaigh, Keat. Poems 39 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(e) level expanse, plain; surface : clar cosmoil an domhan `a level expanse', Blathm. 951 . am heolach cláir thalman tinn, ACC 45 Comm. ( RC xx 178 ). dia taethsad neam anūas for clār an talman, BColm. 54.29 . a c.¤ findglan . . . / a thír ferach, LU 4122 . Magh Raighni . . . / clar lethan lanḟota, IT iii 95 § 147 . cach caille c.¤ `every spreading wood', Ériu xvii 91 § 10 . bātar cadain for clār chlīu / clār ṅdess gēisse for suidiu, Corp. Gen. 281. 12 - 13 . fo c.¤ nimhe gloin, Ériu iv 238 § 15 . C.¤ Cormaic, C.¤ Cobhthuigh (poetical names of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 5 , 6 . ? Also du Chlár Chonairi, Ériu xxi 137 § 3 . da mbeith an talamh na clar comtrom, Ir. Astr. Tr. 20.x . tri dha poll a da clar `of its two surfaces' (of an astrolabe), 132.27 . ar ch.¤ gach conaire `along every path', LBranach 3268 . c.¤ oighridh ice-flag, Dán Dé xxxi 11 . c.¤ na mara do sgaipeadh le sgála, ZCP v 223 ( Midnight court 742 ). 'na c.¤ choimhréidh chrábhaidh (of the soul), TSh. 10526 . Cf. ar ch.¤ do chroidhe `on the table of thy heart', Proverbs iii 3 . ? clar, bas, a spoke, Eg. Gl. 522 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(f) table of contents, index (infl. of Lat. tabula JCL ix 44 , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): clar . . . iar n-urd aibghidre an alphabetical index, MS. Mat. 541.35 . in dara capidil don dara c.¤ , cited O'Don. Gram. p. 377 fr. Med. MS. ataid x. cclair orra sin an .c. clar dibh neach labrus do na siroipibh, Mackinnon Cat. 301.11 . c.¤ chaibidlech `table of contents', RSClára f. 160b . c.¤ an leabhair, Donlevy xlvi 1 .

Obscure: colla c.¤ cannoe nad léit Lugthiach, LL 287a22 . atait tri tedmanna faillsigthe condad comdire fri bas bet, clar neinech ┐c.¤ , O'Curry 2142 ( Eg. 88, f. 2(3)b ). dichor Cairpri do chlar fiss, CRR 56 .

Compds. With noun. in gach cláradba wooden dwelling (of ships), Leb. Gab.(i) 210.24 ( LL 258 ). lingid bric is eignedha / do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne smooth top , KMMisc. 313.28 . in da bla dec frisi cuindrighter crich . . . Clarbla, ailbla . . . `a flat mark, a stone mark', Laws iv 142.9 Comm. ; clar bla [.i.] crich annsin nad n-incoisceadsiach comarda, ┐ na cuinnridter seancaid which is not distinguished by any landmark, 12 Comm. clár-bhórd taoibhe loinge plank , Hard. ii 224.3 . ina clarcolbadaibh gorma ` board-pillars ', CCath. 4424 . da clárchiste mora wooden chests , LU 179.183 . clārc[h]oilér cressa `a stout corslet ', Fianaig. 84.29 . clarcraithe coimhlethna capcainn-reamra for gach mūl ` blinkers ', Fl. Earls 252.25 . clarchris ` board-baldric ', CCath. 5227 . ro scaoilseat clárdroicheat Cille Dalua plank bridge, AFM ii 1178.13 . lethanchlais . . . ┐ clárdhroicheat comhdhluta fuirre , vi 1896.7 . mó a clárḟíacail (sic leg.) . . . / iná fían-chlár fidchille front-tooth, incisor , Metr. Dinds. iv 138.77 - 8 ( LL 29910 ). dothuit an fer mór . . . ┐ aghaidh ar Coinchulainn, go ttarla cláirfiacail an ḟir mhóir a mullach a ghualann, RC xxix 130 § 41 . lan eneclann isin da clar fiacail anuas . . . leth eneclann isin da clar fiacail anis, Laws v 354.8 , 9 Comm. a clarfhiacla uachtair ┐ a culfiacla ichtair, LB 154a52 . clarland cummaide credhumha `flat plate(?)', CCath. 5229 . in clair-leibind level expanse, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.22 . da thir as uaisli a nEirind / da cúigead in clairleibind, BB 62a39 . etir na clarlestraib út wooden containers, LU 181 . clármachaire in Choruinn level plain, Acall. 1504 . fail ann . . . / mor cet cetach clármaige, SR 508 . dognitis clarmhuige coimreidhe dona slebtibh roardaib, CCath. 3930 . clarmíasa bíadhmhara an tighi co mbíadhaibh examhla wooden dishes, Ériu iii 156.32 . -mruig: ro thidnacht dō tír Caim / ┐ clárbruigi Cannáin, SR 2794 . cláirneamh `Heaven's land', Magauran 1215 . coraib . . . / ríu i clárnimh ar comdál!, Gorm. Apr. 14 . din carpat itir cret ┐ cuing ┐ clár-rothaibh, TBC St. 667 . ¤sceimelta (1 sceimled) wooden coverings : clar-sceimelta cengailti . . . cath-sciath, MR 224.4 (`breastworks'). do chlarscíathaibh aladaib, CCath. 4983 . ¤ṡnaide: inneamh póirghine gach cnó dá clárshnoighe, DDána 83.16 . téada . . . / ar clarṡoileach `a willow harp', Manners and Customs iii 271n.

With adj. an fPailís . . . chlárchorcra `red-timbered', Studies 1920, 262 § 5 . ferais tromṡnechta . . . corbo chlarḟind uili coiceda Herend don tṡnechtu white-surfaced , LL 9026 (TBC). a cúirte clárghorma, Studies 1920, 568 § 21 . ó Chodhal chláirleabhar, Aithd. D. 4.7 . tulcha cláirmhíne Caisil, DDána 74.45 . soitheach cláirniamhdha cloichdhearg `of shining expanse', Celtica ii 165 § 35 . nemh fuair an tanmchara adcidh | ar a thír clár tana coemh, AFM ii 886.x . an t-all cláirthe cuaisleacach `hot-flagged', Magauran 2347 . idir shleasaibh do choim chláirthigh, DDána 122.13 .

With adj. derived from noun. mic Connil Cláiringnig flat-nailed , IT ii2 111.38 . do glaic Congail Chláringnig, LL 15112 . cumhdaighthi clarthairrngeacha `made of boards nailed together' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 108.28 . Niall on Challaind chlartholgaig, LL 15366 .

With past participle: cathbarr ciarrach clardedaighthi, ZCP x 299.10 . do chubachlaibh claruaighte na cceledh nDé made of planks joined together, Hugh Roe² 32.28 .

coimge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimge or dil.ie/10201

 

Forms: coimde, comga, comda, comhda, coimdhe, coimhdhe, comhdha, comga, comhdha, coimdigh

n coimde, comga, comda (com + 1 aige? See also s. cuime) comhda coimdhe f., IGT Decl. § 3 . ? Cf. comaid (ón choimhde), § 10 . coimhdhe: oirbhe, Aithd. D. 1.18 . comhdha: toghla, 50.4 . comga: dolma, Gorm. March 14 . comhdha: forccla, BNnÉ 219.z . coimdigh, TTebe 4855 v.l.

Act of protecting, safeguarding; protection, safe keeping : Crist dia chomge dia chommorad, LL 27992 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 162.228 ). ni comga in cél ni coma / is domna der conduba, 26219 . in bratt condaig Fer Berna / acht ni trebrad ní c.¤ , 26190 . condechaid G. for comde F., ZCP xii 375.4 . is coimdhe do churchánaibh / snam ar gach sribaill ṡrianaigh, KMMisc. 313.26 . secht cloidme . . . / dom ch.¤ , 254.5 . ag ar gcoimhdhe, DDána 26.18 . labhair dar gcomhdha ar an gcrann, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 9 . nír comga dáib a ndoicheall their churlishness was no protection to them, Ériu iv 118.4 . for a comdha `on his guard', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.9 (cf. coimét). na slóig a coimdi an cuiri, Hy Fiach. 264.7 . ro cuireadh esidhe . . . dia chomhdha go trétúrdha don tor, AFM vi 2258.w (cf. coimét).

Ref. to specific things providing protection, the protection so provided: bricht comga protective spell, TBC-I¹ 1889 . cnes cealtair comdha, ZCP xiii 175.6 . altram Néill im chomga cnes, Ériu iv 94.8 . eochair chomga cnis Hérend, 96.12 . a comgha cnis . . . .i. cathluirech, CCath. 5211 . cuaird comgi michíl (name of a hymn), Mon. Tall. 137.18 . cuairt comgi in aingil, Ériu xvi 31.18 ; 30 . cuirfeadsa coimhdhe conaire umad, ML 36.14 (a charm for a safe journey, see ML² 460 note ). is coimdi do'n tí nod geba ag dul for sed (a poem), Misc. Arch. Soc. 3.22 . ? nábad chomdi dó do banchéli a fitting wife, LU 10189 . coimhdhi bliadhna . . . ┐ éisteacht ris a year's safety through hearing it (a story), Dhá Sg. Art. 1820 .

With similar meaning in legal contexts, but exact technical application not always clear, see Plummer, Ériu ix 36 -9. comde ` guarding ', Laws i 266.11 . dlomtar fiadhain fridh coimde cirt coir, 268.9 . cach n-aithni co coimdi `security', ZCP xvii 58 § 73 . cach coimgi i lāim n-urrad, § 74 . feidli .i. fidh leo .i. la cethræ comge, O'Mulc. 500 . coimdi .i. comdedberus, O'Dav. 580 . is coimgi do boairechas dul a nairechas coisring, O'Curry 1851 ( 23 Q 6, 51 b ) = O'Curry 326 ( H 3.18, 180a ) = cumdich, O'Curry 1984 ( H 4.22, 21 ). coimde fuirre re aiseac uaithe, Laws iv 40.16 Comm. `perh. she is protected against having to restore it', Ériu ix 39 . coimgi an geilfine, Laws iv 40.7 Comm. `protection (or restraint)' (with regard to alienation of lands), Ériu ix 38 . c.¤ selba, expld. in Comm. as restraint on division of inherited property till a surviving relative also dies, O'Curry 400 ( H 3.18, 223a ). ceithre gona duine deithbire nad eillneit c.¤ laime, Laws iv 252.18 .i. . . . comoige no comhartaine, 21 Comm. ` external, material protection ', Ériu ix 37 (c.¤ bél ┐ tengad `ref. to protection in the law-courts as guarantor, security, compurgator, etc.'). c.¤ colla cetamus cach araile, O'Curry 383 ( H 3.18, 216b ). coimgi colla . . . ar na gona nach fer fine inaile, 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). fearr freisneis coimhghe ara cholladh caonchoimhge, 377 ( H 3.18, 214 ). cuic coimhghi . . . a do ra fini ┐ aen re hanḟini ┐ a do eitir ḟini ┐ ainḟini: coimhghi colla ┐ coimhghi selbha re fini; coimhghi laimhi re hanḟini; coimghi bel ┐ tengadh itir fine ┐ anfine . . . coimhghi laimhi ┐ bel ┐ tengadh masa comesargain di dibh cnedaibh i nenḟeacht ra fear cach dibh ara cheili, O'D. 2388 - 9 ( Rawl. B 506, 48a ) = cumge, comge, O'Curry 384 ( H 3.18, 216b ). atait .u. corusa coimgi ann, coimgi c[olla], coimgi selba, coimgi laime, coimgi beil, coimgi tengann, O'Curry 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24(25)a ). tiugradh cach coimdi .i. in laingfitir, O'Curry 513 ( H 3.18, 259 ) `concr. of the hobble on cattle', Plummer MS. notes. manar sechnustar beith fo comgha a sét dó, O'D. 777 ( H 3.17, 557 ). nach cuimde nach gradh bis uaisle log ninech dagra etc., O'Curry 2704 ( Eg. 88, 60 (61)a ). na coimdi bes mo logh neich atgair fri hinbleogain gaibi co dublad, etc., O'Curry 2705 ( Eg. 88, 60(61)a ) = coimdedh, Laws ii 14.19 . is tre ḟīr flaitheman comrara c.¤ cethre caich torith, ZCP xi 93 § 27 . Cf. caca ceithri c.¤ comrera cona cealt cona neart, Ériu xvi 65.49 . conad gile greine c.¤ mora deine eisce, 66.60 .

See coimded.

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